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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 25, 1902)
Tiie omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSEWATER, EDITOR,
PUBLISHED EVERT MORN1NO.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
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i'auy be and Bunds, una Vear. ....... s.UI
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Kunday Bee, Una ear I-'O
Baiuruay Bet, cine Year I-1
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DEL1VEKED BY. CAKMIEK.
Pally Bee (without Sunday), r copy.... Jo
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evening Bee tmciudlug ounoay), per
Complaint of Irregularitlea In delivery
houla be addresseu to City Circulation
Omaha The Bee Building.
South Omana City rtau Building, Twen-ty-tmn
and M Streeta.
Council Blurts lo Peart Street.
Chicago ltM Unity Building.
iew kork Temple Court.
Waahington 6ol Fourteenth Street.
i Communication relating to new and
sdliorial matter ahould be addressed;
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Bu!ne letter and remlttancee ahould
be addressed; The Bee Publishing Com
Remit by draft, exprea or postal order,
payable to The Bee Publishing company,
only S-cent atamp accepted in payment vl
inali account, personal check, except en
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THE BEE ejBU.aUlJHi COMPANY.
' STATEMENT Or CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraaka, Douglas Couity, .!
Oeorge B. Txachuck, secretary of The Be
Publishing Company, being ouly sworn,
eaya thai the actual number ok full and
complete copies of The Daily, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Be printed during
lb month of June, 1X0, was as loilows
I A 2V.S40
' Total SfWJM
sa v.nsold and returned cople.... ,oa
i Net total (ales 8T1,S08
(Net dally average 3ft,SlS
' ' GEO. B. TZSCHIJCK.
Subscribed In my presenco and sworn to
jerore me this Klb Amy of June, A. D., 1902.
VT T TITTMlii'W
Judging by the scramble for places on
3Jhe police commission, one would Im
agine they pay out better than a gold
A legal not to crack: How Ions; does
the rule of res Judicata hold rood In any
'case before 'the Nebraska supreme
Invading the enemy's country Is
Colonel Bryan's strong role, bat some
iow the same country has to be Invaded
very year. ' -
As usual, both the big bruiser express
confidence that they will win ont. They
re both sure to be winners at the ex
pense of the public. ...
Oats this week Is playing the top
" vu uiv? jtrvarii v L iiiue rtuue
llle stage. Its antics are making the
traders feel their oats. '
Having gotten his portrait Into . the
picture papers, the new sultan of Zanzi
bar may rest satisfied that be has
reached the pinnacle of glory.
Of course, the train robbery In Mexico
that resulted In a haul of $50,000 was
perpetrated by Americans. A Job like
that requires American foresight and
When the Filipino Insurgents stoop to
the murder of school teachers sent over
to assist them to better education they
show how much need they have for the
Instruction they refuse.'
Dates for the congressional races in
the Second Nebraska district have not
yet been fixed, but entries are already
registered that Insure a fair start -and
an exciting finish on the track.
Resolved, that none but business men
put or politics are fit . to manage the
Pmaha fire and police. Resolved,
further, that we are business men out
pf politics who want to get In p. d. q.
That military officer who Is being
court-martialed for Immersing Filipino
natives In a pond must have been read
ing up on the ancient history of the
Omaha Claim club la . palmy pioneer
If the line Is to be drawn at politicians
In the, appointment of a governor's po
lice board for Omaha, It tan be easily
proved that lots of people who count
themselves In that class are no polltl
clans at til.
When we bad municipal home rule
the local cuttlefish organ was vehe
mently against It. Now that the right of
municipal home rule haa been declared
a shadowy myth, the cuttlefish organ Is
frantic for it
If the governor will only . sublet his
board appointments so that one Is
named by the Real Estate exchange, one
by the Commercial club, one by the
Builders' exchange and one by Tom
Blackburn, he will be sure to keep the
fire and police departments out of
The democratic campulgn In Missis
flppl has Just been opened with a speech
by Senator P. H. Money, arraigning the
republican party-and appealing for dem
acratic unity. Nothing in the dispatches
indicates, however, that Seuator Money
said anything about suppressing Impor
tunate street csr conductors.
Sir -Charles Dtlke wants to encourage
Auieitia-u cajMiat. la riubsrking 'enter
prises In Oreat Britain and In other
British dominions, satisfied to rely on
government supervision to keep In check
any evil dlponlUon of these combines.
As soon as the Americaa proinotei
show them how the British capitalists
will be adopting American plans.
AKOTHKR PROPHET UF KTIL.
Mr. Vilas of Wisconsin, who was In
President Cleveland's cabinet end at
that time prominent In the councils ef
the democratic party, Is another prophet
of erlL To him tbe outlook for the
country Is gloomy and the only hope of
the people Is In the democratic party.
