Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 19, 1884, Image 1

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The Next President of me Unite
States to the People ,
Ho Reviews the Prominent Ques
tions of the Day ,
Favoring the Oontiauanco of a
Strong Protective Tariff ,
And Olaimine ; that It Has Not
Injured Our Export Trade ,
He Shows Wherein It has Bene-
fitted Agriculture ,
And Declares Free Trade Disas
trous to the Workingman *
Our Foreign Eelations Favor Our
Domestic Development !
He Favors Closer Eelations with
Other American Powersi
Notes a Growing Eeoonoiliation
Between North and South ,
His Views on Civil Service Eeform
Clearly Expressed ,
Mormonism , Currency , Public
Lands and Shipping Interests ,
A Free Uallot tlio Safeguard of
Ilcpubl Icnuls in.
AUGUSTA , MB. , July 15th , 1884 ,
The lion. John B. Henderson and others of
the committo , etc. , etc.
GENTIEMRN : In accepting the nomination
for the presidency tendered mo by the repub
lican national convention , I beg to express a
deep sense of the honor which is conferred
and of the duty which ia imposed. I venture
to accompany the acceptance with some ob
nervations upon the questions invoh cd in the
contest questions which may affect the future
turo of the nation favorably or unfavorably
for a long aeries of yeara.
In enumerating the issues upon which the
republican party appcala for popular support ,
the convention has been singularly explicit
1 felicitous. It has properly given the
leading position na to the industrial interests
of the country aa n ( Tec ted by the tariff on
imports. On that question the two political
parties arc radically in conflict. Almost th *
first act of the republicans , when they came
th power in 1801 , was the establishment of
the principle of protection to American labor
nnd to Americin capital. Thfa principle the
republican party has over aincu steadily main
tained , while on tbo other hand the democrat
ic party in congress has for fifty yeara per
\istently warred upon it. Twice within that
period our oppouenta have destroyed tariffs
arranged fir protection , and since the close of
the civil war , whenever they have controlled
the house of repreaontatlvos , hostile legisla
tion lina been attempted never more con-
epiculoualy than iu their principal measure
at the late session of congress.
Revenue laws are in their very nature sub
ject to rev iaion in order that they may bu
adapted to the changes and modifications of
trade. Thu republican party is not contend
ing for thu permanency of nny particular
Btatuts. Tlio issue between the two parties
does not have reference to nny Hpeclfic law.
It is far broader and tar deeper. It invoh es
a principle of widu application nnd bonificont
influence , against a theory which wo believe
to bu unsound in conception and hurtful in
practice , In the many tariff levision ? which
bivo been neeeasary for the pa t twenty-three
years , or which mav hereafter bacomu neces
sary , thu republican party has maintained and
will maintain thu pjllcy of protection "to
American industry , while our opponents In-
uist upon n revision which practically destroys
that policy. The isnio is thus distinct , well
uelined and unavoidable. The cumin ? doc.
tion may determine tbo fate of protection for
a generation , Thu overthrow of the policy
r > -moans it Urt'o and permanent reduction in the
\vlbreH of thu American laborer , besides involv
ing the lo a of v.iit amounts of Americon cap
ital invested in manufacturing enterprise * .
The value of the present rovenuB system to thu
people of the United State ! is not a matter of
thojry , und I shall submit no argument t. )
sustain it. I only invite attention to certain
facts of official record which seem to constitute
it demonstration.
In the census of 1850 an effort was madu ,
for the first time in our history , to obtain n
valuation nf all thu property in thu United
.States , The attempt WAS in large degree un-
Hiiccofsful , _ Tartly from laskof time , partly
from prejudice among many who thoiuht the
inquiries foreshadowed u nowschemu of Ux
nti n , the returns were incomplete and un
satisfactory. J.lttlo more waa done than to
consolidate the local volntatlou used in thu
States for purpiioj of aisesMiiont , nnd that ,
as everyone kiuvvs , differs widely from a
complete exhibit of nil the property.
In the eensiu of 18UO , however , the work
VV' < H done with great thoroughnesa-tho dis
tinction between ' unsusHtd" vnlmaud "true"
vuluo being creful'y ' oluerved. The grand
ro ult was that tha ' trim value" of all tin
property in tha rft ites and Territorial ( uxclu-
jling slaves ) amounted to fourteen thoiiMnd
million * ) of dollnra ( SH.OOJ.OOD.OOO. ) ThU
nggregato wai thu net result of the labor und
the n. vini , ' of all the people wlihin thu nrt > .i
of tha United .States from tlin time the first
jiritiuh colonist landed In 11107 down to tlio
year IHflO , it represented the fruit of tin toil
of two hundred olid fiftyyuam. '
After 1M10 the bimncsa of thu country wa ?
encouraged and dovuloped by n protuttivo tar
iff. At the end of twenty yours tin total
, i property of thu I fnltud SUt < n , M returned by
f the centiH of 18X0 , auiountud to Uiu enormous
' < uxgrezatu of foity-four than itnd milliona of
dollars WIIOX,0',0pOO. ) ' ) Thu great result
was attained , notwithiUndinj ; thu fact that
cnuntlfug millioua had in the interval been
wasted iu the pro rtwa of a bloody war , It
thin appear ) that while our population be
tween I8 X ) and 18SO incr i ud sixty per cent ,
the azgrcgati proj arty nf thu country in-
crua c'd two hundred and fourtuan par cunt
showing a viutly enhanced wealth per capita
among thu i "ouf ( > . Thirty thoumnd millions
of dollan ( fcW.O'W.OO ' ' , IKX ) ) had Iwen added
during thufe twenty jeatu t the perma
nent wealth of tbo imtlon.
Tlisio results are regarded by the older na-
Uona of the world an phenoinonal. Tliat
our country should surmount tlio tioill am
the cost of n gigantic war nnd for an entire
l > eriod of twenty yoirs nuke an nverago gnii
to its wanltli of ono hundred and twcnty-llv <
million dollars per month surpasses the ex
perlcnco of nil other nations , ancient o
inodorn , Kven the opinmcnU nf the proven
revenue system do not pretend that in tin
whole history of civilization any parallel cai
bo found to the matori&l progress of th (
United States , since the nccfcssion of there
publican party to power.
The jierioil between 1SCO and to-day has no
been one of matoiiij prosperity only. At no
timu In tlio history of the Unttod Stntea 1m
there been > tch progren In the moral ntu :
philanthropic field. Itcliglous nnd charltablo
ImUUiUons , nchool < , scminnrlrs nnd colleges
have been founded nnd endowed far more
generously than at any preUuui tlmo in our
history. Grenter and moro varied relief has
been extended to human sulTciing and the in
tire progttMi of the country in wealth has
been accompanied nnd dignified by a Broaden
lug and oloxatiou of our national character as
n j > oople.
