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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1902)
TirC OMAHA PAIIT BEE: SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1102.
Tire Omaha Daily Per
E. ROSEWATKR, EDITOR.
PUBU8HED EVERT MORNINO.
TERMS OF f) U BSC RI PT ION.
Pally Boa (without Sunday), One Year. .14.01)
ia.iiy nee ana ounday,
iiiuetratea nee. One Tear.
punoay One year
Seturriay Iee, Ona year
Twentieth Century Farmer, One Tear.
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Complaint! of Irregularities In delivery
hould b addressed to City Circulation De
Omaha The Bee Building.
South Omaha City Hall Bulldlnf, Twenty-fifth
and M Street.
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vmuago low unity running.
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Washington 601 Fourteenth Street.
Communication relating; to new and edi
torial matter ahould be addreised t Omaha
See, Editorial Department.
Business letter and remittance should h
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Remit by draft, express or postal order,
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Only J-cent stamps accepted In payment of
mall accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
- STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, sa.t
George B. Tsechuck, secretary or The Bee
furnishing company, being duly sworn,
ay that the actual number of full ana
complete cobles of The Daily. Morntiic.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of January, lBux was as fol
4 80.1 lO
t .'. 80.1T0
We a g. a &0, 1 SO
U .. .80,800
eves unsold and returned copies.... Q.84Q
Net total sale 088.0TO
Net dally average 80,oOr
OBO. B. TZHCWITCK.
Subscribed in my presence and sworn to I
veror me tnia 1st day of February, a. d.,
na. JJ. riunuAUi,
, (Seal) Notary Public.
All signs point to a brisk spring trade.
TM wise merchant will prepare for It
The Omaha. Woman's club Is threat
ened with a ructure over the color line.
The clothesline would be a safer topic
Our old friend Tom Blackburn has
been seeing things again. He should
take something for It before be gets in
too bad a way.
Commodore Metcalfe might have at
least had compassion on the public suffi
cient to have fired his battery one gun
at a time Instead of all at once. .
- Ex-Treasurer Meserve baa been re-
leased pending trial on the embezzle
ment charge on a ball bond for $1,000.
That does not look much like political
I With the United States, Great Britain,
Germany and Japan each placing a foot
In the Chinese, doorway, neither Russia
nor any other country is likely to it-
tempt to close it v
South Omaha people can console them-
selvea with the thought that they might
have avoided all this municipal fracaa
had they taken more kindly to the an
Iowa leada all the states of the union
In the value of Its livestock. This,
ooupled with Its rich soil and its pro
gressive people, tells the story of the
prosperity of our neighbor.
One of the dealgna on the souvenir
which St Louis will present to Prince
Esnry will be the key to the city. Extra
care will have to be taken to prevent
Chicago from getting hold of that key.
The self-sacrlfldng lawyers who have
been making bay out of the Redell case
may bo expected now to begin grubbing
at one for a back pay salary grab.
They will not stop , until they have
drained the well dry.
Before publicly announcing his with
drawal from the liberal party Lord
Rosebery should get Into communication
with Tslier, towne, Web Davia and a
few others for pointers on how to make
the exit really spectacular. .
The Steel trust has purchased, aeveral
of the most Important Iron mines In
Sweden. Anyone having anything in
its line to sell from scrap Iron to a big
steel mill can find a purchaser by ap
plying to the big company. '
Optimism is a good thing, but when It
takes the form of promises In the pro
motion of public enterprises tbat cannot
bo kept the reaction ia sure to be detri
mental. A good, clear vision is as neces
sary aa energetic enthusiasm In produc
ing tangible results.
An unusual number of murders have
keen committed In Iowa during the past
year, but the facility with which Iowa
courts are disposing of the caaea and
Juries are bringing In verdicts of guilty
will probably hav a restraining influ
ence In the future.
Democratic papera are Inquiring what
good waa accomplished by the recent
visit of tb Cook county democracy to
th southern status, which are supposed
to be solidly democratic. Possibly It
did not make votes, but think of the
tun the Chicago men bad.
Delegate Smith of Arutona objects to
the appropriation for the Carlisle Indian
school on the ground that It la not good
policy to' send Indian boys east to- be
educated. If the school should bo closed
how would th eastern colleges bo able
taj soak up their foot ball schedule!
TB tURXBDAT Vf WASBtSGTOtt.