Tbe great peril, In the opinion of Mr.
Vilas, Is In protection of course. That
policy, he urges, la responsible for the
combinations and the people must strike
It down. That was the advice of his
party In 18112 and tbe people beeded It
and elected a democratic president and
congress. The result is not forgotten?
Industrial and commercial disaster came.
During the ensuing three years It has
been estimated that more than 8,000,000
people were unemployed and nearly an
equal number were employed only part
of the time, while wages 'In every de
partment of Industry were reduced.
Never before In our history was there
such a period of financial and business
There were trusts then, the real thing,
but the democratic party did not at
tempt to Interfere with them. On the
contrary It favored In its tariff bill of
18M one of the most obnoxious of them,
the Sugar trust It enacted no legisla
tion against the trusts and- It made, mo
effort to enforce tbe law enacted by a
republican congress. Tbe administra
tion of which Mr. Vilas was a member
declared that law to be defective and
Inadequate and treated it as a dead
letter. It la true that there baa since
been a great growth of combinations,
but the Wisconsin statesman Is perhaps
aware of the fact that there are also
combinations In England, where there
Is no protection. Mr. Vilas should also
know that while the combinations have
been multiplying here there has at the
same time been a steady growth of In
dividual enterprises and that these are
more numerous today, than eight years
ago. The attempt to suppress industrial
competition has thus far failed and it is
the Judgment of some of the most astute
political economists that It can never be
entirely successful. Mr. Vila fears that
all agriculture will be helplessly en
snared, "as It already is to no small ex
tent" How ensnared? Has there ever 4
been a time when the agricultural pro
ducers of tbe United States were as a
whole better off than they are at pres
ent? All the products of the farm com
mand good prices and a ready market
Farm lands throughout the wast have
materially advanced in value la the last
few years and there is today an active
demand for them. Tens of thousands of
western farmers are out ef debt aad
have money on hand, who five or six
years ago were paying Interest on mort
gages and found it difficult to do that
Striking down protection la order to
destroy the trusts would be much
harder on individual industrial enter
prises than, upon the combination. In
deed it is doubtful if it would have any
serious effect upon the latter, but .there
Is bo question that it would be damag
ing to the former. The republican plan
is not to dee-troy, but to regulate. It
Dronoeea governmental supervision oi
the great combinations, not a policy of
extermination that would be disastrous
to ' all industries and immeasurably
harmful to labor. One would rase the
industrial structure, which has cost so
much to build up. The other would pre
serve It under regulations that will In
sure its sound and healthy expansion.
. MR. MKRCSR BA.S TBM FLOOR.
In the recent public discussion of the
candidacy of David H. Mercer for a
sixth term In congress his champion.
William F. Ourley, failed to answer cer
tain specific questions put to him in the
course f the debate. Mr. Mercer haa
now fully recovered from the fatigue
incident to his Journey from . Atlantic
City to Omaha and, doubtless, will
cheerfully enlighten us on - the points
that battled Mr. Gurley's Ingenuity and
Calling Mr. -Mercers attention to the
questions propounded to Mr. Onrley and
his evasive answers. It may not beout
of order to ask him to give us something
Question Will Mr. Mercer ltve in
Omaha if he is not re-elected, or will he
locate permanently in Washington and
resume his old business as professional
This question Mr. Onrley parried by
declaring that he Is not a mind reader.
Question Will Mr. Mercer be satisfied
with a sixth .term in congress; or will
he want a seventh term, an eighth term
and as many more terms as he can fill
during the balance of his life?
This question Mr. Gurley met by the
bold declaration that the people of this
district needed Mercer more than Mer
cer needed them. In other words. Mer
cer needs them only two months out of
the year and they ought to be satis fled.
Question la It true that Congressman
Mercer pockets the allowance of 1100
per month for clerk hire Instead of giv
log some Nebraska' boy or girl a chance
to earn tbe salary ?
About this subject Mr. Mercer's cham
pion seemed to be dazed and the people
still remain absolutely In the dark.
Question Why does Mr. Mercer make
political deals for West Point and An
napolis cadetshlps while other opngrena-
men leave these appointments open for
competitive examination so that every
boy who aspires to such an education
can have an equal chance?
This also staggered Mr, Gurley and
failed to elicit a response.
Question Why did Mercer displace
two Nebraska grand army veterans who
were employed In the capitol building
and substitute for them men who are
not old soldiers and moreover are re
puted to hall from Minnesota?
This Inquiry stirred Mr. Gurley to
most profound Indignation and In re
sponse ha wanted to kw why the
editor of The Bee does net wear wooden
shoes, dress In rags and go forth Into
tbe woods to make penance for the rest
of his life.
