Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 15, 1888, Page 12, Image 12

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    rvr MfJ
Bow Poor Human Nature Llkoa to
bo Foolocl.
Tliooo wlio I'oal Tlieirtsplvcs JKIre-
trlplty < > H n Medium Spiritualists
ofllicOldoii Time Tlio Develop *
incntR In tlio Dls Debar Case.
Bpli-ltunllsm nnil Mko noltisions.
lly Dr. Allan McLnnt llawttton.
The revelations of n recent son itioii-
nl tritil uro suggestive niul amusing ns
evidences of the virility of a popular
delusion and its inlluonco upon a num
ber of intelligent people. The chief
victim is tin experienced and supposedly
clearheaded lawyer , who is tricked by
the shallowest of devices , and the list of
dupes includes many well-known men
and wonen ; , who , fearful of ridicule ,
have so far kept in the background ,
leaving their priestess to her fate. One
of them was actually BO gullible as to
pay a largo sum for the restoration by
celestial Sculptors of a mutilated picco
of statuary , while others without ques
tion accepted portraits of dead friends-
painted by "spirits" with artistic proc-
HvitieH some of which portraits would
undoubtedly have caused the originals
to turn in their graves , provided they
had had during life the leaut psirlielo of
EOlf-rospect or artistic feolingi
Much of this credulity arises from the
unaccounta.bls love of the occult and
mysterious which seems to be an Integ
ral part of our mental make-up , common
both to the educated and the ignorant ,
and it would almost appear that if the
cultured Individual wore more credu
lous than his less favored brother , it
cannot bo denied that ho is more obbti-
nate in the retention of his fixed idea-
vrhon ho has one. There is undoubted ,
ly no delusion so dilllcult to remove as
that of a popular nature , especially
when it directly concerns the deluded
j one's environment and iKirbonality.
Medical men daily moot with instances
which severely tax their faith in the ex
istence of any such thing as common
Bonso. The learned college president
or clever railroad operator clothes him
self with disease-defying armor sup
posed to bo electric , but which , never
theless , docs not cause tlio slightest de
viation of the galvanometer needle , or
they socle the assibtanco of ignorant
men and women who thumb greasy
playing-cards or lapse into fictitious
trances and guess more or less shrewdly
as to the health or business affairs of
their clients. Tlio records of a compar
atively recent will case show that no
less a person than the late Commondoro
Vandorbllt was in the habit of sending
a lock of his hair to a quack in another
city , who made a diagnosis thoreonand ;
persons of unquestionable sanity are
content dally to go through with the
mummery of a supposed faith-cure. An
' "Cancer
ingenious and enterprising'
Doctor" in Central Now York sells to
his dupes ordinary pieces of paper to bo
applied to the offending parts , after ho
has rubbed them until they are
Bulllciontly electrified to become at
tached to the wall , a demonstration
which IB usually sutliciont to convince
the patient.
The subject of Spiritualism , which
immediately concerns us , is but one
phase of a mental state which has prob
ably existed for all time , and a discus
sion of its antiquity would load us into
an interminable history , in which the
early Scriptural instances of the vision
of Job and the Witch of Ender play a
conspicuous part ; the mental epidemics
mentioned by Hooker , and the state of
agitation at a subsequent noriod which
was marked by the epidemics of St.
John and St. Vitus are more recent evi
dence of the outbreak of general popu
lar delusions.
Modern Spiritualism dates back only
to about 1710 , when nine persons of the
family of John Wesley all had communi-
pations with disembodied souls by moans
of raws ; and in 1825 Justinius Kernor
described an outbreak of the spiritual
istic craze in Germany , which in many
respects roiomblod that detailed by
Adams , who wrote about the perturba
tions of the Wesley family.
