Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 08, 1898, Image 1

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British Statesman Thinks Peace of World ia
Threatened !
Consols Slump on News from Africa and
Believed thdt Spain Desires to Provoke
I'orolKii ComiillenlloiiN LVrlne Hint Mny
HcHiilt In the IleHlKiintlon of
Snllnluirj' KnKll"h Option *
' on AVnr NhliM.
( Copyright. IMS , by PreM imbllshlnR Company. )
LONDON , March 7. ( New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram. ) Nothing short
of u mlraclo can preserve the peace of the
world now , It Is believed among British
statesmen and politicians. Nat since the Na
poleonic wars has danger threatened from
to many quarters. Today's none from Wash
ington , combined with the grave tidings
from China and West Africa , rent consols
lown one-half on the Stock exchange and
tKJo panicky feeling there was reflected In
the House of Commons lobby. The report
that Spain had given tbe United States to
iindetatand that It desired the recall o !
General Leo from Cuba was regarded In par
llamentary circles cs po'sltlve evidence of n
desire to provoke a rupture. In their prea
ent temper Englishmen would regard wltl
disfavor the transfer of ony British-bull
war ships to any foreign country.
The admiralty was savagely attacked today
for permitting Spain to take away two tar
pcdo ve/ysels recently completed for It , yet
aswas cabled lest week , those boats were
only the partial filling of an order from
Spain given moro than a year ago , when
four torpedo catchers were contracted for
from the Falrfleld Shipbuilding company. It
Is proof of the extreme exigency of Spain's
requirements that those two completed tor
pedo catchers arc accepted , notwithstanding
that they failed In their recent speed trials
nnd showed other defects which there has
not been time to make good. They were
contrnctcd for as thirty-knot boats , but they
only attained twenty-five knots. The work
on the remaining two boats Is being strenu
ously pushed , but It cannot bo completed
under six weeks at the earliest.
But Englishmen , are too deeply preoccu
pied with their own critical condition with
France and Russia to devote very much
attention to the latciit dnvelopmcnt of the
American-Spanish situation. The ncjvs ca
bled yesterday that th'e British government
had secured options prior to all nations on
every available war ship building In British
yards was current today In the House o"
Commons where. It was said that the Brit
ish navy estimates to bo Issued this week
will contain a surprise In the form of an
announcement tbat , owing to the threaten
ing aspect of affairs and the delay In the
completion of the contracts on war ships
caused by the engineers' strike , the govern
ment has completed Its promised naval pro
gram by securing the right to purchase the
ships now being built on the Tyne and the
Clyde. Public feeling Is so thoroughly
wrought up that this or any other measure
of national defense would be warmly ap
A report lu prevalent In the House of Com
mons tonight that Prime Minister Salis
bury's resignation cannot be delayed long.
Faith In his wls-Jom and courage as foreign
minister has been dissipated , and with war
clouds arising on all sides It Is felt that his
continuance at the head of affairs Is a great
national danger to the empire.
LONDON , 'March 7. All the morning pa
pers comment on the menacing aspect of af
fairs In the far cast. The Dally Chronicle ,
In a strong editorial , says :
"As a rebuff to Lord Salisbury , nothing
could be more clear and painful. Russia
has simply began the partition of China. If
anybody asks what China will do tbe answer
Is simple. There Is no such thing as China.
The real questions arc : What will England
do , and what Japan ?
"If over Great Britain needed a strong
man it Is now , and the country will learn
with dissatisfaction that again , at a moment
of acute crisis , the premier's health compels
Mm to go abroad. Thus , both the queen and
the prime minister are to be absent when
their presence Is peculiarly needed. "
The ministerial Standard's editorial Is
milder , but to the same effect as the Dally
Chronicle's , and says : "Years may pass In
the execution of the designs , but from the
moment the covenant Is signed the partition
of China Is begun. The disguise Is too thin '
to be meant to deceive. It Is no wonder tha > t
the eyes of the nation are fixed lu eager ex
pectation upon Japan. The question remains
whether England will resist Russia or pro '
ceed to restore the equilibrium by Independ I-
ent measures of Its own. "
A dispatch from Nagasaki. Japan , to the
Dally 'Mall says the Oorean cabinet , W.t *
the exception ot the foreign minister , Mir
Chong Mouk. has resigned because Mlti
granted the Deer Island concession to Russia
without the consent of tht > cabinet.
ODESSA , Starch 7 , The Russian govern
ment has ordered thirty new torpedo boats
< o augment the Russian Pacific squadron al
VlaiHvoatock and Port Arthur. Russia alsc
proposes to keep eight cruisers ot the volun
teer fleet continually In far eastern water *
Instead ot the Black sea , so as to avoid the
Tiosslblllty of being hampered by Greai
Urltaln closing the SUCK canal.
fr'uith ExprrMcd In I'lllninte Snccem
of Autonomy ,
( CVpyrlslit. IK'S , ! ) ) Prcu Publlthlns Company. ]
MADRID , .March 7. ( New York World Ca.
Wegrain Special Telegram. ) I have had
iiiost Interesting Interview wltb tbe Spantal
statesman who te most competent to expret :
the sentiment of thu liberal party and gov
ernment on the state ot affairs In Cuba , anc
Spain's relations wltb tbe United States.
