The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, December 03, 1902, Image 2

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Columbus Journal
Columbiu Nobr.
tend at the PostoSoe. Colambaa, Near., aa
Moad-elaga mail matter.
lantfWataMUyity B.iT8im01.
nuts or scbsobihiom: ataU, poataga prepaid
Subscribers of taa Joar-
nfc-Plsasa look at taa data oppo-
aits Toar nam on tie wrappar of
voar Journal or oa the margin
Taa Joaraal. Up to tale data, your
MfaacriDtloa la paid or accoaalad
After a year's service Adam McMul
len has resigned his position as private
secretary to Senator Dietrich and will
come back to Nebraska and engage in
business in his own behalL
The vote on the constitutional amend
ment at the November election was
49147 for and 15.999 asainsL Not re-
ceiving the requisite majority, the prop
osition will be declared lost.
The second session of the Fifty-seventh
congress convened at noon Monday.
Only purely formal business was done.
Many bills designed to restrict trusts
are.presented for consideration.
The Norfolk laundry was badly dam
aged by fire last Tuesday night. The
building was insured for $2,700. The
proprietor expects to have the building
in shape for work in a short time.
Ik a case of Wall vs. the City of Albion
a jury gave the plaintiff a verdict of
$4,000. The plaintiff drove off an unsafe
bridge which is within the city limits,
from which be received severe injuries.
M. K. Baknum, master mechanic of
the Nebraska division of the Union Pa
cific, has resigned, effective December
10. He goes to take the better position
of assistant superintendent of motive
power and machinery with the Southern
,Oxe of the men who participated in
the robbery of the Burlington train at
Lincoln, this state, several weeks ago,
when $8,000 was taken from the express
car is under arrest in Oklahoma, having
been placed in custody for some territo
rial offense.
Govebnor-elect Mickev has announc
ed the following ns office assistants: A.
B. Allen of Tecumseh, private secretary;
E. S. Mickey of Keya Paha county, clerk;
C. C. Husted of Syracuse, recorder and
Miss Grace Walker of Plattsmouth,
Colfax county and the Union Pacific
company have carried a dispute in re
gard to the payment of taxes into the
court. The sum is $91 which
the amount of three mills more on
the assessed valuation than the U. P. tax
agent claimed was legal.
The season for hunting deer in the
northern woods closed on the 90th.
Fatalities were frequent in the timber,
fourteen men having been killed while
hunting deer in the states of Minnesota,
Wisconsin and Michigan, and at least
eleven others hare been shot and seri
ously wounded.
F. E. Mills, alias L. L. Winn, who was
arrested early last summer in Norfolk
for forging school warrants, and who
iped from the county jail in October,
i fonnd in Chicago and brought back
to Madison last week. Pinkerton detec
tives hare been hot on his trail ever
since he escaped.
The university of Nebraska foot ball
team wound up the season by winning
from the Northwestern of Chicago
Thursday last at Lincoln by a score of
12 to 0, not having lost a game this
season or even being scored against,
which is quite a record and of course all
Nebraska is jubilant. An immense
crowd witnessed the game.
Whex it comes time for the clipping
of coupons from those gold bonds Ne
braska has just bought of Massachusetts
aad the remission of the money to pay
the interest we would like to see the
expression on the faces of the Bay State
oScuus who do the business. The idea
of poor old Massachusetts giving her
aote to drouth-stricken and populist
ridden Nebraska will certainly make the
gorge rise in the blue-bellied Yankees
till they get used to it. Fremont
The Baltimore American reasons that
labor is entitled to share in the pros
perity which has come to capital, and,
failing to receive its fair share, there is
bred discontent, disturbance and dis
aster. The war to avert these evils is
for capital to deal squarely and honestly
with labor, granting it increases propor
tionately with increases in its own
profits. If this is done if labor is made
to feel that capital has its interests at
heart and that the recognition of inter
dependence is complete labor troubles
wfll quickly disappear, the condition of
the American laboring man will be mate
rially improved, and the nation will be
is the end the principal beneficiary.
Fowling Is now very little practiced
la the Shetland islands, although many
cgga are secured annually. Many thrill
tag atories of fowling adventure are
tafca by the Shetlanders. A man who
had undertaken to climb a certain
steep cliff was neither very expert
nor very brave, although he
of being both. He pushed ud-
iwnrd, however, briskly without look
lag behind until he had got up about
ISO feet, when he stopped to breathe.
