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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 2, 1895)
VOLUME XXV. NUMBER 38.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 2, 1895.
WHOLE NUMBER 1,286.
Sire (BMamfe I
JBUl 7 Y
jil t .
himself behind a
pillar of the ver
anda and palled
his slouch hat
farther over his
eyes, as lie felt
the traze of a
passer by the lit
tle country inn, rest curiously upon
"his disfigured face. He had not yet
become accustomed to being' stared at.
The fresh spring- morning' had no
charm for him. for he felt that his life
was ruined. He looked over at the
liny vine-trellised cottage, with a bit
ter sigh and a rebellious spirit He
liad come from the hospital to his old
-ihome, and for a whole week had been
so near to Rose, his sweetheart, that
iwenty steps wouiu nave carncu mm
to her side: and yet lie had kept his
.... . '
room until the morning of his depart
ure, fearing, by chance to meet her.
He had sent coldly polite notes of
thanks for the many gifts of flowers
and books which had come to him
from her kind hands; and though his
heart cried out in bitter protest, he
resolved that he would never see her
again. He would rather die than see
Jier shrink from him in disgust.
Moodily, he smoked his cigar, and J
reviewed the past the long 3'ears of
toil and study in college, his admis
sion to the bar, his first speech before
a jury a speech that had won the
plaudits and bright predictions of his
colleagues. How full of promise life
had seemed! Hut everything bright
had come to an end on
the day of the
The explosion of a gun in his own
hands had robbed his right eye of its
sicht, and torn his cheek so fright-
fullj' that lie started in horror when
he first saw its reflection in the '
mirror. The publicity of the court I
would be intolerable to him now. lie
must work at something away from
the eyes of men.
Suddenly, a sweet young voice rang
out in a merry song, behind the tall ,
thorn hedre. and in an instant the
jnau was on his feet.
It was Rose. The desire to see her
once more overpowered him. His
cigar and resolution were alike for
gotten. He ran down the steps, and j haU from London," and are paid what
sprang through a gap into a little 1 ttre .alwl Lo,Mion wages, that is. thh
flower garden, where a slender, j tv.five shillings, a weyk. but a barber
brown-haired girl, on her knees, was ; in onlei. to et loe WJl.,e. must :iiso
searching among the wet leaves for , Ih? a la(liu,- hairdresser. The cheaper
violets. 1 snpS oniy pay their journeymen from
-Good morning, .loiin." she said, . thirteen to twentv shillings a week,
quietly. "See! I have quite a nice I The jjt-Hass shops charge six pence.
i.iwe iuncu. iapa una ins yesieruay .
morning; these are for you. Kneel 1
down here while 1 pin them on.
And the young fellow knelt at her
ide, and shut his teeth tightly to
gether, while with dew-wet fingers
he pinned the fragrant cluster on
How sweet she was! How danger
ously kind and oblivious!
He must not stay; he could not j
trust himself any longer.
They both rose, she blushing a
little at her nonsense.
"I have come to bid you good-by.
Rose," he said, almost curtly. "1 have
sufficiently recovered, I think, to go
iiA iwi f . , ..
kick to wor. anu 1 leave ior tne city
"HOW WEAK 1 HAVE KEEN!"
within an hour. Rose, 1 want you to
know how deeply grateful 1 am for
vour many acts of kindness.
I have !
seemed cold and unappreciative, but
I have not been indifferent. Heaven
knows I have not! I shrank so from
meeting you. But I believe you will
understand it all."
The girl looked at him with an ach
ing heart. Yes, she understood. Oh.
the pity of it all! That stalwart fig
ure, so suggestive of power and
strength; that noble heart, cherish
ing only kindness for every living
creature: that bright mind, sharpened
and cultivated by closest study: that
indomitable will, which had overcome
all sorts of obstacles and won success
at last: all these attributes of a grand
character to be shadowed by an exter
She looked at the red scarred face,
and could have cried aloud in her an
guish for him.
"Rose," he continued, "1 had some
thing I intended to tell you soon, but
it will never be told now. God bless
you. little friend: the thought of you
"will always be my sweetest pleasure
and safeguard "
He wrung her hand in farewell and
turned to go.
He wheeled and came back a step.
"What was it you had meant to tell
"I cannot tell you now," he said,
desperately. "It would not be right:
von do not understand "
"But I want to know, John," per
sisted the girl, staring at the violet
bed, with glowing cheeks.
