Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 08, 1886, Page 4, Image 4

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K W YOHK Omen , HOOM W.TnintiNB IltnuilNO
Published every morning , except Sunday. Tlio
only Monday morning paper published in the
On ? Year.i.i..tlO.OOThre | Month * . $2.rrt
Six Months. . 6.00Ono , Month . 1.00
TUB WEEKLY nr.r. Published Kvory Wednesday.
One Vcnr , with promlum . . . . . .t2.00
One Ycnr , without premium . 1.25
BU Mouths , without promlum . ; >
OnoMontli.on trlnl . 10
connKSPONnr.NCs :
All communication ! ! relating to nsws nnd edi
torial nwltcr * thould bo addressed tothoKut-
trail or
All tin lncM loiters nml remittances should bo
nnaroRwt to THE HEE FcnMsntNn COMPANY- ,
OMAHA. DrnfM , checks nnd poitofflco onlore
10 bo niado payable to the order of the company.
Tlll-J MAtliY EK.
ft wortr Statement urOlrctilntlon.
Ktnto of Nebraska , I
„ „
, f " 8f
County nf Douglas
N. 1' . Fell , cashier of the Heo I'libl'.shlns
company , docs solemnly swear that Hit ) ac ;
nml circulation of the Dally l eo for the
week ending April aotli , ISbO , was as follows :
Morntnn Kventna .
Date. . MUttm. Million. Tfltnl
Sutunlny , 24th. . . 0,500 5,070 12,470
Monday , 30th. . . . 7.10U C,005 12,70-1
Tuesday. 27th. . . o.noo 5,715 12,0in
Wcilnosilay.asth. c.noo
Thursday , aitli. . 0 , : 0
Friday , 80th . 0,375 5,800 12.17.-5
Average 0.47U 5,777 12.25C
N. P. FKH.
Sworn to and subscribed before mo , this
1st day of Slay , A. D. 181.
Notary Public ,
N. P. Fell , being Unit duly sworn , deposes
and says that he Is cashier of the Bee Pub
lishing company , that the actual average ,
dally circulation of the Dally Dee for the
month of January , 1SSG , was 10,378 copies ;
lor February. 18SO , 10,5115 copies ; for March ,
181 , 11,537 copies ; for April , 1830 , 13,191 ,
Sworn to and subscribed before mo this
5th day of May , A. D. 18SO.
SIMON J. Fisitnn.
Notary Public.
IN seeking a now trial Mr. Laucr is pos
sibly making a grout mistake , and wo believe -
liovo that his attorneys fuel the same
way. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
No moro time should bo lost in Omaha
in the matter of building. Tlio brick
layers and contractors ought to patch up
their differences at once and go to work.
Tim Manhattan bank has declined to
pay 1 per cent interest on Now York city
municipal deposits. Nebraska county
treasurers who turn a nimble penny by
private arrangements with local bankers
\rill put the name of the Manhattan
bank down on their books for future
Two Now Haven , Conn. , dry goods
firms were determined to undersell each
other in disposing of prints called crazy
cloth , for which each had paid 12 } cents
n yard. One at last sold the goods at 1
cent n yard , and the otiicr reduced the
price to 5 cents for ten. yards. Omaha
dry goods ilrms who cut each others
throats in the days of the lamented
Iioyal L. .Smltli.know how it is thorn-
eelves , _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
TUB disturbance reported from Rose
bud agency is suggestive of the danger
which threatens our'northern border so
long as nearly 30,000 Sioux are settled In
reservations along the Nebraska lino.
Every interest of public safety and a wise
economy of life and money demand in
creased military protection for north
western Nebraska and the immediate
strengthening of Forts Robinson and
Niobrara , which guard the southern
boundary of tiio great Sioux reserve.
MATOB BOVD is at his old tricks of'bar-
tor and sale. The latest move on the
part of the mayor is an attempt to trade
off the building inspectorship for votes
lor the removal of Marshal Cummings.
This little game which failed at the
organization of the council will not sue-
any better now. The majority of the
city council wore elected on an issue
forced into the canvass by the mayor.
Their election was Mr. Boyd's defeat and
he recognized it as such. He will find it
dilllcult. wo apprehend , to gain his point
DOW that the contest is decided.
, THE pay of a second lieutenant in the
Trench army ia but $37.00 per month , and
_ is sword knot costs $5. The pay of a
econd lieutenant in the United States
rmy varies from $110.00 to $ 185. 00 a
Month , which is generally greatly in ox-
ws to the value of these young gentle
men to the service. The pay of an old
flrst sergeant is about the same as that of
French lieutenant. A rovison of the pay
table which would increase the pay of
fret sergeants to $75 a month uud do-
Venae that of young graduates to the
wuuo amount would fill a long felt
THE manner in which the Farnam
troot pavement is being treated is simply
utrageous and ruinous. Whenever
trenches are dug for gas , water or sewer
fipu connections , the dirt is not properly
Mplacod , and the paving blooks are very
Mruloasly put back. In some instances
the blouks are not replaced for weeks , but
re allowed to remain piled up on tiie
ftldowalks whore they muko dangerous
obstructions. Farnam street already has
numerous ruts and holes in the pavement
ia consequence of this loose and careless
way of doing things. The board of pub-
Me works la responsible for this condition
f affairs , and it ought to bo ashamed of
itself for such a neglect of duty. No one
should be permitted to tear up the pave
ments without giving a guaranty that
they will bo replaced in as good condition
98 they were before bning taken up.
