Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 02, 1887, Page 4, Image 4

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DftHy ( Momlai ? Edition ) Including Bandrty
Iltr , Onci Yunr . $10 ( XI
Tor Six Month * . i . & < >
j-'tirThrpn Month * . 260
tTlie Onmlia Sunday llf.K , inalloJ to nuy
, One Ycnr. . . . 2 00
orrtrr. No. Pll AND tr FintfAM
fr.w vonif. cirrtci , ROOM . . TIUIII'NF. HUII.MNO.
oannr.s PON DE scs :
All commnnlontioni relntln ? to no < rs nndc-ll-
torlnl matter chnuld bo tuMtuiscxl to tlie KM-
Ion or TDK IJr.n.
All bu'lncis loiters and rumlttnncos chould bo
ildrossod to Tint IIKK I'uiiMsiiiNd Co i-ANr ,
OMUIA , Drufli , cliprkg and pculofflcn onion
to bo nindo pBjrablo to the ordir of tliu cotupuny.
Sworn Statement of Circulation.
Btato of Nebraska. 1 .
County of Douglas , f8l "
Oeo. H. TzschucK , secretary of The Uno
FubllihlnR company , it oca solemnly swear
that the circulation of the Dally Bee
for the wc'-k ending Juno 24 , 18S7 , was as
follows :
Baturday.Juno IS 14.2-0
Sunday , Juno 10 H.200
Monday , Juno 20 ! ,
Tuesday , Juno 21 14.U50
Wptlncsduy , Juno22 1MB"
Thursday , Juno JSJ Ufl >
* trldayJuno84 .14.040
Averacc 14.173
Subscribed and sworn to before mo this
C5lh day of JunolW7. !
N. P. FKU , .
fSKAL.1 Notary 1'ubllc.
Gco. 11. Tzschuck , being CrM duly sworn ,
deposes nml says that he Is secretary of The
Ueo PuhllBhliiL' company , that the actual
average dally circulation of the Dally llro for
the month of tor June. 1880 , 12.293
copies ; for July , 1830 , 12,314 copies ;
for AiiKiist , IbSfl , 12,404 copies : for Septem
ber , 18hO , 13,030 conies ; for October , 18SO ,
12.W9 copies ; for November. 1SSO , 13,343
copies ; for December , ISSfl. 13'i'n copies ; for
January 18S7. 10.UCO copies ; for Fobruarv ,
lb 7 , 14,198 copies ; for March. 1887 , 14.400
copies : for April. 1&)7 ) , 14,310copies ; for May ,
1W7 , l4,827 copies.
Subscribed and sworn to before mo tills 4th
dnyot Juno A. 1) . , lb 7.
IBEAL.I N. 1' . KBIT. . Notary Public.
TUB SUNDAY UEE to-morrow will , as
usual , be an intorostmg paper.
"ANCIKNT history is mighty interestIng -
Ing , " as Mr. Popploton would remark.
Mm. GOUOAII is in Ireland. She will
llnd all kinds of suffering there , with but
little suffrage.
Mn. CKAWKOHD'S oratory has not been
secured for the Fourth of July. Thus is
genius rewarded.
IT is to bo deeply regretted that Prof.
1'ostor , the weather prevaricator , pre
dicts n clour day for July 4. The proba
bilities are that it will rain.
THE Now Yorft Siar's Grant monument
ment fund , up to Wednesday , had passed
the $ } , OUO mark. The Star scorns hope
ful of raising the f 123,000.
TWENTY divorces wore recently gran ted
in ono day at Atlanta , Georgia. The
announcement of this fact has made the
great pork centre green with envy.
THE cable railway will soon bo com
pleted , and the streets , now in such wild
disorder , wjll bo paved again , at least in
time to bo torn up by the next company
! < =
, securing a franchise.
CHAUNCEY M. DEI-EAV sails for Europe
next week. Mr. Dopow is evidently
troubling himself by believing that ho is
being chased by a presidential boom.
It is feared , however , that his boom and
Kea serpents belong in the same catalogue
of myths.
THE northwestern roads have boon
holding meetings to fix a grain rate. The
custom of the western roads hao been to
wait until the crop , could bo fairly es-
, timutod. If it was large , then the rate
, was raised. If small , a slight reduction
ITVO.S generally made , in order to show the
'farmor how deeply they wcro interested
un his affairs.
IN spite of the notorious irregularity of
the paving repair bill of the Murphy
company , the council has allowed the
bill in full for f3,4-19.03. The greater
portion of this bill was for repairing
"pavements destroyed by laying of gas
and water mains , and street railroad
track. The question now is , why should
the taxpayers of Omaha bo compelled
to pay such rcpaving bills ? Does the
council propose to ignore the fact that
the expense for rcpaving was nearly all
incurred by the gas , water , street rail
way and cable companies ? Docs the
council represent the taxpayers or the
privuto corporations ?
THE camp mooting season is approach
ing , when a portion of the Christian
world will bctako itself to pleasant
places and mingle worship with the en
joyment of nature. This method of re
ligious service , which iits the idea of
finding "tongues in trees , books in the
running brooks , sermons in stones , and
good in everything , " has its merits , and
U has been growing in favor of late
years. There are few of the states in
which the camp mooting is not now an
nmuiat event , attracting n great many
peoplo. Nowhere has this method of
religious service had a more vigorous
growth than in Nebraska , and the annual
meeting of the State Holiness associa
tion , announced to commence August 3 ,
is expected to bo the largest over held.
