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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 7, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE; SATURDAY, JUXE 7. 1902.
The omaha Daily Dee
E. R06EWATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
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. STATEMENT OP CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
George B. Tsschurk, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Compnny, being duly sworn,
aye that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of May, 1902, was aa follows:
23 Kit, (1-40
26 , 80,1140
B ni,it MO
T... SO, TOO
Less unsold and returned copies. y. 10,700
Net total sales Ooh.hmO
Net dally average ao.Hte
GEO. B. TZ8CHUCK.
Subscribed la my presence and sworn to
before me this" 31st day of May, A. D. 190L
SeaI.) li. B. H UNGATE,
The close of the Bouth African war
has made the mule camp' a (load Issue.
The warring statesmen of Dodge may
have agreed to a truce, but not to dis
armament. If the Young Men'a . McKlnley club
would put their' confldende In Father
Time, be would raise the age limit soon
Cuba baa enjoyed the proud privilege
f being the baby republic for two
weeks and no sign yet of either croup
or measles. 1
The Indiana ' democratic convention
was all harmony, though not the kind
of harmony . the Bryan. wine of the
If President Roosevelt puts Omaha on
his risltlng list for his western tour,
King Ak-Sar-Ben will be glad to abdi
cate for a day.
By the way, what baa become of the
Yelser boom for governor that blossoms
In the populist posy garden regularly
very two years!
Mark Twain announces that be will
make no more public speeches. ' The
public, however, will be willing to let
bim change his mind and call It a joke.
When Senator Hanna leads the sing,
lng with his topical song, "Keep On Let
ting Well Enough Alone," ths western
farmer will be found Joining in the
If s the County Democracy's turn to
get up "an Interesting meeting." If
there are no more resolutions of censure
In the refrigerator, the piano might be
given a birthday celebration.
A resolution has already been intro
duced Into congress providing for ad
journment June 28. The design, doubt
less, is to give ample notice to windy
orators to turn off the hot air. '
The annual election of school teachers
Is not what it used to be before the per
manent list was established. And
.strangely enough there Is no yearning
among the teachers for a return to the
good old times. .
It turns out that the majority scored
by the democratic candidate for gov
yrnor in the Oregon election is less than
400. This margin may be enough to
land the gubernatorial chair, but hardly
enough to make it comfortable.
Senator Ilanna boldly admits that be
tas changed his mind as to the relative
utility of the two routes for an isthmian
canal and has concluded that Panama
offers the most feasible solution. Sen
ator Flanna prefers to be practical
.rather than consistent
Congress is said to be much disturbed
over the lack of adequate Are protection
for tho capital, la which Its sessions are
held. In" 'vlewof the succession of
heated 'discussion that have broken out
recently in both ends of ths building
there la good reason for apprehension,
No one can tell what damagb a spark
from one of the fiery speakers may do.
Director of the M(uf Itoberts, report
ing on his ooservailoBs" during a recent
trip through the west, bears witness to
the prevailing prosperity as follows:
As a claaa, tha agricultural people ol ths
vast are exceedingly proaperous at present
ao4 Save ne eomplalata to make ooooarolag
; xlst leg cnndlUon.' .The price of. farm
Ian da ta lows, tor Instance, ha sdvaaoed
an avarice of pO per acre la the past two
rears. Thirty sud forty dollars an acre
waa ths price two years ago, but cod farm
lands there cannot be bought today for lees
tha 5Q. tiO and $70 aa acre. Lands have
guns up because the farmers are making
atoaey aad hate surplus funds to la vest,
KCBRA9KA tX COXQREHS.
Two years ago at least four congres
sional districts in Nebraska were de
batable. Two of these districts, the
Third and Sixth, were lost to the repub
licans by only a few hundred votes
chiefly tecsuse Congressman Mercer dis
couraged the national congressional
committee from making an effort to
carry them by representing that they
were hopelessly popocratic.
The decisive majority by which the
state was carried for McKlnley and
Itoosevelt two years ago and again lost
year affords reasonable assurance that
Nebraska will le represented by a solid
republican delegation in the Fifty-eighth
congress providing no in intake Is made
in the selection of the candidates. The
very fact that the majorities In the four
debatable districts range from only '200
to KX) foreshadows close contests in the
Third, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth districts,
in each of which the personal character
and ability of the candidate will deter
mine the outcome.
Iu all these districts the repub
licans will within the next ten
days make their nominations for con
gress. It behooves delegates to these
congressional conventions fo bear in
mlud the conditions that confront them
and to subordinate personal preferences
to the requirements of purty success.