"Don't torture me. Rose. You must
have known that ever since you
were a little girl and I carried your
books to the little school-house over
there, I have worshiped the ground
vou walk on. 1 meant to have asked
you to be my wife: but now "
"I know what 3011 would say, John.
Listen. Almost since I can remember,
you have been my champion, my ad
viser, my hero. I revere your strong,
pure nature. I have watched with
pride your suocess in the busy world.
I shall feel honored. John, to become
the wife of so good and true a man."
"Rose!" ejaculated the young fel
low, seizing her hands, and looking
at her in mingled doubt and delight;
"you do not mean it. dear. You do
not comprehend what you are say
"It is you who fail to comprehend,
John. God looks at the heart, not the
outward appearance, and a good wo
man's love is akin to God. I learned
long ago to love the sweet, unselfish
soul within you. And do you sup
pose that this 'blemish1 of the face
will change one iota of that affec
tion? "Oh, John, how little you under
stand a woman's heart! Wait!" she
cried, as he attempted to draw her
into his arms.
"I am going to say something that
will hurt you. You were a very
handsome man, and you were very
vain. Do you know that personal
vanity is one of the weakest of weak
things in a man? I deplored it in
you. for it was the one flaw in your
'Forgivo me, John. Your beauty
of face is gone forever, but your
beauty of character is untouched, and
may be enhanced if you will but bear
your affliction .in a .manly, patient
spirit. Where is your faith, John?
You taught me long ago to trust in
-- -o- -- --
Gou's wisdom and goodness. Do you
visit cn Vitt tin il' rlnQlinrv it'lfli rnil 111
not see that he is dealing with you in
love, and that all these things will
j work together for your good?"
I "Rose, my love, my little comfort!"
, cried the man, in broken tones.
"Yes, I see, 1 see! (Jod is good.
He has given me youth and health,
and your best love. 1 will never
doubt Him again. Oh. Rose, the scales
have fallen from eyes, and iny
duty seems clear. How weak I have
been! I will not give up my beloved
profession, but will rise superior to
this morbid sensitiveness, which is
but a species of the vanity yon have
spoken of, and with God's help I will
yet make an honored name for us
"Oh, Rose!" lie cried, stretching out
his hands to her in pathetic tender-
ness? "l .V know what you have
done? You have given me back faith
and hope, and life is once more worth
the living. What may I not jet ac
complish with you at ray side? Never,
until now, did I thoroughly under
stand the wealth of affection that
abides in a true woman's heart."
BARBERS IN BRITAIN.
.rIlk t:itr Description of Dublin ana
I ontlon .Shaving Shop.
In Dublin the first-class shops
managed in the same way as the lead
ing shops of London, and most of the
lirst-claxs jounievmen barbers hero
hjlt js twelve cents for shaving, and
lhe ame rk.e for hah. cultin.r aml
m:iL is iweive cents ior snaving.
the same price for hair cutting
shampooing The cheaper s
charge only two pence, or four cents,
for shaving, hair cutting and sham
pooing. Some shops in fork only
charge, a penny for each. The iirst-
class shops here turn out a customer
:.. . 11 4i. 1 t : 4 :....
jusi u nun us me um ihji-s 111 .America,
if lint !i littlf lhtf" lint F wnnlfl tint.
ot the cheaper barbers shave my dog.
Some of the finest shops in Dublin
have our old-fashioned chairs, says
the National Harbor, and some havo
i just an upholstered chair with a head
piece attaehci. lhe cheap shops,
most of them, just um? a wooden chair
ailll lhe barlier wears a dirty apron.
but in the finer shops they wear white
coats and clean white aprons. London
has a great many shops, but there are
! only a few really good shops. Most of
the barlier shops here are called toilet
clubs and they are all located on the
, second lloor. They get three pence
j for shaving. The journeymen bar
i liers get about thirty shillings a week:
j i few get more, but they depend
, largely on their customers for tips.
j The best shave I have had in London
j vns in a barber shop conducted by a
j lady. She employs five other ladies
1 and charges three pence for shaving
i and a little extra for dressing the hair.
j There are only about half a dozen
- shop- in London which have modern
1 American chairs.
A Fortune From Aflvertisinfr.
The great fortune amassed by the
'a,e r" Heinbi'ld ""as a powerful tes
timonial to the iKMichts of advertising.
It is said that he spent a million dol
lars in advertising his buehu, and the
money came back to him ten fold.
But he could not stand prosperity and
so his mone went almost as fast as it
came. There are many startling sto
ries about his reckless expenditures.