TUP. Herald , which at one time was
very busy with the aflulrs of Omaha work-
ingmcn , and In a way that would proba
bly have unsettled the situation lutro en
p tirely ( lad they listened to its double-
Iwutoit leaders , is now hedging by advis
f I ing the workingmmt to keep right on
with their work and to give the public a
formal assurance that they propose to do
$ a. All tills from the IJeruhl is entirely
mmecasstiry. The worklngmen of Oma
ha need no such advice , They tire tin
Intelligent class and know what they are
About , and probably uro aware of their
wn Interests. There never has at any
. time boon any serious prospect of oxton-
tyt ) Ubor troubles in Omaha. The work-
IMCIUOII of Omaha have not boon alluded
lif the striklnz mania , but have kept cool
throughout the en tire excitement that
hi prevailed over nearly every section
f the country for the past six weeks.-
Repeal the
Every case brought Into federal courts
where land grabbers are on one side and
a swindled government on the other sup
plies fresh ovldonco for the use oi these
who hold Hint the laws governing the dis
posal of the public lands must bo repeal
ed because it is impossible to prosecute to
conviction these who violate them. Ne
braska has had eight such instances.
California now furnishes an equal num
ber. On April 8 eight men ( three of
whom wore worth 15,000,000) ) were in
dicted for having stolen from the govern
ment by means of fraud and subornation
of perjury 00,000 acres of the most valua-
bio redwood timbgr on the I'acific coast.
This timber they had sold to a syndicate
In Scotland for $2,000,000. On Mon
day last the indictments were
quashed. Two years npo the same
men wore indicted for the same crime.
They escaped then just as they escaped
The pre-emption , timber culture and
desert land acts should bo repealed.
They cannot be enforced against the
shrewd sharpers who use the nation's
bounty to heap up immense fortunes by
fraud and perjury. The pre-emption law
was passed originally to assist in tin ?
rapid disposal of the surplus sovornnient
lands and to raise funds for the treasury.
The timber culture act was intended to
promote tree planting. The first law has
outlived its usefulness. Our national do-
ni.iln.hns dwindled down to 250.000,000
acres. The treasury has a surplus. There
is no reason why the homestead bill will
not lill every requirement of the intend
ing actual settler much bettor than the
much abused pre-emption law. As for
the timber culture law , it is the specula
tor's bonanza and the jobber's isly.-iitim.
Timber planting in the west needs no
such encouragement now-a-days as n
bonus of 100 acres to men who will grow
10 acres of timber in eight years
time. Nine-tenths of the land en
tered under the timber culture
law is used for speculative purposes and
afterwards relinquished at an advance
for pre-emption purposes. Both the laws
should bo removed from the statute books.
They have been fertile in frauds which ,
under the loosely drawn statutes and
still looser rulings of the land ollice , can
not bo punished as they deserve. The
west will lose nothing by their repeal.
Resident settlers and not eastern non
resident speculators have built up this
growing country.
Anarchists nnd Socialists.
The red handed riots in Chicago under
the lead of foreign anarchists are every
where being taken as a text for wholesale
denunciation of "socialism. " The public
must not confound two very , different
theories , and in confounding them con
fuse the distinction between law abiding
citizens and outlaws of society. SocialIsm -
Ism is ono thine. Anarchism is quite
another. In Germany , the hot bed of
most of the modern ideas , there are four
distinct and separate schools of socialists.
They all agree in agreeing that
the present system of society needs
reforming so that equality shall bo more
general , and every man shall bo afforded
an opportunity to rise to the level for
which his talents and industry lit him.
The most able leaders of this theory are
professors in the universities , who form
a school called "Socialists of the Chair. "
This school advocates the regeneration of
society by the education of the masses ,
the enlargement ol the sphere of govern
ment , and by legislative enactments ,
which will enable the pcoplo to partici
pate moro thoroughly in mak
ing their own laws , They recog
nize in the present constitution
of society a sufficient basis
upon which to build the now social struc
ture. The moans which they propose
are through a peaceful reform of the laws
and the constitution. Between the
"Socialists of the Chair" and the an
archists there is a wide gap. The an
archist creed denounces the present so
cial order as rotten , corrupt and ordered
for the solo benefit of the few. It preaches
that society must iirst bo overthrown be
fore the now social structure of equality
can bo reared. It looks upon wealth and
rank as fungous growths which cut away before a healthy circu
lation can bo promoted in the body
politic. These fanatical promoters of
social warfare gain their idea by a study
of continental despotisms whore the neo-
pie are nothing and the king everything.
Anarchism nourishes only where an irre
sponsible government furnishes it a soil.
There need bo no danger in free
America , where the people rule and
where every man , however humble , may
boldly aspire to the highest positions of
honor and trust , that anarchism can
secure a footing. It is opposed to
the spirit of our institutions , repugnant
to the sense of our people , and based on
premises which have no application to
existing conditions.
Socialism , pure and simple , is the study
of the people of America. Its primal
principles have been hero most success
fully applied and its peaceful theories
put into active operation. No citizen
can bo or ought to bo persecuted for an
expression of opinion upon social reform
which does not strike at the roots of law
and order. But anarchists who use the
liberty of a free country to spread the
revolutionary theories of Prussia and
Russia among American workingmen
should bo promptly suppressed. Incen
diary speeches should not be pormittod.
Harangues Inciting to riot and dynamite
should bu summarily closed by the pun
ishment of the lirubrand orators. An
orderly discussion of social topics is ono
thing , preaching riot and social ruin is
quite another.
Stirring Up Strife.
The small-souled spitcfulness of the
Republican under its present manage
ment has cropped out so often on many
points ttiat it has reacted atrainst itself
even among thosu wore formerly the
stnunohest supporters of the paper. The
continued and uncalled-for abuse of Sen
ator Van Wyok by that concern has done
him n great deal more good than harm.
