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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 7, 1898)
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. Pob)ic schools In Linclln will open
Tuesday, September 6.
The filing- of three FOlts for divorce
Is tho record in Box Btle county for
Tho contention of the Fourteenth
. senatorial district will be held in ttor-
Son on VTednesday, September 21, a
' call to that effect bav'-g lfit been 1s-
"Michael Faj car repairer on the
TJurlliiston &. Missouri, was run over
at Marelaiul, crushing 'one leg in a
liorribla inaiiner, making amputation
A "Wakefield druggist, supposed to be
Knilty of violating the liquor law, was
"pulled' tYe other daj but not enough
TvitleatO was found uaon wh'ck to
PR3 a Drosccution.
The "Woman's club of Columbus
.as opened to tha public a free read
ing room in the city hall. They have
nearly 4(K Volumes, including seme of
the very best authors.
.Merman Wetee of Company E, Sec
ond Nebraska regiment returned to
-liis home at Benniogfon. He had been
' rick for several tteeka and was -grant-"rd
fiirlouicn of thirty days.
C. "W. Lemaster. ex-mayor oT Cen
tral City, and for many years a prom
inent business man, died at Crawford,
where Jie had gone in search of health.
Mr. Leaaater was a member of the
Masbnk: and Modern Wobimqn of
lohn V. Duncan of Company E, First
Ki-braska, whose name appears in the
lst of severely wounded in tho dis
patch from General Merrlit. is a son
of T. r Duncan of David City. Being
u yonnji man of strong constitution
nd pcneral good health great hopes
are expressed that he will recover.
John Foster of Janscn was brought
bark to Faifjnrv Km Kansas to an
swer to thp rji&rgfc of removing mort
pac;rtl woperiv from the stite. Fos
,tr and -his brother bought a couple of
Wanons Of X. B. Fricssen of Jansen
nd lcti without paying for them. The
fcropsrfy was not recovered.
'Ton. I. A. Beltzer. editor of the
Polk County Independent, has re
cojvod a telegram from Colonel W. I
Stark at Washington saying that the
official report eays that Charles E.
IWtzcr. his son. was slightly wound
ed at the .)attle of Manila. Charles
wnfi a private in Company E of the
Robert M;v,Iop of Burr and Fred
Twokb or St?ning started in the cream
rry business at Syracuse. About a
week ago they went home and left the
fr.rmers around t'icrc in the lurch for
""300 or SlQft. Thpy were arrested for
obtaining goods unedr false pretenses.
They asked for a ninety days con-
ltnuar.ee nnd were held to bail in the
winj of ?30j.
A Broken Bow dispatch reports
'hrpshing v.cll along. Winter whes.
is making from twenty to twenty
right bush"?: per r.ce. Spring wheat
i." not to good. The ground is in per
fect condition and the corn crop, if
fjvnrefl by a late frost, will be tho
largest for several years. The cars
rto exceptionally Inrge and nearly
ovary stalk is fruitful.
.. Tom Manahan of Dakota county, lost
a valuable colt in a peculiar mnnner.
He was raking hay in his meadow
(out beast of town and the celt was fol
lowing the tcjm. The little fellow ran
up as the rake was beiug dumped.
ll; foot "ysiiL through ahe spokes
above the hub ?.nd when the rake
. rotumed the colt's foot was torn off
cmpletely. The animal was killed.
. Sergeant Theodore F. Knapp and
TVivatc Walton Boyd of the Second
?braska volunteer infantry arrived
homo at Hastings from Chattanooga
on a thirty days' furlough. Both have
br-cn sick for some time, nnd Boyd
was so we?k that he had to be taken
from the train on a stretcher, but it
is thought he will rapidly recover
now thrt be is home and can receive
"Neal J. Sharp, recently appointed
register of the Halley, Idaho. United
-States land office was formerly a rcs
iderit of Nebraska. He lived at Salem.
Richardson c;unt; Nebraska, where
ho was admitted to the bar; was a
rcember of the second session of the
Nebraska legislature. In 1SS1 he en
listed in the First Nebraska volun
teers as a second lieutenant, rose to
the rank of-captain. was twice commis
sioned for meritorious conduct oa the
The people who have been srreen
enough to give their notes for from
5100 to $130 to traveling quack doctors,
'jnys the Seward Blade, have been con
futing attorneys- to see if there is
tfny was' for them to set out of pay
ing them. It is surprising that in this
cay or cneap newspapers that there
Tople foolish and green enousu to
rive euch swindlers their notes. "We
have very little sympathy for anyone
r jo is verdant enough to be taken in
by them. We understand they arc still
at work seeking whom they may vic
tiruire. The particulars of the death of John
Koesser have been received at Neligh.
' Koesser and one Ludwig were out
luwting after chickens and came upon
lohn Drayton's land. Drayton came
to he"m and uttempted their arrest.
Kosser had a gun in the wagon and
lilted It up and in the struggle be
tween th ma for its possession the
driver. Ludwig. whipping up the
horses, Drayton was thrown down
usder the wagon and the gun was dis
charged. The charge entered the low
,cr port of Rocsser's face, Dased up
ward and blew the top of his head
qil, causing his instant death.
