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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 28, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY J1EE: SATUHDAT, JUNE 28, 1002.
Hie Omaha Daily Bee
fe. KOSEVATER, EDITOR.
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lilii BEE PLULIblilNU COJ1PAM X.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.:
Oeorge B. Tssohuck. secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
'ays tout the actual number ot full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
ttvenlug and Sunday Bee printed during
w uiuuw vi saay, was as louows:
S..-. ...... UU,KMO
l. . .....ao.uoo
Less unsold and returned copies.... lo.Tuu
Net total sales oh,mnu
Net daily average 29,319
' a v- .w . QEO- B- TZSCHUCK,
subscrlbedtn my presence and sworn to
,u0Ps. me tl)U 4lBt ' Mar. A. D. 190L
(SeaL jsi B. H UNGATE.
With the help of his physicians King
Edward should be able to laugh yet at
those prophets of evil who have been
reading disaster Into his horoscope.
President Roosevelt has time enough
to get In several vetoes yet before con
gress adjourns. If occasion warrants, and
then have time for a few pocket vetoes
Let us note again thnt preparations
for the proper celebration of the glorious
Fourth are going on Just as If the Im
mortal declaration were still cherished
among the archives.
"Only one more year of fusion," said
a prominent democratic leader In Ne
braska n 1800. "Only one more year of
fusion", has now become the slogan of
all the democrats In Nebraska,
Those Chinese Boxers must have short
memories or the recollection of what
happened a year ago would serve more
effectually to repress their new out
breaks against the "foreign devils."
The consensus of democratic preRS
opinion seems to be thnt a compromise
might be acceptable If It cut out both
Grover Cleveland and William Jennings
Bryan from the list of ellglbles for the
next presidential race.
According to the testimony of Admiral
Dewey,, describing the surrender of. the
SpanlHrds in the Philippines, Aguinaldo
was only tho fly on the wheel Instead
of the propelling force which he has im
agined hlmseK to have been.
The referee In the Omaha tax case Is
to receive a fee of 7m for his services.
Inasmuch as the court by completely re
versing his findings ami recommenda
tions declared that his services .were not
satisfactory, this must appear to be
more than a liberal reward.
A rival to the Steel trust is in Incuba
tion under the name of The American
Steel Foundries. It is a question, how
ever, . whether the stock market will
tand for another flood of steel trust
ecurltles. The Carnegie combination
; cleaned up the platter pretty wejl.
Who would deny that the late sliver
republicans are not the shrewdest poli
ticians of the bunch? Here we have the
fusion reform state ticket giving silver
republicans two. places out of eight.
When it comes to landing the spoils, the
late Bllver republicans deserve first prise.
If the Real Estate exchange committee
In charge of the tax reform campaign
does not repress Its compromise proclivi
ties It will stand In great dauger of for
feiting the confidence of the people, who
hava been ready to believe that the Real
Estate exchange was in the fight
earnest, with no favorites to play.
South Omaha corporations dissatisfied
with the assessment of their property
made by the South Omaha Board of Re
view threaten to carry the matter into
the courts. The board should call this
; bluff promptly. If these corporations
Want to go Into court they should 1
Deedllr accommodated, I'nlesa in
mistaken the present temper of the
courts Is not sjieclally favorable to ta
Nebraska populists went clear back to
the Omaha platform of IWi with a
specific reaffirmation of that document,
together with the St. Louis platform of
lH'M and the Sioux Falls platform of
1000. The populists want It distinctly
understood that they never niada any
declaration upon any subject of national
Import that they are not willing to stand
by now. The changing conditions of a
lecade aud the logic of successive events
la the uatlouul atvua have no Influence
whatever ta move, populism forward.
the iiocse Philippine hill.
The bill pned by the Iiouko of repre
sentative, providing civil government
for the Philippines, Is In some respects
an Improvement uikhi the measure that
passed the senate. In the first place it
provides a more comprehensive system
of civil government and one which
would doubtless bp more favorably re
garded by the Filipino. For the very
conservative plan of the sMinte bill the
house measure substitutes a liberal pol
icy. It provides that whenever Insurrec
tion shall have ceased and u condition of
general and complete peace shall have
been established aud certified by the
commission, that IkmIv shall call n gen
eral clit-tlon for the choice of delegates
to a popular assembly of the people of
the Islands, which shall Co known as the
Philippine assembly. After suoji elec
tion oil the legislative power heretofore
conferred on the Philippine commission
shall be vested In a legislature consist
ing of two houses the Philippine com
mission, and tho Philippine assembly.
