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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (June 8, 1910)
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Columbus. No or.
Consolidated with the Columbus Times April
1, 1904; with the PJatte County Argus January
C.ired t the PostolHoe. Columbus. Nebr.. m
, . '. ul-cUse mail mattr
One year, by mall, postage prepaid l.H)
Jlx months 75
Time months 0
4BDNK8DAY. JINK 8. MHO.
8TKOTHEK ,c STOCKWKLL, Proprietors.
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ers will continue to receive this journal until the
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ter the time paid for has expired, yon should
previously notify us to discontinue it.
CHANGE IN ADDKE88 When ordering a
j hange In the address, subscribers should be sure
t u i ve their old as well aa their new address.
AN INTERNATIONAL MENACE.
Society had uo graver fault to an
swer for than that it permits "white
slavery" to flourish. The blame at
taches to all nations; the blight of this
international curse rests on civilization
everywhere. There met in Paris the
other day a conference of the nations
called for the purpose of devising
means to combat this form of slavery.
It was not the first etibrt of the kind.
At least as far back as 1902 such an
international gathering was held and
since that time, due in some large
measure to the agitation set in motion
at that conference, the evil has been
curbed to an appreciable extent.
More striugest laws have been enacted
and enforced in Great Britain and
continental countries and much of the
traffic between the nations has been
That much remains to be done, how
ever, is sufficiently clear. Investiga
tions in the United States, oilicial and
unofficial, have disclosed the fact that
the importation of girls and young
women for immoral purposes still
thrives. Congress aud the various
state legislatures have undertaken to
check the traffic. Their activity has
doubtless had an effect, but the great
menacing problem remains to be
solved. Cleveland Plain Dealer.
LET THE PEOPLE SPEAK.
The News is not friendly to prohi
bitiou aud is much less infatuated
with the idea of county option. Neb
raska has the best liquor law in the
United States today, and we are much
better off than Kansas and Oklahoma,
with their prohibition laws, ami their
slack methods of enforcement. The
Slocumb law with the S o'clock clo-,-ing
proposition, comes about as near
controlling the liquor question as is
possible. Hut a portion of the demo
crats are following Mr. .Bryan in his
new county option fad and the same
element in the other party seems de
termined to force the issue upon the
republicans. We do not believe coun
ty option by legislative action is going
to satisfy its adherents when they get
it. It is perhaps true that the time
has come when Nebraska should take
up the question aud settle it, otherwise
the agitation will continue indefinitely
with its con&equent tendency to keep
business interests, political parties aud
communities in unprofitable turmoil.
If the question must be met now, it
would be much better for each politi
cal party to incorporate in its plat
form a plank promising that the legis
lature at its session next winter will
agree to submit to a vote of the people
a constitutional amendment providing
for tatewide prohibition. County op
tion is a cowardly make-shift at best
it would be far better to have statewide
prohibition, doing away with the
strife between neighbors who live on
opposite sides of county line road
houses which are sure to follow the ad
option of county option. Let the
tpiestion be submitted to a vote of the
whole people of the state, which puts
it squarely up to everyone as to whe
ther we want prohibition or not. This
is the only fair way to meet the ques
tion, and the responsibility for the
result will rest with every voter in the
state, not with a few members of the
As the matter stands now, both the
leading political parties are split upon
the question. In both parties there is
a faction trying to secure the nomina
tion of candidates for the legislature
pledged to county option, while another
faction in either party is endeavoring
to elect men opposed to the proposi
tion. Before the campaign is over
this situation is going to lead to a chao
tic condition of affairs, if it ma' not be
said that they are already so, and fre
quently will lead to the defeat of the
regular nomiuess and the election of
This whole proposition might be
mightily simplified by all parties
agreeing to submit the question to a
vote of the people, applying Mr. Be
an's principle of initiative and refer
endum, if you please where it rightly
belongs. Norfolk News.
HOBBY RIDERS DO GOOD.
More power to the man who has a
hobby. He may often be looked upon
as a nuisance, but when we dissect him
we find that in his make-up there is
much more to praise than to criticise,
although it is easy enough to ridicule
the hobby rider. He is seriously en
thusiastic and intent on a single pur
pose. He does not waste his ammuni
tion. This single mindedness of pur
pose, which lays him liable to scorn, is
the essential cause of progress.
Pioneers are essential in any line of
endeavor, the Washington Herald says.