Sheriff Bonawitz of Jefferson coun
ty, who was shot in the face by Frank
Ward, went to Omaha to consult a
ppccialist abut the condition of his
eyes, which still trouble him from the
tHects of th? rhoL
Muskmelons of home production,
cays the Nebraska tiity Press, are now
bing hawked from door to door by
::rbane and ambitious gardeners. When
tho heat is extracted from them bv
ncans of cracked ic inserted in their
cavity there is nothing more whole-
seme and delicious for breakfast Tha
rame may also be said with respect to
Tor oinner and supper, as well as
eral times a day between meals.
Fire broke out in the grocery store
- cf Eli Shultz at Minden, which result
ed in a total loss cLthe grocery stock,
on which "there was not a cent of in-T-:3rancc-
The inside of the store
room is 'badly ctiarred anod smoked
us. but the fire was confined to the
Judge Charles L. Hall died at Li-
"! from Weed poisoning and from
the effects of an operation that, was
T'-T'ormed "as a last resort. Judge
HaJl was a member of the legislature
' r 1S87 and 1889. was appointed dls-
'tr'ct judge by Governor Eoyd and has
't-vice sinca fteea .elected to the tame
AiiitorCinellSpaks-ii Uigiige Host
Pliri ti Mr. Arastrcfig.
ItWIUMtBe remitted. to Be Written
la Nebraska The President of the
llahattan "Company Boandly Roasted
by the Andltor of Nebraska.
Auditor Cornel! is after P. B. Arm
strong, president of -the Manhattan
Fire Insurance company of New York
city. In a letter, which is herewith
given, he intimates that, the company
of which Mr. Armstrong Is president
may JusLas well retire from business
In' Nebraska as not and the sooner1 the
batter as .far. as 'the auditor is con-
The difficulty1-arose over 'the writing
properties by whkh.the home office cf
the company saved commissions to lo
cal agents and also evaded paying a
tax on the premiums to the state. Aud
itor Cornell has for some time been in
correspondence with several com
panies in regard to the matter and
they have almost to a one agreed to
dispense writing insurance in that
manner. The auditor in writing to
Mr. Armstrong says that in securing a
license for 1898. his company agreed
to suspend writing that kind of pol
icies and from correspondence which
he has had he rather thinks this was
not done. While Nebraska has no res
ident agency law, the auditor intimates
that an agreement should be lived up
to. He explains things in the follow
P. B. Armstrong, President Manhat
tan Fire Insurance Co.. New York City
Dear Sir: Citizens of this state have
frequently called my attention to the
practices of eastern insurance com
panies doing business in Nebraska, in
having insurance on property here,
written through Chicago and New
York brokers and agents, entirely dis
regarding their legally licensed agents
In this state. Our statute provides that
"insurance agents shall render the list
of net premiums" for taxation; it is
therefore urged that when Nebraska
agents do hot receive the premiums,
our assessors do not meet with the men
who receive them, and these premiums
for that reason generally escape taxa
tion in this state This caused me to
send a circular le'tter to eastern com
panies early this year, requesting that
before I re-licensed them for 1898. they
should asrree to stoo this overhead
writing, and have all the Nebraska in
surance written by Nebraska agents,
who could under the law, "be personal
ly holden for taxes on the premiums."
All but two companies agreed to stop
the practice and many of the compan
ies spoke of it as a bad practice, which
they were very happy to see discon
tinued. If Nebraska had a "resident
agency law" there would have been no
need of trying to effect this agreement
between the state and the companies.
Mr. H. F. Necfue, secretary of your
company, answered my letter under
date of April 12. 1S9S, as follows: "It
is not our intention, now that we have
a commissioned and duly authorized
aeent in your state, to write business
there, other than through such agent."
I regarded this as all In good faith on
your part and accepted it as a con
tract between your company and the
state. I then sent you your license for
On July 22, 1S9S. I called attention to
your violation of this agreement by
insuring property in this state through
New York agents. I asked if you would
have the kindness to cancel this in
surance and have it re-written through
your Nebraska agents, so this state
could tax the premium. Your reply to
me under date of August 9. to say the
least, is rude and in several respects
it is false. You intimate that "compan
ies pay into j-our treasury, taxes upon
all such premiums received for this
overhead "insurance." You had our
law in hand when you wrote this and
knew its falsity quite well. Neither
your company nor any eastern com
pany you may mention, pays taxes on
premiums into our state, treasury.
You convey the idea that you "sent
the bulk of our insurance covering the
Cudahy plant, to our Omaha agents to
be written," and they refused to write
it because you placed the rates too low
to please them. The truth of the mat
ter is that the New York brokers con
trolling the line of insurance in ques
tion, placed the insurance with your
New York office and j-our office then
sent same to your Omaha agents to
have the policies written: but they re
fused to write the policies for the rea
son that by doing so thev would ma
terially help the New York brokers to
continue to keep the eaormout line
of insurance carried by the Cudahv
Packing company away fr6m the Oma
ha local agents, who arc as justly en
titled to the business, as the state -is
to the taxes on the premiums.
Your remarks that I have joined an
Insurance trust to assist in oppressing
the people of this state are very sill
and unworthy of the president of any
great corporation. The people of Ne
braska do not need the assistance of
outside corporations to keep their pres
ent state officers from oppressing
them. I stand enjoined by the federal
courts now and have been so enjoined -
ior many montns upcause I was con
sidered too active in enforcing anti
trust and anti-combine laws relating
to Insurance agents.