The pause was fatal to his self posses
Stan, and he called out in tones of ter
ror. "Ilea, men, I am going I am go-
' sat ae soil held on for a little,'
it waa not till he had'ahrieked
tunes "I am going" that he did
fall headlong.
His comrades, having thus been
jwaraed, iaoved the boat out of the way
as that the poor fellow came sheer
awwalato the deep water. Mighty was
the plunge, but at length he rose to the
aarface, when of course be was la
ataatly caught bold of and dragged into
After many gasps and such
of sea water from hl
i his only remark was: "Ehmen.
Is a aad story. I have lost my
"-"Sketches and Tales of
Dr. Paul and family were in Cairo last
Mrs. Frazell was an Omaha visitor last
week. -v
Mrs. O. B. Speice went to Omaha
Miss Buby Bickly visited in Omaha
last week.
Chris Bowers spent part of last week
in Omaha.
George Scott was in St. Edward
Miss Anna Cogil was in Central City
Mrs. C. W. Zeigler is visiting relatives
in Monroe.
Miss Lettitia Speice visited in Schuy
ler Sunday.
Mrs. W. S. Jay was a visitor in Omaha
over Sunday. ,
Dr. and Mrs. Gietzen spent Thursday
in Humphrey.
Miss Thressia Stanley was a visitor in
Omaha Sunday.
Werner Schupbach was an Omaha vis
itor Wednesday.
Miss Elizabeth Sbeehan was in Hum
phrey Thursday. ,
Will Hall spent last week in David
City with relatives.
L. Clifford was at Norfolk visiting sev
eral days hut week.
Stanley Maly spent part of last week
at home in Schuyler.
Will Terry of Chicago was in the city
Saturday and Sunday.
Sidney 8mith visited his father in
Cedar Rapids last week.
MisB Marie Puffy was in Bellwood,
returning home Thursday.
Mrs. Bathburn went to Seward Mon
day to visit until the holidays.
Lloyd Swain and Will Gregorius were
passengers to Lincoln Thursday.
Prof. B. M. Campbell of Humphrey
spent his vacation here last week.
Mr. and Mrs. Will Schram of David
City visited relatives here Sunday.
W. W. Stillman of Galena, I1L, is here
visiting cousins, the Stillman family.
Mrs. Howard Clark of Gretna is visit
ing her parents, Judge and Mrs. Post
Miss Clara Hohl went to Albion Wed
nesday to visit her parents a few daya
Miss Bertha Chapin went home to
Oconee Wednesday to visit a few daya
Mrs. Phenie Cookingham of Humphrey
visited Dr. and Mrs. Gietzen last week.
Miooon Helen Jerome and Emily
Segelke were among Omaha visitors last
Miss Tena Zinnecker, who is teaching
near Creston, passed part of last week at
Mr. and Mrs. John Dawson of Oconee
spent Thursday with Mr. and Mrs. Geo.
Miss Esther Johnson, who teaches
school near Leigh, spent last week at
Mr. and Mrs. F. T. Walker and chil
dren spent Thursday with relatives in
Mrs. C. F. Gleason was in Wilber last
week enjoying Thanksgiving with her
daughter, Mrs. Davis.
Miss Ida Kaufmann, who is teaching
near St Edward, spent part of last week
with her parents here.
Miss Catharine Schoemaker of Coun
cil Bluffs is visiting her uncle, Conductor
Schoemaker and family.
Mrs. Frank Parmalee of Omaha re
turned home Monday after a visit to the
family of G. A. Schroeder.
Mrs. F. H. Busche and children went
to Genoa Wednesday to visit a few days
with the family of Arthur Anderson.
Dr. and Mia, Neumann and their niece
and nephew spent the day Thursday
with Bev. and Mrs. Wier at Fremont
Miss Helen Bennue of University
Place, formerly of Columbus, was the
guest of Miss Lillie Saffron last week.