Tublic observance- of the anniversary
of Washington's birthday, which years
go was general, la now rare, but while
the stimulus to popular patriotism
rhlch the former-time public demon
strations gave la no longer afforded,
reverence for the memoir of George
Washington Is as strong and sincere
now as It ever was. He still holds first
place la the hearts of bis countrymen,
still towers above all others as the em
bodiment and exemplar of the loftiest
patriotism. Is still esteemed the greatest
and grandest figure In our history.
This being universally acknowledged.
it is needless to dwell upon the charac
ter of Washington. It will be more
profitable to revert to the wise and pa
triotic admonitions he left his country
men; some of which are now particu
larly applicable when we ore cultivating
the friendship of all nations. Washing
ton earnestly counseled this. "Observe
good faith and Justice toward all na
tions; cultivate peace and harmony with
all," says the farewell address. He ad
vised against luveterate antipathy to
ward particular nations and passionate
attachment for others, saying that
"antipathy in one nation against an
other disposes each more readily to
offer insult and injury, to lay bold of
slight causes of umbrage and to be
haughty and untractable, when acci
dental or trifling occasions of dispute
occur." lie declared that "the nation
prompted by ill-will and resentment
sometimes Impels to war the govern
ment, contrary to the best calculations
of policy." In cultivating peace and
harmony with all nations this republic
Is following the counsel of Its first pres
The wisdom and patriotism which en
abled Washington to dominate most of
the great men of bis time still exert a
potent Influence and 'twill continue to do
so as long as the American republic
lives. Ills last message to his country
men is an unfailing Inspiration to loy
alty and patriotic duty.
QovEBsusav DKPoaira is banks.
Soon after going Into office Secretary
Shaw wrote to a New York congressman
regarding a measure providing for the
deposit of government funds at interest
in national banks. The secretary of the
treasury said he thought tbat some pro
vision for the deposit of surplus funds
of the government with national banks,
upon security other than government
bonds, would be wise, and he also
stated that If the government had real
ised 2 per cent upon the funds which
have been deposited In banks since the
national banking law went Into effect
It would have received $32,000,000. '
In view of the large treasury surplus
fchd the Importance of having a large
part of it made available for use in the I
business of the country, the question of
providing for an extension of the de-
posit of goy eminent funds In national
banks la of considerable consequence. I
B1ii8 looking lo this have been intro-
duced in congress and doubtless some
action will be taken. It Is stated that
there are two principal questions of
different character connected with the
surplus that are being considered by
certain groups of congressmen. Some
are chiefly exercised by the' fear that
the government will not get the maxi
mum advantage from the surplus and
some tbat the withdrawal of money
from circulation will have a bad effect
upon business at large. Both groups
seek to remedy matters by a change In
deposit requirements. One of the bills
Introduced provides for the collection of
Interest on government deposits In
banks, letting the present bond deposit
requirement stand, while another pro
poses that Interest shall be collected on
deposits of government funds, but that I
these may be secured by a first Hen on
the assets of the banks.
So far as the question of security is
concerned, the government would per
haps be amply protected by a first Hen
pn assets, but it Is very questionable
whether this proposition would be pop
ular. On the other hand, with bonds at
their present high. price. It la unlikely
that the banka will be, willing to pay
Interest to the government while at the
same time compelled to maintain such
valuable securities on deposit There is
a pretty general feeling that the banks
should pay Interest on government de
posits, but as they cannot be compelled
to take deposits, consideration for the
business Interests of the country must
determine the policy to be adopted. The
expediency of making a large part of
the treasury surplus available for the
use of the people Is unquestionable.
Some of the great Industrial corpora
tions are recognizing the expediency of
arloptlng publicity regarding their af
fairs. The example of the Steel trust
In this respect bas been followed by the
National Biscuit company, which in Its
Just published annual report makes a
very full presentation of Its affairs and
methods. In the details given un
favorable features are not concealed
and the report Is a clear and candid
statement for the Information which Is
altogether creditable to the managers
of the company. That It will prove ben
eficial to the corporation, so far as com
mending It to public confidence is con
cerned. Is most probable.
It Is to be expected that other Indus
trial corporations will come to see the
wisdom and the legitimacy of giving
stockholders and the public reasonable
information concerning their financial
condition and business affairs, for It
ought to be plain to all of them that
they cannot long retain the confidence
of their stockholders and the public un
less they do this. A corporation that
persists in carrying on Its operations
secretly and withholds Information as n
Its condition and methods even from
those who have Invested In Its stock,
I muat Inevitably give rise to the suspl-
I clon that it U not being Judiciously snd
I honestly managed. No corporation
whoso affairs are properly and honestly
conducted can have a sound and suffi
cient reason for Dot allowing those who
have money In it to know what It Is
doing and the corporation that with
holds this Information must sooner or
later lose. the faith of stockholders.