THERE have boon abundant rains in
the west during the past'two days , which
have undoubtedly done great good , but
it is feared they came too late to repair
the damage in scvoral directions result
ing from the previous dry weather. Oats
in most localities have suffered seriously
from lacK of rain , and it is hardly possi
ble that the late showers can bo of much
good to this crop , which is at
the point of maturing. There is H
chance for improvement in the condition
of corn , which to reach an average yield
will require favorable conditions during
the present month and in August. The
bay crop is certain to bo short , though
perhaps not so much short as the specu
lators in timothy seed predict. Potatoes
have not fared well generally , having in
Borao sections ripened so rapidly that
they are small and defective in quality ,
Fruits have been unfavorably atfccted by
the dry weather and the aggregate
yjcld will not bo largo. The wheat crop
o'f the northwest , however , will prollt by
the rams , and on all accounts they have
been every where-most welcome ,
The Cftio of 9Ir. Field.
The financial event which for , the mo
ment dwarfs all others is the sensational
deal by which Jay Gould and Russell
Sage have got possession , chiefly it wonld
flccin in the interest of the former , of the
entire block of Manhattan Hlovatcd rail
road , amounting to about 70,000 shares ,
which a few days ago was hold by Cyrus
W. Field. Thcro have been many stories
nnd a great variety of dc.tails chronicled
regarding this remarkable transaction ,
but the exact facts will probably not bo
known until Mr. Field relates them over
his own signature , which ho promises to
do as soon a the newspapers got through
with their gossip about the matter. This
promised statement will bo awaited with
curious interest.
Meanwhile there appears to bo no room
for a doubt that Gould and Sago have
succeeded in securing all the Manhattan
slock of which Mr. Field was possessed ,
and that they got It at their own figures.
It has been known or understood for
years that Gould & Field were both per
sonally and in business affairs the closest
friends , but it would Eccm that in this
transaction friendship was not permitted
to play a very prominent part. Notwith
standing the statements of Sago that
Gould really did a great and bravo
thing , saving Field from ruin and the
country from a panic , for which every
body , including Field , should bo grateful ,
the fact that the seller o' the siock was
compelled to lese several millions of dollars
lars in disposing of It , and it is estimated
that the buyers , or more correctly Gould ,
will make this amount and something
more , at least shows that there was no
recklessness on the part of Mr. Gould in
performing this important service to his
friend and the country. Ho unquestion
ably Know that bo was entirely safe in
buying stock at 120 which ruled as high
as 170 , and which ho can very
likely again advance to that
figure , and while it is just possible that
Mr. Field may have a reason to feel grate
ful to Mr. Gould for having taken a quan
tity of sloelc off his hands for a good deal
loss than it was worth in the market , it is
incredible that any reason exists why the
country should thank Mr. Gould for a
transaction that has added .several mill
ions to his great fortune and brought ab
solutely no good to another living soul.
It is obviously ridiculous to imply that
the transfer of this slock from Field to
Gould averted a panic. It is conceivable
that if Field had boon compelled to
throw his stock on the market the re
sult might have boon damaging to
these who wcro carrying it for him ,
and doubtless the added shock to the
market at that time , being in a somewhat
sensitive condition , would have aggra
vated the feeling of distrust , but it would
not have caused a panic. Looking at
the situation as a speculator , Mr. Sago
took the only view ho was capable of
taking , but it is an erroneous view. The
only credit that belongs to Gould is that
of a shrewd speculator who took full ad
vantage of the opportunity to at once in
crease and protect his own interests , for
which alone ho was concerned.
The most notable disclosure
matte by this transaction is the
tact that Cyrus W. Field's Iwealth
was very greatly overestimated.
Ho was believed to bo one of the very
rich men of the couniry , ranking below
not more than half n dozen others in the
value of his possessions. Estimates of
his wealth have placed it as hich as
$50,000,000 , whereas it turns out that he
was really not worth at any time above
one-tenth of that amount , if so much.
The Manhattan stock of which he has
just disposed had boon carried largely on
borrowed money , and when this resource
was exhausted ho was farced to sell at a
loss price than the average cost of the
stock to him. Ho still has what the
great majority of people will regard
as a very comfortable fortune , but
ho has tumbled far below the list of con
spicuously wealty men with whom the
general opinion associated him a week
airo. It would also appear that ho has
received a great deal more credit as a
sagacious financecr than lie dcservca.
The misfortune of Mr. Field in this
matter , if misfortune it bo , will not bring
him any great amount of sympathy. Ho
has boon a speculator willing to profit by
speculation , and there are not many that
will regret that ho has met discomfiture.
Whatever regret there may bo will como
from the fact that his loss is the gain of a
speculator far more unscrupulous and
dangerous than ho ever was or could be.
In other rcspecta Cyrus W. F.ield has
been .1 most useful man , and this episode
in his career will not detract from the
honor that ho won in other fields than
that of more money getting.
The IJottor Way.
