Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 12, 1882, Image 4

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : UlUESDAy , JA 12 18 2.
The Omaha Bee.
Published every morning , except Sunday.
The only Monday morning dally , j
One Ye\r S10.00 I ThreeMonthn.$3.00
Six Months. 5.001 One . . 1.00
THE WKEKLY HKK , published or-
One Year 52.00 I Three M on 1.1m. . BO
Bix Month 1.00 | Ono . . 20
ktion * relating to News nnd 1'MltoriaI mnt-
tora should bo addressed to tlio I.DITOH or
Letters nnd llcinittnnres Miomd bo ad
dressed to THE OMAHA I'onuHiiiNo COM.
TANV , OMAHA. DrnfU- , Checks nnd Post-
office Onlcis to be niudo paynblo to the
order of the Company.
Ei KOSEWATER , Editor.
, " \ViiK.s wo pave wo must pave nub-
GUITKAU got C ° M nomfort from
Judge COX'B rulings on tlio law rointB
of the great , trial.
OHIO Mover will bo out of oflice.
> ] von Jim Wilson hails from that
highly favored Ruction.
ETKKV tinio Jay Gould or Sidney
Dillon take snuff tlio editor of the
Jlerald mioezos long and violently.
JUIXIK Cox's view of insanity will
incut with the approval of every one
but the assassin nnd his counsel.
" FAUMKJW' associations " never
ilourish in the back rooms of saloons.
The climate is too moist for good
crops. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ,
BROOKLYN is the city of churchuB , a
whith elephant of a bridgu and an
enormous debt amounting t > over
EVE.V queens aru not always in luck.
At a late agricultural show in England
Bomo of Victoria's calves were awarded
only third prizes. There I'M no royal
road through the cattle show pro
anium list.
GOVIIIINOK Gii.ut , in his annual mes-
nago , pleads for congressional ruguU
tion of railroads in order to tuipplo-
inent and render thoroughly uffuctiro
tlio work of state railroad commis-
mona. It is sure to come in time.
WITHIN a few weeks lively dodging
on the tarill' question will bo the order
of the day in Washington. " A demo
cratic member recently remarked
' 'Free trade sounds well in a platform
but what in thunder has that to do
with my district ? ' '
BAHNKV SHANNON says ho ought note
to bo molested for keeping bar for hii
wife on Sunday when eighteen other
follows who are not getting $500
year and'bed and board , kept open at
the same time. Barney oviduntly
took his cue from the late license in
< iuiry.
MH. WAHIIIIUHN has introduced n
Vil' ' into the house looking to the abolition
lition of the pre-emption land law ,
This bill docs not include the homo
Hi cud law , and .is intended to hit tin
speculator who secures land withou
improving it and holds for a rise i
prices. , ,
Ex-PuEsiUKNr UAYK.H will return
from Europe in time to speak at the
next ro-union of the Grand Army of
the Republic next January. lie will
respond to the toast , "Tho Ilobels ;
Wo Measure Their Yaluo and Sincer
ity as Friends by Their Departed
Valor "as Enemies. " Some personal
reminiscence of Judge Key would "bo
in order.
NYK , ot the Union Pacific
railroad company's literary bureau ,
lias boon appointed political observer
of the Omaha Republican , at Wash
ington , D. 0. The appointment was
confirmed by Thos. L. Kimball , and
Fred has torn hiniHolf away from the
Brooks' sidu and sot out for Valen
tino's headquarters. Oh Freddie ,
what a vacancy you have left behind.
Kearney Press.
Perhaps the writer of the above ia
aKghtly projudicod. Fred hold the
Union Pacific mortgage on the Kear
ney Press and tried to foreclose when
ho found that it didn't ' pay political
dividend ! .
Now wo shall uou of what great
crime August Arndt is guilty. The
government of the United States has
been put to the expense of importing
a jndgo from Kansas to try this terri-
lilu man for an alleged threat against
Judge Dundy. Arndt has already
luxm in , pl-wou. fully one nu nth and
justice Is bound to have her pound of
iieah. If Arndt is convicted we pre
sume that ho .will bo sentenced lo a
term ( if impruioiimeiit. Hut wlmn
ihat term is up what protection wilt
uch treatment guarantee to Judge
Dundy if''ho ' really believes that
Arndt is disposed to do him bodily
larm ? TJTb only iruo remedy would
uoom to bo to have this "howling ni
hilist , communist and socialist" incar
cerated during ( he remainder of
Judge Dundy'd lifo , or else to have
him executed at once utid be done
with it. Jt will bo NoVraska justice ,
of course , '
The republican caucus of the Towa
( { islature havt-nominated Hon. Jns.
' . WiUon for senator for tlio lon
orm , beginning March ! , 188II , A
cpubliiMu caucus nomination in Towa
practically an election and the bal
ling next week will bo merely a rati-
cation ot the action of the cancui.
Mr.Vilsju is a man of eminent
bilily , perhaps the ablest man that
ins ever represented Towa in the na-
onal legislature. Viewed from our
itandpoint ability is not the only ro-
uisito for an cfliciont and faithful
United States mmator. Rigid intot.-
ily and a high moral scnno of the ro-
pnmibilittca that devolve upon u
THO representative of the people
TO in our opinion fully
, n cBscntial. Measured by the stand-
rd established by his own public roc-
rd , Mr. Wilson falls nhort of our
oncoption of the kind of senator
, hat Bhouhl represent the great agri-
ultural state of Iowa in the national
ouncil , During almost a lifetime
[ r. Wilson , in and out of congress ,
M been a corporation attorney or
obbyist and thin fact was the argu-
nl that this paper has always mod
gainst his candidacy. Had the op-
> osition in Iowa stood upon that
ilatform Mr. Wilson never would
lave been nominated. But his com-
lotitors wore simply trying ti head
litn oil'on a personal canvaia with no
irlnciplo at the bottom and inmicha
lontest Mr. Wilson , being the ablest
Hjlitician , outgotioralled them all.
