The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, July 02, 1963, Page Page Two, Image 2

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    Page Two
Summer Nebraskan
Tuesday, July 2, 1963
New Scholarships
Awarded to Four
Four entering freshmen at
the University of Nebraska
who ranked among the top
100 of Nebraska's 1963 grad
uatlng high school seniors
were announced today as the
first recipients of the new.
,ly established Hawksworth
Scholarships. .
' Tied to the four-year Re
gents Scholarships, the
awards will give these under
graduate students more than
$4,000 for their four years of
study in the College of Engi
neering and Architecture:
David Hood of Ch&dron,
a member of the second team
of the 1963 Regents' All-State
James C. Johnson of
Omaha, a 1963 graduate of
Westside High School.
Robert E. Kapustka of
Elyria, a graduate of Ord
High School.
Frank T. Surber of Oma
ha, a 1963 graduate of Creigh
ton Prep, he is a first-team
member of the Regents' All
State Team.
, The Scholarships are sup
ported from the income of a
$380,000 fund, bequeathed to
the University of Nebraska
Foundation by the estate of
David W. Hawksworth of
Birmingham, Mich. A 1897
alumnus of the electrical en
gineering department. Mr.
Hawksworth was a native of
Burlington, la., and a former
resident of Plattsmouth.
His will stipulated that the
interest from the fund be
used to support scholarships
for the "benefit of deserving
students" in the College of
Engineering and Architec
ture. According to Prof. James
Blackman, assistant dean of
the College, the four fresh
man Hawksworth Scholars
will each receive $500 the
first year, $750 the second
year, and $1,000 daring both
their junior and senior years.
In addition, they will re
ceive $204 per year as Re
gents Scholars.
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J-School To Host
Journalism Meet
The first national conven -
tion of the nation's leading
journalistm educators ever
held in Nebraska has been
scheduled at the University
of Nebrasua Aug. 25th
through the 29th.
Dr. William E. Hall, direct
or of the University of Ne
braska School of Journalism
and official host, said today
more than 225 of the leading
educational policy makers,
their families and 50 nation
ally known professional jour
nalist guests will assemble at
the Nebraska Center for Con
tinuing Education.
Dr. Hall said it will be the
occasion for the maiden
speech of Lee Loevinger, the
newest Kennedy appointee to
the Federal Communications
Loevinger is the first man
with professional experience
in the broadcast field ever to
be appointed to the Commis
sion. His speech on August
26 is expected to make clear
the position he will take in
FCC policy, unaer neavy
broadcast media attack for
several years.
Dr. Hall said the accept
ance of Nebraska for the as
sembly by the Association for
Education in Journalism
(AEJ) is an "out and out
coup" for the state.
"These men are opinion
makers and moulders, through
their students, of the first or
der," he said. "The profes
sional guests are some of the
most influential men in news
Studies in Progress
For NU Expansion
Many studies for the Uni
versity's physical expansion
are going on all the time,
said C. A. Donaldson, Uni
versity Business manager.
A planning committee,
Clark and Ennerson, has been
hired by the University. They
have already drawn up an ex
pansion plan for the Ag cam
pus, Donalson said, and are
working on one for the city
However, he explained, the
plans are not made with spec
ific buildings in mind. The
buildings are put up as they
are needed. There are no rig
id plans because building
needs change.
When asked about the de
sign of future buildings, Don
aldson replied, "Designs fol
low peoples needs. The Uni
versity should have some of
each style to show the Uni
versity's growth."
Phone No.
publishing and broadcasting."
A number of new ideas
and progress in journalism
lead the assembly's agenda,
including a thorough examin
ation of the depth-reporting
program which was respon
sible in large measure for the
two successive national first
place Hearst awards present
ed to the University of Ne
braska School of Journalism
Other important business
includes :
Examination of the cur
riculum undergirding schools
of communications in contrast
with schools of journalism;
panel led by William Porter,
professor of journalism, uni
versity of Michigan;
Analysis of strengths and
weaknesses of accreditation
programs in all Schools of
Journalism; panel led by Dr.
I. W. Cole, dean of te School
of Journalism, Northwestern
A series of talks on South
America by returning Ful
bright scholars; panel led by
James Markham, professor of
journalism, State University
of Iowa;
A discussion and examin
ation of educator-professional
practitioner relation
ships; panel led by Dr. Carl
Hamilton, chairman, depart
ment of journalism, State
University of Iowa;
Discussion of problems
with new managements in all
news media; panel led by Dr.
Edward Barrett, dean of the
Columbia Graduate School of
The ideal arrangement
would be to keep all buildings
of related subjects in the
same general area, he said.
He cited as examples the new
Sheldon Art building, the
speech building and the music
building all being in one area
as the cultural group.
The logical locations for
new buildings would be to
the east and northeast of the
present campus and in spaces
within the campus, he ex
plained. The University is
hampered by the fact that
the campus is flanked on
three sides by the business
district and the two railroads.