"The Hanava rlota In January did ui
grievous hsrm. " be said. "They created at
.unfavorable Impression lu tbe United States
even In government circles , causing at
American fleet to be aent to Cuban waten
aud the Ill-fated cruder Maine to Havana
Moreover , we got an Intimation tbat If ordei
should be seriously disturbed , Marsha
"Blanco recalled , aud tb liberal policy am
tMM ra * top w4 , AJMTlf * WtuM
fere sooner than let the old colonlaljpollcy
be re-cstabllihed or Wcylcr return to Cuba.
"De Lome made mischief. Then came the
Dupuy de Lome Incident , which cast for
awhile a slur on the sincerity of Spain In
the commercial negotiations and In the colonial
nial policy. 'Such events naturally created
tension In our relations with the United
States , embarrassed the action of the new
pledged colonial government , played Into the
hands of the Cuban juntas abroad , and above
all paralyzed the negotiations which previ
ously were progressing favorably with many
Insurgent leaders. It took time and trouble
to repair nuch mishaps and to avert a rup
ture of relations and friction after the letter
of Do Lome. But wo have weathered the
storm and do not fear fresh complications
from the Maine catastrophe , In view of the
fair disposition of the American government
and of a majority of the press and the pub
lic In the states. U cannot be denied that
home rule Is advancing In Cuba , the prepara
tions for the elections permitting us to hope
that the Insular chambers will be elected In
March and meet In April at the same ttmo
as our Cortes. We feel certain that the Cu
ban Parliament will contain a majority of
autonomists with a respectable minority ,
composed of members of the old Spanish
party headed by the marquis of Apcztegula.
"Nobody In Spain believed that the gov
ernment would allow Weyler to return to
Cuba to take part In the elections. Nor Is
It probable that ho will bo elected or any
of his candidates. Even In Spain Weyler
now possesses no considerable Influence with
the politicians or military men outside of
the equally discredited Romero Rohledo.
"It Is no longer of much Importance for
the West Indies to Bend their best men to
the Spanish Senate and House ot Deputies.
l ! Is far more Important to keep them In
the local assemblies. Besides , the only Im
portant question for the colonies outalde of
the treaties of commerce likely to be dls
cussed In the Imperial Parliament will be ,
by and by , the settlement of the Cuban debt ,
which eon bo negotiated between the Impe
rial and colonial cabinets when the time
"Wo are all perfectly aware of the short
comings of the new colonial cabinet , but
It pulls so far In harncos pretty well. Oal-
vcz , the premier , Is a valuable leader , though
aged. Montoro Is very Intelligent , tliougl ;
lacking decblon and activity since his health
has been Impaired by serious Illness. Zayaa
ar.d Rodriguez arc both respectable poll
tlclans , but Govlu and Dolz are active , go
ahead , resolute men , whom wo count upon
most for the success of home rule and ot
the negotiations to convince the Insurgents
and their leaders that It Is useless to prolong
the hopeless struggle.
"I don't assert that Gallxto Garcia or
Sraxlmo Gomez are disposal to give In soon
but the latter was Inclined to leave the
Island moro than once during ths presen
rising. I believe the bulk of the Insurgents
will give In when they see no prospect ye
of exhausting our resources. It Is a grea
error to suppose that our finances ae ex
haunted. We can raise moro money In the
Peninsula and we can reduce the cxpendl
lures largely In Cuba by rigorous economy
fay bringing homo a great number of officers
and all the men In bad health as teen an
the rainy season begins. Unnecessarily costly
and numerous military forces have been kcp
In Cuba. We share- the opinion ot Marsha
Blanco that peace can be maintained In th
four western provinces with a comparatively
small army , assisted by the colonial volun
tccrs , and that In the eastern provinces only
30,000 men will bei required to deal the las
blows to the Irreconcilable leaders and bandc
that will not accept autonomy and the honor
able terms of submission offered them by
men like Govln and Dolz.
"If the feelings of the majority of Inhabl
tants ot Cuba had not been consldcrabl
modified In a sense favorable to Spain under
the present home rule policy our troops could
not hold the western provinces aa easily as
they do , ncr successfully attack and defeat
the rebels In their two eastern strongholds
Puerto Principe and Santiago provinces.
Therefore we believe wo are justified In hopIng -
Ing to do In a position to show such Improve
ment In our prcspects In Cuba at the end
of April that President ( McKlnley will also
be justified In persevering In his friendly
attitude , as meanwhile the negotiation wJll
have made progress. "
TnkcM Prompt tAolloui to Stop Panic
on the Ilonrne.
( CopyrlBht. 1S9S. by Tress Publishing Company. )
MADRID. March 7. ( New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram. ) People In Ma
drid are at a loss to understand the panic In
Spanish securities on foreign bourses which
caused some fall In funds and the sharp rise
of foreign exchanges on the Madrid bourse.