There would thus be an upper house ap
pointed by the president and n lower
house chosen by the natives. Whether
or not this arrangement would have bet
ter results than the senate plan is of
course problematical, but there can be
no doubt that It would prove more satis
factory to the people f the Islands,
which Is certainly an Important consid
eration. In respect to the currency provision
tho house bill Is unquestionably an Im
provement The coinage clause of the
senate measure would continue the sil
ver standard In the Philippines and per
petuate existing currency conditions
there, which are now causing no little
disturbance to the business of the
islands. Tho house bill provides for
putting the currency In the Philip
pines on a gold basis, with the
gold dollar of the United States as tho
standard unit of value. This is con
sistent with our financial policy and It
is believed would remedy the now trou
blesome and disturbing conditions in the
Philippines regarding the currency. The
principle recognized by the house bill
Is that the United States should not
havo the silver standard In any of its
territory, that while It Is necessary to
have a silver currency in the Philippines
it should be based on the gold standard,
and it is somewhat surprising that a dif
ferent view should have prevailed In the
senate. Ia regard to the very lmportunt
mutter of franchises the house bill Im
poses greater restrictions than that of
the somite aud perhaps goes further
than Is expedient iu this respect. It is
desirable, of course, to prevent the ex
ploitation of tho Islands by rapacious
corporations and syndicates, but there
must be a reasonably liberal policy re
specting franchises in order to invite
capital for the development of the Phil
ippines. Doubtless compromises will have to be
made, but probably no great difficulty
will bo found in reuchlug an agreement
between the two houses, notwithstand
ing the somewhat. radical differences in
A New York. representative has intro
duced in the house a proposed amend
ment to the constitution giving the pres
ident power to veto any item or items of
which he does not npprovo In an appro
priation bill. The amendment proposed
provides that "If ony bill presented to
the president of the United States,
passed by congress, contains several
items of appropriation of money, the
president may object to one or more of
such items, while approving of the other
portion of the bill." The objections of
the executive would be subject to recon
sideration by congress, as In the case of
a veto, the constitutional provisions In
relation to bills not approved by the
president applying. '
The proposition Is certainly worthy of
consideration and there Is much to be
said in support of It. It is not to be
doubted that If the president were glvn
the power to veto an item or items in
appropriation bills it would be the
means of correcting some abuses and
saving something to the public treasury.
Take, for example, the river and harbor
bill, which as everybody knows who is
familiar with the history of this legis
lation uniformly contains useless appro
priations and some that are excessive.
If the president had power to veto such
items fewer of them would get Into tho
measure and a material saving of public
money would lie made. The same Is to
be said of the bills for public buildings.
Under existing conditions there is much
trading among congressmen in the mat
ter of certain appropriations and this
would undoubtedly be largely remedied
If the proposed power were given the
"president. We think there would Ue no
difficulty In obtaining the ratification of
such an amendment by the legislatures
of three-fourths of the states.
THE HULES OF THIS tfuUtK.
A short time ago Congressman Cnsh
man of the state of Washington made a
vigorous attack on the rules of the house
of representatives, which attracted
widespread attention and no little ap
proval. He charged that the power of
the speaker of the house Is autocratic,
declared that the. committee on rules
has too much authority uud pdeged that
members were not given .'.lir oppor
tunity' lu the matter of Introducing
measures of legislation.
A few days ago Mr. Urosvenor of Ohio
spok la strong and earnest defense of
the house rules, urging that they are
necessary to the proper conduct of the
business of the house, that they are
fairly administered and that there Is no
ground for JuM complaint as to their op
eration. The Ohio congressman has
served a number of terms and bis
opinion respecting the bouse rules Is' cer
tainly worthy of respectful considera
tion, yet there are some, republicans, as
well as democrats, who think that no
harm, would be done If the rules' were
somewhat modified. Of course no one
would seriously urge thut the system
which prevailed In the house before
TUouias II. laved bucuuie speaker of that
body should lx restored, but there are
not a few who believe that the present
rules could bo liberalized without any
disadvantage to legislation and with no
detrlmeut to the rule of the majority.
However, It Is probable that any propo
sition to radically change the house
rules would be overwhelmingly rejected.
IMPOLITE AMI LXFAIIt.
