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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 9, 1910)
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Consolidated with the Columbus Times April
1. 1901; with the Platte County Argus January
Watered at the Portoffieo.Colnmbni Nhr. e
ecood-cUte .-nail roMter.
ODSjrsar.brmail, postasa prepaid $LM
ilx months .75
WEDNESDAY. NOVEMISEU '.'. 1910.
BTROTHER A COMPANY. Proprietors.
HfcNEWALS The date opposite jour name on
you paper, or wrapper shove to what time yoar
abscription Is paid. Thus Jan05 ehows that
payment Las been received op to Jan. L, 1905,
Fb05 to Feb. 1. IKS and so on. When payment
Is made, the data, which answers as a receipt,
will be chanced accordingly.
rs will continue to receive tliis journal until the
pnblishers are notified by letter to discontinue,
when all arrearages must be paid. If yon do not
wiab the Jonrnal continued for another year af
ter the time paid for has expired, yon should
previoasly notify us to discontinue it.
CHANGE IN ADDHES8-When ordering a
j hangs in the address, subscribers should be eure
to cie their old aa well aa their new address.
STATES RIGHTS IN THE SOUTH
Since the close of the war, in which
the white men of the south fought for
states' rights, 45 years have ra&jeil
away, and a new generation of men,
brought up in a very different school
of political economics, is in charge of
affairs. Twenty million white people
in the southern states realize the
mighty political and financial power
of the national government.
It dominates all finance and all
business. It is able to spend a billion
dollars a year, many millions of which
is to the direct benefit of particular
localities and particular interests and
individuals. It is able, by laying a
tariff on certain articles of daily con
sumption, to cut off foreign competi
tiou, to pour unlimited wealth into the
laps of home producers, or by remov
ing the tariff to place great fortunes in
the reach of merchant importers.
Many of our people believe it can
create out of paper in unlimited quan
tities money which all prefer to gold.
What is a state of the union and
what are its rights in comparison with
the supposed supreme power of the
national government? Everybody
who wants anything that such supreme
power, guided by some sort of political
favor or influence, can give naturally
looks to the national government and
not to the state.
States rights are today scarcely
more than a theor-, and if it were
proposed today to eliminate all state
government, and retaining the state
boundaries only as geographical lines,
place all political power in the hands
of the central government, how many
of the southern people would take up
arms to resist the movement.
It seems not too much to say that
there would be no such resistance. Of
course, it would be requisite that for
every state office blotted out by such a
change a federal office should be sub
stituted in its place, with an equal or
greater salary, because the holding of
office is the chief public interest of a
would be no serious objection to the
change, at least in the southern states.
New Orleans Picayune (Dem. )
A REAL GOOD TIME.
A man at Coffeyville had no one to
love him, none to caress, because he
was fond of the flowing bowl. In the
good old halcyon days at Coffeyville
there was no great prejudice against
the booze fighter, and a man might
empty his half pint flask in public,
and not lose prestige.
But times have changed at Coffey
ville, as elsewhere, and the man whose
nose is too red, and whose breath sug
gests last year's hens' nests and whose
legs wind around each other when he
walks, is a social outcast.
So this social outcast stood down by
the depot, waiting for the train to come
in. It is a rather curious and inter
esting fact that people who empty
half pint flasks, day after da, for
several years, finally become possessed
of an overwhelming desire to see the
trains come in. That is why there
used to be so many empty bottles
around the railway depots in Kansas.
The outcast leaned against a bag
gage truck, and waited and waited for
the train. Ever and anon he drew a
flask from his hip pocket and quaffed
some kind aepenlhe for the memories
of Lenore. His mind was so occupied
with memories of Leuore, and with
thoughts of the train that was due,
that he restored his bottle to his pocket
wrong end up, and the precious juice
ran out, and saturated his pants.
Upon making this discovery he was
greatly annoyed as who wouldn't be?
Whisky costs money.
He turned for consolation to his trusty
pipe, lie filled it with tobacco, and
then struck a match on the track, and
immediately was converted into a living
torch. The whisky caught fire, and
burned with a beautifnl blue flame. The
outcast resembled a Fourth of July
celebration, and he yelled as though full
of enthusiasm. Bystanders rushed to
the rescue and extinguished the blaze
after much difficulty and the outcast
was carted away to a hospital. As be
lies on bis bed of pain be is thinking of
half-pint flasks, and the numerous trains
which come and go. Beware of mail
order booze. Emporia Gazette.
