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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 10, 1905)
The Columbus Journal
By COLUMBUS JOURNAL CO.
News in Brief
"Win. Plankinton, one of the wealth
iest men in Milwaukee, died of heart
Chicago fire agencies show increas
ing tendency toward consolidation and
Des Moines has a population of
74.1 7S according to the report of the
state census enumerator.
The New York hank statement
Knows an increase of more than $5,
COO.000 in the surplus reserve.
The Fitzhugh Lee Monument asso
ciation -was organized at Richmond,
Va. Its ohjec-t is to erect a monument
to General Lee in Richmond.
Frank Graham, formerly managing
editor of the- Kansas Ciiy Times and
-who was twice elected city clerk of
that citv. died from paralysis at the
liome of his sister in Kansas City.
Acting Secretary I-oomis received a
cablegram from Minister Barrett at
Panama stating that he expected to
lie ahle to sail for Columbia on the
The newspapers of Pari? continue to
comment most favorahlv on Ambassa
dor McCormiek's speech on the occa
sion of his presentation to President
Loubet on May 2.
After trials of Krupp's new Jii inch
puns, lasting several days at Meppen.
they are reported to surpass in range
and penetrative power all weapons of
Miss Jane Cermon. cousin of Joseph
Jefferson, who lives in Baltimore, is
the last or the old line of Jeffersons
and one of the old school of actors
George A. Wilbur, associate justice
of the supremo court of Massachusetts
lias resigned after serving as judge for
forty years and on the supreme bench
over twenty years.
Hundreds of homeseekers and pros
pectors are flocking to the Kiowa
Comanche country to select leases of
the pasture lands soon to be opened
for agricultural purposes.
A telegram was received at St.
Louis by an employment organization
from the head of the employers' or
ganization. Chicago, that no more
strike breakers are needed.
T. M. Howell, a former newspaper
man. arrived in Denver with rich
samples of ore found near Yellow
Jacket Creek in Idaho. One piece of
float assayed $72,000 gold a ton.
It is learned at the state depart
ment that negotiations with Germany
for the preparation of a reciprocity
policy will not be undertaken until
next fall, when they will be conducted
John Pearce, who now employs
1.500 persons in his eighty-one Ion
don restaurants, began life on a capi
tal of fi2 cents and started his first
restaurant with a push-cart, a tin urn
nnd a little crockery.
Wilhelm Deitz, who killed Russell
M. Lindsay, a brother-in-law of Wil
liam Allen White, the author-editor,
near Kansas City. Kans., on April 29,
1897. has been given an absolute par
don by Governor Hoch.
The seal fishery for the season In
St. Johns waters has been completed.
The total catch of the entircsealing
fleet of twentv-two steamers aggre
gated but 170.000 seals, the poorest
catch for ten years past.
John Gorden. said to represent a
syndicate of Chicago bankers, has
purchased -1.000 acres of coal land
right at Dolleville. Christian county.
111. Another Chicago man is said to
have purchased fi.000 acres of coal
land right at Henton. near Dolleville.
A miniature Coxey's army is form
ing among the striking army boot
workers of Northamptonshire. Eng
land. It is proposed to march on the
war office in London and lay the men's
Krievances in regard to pay, etc., be
The New York legislative commit
tee investigating gas and electric com
panies finds rates charged the public
too high and recommends the ap
pointment of a state commission to
regulate and maintain system of ade
Second Assistant Secretary Adee
left Washington for New York,
whence he will sail on the Lorraine
for Harve. He will make that the
point of departure on a bicycle trip of
about 1.300 miles through central and
Through its ambassador in Wash
ington the German government has
notified Secretary Taft that, at his re
quest, it has designated Mr. Tincanza
as the German member of the board
of consulting engineers of the Isth
mian Canal commission.
Fred Yogel. Jr.. was elected presi
dent of the First National Bank of
Milwaukee in place of Frank G. Bige
low. the defaulting official.
Fire at Home City. Kansas, destroy
ed fifteen business buildings, leaving
only the depot and two elevators
standing in the city. Loss, SlOii.ono.
One of the chimneys in the execu
tive offices of the white house caught
fire, but practically no damage re
sulted. The sovereign who reigns over the
smallest monarchy in the world is the
Icing of the Cocos, a group of islands
Major George M. Wheeler. U. S. A.,
retired, died in New York City. He
entered the military academy from
Colorado in 1S62.
The bureau of insular affairs has is
sued an invitation for bids for $1,000,
000 of the sewer and waterworks con
struction bonds of the city of Manila.
Minister Allen at Seoul, Korea, re
ports to the state department that a
magistrate at Penyang. who was
charged with invading the treaty rights
of many Americans and with extorting
frreat sums of money illegally from
the people, finally has been removed
A federal warrant charging Thomas
A. Neal. clerk of the Oklahoma court
of the First judicial district, with em
bezzlement, has been sworn out by C.
IL Sherwood, special agent of the de
partment of justice. It is alleged that
Neal's books show a shortage of 20,
000. He is at Chandler. Okla.
The foreign office officials hope that
plenipotentiaries representing the
United States and Germany will meet
early in the autumn to negotiate a
commercial treaty and that the ex
change of preliminary proposals "will
tae place some time late in the sum-
WEARING A FIGHT
MOVEMENTS THAT INDICATE AN
OTHER LAND BATTLE.