It is to be regretted that The Omaha Bee
has deciifd that the underwriters' points
are not "well taken." But It is very much
the practice of the day for able editors to
set up as supreme Judges on underwriting
questions. The number of men In the
Vnlted States who know how to run the In
surance business Is much larger than tho
number of citizens who know how to run
hotels. The day Is coming, however, when
the enlightened condition will prevail of
accepting the Judgment of fire Insurance
men on Are Insurance questions. The Dee
allows Itself to be skeptical respecting the
good faith of underwriters and is so Impo
lite and unfair as to intimate that Omaha
policy holders may not get any benefit In
the shape of reduced premiums if all the
things the Insurance people desire come to
pass. The answer to that Is that cities that
are less hazardous than Omaha have lower
basis rates. New York Insurance Press.
This is the only answer so far made to
The Bee's discussion of the thirteen
points of discrimination marked up
against Omaha by the fire underwriters'
combine to exVuso the excessive rates'
Imposed upon Omaha policy holders.
Tho policy of the fire insurance com
panies toward Omaha seems to be to cry
continually "Give, give," but never to
give anything lu return. Year by year
the demands of the rate makers have
been met In greuter or less degree by
the Improvement of our water service,
the enlargement of our fire department
and Its equipment with better and more
modern apparatus, the enforcement of
stricter building regulations, the burying
of overhead wires, but with no conces
sions worth mentioning In the schedule
of fire Insurance rates.
When It Is suggested that the efforts
and money expended by Omaha to re
duce the fire hazard should meet with
some recognition by the fire underwrit
ers, we are told that we are Impolite and
unfair to think of such a thing.
Whenever the Insurance companies
meet with extraordinary losses In any
part of the country they undertake to
recoup themselves by slapping on a hori
zontal raise lu the rates enforced in all
cities that will stand the Increase, and
Omaha, already burdened by unfnlr dis
crimination. Is called upon to pay an ad
ditional 13 or 25 per cent not only on the
basic rate, but on the thirteen points of
Tho soft impeachment that we are im
polite when we protest against this in
justice Is altogether too weak.
According to advices from Washing
ton, Our Dave has come to the con
clusion that the action of the Washing
ton and Sarpy county conventions, in
selecting congressional delegates In ad
vance of the call for the congressional
convention, is Illegal. Both of these con
ventions were put up to the selection of
congressional delegates by Mr. Mercer's
managers, and while they succeeded in
slipping a Mercer delegation through
the Washington county convention by
stealth, they fell down In Sarpy county,
where the people had been waked up to
the issue, with the result thut the Sarpy
county delegation was Instructed for
Mr. Cornish. Had the Mercerlte trick
succeeded la Sarpy county as well as it
did In Washington county, Our Dave
would have Insisted that the action of
both conventions was perfectly regular
and legal. In other words, If they had
both Instructed for Mercer they would
have been legal, but since one Instructed
against Mercer they are Illegal.
The New York Tribune prints a story
to the effect that the protest of the Fre
mont Tribune against the plank In the
platform adopted by Nebraska repub
licans In their recent state convention,
endorsing the president's Cuban recip
rocity policy, is part of a well laid plan
to embarrass President Roosevelt's ad
ministration and injure bis prospects for
nomination In-1004, and that the editor
of the Tribune, who occupies the office
of postmaster, was Inviting reprisals so
that he might pose as a martyr to an
enforced resignation. All of this would
bo instructive if true, but it overlooks
the fact that the Fremont postmaster is
under pledge to resign before the evil of
the year as one of the conditions by
which his reappointment was secured.
If he Is looking for martyrdom he will
have to bunt H by another route.
Douglas county democrats profess to
be sadly disappointed that they should
not be able to plant an Omaha man In
tho governor's office. The only way for
them to gratify an ambition to see an
Otnaha man lu the executive chair Is to
help elect the republican ticket and rely
on Governor Mickey to permit Lieuten
ant Governor McGIlton to sit at his desk
temporarily from time to time.
The tax reform compromisers propose
to endorse an assessment for the South
Omaha stock yards and all the five great
meat-packing establishments that would
give them altogether a smaller valua
tion than that put on the street railway
company alone. The very suggestion
exposes what a discrimination such a
compromise would work.
The railroad tax bureau is busy figur
ing out how much the railroads of Ne
braska pay In taxes for each mile of
their road In this state. They are care
ful, however, not to mention thut while
the value of the roads has increased
twice over within the last ten years, the
taxes paid per mile and In the aggregate
have actually decreased.
x If the railrouds of Nebraska only bad
a few moro bridges, depots, terminals,
locomotives and cars to distribute in
their game of bunco, they would soon
be able to reduce their assessment for
taxation to a minus quantity and issue
a bulletin provlug to the other taxpayers
that the state owes the railroads money.
Passport ! Fablla avsr.
Detroit Free Press.