LAWS MADE FOR LAWYERS.
Has it ever occurred to you that
laws in this country are made for the
financial interests of the lawyers and
not for the administration of justice?
Well, according to Edmund J.
James, president of the University of
Illinois, that's what they are made for.
Speaking at a meeting in Chicago a
few evenings since President James
declared that we need an education for
the lawyers that will lift the courts out
of this condition. He gave it as his
opinion that the lawyer who tries to
keep his clients out of court has, as a
rule, the largest and best patronage.
"The United States is on the same
level with Spain, Italy and Turkey in
the administration of justice in its
crimiual courts, and not on a par with
England, France and Germany," said
President James did not blame the
lawyers so much as he did the people.
It is an injustice both to the accused
and the public to permit the continu
ance of existing conditions. He de
nounced the "senseless technicalities in
the administration of justice," and
declared that it "is a disgrace to our
country that we do not see to it that
we have adequate education for our
"The lawyer, the doctor and the
farmer," he said, "are all working for
their own financial interests, and it is
the duty of the public to work for its
interests if conditions are to be im
proved. And we need move for an
improvement of these conditions by
raising the standards of education.
"The average medical student is in
terested in a training that will enable
him to get ahead of some one else and
bring iiim a larger fee. The average
man should be interested in an educa
tion of physicians that will improve
the public health and should demand
"The inefficiency of the average
American farmer is deplorable. If
we could place a scientific efficiency
among the farmers we would get bet
ter qualities abd more for our tables.
"As long as this country continues
to grow there will be a demand for an
advancement of the university. We
want an institution so excellent that
it will not be necessary for a young
man or a young woman to go to an
other state or to another country to
rpr tlit MirrtiPl oilitnflf inn .innnln
.t l, v . ,, -v-
e .. .....vw. ....v..vr... "'"VV...
ACROSS SOUTH AMERICA
Uniontown Yankee brains and
pluck are now engaged in building the
connecting link of a great trans-continental
highway of commerce across
South America, claimed to be second
only in importance to the Panama
Canal as the great construction project
of the present day in the Western
Hemisphere, as it will give an outlet
to the marvclously rich rubber and
timber fields of Brazil and Boliva.
Elza E. Van Sickle, a young civil
engineer, is home in Uniontown on a
vacation, after eighteen months on
that work, being located at Porto
Velho, in the wilds of Brazil, 5,500
miles from Pennsylvania. About two
hundred high salaried and skilled men
from the United States and two thous
and laborers are on the project, work
ing for the Madeira Mamore Railroad
Company, an immense concern, of
which Mr. Farquhar of Paris, France,
is president. The contractors and
directing heads of the work are Yan
As early as 1S7S an attempt was
made to build this road by Phila
delphia contractors, who found the
health conditions and natural sur
roundings obstacles too big to over
come. Later a French company worked in
the same field, and now the Madeira
Mamore Company is prepared to carry
the work to completion. Mr. Van
"With the power and sanction of
the Brazilian government lehind this
big undertaking, and with millions of
dollars of capital to carry it forward,
success is assured. The object is to
build a railroad around six falls to
connect the Madeira river with the
Mamore river. Above these falls the
Mamore river is navigable for small
steamers clear into Bolivia.
"When completed there will be 192
miles of road. Track has already
been laid for 82 miles, with 30 more
under construction, and in the course
of two years moie the entire distance
will be covered. Then the big engi
neering feat of bridging the Mamore
river will be undertaken to get over
into Bolivia. This latter country will
then build a road to meet the Brazilian
road and eventually rivers aud rail
roads will unite in a great trans-continental
route across South America.
Hitherto impenetrable forests and
jungles will be opened up and their
products sent out to the markets of the
world. And to a very large extent
Yankee brains and capital are carry
ing forward this project, which means
so much to South America, as well as
the world at large.
"American contractors, May.Jekyll1
& Randolph, are doing the work for
the Madeira Mamore Company, and
the machinery is shipped there from
the United States. This firm built
the Cuba Eastern road in Cuba, which
was completed in 1906. Baldwin
locomotives from Philadelphia and
steel rails from France are used.