You intimate that you will withdraw
from the state if I Insist that you live
up to your agreement of April 12.The
quicker all persons and corporations
that do not regard the sanctitv of a
contract withdraw from the state, the
better for the people of Nebraska. It
is plain you obtained your license for
1898 under false pretenses. It cannot
be returned any too soon. Parties at
South Omaha and New York can man
age their own affairs, but they must
also manage to pay the taxes due this
state so long as I am insurance com
missioner. To this datp Nebraska lias been an
exceptionally fine field for eastern in
surance companies. If the next legis
lature enacts a strict "resident agency
law" and imposes a severe tax .upon
premiums, imprudent men. like- the
president of. the Manhattan Fire In
surance, comnany. can feel that they
are to blame for it all. The Spectator,
tho ablest insurance journal in the
world, in its issue cf August 18, speaks
as follows: "Our sympathy for' Pres
ident Armstrong is very much weak
ened by the unwarranted statements in
his letter to Auditor Cornell. Arm
strong is by nature and education an
iconoclast, more successful in tearing
down than in building up., etilf he
might refrain from attempting to prej
udice the business that he relies upon
for a livelihood." r m '
You believe "there are forty other
companies doing overhead insurance"
in this state, and defrauding Nebraska
of her just revenue. If I can secure a
list of such companies 1 will show jou
that I treat all alike. If your state
ments are true in thi3 regard, the
Quicker Nebraska puts laws on hec
books to compel insurance companies
to deal fairly; the better it will be for
When I wrote you July 29. I .made
a similar request cf the. Traders'. Fire
Insurance company of New York.
Their answer is worthy of honorable
men, quite different from yours. They
agree the state lias rights which they
will respect. Such-a spirit of fairness
You have the. bad crace to give prif
vate correspondence to'thq press and
take special pain$ to. send it to thS
western papers. I will save you the
trouble this time by giving this letter
Very truly yours"
JOHN F. CORNEtU ,
Auditor of Public Acequnts
Per SAMUEL LICHTY. ,
Bartley 1b the Xaundrjr. '
Ex-State Treasurer- J. S. Bartley,
says the Lincoln Journal, lias been as
signed to laundry Work in the. penitent
tiary by Warden. Leigh: Bartley was;
suffering from a bad case of granulat-;
ed eyelids when he entered the, prison!
to scrvea twenty years term. He hadj
been receiving treatment long before
his trial, but after his sentence was af
firmed by he supreme court his eyes
became worse and it was reported that
he would be unable to perform hard
labor. The warden did not make the"
assignment until the prison physician
examined Bartley and gave him a phy
sical rating. Recently Bartley's eyes
began to improve. The change was so
marked that some ventured the opin
ion that his eyes had not been given
proper treatment while he was in the
Douglas county jail. It is said this is
the belief of the penitentiary physi
cian. While some believe the story
and pretend to assign a motive, others
are satisfied to give their opinion of
doctors in general and assert that
many of them would dislike to cure
a patient too speed'ly when the patient
evinced a desire to pay ood round
fees for treatment.
Bartley's deportment Is much the
same as it was while he was in the
Douglas county jail. He continues to
attend strictly to his own business. He
has no cell mate, has received no vis
itors and seldom communicates with
others. His work In the iaundry Is said
to be satisfactory. He helps wash and
iron. The washing Ir done by ma
chinery and it is a part of his duty td
place the garments In the machine and
remove them at the proper time. The
Ironing is done after the old-fashioned
manner, with big. heavy flat irons.
Some skill and muscle is recuired in
the operation. Garments belonging to
convicts and guards go through the
laundry and Bartley handles his share
of them, whether they be coarse striped
goods or fine white shirts. He still
wears glasses to protect his eyes, but
his poor sight does not appear to in
terfere with his work. He has never
made a complaint to Jthe warden and
he observes the rules of the peniten
Nebraska Medal for Fruit.
Superintendent Youngers of the Ne
braska frUit exhibit, says the Omaha
Bee, is furnishing some conclusive evi
dence that this Is not the first exposi
tion where the state has been in the
lead In the way of showing first-class
fruit. The evidence is in the form of
bronze and silver medals, all of which
are in a case close to the fruit tables
and under lock and key.
Tho first medal Nebraska won en its
fruit was at a horticultural exhibit in
Baltimore in 1871. This was on a gen
eral exhibit. The next was in Boston
in 1873. and was civen on account of
the largest variety of pears being
shown by any one state. At that time
Nebraska had forty-three varieties on
exhibition. The first prize was award
ed in 1S7C, at the Centennial, when the
state was given a medal for the best
collection of grapes. Prior to this time
the state had won medals at Boston
and Philadelphia, where it had shown
not and Dry.
The weather of the past week, says
the last Nebraska crop bulletin, has
been much like that of the week which
preceded it and the results have been
much the same. In the northern coun
ties the week has been very favorable.
Corn has matured rapidly and has not
suffered from the hot. dry weather.
The yield will be reduced somewhat in
most other counties as a result of the
heat and lack of moisture. Threshing
frcm shock is about finished. The
weather has been so favorable that
vcrylittle or no grain has been dam
aged in the shock. Fall plowing is
well advanced, but the ground is now
getting too dry and plowing has about
stopped. A very little wheat and rye
have been sown, but generally seeding
will be delayed till after a rain.
