Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 25, 1896, Part I, Page 2, Image 2

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Hnjor McKinley Oorrccts One of Bryan's '
Campaign Errors.
Vlnltorn from Iinvit nnil > MV York ,
I'l-iiiixylviiiiln mill KIIIINIIN Ciuiill-
lilt ! XVortil'n C'niillnl.
CANTON , 0. , Oct. 21. "The like of this
6an never been seen on earth before , " mild
Charles Emory Smith , cx-mlnlstcr to Hus-
lla , an ho stood by the Associated press rep
resentative reviewing the great line of
marchers and counlcrmarchers parading on
broad North Market street to and from the
Mecca of the pilgrimages of people from
many stales Today'n visitors again broke
the record In long distance parties and va
riety of delegations. Uuslncss men and
farmers came from New York ; farmers ,
railroad men and worklngmon called by
thousands from Missouri. Iowa and Kan
sas , From early dawn until late tonight the
McKlnlcy homo was surrounded with a con
tinuous Jam , re-enacting the exciting scenes
of the constant crush of other big days.
Major McKliiley Hpoku with unusual fervor
all day. He made particular response to the
coercion charge made by Candidate Uryan
anil by National Chairman Jones , when ho
said In his address this evening to the
Hrlllsh Islus American club of Cleveland :
"They talk about coercion the coercion of
employe by employer. They mistake the
spirit of this campaign. It is not coercion ,
but It U cohesion ; cohesion by employe
and employer ; made stronger by a common
Interest and a common experience. " State
ments of a similar nature In Ills Missouri
address called forth the greatest demon
stration of the day about the platform from
which ho siiokc.
Patriotic alr by bands , national tunes
by drum corps , cheering and shout
ing by men marching and parading
and large and enthusiastic crowds on
and about the McKlnley lawn marked the
opening hours of another big day In the
campaign. Special trains began arriving be
fore daylight this morning and special trains
were scheduled at short Intervals during
the afternoon. Many delegations were for
mally announced and arranged for and oth
ers came without warning. They were all
received at the depots by the citizens' re
ception committee , detachments of the Can
ton troops of horsemen , bands nnd escort
clubs and taken to the McKlnlcy homo ,
where there wa almont continuous speaking
cither by the major himself or by leaders
of the delegations Introducing the visitors.
The weather was delightful and people
ple stood around In the bright sun
shine watching the movemintn ol
the new arrivals and entering heart
ily Into the demonstrations of the
day. Major McKlnlcy did a great deal of
handshaking * during the early part of the
day , but as on previous Saturdays since tnc
pilgrimages began , the crowds soon became
too large for that. The little stand was
acaln on the front lawn so that Iho crowds
could bo nbsemblcd all around the speak
ers.Hon. . Charles Kmory Smith of Philadel
phia arrived this morning and spent some
ttmo on the stand and in Iho study wltn
Major McKlnlcy.
The first delegation to arrive came from
Lebanon City , Lebanon county. Reading
Ilerks county. Schuylklll county and con
tiguous territory In Pennsylvania. It ar
rived about 0:30 : o'clock on a special train
of seven coaches , but did not go to the
McKlnlcy homo till about 9 o'clock. There
were Introductory addresses by ox-Mayor J
1C. Kennedy of Reading , and J. V. Yellow
smith , from Lebanon. Mr. .McKlnley spoke
briefly In response , as follows :
My Fellow Citizens : I Rlvo licnrty am
Hlnceru wfleome to my follow citizens 01
Lebanon , 'lli-rka nnd Cheater countlux of
the great mute of Pennsylvania. The
heart of the American people Is ulwnys
right. You can wifely ttutunlt any great
public question with confidence to thu
.American people. Mr. Lincoln once suli
that there was no safer tribunal on cartl
than the , American people and "If thn Al
mighty lluler of tlio nnlvciHO IH on our
nldo or on your side" that wide wqulc
mircly prevail. The nspirntlon of tin.
American people Is for advancement , foi
advancement In tlin march of progrcsf to
ward the realization of the highest destiny
for this , the freest government on eurth
What our people want IH an opportunity
{ or work , an opportunity for labor
nn opportunity to develop the great re-
Bourct'H which God 1ms given us , nn op
portunity to work out a high nnd glorious
destiny , not only for ourselves , Inn for ul
mankind for the higher thu destiny wi
achieve for ourselves thu better and tin
more wo benefit all thu raeoH of mankind.
Now , It occurs to tun that before the
people of this country can be expected to
liavu confidence In that wing of tlio demo
cratic parly that Is now In control of Its
organization , before wo rain be expected
to entrust Itlth further power or with
control of the government and accept Us
promtHu that with free silver will comer
better tlinen to all of list that before wo do
Unit. It ( U-cins to mo the democratic party
aught to maku good the loss It has entailed
upon us In the lust three years and u half.
( Great applause. ) They can hardly expect
as to have confidence in their present pre
scription , when the prescription that they
gave u.s In 1S91' , nnd which they Insisted
\\as the euro for all our troubles , was so
complete a failure. ( Great laughter and
applause. )
They now Kiiy that this prescription , en
tirely different from the old one. wilt cor
rect all our dlllleiilllcs and It does xcem
to mo that thc-y aru iiHklng a great deal
of confidence frcnn thu American people.
( Apphume. ) Wu cannot very well forget
thu t'oiinor deception , for the peoplu were
dt-cflvcd. Their policy not only Injured
the people of thin country In their occupa
tion : * , not only Injured thu great manu
facturing and mining nnd farming In
dustries of thu country , but It almost
wiceketl the public treasury. ( Great clieor-
IliK' . )
Now , 1 do not need to make any argu
ment to Iho men of Pennsylvania. They
know all about this question and I think
they are nil ready to vote. Are you ready
to volet ? ( Loud shoutii of "Yes , yes ; wish
it WHS tomorrow. " ) Then , my fellow
citizen * . U (3 ( needless for mo to nay an
other word , as another di-Iegatlon Is waitIng -
Ing , but I will bo glad to meet and wel
come you all to my home , ( Three cheorn. )
As soon.UK thu address to the Pennsyl-
vanlans hud been finished members of the
Hard Wood Lumber exchange and the
llulldci-2' and Tradera' exchange of Chicago ,
who had arrived on a special train of thrco
Pullman cars , were given possession of the
luwn. They were Introduced by Harvey
H. Hoyden , and addressed by Major Mc
Klnley on the nubjccl of buidnens confidence ,
as follows :
-My Fellow Citizens : I nm Indeed glad
to meet this body of representative business
m n of the elty of Chicago. 1 am glad to
bo aB.tured by your Fpokenmun that your
KrciU city by the Inland sea will giveto
tli republican CMUSO the largest majority
of any city In thu Amerle.ui union. ( Ap-
iilauHe. ) 1 nm cl.ul to notu that your ret-
iMtnitlon Is larger than that of any othei
city In the t'nlted Slates , and tlmt regis
tration menus that there IH to be. un iu-
freased vole for pound money and protec
tion on tlin 3d of November. What we
nil want , whether we bo democrats or re-
imhlleiiiiH. thin year In n retuin of con-
ildeiice conlldeneo will aturt the
wheels of IniliiHlry , conlldeneo that will
Jjrlnjr the money out irom tho.-io Htrong
boxes to which your xpoUeHinuu has re-
fin red , and Invest It In productive enter
prises that will give employment to labor ,
rood wiiKi'K to workliiBincn and prosperity
to nil our peoplo.