"I was shamefully treated ia Cuba by
x-Qovernor General Wood," Mr. fUlsbeme
Is reported to hare said. Every day some
thing happens to Increase the public's re
spect for General Wood. -
Trntha IemnlUh Theories.
Some of the wise people who write for
the newspapers have discovered that the
present very high rrlre for hogs Is due to
a scarcity, shown by a shortage of 100.000
this year to date. Not long since one of
these wise persons ridiculed the theory
that supply and demand naturally make
Taking a Fresh Hold.
New Tork Tribune.
The land of Cervantes Is taking a new
leas of life since the reign of the young
king was begun. A Spanish loan amount
ing to some $67,000,000 la American money
has been subscribed for almost ten times
over. It Is plain, then, that financiers and
capitalists have not lost faith in the future
Cetn There Jnst the Dame.
The American invasion has aroused John
Bull's patriotism to such an extent that It
Is "now considered tactful to keep thfl
American label off our goods. Pulling oft
tho label under such conditions Is some
thing like pulling down the flag, but it la
comforting to know that we keep on sell
ing more goods to John, just the same.
Shocking Perversity of Nature.
. New Tork Bun.
The Nebraska crops must seem offensively
and even indecently large to the Nebraska
democrats and populists. The harvest Is
great and the laborers are few. A state
which insists upon being prosperous In
spite of trusts and Imperialism and In the
face of democratic and populist platforms,
must be a perverse and cross-grained state.
It Is time for a set of resolutions denounc
ing the fertility of the soil and the growth
of agricultural plutocracy.
The Root of the Trouble.
The rise In the cost of living is a real
grievance underlying much of the labor
struggle for Increased wages. The presi
dent of the Illinois Steel company. In an
nouncing an advance of 10 per cent in the
pay of employes the other day, took oc
casion to say that the action of the man
agement was "In recognition of the ad
vanced cost of living." The fact of the
matter is that such advance of wages as
have been made on the average do not
equal the advance In commodity prices.
COXCEHXIXO THE II AS-BEES.
Bunch of Millstones on the Neck of
the Democratic Party.
Philadelphia Press (rep.)
Mr. William Jennings Bryan has ceased
to be a public leader of the first and fore
most Influence and authority, but he has
behind him the only vote by which the
democratic party can carry any contested
state In the south, southwest and west.
Mr. Bryan has a small opinion ef Mr.
Cleveland. Mr. Cleveland baa been ponder
ously telling the country to drop Mr. Bryan.
This is natural. Both are "has-beens."
Both are remembered for their failures and
loved by republicans for the defeats they
But there Is this to be said about Mr.
Bryan, defeated, discredited, pushed aside
in New York, ostentatiously omitted from
democratic platforms in Indiana, Illinois
and other states, he still represents and
controls the marginal vote necessary for
democratic success from Ohio west. In
1892 Mr. Grover Cleveland could never have
been elected without this populist vote.
His manager made a coalition in Oregon
with the party of open repudiation. It
made a like alliance with anarchy In Illi
nois. In all the states ' outside of New
England and the middle states the very
vote which nominated Mr. Bryan in 1896
and again in 1900 gave Mr. Cleveland his
western majorities In 1892.
This vote Is today less than then. - In
many of these states It is small. But It
remains In existence. It adores Mr. Bryan,
Its members regard themselvea cheated by
Mr. Cleveland after 1892. They are abso
lutely necessary, not merely to. democratic
success but to a fighting chance tor the
party. Without this vote it cannot carry
any state west of Mississippi, three south
ern states. North Carolina, Tennessee and
Alabama, become doubtful and the demo
cratic organization has no chance even to
make a fight for the house next fall.
Mr. Bryan knows this. So does Mr.
Cleveland. Mr. Watterson expresses the
same view in his attack on the New York
statesman he helped make great enough
to be ungrateful to all his friends, includ
ing the Kentucky editor. When Mr. Bryan
attacks Mr. Cleveland, as he did yesterday.
he doea not help himself or bring himself
nearer power, but he ends all hope Of suc
cess for .the New York program launched
by Mr. Cleveland. Mr. Hill and all the
Honorable Has-Beens ot eastern democracy.
WAGES AND PRICES.
Condition of Waae Earners Vastly
Vnlted States Investor.