Wo noted some time ago that the citj
of Now York had sold two street railroat
franchises for which it will receive re
spectively 40 and 34 per cent of the gross
receipts annually of the roads. It was a
striking illustration of the value placet
upon such franchises in that city , and
suggested that the corporations seeking
them might have been willing to pay for
the votes of aldermen and councilmen ,
and the inlluenco of officials , had the
franchises been obtainable in the wav
prevalent elsewhere. The corporations
bidding for thcso privileges could wcl
have afforded to expend tons of
thousands of dollars as a cor
ruption fund , and until the
present plan of disposing of franchises
in Now YorK was adopted , such funds
wcro expended there to an untoli
amount. Now these valuable privileges
cannot bo secured through corruption
and are made a source of proper revenue
to the public treasury.
A principle so entirely practical am
just could not fail to commend itself to
imitation , and w observe that a propo
sition is pending in St. Louis to ndop
the Now York plan. It is safe to assume
that it will bo successful , since oppo
sition to such a plan , in
cities whore publiic franchises are
certain to yield immediate profits
whore they are eagerly sought , am
where they are not directly essential to
the upbuilding of the community , wil
only como from these who are prcparci
to trade in them for their personal ad
vantage , or such as are under corpora
tioti direction. There is absolutely noth
ing sound to bo said in opposition to sell
ing franchises publicly to the highest bidder
dor , in cities where the conditions are
such as wo have described , and whiel
exist in such cities as St. Louis , Chicago
and some others not so largo , but when
there is assured safety and generous re
turns for public enterprises depend
cut , upon franchises. . New cities
must of course enqourago suoh enter
prises by n liberal policy , but
; ' -Ing 'away these prlvilcccs should not
> e continued beyond the time when there
s no further risk to those who ask them
nnd profitable returns from them are as
sured to their possessors , A contcmpo-
ary observes that it Is an entirely rea
sonable belief that the power of bcstow-
ng privileges and franchises for public
enterprises has been more corruptly used
him almost any other entrusted to mu
nicipal corporations in America. In
deed , it would hardly be extravagant to
say that a very largo proportion of the
corruption whloh has tainted every de-
ail of the administration of cities is di-
cctly traceable to the introduction of
jrlbery in the procurement of special
A i.or.u. paper which has uphold the
'actions ' and Illegal course pursued by
the council toward the police commis
sion , gives as an excuse for the refusal of
the council to approve the bonds of the
commissioners , that Mayor llroatch has
failed to file his bond as member of the
commission. This is a very flimsy pre
text. J. W. Uroatch is not a member of
Lho commission. The mayor of Omaha
is ex-ollicio chairman of the commission ,
i'ho bonds of Mayor Broatch have boon
duly approved , and they cover his entire
olllcial responsibility in the discharge
of every function imposed on him by
the charter or by ordinance. The council
has just passed an ordinance making the
oily engineer cx-olh'cio member of the
board of public works , but nobody will
contend that Tilson's bond as engineer
does not cover his ollicial acts in connec
tion with the board of public works. The
refusal of the council to approve the
bonds ol the police and lire commission
is frivolous and unjustifiable. It is noth
ing more nor loss than an attempt to
coerce and bulldoze a co-ordinate branch
of government.
Tin : Now York Commercial Advertiser
attempts to belittle the legislator from the
"rural districts" by saying he blows out
the gas and the cuticle of his "scalp is ir
rigated to such an extent by hay germs
that he has never been able to discover
whether a telephone wire is barbed or
not. " Yet it has been discovered that
such Is not the case. The ordinary
farmer may not "bo on" to the latest fash
ion fads ; ho may not bo dishonest enough
to associate with and bo controlled by
the dissolute lobby ; he may not have the
capacity for the seductive lluid possessed
by his city brother , but as a general rule
it has been observed that ho can readily
discern the difference between honesty
and bribery ; he knows that honor is not
betrayal , and ho votes from a. conscien
tious principle and docs not measure his
devotion to a cause or his patriotism
to a man by the amount of boodle to bo
secured. The farmer or business man
who achieves legislative honors , because
he is not a politician , nine times out of
ten makes a record for honesty , while the
demagogue and politician become little
in the sight of all men.
tAte the present we have not seen any
returns made to the state or county board
of equalization of the U. & M. short line.
That road was in operation from
Omaha to Lincoln before the end of 183'j ' ,
but the managers evidently propose to
beat the state and counties through
which it runs out of their taxes. Even if
the road had not been in full operation ,
the road bed was thcro , and the culverts
and bridges wore built , and the tics and
rails laid , and the station houses had
been erected. Why , then , should that
branch of the Uurlington sytem go unas-
scsscd for the years 1830-87 ?
WE cheerfully retract the charge that
the fraudulent printing contract was the
first attempt of the Rounds & Taylor
gang to dive into the municipal treasury.
They have tried their hand before in
smuggling through tint order for pub
lishing Mayor Uoyd's election proclama
tion For this neat little job they have
presented a bill to Comptroller Goodrich
for over ? 150. Any patent medicine man
could get the same amount of advertising
in the Itepublican for loss than f 50 , and
yet this is only a beginning of genteel
tax-eating at which Rounds & Taylor
are experts.
AccnitniNG to Mr. Popploton , every
body that comphiins about Union Pacific
mismanagement is either an anarchist ,
communist , drunkardperjurer , rebel spy ,
or a common enemy of all the railroads.
It is only the oil room gang that are
loyal , honest , sober , veracious and relia
Other TjnnilM Thnn Ours.
The watchword of the ministerial party
in the British parliament is understood to
bo "no concession , " and certainly the
course of that party during thu past week
plainly indicates that such is the case.