About forty years ago wo find our own
unfortunate country invaded ; but the
familiar so-called manifestations of the
Fox family need but the briefest men
tion. During the spring of 1818 , the
good people of Western Now York wore
sot agog by the wonderful tales of the
Pulvors and Foxes , and those , so far us
wo know , wore the first manifestations
of Spiritualism in this country. The
pretended discovery of a murder by
means of spiritual direction was enough
to inllamo the public mind toan intense
degree , and the apparent substantiation
gave an air of reality which brought
'the Spiritualists many converts. Two
men named Bush and .Granger , with
ouo of the Foxes , in obedience to the
commands of the ' 'spirits , " began dig-
in the collar of the lnttorin which
appings had been heard , and after
penetrating the soil about five foot , a
plank was reached ; when this was torn
through , the auger , which was loose in
the handle , fell out of sight. A further
search revealed the prebenco of bones
and hair , which wore supposed to have
belonged to a human body ; but there is
no abboluto proof of this fact , and it is
quite reasonable to suppose that the
presence of thcso things was quite ncul-
dental , and under any ordinary circumstances -
stances would have had no significance
beyond that the house was probably
built upon the site of a graveyard or
sli ambles. In fact , this incident and
many others had a decidedly suspicious
Shortly after this time the people of
the entire central part of Now York
state gave thomselvcb up to the most
extraordinary behavior. Each town
had its "circles , " and no less than
elfihty luediuniK presented their claims
lor recognition in the small city ol
Auburn alone. The state of fanaticism
i and folly , the mob violence and the
.wild HUU unreasonable behavior an-
preaching fatuity , of the many people
whoso dally lifo was governed by sup
posed spiritualistic direction , resembled
in degree that of any of the forms o !
> popular craze of the mlddlo ages more
.than anything else. Fortunately the
" r bettor sense of the community assorted
< itself , and after awhile law and ordoi
prevailed ; the pretended cominunlca
, \tion B wore proven to bo wholly false
and the popular mania subsided. Dc <
? . plto the fact that wo ccasionally ( hit
' such exhibitions of folly as that roforret
to at the beginning of this article , the
, belief in spiritualism and the bohavioi
° ' followers is much more moderate
it was thirty-five years ago. The
, tourls are occasionally called upon U
Interfere where a will has been made
f by R "believer , " but the true mental
'itatua of the spiritualist has by thii
' time been pretty well established.
; A more belief in spiritism docs nol
affect the ability to make a lost testa-
jBCBt .or contract , any more than the
itooeptance of the miracle of the | ii\
aMeuUto conception us a truth , or
Ut ref a disputed nature. Itisonlj
wkctt a man's ooluslon is an Insuno ono
% itA when It is cloudy associated wifh
porvor ion of a morbid typo ,
and what is known to alienists as in-
panq , that the couVt must tnko cogni
zance and protect the individual and
society. If a believer IP commanded by
the spirits to dp some act of violence
to "remove , " as GtiitciCu expressed it ,
certain persons he believes obnoxious ;
to commit some unjust action ; or if heM
( M so ucnk'inlnded as tobccomo the prey
of designing persons then his munta'l
state is certainly ono requiring atten
tion. The tolerance ot the courts in
regard to popular delusions is , however ,
to say the least , remarkable. Some
> cars ago a well-to-do .Frenchman
named lloniiard died in the city of Now
York. Ho was a firm believer in the
doctrine of metempsychosis , ami when
his will was opened it was found that ho
ban loft a very largo sum to the Society
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Ani
mals. A contest naturally followed ,
but the will wns admitted to probate ,
the surrogate holding that the act of
the dead man was consistent , inasmuch
as liiw soul would find a tenement after
his demise in the body , possibly , of
some canine waif who might receive the
inotoction of the society in question.
While savoring of the wisdom of Solo
mon and in a legal sense this decision
was undoubtedly a logical one it prob
ably would have boon found , on careful
examination , that the testator's delu
sion was associated with othor.s of an
insane character.
It is interesting and suggestive to
discover the changes in the methods of
dishonest spiritualists , and to find how
scioutijlc progress has so materially
aided them in their forms of deception.
The clumsy rappings of the last genera
tion are things of the past , and instead
of being produced by anatomical pecu
liarities of the joints , and mechanical
contrivances placed within the shoos of
the medium , they are now readily and
simply ovokcd by a small electrical
helix , armature and sound-board , con
nected with wires passcd.'through the
table legs and terminating with a
" ' ' the while
"key''controlled by operator ,
storage batteries and small incandes
cent lamps furnish a bettor supernatural -
ural light than the more unsatisfactory
othoreali/cd solution of phosphorus or
luminous paint. Besant's amusing sat
ire of Ilorr Paulut. who completely dis-
eomfittcd the non-progressive spiritual
ists at the seances of his credulous pat
ron , and brought to his aid the resources
of modern legerdemain and mesmerism ,
through a creation of fiction , is hardly
an exaggeration ; and Herrmann , Kol-
lar ana Her nightly and unostenta
tiously reproduce the slate , folded paper ,
and other tricks which in the hands of
Slado and those of his ilk continue to
mystify the would-be deceived.