It Is hardly open to question that the
cost of living has advanced much mora rap
idly than wages in recent years. The weekly
Income of the average man, for Instance,
will probably not obtain for him as large a
measure of commodities and service as
they would have obtained In some previous
periods. Such being the case it would seem
as if there should be striking evidences or
hardship among the masses, but this is far
from being a fact. It certainly la a great
many years since the bulk of the people of
the Vnlted States have had less dlffloulty in
keeping soul and body together than at
present. How Is this Incongruity to be ex
plained? Probably a number of factors have con
tributed to the result. While it is true, no
doubt, that prices have advanced faster than
wages the hardship to the wage earner has
unquestionably been In considerable meas
ure offset by steadier employment. For
some years past the Industries ot the na
tion, aa a whole, have been kept so busy as
to necessitate the steady employment of a
maximum working force. In some for
mer periods, when the disparity between
prices and wages was less striking than it Is
today, such was not the case. . At such times
the wage earner was frequently in danger of
having In tide himself over long Intervals
of enforced Idleness. Though a dollar then
would at any given' time procure for htm
more ot the necessaries of lite than it will
now he did not have the dollars coming to
him month after month and year after year
with the regularity that has been the case
In the last four years.
In other words, though a week's wages
at the present moment will no( obtain as
many necessaries and comforts of life as
previously, there are more weeks' wages
coming to the average man la- the course
of, a period ot several years than formerly.
This, is a very important consideration for
the wage earner, much of whose Income la
past years v has gone to pay tor ."dead
horses." In periods of less Industrial
activity than the present, the wage earner
frequently found himself in a position where
he had to live for weeks, and possibly
months, at a time "on tick." That is, his
landlord and the local storekeepers had to
carry him over Intervals of enforced idle
ness. Much of the wage earner's energlea
In the past haa been devoted to clearing off
arrears. of this sort. It is entirely safe to
say that never In the last generation has
there been less drain of this character on
the resource of ths average American tbao
there la today,
OTIIITR l.ASnn THAN OVR9.
There Is no romance in the mating of
kings, and Alphonso XIII. Is to be no ex
ception. Barely i, and with bis crown
not yet well settled on bis head, he is al
ready hunting a bride, ty proxy. The pope
has been railed upon by the queen dowager
to suggeft an eligible wife for the boy
monarch, and It is probable that his choice
will be welcomed at Madrid. The field for
selection Is not a wide one. Princesses ct
the Roman Catholic faith, belonging to
royal houses of sufficient dignity to pre
vent the marriage from being a diplomatic
mesalliance, are not numerous In Europe
The royal suitor rsn look only toward
Munich or Vienna, and tho Bourbon blood.
already weakened by generations of Inter
marriage, will be further vitiated by in
termlxture with the nearly related strains
of Austria or Bavaria. It would be well
If the example of the king of Italy could
be followed and a princess from some such
minor state as Montenegro, with more
health, though fewer crosses, be chosen
for his consort. But, aside from the fact
that the pope would oppose the following
of a Qulrlnal precedent, the dignity of the
Spanish throne would forbid any such wise
Striking evidence of the bitter resent
ment excited among the Finns by the with
drawal of the autonomous rights which they
had so long enjoyed, and the remorseless
process of Rurslanlzatlon to which they
have been subjected, may be found In the
emigration figures, which prove conclusively
that thousands of them are going Into
voluntary exile rather than endure the new
condition of affairs at home. According to
the latest official statistics, it appears that
from 1891 to 1898 inclusive that Is, under
the old system the yearly average number
of emigrants from Finland was S.378. In
1899 the number was 12,357; In 1900 It was
10,642; and in 1901, 12,659. During the first
two months of the current year, no fewer
than 6,057 Finns emigrated, and the volume
is now greater than ever, owing to recent
events In Finland. It Is computed, by those
who have the moans ot knowing, that by the
end of this year at least 35,000 Finns will
have emigrated within the twelve months
This number would probably be larger, but
for the authorities refusing to allow young
men to depart whose ages make them liable
to military conscription.
A correspondent wrltlug from Constanti
nople to a Vienna newspaper says that
Turkish supremacy in Yomon has never
been In such danger as now since the great
rising of 1867. The Iman Hamid-ed-Oln,
who has proclaimed himself Caliph, is con
stantly gaining more followers among the
Arab tribes, who are the more ready to
recognize him, aa the Arabs in general ob
Ject to tho Sultan's claims to the Caliphate
because he is not an Arab. The Turkish
troeps were formerly more than a match
for tho Arabs, owing to the superiority
of their weapons; but the Arabs are now
well armed, thanks to the smuggling of
modern rifles into the country which goes
on from Aden. The TurkB could easily
suppress the smuggling, If they bad any
seaworthy men-of-war at their disposal to
send to the Red Sea. The forces under
the command of Abdullah Pasha, the chief
of the Seventh Army corps, stationed in
Yemen, are altogether inadequate to sup
press the rising. Money Is also wanting;
but when the Vail, Hussein Hilml, tele
graphed to Constantinople for funds, he
was told that the revenue of the province
was ample to cover the cost of administra
tion. This revenue, however, la entirely on
paper, as the Arabs refuse to pay taxes;
and when the Vail tried to collect tithes
from the two tribes living In the neighbor
hood of tho capital, who had hlrtherto
not been molested by tax collectors, and
had therefore remained loyal, they Imme
diately Joined the rebels. Thereupon, the
Vail, foreseeing danger, fled to Hodeldah
without warning Abdullah Pasha, who was
his personal enemy. Soon afterwards.
