The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, November 13, 1907, Image 8

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A E have opened a new music
VV store in the Landon furni
ture store chi Eleventh street and
will handle a complete line of flrst
class pianos: Our prices defy all
.competition. Remember we are per
manently located in Columbus.
Him Mary Miller returned last week
from her extended viait in Miaaouri with
bar parentis.
Mis. EL B. Biaaon, who haa been very
aiok with influenza and lug fever, k
reported as improving.
Niek Adamy expectato leave Germany
this week and sail for home. He reports
very pleasant time across the- water.
F. J. KotiarofQuincy, 111., who has
bean visiting his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
John Kotiar, returned to his home last
Miss Mary Newman is at the home of
her brother, O. P. Newman, aa her sister-in-law,
Mis. Newman is suffering from
a serve attack of erysipelas.
Tuesday evening a telephone message
to Mrs. EL B. Bead and Mrs. J. C.
Brvnea conveyed the aad newa that
the second son of Mr. and Mrs. Geo.
Engel of 8ilver Creek was dangerously
etch, and not expected to live. The ladies
went to 8Uver Creek on No. 5 the seme
Oorn picking is about done, and the
biggest part of it is fed up already.
By the look of the returns of the vote
of Walker township, certain democrats
must have done some good work in the
The Soren Poison aad C. C. Peterson
sale last Wednesday went all right, and
everything sold high. Oscar Peterson,
the new auctioneer, was doing remark
ably well.
Hardly any newa to write aa business
is almost at a stand still on account of
the 'money scare and the low price of
everything the farmer haa to sell dont
see any reduction on what he buys.
Train Wa
Run Over Primitive Rsad
bad in 1t3t.
The first railway In Canada was the
Champlaln and St Lawrence railway,
which ran from Laprairle on the St
Lawrence river, eight miles above
Montreal, to St John's, on the Riche
lieu, a distance of 14 miles. The
company of proprietors of the Cham
plain and St' Lawrence Railway," was
Incorporated on February 25, 1832,
bat work was not begun until 1835.
On July 21, 1836, the first train was
run over the road. A few days before
an accident had happened to the little
engine, and it was deemed advisable
to attach to it only two of the passen
ger cars, while the others were drawn
each by two horses. Some three hun
dred persons, including the Earl of
Gosford and other high officials, were
present by invitation of the directors,
to take their first trip over a Canadi
an railway. Next day, when the en
gine had been repaired, It effected the
journey to St Johns with two pas
sengers and two loaded freight cars,
in forty-five minutes, and returned in
consisted of the engine, of from five
to six tons, four, passenger cars each
carrying '.eight persons, and twenty
freight cars, capable of conveying
about ten tons' each. .The engine cost
1,500. and thcars 1.000. The
cost of the road itself was estimated
at; 33,000. The rails were of wood,
with flat iron spiked to them, and as
far as any degree of smooth convey
ance was concerned, similar condi
tions today, would by no means suit
twentieth century requirements. The
real epoch, however, during which
railway construction In Canada had its
serious beginning, was between 1853
and 1856.
j Much Stupidity.
' I fear you will laugh when I tell you
what I conceive to be about the most
essential mental quality for a free peo
ple whose liberty is to be progressive,
permanent and on a large scale; it is
smack stupidity.
In fact what we' opprobiously call
stupidity," though.not am enlivening
euality hi common society, is nature's
favorite resource for preserving stead
iness of conduct and consistency of
opinion; it enforces comcemtratiom;
(people who learn slowly, 'lean only
what they must The beat security
for people doing then duty is, that
they should mot know anything else to
do; the best security for fixedness of
pinion Is, that people should be in
capable of comprehending what la to
fee said on the other aid. Walter I
. -. i
"HPCew 1 smvHnWo
Nervey's omtsMe."
aM the usher, "and hs. wants yer to
pass him in."
Tan Ubs,? replied the manager of
the prima fight "that we can't
aobody but newspaper mb."
I sM aad hs says hea snortim sd
tlsr of 4s riiBMaaaiimil mecord."--
Thrilling Ghost Stacy Told by Eng
liah Magazine.