Ono of the most successful forms of
deception consists in the exhibition of
"spirit pictures. " When these arc not
produced by actual substitution , or what
is known to the profession as "palm
ing , " chemistry lends its useful aid to
the perpetration of the fraud. The
well known property of certain color-
lets salts to assume color when satu
rated with equally colorless solutions of
other salts , is often made use of by the
spiritualistic fraternity. A picture
painted with a solution of the lead-
acetate will immediately become black
when it is mostoned with some Iluid
containing a sulphite. Silver salts , too ,
have properties which arc exceedingly
curious , and a photograph treated by a
mercuric solution , disappears , to return
when moisted with a solution of the
iodide of potassium. Perhaps , ono of
the most fiiinsy impositions is that of
spirit photography , two negatives being
taken. Ono of these contains an opaque
likeness which , by a very great stretch
of imagination upon the part of the
credulous individual , may bo supposed
to resemble the face and figure of some
dead friend or relative , and the other is
a simple photograph of the sitter.
When these two negatives are superimposed -
posed and the print is made , it will bo
found that the result presents the dim
outline of a ghostly figure hovering
above the living subject. With the
proper amount of sleight of hand this
trick may bo made to deceive persons
who possess little or no knowledge of
chemistry or photography. The cases
that interest us , however , are not those
in which common fraud plays a con
spicuous part , for thcso are sutllciontly
familiar to the average newspaper-
reader , or to any one who has paid any
attention to the subject.
The examples of which I wish to
.peak are those where the possessor of
the delusion is perfectly honest and sin
cere ; and this very sincerity and simplemindedness
ple-mindedness must always appeal to
our pity. No matter how much wo may
feel inclined to hunt down the so-called
mediums who are responsible for the
demoralization , and expose their ra&cal-
ity , it is difficult to entertain for the
dupe any other feelings than those of
compassion. The consistent possessor
of u delusion of spiritualism should not
be ridiculed any more than the im
pressed witness of the frequently re
peated miracle of the liquefaction of
the blood of St. Januariusor the devout
Catholic who has witnessed the vision
of Our Lady of Lourdes.
No person is free from a certain rever
ence for the mysterious and unattain
able ; it is this very quality that gives
most of us the comfort of religion , or ,
on the other hand , brings us under the
elominanco of false beliefs which are
more or less injurious. Koohofoucald
says :
Onostfauxon Oiftorentes mnmoros. lly
a des homines faux qul voulcnt toujours
pnrnllro co qu'ils ne sent pas. II y en a
d'liutrcs do molllcuro foi , qul sent lies fnux ,
nul so tromucnt ouK-mcmcs , et qul no voient
jauinls les choscs comuio oiled sont.
This explains much. It may bo added
that there are many whoso vanity leads
them not only to the development , but
jealous defense of their very delusions.
The creature of morbid imagination ,
either with the assistance of some
stronger mind , or. simply by a method
of hia own , with the sensuous reward it
brings , is very likely to develop false
beliefs , which may very easily become
deep seated delusions. Br.vid , Mosmor ,
Carpenter , Fore , Ghurcot , Board and
others have fully shown the importance
of that condition of intellection known
as "expectant attention , " in which the
subject becomes to all intents an autom
aton suscopliblo to the impressions from
without , the responsibility being sus
pended for a time , as the higher cen
ters of the brain lose tholr power of con
trol.A survey of the development of all
religious beliefs and forms must Impress
the plulosphical observer with the im
portant part this mental fitato plays , and
this is especially the case in those reli
gions whore emotional excitement pre
Many of the alleged communications
which honest believers in spiritualism
have , are the result of some disorder of
the organs of special sense , or of the
brain itself , but it is not necessary that
actual disease should exist. An active
imagination , with sufficiently developed
"expectant attention , " or fixation of the
mind upon ono subject , will easily load
the susceptible person into a declara
tion of the reality of his false percep
tions. Gallon , an observer of great
originality , has experimented and de
scribed some very curious mental states ,
when houUhy persons , by n simple effort
will , could conjure up vislona of the
° 'ost varied description. He thus ro-
rars to some inquiries made by him as
fo the prevalence of visionary memory :
I was greatly struck by the f
this replies In which my Informants described
themselves as subject to visions.
whom I npcnk wcro nnno and healthy , but
wcro subject , notwithstanding to visilnl pres
entations , for which they could not account ,
and which In h few cases re u-hcd Hie level
of hallucinations. This unsuspected preva
lence of a visionary tendency'amotiR persons
who form a part of ordinary society 9mils to
me > BUBKcstlvo and well worthy of being l > ut
on record. Tlio images described by differ
ent persons varied greatly In distinctness ;
some We're so faint anil evanescent as to ap
pear unworthy of notice ; others left a dec ) )
impression ) and others again wcro so vivid
as actually todocolvo the Judgment. AH of
these belong to the same catagory , and It Is
the assurance of their common origin that
affords Justlllcntlon for dlructlng sclcntlllo
attention trt what many may bo inclined to
contemptuously disregard as the silly va
garies qf vacant minds.