Wo know , my fellow citizens , that nt ono
time wu had thin confidence : wo know
whvn wo lost It , and wo know how wo lost
It. Wiiknoiv alKo how to get It buck again ,
\Vo cillinoL gnt confidence back imMn by
threatening repudiation. ( Great u-ipUu.-ie. )
IVo cannot Kot It buck by debi > > m < ; thu
currency with which we do mir Inislnea.s.
No man will loan anybody money who hax
openly declared that after hu gets It he
propones to p.iy It buck In CO cent dollars
In not Unit true ? ( Loud shouts of "Yen ,
yes , that's trim. " )
That's the proportion of the. political
party which stand * opposed to us this
year. Conlldcnce. my follow citizens , Is the
capital of Ilia wet Id. Wo do bu liieis on
conlldeneo largely , we do not transact nil
our bu lnesn with natunl mon y , .is every
business mnn known.Vo do It by checks.
by what wo may call credit money , ou
draw your checx on a bank , nnrt the nmn
who received U from you luia coiilldennn.
first thnt you Imvo thrt money In thn bank ,
nnd Bfconrf that the hank U good mid will
pay the oneck when presented. Hut when
confidence- ( sono , Ihou before you can
get the credit for thnl check. It muni 1m
known that you lmv the money there
nnd that the bank IK solvent.
This Is the condition we Imvo been In for
the last three years nnd a half. Wo want
to get away from Hint condition : wo want
a return of business confidence nnd that
polley which will raise enough money every
month In thin country from a proteetlvo
tariff and Interim ! revenue to pay every
obligation of thn government nnd atop
golnjr In debt. Wo wnnt a policy tlmt will
eneourngp American Industry , enterprise ,
energy , skill anil genius. It Is the busi
ness of the American people to look out lor
Ibemiolves. Nobody will do that for them.
WeImvo discovered during the last three
and n hiilf years that If we do not keep our
business our business will not keep us.
1 thank you for tills call. 1 congratulate
you upon the mnKitlllcent proxress tlio
city of Chicago hns made , for the greatest
achievements known to thn history of the
world have been these of the great city
of Chicago. I nm glad to Vcnow that this
year your people In Chicago and the state
of Illinois. Irrerpcctlvc of party , democrats
: i.t I tiM-l'liMiiiF alike , .no .elim wl.i eieli
other In patriotic endeavor to maintain
public honor nnd sustain the nation's Hag
Distillled and unquestioned forever more ,
thank you nnd wish you good morning.
Three cheers were then given for the
governor , and there wire more for Mm.
Major McKlnlry made his third address
of the day to a delegation from New York ,
representing the towns of Elmlra. Corning ,
Hath , llnrnellsvllle. Cuba and Jamestown ,
who came In a special train of a dozen
coaches early this morning , and to several
uindred men from McKane county , Penn
sylvania. District Attorney W. W. Clark
spoke for the New T&rkers nnd W. W.
'roudlU for the Pennsylvonlans.
The fourth audience of the day was made
up largely of railroad men In the employ
of the Chicago , Hock Island ft Pacific road ,
coming from Hortnn. Kan. , Hldcn , la. , Trcn-
on. Mo. , and Fort Wayne. Ind. , the latter
party Including representatives of all
jranchcs of railroad * . The special train
xvhlch rcnched Canton at about noon loft
Kansas nt G o'clock yesterday morning.
The Introductory address was mailu by
Major T. J. Anderson , assistant general
passenger and ticket agent at Topcka , Kin. ,
and Major Ulngo on behalf of the Missouri
and Iowa contingent. In reply Mr , MclCln-
ley delivered the principal nddrcss of the
day. In It he spoke the noteworthy bon
mot In answer to the assertion of llryan
and Jones "Not coercion , but cohesion. "
His speech follows :
My KVllow Citizens : 1 nm more'than
glad to welcome to my home tlio einploycs
of the Chicago , Hock Island & Paclllc rail
road , coming as you do from those three
great Imperial state , Kansas , Iowa and Mis
souri. It l.s a remarkable tribute to n po
litical CIIIIKU that so largo 11 body of citi
zens should travel a tltoumtmt miles to tes
tify their devotion to tlio country nnd
to Iho principles which the republican part )
represents tills year. You have come from
no Idle curiosity , but because you iinve u
deep concern for your own Individual wel
fare and for tlio prosperity of our common
country. You are hero because you nrc
citizens of the freest government In the
world , equal government , nnd because one
week from next Tuesday you will exercise
that majestic power of sovereignty resid
ing In every Individual citizen of tbe re
public and In the citizenship of up other
nation of the world. IJy mat nover.elgnt >
you will express your purpose so far ns
politics and administration : * arc concerned
In this government In the next four yi-.irs
You are hen.1 , my fellow citizens , becaust
you feel , nnd deeply feel , that things have
been going wrong with us for nearly four
years. You are hero because In yoni
hearts you wnnt to right that wrong , li
possible. Wo may differ about bow to ilglr
it ; we may differ about minor policies o
government and about Interim ! affairs o
government , but wu do not differ aboti
the great vital question that this country
Is mifforlng and that wonio remedy Is re
quired that will speedily bring back to us
the prosperity from which we fooll.shl }
ran nway four years ago. Sonio people
reein to think thn way to bring back the
prosperity Is to debase the currency of the
Some people seem to think wo can bring
back work nnd wages , trnlllc nnd trans
portatlon by calling ( X ) cents worth of slj.
ver n dollar. Does anybody In tills nudi
dice believe that ? ( Tremendous shouts o
"No. no ; never. " ) They s ay. too , that co
erclon Is going on. The only coercion tlin
Is operating In the United Slates today Is
that of reason , conscience nnd experience
This Is thu mighty force that leads , hu
never drives ; and all tills talk about cocr
clou comes froni n source that four years
ago deceived you. In Hint not so , my fcl
low citizens ? ( Cries of "Yes ; that's right. "
If they wnnt to strike u balance with us
this pojiocmtlc party , we rc willing to do
It. We nic willing to tnlt- thirty-three
yeais of republican control of thli govern
inent when wu ran It under a protective
tariff policy nnd on n sound money haul
and ascertain what those two policies hat
done for the American people , for you , th
men on the railroads , the men In the fnc
lories and In tbu mines , and contrast I
with what thu free trade policy bus done
for the American people In the last three
yearn and a half , for thu balance. Is bourn
to hu In our favor. If they want us to be
llovu this remedy of a 50-ccnt dollar wll
bo a cure for all our Ills , I-Insist they shal
make up the loss they put upon us during
thu last three years and n half. Wha
you railroad men wnnt Is to put all you
cars at work , to turn all thu wheels o
your great railroads , and you know tlin
your wheels will not turn unless thu wheel
of Industry turn In thu shops nnd fuc
lories also. No man knows better than
thu railroad man who stands before nu
today that when trains arc taken off met
are taken off the pay roll , and trains are
never taken off when they have nny liusl
ness to do. None of yon wnnt to bo sldo
trucked nnd every ono of you wants to
bu on the pay roll ( a voice : "Wo want to been
on the main line" ) , and on thu main line
too. You aru on the main line this year.
Coercion' ! Why , you would have to coerce
erco men from thinking , reading nnd feelIng -
Ing to keep tlu-in away from the cause of
country and public honor this year. Yoi
would have to make them Insensible "to
what they have experienced In their own
lives under this policy.