He gave $100,000 as a campaign fund
and spent :0.00') upon a team of
white horses and a barouche, in which
he took General (.rant to the Mon
mouth race course the day it was
opened. He gave $100 to a poor shoe
maker for tapping the heels of his
shoes and to a poor Mower girl he paid
$20 apiece for all the bouquets she had
on her trav. Boston Herald.
A i:-al Triumph.
Ladies and gentlemen."1 said tin
professional hypnotist, as he' intro
duced Wayside HhoJes to the a-seni-blage.
"1 will now give you a re
markable illustration of hypnotic
I Pwer- l u.. leml tl,e M,bJect lloie
uviuro llll .
"That's no trick.
said a voice.
And men." said the professor in
the firm tones of assured triumph. "I
will make him return the 3 to me."1
II In Last Regret.
He was an old Thomaston .paupei
All through his life he was fond of
dogs and at the time of his death he
owned a dozen. In the last extremity
a clergyman came to his bedside and
in the course of conversation asked
the dying man if he had anything in
his life to regret. --Yes." I wish I'd
kept more dogs!" Lewiston Journal.
Museum Manager I understand
vou are really a Canadian.
I Zulu Chief That is true.
1 Museum Manager Well, you've got
your nerve to com" here asking for j
' job in the present tate of sentiment
I as to foreign labor. Detroit Tribune.
The Campania and Lucania con
sume 600 tons of coal daily when
driven to their utmost speed. This
is equivalent to a consumption of a
little over 1)00 pounds of coal per niin
utot or twenty-live tons au houv.
A MOVING MOUNTAIN.
A WESTERN CLIFF SLIDING
INTO A RIVER.
Sloirly But Sorely a I'eak of the Cascade
Range la Creeping Toward the Colom
bia Tarloo Theories Advanced Ke
(ardhiff the Phenomenon.
At a point about a mile west of the
great canal now building at Cascade
locks, on the Columbia river, and a
little east or up the river from where
the backbone of the Cascade rango is
cut through by that mighty stream,
an irregular, low, fir-clad spur- from
the main range debouches on the
river in a series of terrace-like steps,
ending in a sheer, steep break-off at
the water's edge. On either side of
this cliffs face the ascent of the mount
ains south is more gradual, almost
valleylike. yeti-accordino;. - to
the San Francisco Examiner, this
whole region for more than a mile of
frontage and an unknown depth south
is moving, slowly, but with the steady,
resistless march of a glacier, toward
the northwest. Although this strange
earth movement has long been known,
particularly to workmen of the rail
way company, whose line of roadbed
follows the south bank of the river
here, public attention was first called
forcibly to its phenomena by testi
mony given in a serious of damage
suits against the Union Pacific com
pany in the winter of 1890.
A caboose loaded with workmen go
ing to remove from tho track one of
the numerous landslides near by, was
precipitated through a small trestle
bridge spanning a mountain stream.
Several of the men were killed and a
number seriously injured. It was de
veloped by tho testimony that the im
mediate cause of the accident was the
washing away of a bent of the bridge
by sudden high water. But even such
unwilling witnesses as the bridge car
penters and section men had to ad
mit on oath that there was a constant
sliding and slipping of the earth at
this bridge: that the bridge required
constant watching and frequent "lin
ing up," not because of the earth slid
ing down on it. but because the whole
structure was constantly though slow
ly moving toward the river. After
this trial nothing occurred to direct
public attention to that point un
til last summer, although the place
had been a constant menace and an
noyance to the railroad people.
The mountain has slowly but surely
pushed its way toward the river here
tofore, and the Columbia has as slow
ly bitten o!T chunks from the moun
tain, which were so temptingly offered;
and the company, viewing this singu
lar process complacently, lias so far
contented itself with edging itself
back a little and a little further moun
ward as its erstwhile roadbed slipped
just a little"' into tho river's maw
until this seemed to become the or
dained nature of things to last in
definitely. But the big Rood of this
summer had not been provided for;
old Columbia needed more room to
get through to tho ocean,
and, being in its strength, took
all it needed. sweeping the
obstructing mountain side with its
railroad and county road away as snow
goes before the Chinook wind, leaving
a steep incline of conglomerate sand
and rock facing the roaring river, and
with it a problem for the engineers to
wrestle with during the summer weeks,
the outcome being far more creditable
to the company's economics than its
engineering skill, unless, indeed, as it
seems probable, the only object they
had in view was to build any kind of a
road suitable to turn over to the old
company as cheaply and as soon as
possible. They would have been even
quicker in "opening the road for
traffic' had not the new roadbed along
the brink been so obstinately deter
mined to follow its leader into the
river while building.