Our opi > ononts find fault that our roxenm
system produce * n MtrpltH. lUit they shoult :
not forgot that the law h.ii KINOH n speclRi
purpose to which nil of the surplus Is protita
bly nnd honorably applied -tho reduction ol
the public debt nnd the consequent relief o
the burden of taxation. No dollar has beet
wasted , and the only oxtravaganca with whlcl
the party htindi charged ii tlio generous pen
sionmg of sokliors , sailors nnd their families
nn o\trnvaganco which ouib idles the hlghcs' '
Form of justice in the recognition and pay
inunt of n sacred debt. When reduction o
taxation is to bo made , the republican party
can bo trusted to nccomiiHsh it In such fern
ns will most effectively ivid tha industries ol
, he nation ,
A frequent nccusatlon by our opponent * I1
that the foreign commerce of the country ha <
steadily decayed under the inJlucnco of tin
protective tariff. In this way they Hook to nr-
ray tlio importing interest ngninsttho re'pubfr
can party. * It is n common nnd yet radica :
error to confound the commerce of the aotin-
; ry with its carrying trade-an error often
committed innocently and sometimes do igni'd <
"y but an error ao gross that It does not dis
tingitiHh between the ship nnd the cargo.
Foreign commerce represents the exports nnd
mportrf of n country regardless of thu nation
nlity of the vessel that may carry the uoinino
ditios of vcbango. Our carrying trade has
'rom obvious causes suffered many di couraso- ;
nenti slnco 18CO , but our foreign commerce
las in thu same period steadily and prodigious-
y increased increased indeed nt a r.V.o and
to nil nmouut which absolutely dwnrf nil
iravious devolopements of our trade beyond
; ho son. From 1800 to the present time the
roreign commerce of the United States , ( di
vldeel with approximate equality between fix
lorta nnd imports ) , reached the astounding
opgrcgnta of twcoty-four thousand millions of
dollars. Thu balance in thin vast commerce
nclined in our favor , but it would have been
much larger if our trade with the countries of
America , nlsowhere referred to , had been
more wiselvadjusted.
It is difficult oven to appreciate the niagni-
; ude of our export trade since 1800 and we
can gain a correct conception of it only by
comparison with preceding results in the sanio
ield. The total exports from the United
States from the declaration of independence
nl77iid < > 'ii to the day of Lincoln's election
n l UO , added to all tlmt had preuoualy be n
exported from the American colonies f rom their
original settlement , amounted to less than nine
, housaud million of dollars. On the other
xand our exports from 180 ( ! to the close of the
Mt fiscal year exceeded twelve thousand mil-
ions of dollar * the whole of it being tbo pro
luct of American labor. Evidently a protect-
vo tariff has not injured our export trade
when , under its illuenco , wo o.xnorted in twen
ty-four years forty per cent more than the
; otnl amount that had been exported in the
entire previous history of American commerce.
All the detail * , when analyzed , correspond
with this gigantic rcsuh. The commorciil
citieH of the union never had such n growth as
hey have enjoyed since 1 SGO. Our chief em-
uorium , the city of Now York , with its du-
lendoncie.i , hns within that period doubled
icr population nnd increased her wealth five
fold. During the same period the import ? nnd
ixports which have enteied and left her har-
> or nro more than double in bulk and value
ho whole amount imported and exported by
ler between the settlement of the first Dutch
colony on the island of Manhattan nnd the
outbreak of the civil war in 18GO.
Tlio agricultural Interest is by far the lira-
eat in the nation , and is entitled in every ad-
ustmcnt of revenue Jaws to the nwt consider
ation. Any policy hostile to the fullest do
elopment of agriculture in the United States
must be abandoned. Hi'.ili/.iinj this fact the
ippnnents of Llia present system of revenue
lave labored very eirnestly to persuade tin-
armerd of thu United States that they nro
obbcd by n protective tariff , nnd the effort is
bus mode to consolidate their vast influence
n favor of free trade , liut happily the farm-
ru of America are intelligent und cannot be
nided by Hjphistry when conclusive facts nro
jeforo them. They see plainly that during
ha past twenty-four yoirii , wealth hns been
acquired in ono tectiou or by ono interext nt
ho expense of another fcoction or nnothnr in-
crest. They see tliat the state j
lave madu even rnoro rapid prugieiis than the
naimfncturing staten.
Thu fiirmers see that in 18GO Massachusetts
ud Illinois had about the mini ) wealth bo-
wocn eight and nine hundred million dollars
ach and that in 1880 Massachusetts bad
advauceij to twenty-nix hundred millions ,
rhilo Illinois had advanced to thirty-two bun-
red millions. They see that New Jerney and
Iowa were ju t equal in population in 1800
ml that in twenty yearj the wealth of Now
Jersey was increased by the sum of oijjht
mndrod and fifty inlllinis of dollars , while
he woilth of Iowa h i increased by the sum
> f fifteen hundred millions , They xco that
no nine leading ngricultnral stntes of the west
mvo prown so rapidly in prosperity that the
ggregatx ) addition to their wealth idnca 1800
s utmost as great an the wealth of the entire
ountry for that year. They see th t the
onth , which is almost exclusively ngricultur-
I his shared In the general prosperity and
hat h wing recovered from the low nud do-
natation of war , his gained KI rapidly that
ts total wealth is at le ist the double of that
vhich it poweswd in I860 , exclusive of sla\oi ,
In theje extraor.liniiry developments the
armors too the helpful Impulsa of n homo
nurkot , and they no that the financial and
ovonuo pystcm enacted since tha republican
lirty cniuo into power , lus CHtablieliod and
onstantly expanded the homo market. They
eo that In the cms of wheat , which la our
hlcf cerdal export , they have sold in thu nv-
r.go of n yearHlnca the close of the war ,
lirue bushela nt homo to ouo thay hava Hold
broad , and in the case of cjrn , tha only otli-
r cereal which wo export t > any great ox
, ont , due hundred buuheU lutvo been used nt
lomo to three nnd a half biiHheU ex'p.irtt'il. In
onio yearn the disparity ban boon HO great
i at for every peck of corn exported one him
red bushels have bovn consumed in tli'J
mine market. Tlio furmorn H i < tlmt in tlie
ncroaHing competition from the grain fields
f Hmsl.i and from ( ho district pkinu of In
la , the growth of tin hnit ) nurkot bocornsi
tlly of groitor concnrn to them and tint its
mpairmencwould dopcociito the value * of
very ncre nf tillable l.tnl in tlio union.