The government Immediately took , steps to
contradict officially both the report that
Spain had asked for tbe recall of Consul Lee
and the report that Pope Leo XIII had made
any declaration favorable to Cuban Inde
pendence and the rebels. The latter rumor
Is positively denied by the papal nuncio at
Madrid and on the contrary It in well known
that the pope since tbo beginning of the
Cuban Insurrection has repeatedly sent his
blessings to tbo Spanish troops starting for
Cuba and has equally often stated that ho
prayed for the success ot Spanish arms In
Cuba. Echoing the Impressions In financial
and political circles most of the Madrid
papers tonight attribute the scare to Inaccu
rate statements floated by telegraph agen
cies and sensational papers concerning both
Incidents. The ministerial oigans , La Corre-
spondencla and El Corco , tonight state that
the government has received reassuring
nens from the Spanish legation at Washing
ton concerning the disposition of the presi
dent and that relict for distressed Cubans
will be cent by merchant steamers. The
papers are still bitter In criticisms about the
discovery of contraband goods under cover
of relief. El Heralds believes this Incident
will be damaging for Lee.
Urm-rlcan Colony Will Contribute.
LONDON , March 7. At a meeting of the
American society here today steps were
taken to contribute to a fund for the pur
pose of providing1 a memorial to tbo dead of
tbo Maine. .Newton Crane. J , L. Taylor and
Hiram Maxim made feeling speeches , and
letters were read from tbe Anglo-Saxon club
and the Honorable Corps of Gentlcmen-at-
Arm , requesting permission to contribute to
the fund as an expression of sympathy. It
was decided , however , to limit contributions
to Americans.
Sliuiilf Ulocklnv 8i ln.
LONDON , March 7. The St. James Gazette
this afternoon aays : "The United States l < i
not buying any r eblpa as lone aa It does
not feel the oed for any outsldo reinforce-
ments. It Is understood ttiat tbe efforts oi
tbe United States representatives In England
are not directed toward tbe purchase of war
hips building , but to prevent Spain from
Madrid Government Decides to Lat Consul
Leo Alone
Lee Otinoxlon * llecnnae lie Showed
Sympathy fur the CnhuiiH lie
Lome' * KltiKcr Thrunt
Into the Me.
WASHINGTON , March 7. Spain has with
drawn Its request for the recall ot Consul
General Lee , and It lu now believed that the
Incident Is practically closed. The with
drawal came today In tno shape of an
official communication from Minister Wood-
fortl. It Is now atated that the request V.UH
never put In the shape of a demand , but
< hat It was merely a suggestion on the part
f Spain and when the ministry found It
ould not bo pleasantly received by this
: ountry It promptly receded.
It Is learned that the Spanish objection to
Consul General Lee la based largely upon hla
lympathy for the Cubans , and some of his
iterances , which have found their way Into
rlnt. It Is understood that the Spaniards
Is ) take exceptions to the friendly relations
, nd companionship existing between General
Lee and correspondents of papers which have
een decidedly unfriendly to Spain. It Is be
leved that Scnor do Lome carried to Spain
lapers and Information calculated to make
he Spanish government request the recall
f Consul General Lee.
There was a good deal of consultation this
morning between the president and Secretary
iong and Assistant Secretary Day , which
vaa devoted to the consideration of our rela-
lens with Spain. Assistant Secretary Day
.Iso had a half hour's conference with Senor
lu Eosc , the Spanish charge hero , and man-
.ged to find time to talk for a few minutes
ivlth Colonel J. J. McCook , whoso Interest
n Cuban affairs la well known. It was
tatcd that the administration has no state
ment to make further than that given out
iy Judge Day yesterday.
It la still maintained that there has been
no demand on the part of the Spanish gov-
r.imont for the recall of Consul General
. .eo , but this denial does not take the form
if a complete assertion that something like
an Intimation has not been given that the
Spanish government would be pleased were
General Leo relieved. Still there Is an
ifllclal statement and an unofficial Intlma-
lon and therein was a loophole for escape ,
lad the Spanish government made an official
demand for General Lee's recall , It would
have had no recourse In the event of refusal
by our government to accede to the demand
'but ' must have withdrawn the consul gen
eral's exequatur , thus leaving him without
official status In Havana.
The matter not hilvlng taken that offlcla
form , however , there Is no tangible excuse
'or Spain to look upon Itself as humiliated
n this matter. It Is quite certain that the
administration does not take the view , as a
hasty glance at the situation would seem
o Indicate , that there may not be peaceful
termination of this last Incident , and sucl :
officers ot the cabinet as have felt free to
discuss the situation at all have not hest
tated to declare that no rupture In the rela
tions between the United States and Spain
s likely to result.
As to the matter of sending supplies to
Matanzas and Sagua , which has formed the
basis of objection by the Spanish govern
ment , although not In official form , It Is
said at the State department and at the
Navy department , as well , that the program
laid down In the statement given out by the
president Is to bo observed. The suppllea are
to go from Key West to these Cuban ports
In "a naval vessel , " but Just which vessel
or what kind of a ship has not been definitely
determined. Indications , now , however ,
point to the use of the Fern for this pur
pose. It Is unquestionably a naval ship , but
scarcely a war ship In the proper sense of the
term , Its principal use being In dispatch car
rying and to the transportation of freight
from one navy yard to another. Because of
Its ability to handle 'freight this way It Is
undoubtedly better adapted thaa either the
cruiser Montgomery or the gunboat Nashville
for the transportation of bupplles. These
war ships arc so cut up with small compart
ments below and so filled with machinery
that their freight carrying capacity U lim
ited to a little space on the upper decks.