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Galley and Mr. and
Mrs. C. E. Pollock spent Thanksgiving
with the Winterbotham family in David
C. W. PearsaU, E. W. North and WU1
Becher came up from Omaha Saturday
evening for a short visit with friends
Mrs. John Witt of Scribner was here
last week to attend the funeral of her
grandfather, Ludwig Plath. She re
turned home Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. AL Butler of Humphrey
and Mr. and Mrs. Nelson of Lincoln
spent Thanksgiving here with the Butler
and Mentzer families.
Mrs. Britell of St Edward and her
niece Miss Flemming of Richmond, Va
who is spending the winter in this state,
were the guests of Prof. L H. Britell and
family, over Thanksgiving.
Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Janing and Mr.
and Mrs. Timms of Osceola came
over to spend Thanksgiving with the
Zinnecker family. Mr. and Mrs. Janing
left Monday for Michigan where they
will visit relatives during the winter.
A Trefical Heaa.
The new evening paper at Lincoln,
The Daily Star, is out with something
entirely new in the way of a premium
offer to agents who will secure sub
scribers to that briftht newsv naner.
Several tracts of valuable land in a
most desirable location in the Republic
of Mexico are offered as prizes to agents.
It is the most valuable proposition ever
made by a daily newspaper and our
readers are asked to send for a free
sample copy of The Star, which will con
tain fall particulars. There am no mm.
plicated conditions or strings to The
Star's proposition, and competition is
open to any one in Nebraska in the .a-
nous classes. Address Star Pub. Co.
Faux Psrssaally CJsaatetea Ixcir-
mm frsai Osama to Califermia
With Chalet af Isatsa.
These excursions leave Omaha every
Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Sat
urday at 4:25 p. ul, in Pullman Tourist
Sleeping Cars. The cars are aceom
panied all the way by conductors skilled
in the service of excursion parties. The
Union Pacific is the onlv lin .
Omaha running four excursions to Cali
fornia every week.
These excursions can be joined at any
point euroute.
For full iaformatioa call on or address
W.H.Botaic, Agent
A few years since, much began to I
said about the "New Education." 1'
many, the phrase was a. meaning:'
one; to others, a high-sounding cdu
cational shibboleth. There was, he
ever, .a thought of much importa
expreased by the words, namely tea
education mast direct its efforts t
the improvement of conditions In t!
great world about us; that labor ma
become a shareholder In the output o.
educational Institutions.
Naturally mechanical, mining, elec
trical and civil engineering absorbed
for the moat part the attention of thosv
who sought the advantages to be bad
from the "New Education." The col
leges of agriculture and mechanic
arts established as a result of the pass
age of the Morrill act of 1862 became
colleges of engineering and of general
science. Agricultural education seemed
to have no place ia the new movement
Some ten years ago. a fortunate
change began to make itself felt
Farmers awoke to the necessity of de
manding for their children a training
that would not only increase their
earning capacity, but which would also
cause them to look upon agricultural
pursuits as worthy to be followed by
by men of the highest ability and as
requiring educational qualifications of
a high order. The farmer had learned
that his broad acres must receive in
telligent treatment, that to risk all
upon a single crop was poor -policy,
that diversified farming was a neces
sity, that stock raising, dairying, fruit
growing, were of as much importance
as the production of cereals. The
farmer who attempts stock raising
without a knowledge of the principles
of breeding and feeding, the dairyman
who is ignorant of the principles of
economic milk production, the man
who attempts fruit raising without an
acquaintance with the science of horti
culture, is doomed to dismal failure.
Hence, diversified fanning brought
about what legal enactments could uot
do a pressing demand for agricultural
education. As a result oi this demand,
most of the states have within the last
'en years made liberal appropriations
for scientific instruction in agriculture;
men of the highest ability have been
called to positions in agricultural fac
ulties, everything has been and is be
ing done to call the attention of farm
ers to the fact that their sons may
have a training which will not only fit
them for farming, but which will also
make them desire to devote themselves
to agricultural pursuits.
In some states ot the union, as Iowa,
agricultural colleges exist as separate
institutions. Nebraska, however, be
lieves that instruction in agriculture
may be safely Intrusted to her state
university. It is also thought that a
line should be drawn between ele
mentary instruction in agriculture and
that of college grade; that opportunity
must be offered to all who desire train
ing in agriculture regardless of their
fitness to do work of college rank. But
it is also necessary to provide oppor
tunities for those who are prepared to
enter college. Hence we have a school
and a college of agriculture. The school
of agriculture has for its chief purpose
to educate boys for the farm, not away
from it Between the ages of sixteen
and nineteen, boys decide on their life
work; in this formative period many
farmer boys become dissatisfied and
leave the farm for the maelstrom of
city life. Hence the importance of
such training as will cause farm boys
to cast aside such notions for the
thought that farming rightly pursued
is not only a most noble calling, but
also one in which men can have a Urge
share of enjoyment and of happiness.