Such factj ax thtw toiicliing the growth nnd
insuniptlim of cereals nt homo gi\ouHHom
ight d/nceptlon of tlin vastnessof the Inter-
al commerce of the United Ktitos. T/iuy
uggoit a'Ko that in addition to tin ud vantages
hich the Amurlcan people unioy from pro-
cctlon against foreign competition , they en-
oy the advantages of absolute fr B tradu overt
t larger area und with n greater popuUt on
ban any other Nation. Tin * internal com-
larca of our tttlrty eight States and ulna
Writories ia carried on without let or hin-
rance , without tax , detention or governmen
al interference of nny kind whatever. It
) rn ds freely over nn area of three and a half
lillion tquare milns almost equal In extent
o the whole continent of Kiirono. ltd prolita
ro enjoyed to-day by fifty-six million ) of
\morican freemen , nnd from this enjoyment
o monopoly Is created , According to Aler-
nder Hamilton , when he ditcmned the same
ubjcct In 171W , "the Internal competition
which takes plajo dw ; ; ) away with every thing
llko monopoly , and by degree reduces the
prices of articles to the minimum of n reason
able profit on the capital employed. " 1th
Impossible to iniint to a single monopoly In
the United States that has been created or
fostered by the ituliifttrini system which ia
upheld by the republican pnity.
Comp\red with our foreign commerce thejo
domestic exchanges nro inconceivably great in
amountrequiring merely ns ono Instrument
ality ns largo a milongo of railway ns oxiits to
day in the other nations of the world com
blued. There internal exchanges atu eitim
atcd by the RUtialical human of the treasury
department to be annually tw cntytlmcs ns gront
In niiionut ns our foreign commerco. It is
into this vast field of homo trndo nt once the
crantlon nnd the heritage of the American
people-that foreign nation1 ! nro striving by
every device to outer. It is into this field
tlmt the opponents of our present revenue
nyntem would freely ndmit tbo countries ol
Kuropo countries Into whoso internal trade
wo could not reciprocally enter ; countries t >
which wo should bo mirreiidflritig every advan
tage of trade ; from which wo should bo gaining
nothing in return ,
policy of this kind would be dUislrous
tha mechnnicJ und worknigiren of the United
Slates ) . Wnges uro unjustly reduced when nil
Industrious man Is not nblu tiy bis earnings to
UNO in comfort , educiito his children , nml lay
by nn oHiuieiit nmouut for the nce bslticu of
ngo. The ri duction of wages inovitnbly con.
uqitfnt upon throi > ing our homo market open
to the world , would deprive thorn < f the power
to do thlp. It would prove n gient cal unity
to our country. H would produce a cnullict
between the piornnd the rich , nnd in the
Horrou fill degradation of Inbor would plant
the feeds of public danger.
The republican party has steadily nimod to
maintain just relations between labor and
capital guarding with care the right * of each.
A conflict between the two has always led In
the nnd will nlwnytt le.idintho future to
the injury of both Labor is imlisponsnble to
the creation nud profitable use of cnp t d. nnd
inpitul increases the efliclunuy nnd value of
labor Whoever arm ) H the ono against the
other is an unemy ol both. Tlmt policy is wis
est und best which harmonizes the two on tbo
basis of absolute justice. The republi
can party has protected the free labor of
America ao tint ita compensation is larger
tbnn is re.ilioil in uny ether country. It has
iimled our p nj.lo ng dust the Unfair com
petition of contract l.ibor from China and
may bo called upon to prohibit the growth of
n similar evil from Kuropc. It Is ooviously
unfair to permit opitnliats to nrnko contracts
for che p labor in foreign countries to the hurt
and disparagement of the _ labor of American
citizens. Such n policy ( like that which would
leave the time und other conditions of home
abor exclusively in the control of the em
loyer ) , is injurious to all parties not the
east so to the unhappy persons who lira made
the subjects of thu contract. The inbtttutioiib
of the United States rest upon the intelligence
nnd virtue of nil the people. Suffrage is made
uuivcrsal ns njust weapon of sell-protection
to every citizen. It is not the of the
republic that nny economic system should bo
adopted which involves the reduction of
wages to the hard standard prevailing olso-
wln re. The republican party niiim to elevate
nnd dignify labor not to degrade it.
As : isubstitute for tha tndu tiial system
ivhich under republican ndminietrntioiu has
developed such extraordinary prosperity , onr _
opponents offer n policy which is but n series
of experiment * upon our system of revenue a
: > olicy whoso end must bo harm to our manu
factures nd greater harm to our labor. l'\-
iierirccnt in the industrial and financial HJH-
iem Is the country's srroatest dread , an stabil-
ty is its groutcft boon. Kven the jticcrtalnty
resulting from the- recent tiriir agitation in
congress has hurtfully affected the business of
; bo entire country. Who can measure tbo
larm to our phopsand our homes , to our farms
md our comnioica , if the uncertainty of per-
l > ottial tirlff ngitntion is to bo inlticted upon
iho country ? Wo are in the midst of nn
abundant harvest ; wo are on tbo eve of revival
of general prosperity. Nothing stands in our
way but the dread of n change in the indus
trial system which ba $ wrought such wonders
in the last twenty years and which with the
jowor of increased capital will work etill
jroator marvels of prosperity in the twenty
( earn to come.
Our foreign relations favor our domojtic de
velopment. Wo are at peacp with the world
at peace upon n Minn t bauis with no unset-
led question * of sufficient magnitude to em-
tarrass or distract us. _ Happily lemoved _ by
jiir geographical position from participation
or interest in thosa questions of dynasty or
jouudory which so frequently disturb the
leaco of Kurppe , wn nro loft to cultivate
rlcndlv relivtioiiB with all , nnd are free from
KHjible entanglements in tlio quarrels of
my. The United States has no cause nnd no
desire to engage In conflict with any power on
earth , and wu may rest in assured confidence
hat no power desires to attack the United
With the nntions of the Western Hemisphere
wo should cidtivuto closer relations and for
our common prosperity nnd advancement wo
hould invite them nil to join with us in an
agreement that for thu futurunll international
loublea in North and South Amoiica thall ba
adjusted by impartial arbitration and not by
inns. This project was part of the fixed polly -
: y of President Garfiold's ndministrntion nnd
c should in my judgment be lenowed. Its
accomplishment on this continent would favor
ably affect tha nations beyond the uca , nnd
bin powerfully contribute nt no distant duy
o the nnivernal acceptance of tlio philanthropic
a d Christian princlplo of arbitration. The
ffect , oviin of sujfgesting it for the Spanish
American states las boon most happy und ban
ncreased thu confidence of these people in our
riondly dlsponitlou. It foil t > my lot as tec-
etary of state in Jium 18S1 to quiet apjiru-
ien ioii in the Kepublic of Mexico , by giving
iho asHiiranco in an ollicul illspatdi that ,
'thero is not the falntott desire in the United
itatea for territorial extension nontli of the
{ io Orando. The bo md iriea of the two ro-
inbllcs hive been established In conformity
vitb the b ° Et jurisdictional intorcuti of both.