Cement comes from the States. Those
engaged in the work subsist largely on
canned goods imported from Uncle
"Two thousand miles from the
mouth of the Amazon, in the great
wilds of Brazil, is Porto Velho, the
headquarters of this great railroad
project Starting in 1907 with a few
tents, it has grown in three years to
perhaps the most wonderful station of
the kind ever established so far from
"Great structures have been erected
for permanent use and offices are fitted
up with an elegance to compare with
the average offices of big corporations
in New York City. Some of the
world's best talent has been drawn
there and some salaries reach as high
as $25,000 per year, payable in the
equivalent of gold.
"Porto Velho has modern office
buildings and residences for the offi
cials, a fine hospital with physicians of
the highest skill, complete sewerage
system, immense car barn, planing
mill, machine shop, factory to repair
boilers, ice plant, sawmill, laundry,
commissary store and wireless tele
graph station. All buildings are on
concrete foundations. All water used
there is boiled and filtered and sani
tary precautions of all kinds are taken.
A NOTABLE BALOON VOYAGE
FIFTY-ONE YEARS AGO.
The Atlantic set sail from Wash
ington Square, St. Louis, on the even
ing of July 1, 1859. In the great bas
ket that dangled from her rigging
were John LaMountain of Troy, N.Y.,
who owned and controlled the craft;
John Wise of Lanscaster, Pa., a not
able aeronaut; William Hyde and O.
A. Geager, both of Bennington, Va.
These four found themselves before
the ascension much in the public eye.
They expressed their hopes of crossing
the country to New York, and La
Mountain had planned and construct
ed the Atlantic with that end in view.
When their baloon was brought to
St. Louis to be prepared for the under
taking there was much interest shown
by the citizens of that river town. It
did not diminish before the 'Atlantic
at just 7:20 o'clock in the evening of
the appointed day, swung up from be
tween them and headed for the clouds.
Then there were cheers from some of
those who huddled in the square,
while many others remained silent,
certain, in their own minds that they
were witnessing four of their fellows
start toward a quick and certain
The Atlantic rose into a southwest
ern current of air, and within an hour
St. Louis, with the broad and twisting
Mississippi beside it, faded from sight
and the short summer night began.
The wind must have held true, for at
4 o'clock in the morning LaMountain
fancied that he espied beneath him the
faint and yellow light of an Indiana
town. Soon after that he awakened
his companions, and, pointing far over
the basket edge, told them they were
passing over the surface ot a large
body of water.
"You can see the stars below you
now," he explained.
And the baloon continued to sail
thus between the stars until day broke
clearly, and the aeronauts could per
ceive that they were being hurled east
ward at a terrific rate. Within two
hours they had swept over Toledo and
were above the surface of Lake Erie.
As the Atlantic passed Sandusky a
. .11.1 . a 1 m w W V
smau sieamooat mat nan received a
telegraphed warning put out from the
shore, and its pilot greeting the air
voyagers told of the intense excite
ment their trip was creating through
out the country. The entire North
east was watching the skies for a sight
of the wonderful Atlantic The ba
loon passed rapidly down the lake,
keeping well out from shore and ma
jestically receiving salutes from each
passing craft. Its crew was thrilled
with excitement. Each of the men
realized that he was part and parcel
of an epoch making journey. By noon
it had dipped into Canada, near the
mouth of the Wei land Canal, had
crossed the Niagara river, within full
sight of the great falls, putting Buffalo
upon the right and Lockport upon
the left of its course.
It was then decided that the baloon
had traveled too far north to reach
Aew lork City. The gas was begin
ning to fail, and it was thought advis
able to make a landing near Roches
ter, leaving Hyde and Geager there
with a small boat that had been carri
ed as a part of the accoutermeat,
while LaMountain and Wise would
try to reach Portland or Boston.
With this plan in mind, LaMoun
tain lowered the Atlantic carefully.
and began to scan the course of the
Erie Canal for a convenient landing
place. The Atlantic waa making ter
rific dipt downward. She neared the
treetopa until Wise, who was in charge
of the gaa valve, shouted:
"For God's sake, heave over any
thing that you can lay your hands on,
LaMountain prepared to cut loose
the heavy boat, yet hesitated, for the
baloon was swinging north, again and
out toward Lake Ontario. He drop
ped a final 150 pounds of ballast.