Above all they must not delude them
selves with the Idea that mediocrity can
win out in the race through the favor of
some corporation or by the lavish ex
penditure of money. What is needed in
each district is a candidate who not
only has the Integrity and capacity, but
who inspires coulidence in,, the people
that he will represent their interests
faithfully and efliciently.
If these conventions will take ad
vantage of the rare opportunity pre
sented to them, Nebraska will be the
banner state for republican gains in the
next congress. '
TAFTS MISSION TO BUMS.
The mission of Governor Taft to Rome
appears to have had entirely satisfac
tory results so far as the relations of
the Vatican to conditions in the Phil
ippines are concerned. To his assur
ances that the Roman Catholic church
has nothing to fear from the extension
of American authority over the Islands
the pontiff responded by expressing
pride in the church in this country and
saying that he earnestly desired to help
the American administration of the Phil
ippines in every possible way, also
assuring Governor Taft that the Vatican
would approach all questions raised In
the broadest and most conciliatory spirit
One of the most difficult matters con
fronting the government in the Philip
pines a in relutlon to the interests of
the Roman Catholic church there and
undoubtedly the Vatican can give most
valuable assistance In bringing about an
amicable and satisfactory settlement of
the questions to be determined. A very
large majority of the Filipinos are Ro
man Catholics and although there is
much hostility to the friars the natives
are loyal to'tbechurch and will" readily
obey the behests of Its responsible rep
resentatives. The cordially friendly
feeling toward the United States ex
pressed by Pope Leo gives ample assur
ance that his great Influence will be ex
erted to aid our government in the Phil
ippines, he having intimated no objec
tion to the policy made necessary by
our constitution in respect to the sep
aration of church and state. The visit
of Governor Taft to Rome was moat
Judicious and may confidently be ex
pected to have most benenclal results.
MAXIMUM AAD MIX1MCM TARIFF.
The recent ' conference of the presi
dent and republican leaders In congress,
at which the question of tariff revision
was discussed, appears to have devel
oped considerable sentiment In favor of
maximum and minimum tariff, such
as France, Germany and other countries
now bave in operation. It is urged that
tbe United States la suffering in its
foreign trade because of the lack of
such a tariff. For Instance, France im
poses Its maximum rates of tariff
against this country, although France
is as favorably treated In our markets
as any other nation. Now If tbe United
States bad a maximum and minimum
tariff it would simply treat France as
that country treats this by applying the
maximum rates to French products and
there la no doubt that such a course
would secure for American goods going
to France as favorable tariff rates as
are given the products of any other
country. As It is, there is no remedy
for the discrimination against us. It
is pointed out that the maximum rates
could also be used against Germany and
other countries that bave been discrim
inating against the United States and
there would be do ground of complaint
ou their part if our government followed
tbe same course as Is followed by those
governments against tbe United States
It is said that with such a law there
would be no more friction about reel
proclty treaties and tbls country would
be able to secure advantages of which It
Is now deprived.
'The Philadelphia Press earnestly' ad
vocates a maximum and juluii'uuw tariff.
It says that all European, countries en
gaged in the warfare of trade bave
found their Weapon'' in "such 'a tariff
and the' United States needs this weapon
In commercial warfare, for without it
this country is at a disadvantage in the
struggle for trade. "The minimum
tariff," says that paper, "can1 be made
high enough to cover all the protection
that 1 needed. No rate can go below
its rates. The maximum tariff gives the
punitive tariff which can be levied when
occasion demandx. Such a plan makes
a tariff flexible. It parts with no pro
tection. It provides reprisals. ,' It meets
new steps takeu by other countries.
Such a tariff would be a forward step
la the customs policy of the) United
States, deueral tariff agitation is not
wanted. Revision would unsettle trade,
The adoption of the maximum and mini
mum principle Cv which additions could
be mads as needeto tbe notuial xste
would glvs ths UnVd State what it
needs and lacks, a fighting schedule
of maximum rates."
There will be nothing done with the
tariff at the present session of congress,
but It Is quite possible that at least
some of the schedules will be changed
at the next session. In the meantime
there will be opportunity for discussing
the proposition to adopt the maximum
and minimum plan and ascertain public
opinion as to the expediency of making
such a departure in our tariff policy.
It may be urged that having made re
markable industrial and commercial
progress under the existing system
there is no necessity for changing it,
but it must be borne in mind that con
ditions have changed and that the strug
gle for trade is now more eager and
strenuous than ever before.