There are many historical instances
of illusions and hallucinations among
persons of great intellectual vigor , ana
1 mny be pardoned for referring to a
struniro fact , which Is not generally
known , in regard to the late President
Lincoln , and this is rootled by Whar-
ton. Mr. Lincoln waq remarkably su
perstitious. Just after his election in
1800 , when he came homo tired out , he
throw himself upon a lounge in his bed
room , which was opposite to a mirror.
"When ho looked Into the glass ho eaw
himself reflected nearly full length ; but
his face had two separate and distinct
images , the tip of the nose of ono being
about three inches from the tip of the
other. Ho was a little bothered , per
haps startled , and got up and looked in
the glass , but the illusion vanished. On
lying down again , ho saw it u second
time plainer , if possible. , than before ;
mm then no noticed that ono of the faces
was a Uttlo paler say five shades than
the other. Ho got up , and the thing
molted away , and in the excitement of
the hour ho forgot all about it , nearly ,
but not quite , for the thing would once
in a while come back again ; but ho
never succeeded in bringing the ghost
back after that , though ho once tried
very industriously to show it to his wife
who was worried about it somewhat.
She thought it was a 'sign' that ho waste
to bo elected to a second term of olllco ,
and that the paleness of one of the faces
was an omen that ho should not see life
through the hist term. " Nor was this
a single cose of morbid cerebral action
in the lifo of this remarkable man.
"Ho was , " says his biographer , Mr. La-
mon , "readily impressed with the most
ab.surd superstitions. He lived constant
ly in the serious conviction that ho was
himself the subject of a special decree ,
made by some unknown and mysterious
power , for which ho had no name. Ho
had great faith in the virtues of the
'mad-stone , ' althoucrh ho could give no
reason for it and confessed it looked
like sujiorstition. "
There are many other instances of il
lusion and hallucination , most of which
are familiar notably that of the Great
Napoleon , who saw his star upon the
eve of battle. I may call attention to
an English case unknown to many ,
which belongs to a class which is sug
gestive of a very common sort of fa
tuity. Doubtless it has done service in
another way , and lias been made use of
by the spiritualists :
A young lady used to play on the harpsi
chord while her lover accompanied her on
the hari ) . The young man died , and the harp
remained in her room. After the first excess
of her despair , she sank in the deepest mel
ancholy , and some time elapsed befoio she
could again sit down to her instrument. At
last she did so , gave sonic touches , and hark I
the harp , tuned alike , resounded in echo.
The poor girl was at first seized with a
secret shuddering , but soon felt a kind of
soothing molancnoly. She became firmly
pursuaacd that the spirit of her lover was
softly sweeping the strings of the instru
ment. The harpsichord from this moment
constituted her only pleasure as it afforded to
her mind the certainty that her lover was
still hovering about her. Ono of those un
feeling men who wanted to know
and clear up everything , entered nor ap.irt-
inent ; the girl begged him to bo quiet , for at
that moment the dear harp spoke most dis
tinctly. Doing informed of the amicable Illu
sion which overcame her reason , he laughed ;
and , with a great display of learning , proved
to her by experimental physics that all was
very natural. From that instant the young
lady grew melancholy , drooped , and soon
after died.
There are numerous recorded cases
of disturbed functions dependent upon
actual disease of the bruin. Epilepsy
is responsible for many curious exam
ples , and so are other equally obscure
cerebral disorders. I may refer to a
case in which the very real hallucina
tion followed the commonplace agency
of a good dinner and too much wine.
AVe wore on a visit at N , in Netting
hamshire , and had dined with a most re
spectable surgeon , and had taken more wino
than usual. It was in the summer time , and
the weather very hot and dry , which com
bined circumstances rendered ns feverish
and uncomfortable. It was late when wo re
turned to our lodgings , and our sleeping
room was small and ill ventilated. Wo wont
to bed , but not to sleep , and tossed and tum
bled , changing our position every moment ,
but were too restless to repose ; at length we
turned towards the window and perceived be
tween it und the bed there stood a short ,
thickset , burly ilguio , with a hugo head ,
staring at ua in the face. Certainly nothing
could appear moro real and substantial , and
after gazing on this monstrous creature , wo
put out our hand , when the monster opened
his ponderous law and bit at us. Wo tried va
rious experiments with the creature , such
as putting our band before his face , which
seemed to cover part of it. The longer wo
contemplated it the moro palpable was this
figure , and the moro wratnful were its fea
tures. Struck with the apparent reality of
the apparition , wo mechanically felt our
pulse ; it was throbbing at a fearful ruto :
our skin was hot and dry , and the temporal
arteries were throbbing at a railway speed.