The latest assault upon the senator is in
koopine with all the other performances
of the small-bore editor of the sheet that
is last going out of existence. Because -
cause Senator VanVyck. . has
seen lit to respond courteously to
the call of the Omaha board of
trade which , regardless of party or
faction has asked our delegation in con-
grcda to place the Union Pacific Oil an
equal footing with other roads in the
matter of building feeders to its line , tli.o
Kepublican sees in Van \Yy < } k a corrupt
couvbrt to monopoly. Because the sena
tor tins socn fit to commend the present
management In comparison with Jay
Gould and his wreckers , ho it pilloried
as a knave and a demagogue.
Comment on such a course Is unnccos *
sary. There is ono point , however , that
wo will notice. The charge is trumped
up in this connection that the BEE now
supports the funding scheme ot the Union
1'ncilic which a ycnr ago it opposed , and
furthermore that Mr. llosowator now has
passes where ho used to have tickets.
Both these assertions are downright lies.
The Hr.K has not changed Its position In
regard to the funding bill and does not
propose to unless the fraudulent debt
of the road is Iirst wiped out.
Rosowatcr has no passes over the Union
Pacilio road. Ho bought his tickets at
the Union depot Ilko every other passen
ger the last time ho went over the road
two weeks ago. Ho has no transporta
tion arrangements with the Union 1'acl-
Ho , oven for mileage tickets , and wo defy
proof to the contrary. Ho has such ar
rangements over other roads , and they
are strictly an exchange for advertising.
Our relations with the present mana
gers of the Union Pacilio have never been
unfriendly. Wo have had no personal
q'tarroh ' with them because unlike their
predecessors they have kept out of poli
tics so far , and niado no personal war.
To some of the methods of their road and
particularly to the practice of charging
what the traflle will bear wo are just as
much opposed as wo ever havu boon.
What the Republican is driving at now in
attempting to reopen old sores and force
another bitter controversy where it is un
called for we do not know. In the past
wo havu understood it. It was an effort
to capture all the job work on the road
and dragoon lu employes into the politi
cal lights of Yost & Co. But wo havu no
job olileu and ask no tavors of the Union
Pacific and do not interfere with any fa-
vor.s they may wish to confer on anyone
" * " MJ" " < "
Our Duty Towards Labor.
There should be no delay on the part
of the council in approving the contracts
for public improvements. There will bean
an abundance of employment for labor
ers as soon as work starts. The curbing ,
guttering and paving already contracted
for will keep our streets alive with labor
ers for some months to conic.
Another question has an important
bearing upon work for workingmon. Wo
refer to a proper assessment of property.
With a fair assessment , which means a
tax list double the total of that of
last year , the city and county
will bo able to do a la'rgo quantity of
much needed grading later in the season ,
and to lurnish continuous work for lab
orers until snow falls. If the same sliort-
sightcd policy of the past is pursued , if
the. assessors simply copy .the books and
the valuations of their predecessors , and
list thousands of acres of unimproved city
and suburban property at farm land
prices , the city will find itself seriously
embarrassed for funds before the iiscal
year is ended.
Whether Omaha is to maintain her
present growth during the uresunt year ,
depends very largely upon her ability to
keep her workingmen at work. The city
has done its share when it supplies em
ployment enough for the1 idle. If after
that isdono wurkingmcn tlironglinmcon-
sidered counsels and. unreasonable de
mands block their won paths they will
have only themselves to blame.
MK. ADAMS and General Manager Cal
loway have weeded out a good many of
the old barnacles who have kept the
Union Pacific in hot water throughout
the state and made thorn hosts of enemies.
There are a few of the old cang left whenever
never will bo reconciled to attending to
railroad business and leaving politics
and petty spiteful schemes against politi
cal opponents alone. Prominent among
this disgruntled job lot of marplots is Sam
Jones. Ho feels very unhappy over
tilings as .they aro. He would like
to assist his bosom friend Yost , not only
to all the job work in the passenger de
partment , but would like to enlist all the
Union Pacific ollicials in resuming poli
tics on the old gravel train and section
boss system. He keeps up the lire in the
rear and back-handed warfare from be
hind the ambush of the passcn-
gor department and will doubtless
continue to do so as long as he
remains there. If the broom of reform
hud swept such follows as Jones out at
the start , Mr , Callaway would find him
self less hampered in currying out his
design to make the road ; i strictly busi
ness institution. Personally we care no
moro for Jones than wo do fora chimney
sweep. But his impertinentund ollicious
work concerns the public and affects the
standing of the road.
Tun Philadelphia flccord a few days
ago celebrated the tenth anniversary of
its ownership by William M. Singorly ,
who has made it one of the loading papers
of the United States. It is a people's
paper and tlio opponent of monopoly In
every shape and form. The Uecord has
ever 100,003 circulation daily , and is a
daisy for u cont.
Tin : cable company is doing a great
deal of talking. Wo would like to see it
go to work and spend some money as an
evidence that it moans business , other
wise it is liable to bo put on the list as a
natural gas organization along witli that
new gas company.
Otlior Lands Than Ours.
Greece has at last precipitated the war
towards which she has been hot-headedly
rushing for the past two months Her
reply to thn ultimatum of the powers de
manding the immediate disarmament of
her troops collected on the Turkish fron
tier has been considered inadequate , and
the ambassadors have left Athens in an
ticipation of the impending conflict. Lat
est cablegrams announce tlu hurrying
forward of troops to the Epirus ,
amid the enthusiasm of the
Greek pcoplo , and the pre
parations of the allied licet
of England , Germany and Austria
to enforce the demand of Europe for a
prompt settlement of the trouble. Thn
report that Greece expects Ru lnn sup
port is probably true. The trouble has
undoubtedly boon actively fostered by the
agents of the czar who Is eagerly waiting
for an opportunity to attack Turkey and
seize the key to the Dardanelles , Europe ,
however , is likely to prevent any such
contingency by settling the ditlioulty
before much blood has been spilled on
cither side.