Unless they had a hobby they would
follow the beaten path of the line of
least resistance and the result would be
that the world would not have taken
a forward step. All hobbies are not
useful or economic, but it is for men of
sober mind, who are too matter of fact
to have hobbies themselves, to distin
guish between those which are benefi
cial and those which are extravagant
Practically all great thinkers, and
certainly all great inventors, were
hobby riders. Columbus had a hobby,
that of getting to the orient by a west
ward route. Ambition was Napoleon's
hobby, if such a condition of mind can
be classified. Every great religious
teacher rode his hobby. John Brown
had a hobby, and the abolition of
slavery was in great part due to the
propaganda which made him a martyr.
Cyrus W. Field laid the first cable
after he was believed insane.
There are a few men versatile
enough to have several hobbies. Col.
Roosevelt can be classed among these.
When a man of unlimited enthusiasm
turns his attention to some matter of
general importance aud forces the
remainder of the world to take sides
on that question, he has set others to
thinking aud has been a benefactor to
mankind. We need not agree with
the rider of the hobby. Suffice it if
he has compelled us to give it thought.
He has helped educate the world.
That is what the hobby rider strives to
do. He is frequently a missionary in
disguise. The Union.
Although it is constantly finding
fault with nearly everything aud
everybody on the republican side. Col
lier's Weekly feels moved in its last
issue to indulge this comment on the
democratic membership of the house:
It need occasion neither surprise nor
resentment to say that the democrat. -now
in congress do not measure up in
character or ability to the average of
the party in power; it is always so; a
party out of power and out of respousi
bility for seventeen years canuot help
but degenerate in personnel.
The point sought to be made is that
the democrats, if the' want to control
the next congress, must secure as can
didates men of higher quality than
they now have iu congress. The truth
of Collier's assertion is self-evident
and can be verified by comparisons as
between democratic and republican
congressmen from almost any state.
Take Nebraska, for example, where
our congressional delegation of six
members is evenly divided between the
two parties. Congressman Norris is
head and shoulders above Congress
man Hitchcock, the only experienced
democratic member. Compare Con
gressman Hinshaw of the Fourth dis
trict with Congressman Maguire, the
democratic nonentity of the First.
Compare Congressman Kinkaid of the
Sixth district with Congressman Latta,
the democratic do nothing from the
And yet, how are the democrats
going to make any improvement?
Every below average democrat in con
gress who wants to go back will have
no trouble in getting a reuomination.
How is the character and ability of
congress to be improved by returning
all the democratic driftwood now there
and adding a few sticks of new timber
no better, if not worse? Omaha Bee.
IS WOMAN EXTRAVAGANT.
Prof. Munsterburg, writing upon
American problems, has come iu the
course of things to the subject of "The
Intemperance of Women." Hespeaks
of the manner in which women have
set themselves against the vices of
men, and covertly resents, it would
seem, the credit which has been ac
corded to women for resisting vices
which have not tempted them. When
it comes to actual temptation, however,
he appears to think that they can
show themselves as non-resistant as
"Can there be any doubt," he in
quires, "for the neutral onlooker of
American society squandering money
for bevereges which he enjoys is still
outdone by womens' squandering of
money on gowns which she enjoys?"
and he adds: "From the higher
economic point of view the sums
which the feminine members of the
American family are spending on their
exterior decoration are entirely out of
proportion to those which are given
for wholesome food for the care of the
body, for books and culture, for ser
vice and for art, for a wise saving, or
for the public good."
In the mere interest of justice it
may be urged as a mitigating circum
stance that no other nation is able to
achieve results so harmonious upon so
limited sums as the really intelligent j
woman, and it is an axiom that many
foreign women only succeed in looking
dowdy as the result of an expenditure
upon which the American woman
becomes quite miraculously smarL
WHY FRANCE IS RICH.
Paris is the Mecca of foreigners.
They come from all parts of the world
to enjoy life in the great metropolis;
and the yearly income from this source
aloue approximates $600,000,000.
Along with this item the earnings of
French capitalists on their investments
in the securities and properties of
other countries amount to fully $250
000,000 yearly. On the other side of
the account is an adverse balance of
trade which in 1007 amounted to
$1 20,000,000. Deduct this outgo from
her income of $850,000,000, and it
leaves France with $730,000,000 to the
good. Instead of getting an income
of $000,000,000 from foreign tourists,
the United States pays out at least
$150,000 for the expenses of American
tourists abroad. Again, instead of
drawing $250,000,000 yearly from for
eign investments, this country pays
out $300,000,000 to foreign investors
in our securities and properties. A
third factor is the army of aliens who
flock here from all parts of the world
to hoard up money, which they take
back to their own countries; this drain
costs us $300,000,000 more. Add
$100,000,000 more which we pay for
oceau freights in foreign vessels, and
the yearl outgo is $850,000,000. De
duct our yearly income at $500,000,
000, for favorable trade balance, and
it leaves a yearly deficit of $350,000
000. Moody's Magazine.
LATEST ON COST OF LIVING.