JAPANESE PUSHED FORWARD
Vanguard Ssid to Be in Touch With
Rusians at Several Point; Torpedo
Boats Destroy Fishing and Sailing
TOKTO According to advices from
Manchuria, Field Marshal Oyama's
extreme right and extreme left have
been materially advanced.
A Fenghushieng dispatch of May
th says: Field Marshal Oyama seems
ready to assume the offensive on a
large scale and activity already has
begun against General Linevitch's
left. This may be the prelude to a
general battle. The Japanese have
concentrated heavy columns on the
Liao river and their advance divisions
have been in contact with Russians
who are holding the main road from
Fakonjnn to Bashienehen.
On Thursday the Japanese cavalry
suddenly attacked the Cossacks in
overwhelming force, forcing the latter
to'retire. Then, supported by infantry,
the Japanese advanced and drove the
Russian infantry out of the village of
A Russian reconnoRering party
twenty miles further west ran into an
ambush and all the party except five
Four Rusian torpedo boat destroyers
from Vladivostok appeared westward
of Hokkaido off Siibi yesterday. They
seized and burned, a small sailing ves
sel and imprisoned the captain and
disappeared to the northwest. They
were evidently returning to Vladivos
tok. There is a possibility that they
have destroyed othr small craft, al
though' no reports to that effect have
The object of their visit is not clear.
It is thought that probably they hoped
to torpedo the Japanese patrol at
night and it is also suggested that
the Vladivostok vessels plan a diver
sion to assist the fleet of Admiral Ro
jestvensky. Noon Although none has been
sighted, it is believed the larger ves
sels of the Vladivostok squadron ac
companied the torpedo boats which ap
peared west of Hokkaido yesterday. It
is doubted that the torpedo boats
would venture across unescorted in
the heavy sea which was running
when they burned the sailing vessel.
All of the crew of this vessel ex
cept the captain, who was captured,
succeeded in landing, but a steamer
dispatched to the rescue of the burn
ing derelict was forced to return on
account of the storm. The Russians
poured kerosene on the deck of the
sailing vessel and withdrew after hav
ing burned the surface of the oil. The
torpedo boats have not been reported
JAPS SET JUNCTION DATE.
Say Two Russian Squadrons Will
Join May 9.
TOKIO Assuming that Vice Ad
miral Rojestvcnsky meditates a
speedy junction of his squadron with
Vice Admiral NebogatofTs. it is be
lieved here that the meeting of the
ships may be expected by Tuesday,
May !, the speed of Nebogatoffs divi
sion being only about seven knots an
Hour. These ships are believed to be
In need of coal and stores and their
Seficiencies in this resnect probably
will be supplied by Vice Admiral
Rojestvensky at some friendly port
after the two admirals effect a
The future movements of the Rus
sian Pacific squadron is a matter of
speculation here, although the delay
Df Rojestvensky on the Indo-China
roast has raised doubt as to his pur
pose to move northward and risk an
engagement at an early date.
The Vladivostok torpedo boat de
stroyers have not been reported and
t is believed they have returned to
GERMANY HOPES FOR TREATY.
Would Have New Commercial Ar
rangement Effective This Year.
BERLIN The foreign office offi
cials hope that plenipotentiaries rep
resenting the United States and Ger
many will meet early in the autumn to
negotiate a commercial treaty and
that the exchange of preliminary pro
posals will take place some time late
in the summer.
Although Germany's communication
of March 14 was altogether a definite
statement that the tariff agreement
with the United States of July 10,
1900, would terminate by March 1,
190C, yet it is not called a denuncia
tion, which is not necessary before
December 1. 1905, or after three
May Bet on Races at Track.
HOUSTON. Tex. Governor Lan
ham has approved the bill which per
mits betting at race tracks on the day
that the races are run.
Commanche Chief Quotes President
LAWSON. O. T. In a speech to a
congregation of Comanche Ind:ans
and white people. Quanah Parker,
Comanche chief, stated that President
Roosevelt assured him that the
Kiowa-Comanche Indian pasture
lands of Oklahoma would remain the
property of the Indians for all time.
Chief Parker asked that the lands be
allotted and the president is said to
have stated he would take the matter
up with the commissioner of Indian
affairs. He also asked that the
Comanches be paid ?100 annually.
Tear Officers to Pieces.
EKATERINBURG. Russia In re
venge for the death of a workman
who was drowned in attempting to
escape from a patrol, a mob of work
men gathered and tore to pieces two
officers. Order has been restored.
Confirms Sighting of Warships.
LONDON A- dispatch from Labu
to Reuter's Telegram confirms the
fleet sighted was a large one in two
divisions, showing lights, but station
ary and with the appearance of being
engaged in coaling.
Nebraska After State Cash.
TOPEKA. Kan. An effort of the
state of Nebraska to collect money
from a citizen of Kansas through the
Kansas supreme court is being heard
by the Kansas court in this city. It is
a peculiar situation. John M. Burton
lives in Rawling county. He went on
the bond of the Bank of Orleans, a Ne
braska institution, which bond was re
quired bv the Nebraska state treas
urer as a suretv for money deposited
in that bank by the state. The bank
failed and Nebraska is tryinp to col
lect $20,216.05 from Burton.
MARRIED AGAIN AT S3.