The Atlantic shot up even in the face
of a terrific wind, and her crew hoped
to make the Canada shore.
In this extremity everything went
by the board. First -went the carpet
bags and personal belongings of the
voyagers, and finally their valuable
and heavy scientific instruments were
sacrificed to the waters. The Atlant
ic would rise only to sink upon the
rough surface of Ontario. The baloon
swooped upon the turbulent water, and
finally its boat crashed against the
waves, breaking it into firewood.
"Be easy, gentleman," said LaMoun
tain, calmly, "I would have her afloat
in another moment."
He succeeded in cutting the boat
nway, and the Atlantic swung into the
air again. The wind continued to
sweep the baloon along at a fearful
rate, the half-distended gas bag serv
ing as an enormous sail which carried
it along at the rate of seventy miles an
It keep above the water, however,
and the four men knew that they stood
a good chance of being blown upon
the east shore of Lake Ontario. Fif
teen miles offshore was a small steam
boat, evidently bound from Oswego to
Kingston. When its captain saw the
peril of the aeronauts he put about and
followed in the wake of the Atlantic.
But he was soon left far behind, and
the big baloon swept upon the shore
and over the treetops of the forest,
while her dangling anchor hook tossed
against its highest branches. When
the hook finally caught a treetop, the
Atlantic's speed was such that the inch
and a quarter iron instantly snapped.
The baloon, thus freed, continued in
land for another mile, crashing and
breaking down trees until finally its
basket caught in the crotched limbs of
a tall elm. The men had saved them
selves by climbing high into the rig
ging of the craft.
The tree held the airship captive for
nearly a minute; then it too gave way
under the strain, and high in the air
went baloon, basket and the greater
part of the tree. This last load was
too much for the Atlantic, and hardly
had she risen before she settled down
into another tree, her attachments in
extricably tangled, but herself as lit
tle injured as her crew.
The baloon was soon after cut down
from the tree and carried to Water
town, the nearest large town, where it
was exhibited in the public square
there to the great throngs of admiring
countryfolk. It had attained its first
great reputation, for of it could now be
said that it had beaten all aerial rec
ords for the time and speed.
Despite the fame that came to them
for having made an almost unreach
able record, Hyde and Greager had
had enough of balooning, and return
ed to their home. Mr. Wise was call
ed back to Lancaster, but the intrepid
LaMountain found a new companion
in aeronautics in John A. Haddock, a
country editor, then engaged in print
ing the Watertown Reformer. Had
dock was a daring sort of a fellow, and
had already returned from a trip into
the most impenetrable Labrador re
gion. He assisted LaMountain in re
pairing the Atlantic, and she was soon
as good as new, although it was deem
ed best to reduce her size one third.
The two men said that they would
sail from Watertown to Europe. A
national excitement over balooning be
came at fever height again when it was
known that the great Atlantic, with
such a tremendous record already won,
would so soon set out to beat her own
record. Another great throng gather
ed in the public square at Watertown,
and at just twenty-seven minutes be
fore 6 o'clock in the evening, on Sept
ember 20, 1859, it saw the Atlantic
again swoop upward toward heaven.
Of the'ascension, Haddock later said
in his paper:
"Many were the friendly hands we
shook many a fervent 'God bless you'
and 'Happy vovage' were uttered
and many handkerchiefs waved their
mute adieus. 'Let go all' and away
we soared, the horses on the square
'reared and pitched' a good deal at the
novel sight, but in an instant all minor
sounds of earth had ceased, and we
were lifted into a silent sphere, whose
shores were without an echo, their si
lence equaled only by that of the
grave. Not the least feeling of trepi
dation was experienced; an extraordi
nary elation took possession of my
soul, and fear was as far removed as
though I had been sitting in my room
"Two or three things struck me as
peculiar in looking down from an alti
tude of half a mile; the small appear
ance of our village from a height and
the beautiful mechanical look which
the straight fences and oblong square
fields of the fanners present The
buildings from the village, do not at
such a height, appear to cover a tenth
part of the ground. Our poor old
courthouse looked like a pepper box
standing on a 10 acre lot, and tallest
church spire barely equaled in size a
respectable Maypole. As we
rose into the bright, fleecy clouds they
looked between us and the earth like
the patches of snow we see lying upon
the landscape in the springtime; but
when we rose a little higher, the clouds
completely shut out the earth, and the
cold, white masses below us had pre
cisely the same look that a mountain
ous snow covered country does as we
look down upon it from a higher
Before 9 o'clock the trip of the At
lantic was over. The two men had
caught sight of the St. Lawrence ri
ver to the southwest of them just be
fore the short September day ended,
and by that they knew that they were
being carried far north into Canada.