Now , what wo are In favor of Is ifettlnt ,
back confidence , which lies nt the founda
tion of nil business and without which It
Is stagnated.V have had llttlo or IH
conlldeneo during the lust three yeara am
a half , and as though partial free trade nnd
business paralysis were not enough , thej
now ralso as their Khlbboleth tlmt what wt
want Is to adopt thu Mexican or Chinese
system of llnancc. No , I answer ; forever
no. Wo want that conlldeneo that wll
lend thu business man to trust In the
future and mnko plans for the year's worn
Wu want that confidence that will Induce
the men of capital to put their mono
out , having faith that It will bu paid back
to them In lus good coin as they loan ,
principal nnd Interest , nnd until you gul
that yon will have no permanent prospcrltj
or businestt activity.
Wu have In this country today the best
money In thu world , but the trouble. Is we
do not get enough of It Individually , anc
the reason of that Is because wo have no
work. Thu thing the people of the countrj
are looking for this year is the lost job ,
and yon can't get the lost Job by destroy
ing business. You destroy business when
you destroy conlldence. when you defiantly
propose to pay off your debts , public and
private. In u depreciated currency.
Now , what will Missouri do thU vear ?
( Vociferous hhoutH of "Klect McKlnW. " '
What will Kansas do this year ? ( "Klecl
Melvlnley glvo you CO.CO ) majority. " ) Whnl
will Iowa do this year ? ( Tromcndomi yellIng -
Ing nm ] "Give you 100,000 majority. " ) You
aru all lighting in the same cause. Yon are
all moved by the Bamo connlderntlori1. You
are all Inspired by the same splendid prin
ciples. You want this great Government
of ours , thn freest nnd thu best In the
world , thu government that for nearly n
third of a century after the war made n
moro splendid progress and matchless ad
vancement than any other nation In the
world ; that tave ; more to labor and Indus
try than under any other system slnco thu
world began. Wo must > .rt back to that
policy of eonlldeiice conlldenco In each
other , confidence In the future , conlldence
In our country and spurn that doctrine
that would array class against class , tlio
tlcli against the poor , or employes against
employers. When you support such doc
trines then there Is ehnos and business
paralysis. I would rather teach Iho doe-
trlne of the common brotherhood of man
Wo are all equal , equal under the law ,
equal In privilege beneath tlmt starry ban
ner of the free , equal In possibilities and
equal In opportunity. If thn older men In
this audience hnvn not realized nil they
hoped for In their own lives , they have
boys nnd girls for whom they want to
realize them In tlio future. I lieu you shut
not the door of opportunity In their younsr
faces. Encourage their ambitions ; Inspire
them to struggle to the front under our
form of government ; they pan get nt the
highest tltlo which It Is possible to achieve
-that of being nn American. You are
proud of your states nnd you justly have
u rli.-ht to bo proud of I hem ; but you are
prouder Htlll to bo eJllzeiiH of the greatest
uovernment In the world.
I thank you for till * call. It Is nn In
spiration to thn cause which I represent : It
U an encouragement not only to me , but
to every patriotic citizen everywhere that
you should travel thousands of mllrit that
you mtKht nlvu evldenco of your duvollun
to tlio Rrrat caua of protection , reciprocity ,
sound money , thu miprviniicy of law. the
( Continued on Sevcuth 1'ngc. )
Why the Country Suffers and the Ouro for
the Disease.
.Indicium rriitcctlvi * TnrlfT Tuiil
CcNxnf Inn or Clii'iip Money Awrl-
tiitlnii tliiII a I ii
( I'roMi
CLBVBIANl > , O. , Oct. 22. ( Correspond-
nco of The Hoc. ) Slnco the nomination of
tlcKlnlcy In St. Louis 1 have visited n
ozcn or more states and studied the Indus-
rial condition In the principal cities. It
he states I have vlsttud for this purpose
airly represent the condition of the'country
t Is not too strong a statement to say that
wo are suffering from an Industrial parnly-
HS ! from which nothing can rescue us ex
cepting the election of McKlnlcy , the re-
cstabllshmcnt of a judicious protcctlvo tar-
ff and the cessation of this Incessant agi
tation of the money question.
The centers of Industrial and commercial
energy visited In this trip were principally
n the west and northwest , though I stopped
a short time In'the Lehlph valley , to In-
Hiiro Into the condition of the silk lutlus-
try , which I found to be. In consequence
of the conditions referred to above , together
with Japanese competition , In a deplorable
condition. It Is only of recent years the
silk Industry , to nny great extent , has mi
grated to this valley , which heretofore has
locn more Identified with coal mining. This
ciime about from'the fact of Its excellent
location , and the lack of employment for
the daughtcra of the miners who wield
pick and shovel In the mines. The result
was a largo number of new and , until re
cently , prosperous mills , and employment
for thousands of girls at wages varying from
? 6 to $9 a week.
Coming westward to the pottery district
of Kast Liverpool , I found that the W.llson-
Qorman bill had largely Increased Imports
and reduced wages ; that over half a million
In wages alone had been lost ; that our
legitimate market was clipping from us ;
that the business had simply been trans
ferred from this side to the other sldo
of the Atlantic ; that the people engaged In
this' Industry were looking forward anx
iously , counting the weeks and the days to
election , when they could , by their ballot ,
express dissatisfaction nt the legislation
which had brought thcso miseries upon
In the Mahonlng valley many of the largo
concerns were cither Idle or working a third
of the time , and the men who should have
been employed were loitering in largo
crowds In the public square , or "Diamond , "
as It Is called In Yotingctown , . Many of
these artisans have been out of work so
long that they arc dUcouragcd and all but
disheartened , and their arraignment of the
political party of the past three years and
n half Is even more scathing than that of
the most Impassioned campaign orator. It
Is work and wages throe meu want , and
they take little Interest In the squabbles
over gold and silver. They naturally realize
the fact that they need a good , honest
dollar oven more when times are bad and
work Is scarce than they do In flush times ,
that the moro the dollar buys the better
for them.
Incredible as such a statement seems. I
base It on the authority of Mr. James II.
Null , that cf the 7,000 men engaged In the
Iron Industry In Youngstown arid vicinity ,
less than 100 arc now at work. This gives
some Idea of the Intense suffering which
must come upon many Industrial communi
ties this winter If these men arc not put
to work. The aamo authority , who , by the
way. Is the secretary of thu Mahonlng and
Shcnango Iron Manufacturers' association ,
embracing In Its membership the nineteen
firms In the Mahcntng and Shouango-vnlleys ,
says that In IS32 the total rccclptR and ship-
menu by these flrms amounted to upward
of 4,000,000 tons , while In IStiS and 1891
they were llttlo moro than 2,009,000 tone.
The aggregate In 1896 will he lesa than one-
half of that of 1895 , which was rather bet
ter than 1S94.
Almost precisely the same conditions ex
ist In the large mills of Cleveland , which
Is a manufacturing city of considerable Im
portance. Between 1880 and 1890 Cleveland
made stupendous progress ; indeed , I know
of no city that showed a moro satisfactory
growth , both In commerce and manufac
tures. The city went through the panic of
1893 better than some other Industrial cen
ters , but It Is now feeling the effects of
the lack of confidence and enterprise , and
the general distress which has followed the
agitation of the financial question and the
threat of a CO-ccnt dollar. Building lias
almost entirely stopped. Shipments of
lumber to mills and of coke and coal for
manufacturing purposes have greatly de
creased. As a result , many thousands arc
unemployed , and great dissatisfaction ex
ists. Those out of employment , while at
first ready to take up any new theory that
promised to Improve their condition , are
now beginning to realize that a financial
system which gave employment to 250.000
additional persons every year between 1SSO
and 1S92 , Is a pretty good system to tlo up
to. They are beginning to realize that a
currency which was flexible enough to add
$300,003,000 In ten years to the manufac
turing capital of the United SUtse , to say
nothing of the hundreds of millions which
were put Into buildings , thus employing
mechanics. Is sufficiently flexible to give
us another taste of good times as soon us
the fear of the ! " > 0-cent dollar permits the
people to pour their hoardings Into new
enterprises , which glvo life to the com
munity. Instead of Into vaults , bringing
Industrial paralysis and destruction.