Mr. Wilson now goes into the BOH-
to as an avowed out and out anti-
lonopolist. His conversion from the
ailroad ranks was no midden and so
ompleto that wo have refused
0 believe in his sincerity. In
his opinion the railroad managers ap-
car to bo with us for once , for they
did not lay n atraw in his way and
com to have cheerfully taken the
ink of being ruined by Mr. Wilson ,
wlio has proclaimo ! that the railroads
do not own anything more than aright
rightfway. .
For the good of the country and ( if
the stale of Towa wo hope that wo
lave been mistaken also. Wo
tope that there will bo no back-
filiding from the anti monopoly plat
'orm into tlio railroad camp.
.lames F. Wilson was born in Now-
nrk , Ohio , received a good education ,
nd studied law. Tn 185 ! ! ho re-
noveil to Iowa , and rapidly rose to
iromineiico , being elected in 1850 as
1 member of the Iowa constitutional
convention. Tlo was subsequently
elected to both brandies of the logis
attire , and in 1801 presided over the
Iowa senate. Al the outbreak of the
war ho was elected to congress and
served four terms. During this pe
riod ho hold positions on variou ?
prominent committees , being chair
man of the judiciary committee of the
house. In 1808 ho was one of the man
agers of the impeachment of Andrew
Johnson. In 180 ! ) , after his retire
ment from congress , ho was appointed
government director of the Unior
Pacific railroad , which ollico ho hole
until March , 1878.
And now comes Doctor Miller ( real
from Jay Gould's mansion in Wow York
and calls upon the Omaha board o
trade to appoint a committee to confer
for with the railroads upon the pav
ing question. The Doctor says :
"It iahopod that the board of trade , a
any mooting that may bo huld for the
purpose of discussing the pavement
question , will appoint a strong committee
mitteo to confer with the Unioi
Pacific railroad company , the Burling
ton & Missouri , the Missouri Pacific ,
and the Omaha & St. Paul , to BOO
what they will do to help us pave our
atreeta. This would bo practically
out Mr. '
carrying Sidney Dillon's sug
gestion , who seconded the assent of
Manager Kimball to the idea that the
Union Pacific would do its full share
in the matter. These corporations
have an important atako in thu proper
permanent and immedicato pavcmcn
of every ono of our main business
streets , "
The suggestion did not original
with Mr. Sidney Dillon. It originate
right hero in Omaha , at a meeting o
the board of trade , to consider tin
paving question , and was niudo b ;
the editor of TUB BKK , in language
that was aomowhat plain and emphatic
The suggestion was vigorously denounced
nouncod as an outrage by the Omaha
lie-publican , which could not compre
liend by what malign inspiration thi
man llosowater coupled the pavinj ,
question with the Union Pacific rail
road. So wo take it that it is an outrage
rage- that Dr. Miller ahould aecom
our motion in this matter , as ho doc
on the granite question , and go u
one better by urging tha
the assistance of the railroads shouh
extend not only to Tenth street , bu
also to our principal buainvaa streets
For both of these
outragi-a wo cor
dially forgive him.
Our original suggestion was that th
railroads who hlockado Tenth streo
with their tracks should pave th.
roadway loiding to their dopota. Un
dorourajHlem of jug-huiullu law tin
depot and depot grounds are inuluduc
in the roadway , and are exempt fron
taxation , and wo thought , conoid
ering the fact that Onmli
lias given these groundu to th.
the road and paid § 200,000 for tin
grounr'a bosidts donating a trillo eve
half a million on bonds nnd ( ill eland
land * to Mr. Dillons conipuny , that it
would not bo unreiiBoimblo to n
them to pave the principal thoroughfare -
faro that loada to their Omaha depot.
If they deairo to assist the paving
of our streets by carrying paving ma-
lorials , free of charge or at very low
r.itcs wo shall cheerfully join Dr.
Miller in commondint ? them for auch
aid .illlmutjh wo have not had the
pleasure j , of admiring Jay Goiild'a pic
tures ( and treading on his Axmiiifltor
Wo have hoard a good dual of late
about good government in Omaha ,
and our mayor has complimented the
marshal and the police upon the ox-
cullont manner in which they perform
their duties. We have boon told also
that two dotectiyes were hero from
broad , prob.ibly graduates from some
unal institution , who had never nuen
city as well governed and whore the
aws wore so generally unforced. But
lioro in Btill n good deal of room for
oform for all that. H.irring thodilfor-
ncus on thu manner of enforcing the
ilociimb law which tins caused somucli
ommotion hcru of late , there are still
ittlo incidents of frequent occurrence
hat would indicate a rather loose
tale of afr.iirn in this law-abiding ,
well governed and quiet city. Our
ormer observations on this neons have
> eon denounced as iiiMiciotiH , and of
ficials and those hiuli in authority
lave pronounced our charges concern
ng thu deplorable state of public
nnr.iln in Omaha as < 1 d lies. It
eemfl , however , that other people in
IICHU parts entertain opinions not at
11 complimentary to the police system
f Omaha , which may bo gleaned
rom the following editorial trana-
ated from Saturday's number
f the Omaha Post ( German ) :
This in a question we must ask when
ho papers are compelled every day to
shroniclu nightly assaults , burulariea
ind robberies. A band of burglars ,
hugs And vau'iibonda are revelling in
lisordor and crime in thin city aa if to
nock our gallant police puppets. These
rogues know very well whom they
leal with when they defy our miignill-
cent police corptt. If law-abiding and
> oicLiablo uitixtitiH , who after a days
lard labor sit down ( o partake of i
jhra of lieur , to chat and ainuao tliein
lulvcs in a circle of friends in HOIII
rcspiictahlo resoit aru not through
"mforo this clock striki-s twclvo
lien some of thcso high and miuhty
men ire nn hand to impose their
authority. When , however , nightly
jrgioH are carried on until early liawn
u houses of ill.famu , gambling hells
uid other disorderly dens , the police
tass them by unnoticed and turn the
cornem like BO many Hnenln. It JH
ibotit lime that the city mar-thai
fihould w.ike out of his badger li
sleep to rid the city of a dangerous
element which at this time is becom
ing a menace to our citizens.