Great-Grandfather Marries Woman He
Had Known as a Child.
ASEURY PARK, N. J. Still young
at the age of 95 years, George Schmidt,
a wealthy retired Newark butcher,
who spends the greater part of the
year in Ocean Grove, was married in
that city the other day. The bride is
Mrs. Ellen Day Schwartz, who knew
him in her girlhood days, making the
second matrimonial venture for the
groom and the third for the bride. The
ceremony was performed by Rev. S.
H. C. Smith, retired, and was kept
secret for family reasons. The bride,
young in appearance, and comely,
' "I came to Ocean Grove in March,
when the question was popped."
Concerning her husband, she said:
"You would take him for 05. He has
never smoked, chewed or drank, and
makes a perfect husband, and is per
fect in mind and body."
The groom has two great-grandchildren,
and has never known a day's
sickness. He walks without a cane,
and on meeting a friend will some
times dance a lively jig. ending wtih
the remark: "Well, how's that for a
KOREAN GRAFTER DEPOSED.
Had Interferred With Many American
WASHINGTON Minister Allen, at
Seoul, Korea, reports to the state de
partment that a magistrate at Penyang
who was charged with invading the
treaty rights of many Americans and
with extorting great sums of money
illegally from the people, finally has
been removed from office. His pecula
tions, according to the revolt, aggre
gated more than $100,000.
Under date of March 10, Minister
"Americans in Penyang have com
plained of the conduct of the magis
trate. Paing Han Chun, because of his
oppression of the people and because
of his interference with American
treaty rights. When war broke out it
was supposed that this man would be
turned down by the Japanese, but he
was clever enough to make himself
useful in securing lands and other
military requirements, for which he
received payment, but failed to hand
over the money to the natives. I was
obliged to complain of him because of
his conduct toward the Americans
and in September, 1904, spoke to the
Japanese minister of my difficulties
America and England Accept Each
WASHINGTON Formal notice
from the British embassy has reached
the department of commence and labor
that both the government of Great
Britain and tne Dominion of Canada
have issued orders to accept Ameri
can certificates of inspection of the
hulls, boilers, machinery and life-saving
apparatus of steamships. In ac
cordance with an agreement already
reached the American government
will issue a similar order to all officers
at American ports with respect to the
certifieates of inspection carried by
the British and Canadian steam ves
sels. This reciprocal arrangement, will
facilitate materially the clearance of
vessels at all ports of the three coun
tries and will relieve from much em
barrassment and expense the owners
of American, British and Canadian
steamships, as the only survey re
quired will bo one to determine sim
ply whether the vessel is equipped in
accordance with the statement in her
AFTER AMERICAN TOBACCO CO.
Federal Grand Jury at New York
Looking Into Matters.
NEW YORK It became known
Friday that the federal grand jury for
some time past has been conducting a
secret investigation into certain mat
ters concerning the American Tobac
co company and its subsidiary com
panies. The investigation is being
made by Henry W. Taft. brother of
the secretary of war. who has been
appointed a special assistant United
States attorney for that particular pur
pose. Mr. Taft is authority for the
statement that the investigation is be
ing made under the anti-trust law.
The proceedings in the grand jury
room were secret, but it became
known that E. F. Hale, an officer of
one of the subsidiary companies, re
fused to answer questions when he
was called, taking the ground that to
do so would tend to incriminate and
degrade him and that the answers
would be too voluminous. When the
grand jury filed a presentment in the
circuit court Hale was directed to re
ply to the questions. It was through
Hale's refusal to answer questions
that the investigation became public.
Gets Five Years.
SACRAMENTO. Cal Former State
Senator Harry Bunkers of San Fran
cisco, convicted of accepting a bribe,
was sentenced to five years in the
penitentiary at San Quentin.
Taft Calls Dsvis to Wa'-hington.
WASHINGTON Secretary Taft
cabled Governor Davis at Panama to
return at once to the United States,
placing Colonel Gorgas in charge of
the administration of the canal zone
until the arrival there of Governor
Magoon. Governor Davis is suffering
from malaria and his physicians ad
vised him to leave the isthmus to re
cuperate. He has resisted their ap
peals, however, fearing that his sud
den departure at a time when the
health conditions on the isthmus are
adverse would be misunderstood.
New Phase of Meat Inquiry.
CHICAGO Freight traffic officials
of the various western roads which
have been engaged in the transporta
tion of live stock products testified
before the grand jury in the investiga
tion of the packeing industries. The
question of rebates was taken up for
the first time, and some of the rail
road officials declared that the large
packing houses, like other business
concerns, always sought law rates, but
they failed to give much evidence to
support the theory that special agree
Mr. Charlton to Be Appointed.
WASHINGTON Secretary Taft on
Thursday announced that he had de
cided finally to appoint Paul Charlton
of Nebraska to succeed Judge Charles
E. Magoon as the law officer of the
insular bureau. As the place was
covered into the civil service by a
blanket order several years ago it has
become necessary before Mr. Charl
ton's appointment to secure a special
ruling from the civil service commis
sion excepting the law office from the
requirement of a competitive examination
SAILS FOR SOUTH
ROJESVENTSKY TO MAKE A JUNC
TURE WITH NEBOGATOFF.
CRUISERS AREONTKE LOOKOUT
Report that Fourth Squadron Has Suc
ceeded in Evading the Enerry.