Clio line of demarcation is not merely convon-
ional. It is more. It toparatoa a Spaniuh-
American people from n Saxon-American pco-
> lo. It divides ouo great nation from another
vith distinct and niturnl finalltv * "
Yiinllln.I.ciiHin.OruiiLT , rlclnvnr f'nkri ,
( 'reuiii > , I'iiililliiir > , < ( . ! > , , ui di-llfiilclyniKl iiul >
ii-uKyutlkolVult fritm ulilch Iliey urc 111 nde ,
Price Baking Powder Co. ,
ClilcoBO , III. 61. Loula , Mo.
form or
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
Dr. Price's LiipuHn Yeast Gems ,
IU l Dry 0 | . Yen.C.
\Vo eek the conquest of pence. Wo
to'oxtend our commerce , nnd In an especl tl
degree with our friends nnd neighbors on thl
continent. Wo have cot Improved our rola
tloni witli Spanisli-Aniericn a * wisely nnd ns
pernlstcntly ns MO might hnvo dono. Per
more than poncrntlon the sympathy of
those countries his been Allowed to drift nwny
from in. Wo should now mnko every ellort
to gain thwr friendship. Our trade with them
ia already largo , liming the lost year our
exchanges In the western hemisphere amounted
od to tlireo hundred nnd fifty millions nf dul
lara near' ) one-fourth of our entire fnrolpu
commerce , To these who seem disposed t >
underrate iho vnluo of our trndo with the
countries of North nn J South America , it
may bo well to ntnto that their imputation is
nearly or quito fifty millions nnd that , In
proportion to nggreg.vto numbers , wo Impart
nourly double ns imeh from them nso do
from Knropj. Hut the result of thahnle
American trade is inn high degioo unintivfae-
tory. The imports during thu past ye r ex
ceeded two hundred nud twenty-five millions
while the exports iiinoiiutcd to less thhii ono
hundred und tweuty-livo millions showing a
balance against us of mire than ona hitiulrjd
millions of dollar. ) . Uut the non : y does note
; o to Spanish America. Wo FOIH ! largo stuns
to Europe in coin or Its equivalent to pay
Kurtipoan inanuf kcturora for iho goods whlcn
they cnd to Spanuli America. Wo are but
piymnstorH for this enormous nnumnt annual
ly to 1'nri pean factors -an amount which Is it
serious draft , m every linnuclul dcjiiVHslou ,
upon our ro.soiiic H nf specie.
Cannot this umdllinn of trade in part
bo changed ? Cannot the market for our pro-
ducU bo gro itly enlarged ? Wo IISMI iiitido n
be lnmu ianurelfort to improve our trade re-
latiom with Mnxicoiiml wu sh mid not bo con
tent until similar nnd mutually advantageous
nrr.iugementa have hocn succusiively undo
with every nation of Xorih and South Ameri-
oa. While tlio grout powers of JCurooare | )
steadily enl \rging tlieir colonlol domhun ! | in
ABI.I and Alnoiit is the t special ) ) rl\hico of
this country to improve nnd expand its tr.idu
with the nntiLiis of America , fs'o fiolii.t > rom.
itoi to mucli. No fiuld has been cultivated to
little. Our foreun policy in ita broadckt and
moat comprehensive sense n policy of i > eaco ,
of friondsliip. of commercial enlargement.
The name of American which belongs to IH
in our National c.ipncity must nlvvnjs exalt
Lho just pride of patriotism. Citizamlnp of
tbo u'publlc , must be the panoply nnd vnfc-
giurd of him who it. Tlio American
citizen , ri h or poor , natlvo or uatur.iliml
white or colored , imut everywhere , walk ne >
cnro in his personal nnd civil rights. Thora-
[ inblic shoul 1 never accept n leaser duty , it ctn
never ni-unio n nobler one , than the piotoction
of the humblest man who jwoj It loyalty pro-
action at bomnnd protection which snail
'ollow htm nbroid , Into whntover land ho may
; o.upon a lawful errand ,
I recognize , not without regret , tLo neces
sity for speaking of two ncctiona of our com
mon country. Uut the regret diminishes
when I see that the elements which separated
them ma fast disapp nrlug , I'lejudices have
yielded nnd are yielding , while a growing
cordiality wnrms tno Southern nnd thu North
ern heart alike. Can nny ono uonlit that
) ctween tha sections confidence nnd esteem
ire to day more marked than nt any period
u tha sixty yonr.s preceding the election of
I'rcsident Lincoln ? This is the ituult in
, > art of time and in part of republican prin
ciple * applied under tha fnvarable conditioiu
of uniformity. It would La a great calamity
, o change these influences under which
Southern commonwealths are learning to
vindicate civil rights , and ndapting themselves
.o the conditions of political tranquillity nnd
ndustrinl progress. If there bu o.casionU
and violent outbreaks in tha South ngalnst
this peaceful progrc K , the public opinion of
the country regards them as exceptional nud
'lopeful trns : tliat such will prove the hat.
'Iho South needs capital nnd occupation ,
not controversy. As much ns nny pm of tbo
North , tbo Souths needs the full protection of
the revenue laws which the republic in
patty offers. Some of the Soutbcfl Sutos
iuvo already entered iipon.iou ) " indus
trial dovelopmoul nnd prcapurit licse , at
least , thould not lend their o cctoral votoi to
destroy their own future.
Any effort to unite tbo southern state ? upon
issues that grow out of tha memories of the
wnr , will summons the noithtru states to
COI IMIO In Uio a-Herlioucf that nationality
which was th. ir Inspiration in the civil strug
gle. And thus gront energies which should
uo united in common industrial development
will be wasted in hurtful strife. The demo
cratic party shows itbelf n foe to- southern
prosperity by always invoking nnd urging
ioutborn political cjnsolidntiou. Such a pjl-
cyquoncous tliB rising ms.i ict of patriotism
in tlio heart of the southern youth ; it revives
nud stimulates prejudice ; it substitutes the
spirit of barbaric vcnecanco for the love of
> oice , prugrcts and harmony.