This ghost story Is contributed by
a correspondent of am English maga
zine: "Wycollar hall, near Colhe;
was long the sent of the Cunliffes. of
BilUngton. They were noted persons
in .their time, but evil days came, and
their ancestral estates passed out of
their hands. In the days of the com
monwealth their loyalty cost them
dear; and ultimately they retired to
Wycollar with a remnant only of their
once extensive property. About 1819
the last orthe family passed away,
and the hall is now a. mass of ruins.
Little but the antique fireplace re
mains entire, and even the room al
luded to in the following legend can
not be identified. Tradition says that
once every year a specter horseman
visits Wycollar halL He is attired In
the costume of the early Stuart period,
and the trappings of his horse are of
a most uncouth description.
"On the evening of ids visit the
weather is always wild and tempestu
ous. There is no moon to light the
lonely roads, and the residents of the
district do not venture out of their
cottages. When the wind howls loud
est the horseman can be heard dash
ing up the road at full speed, and,
after crossing the narrow bridge, he
suddenly stops at the door of the halt
The rider then dismounts and makes
his way up the broad oaken stairs into
one of the rooms of the house. Dread
ful screams, as from a woman, are
then heard, which soon subside into
groans. The horseman then makes
his appearance at the door, at once
mounts his steed, and gallops off by
the road he came.
"His body can be seen through by
those who may chance to be present;
his horse appears to be wild with rage,
and Its nostrils stream with fire. The
tradition is that one of the Cunliffes
murdered his wife in that room, and
that the specter horseman Is the ghost
of the murderer, who is doomed' to pay
an annual visit to the home of his vic
tim. She is said to have predicted the
extinction of the family, which, accord
ing to the story, has been literally ful
Black Haa Given Way as a Color for
Widow's Weeds, Etc'
Black mourning has had Its day.
We are henceforth comme les relnes
blanches of the early Renaissance, to
wear white mourning. This Is not so
much a reversion as a further imita
tion of the victorious Japanese. A
black hat feathers and gloves, with a
white dress, are to pass for le dernier
cri de l'ame en deuil. It will do as
well to be entirely in white, or per
haps better; unbroken whiteness is
so' blank, so insipid as to be almost
penitential! The widow of royal line
400 years ago was in white from top
to toe. La Marguerite -des Margue
rites, who had lost her husband at the
battle of Pavia, went to Madrid to vis
it her captive brother habited in white
wimple, riding habit and all in
white, in sign of widowhood. Black
mourning came in from Florence with
Catherine de Medici. Violet. mourning
for the head of the state went out
with the revolution. M. Felix Faure
thought the black hat that replaced
it moife suitable for the croque-mort
and wished for reversion to regal
violet For the dresses of ladies not
In mourning there will be next winter
only violet and of la nuance Mon
tagnlnl. Through the Telephone.
"Are you there?"
"Who are you, please?"
"What is your name, please?
"Watt's my name."
"Yes; what Is your name?"
"I say my name is Watt"
"Oh, well I'm coming to see you."
"All right Are you Jones?"
"No; I'm Knott"
"Who are you then, please?"
Tm Knott"
"Will you tell me your name,
"Will Knott"
"Why won't you?"
"I say my name is William Knott"
"Oh, I beg your pardon."
"Then you will be in if i ome
round. Watt?"
"Certainly, Knott"
Then they were cut off by the, ex
change, and Knott wants to know If
Watt will be or not Tattler.
Just the Other Way.
Hiss Mlnny Somen By the by, you
ire not the boy I have always had be
fore? Caddie Nom; you see, we In as ml
to see who'd caddie, for. yon,
'Idas Mlnny 8omera fewfaitr
ptosacaj-on. tut you had
Present System, He Says, Gives Need
less Labor to the Memory and
' Attention Would Make
Semaphore Luminous.
