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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 26, 1894)
Helpless Ten Weeks
"I was attacked with acute rheumatism
and was laid up In the house ten weeks. My
right arm was withered away to skin and
bone and 1 had al
most lost the use of
it. A friend advised
me to try Hood's Sar
saparilla, which I did,
and by the time the
first bottle was used
I was feeling a little
better. I could see
and feel a great
change. The flesh
was returning to my
w Mr. R. Forrestall arm ani the soreness
tvas leaving my body and limbs. Every spring
and fall since we have used three to six bot
tles iu our family. I find to use Hood's Sar
saparilla is cheaper than to pay doctor's bills.
I am thankful that I have found a medicine
which will help a man who lias rheumatism.
It keeps me in good health." Richahd
Fokiiestali., Oel wein, Iowa.
Hood's Pills euro all Liver Ills, Bilious
ness, Jaundice, Indigestion, Sick Headitche.
WALTER BAKER & GO.
The Largct Manufacturers of
PURE, HIGH GRADE
COCOAS AND CHOCOLATES
On thii Continent, hare rteebral
from the Treat
Industrial and Food
Vnlikr thr Dutch 1'rnrri. tin Alka
li or t.Ilier CtitmiraU or Htm ire
.. .T. tni)i(L'L'iki rrrgt i ... .t.u.ltif.1
.m1 in in7 nf flhrir nrpna rations.
pare and tolublc, and costs Irst than one rent a ciju
SOLD OY GROCERS EVERYWHERE.
WALTER BAKER & CO. DORCHESTER, MASS.
BEST IN MARKET.
HCST IN' KIT
Ensr i.v wi:akin(j
The outTort:m solo v
tj tends the whole length
uown to tnc Heel, pio
tteclhig th boot in ilur-
ging and iu other hard
ASK YOUK DEALER
and don't ho put iff
with inferior good".
COLCHKSTKIt ItrilUKR CO.
Eiv's Cream Balm
I I'rlii' .' eiil. J
Apply Italrn into och nostril.
Ill Y 1 1 l:ts 16 am u St., X. Y.
Suldilirv ttuom-umers tttiiw KsTlttH ES
ere-1-efcn oITeied. Hay direct fmrn ini
I iter- nml in inufai turer We fcltip
mitii rnniK.t oi ttm4Tiii. We
Ji'i.i fr ! it. in ht lent. A tailor
fit Miit. iUJi. tall or winter ierrota.
p.j". it miiiiiinntioii Suits SZ 18.
HKioh.huTs iMTULir. he.,,1 to-day
fortKH mammoth eatalot;. jeMrcs
344 Wabash Ave.. Chicago. III.
Illustrated cataloce Ehowine WELL
Auur.io. iuiuiv Amii.Li, IIYDKAULIO
AND JCTTINO MACniNEltY. etc.
uknt Mies, llsvo iwen tested and
tloux Oty Kncln" Iron Works,
fcucceors so l'ccii Mfc Co ,
Mlnux City. lima.
1117 Union Arc. Kansa City. Ma.
Worms in Horses.
The. onlv Mire cure for pin worms in horses
known ! htenftee . Iln? holeni Cure, Xeer
fails to destroy orm- in liorM-s lios. theep,
d- or eats, an cu-olli nt ri,uicU forMcl; fouls,
i-ml sitv cents in I niteil States postage until
will semi iij mail. Cut this out. take it todruc
ctst am! ii.iv lntn liftv ctnls Tliroi packages
for il.r4) impress paid. l. r. STKKKTKi:.
Cnind Kapuis, Mich
Mention name of paper
the Dr. iu 1 S70. N
las cured thoua-Y
ands sincv and will
Core you. bend 1
rorirro boolc. and
f k?o l y mail.
ER SYKtS' SDRE CURE CO ,
H. CH0N ELDC . CHIC1C3
ClIRKS VlHrHr AIL HSf FAILS.
llcst Couch Sjrup. ToMesGood. Usol
in time. JsiM tv aracci'i.
a ifoitji ite Mirrrer
a . end i - ir name
on a pit cant nud
we will adii-e )iu of
tlie ONLY knoun
LION NKHVK TNIO CO..
KaiiKav l Ity, Mo.