Secretary Long calculates that the supplies
which left New York Saturday by steamer
for Key West will reach the latter port
Wednesday , giving ample time In the Interim
to make a selection as between the vessels.
Ho said further that It would probably be
left to Admiral Slcard , the commander-In
ch let ot the squadron , as to which vessel
could best be spared.
No attempt U made to deny that the at
titude ofthe Spanish government towards
the entry of the war ships Into Cuba ports
may be full ot significance and lead In the
end to trouble. It is realized that If It U
conceded that vessels of the United States
navy may be , In times of peace , excluded
Irom IMatanzas or Sagua , by the same rule
they likewise may be kept out of the Havana
harbor and the administration would there
by not only be prevented from redeeming Its
promise to send another war ship to replace
the Maine , but would bo obliged to leave
American citizens resident In Havana en
tirely without protection In case of need.
This possibility Is not contmplated with
equanimity by the administration , hcnco It
may bo fully expected that the officials will
stick to their teachnlcal purpose to "use a
naval vessel for -the transportation of sup
plies. "
It Is learned that Spain's suggestion was
made originally upon a misapprehension
which was due to a newspaper report. This
report was to the effect that General Lee
hid expressed the opinion to a newspaper
correspondent that the Spanish authorities
were responsible for the disaster to the
Maine. Accepting this report as to Lee's
expressions as accurate , the Spanish prime
minister brought the matter to Minister
Woodford's attention , making at the same
time the suggestion that General Leo's re
call would bo gratifying to Spain.
U did not require a. great while for Spain
to discover that General Lee had been , ac
cording to the United States authorities , In
correctly represented. Before this discovery
was made , however , the reply of President
McKlnley refuging to heed the suggestion ,
ml expressing a determination to keep Lee
at his post , wan received. Spain then retired
from Its position , bailng Us retirement upon
the ground that the original suggestion had
been founded upon a misapprehension of
facts. '
MADRID. March 8.-El Liberal wya today :
"ficaor Gallon , tbe foreign minister , hM
4 , " V
Informed the journatUts to t Spain having
protested to Washington on thc subject ot
sending two men-of-war to Wntaniai and
Sagua to carry relief to the Cubans , the
American government decided" that the ves
sels should not be men-of-war. Senor Gut-
Ion has sent a report ot the matter to the
queen regent. "
Ul Nacclonal's Washrpgton correspondent
confirms the foregoing statement.
La Corrcspondencla do Espanla regards
the fact that America , has renounced send
ing men-of-war as "Indicating good official
relations between Spain and America. "
Ollay Wlntl Up lt SlHlnn In Three
Iliijw More.
( Copyright. 1S8S , by I'FCM Inibllshlni ? Csmpnny. )
HAVANA. March 7. ( New York World
Cablegram Special Telegram. ) The Milne
ourt of Inquiry will llnlsh Its work within
hrce days , I am reliably Informed. The
members are satisfied , I am certain , of the
lauso of the disaster. All Indications stilt
olnt to a unanimous report , but the court
aalntalns great reserve. Captain Chadwlck
Id not den the diver's helmet. It now ap-
cars , and descend Into the Maine's wrecked
nterlor. Ho accepts the divers' report as
.rue. .
Consul Barker's resignation asks for Its
mmedlato acceptance. Probably his request
vlll be granted. Mr. Barker's Inflexibility
s well known. Senator Proctor and Miss
Barton are with Mr. Barker now. They will
ry to persuade him to stry.
The city Is still full of rumors of the
> vholesalc expulsion of American newspaper
men. Probably there Is more smoke than
re , aa these men have never blamed the
pantsh government for the Maine disaster.
The latest Navy department news reports
hat an American schooner has been seized
n the south coast on suspicion of- being a
The big wreckage tug night Arm left to
day for some unknown destination. Itfl cap
aln expects to return soon.
Taken the IMncc of ith < * Dlitpntch Ilout
WASHINGTON , March 7. The Navy de
partment announced at 2 o'clock this after
noon that the cruiser Montgomery would re-
Icvo the dispatch boat Fern at Havana ctnC
: hat the Fern would carry provisions and
relief supplies to Matanzas. This Is under
stood to be a satisfactory arjangetncut to the
Spanish government and will relieve the In
cldsnt of Its Irritating feature.
KEY WEST , Fla. . March 7. Naval officers
had scarcely learned of Admiral Slcard's
order directing the departure of the cruisers
Naahvlllo and Montgomery for Matanzas anc
Sagua la Grande with supplies for the recon-
centrados ere an order , ! is received resclnd-
ng It. A "telegram received from Washlng-
: on was followed by a Jui.Tled conference
between Ailoilral Slcard anil Commander
West , and shortly after 3 o'clock Admlra
I card countermanded Jhn order Issued at
nosn and directed that thfl Ioatgoinery pro
cccd as soon as possible if riRvana , and the
Tern was again as3lgnn * , 'o the duty of
carrying auppllea to iMciJa'z ) ! > j
The Montgomery la beli.g nt/rrledly / coaled
and work on It will be carried on throughou :
: he night. It Is hardly expected that It wll
cave for ( Havana before ir.ornlng , and Its
departure may bo further delayed.
