The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, July 11, 1906, Image 3

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Mr. Chas. L. Saner, Grand Scribe,,
Grand Encampment I. O. O. F. of
Texas, and Assistant City Auditor,
writes from the City Hall, San Antonio,
"Nearly two years ago I accepted a
position as secretary and treasurer
with one of the leading dry goods
establishments of Galveston, Tex.
" The sudden change from a high and
dry altitude to sea level proved too
much for me and I became afflicted
with catarrh and cold in the head, and
general debility to such an extent as to
almost incapacitate me for attending
to my duties.
"I was induced to try Peruna, mud
utter taking several bottles lu small
doses I am pleased to say that I was
entirely restored to my normal condi
tion and have ever sines recommended
the use ofPeruua to my friends."
Glittering generalities are the rhlne
stones of speech.
Lewis' Single Binder tniij;ht 5c cigar
made of rich, mellow totweco. Your
dealer or Lewis Factor-, reoria. 111.
Fundamental Difference.
Teach "In what why do the
Quakers speak differently from us,
Johnny?" Johnny "They don't
Evidently He Had Two.
Little Tommy was very quiet dur
ing the first courses, and everyone for
got he was there. As the dessert was
being served', however, the host told
a funny story.
When he had finished, and the
laughter had died away, his little son
exclaimed, delightedly: "Now, papa,
tell the other one." Exchange.
Best in Billville.
"Bill," said the man in the ox cart
to the Billville postmaster, "ain't you
goin' to open the office to-day?"
"No, I ain't; what do you take me
"The postmaster."
"No. you don't. You take me fer one
o these erpetual motion machines
that kin run the government fer you
six days out the week, an no rest on
Sunday that's what you take me
"Bill." said the other, "I've come
.five miles and better to git my mail!"
"Well, ef 'I open up fer you all the
res' '11 want their'n, an' I've done noti
fied the postmaster ginrul that it's my
week off; 'sides that, thar ain't no
mail fer you 'cept a letter from a
lumber man sayin' that if you dont
pay up he'll sue, an another from your
wife tellin' you to send her money to
come home. So go 'long an enjoy yer
honeymoon." Atlanta Constitution.
Save the Pennies
You Can Buy the Big Ten
Cake Packas of
On Time
for 5 cents, warranted by the On
Time Yeast Company to give satis
faction or money refunded.
' Two packages of "On Time" will
cost you 10 cents and are equal in
weight to three packages of any
other brand for which you will pay
15 cents.
The extra nickel is worth as much to you
as to the manufacturer of the seven cake
package. Use On Time Yeast and get
Ten Cakes for 5 cents instead of seven.
Account Annul Meeting-. Benevolent ana
Protective oieer-of Kiln, at Denver, tae 8V
Joseph a Grand Island Railway will sell oa Jaly
IMC inclusive, round-trip ticket to Denver.
Colorado Springs and Pueblo at exceedingly
low rates. Tickets rood to retarnaoUl Augustas.
For farther information call oa nearrit aces
S. U. ADSsT. C. T. JL. Si.
CO Bat- Wiatcr Wheat
That's tae yWd ef Salasr's Bed Cress Hybrid Winter
Wheat. esd In stsaspji for free iili of sean.aa
sdsocasaloneof Wtater Wheats, Rye. Barter, Cieveia,
oaky. Aassc&J
J , f - 'jssissssnwff R 7 I BnflflkV asssssssssssssl jflE-allHfiH
A good definition for a weed is a
plant growing out of place. A tomato
plant, for instance, coming up in a
radish bed would be considered a weed
to that crop, as it is not the place for
it. But more generally the name is
most used when applied to such plants
which seem to persist in growing
where they are not wanted, and are
never cultivated for any useful pur
pose. To keep a ,place clear of weeds
means continual warfare. But this
will be useless unless the neigh
bors agree to put the same amount o
labor on their own places. During a
iate visit of the editor to a large farm
in the east, this weed question was
brought up. The farm we visited was
carefully and continually cultivated,
but the crop of weeds could not be
conquered. There was a reason for
it, and that reason we subsequently
learned was owing to the fact that the
neighbors, a wealthy retired gentle
man, with a palace for a home, and
spacious lawns and flower-beds al
lowed his fields to overrun with wild
carrot and other weeds. He did not
care, and the winds carried the seeds
far and wide. A very little money
spent would have kept down these
weeds and made the place all the bet
ter, besides being a God-send to his
neighbor. There should be strong leg
islation against such shiftlessness.