This fact has caused Nebraska to ad
mit to her school of agriculture boys
who- have completed the work of the
district schools. It is believed that our
three-years' course will arouse in every
boy who completes it an irresistible de
sire to adopt farming as his life work.
But inasmuch as special rather than
general farming has come to charac
terize our age. a necessity exists for
the work of the school to be distributed
among six departments: agriculture,
animal husbandry, animal pathology,
dairy husbandry, horticulture and agri
cultural chemistry.
Pure agriculture, or the production
of crops, must always demand an im
portant place in schools and colleges
ot agriculture. This fact has been
given due recognition ia Nebraska,
much time being spent in the study of
toils, field crops, and farm management
Any course in field crops to be of value
to the student must deal with the pro
duction of crops in general and also
with the crops best adapted to our own
state. Botany in so far as it treats of
need structure and germination, plant
anatomy and physiology, the influence
of climatic conditions and soils on plant
life, must be continually appealed to.
A matter of special Importance in Ne
braska is how to make certain crops
more capable of resisting drouths aad
our sometimes severe winters. The
present position of Nebraska as a wheat j
growing state is due in a large measure
to the university department of agricul
inre. Of recent years nothlag has done
tore to increase the profits of farming
In is tie Tum ti Bit a Bea-
tifil Bearer ir Felt Dree Hat Be
i CcL Very Latest Style it
Street Hats, aULnaiiaaies at
This Let Iacliies Hats
Worth $3.50. Call at
Oace ami. be Coaviaced.
Tbras Doom Eaat Cotaanbaa
State Bwk.ColaBbM.Nebr.
ft III
than the careful selection of seed. Just
as animals of a desired type may bt
produced by a careful selection of.sin
and dam. so plants may be Improved b
careful selection of seed. Hence a
course in judging corn, oats, wheat" and
rye is offered la the school of agricul
ture. The result can be easily foretold
larger yields of each crop more boun
tiful and larger ears of corn, greatei
feeding value of corn and oats, more
nutritious elements in wheat and rye.
The soil belag the source of all. wealth
will always be a subject of first im
portance hi agricultural science. Nc
course could be complete without a
study of the origin and composition oi
soils, the relation of each element tc
crop production, together with a con
sideration of the movements of watei
through the soil sad the conservation
of moisture. This Is but an outline oi
the work done In the school but it is
hoped that some notion ot the beneficial
results from such a study has been giv
en; that all who read this article
may see how much depends on oui
young farmers becoming acquainted
with every detail of the great science
of agriculture.
The losses to which any stockman
Is liable from the ravages of contagious
or infectious diseases among his ani
mals are a sufficient argument for the
existence of a department of 'animal
pathology. A knowledge on the part
of all stockman of the causes of certain
diseases and of the best methods" oi
prerentiag' their "propagatkMr -Would
save our state maay taousanefcpof dol
lars every year. This knowledge can
be had by every young farmer - who
takes a course in the school of agricul
Begining with the study of anatomy
and physiology of farm animals, the
student devotes his attention' to ac
quiring a knowledge of the structure
and functions of. the various organs,
studies the tissues, investigates the
composition of blood and finds out
by personal obseverations the changes
in tissues and organs from the various
diseases to which animals are liable.
He also learns how to surround ani
mals with such conditions as to make
it difficult for disease to be estab
lished among them. Sanitation, or
the science of hygienic methods, re
ceives careful attention. It is not ex
pected that students will become vet
erinarians, but the knowledge they ob
tain will enable them to avoid heavy
losses in live stock. A prominent
stockman whose son took this course
says, "My son saved me the first year
after his attendance at school ' more
than four times the amount expended
in paying bis expenses."
In addition to the training named
above the student is also given a course
in veterinary practice. He learns to
judge a horse for soundness; to care
for the mouth and feet and to do every
thing which has a tendency to make
the animal more useful. The student
also learns to perform simple opera
tions in surgery. To quote from Or.