The official reason for the Montgomery's
going to Havana la that It Is merely to re-
leve the dispatch boat Fern , A naval officer
one of the few at the time this dispatch Is
seat tM-are of the latest change of plans-
said that he thought U most significant tha
a cruiser of the Montgomery's calljcr should
be sent to take the place of j merc dispatch
The officials expressed the greatest sur
prise \\Cien r.l own the dl&patch from Wash
Ington regarding the sending of tbe Mont
gccncry to Havana , as tlio" strictest orders
have been Issued to keep this inovcnuu
secret , frhe frequent , change-s In orders dur
Ing the last twenty-four hours have throw )
all tbe naval ar/angemcnts and opinions on
Iho situation Into more nr less disorder.
A Mallory line ntcamer Is expected Wedncs
day with provisions for Cuba.
This afternoon the torpedo boat Porter ar
rived from Mobile. The torpedo boat Cush
Ing will probably dave to be laid up for re
pairs end the Ericsson is in. none too goo
A schooner with coal for the fleet at th
Tortugas passed during the afternoon.
The correspondent of the Acsoclated Press
went on board the cruiser Montgomery lat
tonight. The ccallng had been stopped an
the men were too weary after packing awa
tons of ammunition to perform tbla add
tlcnal labor.
A high officer on board said : "No , wo d
not mind going to Havana a bit. We shal
be off In the morning- unless wo get a coun
termandtag order. Tbese changes have kep
us on the jump and we hardly know wher
we are. With provisions and ammunltlo
aboard , however , we are prepared to go any
The coal lUbters were etlll abngaldo th
Montgomery at mldnlght'.and It Is presumed
that coaling will bo resumed at daybreak
The coal used for the Montgomery wa
originally Intended foe the New York.
Tbe NaiXivllle will remain here. Ther
are rumors that the Detroit and the Mar
blehead will shortly join tbo fleet at th
Six of the Unfortuiiit'teii Arc Interred
mi American Boll.
KBY WEST , Fla. , March 7. The ccast
survey ctcamcr Eachc arrived hero from
Havana , having on bccnl tlie remains of six
more victims ot the disaster to the Maine.
They were burled with theteamo ceremonies
observed when the first body was burled on
Thursday last. i
At the cemetery about 400 persons \vlt-
necsed the Interment. One of the bodies
burled today Is thought to be that of Robert
White , a mess attendant , and another Is sup
posed to bo that of a eergeant ot marines ,
but It was not fully Identified. Two bodies
were put In one coffin.
One hearse and four ordinary wagons ,
covered with the stare aid stripes , were
used to convey the remains to tbo cemetery ,
where Chaplain Royce of tbe cruiser New
York read the burial service. .
Commander McColla and A gun division
from the United States cruller Marblehcad
paid the Ust honora to the remalai. _
All was quiet at Havana when the Bache
left there last night.
Moil Iteruc toVorfc Overtime With
out Extra I'm' .
SAN FRANCISCO , March. 7. Owing to the
strike of the steel rnolders t the Pacific
rolling mills In tbU city work upon tbo.
battleship Wlsoaniln , , blch was recently
ordered rushed , has been delayed very mate
rially. Tl.o contract for the ateel molding !
( Continued on Third Face. )
, ' - -V-V.T - * "
Tational Legislators Will Support Mr.
McKioloj's Hands.
lembcm of Minority Sny 1'roncnt in
Xo Time to Draw I'nrty Mne
Sin-niter Heed MU-
WASHINGTON , March 7. The sentiment
at the capltol today , and especially on the
IOUPO side , was unanimous In support ot
ho action of the president In declining to
recall General Lee. The Immense gravity of
ho situation seemed profoundly to Impress
ho members who stood about the lobbies bo-
ore the house met. Without regard to
party all united In commending the presi
dent's firm stand and the unanimous desire
expressed was In support ot any measures
10 may deem necessary to maintain the
American contention.
Representative Livingston of Georgia , a
nlnorlty niemlcr of the appropriations com
mittee , and Mr. Bodine , a minority member
of the na\al affairs committee , both declared
that they , would vote for anything the presi
dent asked. "Congress ought to be wildly
behind the president now , " said Mr. Liv
ingston. "This IP no time for criticism or
bickering of any kind. In the face of an
Impending foreign war party lines should
lo forgotten. Wo arc Americans first , par
tisans afterward. "
It can be stated on the highest authority
that the attitude of Speaker Reed and some
of the other republican leaders who have
sought to keep down the "Jingo" spirit In
the house has bsen misunderstood by the
public. Their purpose in delaying action on
the bill creating two additional regiments of
artillery was to prevent , as far as possible ,
any undue alarm. While It Is not generally
known , It Is nevertheless true that repub
llcan leaders of the house have given the
administration assurances that any emergency
action which may bo deemed necessary to
uphold the dignity of the country will bo
promptly ratified. The whole aim of the
republicans , under the leadership of the
speaker , has been and la to avoid hasty ac
tion , or the possibility , so far aa possible , of
Incendiary utterances on the floor which
might make a diplomatic settlement of the
controversy more difficult. But the admlnls
tratlon understands that the majority In the
houpo 1'J behind them , and that money and
men will bo voted without stint when they
are called for.
Cnnnon OrterH a Hill
AiiliroprlntliiK Fifty MlllloiiK.