What causes this mysterious move
ment of the mountain? Have we not
in America scientists who will under
take to find the reason? The solution
of this home problem should interest
some of them. Several theories have
been advanced. One is that under
neath the basaltic rock that covers
the whole country hereabout like a
big rumpled blanket there is at this
point a stratum of soft soapstone,
which, b3coming wet and slippery,
allows the superincumbent strata to
go a-tobogganing. Soapstone does
crop out in places along the river, as
if to give color to this theory: but if
this were the only cause would
no 1 the movement be more
intermittent ahd violent and
not so slow and regular as it appears?
Is it not possible that in that past age
when geologists tell us the greater
part of the earth's surface was cover
ed with an ice cap that an oversow of
basaltic lava here imprisoned a
glacier thick enough to resist its
heat? Is not the ice cave region
under the basalt south of Mount
Adams, in Washington, not very far
from this point, and in similar ice
caves in the desert country near
Prineville. Oregon, a proof that
something like this happened? Then
why not here? The movement of
traveling mountain certainly in some
respect resembles the inarch of a
To Tax Exempted Troperty.
The Montreal aldermen have before
them a resolution restoring all prop
erty in the city now exempt to the
taxable list, to be taxed on a basis of
half its value. The city is heavily in
debt and its revenues are unequal to
the demands upon the treasury, and
more money must be raised in some
way. This scheme of taxing exempt
property promises to add quite a sum to
the revenue, for there would be some
$20,000,000 to be taxed. The greater
portion of the exempt church property
in Montreal is owned by Roman
Catholics, while the Protestants are
richer in proportion to their numbers.
The Roman Catholic population of
Montreal is said to be 165,000. and
the value of the exempted property
owned by the Catholic churches is
$11,645,750. There are 55,000 Pro
testants, who own church property
worth $6,710,984. In addition there
is school and other property to be
Railroads In China.
prejudice of the Chiness
railroads in their country is
illustrated bv the difficulties
which attended tho building of ilia
present road from Tien-Tstn to the
sea. It was at first a tram line, but
an enterprising engineer put an e
gine on it, and a few years ago suc
ceeded in inducing the mandarins to
be conveyed by the steam monster. Ii
finally attracted Viceroy Li's attention
and little by little was extended stealth
ily until it reached Tien-Tsin.
A GIFTED ACTOR.
Who Was Enabled to Draw the Pensions
of Two Soldier.
A regular personification of de
ceased pensioners has been discovered
at the station of Dapoolie. This is a
delightful, healthy place ill the dis
trict of Ratnagiri, about five miles
from the sea, at an elevation of 600
feet. It was the residence of veteran
sepoys who had been pensioned after
doing good service in 1857-5. An
anonymous petition brought to light
the distressing fact that pensions had
been drawn long af ter jhe decease of
the"reSr incumberttsV and" that there
was, besides an original scheme by
which pensions still due to survivors
had been intercepted and were in the
main enjoyed by money lenders in the
bazaar and by tho native clerks of the
departraent,says the Saturday Review.
A long investigation followed, in
which the military authorities were
all but baffled. But by the skill of an
Englishman in the ordnance depart
ment and of au intelligent Parsee
books were seized, rolls were in
spected, and it was found that one
Tannak, wiio had originally been in
tended for the army, had been in the
habit of dressing himself up as a pen
sioner and drawing the allowances.
This enterprising individual, from his
photograph and from the letter press,
must have had a lively sense of humor.
He was sagacious enough not to per
sonate more than two pensioners on
the same daj one in the morning and
one in tho evening, except on special
occasions, when he appeared five
His military salute was admirably
given and he subsequently related,
with just pride, how ho had managed
to draw the allowance of the suhbadar
major and of Sirdar Ramnak" Hahadur
for four years. Of course this gifted
actor had got his own "commission"
every time. Tho sharpness of tho
English superintendent in detecting a
series of interpolations in the native
account-books would havo done credit
to the best officers in Scotland yard.
The Queen Butter Maker.
Miss Ada Skinner won the premiei
prize at the recent butter-making
competition in Belgium in connection
with the Antwerp exhibition. There
were a largo number of competitors,
but they were reduced to twenty-one
before the final trial, which was
watched by an international jury of ex
perts, organized and presided over by
the Belgium minister of agriculture.