Mikado's Representative Insists Up
on the Observance of Neutrality.
ST. PETERSBURG Admiral Ro
jestvensky, according to a high naval
authority, has sailed south to meet
the division of the Russian Second Pa
cific squadron, commanded by Admiral
The admiralty has information that
a Japanese division of fast cruisers
and-torpedo boat destroyers was sent
south for the purpose, if possible, of
crippling or destroying Nebogatoff's
ships before they could effect a junc
tion with those of Rojestvensky, and
there is reason to believe that the Jap
anese took up a position in the Strait?
of Sundy, through which Nebogatoff
originally intended to make the pasj
sage into the northern sea. There if
f50 reason to believe that Nebogatoff
first approached the Straits of Sundy.
but finding them too well guarded put
about and headed north for the Straits
of Malacca, his division lacking the
protection of fast cruisers and being
at a great disadvantage in meeting
torpedo boat attacks.
The admiralty expresses much grati
fication at the fact that Admiral Ne
bogatoff has successfully reached the
China sea but appreciates that the
composition of his division renders it
particularly vulnerable to a swift ad
versary, especially as the crews of his
ships have not had the training in
maneuvering or the target practice
which Admiral Rojestvensky's crews
had while off the island of Madagas
car and the anxiety here will be com
pletely relieved when it is known that
a junction has been effected.
The Russ today announces that Cap
tain Clado has been made a staff cap
tain. Clado was Admiral Rojestven
sky's chief tactician until the North
sea incident. He recently was appoint
ed to special service in connection
with vessels navigating rivers in the
theater of war.
The Russian armored cruiser Grom
oboi. it is announced, has left Vladi
vostok. C:..0 p. m. The foreign office is
closed and it is impossible at this
hour to ascertain whether Russia will
protest to the government of the Ne
therlands against the reported pres
ence of Japanese warships in neutral
waters of Dutch Borneo. The Admir
alty had information to the effect that
Japanese cruisers were watching the
straits of Sunda. lying in wait for Ad
miral Nebogatoff. and it is possible
that they made use of the waters of
A FUND OF $100,000,000.
Harriman's Proposition Carries Unani
mously at Salt Lake City.
SALT LAKE CITY. Utah At the
special meeting of stockholders of the
Union Pacific Railroad company held
Friday In Salt Lake City the proposi
tion to issue $100.0u0.000 of preferred
stock was approved by the unanimous
vote of the holders of f.37.7U sahres
of preferred stock and 1.118,017 shares
of common stock. The total outstand
ing is l.OOft.000 shares preferred and
1,901,787 shares of common.
Judge W. D. Cornish of New York,
vice president of the Harriman sys
tem, held proxies for all of the stock
represented at the meeting, with the
exception of S41 shares. Joseph F.
Smith, head of the Mormon church and
who is a director of the Union Paci
fic, voted one share. The remaining
8!0 shares were voted by two Salt
Lake City newspaper men. who held
proxies for two stockholders.
Not one word of protest against the
issue of new preferred stock was
hoard at the meeting, nor was any ex
planation offered of the purpose ol
the proposed issue. One of the repre
sentatives of the local stock asked
how the proceeds of the new issuance
were to be expended. His query was
entered on the minutes, but no reply
was given. With this one exception
there was no reference to the purpose
of the management in providing for
this fund of $100,000,000.
NIXON BUILDS BOATS FOR RUSSIA
Those Under Construction Nearing
SEBASTOPOL The torpedo boats
which are being built at the govern
ment yard here under the general su
pervision of Lewis Nixon of New York
are nearing completion and their trials
in the Black sea will begin in a few
days. In order to overcome the diffi
culty always encountered in work in
a foreign country. Mr. Nixon provided
his own organization, with which ho
has pushed the construction of these
boats to a successful completion.
Much is expected of those torpedo
boats. The Russian admiralty already
has had practical evidence of the sea
worthiness of the Nixon boats in the
performance of the Gregory, which
crossed the Atlantic in the face of
heavy weather. But the future pres
tige of the designer of the American
battleship Oregon will depend in Rus
sia upon the result of the coming tri
als, which will be much more severe
than usual, to test certain advantages
claimed for them by their American
Storm Hard On Live Stock.
STURGIS. S. D. The biggest storm
in many years passed over this vicin
ity, lasting four days and nights,
quitting Friday. Twenty inches of
snow fell. Roads are in a horrible con
dition. Everything is snowbound, all
trains are late, telegraph and telephone
wires are down. There is fear of a flood
in the upper Black Hills. The storm,
it is thought, extends out to the ranges
and great loss of cattle and sheep is
feared. Fruit trees are badly dam
aged. The moisture is good for the
TOPEKA, Kas. In nearlv all the
churches in Kansas special services
were held in honor of the twenty
fourth anniversary of the enactment
of the prohibitory law. A statement
from the state temperance union was
read at each of the services and sup
port was pledged to Governor Hoch
in whatever method he may use to
secure the enforcement of the law.
It Is expected that active work will
soon be started in -he direction of
closing th saloons in the Kansas
towns wsere the license system pre-
ELECTION LAW CASE FILED.