There are two rules which will hold
good in the prevention and destruction
of weeds, which we quote from the
"illustrated Annual Register," as fol
The first, from the well-known fact
that no plant can first grow without
starting from a seed, indicates the
general caution to destroy all weeds
lefore they can ripen their seed, and
to sow for crops nothing but perfectly
clean seed. If weeds have already gone
to seed, they should be carefully re
moved and burned. Some of the most
pernicious intruders have been widely
spread through hay or grass used for
packing goods every careful man
will never allow such packing mate
rial to be scattered over his land either
in manure or otherwise. The second
rule is founded on the principle that
no plant can live any considerable
length of time without breathing
through its lungs, the leaves. Hence,
all perennial-rooted plants, that creep
and extend beneath the surface like
the Canada thistle and milk-weed,' and
tnus form formidable patches may be
destroyed completely and totally, if the
leaves are never allowed to appear
above ground.
Of the SO.000 different species of
plants which grow upon the face of the
earth, only a few thousands have ever
had an opportunity to grow in culti
vated fields. Of these few thousands,
a very small number have become dis
tinguished for their vigor of growth
under neglect, for their tenacity of
life, and rapidity of increase. These
few have become troublesome weeds.
Neglected cultivation and careless
management have tested them thor
oughly for their bad qualities, and
have been the means of selecting them
from their thousands of harmless as
sociates, and introducing them into the
fields of the farmer.
Annual and biennial weeds mostly
Increase by seeds, and include wild
mustard, shepherd's purse, false flax
or bitter weed, cockle-bur, marigold,
sticktight or Spanish needles, may
weed or hound's tongue, Jamestown
weed oi stink weed, lamb's quarter,
goose-foot or pig weed, green
amaranth, wild teasel, chess, chear, or
broom grass, and foxtail grass.
The simple perennial weeds are tall
crowfoot or butter-cup. John's-wort,
plantain, pokeweed, water hemlock,
poison hemlock, ox-eye daisy, mallow,
sour dock, sorrel, garlic, nettle, sweet
Cag or calamus and cat-tail flag.
This variety of poppy, taken as a
family, is remarkably attractive and
shows plants capable of being utilized
in gardens and lawns to a much great
er extent than they arc at the present
time.. The above variety gives grand
color and effect. There are two varie
ties which should have special atten
tion. They are the Braceteatum and
the Oriental. The first above variety
has the advantage of being a perennial,
with its long seasons of bloom in early
summer, glorious color and large size.
With its full and bold effect, its rich
green foliage, the plaut is well worthy
of a place in any collection of her
baceous plants.
The flower, as we grow them on our
place, ranges from six to eight inches
in diameter, and a dark and deep scar
let, and generally show deep purple
spots on each petal. We want to urge
on our readers to try, if possible, to
procure a plant of the above species.
Some writer in speaking of the great
beauty of the flower garden of Ann
Hathaway's cottage, the home of
Shakespeare at Stratford-on-Avon,
dwelt largely on the poppies and lark
spear that grew there, stating that
they combined to create a wonderful
"color picture, dazzling yet harmoni
ously beautiful." The poppy alluded
to here is one which we have tried to
describe to our readers. So in writing
any of your nurserymen or seedsmen,
ask for the above varieties, and we
will wager our reputation that you
will never regret the money spent.
For field culture for the canneries
good strong tomato plants should be
ready for the field from the middle to
the latter part of June, the time
which they are usually set in.