A committee appointed by the Mas
sachusetts Legislature to investigate
high prices has made a 700-page re
port, containing elaborate schedules of
prices of various commodities over a
period of years. It declares the pri
mary cause of price advance to be the
increase in gold supply, but thinks the
fact that prices have fallen and risen
without relation to change iu duties
aud have risen in England under free
trade shows that the tariff has not been
the active factor iu the recent upwaid
movement of prices in this country.
Nor does it attribute the rise to the
growth of the trusts, as it finds prices
have advanced in countries where
trusts have not developed on the Amer
ican scale. Finally, it is unable to
place the price increase to organized
labor because only 10 per cent of the
workers are organized, aud because in
creased wages have come at a slower
pace than the rise iu the price in com
modities. It does think, however, that
combination does enable a group of
producers to take advantage of condi
tions to maintain a high price level
and "to prevent the public from shar
ing in the gains through improvements
aud economies." Springfield Republi
can. ATCHISON GLOBE NOTES.
Call Upon the Lord.
The Democrats have a pretty good
show to win at the next presidential
election, owing to quarrels among Re
publicans, but Democrats are noted
for making asses of themselves when a
down hill pull is in sight. Therefore
a prayer is being circulated among
them, calling upon the Lord to keep
them from making asses of themselves,
Possibilities of Corn.
The average yield er acre of corn
is about fifteen bushels of shelled
grain. Last year the legislature of
North Carolina offered a cash premium
for the largest yield on a single acre of
corn laud, and a Wake county farmer
succeeded in raisiug on a single acre
283 bushels of shelled corn. He did
this on laud which the year before had
produced less than ten bushels of
The Old Order Changeth.
There was a time when the farmers
were downtrodden and oppressed, and
they orgauized Granges and Populist
The situation has changed, and now
it is the town people who are organ
izing a Socialist party to get their
rights, and the means of subsistence.
Farmers get so much for their produce
that town iwople say they are starving,
and must have relief.
The Women's Venture.
You may recall that the women of
Kansas jumped into Reform Work
some time ago. They determined to
reduce the price of coal oil, so a wo
man's company was organized to bore
for oil, and, having found oil by bor
ing, refine it and sell it to the people
at greatly reduced prices. Women
everywhere were urged to invest their
money, and aid the Great Work.
Many women did invest, and this is
the result: The company will be sold
out in a few days, and every women
who invested a dollar, will lose it
Uncle Joe on Education.
Speaker Joe Cannon does not be
lieve much in a college education.
He says: "To a bright youog man
who has anything in him, a college
course is not necessarily fatal iu suc
cess." Of college professors, he says:
"College professors aliound in theory.
You do not know a great many of
them who could take charge of a large
business, or build one up." Mr. Can
non says if a young man is thorough
ly taught in the common branches,
and learns all that may lie learned in
the eighth grade, he will Acquire the
rest, if he has the disposition to acquire
knowledge. There is a good deal of
sense in what Mr. Cauuou says, but
people are sentimental, and will hate
him worse than ever because he has
expressed another sensible opinion.
Acquire all the useful knowledge you
can, certainly, but cut out nonsense,
and do not devote unnecessary time to
acquiring useful knowledge.
Some years ago a Philadelphia Spin
decided that the mothers were deserv
ing of greater honor, and she nagged
and pushed and pulled, and the result
was Motliei's Day, observed through
out the nation on the first Sunday in
The men didn't like it, but were
afraid to say anything, and it remain
ed for a numlier of men in Hancock,
Neb., to demand their rights. They
will work for a Fathers' Day, and want
the Nebraska state legislature to make
it a state holiday. The white carna
tion, they say, is the emblem for
Mothers' Day, and they will take the
red for theirs. Here is where they
got ofl wrong: The white, carnation
is worn for a mother who is dead, and
the red or pink for a mother who is
The men say that Father is down
trodden, deserves some recognition.