The general character of tlio civ it scrv ice of
,110 t'nited ' States under ull administrations
IOB boon honorable. In ono supreme test
collection nnd dicburceincnt of revenue tha
ccord of fidelity bis never been eurpasecd in
any nation. With tba nbaot-t fabul ma Bums
which were received aim paid during the Into
war , , hcrupulouB integrity was the prcvailug
illic . IncleoJ , throughout that trying period ,
it can ; be said to the honor of the American
name , that unfaithfulncKJ nnd ( liehone-ity
among civil ofhcerHwernas rare as misconduct
md cowardice na thu field of baltlo.
Tbo growth of tbo country lia-i continually
and necetsarily enlarged the civil service , uu
.11 now it included n vast body of ollicern.
| { iilen and methods of appointment which pro-
vniltd when the number was smaller have
been made to sopainto the great nuns of niln-
Bterial officers fiom luitioan influence and
personal control. Impartiality in thu mode of
ippointment to bo based on qualification , und
security of tenure to bo based on faithful dla-
charge of duty are the two ends t ) bj uoooin-
plisbed. The public butinc s will be aided by
separating tbo legislative branch of thu gov
ernment from nil control of appointments nnd
the executive department will bo relieved by
subjecting uppointmeritH to fixed rules ami
thus icinuvIiiK thorn from tbo caprice of fav r-
itltni. lint there should be rigid observanca
of the law whichgivos in nil cafes of cquiil
competency the preference to the xoldiern who
risked their lives in defense of the union.
IJi'ntorcil oongrobH in IBIi.'l , anilin , n Homo
what prolonged service I never found it expo
diunt tr > reijuoit or rucnmmend the removal
of n civil officer except in four initancen , arul
then for non-political roaxons which were In
utantlv conclubivo with tbo appointing powei ,
The olIicorB in tha district , appointed by Mr.
Lincoln in 18U1 upon the rocomundation nl
my predecetuor , served a a rule , until !
or lusigiiation. I adopted nt thu beginning ol
my tervUo the test of competitive examina
tion for appointments toVo t Point uinl
maintained it us long us I had thu rigbt by
law to nominuto a racltt , In the cose of many
officers I found that the present law whUl
nrbltruiily IlmlU thu term of th4ajininii-ion
offerol a tonbUut temptation to changes fur
inero political IIOSOIIH. I have publicly o\-
pri > H-cd th belief tint the nnseniiul modifi
cation of that Uw would be3 in many rod-
IJOJ'H uvai tjgeuus ,
Myob ervntion in thai department of Btito
confirmed the conclusions of my leglslutlvi
oxptiiouce , and impress.d . mo vviththeonmic
tion that the rule of imp'-itinl nppointmi-iit
inUlit with aifvuntngo In curiiod beyond nn ;
exiuting provision of the civil neriieo law , 1
thonld boupji < iui to appointmentH in thu con
hillir nervicy. Consuls Hhuiild Iw comniHrcfa
Hentini'ls enciicling tlio gl < be with wutchful
IIIKH for their countiy's interiHts. Their Intel
lif'inice and competency become , tliiTtforc
inattcm nf great jiubliu concern. No mat
xhi'iihl bn apixilntod to mi American conmilati
who IH not wnllliiHtructixl In tbo hlntory am
resources of his own country , arid In the te
quircmeiiU and language of lommtrce In the
country to win * ho JH ent , The nunuinli
Hlniuld bt-nppliod iivpn more rigidly to becru
tariea nf legation in nur d'plomatloKcrvIco
Thu jieop'o have the right to the most elllciun
vgentii in the discharge of public buHinoKit am
the appointing p wcr should rcguid this as
the piloi and ulterior coiiHlduratlon.
ltoliioin | liberty iHtho right o ( ovtry clti/wn
of thu republic , L'ongriws ia forbidden by the
constitution to make any law "j-ffpictlng thu
i-Dtubliuhmeiit of religion , or prohibiting tha
frntoxercUtithereof , " Fora ci tury , under
tills guarantee , 1'rotontanl and Catholic , Juw
und Ueutllo , have worsbipod Cj il according
to tha dlclatca of conscience , liut religious
liberty must not prevertcd to the juktificatlon
of olFeiices agftliiBl the law. A religions tuct ,
Ntronnly Inlnmcliod in ono of tbo territories of
the union , nnd spreading rapidly into four
other torrUorlen , clidma the ri/ilit / to destroy
the great safogturd nnd muniment of social
order , nnd to practice ns a religious privilege
that which ( sa crlmo puninhcu vvitluftovcro
. ) oiittlty In every utato of tbo union. The s.v
crodni\s nnd unity of the fi mily nnst bo
[ reserved nn the foundation of nil civil govern-
nont , na the source of orderly ndmiuisirntlon ,
s tlio s'iret gunrntiton of moral purity.
The claim of the Mormons that they nro
livinoly authorized to practise polygamy
hould no more be admitted limn the claim of
certain heathen tribes , if they should come
imong us , to continuo the rite of human sncri-
ico. The law does not Interfere with what n
nan boUiUTji ) ( t tnkof cognisance only o ( what
10 does. As citlienf , the Mormons nro en-
itlod to the sumo c vll rights as others nnd to
licve they must bo confined. Polygamy ran
lever receive national sanction or Uilorntion
ty admitting the community that upholds it
. - . a nUto In the union. l < iko others , the
Mormons must loam tlmt the liberty of the
ndividilal ceases where the rights of society
Tbo people of the United States , though
ifteu urged and tempted , hnvo never sen-
nisly contemplated tha recognition of any
other money than gold and silver nnd cur-
tuny directly convertbio ! into them. They
i ivo nut done BO , they will not do HO , under
my neces lty leas prot-ning than thatofdos-
> orate war , Tlio ona Bp nquisito forthe
omplotiou of our monetary > > tem is the IK-
ng of tlin lolativo values of silver and gold
1'ho Inrgn unit of silver nsthomonoy of account
vmniig Ani.itie nations , taken in nmnectioli
vith iho incicnslng coimuerco of Iho world ,
nvestho weightiest roisons for nn interim-
tonal ugreamont In the premises. Our gov
irnment should not co'vso to mga Ibis meiH
ire until common standard of vuluo sbill bo
Moched nnd established- stiudiril tint
t.hnll enable the United States to
iso the silver from Its mines as
vu auxiliary to gold in rattling
the ImlaucoH of commercial oxdmngo.