This Is a simple business proposition
Which it would seem all the managers
of the Industrial combinations should
understand and act upon. The men at
the head of the great steel corporation
recognise It and It has worked no In
Jury to the business. It ran do no In
Jury to any corporation whose business
is conducted on a sound basis. On the
contrary, there is every reason to be
lieve that every such corporation that
Is, those that are properly and honestly
conducted would find a reasonable de
gree of publicity of decided practical
advantage. It would certainly give
them a standing In public confidence
which they cannot otherwise secure.
It Is generally conceded that publicity
is one of the best safeguards against
the trust system, that It la necessary to
protect the public from whatever Is
harmful or dangerous in that system.
This being so. the people will insist that
publicity be required of the industrial
combinations by law and it would be
good policy on the part of the combina
tions to meet this demand before they
are compelled to do so.
xir or BKDKLL.
The final order of dismissal following
on the findings In the trial of ex-Fire
Chief Redell Is the natural consequence
of the Impossible position which Chief
Redell assumed when the charges
against him were originally filed.' In
stead of accepting the situation and
meeting his accusers with a refutation
of their charges. Chief Redell, under
the Influence of bad advice tbat baa
proved so costly to him, preferred to
defy the authority of the police com
mission under which he had been serv
ing by refusing to recognise its authority
to discipline him In any way.
The evidence brought out at th'j hear
ing will certainly convince every un
prejudiced person that the ex-chief bad
called down upon himself his unfor
tunate dilemma and had given good
grounds for some measure of discipline.
That dismissal was the only sufficient
penalty In view of the Insubordinate at
titude taken as soon as the charges were
preferred, If the discipline and efficiency
of the force of the fire department is to
be maintained, will also be readily
agreed to by every one who realises
what the essentials are to a well-manned
Although ex-Chief Redell had outlived
his usefulness as a member of the
Omaha fire department, it is only fair
to say that the department owes much
to the work he has done. At the time
he waa called In to take charge our fire
department had reached a low ebb of
effectiveness. Chief Redell Infused new
life into the demoralized force by bring
Ing modern methods of fighting fires into
requisition. There Is no question but
that under his supervision the men In
the department made great advances,
but he brought with him, also, the
sparks of disorganization and lnsubordl
nation which, fanned by favoritism,
vindlctiveness and cruelty on the part
of the chief, culminated In the necessity
of his retirement
With the disturbing element removed
which hung over the department In the
possibility of ex-Chief Redell's reinstate
ment the efficiency of the department
should be raised to the highest possl
ble standard and every effort made to
repress dissension and enforce strict
discipline, by which alone this result
can be achieved.
as was to have been expected, It bas
been discovered that there Is a little
Joker in the Innocent bill to modify the
charter for the East Omaha bridge In
troduced by request by Senator Millard
and already passed by the senate. The
bill was doubtless drawn by the com
pany's shrewd attorneys, who are al
ways up to some trick to take advantage
of the public. The company has sue
ceeded so well In evading the require
ments of Its original franchise that It
would like nothing better than to be
relieved altogether of such obligations
as cannot be turned to account In the
financial exhibit The inducement to
the granting of the charter for the East
Omaha bridge was to give us an inde
pendent and competing outlet for traffic
and no attempt to bottle it up now
should be countenanced.
The reorganisation committee of the
Asphalt trust proposes to merge Into one
company all the various paving con
cerns operating In this country. The
reorganisation committee evidently
thinks the supply of suckers was pot
exhausted by the defunct asphalt com
bine that tried that very game aa to
asphalt paving and failed most misers
Several American railroad lines.
through their officers, have taken occa
glon to deny that they have any inten
tlon of absorbing Mexican roads. The
government of Mexico bas a way of
holding railway officials to account for
accidents which is not to the liking of
South Omaha Is rapidly acquiring the
reputation of being the best market for
fine breeding catte as well as for ant
mala for slaughter. The Nebraska and
Iowa farmer knows that the best stock
is the most profitable and under present
prosperous conditions has the money to
- What a Tale It Waal Be.
- Washington Post.