Bljc Demand for Cars.
Demands for cars are on the increase
with all the western lines. This is
especially true on the Burlington and
the Missouri Pacific, which have more
now in use th?n for several months.
Part of the demand comes from west
of the Missouri river in Nebraska, and
is for corn which is going .eastward
via St. Louis and the Mississippi river
points to Baltimore. The traffic in
small grains is also enlarging. Other
lines also make similar reports, and
officials say that business has materi
ally increased during the past week.
They expect that there will be a steady
srovth from this time forward, as
new grains will he marketed.
Sick Soldiers Re tern.
Nineteen sick soldiers, says a Lin
coln dispatch, belonging to the Second
regiment arrived here over the Mis
souri Pacific at 3:30 this afternoon.
The men were in charge of Hospital
Sereeant Foster of the First division.
Thirtl corps, and Private Ryons of
Company F. Lincoln. All of the men
were convalescents, having been suf
fering from fever, and though several
were very weak, all were able to alight
from the car and walk into the wait
ing room except Private Boalen. Com
pany H, of Wilber, who had to be-car
ried on a stretcher.
Killed at Manila.
Osceola dispatch : There have been
so many reports in relation to the
death of "William Lewis and 'people
here were so anxious to know the
truth that a telegram was sent to the
war department to have the mystery
cleared up, and yesterday Postmaster
Campbell received a reply from Secre
tary of War Meikeljohn saying that
William P. Lewis was killed while in
the trenches before Manila on the
night of August 2 by the bursting of a
shrapnell thrown by the Spaniards intc
Dennis Crimes of Saunders county,
stopped to care for his horse, when the
animal, presumably maddened by the
flies, gave a vicious kick, the blow
grazing the right side of Mr. Grimes
head, severing one ear. The blow, had
it struck Grimes squarely, would have
caused instant death.
General Breckinridge- Promises a
MANY CHARGES TO BE FILED.
Charges of Craelty Hade Against a Kew
York Sarjreon Brigadier General
Boyaton , Urd
.Werlt Trying id
Clean Up the Far&
' CmcKAsrAUGi, Gaw Sept: 3: General'
Breckinridire has determiried to" leant
the full truth about the hospital Situ
ation at Camp Thomas, and has begun
a Vigorous ihvestigntiori. Acommitteo
appointed by him is now- at work in
vestigating the Sacond division, Third
corps, hospital against which limner
on, complaints hare been, made;
Soldiers who have been in the hospital
and others who have had an insight
into its rrorkinrr are examined "
rv:, .!-:. i. ttt.'-: kia.-
luscuniuj iriic luicaugauvu, utny
eaal Breckinridge said that he intends'
to see that every point is ihordtighlj
aired and and if it is proved -that any
person or persons are guilty of neglect
and mismanagement the blama will
be placed upon their" shoulders and
they will be punished accordingly':
It is likely that charges of incom
petency and cruelty against surgeons
In the army will follow one another
rapidly. The first to be openly filed
in Camp Thomas was made this morn
ing against Major Surgeon F. D. Hub-
bcrd of the Ninth New York. The
charges have been preferred by two
Chattanooga doctors and were placed
in the hands of General John C Breck
inridge. The circumstances resulting in the
charges were as follows: A New York
soldier had a-fight with a negro. The
negro threw a stone at the soldier,
knocking him in front of a moving
train. The train mangled the leg and
arm of th soldier, who was after
wards borne to the railroad station:
Dr. Hubbard was in the station at
the time, together with the several
Chattanooga doctors. Dr. Hubbard;
as surgeon of the regiment to which
the soldier belonged, was requested to
operate on him. This he refused to do,
but sent the soldier ten miles away to
his camp, against the protests of sur
geons present. The soldier died on the
The charges are subscribed to by
several of the most reputable doctors
in this city, and to them are attached
a large number of corroborative affida
vits. Dr. Hubbard is accused of in
humanity and cowardice, and of curs
ing the South and Southern people.
General Boynton, chairman of the
national boaid of Chickamauga, is try
ing to clean up the park. Over every
sinkhole he has had a hardwood fire
started and the fires will be main
tained until all fifth is burned. He
will not reopen the covered sinks, as
he feels sure that in doing so .he will
precipitate an epidemic of typhoid.
Refuse on the surface of the ground,
will be burned. Hospital filth will be
deeply buried after being disinfected
in a pitfar removed from possible con
tamination of the water supply.
CUBANS REPORT TO LAWTON.
General Gomez Orders Leaders to Place
Tnemselrea Under American Command.
Santiago de Cuba, Sept. 3. Major
General Law ton, commanding the
department of Santiago, received
word to-day that the Cuban lead
ers, Cebrcco, Lacret and Pedro
Perez, have been ordered by General
Gomez to place themselves under Law-
tons command, ucneral J.awton is
gratified to have cnarge of the Cubans
under- these ofliccrs and believes that
the arrangement will expedite the dis
banding of the Cuban forces.
lie has decided to employ Cuban of
ficers in important civil positions in
the provinces of Santiago de Cuba.
General Castillo will get a place and
will act as General Lawton's adviser
in making other appointments.