It became very cold, the mercury hav
ing dropped from eighty-four degrees,
registered on the ground at Water
town, to twenty-two degrees as night
came on. Once after dark they caught
the scream of a locomotive whistle, and
then, as they descended, they heard
the continuous baying of a farmer's
dog, as if they were conscious' of some
thing unusual and monstrous in the
clouded sky. When, twenty minutes
later, they made their final descent
and lashed their baloon to a treetop
until the morning's light should come
to aid them, there were no barking
dogs, and the aeronauts' correct intui
tion told them that they were iu a for
est. In a space of a little ower three
hours their baloon had covered moie
than four hundred miles. The south
wind had swept them into the Canadian
foiests, more than 150 miles north of
Ottawa, a wild country.
Haddock aud LaMountain found
themselves lost in the wilderness.
The baloon was abandoned in the
forest, and for four days they Btunib
led aimlessly through the brush.
Then good fortune brought them into
the path of a party of lumbermen
bound for Ottawa,and after what seem
ed an interminable time of seven days
they reached Ottawa and the telegraph
wires to the outer world. By this
time their ascension had been a nine
days' wonder, and their obituaries al
ready published across the country.
When it was known that the aeronauts
were alive and safe there was great re
joicing, in watertown the old can
non was brought out into the public
square to belch forth a noisy welcome
to the travelers.
The Civil War, just then beginning
put a stop to further balooning at that
time. LaMountain entered the Union
Army, and, dying on a Southern bat
tle field, left unsought iu the great
Hudson Bay wilderness the remains of
his beloved Atlantic, one of the great
est airships ever known. Kansas City
An Unusual Opportunity.
The young clergyman bad been urged
by his bishop to raise In his small par
ish as large a sum as possible to swell
the fund for the people of a faroCf Isle.
The rector bad put the need before bis
people as graphically as be was able,
but he was not gifted with eloquence
and felt that bis appeal bad not struck
home to the hearts of his listeners. He
made a last attempt to rouse their en
thusiasm for the worthy cause.
"Think of them, so far away," he
said earnestly. "Think of 20,000 per
sons living without the privileges of
Christian burial, while any of you here
In this little town may nave the ad
vantages of four handsome cemeteries,
and give of your abundance, my breth
ren, to those who have nothing."
Teacher (addressing class) A phi
lanthropist Is a person who exerts him
self to do good to his fellow men. Now,
If I were wealthy, children," she add
ed by way of illustration, "and gave
money freely to all needy and unfor
tunates who asked my aid I'd be a"
She broke off abruptly to point at a
boy in the class.
"What would I be. Tommy? she
"A cinch r' shouted Tommy. New
Reassured ths Judge.
A wife, joining ber husband in a
conveyance of real estate, was asked
by the Judge, who examined her in
private, according to the act of the
assembly, whether she acted without
compulsion on the part of her bus
band. She stuck her arms akimbo and
replied: "He compel me! No, nor twen
ty like him!" Argonaut
An Important Detail.
Secretary of Missionary Society We
are sending you to Kai-Kal island. In
the Solomons. Is there any particular
Information you would like about the
Inhabitants? Budding Missionary
Er are they vegetarians?
"Do you pay much attention to pub
"No: I always look the other way
when I see a young couple holding
hands In the park.' Pittsburg Post
Never talk of other people's faults
without necessity J old those who
The Bell sign is the only symbol of
efficient, instantaneous or' universal
The value of your telephone depends
upon the extent of its connections and
upon its operation in giving you good
service in reaching any one, anywhere
at any time.
This Company is a part of a great telephone sys
tem financially strong, centralized and nation
wide; and we feel that your acquaintance with
our mehtods must mean your friendship and sup
port Business men in 40,000 American cities now use
the Bell Telephone, and there are more than
1,000 new instruments installed by the Bell sys
tem every day.