Peters: "The disease of roaring in
horses is cured by an operation, r This
disease was for a long time, supposed
to be Incurable because until a few
years ago the true and excitlngcause
had not been .uefinitejy ascertained.
Now that the cause has been ascertain
ed, an operation can be performed' and
an otherwise good animal can be made
sound. Another illustration may -serve
to illustrate the point For the last few
years we have been able to perform
operations for strlnghalt before the
classes, showing that an animal having
this objectionable habit can be cured
by an operation. Many more illustra
tions could be given, but it Is believed
that the few already mentioned will
suffice to show that the students here
are taught not only the theoretical side
of this great auxiliary of animal indus
try; and when the student who attends
the school is interested in animals, he
cannot help but derive some practical
benefits from the training he receives1
here, even if he has the misfortune of
attending but one season."
Important as Is the subject of animal
pathology for the stockman, animal
husbandry Is no less so. When- one
compares the prize animals of twenty
years ago with those of today he can
not help feeling that great improve
ment has been made. But to bring
about this improvement someone had
to put before his mind a type to be pro
duced and then by careful selection of
dam and sire to make an attempt to
bring forth that type. Hence will be
seen the Importance of a study of
breeds. He who learns the origin,
characteristics, and the steps In the
evolution of present-day types of beef
and dairy cattle will unconsciously lie
led to form correct notions as to the
best types of each. When this knowl
edge of the history of the breeds of live
stock is superinduced by a thorough
course in judging, there can be but
one result: Such a knowledge of ani
mals as will make its possessor able
to become a successful stockJaaa. -
The course In the school of agricul
ture la in accordance with the 'educa
tional principles mentioned above. Not
only does the student lean to judge
the pure-bred animals on the universi
ty farm, but frequent trips are made
to South Omaha in order that the
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For Sale by C. HENSCHINO.
judgment ot the student may be pitted
against that of veteran stockmen. Thus
the young mind ia made self-reliant
critical and correct ia deduction.
It is scarcely necessary to add that
the student also takes a course ia feed
ing -live stock; that he gives a careful
study to- foodstuffsTand hence is able
to save himself 'from -those methods of
feeding live stock which have involved
in financial ruin so many men. The
stockman must have a knowledge of
how to compound a ration which will
produce the result he aims at. or ruin
awaits him. It is felt Indeed many
Nebraska stockmen are glad to admit
that the men now in charge of ani
mal husbandry here In Nebraska will
in a few years succeed in placing our
state in the foremost rank as a pro
ducer of animals of the best type and
this will surely follow if the young
stockmen of our commonwealth take
advantage of the opportunities for in
struction in animal husbandry which
are offered by the university school of
A few ears ago dairy products were
of little importance in Nebraska. Now.
with three or four creamery companies
in the state and with many farmers
giving their entire attention to dairy
ing, our commonwealth Is rapidly ad
vancing to a prominent place among
the great dairy states. Hence there is
need of a department in the school of
agriculture for the training of dairy
men. Equipped as this department is, with
a buildlngr furnished with the latest
and best appliances for making butter
aad cheese, with all of .the besj. cream
separators, with a laboratory for the
testing of milk, with an excellent dairy
herd, exceptional advantages are of
fered to young men desiring to fit
themselves for dairy farmers or for
superintendents of skimming stations.
An especially commendable feature of
the work is the fact that those who
take the course in dairying learn not
only the- theory but also every detail
of dairy work. The making of butter
requires a scientific knowledge of many
processes separating the cream from
the milk, ripening the cream, churning
working the butter into the finished
product, and proper care of dairy ma
chinery. All these besides such a
knowledge of the chemistry of dairying
as will result in the production of
healthful and palatable dairy products
must be thoroughly studied by him
who expects to become a master work
Moreover, the feeding of dairy cattle.
dalr stock judging, and a knowledge
of dairy accounts must receive atten
tion if the highest degree of success is
attained. Nebraska's school of agriT
culture is to be congratulated on the
enviable reputation which the depart
ment of dairy husbandry has made.
That students who have been trained
here are eagerly sought after by the
creamery companies is a strong recom
mendation, but the fart that the ac
knowledged leaders among the dairy
farmers of Douglas county received
their training here is a much more elo
quent testi'ionial of the thoroughness
of the work done.