* ' '
Mr. Gladstone's address to his Midlo
thian constituency h now generally ac
cepted as a notification to 'the country
that the , premier has decided to shortly
dissolve parliament nnd appeal to 'the
country on his Irydi measures. Liberal
England stronglylondorscs Mr. Glad
stone and his poliur , fcut It is n serious
question whetherTtwill bo able to give
Its endorsement voice In the present
parliament. The ministry profess them
selves confident of paislng the bills to
their second roadlmiiiioxt week , but lull-
mate that nothinghnl a swinging majority
will satisfy them. gAhything but a hearty
endorsement would bo mot on the con
servative side by-ailio chargrfthat the
present parliament was not elected on
the homo rule issue and on that account
does not represent the will of their con
stituencies. Mr. Gladstone feels certain
that thu pulse of the country is strength
ening every day for homo rule for Ire
land nnd will not shrink from testing his
bohot by an appeal to the ballot.
* .
While the tory calculators es
timate eighty-seven liberals as
pledged to support Hartinglon
motion to reject the homo rule bill on ,
Mondny , impartial judges show n very
different roll as the result of their can
vas. The best estimate given places 53
liberals as definitely committed against
homo rule , and 181 committed In favor
of it. Parliament now consists of 050
members. On one sldo tlicro are 131 un-
ofllclnl liberals , 28 ministers and 80 Irish
men , a total of 218. On the other there
are 5T > liberals , nnd 243 lories , a total of
207. This leaves 114 members whoso
status on tlio question is doubt
ful. Of these Mr. Gladstone must
got 87 nnd his opponents 23 in order to
have a majority. These figures show the
tremendous stress of the situation , but of
the 114 there are fi who will not vote at
nil if they decide not to vote for the bill :
Mr. Bright , the two. Chamberlains , Mr.
Calno and Mr. Courtney. This Is possi
bly truu of 10 other liberals. Of the re
maining 1)9 ) the utmost the tones hope for
is 10 , winch will give them 317 , and make
Mr. Gladstone's strength 837 , or a ma
jority of 20. On tlio other hand , the liberal -
oral whips deny that the , lories will got 10
more. They place the abstentions at 0 ,
and claim a vote of 830 against 313 , with
a majority of 37.
The Prussian diet has been debating
during the week on tlio now ecclesias
tical bill which is intended to take fur-
her steps to modify the May laws of
Hcrr Falk. The relations between Prus-
si t and the Vatican are becoming in
creasingly friendly , and there is little
doubt that Germany may shortly bo
placed in her old position with regard to
the freedom of religions sects to minister
to the people according to their beliefs.
* *
About the worstexhibition of landlord
ism to bo found ib , .Great. Britain is in
Scotland , not Irofandr * Ihe population
of the county of Sutherland is 21,317. It
contains an area jif ' 109,253 acres. Of
this area the Duke of outliurland owns
1,170,813 acres , sl othr persons 100,000
acres , and the renmln'ing 5,295 acres are
divided moro or Mess- * equitably among
the other inhabitants , of that rent-
ridden county , yt ITlSs six hundred
men who constitute the house
of lords own nforoTh'itif one-fifth of the
whole kingdontaand + QOllcct $00,000,000
annually in ront9 , < ° nn.rVerago : of s110,000
a year. There avo' OOOjOpO people in
the kingdom , and 7,400 ofUViem own one-
half the land. The other halt own an
average of ono acre each , .but throe-
fourths of them do not own n singln foot.
Such is Adam Badcan's report of the con
dition of affairs as regards thn land in
Great Britain , and it seems to bo no
longer tolerable.
* *
The Spanish floating debt is 05,000,000
pesetas , a reduction since April 1 of 11-
000.000. The Spanish government has proceed with the consolida
tion of the Cuban debt as authorized by
the cortes last year ; also to renew nego
tiations for a treaty of commerce with
the United States with a view of improv
ing the trade- and revenue of Cuba , in
order to case the burden of the guar
. *
The New Brunswick elections have re-
suited in a defeat to the torlos. The
Macdonald party held the provincial
government from the admission of Now
Brunswick into the confederation until
1883 , when the legislature , elected the
previous year , voted want'of confidence ;
Mr. Blair became prime minister , ana
the Dominion torlcs have been unable
since then to dislodge him and the liberal
party of New Brunswick.
The Spanish senatorial statistics have
resulted in the return of 128 ministerial
ists , 28 conservatives , 0 independents , 4
republicans and 2 members of the dy
nast lo left. There docs not seem to bo
much show for Castolar's republic in
these figures The regency is well sup
ported so far , and Spain Is tranquil.
William 1C Vniulerbllt proposes to devote
his whole time to literature and the cultlvn
tionof his mental poweis.
I'.ittl has returned from her Spanish tour ,
The mit Rains of the engagement were 8200-
000 , of which Pattl received 03,000.
Dr. Win. A. Hammondex-surgeon general
of the United States , was married re
cently to n Miss Oliapi'n of New York.
Mr. Gladstone's biittouholo posey , worn
when ho made his great speech , was a rose
with shamrocks , the glft'oT Mr. J'arnoll.
J. It. Oisooci wl | | nidke a | > leiu\ld \ agent of
the Harpers In I.oiuip ) ! . , , Ho Is universally
popular , and knows ( liobopk trade fiom alpha
to omega. j
Kx-Prcsldont linyej * bus long been am
bitious to appear as nunagazlnist. Brooklyn
has the honor , In its laagatlue , of Intioduclng
him to the world , ' . ' '
General Sherman ( ojks of spending the
Mimnier with his dai'iqhtlr ' , the wlfo of Ltout.