WASHINGTON , ( March 7. Chairman Can
non of the appropriations committee today
introduced a bill entitled "Appropriations
for the national defense. " It Is as follows
That there la hereby appropriated out of
any money In the treasury not otherwise
appropriated for the national defense and
for each and every purpose connected there
with to bo expended at the discretion of the
president and to remain available until Juno
30 , 1890 , $50,000,000. '
Itwas referred to the committee on ap
The Canncn bill , It was learned later , woo
the outcome of a ccnferenco held at the
White House this morning , nt which Mr.
Cannon , Secretary Long , Mr. Dlngley , Sen
ator Alllscn and General Grosvcnor wtvo
present , The situation was considered so
grave that It was deemed Imperative that an
Immense- appropriation of this character
ahculd bo made at dice to prepare for the
national defense. This bill will be pec
sented In the house at once. This can bo
stated on the highest authority.
Representative Cannon , after his Interview
with the president this morning , went to the
capltol rod called a special meeting of tbe ap
proprlation committee. After this meeting
Mr. Cannon Introduced the national defense
bill la the house. The appropriations com
mlttee will meet U aorrow.
The Cannon bill , appropriating $50,000,000
to provide for the national defense , will prob
ably be presented to the house tomorrow.
Mr. Cannon says ho simply Introduced the
bill In hs ! Individual capacity as a repre
sentatlve. This Is , of course , true , but It can
be stated positively that the bill was Intro
duccd as the result of the conference wltl
the president and the republican leaders o
both houses , and that the bill has the prest
dent's approval. The bill will bo conslderei
at the postponed meeting ot the approprla
tlons commttteo tomorrow , and probably re
ported for Immediate action. Several demo
cratlo members of the committee say they
will vote for It If the president decmsi , I
necessary , and so tor as known , there wll
be no vote against It.
There was a conference last evening at th
resldenco of Senator Hoar of Massachusetts
which wan attended by members of the cabt
net , senators and representatives. Some o
those known to be present were : Secretarle
Long and Algcr , Judge Day , assistant gecre
tary of state ; Senator Allison , Representa
lives Dlngley and Cannon. It la also known
that some democrats were present. lAssur
ances were given the representatives of thi
administration that any amount of fund
" that were deemed necessary would bo pro
vldcd by congress to put the government In a
state of defense and that the administration
would bo backed up In anything that wa
thought ncccftary. The result of the conference
ferenco last evening was a meeting of Secretary
rotary Alger and Speaker Reed today , and a
conference at the Whlto House today o
house and senate leaders , followed by the In
troductlon of the $50,000,000 defense bill b
Mr. Cannon today. It Is expected that th
bill will pass the house tomorrow.
There is little doubt expressed among een
ators that the Cannon bill appropriating ICO ,
000,000 will bo promptly considered an
speedily passed when It reaches the senate
Many senators express the opinion that th
most effective method of dealing with tb
question would bo to take up and rxus th
bill Immediately upon Its receipt In tbo sen
ate without reference to committee. Soni
of the members of the committee on appro
prlatlons express themselves as satisfied t
have the measure take this course , bu
others are of opinion that none of tbe effec
ot the measure will be lost to have the bll
referred and reported In tbe regular way.
Chairman Allison of tbe committee ) ex
preszed the opinion that the bill should b
referred , saying that the committee wouli
probably bo able to report It within twenty
four hours.
A few senators said they did not conalJc
the time had come for the actual approprla
tlon ot money for preparation for war , bu
they dldjiot Indicate any Intention to an
tagonlze 'tho passage of tbe bill or to seek
to delay It.
Senator * who favor the bill lay It la
peace ! d not a war measure , and come x
Vtathtr Fcrecnit for Kfbraika
Fair ; Variable Wind * .
1. Kngllth Htntmmen HnlfT W r.
llnughty Npitnlarda Unck Down ,
Conitrmn Hupporti the Frcultlrnt.
Decision In Mnxlmnm Unto Cnio.
9. Havana Pcopln Ailiulro Their War Ship * .
3. Grand Jury Indicts Kuteno Moore ,
( loveriiiiicitt lrcmrrs for Emergencies.
4. Killtorlnl anil Commtut.
0 , Meeting of the Hoard of Kditcu
Kimh for the Klondike n Fnllur ji ? "
6. Council Itliiffn Lornt MMtrm.
I own LrRlKlatlvit rroccnllnK *
7. Genrral New * of tlic Km ther
Views' Itevl'ew of Wall Street.
9. Latntt News of the K | m ltloi > ,
Meeting of the Woman's Club. ,
0. Cli nie In Htnrk ItaUliig In < li
Aid for the Centrnl lloulovuril
New Factories fur Omnliik.
.1. Conitnerclul nml Financial N
1 . "WlKKlcsb.v'n Wooing. "
Young Scout In Wur Time * .
Tonii Tiiliirc nt Uiiinhni
lonr. ! > : . Hour. DOR.
n n. m Jill t 11. in tlO
( I n. m : il > i : 11. m l-
7 n. m : tl > : t | i. in ( II
8 n. m 41 -I i . m OS
It n. ni 1.1 n i > . m O.I
in n. m r.i o it. 111 < u
11 n. ill r.H 1 p. ill < ! 0
s m m > N P. ! 111 nr
it. 111 fin
pressed the opinion that It would bo more
ffectlve If It carried $100,000,000 luilead of
Only Three"Member * Are Ileecmleil
lAKiiliiHt' tin ? Mrnnure.