The special course in dairying of
fered for the first time this year should
be accorded a most hearty support b
the dairymen of the state and should
be taken by hundreds of young men
The future of Nebraska, as a dairy
Etate. should be a brilliant one; forage
crops can be produced in great abund
ance and with very little cost; foi
the fraction of a cent a pound our but
ter can be carried to the Atlantic sea
board; our only need is scientifically
trained dairymen. Does it riot seem
that many should heed the call and
seek the instruction which will not
only fit them for responsible positions,
but which will also give Nebraska ma
terial aid In the development of her
Instruction in agriculture, animal
pathology, animal husbandry, and
dairying appeals directly to the farm
er because a knowledge of these sub
jects increases his earning capacity.
In certain parts oi the state, especially
in eastern and southeastern Nebraska.
fruit growing is also an industry of
great commercial importance. - Along
the rivers of western Nebraska where
Irrigation is being practiced, fruit
growing gives promise of becoming an
Important industry. While horticulture
is not generally regarded as being a
part of the necessary equipment ot
the farmer, yet it has a place of much
importance in agricultural education.
The establishment of homes is a mat
ter of great importance in every state,
and no man Is qualified to establish a
home who has not some knowledge
of the propagation, culture, and Im
provement of fruits, vegetables, forest
and shade trees, and hardly, ornamen
tal plants. Especially is it true that
his knowledge should be rational. He
should be acquainted with the reason
for each operation and great pains are
taken in the school of agriculture to
ImiiI the students to find out for them
selves the reasons for doing things in
certain ways. In no subject is there
a greater opportunity for pleasant and
profitable practice work than in the
study of horticulture. On the univer
sity farm the students are required to
become familiar with grafting, the
making of grafting wax. the prepara
tion of sprays to be used against in
sects and diseases, with seed testing
and many other operations with which
the general horticulturist should be
perfectly familiar. It may be said
that horticulture is that part of an
agricultural education which has a
a tendency to develop a love for the
beautiful. Agriculture and stock
raising are so closely related, to the
production of material wealth that a
farmer may easily forget that life
should be something more than a
strugKle for wealth. He may overlook
the fact that It Is the duty of every
man who lives upon a farm to make
his surroundings more beautiful. Hor
ticulture, by directing the attention
to trees, to the ralsiug of strawberries,
raspberries, and other kinds of small
fruits, to the production of flowers and
shrubs, has the result of causing hlro
who pousetuieH thlH knowledge to de
sire these things not merely an utili
ties but for the Ix-auty which they give
to the home and Its HiirrouudlnKS.
Thus horticulture Is rrnlly a line art
and every young farmer should pus
For the good things we have
to selL If you come here
you will shout for the good
things you get You get the
goods, we make right prices.
atom attte Drat; Stores
saaaaw " sVfuVaftaaaaaBBBaY Vsa
mr Te!
seas a knowledge of it The school ot
agriculture keeps la mlad the princi
ples which have been mentioned above,
and while the course Ia of great value
to hint who ezpectajto engage iu aay
line of commercial .horticulture, the
primary cud In view is to train the
minds of the students ia such a. nua
ner as to send them forth with a da
sire to give to their homes such, beaa
ty and such attractiveaess that ho lu
vidloua comparisons may be made be
tween tha country aad the city. Some
things that seem most Impractical are
the most practical. Horticulture Is
one of these, and it may be said that
as a result of -taking this-course the
student goes forth better equipped to
become a civilixiag force because of
the power which be acquires to make
his home surroundings more beautiful;
because by paying more attention to
the culture of trees, flowers, grass and
shrubs the happiness of his Immediate
family will be Increased.
Within the last few weeks there has
len established In the school of ag
riculture a department of agricultural
chemistry- Dr. Samuel Avery has
been elected professor of agricultural
chemistry and experiment station
chemist Recently he stated In two
paragraphs the purposes of the work
in his department The writer feels
that he can with profit to the reader
quote Dr. Avery's words:
"As one. of the fundamental sciences
chemistry has an important place la
nearly -all technical and Industrial
'courses. So important has chemistry
become to agriculture that depart
ments of agricultural chemistry have
been established In all of the larger
state universities The work la ag
ricultural chemistry In our school of
agriculture as now given comprises a
course of one year. It Is hoped' that
provision for two years'- instruction
will soon be made. The work ,of the
first semester Is of a general nature.