The strength of the republic is increased by
, ho multiplication of Intid-ownorH. Our lawn
hould look to thu judicious oncourngemont of
Actual settlers on thu public domniu , which
ihould henceforth ba held an n imcreil trnet
or the benefit of these socking homes. Thu
endency to consolidate large tracts of l.tml in
the owneiahip of individuals or coipoia'.ioiu
hould , with proper regard to vested rlgbtH , bo
llHConrrged. Olio hundred thousand acres of
and in the bands of one man is lark si profit-
U > lo to the nation in every vvny than when Its
twnershlp ia divided among ono thousand
lien , Tuo evil of permitting largo tracts of
ho national domain to Iw cnruolidiitod nnd
sontrollod by the few nguinst the m-nylHoii-
iauce.1 when the persons controlling it are
nliens. It in but fuir that the public land
bould be diapoiodof only to actual settlers
tud to these who are citizens of the republic ,
r willing to become so.
Among our national mtorcsta ono languish-
a tbo foreign carrying trade. It was very
erlously crippled in our civil war , nnd nnnth-
r blow wna given to it in the general substi-
ution of st-jani for sail In ocean trnflia. With
i frontage on tbo two great oceans , with n
icichtngo larger than that of any ochir nt-
i > n , we hnvo ovorv inducement to restore our
utvlgation. Yet the government has hitherto
ofustd its help , A small aharo of the en
couragement given by the government to
ailwuys and to mntiiifucturos , nnd n tmmll
baioof tlio capiUl nnd tha zeal given by our
itlr.ons to thosa outerptfsus would hnvo car-
led our Eliips to every BUI and to every port.
v. law just enacted removes HOUIO of the bur-
[ ona upon our navigation nnd inspires hope
hat this ( Treat intcro-t inny at last recnivo UH
luo slrire of uttantion. All efforts in tills di
rection bliouUl rdcoivo aucourago'nont ,
This turvuy of our o.mijitlon a , n nation
reminds us 'that material prosperity la but n
iivekry If It duoa not tend to pri'Cj-v ' * - -
ibcrty of the paopla. A free ballot h tlio
safeguard of republican institutions , withcut
vhieh no national welfare is nnsnrod. A pop-
ilar election honestly conducted , embodies
-ho - very majesty of true government. Tun
nilllons ofolera doiirn to take part in tbo
lending content. The safety nf the lepublic
osti upon the Integrity of thu billet , upon
In ) security of suffrage to the citi/.en. To
loposit u fraudulent vote ia no worse a crime
igulnst cimstitutional liberty than to elm riitt
deposit of nn honest vote , Ho who corrupts
iiilfingo striken nt the very root of froa govorn-
nont , Ileirtthonrch-onemy of thorepublic. Hoe
o gt > ta that in trampling upon the rights of
of others bo fatnlly imperils Ilia own rights.
'It is a good land which tlmliord our God
doth give us , " but wo can niainUin our hori-
igo only by guarding with vigilance the source
f jiupulur power , I am , witli grat reapuot ,
our obedient servant , J A SIKH I ! . Bi.Aisi : .
1'cdnjjoKncH In Council.
MADISON , July 18. At the last day of the
convention of the national toacherd associa-
ion , thu committee on nomination roc-oni-
nended the renominntion of T. W. liicknell ,
of Boston , who declined the honor. V , Louis
.omlou , of St. Louis , wan then recommended
as Hicknen , tuccessor , with W. K. Sheldon , of
iluHton , as semetnry. Tbo following roaolu-
, ion was olfored by S. C. Currignn , of the
Mascachii'ottH board of ( ducntion , xocondcd
ly SlaluSiiperlntendetit Orr und othern , nnd
vvaH uimniininisly ailopted ,
] { ( Molvid , That the thanka of the convon-
.lon bo tendered to Senator Dlnir , nf Now
Humpahiru , for his siiceasfnl laborj in behalf
cf federal aid fur the common schools of the
country , Sinierintondnnt Smart , of Indiana ,
WJH conpratiilutud for his successful uducalion-
d exhibit , being tbo greatest of thu kind over
t-ceii in America ,
The Jlilllsli FrnnolilBO nil ) ,
LONDON , July 1 ! ) , The pncosiinn nt the
tradux ilemontratlon atlfydo Park , Monday ,
In favor of the franchise bill will march six
nbrnast from the Thames ombuikmnnt ti
IFydp 1'nrk. Thora will bo eight HOttlona ol
political clnba , epaaking nt the park until (
from Hoven different platfo ins. Tlin puttine
nf resolutions favoring the franchixo bill will
bn tnnouncod eiinultaneaii.sly by a bnilowlicn ;
It ia expected they will bo adapted nnani-
mnuiily ,
The eldest daughter of Mathovv Arnold I
engaged to be inmiod to Frederick Whiter
Idge , u New York lawyer.
\7o doubt If thrrn Is , or ran be , a Hpcclflo
remedy for rlieumatlsm ; hut tlioiisandi who
have miftered Its pains have been greatly ben-
cntctl by Hood's Bar.saparllla. If you h.i\o
failed to nnd relief , try this great remedy.
"I was ullliclcd with rhuuinatlbm twenty
years. I'icvloiis to 188J I found no icllcf , but
grow worhe , and at ono tlmo wus almost help-
lei. ; Hood's Harsaparllla did mo morugooil
than all thu other incdlelno I ever had. "
JI.T. UAI.COM , Shirley Village , MUSH.
" I had rhcnmatUm three yearn , nnd grit no
relief till I took Hood's Karmiparllla. It has
done great things for mo. I icnimmcml It to
other * , " I.UWIH fluiiliANK , IllilUcfoulMe ,
Hood's Himapnrllla It clmraetorlzcil by
tlireo peculiarities : Ist , the cotnlilnitllnn of
ruineillal agents ; I'd , thu proportion ! : iiltho
proems of securing thu acllvo medicinal
( MialltlcB , Thu result Is a incdlelno of unusual
Atrciigth , riri'ctlnc euro a hitherto unknown.
Hcnil for book confainlnj , ' adilltlnnal uvldcncu.
"Hood's Haraaiiarllla tones up my fystein.
pnillles my Mood , hh.irpcns my : iiietlte | | , anil
K'uniH to inako mo over. " .1 , I * . nuiU'HUN ,
Jteglsternf Durils , Lowell , Mass.
"Hooil'a Hirsaparllla beats all nllierfi , and
IN worth UK weight In until. " I. IlAJilil.Mno.S ,
13U IlauU titrcct. New York City.
Hood's Sarsaparilla
Hold by all druggists. $1 i Hlx for $ 5. Made
only by 0. J. HOOD ft CO. , Lowell , Mass.
IOO"Doso8Ono _ Dollar.