Lost ( Thursday night these
di'oporadoes were in their clement ,
Mr. Gim Phlommer , who resides 01
the north uido , waa followed on his
way homo by two roughs. In the
neighborhood of the military bridge
on Cuming street ho waa overtaken
by gnrrottcrs and struck upon
the head with n sand bag or aomo
other instrument. Fortunately thu
blow did not prostrate him , althouul :
ho saw stars for B few moments. Tic
Bet his legs in chain lightning motioi
anil got away from the scoundrels. Oi
the aamu night a house on Hick
ory street was broken into and a
number of valuables carried off. Or
Thirteuneth street Sam .Roiiinier'fi
family lof t their washing to dry 01
the linn and that night it was carried
oil' by thieves. Lastly a lady of Long
Pine station that arrived hero tha
evening was relieved at the depot bj
pickpockets of her pocket book. Tin
U'utig of scoundrels furnished ample
evidence that they are competent t <
conduct every _ branch of thiovcry am'
all tliosa things happen under tin
very eyes of our police. Wo would
call the attention of the marshal ti
thu fact , that this olasa of individual
have no license and ought to bo at
tended to.
Tin : Ibi : ! speaks about the paving
of the Omaha Btreeln in comiectioi
with a of the governor ,
which it assumes will BOOH bo issued
Now thin is a matter of a local naturi
of much importance , to bo sure , am
which should be attended to , but w
are surprised that Tin : Hir. : overlook
a matter of state importance fully n :
oHHuntial as the paving of the Omah
stroeta. NVo refer to the completio
of our state capitol , Thu east win
will bo completed by the first of Soj :
ti-mbcr , ami the sooner the appropri
ation for the central part ia secure
the sooner will the building bo con
plotcd. Wo suggest to TUB BKB tluv
it mention tliis particular item of leg
{ station.- [ Lincoln Democrat ,
There is a alight dillurouco botwoo
the proposition to authorixo Omaha t
pave her streets and a proposition t
appropriate money for completing th
state capitol. Tn the one case th
state isn't asked to contribute a dinui
in the other the state ia ex peel eel t
add ? 200,000 to its tax , of whio
Omaha would have to pay
least 820,000 , liut oven
this case if thu Btato nl
aolutoly needed the contr.U section
the capitol before the regular sosBio :
of the legislature the OMAHA UK.
would raise no objection to it , It ha
boon the habit of the Lincoln paper
at all times to keup up a spirit of ai
tagonisin between the two citicH and
to milio bulievo that Lincoln ia a
rival of Onulia , and Onnha is jealous
of the growth of Lincoln whou in fact
there is no more rivalry between these
cities limn thorj is between the O.\u-
IIA BuKnnd the Lincoln
THK Chicago Tribune raises thu cry
of nepotism against Puatmabtur General -
oral Ho wo because he appointed his
Kin to a positiun under him. Hi
preilect'Bior , Mr. Jnmfs , appoint rd
his toii-iii'Jinv to tmccei'd him as
master of Now York but thcro was
no nepotism about that , Globe-
i\Bsistant I'ostmastor Pearaon , of
Jew York , was apiwintcd Mr. James1
icccsor solely on account of his tit-
ess for the position , and in response
tho.potitions of hundreds of Now
"ork merchants. The fact that for
vo years ho had lilted the position of
.ssistant . postmaster in the largest
flico in the country made his promo-
on directly in the line of civil service
oform. It is safe to say that it
irouhl have followed juit as surely if
tr. Pearson had never married
i'homas L. James' daughter.
Jonx KftMiV may or inay not bo a
'bogus nnti-monnpolint , " as charged
y some of Iho Now York journals ,
ut his announcuinunt that his friendn
vill not vote in the organization of
lie New York- legislature for any
lomber who is known to be under
lit ) control of the monopolies han
cry much of the genuine ring about
A few nuch "bogus monopolists"
ro needed in every legislature
liroughout the country.
Nebraska City N
Itluo Kpriin.'K built tlilrty-otie IIOUSCH last
cur , coxtlng 81lai."i !
North Plattn JKHUCHHCS a live cuiblciu of
i trty can-fully
The iiopu ation til Waterloo him doubled
thu lust two years.
Went Point claims imnrovetnenlK In-t
ear tfi tlie amount of SdTi.OOO.
Jtorm ) tblovi-H anil buralnrs are tmpror-
UK the ( Urk and client houn ) in Lincoln.
Superior clniniH ? .riO,000 w < rtb of itn-
irovcincnts erected < ltiriii ( ; the past year.
_ F.'iiriniint IniHincc * men are nl > out to be-
in tlio erection of n brick block of ( i'j fret
( eorRO Kaxwcll Inn perfected nrrnnpe-
for thu orcotion of a new founilry
n Fremont.
The Blair barber captured liia ,
week , wliile on hi was to Omaha ,
vith all the tools of Ihe whop.
Mr . HitlcnliHiider , tbo limit , brilliant
) encon in the path ny of suffragist" , won
ler first case in a 1'olk connly courl losl
Ni thing in the line of Hebron improve
ni'iit is more nuikcd than Ihe uppoiranco
if tlio stores one year ago and nt tlie pres
nt time ,
The board of trade committee of Ko > r-
ley have decided to open subscription
i ioks lo receive tflO.OOO lownrd starting-
lie catml Hcbfine.
Nel'io Davis , of North 1'l.aie , _ the nn
or uniito worn in who tecoived npKtolsho
voiind in the head , some four or iiv <
ugo , died last week.