When Mr." Mercer condescends to en
lighten tbe voters of the Second district
en all of these polata a few more quea-
tlons equally pertinent will be pro
pounded even at tbe risk of creating a
corner In wooden shoes and bulling tbe
PLUtiOlZtO IS JV TBK POLITICAL t XJDDLE
Success, even In a moderate wiy, has
a tendency to swell some people's heads
and make them long for new worlds to
conquer. This is sgaln forcibly Illus
trated by the Ill-advised effort of the
Omaha Real Estate exchange to project
Itself Into the political arena by a plunge
Into the police commission puddle.
rubllc sentiment, created by an un
divided press, enabled tbe Real Estate
exchange to launch a successful move
ment for municipal tax reform In
Omaha. The campaign for tax reduc
tion through more equitable assessments
was perfectly legitimate and In line
with the alms and purposes of the Real
Estate exchange. The depreciation In
the price of Omaha realty was largely
due to excessive taxation and the low
ering of the tax rate would cause a cor
responding rise in realty values and
tend to stimulate capitalists to Invest
In Omaha property.
Meddling with police commission ap
pointments Is neither the function nor
the province of a real estate exchange
any more than it would be tbe prov
ince of the Auditorium association or
tbe Elks lodge. Ostensibly police com
missions are presumed to be non-partisan;
In reality they are strictly politi
cal. Upon that rock" other overambl
tlocs organizations nave been stranded.
If the Real Estate exchange foolishly
confirms the well-defined rumor that
Its most active leaders have political
axes to grind Its influence and useful
ness Is sure to be destroyed within a
very short time.
To be sure, every good citizen Is In
terested In good government Every
citizen has an Inalienable right indi
vidually to bombard the governor with
advice or remonstrance In connection
with the Impending appointment of a
new police board, but the Real Estate
exchange as a commercial body would
scarcely be Justified In making frantic
appeals to the governor to make his
choice from its own list of membership
or from the membership of any other
AMSRICAN tmiORATlOU TO CAR ADA.
The recent large emigration from the
United States to Canada haa attracted
a good deal of attention. It is noted
that In 1898 fewer than 10,000 Amer
icans crossed the border, while this
year it Is estimated that out of a total
Immigration Into western Canada of 50,-
000, the United States contributes 30,000.
A correspondent of the New York Even
ing Post says it haa been predicted that
we shall soon be pouring Americans
into Canada at the rate of 200,000 a
year, as we have so long been pouring
them into our own northwest under a
similar economic stimulation the agri
cultural possibilities of western Canada,
It Is pointed out that last year Manitoba
raised as much wheat as North Dakota
and with the three territories of Al
berta, Saskatchewan and Assfnlbola,
produced 62,000,000 bushels. The same
section will produce this year 75,000,000
bushels, or about the yield of Minnesota.
The railroads to this portion of the Do
minion are active In promoting its de
velopment and It has within the past
year made notable progress.
There Is some speculation as to the
ultimate effect which this emigration
may have npon the question of reciproc
ity with Canada. It is thought to be
highly probable that the Americans who
are settling In the western part of the
Dominion will In time become active
agitators in behalf of reciprocity, and It
is certainly reasonable to expect this,
as they will naturally want the Amer
ican market for their products. It Is
also believed that there may be devel
oped In our own northwest a much
stronger sentiment than at present in
favor of closer trade relations with o.ur
northern neighbor. There is not likely,
however, to be any marked movepent
in this direction in the very near fu
ture, unless the question of reciprocity
with Canada should become a subject
of negotiation between the governments
sooner than there is now any indication
of. The people who are going from
the northwest to Canada are of a class
that win push the development of the
country and exert a good influence both
Industrially and socially.
Tbe Philadelphia' Public Ledger has
'been sold by the Drexel estate to Adolph
S. Ochs, chief owner of the New York
Times, Philadelphia Times and Chatta
nooga Times. The Public Ledger has
long enjoyed a national reputation as an
able, clean, trustworthy newspaper,
Since the death of George W. Child,
who gave the paper Its high character,
it has . been under tbe editorial man
agement of George W. Cbilds Drexel,
who fully maintained its reputation and
augmented Its value as a property. Tbe
new owner, Mr. Ochs, who has shown
a high order of ability as a newspaper
publisher, announces that there will be
no change In the character or policy of
the Public Ledger, so that those who
have long known and esteemed this
valuable Journal will still find it worthy
of confidence and support
According to the Lincoln Journal, Con
gressman Mercer has been undergoing
tbe fatigue of a continuous ovation ever
since be arrived In Omaha. Why the
Omaha organ of the non-resident de
fendant failed to take note of the
fatiguing ovation Is a mystery nobody
in Omaha has, been able to discover.