WILL IMPROVE COSDITIOSS.
Greatly Improved conditions In South
Africa are expected to come speedily
from British rule. The former Amer
ican consul at Capetown, Colonel Stowe,
thinks that when responsible govern
ment is given the new colonies they,
like Cape Colony and Natal, will become
more progressive than heretofore and
civilization will be advanced among the
Doer population more than It ever
would have been under their former
government, which indeed was never
particularly active or aggressive in pro
moting civilization. Still there are some
even in England who believe that the
work of reconstruction is likely to meet
with more or less serious difficulties
which will greatly retard it feueh a
pessimistic view may be well founded,
but the probability Is that British states
manship will be found quite equal to
the demands of the situation.
What Is of chief interest to Americans
is the promise of an enlarged trade In
that quarter of the world. Colonel
Stowe says that to rehabilitate the Boer
farms, to restock the shops whose stocks
have been exhausted and provide for
the new ones that must be opened and
the railroads, telegraphs, water, gas and
electric plants that are already planned,
will require American goods. There is
no doubt of this and therefore the course
of reconstruction In South Africa will
be watched with great Interest here.
Attention is called to the fact that the
condition of the asphalt pavement on
North Sixteenth street is again almost
as bad as it was a year ago. This Is a
complete vindication of the position
taken by The Bee at that time that
what was wanted was not repairing but
repavlng. No good reason exists why
the owners of the property abutting on
that thoroughfare should not pay for a
new pavement instead of trying to sad
dle upon the taxpayers at large the ex
pense of repeated patching.
The demand for tax reform will not
stop with tho revision of railroad assess
ments and the assessment of franchisee!
corporations. It will stop short of noth
ing less than a complete and equitable
readjustment of property valuations to
conform with the letter and spirit of the
state constitution, that requires the pub
lic revenues to be raised so that every
nerson and corporation shall pay a tax
In proportion to the value of bis, her or
its property and franchises.
The official organ of populism pub
lished at Lincoln is still laboring hard
to prove that there Is no such thing as
republican prosperity. The persistency
and tenacity with which populist lead
ers keep on preaching calamity has a
flavor of consistency, but is about as
sensible as the scientific sermon of a
famous colored preacher, which insists
that the earth is flat as a pancake and
the sun do move.
Speaking of the Union Pacific bridge,
no one has yet explained on what
trround of right the conductor can take
out double mileage for each passenger,
while for taxation purposes tne oriage
and a do roaches are listed tbe same as
tbe same mileage of the cheapest part
of the line over the flat prairie.
' CherlahlDB Vain Hopes.
Bt. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Ths democratlo issue seems to be a wait
for republicans to quarrel among them
Seeking Good Company.
if the Jacs are the Yankees of the Orient,
the Siamese must be the Germans of the
nriant. ThT are sending Prince Maha to
visit this country after ths manner of
Good Tiling, to Han Hope On.
There Is one feature of the industrial situ
ation which gives hope to mankind and
trnth to stocks. The farmers have
planted great breadths of land to corn and
the corn is growing.
Wilt 'Millie Stand for It
The talk of making Bryan tbe demo
cratic nominee for governor of Nebraska
Is gaining headway. That would he a good
war in which to discover whether ths
"peerless leader" is still peerless.
A Popalar Medicine Chest.
If that resolution abolishing the sale of
liquor In the capltol should happen to
break the record and stick, the new medi
cine chest of the house of representatives
will become as popular as a South Carolina
AnolUer ( Conilns.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
Dr. Conan Doyle and Michael Davltt have
both made bad guesses. Tbe former as
sumed, more than a year ago, that the
Boer war was over, while the latter haa
just announced, also In book form, that It
Is going to continue Indefinitely.
Edaeatlonal Featlvtttea in Iowa.
The two leading educational Institutions
it Iowa, the State University at Iowa City
and Iowa College at Grlnnell, only thirty
miles apart, ars to bave riches in their
commencement feaats next week. Profes
sor Joslah Royce of Harvard University Is
to give the Phi Beta Kappa oration at Iowa
City and the commencement address at
Grlnnell, while the commencement address
at Iowa City la to be delivered by Booker
T. Washington. Iowa College Is also to in
a ug orate Ha new president. Daa R- Brad
ley. (This Is ths lnetitutloa which U at
tempting to secure Andover Seminary, by
the war.) Altogether the Hawkeye stats
eollegedom Is to enjoy a remarkable week.
Touts and Ae In Battle.