The now ice budge across the Jliss tiri ,
, t IHnir , was danced com-idcrably bj tin
ormation of nn ieo fiorgo above it , uhi b
brew the bridge out of line ubont eight
Dr. H. A. Ktick. of Grand Islnnd , died
u suddenly Ibo other ni''ht that his
' : K ! in a Mittinfj postuie on a hand
car. Ho wan popular and lib death is uni
, 'eiHally regretted ,
I1' . I1' . Vojjcl , of Odceoln. has filed in tlio
! ) llico of the county clerk the iirticliB of incorporation -
corporation of HIB Alliance Publishing
conipuny. Tha capital stock of the coin-
IMinv ! < tube i.r > 00. The Bliare.i are oifereil
at 32.50 each.
I'll" now brick court bouse at Osceola i
completed on tlio outside , nnil the innidu
work in progro'xiiiK n rapidly i\s \ cirouir.-
Htnuceu uill ( MNTUiit. Wbcii conn leted il
will lie ono of the finest county conrl
houfes in tlio state.
The Piilk county agricultural a socia-
tion met tliu 7tli inst. and elected II. C.
llitt nt-fiuier , delegate to siato nuricul-
tur l nssociatinn ; J. W. Snider , pro-icient ;
\V. lifclMin hlin , vico-presldent ; W , , T.
Mrh.shol ler , hecrotary ; MIH. H , C. Bit-
tenbcii'.lcr , treiisiirer.
_ A man named Hnckwell , n fanner re-
Billing' between Wceplui ; Water and
Loulnville , nttcmted | to get off n train
in-ar PluttKinoilth last week , and was
thrown to the ground , falling retwo'n the
cniH in kiich a manner that tlio rear
ran over liis right ! < > ( , ' near the knee ,
c u hing- and lunugling it in a horrible
During the dccado ending March , 1871) ) ,
the Incretiho of population in Gage county
wax from 7 , ISO to 10 , ° .2ti , HIM ! tlio increase
in the manlier of acieH li-ted for taxAtion
wan from 'J.'O 000 to 415,000. At present
tlio number of population in upward * of
l'J,000 , an'l of auroii Hiibject to tvcation
nbout TiO ,000 , the real valuation of wbieli
cannot be umler ! ? l'itOOO , ( 00 ,
Wbttolaw Rold' Stolen Lottor.
ttiunil Aiwociatcd I'rcw.
NBW YOIIK , January 11. White-
law Hcid to-day prints a personal edi
torial , showing that thu recent alleged
letter of ailvico to Oarliold on the sit
uation of politics in Now York , jirint-
ed in the Herald under the chum of
the llouild't ) contributor thatOarliohl ,
being a personal friend , allowed him
to make a copy of it , which he fur-
melted the Herald , was not written to
liiirliold at till but to John Hay , of
Cleveland , and was never seen by
Ciai-field nor never in his possession
one instant. It was never intended
for him , but was written to guide
Hay in his coi.vorsatioti with the pres
ident Hay furnished a certificate
that the original never left his hands ,
is Htill in his possession and has been
locked up in his desk ever since its
reception. Reid aays the letter as
published in thu Herald is garbled , and
that it was stolen from the telegraph
wire , and appeals to liennott to make
known the name of the contributor
who can bo punished , JJeid claiming
that he imposed on the public by
printing n stolen copy from the wires
of u private communication to anoth
er which ho palmed oil'as a letter to
the pio.ident , and that the latter al
lowed him to copy it for the purpose
of making it appear that Oarfiold was
weak and acted under advice , Jloid
also says that instead of accepting
the alleged advice when friends re
minded him uf the trouble KoberUou'i
nomination was making and talked
about withdrawal , Garfiold's reply
was : "They may take him out of
thu senate head first or feet first ; ]
will never withdraw him. "
Natloinl AwtooUtii.1 1'rcM
SAN l''u.\.MHro , January 11. Two
inmiigiant curs Were quarantined at
Trucked yesterday , on account of ono
eusu of amall-pox , and will remain in
iuartntiiid ] ten ihy . Forty passon-
gels are aboard.
TOI-KKA , January 11. Ono alight
case of Binali-pox was reported here
to-day , L , Hiatt , 1117 Jt'H'erson
Htreet , a brakt'inan on the AtchUou ,
Tupuka it Suuta Fee road. Ho aaya
ho thinks ho caught it Bitting in emi
grant ears.
The Conc'uding Paragraphs of
a Voluminous Docu
fho Rallwny CotnmtHslon null It *
Work Wfiterwnjri
nnd State In-
The fol'owing ' paragraphs from tlio mts-
Gov , ( ! rar to the Iowa ns < cmbly ,
were unavoidably crowded out of J'estr-
day's HEK :
Tbo report of the capitol coiiuniwinners
uuH that there ban I ten vxpc'iuled ,
duiiliK the Jin" " . ! t yearn. S25S 1 l.i ! W ; ui
t. . tin- time , ? lsnii. : : ? : . H. Aciompmy
ing the report are thu detailed est < inat"s of
the conitn H ioiurn us to tbn niiuiml ueccs-
ary tn com , iete tbu biiildini , ' Thci-o es-
i'iates iiggrfKat- ! Ji'.l.-llli.JM ' ; but it
slf nld be lioino in mind they do not in-
clii'lc the ainoiiiit nwecsary to furnhh the
b .llding.
Itollexinga partial completion of the
building to bo nut only prnclKrihlu but
nwjoisjry , 1 c.Vled on the eomini"sinnuiH
for a mpideini'iital o > tim.ilo , uliicli will be
omul with the rejiort. This rrtlinate tbf biilldlng can be made ready
For partiaj occupanry by .lannary 1 , 1881.
Tri > lo this will require an exppudittiro of
SW.'i/iS'J.-H , nhido fromtboanuiuntrciuired |
lor furniture. There is availaMo for this
work , thiiro ent yo.xr , Slli.'i.OOO of the an-
| > roirintlon | of 187- . ly ! an addltinnal al
lownuce of SI 0,000 f ir 188'J , of ! ? 200.00t
[ to include Ibo remainder of the npnropri-
ill in of 18" ! ; ) for 1PKI. anil ? 200OOD for
ISSI.ugjrei.'utiiie ; S152.-,000 , the buililin-
can IM ; partially coinploted , nnd the lin-
islifd portion furtiiHbetl , in time for the
convening of tbo twentieth
general U-HCIII-
I ly. The eoit of HiiperviKion , tbo largo
nici already expended , the danger to the
archivm of the htato nnd , her library , in
the prci-ont b'tildiliL' , and tbo crowded nnd
uncomfortable condition of tbo latter , de
mand tlie prompt nppr print ! ' n of Mill- !
eient funds to complete the work. In my
jiidgmeiit thu healthy condition of the
ht.ito's finances will warrant the npproprl-
tion without ri < k of embarrassment.