Traveling through the state of Wisconsin I
found the majority of farmers thrifty and
opposed to any change In the financial sys
tem. In the lumber regions there \vus great
distress , and probably by this time 75,000
persons thrown out of work because -of the
heavy Importations of Canadian lumber at
a time when the demand for our own was
much less than usual. In a state whcro the
families occupying owned farms and homes
free from debt numbered M5.C98 , against
S3.37G who occupy Incumbcrcd or mortgaged
farms and homes , you may expect a conserv
ative sentiment on the money question.
Indeed , a majority of the farmers of U'lscoi-
aln belong to the creditor class. They are In
dustrious , thrifty and saving. I met Indi
vidual { Wisconsin farmers who were as
capable of discussing the financial Issue as
301110 of the public speakers. Men who had
jono over the whole argument , for and
against , were convinced that. In spite of all
Iho talk , they were better off with the pres
ent dollar and IU purchasing power than
they would bo with a 50-cent dollar and the
myriad troubles It would entail upon the
"ountry. They were all anxious for a set
tlement of these questions , and hopeful that
the election of McKlnlcy will bring about a
better condition of affairs. I bellevo that
Wisconsin Is aa safe for McKlnley as New
York state.
The cities of St. Paul and Minneapolis , as
well as Milwaukee , have seriously felt thcso
times , and are anxiously waiting to touch
the button which will start'up new Indus
tries and now enterprises the moment Mc-
Klnloy's election Is nn absolute fact.
At Dultilh , Minn. , I saw two practical 11-
lustrations or object lessons In free trade
and financial disturbance. An Immensu
bridge between Uututh and West Superior ,
half a mile long , Is being constructed of
Canadian lumber , while American lumber
men stand Idle In the streets , on the wliarra
and everywhere In sight are Immense piles
of Iron ore. which has not been moved simply
because of the shutting down of Iron mills.
I found that the workmen In the mining
Industries of the northwest are all bellevera
In McKlnUy's tariff doctrine. Under It they
were In a tlouilshlng condition. The wages
of the minors are rcgul&tcd by the demand
for the product. Under I'rculdent Harrison's
administration thin whole region was pros-
porous. After the democrats got Into power
time * -\vero changed , work fell off , wagea
decreased , and much want hai been felt.
At present there Is nothing doing at the
mines , lluslncia Is simply paralyzed , ow
ing to the present agitation , The central
fact which Impressed Itself upon raj mind
In thli jouruer through Pennsylvania. Ohio ,
Wisconsin and Minnesota , was. that the
great growth and enterprise of thcia states
WAS tnado under republican laws and un
der n sound nrfinrj currcncy , a currency as
good as Rold.JNow that wo arc threatened
with another kind of currency and have
another kind oTYn'rlff law , a stop tins been
put to all growth and all prosperity. Why
should the wage-earner turn to them for
relict ? Why not stop agitation and return
to protection ? Is not that the sensible way
to do ? Surely , those who have got the miner
and mechanic nd farmer Into the hole nro
not the ones to look to to pull them out.
Chicago Is another point which will give
McKlnley and rfigli-qtton an overwhelming
majority. HerAluaado a partial canvass of
all Industries liM&pald over $1,000,000 In
wages during tile 'last census year. What
was the result ? .Forty per cent less persons
employed ; from IK to 25 per cent less wages
paid. And almost unanimously leas con
sumed. This Is the great point , tlc ) stop-
> agc of employment reduces the capacity to
buy. To reduce the capacity to buy means i
a decrease of consuming power , and this j
docs not hurt ono but 1,000 different Indus- i
tries. The merchant feels It , because ho '
tells less goods. The provision man feels It ,
localise the came amount of food Is made
to feed a greater number of people. In
fact , everybody but the sheriff and the pawn
broker arc * hurt by this underconsumption ,
and If observations such as I have made
count for anything the underconsumption
throughout the Unltnd State * at the present
time Is something stupendous. It should bo
borne in mind that In ordinary prosperous
times 23,000,000 persons arc engaged In the
gainful occupations , that Is , In producing
wages with which they buy things. The
Income or earnings of this body of work
ers cannot bo far short of $12,000.000,000. A
reduction of 10 per cent or of 20 per cent
of this vast sum , Is sufficient to Imperil our
Industries , reduce the consumption of our
farm products , nnd ralso havoc from one
end of the country to the other. While this
Is the real complaint .from which wo arc
suffering , the fanatics have been stirring
the people In another direction' ' and blandly
telling them that wo want moro money.
What we really want Is moro work , moro
open mills , moro open shops , and more fat
pay envelopes , and , above all , more confi
dence In the future of American enterprises
and ability to pull out of the present dis
astrous condition Into proapcrous times
I had a good chance to look over the
situation Iti' Mr. Hrynn's own state , and I
do not see how he can carry It. There Is
too much secession , to begin with , about the
Chicago plptform to suit the old-tltne republicans -
publicans and veterans of Nebraska. That
feature of the platform upon which Mr.
llryan Is running Is distasteful to them.
They are also afraid of 'his associates such
as Tllluian , Altgcld. Waltc. Donnelly , Cloxcy ,
Watson and Fred Williams. Another great
hindrance to Bryan's carrying Nebraska la
that there ore CO.OOO farm and homo owners
who own their farms , and homes free of all
Indebtedness Here wo have n creditor class ,
to offset which 58,000 farms and homes are
Incumbcrcd. Nebraska reached Its highest
prosperity at the time when gold and the
goldbug and the money changer were
"ravaging" the tate. During this period
Nebraska quadrupled Its population , Its
wealth and ltn productive powers. Its public
debt decreased flUrlng this period , and Its
farm-mortgage dtibt Is only $47,000.000 on a
total valuation of farm | > d of over $400-
000.000 , and the iinlnrXlibered farms are
valued at $1470)00.1)00. ) it will be seen that
the dnbt ( being J'17,000,000) ) Is about one-
third of the valuation. The danger line of
debt Is two-thirds the value. Therefore ,
oven the Incutabcrcd farms of the state arc
far from the danger Hue.
Another reason..wJiy Nebraska will n.ol gofer
for Uryan Is | the , -fact that they are preparing -
paring for I he gruat Transpilsslsslppl nnd
International Exposition at Omaha , and con
gress linn alreadyqpproprlatcd $200OOt ) . and
they expect $300.000 more. Nebraska knows
that llryan cfino ) ( ' by any possibility be
elected. ItvpulJ tko thu height of folly ,
therefore , for jicnpjn to run the risk of plac
ing the state ) iiho \ , category of the re
pudiation wtatca merely for the fun of In
dorsing a young .Lincoln attorney for the
presidency. So fur as I can observe.from a
patriotic' point of view , or from n selfish
point of view , there would be no itso of No-
bnUka votltig'Mor-Qrjiaii. It will'therefore ,
glvo its vote for McKlnlcy and prosperity.
All that Nebraska needs Is 'a little share of
the general prosperity of the country.