ATJITT nrotirtieat llltxert ranillnt for Ono
lAlk !!lr will Ire s-er.t i n receipt of pnif Thi
lt Intrmlpcenur Mifiiur make lliloil Cmidv
Co.,517 hr-Ntnut St.. St. IiuIh. JIo.
Thomas 1. Simpson, 'VaMiinpton,
II.C oaltVf" until I'.itent ot
few specially pooil things in Clothing
.iinii I'loaks. itderthein. Your money back
if yi n w si nt it.
3M cvt market'?, color: black, lark blue.
Iitotru. !rali; Mrcs ..: to :$, at SH.7."i each.
Tin,, are worth ?.W to ;Lj.0J.
Miso- Loin; I'loaks. sizes S to 12 years, in
navy cardinal and deep red at one-half
Ladies Cloaks. -52 inches Ions, black, blue,
'ImitMi and tan at SlO.OOandSlS.Oo. These
ate elegant satments and are sold eer
A full lino cf i ur Capes. The leader a
..eaiitituiunu'Kvouiy 1 ur, M inches long at
. , ,,.,,." o ,. , I
A strictly all wool Che lot Suit, and a '
dark Gray Ca-simere Suit, that retailed
three davsaco for li.50. Now SG so.
'Our Leader" is a suit made as stylish j
A scnitlnc Columbian Melton. Kersev or
m i mi
sliiLN I L,
' 1 WW-,-' BaVsnJI
ml y m
Bf I I
.uiu eii us ;iu luiiui-uiauc carmen is can ini'r. in in nil i imrT-iTinr tico 1 1,- ,,,..,. . .- i ...:. i. .i ., i . - j. .
be. They are cut from the best materials. " " Z " comfortnWo 1 nnT V - ! . P " ?"" "" ncedlu6s Pain'"
ami sell everywhere at from Sls.00 to 522.50 f?? solcl: S0" comfortable homes, ductton oi the western poultry trade is j
Ourtirrp MimvSllJO. -"c" i-- c..u ..uimmrai nVenu lo lJle nrOilllCUOIl OI meat. IrtKin 1 A J J AXAOE-ME
Ileaer 0ercoat in blue, black, brown or ' not advise men to rush into thc busi
Cford, made wihan eye to solid weir as i ness wholesale, nor the individual to
-ivell as style, and retailed everywhere at -
cl2.ro. Our price. S.-..7.1.
HC3S,' Capo Overcoats, a?e 4 to U, in
t l:ei iots and Cassimeres at Sl.75. I
l'oys'0ercoats, sizes u to 19 years, made '
of UrtiRti Melton at Si VS. !
t atdojrue and Price List free.
rgwHSfc STOVE REPAIRS
ai acnt handle our SAFETY
lMl" liOLUKIt Kvcry house ant
iw c should hav5 thera. Xo money '
n qtured if sati f actorr r-fer nces sro rnrtn I
iiAitA truMlTV SVS !!l'icj St.. Omaha. I
llLU I H !1U wMttoMW Irom ,ooioi
UbU I IIIIIU , .., ri,, f onr ... Ml
?fto1ai&n ntxorfS !
catalome. contain.. :nplcs of dh.
NEBRASKA CLOTHING CO..
Cor. ltUi and Docflas Su , Omaiia. j
a suit Trrita for oar ne'
DAIRY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
How Successful Farmers Operate This
Department of the Homestead Hints
as to the Care of Live Stock and
Starting a Hairy.
Now as to how to commence dairy
ing1. If you are a new beginner with
small means commence cheap and with
economy. If you have some cows, be
gin by taking better care of them says
Journal of Agriculture. Provide a
omfortable place for them so you can
feed them plenty and they cannot
waste it. Also with reference to hav
ing it warm, and ventilated when
needed, and cleanly, the better you do
for her the more she is liable to do for
you. Hut some cows are so constituted
they get fat instead of giving good
milk. Such should be taken to the
butcher and others raised or bought to
put in their places. Then provide a
bull of the sort you fancy. Ifj'on
like Hol.stein best get one of that sort.