WASHINGTON. March 7. The spirit of
patriotism rampant In the houeo today ,
and by almost unanimous vote the Hawley
bill providing for two additional regiments ot
artillery was pan'ed under suspension of the
rules. No effort was ruado to obstruct action ,
> ut Mr. Dalley , the democratic leader ,
pleaded for inoro time than the forty minutes
allowed under the rule , and because It was
rcfuoed , after the bill had be n passed , ho
nauguratcd a filibuster against District of
Columbia legislation that continued all day.
Mr. Bailey desired to spealc In favor of the
Dili , but could not get time.
Mr. Hull ( rep. , la. ) In opening the debate ,
explained briefly the necessity for those men
to man the coast defcnscu of the country.
By Juno 1 , ho said , 241 big guns and 232
mortars would bo mounted. Thceo guns re
quired eighteen men each to handle them ,
and In time of war sixty. There wcro 4,025
artillerymen all told In the service. The
ia emplaced July 1 would require 7,000
regardless o ! ony exigency that might arUc ,
Even It no exigency arose these men , lie
Insisted ; would be necessary to cave for the
fortifications and guns upon which wo wore
expending mllllona of iiollara. The charge
that this bill was an attempt to Increase the
standing army , to be uied possiblylo overawe - -
awe the cities , ho eald , ho considered too
frivolous to discuss.
Sir. Cox ( dem. , Tenn. ) In opposing the bill
laid ho would vote as cheerfully as any man
In the house for this bill 1C It wcro needed
for the national defense as a war measure ,
but ho argued that the president , as com-
mander-ln-chler of the army , had authority
to detail men from the other branches of the
service , the cavaliy and Infantry , and that
r.uch details could man and care for the
c : rt defenses without Increasing perma
nently the standing array.
Mr. Belknap ( rep. . 111. ) , a eon of ox-Secre
tary of War Delknap , and Mr. McClellan
( dem. , N. V. ) , a son of General McClellan ,
both warmly advocated the passage of the
bill In brief speeches , and Mr. Hay ( dem. ,
Va. ) created the flret open enthusiasm by
declaring himself in favor of taking every
step necessary now to prepare for the emer
gency which confronts the country.
Mr. Jones ( dem. , Va. ) , the other democrat
who opposed the bill , Insisted that the bill
was not a war measure , as It had been rec
ommended for several years.
Mr. Shafroth ( all. , Colo. ) caused a round ot
applause when ho expressed his regret that
a slnglo voice should be raised against such
a bill at such a time. There was uo denying
the fact that our foreign relations with
Spain were on the eve of a rupture. War
ought to bo averted It possible , but we
ought to prepare at once , he said , for every
Mr. Williams ( dem. , Miss. ) said that while
his volco was now as ever for peace it
seemed absolutely certain that Spain was
forcing us Into war to extricate the reigning
family from the desperate straits Into which
It was placed by its futile attempts to sub
jugate Cuba. Ho had been for Cuban bel
ligerency and Cuban Independence , and If
war was to come as a result of our sym
pathy for those who were struggling for
their freedom ho would not refuse to give his
vote to any measure designed to prepare UH
to meet the enemy.
The time for the debate expired at this
time apd Mr. Bailey , who had not been able
to get the floor , asked for unanimous con
sent for three minutes. Mr. Hepburn ( rep. ,
la. ) objected.
Mr. Lcwiu ( dem. , Wash. ) attempted to of
fer an amendment prohibiting theUSB of
these two regiments to suppress ( striken.
The bill was then passed without division.
The great chorus of ayes was offset by three
voices on the minority side , Messrs. Cox
( deui. , Tcnn. ) , Jonca ( dom. , Va. ) , and Todd
( fusion. Mich. ) .
District of Columbia business was then
taken up and Mr. Bailey , as a method of re
seating the refusal to accord the privilege
of addressing the housa on the artillery bill ,
Inaugurated a filibuster. Roll call followed
roll call for two hours. When the confusion
of the floor became such that order was
called for , the speaker requested all members
to take their seats.
Mr. Bailey retained his place on the floor.
Again the speaker requested members to take
tlielr seats.
"I take my seat , " eald Mr. Bailey , as ho
finally Bat down , "because the rules ot the
house require It. "
"The speaker exercises no authority except
that conferred by the rules , " tald the
speaker. "He holds no other authority , and
ho expects none. "
There were several cxchcngca after that ,
after one of which Mr. Bailey , to the accom-
pcnltuent of republican jeers and democratic
applause , declared that he could not be
"badgered" by the speaker. Then , turning
to the republican bide , iu response to their
Jeers , ho added :
"That demonstration either Indicates a
lack of'decency or a lack ot eeuse , and I BUS-
pect both. "
At G40 ; p. m. the house adjourned.
l > anlah DtiylBff Aintuunltloii ,
LONDON , March 7. Two separate cora-
ml lone of Spanish ofllceri arrived In Lon
don lait week t purchase ammunition.
United States Supreme Court Finally Taker
Action ,
Long Expected Opinion Handed Down by
Justice Harlan.