It came out In the House of Commons,
on Wednesday, that among the Boer pris
oners In British bands were 7 S3 boys under
1 years of age, and 1,025 men over 60.
Thus the needs ef defense of the fatherland
literally robbed the cradle and the grave.
No Danger of a Relapse.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
If the Nebraska fuslontsts should nomi
nate William Jennings Fry an for the gov
ernorship, and William Jepnings Bryan
should accept the nomination, Nebraska
would have the chance It has been pining
for to show that thers Is no danger what
ever of a relapse.
Strange Migration of Kmlaenta.
Trains for Canada and for Mexico con
tinue to be filled with gentlemen wearing
bushy whiskers, blue spectacles and furtive
expressions who start visibly at the sight
of a policeman and who scan the news
papers eagerly for news Items dated St.
Louis. The grand Jury has almost depopu
lated the Missouri metropolis of Its promi
Contlnnation of Good Times.
The prosperity of an agricultural nation
like this is always greatest with large
crops. It being better to have the general
distribution of the proceeds rather than
that a limited yield should bring high
prices to few. The south and west appear
likely to be favored with the blessings
of abundant harvests and a resulting con
tinuation et the good times already being
SHALLOW CRY OF "MILITARISM."
Significance of th Order Reducing
A general order Issued last year fixed the
permanent strength of the army at 77,287.
An order Issued last week by the secretary
of war by direction of the president reduces
tbe maximum strength of tbe army to 68,
497. By cutting off 10,000 men there will
be a saving of $10,000,000 a year for pay,
clothing, food and transportation. Tbe
withdrawal of the soldiers from Cuba and
tbe Improvement 1n conditions In the Philip
pines warrant the reduction In the strength
of tbe army. The number of men In the
coast artillery is left unchanged. Each
Infantry company will have fifty-seven
privates Instead of eighty-one and each
cavalry troop eseventy-five men Instead of
The act of congress of February 2, 1901,
fixed the maximum enlisted strength of the
army at 88,000. At the time the law was
enacted several congressmen expressed
grave doubts as to the permanency of Amer
ican free Institutions. They announced
that so large an army was asked for by the
administration in order that liberty might
be overthrown and a despotism established.
It must be a relief to the prophets of evil
to witness successive reductions in the
strength of the army. Their fears that an
American Cromwell would send a squad of
soldiers to throw them out of the capltol
bave been allayed.
Of late the men who are nervous on the
subject of a "standing army" composed
of American citizens have had nothing to
say about tbe army as an instrument for
ths destruction of American liberties, but
thy have not ceased their .attacks upon
tbe army. They have denounced It, or that
part of It in. the Philippines, without meas
ure or discrimination. Now that peace Is
being established in the ialands the profes
sional enemies of the army will have less
to say about Its behavior In the Philippines
and will fall back on tbe old ground of
the army being "a menace to American
institutions." It Is to have a strength of
only 68,497, but the cry of "militarism"
will be renewed when no other cry Is con
venient. POLITICAL DRIFT.
It seems to be tbe purpose of Indiana
democrats to adorn ths back benches with
Fred K. and Charles B. Landla, brothers.
have been nominated for congress by the
republicans of two districts in Indiana.
Somebody appears to have made away
with $800,000 of Tammany money. It is
recalled that Mr. Croker consistently re
fused to answer the question, "Where did
you get ltt"
Grover Cleveland is billed for a speech
at tbe forthcoming banquet of the Tllden
democracy In New York City. It is ex
pected the eminent disciple of Isaak Walton
will work oft a few thrilling fish stories.
Tbe limit of tbe session of tbe Louisiana
legislature which met on May 11 la sixty
days and this unuaual selection of a day
of meeting recalls the fact that there are
now only five other state legislatures which
do not begin their sessions in January.
The house of representatives to be
elected this year will be chosen under the
new apportionment mads since the federal
census of 1900. There are twenty-nlnt
additional districts, bringing up the total
membership of the next bouse to 3S6.
In New Hampshire delegates to a consti
tutional convention are to be elected In
November, 1902, and the convention will
meet in December. Ths act for the election
of delegates provides tbat amendments de
termined on by tbe convention shall be
submitted to the people for ratification.
The present constitution of New Hampshire
was adopted In 1792.