Denver and the state of Colorado I found
to bo ono of the strongest arguments pos
alble against the theories which arc so
vigorously advocated In what la called the
storm center of the silver craze. The people
there have a truly wonderful city. Public
buildings and opera houses that would lock
well In London , Paris or New York. It Is
Indeed the thlrty-slx-ycar-old wonder of Die
United States. The greed-driven gold hunter
( and silver hunter , too , for that matter )
has certainly been here , but he has left
behind him ( something besides wrecks and
yawning gulches. Indeed , when my mind
reverts to the hundred millions or more In
vested In Irrigation , and the enormous sums
.nvpsted In railroads , buildings , factories ,
homes and other improvements , I had al
most said , ho has left more than he has
( alien away. Of course the silver sentiment
Is rampant here. And why not ? 'Have they
not tasted In a greater degree than any
other Industry the real direct benefits of
legislation ? Has not this government. In the
various legislation since the "crime of 1873"
given these silver miners , this silver trust ,
It you please. $161,009,000 ? Is that not the
difference today .In the value of the silver
which the government bought and Ita value
as bullion today (4B4.000.000) ( ) ? Why should
men who have pocketed $101,000,000 of our
taxpayers' money feel any compunctions at
getting a little more from the name source ?
But the present scheme In too ( stupendous.
It will cost too much to benefit such a few
and the people will never consent to It.
Colorado , however , need not trouble herself.
I know of no state that Is better situated
and that has a greater variety of re
sources than Colorado. As her profits from
silver decline , her gold production seems
to go up , and there Is no Unlit to her min
eral wealth and the richness of her sol !
when Irrigated. With general prosperity
Colorado will be all right and the people who
are today nhoiltlng for the "boy orator of
the Platte" will bo'breaking their necks
four years hence to continue republican
control and thus' ' Insure another four years
of prosperity with which to start the now
century. HODRUT P. POUTER.
.Maine Mini | ! ; Trvici' oil tint > til
< if it So 11 ml C'lirrt'iic-y.
WICHITA , Kan. . Oct. 21. lion. Thomas
n. Reed of Maine arrived hero today and
was greete'd by possibly the largest collec
tion of people ever .assempled In Kansas.
Nearly 7.000 nonresidents came In on ex
cursion tralnsul'iThi'fic Included eight bands
of music. Mr.rt'lloe'ff1 made two speeches In
the Interest of Congj-easman Chester I. Long
of thh district ? Delegate Klynn of Oklahoma
and the entire'riftuWIcan ' cause. Ono speech
was In an lirfrijctyjb circus tent to about
7,000 men , nnd ; ! Ihj other speech was at
the Aurtltorlunj'to JT300 women. One of the
remarkable u'delifental features of both
es was 'fijp"fact that Mr. Heed did
ntion tlij.Hijino of Major McKlnlcy
er spe fclL , Th * leading thcrao of
Mr. Heed's speechr-ft-as the tariff. Ho said
that there In injuusy rnough In the coun *
try , but not wl/fK"fi / nmigh. Ho aald that
what the peopp ) pf'HliIs nation wanted was
the employment' ' or all Its people , and n ,
credit sum3leu : tq , KiKinln employment.
With referrncifj'ro'Mho ' money question , he
said that hefHHl'd ( money that would be
good when dyuSJUc'i fall when kings arc
overthrown and wSv/i icpubllcs go to pieces.
That money , he eald , Is gold. Ho said that
the policy of lluY republican party Is to
marry labor and capital.
"Bryan's shadow , " he in'rl ' , "caused the
Pennsylvania road to fall off $1.250,000 , ln
Its earnings last month , What loss would
the substance cause7"
The day ended In a tremendous torch-
Bht and protectbn diMiutistratlcn nt night ,
HUTCHINSON , Kan. . Oct. 24. Speaker
Itced party spent two hours In Hutchln-
son this evening cnrouto to California. A
public reception was tendered them at the
Santa Fe hotel , and -4,000 people tried to
shake his hand. Governor Morrlll mac *
a short addrr&a , but Mr.Heed contented
himself with handshaking.
Iti-inilillrnii Unity nt IrvhiKtoiu
The republicans of Irvlngton held an
enthusiastic rally last evening. The audi
ence taxed tbe capacity of the hall and
the meeting was oneof the most Intcrm-
Inpr hold In the county thli campelgn. Aej.
drones were made by Judge Slapauch , A , H.
Murdock , Hugh Myera and John Duller.
Brynn TnkcsBnck Words Ho Spoke at Mount
Vernon , III , Lnst March ,
\niuliif ( > Doolurrn lie linen \ol Ile-
lleve Unit \VIII Hicjlio llrxult of
I-'rec ColntiKO of Silver
Illx IlllnulN Trill.
JACKSONVILLE III. . Oct. 21. Early this
morning W. J. llryan began his work. Ilefore
8 o'clock ho spoke at Ottawa and a good
sized crowd cheered his arraignment of the
gold democrats. Ills speech was devoted
In the main to a general Blinking up of the
men whom ho said nominated a ticket In
order to elect a republican. Ex-Prcsldcilt
Harrison and M. K. Ingalls , president of
the Ulg Kour Railroad company , were given
a few words of not too complimentary a nature -
turo at La Salle , where Mr. Hryan spoke
from a fiutcar at the rear of the train to a
large crowd of enthusiastic admirers of
himself and Governor Altgcld. Trie action
of the latter gentleman during the strike
some thrco years ago here and at Spring
Valley made the miners there loyal sup
porters of him and the crowds at both places
this morning showed demonstrative evi
dence of affection for the governor and for
the presidential nominee.
At La Salle Mr. Ilryau said In part : "Two
distinguished men have called me to ac
count because of advice which I gave the
railroad employes. In speaking of the at
tempt of the railroads to coerce their em
ployes I said that In these hard times , whei
employment Is so dllficult to find , I dlt
not want to advise laboring men to do
anything which would lose them their em
ployment and added that they should wear
republican buttons If necessary , march In
republican parades If they were commnndcc
to do BO , and even contribute to the re
publican campaign fund If that was rcqulrei
by their employers ; but that they ahouli
vote according to their convictions on elec
tion day. Mr. Ingalls , the president of a
railroad , In a speech at Cincinnati , de
nounced mo for advising employes to dc-
celvo their employers and cx-Prcsldcnt Harrison
risen has charged me with teaching Im
morality In giving the advice which I havt
quoted. Now , I dcelro to justify my posi
tion. The right to vote according to one's
own conscience Is n law-given right. Co
ercion Is a violation of law and when 1
advlso the employes to vote as they please ,
even though they must wear republican but
tons amV march In republican parades , I am
taking higher moral grounds and giving
moro patriotic advice than those who coun-
tcnanco coercion and appeal to employes to
vote- the republican ticket on election daj
merely because they have been compelled
to wear republican badges during the cam
"When a man criticises mo for advising em
ployes to express their honest convictions ul
the ballot box I ask what such people think
of the Australian ballot. The Australian
li.Ulot Is a secret ballot and we have adopted
It In this country In order to protect A mar-
lean citizens In the right to vote according
to conscience without being subjected to dis
charge or persecution. When Mr. Harrison
and Mr. Ingalls condemn mo for telling them
to vote as they please they virtually condemn
the Australian ballot. In fact , they condemn
all secret ballots nnd tell the citizen that he
ought to announce In advance how ho Is
going to vote. There arc some who can an
nounce their position In advance and when
a citizen Is In a position to act with Inde
pendence I am glad to see him do so , but
when an employer violates the rights of his
employes by demanding that they nhall
march In parades or wear certain badges the
employe hai a right to take advantage of the
secret ballot. I am willing to lot thu public
sit 'In judgment upon the advice which I
have given to employes If Mr. Ingalls and
Mr. Harlson are willing to submit their ad
vice to tl n public. I am willing that the
public shall decide whether It Is Immoral
for people to vote according to their con
science If Mr. Harrison and Mr. Ingalls are
willing to risk the verdict of the people on
the position they have taken , namely , that
employes must vote the republican ticket on
election day becmise they had worn repub
lican badges during the campaign. "
The train had trouble south of Ladd nnd
the special on which Mr. Bryan was travelIng -
Ing was delayed at that place for a few
moments and the time was utilized by the
nominee In making a speech to a few hun
dred people about the tear of the Iraln. II
was an enthusiastic little crowd and cheered
him repeatedly.