It is clearly evident that the recent
heavy advance in prmi-iim * , clothing ,
fuel ami other nero'Riuios of life will ren
der thu support of the state in-titutions
impossible on the prenent ptatutoiy al
lowances should tbe iigb prices continue
dining the current biennial period. As a
reduction in pi ices may occur tlurit g tlie
period , I would not consider it advisable
to iticroiso the piepout monthly or quar
terly allowam e.
I woul I , however , sugpo'tt that when
ever tbo trustees of any of the state insti
tutions , or the wardens ot the io poi tive
penitentiaries , are patstied that the iusti
tutitm- " under tlieii ( barge rmiiectiyolv
cannot bo supported within tbo limit al
lowed by the law , the executive council
be authorized , in its tliujtetion , nnd upon
piopet showing , t > the all 'Wance , for such time us nniy
be necessary , at a rate f not exceeding
luo dolluis per tii'iiith for each of the inmate
matethereof. . If thN policy were niinpt-
ed , the inoieared allowance counl be dis
continued wb > never the council should
beui'ino ' of tbo opiiiion that the nece sity
theiefor h id ceased. tJfctinn 1 of chatur ]
l7 ! , act ( if the Sev.iitei'iith general n sem-
bly , make..s it unlawful fi r any state insti
tution tii incur a debt for suppott _ pur-
po > os without first ol tabling the written
consent of the executive council. It wi'l '
be dillicult , in case the necessity nrNes for
the creation of a debt of n considerable
amount , in such omergtiicie.s as ore pro
vided tor ill this sect'on , to find persons
who are willing1 , and financially able , to
carry a debt againsl the institution for
any length of lime. I therefore suggest
that Ibis clause bo repealed , nnd Ihe pow
er lo increase Ibo allowance bo left to the
council , as I lm\o Hitggebted.
If the ollico of Iroasurer of Ihe several
clromosyna'-y institutions were' abolished
and thoBUperinleiiitant niado Ihu cutto-
dian of nl 1 funds , Iho _ keeping of _ books
would be much uimplifie.l. As it is now
theie nro t o nel-t of : iccotmts kept for
each JiiM.itntion , when one I'H sulliciuil.
As the bills ; ire all audited by the board-
of tiuxtees , the public funds would bo
fully as secure , and their disbursement ns
cnrjfnlly guarded , ni under the present
BJ btcm.
Considering it of importance that the
state hb' uid lie represented nt the meet-
| n of the National Conference of Char
ities , I appointed Miss Margaret A.
Cleaxcsi , A I. 1) . . of Davenport , as n _ dele
gate to llut body. Her report will be
found printed with the state documents.
It is of much interest nnd value , nnd is
a strong argument iu favor of th * estal-
lishment by the slate at nu early day of a
state board of charities and corrections ,
who-o duty shall be to supervise the
ninnagement of our eleemosynary and institutions , Tim poweis of Hitch
a board should b'seo'm ' I'eliensive in their
scope , HI ai toeinbnico n full Hupervinory
power oter pooi-liouses and jaiLs us well
ns th. cbnrit bin and penal inslitnti ns of
tliOHtnic. There are. in Die poor-hollies
OK Ibot-lale , or lecciving nid in cotmlies
without poor-lioii'ty , 1OI : ! persons. The
htateiuont of this fuel , nnd Iho disclosures
ro ardin Ihe management of poor-
i in ninny of the states , demons rnto
that some sup rvNion is iieceHnary other
than wb t isalforded under the present
Thu intercht i f Iowa being so largely
agricultural , it seems to mo _ tlio cre
ation of a bureau of agriculture having
special charge of matteis prrtaining tel
l < is indti try would bu ( f great Milne.
Tbo chief of thtx htmnu nbould bo n xlnto
oliieer , Itfibouldhivo connected with it
a ( lepnitmcnt of untonn logy and veteri
nary cci nee , and hhonlil bo charged wilh
UK' duly of exiunining into the cuiiscs mill
the best metbods of , royention uml lieat-
nitnt of the iliteanoH incidtnt to li\o block
( if all ItimU. It bhould also gather and
disseminate information regarding the
tioilnirf the state , their adaptabilily to thu
prodnetioii of giuxstti and grainn , anj
whute\er elfO i-i of niiiort | dice to thin , tliu
domiunnt interet-t of the Htatc. Tliin
bureau , it pu > i erly mainta ncd , ivniiM bu
of great valiiu to our iieop e , and a foun.
til u of kliowledg to thoau heeking in for.
mutton us to the remnrceH of the rtuto
Tlu * ugricuUuial pnxluctH alone of
dm Ing thit past bl miial period , M
tbu vftht H.IIII of § 500 000,00' ' , Surely tli
cur-t of inuintniiiingu bureau of au-iiuulturt
wiuild bo but a tritlo as compared with the
11'iielitn to accrue to tlio btate through in
terestHof Hiic-li inagnitili'o ' ,
Tlio ta'ilen in this hociety's report , giv
ing the aim unt , ind value of the pooductn
of tbo Boil , and thollvo stock raii-t'd , uhow
a gratifing increa-o as compiireit with
former years , The ciop returns made to
thu society , cmbraeiug us thuy do nil tbo
counties in the ttuta navu ono , have been
truthered through tbu co-operation of over
itOJ farinei-s. The expemii comiecteil
therewith is quite largo an t has been de
frayed by the society , which is illy pre
pared to bear it. In order to maku this
poition i.f . t'io work of the coricty a per-
iimnent f"Vtire , aiiapppipriatiou of 'JOOC ,
{ 4 uxktul lor. I'ho value to the genera !
public of this feature of the rupoit u-oiiM
ooem 11 warrant such appro , ilutlon , The
pa cis on various tojilcs uuimected with
agrjciiltiiri * , o ntributai by i.iir lending
ngiiciiUnrl lK , einbiujying. n * they do. n
vnria I personal experience iu tbo practica' '
ulf lirn u' ' f.irm life .iru of much int rt > > t
and well worthy u enreful poc ual , nnd 1
trust they may convey t > yoiMaluable
hints an to needed legislation for the los-
Jeiini ; uf that inleiestwhi'li , inoro than
a'l ' otht-ru coml iuc < l , augiuents the pro *
peiity uf our statr1.
it AII. w.\i H.