The present system of block sig
nals at nteht Is ill adapted not to
the eye alone it gives needless labor
to the memory and the attention. It.
requires the engineer, among the In
numerable lights that lines his track,
to distinguish those 'which are to
guide him from those that are of
no significance to him at alL
Any one who has' ridden In the cab
of an express locomotive during its
frantic course by night and seen the'
engineer as by a miracle pick out his
white signal amid a swarm of near
by city lights of a hue Identical with
the one that must direct him; seen
him, also, with an almost mysterious
confidence rush past countless red
and green lights, knowing that they
were not for him, but were switch
lights or lanterns, guarding the rear
of some neighboring train, or were
signals for slow' trains, , for cross
overs and a host of things besides
as one dashes recklessly through this
maze of colored lights he can no
longer wonder that signals are occa
sionally misread or unobserved. Ho
can only marvel, declares George M.
Stratton In the Century, that a night
express ever reaches its goal In
Added, then, to the perils due to
the defects of the eye, both normal
and abnormal, the present' block sig
nals have this serious fault: They
do not stand out distinct, and apart
from numberless other lights that
suddenly appear to the engineer, but
to which he is expected to give no
The plan that I would propose
would be to use throughout the 24
hours the kind. of signal which is now
employed only by day. . . . This could
be accomplished simply by making
at night the 'vane of the semaphore
As in our cities lights are arranged
In lines and letters to catch the at
tention, so here the signal could be
come a fiery arm pointing outward or
down, or, if need be, midway between
these directions at will. Such a line
of fire would be strikingly different
from the usual lights of buildings or
of streets.
It would also, both In quality and
In form, stand out entirely distinct
from all the colored' lights whose use
upon the railway it may, in the end.
seem wise to continue for purposes
other than the block signal. A con
tinuous line of light moreover, would
be visible at a far greater distance
than Is the present sinle light
The glowing signal lights would
best be white, and of course should
not change in tint In order to convey
their message. This would at once
remove all need of discerning whether
the line burned white or green or red.
with all the risk which the distinction
The mechanical difficulties of in
troducing the' new form of signal
would not be great A row of half
a dozen oil lamps stretched along the
front of the signal arm lamps of the
type at present used in the block sys
tem could only be counterpoised to
prevent their Interference with the
proper action of the mechanism
which controls the arm.
Even with such lanterns the new
system would have an Immense su
periority over the old,- but no one
should regard these weak lights'as
more than a makeshift; for what is
urgently needed is something that
will penetrate the smoke and mist
and storm.
On roads where electricity Is not
the motive power the best lllumlnant
for the new signal would perhaps be
gas stored under pressure in-tanks
gas such as Is used In many of our
railway' cars or In the gas. buoys set
along our' shores by the government
Since these buoys burn untended for
months In storm or calm it would
seem that such a light might well be
adapted to Illuminate the semaphore
arm. . 4
For-If .a line, of oil lamps were
used the temptation would be strong
to economize in weight' and con
sequently In oil capacity, and thus to
have only a moderate brilliancy
where a powerful light is needed.
Railroad History.
The Nova Scotia railroad, after
leaving Wolfville, twists under the
elbow of the hill, and- a little box of
a waystation, set casually in a hay
field, bears the name of the Acadian
village. The site of Evangeline's
Grand Pre is half a mile across the
meadows, but some kindly Ananias
of the railroad has set up in the back
yard of the station as it were, a group
of such stick and board signs as nor
mally bear the legend, "Keep Off the
Approaching, we read, "Site of
Benedict Bellefontaine's House,"
"Site of Basil's Forge," and so on. A
whimsical and ah accommodating
thought thisr-to leave the, pale tourist
hurrying by in the Flying Bluenose, a
varnished train with a pink engine,
the' germ of a historical recollection.
Travel Magazine. '
Whirlwind Hits Train. ..
Passengers on the Reading express
train for Pottsville had a remarkable
experience near Reading when the
train, going fifty miles an hour, -ran
Into a wind storm. The roof of one.
of the cars was torn off, causing great
Moral Suasion..
In Sweden the public houses are
closed' on Saturday pay day while
the savings banks are kept open until
midnight No government can force a
man to save his -money; but this
Swedish system at least encourages
him to deposit it where It Is most Jik
iy to be of use.
fm Bridal Parti. -
has beem'mfeoduoed at
la TnmibrMge-
triot of
ttajulr arches,!
of hops mad hop
Aceeefrtiwts Knew Location of Every
One ea Line.