And they imagine oue day a year, and
a flower will give it to him! If
Father is downtrodden, the only thing
that will lift him above it will be the
flowers at his funeral. One flower
worn ou one day in the year won't
. But IS Father downtrodden?
Another "Reformer" Caught.
Frank W. Rollins, a former gover
nor of New Hampshire, was arrested
by the United States custom authori
ties on Friday of last week, ou board
the Lusitania, charged with smuggling.
The ex-Governor is a "Lovely Char
aater," according to the New York
papers. He is very rich and very
prominent, aud attracted some atten
tion not long ago by issuing a procla
mation reprimanding the eople of his
state for neglecting to go to church
and allowing religion to decline. In a
written statement to the custom offi
cers ex-Governor Rollins said that he
and his household had only one article
that was dutiable: A fur jacket, $800.
The Rollins trunks were examined at
the custom house and made the officers
so suspicious that they decided to have
ex-Governor Rollins aud his family
personally examined. According to
the New York papers jewelry was
found upon the persons of the entire
family including the ex-Governor. He
is charged with attempting to defraud
the United States government, and
perhaps you think the New York
papers are not enjoying writing about
it. They recall that the Lovely
Character is the author of two beauti
ful and poetical books: "Break 'O
Day Tales" and "The Lady of The
A Hen-Pecked King.
Although the King of England is
made a good deal of a figurehead by
law aud constitution, it is said he
wields an influence hard to understand
by those who read merely the letter of
the law. It was this influence, exer
cised iu mysterious ways, which made
King Edward a power for peace in
Europe. Perhaps it is because the
influence lies as much in personality
as in tradition that England is worried
by the shifting of the crown.
George is not believed to have the
qualities which made his father valua
ble, and for that reason there is a
revival of the war talk with Germany
which had waned considerably in the
several months preceding Edward's
death. The political crisis at home is
also considered more serious under the
new king. It may be said for the
king that he is as dissatisfied as his
subjects, if not as uneasy. The posi
tion which is thrust upon him pays
pretty well, but to George V. the job
is distastefuL He is a domestic sort of
mau, and abhors the publicity of being
Icing. It is also said that Queen Mary
will be the social leader of the new
reign, and that the queen will also
wield an influence in politics and state
craft. After considerable research to
learn, if possible, what is the matter
with the new king, we are beginning
to believe he is henpecked.
The London fire of 1660 is referred
to in history as "The Great Fire." It
started in the king's bakeshop at 2
o'clock on the morning of September
2, and raged until September 0. The
English have always hated the French,
and Samuel Pepys, in his diary, states
that it was current talk in London
that a Frenchman started the tire; that
he poked a ball of fire into a second
story window of the bakeshop. But
the baker and his family said there was
no such window, and such a thing
could not have occurred. The origin
of "The Great Fire" has never lieen
discovered. The fire consumed the
buildings on 430 acres, 400 streets,
13,200 houses, St. Paul's church, ami
80 parish churches, the royal exchange
the custom house, three of the city
gates, four stone bridges and Newgate
prison. Only six persons were killed.
The loss iu the projierty was estimated
to be $50,000,000. Sir Thomas Blud
worth was lord mayor of Loudon at
the time of the fire aud Samuel Pepys
says in the diary that the loid mayor's
management was blamed for the rapid
spread of the fire; that, when called
upon to assist, he acted like a fainting
woman, aud said, "Lord, what cau I
do?" The fire smouldered for four
months, although on October 10 a lit
tle over a month after the disaster, a
rain began to fall, and it rained with
out ceasing for ten consecutive days.
The Chicago fire of 1.S71 was the
greatest of modern times, until the late
San Francisco disaster. The Chicago
fire started on the night of October 8,
and raged until the 10th. The area
burned was 2,124 acres, 17,500 build
ings were consumed, and the money
loss was $200,000,000. The loss in the
San Franisco disaster was $300,000.
000. THE NELL BUNNELL TRIO.
Three Delightful Young Lady Artists.
Soprano, Violiniste, Pianist.
Miss Clare Kvello Is a pianist whoso
eoIo execution is noted for its strength,
firmness, brilliancy and capacity to
interpret the poetic conception of the
composer. She Is always in perfect
harmouv as an accompanist and tho
life and vigor of the trio work is in
large measure due to the pianist.
Miss Nell Bunnell, who heads the
company, is a recognized artist. Her
soprano voice has interested the great
est music masters of the day, hut she
has steadfastly turned down every
offer to go on the stage, although she
possesses marked dramatic ability.