The male calves from them may be of
some value to raise for beef. Hut most
dairymen prefer the .ler.sey. She un
doubtedly will make the most butter
out of her feed, and for that reason
she will continue to be liked. But
male calves of that sort don't pay to
raise. You can make more of your
skim milk, etc., to feed it to pigs. In
procuringyourmale, get full blood (not
half .ler.sey, half Holstein) and find out
as much as possible if his dam and
grand dam were great milk and butter
producers. Kaise all the heifer calves
with care to keep them thriving but
not fat. The man who has plenty to buy
what he wants and goes into it right,
will undoubtedly do well to get full
blood and registered cows. He can
make by raising their offspring as well
as from the milk. The demand for
good milk stock is on the increase, and
will be for a long time. Men, to go
into that largelj', must educate them
selves so as to be cautious not to pay a
high price for something that lias no
real producing value. Long, and even
good pedigrees can lead to serious dis
appointment without that. Teach
yourself and your helpers to be gentle
with the cows. Under no circum
stances should there be any running or
kicking or beating allowed. A good
milk stool is a box twelve or fourteen
inches high, eight or ten inches wide
and a piece of board nailed across the
opening rn the lower end, in which to
keep a coir.se dry rag in case it may be
needed. Take your box stool in right
hand and sit conveniently near to the
cow. brush off all dust that may be on
or around the bag Use your cloth, if
needed before you bring your bucket
under her: then commence slowly milk
ing one hind teat next to you with left
ltand and front teat with right hand,
and so on. taking by turns cross ways,
pressing with the ends of the lingers
against the side of the teats and
against the palm of your hand, bear
ing first hardest with the fingers
highest up, and downwards to make
the milk stream big and easy. Don't
milk with jerks. Keep everything as
quiet as you can.
Kvoi.ctiox ok .Ti;i:sky. In early
times the cattle breeders on the island
of Jersey recognized the fact that in
order to be successful in the breeding
of cattle, it is necessary to study the
animal and learn wherein her greatest
worth lies. Whether this be beef,
cheese, or butter it matters not: but
whatever it be, that is the point to be
kept in mind when raising and feeding
stock. Owing to thc scarcity of past
ure on the island, the cattle wereetti.er
tethered or f-d in stalls. The former,
by the way. is still recognized by tin
best authorities as superior to pa-tur-ing
a: large. This practice tended t
make tli" gentle female more go:;t'e.
though mi the male it had the opp.i-ite
effect: it is usually iiecessarv to i:.a:a-rc
the latter v. itii considerable caution.
These traits have u.r. become charac
teristic with the breed. Ex.
Uth.izi.nc. Srm'i.r.s Fokcks. While
dairying has its disadvantages, it has
., -. ,.,. .!.., t!io. ;, ",.,.., ,,.
farmer to utilize to an unusual extent
tne cheaper labor on the farm, such as
, . , j . , , .,...,
that of his, boys and girls, the forage
and grains grown on the farm, and to
make the most possible out of a small
aau nerat prosperity. lule we do
isli jnto it thoughtlessly
w., ;, tc ,.-ii i-... ".
'V" - """"'""'" -.. mai
the dairyman usually has, as compared
witu other farmers, the best of it. Ex.
Vjvs-l-lixe fok Rout. A poultryman
I informs Field and Farm that he has
.' cured severe cases of roup with car
j bolated vaseline. He simplv greases
the head with it, and makes the fowl
I swallow a pill of it about the size of a
' hazel nut. Vaseline is an extract of
Ilm b cheap, while ear-
uuim i iKciiut ima t.liut)lli; iiciu auu-
od to it, and can be had already pre-
rcirerl nt -inr-rlrmr ctnro
uarca at any arag Store
,,. , ...
u Keep an tne turuevs lo- .he
ihanitsgiving-ana Christmas market?
Vw smooth trnun, cW1 !.,,-!.-,.,.
Thanksgiving and Christmas narict?
3 " 3 ?S
WM iiir. Un-WIT' jO5T ''MlTWflSWBIWBBBWlllHHaa'aBlaVBV'BVIBlsssH
ragi-yanajMflSrf?- mil, wHai-aa-aM
n - ilwavs in de'iunml !
Earth Temperature and Palrylnc-
E. C. Bennett of the Rural Life writes
to that journal as follows: When at
tending the breeders meeting at Ames
last month the writer visited the col
lege creamery. It is a sleepy institu
tion and starts up four hours later in
the morning than creameries do in this
locality, but by hanging around long
enough we saw it onened up for busi
ness, and the driver of the second milk
wagon reported that he "had to leave
five cans of milk because the milk was
sour." There was no need of that loss.