Every ctfort of the opponents of the
crimes bill to amend that measure has
been promptly defeated , the proposal of
Mr. Morley to limit its operation to three
years faring no bettor than any of the
others proceeding from the opposition.
What has been for some time feared as n
foregone conclusion is now regarded as
assured. The measure will pass as the
coalition desire it , without yielding
anything which can bo regarded
as a concession. It is not
therefore surprising to read that the op
position is being conducted with less
vigor and heart than formerly. The
minority will continue to do its duty to
the end , but it will bo simply to satisfy
their own conscience and not with any
hope of achieving a single result beyond
that of recording in imperishable history
their persistent protest against this in
justice. A motion to carry the bill to
third reading will bo made on next Tues
day and will undoubtedly prevail. On
Monday the land bill will como up in the
house of commons , and will undoubtedly
bo vigorously pushed by the government.
In a word the programme of the major
ity has boon fully arranged and will bo
aggressively carried out.
Ono of the most interesting European
events of the week was the postpone
ment of the signing of the Anglo-.l.'urkiah
treaty relating to Egypt. The sultan
was to have signed the agreement last
Monday , but owing to opposition from
France and Russia the porto appealed to
England for a week'a delay , which was
granted. Lord Salisbury stated that the
postponement had been allowed with the
express understanding that the treaty
should bo signed at the expiration of the
week , next Monday , but wjiotber this u'n-
derstandlng will be kept depends a good
deal upon the ablHty of Turkey mean
while to satisfy | th6 objecting powers.
1'he treaty provides for the neutraliza
tion of the Suez canal iu time of peace
and war ; some change m the laws by
which Europeans living in Egypt are now
exempt from trial before Egyptian In-
jtinals ; the withdrawal of Uritish troops
from the country In three year from
this time , "provided there is no risk of
danger to the security of Egypt in tuo
withdrawal ; " the combination of English
with Turkish ofilccrs in the superintend
ence of the Egyptian army and the mili
tary arrangements of the country for
five years ; and the1 right of the Uritish
government , after iS'JO ' , to reoccupy the
country , cither alone or In conjunction
with Turkey , in case of threatened
disorder within , or of interventions
from abroad. In return for thcso im-
nortant concessions which virtually turn
Egypt ever to the Uritish whenever In
their discretion they see fie to take pos
session ot it , the sultan cots the aid of
thu Uritish government in borrowing the
? 'J5,000,000 , which ho sorely needs to re-
planish his his barren Exchequer. It may
be that the reported menaces of Russia
nnd France have been somewhat exag
gerated , but the opposition of thcjo
powers has not been made without a
well-defined purpose in which they are
undoubtedly mutually agreed , and it is
therefore very significant. Nations do
not interpose obstruction in a matter of
this nature simply upon a whim or
caprice , and those powers having taken
a position in this matter of open hostility
to the agreement will not be likely to
recede without being fully satisfied that
its consummation can work no injury to
their interests , however small these may
bo. The inllucncc of Russia has doubt
less boon mo-it active in this matter , and
it remains to bo soon what the real aim
of that power is. The issue may be set
tled without further hindrance or ditll-
culty , but there are certainly other possi
bilities. The predicament is a painful
ono for unfortunate Turkey.
French affairs exhibit no new features
of great interest. The appointment of
General Hurlangor to the command of
an army corpse stationed remote from
Pans , showing the strong desire of the
government to get him away from that
city and lessen his opportunities 1'or al
leged political intrigues , is the most in
teresting fact of the week in the domes
tic all'aira of Franco. The efl'ect , how
ever , will not be to diminish the popu
larity of Uoulanger , but rather the con
trary. His enemies could maKe no worse
mistake than to take any action which
his friends could construe as an attempt
to degrade or persecute him. If the gov
ernment sees any terror iu the pro
posed Uoulangor demonstration on
the 14th of this month they will not lesson
the danger by sending him away. Such
a proceeding is an acknowledgment of
Iloulnngor's inlluenco and popular
strength that will only serve to stimulate
his supporters to greater zeal and earn
The now emancipation bill which has
bo'jn introduced into the Brazilian par
liament at the present session is a very
radical measure , since it proposes the in
stant abolition of slavery , with the single
condition that those relieved from bondage -
ago under its provisions shall beheld
held to labor at fair wages ,
under their existing masters for the
space of two years. And even this con
dition is not to apply to sl-ives who are
over fifty years old , or may become so
within the two years , or to those who
shall buy exemption from this additional
service for a sum of money , which is iu no
case to exceed $200. The object of this
single modification of the project , of im
mediate emancipation is obviously to
avoid the agricultural ruin that might
follow a sudden and unqualified release
of all farm hands from obligation to
labor. It is not to bo expected that this
extreme measure will pass , especially
after the elaborate legislation for grad
ual , compensated emancipation , enacted
two years ago. Hut oven its introduc
tion shows the intensity of the desire in
some quarters to bring nearer the day
when slavery shall no longer exist in
Ura/.il. There have been during the last
fifteen years notable instances of provin
cial emancipation , parish by parish ; and
two years ago the government supple
mented the 1'reo birth statute of 1871 by
an act liberating all slaves ever sixty
years of ago , and making provision by a
great increase in the emancipation fund
and otherwise for the gradual compen
sated manumission of all slaves born be
fore the passage of the free birth statute.
This act would have insured complete
emancipation before the und of the pres
ent century iu all probability.