A' story told by a car accountant
shows to what extent the tracing of
cars has been reduced; to a. science
The accountant and a station agent on
the same road were talking of the
car record system while om their vaca
tion lm , the Adlrondacks.
"You mean to say you know exactly
where every car on the road"" is?"
asked the station agent skeptically.
"Yes, If it Is on our road. If on a
foreign road we can 'tell' where and
when and. In 'what condition it was
delivered." - . , ,
"You'll let me test It?"
"Yes," replied the accountant "Send
me a query any time asking where
one of our cars it; you'll -get a reply
within twenty-four hours."
The next day the accountant went
back to work. The station agent
started for home a week later.- While
passing through Glens Falls, below
Lake George, he saw one of the com
pany's cars on a siding fitted up as a
lodging house for workingmen re
pairing the road. " Here he saw a
chance to confuse the accountant, and
wired to him from Poughkeepsie:
"Where is car No. 40.611?"
The reply was waiting for him at
the -station next morning. It said:'
"No. 40,611 being used by Italian la
borers at Glens .-Falls for lodgings."
Even this appeared In the record
books. '
Railroad Building in China.
Railway builders in China encounter
and combat much prejudice and ig
norance. Of the' construction of one
road a traveler, writes:' "When the
opening ceremony was performed the
discontent reached' its zenith. A trial
run was made in a 'dummy' on which
'Mr. Grove, district engineer, and Mr.
Wang, the Musieh magistrate, and
some others were seated. A large
crowd of visitors had assembled and
the general opinion was freely express
ed that the whole undertaking was a
fraud as so much labor and money
had been expended for an .unattractive
conveyance which would accommodate
only half a dozen people. Then while
going down an Incline a sturdy but in
dependent cultivator was met walking
between the rails. 'He stolidly ignor
ed the shouts of warning, and, after
being knocked down and having his
leg broken, remarked that the foreign
ers were in truth barbarians, as it
would have been quite easy for the
car to turn off, as there was low
ground on each side of the line. If it
had been in a cutting, he said, it
would have been different
Stage Talk.
Arthur Grenville, the English actor,
was once in a company of pastoral
players, who, when the weather per
mitted, rehearsed in the grounds
where the performance was to take
place. Building operations were in
progress near at hand, and one day,
during a rehearsal of "As You Like
It," there fell upon the ears of the
pastoral players the following conver
sation between a laborer on the scaf
folding and his mate on the "fresh
Laborer above: "Ullo, there!"
Laborer below: "What now, what
now? Who calleth so loud?"
Laborer above: "I prithee, fair Bill,
'and us up a few more comely bricks!"
Bathing the Eyes.
Few practices are more beneficial
-to the condition of the eyes than is
that of bathing them regularly every
night before going to bed. Dust read
ily accumulates on the lids between
4he lashes and causes them to smart
an excellent method of cleaning them,
being the old-fashioned one of dab
bing the lids with a piece of cotton
wool dipped in cold weak tea. -Woman's
Three nights, . commencing
Thursday, Nov. 14.
Walter Savaee
Presents the talented young actor
and his company of players, includ
ing the brilliant actress
in new and successful plays. Thurs
day night the beautiful 4 act
comedy drama
Tfci Kifit lifin GlristMS
Friday might the rural drama
TM WiMitf HimI
Saturday night the great play and
' Me. StrongVmasterpiece
Or .Mjll Mi Mr. Hftfi
Refined vaudeville between sets.
Prices 156, 350 and fiOe.
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Owner ef Outfit Was LsM Up, but
' Still He Had a Right to Feel
Goad Over His In
vestment "Wlcky Callan is laid up. but he
feels pretty good." said Doc Peters, as
he took a seat in the studio pd helped
himself to a corncobful of, tobacco.
"And what ails him?" asked Red
Bruce, who was making scrawls with
a stick of charcoal om a piece of coarse
paper. .
"Well, it was this way: 'Wlcky. he
got hold of some money last Saturday.