Had the milk been properly cared for
it would not have been sour. None
soured in this locality, and yet far fiom
the bast conditions are general he-e.
Hut in winter cans of milk are some
times returned here because the milk
is frozen. It is not impossible to make
good butter from frozen milk, but the
creamery man can not afford to bother
with it. for it demands especial treat
ment, and this he has neither time nor
conveniences for giving. There is no
need of frozen milk. Sour milk and
frozen milk are inexcusable: they are
testimony against the dairyman which
lie can not swear away. And the
remedy is simple. Water as it comes
from m the deep well will keep
milk as long as necessary without
freezing, and us long as necessary
without souring. The temperature of
the water must change much before
cither of these things can happen.
I'rotcct the water tank, or rather make
a little house by the well, put a tank
in it and run all the stock water
through this tank. It cools the .vater
in the summer and it warms the water
in the winter, because the fresh water
from the well has a uniform tempera
ture. It is one of the best rules to
work both ways that the Lord gives
us, and he delights to give good things
to those with -enough discernment to
take them. Xo .-ire is needed to warm
this house in winter; no ice is needed
to cool it in summer. Deep down in
the bosom of the earth is a place of
uniform temperature, unaffected by
the hot blasts of summer and the bliz
zard.s of winter. I f we could set our
milk cans down there we would have a
place always the same, but we can't
conveniently do that. If we can, and
we can. briii"- up "this uniform tern-
I . - -
perature" in its medium, water, ue
don't need to go down there with our
milk. If a windmill will bring this
I up for us we don't even have to take
that trouble: we have only to lix for
; it and the wind, whether of summer or
i winter, does the rest. This house
need not be large. If private dairy
ing is toiiowea it must be large
enough for the neces-ary utensils a (
churn and a separator, if the latter
is used. If milk is sold, iust room
j enough for convenient handling of the
j cans is sufficient. If built of wood,
line the studding on both sides with
' tar paper then sheet up on both sides
over the paper. If the water runs from
the tank in this dairv house to a lower
tank in the tank barn yard a float valve
, . ........ .....u
on the lower will regulate the flow of .
water from one tank to the other.
I letter than this is a regulator on the
windmill which always stops the md
nill when ail tanks "are full of water,
and always "sets" it for running when
there is room for more water. It is
more faithful than the best hired man
with his boss throun in. Of course, if ,
cnurning is none in tins house addi
tional warmth is required in winter
during the churning time. The writer
ues a kerosew stove for this. The
i in.- is Miiru'ii uy simpiy ligiuing a
match, and when no longer needed it
j is extinguished by a simple turn of
j the wrist. It heats water for use and
, the tank furnishes cold water, and
' these two essentials are handy to the
:...- :. . ...i ,. , ,. , ..
churn. The churn is run by "the dog. '
! but heis not there. His room is better
than his company, because he can bet
i ter be outside and turn the churn by
means of a light shaft running through j
; the wall of the building.
Oi i: E... Pkoiiht. The census man
took hold of the poultry industry in
and produced some remarkable
figures. There were 25S.47-J.155 '-chick- I
ens and 2i..slb..15 other poultry,
against 102.2G5.;.VJ '-chickens"" in 1SS0.
Missouri leads with 2.7'J5.S4,5 head,
with Illinois next with 21.H"1.525.
Then came Iowa, Kansas. Ohio. Indi
ana. Kentucky. Tennessee and Texas
in the order named. Ten years ago
Missouri was first, with Ohio second.
It is estimated that in ISitO SlT.21I.14r.
dozen oi eggs were produced in this :
country. In this respect Ohio led.
with Iowa. Illinois. Missouri. Pennsyl
vania and Xew York following in the
order named. It will thus be seen that
tne west is lar ahead of the east as re- i
gards the ponltry business. But. as I
rather than eggs. The development
of thc "egg machine"' hen is largely
an eastern enterprise, and in keeping '
with the spirit that would leave beef i
making to the west and develop fancy
dairying instead. Look at it as you '
will, however, the poultry business is
n.na P53.1 t,,in and is sure to be ;
still further mcreased.-Lx.
Novfjiiier. November was ninth J
(novcm) month to the Romans. It has i
long been a notable month for signs
and omens, as well as religious dates,
though no one can show why. The
Saxons called it "blood month."' be
cause they slaughtcretl cattle and
salteil away all their winters beef in
this month. The old Romans had
u tinn,.:3 !