The physical condition had produced the
phantom. Wo then jumped out of bed , when
the spectre scorned to bo nearer , and of moro
gigantic proportions. We then threw open
the window to admit a little air , snongcd our
head and body , and thus , by removing the
cause , the monster disappeared.
This illustration , while only an evi
dence of temporary misconception , cer
tainly shows how easy it may bo for
an impressionable man or woman
to declare that ho has actually
seen an actual person : and the
chances for deception are so numerous
that the truth seeker will always eradi
cate the possible physical and mental
causes even before ho proceeds to ques
tion the authenticity of the particular
A great many years ago , a clover ob
server , Dr. Forbes Winslow. tabulated
the conditions which might load to the
successful "raising" of ghosts or spirits ,
and these are so concisely put that I
present thorn :
Illusive perception , or ocular spectra ; con
version of natural objects into phantoms.
Illusive conception , or spectral illusion ;
creation of phantoms.
Atmospheric : Kef ruction , reflection.
Lenses and mirrors.
Diseases of the oyo.
The conductive temperamental and emo
tional conditions may bo "credulity , en
thusiasm , superstition , timidity , imagination ,
pootlo frenzy , sympathy , exalted joy , deep
loyo , nature , protracted anxiety , delirium ol
fever , alcohol or narcotics ; exhaustion , dis
eases of the brain. "
There is no moro unpleasant task than
that of gravely listening to the earnest
story of some pen > onnl friend who do-
tilllsyith all sincerity some apparently
incontrovertible story of spiritualism ,
which , ho finishes with a triumphant
"Now what to that'i" * I
, can you say air
usually reminded of the schoolboy's rid
dle which implies nn answer atlcctlng
the voracity of the lad in question
There is always some "perfectly honesl
person , " or .some individual "of" un
doubted ( standing in the community'
who has actually had the expeticuco ;
qilel doubt inca.ns skepticism that ne.arlj
4 FOR 10 CENTS. - ' ' : '
Guaranteed All Havana Long Filler , with fine Sumalro Wrapper , suflicinut for a full twenty minutes smoke.
. The manufacturers assert , without possibility of practical contradiction , that "Grand Republic Buffos" , boydntt
* . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . _ _ . . _ _ . _ . . _ . . . are _
f MHii n t ? ann 4l\/ % \t d\r ETi - % / % r 4' f \ rv - > - \ / * - % 4D ts'N ' * Ji - A ] 4.1. 2 r * - - .4- * M J. - IM. .Lt ?
eminently inimifable.
Made and guaranteed by the Grand Kopublic Cigar Factory No. 200 , 3d District , Now York.
Smokers , ask your dealer for these goods. They can befound on sale at
JnmesV naverstock , Council muffs
MooroiKcpllngor , del
\l \ 3 1'alincr do
II A llnlrd. ilo
M O Calof , do
BTMcAtce. " io
Put Gunnomlo , do
ICiulio Ac Scars , do
John Allen. < ! < >
A1) Tester Si Hro , ilo
AM lleiudtloy , ilo
IrK\V Honghton , to
8II Kelly , do
OH Ilrown , ilo
KCliiown , do
Tholl&Ktacht , ilo
Win Arml & fcon , < lo
Camp & iillH ; , do
Dell (1 Morgan & Co , do
JCIIruglntou&Co , ilo
Clark i. Sceldel , do
HobeitMulIN , < lo
Vic Jennings , ilo
H A McDonald , i do
HO Hanson , do
M nallnglicr , do
Btolnkopf A ; Scoftold , do
013 Hlttlg , do
WHGrandajr. do
And all other first class dealers. Eetailers ordering one thousand of these brands of us can have their name and addres
in this ud. gratis. Mail your orders to us at once.
always hurts the feelings of the nar
The latitude for errors in human tes
timony is very great , and there have
boon so many wonderful happenings
which were for n long time inexplica
ble , but were finally cleared up , that ,
all things being equal , most of the sto
ries of the spiritualists are bused upon
guess-work , coincidence , or are based
upon unjustifiable assumption.