Keep cows away from weedy, low
and wild pastures.
It pays to milk carefully. The cows
will give more and the milk will be
richer for it Then go about it as if
you had something at stake, and not
as if it was a job that you hated.
The cow that will give a good flow
im hot weather when flies are thick is
tha ob. that cam be hanked anon.
Growing pigs should, be provided
with a good dry bed kept clean and
free from dust. Remember that filth
breeds disease.
It is a mistake to think that hogs
or any other animal can shift for
themselves while they are young, and
then expect that you can make up for
such a neglect in the end.
Do not think that good cows are pro
duced accidentally. They are man's
improvement, and it is up to you as
a breeder to understand how far traits
and tendencies can be counted ;i:on
for transmission in offspring. Pedi
grees do not make butter or beef, but
oftentimes makes sales. It is the in
dividual that counts.
The growing pigs may be helped
along in two ways; one is by feeding
sows liberally on those feeds thai tend
to produce milk; and the other Is by
giving the pigs clean food of the right
kind, such as clover and alfalfa.
A pedigree is a good thing to refer
to but the individuality of the aniiml
must not be lost sight of. The story is
told of a dude who went in his auto
mobile to call on a country lass. Dur
ing the conversation with the young
lady he said. "I can trace my fore
fathers for seven generations." The
reply came from the girl: "Why that
is a remarkable performance. What
else can you doV"
May is a good month to buy pigs
and shoats for feeding for the fall
market, provided there is plenty of
pasture on the farm. It will lequire
only three or four weeks of strong
feeding at the end to produce a good
A flock or sheep will get more sub
stance on poor land and at the same
time do it more good than ary other
stock on the farm.
If the farmer is looking for quick re
turns in live stock and for a large per
centage on the money invested there
are no animals on the farm that will
beat the sow and the ewe.
One of the causes for weak Iambs is
the result of compelling the ewes to
live on coarse food.
Much lameness in horses is due to
improper shoeing. Horses should be
shod by competent blacksmiths. Is
yours one?
A wide range in summer feeding mar
be used at the start of the feeding
period with profit, but it must get nar
row as the feeding period advances.
There is no stock about the farm
that will not eat good silage. If care
is exercised working horses may be
fed on silage.
I think the cultivation of corn
should commence before it is up, by
running over it with a fine tooth har
row:, writes an Indiana correspondent.
This will kill all weeds that have com
menced to sprout. Then harrow once
after the corn is up. Just go ahead and
pay no attention to the corn. You
may scartch out a hill once in awhile,
but not enough to notice them. It
may seem like you are covering it all
up, but it will be o,c again the next
day. Don't cultivate too deeply. I
think shallow cultivation is the thing.
If the weather permits we should cul
tivate every week, especially if the
weather is dry. By shallow cultivation
we form a dust mulch which prevents
evaporation. Wc should continue our
work with the cultivator until the
corn gets too large to get through it,
and then if we "lay it by," don't put on
large shovels and ridge up the ground,
because you will break the roots of
the corn and allow the ground to dry
out more by exposing more of its sur
face to the air. besides leaving the
ground in poor condition for sowing
wheat. The last plowing should be
shallow and leave the ground level. I
beiieve it would be better to continue
goin through the corn with a one
horse harrow or drag until the first
of August. This is something that not
very many people do on account of
other work crowding just at this
Select your stock of pullets as soon
as they are well developed; select more
than you expect to use. so you can re
ject those that develop objectionable
Chickens should never lie allowed to
roost till ten or twelve weeks old. If
allowed to perch too young their
breasts often get crooked and their
growth and appearance at the table
With laying hens it is a compara
tively easy matter to overdo the feed
ing when given too much whole grain,
especially of corn and fat producing
food. If the hens become too fat they
will cease laying.
While it may be possible that old
hens are too fat to lay, it is rarely so
with pullets. Feed them abundantly.