Bom day th British lloa may writ
book oa "Som twisters My Tall Ha En
A Ceatary'e lahallalagT.
It is said that there ar J 00 ra daught
ers of th American Revolution that
women whose father took part in th war
of indapcadaaoa. - They bav lived to see
a great Iniah te th work their father
started, sad It also empbasltea the fact
that If Rom wa not built la Us day,
nations are ia this.
PI ark fa the florse Trade.
San Francisco Chronicle.
Oreat Britain may get out of tb scandal
In the War office over the high price paid
for horses without smirching any officers,
but It can hardly coaceal the fact tbat
some of them wer very poor hands at a
Three Emlsrit Sperts.
New York Press.
Those wer three On (porting gentlemen
who met la Marlborough House tb other
day. What Sir Thome Upton knows about
yachting, what Edward VII wishes be had
forgottea about baccarat and what Charles
f. Schwab hi sorry be ever knew about
roulette no doubt would have enlivened tb
conversation. It 1 believed, however, that
they discussed the nebular hypothesis and
opened a small bottle.
A Rekest Specie Recently Esaoe
la St. Lal.
How utterly corrupt th governments of
the great municipalities of the United
State have become ha Just been disclosed
la St Louts. Several prominent mem
bers of the city council, Including mors
than on wealthy business man more th
shame have been indicted for bribery. A
combination of members of the municipal
assembly was made to para a bill grant
ing valuable franchises for extensions to a
local street car concern. For this privilege
the combine wa to receive $136,000, 175,000
whloh was deposited In a box in on
trust company and $(0,000 la another, a
representative of th street car combina
tion retaining one of th keya and a mem
ber of the city council the other. Th hill
was promptly passed by th city eounoll,
hut before It could be rushed through th
house of delegates th supreme court In
terfered, and the railroad company tailed
to secure th coveted franchise. It thea
refused to pay the money on deposit to
th members of th combine, and the con
troversy wsxed so warm tbat th circuit
attorney's attention was attracted, tb
grand Jury took up th case, tb scandal
was exposed and Indictments followed.
Shocking as this transaction appears, it
Is no different from those which have hap
pened la nearly every large elty In th
United States In recent years.
RELIEF FOR POSTAL CLERKS.
Their Caas t Bo FreaeateS to Coa
arrea la the Right "Way.
Since the postmaster general haa laaued
an order prohibiting postal employes going
to Washington to urge th passage of leg
lalatlon affecting th service the cauae of
th postal clerks has been taken up by
business men In various parta of th coun
try who recognize the hardships of the
service and the uncertainty of promotion.
The objects sought by ths postal clerks
ar (1) aa actual instead of a nominal
lght-hour day, and It) that th entire
system of promotions, Including advance
ment la pay from $600 up to $1,000, $1,100
and $1,400 a year shall b under strict
provision of the law.
There Is no reason why th postal clerks,
than whom ther Is no harder worked em
ployea In the government service, should
not enjoy th full advantag of th etght
hour working day to which the government
Is committed. A a matter of fact they ar
forced to work Sunday, holidays aad
night or so long as ther remalna any
mail to be distributed.
Th aecond object, aougttt ia to remove
advancement In rank and pay from the
discretion or discrimination of th post'
maatar, which in practice degenerates Into
favoritlam, and make It follow merit and
experience according to a fixed and un
There can be no doubt that tb servic
would gain la efficiency through the pas
aara of tb desired legislation, ior mea
can do better snd - more work wnen tney
are not overworked snd when Inspired by
the certainty that advancement waits oa
fidelity snd efficiency sad not oa any
A POLITICAL fake:.
Haw It Originated, aad How It Grew
aad Was Disseminated.
A few dare ago a cttlxen of tbla town,
who happens to be vice president of the
National Manufacturers' association, went
to Washington to Invite President Roose
velt to be present at the annual convention
of th association to b held la this city
In May next. Arrived at the capital he
mad an appointment with Senator Bever
ldg to call with him at tb White House
and Introduce him to tb president. Th
call snd th Introduction wer mad, th
Invitation waa given and th callers left.