,ldopted im o, trc"n ! r-1 ,-T I
""!"-" .ome oi tr.c.n. Jt closes mot 1
aPPrpPr4iatel" " a ffoneral thanksgiv- j
mS for tl,e fr"lt-- of the season past
Increasing British roultry Deman
An English paper says: Poultry cult
ure as a branch of our great national
industry, has hitherto been to a large
extent neglected, although it appeals
equally to the farmer and cottager,and
the produce can be turned into money
rapidly and easily. Hence it is that
within a period of twenty years our
imports from abroad have increased by
nearly 450 per cent, and show a con
stant and steady advance. Last year
(1S93) we paid foreign countries 4,454,
593 for eggs and poultry, drawing our
supplies from countries as remote as
Russia, Turkey, Egypt and Morocco,
and also from Canada. All these were
consumed in (Ireat Itritain, and, in ad
dition, the larger island paid 2,000,000
to Ireland for the same form of pro
duce. The former sum represents
nearly 2V per cent of the entire food
imports received from abroad and the
following statistics will give the com
parisons with other produce:
Animals, living (for food) 6,351,704
tneese ................ o, itju,i i&
Haw fruit 4,3'.lJlS70
From these figures it will be evident
how important is the question of im
proving the home supply of poultry
and eggs. Table poultry of all kinds
enter into the dailj' food of many peo
ple: but there is abundant room for
improvement in respect to breeds,
methods of fattening, and dressing, so
little understood in many parts of the
country; while the demand for the
best qualities of poultry is greater
than the supply and constantly increas
ing. One pound (!') represents about
5.00 of United States currency.
Selecting Winter Layer.
Defects increase with age, and it is
best to dispose of all objectionable
members of the flock early in the sea
son, says a writer in Farm, Stock and
Home. Do not keep any chickens that
appear stunted: thev always degrade
the appearance of a flock and when I
once a fowl lias been stunted it is not
fit for breeding purposes and in fact is
not worth the keeping. Disease, or a
tendency to disease, is hereditary.
Discard all hens that show a tendency
to lay on fat, and retain those that,
under proper feeding, will convert tho
food into egjs instead of fat. If part
of the flock convert the food into fat
instead of eggs, the profit thc layers
might give is eaten up by the drones.
Xo fowl should be retained that does
not in some manner add to the profit
of the Hock. Much care should be
observed in selecting lavers for breed
ing purposes every year, and in a short
time the entire flock will consist of
nothing but layers. A good layer has
a small head, a long neck and back
and a wedge shaped body. Thc eyes
are bright and the comb and wattles
are of a bright red. She is energetic
and active, starting at every sound or
Jiivsv.wji tMill till ITIULlk; SII1I1I". Jl
ff0od layer usually lavs e-s that will .
hutdl well: thc very fact" tliat she is
motion with an elastic sprinir. A
a good layer shows that she is in a
healthy condition, the consequence be
ing that the greater number of the
eggs will be fertile and the chicks
strong and vigorous. A hen Is a profit
until she is 3 years old; after that the
number of eggs usually decreases, and
she should not be kept longer unless
she is a world beater and perfectly
healthy. The hens that moult early
should be retained in preference to
those that moult late; they will come
into profit earlier in winter when eggs
;i-e at a good price. Hens that hatch
mid raise a brood make good winter
layers The rest they get by incuba
tion fits them for better work when
they start again.
Ac.i:orTii.ii'Ti:Ki:s-. Itis verydiffi- '
cult to get the age of the large trees in i
ourcountry.as few have been purposely j
planted, while no one knows how long ,
the wild specimens have been trrowiny. i
In England there is a specimen of the '
tulip tree known to have been planted '
200 years ago on Lord Homes" estate in
Berwickshire. At two feet from the
ground it measures 2.'. feet in circum- '
ference. Median's Moathly.