Even with old hens in a majority of
cases less laying goes on as a result
of under than over feeding; unless well
fed, ihens cannot lay well.
Never refuse a fair price for a bird
you do not want to keep for breeding
purposes. At the same time never sell
a good bird that you need yourself. To
be most successful you must keep the
best and do not be tempted to sell even
at a fancy price.
In the winter I make out a plan of
my next season's garden, shifting from
year to year each variety of vegetable
to a place it has not occupied for sev
eral years. I am persuaded that how
ever much you may fertilize, few
plants do well in the same place year
after year. Some, like cabbage and
cauliflower, must have new t ground
every year. When planting time
comes, with my plan before me, I
measure off the spaces between the
tows and drive a short stake at the
end of each row ready for the garden
line when the time comes to plant
each particular row. As I plant the
rows I check off on the plan ao as to
avoid mistakes.
An old fruit grower says it is the
safest plan to cultivate an orchard at
least five years after it is planted.
"But," says the general fanner, whose
main interests are in other crops. "I
do not raise fruit for sale except inci
dentally, and I cannot afford the time
from my more important money crops
to regularly cultivate my orchard, un
less there is some crops besides the
fruit which will pay me for the time
and labor." While cultivating the or
chard per se, is the ideal plan, there
are certain minor crops, which might
be denominated orchard crops, whose
cultivation does not interfere with the
development of the trees, and under
the above conditions which the farm
er urges, it is highly advisable to
plant them between the tree rows rath
er than leave the orchard entirely
without cultivation. Deep plowing too
near the trees should be avoided, but
until they attain their full develop
ment, there is ample space in the mid
dle of the rows for corn, cotton, ground
peas, sweet or Irish potatoes, melons
any crop in fact which requires con
stant cultivation. Grain of any kind
should never be sown in an orchard,
on penalty of permanent injury to the
trees, not only because these crops pre
vent cultivation just at' the season the
trees most need it, but because they
take from the soil Ihe very elements
most needed for their proper develop
ment. Any of the crops named may
be cultivated without injury to the
trees, provided always that the young
tree roots are protected against injury
from deep plowing; the plowing near
the trees should always be shallow,
and the limbs protected, as far as pos
sible from mutilation or other injury.
After the trees have attained their
growth, a crop of late cow peas is an
excellent enricher of the soil. When
the trees reach the bearing stage, the
orchard may be sown in grass or
clover, if the sod is not allowed to
stand more than three or four years.
Hogs and poultry are good scavengers
in an orchard, as they destroy many of
the insect enemies, and also the fallen
fruit, which is often a harbor for pro
tecting and developing myriads of
these pests. Cattle and horses should
never be allowed to run in an orchard.
We have seen one horse destroy in a
few moments enough in value to pay
for his food for a month.
"These beautiful days should be an.
inspiration to every one, and especial
ly to those of us who are fortunate in'
living them out of doors and having,
an opportunity of taking in their de
licious air and rich color. We have
always found it hard to be patient with
those who could not enjoy farm life.
"The work is hard." Oh, yes and so
is any work that a man or woman has
a right to be satisfied with. "Lonely,"
with the companionship of wife or
husband and children and with the In
finite variety of life that represents, the
mind of God all about us? What bet
ter company? Of course there is
wretchedness in the country as well as
in the city and it is mostly of our own
making in both cases. The writer
lived in town till he was "of age" and
on a farm since that time. He has not
yet had a moment's regret for his
choice, nor had a wish that his chil
dren might enter a higher calling.
There is no higher.
It is now the busiest time or the year
for the farmer and his horses and the
care of the horse should not be neglect
ed. A proper currying and brushing
daily pays. It removes the filth from
the surface of the skin, and improves
the coat; and most of all the horse
needs is proper food. Com, when fed
exclusively, is unfit for a work horce.
There is nothing better than good oats.