Each lady had to provide her own
churn and worker, and the contest
was a most severo one. -By her suc
cess Miss Skinner stands in the proud
position of champion butter maker of
Two schoolfellows met fifteen yoart
after their graduation, and fell, figur
atively, upon each others necks.
"Well, well, dear old Smith!" said
Green "How glad I am to see you!
What days those were! Ha! ha! Smith,
j-ou were the stupidest fellow in the
class." "Yes, I suppose I was." "And
here you are now! Why," (looking
him over) "you haven't changed a
particle!" Youth's Companion.
A llnttcrfl Methutalati.
A butterfly, whieh was found in a
dormant state under a rock in the
mountains of California, and which is
believed to have lived thousands of
years, or since tho close of one of the
later geographical pariods, is now in
the Smithsonian institution. When
found it was supposed to be tho only
living representative of its species in
The Chinese claim to have speci
mens of writing dating from 15. C.
" Ancient needles were all of brass,
and in size approximated our darning
The monthly rate of wages of ma
sons in London is S41.C0, in New
Breast-plates inlaid with gold were
found in an armorer's shop in Her
culaneum. Needles of bone, very delicately
made, have been found in the Swiss
Loaves of bread charred to a mass
of black coal have been taken from
the Pompeiian ovens.
Several flutes, still capable of pro
ducing musical notes, have been taken
from the Egyptian catacombs.
The oldest known coin comes from
China. It is brass or copper, is a block
nearly cubical and weighs about a
Keys of bronze and iron have been
found in Greece and Italy dating from
at least the seventh century before
A pair of shears with blades ten
incites long is among the spoils of
Poraeii. The instrument belonsed to
a tunic maker.
It is said that the shah of Persia
has a pony that is only twelve inches
high, which he can carry around with
him in his palanquin.
Many glass ornaments found jn
Etruscan tombs contain small objects
or images in the interior. How the
orname nts were made is still a mys
tery. Over 4C0 diamonds are known to
have been recovered from the ruins
of Babylon. Many are uncut, but
many are polished on one or two
Several Egyptian harps have been
recovered from the tombs. In some
the strings are intact, and give forth
distinct sounds after a silence of
A frying-pan with legs about six
inches long is among the curios re
covered from Uerculaneum. It be
longed to Do'cilia, who had scratched
her name on the handle.
The earliest known statue is one
that has been recovered from an
Egyptian tomb. It is that of a sheik
or bead man of a village, is made of
wood, with eyes of glass, and is evi
dently a portrait. Egyptologists fay
that it is at least 6,00o"years old.
FARM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO
Eomfl Cp to Date Hints Abont Cuttlva-
tlta of the Soil and l'lbhls Thereof
llertlrulturc, Viticulture and Floti-
1 Ioot Puncture in Horses.
Oae of the most common causes of
lameness is puncture of the sole of the
foot; It is caused by the animal stepping-
oh a nnil or other sharp object.
The puncture is most likely to occur in
the neighborhood of the frog, or where
the sole and wall of the foot join, but
it may occur in any part of the sole.
When the nail corces in contact with
the horn of the sole it is likely to glance
until it meets the projection of the
walLor the softer rough frog; hence
the greater frequency of puncture in
Since the nail usually pulls out, and
the horn springs back to its former
position so as to close the opening the
nail made, there is sometimes difficulty
in locating exactly the seat of the
wound. As a result of this many an
animal has been made to stand on a
lame foot bj a stifle shoe having been
put on the well foot. Locating this
sort of lameness in the stifle
joint is a common but inex
cusable error, as the action re
sulting from lameness in the two parts
is entirety different. The so called
"gravel" which is said to enter the sole
of the foot and then "work out' at the
heel is usually the "working out" of
the pus or the mntter resulting from a
HACKNEY STALLION, M.
nail puncture or a bruise. If an animal
becomes suddenly and severely lame
and there be no evidence of anything
in any other part of the leg, such as
swelling, heat and pain upon pressure,
it is always well to look for puncture
in the foot. If the animal stands with
the lame foot extended and when walk
ing places the lame foot well forward
and brings the well foot up to it, the
evidence of puncture is still stronger.
To examine the foot properly the shoe
should be removed. It is not sufficient
to merery scrape the bottom of the foo;
clean, for if the nail has pulled out and
the horn sprung back in position, all
trace of its entrance may have been
obliterated. To examine the foot
properly a pair of large pincers or a
hammer is necessary. The former is
the better, as by compressing the hoof
the exact spot may be found, while
tapping the sole with a hammer may
cause the animal to evince pain, even
though the tapping is not directly over
the injury; but with a little care the
spot may be definitely located with
either instrument. If the injury is of
a few days' standing additional heat in
the hoof and perhaps slight swelling
in the pastern may also be present.