Sanaa', the capital of Yemen, was besieged
and taken by the rebels. This was a severe
blow for the Turks, aa all their war ma
terial stored there fell Into the hands of
Tho Tendon medical Dapers are studying
v. vit.i .intutina of the South African
war, which are now practically complete.
According to the calculations oi me noo
pltal, 6,776 officers and men were killed
in action, and 2,019 died of the wounds
which they received. The deaths from dis
nmminted to 13.272. and it is said that
these figures, large as they are, compars
favorably with those of preceaing wars.
nn nntiophi fart ta the very high pro
portion of officers killed and wounded, and
another the high deatn-raie irom oibot.o.
among privates. In action, one officer was
killed to every 10.15 men, and one officer
was wounded to every 11.8 men. But of
ioae who died from disease, oniy one in
s k nan wa an omcer. 1 nis IB Urii J
accounted for, doubtless, by the reckless
ness with which the -'Tommies arsna yu.
i.. ... Th number of Invalids sent
home during the war was about 70,000. and
these more than ,wo oiea or leu. m
service. The vast majority, or course. w.
restored to health.. To prove that the war.
after all, was not a Dig one, me
.-- .v. nf the battle ot Grave-
lotte. in which the victorious Germans had
:8 officers and 4,900 men Kiueo anu
m.. i.mnaM a-overnment haa a aummary
fashion of dealing with financial evils. In
consequence of the demoralizing speculation
on the exchanges, of which 82 exist In
Japan, about half being petty concerns with
insufficient capital and irresponsible brok
ers, the authorities suddenly issued regu
lations the other day fixing the minimum
paid-up capital at 100,000 yen, raising the
brokers' license fees from 10 to 100 yen and
enacting further that half the profits earned
above 10 per cent must be carried to re
serve. These changes are to become opera
tive within lit months. The action, as
might be expected, caused great commotion
on the exchanges, and a heavy depreciation
of shares, amounting to S.0OO.0OO yen la
three days. The press, for the most part,
approves the spirit of the legislation, but
is inclined to think that a little mors warn
ing might have been given.
Ths election Just held In Naples showed
the power of the Camorra, the notorious
secret society ot that city and vicinity,
which elected Its full line of candidates.
The result is likely to make the Camorra
aa influential In its sphere of operation
as Its kindred society, the Mafla, Is in
Sicily. Both are organizations formed
for purposes of blackmail and publlo and
private plunder. The Italian government
has been trying to exterminate the Mafla
since 1876. without complete succes, but
has rather Ignored the Camorra. Now, how
ever, something will have to be done, or
the government of Naples will become as
bad as that ot Philadelphia.
Loosealaar the Grip of Grafters.
The president supports Secretary Shaw
and Secretary Shaw supports the new com
missioner of immigration In bis determina
tion to institute radical reforms In the
treatment of poor Immigrants at Ellis Is
land, New York. This Is admirable. There
has also been some reformation In tb treat
ment of those comparatively rich immi
grants who can afford to travel In the cab
ina and bring trunk with them. Ia time,
perhaps, all our immigrants and custom
service will be so Improved as to be worthy
oT a civilised people.
TUB HARMONY CONCERT.
Detroit Free Press (dem ): Significantly
enough It was the Nebraska populists In
stead of the democrat that wished to
nominate Mr. Bryan for governor.
Philadelphia Record (dcm.): Mr. Bryan
doesn't want any harmony thnt will be
satisfactory to Mr. Cleveland. The studied
neglect with which democratic conventions
east and west are turning their backs on
dead issues appears to have ruffled the
temper of the editor of the Commoner. The
party will insist on harmony, no matter
what any man may say.