When the farmers learn the t'Ifferenee
in the values of different grains, this
country will have better horses. For
horse hay, timothy with a little clover
is just what is wanted. The horse
should be watered regularly and not
worked to excess. Do not try to do
three days' work in one, for it aever
May is the best month for com
planting in this latitude. It is best
not to be in too much of a hurry, as the
earlier, the damper the ground will be,
the corn is liable to rot and will grow
more slowly. But if planted when the
gtound is thoroughly warm and warm
weather presides it will grow very
rapidly. The ground for corn should
be very finely cultivated. Corn is our
main crop-anil any point of cultivation
should not be neglected. Do not be in
too much of a hurry. It does not pay
to plow the ground when too wet, as
it injures the land and slow progress
is made. There is no profit in work
ing in the mud.
Many farmers fail to realize how
much easier and cheaper it would be
to do more of the required cultivation
before the crop is planted. Begin your
preparations early enough so that
when you have land ready to plant you
can leave it alone for a week or more,
and then harrow 'and cultivate the sur
face over again. One crop of weeds
will thus be dstroyed at a light ex
pense and the surface will be brought
into finer tilth and better prepared to
receive the seed. On lands liable tc
suffer from drought this process may
be profitably extended for weeks or
months before planting the crop.
Nothing wastes so much time on a
farm as a lack of system. No matter
what sort of work is to be done it pays
to plan it all beforehand and make
provision for everything that may
arise. Don't wait till the last minute
to know that machines or tools or har
ness or -whatever else is needed, are
ready. Get ready before you are about
to start, and no time will be lo6t.
The "harrow cart" is becoming, and
deservedly so, a very popular tool.
Why walk and wear yourself out when
it is possible to ride? Horse muscle is
cheaper than man muscle. Harrow
carts are made with almost any sort
of wheels.
A reader says that prior to getting
a separator it took 20 pounds or milk
to make a pound of bbutter. With a
cream separator he made a poand of
butter from 17 pounds of milkk.
Young farmers almost universally
make the mistake not to set out trees
and shrubbery, and when they are old
and it is too late they see wherein
they failed of- doing their duty.
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enjoyable by autisg
to canr: eaaer tosenre: aadnst
qnht for eating aa they come from the can.
Libby's cooks have first pick el the beat
sea obtainable aad they know how
to cook Own. as well as pack tbenu
if yoa're not going to a picnic soon you
cm sake one tomorrow at yonr own table
by eernag some sliced Luncheon Loaf,
kit a revelations the bbK&g of good
eat and good spices.
Good TLiantloEaL" Was
IJhbf, HcMeUl Libby, CUcaga
and Beautifying the Skin,
Scalp, Hair, and Hands.
iSS'Z&df Br!i enlstaTedieats.aad tlw
fhiliil ii .
5rjailed Free, - How to Preserve, PurUy;
Satify taaX",iip. Hair. and Hands."
Bny of the
ffrnes aa snvn naif: it
Sm bny of the ataker yon pay only one sssall proit.
niotwtfennoaalathnanteoat.end uMeean
ftLffftST we will asaU yon prepaid a
lew Ti
slew York city.
M. V. TJ.t OMAHA, VO. 28c 1906.
I XsFood I
jj nny Kits ida la Pais; Boatoa. HI
- " """" mr,mnmwmw SfVUUUU. 41
The Laxative or
There are two classes of remedies: those of knows 41!
ity and which are permanently beneficial in elect, aetinr
gently, in harmony with nature, when nature needs assist
ance; and another class, composed of preparations ef
unknown, uncertain and inferior character, acting? tempo
rarily, but injarioasly, as a result of forcing" the natural
functions unnecessarily.' One of the most exceptional of
the remedies cf known, quality and excellence is the ever
pleasant Syrap of Figs, manufactured by the California
Fig" Syrup Co, which represents the active principles of
plants, known to act most beneficially, in a pleasant syrup,
in which the wholesome Cnlifornian bine figs are used to con
tribute their rich, yet delicate, fruity flavor. It is the remedy
of all remedies tc sweeten and refresh and cleanse the system
gently and naturally, and to assist one in overconiuur consti
pation and the many ills resulting therefrom. Its active princi
ples and quality are known to physicians generally, and the
remedy has therefore met with their approval, as well as with
the favor of many millions of well informed persons who know
of their own personal knowledge and from actual experience
that it is a most excellent laxative remedy. Wc do not claim that
it will cure all manner of ills, but rceonuueiHl it for what it really
represents, a laxative remedy of
containing nothing of an objectionable or injurious character.