SMITH MAY GO TO LONDON.
Ambassador Hay May Re Succeeded by
the Postmtster General.
Wasmixotox. Sept. 3. President
McKinley is expected to announce his
selection of Ambassador Hay's suc
cessor when he returns to Washington.
It is said the arrangement by which
Senator McMillan of Michigan would
have gone to the court of St. James
has been abandoned and that the Pres
ident is considering the appointment
of Postmaster General Charles Emory
Smith of Pennsylvania.
afcKlnley at Ills Old Home.
Caxtox, Ohio, Sept. 3. A grand
demonstration occccurred here at noon
yesterday in honor of President Mc
Kinley and Secretary of State Day.
Out of respect for the President's ex
pressed wish that his pressnt visit be
informal, the affair was to a consider
able extent unorganized and partook
largely of the nature of a spontaneous
outburst of enthusiasm. Batwcen 4
.and 5 o'clock they boarded a special
train on the Pennsylvania lines and
proceeded eastward. Major Webb C
Hayes as .well as . Colonel and Mrs.
Myron T. Hcrrick were of the cast
bound party leaving here.
Cauans Not at TTork.
Havaxa, Sept. 3. Advices from
Guines, this province, say that the
work of the field is not beingxesumctL
On the contrary, there is great indif
erence shown . by the inhabitants of
the interior. It is almost too lata
now to prepare the ground for the sow
ing season. Thus, instead of an im
provement, this section will show a
continued poverty, giving rise to the
inevitable thefts and robberies in the
townproper, where many houses have
recently been -built.
lieutenant Breaaaa Dead.
ew Yor.s, Sept. 3. Lieutenant
inuna5 .urennan. oi tne Twentieth
-United States infantry, died of fever
last night in Gouverneur , hospital.
Several days ago Lieutenant Brennan
started from Camp Wikoff oa furlough
for Fort Leavenworth. Kan. He fell
exhausted in the streets of this city,
and was carried to the hospital.
Bis; Fire la St. Lenta.
St. Louis, Mo.. Sept. 3. At mid
night the five-story brick building of
the A. Geisel Manufacturing companv
took fire and within twenty minute's
was totally destroyed. The low ir
Tsthaated at flOO.ooo.
AtHMit 350 Soldiers Killed M is t tie an t
-Be twee 1,-380' and ,000 of Disease.
'CmcieoV Sept.-. 3. The' Tribune
prints statistics showing in'e nhrmtfer
of-soldiers who have been killed in,
bittle and have died of disease in
cwnps daring the .war with Spain.
Tfc Tribune says:
Vfhile- 350 officers and men! have
been killed in battle or died of wounds
received, there have died of disease in
eimpsr between 1,200 and 2,000 volun
ffcers and regulars. The 'Tribune has
secured the' names of 1,23 who died in
camp; on transports,- br at home after
contracting, the" dread malaria at tine
ef the camps.
t,Thereris nd doubt abaut the i,284
whose' riaraes have' be be'eri secured.
Neither is there much, doubt that
there are hundreds dead whose names
could not bo secured o'n account of
lack of records, and the inability or
unwillingness of army officers to fur
nish lists of the dead."
The' . Tribune gives the' following
statistics of dead in each eamri. frivintr
intvery instance a fall list 61 dimes
by camps is as follows:
Camp Thomas, 352; Santiago', ail;
San Francisco, 78; Camp' Alger, 75;
Camp "IVikoff, 63; Jacksonville, 50;
Tampa,- 53; Miami, 70; Fernandina,
Lakeland, Camp Meade and Other mi
nor camps, in private hospitals, at
home, etc., 115; state camps, 3G; trans
ports and hospital ships, 00; total
Deaths are attributed to ibs follow
ing causes Typhod fever, 515; yellow
fever, 84; dysentery, 03; meningitis,
! 47; malaria, 81; pneumonia. Gl : causes
reported as fever, lOtf, miscellaneous
ailments or diagnosis not reported, 327.
Of the regular army, 290 are dead.
Massachusetts is second with 130; Illi
nois third, with 100; Michigan fourth,
with 91, and New York fifth, with 85.
INCREASE OF PENSION LIST.
Growth of Pensioners la Number Is Sur
prising. lyAsmSGTO.v, Sept. 1 The forth
coming annual report of the commis
sioner of pensions will show that the
number bf pensions alkmed during
the past fiscal year, including the war
of 1812, was 56,737, of which 54,8.12
were for soldiers and 1,895 for sailors.
The number of pensioners on the
rolls June 30 was 983,714; amount paid
for pensions during the fiscal year
ending June 30, 8144,051,870; average
value of each pension, Sl.il.79. Com
parison shows that more pensions
for services in the war of the
rebellion were granted during the last
fiscal year than were allowed
during the entire four years of
Grant s second term, and the entire
administration of President liayes;
that the amount actually paid for
army and navy pensions during tho
fiscal year ending June Mi was largely
in excess of the amount paid cither
during the first or second term of Pres
ident Grant's administration and
almost as much as was paid during the
entire four years of President Hayes'
WON BY AMERICAN ROADS.
Differential rassenger Rate Refused to
the Canadian Pacific.