Got a complete outfit of clothes and
them started to get an infit He got It
all right and took It home with hint
some time Sunday night
"Monday morning be woke up and
searched himself . carefully. -Found a
twenty-case mote tucked away im the
fob pocket of his trousers aad made
a bee-line for Plunkitt's, where he
broke la some. After half, an hoar
he was feeling fine and concluded to
go down town and see If there was
anything doing. -
"He rode a couple of blocks om the
back platform of -a car whom he
happened to see an old buggy standing
hi front of a junk shop with 'ForSale'
on It -
. "'Stop the car,' said Wlcky, aad
Jumped off.
"Now, Wlcky never owned "a horse
or buggy, never drove a horse In his
life, hut something told -him he ought
to have that particular vehicle. ,
" 'How much do you want for itr
he asked the junk man.
" 'Ten dollars.'
" 'Give you five -."Take
it along.'
"Wlcky coughed up the five-speck-er.
- At a sales stable he knew about
he bought a pretty good looking old
skate for $5.30, with the bridle at
tached. "A light second-hand harness cost
him four dollars. Thus equipped, he
started off in great shape. The whole
caravan cost him about $18, Includ
ing drinks.
"He was down to fish scales when
he got through and it worried him
some, but he knew of a roadhouse just
out of town where he could always
make a touch, so he started to go
out there. Wlcky wasn't much on
the drive, and the horse soon found
it out and had pretty much his own
"He was going along at a pretty
gooa cup on tne river road wnen a
trolley car turned a corner suddenly
and scared him so that he stopped
still. The car hit the buggy andthe
horse at the same time, and Wlcky fell
through the vestibule into the front
platform of the car, knocking the mo
torman through the door.
"The horse went into the ditch with
both hind legs broken and the buggy
was knocked to flinders. Wlcky lay
where he fell until they fetched an
ambulance and took him to his board
ing house.
"They killed the horse and carted
it away and burned the ruins of the
buggy, but before this was done there
was an Investigator from the trolley
company sitting on the side of Wieky's
bed with a piece of paper and a foun
tain pen in his hand. What's the
answerr Well Wlcky settled. He
signed a release for $300.
"He asked the man for 25, meaning
dollars, but the man must have
thought he meant hundreds, and dick
ered until he cut him down to three
of 'em. Hurt? Well, yes. He's got
a bruised elbow, a scratch on the
wrisf and a cut chin, but hell soon be
out buying buggies and sich."
Curse "Sleeping Sickneaa."
Prof. Koch, the great German med
ical authority, who has been in Africa
about 18 months,- inquiring into the
causes and cure off that strange and
widely prevalent malady, the sleeping
sickness, has become famous through
out a large portion of the dark con
tinent. He has treated and cured
hundreds of black men afflicted with
the dread disease mentioned, and has,
therefore, been given the title of
"Great White Wizard." He is continu
ally receiving -appeals from all parts
of central Africa to come to the res
cue of sick and dying persons. The
professor's treatment consists of an
injection of atoxyl, and the results of
this have usually been favorable.
A Strain on Credulity.
Little Maggie passed'the summer at
'a seaside resort . where mosquitoes
abounded. On the first Sunday after
her return to town her Sunday school
teacher told of Noah and the ark,
and concluded by inquiring if any
child would, like to ask a ques
tion. "I would," ventured Margie.
"What would you "like to know,
dear?' Inquired the teacher.
"I'd like to know if you are quite
sure that Noah only took two 'skeeters
into the ark," said the little girL
Harper's Weekly.
A Cold Nose.
A lady who owns a dog, and inci
dentally a little girl, heard a commo
tion in the adjoining room. Upon in
vestigating she discovered that the
commotion came largely from the dog.
"Ton naughty child," she said, "are
you trying to burn Fldo, that you hold
his head so near the grate?'
"No, mamma," replied the little
girl; tTm only trying to warm his
nose." .
Buttons fer the Offertory.
A Sussex vicar complains that but
tons find their way into his collecting-bags.
Prebendary Carllle, of the
Church Army, supplies buttons at St.