New York Times (dem ): It has not been
expected that Mr. Bryan would so soon and
so unmistakably confess that ho Is "out"
with the democratic party. He does more
than that he exhibits his mental makeup
In a way that will surprise Miose who still
tall themselves his friends. No man who
has twice or even once been a candidate
for the presidency ever before so violently
assailed a member of his own party merely
for disagreeing with him. The Illinois dem
ocratic convention, which was guilty of the
same offense, he sneers at as "Mr. Hop
kins' convention." He has not merely lost
his temper; he has lost his head. His loss
is distinctly the party's gain. Sincere
democrats will pray that he may continue
to assail Grover Cleveland.
Chicago Chronicle (dem ): The populist,
on the other band. Is a man who Is always
wanting government to do something for
him, who is so lacking In self-reliance that
he looks to the government, not aa his
agent, but as his guardian and benefac.tor;
who Is so much of a vagrant aa to Insist
that the "world," by which he means other
people more industrious and capable than
himself, "owes him a living." There is
no room on a Tilden platform tor any such
cartilaginous person, but there is plenty
of room not only for Hill and Cleveland,
but for the great mass of the self-respecting,
self-reliant American people who re
spect tho right of others to be free and
demand that others shall not deprive them
of the liberty which Is the heritage and the
right of every American.
Louisville Courier-Journal (dem.): Mr.
Bryan appears to be falling into a state of
mind perhaps we should say a state of tem
per bordering on acerbity, If not on bitter
ness. He Is- too young a man to yield to
the promptings of resentment with respect
to public affairs; he Is too successful a man
so much as to seem to be a disappointed
one. But no man at his age has quite
reached his wisdom, and Mr. Bryan needs
to be told, what he will inevitably learn,
that in public life availability Is king;
that the world will not stop to listen to
any man's plaints, or abstractions, and
that if he would retain his leadership he
must adapt himself to circumstances' and
conditions. From Themlatocles to Glad
stone, from Ctnclnnatus to Clay and Web
ster, from Jefferson and Hamilton to Doug
las, Blaine and Tilden, the rule has held
good that the Interests and actualities of
the present dominate the minds of men,
and that the dead past has been always
left by wise men to bury Its dead.
The Tilden harmony banquet brought to
light a large assortment of political cutlery.
Judging ' from the commotion in the
troubled waters of democracy, Mr. Cleve
land's harpoon penetrated the blubber.
Cleveland promises to give St. Louts a
warm run for crooked money. There Is
this difference: The political crooks of St.
Louis fled with the money. In Cleveland
the crooks were exposed after putting up
That eminent citizen of Minneapolis who
was under bonds to stay at home and
Jumped both bonds and town has been re
captured. He 1 known to possess a large
variety of information concerning municipal
graft and is In a mood to squeal. The town
is patiently listening for the details.
Formerly, and until the adoption of the
recent amended constitution, state elections
in Alabama were held in August. Vnder
the new oonstltution, beginning this year,
they will be held In November, and instead
ot taking place biennially will occur every
four years. Vnder the new Alabama con
stitution the right tf suffrage is much re
stricted In Alabama.
The following municipal departments In
Philadelphia are consolidated under one
head: Police, Are, electrical, health, build
ing inspectors, boiler inspection, city prop
erty, fire escapes, inspection of markets,
food and milk. The director of the depart
ment of public safety, as the official is
called. Is appointed by the mayor and get
$10,001 a year salary and his appoint
ments are subject to the confirmation of
The present mayor of San Francisco,
Eugene gchmltz, was elected as the candi
date of the union labor party, so that San
Francisco, like Hartford, Conn., Toledo, O.,
Haverhill, Mass., and Bridgeport, Conn., Is
making the experiment of having a labor
mayor. This year s appropriations tor tne
municipal government of San Francisco are
$5,958,000. The appropriations for next year
are $5,825,000 a reduction. Of this sum
$1,280,000 Is for schools and $283,000 for
"Oeorgo L. Lilley of Waterbury, Conn.,
who has been mentioned in connection with
the governorship of the Nutmeg state,
effectually wound up the promoters of his
boom. His "decline" is sharp and to the
point: "I am not a candidate for the nom
ination; wouldn't raise a finger to get It;
don't want It; won't have it, and hope there
won't be any more talk of It. I wouldn't
run for the office If they'd give me the
capitol. I can't stats my position too
Get the Best
This doesn't mean the most costly In clothing If you'll
If you will pay 25.00 for a suit you will get aa good
a garment as can bo made.
If 15.00 or $10.00 1b your limit, you will find tho eame
perfect cut and excellent nervlce in our linen at that figure.
No Clothing Fits Like Ours. . ,
Now 1m the time t'o prepare for the Fourth. -
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers. '
R b Wilcox, Manafior.