An example of how easily a delusion
may affect a number of people at once
a simple illusion being the starting
point is the following : A largo crowd
of people gathered in front of tit. Paul's
church .in London , and were gazing
intently upward at the statue of a saint ,
who was apparently nodding at
them. The greatest excitement ex-
istou until a sparrow-hawk that
had perched upon the ringlets
of the llgurc How away , when tie illu
sion was explained. It can bo easily
imagined how some excitable person not
waiting for the denouement might
have told his own story and readily de
ceived many gullible persons. The rec
ords of the investigations of the Society
for Psychical Research , and the older
English trials , as well as the French
Causes Cnlobros , are full of startling il-
lustrationsof the unreliability of human
testimony ; and in those days of scien
tific precision and materialism , it is
much easier to prick the popular delu
sion than it was in a more sentimental
ago. Even the matter of circumstantial
evidence has nearly had its death-blow.
For Stablemen P Stockmen ,
Cnt , Swelling * , UruUoK , Kprnlnn , Gnlli ,
Ktrnlns , LiimnneftH , .SUn'iiess , ducked
llvulu , Scratches , Contructloim , l"lo h
Wounda , StrlriKhult , Sore Tliroat.
DUtcnipcr , Cello , Whitlow , Poll
Kvll , Flstuln , Tumors , Splluti , Ring *
bonus and Spavin in Us early stages.
Apply St. Jacobs Oil In accordance
with the directions ivlth each bottle.
& * J by Dntgglitt and Denlert Everywhere.
Xlie Charles A. Vogolcr Co. , Hullo. . Md.
Boston. KTasa , ; Kansas City , Mo.
Capital Surplus $1500,000 $
Tills company lias opened nn Omaha oHlco and
Is prepared to furnish money promptly on Im
proved city anil fmm propeity.
Np applications sent aay for appiovnl.
Loans closed and paid for without dolay.
JOHN \V. O1SH , Slnnairer ,
800 South Uth St. , First National Hank.
Jai I ) fituart , do
J S ClirlHtciiFon. Omaha , Not )
Cornish & . I.el'cvor , do
H.lAbcrly , do
W A Hosteller & Co , ilo
Max Conrad , dn
W.lWaid. do
HTIIitldliclKC. do
McllrlduiV Hunter , do
C G llapp , do
Ohif Iiltiing , do
.1 W Clark , do
HCurtl \ Son , Pnpllllon. Neb
( ! A Melther. South Oninlia
1' 8 Tucker. 1'loionco , Neb
Cole teNeUlle , HoldrldRc. Neb
OU Cutler , HapidCHy , Dak
.lames & Meeker , Osceola , Neb
H Wllrox , Scolla , Neb
WM Miepardfc Co , Duubury , la.
neoIICiirlton. Kauloiio\e ( , la
Win Harmon , Mo valley , la
11.1 Srliorr , Cieston , la
Ki nnk Wnlkcy , I'aitxmouth , la
Cherry & HaKley , Creston , la
Story * ; Co. Sidney. la
llakerMllll. CornliiK , la
.1 W BLalltrosH. Oakland , la
J C 1'iather , Mo Valley , la
Clark KlllH , Uttlo Sioux , la
TKI ) . who in his FOLLY Mid IONOK A N < T.
( IRI THIKXKD away lili VIGOR of IiOI > Y ,
IZINII and MANMOOI > .cau tnBexhnuBtlng
drains upon the FOUNTAINS of 1,1 fT. .
lraam > . WEAKNSRH of Memory , HAN1I-
the FACE , and all tbo EFFECTS leudlne to
KAItf.Y I > K < ! AY and perhaps CO1SSUMP.
yjftn or INMANITY. should consult at once
tba CELEBRATED Dr. Clarke , Established
ItvTil. rr. Clarke has made NERV4 tIN I K-
ttlLlTY. CHRONIC and all Diseases of
the UK1KITO URINARY Oreani a Life
fl'iidjr. It makes NO difference WHAT you
tKie taken or WHO has failed to cure you.
ea-FEMAL ES Buffering from dlaeaiupecu *
liar to their sex can consult with the assurance
of speedy relief and euro. Send 2 cents postage
for works on your dlseaiei.
B Oend 4 cents postage for Celebrated
Worko on Chronic , Hermit * and l > cll-
estt Diseases. Consultation , personally or by
Yuter , free. Consult the old Doctor *
Vlionnands cared. OOlccn and uHrlors
prtvata. 49-Thoso contemplating ; Harriaee
Bend for Dr. Clnrke' * celebrated guide
Hal * and Female , each Ific. , both Mo.