Senator Bailey thoughtfully sent a let
ter to be read at the banquet of the
New England Democratic league in
stead of attending in person to give an
exhibition of forciMe language. It Is
to be presumed that tie letter was at
least equally welcome.
According to Quartermaster General
Vest "the sun, moon and stars were set
in the heavens for signs and for seasons
and for days and years; the sun and
mooa also to giv light upon the earth
and to divide the day from the night."
This Information may not be strictly
original with General Test hut would-be
scientists who have not yet been able to
prognosticate and diagnose the cause
nd consequences of the eruption of
Mont Felee and other unearthly noises
and noxious vapors will do well to take
note of this snd govern themselves ac
cordingly, always bearing In mind that
there Is nothing new under the sun.
Senator Hill declares that the party
of Jefferson. Jackson and TUden does
not need to be reorganised. Of course
not It is the party of Bryan that Hill,
Cleveland and their associates are try
ing to reorganize.
rolltlcs cut no figure In the member
ship of the Omaha and Winnebago In
dian land grab combine. Democrats
with a pull are Just as eligible as repub
licans with a pull.
Still Met (he Chamwlonefcla) Belt.
The most exnenalva belt of the season is
Iowa's rain belt, which has cost the state
Lek Oat tor the Omelette Treet.
An Indiana man haa invested 111,000 in
egg and intends to hatch 2,000,000 ehlekens
by means of incubators. The omelette
trust Is evidently at hand.
What's the Matter with Traer.
rtwtnr tn tha tmr.t that he la tired out and
ean't run as faat as he could at the start.
Bandit Tracy Isn't getting many snots at
tbe deputy sheriff now.
He-rotation Industry Up-le-DeUa.
Recornizlna the progressive spirit of the
age, the Haytlans have brought their revo
lution Industry up to date, it is bow a
continuous performance Instead ot semi
annual. God Save the Corpse.
New Terk World.
The silverites are threatening all sorts
of disaster to the democratic party unless
It follows their bidding. It was bad enough
for populism to steal tbe democratic or
ganisation; it is ungrateful of them to treat
it so cruelly. After leading it to two over
whelming defeats they should at least have
mercy enough not to Jump on tbe remains.
Kitchener's Ran l wall tie a.
New York Times.
Lord Kitchener passes next to the com
mand of tbe army in India, and his path
would seem to be clear to the post of com
mander-in-chief. The office has never
seen, not even In tbe time of Wellington,
a man who, so far as his career discloses.
combines in such degree tbe qualities of a
commander, an organizer and a states
man. Aa Interestlagf Sltaatlea.
The statement issued by the participants
in the New York conference shows that
we are to have two reorganised democratic
parties one a reorganised democratic party
from which populists and Bryanltes will
be excluded, and the other a reorganised
democratic-populist party , from which
Grover Cleveland, David B. Hill and all
former aound money' 'democrats who do
not publicly recant are to be excluded.
This will make aa Interesting situation.
What Texas la RetfalasT Thla Year.
Texas has a traditional , reputation for
wildness and woolllness, but It must be
said to tbe credit of lis fruit growers that
they are above the 'contemptible small
rascality which characterizes the horti
culturists ot some supposedly more en
lightened neighborhoods. The Texas
pealhes which are coming into this mar
ket are good, honest fruit and they have
no pink mosquito netting over them. The
same thing, cannot be said for tbe Michi
gan product which la about due.
Those who profess so much concern about
immigration do not reflect tbat twenty
years ago, when the volume was as great
as it Is now, there were few Immigrants
who returned to their homes. Now nearly
every steamship returning to Europe car
ries back considerable . numbers of these
immigrants going home, soma of them for
a permanent stay. Through cheap steam
ship transportation the world's Intercourse
la Increasing, to the great advancement of
PERSONAL, AKD OTHERWISE.
John Willis Baer, for many years secre
tary of the United Society of Christian
Endeavor, has resigned to accept the post
of associate secretary of the Presbyterian
Board of Home Missions.
Alejandro Oarland, who has Just been
elected by Peru aa its representative at
the 8t. Louis World's fair, repreeeoted
that country tn tbe first congress of tbe
Philadelphia Commercial museum.
There are 139 Methodist Episcopal
churches In Chicago; ninety-eight congre
rations are English-speaking, eighteen
Swedish, thirteen German, eight Norwe
gian and Danish and two Bohemian.
The report tbat comes from Washington
of the resuscitation ot a boy who had been
under water at Anglesea, N. J., nearly half
an hour, shows the Importance of not gv
ing up in attempting to restore lite te a
person apparently drowned.