However, it has been sug
gested that a study be made
of the possibility of putting
new sororities and new fra
ternities east along Hol
drege Street. But, he said,
the sororities and fraterni
ties which are already estab
lished probably won't move
at all.
In an earlier interview,
Donaldson said that another
dorm, similar in size to the
Cather and Pound dormitor
ies, will be built on campus
next fall. The site being ex
plored is across the street
from Nebraska Hall's park
ing lot.
Because of an expected en
rollment of 20,000 in the
1970's, there will be a need
for about seven more such
dormitories. The ideal meth
od of arrangement, he said,
would be to place them so
they would encircle the campus.
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Fraternities, Dinosaurs,
EDITORS NOTE: The following story,
nolhcr product' of (ho University '
depth reporting olass, deals In a col
ere subject that haa treat deal of
off-campus and non-studmt Interest. .
The subject: fraternities and their sur
vival In the are of academic empha
sis. Donald Ferruson, a June grad
uate of tho School of Journalism, col
lected much of the Information for
this story when he attended the Na
tional lnterfraternlty Conference at
Pittsburgh, Pa. Ferruson wan trvtnr
to And out if tho recent publicity
that fraternities . are ralslflf ' fhelr
scholastic standards and Jnrnlnr
to the traditions of their eatttcr days
is true, or just so much Hp service
for campus organisations which many
claim are only social.
The college fraternity
could be compared with the
dinosaur. The dinosaur had
"history, tradition, and
strength, but failed to adapt
to the changing environ
ment. The fraternity, too, has
its history, tradition and
strength. But many edu
tors have asked, will it be
able to adapt for survival,
or will it, too, become a
historical footnote
What type of adaptation
will be necessary?
Can, or is, the fraternity
system taking steps to in
sure its survival and live
up to its principles?
Or, is the fraternity a dy
ing institution?
Positive Influence
Frank M. Hallgren, Dean
of Men at the University of
Nebraska, stated that, "If
the fraternity system is to
survive it will need to dem
onstrate that it is a posi
tive educational influence
in the college community."
Hallgren noted that to re
move the problems of poor
scholarship and poor citi
zenship "is not enough."
This, he said, only indicates
that the fraternity is not a
negative influence.
"To demonstrate a posi
tive contribution, the fra
ternity system must be
come a leader in the solu
tion of social problems and
not a defender of the stat
us quo; a leader in cultur
al and intellectual develop
ment and not a debunker of
the creative and imagina
tive intellect."
"I think the days of keg,
combo, and collection of
couples approach to social
life of the fraternity is
largely g o n e," indicated
Earl W. Clifford, Dean of
Men at Syracuse Unlvefsl-"
ty, "and that in a very
significant way, a prime
characteristic, a principle
dimension of fraternity ex
perience that has evolved is
not modern at all, but a
return to the literary-xho-lastic
origin of those organ
izations." Clifford, when inter
viewed at the November
meeting of the National In
terfraternity Conference
(NIC) in Pittsburgh, noted
that the first college frater
nity was Phi Beta Kappa,
now a scholastic honorary.
Hallgren stated that while
brotherhood" means a
sincere feeling of friend
ship, a closeness and con
cern for the other person's
character and social devel
opment, it should also mean
a concern for the intellec
tual enrichment of the rest
of the fraternity member
ship. Intellectual Development
Environment . . .
Nearly all of the national
college fraternities were
founded, at least in part, to
supplement and contribute
to the intellectual develop
ment of the individual.
One fraternity, in its ear
ly years, required regular
participation in chapter
room debates over current
political, social and cultural
Phi Gamma Delta, in its
national history books, in
dicates that the members
debated such topics as
"Should a man be convicted
of murder in the first degree
on circumstantial evidence?
and, "Is the present war
with Mexico as just war on
the part of the United
Another national fratern
ity, Chi Phi, was originally
patterned after a literary
"At early meetings ( 1854
1900) members were called
upon to prepare and deliv
er papers, essays, poetry,
and review," noted Carl
Gladfelter, Chi Phi execu
tive secretary.
Another large national
fraternity, Sigma Alpha Ep
silon, according to execu
tive secretary Rex Smith,
had as one of its constitu
tional requirements that
"each member of the fra
ternity chose a subject on
which he had to write es
says throughout his college
course, for the literary
meetings of the chapter."
Syracuse Program
Indictive of this return
to scholastic and cultural
stimulation and develop
ment is a program cited by
Dean Clifford.
The residence halls at
Syracuse were encouraged
to bring lecturers, one-act
plays, recitals, and other
forms of cultural programs
into the residence halls each
week. This, he noted, was
to supplement the original
purpose of care, feeding
and supervision (along with
a small recreation pro
gram), making the resi
dence haljs into "residence
educational centers."
"This is the type of pro
gram," noted Hallgren,
"that more college fraterni
ties should incorporate to
live up to their principles."
He added that too many
chapters look upon com
munity service projects as
a freshman activity held
once or twice each year
with little or no concern for
incorporating this phase of
fraternity . itno a year
around program.
Chapters also invite fac
ulty members to speak to
them but often force mem
bers to listen or have as
their only purpose "good
public relations," said Hal-gren.