When the point of the puncture has
been ascertained the horn should be
pared out so as to leave an opening for
the escape of all matter. This opening
need not be larger than an ordinary
sized lead pencil.The practice of burning
out this hole with a hot iron or by the
use of caustics is very objectionable
and useless. A solution of carbolic
acid (one part of acid to twenty-five of
water) may be used to wash the wound,
af the animal be kept in a clean place,
Ind the wound washed once a day
with the same solution, a rapid recov
ery is usually the result. In cases
where the lameness is severe, a poul
tice of wheat bran or linseed meal may
be applied for a day or two. but should
not be kept up for a longer period.
In those cases where the lameness
subsides, but luxuriant granulations of
"proud flesh" spring up and fill the
opening in the horn, they may be cut
down by a hot iron to a point level
with the innei or deeper surface of the
horny sole. Then the cavity should be
filled with balsam of fir. a pad of cot
ton placed over it, and over all a piece
of good firm leather, which may be held
in place by a shoe. The main point ir
the treatment of nail puncture of the
foot is to give free exit to all matter
that may collect, and keep the part as
clean as possible. If this be done, the
matter will not be compelled to work
out at the heels, and no separation or
loss of hoof will occur.
Capakimtiks ok Muck Son.. Before
condemning muck as good for nothing
it is alwaj's worth while to experiment
with it. Usually it is too wet and
needs drainage. It sometimes also
needs potash and phosphate when the
muck is made from plants in which
those minerals are deficient. After
draining try a dressing of wood
ashes or potash from tha German
potash salts and seed it with clover.
The roots of clover will run deeply in
drained mucky soil, and once a clover
catch has been assured the soil can be
manured more cheaply with clover
than in any other way. Ex.
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Oat Ctiltnre at Champaign.
In Bulletin No. 31 of the Illinois
Agricultural Experiment Station is
given a report of the experiments tried
in oat culture on the Station farm at
Champaign. The average yield of
forty-eight plats was at rate of (2.3
bushels per acre, the largest yield be
ing 75 and the smallest 40.S bu. per
acrej five plats yielding lef& than f.O
bu. and seven over 70 bu. each per
acre. The oats on each of twenty-four
plats weighed over the standard weight
of 32 lbs per bushel; those on twenty
plats, less than 32 lbs per bushel.
Seventeen varieties were tested. Fif
teen of these, twelve of which were
selected from a much larger number
because of good yields in former years,
were grown on duplicate pints. While
the land was apparently unusually
uniform in quality, the difference in
yield of plats of the same variety was
marked in a number of cases; in one
case being over 12 bu. per acre. The
best yielding varieties were:. Texas
Rust Proof, 74 bu. per acre; Texas Red.
G8.2 bu.; New Dakota ('ray, 07.3 bu.:
Calgary Oray, f7.tJ bu.; New Red
Rust Proof, 07.1 bu.; American
Banner, 04.4 bu.; Green Mountain.
G4.4 bu.; Pringles Progress, 04.3 bu. In
trials for five years the best yielding
varieties have stood in following order:
Pringles Progress. Texas Rust Proof,
New Dakota Gray, New Red Rust
Proof, American Banner, Improved
American. Calgary ("ray has been
grown two seasons. It ranked third
among fifty-nine varieties in IS'.)';.
Three plats were sown with different
mixtures of varieties and three with
the product of different mixtures grown
in 1S12. Each mixture gave a slightly
larger and each product of mixture a
slightly lower yield than the average
or the varieties used in making mix-
P. (18.-.2), AN ENGLISH PRIZE WINNER.-FARMERS' REVIEW.
turcs. Two plats were rolled after be
ing sown. Each gave an average yield.
Two plats were drilled, the quantity of
seed being less than where the seed
was sown broadcast. The yield of each
was much below the average. For the
first time since the station was estab
lished in 1S8S earl j sown oats were in
jured by the frost. In a series of four
years slightly the largest yields came
from sowing near the last of March.
The average yield of straw was 3,31 1
lbs. per acre. The largest yield was
4,515; the smallest 2,295 lbs. per bushel.
The SVckcl Par.