Albert W. Payne of Bangor, Me.. Is pos
albly the oldest practicing lawyer In the
country. He Is 90, still writes a legible
hand and does his own cffl work. Be
sides his regular law practke he Is eon
nected In an official capacity with many
Prof. J. H. Beale of tbe Harvard lav
school baa been granted a leave of ab
sence sufficiently long to undertake tbe
work ot organizing a new law school
founded at the Chicago university by John
D. Rockefeller. It will be on lines similar
to those of Harvard.
Ralph Voorheea, tbe blind philanthropist
of Clinton, N. J., bas Informed Co col
lege, a Presbyterian institution at Cedar
Rapids, Mich., tbat ha has $25,000 for
then. He has also Just closed a deal for
300 acres ot land la South Carolina, on
which b will establish aa. industrial
school for boys.
, Trephining the skull Is known as a prob
able treatment used by prehistoric ur
geons. The ancient practice stilt survives
In Helanesla, and Rev. J. A. Crump re
ports tbat catlvea ef New Britain treat
fracture from sllogstone by trephining
with a piece of shell or a flak of obsidian
la 80 per cent ef the cases recovery fol
lows in twe or three week.
Secretary Bhaw was on of the pioneers
la the development of the rlce-grewlng
Industry la western Louisiana and eaatern
Texaa. The governor and bis associates
purchased large tracts ot land In the vl
clnlty of Beaumont (where be still owns
a half interest In a rice plantation of
3.000 acres) and wbea tbe oil boom cam
a year ago the land values Increased by
leap and bounds. It Is said that tb
boom has already brought Governor Shaw
, a fortune at nuu-e Utaa, UM.Nl
Prosperity of the Farmer
We hear a great deal about tbe enormous
prosperity of the trusts and w beer It
especially from orators who tell the farmers
that the trusts are absorbing all the money
In tbe country. Tbe census report tells
another story, however. .It shows tbat there
are $20,000,000,000 of capital Invested In
farms and farm equipment, and that tbe
Income upon this investment averages If. 3
per cent. There Is Juit one $1,000,000,000
trust In the country, the much discussed
steel trust, and It would take fifty ot the
biggest combinations In eilstenre to equal
thhs capital of the farmers, while the trusts
whose dividends equal those mads from
the farms, are denounced from one end
of the country to tbe other a octopl and
various other indigestible and noxious con
traption. This prosperity is shown to be
steady and rapid growth on a bedrock
foundation which all but a few of tbe trusts
must envy. There are four times as many
farms In the country. as there were half
century ago, and there were a quarter
more In 1900 than in 1890, while for tha
last twenty years tbe average size as well
as the number ot farms bas steadily in-
creased. Tbe value of farm products haa
grown even faster than the number of
farms. The value Is five times now what
It was In 1850, while tbe Increase during
the last dosen years bas been considerably
more than a quarter. The value of farm
products for" 1899 was almost $6,000,000,000
and tbe Increase over tbat reported for
IS 89 was over $2 000,000,000, although a
good part of that is sccounted for by the
more careful enumeration required under lar In times like these, aad tbe calamity
the latest census. A detail which shows howls ef 1896 would be laughable in the
the extent to which the American people face of such figures. Aa anti-trust cam
are meat eaters Is the statement tbat palgn Is foreshadowed for two years hence,
nearly $2,000,000,000 of this output was of but these figures Indicate that to be sue
animal products, while a little over $3,000,- cessful it should be a campaign for mend
000,000 wa ef crops; the percentage being Ing rather than ending these combinations;
$8 of animal products to 64 of vegetable. a demand for regulation rather than abotl-
Theie are mighty figure. This piling up
of capital and product in billions would
IJT SEARCH OP A FIWkTFORM.
Distressing Dilemma la Which the
Democratic Party Finds Itself.
David Bennett Hill's celebrated declara
tion, "I am a democrat" Is a definition that
needs defining. Almost any half-dozen ot
democrats ot national reputation, selected
at random, and asked to say what a demo
crat is, would give half a dozen radically
William Jennings Bryan is now on his
way to Boston, where be will speak at a
banquet to be given next Thursday night
by the New England ' Democratic league.