Thackern , who has jnatjreinoved from Phil
adelphia to Marietta ) | 'a.
* ,
A tircat Ilint.
tfdiraslcu Ctlli Ktia.
It has been discovered that Miss Knlsom
has relatives In Omaha. It might bo well
for tliuso lu politics to cultivate their acquain
Ooubtlutr ( lie Promise.
JMplllltm Tlmu.
Iho Union Pacilio railway officials promise
to build a monster union depot In Omaha.
This promise Is not now , nor la It of tiny
more value than its long line of predecessors.
Omaha will have a uulou depot when her cit
izens donate the money for Its construction.
Imporlshablo Itcnown.
l\oclmtcr \ Chronicle.
The youth whoflied the Kjmestan dome
and the widow O'Leary's celebrated cow
which' fired Chicago are Invited to share their
Imperishable renown with the unknown
superiuteuduut who Jired Charle * A Hall , of
Texas. Hall Is the man whose discharge from
the car shops of the Texas Pacific railroad nl
Marshall \vns the immediate cause of the
Gabriel's Horn ,
AVbrtuAd Cify Xt\ct. \
It seems to bo the prevailing opinion that
Gnbrlcl must have blown his horn In the
south or Jed Davis would not bo making his
journey , lie Is the skeleton ot the dead past.
What tlio South Fought For.
Chicago llemM.
Tlie"nlzRcr , " as ho was called In these
days , was what the south fought for. To
keen him In involuntary and shameful
bondage it took refuge under the ncsls of
state sovereignty and mtule , through four
years of awful strife , an effort to destroy a
government which belonged to It \\ollas
to the north , and In which the highest hopes
of mankind were conteicil. With positions
reversed It would have fought Just as desper
ately for the obliteration ot stale lines , If by
that process slavery might Imvobeen spaicd.
It Is easy to cnloel/o the bravery of the
southern armies , for that was proved on
many a field , but It Is Impossible for anybody
to invest the cause In which they struggled
with a halo of glory. Thny fought for a bar
baric Idea. Thov lost , but they lost no
liberty , for tliat hail never been threatened.
The True System of Pnylnjj for
R'cio Yoili Time * ,
" The common sense of the problem Is that
no labor should bo paid by the day. All
.should bo paid by Iho hour. " So says the
Sun. The principle thus set forth Is entirely
wrong and vicious , and is nt thn bottom of a
large part of the labor troubles. Labor should
ho paid , whenever possible , neither by the
day nor by the hour , but according to Its re
sults. To pay a workman accoidlng to the
limn spent upon the \\oik Is the \voist for
him. It puts a premium on tardiness end
Incompetence and brings the most skilled
and export mechanic down to the level of the
least fit. The true theory is to pay the woik-
man for what ho does , not for the tlmo occu
pied In doing it. In this way skill will ho
stimulated and Industry rewaulcd. This
method , too , will have the effect of removing
from the trades unions a stigma that has long
rlum : to them that , by putting all the In-
borcis in any given trade on the same bcalo
of wages , they offer no Inducement to specia
The Spring Poet.
Philadelphia Ntics.
The fair young nont In some shady nook ,
With a cheweu-up pencil and a brand-new
book ,
Shrugs his .shoulders , saws the empty air ,
And runs his lingers through his curly hair.
Now a smile illumines his fair face ,
Quickly turning to a sad grimace ;
A thought had he , but ero'twas written down
It lied , and loft In lieu thereof a trown.
lie knits his brows and bites'his bloodless
lips ,
Then quickly counts upon his fingertips ,
Then shakes his head and mutters very low ,
"Ono syllable too many ; that's no go. "
Thus o'er and o'er our young poet essays
To find material for his vernal lays.
The Muse at last loluntsanrt lends her aid ,
And thus tlio best sprint : poetry is made.
Snlvuit at Home.
"The recent performances of Booth and
Salvini In New York have recalled to mind
several Interesting bits of personal Informa
tion regarding the latter actor , which Mr.
Werthelmer , Salvlnl's assistant manager ,
told mo some months no when ho was In
Omaha , " said a newspaper man. "Salvlnl's
homo is in Florence , and it Is a most elegant
residence. Ho owns a largo theater in Flor
ence , but hardly over plajs , theioor any
where else jn Italy of late years. " The house
Is occupied either by u stock company or
by traveling troupes. Salvini is wealthy
that Is to say for an Italian , lie will prob
ably make a farewell tour of the principal
cities of Italy before he ictiius. Whenever
ho plays In his own country nowadays It is
only for some benefit Besides the son ho
has traveling with him In the
United States , lie has another son
In Italy who Is a very
promising actor , upon whom the nmntle'of
the paternal Salvini will fall. So the name
of Salvini is likely to bo perpetuated
on tlio stage. Salvini Is very popular
throughout Italy , not only on account ot his
eminence as an actor , but his many line qual
ities as a man. "
Has Scon Better Days.
"That old man has seen better days , " said
a man about town pointing out "Old Char
ley , " as ho Is called , who at the time was en
gaged In washing the windows of ? saloon ,
"Ho was well educated , and at ono time was
In prosperous circumstances. He 'stood up *
with Theodore Tilton when that noted per
son was married. When Tilton lectured In
Omaha some years ago , the 'boys' around the
old Crystal saloon made Old Charley's heart
glad by presenting htm with a now suit of
clothes and a stove-pipe , so that he could call
on his old friend Tilton without being
ashamed of his appearance. Charley called
on the lecturer and was cordially received
and entertained. The Incident forms ono
blight spot In the old man's memory since ho
has been In Omaha. What is his real name ?
I really don't know , but I know that hn Is
very sensitive about anything being brought
up about his past career. "
Alt. Desert.