Matter to Bs Brought Before the Court
LINCOLN Chief Justice Holcomb
granted Orpheus B. Polk, a Lincoln
attorney, an alternative writ of man
damus compelling Secretary of State
Galusha to appear and show cause
why he should not placed on file a
certificate of nomination, offered by
the relator. By agreement of attorneys
the case, which is a formal one, made
up for the purpose of testing house
.oil 235. the biennial election law. will
be for hearing at the first sitting in
June. This was done to give the nu
merous friends of the court who de
sire to be heard an opportunity to file
briefs. Attorney General Brown filed
a formal demurrer denying the suffi
ciency of the petition, and setting up
the fact that under the law there will
he no election in the year 1905. Al
though Brown is formally the attor
ney who will defend the law. the ma
jor portion of that work will neces
sarily fall on the friends of the court.
The relator alleges that he has pre
sented a formal certificate of nomina
tion for regent of the university and
that its acceptance was refused. He
asserts that he is an independent re
publican candidate for the place. Polk
had intended to initiate the proceed
ings by offering a certificate of nom
ination for the county judgeship with
County Clerk Dawson, but that official
intimated that he would probably ac
cept it for filing.
CAUGHT A RUNAWAY TEAM
And Has Now Married Girl Who Was
in the Vehicle.
NEBRASKA CITY A few days ago
at the home of the bride's parents,
occurred one of the prettiest weddings
of the season. It was the marriage of
Miss Nora Miller to Mr. Joseph Led
better of Juneau, Alaska. The wedding
was a very elaborate affair and a large
number of guests were present. The
bride is the daughter of Councilman
Frank Miller and wife, and one of the
handsomest young ladies in the city.
The groom is a wealthy merchant of
Juneau. After the ceremony the couple
left for the south and will travel until
the latter part of next month, when
they will go to their northern home.
This wedding is the outgrowth of a
romance. The young lady was up in
Alaska two years ago. with her cousin,
visiting her uncle, a wealthy banker
of that country, and while out riding
one day the team took fright and ran
away. They were headed for a high
bluff when caught by Mr. Ledbetter,
who chanced to be out riding on horse
back. The young man was invited to
the banker's home where he met the
young lady twice before she returned
home. Mr. Ledbetter fell in love with
her. and the following year made a
visit here. The groom has become
wealthy since he went to that north
ern country. He was a comparatively
poor boy when he left his home some
seven years ago to go to the frigid
north to carve out his fortune.
OLD VALUATION STANDS.
Pullman Car Company Assessment
LINCOLN Pullman car magnates
may rest in peace. The valuation will
not be increased over the former as
sessment by the state board of equali
zation. This was apparent when the
members listened to desultory argu
ments this morning and then laid the
whole matter over until another meet
ing. State Treasurer Mortensen favored
a valuation of 100 per cent. However,
it was moved by Secretary of State
Galusha that the valuation be the
same as last year and Land Commis
sioner Eaton thought that he approved
such a course. However, it was de
cided to look into the franchise value
a little bit. But it was stated that the
valuation would not be raised and the
representatives of the Pullman Inter
ests did not seem worried.
As to Common Law Marriage.
The supreme court denies a motion
for a rehearing in the case of Soren
sen against Soressen, from Valley
county, involving the right of the
child of an alleged common law mar
riage to the large estate left by a
wealthy farmer. The court holds that
there is a presumption of the exist
ence of marriage which arises from
Co-habitation and holding each other"
out to the world as husband and wife,
and public policy will not prevent a
child born of such relations from avail
ing himself of such presumption in a
contest as to legitimacy.
Cleveland Helps a College.
LINCOLN P. L. Jackson, financial
secretarv of Hastings college, at Hast
ings. Neb., went to Princeton. N. J..
for the purpose of asking ex-President
Cleveland to contribute toward the en
dowment fund of the school. A dis
patch received from him says that Mr.
Cleveland has made a liberal contri
bution. Murt Show Ability to Maintain Wife.
LINCOLN The supreme court holds
that Fred Goddard. sentenced by the
Chase county district court to nine
months in the penitentiary for wife
desertion, is entitled to a new trial
because of deficient evidence, and be
cause the information fails to state
that he wilfully and without good
cause neglected and refused to main
tain his wife. The deficiency in the
evidence, the court states, lay in the
failure of the prosecution to prove
that he possessed the means available
for the support of his wife.
Mr. Bryan Loses by Fire.
Fire destroyed the frame house up
on W. J. Bryan's farm near his pres
ent residence, in which a nephew, W.
B. Millson, resided. The loss is small.
Norfolk Buildings Accepted.
The State Board of Public Lands
and Buildings has finally accepted the
new buildings at the Norfolk asylum,
over which there has been consider
able controversy because of alleged
defects in the ceilings.
Fremont hopes to be en the line of
the Great Northern from Sioux City
Brainard is to have a new flouring
mill with a capacity of 125 barrels of
flour per day.
Campbell Bros.' circus, on a tour of
the state, lost one of their elephants
at grand Island.
Bankers of group 9 of the state as
sociation have declared against
branch banks and asset currency.
Earl Cooper, confined in jail at Bell
wood for drunkenness, set the build
ing on fire and was burned to death.
A fire at Auburn destroyed property
to the value of $5,000.
The new Christian church at Peru
was dedicated last Sunday.
Grand Island will probably institute
a rock pile for transgressors.
A new flouring mill, of 100 barrels
capacity, is to be built at Brainard.