* %
The question as to what would bo the
result of the success of the uresent re
bellion in Afghanistan is ono upon which
there is a dillerenco of opinion. The
first thought must naturally bo that , since
some opponent ot Abdurrahman would
bo put upon the throne , Russian infill-
once- would bo the gainer. Uut a con
trary view is taken by some observers ,
who hold that the fall of the present
ameer would give England an oppor
tunity , which she would accept , to inter
fere with her armies in Afghanistan and
establish a protectorate there. Of course
this would bring the dispute with Russia
to a head ; but It is believed that no risk
would be run of having a mere tool of
Russia recognized as * ameer. This view
supposes , therefore , that England must
bo thn gainer , whether the present sov
ereign , who is her friend , is successful ,
or whether ho is dethroned. Of late there
are no special signs of progress in the re
bellion , although it js admitted to bo
formidable. f '
* %
According to Intelligence received
from the Transcaucasus , a uow market
has been discovered Russian petro
leum. A company consisting of. several
owners of largo camel caravans has boon
formed at liaku for the purpose of intro
ducing petroleum into Persia by over
land route , via Mugan. Several caravans
have been sent , but on each > ocrasion the
oil failed to reach its destination , being
rapidly bought up at Mugan , and in con
sequence it is now intended to increase
the size of the caravans to GOO camels
each. Generally speaking , Russian
manufacturers have latterly found a
ready market in Persia , especially since
the Russian manufactures have com
plied with the local demand , by pro
ducing special wide cotton prints for
The recent mooting of the French pa-
trioUc league , when angry -.protests were
tnado ncatnst the action of the Lclgzlji
court in sentencing Alsatian members to
prison for treason to Germany , has
caused the resignation of many members
of that organization , including M. Mctl-
vcr , ono of the founders and an intimate
friend of Gambotta. Loiters have been
received from various branches of the
league , protesting against "throwing
France at Uoulanger'a feet. " The affair
threatened to break up the league ,
# %
The German government has appointed
Lieutenant Kund , who has done such
good work in the Congo region , chief of
the scientific station which has been es
tablished at the Canieroonsj for when
the Germans undertake the development
of any region , they at once recognize the
necessity for scientific observations in
order to accomplish their object. A sur
geon and botanist will also bo appointed ,
and the party will remain three years at
the Camcroous. The surgeon and botan
ist will have charge of the meteorolog
ical station , while Lieutenant Kund will
devote himself to the exploration of the
interior lying to the east of the Came-
A bill has been prepared at Rome , to
bo presented in the chamber of deputies ,
providing for the preservation of ancient
Roman remains in the vicinity of the
forum , the baths of Caracalla , and the
Via Appia , by means of an aroluuologl-
cal promenade enclosing them. The
estimated of the work Is $3,000,000 , ,
and the proposition is to pay it in annual
rates out of the municipal treasury.
Mr. Lemon Is running for ofllco out In Illi
nois nnd hopes to squeeze in.
Gcorpo Gould has bought the tltlo of
"Prince of St. Louis" from the Italian gov-
General Bucknor , who will prob.ibly be the
next governor of Kentucky , was a t one time
an editor a' Now Orleans.
Queen Victoria's favorite dish Is tapioca
pudding. She is a sturdy enter and a fair
drinker of claret and red wines.
Uret llarte was a book agent in 1&50 ! ! ,
and a Rood one when ho would work , which
was seldom. In 1S05 ho was writing "con
densed novels" for the Francisco
Golden Kra at 8.1 per column.
Word comes of the death of Count Clam ,
lender ot the ultra-conservative Czechs In
Austria ; a very grunt aristocrat , a uinn of
great wealth , and a statesman with a notably
lar e personal following In parliament.
Vlllo Beaumont , an exiled French count
whh claims to be nbla to trace his llneaze
bnck to the time of William the Conqueror ,
Is now earning an honest living In the ofllce
of a Pittsmin ; nrcldtect , where ho hns the
reputation of possessing rare ability.
Uuck Taylor , the cowboy , whose daring
performances with the Br.tTalo 1)111 ) Wild
West show recently resulted in a dislocated
thigh , is having a high old time during his
convalescence. Hois a London lion just
now , nnd is getting nil sorts ot good things
tonat and drink sent to him by his British
Ex-Governor William SprAgun Is residing
In retirement nt Cixnonchut , Ids palatial
home near Narriisnusett pier , the solo rom-
nnnt ot his once vnst fortune. . His financial
circumstances are not such as to maintain
tlm place in Its former grandeur , nnd its de
serted corridors nnd silent hulls must bo a
biiK.-cstivo wandering place for the moody
and eccentric war governor.
The only meat which Air. Edison , the In
ventor , will oat is beefsteak , lie likes nil
kinds o vegetables , nnd for dessert always
takes fruit , strawberries belnp favorites. It
only takes him n few minutes to cat dinner.
Soups are omitted from his tnble. When
Mr. Edison uses the telephone he fairly
bhooks whouvor receives his 'message ' bv
talcing very loudly. Being slightly deaf , he
docs not appreciate the high pitch of bis own
Free UUcusslon.
IJoaton ( llolic ,
Repressive measures against socialism
and kindred systems are now being
adopted , with more or less severity , in
many countries of the civilized world.