"Some of the advances lu Omaha real es
tate may be regarded aswonderful , , but they
are not half so tomarkablo iw the advance In
real estate at my old homo , " said Mr. Benson ,
who upon being asked where his old home
was replied Mt Desert. "It Is a small
Island , off the coast of Maine , " continued he ,
"and my family have lived there from way
back. Four years ago a tract of laud on the
island , containing 400 or COO- acres , was
offered for sale for 6700. It has recently
sold at the rate of 830,000 an acre , and has
been divided Into Btnall lot * . Thu island U
fifteen miles long and eighteen miles wide.
It has thirteen mountains and thirteen lakes ,
Ono mountain U 8,200 feet high , and has a
railroad running to the top of It , where there
ia a hotel , and from which point the
eye can see for seventy-five miles. James O ,
Blalno lias recently built a cottage on tuo
Island at a cost of SCU.OOO. President Kllot ,
of Harvard college , also has a cottage there
whiisli cost about the same. The Widow
Vniulerbllt nnd one of her sons propose to
build a eotta'o there this spiIng. I remember
one tiact of land on which the owner some
years ago refused to pay the taxes. That
land sold tor 8:30,000 : not long ago. Thu
Island IB meruly n barren rock , but Is In de
mand for a summer resott. "
ProlltuUlo Investment * * .
"Somo years ago I had among my em
ployes an Industrious woman"said a loading
ineichant , "and ono day she came to mo ami
said oho hml saved up a fmv luuidieil dollars ,
and wanted to know what to do with it I
told her to go out near the western outskirts
of the city and buy n small piece of ground
and build a little liousu there. She did so ,
and the other day blio came Into my store and
told mo she had bold her property for $15,000
cash. She had given her husband 5,000 , and
he had put the money In bank to draw
a-'aliist It at his pleasure , and was drinking
It up as fast as possible. She lelnvcsted pait
of the money In real estate further out , and
built her n nlco house , nnd still had
80,000 or $7,000 left In bank as a.
nest egg , Fifteen thousand dollars frpioa | ]
few hundred not moro than $500 , If I re
member correctly. in about six years Is what
I call doing pretty well. Another of my em
ployes , a maiij bought a lot near the western
city ljmlt , .u few years asto , and built a little
cottage , the propeity coating him about GU ) .
The other day ho sold It for 83,500 , Mid tw
of his neighbors , nlso mechanics , did noon
ns well. They have none further west and
reinvested n portion of their mnnoy In hopes
that the growth of the city westward wll
soon catch up with them again , nnd glvo the in
another similar opportunity to soil out
These are only a few of the many Incidents
ot this kind that I know of. "
"Nolso" Patrick Soils a l nrt of Hap
py Hollow.
"I understand Noise Patrick has sold
fifty-six acres ot his Happy Hollow prop
crty , " remarked a well known gentleman.
"Ho got 8003 an ncro , or n total of SMMOO.
The purchasers were a Now York syndicate.
The property lies Just west of Walnut hill ,
I think Patilck has about 2.V ) acres moro.
That beats a torpedo boat by an overwhelm
Ing majority. "
Tito Postnftloo GlorkH Worked to
The BnnThursdnyovcningromnrkcd ed
itorially that thnro should bo moro ofllcion-
cy on the part of these who are employed
in the postolllcc , nnd instanced the rcconl
failure of the ofllco to deliver before 8
o'clock p. m. , postal cards which had
been deposited there nearly twenty-four
hours before. Referring to it Chief
Clerk Pickons said to-day : "Nalllngcr ,
secretary of the board of trade , put these
postals in the street box shortly alter
midnight , and on the early morning ot
the day they Were to have been delivered.
When they were dumped on the table
they were mixed up with moro than GOO
others advertising a cigar , which hud
been sent in by Ktihn. Now wo haven't
tinm to look at every postal card and learn
whether it calls for immediate or rou
tine delivery. For that reason , wo did not
know but nil the cards in that mass were
advertising Kuhn's cigar. We don't deny
that advertising postals and circulars are
sent out less oxpcditionsly than mail , be
cause wo know they are not so important
to the party addressed. Besides , we are
compelled to do this , because of the size
of our force. Wo must got the important
mail matter oftour hands flrst , and leave
postal cards , especially advertising onus
mid circulars , till wo can handle them
later. If Nnttinpcr had told us of his
cards , wo would have bent them out with
the Iirst letters. Tlicro's no use of talk
ing about it. Our men are doing their
best , but there are not enough of them ,
nnd these that are here are nearly worked
to death. "
AVboii Should Girls Marry ?
Clilcagn Neii't.
Recently the Brooklyn Magazine asked
several of Iho best known woman writers
in America for their views respecting the
ago when young women should marry.
To this important question Louisa M.
Alcott replied "from 23 to 25 , " as before
then few girls are ready for the duties of
married life , either physically or men
tally. She thought , however , that the
question "When shall our young men
marry ? " a still more important ono.
Rebecca Harding Davis wrote that slio
thought the time for a girl to marry is
when she moots a man who heartily lovns
her and whom she heartily loves , If she
is old enough to bo a helpmates to him
and , not a dead weight.
Madeline Vinton Dnhlgren thinks that
a young woman of 20 must have soon
enough of the social atmosphere in which
she lives to be able to discriminate wisely
in the choice of n husband.
Lucy Stone docs not bcliovo in early
marriage , so she put the suitable ago at
from 25 to ! iO years. To her mind tlio di
vorces which come from wa'ntof ago and
the death rate among children of incx-
porioncod mothers are "danger signals"
against early marriages.
Helen Campbell is down on the girl
who dreams of lovers from the time she
can walk and marries at 17. She believes
no man is tit to marry before 80 and no
woman before 25.