Hi M.wnr to A.vimu.. Prof. David
Swing in a letter once said: '-As wn
advance in this humane work toward
animals, their world grows under our
study, and the horse, the ox and the
dog seem to come nearer to man and
not to be the low brutes they once
were. We who are a little bettor in
language and power than thc dumb
animals must come between thorn nri
xt. All farm-
tng is not profitable, even giving credit
to every item possible, but in thc ma- '
jority of cases the management is tlu
fault, not the farm, and whether a
change can be made or not rests largely
with the owner: but in determining the
profits do not leave out the cost of" liv-
ing, which with the average fanner
comCs , , fmm . oneshan
fV i J-4 lift. mM 41.n ?.... 4. !
V UllUlllCt, HUl tlltj
Growth ok Pios. The Live Stock !
jteport, says, we are teilrt that a pig at
its birth should weigh about three
pountls. and increase in weight month '
after month as follows: 15, 30, 48, 73, I
, iu.i, j.iJf i.o, -iu, j-m. anu on tne lentn I
I muiiLji miuuiu eiiru ouu uuuuus. lie
a.told that the cost of a pound
of Prk is fift-v percent greater if made
, ' , . r ' , ,b ., ...
l"c l". , , , " nJ ml"
month in food consumeel.
FAEM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST
Some Up to Date Hints About Cultiva
tion of the Soil and Yields Thereof
Horticulture, Yiticulture and .Flori
culture. Ouality of Irrigation Water.
The qualities of waters employed in
irrigation are far from being indiffer
ent. Peasants the most stupid, know
that certain waters do not produce a
fertilizing- effect, while on the con
trary there are some that appear to
sterilize the land. Others are found
that seem to bear fertility to the lands
they water. The first class comprises
waters that are little aerated
and little oxygenated, and so
lay hold of the oxj-gen of the soil
and of the plants. The second class
comprise the waters which contain in
notable quantities salts, carbonates of
lime or iron or of sulphates of lime; for
the carbonates in losing to the air one
part of their carbonic acid, precipitate
themselves, encrusting the plants, and
closing the poores of the earth. The
sulphates of iron in too great abundance
are veritable poisons for plants. Final
ly there are fertilizing waters. Such
are aerated waters, containing salts of
potash, soda and ammonia, organic
matters, or of carbonic acid in solution.
It is, therefore, very essential for one
to assure himself of the nature of the
water before undertaking to divert or
elevate them for the purposes of irriga
tion. If this be not done, the irriga
tor will sometimes have occasion to
repent the expense to which he has
been in procuring them.
Waters overcharged with sulphate of
iron make that fact known by their
astringent and metallic taste. We will
not occupy ourselves with them fur
ther. To determine the quantity of air con-
I tained in the water, a hollow ball is
tilled up with that water, to which is
adapted a tube bent back, and filled
with boiled water. One end of this
tube is connected with a bell glass of
mercury. The water is made to boil
slowly and when it ceases to pass bub
bles of air, the boiling is discontinued.
The gas is measured, and proper re
ductions made according to the air
pressure and temperature. Water
completely aerated dissolves one
thirty-sixth of its volume of air.
This air is more oxygenated than the
air of the atmosphere. They find in
waters indifferently aerated 2 liters of
air for 100 liters of water. But below
that quantity, and above all, if it has
to be brought far, the water should be
is yarded as little favorable to vegeta
tion. The waters from wells, where it
is stagnant, are often of this class, as
are also the waters from melted snow.
-J. Boussingault attributes to the lack
of aeration of these last, the produc
tion of goites (granular swellings) in
places where such waters arc drunk.
When these are used for irrigation,
vegetation does not show beneficial re
sults. Water in which soap dissolves badly,
, or in which an alcoholic solution of
soap dissolves in flakes, should be
1 avoided. The character of such waters
is hard and shows that they are
poorty aerated. Legumes cooked in
1 such waters remain hard, at least until
, the water is softened with an alcaline
salt (carbonate of soda). This is true
i also of waters permeated by gypsum.
, In working to obtain results that
shall improve the mineral composition
of the land, care should be taken that
thc watcr bear to it the elements that
:, i.,..irv ,- nt !... t.hni. u ic
bear to it other elements that it al
ready has in too great abundance, and
to aggravate its defects.
It is lYcessaey, however, not to press
too far these conclusions, but we
should have always before our eyes
the truth that the defects of dry land
are often palliated or destroyed when
it can be maintained in a state of
freshness. Farmers" Review.
Some Experience uitb .Mushrooms.
As many people are anxious to have
mushrooms, allow me to give a few
practical hints on the easiest possible
method of growing them, writes C. R.