Charles Jones will open a parts at
Beatrice with boating on the Blue as a
The Methodist church at Nebraska
City has just celebrated its golden
Kearney is perfecting arrangements
for putting a first class base ball team
in the field.
Final plans for the remodeling of
the Burlington station tt Lincoln have
Nebraska City saloons are now re
quired to close at midnight and to re
main closed all day Sundays.
Charged with statutory assault on
his i:-vp:ir-nlil stendaughter. Anton
Nelson of Kenuard was arrested in
Campbell Bros." shows, which win
tered at Fairbury. gave two perform
ances in that city and then left for
the season's tour.
Timothy Sedgwick of York was low
man on the major fraction of the state
printing. Several minor contracts
were secured by Lincoln firms.
Food Commissioner Thompson or
Hall county has been reappointed by
Governor Mickey. He received his
hrst appointment two years ago from
The work of tearing down the old
court house at Wahoo is now in prog
ress, the material to bo used in the
construction of a dormitory annex by
the Luther academy.
Fremont is to have a Chautauqua
assembly the coming summer, given
tinder the direction of local people.
Rev. Frank Emerson James has taken
the initiative and is already engaged
State Treasurer Mortensen has
bought $00,000 of Boyd county bonds
at face value, the bonds to begin
drawing interest July 1. The bonds
are dated April 2. 1905. draw 4 per
cent interest, due in twenty years.
II. E. Hassinger, for years the pro
prietor of the New York Racket store
in Seward, has sold out his business
and accepted a position in the civil
service, for which he intends to leave
before the middle of the month.
Cnarles Mcintosh of Tecumseh, the
man wanted on a statutory charge, is
still at large despite the efforts of
Sheriff Cummings to locate him. A
child was born to nis alleged victim,
While he was engaged in unloading
refuse in a subble field on his farm in
Hall county. Dietrich Steibeck's horses
became frightened, he fell in front of
the wheels, and the wagon passed
over him. crushing his ribs and fatally
As yet Charles M. Chamberlain of
Tecumseh has failed to secure a suffi
cient number of signers to his $25,500
bond for trial on the charge of embez
zlement. He is going out among his
friends, under the care of the sheriff,
At Long Pine, white Rev. A. L.
Tainter, pastor of the Methodist
church, was holding services, his
house was entered and $2" in small
change, the Easter missionary offer
ing, and his overcoat were taken. The
thief was arrested.
Notices were posted about Schuyler
of the loss by some one of $700. $fi00
in $100 bills, the remainder in bills of
smaller denomination. The loser was
Murt McKenzie, who walked from his
home tt the postoffice and back Sun
day and while on the trip suffered the
loss as recited. The money has not
George Hefferman of Jackson. Neb ,
was found dead in his room in the
Hotel Locke at Sioux City. He had
been in the city on a drunken debauch
and is supposed to have accidentally
turned the gas on during the night.
Harve Beckner, who was arrested at
New Richmond, Wis., on the charge
of deserting his wife and eight chil
dren, was brought back to Nebraska
City by Sheriff Shrader. and will have
his hearing before Justice Timblin.
He states he and his wife agreed to
separate and he made ail provisions
for the care of his family before leav
Members of the state board or equal
ization are anticipating trouble in con
nection with tiie amendments to the
revenue law permitting county as
sessors to correct real estate assess
ments. Reports from Sherman coun
ty indicate mat an effort has been
made to reopen the real estate assess
ments made last year tinder the pro
vision for quadrennial valuations of
As M. L. Neely. a young farmer of
Otoe county, was going home early
Sunday morning, a Missouri Pacific
engine and three cars caught him at a
crossing and run him down. His bug
gy was crushed, his horse kilied and
he was badly injured, but will prob
Exeter has a new industry and
manufactory by the name of the Bril
liantine Polish company, an entirely
new process and compound in liquid
form for all kinds of cleaning and
polishing work uas been discovered,
which is claiming considerable atten
tion locally at present.
The state board of public lands and
buildings rejected the bid of the Lee
Broom and Duster company of 50
cents for the labor of the convicts et
the state penitentiary. New bids will
be asked for.
Jasper Jasperson, a voting Dane,
was carried over the mill dam at Ne
ligh and drowned. With three com
panions he was in a boat, which be
came unmanageable in the strong cur
rent. The others escaped by catching
hold of the iron work of the river
bridge, but their companion fell into
the river and was drowned in plain
s:ght of a large number of spectators.
Mayor Frank Adams of Lexington,
who has been prominently connected
with the business interests of that
city for many years, has received a
promotion by bung appointed to a
prominent position on one of the lead
ing railroad, with headquarters at Los
State Superintendent McErien has
received advices indicating that near
ly 1,500 teachers have enrolled in the
junior normal schools for ten weeks'
work during tne summer. At Hold
rege 250 are enrolled, but about 300
have registered at Alliance, McCook,
North Platte and Valentine.
GIANT TASK IN
Two Carloads of Powder In a Single Blast $250.-
000 Paid for One Mile of Track 2.629 Men
Employed on a Piece of Track Being
Built for the Wabash System.