Notwithstanding the fact that Henrj
county yields a republican majority ever }
election , as large as that of any county ol
the state , an Immense gathering awaited Mr
Dryan at the fair grounds , and from a stand
erected In the center of the race track In
front of the reviewing stand , the nominee
talked to an audience that numbered Into
the thousands. 'Ho was cheered repeatedly
and once In a while a wearer of a yellow
badge weld shoot up a cheer for thn rcpub
llcan nominee. At the lltlo town of Galvln
the train fitnppcd for n few moments and
mingled with the cheers for Mr. Uryan
came these for his opponent. The demo
crat la nominee asked ir anybody present
thought the gold standard was the best
thing for the couniry nnd there were cries
of "No" and "Yes" and "Give us gold and
silver. " Mr. Uryan asked those who had n
gold coin to hold It up. There was no gold.
Then Jlr. llryan warned those present to
look out for the gold man without any
gold. "
Hocl ; Island nnd Mollne Joined In the dem
onstrations to the triple nominee this after
noon , and , as a result , a crowd which war
great In numbers and enthusiasm assembled
to listen to the candidate. Vice President
Stevenson , who Joined the party here , was
also an attraction and shared the ovation.
There wns a continual storm of cheers nnd
applause all along the line , and when Mr.
Uryan gained the platform It was r.overn ;
minutes before ho could proceed because
of the noisy evidences of affection. After
he had finished his address ho was followed
by Vice President Stevenson , who spoke
for three minutes. Mr. llryan , among otier
things , said :
Thu republican platform says the
InK gold standard must bn maintained , and
when It says that It means that you must
continue the only means by which thnt
ntnndard can lie maintained. I nay there
will be more bonds If the gold standard
la maintained. Do you say there will not
be ? I nsk yon why tbu republican conven
tion did not denounce the Issue of bonds hy
this administration. It Is because the lead-
eni of the republican parly weru approving
tlio bond Issues In the past and will con-
tlnnu bond Issues In the future.
Now , I have had my nticntlon called tea
a statement. In which I was accused of
Baying that tlio free coinage of silver would
result In o panic , I have not said so. I
do not believe It. I lialleve. my friends ,
that the moment this nation has declared
that at n certain time the mlntH of the
United States will bo open to the free coinage -
ago of silver on equal terms with gold at
thn ratio of 10 to 1 , that moment the value
of silver will ho measured liy gold and that
nt the time of the opening of our inlnta
tillvcr will reach the point where nn ounce
of It will bn worth $ lz In gold , and from
that tlmu wo puss an with the parity main
tained at 1C to 1.
After leaving Rock Island there were
short stops at Alpha and Alexis and Mr.
llryan went to the rear of the car and ac
knowledged the reception given him with a
few pleasant words. A sharp rebuke was
administered to Dlaliop Worthlngton at
Monmouth by Mr. llryan. The nominee
replied to a statement made In an Interview
with the bishop published In a Chicago
paper , In the Interview Illshop Worthington -
ton eald that the trouble with the farmer
boy was that ho secured too many advan
tages under the free educational system.
In his rejoinder Mr. Ilrycn ( .aid , In part :
"To talk about the education of our farmers'
pens and to attribute the dldlcultlcs which
surround us 'today ' to overeducatton Is to
my mind ono of the most cruel things that
a man ever uttered , The Idea of saying
that farmers' sons , who are not able to rise
In life , get a taste of education and then
enjoy the taste so much that they follow
It up and become dissatisfied with the farm
ami drift into the cltlenl The Idea of say-
log that this IB orcroduutloa amonu our
farmers' onit My friends , do you know
\\bat that language mcau T U means a
reversal of the progrcus of civilization ami
a march toward the dark ages again. "
Largo crowds greeted Iho candidate nt
Ilushnoll and Macomb and Camp Point. At
the former plnco the crowd was so greal
that bodily Injury was threatened Mr.
Hryan when he made his way from the plat
form to the car. The crowds at each place
were cnlhu lai.tlc . and applauded tlio nom
inee liberally ,
Three largo onthunlastlo audiences wcro
addressed In Qulncy tonight by William J.
llryan. There had been a meeting hero In
the afternoon of free Mlvorltcs and tonight
the crowds of the city wcro swelled by ex
cursionists from places forty miles around.
At the court house square Mr. llryan spoke
for twenty minutes on bin dear money the
ory. There were two moro speeches , ono
nt Washington square nnd the other at the
Empire theater. At each nicntlng the can
didate spoke to large irowds.
Immediately after tlio latter speech Mr.
Uryan took his car for Jacksonville. Mr.
llryan will upend hip Sabbath In thU town ,
wheto ho attended college.
M of Unit .Si'etloii ( \VyoinliiK- -
Are Kicltrit.
CASPKR. AVyo. . Oct. 24. ( Special Tele
gram. ) By reason of Ccsper being the head
quarters for EO many sheep men. It Is safe
to say voters from all parts of the state
have been In Casper the paxt ten days.
Wyoming will cast 21.000 votes. Johnson
and Sheridan counties arc considered for
llryan , and Laramlc , Natrona and Albany
safe for McKlnley. The report of the conn-
ties arc a standoff. On this basis It Is safe
to consider Wyoming safe for McKInley by
nt least 1.000 majority.
Today local sports at the republican head
quarters made the following bets with Hie
llryan backer * : Kour hundred dollars to $400
that McKlnley Is elected , $100 to $100 that
McKlnlcy cairlcs Wyoming. S200 to $200
that McKlnlcy carries Indiana , $50 to $10
that MrKlnlcy carles Iowa.
An offer to bet $1,000 was made by a pool
at republican headquarters that McKlnley
carries Wyoming , and at this writing It has
not been taken.
Tom Hun of Sweetwater has Just sold a
mine for$170,000 and Is In' to\vn looking for
McKlnley money. This -fact has been tele
graphed cast. Republicans are backing their
man but Sun has too much money. It Is
safe to say thai the small private bets made
hero today will reach $8.000. Never was
excitement moro Intense hero than It wus
today. The republicans were caser to got
their money up even nnd Sun , who lives 100
mile from a railway says he never saw such
a chance to find money. One man by the
name of Thomas Homes bet Ills house and
everything In It. Thn fight between Robert
Taylor and Thomas Hood for the state
senate Is very close. They nro both whccp
men with good , healthy rolls behind them.
I'oll of ( hiVolcfM Clrnrly liiillenlvN
Unit ItoNiilt.
YANKTON. S. D. , Oct. 24. ( Special Tele
gram. ) South Dakota Is republican by not
less than 7.000. This is less than half that
the polls , received at republican headquar
ters , Indicate , but there Is a. doubtful vote
of about 7.000. This Is difficult to classify.