Many years ago, when "Dutch
Jacob" (as he was called,) a Philadel
phia cattle dealer, returned from his
shooting excursion early in the fall, he
is said to have regaled Itis friends with
peais that were a marvel of excellence,
but the locality of whose growth he
would never disclose. Subsequently,
the Holland Land Co.. which owned a
considerable tract south of the city of
fered it forsnle in parcels, and Jacob se
cured the-ground on whieh his favorite
pear tree sloo-l, a strip near the Dela
ware. This was considerably over 100
years ago. Whether he called the
pear by any particular name is
not known, but in timeS chang
es the land and tree came into
the possession of a Mr. Meckel, who
introduced the remarkable fruit, and it
received his name. This is condensed
from a note in Downing's large uork on
fruits, Bishop White long since de
ceased having furnished the informa
tion. The original tree was standing
not long since and may be yet. A nice
picture of it may be seen in one of the
volumes of the Pennsylvania state agri
cultural association, published a tV.v
years ago. The Seckel has been wide
ly distributed ami ha, shown iNelf
adapted to more variation, (if soil and
climate, perhap-. than any other kind
The tree is a good stoeKy grower, and
a sure and abundant bearer. It can
hardly be said to be whol'y free from
blight, but is i- more nearly so than
any ol her pr-av tree among the Wt-il
known varieties The fruit Is inol de
licious. Its .iing!;
size for canning. But for deert. eat
ing out of hand. etc.. it has no
"superior, and for each rurpo-e it oc
cupies a prominent position in tiie
market. It become larger by taking
off the superabundant fruit when
small not a great ia-k when one iia-.
a mind to do it -and in such ea-es the
size is often full mvii'tm. Season. last of
August to the beginning of Oe'-obor.
As is well known, all pears are im
proved by being picked while yet hard
when the seeds begin to color and
ripened in the house: but Seckel does
well ripened on the tree. . men be r
of the Cincinnati Horticultural jociety
stated at one of the meetings some
years ago, that his choice of all pears
was a Seckel that had dropped in the
night. But house ripening is prefer
able even for this. Many seedlings
have been raised from the Seek.-l Ott,
Foote's Seckel and others L it none
equal to the parent. Last but not
least; in this very unfavorable year for
the tree fruits- Seckel is the only
variety (except; Tyson) thai lias a good
crop. Most of the other sorts have
nothing In j-lsjil:n'r ven a few trees
for family u the Sck-1 should not
It is not difficult for a man
to raise good crops if he has
money enough. A rich man
can walk out of the city and in one
year put ten thousand dollars' worth of
expense upon a poor farm. He
can make a soil if he has money
enough. But wheat that sells for SI a
bushel will cost at least S3; and corn
for .0 cents will have costS2. It is not
hard to get good crops if profit is of no
nceonnt. A iieh man plays with a
farm as children do with dolls, dress
ing up to suit his fancy, and quite in
different as to expense or profit. It is
his fancy and not his pocket that he
farms for. Such men are not useless.
They employ rnnny hands. They try
a great many experiments which work
ing farmers can not afford to try. They
show what can Ikj done. And Ameri
can farmers, although they will not
imitate, will do better than that they
will take hints in this thing and that,
antlby gradual improvement they will
raise their own style of fanningmany
degrees. Every township ought to have
one gentleman farmer who aims to
show what soil can be made to do. In
his case it mav not be remunerative.
But, take the country through, the In
direct effect will be remunerative. His
very mistakes will be useful. A mistake
is often (although rarely reported) more
instructive than a success. But it is
not every farmer who can afford so
dear a school master. This class of
fancy farmers have done a wonderful
good to the agricultural class in one
particular respect, that is, in the dis
tribution of improved live stock. Per
haps in thousands of places in
our country, improved breeds of
horses, cows, sheep, swine and
poultry have been introduced through
the generous or lavish expen-
diture of money in the purchase of the
best breeding stock by the so called
fancy farmers, and by this means they
have been in the course of time, dis
tributed in the immediate neighbor
hood, and to this day are bearing fruit
that is beyond estimate, in the good
they have bestowed upon the country
at largo. F. L. Hooper in Farmers'
Hog cholera prevails to a consider
able extent. According to reports re
ceived by ihe FakUKkV Rkvikw a large
number of counties in Illinois are
a fleeted. In mo-4. cases.however.the at
tack is light ami only a small proportion
die. There are some counties where
the los has been heavy. In a few
counties in Indiana the disease is re
ported bad, but most of the counties
are etfree from it. Ohio is largely
1 free from it, but a few counties are in
j fected. Scattering cases only arc re
I ported in Michigan. The disease has a
firmer foothold in Kentucky, where a
good many correspondents report it as
existing, but in no cases do the losses
1 seem to be great. In Missouri a similar
! condition exists, with the addition of a
I few counties where the mortality
! is heavy. A few counties in Kansas re
port the di-ca-e. Most localities in
Nebraska are free. In Iowa many
counties are affected, and in some the
' lo-s is heavy. Little seems to exist in
1 Vi--ou-ii!. Minnesota and the Da
kolas are generally free.