Mary-at-HiU ior tnat very purpose,
'"My poor people," he says, "with hard
ly a rag to wear and nothing to eat;
haven't even a button to spare; yet
pride keeps them out If they
give to the otertory- So we go
the streets with our buttons before
service and a friend of the Church
Army redeems them at so much a
Tues., Nov. 19,
we will run an excursion to the Braios valley
near HOUSTON, 'TEXAS. If you ;vw want "
to get a fine valley farm oq the Brazos
river close to a city like Houston, you aad better
not put it off, but get ready and join us the 19th
of November, or on our next excursion which
will be on Tuesday, December 3rd, 1907;
Rfmnd Trip !taitraJ Fart Frm Co
lumbus 422.60 Gui for 30 Dm
. Call at our office in the German National Bank
building, Columbus, Nebraska, where
we can give yon all information.
X. O.
Emmigration Agents
Nsw York Central Hsa Equipped. Car
with Every Appliance with Which
Ken of the Railroad Sheuld '
Be Familiar.
Am ordinary-appearing
car om a sidetrack lm the Dewitt rail
road yards has been a source of great
interest to employes of the New York
Central road for the last few weeks,
says the Syracuse Herald. It Is the
railroad men's school, for, unlike aaost
people whose Instruction except by
experience ceases when the school
door closes upon them, the railroaders
must go to school as long as they are
employed by the New York Central.
The car which Is now la Dewitt Is
fitted up - "h every equipment pro
curable U .nstruct the employes In
the air-brake system of stopping and
starting trains. The system of air
brakes Is difficult to understand and
the railroad has fitted up these 1m
8truction ears to give the mam am op
portunity to learn everything about it
The car contains equipments sufldeat
for 28 freight cars. IB passenger cars
and a locomotive, together with sec
tional parte of all air-brake equtpsaemt
These air-brake cylinders are arrang
ed in erne end of the car aad lm the
other end are seats for the railroad
mem who come to receive instructions
and the sleeplag apartments of the
P. a Barry is the Instructor of the
car and each day he conducts classes
in which he Instructs large numbers
of employes thoroughly hi the opera
tion and construction of air brakes.
Mr. Barry also has private pupUs
among the men who cannot arrange
to attend the cusses. Records are
kept of the attendance, just like amy
school and unless the mem attend
they are suspended from work until
they do attend regularly. Just as when
they, were schoolboys.
When the car first arrived some of
the mem played truant but am order
from the trainmaster to the ef set that
every man who did not visit the car
would' be suspended from work soon
brought the attendance up to the de
sired mark aad now about 100 em
ployes go dally to their school on
wheels. The pupils Include engineers,
firemen, conductors, baggagemen, pas
senger trainmen, freight brakemen.
car Inspectors and car repairers. The
Dewitt men have been apt pupils and
the car will proceed to Lyons, Ro
chester and Buffalo soon.
The New'York Central road was the
first to establish these Instruction
cars and mow has several cars in use
on Its lines. It takes a car three
years 'to make a trip over the road,
stopping' at each railroad yard until
the employes become expert on the
subject of sir brakes. Then the car
goes back over the same route to in
struct mew employes. The New York
Central has spared no expense to ini
tiate Its employes Into the mysteries
aad sdeace of air brakes and la addi
tion to the air brake Instruction cars
has experts on the road who ride om
the engines and instruct the engineers
and firemen while on duty. At De
witt there Is also a large air-brake
plant, one of the best in the. country.
Foreman Hae Hard Job.
"Do you know the absolutely mean
est Job lm the world?" asked am old
pastmaster of the mechanical depart
ment ef a great road. "If s the poat
tioa ef foreman hi a roundhouse. Un
der modern conditions of railroadiag
the foremaa of the roundhouse ts a
great center of congestion is om the
firing Mne of criticism from front, rear
and both sides.
"The roundhouse foreman Is re
sponstblo under the master mechanic
for keeping the motive of the road fit.
A locomotive comes la disabled and
It mast be pat Into condition. Ten
other hjcomotirea. easting perhaps
$15,000 each, are laid up there la the
same esmdirlea Suddenly the de
mands of tram result im the eall from
the train
that part-
A imaa mm M Mai te m
- -"y -.-- mmmhma - laastved by AC aaVhiiaiai
""f BWT S-?1T"1: aanussmsamamt ef taw Wssltiwav
!i"i-i" !rnnuTrry rrrr - i,.