No other aubject was discuaaed but that
of the invitation. This was a commonplace
and every-day occurrence, but It furnished
starting point for the evolutionary pro
cess. When the cltUen returned from Wash
ington it occurred to a creative reporter of
th Sentinel that her was a chance for
story. The reporter muat have what Shakea
pear calls "aa apprehensive, quick and
forgetlve brain," tor out of this common
place Incident he constructed a story to tb
effect that ta cltlsen referred to wa
prospective candidate for vie president on
the republican ticket la 1004; that Senator
Beverldge had indicated hla purpose to sup
nort the cltlsen'a candidacy. "It U also
understood." the story weat, "tbat Preat
dent Roosevelt looks with favor on the
movement, and tbat when Mr. called
at the White Hous recently th president
asked him how he would Ilk to be on the
ticket with him In 1M4." This was printed
In tb Sentinel ss a true story with sen
satlonal headlines intsnded to emphasize
Its accuracy. If th publication bad (topped
ther th fake might be said to have "died
a-bornln'," but in order te give it a further
semblance of truth It waa sent as a special
dispatch to a number of outside papers. In
this aecond stage of evolution the fake took
on several new features la the form of pre
tended details relating to an alleged po
lltioal movement which It wa averred had
beea in progress aeveral months. "It
began." aald the special, "with Senator
Beverldge and New York and Pennsylvanl
politicians wha ar very close to President
Roosevelt, about the same time. It aald
several of these New York and pennsyl
vaala politicians "bav been la Indianapolis
within th past tw month to confer with
Mr. about th matter," and gave
further pretended detail concerning the
alleged interview at tb Whit Hous. I
this form tb fake was passed by credulous
or careless editors and publishers as aewe
with headlines still further exaggerating It.
Thus ths fake wa fully launched. It wa
promptly denied by Senator Beverldge and
tbs cltlsen referred to, but the papers which
published the fake probably will not pub
lish tb denials. Th only foundation for
th story wa tb cltUen's visit to Wash
lngton ea the errand abov Indicated, all
th rent, Including pretended particular,
personalities sad politics, being made out
of whole cloth. Th incident show bow
an lafinitealmally smell germ may, with
morbid environments and earcM fertilise
tlon, b developed into great proportion.
Such evolutions have a scientific interest.
but they are a disgrace to American Jour
THB DA!H WKJt HOIKS.
What Mark Twala WrtM Ahaat Theas
Thirty-rear Year Aaa.
The Danish Weet India islands, about to
transfer their aoverelgnty to the United
State, were th object of extended negotia
tions, having th aam and In view, over
thirty year ago. Mark Twain was th
Washington correspondent of the New York
Tribune in 18(7 when th queetlon of pur
chase wa under consideration and wrote
aeveral letters ridiculing th proposition.
On of these letter, dated December 10,
1867, Is a characteristic "Jolly" and serve
to ehow th chang public sentiment haa
undergone in a third of a century.
Under ths heading, "Information Wanted,"
"Could you give me any Information re
specting such islands, If any, aa tb gov
ernment Is going to purchss?
It Is an unci of min that wants to
know. Hs Is sa Industrious man and well
disposed and want to make a living In an
boa eet, humble way, but trior especially he
want to be quiet and unostentatious. He
haa been to many of th new Islands St.
Thomas but he says he thinks things are
'He went down ther early with an at
tache of th Stat department, who waa
nt down with money to pay for tb
island. My unci had hi money in the
aame hank, and so when they went ashore,
getting a receipt the sailors broke open
the box and took all the money, not mak
ing any distinction between the government
money, which waa legitimate money to b
stolen, and my uncle's, which was his own
private property, and should have been re
But he cam home to get some more and
went back. And then he took the fever.
There were seven kinds of fever down
there, you know, and ss his blood was out
of order by reason of leas of sleep and gen
eral wear and tear of mind, h failed to
euro the first fever, and then somehow he
got ths other sis. H is not a kind of maa
that enjoys fevers, though he Is well mean
ing and does always what he think la
right So he was a good deal annoyed
when It appeared that hs waa going to die.
But he worried through and got well and
started a farm. H fenced It In and the
next day that great storm cam and waahed
th most of It over to Gibraltar or around
ther somewhere. He only aald In hi
patient way that It was gone, and couldn't
bother about trying to find It and where tt
went to, though It waa bis opinion that It
went to Gibraltar.
Then h Invested ' In a mountain and
started a farm up there, so as to be out of
th way when th sea cam ashor again.
It waa a good mountain and a good farm,
hut It waan't any use aa earthquake came
the next night and ahook tt all down. It
waa all fragment, you know, and ao mixed
up with another man' property that he
could not tell which were, hi fragments
without going to law, and be would not do
that because hi main object In going to
SU Thomaa was to be quiet. All that he
wanted was to settle down and be quiet.