South Carolina has a state election tbls
year. State officers, members or the legis
lature and members of congress will be
voted for in November, but the actuah elec
tion will be in August when the democratic
primaries will take place. The delegates
chosen then make all the nominations and
nomination to elective office by democratlo
conventions in South Carolina is equivalent
The new Jury law of New York requires
that In making Hats of Jurymen preference
should be given to men who bad registered
but failed to vote. Tbe Idea was to Im
pose Jury service on men who had neg
lected their first civic duty. Politicians
who have observed tbe operation of tbe
law are convinced that It will materially
increase he republican and independent
vote, as theae classes contain nearly all
the stay-at-home vote.
Congressman Lever of South Carolina, tbe
"baby of tbe house," said the other day
that as the labor question la a live one In
his district he proposed to seejc admission
to some union. "Why, you are Juat out of
college," said one of his hearers, "and
never did a day's work In your life."
"Haven't, eh?" said the young member In
dignantly. "Why. the way I've tolled to
get democratic legislation out of a repub
lican bouse makes aoe fit for membership
In a score of labor unions."
The Atchison Globe remarks, for the
benefit of marriageable girls, that "the
moat eligible man in Kansas today is Wil
liam J. Bailey, late of Nemaha county, but
who will go to housekeeping la January In
the gubernatorial mansion In Topeka.
Handsome, rich, only 40, well educated,
agreeable, and coming to the top more
rapidly than any other man In tho state.
We advise you to sea him early. After he
haa one located la Topeka thers will b
ae getting within a Bue of bim, owing to
tbe hungry Topeka girls."
Mr. Harriman's Plea
A Mistaken Aaaamptlon.
Springfield (Man.) Republican.
Mr. Harrlman finds or thinks he finds a
less antagonists attitude on the part of ths
public toward the roads, and seems to be
lieve that popular opinion la drifting to the
point of leaving the roads free from public
But in this he Is greatly mistaken. The
supposition that government will with
draw its restraining hand as the roads
draw toward a more and more effective
monopoly through combinations and con
solidations. Is based upon the wish and
upon nothing else. The time of the Inter
state Commerce commission may have
passed, but If so ths time of a stronger
and more effective public control through
other agencies of government has arrived.
The power of transportation monopoly la
too great to be left to the unregulated con
duct of private capital, and It Is simply
preposterous 'to suppose that It will be so
left. Government purchase and operation
of the road is far mors probable than ths
abandonment of government regulation.
Chunks of Wisdom.
Detroit Free Press.
E. H. Harrlman, president of the South
ern Pacific, has generously tendered to the
country a chunk of wisdom in the form of
a statement that railroad commissions ars
a thing of the past and the "railroads
ought not to be governed by men who
know nothing about tbe business." In
other words, the government should let ths
railroads alone, because the government
knows nothing about the railroad business.
Following this line of reasoning, congress
should let the navy department alone, be
cause congress Is not a sailor. Congress
should let the army alone, because con
gress Is not a soldier. Congress should let
the Indians alone, because congress is not
an Indian. Congress should let the trusts
alone, because congress is not J. Plerpont
Morgan, and can know nothing about the
business of the truats. Congress should
let the tariff alone, because congress knows
little about all the Industries of the coun
try, and the business of these Industries
Is affected by tariff legislation. Indeed,
OTHER LANDS THAN OVR8.
Spain, says a correspondent, is seen at
its best and at its worst in solemn visaged
Toledo. At Its best, for not only old Cas
tile, but all the Spalns, may be sampled
in this museum of the antique and the
picturesque. At Its worat, for conservatism
here has become retrogressive, and recov
ery and progress seem hopeless. In In
dustrial, workaday Barcelona; in gay. Im
aginative Seville, and even in gosslpping,
pleasure loving Madrid, the optimist may
balance causes and effects and forecast
hopefully a trend of future progress; but
not in this ruined stronghold of Spanish
power. There are no signs of reanlmatlon
In this city of lost causes and spent forces.
The famous' Toledo blades will never bt
forged anew. Swarms of chattering beg
gars In rags make up the remnant of a ctty
of Imperial might and grandeur. Herds of
goats are pasturing among the rocks and
thickets of prickly pear. Somnolent
donkeys with water Jars shiver as tbey
pass one another on the sharp cobblestonos
of the narrow lanes, so unaccustomed are
they to a counter movement In traffic. The
famous town is In the last stages of de
cadence, with a thriftless, unemployed pop
ulation dependent upon the charities of
Corpus Chrlsti and clamoring, for doles
from, tourists. Reform cannot corns like
another conquering Cld to bring redemp
tion to worn and embattled Toledo. In
ths home of Cervantes national regenera
tion seems as Ironical as the comlo ad
ventures of Don Quixote.