.".fr-M mtl a l amajfj . gpj the order and the - aTf
" ii' arttl be put into service eTm!!ff
assam-Baa aamaAaffaW Asset emmnswVnnaw mm v"spai ."nam; IBB :KH
! ssaroi are weramg aa m partes road as he,i - i?r
pairs. The necessity for crowel-g the mUM x-, - 'wm Qswj-
smsnsmmmsmm sammsmp-v fl JB
1 I ssbbl. srna 'naV ' ssW
his shift mTmiusc 1brega3er with the
night foreman and make a fB re
port ef what his gams; a
ed m the dayaght aad as far as
hie tend his judgment as to the beat
the might foresssj
Ami whem the might
la ready to leave he mast take his
turm hi the consultation. While hi
the meantime the dispatcher's
Is demanding more power. It
m mam gray haired before his
Yet foremanahip of the
tela Hae of promotion to the
ship of the mechanics om
a railroad
Raltreade ef the WerM.
The total of the raUroada.oT the
world om January 1. IMC. is declared
to have beam 503.771.7 miles (English)
or. la the figures given, 0CM9i kllo--neters.
of which the United States
represents 115.713.39 miles 1.53
'dlometers) resulting lm am American
ead of about 23.500 miles over Eu
rope. The total mileage of the Amer
ican continent is estimated to be more
than one-half of that of the entire
world. German statistics lm Consular
The Fringe ef Art.
Elian Vedder, the noted painter.
Uvea In Rome, where he has a beauti
ful apartment, and lm Capri, where
his white villa looks down on the sea.
"Eliha Vedder," said a New York
Illustrator the other day. "Is as Bohe
mian as ever. Fame has mot spoiled
him. I visited him last year, and his
Bohemian ways were delightful!
"You know they toll a story of a
visit that he once paid to Alma Tade
ma In London, toAlma Tadema lm
that glittering house which Mrs. A.
Ts money, made la grateful, comfort
ing cocoa, bought
"The morning after his arrlvaL
very early, before even the servants
were up, Vedder began a thunderous
knocking oa his host's samdarwooi
"Alma fdams turned lm his gold
bed, threw back the lace coverlet, eat
"Who's there? What la ltr he
cried lm a startled voice.
"I say, Tadema. shouted Vedder.
"where do you keep the scissors that
you trim your cuta wMh?' "
"Ae we have bootblacks so they've
got toothblacks In the Sunda Islands,"
said a traveling man.
"What la a toothblack?"
"Don't you know? A toothblack Is
an old woman with a pot of Mack
paint, a gold leaf book, and- a lot of
vegetables brushes. From hut te hut
she passes, and for a small fee a
yam. a bunch of bananas, .three cocoa..
nuts she paints the Sunda islander's
teeth a glisteningblack. All but the
two front teeth; these she gilds. And
the Sunda Islander thereafter goes
about with n self-conscious smile re
vealing a truly knock-me denm dental
display, a black aad gold symeaemy.
"It is a common trick among the
semi-civilised to color the teeth. Im
Macassar dark brown la the popular
hue. aad la Japan among the ' unen
lightened classes, the teeth ef wlvae
are always painted Mack.
"In auch couatrles the toothblack:
la an Institution. She goes from)
house to house, as full of- geestp' ma
a barber."
The Sexton's Orders.
The late Bishop Seymour ef Ifflnote
as remarkable for the ....
beauty of his sermons, a Srsamlaid
man said to him the other duyr
"At tiie eastern celebration Im erne
of our churches Bishop Seymour and
a half-dosem other divines were mree.
emL ""
"One of these divines, n ste-n, state
ly old fellow with white hair told
memo tseymour lm my hearing that
whenever any one went to sleep hi hhi
t-v- w nua mac orders to wake
Bishop Seymour amOed.
Wouldn't H be better.' k
any one goes to smm
your preaching for the sexton to have
u iuvj ana wak m
A mffitem dollar seder far the
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