WAsinxGTOX, Sept. 3. The inter
state commerce commission, by a de
cision to-day in the matter of the pas
senger rata disturbances of the Can
adian Pacific railroad, involving the
propriety of differential passenger
rates between Eastern points and the
Pacific coast, held that the Canadian
Pacific Is not entitled to the difTereu
tial contended for. The case is one of
the meat important that has been bc-
j forc ti,Q commission fo
a lone time.
the American railroad lines and the
Canadian Pacific having been engaged
six months or more in a war in pas
senger tariff between the East and the
EXPRESS COMPANIES YIELD.
Tlireo of the largest Concerns Agree to
Pay the Stamp Tax.
Chicago, Sept. 3. At a special con
ference to-day of the representatives
of the Adams, American and United
States Express companies it - was de
cided that the companies would from
this date bear the expense of the war
tax instead of requiring the public to
RUSSIA'S PEACE CONFERENCE.
After the Spanish-American Commission
Adjourns Csar Will Call a Congress.
Bermx, Sept. 3. It is the intention
of Russia, according to reliable inform
ation obtained by the correspondent
here of the Associated Press to con
vene a peace conference at once after
the adjournment of the Spanish-Amer
can peace conference.
Masses la Spain Are Uneasy.
Loxdox, Sept. 3. The Madrid corre
spondent of the Daily Chronicle says:
The lower classes are deeply, and, per
haps, dangerously, impressed by the
ghastly appearance of the repatriated
soldiers from Santiago de Cuba. All
Catalona protests against the continu
ance of the special war taxes and in
sists upon their immediate repeal,
threatening to close all factories if
this demand is not compiled with.
Death of Henry W. Ewlnr;.
Jf.i-fersox Citv, Mo., Sept. 3.
Henry W. Ewing. president of the
Tribune I"rinting company and editor
of the daily and weekly Tribune, died
at the Battle Creek sanitarium. Battle
Creek", Mich., yesterday. He went
there a little over' two weeks ago for
treatment for liver trouble, and until
a day or two ago it was hoped that the
treatment would prove successful
A Chance foe Patriots.
WAsnixorox. Sept. 3. In order to
keep the regular army up to the max
imum, of 61,000 men, the war depart-
ment will have recruiting ofiacers
all stations where the volunteers are
mustered out, with a view to giving
the nien an opportunity to enlist in
the regular service.
ma 3fot Attend Reunion.
Clevejxd, Ohio, Sept. 3. It has
been supposed that the President
might return to Ohio next week to at
tend the G. A. B. reunion at Cincin
nati, bnt'it was definitely, announced
to-day that his official duties 'in con
nection with the peace negotiations
will prevent him from so doing.
Heat and Rain to Blama for Fever
tnd Starvation at Santiago.- :
DOCTORS SICK LIKE THE REST.
He Says the Vonn-Jed Were tfli Cared.
For dCtfcMy' Koada Kept Back Katlon
Had Toe jAUU"iiim to Eqnlp "Hos
pital 'Shins Properly.
Nfcir Touk, Sept. 3. The New York
World prints an Interview with Gen
eral Shaftcrv id wHich. the general is
represented as sayingi "At Santiago
wehadtd deal with things as they
are, riot as they should bo. Of course
there was sickness, It was inevitable"
in a summer campaign. Brit nobody
was neglected. The doctors Were?
scarco at first, but wo had boat loads
6f them as soon as they could get
there'.- Doctors got sick like the rest.
rhey werd dv'er'wotked and exhausted.
But their ability is Unquestionable.
Look at the low per ce'ntage erf deaths
from wounds. It was xiever lower in
any war. Why. in the civil War I lay
6n the battlefield myse.lf until my
wounds were in a horrible condition,
and that was right near by, not down
in a malarious, sub-trcpical country,
'The men who ordered a summer
campaign in a fevcr-infested country
arc responsible for the natural and un
avoidable' consequences. None of our
wounded was allowed tolic on the bat
tle field as I was iri he" civil war.
Nothing of the kind happened.- Anaes
thetics were plentiful.
"It was the heat that was so deadly,
and the rains. Right in the midst of
the most torrid heat a shower would
fall. It would drench everybody with
out cooling the air. In a few minutes,
under the sun again, every man would
be steaming. Men of the strongest
"Our first ease of yellow fever de
veloped at El Canoy. But tho army
was ripe for it and it spread liko a
prairie fire. Many a man had yellow
fever Who will never know it. And to
tell the truth it is not so dangerous as
the calentara or heat attacks that un
acclimatcd men have id the malarial
regions of Cuba. Why it is a common
thing for a man's temperature to rise
from normal to i05 in a few hours.
That means death in most cases. It
can givo card3 and spades to yellow
fever in the game of death. I'd rather
have yellow fecr.
NOT FIT FOR FIGHTING IN HEAT.
"Our men were all unaccllmatcd;
they never had faced such constant
heat Many of them had never slept
out doors before they went into camp.
How could they be moulded into
proper material for sUch a climate and
such a campaign? It couldn't be done.
These nien you see coming back with
the thin bodies and tlio yellow faces
are suffering from the parasite of tlltf
low fever of the Santiago plateaus.
"We at the front did not wait to let
the fever have its run. We wanted to'
save life. Now the problem was to
save the most lives possible. We had
never had a foreign war since 1312-14.