In Russia this policy of repression is car
ried out in an extreme limit , and all of
fences are punished by exile , imprison
ment or death. Vigorous repressive
measures have now been adopted in
Germany , and all socialistic literature ,
as soon as it is discovered , is seized by
the authorities and burned ; and all so
cialistic gatherings are disbanded by po
lice or military authority. There are not
wanting men in America who advocate
this Gorman policy in this country.
Such measures would not only prove
futile in America , but would produce a
reactionary effect , the exact opposite of
the result desired. The inalienable right
of free speech is not yet fully accepted
oven in this country. Uut it has been
fairly proven by experience that no dan
gerous consequences whatever can result
from any system of thought that is
freely proclaimed and unreservedly dis
missed. It a system is wrong it need only
be stated to the people , and the keen eye
of public opinion will in duo time pierce
its fallacies and discover its absurdities.
If there is anything right in socialism of
course all unoigotod lovers of truth want
to find it , and it ean bo quickest brought
to light by unimpeded discussion.
If there is much that is wrong in it-
ami we fool sure there is its champions
will let it out the moment they open
their mouths. To urge that this or that
system of thought is dangerous and
therefore its champions ( should bo re
pressed , is unworthy of the present ago ,
and an impeachment of our institutions.
Whoever , from mcdiiuval conservatism ,
rofiHos the fullest dihcus.sion of any
question from fear that it is dangerous is
timid from intellectual cowardice. He is
not yet a full developed American , but
lias inherited from some old ancestor a
taint of European intolerance. Ho has
not reached that perfect love of knowl
edge which castolli out fear.
The Territorial Ijoan Agent.
Dakota Doll : "You are acoused of
holding up a man at the depot , shoving a
six-shooter under his nose and making
him give you | ar , " said a justice of the
peace to a Dakota Loan agent who had
been brought before him.
"Those are about the facts in the case , "
replied the loan agent.
"Then 1 shall bo obliged to hold you
for robbery. "
"Just lot mo explain how It was. You
FOO ho was leaving the country the train
was already in sight. I know ho had S . " >
and there wasn't time to got it any other
way. The busmcns method may bo just
slightly irregular , but the time was so
bhort that it was the best I could do and
that's all there is about it. if I hud
known ho wa.s going sooner I should have
got him to sign a chattel mortgage und
then everything would have boon
regular. "
"Well , " replied the judge , "if that's
the case I suppose it's all right. Try and
get the mortgage , though , when you can
it's more business like.
PAINS in the small of the back indicate
a diseased condition of the Liver or Kid
neys , which may bo easily removed by
the use of Dr. J. II. McLean's Liver und
Kidney Balm. $1.00 per bottle.
How Soda 'Water Is Prepared Tor the Slz-
diug Fountains *
The Ilcnlth GIvlnB Qualities of the
Ilcvcrnno A sertotl Ciinsc of
rountnln IC.\i > lonlois Jumbo
The CnitRO or IC.xplostotis.
JJoslon 'rrarcllpri A soda fountain
manufactory is a busy place In this season -
son of the year , anil yet this is but the
attermatti of a still nioro busy period.
The reporter was aware that this branch
of business was a very extensive ono in
this city , but had no idea ot its real mag-
nltudo until ho visited a big establish
ment. As the result of this visit a lot of
interesting statisties and general information
mation regarding the extent of the busi
ness was obtained. Said a manufacturer :
Few people outside of the trade itself are
nwnro of the importance which the busi
ness lias assumed. Those who have an
idea that the habit of drinking soda has
fallen oil' among the American people are
greatly mistaken , for instead of this it is
growing more anil more popular every
year. As the demand for this carbonated
water Increases , so also dons the manu
facture of dispensing apparatus increase
in importance , improvements are being
made in this respect each year , and the
character of the apparatus grows nioro
mid inoro elaborate. At the present time
the number of soda fountains in Boston
cannot be less than 0.700. The average
cost of these will bo about $ COO , and they
range in price from $1,000 to $0,000 , each.
One of thu most expensive in the city is
worth between $3,000 nn(1 $6,000.
There are two others on Washington
street that could bo mentioned that cost
$ ' , ' ,000 and $3,000 each respectively.Ve
have orders for fountains of all grades ,
not only from every part of the United
States , nut all over the world. Last year
was the busiest wo over experienced , but
this season's business has been nearly
double that , and up to date wo Lave sent
out about -l.WO fountains.
Ot late a prejudice In favor of glass
for containing syrups has grown up ,
although a croat many still prefer the
pure block-tin. Sovcral attempts have
been made from time to time to throw
soda water into disrepute on account of
its alleged uuhealtlifulness , but they
have been unsuccessful , for it has boon
proved beyond all question that there Is
absolutely nothing deleterious in it , and
that It cannot possibly bo hartuf ulc.xcept
when kept in improper vessels.
This block-tin which is used is not the
common tinned sheet iron , but the pure
metal , absolutely non-corrosive. It re
sembles lead a great deal , but has noth
ing in common with that mntal. It is
the only substance through which soda
water can bo safely drawn , and all soda
pipes are either made of or lined with it.