Nrw YOIIK , July 18. The Bl > ollco unnltary
Inspectors are Invpatlgating fiyo cases of re-
Dortod cholera In n tenement hoiiso on Spring
MAUSFII.UN , , ldy 18.-Ieaths hero from
cholera during the past twenty-four hours
nnmiKT twenty right.
Tortov , July 18-SIxleen deaths have oc
curred from cholera tinco 10 o'clock this morn-
NKW YOIIK , July 18-Later Investigation
of the alleged cholera cases proves them to bo
children's summer complaint.
PANAMA , 'July IS.-There ia much' sickness
lure. In ona boxpltnl there are over n dozen
iMpsof ; jellowfovcr nnd n hundred of dysen
Sr. PjtTKUStiuiii ) , July 18. phguomndo
itanppoar.uicont Ivlmra nnd other ntatons ! in
Caucasus , brought form Perjia , A sanitary
cordon nt Ilntup proved usolcsn , eigbthundrcd
parsons having died nt Uedrn during May.
1'rinco Dondonknk Korsikalf baa Interdicted
thu Moslems of CnncnsiM from making pil-
giinmges to holy places.
LONDON. July -Health officers nro
"runtdzIiiK hospital service , in ovrntof cholarn
making iu nppoarnnco. A hospital for cholera -
era patients vv.i * formrd nt Chlnasc , Switzer
land , and Lulno , Italy.
TOUI.ON , July 18. M deaths last night.
Tlio mayor Is Improving. The deputy mayor in
also ill. The pauiu continues , and the uxodua
MARSEILLES , July 18 , 'X\ \ deaths last niphL
The Lbolerik nppearod nt Arles , -I I miles from
here. Three death * theio
MAUSKLI.S , July 18. Noon. Sir deaths
hlnco iiiuo Ibis moiidng.
loVKll , July 18. The municipal council la
piepiirlng anti-cholera muasurei' . Vossola will
bo iKivudiiod befuro entering the hnrbor.
OITAWA , July 18Tho department of
agriculture baa issued iiutructtona to quaran
tine nil trillions of the Dominion , also tn cus
tom collectora who mo ox-otllcio qnarantino
officer' , calling attention to the necessity of
extra vlgiUvnco mid caruful Inspection of all
\eaanls Iro-n MaiHotllox nnd Toulon ,
LONDON July -Thostcnmor Saint lus-
tan , from Marseilles , arilved In Mersey to
il ly. There were two deaths from cholera
dmlng the voyage. The steamer wna ordered
placed in nn Isolated position nnd all commu
nication with shore forbidden.
Th At Ita Oonatrnutlon IH
Grossly Dcfcotlvo.
ClUCAOO , July 18. A staff correspondent
of the Inter-ocean baa boon investigating the
condition of tlio monument , nt Springfield ,
HI. , over tha remains of the Into President
Lincoln , and that paper will , to-morrow , pub-
Mali four columns of sensational matter na to
Its condition. It will charge thu grossest dis-
iioncsty in thu performance of tbo work , nud
will give n detailed account of the defects in
construction , the nggregatu of which threaten
the caving in of tbo toiraoa in which the crypt
la situated , if not the overthrow of the monument
ment itself. The correspondent finds that
tbo inner walla are of noft brick ,
uhich is already rotten and in many
placei : wood and granite chips are thrown
in to fill the rpacca which should have been
Kolid masonry. In I'oburary ono of the nrcbon
running the ontlw length off the terracd full
and ( IngHtorioi which form the floor of tbo
i"r."CBar < JlirM up by tliubim put in by the
custodian. Tills arch hud been keyed , ill
with pine wedges nud chnnkH of mortar In
places whore granite blocks of the terrace floor
were not long enough to reach the wall ; their
inner ends voro mipported by inch
ilno bonrda. I\Vhoro henv granite columns
for statuary rest on the terrace , they
are leveled up with pinu wedges mid tbo
stones are broken by theiinequul weight. The
inner walls are louse , and are held up by lor g
! iropn , now rotting. The heavy stone ov or the
: rypt in which tlin remains of Lincoln rest ,
are supported on pinp boardswhich terrace un
, ho Honili and east sides 1ms boon taken out to
[ iroyent the heavy stencH from falling on thu
; oflin below.
Circular From the PoHtinaRtor-
; Genurnl With ItcKiird U ) Their
WAHIIINOION , July 18. The following cir
cnlar has been sent to poMtmastorH at all free
Jelivory offices :
You are hereby authorlzud to grant letter
c.trricra at your office leave of abnonco not t <
exceed fifteen days each year with pay , ami
to fill their places during such ubsouca will
Hiibstituto carriaru , whom you will pay at thu
rate of SfiOO per nnuum. You will grant
lonvu ofnbianco to Hilch numbara of carrion )
nt ono time nnd at such times during the yoai
na will work the least inconvenience to the
public. A strict account must bo kept will
each carrier and certified to the auditor ol
this department quarterly with your carrier
pny rolu on nuparnto fhcet. If you have no
n Biilliclont number uf substitute carrierH to
fill the places of carriers absent on luavu , yoi
should at once select as many nilditiou'd oneu
an will bu required for thlx ] > urposo and nomiii
ate them to thu first assistant postmaater foi
appointment. Authority to onqiloy substl
lute carriers under this act is granted on ! ;
when noceajfiry to eniiblo the postmaster ti
allow carriers the Icuvo authorl/ed abuvo , If
then fore , you can arrange your Horvlco so n
to grant the leave herein authorised witbou
the employment of HiibntltutOi , ) ou will nebo
bo justified In the employment of mibstltutu
under theuo instructions ,
Voura He < ) iKctfiilly ) ,
( Signed , ) WALTKII ( } . UIIEHHAM.
Ilutlor AVIII Probably Hun.
NKW YOIIK , July 18. General Kunjamln V
ISutlor wan at thu Fifth Avenue hotel , am
wascallnd ujion by John P , Henry , presiden
of the national nnti-monopoly organization
I' . 1) ) . Timber , nnd othera. After his intnrviow
Mr. Henry aaid to it Trlbunu reporter. "I Haw
General llutler and had a conversation wit !
htm for about half an hour. He had not ye
found timu to go to Ida homo in Mausaclmsott
to rest and think matterx over. My opinioi
after that con vermilion in that in thu Interest o
tlin anti-monopoly und laboring classes and It
eider tokuup the progiessiva element togethe
ho will rim for prcshlont und will main thu
ho < t li ht ho can In the utaten vviiero ho car
lijht to the best udvantagi1. Much of vvlut
the gflneral mild must for the present romali
confidant ! il. "
OlnrlndnCniitiircH ihn IIIKUIIO asylun
Dit MOINICS , Iowa , July IS.Tho itato
commUulun to locate thu insane axylun
ordered to bu erected by the la t kglblntuie
which has been in uf Hslon hero tlireo days dls-
cuHiing the ( lliriTont points of location , to-d >
docidud in fnvor ef Claiinda. It was etatei
yesterday that tha question had norrovvtxl
down to cholci' between Clarlnda and Atlan
Bnrofula diseases tnanifuet tlioinaolvou
in the warm woathur. Hoods Sarsapnr-
ilia cloansoa tlio blood and romovoa ovury
taint ofBcrofula.