There are two classes of purchasers; those who are informed
as to the quality of what they buy and the reasons for the excellence
of articles of exceptional merit, and who do not lack courage to go
elsewhere when a dealer offers an imitation of any well known
article; but, unfortunately, there are some people who do not know,
and who allow themselves to be imposed upon. They cannot expect
its beneficial effects if they do not get the genuine remedy.
To the credit of the druggists of the United States he it amid
that nearly all of them value their reputation for professional
integrity and the good will of their customers too highly to offer
imitations of the
GenuineSyrup of Figs
manufactured by the California Fig Syrup Co., and in order to
bny the genuine article and to get its beneficial effects, one has
only to note, when purchasing, the full name of the Company
California Fig Syrup Co. plainly printed oa the front of every
package Price, BOc per bottle.
All Blffi EAflT-ClCC
A Certain Cm far Tirei, Hst, AcMaf FmL W&$Cte
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W J n" II I I I I I I I I s a ( 1
Make your boys food tasty Mother for it has to do some big things.
It has to make flesh, blood, bone and muscle and supply boundless
Energy. R mr iber, the boy of today k the nan of tomorrow.
Don't injnre
nnOjere Is tenant acd hell be year fcesrflt
You want have to coax ban to eat ft ettaer,
and sugar is lost what be craves asset for.
Egf-O-See keeps the blood
H7l"affflnfesw UW H tI
Juy siiuii
Give hta some tornonow there won't be bo leavnVs.1
Prepared under conditions of scrupulous cleanliness.
Kvery giucer in the country sells EGG-O-SEE the wheic wheat cereal. TryoBreroterBasnetrecerfnf
MS supply, mail us 10 cents and his came 115 cents
a package of EGG-O-SEE and a copy of the book,
FREE "-back to nature" book
menus for 7 days and recipes for preparing the necessary ditto, based on a
wholewheat diet, with suzzestoas for bathing, eating and exercfee, illustrated
from life, exceedingly staple and attractive. y following the precepts,
abounding and vigorous health is sure to result.
Published to sell at 25 cents a copy.tMs handsomely illustxate-J bock will
be Bailed FREZ to anyone who writes, as long as this cdiiicu lasts. jM-
No. 10, First Street Qmacy, BEnci 1
This Is What
Catches Me!
I I6w. OnwTh!rd More Starch. I " ? ty
S Starch
UUmSXtifiJl J 1 I IV ST3 FCKittFOR- ,'A
Af7x THli. nfi5fifcg
x.- .wmmmttwrnr w mm
taOWi" 1 1 'I "
kuown quality and excellence.
One size only.
Trial I-ackassL
Address. AUea
S. Olmsted,
him physically and mentally with
meats, pastries, rich paddings, etc., that
act as a dram on his nervous
But feed him plenty of
i?, healthy, bright, smart and quick at his
, for Us delicious rich flavor. wbea eaten with
cool aavd is the ideal
west of the Kosty Mountains; afidwawiu
nck to nature."
JrrjKA o uvee
'oAftfAtPr- SfqrcA
. jtr- m- nasi
"" "" "' !"' "1"'
No premiums, but onclhird
more starch than you get of
other brands. Try it now. for
hot or cold starching It has no
equal and will not stick to the iron,
&& ..TjUJr-
- '.., liAr
- - j--y 'rM' ti mi flfc ' .iuA i-rfr5i&lfc&W. .
B&&S ..