Cumberland. Md.. May 2. Look
out! Lookout! It's going off! was
the wild crv heard a few days ago in
Paw Paw, a small mountain encircled
West Virginia town, on the new line
of the Wabash, twenty miles east of
Cumberland, when the ringing of
bells and blowing of whistles gave
the warning that in a few minutes
the button would be pressed that
would explode S.C00 pounds of giant
powder in the rocky mountain side
aired ly opposite and close to the
For three days the people of Paw
Paw had watched men carrying can
after can of powder into the tunnels
dug into the face of rocks. As the
number of cans disappearing in the
mountain side increased the alarm of
the people grew, and some in tr-or
left the town, while those remaining
filled their ears with cotton and wait
ed for they knew not what.
At last, when :.25 cans of powder.
S.125 pounds, had been emptied in
the arms extending right and left
from the inner ends of the two t5-foot
tunnels; wires laid anil the tunnel
closed, the electric button was press
ed. There was a deep, rumbling re
port, the whole earth seemed to rock
as though shaken by an earthquake
and tons of rock plunged forward and
toppled over into the canal and river.
Carloads of Powder in One Blast.
Not a stone had been thrown a hun
dred feet toward the frenzied town.
but 20.000 yards of rock had been
torn from the mountain side and many
precious days saved the contractors
who are building the "link" connect
ing the Western Maryland railroad at
Cherry Run with the West Virginia
Central railroad at Cumberland, and
thus bringing nearer realization
George Gould's dream of making the
Wabash railroad aa ocean to oct-an
It was only the proximity of this
blast to a town that made it particu
larly prominent on this railroad con
struction that is requiring a blast
for almost even- foot of the roadbed,
in fact it was a small one in compari
son to some that have been fired. In
one blast, in Sidling Hill mountain,
the charge consisted of 1.400 cans
of powder, just two carloads, and
when it was put off rocks weighing
half a ton were hurled through the
air hundreds of yards, across the Po
tomac river and striking telegraph
poles along the Baltimore fc Ohio rail
road broke them off
close to the
It is this necessity for almost con
tinuous blasting that has done much
toward making this sixty-five mile
strip of railroad construction the
most expensive of any built in recent
years, with the single exception of
the line over which the Wabash en
ters Pittsburg. The cost of building
the first five miles from Cumberland
averaged $250,000 a mile and the
average cost for the sixty-five miles
fs $100,000 a mile. In buildfng this
connecting link, the Wabash has had
to contend with an unusually large
number of obstacles of a surprising
variety, some placed in the way by
nature, others by man.
Tunneling Through Solid Rock.
Until the advent of the Wabash it
was supposed there was no feasible
route through the narrow gaps in the
mountains between Cumberland and
Hancock, forty miles, save those fol
lowed by the Chesapeake and Ohio
canal and the Baltimore & Ohio rail
road. It was this belief that has kept
life in the old waterway, life sus
tained by the Baltimore & Ohio Kail
road company to bar out any possible
rival. Some years ago the Hon. Henrv
Davis, tlen owner of the West
irginia Central railroad, had a route
surveyed through the country follow
ed by the Wabash, but it was given
up as impracticable. As a result, it is
iiot surprising that the construction
of this road is proving one of the
greatest undertakings of years, re
quiring application of almost even
method known in railroad building
and the ingenuity of contractors, who
have built railroads in almost every
state in the union, has been taxed to
Upon forty miles of this line there
ere engaged to-day 2.629 men. 300
animals, nine locomotives and nine
steam shovels. For eighteen months
there has been no cessation of labor
and it is hoped that in eight more the
work will be completed.
Obstacles to Be Met.
An idea of the difficulties encoun
tered can be form d from the fact
that this line in forty miles crosses
the Potomac river nine times, the
Chesapeake f. Ohio canal seven
times, the Baltimore & Ohio railroad
three times, parses through mour
tr.in ranges and spur by five tunnels,
v.irjing in length trom 700 feet to
i.-JfO feet, through ridges and hills
by innumerable cuts, many of them
over fifty feet deep through solid rock
and some almost a mile in length, and
that a great portion of the road la
being cut out of the rocky sides of
mountain ranges, directly above the
canal. One of the most unusual dif
ficulties in railroad construction, and
yet the most troublesome on this line
has been a disposition of the earth
and rock removed in making the road
bed, a difficulty arising from the fact
that the Wabash follows closvfly the
canal route. While waiting for legal
right to bridge the old waterway it
was necessary to push the construe
Parent Stock of Europe's Kings. r Industrious American Consuls.
It is quite true, although it is little They are always investigating, in
known that nearly every sovereign , quiring and wanting to know. They
in Eurone is not only
King Edward, but Is descended irom
our English Kings. In fact, eleven of
them are direct descendants ot James
I. The kings of Spain and Portugal
sprin" lineallv from King James , oui mey n uuo uusuuru pnuta.
through his fc"on, the first Charles; they compare and contrast, they of-,,-,nr0rhf
sovereigns of England. Gf r- j fer their advice and suggestions fr e-
many Russia, Austria. Italy, Denmark, j
Belgium Greece and Holland all come ;
from James I.'s daughter Elizabeth, i
who married Frederick V., Elector
Palatine. A future King of Sweden
and Norway will toon join the throng
through his wife. Princess Margaret
of Connaught, and some day the only
European ruler who will not be in a
sense British will be the fauuan
Turkey English Exchange.
Admires Washerwomen's Tribute.