( slanipj ) . Before confiding your case , consult
Dr. CLARKE. A friendly letter or call may
aye future suffering and shame , and add golden
years to life.Book " Llf ' ( Secret ) Error -
ror , " 50o. ( stamps ) . Medicine and writings
tent everywhere , secure from exposure.
Houn , 8to8 ; Sundays. 9 to 12. Address ,
F. D. OLAAKB , M. D.
186 SO. Clark 8t CHICAGO , ILL.
MB omn ujiAittrcmoicifT RtMraiES
It hi stood the Test of Years ,
in Coring all DUeues of the
meo. ItPnrifiisthe
Mood , Invigorates and
CletBiti the Byt tern
I disappear atonco under
IK1DNEY5 I iti beneficial influence.
STOMACH . It ii purely a. Medicine
ANb i ita cathartic proper
ties forbids iti use i a
IBO bsversKO. Itiipliai-
antto tne taste , and as
1 easily taken by euild *
jren as adnlti.
SPRICElDOLLARia . Bol Proprietors , I
Srjiouig and KANSAS GITT I
1 "ulTcrinirfrom trie of.
fwl ofyoutlitul cr.
r- , < rly < ! ny , lot
nnCooil. ftc. 1 l . na ullmMo trratlM ) ( M | | )
contalulni ; full i irtlcuUr for hoinu cuu1 , free ol
Cp"fioF.AF'"c.'FOWLER. Moodus. Conn.
DrThosMacfarlnne , Moiulnmln , la
H A Knuoir , CicMon , In
8 wrinik , Magnolia , la
A IJ MclhidH'o , Central City. Neb
A M Smith it Co , Sewiird , Noli
KH Hazard , ( Irnnd Island , Neb
. . . . Cljde , Kans
Adams Hi ox , Deadwood , Dakota
Dougla'8 St Nelson , SuperiorNeb
1) It Hull & Son , Nelson , Neb
J C Koldman , KausiiH City , Neb
Jr It H lloden. Itfpubllcnn ( ity. Neb
Stndleman & llodlrn , Orleans , Neb
H T rerun-on , Orleans Neb
i : 1 ! Howendnbler , lleitrand. Neb
Snow llros&Co Iloldiegf. Neb
Wnttennnn ic Co , Hay Springs , Neb
J 1) Drury , ( Jlbbon. Neb
N names , Central City. Neb
Squalr.V .Mncrittccn , Cedar Itaplds , Neb
Tower * StonoSntton. Neb
1 S Darling. Sluing , Neb
Fay & Creston , Cu-to. Neb
Wedge \ lnrlo\v ) , Albert Minn
Chan ! < ' Woclinor. Indianola , Neb
A lj Schadtr , Iiincoln. Neb
'Jhomns & Co , Orand Island , Neb
J Ii Taylor A : Co. Akion. Col
J O Hamilton , lleankc. Neb
lr U A Klcliaitlhon , Clinks , Neb
A magnificent display of everything useful and
ornamental in the furniture maker's art ,
at reasonable prices.
Una obtained a reputation wherever in
troduced for "CouiiKCi STVLK"PEH-
riiCT PIT , " "COMFORT AND DunAiur.-
ITY. " They have no supoi-iors in Hand
Turns , Hand Welts , Goodyear Welts ,
und Machine Sewed. Ladies , ask for the
"LuDLOW" SIIOK. Try them , and you
will buy no other.
State Line.
To Glasgow. Belfast , Dublin mid Liverpool
From New York Every Tuesday ,
Cabin pussaso & 'j ' and W. atconMng to location
of st.ito loom. Excursion Wi to J9J.
Stocrniietoanilfiom Iliuope fit Lowest Kates.
AUSTIN BALDWIN & CO. , Oon'l Agents.
Kt llioailwny. Now York.
JOHN IlLKaUN. Gen'lVstern At'out ,
I'M ' Humlulph HI. , Chicago.
IlAHKi K. MOOUES , Agent , Omuha.
Reduced Cabin Rates to Glasgow Ex
Pnnboqu.cUr CURED at hoiiio . l i y uujnir
- * - - - * SIM.itohc'trtn
° -c--vn--
V8TAL cvcrmado for
U IJKIIIUTV.r.OBT MAN- liviilalltlllttlpacU iro2fte.tli l r fif < '
HTAMliku UtMtUY tO. . Bi Uetrliora blrttl. CII1UOO. ILL.