Hence the cstlirato of 7,000 plurality for
the republican ticket Is considered safe and
conservative. The contest here Is centereJ
In the legislature , and a great deal of
silver money Is being spent In cITorts to
secure e.nouili ; members to elect a free sil
ver United States senator. This branch of
the campaign In under the direction of Sen
ator PettlBrow , who seems to be the man
of the opposition who Is amply provided with
funds. The election of both republican con
gressmen is assured , as well as the full
state ticket , but the legislature will be
close , although safely republican by about
twenty on joint ballot. Senator Pettlgrcw
says that If he falls to turn this state ) over
to the sllverltcs he will at once begin
another campaign for two years hcnr-e.
There are InitUwo tickets In the field the
republican ami It he people's party. The lat
ter is made up ) of dissatisfied Pettlgrcw re
publicans , poifullsts and silver democrats.
Thu prohibitionists , whn pall luss than 1.000
votes , nro not considered , because they cut
no flguro In nny of the results. Chairman
Elliott of the republican state central com
mitted declares that McKlnlcy's majority
In South Dakota may reach Ifi.OOO.
Itc-liiiliHi'iiiiM nnd Silver Mi'ii Hold
Illvill MectliiKN al ( Jem-Mi.
GENEVA , Neb. . Oct. 24. ( Special Tele
gram. ) This has been the greatest political
day Geneva has seen for years. Republicans
Imvo been out In force. The Ilryanttcs at
tempted n counter meeting , but It proved a
failure as to numbers. Their parade con
sisted of a mounted club of thirty-two whlto
horses and two yellow ones , about 150 voters
and a Mary Hryan Woman's club of about
ilxty. Governor Holcomb addresses their
following In the park. The republican pa
rade In the afternoon consisted of the West
Tlluo band , twelve ; militia on horses , thirty ;
athera , thirty-two ; "Tho Boy Orator , " a bur-
Icnquo on n pin and float ; Grafton band ,
twelve ; old soldiers , MO ; Mllltgan band , ten ;
Pairmont Woman'u club , forty ; Olilowa
band , twelve ; MacColl ilarchlng club. 110.
float with OJ to 1 ; Geneva band , twelve ;
Geneva Woman's club , ICO ; Woman's Clean
Sweep club , forty-four. This afternoon they
worn addressed In a largo tent , which wns
filled to overflowing , by Judge Baldwin of
Council IlluffB. Dr. Rlcketls of Omaha ,
and Mr. Atkins of Lincoln. The latter two
spoke to n crowded tent tonight also. The
parade was duplicated evening , on the
part of Iho republicans , with a greater num
ber than this afternoon. Ibo utmost enthusi
asm prevailing.
\OISTIIK.\ST" "ivTciinASKA i.x MM * .
TlirccTIiiiiiKinul KlitliiiNlitKlli * Volfrx
11 en r MIIIICIT | > OII ill WiiKcllfld.
WAKI31"I13L1 > , Neb. . Oct. 21. ( Special
Tulcgram. ) . \ crowd estimated at 3,000
people filled thld town tonight to hear ex-
Senator CharlciV. . Mandcrsnn of Omaha
speak for the republican platform and can
didates. The tent , with n capacity of 2.000 ,
would not nearly hold tlio crowd. There
\vcro over 1.0CO V.-HTS In line bearing
' .orchos , and the pxr.ide was threc-quartcre
of a mile- long , marehliiK four and els
abreast. Special trains were run from
Pendcr. EmeraonVayno and the Hanlug-
toil line and all neighboring towns
sent largo dclrgJtlon * . Winner
sent a delegation of 100 In uni
form Including a woman's marching
club , nil well drilled ; 200 came from
Wayne , over 200 from the Hartlngtou line ,
100 from Emerson and 103 from Allen.
The Ponder , Wayne , Coleridge : and Wako-
field bands and glco clubs and Laurel
Woman'n Glco club furnished the music.
Senator Mandcrson wns Introduced by A.
L. flames and spoke an hour and a half
to an attentive audience. The meet
ing was most enthusiastic and the senator's
remarks were vigorously applauded.
Until Side * Active 1" South DllUotll.
HOWARD , S. D. , Oct. 21. ( Special. ) lion
W. W. Thomas of Maine , formerly United
States minister to Sweden , made a speech
In the Swedish language In theiuthcrn
part of Miner county Thursday night. An
Immense audience from Miner. Leake and
McCook counties was present. The torch
light club from Canova made n fine parade
early In the evening. It was ono of Uu-
most effective meetings we have had.
Senator Kyle made a populist speech to
n small audience In the opera house Thurs
day night. The attempt * at populUt meet
ings have totally failed to draw an audi
ence In this county this week. Canova will
make a great demonstration Monday night ,
lion , A. II. Wllcox will epcak. The Salem
and Howard flambeau clubs will attend In
a body. Hon. H. E. Mayhcw , nominee for
auditor of state , will also speak In the
county Monday night.
( rent I'llriiit < for Sound Money.
KANSAS CITY. Oct. 21. A monitor parade
arranged under the direction of the Sound
Money club , marched through the principal
builncis streets hero this afternoon. It
contained fully 13.000 people , from all walka
cf life , and Included hundreds of prominent
justness men ,
The parade was made up of twelve divi
sions , each headed by a band end represent
ing the different trades , builness houses and
profession ! . Hundreds of flags bearing
appropriate inscriptions fluttered from build.
Ings along the route or were strung acrovi
Ihe strrcts.
A choice breakfait Jlih. N. C , T , brand
fancy pork sausage.
Shocking Story of Oflhtol Neglect nt the
Soldiers' Homo.
UiniiiiiniuliinlVllnon Ilefii e * to ( Sraiit
li Coininlllro I'ncllltleH for MuU-
liiK nil Itiiitiirllnl lii-
LINCOLN , Oct. 24. ( Special. ) Alone
about October 15 Land Commissioner Uus-
sell had eiccaslon to visit the Soldiers' and
Sallots' homo at Grand Inland un no mo
matters of business. While there ho was
approached by a largo number of Inmates ,
both male atul female , who poured Into
his eara a sorry tale with referenee to the
present management of the homo. As these
were by no means the first complaints that
had reached him. Mr. Ruxacll , deeming It his
duty ax a 'representative of the Hoard of
Public Lands and Itulldlngs , proceeded to
the woman's wing of the building , and there
made what hi > characterizes as a Shocking
discovery of the Inadequacy of the cloth
ing and food supplied the old women. In
the hospital especially were the conditions
deplorable , many an aged woman having
little or no clothing suitable to the fall
and winter season. The condition of con
valescents , who were too 111 lo be out nt
an Infirmary and too well , according to the
rules of the Institution , to Jie entitled to
treatment at the hospital , was pitiable In
the extreme ; and all over the Institution ,
from men and women alike , came the ap
peal for better food nnd enough Ctothes
to keep them warm and half way respect
able In appearance.