INMRANCE ON THE KINU'g LIFE.
Speculative Investments Peenllar to)
the nrltUh People.
As at the time of the death of Queen Vlc
torla the Impending calamity threatened in
the critical illness of King Edward has
brought to llRht a practice not at all un
usual In Knclnml. although quite unknown
Vre. It le the practice of taking out lnsur
ance policies on the life of the reigning
sovereign. These pollclt s are issued to any
body who csn-s to pay the premium and
upon the death of the monarch thus Insured
the amount of each policy la pl,i over ta
the holder. Many policies of this sort ars
carried regularly from year to year as a
fixed Investment, the holders having no "In
surable Interest" In the life upon uhleh)
they are insuring, hut expecting themselves
to live long enough to realize on their In
vestment at a handsome profit. Not only
have enormous policies thus been placed on
the lives of sovereigns, but those merchants,
tradesmen and others whose business would
suffer from a postponement of the corona
tion have been permitted by the Englteh in
surance concerns to take out policies insur
ing against the risk of such a contingency.
The growth of this practice among a peo
ple whose attitude toward their rulers Is
notably marked by sentiment is curiously
Indicative of the mingling ot emotionalism
and practical business Instinct In the Brit
ish temperament. Insurance policies on the)
lives of monarchs are speculations pure and
simple except that merchants and others
lose trade in times of public mourning.
Apparently the Insurance against such
"risks" as the postponement of public fes
tivals has some Justification as a measure ot
protection against business losses, though
In this respect alone the Brltieh companies
seem to have gone far beyond the limit of
prudence. Both in their ethical phases and
as a matter of business the practices are
dubious. Americans and the American
companies may view with some satisfaction
the fart that this form of insurance has not
been countenanced here to any considerable
LINES TO A LAI (ill.
Washington Star: "It comes nach'l,"
said l'ncle Kben, "foil a man to blame all
his misfortunes on lad luck an' to gib
do credit foh all his success to good judg
ment." Philadelphia Press: 'Ta," queried tho
young bass, "why do we have to wear
scales all the time?"
"No doubt, my child," replied the elder
fish, "they are intended to enable us to
get a weigh quickly."
Richmond Dispatch: Doctor I am
slightly in doubt as to whether yours is
a constitutional disease or not.
Patient For heaven's sake, doctor, havo
I got to go to the expense of appealing
to the United States supreme court to find
out whether it is or notl
Chicago Post: "What Is a politician?"
asked the boy. .
"A politician," replied the father, bit
terly; "that Is, a successful politician. Is
a man who can evade his promises without
seeming to break his word."
Detroit Free Tress: Cautious Customer
Is this a hand-mad cigar?
Indignant Manufacturer Hand-made? Is
It hand-made? See here, do you think wa
got time In this shop to roll cigars with
our feet? This Is no dime museum.
Chicago Tribune: "You have to scratch
for a living an soon as you're hatched,"
said the young robin, "while 1 get my
"Oh, I don't know." responded the young
2uall. "You generally tlud It in the bill,
Philadelphia Press: "Here's a lot o' talk
In the paper about 'uniform divorce laws
needed," " said Farmer Korntop. "Wonder
what that means."
"I reckon,' suggested his good wife,
"It's to compel divorced folks to wear a
uniform so's other folks kin rec'nlza 'em,
an' p'lnt the finger o' scorn at 'em."
POEMS YOU BIIOILU, KNOW, -.
S. E. Klser In the Record-Herald.
Whatever kind of a Job you may have,
you don't get all that's coming to you if
you let a day go by without drinking at
the fount in which the muses lave their
airy feet. There's nothing like poetry for
a man with an empty stomach. Prof. J.
ROLL ON, TIME, ROLL ON.
(By the Sweet Singer of Michigan.)
Roll on, time, roll on, as It always has
Since the time that this world first
It can never change my love that I gave
a dear one
Faithful friend that I gave my heart
Chorus: Roll on, time, roll on, it can
never turn back
To the time of my happy maiden
To the time of my youth It can never
When I wandered with my love, bright
Oh, I was a happy girl then as could
And live on this earth here be
low I was happy as a lark and as busy aa a
For In fashion or in style I did
My parents were poor and they could not
dress me so.
For they had not got the money to
And it may be better so, for I do not
think fine clothes
Make a person any better than they
Some people are getting so they think a
Though she be bright and intelligent
She must have nice clothes or she la
nothing In this world,
If she is not dressed in style every
Remember never to Judge people by their
For our brave, noble Washington
"Honorable are rags If a true heart they
And I rind it wa the truth when I
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