The new nsval program of the Jspaness
government provides for the building of
twenty-five new war ships. Five of these
are to be first-class battleships, two first
class cruisers, eight second-class cruisers
and ten destroyers. These represent a total
tonnage of 139,900 tons and will give the
Japanese navy a total tonnage of 393,103
tons, including the ships now In commis
sion and undergoing construction. Tbs
Japanese government is evidently endeavor
ing to raise the standard of its navy so
as to counterbalance the combined fleets of
Russia and France In Oriental waters. In
doing so it Is unquestionably embarking
upon a perilous financial career which may
plunge the country into aerlous difficulties.
The credit of Japan is by no means good.
Increasing the navy on such broad lines
will strain it possibly to ths breaking
point. The program of the Japanese alma
at securing naval aupremacy In Oriental
waters. To carry this out successfully they
must continue to multiply the number of
tbeir ships to at least equal tbe combined
fleets of rival western powers. Russia's
encroachments are what Japan fears, and
tbe treaty of offense and defense entered
into between Russia and France makes It
necessary for her to keep abreast of these
It appears tbat tbe only reason why
Russia did not go to the assistance of
France In the Fashoda affair was tbat she
perceived, by a remakable exercise of po
litical intuition, tbat she could do France
more good and England much more barm
by remaining quiescent. M. Wltte has Juet
explained all this to a correspondent of the
Echo de Paris. The. Fasboda affair, he
says, was for France only an anair or
amour propre. There wae nothing to be
made out of it by fighting. So Russia ad
vised France to yield. This left England
at liberty to fight tbe Boers, which she
never would bave done If she had been en
gaged in a conflict with France. In South
Africa ahe haa lost money, men and pres
tige, has been weakened in every way and.
moreover, haa Incurred ths ill will of all
the civilized powers by ber policy. All of
which is distinctly to the advantage of
France, who has been growing in strength
and prosperity, while ber rreat rival has
been exhausting herself. This would not
have been tbe case It Russia bad been so
improvident as to back up her French ally
in Faaboda, and France, therefore, ought
to be very grateful Instead of Intimating,
as some Frenchmen bave, that she was left
in the lurch.
Very little trustworthy news of Portugal
comes direct to tbe news centers of Europe
from Lisbon. Advices, however, that ar
rive In Madrid from the west ars sent over
Europe without any Interference on tbe
part of the Spanish censor. A cable du
patch from this source recently contained
tbe Information that great excitement had
been caused by the passage of a bill calcu
lated to convert the foreign debt, and tbat
In consequence 200 naval officers who peti
tioned King Csrlos against the convention
bad refused to withdraw tbe protest. It
now seems that the movement against tbe
government measure Is general, particularly
In the university centres. At Colmbra the
university bas been cloeed and the stu
dents bave been expelled from the town.
The pupils st the Polytechnic school la
Lisbon bave been parading the town shout
ing "Down with the traitors!" "Long live
our country!" "Down with the conven
tions with the foreign bondholders!"
Up to a certain point In alt tbe coronation
ceremonies It appears that it la to be "their
majesties." but when It comes to pass tbat
(bin royal pair ahall be seated oa tbe pair
of thrones in Westminster Abbey, that of
following Mr. Harrlraan's mode of reason
ing, the government ought to get out of
the business of government, because a
great majority of the men who make up the
government know very little about the
science of government. Mr. Harrlman la
a profound thinker, and it is not easy to
understand how the country managed to
toddle along before bs began to volunteer
New York World.
E. H. Harrlman, the bead of the Union
Faciflo system, In bis manifesto pleading
tor a better understanding between rail
roads and the public, attempts to excuse
over-capltaluatlon by analogy with the
farmer whose land has risen in value from
$5 an acre to $75 or $100. "Why." he asks,
- ''should ths people who put their time and
'their money in the railroads be asked to do
any more than the people who have been
benefited by the facilities given by the rail
road .companies?" Naturally Mr. Harrl
man does not believe In federal supervision
of railroads, and as to the Interstate Com
merce commission he says:
"I do not think transportation companies
should bavs to submit to dictation or con
trol by bodies who do not know anything
No analogy can be drawn between a 100
aore farm and an 18,000-mile railroad sys
tem like Mr. Harrlman's. The latter Is
within its territory an absolute monopoly,
made by the combination of formerly com
peting lines.' It all the farms of the west
wars combined In one enormous "merger"
for the purpose of charging for wheat "what
the trafflo would bear," that plainly would
be against publlo policy. So It is against
public policy when railroad combinations,
capitalized at three, four or five times the
value of their plants and properties, ex
tract dividends upon these enormous sums
from communities wholly at their mercy.