In former days tlio soda fountains in
use were nil no'mparativoly small ones ,
placed across the counter , but they are
now almost exclusively placed next the
wall. This gives a chance for a much
nioro elaborate fountain. Formerly the
syrup jars of a soda fountain were all
placed in an upright position ; now they
are made of glass in the shape of wedges.
and lie horizontally , being pulled in and
out like draws. The new H.ystom is by
far the best , giving a better How and less
chance for the collection of sediment , as
well as affording room for a very much
larger cooler. This cooler consists of a
system of inverted saucers of copper
covered with block tin , ana containing
little Y-shaped pipes , which regulate tlm
flow of water and gas. A coil of block-
tin pipe underlies this cell system , and
the result is that an intense anil equitable
coolness is given to the soda passing
through. All the outward metallic fix
tures of the fountain are of brass or block
tin silver plated.
Some of the pieces of apparatus sent
out nowadays are beautiful architectural
structures , combining the skill of the ar
tist and the very best of mechanics. They
are made of almost every conceivable
kind of marble , and in sonic cases are lit-
ted with massive French plate-glass mir
ror panels and gas jets otton four or tivc
of them. All sorts of scriptural orna
mentations are indulged in , and even
torra-cotta friezes are inserted in some of
them. There are many different varie
ties of marble in use , both domestic and
imported , and most of them lire very ex
pensive. The white Italian is the com
monest kind used , but white is rather
goimr out of fashion now , and colored
marbles are becoming more popular.
The most widely used is the Tennessee
marble , which is very beautiful stone and
as expensive as many of the imported
varieties. The most popular foreign mar
ble is the Formosa ( "tho beautiful" ) a
stone of pretty purple-brown huoslightly
marked and clouded , no two shades being
The Mexican onyx is the most beautiful
and most expensive of all , and is worth
twenty-five cents a pound in the block.
Jasper is also popular , perhaps because
it is suggestive of the New Jerusalem ,
and coral marble.from the Pacific islands ,
is also much in favor. Wo also get a
good nianv line varieties from Algeria ,
but most of the foreign marbles come
from Italy. America , I should add , also
produces' excellent black marble.
Now , if you will come down to the
basement with mo I will show you how
wo manufacture the soda water. The
big cylindrical machines you see here are
what aru called the generators. They
are made of cast iron , and consist of
three compartments or chambers. The
largest of the three contain marble dust
and water , from which the carbonic acid
is obtained. The next chamber contains
sulphuric acid , the purpose of which is to
liberate the carbon in the marble dn t.
The third chamber is what wo call the
purifying one , and is tilled with water.
This removes all the sulphuric acid from
the carbon and gas , and makes it abso
lutely pure and harmless. Neither marble
blo ( fust nor sulphuric acid enter into the
so-called soda , but only wholesome and
bonolicial carbonic acid gas , which oc
curs in largo quantities in various car
bonates , limestone and marble being the
most common form. One linn in tin
city have several "Jumbo" gmiorators ,
which are capable of filling 100 fountains
in a time , or a quantity equal to UO.GOO
glasses of soda. After beinir generated ,
the carbonic acid gas is taken through
flexible rubber pipes to the portable foun
tains ,
These are made either of steel or cop
per , and are familiar objects to all ,
whether soda dnnkors or not. Those ves
sels have boon previously filled two-
thirds full of water , which is violently
agitatcit to compel the water to take up
the carbonic acid gas. In the process of
manufacturing the gas In the generator ,
a very heavy pressure is developed ,
which accounts for the necessity of the
strong metal of which the fountains are
made , Under this enormous pressure the
water will take up a great many times
its volume in gas , and when the process
of filling is completed the fountain , is
charged with n pressure of 180 pounds to
the square inch. These fountains are all
lined with block tin , and are connected
by pint's of the same material with the
marble . dispensing apparatus. It re
quires a large number ot men and tea ma
to transport tlieso fountains to .thp differ
ent soda water dispensaries each dnv.
The mam requirement in this business
is the strength and purity of the sodii
water and the strict purity of the syrups
used. Explosions of fountains are so
rare that wo seldom toke any notice of.
them , Defective material is generally
the reason of suoh explosions. Tlio-ohiof
danger lies from letting the fountains ho
in the sun , which will cause a tremen
dous. pressure and result in the bursting
of the fountain. For this reason copper
fountains are the best , for t > 'ey will sim
ply rend under such a pressure , while a
sti-cl vessel will lly Into a thousand
The amount of capital Invested in the
business all around Is enormous , as you
will readily see when you rolled that the
smallest apparatus in use represents ijwJBO.
The popularity of the article is increas
ing in a remarkable degree. It enters
Into nearly all the popular drinks , such
a phosphate , limo juiio , lemonade , etc.
Of course , Ihoro is a largo prollt to the
retailers , and it Is not less than 100 per
cent , but you wouldn't care to drink
their concoction. Soda fountains are
now to bo found not only in all the drug
stores , but in most of the confectionery
stores , restaurants and largo retail mer
cantile establishments.
Northwestern Iron IntcrmtH.
St. Paul Globe : The extent and value
of the iron deposits of Michigan , Wiscon
sin and Minnesota has never been over
stated , oven in the most enthusiastic ac
counts. Hut the reali/.ation of the latent
wealth that is buried in a mineral region
requires a longer time and a greater ex
penditure of energy and capital than ar
dent "boomers" are likely to consider.