Miss Minnie Annette Cedargrecn is
another member of the company and
is a viollniste that will some day be
known to fame.
The Mexican Mosquero.
The finest tly trips are not In It
with a little Mexican spider named
mosquero. Natives gather from oak
trees a branch covered with this spi
der's nests and hang it up in the house.
The spiders begiti on the tlies by whole
sale. Mosquero nests are very tidy,
pretty and old uiaidish. A lot of tiny
beetles make their home therein with
the spiders. The beetles live on fly
legs, the crumbs and scraps from the
mosquero's table, and pay for their bed
and board by keeping the web house
perfectly clean and retiued. eating
everything and dropping uo litter in
the Mexicau professional gentleman's
house. Mrs. Mosquero is a very quiet,
orderly lady who never wanders from
her own tireside or strays from her
own back yard, but when a tly calls
round she gets very busy with her
spider knives and saws. New York
Lovers of Sports.
The Anglo-Saxons love sport. No
matter in what part of the world they
ore found the spirit is strong among
them. Wherever the restless Anglo
Saxon dominates the love of sport Is
dominant The Americans are at
least the most of them descendants of
this virile race, and nowhere Is the
love of sport so much exhibited as in
this country. Our people are patrons
of horse racing, of baseball, of golf, of
football, of all out of door sports as no
other people. The English are great
sportsmen, but not to the extent that
Americans are. for the reason that the
opportunities are greater here. Nash
Friend What's worrying you? Man
agerThe prima donna of my compa
ny refuses to sing oftener than twice
a week. 1 am making only hundreds
where 1 ought to be making thousands.
Friend I'd settle that. If I were you
I'd marry her. (A year passes.) Friend
My gracious, you look seedy! What's
happened? Manager 1 took your ad
vice and married the prima donna, and
now she won't sing at alL
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We carry the late styles and up-to-date
designs in Furniture.
If you are going to fur
nish a home, or just add a
piece to what you already
have, look over our com
Need a Kitchen Cabinet?
See the "Springfield.'
21-21-23 West 11th St.
The native camels of Siberia are a
source of constant wonder to travel
ers. On thi' .Mongolian plateaus, for
instance, the thermometer often reg
isters a temperature of 40 degrees be
low zero, but the camels do not mind
It at all. walking about as blithely as
If the weather were as balmy as
spring. On the other hand, the tem
perature on the Gold desert in summer
is sometimes M degrees aboe zero,
aud the beasts mind (hat heat just as
little as they do the extreme cold.
There Is one word which may serve
as a rule of practice for one's life.
That word Is reciprocity." What you
do not wish done to yourself do not do
Friendship One noul In twobodle.
OF EXCURSION RATES
TO THE EAST: Unusually low and attractive summer tour
ist rates are in effect every day to New York, Boston,
Atlantic Coast and Canadian resorts, Niagara Falls, De
troit and vicinity. Also for desirable Lake tours with V,0
day limits, and GO day diverse tours of the East, including
coastwise ocean trip. These rates afford the best chance
in years to make that long desired Eastern tour.
WESTERN TOURS: Very desirable tourist rates daily all
summer to the Pacific Coast: for instance, $60.00 round
trip, and on special dates only $50.00. A complete scheme
of tours through Yellowstone park for any kind of an
outing journey; low excursion rates to Scenic Colorado,
Big Horn Mountains, Black Hills and Thermopolis, Wyo..
one of the greatest hot springs sanitariums in the world.
CALL OR WRITE, describing your trip; let me help you plan
it, including all the available privileges, etc.
In fact, for anything in tbe book
binding line bring your work to
An Ancient Astronomer.
Aliouf MH) It. J. Anaxaguras of Io
nia was born When he "grew up in
wisdom he was the first to teach the
course and cause of both solar and
lunar eclipses and to give his follower.
rule whereby they could distinguish
planets from fixed stars Ue wa
punished fur declaring that the sun
was not :i ud.
Student I want -nine information
about the bronze-. I suppose 1 had
better write t the UeejKT? Attendant-
Yes. mi, or you might see him
verbally! -London Puuch.
"What are the degrees of a stlnjry
man's married lite':
"I suppo?.e they are matrimony, par
simony, testimony and alimony." -Baltimore
L. F. RECTOR. Ticket Agent
L. W. HVAKbL&Y. Cen'l. Passenger Agent. Omaha. Nebr.