He thought It all over and finally con
eluded to try the low ground again, espe
cially aa he wanted to start a brick yard
thla time. He bought a fiat and out out
10,000 brick to dry, preparatory to baking
them. But luck appeared to be aaalnat
him. A volcano Shoved Itself through there
that night and elevated hla brick 1,000 feet
la th air. It Irritated him a good deal. He
haa been 'Up there and says the brick are
all baked right enough, hut he can't get
tnem down. At first he thought maybe th
government would get th brick down for
him, because the government bought th
island It. ought io protect th property when
man ha invested In good faith: but all
he wanta Is quiet, so he Is not going to ap.
piy lor the subsidy he waa thinking about.
ne went ones, mer last week in a
couple of ablpa of war to prospect around
the coast for a aafa place for a farm, where
he could be quiet, but another earthquake
cam and hoisted both of the ahlp out into
one oi me interior counuea ana u came
near losing hi Ufa. So he has given up
prospecting in a ship and is discouraged.
Well, now he don't know what to do.
He haa tried Walrussla (Alaska had Just
been bought of Russia), but ths bears kept
aftr him ao much and kept him ao on tb
Jump, a It were, that he had to leave the
country. H could not be quiet there, with
these bear prancing after u:m all th tlm.
That la how be cam ti, th new Island we
hav bought, St. Tuwma.
But he i getting to Chink St. Thomaa
Is not quiet enough for a man of hla turn
of mind and that I why he wlehe me' to
find out If the government 1 going to buy
any more islands shortly. He haa heard
that th government ia thinking about buy
ing Puerto Rico. If tbat 1 true he wlahe
to try Puerto Rico, It tbat ia a quiet plac.
How is Puerto. Rico fur his styl of a man?
Do you think th government will buy it"
Th recent Tilden dinner provoked at
tack of indigestion la silver quarters.
Th Boston Glob suggests that, while
ws ar reviewing oar geographies, the new
addition to the natton'a territory be named
th "Roosevelt West Indies."
David Bennett Hill Is not straining hla
vole thea daya. He cbsrlsbe (he bop
that hi example will Indue th Hon.
Richard Olney to stick to his private
affairs until the nomination of 1904 blow
Political police captains, with an ey for
bualness, flourish amazingly la New York.
Two of th number recently acquired prop'
erty valued at $360,000, all of which, they
claim, was saved out of a aalary of $2,760
a year and perquisites.
Friends of ex-Mayor Joaiah Qulncy of
Boaton aay that he cannot be the demo
cratle nomine for governor of Massachu
setts or for a seat In congress at . next
fall's election. He 1 now In Mexico aad
want to attend to business.
Congressman Champ Clark baa pulled out
of the race for the brogana of Senator
Vest of Missouri. Mr. Clark tbrowa a
boquet at hlmsslf by proclaiming tbat hla
duties In congress forbid him giving sny
of his precious tlms to senatorial fence
The assessment rolla of New York tt
Indlcat a total property valuation of
15.7&4,42,61Q. Owing to the large Indirect
taxation, th rat of direct taxation to be
levied oa this valuatloa will probably not
exceed 11-100 of a mill, or lea tbaa th
rat estimated by Governor Odell lo hi
annual message. Th rat last year waa
1 1 1-100 mllla.
Speaker Henderson la being handed a
series of tender roasts for having Inti
mated, ia a letter to a constltusnt, that
many Has about congress ar aeat out by
Washington correspondents. Several d
iter resent the reflection, and audaciously
assert that congressmen ahould acquire a
reputation for truth befor challenging tb
guardlaaa of tbat commodity.
The supreme court of Ohio ha sustained
the corrupt practices set la Its appllcatloa
to members of congress as well ss te state,
county snd municipal Ulcers. Th set re
quire s detailed statement under oatfe
of th xpnse of all candidate for office
during their campaigns for aeminatloa and
lection. Congressman Russell challenged
the validity of the act when applied to
elective federal officers, hot tb court hold
that It applies te all candidate for office.
whether State er satleoal.
OTHER LANDS THAW OVRS.