Some people seem to have forgot
ten that there is a limit to the demand
for iron ore , and that the magnifi
cent veins of hematite around Lake Su
perior are to minister rather to the ne
cessities of the Twentieth century than
ot the nineteenth. However , the cur
rent demand justifies a much larger output - i
put of northwestern ore than has yet V
been attained in any year , and wo are to ( "
see rapid increase in production from
season to season. The mines are to be
operated almost wholly by great syndi
On this pojnt the Ago of Steel remarks :
"Tho consolidation oF northwestern iron
mining Interests goes on apace. Im
mediately following the Minnesota Iron
company transaction , it is announced
that Colby and Ashland properties , the
largest and most valuable iron interests
in the Gogcbic range , have boon united
by the organization of the Consolidated
Colby Iron mining company , with a cap
ital stock of $10,000,000 , the stock shares
of which arc issued to and hold by
Charles L. Colby , Edwin H. Abbott and
Colgate lloyt , as trustees. The manage
ment of the consolidated interests will
bo loft entirely to thcso gimtlemon. The
mines and realty thus placed under a
common head arc , as olsnwhoro indi
cated , the Colby and Ashland ; thoTilden ,
also , which is located on the Colby vein ,
and 8,000 acres of laud in the 1'enokoo
range. The output of iron ore from the
three working min-is of the company is
estimated at 500,00' ' ) ions for the present
year , which will , it is expected , bo in
creased to 700,000 tons next year.
The Colbv mine now has 1,000,000
tons in sight , and the Ashland , since the - -
purchase by the Colby syndicate a few
mouths ago has developed to a point even
beyond the expectation of these who had
been taimlinr with the property. " The
progress of these great mining interests
is to bo a largo element in the prosperity
of the northwest.
In this connection it is interesting to
note the very heavy importations of iron
and steel thus far during the current
year. Wo have figures for thn lirst four
months , showing in that time the arrival
at our ports of ( iOi,807 ! gross tons of iron
and steel , valued according to the for
eign invoices at $10,000,000. Wo have
not the precise figures for May , but it is
known that the rate of importation is in
creasing from month to month. In
March and April alone , nearly two hun
dred thousand tons of pig iron , scrap
iron and scrap stool were imported , the
quantity being about equally divided be
tween pig and scrap. These purchases
from abroad indicate the present great
activity of the American market for iron ,
and justify the interest that is now taken
in the development of our best Ameri
can ere deposits.
The Army In 1702.
From the Washington Star : Major R.
II. Hall , Twenty-second infantry , sta
tioned at Omaha , has compiled and had
printed for private distribution a register
of the United States army for January 1 ,
1773. A copy of the register has been re
ceived at the war department , and nx-
cites considerable interest. Mnjor-Gon-
cral St. Clair was then gonoral-in-chiof.
The army then consisted of ono bat
talion of artillery and two regiments ol
infantry , and but eighty-two officers ,
ten of whom were artillery officers. The
monthly pay to the major-general was
? tS ! > , with fc'O for forage and fifteen ra
tions per day. An otlicor of that rank
now receives a monthly salary of $ U25.
For clothing each man WUK entitled to
receive annually one hat or helmet , one
coat , ono vest , two pairs woolen and
linen overalls , four pairs shoes , four
shirts , two pairs socks , ono blanket , ono'
stock and clasp , and ono pair bucKles.
The daily ration consisted of 1 pound ol
beef or 4 pound of pork , 1 pound of
bread or Hour , } gill of rum , brandy , or
whisky , or its monev value. For evorj
100 rations a man was entitled to 1 quart
of salt , tt quarts of vinegar , 3 pounds ol
soap , and 1 pound of candles.
In Oregon.
ThoRt. Rov. William II. Gross , aroh-
bishop of Oregon , in n recent let'.or to a
friend in Augusta , ( ! a. , Bays : "I went
down to southern Oregon and was within
live miles of the boundary between Oregon
gen and California. The country visited
was pretty wild and thcro was some
roughing to do , but it is a beautiful land ,
splendid range of mountains run through
the section and mady of their snow-clad
summits look proudly down on valley *
of great verdure. The Koguo river and
many other delightful streams loud an
unspeakable charm to the landscape ,
Ami to this beautiful region God has
given a delicious clliualo. I cannot but
often get vexed at the mean names that
people will persist in giving to locutions.
Wo have here the 'Devil's Hock , ' the
'Devil's Backbone.1 the 'Devil's Pul-
pit" and whatnot. It is customary to
name favorite sites after a country's
heroes what a hero , then , must the
devil bo to the poop'.o of Oregon. Com
pare these ugly names to the poetic ones
given bv Catholics : 'Los Angeles,1
Mount Angel , ' Santa Clara , ' 'Vera
Cruz , ' etc.
The Jtuvlsod VcrHlnn.
Dakota Hell : There was a Iittln occur *
renee in Washington last week which KQ
far has kept put ot the papers. It hap
pened like this :
There was a certain senator who sitloth
in the high places led up of the spirit into
the wilderness to bo tempted of the devil.
And the devil took him up into an ex
ceeding high mountain and showcth him
the fullness thereof below.
And ho pointed to many sacks tilled
with pieces of silver and much stock ,
yea , railroad stock and Kteanishlp stock ,
and Pan.Eloctrio telephone stook , and
likewise fat jobs for his family and
friends and all the glory of them all.
And saitli unto Him : "All these things-
will 1 L'ivu tlieo if thou wilt vote aright
on my Little Muasuro. "
And the bcnator answered and said
unto him : "For heaven's sake do not got'
behind mo , Satan. And just watch my
vote to-morrow and see if it isn't all
right ! "
* *
* .