Your attention i * called to tlis report
of the railroad eommls ! oners as belni ? of
iinicli interest nnd value , c < pe. lolly . *
; here Is nt ilds time n much iilcu < i > tun f
the t nmportitlon qtirntlou , Tlie cotu
ttnctliui of rallw.iv > * it rapidly inrrea-ong
u Iowa and tbroiigliout the country. At
) ic. ent tlit-ro h n mllcnf.i { in the Hate ol
noirly n.oOO. and there is in i - cess of
construction nnd partially c mplcteii fully
i , ( 00 miles more. All of the rountle-
HIP Mate * ate two have railway fuilitc !
ami tl se will bo t cached by lines now In
priiCfM ( if construction early in the spring
if 18S1. . The buiinc s of the railway lias
IncrcatC'l eiiornioimly , which iucro.ifiu i' a
liratifj ing evidence of thu growth of the
state. he tables regarding tbf rates
cbnrgril for the ti.msportation of freight
and passenger1) o i th * fjr at linri of the
countrv show that for -cveral years p.vt
there has been a Hto.dy anil gradual de
crease therein , and that in thi < general
reduction it is found some of i ur Iowa
roads iiiixt largely imrticlpated. The
Lables of transpoitaticu charges
on our Iowa roads nu both be > l and Inter.
state IraHl'- are elaborate , covcrini ; as they
do many years of tr.illie , iiml thc c alsu
uhow a gradual reduction in the charges
year by year. Kspf'ci illy is this caie on
Lr.illic from the interl .r points in Iowa to
the Chic g > t market. It is n fact -though
ti'jtMmwn in the lepnrt that at this time
Lhc rates MI dairy products from compe
ting nnd iion-i niiipetlnt ; points in this
State to the seaboard mnrke's are as low
as thcv nro nn the same products from
CVntral New York in tin came markets.
This is , of course a direct benefit to the
Iowa p'oducer , as it renders his land ,
though over a thousand inilss from market ,
as valuable for dairy purposes as if it were
much no ror
The opinion is freely expressed by prom
inent railway nicii that with reductions of
grade and curvattiiu on the tbr"iigb lines
already built nnd in course of consttuction ,
witli the more economical methods of op
era * ion which are being elaborate 1 and
applied , nnd with the usiril results of free
competition , the day is not far dist nt
when still lower rates will bo the rule.
It will also bo seen by reference to the
report that , while there hnvti been largo
reductions in freight charge * , the rates on
freight from points in the interior of tbo
state to points on the Mississippi river
ire much higher , relatively , than the rates
to Chicai'o. Competition , the completion
of new lini'H in Imrmonv with liver trans-
| > ortation , the inexorable laws of trade ,
and n dun regard on tbfl part of the rail
ways to the just demands of their cu to-
mere will , it is hoped , do much towards
remedying the cxi-ting disparity in rates ,
at an early day. Thu report U accompa-
ii-ed by a map of the state , showing the
ailroadH built and in course of construc
tion. Another interesting feature will bo
found in the profiles of the grade of the
eading lines crossing tbo state from oat
, o west nnd north to south , the value
; horeo $ coiiMstin.- the means furnished
ri > rdeteron'niiig the relative cnst of haul-
ng fiieglit ( iv r the d iferent linen of road.
The study of this subject will bo n-cful to
all having business rcl.ttiotm with the
roads , and may aid materially in arriving
ut coriect conclusions as to the value of
railway -ervice.
All the o facts are of great interest , and
nro impor'unt ' factors in the solution of the
v xed question which is exciting so much
discussion , the "transportation problem. "
In view of the current discu- ion by the
| ire.-s and on the forum regarding the le-
'al Btattts of railway t orporations , and
their ptib'ic and private rights , the views
of the commissioners will bo found of great
value to tin1 people of lowit , who have so
large an interest in tbo proper determina
tion of tho'O questions ,
That | art ot the repoit that treaNof
tbo causes pj.idtn-ing the "coal famine'1
whi h prevailed lust winter , and the pos-
nibili > of the same btrtto of affairs recur
ring this winter , tboir conclusions concern
ing it , and the injunctions laid laid upon
Uie railways In i elation tea proper supply
of cus will bo found of interest
tbo year just closed Iho coin-
missionerH bavo dt-cided upon tifty-six
complaints which have been made tothcm.
