The Conservative (Nebraska City, Neb.) 1898-1902, October 10, 1901, Page 3, Image 3

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the Conservative * 3
Corn and wheat
CORN. are two very dif
ferent things in the
American farmer's vocabularly , but at
an earlier day , and in England down to
the present time , the two words have
been used almost interchangeably.
Wheat always meant wheat , and corn
meant any kind of grain used for food ;
but as wheat was the grain chiefly used
for that purpose , when the English and
the first American settlers said corn ,
they usually meant wheat. This is why
the legislation concerning the food
supply of Great Britain , which caused
much disturbance a hundred years ago ,
was called the Corn Laws ; a thing that
used greatly to puzzle young students
of English history.
The American pioneers found the na
tives raising maize exclusively ; they
had cultivated it for a great length of
time , as appears from ears found in pre
historic graves , put there for the con
sumption of departed red men , who
probably found it , however , too hard
for their spiritual teeth ; little runty
nubbins with half a dozen rows of round
bluish kernels to a cob. This being the
food cereal of the aborigines was called
by the settlers the Indians' corn , and as
it soon assumed first-rate importance as
a crop , it was presently called corn pure
and simple , the name that now prevails
universally on this side of the water.
Writers and travelers of two hundred
years ago , however , sometimes speak of
"maize , or Indian corn" on one page
and "maize , or Indian wheat" on the
Nearly all thing !
BY COMPARISON , in this world , the
desirable and the
undesirable , are relative , and therefore
valued by comparison. Health is com
pared with disease , wealth with penury
satisfaction with disappointments and
prosperity with adversity. There is
hardly an imaginable thing so good that
it might not be better , nor is one con
ceivable that is so bad that it might not
be worse.
Nebraska is most valued by those of
its citizens who have seen most of othei
sections of the American republic , anc
traveled most in foreign parts. There
is nothing which enhances Nebraska
lands more than comparing them witl
other fertile lands in the same latitude
The soilof _ Nebraska is of a more uui
formly and unfailingly productive char
aoter than any similarly sized area eland
land on thejjlobe. It never fails , if
precipitation is enough to water it well
in its fertility.
The Conservative has been an inter
estedand observant traveler in nearly
every state of the United States o :
North America and in no other state hai
he witnessed such a vast breadth o
oven , regular , unchangeable , productive
soil.By comparison with any other stat
as to climate , sanitary conditions , rural
andscapo and tremendous capabilities
of production Nebraska is always a
gainer. Relative to all other states
Nebraska is the best cattle , cereal ,
swine , and fruit-producing state in the
Union. *
By comparison wluP ; fthe fields of
France , Belgium1 , , Germany , * and Eng-
aud , the fields /Npbfnska are nmde
more valuable , more beautiful. .
Nowhere on this continent , nowhere ,
in Europe , can lauds be found , in this
latitude , as easily worked , as inexhausti
ble , as productive and as generously re
munerative to its cultivators and home-
By comparison Nebraska lauds grow
in estimation. If all Nebraska farmers
could see all the farms and farmers out
side of Nebraska there would be a
"marking up" of prices on these luxur
iant plains which would make each
acre adequate to twice its present power
to buy money.
Among the best
GOOD GOVtypes of American
ERNMENT. ' citizenship the faitli
that good govern
ment is good business is rapidly
growing. The old notion that party-
ism alone determines the qualifications
of a candidate for official position is
being surely obliterated from every
educated and thoughtful mind. Local
governments have been rapidly anc
fearfully increased as to their cost dur
ing the last twenty-five years. There
are many cities and counties in the
United States today whore local taxa
tion makes a fixed charge for citizen
ship equal to all that an ordinary
man can possibly save after paying
expenses for himself and family.
Municipal taxes , must be reduced ii
every overburdened city , or sucl
city will enter upon a commercial
and financial decline. Men witl
money will get out of an overtaxed
community when they can ; and those
who are out never will come in.
Many good towns in Nebraska have
taxes up to an unendurable percent
age on personal and real values.
The Conservative advises people
of Omaha , Lincoln , Hastings , Beat
rice , Plattsmouth , Nberaska City and
of all other commercial and manu
facturing points in the state to take
up the study of municipal govern
ment. Clubs ought to bo formed for
the discussion of the best mothodi
of reducing taxes and also of enforcing
ing their honest collection and dis
Nothing could be of greater service
to the cities and towns of Nebraska
than to enter at once upon the work
of putting their governments into tin
hands of business men for busines
government with a view of reducing
the present taxation and preventing
further increase of public indebted
The theory now
THE CONSER- commonly preached
VATIVE OBJECTS , by populism that all
corporate capital
s a menace to individual rights is a
icious theory and without founcla-
, ion in fact.
Corporate capital is essential to the
mal/srial development of the Republic ,
.jrporate capital is the dynamo
whence /came / the forces that pio-
ieorecMy ith the steam engine and the
steBlfrajlsVfjho prairies of Iowa from
ho Mississippi to the Missouri. In
dividually the right to cross that
state from river to river in a wagon
remained to each American citizen.
[ t" still remains. Those who hate
iapital and railways can take the
When The Conservative began life
in Nebraska in the year 1854 it was
more than three hundred miles to a
locomotive. Corporate capital had
not then assaulted the wilderness nor v
smitten with its wicked wand the . {
desolation and solitude of the 1 ,
Then the individual right to cross
Iowa from Council Bluffs to Daven
port in a stage coach and to pay
twenty-one dollars for the privilege -i
of sitting bolt upright , three on a j
seat , three days and three nights ,
was open to all free men. Corpor- -I
ate capital had built no railroads , no J
Pullman sleepers , no dining cars , and
a dollar a meal at stage stations was
the privilege of the poor.
How long will Western men of
sense and substance bo fooled into
fighting capital ? How long shall
mouthy men project themselves into
official life by denouncing the bene
factions and upbuildings which cor *
porato capital evolves ? How long
before the people will , with the Con
servative , object to the fulmiimtiouH
against capital which agitators and
fanatics and rogues rejoice in ?
This much de-
WALL STREET , nounced thorough
fare hums with
humanity which is busy every day
hurrying hither and thither to make
money. The men of Wall street are
anxious to have the men of the West
farmers on the banks of the Mis
souri , and manufacturers on the
banks of the Mississippi make for
tunes. There is no street in the
world where altruism is so strong.
The brokers and speculators are
all smart enough to know that they
can make no gainful trades with pau
pers. They comprehend fully that
railroads must have crops to carry or
declare no dividends. They realize
completely that farmers must have a
surplus of cereals , cattle and hogs in
order to furnish railroads any freight
to carry to Eastern consumers. And > ftft
so Wall street , which deals in credits v"5
und money , is always solicitous for
an all-pervading prosperity. Wall
street is from sheer selfishness
broadly and intensely altruistic.
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