It Is yet to be tested whether the Inter
state Commerce commission has power to
enforce Justice against monopoly, but tbe
people are not likely to throw down any
weapon already la their grasp until it Is
bent or broken.
Queen Alexandra will be found ranged two
steps below the chair known ss St. Ed
ward's which Is to be occupied by King
Edward. From this on the vast audience
will be given to understand that It Is "his
majesty" first, it It pleases the lords and
ladles. By the wjj these same lords and
ladies "-to will, their fellow spectators
be In their seats some time before their
majcetlos appear, will have an opportunity
to observe as beautiful an Interior as could
be Imagined. The governing principle of It
all will be a maximum of architecture and
a minimum of drapery, for the abbey itself
as It stands has more splendor than any
decorations could give It, so no hangings
are to be employed except to conceal some
of tho temporary wooden erections. And
yet yellow and blue velvet will be the fab
rto used to the exclusion of almost every
thing else except a few rare Indian rugs.
There seem to be galleries apportioned for
every class, white sheep and black sheep,
but no provision is made for the camera
King Victor Emmanuel has once again
given evidence of his breadth of mind and
freedom from prejudice by appointing
General Ottelenghl, minister of war. In the
place of General Ponza di San Martlno, Gen
eral Ottolenghl Is not only of Hebrew
birth, but also of Jewish creed, and, so
far as known it Is the first occasion of a
member of this particular faith being ap-
ypohited by a great power of Europe to
one of the leading cabinet offices. Even J
In France, . where political prejudice
against elose sssoclation with one or
another of the Christian denominations is
so strong tbat a minister risks his seat in
the cabinet every time that be sets foot
inside a church, no professing Jew bas ss
yet been entrusted with a portfolio, and
those members of the Hebrew race who
have until now held cabinet office in Europe
bave beep like, tbe late Lord Bea
consfleld in (England and Baron Sonino in
Italy, converts to Christianity. The new
Italian minister of war is one of the most
distinguished field officers of tbe Italian
army, and has commanded in turn tbe mili
tary district of Turin, tbe military district
of Genoa . and that of Palermo, besides
having been recently designated by the
king to command one of the groups of army
corps In ths event of war.
Heroism In the Canae of Science.
If tbe act of Richmond P. Hobson In tak
ing a ship to the entrance of Santiago har
bor and sinking it across the channel under
a tremendous fire from the Spanish bat
teries, waa enough to Immortalize him,
why should not Prof. Hellprin's aacent
of Mount Pelee under circumstances quite
aa hazardous as those which attended Hob
son's feat, do as much for him? Heilprtn
did not go under cover of darkness, for bs
bad ho chance of escaping detection, nor
waa his work done in a few minutes, sfter
which he might escape to comparative safe
ty; be was under the deadly fire of the
volcano for hours, breathing an atmosphere
only to be comoared with the suffocating
fumes of lyddite abelts, with a rain of
missiles constantly falling about bim, and
liable, at any moment, to be overwhelmed
by an out rush of volcanic matter. A man
that can stand for hours, aa he did, calmly
nursulnc scientific obcsrvatlons under such
circumstances, is at least as much a hero
as be wbo risks bis life under the fire of
an enemy to secure a military advantage.
feather Weight Clothing.
Hot weather Clothing Is slimpsy and shapeless un
less the seams are properly taped.
In a half lined or skeleton serge, wool, crash, or flan
nel, the "stays" are most important details, and they are
usually slighted in the cheaper goods.
You'll find our suits for summer wear are thoroughly
tailored and as light as a feather.
$8,50, $10, $.12.50, $15,?
KO CLOTHING FITS LIKE OURS.
SPECIAL $3. 53.50 and $4 Bicycle Trousers $1.50
$1, $1.50 and $2 Bicycle Trousers 50c
Odd Vests, from Suits, slzesJ5, 36 and 37, 25c
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
R. 8. Wilcox, Manager.
PARTITION OF AFRICA.
liorr the Nations of Knrope Are (Mlrln
By the surrender of the Boers England
ets an undisputed title to 167. 45 square
miles of new territory, the area being
11.000 square miles greater than that of the
state of California. Thle. however, la only a
small part of the British South African
posnesslons, which now contain perhaps
900,000 square rqlles. but the tract Is one
of the most valuable on th continent, and
Its acquisition does away with a dividing
barrier that might prove a formidable ob
stacle Jn some great political emergency.