Attend our great SemiAnnual Clearing and Mark-Down Sale , as everything has got to
be sold , and gives persons of moderate means an opportunity to buy good reliable cloth
ing and furnishing goods , for what you would have to pay for cheaper goods at other
stores. Below are a few of our bargains.
SiiHnner.Contii , % a cents , ,
Jloi/8\Flne \ JtldfJc Alpaca Cent * , aae r to 1O yeara , GOc ; worth ftl.
Jloti'tt Stilt DGat worth . #
Men's Flannel Coitti antl retn , 7fic ,
' A'co Jlei'a Xucker Coaltt and rcula , GJC.
S"a K ! W VV i S ; c , , Strive , $3.BO and $1 ; $ tote
' . worth fSlS.HO. . . _ _
Menu' All Wool Cheviot Suit * , f7.V5 ;
Menu' All Wool Illtio Flannel titilta , color anarantcetl , at $7.35.
Jt < HlOnalr orWcni' Wool rant * , at # 1.76 ; worth $4. .
Our Jn' Wrtiiro ii I naWi'laattn Shirt * , * Oc , 15c , Z to beat. . .
Jean * Jraifcrs , X'5c ami 45c ; worth double the money , and thomandt of oilier odrifaiiut , ai me
. . .1 v 1316 Farnam Street , Omaha , . . :
' : ' . . . - A. POLACK , Manager/-
Illggcns & Klnncy , Plum Creek , Neb
A S Itynn , Hartlnuton , Neb
Ir C i : Venn , Arnpahoc. Neb
H T I'crKUbon. Orleans , Neb
J r.dalbialth. Albion. Neb
A (1 ( Sohleh. Ht lldwards. Neb
( leo I ) ( liadon , Albion , Nub
Osborno Ilios , ( lenon. Neb
13.1 Soykor.i , North liend , Neb
rdlllH Noitli Hem ] , Ncli
C 11 rlmso , Stlmyler , Neb
S Iliickoy. Aln&worth , Nub
.1 It Sunnier , llloomtnKlon , Neb
Hewy Cook , Hod Cloud , Neb
T I'mlmi , rrcmont , Neb
A ( ilb.Hon , 1'iemont , Neb
Vicit N Penrxon , Kustls , Neb
W lllodees. . North llend , Neb
Kd .1 Steldl. Crete. Neb
13.1 TottHleo & ( o , Cheyenne , Wyo
T II Miller & Co , Crete , Neb
l'icd ( ricks > V int'struni : , HoUlriKO , Nub
W V Norris & Co , HnldrlKo , Neb
Oiliornu Ilios , StromsbniKh , Neb
II Hemey. Denver , Col
Wobter& Son. llnmird. Neb
Gee r I'ondn , Moulder , CelL
L L Young , Tckiimah , Neb
Santa Abio : and : Cat-R-Cure
Koi- Sale by
Goodman Dru ° - Co.
Not lee of Inunrporntlon.
The Omaha Oil and Mining Company was or
ganized as u coiporatlon unlcr tlio laws ofi
Nebraska , and commenced business as mich on
the Sixth day of MarUi , 188-1 , tinder the name
and style ot tliu Omaha oil unit Mining Com
pany. Its ti.Nlstonco will tuimlnateon the tlrst
Tuesday of March lino. The general natiiio oet
the builnrm to bo transaeieil by said tnrpor >
tlon shall do tliu locating , buying and selling ot
mlneial claims , nil lands und lands containing
other n.ilimblo deposits In the tuir.tory or
Wyoming ; the developing and working of said *
nifiilnj'c liiliiiH. oil lands and lands conlalnlmr
otheinluuhlu deposits : and the dealing In oil
and other valuable deposits and such other bus
iness ( , s Is incident theieto. Tliu prlnclplenlaco
of transacting Its business shall bo In thn city oB
Omaliaiindlts affalrt. hhall be ronductid by a ,
liaaul of trustees , conslsting.of nine member *
who xliallolccla 1'resldenl , Wce-Prcsldent , Seo-
rttaiy. and Treasurer. Its capital stock shall bo
tfiiii ) UUO to bo paid in ns called for by tlm board
of trustees , and the highest amount of Indebted *
nessor liability to whHi the corporation Is at
any time to subject Itself , Is tSj.UUU.
J.l'.M-.ii.KMaR , *
I' . .1. SCHMIDT ,
A , llunuKsri it ,
ClIAB. WrIIIIKU , Trustees.
1'AIU. I' AT/ ,