Nebraska Telephone Company
DANIEL J. ECHOLS, Local Manager
Old Enough t Be Gesd.
He was a liquid eyed Spaniard en
tour through Italy. She waa a New
England maiden lady doing Florence.
They met first at the pension table
d'hote and next In the TJflzzl gallery.
"The madonna of which you spoke,"
said the liquid eyed Spaniard, "is
across the ball and down to the right
two doors. It bangs In gallery 3."
"According to my Baedeker," pro
tested the New England maiden lady,
"it hangs In gallery 5."
"Pardon. It Is Impossible," protest
ed the Spaniard. "It stands here in
my Baedeker that it is to be found in
"Perhaps," said the New England
maiden, "your book Is out of date. But
It Is easy to assure ourselves who is
right Let us go to gallery 3 or to gal
lery 5 and see."
"Madame," said the Spaniard, with
some emotion, "It Is not necessary to
exert ourselves. This book, madame.
la perfectly reliable. My grandfather
himself assured me so. It Is the very
volume that he used when be himself
toured Italy at my age." Detroit Free
Uld fcnough te Netice.
"Are your papa and mamma
home? asked the caller.
"No," replied little Marguerite.. "One
of them may be here, but they never
are both at home at the same time."
"What's that boy yelling at?" asked
the farmer of his son.
"Why," chuckled the boy, "he's just
yelling at the top of his voice."
TO THE SOUTH: Homeseekers excursions will continue during the winter
to the South and Southwest; winter tourist excursions are in effect every
day to southern resorts; these excuraioa rates offer an excellent chance to
escape the Northern winter in looking over the land and recreation pota
bilities of the new South.
HOMESEEKERS EXCURSIONS: On the first aud third Tuesday to the
new lands of the West, including the Big Horn Basin, which country todny
offers the greatest combination of industrial and farming resources at tb
cheapest rates that can be found in the country.
TO CALIFORNIA: Every day excursion rates with choice of routes goim:
and returning, to include the whole Pacific slope. Thousands of American?,
especially invalids and elderly people, have selected Southern California for
their permanent place for a winter sojourn.
Through tourist sleepers to California via Denver. Scenic
Colorado and Salt Lake the all year route.
Send for Burlington publications, "California Excur&ionp," "Pacific Coast Tours."
Let me help you plan the tour of the greatest attraction at the lowest rnU b.
L. F. RECTOR, TiGkatt Agent
L. Y. MfflKELfcY. Gaa'l. Passeaaer fltenft. Omaha. Near.
In fact for anything in tbe book
binding line bring your work to
Use the "BELL"
Wesley and Tea.
In his younger days John Wesley
found it dltlicult to stop drinking tea.
He wrote In 174J: "We agreed it would
prevent great expense, as well of
health as of time and of money, if the
poorer people of our society could be
persuaded to leave oft drinking of tea.
We resolved ourselves to begin and set
the ex:tuiph. 1 expect some difficulty
In breaking off a custom of six and
twenty years standing, and according
ly the first three days my head ached
and I was half asleep from morning
to night. The third day my memory
failed almost entirely. On Thursday
my headache was gone, my memory
as strong as ever, and .1 have found n
inconvenience, but a sensible benefit in
several respects from that day to this."
Later in life Wesley returned to th
use of tea. as bis big teapot preserved
In his house Iu London shows. Chi
IN THE MSTBICT COUKT OK 1'I.ATTK
In the matter of the estate of Freeman M. ('xk-
Notice is hereby riven that in pnrsoance of an
order of the District Court of Matte county,
Nebraska, made oa the 22nd day of Octolnr.
1010. for the sale of the real estate hereinafter
described. The aadersurned will sell at pntilir
vendue to the hiabost bidder for cash at the front
door of the Court Hoeae in the city of Colomlmo.
in Platte coanty. Nebraska, on the 23th day of
November. 1910. at the hoar of 2. o'clock p. in.,
the following described real estate, to-wit:
The north half (N. $) of Lots numbered fiv.t
(5) and six (6) in Block number eighteen (ls
in Lockner's second addition to the village of
Humphrey. Nebraska, said property wilt be tuM
as one parcel.
EUGENIA I. COOKINGHA.M.
Administratrix of the estate of Freeman M.