Among the things most admired by
Queen Alexandra on her recent visit j
to Gibraltar were two wonderful tri
umphal arches of clothes baskets
erected bj the washerwomen cf the '
tton work and to do this the contrac
tors emplojed some striking methods
At Welton tunnel, a mile south of
Cumberland, a large wheel was placed
on top of the mountain above tho
tunnel entrance, cables wore run
from this across the river and canal to
the low land, where tilling was neces
sary, and the rock from the tunnel
was carried over in a large iron buck
et suspended from the cables. The
laborers' camp was located on top or
the mountain and the men construct
ed a 150-foot ladder leading up the
precipitous face of rocks from the
mouth of the tunnel, and this ladder
mey ascended and descended many
times a day.
In the construction of the Indigo
tunnel, a method never before employ
ed in the East, and rarely elsewhere,
is being employed. This "is the great
est tunnel on the line, being 4.100
feet in length. It passes through a
Sidling Hill mountain range and
makes the Wabash a straighter line
and almost a mile in three shorter
than the Baltimore & Ohio. It is being
made by drilling the heading (the full
width of the tunnel, twenty-four feet,
and nine feet high) through from the
bottom or at a grade level, and the
rock will be blown down until the
required height is readied. Old con
tractors, accustomed to driving the
blading through from the top. shake
their heads and pronounce this meth
od a "costly experiment." but Me
Arthur Bros, say the strata. Indigo
shale, is, just right at this tunnel for
this method and are confident It will
be a success. The heading is being
driven from both ends at the same
time and the men are within 100 feet
ot each other, nine feet a day helm;
the progress made from each end.
The men working from the eastern
end have penetrated only eleven
inches further than those coming
from the western side.
The "Stick Pile" Tunnel.
In order to cut a roadbed through
the masses of rock that rise straight
up from the bed of the canal it was
necessary to wait until navigation
closed for the year. In the tmautime
the holes for the blasts were all pre
pared an 1 when the water was with
drawn, about a month later than ever
before, thousands of pounds of pow
der and dynamite were exploded in
these holes and the canal bed was
tilled with earth and rock for manv
miles which must be removed within
thenext two months.
j e uiny piace wuere mo wnnnsu
leaves the canal and river for any
considerable distance is at Bayard,
thirty-five miles ea-t of Cumberland.
After crossing the Baltimore & Ohio
railroad, the river and caral. at a d'z
zy height on a I,"70-foot bridge, tive
150 foot channel spans with viaduct
approach, it strikes boldly into the
mountains. After running through
tremendous cuts, over deep ravines
and through the Stick Pile tunnel
1.G00 feet in length, it emerges from
its five-mile run through the heart ol
the mountain at Orleans. W. Va. This
is considered one of the heaviest
pieces of work on the line', but here
as at many other places, a coaipara
lively straight line is secured with
moderate grades and with a savins
of almost a mile over the Baltimore
& Ohio route.
The first work was done on thi?
connecting link on July 21, I'JO::. am'
the contract called for Its completion
in eighteen months. The delay ami
extra work occas'oned by trouble
with the canal rendered its comple
tion within contract time an impossi
bility. Now. October I. is the dat"
set for the opening of the road, but it
is claimed Januarv 1. IttOfJ. would b
a nearer date.
From Cherrv Run to Hancock, ten
miles, the road is co:rp!et d and train?
are running on it. Kor ten miles east
of Cumberland the roadbed is readv
for the rails and the three bridges
are in course of erection. At nuinep
ous other places there are four am.'
five mile stretches completed, but
there remains a great amount of
difficult work to be done. It is onlj
the fact that work is being rushed
day and night, regardless of weather
conditions and without regard to ex
pense, that makes safe the prediction
that not later than January 1. 10W"
tho Wabash will have this line oper
Endurance of the Jap.
In the orient there is a new art of
war depending upon a new style ol
phvsiqiie of a race which has never
before been put to this work. Th
Jar Is slort. stocky and blessed wih
muscles big enough f r a much (IN r
man. l" is cone- in ntly abb' t '
more work :lirn a Kiiropean of eipi.it
v. eight. A rural bite-earn r think
nothing :f di'-tanci s for which w de
mand hor.-is and in exceptional clo
the ricl al:a-.v man has been known
to trot forty miles in a day drayi,:ng
the pass nger. The daily drills ol tho
soldiers include athletic exercises too
severe f r the average Kiiropean sol
''ler. such as running up and down
long flights of stairs. It is not sur
prising, then, that their troops should
cover long distance--, and the r ports,
of four .successive days of thirty-live,
twenty-five, thirty and fifteen m'Jes ot
marching are perfectly credible. They
are reported to have marched forty
eight hourd without food and with
little rest, and then to have fought
well, though captured men havo
dropped afaleep instantly. American
.are not content merely to send to the
department perfunctory reports of of
ficial returns of imports and exports or
mere tables of figures (although the
as matters of routine are not ignored).
ly and the department allows th' m
full scope. How much the consul's, r
port is "edited" before it is made i ub-
lie, or how often it never is given pub
licity, no one, of course, on side te
department has any rne-ans of knowing,
but the daily bulletin issued contain
ing these reports, which i given wider
' and gratuitous distribution, shows
that the American consular corps is
i industrious and inttll.gent. London
Canal Lessens Distance.
By Cape Horn the distance between
New York and San Francisco is about
14,800 miles. The Panama canal will
reduce this to something less thaa
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