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Is Success airy
Many Inter fraternity
Councils (IFC) across the
country are taking steps to
help their member fraterni
ties to incorporate these ac
tivities into their program.
At the University of Ten
nessee, according to the
. Advsier to Fraternities, Jo
seph A. Cecil, the IFC took
voluntary action to correct
their scholastic record.
Through legislation, the
IFC levied a penalty on any
fraternity failing to make a
,2.0 or C average. For the
first quarter of failure, the
chapter will lose social priv
ileges. If there is a repeat
the second quarter, they
add the loss of intramurals.
If the deficiency continues
for a third quarter, the
chapter is placed on full
activities probation and is
suspended from the campus
if the record is not im
proved by the next quarter.
- Initiation averages have
also been raised on many
campuses. In addition,
IFC's have legislated re
quirements on pledging. At
the University of Nebraska,
the IFC recently voted that
no man may be pledged or
participate in rush the first
semester unless he was
graduated in the upper half
of his high school class.
Many campuses such as
Syracuse, have also gone
to a program of "Deferred
Rush". Under this type of
system, no fraternity may
take a pledge class of new
members until after the
first semester. Most cam
puses have their pledging
period or "rush week" just
before the school year
starts. Under the Syracuse
program, only those stu
dents who have proved
scholasucally capable the
first semester may be
There are still the "gim
mick" approaches to raise
scholarship in individ
ual chapters and national fra
ternities national trophies,
bean and steak dinners, rec
ognition certificates, reduced
initiation rates, and many
other all in an effort to give
more than lip service to the
need for good scholarship.
But the term "Scholarship",
in the original sense, is much
more than good grades, as
noted by our knowledge of
the early fraternity meetings.
Is there, then, a new trend
to comply not only with aid
ing and encouraging better
classroom scholarship, but to
give the student these extra
Forums For Ideas
On many campuses, accord
ing to Alpha Tau Omega na
tional executive secretary
Stewart Daniels, it already
appears that "our chapter
houses are becoming more of
a forum for an exchange of
"Libraries are being up
graded, grants are being
made from national frater
nity foundations to increase
library facilities all (with
the purpose of) looking to
ward making the fraternity
a more adjunct of the in
stitution." Many chapters are start
ing to adopt parts of the
Syracuse plan and are in
corporating the idea of mak
ing the fraternity a second
In addition, to an astute
awareness to the purpose
for being In college educa
tion the fraternity should
never lose track of its other
obligations to the Individ-,
ual," said John Nolon, for
mer IFC president at the
University of Nebraska.
What are these other obli
gations? According to one national
fraternity's pledge manual,
the fraternity should aid in
the development of good man
ners; teach the democratic
process, instilling an under
standing of the majority rule
Can't Avoid Work
"We can teach you," stated
the manual, "how to study,
how to organize study; how
to get maximum benfits from
your professors; how to
broaden your education. Do
not think we can teach you
how to avoid work; we can't
open your head and pour it
A fraternity, the manal ex
plained, is a business which is
operated by the members.
One chapter cited in the man
ual handles more than $75,000
yearly, operates $200,000
worth of property, buys food,
supplies and furniture, has a
housemother and a staff.
In addition, the manual
states, the fraternity should
teach you to get along with
people, how to dress cleanly,
neatly and presentably, and
how to be a gracious winner
and a good loser.
Many fraternity leaders,
administrators, and under
graduate IFC officers Indicat
ed at the NIC meeting that
the college fraternity can do
these things for the individ
ual. They also seemed to be
of the general opinion that the
fraternity is not a dying insti
tution. If fraternities are dying,
they are the healthiest corps
es you ever saw," stated Joel
Reynolds, a leader in the
To back up his statement,
he referred to the recent
NIC expansion committea
report which indicated that
there is an immediate( need
for 500 more chapters on
campuses across the coun
try. V
Membership Rises
The report also indicates
that undergraduate mem
bership in fraternities over
the past five years has in
creased from 1,578,870 to
over 2,500,000.
"The question of survival
is still a relevant one, how
ever," according to Nebras
ka's Hallgren. "Many chap
ters have not yet grasped
the changing role of frater
nity; many lack mature
leadership, many lack a
Richard Fletcher, execu
tive secretary of Sigma Nu
Fraternity, commented that
fraternities will survive, the
same as any human Institu
tion, if it is "useful, pur
poseful and alert."
Fletcher continued, "We
started as Fraternities, took
on hotel and cafe functions,
went into the club business
in a big way, and are still
in the club business prima
rily . . . with only casual
concern for hotel and cafe
and little or no emphasis
upon fraternity, our origi
nal business."
"Now the institutions are
doing the h o t e 1, cafe and
club business for the
masses better than we can,
leaving us only the fraterni
ty business, a field in which
happily we have no
"We'll survive," he con
cluded, "if we're useful;
we'll flourish if we're pur
poseful; and will insure our
future if we're alert. Our
future in the sixties, as at
any other time, will depend
on whether or not we are in
fact what we say we are."
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