Tbs London which according to tbs re
cent report of tb registrar general of th
British metropolis contains 4.636,141 Inhab
itants, la not th Oreater London, but is
th London that is made up of twenty-
nine boroughs, wboae collective affairs sre
administered by tb London County Coun
cil, and tti covers 74,839 acres. Of these
boroughs th old city of London, with but
26,831 residents, la tb smallest division,
and Islington, with a population of 884.9S1,
somewhat larger than Pittsburg, the larg
est Outside of the County Council's circle
ther I a "Oreater London" that force
the arbaa and suburban population of what
I essentially one great center of humaa
activity far above th I.OOO.OOO level, ao
that within a few mllea of th old city of
London ther la a grouping of population
almost aa large aa tbat of the state of
Pennsylvania. Aald from th fact, there
fore, that London is) th bub of th Brit
ish empire, it ia the pbyalcal, visible dem
onstration of enormous size In th way
of a contlguoua and continuous built-up
region that makea a profound Impression
and gives a sen of unity in all th va
riety that makea up London; a variety
that ran res from the most abject
squalor th world know to a superfine
tleganc and magnificence seen nowhere
else ths glob over.
Th Russian government la gradually
eliminating all foreigners from th public
services. Formerly ther wer a number
of British engineer In th employment of
ths various railway admlntetratlons, hut
aa these passed into tb possession of th
crown, th foreigners wer offered th op
tion of becoming Russian subject or re
signing their post, and with extremely
few exceptions, the latter alternative waa
adopted. For a long tlm exceptional priv
ilege were extended to tb large number
of foreign naval constructors, artlfleera
aad shipwrights, chiefly of British natlon-
illty. These were so plentiful. Indeed, in
th Rualan admiralty yard at one tlm
that two or three of th earlisr-bullt bat
tleships of th Black aea and Baltic fleets
wer practically forelgn-bullt ahlp built
In Russia. Th whole body of thea for
eignera, th large majority of whom ar
British, haa now been weeded out of those
establishments. Th Imperial government
Is now compelling many of ths th leading
private maritime companies to dispense
with th aervlces of foreigner. Pursuant
to a ministerial order, the Ruaalan Steam
Navigation aad Trading company of
Odeaaa, the largest concern of Its kind In
Ruaala, haa Just given notice to th three
remaining first-class British engineers In
its employment, all men of twenty-five
years' service, that they muat forthwith
become Russian subjects or resign their
It is evident tbat the British government
Is wide awake to tb importance of the
part whloh the colonies ar likely to play
In future wars and tb the value of the
present organization of all their military
resources for offense and defense. Already
two distinguished soldiers. Sir George
Clark and Sir Herbert Chermalde, have
been appointed governora of the atates of
Victoria snd Queensland, and now Vice Ad
miral 8ir Harry Rawaon, on of th most
brilliant offlcera of the British navy, who
undoubtedly would he selected for high
commsnd In ths event of a maritime war,
haa ben made governor of New South
Wales. Thus the governor x general of
Australia Is provided with a kind of spe
cial privy council of unimpeachable au
thority on all military and naval mattera.
Sir Harry Rawsoa Is only 68 years old,
but haa aerved for forty-five years, la
1867 he was present at ths csptur of th
Pelho fort and alnc thn he baa been
employed In all quarters of th world.
He was one of th umpires at the British
naval maneuvers f 189J, and was In com
mand of the ceremonlea at Splthead when
th body of Queen Victoria waa borne in
tat from Oaborn to Goaoort.
On of th bill befor th French Cham
ber in which the mlnlatry la most deeply In
terested Is M. Basly' measure, fixing eight
hours as the maximum day's work in the
mines. A great majority of ths miners ar
aid to approve It, and tb open support
lTW1 t0 ,V by the 'government is regarded
. . M, tnr ,abP ,ot at tb coming
election. Th bill, however, doe not lnalat
oo th lmmedlat application of th eight
hour' day, and, In fact, an amendment of
M. Baalv Insisting on th immediate appli
cation of this principle waa voted down by
869 to 196. What It provldea for la aa eight
hours' day after four yeara. Ia the view of
th legislative committee, th change In
volved will result a a diminution of pro
duction, and thereby entail a number of
alterations In th general economy of th
mines. Henc th necessity of giving, the
Our entire line of Spring Ha In and Caps are all read?
for you. The styles this season are much larger and very
becoming to most men and the man we cannot make be
coming in our Hat department will have to change his face.
STBTSON'S FAMOUS SOFT
JIND STUU? 7JATS-
AND THE FINEST LINES TO DE FOUND AT
$3 00 and $2 50.