In eveiy casu the decision of the tominis-
sioners has been ac opted by both the cor
porations and the peopla as un absolute
settlement of the question at issue. In
addition , many informal complaints , embracing -
bracing , minor grievances , have been sat
isfactorily adjusted by the board dimply
through tlieii calling the attention of the
companies to the facts. These things
ebovv cle irlv that the commissionersbip
svsteni , although it is not yet four yearn
since its adoption , is growing iu the con-
I'lijence of tbo people , and is relied upon
them for protection against the encroach
ment of the railway corporations. It is
fast becoming a settled conviction in the
public mind , not only of tlie people of
Iowa but of other plates , that the coai-
miss ! * n , acting as it dues m the capacity
of a board of arbitration , before whuli
complaint may be made , evidence taken ,
and matters of difference promptly ad
justed , and whoso decisions when rendered
have all the moral weisht of ju Icinl lie-
cresw , vvtb the great saving of lime and
expense attendant , gives much better re-
suits that can be dei ived from the more
tedious and oipensivo processes of the
courts. That thin is the case i evi
denced in the adoption by other states of
the cotnmissionership system. Maine ,
Now Hampshire. Vermont , Virj-inia ,
South Carolina , Georgia , Alul'nmt , Ken-
tuo y , Ohio , Michigan , Illinois. Iowa ,
\yi coniii , Minccfola and Cal fornia
eightet'ii BtatcH now have railway com-
niis-ions , while New York lias a state en
gineer , ord Pennsylvania a secret" ry of
internal affair * , ca. h uf vjiom pcrfonim
ninny ot the duties of railway commis
sioner * in other states. Great lititaiu
and seven.l of the e nitinental states have
like boards , nnd Australia has udo , ted the
Hysteni within tbo past year. This
method ( ( public control is HO tborotighlv
demons. ! rating its efficient1- that at tliu
lirffenl ratio of its ndoption it will soon
be found on the statute books of every
state iu the in. ion. Furthermore , no htato
or people , nfter ndnptinv this HVPtoni of
publiccontrol of rail wnyshn-syet abandoned
it , so that 1 am foieeii to tlio conclusion
that a proper control of inter-state com
merce vvjll necessitate a national board of
commissioners ,
1 am aware that there are many who
think tlint the powers of tbo commission
ers tliould enlarged ) , or in other words
that they should be invested with judicial
jiowers. Vroui this v iew I dismit. The
only boirds i f coniinisjioners having judi
cial powers that I am aware of are those
of Georgin , California nnd Great llritam.
To what extent tliese IMIWHIH have I cen
OXCICISH ] by the board * of the tw fust
nani'd 1 nm not informed , but in Gieat
II itaiti , wheio the supervision embraces
more than three time * tlie mileage of Iowa ,
the powers of thf connnissionsrs nve
been invoked only 101 timed ring sev n
jo rs , and a l.itge number of tbo cn-cs
were not judicial , but related to tbo ap
proval of rates ; while during less than four
> oars the Iowa commis ion bus decMfd
10. " ) casec , many of them of gru it impor
tance to the people , nnd every deci.ionlins
been 'obeyed by the corporations nnd has
been accepted by the people. I'nither-
more : i-iueu the orgnniznti n of tliu Iowa
commission not a suit has been bn light
in any of the com t * of tlio state so far
as I wm informed involving questions of
charges of extortion , while uiulor the law
which was in t po ation from 1871 to ISrs
hundreds of Mich itiits were iuntiluted ,
many of which uro wtlll pending Tlnm ia
the great economy of the i > y tein demon-
etrated. These results hnvo been
achieved because of the knowledge ,
on tbo part of thu c rporatlons ,
that behind the board of cniumiH-
cioiiers , there was a vast moral f > rce , iu
tliosliij'0 ' of an immense volume of popu
lar sentiment in f.ivvr of a jut mid
proper control of corporation" , which ten.
tltni'ii' vVouhl rcsfin any r fusal on the
part uf thu corpora' ions to accept the ile-
terminations tt the board as nn enc onoh-
ment on the rights of tno nunple , and a denial of the po erof control so
insUted upon by them.
The rapid incre ue in thu amount uf the
nrodtii ts of the went , the conita ntly gio
ingdem ndfor ihc-o prwittcts , the nice
city fur the lovvejt rates uf transj oitation
nttitin bl , hereby the i i termt' of both
producer and loiiMiiuer may bu advanced ,
luve the pt-oplu of the
) pl valley to look to other mill cheaper
routes to the toibonnl and foreign m rkeU
than thoi < e nl re dy open. Of the loutw
nttractlnt ; attention nt the prcrotit time
ono is to Ix- found in tbo nntnrnl hiahwsy
iftho MI.ssUslppI river , tbo improvement
of which Is imiicsaUvcly tlemandcd.
The other may IMS obtained by
canal to connect the Hatoro of tlint river
with the chain of lakes , the Krio canal.
and the St. Lawrence river. Koth of
these route.s nro feasible. Tlio plaim for
the improvement of the one nnd the con
struction of the other chow the cost
will not be evcrssive , nnd when completed
these rntitcs vv ill Invonn Important ! > car-
it g nnthequesliniiof cheaptrnni < | > orl.itlon ;
foritlsen y to fee that wwtorn products
will : ig a consunicnco be carried to market
nt tbo minimum rate of charges nttninn-
l.lo whether by r.iil i r water. The o | cu
ing of these routes will nl'o be a Kro' '
factor in the solution ot the problem of
in cr-fltato commerce , lloth of tlio c enterprises -
torprises tci.d to the s.ime rcf-nllf , nnd the
f.iends . of both should work In rtitiichnr-
mony. As the benefits to be obtained arc
rational in character , it is toeongro-Hlhat
the peoiile must look for the needed fnnil
with which to rcnli/o tboso bi-nofitn. 1
thtrefore suggest that y u inemorializo
: oniie < s for an'ininudiate api'ioptimioii
For tha furtherance of the < o great enter-
fflll.10 IIK.IIUiVS.
The condition of our roaits is Hitch nl
times ns almost to forbid travel , and thus
bring nearly to a statulstill tlio Inrgc
iniouul cf btislness trnnsiii'ted upon llic
liiglivvnys. This Htibjcct nwda yiutr nt-
tention , The present y tcin of work ng
the roads by n headless anil almost
aimless nnny of ever ten thonsnnJ
HiipcrvinoiH is indicilly nnxoiinil , Thp
intinitcsiimtl ro.ul districts , with tboir nt-
tendnut dissipation of responsibility and
utter wnntof tiy U-m , along with tbu prac
tice of paying ti IBS with wln\t la cnlleii
labor on the roivic , one/lit to be ro i ori e-
sly annihilated. Of the half million
dollniH collected for road purpos R
throughout the frtato a far larger proportion
tion it may , I i hink bo xafcly said , is
wasted than of any other amount of
money collected in this state for any pur
pose whatever. The payment i f all tuxen
in money and 'bo consolidation nnd ys-
temntizat ion of the work on the roads un
der intelligent management , would IM an
productive of goiul results here IVH it has
been in other states.