Question of ficasounblo Hates Loft to
Another Tribunal ,
Thin Cull Hi * 11 one It Condition ot IIui *
iiii-HM iVilmltH of a Jtintii -
lillciillou or the
State Linv.
WASHINGTON. March 7. ( Special Tolo-
ram. ) The supreme court of the United
States this morning handed ilouiv
on opinion In the Nebraska maxi
mum freight rate cases which have ex
cited BO much Interest throughout the coun
try. Early thla morning It was given out
that the decision would be forthcoming at
noon and In consequence the court room
was crowded with representatives of the
stock Interests , who had anticipated the de
cision by discounting It on Wall street , pro-
dieting It would bo favorable to the rail
roads. Justice Harlan afllrmcd the decision
of the circuit court and rendered the opln-
Icii , announcing thit Chief Justice Fuller
had not participated In either the considera
tion or decision of the caacs and that Jus
tice McKenna was not a member of the
court when the cases were argued or sub
mitted. The opinion was lengthy , embrac
ing all the points presented by counsel ,
but the most vital and far-reaching was the
decision that the circuit court had lookcil
far ahead In Its judgment In giving the
Board of Transportation the right to move
for a dissolution of tho" present Injunction
when conditions seemed right to justify
such a course. In the language of Justlco
Harlan the decision rends ;
"Conditions of business , so far as railroad ,
corporations are concerned , have probably
changed for the better nnd the rates pre
scribed by the statue of 1S93 may now affonl
all compensation to which railroad com
panies In 'Nebraska are entitled as between
them and the public. In anticipation , per
haps , of such n change of circumstances ,
the. circuit court wisely provided In Its final
Ui-creo that defendants , members of the
id of Transportation , tnlrjht. when cir
cumstances have changed so that rales fixed
In October , 1893 , shall yield to said com
panies reasonable compensation for scrvlcea
aforesaid , apply to the court hy bill or
otherwise , as they might be advised , for a
further order In that behalf. Ot thla pro
vision of the final decree the State Board ot
Transportation , If BO advised , can avail
Itself. In that cvcnl It the circuit court
finds that the present condition of business
Is such as to admit of the application of the
statute to the railroad companies In ques
tion without depriving them of Just com
pensation , It will be Its duty to dlschargo
the Injunction heretofore granted and to
make whatever order Is necessary to rcmovo
any obstruction placed by the decrees In
these cases In tbo way of the enforcement'
of the statute. "
Herein was seen the first Intimation that
the law as passed was constitutional , al
though through the body of his opinion Jus
tlco Harlan discussed at great length the
right of tbo state to make reasonable maxi
mum rates , but In conjunction with artlclo
xlv of the constitution. The court Ireatcd
most exhaustively the questions of confisca
tion and equities In the case , using many
tables and schedules to outline the bnsSa
upon which the decision of the affirmation
of the court below had been reached ,
The opinion goes on to say that the Ide *
that any legislature , state or federal , can
conclusively determine for the people and
for the courts that what It enacts In form
of law , or what It authorizes Us agents > ode >
do , Is consistent with fundamental law , IB
In opposition to the theory of our Institu
tion ! ) . Continuing Justice Harlan said : "It
Is the duty of courts , both federal and state ,
to see to It that no right secured by the su
preme lav ot the land Is Impaired or de
stroyed by legislation. The perpetuity of our
constitution nod the liberty which Is en
joyed under thcso depend In no small de
gree upon the power given the Judiciary to
declare null and void all legislation that I *
clearly repugnant to the supreme law of the
land. "
The effect of the decision Is that the supreme
premo court leaven the whole question of rca.
sonablcncss of rates to another tribunal ,
passing only upon the right of the circuit
court to Intervene , notwithstanding that tbo
law known as II. II. 33. , and which bears the
name of Fied Nowberry of Hamilton county ,
gives the supreme court of the state the
right to declare whether the lavIs within
the provisions of the constitution. Upon ono
proposition the court xvas emphatic , that
there could bo no separation of local from ,
Intcrstato business , Justice Harlan contend
ing that the whole earnings made up the
receipts ot the .railroad company and that
ono could not be made subservient to an
In his opinion Justice Harlan first detailed
the facts relating to tbo passage of the act
by the Nebraska legislature In 1893 , and
then sketched briefly Its provisions , saying
that among others of Its provisions was one
to fix reasonable maximum freight rates on
the rallroadii of the state , and to classify
He then took up In order the points at
Issue between the state and tbe railroad
companies , dealing first with the question ot
tbe propriety ot considering the case as one
ot equity rather than of law. It was con
tended In the argument that the rallrcads
had an adequate remedy At law before the
state and supreme court , and that therefore
the United States circuit court sitting In
equity was without Jurisdiction. On thla
point bo said :
We cunnot accept this vlewl of the equity
jurisdiction of the circuit courto of the
United Btutet. The adequacy or Inadequacy
ot a remedy at law for the protection ot
the rights of one entitled upon any uround ,
to Invoke the powera of n federal court lu
not to bo conclusively determined by the
statutes of the particular state Inwhich the
null may be brought. One who la entitled
to tiue. In the federal circuit court may In- '
vpko lt JurlMlldon la equity vheMrtr U %