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
tie S. Wilcox, Manager.
companies time to sdapt themselves t the
new condition. Th bill, therefore, pro
vides for nls hours' work during the first
two years, then for eight snd a half hours,
and for eight hours at the end of the fourth
year. If in operation it doe not prove
satisfactory to th miner, they will find
fie difficulty In making their view known
by a mas vote. The slldlng-soal system
mlnlmltea the danger of dlaorgaoltlng the
mines, and the rresent provision, If largely
experimental, bav th Immense advantage
of being popular. M. Basly, himself on
of the most authoritative spokesmen of the
French miners, will vote tor tb bill
It stands. Its opponents do not appear to
be powerful. Their chief objection to the
crheme I tbat It violate the principle of
th inviolability of human liberty.
In diplomatic circles In Vienna considers-
ble credence Is attached to the rumors that
King Alexander of Servta la anxloua to aell
hla throne for a comfortable round aum,
which be hope Russia will guarantee If he
give hla consent to a proftge of Russia
succeeding him. It la believed' that Queea
Drags has Inspired th king with thla Idea.
She, tt la aald, la tired of being a queea
without the necessary funds to keep up
the state even of a princess. She Is, there
fore, prepared to exchange all the empty
grandeur of her exalted posltloa for tb
solid comfort of a fortune Invested In a
manner which will guarantee a happy old
ag for herself, whatever happen. King
Alexander ia aald to be too devoted a hus
band not to think exactly aa hla queea
thinks. It la asserted that negotiations
are proceeding with Russia likely te lead
to a renunciation by King Alexander of th
Servian throne, and that th son of Prlnc
Peter Karageorgevltch, Prince George, who
I bslng educated la St. Petersburg, will
be th next king of Servta, with a regeacy
to govern during hi minority.
BRIGHT ASD BREEZY.
Chicago News: Miss Slngletpn Society
1 all well enough for those who are single
and want to marry.
Mrs. Wedderly Tea, and for those who
are married and want to forget It.
Detroit Free Prean: Edgar Eleanor, dear,
you are surh a vivacious young woman
that I'm afraid I shan't be able to make
Eleanor Well, Edgar, perhaps you would
be wiser not to try.
"Cflolly Chubbs Is
raising a mustache,"
saia on young
"I hadn't observed It," aald th other.
"Probably not. He's raising It on his
valet. Not nearly ao much trouble, and be
can watch tt grow."
Philadelphia Proas! MAh" sighed the
romantlo young woman who waa on of
the fashionable Lenten sojourner at th
shore, "I wonder why th ocean moans
"Perhaps," said th practical young man,
"some crab or lobater Is pinching It under
tow." Chicago Tribune: "Hav you got any
thing that will cur rheumatism?" inquired
"Why er," said th druggist, ltmplnr
along behind the counter toward the medi
cine shelves, "we have eeivenal er reme
dies that are highly er recommended for
Philadelphia Cathollo Standard: "Bee
here!" cried the victim, "I thought you
aia mat country waa wen watered?
"Well?" replied the real estate man.
"Well, there' no water ther at all, as
cent artesian". '
"Then, my dear sir, if it's watered at all
It must be well-watered, mustn't It?
"Why don't you arbitrate
your feud?" asked th northern man.
stranger, - rapnea tne Kentucman,
"when we get a feud started her there
ain't no mart darea to be arbitrator, for
their ain't no man can decide th question
Baltimore American: Having heard tbat
the cigar dealer household had been
blessed with twine, th sympathetio friend
"I hear you have a new brand of two
fer down at your home."
"No," replied tb cigar man, "It la
THB 22D or FEBRUARY.
One of the laat poema of William Cullen
Palo Is the February aky,
And brief the midday' tunny hours;
The wlnd-awept foreet seem to sigh
For th sweet time of leaves and flowers.
Yet haa no month a prouder day,
Not even when the summer broods
O'er meadows in their fresh array.
Or autumn tint th glowing wood.
For thla chill season now agnln
Brings, in It annual round, the mors
When, greatest of the sons of men.
Our glorious Washington waa born.
Lo. where, beneath an Icy shield,
Calmly the mighty Hudson flows I
By snowcUd fell and froaen field
Broadening the lordly river goes.
The wildest storm that sweep through
And rends th oak with audden force.
Can raise no ripple In hi face.
Or alacken hla majestic course.
Thua, 'mid th wreck of thrones, shall live,
Unmarred, undlmmed, our hero' fame,
And years aucceedlng yeara shall give
Increase of honors to hi namal
Fita Like Ours.'
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