V m.i ':' 01:; si . - Mr. Fernoiv say.
foiest-. erve three purple-. "the pur
pose of beauty. Jhe purpose of regnlat-
ing vater flow and soil conditions and
the pr.rpo-e of supply:!-g material."
To tl.is it may be added, says the
1 monthly review of the Iowa weather
and cr p simmi-c. f-n ts break the
f...ve ( f he.iv;. "mis. thereby prevent
ing too !-a;,id : p.-aii :; and mitigat
ing the mwcSIv f .-i- mis. Iowa
would be v.,st!y ii-'ier and more pro-hie-iv
if f-iily me Jift'i of it-, area
were cover I !;. deis-e forest belts.
Weeouhl produce greater crops on the
, f'iiu K fths t;:.u we do now upon the
whole aere:.,;e. and the re. naming fifth
devoted to forestry would ;iebl ade
t.uate rclurns in form of f-;el and tim-
T11;: I ;:!. :i .v Movi:w;.XT.--Theirri
gation moviir.esit is accumulating a
tremendous itnj etus. whieh is visible
not ab;no in ll-c est. but through
out the country. The work of organ
ization :tnd:;git:itirm. through national,
inUr-' 'ate. : ia'e .-ml county associa
Ih'us. wi'I g forv.atd with renewed
en. T'y fn.m now : r.til the next great
international cf-ngre-.. assembles at
Albuquerque. New Mexico, in the au
tr.i.in of Is'.i.".. Tlist this movement is
the hope of prosperity for millions and
that it will safeguard o::r institutions
I with a new bulwark of liberty, in the
form of small landed proprietors, is the
conCd-nt expectation f western men.
; Their appeal is to patriotism and the
1 best spirit of humanity. They seek to
j build to the credit of their country, to
I the good of their race, to the glory of
Brnxix On.. Do not attemptto ex
l tinguish the flames of blazing oil with
I water: it will only make them worse.
Pour flour quickly over them, or throw
over a heavy rug or anything' handy
j that viil exclude the air.
Cohunlms - State - Bank I
ftp fittest n flu Iftciit!
lata Lias 01 Real Estati
Mto nan sbari cm
CUmm. JUw Tark amA afl
mil S ITIAIIII : TI0IET3.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
Ali Stlf tto CMtaaan vkaa ay Naai !
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS:
IiEander Gerrard, Pres't,
B. H. Henry, Vice Prest,
M. Brugger, Cashier.
Jonx Stauffer. G. W. Hulst.
Authorized Capital of - $500,000
Paid in Capital, - 90,000
O.H. SHELDON. I'res't.
H. P. H. OEHLRICH. Vice Pre.
CLARK GRAY, Cashier.
DANIEL SCIIKAM. As't Cash
H. M. WmsLOw. II. P. H. OEni.niCH.
C. II. Sheldon,
W. A. McAllister.
Jonas w elch.
8. C. Ghat,
J. Henry Wordem an.
Geo. W. Galley.
A V II Orilt.THl-n
J. V. Hkcker Estate,
Bank of deposit; Interest allowed on time
deposits: buy and sell exchange on United
States and Europe, and buy and sell avail
able securities. We shall bo pleased to re
ceivo your business. U'o solicit your pat
First National Bank
ANDERSON, J. H. GALLEY,
President. Vice Pres't
O. T. ROEN. Cashier.
JACOB 1XI5, Jwtr H1NM BAQAT2;
jam m aTmiiPUt.
Statement f the CeaflltloR at the Close
f BislaeM Jily 13, 1893.
Loans and Discounts 1 241,467 6?
Real Estate Furnltura and Fix-
U. S. Bonds ,5.2 0i
Due from other banks I37.878 31
Cash on Hand 21.867 56 5..43 83
Capital Stock paid la.
surplus r una
. 2i5.119 37
Collins : and : Metallic : Cases !
&" Repairing of all kinds of Uphol
Ut COLUMBTJB. NEBRASKA.
!g FBKPAJirD TO TTTRNISH ANYTUI.NG
REQUIRED or A
nkrj 'j j-"
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