'In -the- following semesters-the' appli
cation to agilculture of the facta al
ready learned will receive special at
tention. "The following tacts have been dem
onstrated repeatealy: A farmer will do
his work more intelligently provided he
understands something of the chemis
try of soils and fertilisers. The stock
man who understands the composition
of fodder can feed more rationally. The
dairyman will be benefited by a knowl
edge of the chemical composition of
milk. The horticulturist must know
something about the composition of In
secticides. The aim of the department
of agricultural chemistry is to aid
the student in strengthening his mental
equipment for practical work."
The departments of the school of ag
riculture which concern themselves
more directly with the subjects of in
struction the farmer is especially desi
rous of, have been treated at some
length. Mention, however, should he
made of the fact that the school of
agriculture. In addition to giving in
struction In these practical subjects,
offers to the student an opportunity to
get a good general education. He
studies mathematics, and English, civ
ics and history, botany, chemistry and
uhysics. In the third year of the
course the student is brought to the
consideration -of the problems of econ
omics, not with the idea in view of giv
ing him a thorough knowledge of the
science, but with the thought In mind
of directing his attention to economic
problems for the purpose of giving him
greater sobriety of judgment on all
public questions. It may be safely as
serted that no subject taught In the
school has a greater influence in the in
tellectual life of the student than the
instruction given In economics.
In addition to Its school of agricul
ture, the university offers more ad
vanced work In the college course. As
time goes on and more money is ap
propriated. It will no doubt be the pol
icy of the university to give to such of
her young men as have the advantages
or the school an opportunity to have
such training in the university as will
it them for Investigators in some sub
ject relating to farming. It is a well
known fact that the department of ag
riculture at Washington, D. C finds
sreat difficulty in obtaining men who
have had such training as will enable
them to make Investigations which
tho denartment is carrying on. no
young man can find a better opportuni
ty for engaging. in professional work
than he who has had a thorough train
ing in pure agriculture, in animal hus
bandry, animal and plant pathology,
horticulture, agricultural chemistry,
or dairy husbandry. Nebraska, how
ever, greatly desires that the young
men who avail themselves of the oppor
tunity which the university offers for
an agricultural education shall go back
to the farm and shall help to develop
the resources of the state. Many prob
lems In agriculture are yet undevel
oiied. It Is one of the cherished pur
poses of the univeislty to train young
men in such a way as win enaoie wen
to solve these problems and thus to
place Nebraska In the foremost rank
nf nurelv agricultural states. Hence
it is to" the school of agriculture, rather
than to advanced study In the college of
agriculture, that the farmers or tne
state should look with the greatest
hope; and it would seem that as the
rminuKt are now established, one of
them bnginnlng on November 0. and
the other on January 5. many fara
toys can avail themselves of the oppor
tunity thus offered for obtaining a
practical agricultural education. V
feel, therefore, that the farmers of Ne
braska should acquaint themselves
thoroughly with the methods of In
struction In this department, and we
urge that they permit their sons to take
a little time from the usual routine of
farm work each year and devote it to
the acquisition of the knowledge to be
gained by attending this department
of the state university. Such a course
of action on the part of the farmers
can but result In a greater number ol
young men resolving to devote them
coves to farming as a profession. It
v.iil cause our state to take giant
strides in the development of her mate
ilal resources. It will Increase not only
the earning capacity of the coming
generations, but will so fit them for the
work or life that they will make the
farm homes the most attractive places
en earth, and the farmers of Nebraska
will have not only saleatlflc knowledge
In the various branches of the business
In which they ar engaged but they will
also have nuch noundnnw of Judgment
on all quontlons that tho name "farm
er" will iu lunger be tho mere tiller
of the hoII. but will bn a badge of dis
tinction and a mark of honor.
ftor Persoially Cniictel Eicirtn.
Every week with choice
of routes. These excur
sions leave Omaha via
Wednesday, Thursday,
Friday and Saturday
at 4:25 p. m.