The United States has no hospital ships
It was not a question of using what
was best, but what we hid. We used
the transports that brought the troops
"If I could have had a few more
weeks to equip hospital ships the con
dition would have been better.
war had continued we
stayed right there, fever or no icrcT.
The sudden ending of the war was un
expected. I made it an invariable
rule to send home twenty-Sve less men
on a transport than she had brought
south. That was a fair view to take.
"I am satisfied with tjsc Santiago
campaign. Whan it is fuily under
stood, all its difiienltic3, it will receive
just place in military history. We
Were hurried oft to Cuba. We landed
and could not have got our stores back
tn board ship if we had wanted to.
When the invasion was planned it
Was obvious that it must be a rush.
Such it was.
"And it was a success complete and t
unequivocal. .Many thia-s were aone, ,
it is true, that were forced upon us by
the exigencies of the hour, but the
means employed, even ur.der such
stress, proved to be wisely chosen. I
was compelled to do a great many
things that under different circum
stances would not hive been consid
ered. HE SIZED THEM UP RIGnT
'I sized up the Spaniards correctly.
For example, at San Juan I was sure
they would not come out from their
works and attack us. The El Caucy
fight I had hoped would be finished at
10 a. ra., but it took until 5 o'clock,
and I rather feci now that it was for
the best. Had we taken the city of
Santiago that night only the garrison
then there would have surrendered to
ns. Whereas, later, all the troops in
the region surrounding -were included.
The men outside of Santiago, July 2,
could have gone to General Pando. I
knew that tlia war was over as soon as
Toral spoke to me about surrendering
the troops in the Eastern province. 1
almost fell over.
"We never had on the fighting line j
at any one time more than 13,000 men,
And with these we captured 27,000.
"Nine thousand Spaniards were for
tiScd in the best intrenched position I
ever saw. Indeed, the intrenchments
were of such a character that shelling
with the guns we had did not do them
serious damage. Where a 13-inch shell
from our ships dropped into a house in
the town it demolished the dwelling;
but all the occupants were gone."
"Did Cervera's men help in the San
Juan fight?" was asked, to clear up a
"Yes, indeed. He had 1,000 men
ashore from his fleet in the battlo of
July 1. His chief of staff, Rusamente,
was killed. His marines and sailors
suffered severely. Cervera put them
all back on board July 2, and the next
day tried to get. to sea.
"The Spaniards were down to their
last bit of rice when they surrendered,
but they declined on the first day to
accept rations offered them. They
said that American charity humiliated
them; but I noticed that they came
around the second day.
A MUDDY ROAD TO BLAME.
"Why was your food supply short
before San Jaan?' . f - .
Ihadtoaci micl-r and share
men right into the field, because L
knew they wcrer growing weaker aad
weaker every honr. Wo hsa plenty of'
rations, unloaded at the shore, but
there was only single road hub .
in mud. over wufcfc they could bs)
brought to the front, and if we had a -i
thousand army wagons we couia boi
have got the provisions wbec they
were needed. The pack, trains cared
us. They were invaluable." r
"What is the condition ot Santiago
to-x"ay7" was asked. t ,
It i in a f ai.r state of health," re
plied General Shatter. 'Under ,the
xailitarv covernorship now in exist
ox it will soon be cleaned and made
thorotfffhly healthv. It i pretty
town, but iba surrounding ewantry is
in a svtte of wreck. You can't imag
ine the destitution of -tho island.of
"Did you sac any reeoncentrados?'
"Thfly a few, -I fear that most of
them are dead. JJnt the death rate ia
Santiago had firoppd from eighty
dsy" to thirty-five, and most of tho
deaths aivs oi old people of childrea
who had not recovered from the starv
ation which they had eAdwed."
' CAVALRY MAY BE SKEDED. .
. "You asked me about the se of
cavalry in Cuba, and I reply that ifwc
have to go down there and fight tho
Cuban guerrillas, we shall want the
cavalry beyond question. Otherwise
not. I hope that small garrisons of
infantry scattered over the country
"How about the western part of the
island?1-' was tho next inquiry.
"Havana will certainly be guarded
and everything possible will be dono
to render the city healthy and revive
its prosperity. The Western provinces
arc ready for agriculture and crops
ean be put in any time."
General Sharter was fully informed
regarding the controversy between
General Miles and Secretary Alger.
He was surprised and said it was the
first.hint he had of anything of the
kind. He knew nothing about the
causes.or the merits of tho contro
versy. "What troops are left to garrison
"The only troops of the Fifth corps
that were.left were the Twenty-fourth
infantry, the remainder of the Ninth
Massachusetts, about 100 recruits and
the last of tho sick and wounded.
These were to have left on the day af
ter the Mexico sailed and nre to reach
here to-morrow or next day. This
completes tho withdrawal of the army
of invasion, which was composed of
the Fifth corps. The garrison duty is
in other hands. The Fifth army corps'
flag will fly over Camp Wikoff to
morrow." SENATOR HANNA TALKS.
OLicasse. the Illness of tho Tolnnt
and the War Department.
Ci.evki.axi, Ohio, Sept. 3. Senator
M. A. llanna haj returned to Cleve
land after a month's outing in the
Yellowstone park and the Northwest.