Eunice White Boechcr takes issue with
nearly all of her literary sisters. She be
lieves there arc many reasons why mar
riage of girls from 18 to 21 would seem
to promise the happiest results. Young
people moro readily conform their habits
to those of ouch other than when indi
vidual habits become fixed by indepen
dent lives.
Mary L. Booth avoids figures , but re
gards immature marriages as a fruitfu [
source of uuhappinosb. She deems it
desirable that young women should have
an opportunity to see something of the
world and to partake of the amusements
of her ago before marrying , that she
may not afterward be pursued with re
gret for having been dotraudcd of the en
joyment of her youth.
I ucy Larconi says th6 old adage.
"Mary in haste and rcpont at leisure,1'
reserves its keenest barbs for many of
those who have embarked early and
thoughtlessly upon _ the voyage 'matri
monial. She admits that early marriages
ate sometimes the happiest , and that
in delay a young woman may learn to
love her self-reliant lot so well that she
will not marry nt all. But she thinks
that curly marriages tend to rob women
of the most delightful period of their
lives the interval between the experience
porionco of a child and that of a wife
the period of beautiful , delightful , and
gradual development. "Let girls marry
young if they will , " she says , "but not
so young as to lese the swuutness of gn/-
ing quietly out into life through the fresh
dews of 'maiden meditation fancy free. ' "
Louise Chandler Moulton thinks that
moro girls are capable of a wise choice at
25 than 20 , and that nine-tenths of our
girls would be happier should they wait
until the mnturer period. The two hap
piest marriages sliu can call to mind of
ono wife at 28 the other nt 80 , Country
girls and daughters of tlio wealthy class
may venture into matilmony atoarly
ages with less danger of mistake than
the great body of well-to-do and work
ing Americans. To her mind unshared
aspirations , unshared tables , unshared
acquisitions are the fatal rooks before
early marriages.
There Is one thine all those good and
wise counselors nugleet to consider the
ago nt which the opportunities of choice
are greatest. They seem to forget that
the mill will never grind with thn water
that has passed. These opportunities un
questionably llourish most profusely be
tween the ujres of 18 and 25 , the period
between tlio bud of maidenhood
and the full blown rose of
womanhood. It is durintr this stage that
men of ail ages nbovu thatof , a college
undergraduate delight to eeleot their
partners. They do not think of the men
tal or physical maturity of the woman
so much as they do of nor attractiveness
of person and disposition. The latter is
of fur moro consequence in married life
than mental fitness , and it can bo judged
moru accurately in thu woman under 29
than when the dews of maidenhood have
vanished in the light of worldly exper
ience. Wo should answer our contcin-
porary's question that a woman should
marry before ulie is 23 if she has a good
chance or she may have to take up with
a crooked stick if she delays , The op
portunities grow fairer and more plenti
fully on the gentle slope of her life be-
twtuin 20 and 26 than they do on the
grade which btoepons every year after
Water Capital.
St. Isiuli lltiniMlcan ,
There are about 180,000 miles of rail
roads in the United States , represented
by stock and debt to the amount of $9,000- ,
000,000 , or over $00,000 a mile. But it ia
u well-known fact that the roads did not
cost this much. An average mile of rail
road can now bo built for $20,000 , , and
although the roads built buforu 1S70 cost
the states and individuals who built thum
treble this rate , It would not bo out of the
way to estimate that the whole 180,000
miles of road in the country to-day have
cost their present owners 130,000 per
mile , or 1,000.000,000 for the whole.
But what of the other half of their pre
tended coitf If they actually cost tnelr
present owners onlv f 1,000,000,000 , what
docs the other f 1,000,000,000 represent t
Wntrr. Ihelr stock and sccurltlai
have been diluted to double their real
cost for thu fraudulent purpose of forcing
the country to pay a double rate of dlvi-
domfc upon thorn. Six per cent on their
actual cost would bo a fair return for the
Investment. But the corporations thai
own them demand 13 per pent , nnd the *
got it by doubling their pretended capi
tal ami requiring tlio country to pay
them 0 pnr cent on the doubled sum ,
The corporations say this is their or-
elusive business , and the public have no
concern hi it. This is not true. The
public have a very intense concern in it.
Railroads are public highways , nnd tlio
bodies that own them nro quasi-public
corporations. They are In no real prao-
tical scnso private. It is the country
that furnishes tlio roads with business.
They nro common carriers , whoso duty It
is to carry 20,000,000 pagbcngors a year
and the commerce of the land ; and the
whole country Is taxed in freight nnd
passenger rates to pay dividends to their
owners. It is a bald fraud on thu poo-
pie , Uion , to niako thorn pay a dividend
on a cost of $00,000 n mile when the act *
uni cost has been only $30,000. ,
Tlio Big IntiootR Which Sometimes
Co in o to America.
Macon Telegraph : "Look out for the
tramps ! " said Corput , the fruit dealer
The telegraph m.ih was admiring the
bright bull' color of a bunch of bananas
ycbtcrday.whcn a big ugly spidur crawled
out and ambled along on the counter.
Ho was a bundle of bark brown ftiz/
about the si/.o of your thumb , into which
were struck several long , black logs.
lip was a tramp all the way from
And like a tramp who had stolen a
ridu under a freight car on a breakbeam ,
his legs scorned cramped from the lonjr
journey in tlio crevices of u bunch of
bananas. The poor fellow was at a loss
whcro to iro. Ho was thousands of miles
from homo and friendless , for people do
not take kindly to big ugly spiders. Ho
was a tramp and in a strange country.