With this preliminary statement of the
cause * leading up to the following attempt
to make an Impartial examination of the
wholesale charges by Iniufltcs , thu following
correspondence will fully explain thu effort
as nindc by Mr. Itus-sell tb Investigate :
To General John II. Thayor. Mrs. Itosallo
U. Condon , Mrs. Maiy H. Morgan and Gen
eral C. J. Dllworlh : Information has coinn
to the Hoard of I'ulille l.ands and Hulld-
Ings that thu Inmates of the Soldi-is' and
Sailors' Homn at Grand Island are not re
ceiving such treatment as they are entitled
to. Complaints have come to us that tin *
women were not receiving such clothing as
they should have nt this time of the year ;
that the food Is not what It ought to be. In
quality or kind ; that husband and wlfu nro
iinnccewnrlly separated ; that gross par
tiality and favoritism Is shown In the treat
ment of Inmates ; that men are discharged
from thu Institution . without snfllclcnt
The Honrd of Public Lands and llnlld-
Ings , u-poslni ; conlldeneo In your honesty
nnd Integrity , and rcposlnc conlldence in
your ability respectfully request you to K"
to the soldiers' homo at Grand I lntnl nnd
make a thorough , careful nnd Impartial In
vestigation of the complaints above stated
nnd report the faelf as you tlnd them , to
the Hoard of Pnblle L.inds nnd lliilldlirs.
If In your Inquiry you should discover
any o'.her mat tern touching the tieatmcnt
of InnnitiM ofild home , you will Investi
gate and report the facts. Yours renpecl-
fully , II. C. IIFSSKI.L.
Chairman Honrd Public Lands and Iltilld-
To lion. II. C. Russell , Chairman Hoard
of Pnblle Lands and HulldliiKH : Your com
mittee , appointed by your honorable board ,
to visit the Soldiers' nnd Sailors' homo at
Grand Island and Inquire Into complaints
of Inmates of the homo us to their treat
ment by the commandant , beg leaveto
report Hint In necordanc" with your re
quest we proceeded to the homo on the
22d lust.
On arriving there the committed made
known thn purpose.of Us visit to Colonel
WIlBon , the conininndnnl. The chairman
presented thu letter of Mr. Russell , the
chairman of the Hoard of Public I.and.i
and HulldliiKS. which staled the reason
for the appointment of the committee.
Mr. Wilson received the cnniinltlro very
courteously and treated It Very kindly dur
ing thu time It was there and offered to
furnish o\ery facility for making the In
vestigation , but when It Informed him that
they desired to have thu Investigation with ,
out his presence hu scvmcil disturbed and
beunn to make protests.
The committee had a prolonged conversa
tion with him upon that point. Thn com
mittee undertook to convince.him thnt It
had milllclcnt evidence to warrant them In
believing Hint the inmate : * would be under
restraint If he was present. Several of
them had raid they had : mme things to
Fay which they were not willing to say be
fore the commandant , giving as u reason
that they knew If they did testify to any
thing re-Meeting on the management of
Colonel Wilson , they being under Ids con
trol , they would have to "go ever the
bridge" ( meaning they would have to lenvo
the home ) .
The committee assured the commandant
that they would make known to him the
testimony of the witnesses , only withhold
ing their names and that they would hear
any witnesses he inlshl wish to present In
bin own defense. After discussing the mat
ter he persisted In objecting to any Investi
gation when ho was not present. Hu then
procured the attendance of O. A. Abbott ,
an attorney , and Invited Mrs. Abbott , who
Is a member of the Visiting nnd Examining
Hoard , to go to the liome.
The commute" then proposed In him that
Governor anil Mrs. Abbott shou'd hn prev
ent and hN frli-mls so they could see that
al ) was conducted In fairness , hut ho de
clined to accept that proposition and still
piotcMcd ngnlnst-nny invcutlKutlon In hl
We adhered to our original position tlmt
the Investljratlon should tiVo : plnce In his
absence ( the complaints V. , hip personal to
the Inmates of the home ) , hocamm Iho
members of tbe home who had nmile t' e
complaints declined to give their testimony
In bis presence for reasons stated. The
charges related moro .oarlleulnrly to his
treatment of the Inmati n. I'lnaliy tlio
c-ommlttce * decided that behould not IMJ
presi-nt , and he said : "Well no on with
your Investigation ; but I will have nothing
to do with U and shall regard It as a star-
cliambpr proceeding. " The committee then
assured him that they did not cnmx thrin
for the purpose of holding n star-chamber
Investigation , and then s.ilil : "If that It
vour feeling toward thlfl committee we will
let It BO. "
Your committee referred Colonel Wilson
to tbe fact tlmt It wnu ctmtoinury for
cuch Inquiries to ho held In Jhe iibsriu-
of Iho commandants or HUperliilendentti of
InMltntlons and cited the fuel that In
mates of the Soldiers' boron at Leaven-
wortli. Kan. , complained a fw years IIRO
of their personal treatment by the commandant -
mandant and that tlio rommlltee went
therennd stated to Ge-ncrn ] Smith , the'
commandant , tlio purpose fif llx visit , and
that hn al once thrnv. ' open the homn and
assigned them a room and nnld that hn
dlil not desire to bo present , hut nnKcd
them to make a thorough Investigation.
ColQiiel Wilson Htlll protested against the
committee maklnpr a " chaniber" In
vestigation. Wo held no InvpHtlKiiilon or
Inquiry. JOHN M. TIIAYHIt ,
Chairman Committee.
The Method of a Great Treat
I'nlntul dUcan * urn b.iQ enough , lint when n
man I * uluwly waMliiK uvvnyvllli ii.-nmu v/cxl- :
ncnx the iiii-ntnl fordioJln Hiic ten ilniui woi.
Iliun th < ! muni vcvi-ie pain Tlivru l > nu Jut up
lo the incnlul mirfuiliiK day or nliilit. Klovp It
ulmoxt lin | > > - , bint under * ucli u itiuln iiu-n
aru tcaiculy iocia llilc foi tvlinl they On. I'tr
yram the urllvr ioHr-,1 uivl Inihcd nn Ida
lloubk-il irn uf it'xiinl uniltncM , until It u -4
Question \ \ hollar he Imd nut liettiT tukn a ilo o
cf mjluoli mill Ham cml ull li > 2 tt'iulilt : ! . ! ) '
liroiliU'iillal iuipliatloa canutn till ul.l Iti thn
rf.iupu of u cuiiililnatlcn of iucillilii thin no :
Mily coiinilrtcly ircti.rnl liln KUiriut houllli , Im :
fciiUriiuU Idveiik , ciiuolul-J II.IIIK to milinvl
nlzo iiiul vliior , nn.l ho now ilerlnri'4 Hint nny
man whn lll tulio ! > tuml , h iv rn < l idx mum
and iiddrcM limy liuvo Iho method of Hill unit *
dcrful treulni'-nl fira. Now , lu-n 1 xiiy luv , I
iiiuua iiliwiluii'ly without cuii , uuu < > I wan
every wvukunxi nun to t\ Inn Ijanrill of in ; '
I nni lint a iilillantlirupUt , ncr nu I | . < . > ai
an rnlhuMnirl , tnlt Ilicru uri clmu nml < uf IUT
ulTflllitc thu im-nlul U.rtlicc * of urukrixxl lniu. :
liuoil who wcul'l ) > cireJ ; nt onro could Iliry
Bel buch a remedy an Hie one tlmt cuiml ml.
Iu not try lo tlinly out hunr I utfniil lo iiiv tli *
few pounce > Umj , nrcmtMry to mall the lufur.
motion , but ifend for ili rrmirtr oii'l ' Uani thai
Ilieif urfi a few thliiK * un earti , llmt , i.lllicint'l ; '
they coil nothlni ; la crt. thry nm n rlh n for-
lunu to rumn twin mid in * i > u llfctllnt c (
ulner to incut of jif , Wrltr to Tlininim ( Hater.
Ilex 120 , Kulumiuoo , > fU'li"uriil the Infotiiutlal
r.'lll bo mailed In u D\UM \ tialiJ