His subject will be "The Baals of Har
mony" and it la an open secret that he
will sail Into the speech which ex-President
Cleveland addressed to tbe democrats of
the Tilden club at New York a few weeks
ago. Meanwhile another well known ieroo
crat, Henry W. Wattersoo, 1 freely uttering
his mind from time to time In tbe columns
of the Louisville Courier-Journal. From
bU standpoint neither Cleveland nor Bryan
can be relied upon to truly state tbe facta
as to what democracy is, or to frame a
policy for the party tn the next national
The democrats are spilt oa the money
question snd on the question of imperialism,
so-called. In regard to the trust Issue, the
administration of President Roosevelt using
the weapon of the Sherman law, long ago
upplled for such emergencies by repub
lican statesmanship. Is challenging the meat
trust and tb railroad trust to show cause
why they should not be punished when
they dlsrerard the law's plain mandate ot
Thus far shall thou go add bo further.-;
What chance will tbe democratic party
have to make an issue against the repub
lican party on the subject of trusts?
There is only one thing which the amo-
cratio party if restored to power eouia
be depended upon to do and that Is to
play hob with the tariff, thereby playing
hob with American industrial prosperity.
Its blundering, mischief-making propensities
are so well known that the people win
give it ne chance to exercise them. Tbe
discussion of "What is a democratf is
likely to "hold tbe boards" for some ttme.
The most recent contribution to tne sud-
Ject Is a letter of learned lengtn ana
thundering sound addressed by ex-Senator
William F. Vila to A F. Warden, chair
man of the democratic state central com
mittee. In four newspaper columns ot line
type the ponderous ex- senator gives a pass
ing glance to other topics, out concentrates
his powers for an attack upon the tariff.
It was by an assault upon the protective
tariff, in which Senator Vilas led, that the
democratic party succeeded in carrying
Wisconsin for Orover Cleveland In 1891.
and now, ten years later, remembering his
former success, but forgetting what fol
lowed it the ex-senator comes confidently
forward to repeat bis old play, uut tne
people have a very keen recollection of the
consequences that they .brought upon tbe
country and themselves by accepting the
political leadership ef William F. Vilas In
1892. Llks a nightmare' there rises before
tbem a vision of smokeless chimneys snd
closed factories and broken banks, of un
employed workmen and starving women and
children, of free soup houses, wner sucn
as had previously bees too prosperous and
too proud to think of accepting aims, were
glad to take from the hand of charltv what
wa required to stay the gnawing of hunger.
That is tbe grewsome picture which rises ,
before tb mind' eye when aa Intelligent
worklngman listen ' to the voice of ex-
Senator Vilas aesaillng the American pro
tective Urlff. The policy for which Vila
and Cleveland Stand ha been tried and
found wanting. If tbe democratla party
wants to attract vote It must put Into Its
platform something more alluring than tbat
RECALLS OVERLAND TRAIL.
Paaslaa- of Fort Laramie, aVhleh Fl.
aroal So Famoasly la Earlier Day.
St Loui Globe-Democrat
The opening of tbe Fort Laramie reserva
tion, which was dealt wtth by an act of con
gress at the recent session of congress, will
recall to tbe memory a landmark which
hundreds still living saw and which tena of
thousands still alive knew lu the Indian
stories of a third or a half a century ago.
Fort Laramie, situated in the eastern part
of the present Wyoming, on Laramie river,
close to Its entrance Into the North Platte,
was built In 1834 by William I Sublette ot
St Louis and Robert Campbell, well-known
fur dealers of their day, bad several names
and several successive owners, was bought
by the government In 1849, was garrisoned
stacy years as a protection to Immigrants
lit : 'me through that region, but was
abi u1' awt when the appearance of the rail
leads and the disappearance of the Indian
in their savage state abolished lu occupa
tion. It was the best known frontier post,
fur trading or army, of tbe old day of tbe
Santa Fe, Oregon, California and Salt Lake
trails, except Fort Leavenworth er Bent's
Fort, on the Arkansas.
Fort Laramie was familiar to everybody
whs In tb 40, an er Vs of the recent
century traversed tbe Oregon er Salt Lake
trails. Over In the western end of tbe
present Wyoming Jim Brldger built a fur
trading post in 1843, on Black' fork of th
Green river. Oa tb Oregon trail between
these tw points, but a little nearer te
Brldger than te Laramie, at aa opening sep
aratlna the Sweet Water from tb Wind
open tbe eyes ot farmers In amasement If
It were mouthed forth la sounding periods
by a grange orator about the trusts. The
design of the demagogues to convince the
farmers tbat tbe trusts are crushlDg the
lives out of plain cttlsens, ought to be made
difficult by this census report. There are
indications, Indeed, that the facts which
these figures tell have made agitation un-
popular. Free stiver Is dead, the popu-
lists are no longer prosperous enough to
divide Into hostile camps, and agitation
against tbe rich is now more largely eon-
fined to large cities and to regions where
many men are employed by corporations
than It was In either the campaigns of
ISM or 1900. This is because tbe farmers
have felt this prosperity which the census
now records. When dollars were Jingling
in the farmers pockets they did not want
tbem of tbe Mexican variety. That good
crops killed free stiver has been apparent
for some time,' but the extent of the pros-
perity of the farmers has not been known
In detail before. This census showing
only comes down to the year 1900, and In-
eludes the dull years la the early part ot
the last decade. Other reports Indicate
that tbe growth since tbe census was taken
was even more rapid than In the years Just
preceding. The country Is passing through
an era of unexampled prosperity and these
figures show that the farmers are getting
fully their share of good things. That is
as It should be, and the effect of It upon
coining political campaigns must be great
Change for the sake of change la not popu-
tlon, . .