In the course Of an interview concern
ing the reported suffering in army
camps Mr. Hanna said: "I do not
care to place the blame for the condi
tions upon anyone. I will say, how
ever, that the governors of the differ
ent states appointed the volunteer
officers and we find that the illness
among the troops comes from the vol
unteer ranks. The places for the lo
cation of the camps were selected be
cause of their availability and the gen
eral climatic conditions.
"Regular troops have been camped
hv the side of
the volunteers and no
sickness among them. I do not won
der that the death rate has been
high in some instances. Several times
I visited camp Alger and looked care
fully over the place. At the edge
cf the camp I found banana stands
annd places where beer and soda pop
were sold to the voluntcsis. This
kind of stuff never helped the volun
teers. "Iiook at the task which has been
performed by the administration. At
the outbreak of thcrwar there was pro
vision for but 2.",0G9 men. I am ac
quainted personally with the heads of
the war department and I am positive
they worked from sixteen to eighteen
hours each day to cqnip and arm this
armv of 27.1.000 or 300.009 men. Tho
m-Vn-t f7i!t tuioinQ mirAinnc tn mi
J.- CWIS CT.J VWWM' w-lj. .v
and coM not KaTC cn accomplished
by any other nation in 'the world.
The war department had a most stu
pendous task before it and it wa equal
to the emergency."
FORAKERTOSEE FOR HIMSELF.
a "Cm?" Ia TOnbtastoa Is GI Tins;
the Cn!an the Worst It.
Cixcixx.tTf, Ohio, Sept. 3. With a
view of satisfying himself of the abil
ity of the Cubans to govern themselves
United States Senator Joseph Benson
Foraker intends to visit Cuba and
"I tell you that there are more
Spaniards in Washington than you
think. This haranguing about the
Cubans' inability to govern them
selves is an attempt to assassinate
them, to stab them in the bock.
There is a gang in Washington that is
doing it. It is the same Spanish gang
that sent Thomas Uawley with Shat
ter to Santiago as official interpreter
to mislead the newspaper men. .
"Why, I've gone to talk with Alger
i and I could notice how nasty he acted.
j-ve na( confabs with Alger before
and I expect to have them again.
Oar Imports From Porte Klco.
Washixgtox. Sept. 3. A complete
report on the importation of sugar and
molasses from Porto Rico in the fiscal
year 1337-98. as well as the quantities
for 1S0.V0O, has been forwarded to the
J Treasury department from New, York
by Supervising Examiner of Sugar
Jacobs. He shows that for the past
fiscal vear the importations from
Porto Rico were: Sugar, 99,584,41
pounds; duty, 81,303,765; value, 91.854,
015. Molasses. 1,371,823 gallons; duty.
i 841,221; value. 52S9.193. For the year
139500, the imports of raw sugar were
Teasloa Checks TMost Go Direct.
Washixgtox, Sept. 3. Commissioner
of Pensions H. Clay Evans has issued
an order prohibiting the sending of,
pension checks to "General Delivery."
The intention of the department ia to
have all such checks delivered at the
individual local addresses of the pen
sioners. 9sere Yellow rarer.
Jacksox, Miss:, Sept. 3. Ten new
cases of .yellow fever are reported
Columbus State Bank
(Oltet Balk la tka fUtt.)
IitB Leu Btal Edalt
Omaks Ckicaga, New Tark aa4
ILLS 1TK1MSHIP TICKETS.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
Aaa aelaa ita cvatoawrs waee they i tnH
mCtll AHT DIKKCTOaK .
Lkahskk Obxkaxd. Prea't. .
B. H. HtXBT, Vke Pre.. ' '
1L Bbuooxb, Cashier.
Jomr STAurTER, Wat Xucaia.
Aattarizwl Capital of - $500,000
Part in Capital, - - 90,000
a H. SHKLDON. PreVt.
lL P. II. OKIILKIcn. Vice Free,
DANIEL SCHRAM. Cms tier.
Fit A NIC ROKER. Aset. Ceea'ft
O. H. Snrr.Box, ll. P. II. OmiLneea,
Jonas AVcih. W. A. McAMJSTBa,
Caul. RikiOce. t. C. Gray.
AArr.TA El.tlA. J. Hknrt WORa
clakk ;ray. IIkxrv Loses.
DAtir.r.SciutA. ko. w'.Gavlkv.
A. F. H. Orhlricr, J. F. Bkckkr Estat
Rebecca Becker. 11. M. Wisslow.
Bask of Deposit; i ate rest allowed eatlate
aepcslts; but ana sell exehanga oa Ualtei
States and Europe, aad bur and sell avail'
able securities. We .hall be pleased te re
ceive your business. We solicit journal
Columbus Journal !
weekly newspaper ae
rated the beet intereetaet
THE COMflTY OF MATTE, ,
The State of Nebraska
THE UNITED STATES
AND THE REST OF MANKIND
$1.50 A YEAR,
rjr PAID IS AlTf i
Bat oar l!.alt ef eeefalaea
aad eeata Eanple capiat,
aeat free ta aaj i
Ctfflat : ani : Metallic : Cue I
rRtpatrimgof mUhtndf Uphi
"UnLtJi A. . 5aiL i-k4
xmaalHtimfaftZigmti-frlMm i &U''faifbt!ti&1tfafakil1tlrn, -
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