The foreign insurance comiianieH
business in this state derive their nuthoti-
ty from ceitnin statutes which require
them to make a showing of their tical
condition to the auditor of the Btate.
' 1 he law iu this regard being complied
with , the iiulitor issues to a company
a general license to trati'nct bti-inesH in
the scute. In COHO of loss occurring to the
company , I he payment of winch is con
tested nt , law , it i.s the aln o t universal
custom , when tbo loss exceeds J.V.'tl , for
the company to transfer the cause to the
federal limits. Owing to the delays inci
dent to the.-o cumin , much injustice is , in
many instanp . " , done the person ( .ringing
the suit ng insl tlie company , nnd lie is
often grea ly hindered in oi.lninini ; his
lights. Tliisriqniris anmtdy at llulinntls
of tbo law milking power tbr ugh the
passage of an net r quirini' nil foreign in-
suianco con pa1 ics _ ti > wnivo all right * , to
trnii'-fer their actions to tbo courts ;
or , in other word' , to make it a condition
of their right to transact Imsine'H in this
state that they ngree to try nil nctionw
brought ngniiistthein in the courts of l.-ivva.
That the state has the right to n'gu'ate '
foieign insurance compani-s by a law of
tins clurneter haw been ntlirined by the
supiemo court ( if tbu Uni'ed Kt.tes. It
may well be considered whether some such
legislation would not nl.s i bo ndvisab'o in
reference to tailway , express , telegraph ,
ait'l all o'biT eoipirntionsorganiAd under
the provi-iims of law in other slutvu but
doing business here.
COlyENHAllOS 01' I'tnit.lC OhTICKIW.
The governor ur us 3 more euit.vble |
grading of the t > : ilnrie.i of Hber.lf'H nt tliat
ollicers in ppnn.ely settled counties may \
secure n sufficient salary 10 m.tblo thcui
to devote his entire attention to thu duties
of the ofliee. He also urges an increase in
the salaries uf deputy trc-surers and
clerks of counties. The salaries of execu
tive , auditor , secretary of s'ato and treas
urer of the state uru lower than tWe of
surrounding states and shou d bo cor
respondingly increased > lo the in
cumbents to maintain their position witli
credit to the elate.
The governor recommends tliat the day
of election be changed from October to
November , to correspond witli the lime
fixed for national elections.
The governor reports having appointed
to fill vacancies in the management of the
asylum for the feeble minded , viz : Kben-
e/.er U. S. Woodrow , of MilU county ,
Heneca 15. Thrall , of Wapello county , nnd
Fred. O'Donnell , of Duluique county.
On the 1-1 th of July lost , he appointed
Clinton Orcutt , of the county of Cedar a
trustee of Iho Soldiers' Oiphnns * Home , in
the room of Charles M. Horton , removed/
from Ihe slate. On the 14th day uf Octo
ber , Charles C. Hoi ton , a tru-U'eof the
same inslilulion , resigntd. Hi place ww
supplied by John llcriugh , * f Itie counly
of Howard.
I cannot close this message without an
allttHJon lo the calamitous event v bich so
Utely shocked and bniniliaco our country
men everywhere.For u second time an
American prebidciit has fallen by Ihe
hand of nn assa-sin ; and ngnin Ibo n alien
mourns th * loss of iv chief nmxistnxle who
bad otideared himself to tlio h'arto of Ihe
people. rnJced , it would ulniost seem aw
if the illuslrioim patriot's hold on tlio pop
ular affections bud the more vxciUd the
muiderous hate vvl.icb rniioved him from
earth. While we loinemi cr witli grief
and Hliamo his tr gic fate , wo , ciniiot but
feel a HOIISO of pridu as Amuiiuiiiis in tha
life and character of tbo man , and Ihe
1 ftiness uf purpose , tbo inflexible integ
rity , and Iho fidelity lo duty , which no
eminently distinguished the career of
James A. ( inrticld.
The fact that thcro mu over lliirly ru-
potls lo review nnd thai many of tin se will
not bu in print until mar tbo middle of
the session , and the noi essity t xist'ng Ihat
your honorable body sbon d bo i dvUfd as
Id Iho uxncl condilion of Ihe state and her
insi i tni i us , constitute my only apology
for the length of this message.
The time h now arrived for me to lay
aside Urn olficlal position I have l > eon
lion red with by tlio people.
In retirin. lo private life , I give my
thanks to every member of the executive
council who has contributed , by advice
and -oper. ' . tion , to wan 1 whatever meas
ure of HUi'ceus my administration of | ublic
nlfiiis h s attained. The pei plo of tlie
st tie I shall ever bear in remembrance for
Iho confidence placed in me , and they
have my gratitude therefor , coupled with
my hearty good wMus for Urn creulest
prosperity of that Iowa , which , as lerri-
tory and state lias been my homo since be
fore its nan o began to designate n ixtlltl-
cul division of the earth.
A , MOBT CRA.7A' .
How t It u do wo BCO the bard-work -
iiiR father Htraininj ; uvery nerve andr
mtificlo , and doing his utmost to aup-
port hia family. Imagine his feelings
when returning homo from a hard
day'a labor , to lind his family proa *
rate with discaio , conscious of unpaid
doctors' bills and dobta on ovoiy hand.
It must bo enough to drive ono almoat
crazy. All thin unhapninuss could bo
avoided by using Kloctrio Hitters ,
\\hichoxpol every disease from the
system , bringing joy and happiness to
thousands. Sold at fifty cunta a bot-
tlo. Jgli iV MoMalmn. (8) ( )
The thing difircd found ftl last. A k
drufgUt fur "P-oughou Jtats. " It clears
out tuU , mice , roacben , Iliun , l ) t bugi ; 15c
boxes , (1) ( )