river mountarne, sections of the great
Rocky mountain chain, stood th South pass,
the gateway to th Paclfio slope. Through
that portal made known popularly to the
world through Fremont's report of his ex
ploration of 1841, which had been visited
by many other white persons long before
Fremont's time, inoludlng Dr. Marcus Whit
man snd Rev. H. H. Spalding and their
wives In 1836, and which was probably trav
ersed for the first time by whit men when
some of Andrew Henry's trappers went
through it in 1824 passed most of the
human tide which surged from the east and
the Mississippi valley into the present states
of Oregon, Washington and California by the
overland route In the early days. Most
persons who went over the Oregon, Salt
Lake and California trails knew Fort Lara
mie. Beyond it on the western course the
mountainous region began. It was tbe last
flttlng-out place of Importance until the con
tinental divide was passed.
Fremont, who visited it In his explora
tion, ot 1842, gives a good description of
Fort Laramie tn his report. One of the
other things which Fremont did In that
report was to destroy tbat myth of a great
American desert, which was based on the
reports of Pike, Long and one or two of
Irving' books. Fremont made a careful
record of distances between fording places
In rivers, pointed out good places In which
to camp, showed tbat cattle could thrive
on the alleged American desert, and men
tioned tbe physical advantages ot the lo
cation of Laramie as a fur trading post on
the route of immigration toward the Pa
clfio slope. The moat vivid pictures. In
Parkman's "Oregon .Trail", are tfiose, .of
Fort Laramie as he saw it In 1846. ' Writers
of Indian 'tales from Fremont's and Park
man's time often made this post a promi
nent rallying point In their stories. It
was the center of . many romantic and
tragic events In th history ot tbe fron
tier, some of tbem more remarkable even
than the story writers of Its day located
in and around It It was the site of . a
reservation for many years, and this, too,
Is soon to disappear. Fort Laramie has
dropped out with the buffalo and the In
dian, but the passing of the reservation
at tbat point will recall to tbs memory of
the few survivors of those who saw It In
It great day and to the memory of many
thousand ot those who read of It when It
was the center of the wild life of the
plain, one of the moat interesting of all
tne landmark of th vanished frontier.
Faa Ahead la Hekraska.
Mr. Bryan la to take tbe stump In Ne
braska He will add materially to tbe spirit
of the campaign. H did right In declining
to make th race for governor, but he owes
to his friend who was nominated the full
assistance of his name and eloquence.
Bryanism, In fact. Is the Issue. Through
Mr. Bryan's Influence the populists have
again cast their fortunes with tb demo
crats, and now If fusion ha left In It th
power of control th sag of Lincoln must
brlncr it out.. Mr, Bryan was not abl to
hold his state In 1900,, but he contend tbat
the situation is more favorable sow. W
shall sea It he falls again at horn be
will necessarily suffer in prestige. Hi
greatest remaining strength Is where
democracy la mixed with populism. If he
carries Nebraska this year he will take full
credit for tbe victory and may be expected
to lunge at the Clevelandltea with mere
vigor than even. . Meanwhile h is to tour
New England, and probably he will sound
In th enemy's country th not we shall
hear with variations later la the region of
Friday Special. This time it's sox fancy ones
and a great bix selection to choose from. All of our
25c, 35c and 50c qualities) included in, one lot at one
price of ' . '
25c a Pair, for Friday Only.
, 25 per cent and 50 per cent' discount in' our chil
33 1-3 per cent discount on broken lines in men's
NO CLOTIIINO FITS LIKE OTJKS.
Store closes at 9 p. m, Saturdaya. ','"
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
R.8. Wilcox, Jlnfcucef.
MORE CftOrS THAI POLITICS.
Why the Weatera Farmers Faves
Lettlaa- Well F.ssssh Alaae.
Th director of the United States mint
Mr. Oeorge Roberta, having Just returned
from a western trip and from a visit to
Iowa, declares that, while there Is a fair
supply of politics la that region this sum
mer, there Is muoh more interest In the
crops. It is difficult to realize the wonder
ful change tbat baa taken place In agricul
tural conditions through the greater part
of the west within the past few year.