Throughout Africa the English holdings
and "spheres" Bow aggregate more than
. 000,000 square miles and exceed the con
tinuous continental territory of the United
States. Of the other European nations
France haa claims about ss vast, but somo
2,000,000 square miles of her African terri
tory are in tbs desert of Sahara, and her
sovereignty over the ssndy waste Is poorly
Germany and Portugal have each about
900,000 square miles, and so bas Belgium, It
the Congo Free State be marked off to that
country. Spanish Africa consists of some
2r2,000 square miles. Italian Africa of
88,000, Tripoli, which la tributary to Tur
key, comes near 400,000 square miles.
England has an advantage not only in the
size of her possession, but in tbelr char
acter. She has mors territory than any
other nation tbat In habitable for white
men, and controls what are now the great
est diamond and gold regions In tbe world.
She has also a more direct control over the
districts credited to her than have most of
the other countries over their districts.
But on all the claims there are large num
bers of natives who bave still to be reck
oned with. The partition has been exclu
sively a European affair. '
Chlca-o Tribune: "If you think, madam,
raid the Disagreeable Hoarder, "that hv
keeping your dining room so dark In th
morning you can Induce us to eat a llr!n
breakfast you are making a aerlous mis
take." Ohio State Journal: Floorwalker Any
thing I can show you, slrt
Dazed Individual The door, please. If
you will be so kind; I've been hunting it
for two hours.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: '
llnery bill came today."
"Big, of course."
"Make the usual kick?"
"No. I had Juat bought
My wife's mll-
. $60 Panama
Philadelphia Press: Tess I suppose she'll
go to the mountains this summer, aa usual.
Jesa Oh! no. Phe haa become quite plump
and has developed a good figure.
Jesa Well, she'll go to the seashore, of
Waahlngton Star: "What's the trouble
out there In the laundry?" asked one palace
"The help ladles are having a quarrel
over a question of precedence." answered
the other. "The lady tn washing claims so
cial superiority over the lady in Ironing."
Chicago Post: "Do you think anything
is ever really gained bv litigation T"
"Oh. yes. Indeed. The lawyer gains.
Detroit Free Press: Youn Doctor Now,
If you will take my advice
. She Well, I don't mind taking your ad
vice. What I object to taking Is your
Baltimore American! "Never," eald the
person of good advice to the delicately nur
tured Boston youth, "never say "I can't.' "
"Indeed, sir," responded the Intellectual
lad. "I trust that my dictum la not so open
to criticism. If you will but be attentive
to my conversation you will observe that I
say I cawn't.' "
Chlcaao. Tribune; "MJsa Birdie." stam
mered the young man, "II feel-that I can
no longer disguise the sentiments that I
you must have noticed my preference for
your society and have I said too much.
"Not yet. Mr. Bashful, replied Miss
Philadelphia Press: "I should like a de
scription of your gown," said the reporter.
"Oh! Mercy, no," protested the bright
young woman. "It's sufficient to eay that
I am clothed In my right mind."
"In that case," replied the gallant re
porter, "I shall have to say you were mag
MIXTTRE TO MAKE GOOD CROPS.
Bald Farmer Jones In a whining tone.
To hia good old neighbor Gray,
"I've worn my knee through to the bone,
But It ain't no use to pray.
"I've prayed to the Lord a thousand times
For to make that 'ere corn grow;
An' why your'n beats It so and climbs
I'd give a deal to know."
Said Farmer Gray to his neighbor Jones,
In hla easy, quiet way;
"When prayers get mixed with lasy bones
They don't make farmin' pay.
"Your weeds. I notice, are good an' tall.
In spite of all your prayers;
You may pray for corn till the heavens fall
If you don't dig up the tares.
"I mix my prayers with a little toll
Along In every row;
An' I work thla mixture Into the soil
Quite vlg'rous with a hoe..
"So, while I'm praying, X use my hoe.
An' do my level best.
To keep down the weed along each row,
An' the Lord He does the reat.
"It's well for to pray, both night an' morn.
As every farmer knows,
But the place to pray for thrifty corn
la right between the rows.
"You must use your hands while praying,
If an answer you would get.
For prayer-worn knees an' a rusty boo
Never raised a big crop yet. .
"An' so I believe, my good old friend,
If you mean to win the day.
From plowing, clean to the harvest's end.
You must hoe as well as pray."
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