' Wo killed ono hero the other night
with a body as big as a biscuit. His body
popped like n torpedo. They come often
in bananas , but wo generally manage to
kill them. Up at the old store ono muda
his escape and made his homo under the
counter Then another escaped , nnd for
a long time we lost siuht of them. Ono
day we found a web under the counter ,
and on looking closer wo found the homo
of the two tramps. They had raised a
large family of spiders , and they were
the cutest little things you would euro to
soo. They ran nimbly into the web it
you mndi ) a motion to strike them , and
many a day wo have watched thorn sim-
plv for the amusement. They caught
every fly that came within range , and
now ami then a bug happened within
their reach and varied their bill of fare.
Although we know they were dangerous
pets , we did not disturb them For thu
reason that they seemed to bo industrious
fly-catchers , and were never inclined to
stiu r. One afternoon a new clerk saw
ono big fellow run around a corner of the
counter , and as he had never seen a
spider of such enormous size , he imagined
that to allow it to go at largo was
equivalent to turning a tiger loose , and
he killed the pet. Tlio others ran out ,
and for about an hour the new clerk had
about as much as ho could stand up * to
killing spiders. " . * "
"Do they over bite ? "
"Yes , but it is a rare occurrence. They
fight like wild eats , and they are high-
tempered , but they never trouble any
body unless aroused and teased. Al
though there are millions of bunches of
bananas brought to this country every
season , and many a thousand spidur
steals its way across will them , you
never hear of anyone being a iunc. They
arc very peculiar things , and differ
widely in their habits from the common
spider of this country , which makes a
web like the centerpiece of a rising-sun.
crn/.y quilt. They make a kind of nest
and then spread out lines of
web In every direction. Un this sin-
< ' \a \ line , ( which is as small as a silken
thread , they run with ease , hanging to it
by their long , flexible legs.Vhou dan-
jor threatens they have n way of drawing
in the lines , and , huddling together ,
await the attack of the foe. When thus
disturbed they make prodigious leaps and
arrange in a circle around the nest , which
they seem to guard with jealous caro.
Then , when provoked , they run all ever
the attacking party. They are game and
put un an ugly light.
House rent is so high In the City of
Mexico that ninny houses are vacant in
.ho older quarters of the city , new com
ers nearly all seeking the suburbs , espce-
nlly toward the west. Landlords do not
come down , however , preferring to wait ,
since their property is not taxed when
An extraordinary fact in connection
with the Russian conscripts drafted into
ho ranks in 18S5 is shown by some sta
tistics just published. The total number
of conscripts accepted was 847,587 , of lower than -12,880 were Jews.
And Krcry Spoolcs o Itching and
and Burning DlaonscH Cured
by Cutlouro.
ECZEMA , or Holt llbeum with IU ngonlzlntr
llclilnu and burning , Instantly rollovod by
warm bath with Cinlciira Soap , and a aluirlo ap
plication of Cut lou ra , the grout skin euro. Tlilj
opoutod ilnlly , with tivo or three Uo oa of Cull-
oura Koeolvont , the now blood purlflor , to keep
ho blood cool , the pomplratlon pnro and uulr-
rltutlng , the bowels open , the llvoraml kldnoyl
active , will Kjmutllly uuro eczonm , totter , rlnif-
worm , psorliixH , llvhun , pruritus , gculil bend ,
Unndrutr , mfd tivory upoolcs of Itching , sculy
mil pimply humor * of the ncnlp unit akin , \rboii
ho boat phyilolnni and all known romoilloj fall.
Win. MQDnHAU > , S5i2 Doarhom et. , Cliloiuo ,
grntot'ully ucliuowludgos a euro of oc/emn , or
nit ihuiim on bond , nrck , face , urnm uud IUJM
or Huvcuilcuii yearn ; not ublo to wulk uxtopt on
HiiiiUnnd knooi foronu year ; not able lo help
liniselrfor uightyeiua ; tried liumlioilsof 101110
lieu : doulnrg proiiounuod hln ciuo hopoloas ;
icrmmii'iitly ourod by Uutlcuru Huaolvont
blood pmlllor ) luloriiiillr , rfiid Cutlouru and
lutluiini Soup ( the tfruat Ma euros ) oxturnully
CIIAS. HnunnroN , Kan. , luwyor , 23 Htato et , ,
Inslon , reiioituii cafio nf ou/tmm under hUob-
ervntlim lor tun yunis , which covuiiul tha pii-
lout's hotly uuJ llmbH , and to which nil known
nullmdit of tioutiiifiil hud boon uppllod without
lunulll , which way coinplutoly ciuod Koluly by
bo Uutluuin Itomodles , Joining R clean and
Mil. JOHN TIIIKI. , Wllkcstmrre , Pa. , urltos :
'I bino enltoioil trnm Milt rhtuim forever olsbt
turn , ut IIIIHHSO bud that I could not attend lo
ny hnalnoiH lor wcuks ut n time , Tluco IHJKCJ
ot Cutloura nnd lour hotlloa Itosolvcnt buvo en-
uoly curud mo of this ilruu.lful disease , "
iut Iliu lilylio t pnrsu lor thu ivdiilts obnilnuil
row your Outluiiui Hoinoillcj.of which 1 have
oil moro than all otlior * of tlio kind.
KXO N. lliouU St. , I'lill.idbllililil , Pit.
Ssold by all diUKRlst * . I'rlco ; Ciitlfuin , M
ts. ; Hceoh-ont ; tl.W , .Soap'M. . I'u-pnied by
lam. hend for piiniililet.
liV1 A TTWt the complexion anil llu ; by
JJJLiJ.1. V ueln tboCutlcuinBoup.
HMKUM ATldj NKTfri AfcaioT
SI/'IATIO , Sudden , tump nnd iiurv
OIID pulni absolutely annihilated by
tbo ( Jutlouiu Atitf-I'uln J'lattur ,
perfect imtldote to ruin and lutlnm-
inutlon. Now , orljiuul , lufiUUUe.