Bank accounts hav taken the plar ot
farm mortgages, better houses and barns
hav been erected, better stock purchased,
and the farmers have berotn buyers a
well as sellers. Many of them have added
new seres to their large farms, and even,
a season that does not tome up to ex
pectation fall to, cause those heavy losses
which were certain In tb days when tb
same farmers had ha,-d work to keep their
property away from th hands ot the
Last season, owing to th corn shortage,
was not up to th average of the peat four
years, but a prices were high tb farmers
who had sny corn at all mad money and
wound up tbe year with their finances
in good condition. Last year at thla time
the whole west was suffering from a long
continued drouth, while this year there ha
been too much rain and storms tbat have
swept over a large extent of territory and
caused some sever losses. At the same
time, unless th unexpected happens, a
corn and wheat yield above th average
can be looked for, and, with steady de
mand, an assurance of good prices, the
fanner feels sure of s fair reward for his
In view of this. It Is no wonder tbat
politics Is a secondary consideration in tb
Immense agricultural districts of th west
The sentiment of a vast majority of the
people is with tb present administration,
and there is no dealr for any revolution
In the rational government Bryan Is well
nigh forgotten, as these farmers, with rich
crops all about them, decline to believe
that as Bryan would tell them, they are
the shackled slaves of some great money
power that Is ruling this government and
all connected with It There are a number
of state elections to be held In the west
the coming fall, ,1n addition to tb election
of congressmen; so long before November
things political will become much livelier
than they are at present Just now th
farmer is thinking more about the harvest
than he is about politics, and It Is far
better for him that this should be so.
JEST IN FUN.
Life: Sport Automoblllng is not likely
to endure as a sport.
."No; people are already so shy that It's
more a matter of luck than skill when any
body Is run dovni.
Tit Bits: "Well. Frits, you got birched
In school today?"
"Yes, but It didn't hurt."
'But you certainly have been crytngr
"Oh, I wanted to let th teacher have a
little pleasure out of It."
Chicago News: Deacon Johnslng No, .
Bredder Bmtf. we caln't all be powahful.
Tou must be contalnted to be a hewer ob
wood an' a drawah ob watah."
Mlsto Smtf Laws sabe you, honey; 'tain t
so bad as dat. Do ole woman does all dem
Town Topics: "What doe Bunting use
when he goe trout fishing?" asked Cumso.
"Hook and lyin'," replied Cawker.
Yonkers Statesman: Foot Light She ha
been playing the part of Little Eva ever
since he wa a little girl.
Sue Brette Oraclou! I didn't know
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" was as old a that!
PhUadelpbta Press: Tommy I want some
Shopman How much do you want my
""Tommy I want enough; how much'll that
com tot ". .'
Catholic Standard: Borroughs Say, lend
me a fiver, will you?
Lender Look here! If you'd only save
your own money you wouldn't have to bor.
row from your friends.
Borroughs Huh! It's because I want to
ave my own money that I do borrow from
"KEEP-A-TRYIJT " SIGNBOARDS.
Roy Farre.ll Green In Succeas.
"Mr boy," said Unci Hiram, "you'll soon
be starting out.
To drive o'er life's long roadway, and oft
a bit of doubt
Will puasle you completely, a to which
Of branching ways, when- roads fork out
aa they're Inclined to do.
Each bears the equal marks- of well-worn
travel. Uka aa not,
And so, one's undecided which neM better
choose to trot;
But I have learned the route, my boy, and
thus much I'll eohfesa
The 'Keep a-tryln' ' signboard mark the
highway to Sucoeaa.
"Success Is uch a pretty town to reach
it, all men strive;
Tou'll nnd the crowd, though, growing less
th farther on you drive
For many, seeking shorter cuts through
Get ao far off th highway that they find It
ne'er again I "
Tou'll be allured, as you go on, by finger
post that say
Take Chance's road, past Waltlngvtlle, It's
far the better way;'
But I thla safer route would fain npon
your mind Impress
Tbs 'Keep a-tryln' ' signboards mark th
highway to Succeas. .
"The road that runs through WaltingvllM
has prospects bright and fair.
When first your start, but farther on, It
leads through swamp of Care,
And, arter that, you'll hav to climb the
weary hill of Debt;
Then, still beyond, there looms In view the
toll gate of Regret.
And so, my boy, when starting on th road
of Life alone.
The route your Uncle Hiram chose I trust
you'll make your own,
And heed his plain directions. If you'd
quite avoid distress;
The 'Keep a-tryln' ' signboards mark tha
highway to Bucceaa" ,
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