And can be joined
at any point enroute
Full information cheerfully furnished
on application to W.H.BENHAM,
THEY'RE here now, so you
will not have to wait
Bright, aew and handsome,
each one perfectly finished
and the prettiest Hue ever shows
in Columbus. No useless trap
pings oa these buggies the price
is put into material, workman
ship aad finish. Each one is
ready to hitch your horse to, and
the price woa't make a heavy load
to carry. They're here, but
they're going. Can't I send one
your way? Inquiry and inspec
tion desired. :::::::
Wemmy Lwbkeb
East 13th Street, - - COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
Wheat, 50
Gon,oklsheUsd-Vbusaal 30
Oats, new V bushel 23
Barley-r bushel SO
Bye Vbuahel 35
Hogs-lr owt 5 503 5 60
Flat steers-Vewt 0 4 00
Fatcows-tf cwt 2 256 3 00
Stock steers tfewt 3 00 4 00
Potatoas-y bushel. 200
Butter-V t. 180 20
Eggu-ydosea. 200
Markets corrected every Tuesday af
Eat up a saaa's oonideaee, Tho
poorly dressed man is afraid to push
ahead it Image bis clothes iato
protniaenee, sad this makes him ua
comfortable. He usually gets ready-to-wear
clothing. Sometiaies it fits
him and sometimes it doesa't It
gets worn and shabby, and still he is
compelled to wear it For about the
price of ready-made clothes we could
have made him sa elegant suit, per
fect fit, style sad finish. A full line
of fall goods.
Tksj Tailor.
raoraiBToa or ran
Oadia Md Markfit
Fresh, and
Salt Meats
Game and Fish in Seam
aaTHigheat market prices paid fet
Hides aad Tallow.
Evervthiag ia oar Mae
aad OTerjtaiae; gaaraatetii.
Wacrag aiiufo f aTaer.
Seat aaTHe-NBaelat; la the
A lae llae af Baggies,
uarnages, ete.
DTI am agsat for tho old reliable
Columbus Buggy Compsay, of Colum
bus, Ohio, whieh is a sufrisnt
tee of strietly first clsss goods.
The Very Best ef California
Riesling wine (white) at 60 ceata per
Ziafaadel (red) at 0 ceata.
Angelica (sweet) st SI per gallon.
Port $1 par gallon.
California las brandies sad Ksatueky
whiskeys at reasonable prices. Coses
sad see as before bayiag:
Yours, WatBoeaaa.
wMpjtll rMiipBfiic utnii
. FHa.
Anybody can make pictures with
WitlMtit a Darfc-RMM.
Ho. 2 Browaie Camera fur
Filet Cert ride. expnMirv. Zili . . .
Hrowaie Det vlopimc Machian
Browaie Oevelopiac Mackia Outfit..
1 Dos. 2 z 3& Dokko
2 Dekko Developing Po
Geaaplete t&OO
Nothing more appropriate for the
youag folks for Christmas. There's
lota of pare fun in photography aad
there's education too.
or south of Chicago ask your local
ucketagent to route you between Omaha
sad Chicago via the
the shortest liae between the two cities
Trains via this popular road depart
from the Union depot, Omaha, daily.
eoaaectiag with trains from the west.
Magnificently equipped trains, palace
sleepers and free reclining chair cars.
Dining cars and buffet, library aad
smokjag cars. All trains lighted by
electricity. For full information about
rates, etc., address
F. A. Nash,
General Western Agent, 1504 Fanea
St. Omaha.
H. W. Howell,
Trav. Freight and Pass. Agt
EattartsHy Fearless.
Caasfetently ResubJicsa. 1
Newe froea all of the world-Well S
written, oriffiaal etoriee-Aaewent to 3
4"eri",-rtel oa Health, the Home.' S
Nw Book, aad oa Work About the 1
Faraa aad (tardea. S
Ttf WhUf lifer 06HI
her of the AMx-iatl Preee, the
oaljf Weotera Newapsper receiving the
eatire taJecrapkie aewa eenriee of tha
New York 8aa aad special cable of the
New York World-dailj reports from
OTar 2,099 special corrcspoadeata
tkroawaoat the cooatrr.
far ti.?.
W. A. McaixiTna.
W. M. Coaaxues
fcfS.i! f Kmt
"- : --flaaBBBT--
8iga T Ike Si Watrk.
, J J.
a-'-fc - I