Tie Chicago Grain Hartet at the
Present Time ,
A Eising Tendency in All Kinds
of Oeroals ,
But Cattle Generally are in Lit
tle Demand ,
And the Prices Remain Station
ary or Fall ,
V. llrlnk Demand lor Certain Grades
of Hogs.
Special Dispatch to the UEE.
CIIICAUO , July IS. Under atrong bull
with the < forced to cover , wheat tu-d.iy
\\ontupUcabuihel. Demand from shortH
continued. Among the heavy buycra were
Schwartz nnd Unpee , Hilly Comstock , Nnt
.Toiion , J.T. Lester nnd Norman Honm. The
market fluctuated uncertainly. Shortly nftor
the opening out under a call from shorts , it
uispoiulod firmly and advanced , closing at top
pricea of the day , from an opening nl SIJc ,
jolower limn Thursday's. Closing prices'-
September options advanced to 8jj ( ! , then by
gradual singes to 80 , and nt ono time to 8GJJ. It
then dropped back to SliJS , nnd closed nt 80 ,
figure 4 being asked. October wheat opened
nt 85Jrf8i ( ( ! , nnd closed nt SfijJ , 87naked. Au-
mist wheat opened nt 81 nnd closed nt
80. Thu name bullish tondoucy pervaded
Corn opened f.t Mj , ran up ta 60 nnd
.n-u ) nt ftSfj. Scptcmbsr opened nt 61 , and
losed nt 535 , October opened nr 53J and
loaod at 65. 1'iirthor advunco la apprehended
mil tboprospoct is for even n stronger mar-
tot to-morrow. 1'ricea , brokers say , have
> ocn abnormally low , and thurlRo Is iu the
ntional order.of thinga. The market owes itu
trcnpth to the demand for Milpmont nnd In
.lie disposition of fnrmcrs to Bell on an HUu
itood steady at 23 . ' .0 , but
I.Altl )
vat In sym [ > ithy with the general tendency ,
md wna active nnd firmj August opening nt
" 18) nnd closing at the same , tfler having
. .DUO up to7 2) ) , riontomber 7 ! > 0 nnd clonim ;
it tha Himu , though it sold nt 732 } : October
" -I' ' ) nnd closed nt 7 42 *
On the afternoon "board , markets were
airly active for wheat and corn , and price *
rreg'ibvrnnd cloned i to | lower on wheat , iu
corn ,
Mid provisions w 010 quiet but whorl riba 2Jo
Thu market wna dull nnd weak from first to
.int. on ull etCKcriptions of cattle. Not s CIT-
end of shipping cattle wna sold and only a
iow were tnkou by doalerH In droesed beef.
Good cattle wetu 20 to 23o lower than nt thu
oponinz of tlin weak. Common natives 40 to
fiOc low or with little or no demand. To-day
many loin of fair fleshy steere of 1000 poundi
und thereabouts , too good for feeders and not
good enough fonjdronacd beef dealers , Hold M
low ai 4 0 I to 4 75. There were only nbout
75 loads of Toxnnx on the market nnd they'
weru nlmuit nimalnblo. J'ricna on Texnns nro
20 to HOe lower than lant week , and in aomo
crises-I0o lower. The market Ia overstocked
with void calves , arid pricea mo 20 to50c low
er than the first of the week ; the best are not
iringin ? over C 7t > , nnd from that down .to
"i 50. The milk cow maikot vvu dull , with
[ ion i crowded full with fair to good cows , for
which there is little or no demand ; xood to
choice KftO to 1100 pounds , 0 00 to ( i DO ; com-
non to good 1050 to 1250 pound , B 80 to 5 75 ;
butchers' 1 ! 10 to125 ; atockerw 3 00 to-J 00 ;
feeders } 00 to 4 fiO ; grasa Texana 700 to ! I50
iiouuda 3 7C to 4 75 ; extra i ) CO to 1000 pounds
I 75 to 5 00.
1100 B.
Thorn was a brisk demand at the opening
for light aorta , and there \vcro rumored salcu
nt 5 70 , but D 05 was the highest , and toward
the chuo 0 Ml to f CO was about the market.
Heavy packing and shipping woru rather slow
all the morning and nverngodfi to lOo lower
than yesterday , market closing rather weak ,
witli n good many lots left , unfold. Skipa and
throwoutx weru selling fnirly well nt ( 00 to
I 80 ; choice assorted light , 5 10 to fi C5 , and
honvy O.r > to 0 55 ; light 1 00 to B 10 ; pounds ,
5 00 to 5 70.
CTJSllANOllAl , July 19. The situation at 1'okiu
Is critical owing to the stormy disputes be
tween Li Hung Chang nnd THO Taung Chang ,
in regard to what action will bo taken on
Franco's attitude. Admiral Courbut with the
Kronen Hoot la threatening Fee Cliow ,
PAHIH , July 18. It la oflicially announced
that China has given Franco the first measure
of satisfaction The Clilnoao Imperial Oazotto
of tbo Kith , publi'hod n decree In occordanco
with tbo turuia of the convention of May llth.
In thin decree the emperor orders the Chinese
troop ) to evacuate Lao K' ' , Langaon nnd Coo
Hung , and withdraw to this sldo of the passed
Inadlne to Ynn Nan , Kwangton nnd Kwang-
81. The evacuation will bo completed within
a mouth.
SiiANfliiAi , July 18. The npponrnnco of
the French Hoot In Chinese waters had the ef
fect of Htrongthening the peace party nt I'o-
kin , The question of granting tlio indemnity
demanded by Fraucu U being discussed.
SIOO.O. Given
. . .
Ifnlumcriinyinjurloiu tnliStanri'scun L-o found
In Andraws1 Pearl UakinK Powder. , I P > s-
tlvi-lyPURE. JlcfiieiHlor.odiiiiillitlmoiilttU (
recefvixl ironi such clieiulsUaaS , Dima lla > s , lifts-
ton ; M. Delafontalno , orciilcaKo ; and
Ilodc , llllwuiikec. Keverfcolil In bulk.