Russell in American Hardening. My
plan is only a simple one, but I trust it
u ill enable the reader to meet with
success. I grow my mushrooms in the
stoke hole, with matchboard partition,
to prevent any gas from the fire com
ing in contact with the bed. 1-irst,
&xiw the necessary quantity of good,
esh stable manure, but do not be so
particular, as you perhaps have been,
in shaking every bit of straw out;
merely shake out the longest, but tee
, that you have a good quantity of short
-traw saj- a third pure manure, the
, balance short straw. Put the whole
I in a heap on the barn floor, or where
! it is not exposed to the rains. Get thc
necessary quantity altogether at once.
About the second day it will require
turning over; this must be continued
every day until thc fierce heat has sub
sided. Let me remark here that it is
very necessary to avoid overheating,
otherwise the material will become
' i"re flaked, and in that condition it
. would be worthless and sure to
; bring disappointment. The ma
, mire will require working in this
I way eight or ten days before
the heat has suhicicntly gone
down and the manure is ready to re
move to the place selected for the bed.
It will most likely need turning two or
tlnee times in the bed in order to at
tain the proper temperature, viz.. 85 to
!0 degrees; this is easily ascertained by
thrusting any ordinary thermometer
into the bed. Thc material should be
spread out equally. Use a brick or
something equally as heavy.the size of
a brick, to beat it down. (But before
1 proceed let me remind the operator
of the necessity of having a good solid
bottom to the bed, if elevated, in order
to stand the pressure.) Beat the bed
down until about eight or ten inches
deep; let it lie in this state a day or
two to be sure the temperature is
right for spawning, that is from SO to
S5 degrees. Use English milltrack
spawn of the best quality, and be sure
you get it fresh; break it or cut it to
the size of a turkey's egg, and insert
all over the bed with a dibble, about
three inches dcep,and six to eight inches
apart, at discretion. Rub the
face of the bed all over with
the palm of the hand, to fill in the
holes well, and beat down again with
a brick to make sure the bed is solid;
cover the surface of the bed with about
1 i-j inches of the best garden soil to be
bad. smooth the surface with the spade
aml the bed is complete. With a bed
thus made, I cut in six weeks. The
cellar in which mv beds are, with the
boiler, maintains a temperature of 05
lo 70 degrees, which is plenty high
enough for first-class results during
winter. To help the beds to bear in
the given time, and to strengthen them
whiIe i,eariug-T I use a little ammonia
about a tablespoonf ul to a gallon of
water, heated to the same temperature
as the cellar. Sprinkle the bed and all
around the cellar with this mixture
. li-,ut twice a week: this I i',zii ln-ips
the bed wonderfully. When picking
your mushrooms do not leave any
stalks behind; a gentle twist at the
base will remove the stalk without
breaking- the surface of the bed and
avoid damaging the little ones, which
is very hurtful to the crop. By carry
ing out these principles the operator
will, I am confident, be more than com
pensated for his trouble.
Soils of Orchards.
Prof. L. n. Bailey of Cornell uni
versity has the following to say on the
soils of orchards:
The soil in which orchards are set
should always be in a thorough state
of cultivation; that is, whether in sod
or in hoed crops the land should be in
good tilth or fine mechanical condition,
fertile and free from hard or "sour"
places and pernicious weeds. There
are exceptions to this rule in the case
of certain rocky or steep lands, upon
which it is desired to set apples; but
for all orchards which are planted di
rectly for commercial results this ad
vice has few, if any, exceptions. It is
generally best to put the land into
hoed crops the season before the trees
are set, as potatoes or corn, although
sod land, if well fitted and naturally
in good heart, often gives excellent re
sults when turned over and set at once
to orchards. But most soils need the
previous cultivation to bring them into
a mellow and uniform condition. Many
of the "bad places" in orchards, where
trees die out the first two or three
years, could have been discovered and
corrected if the land had been devoted
to one, or several hoed crops, for the
owner would have observed that they
were too wet or too lumpy, or had other
serious defects. Lands look more uni
form when in sod than when cultivated
and the farmer may be led to overesti
mate their value for orchard purposes.
It may also be said that the familiarity
with a particular piece of land which
comes of frequent cultivation enables
thc careful grower to judge accurately
of its adaptability to particular fruits,
or even to special varieties. Lands
which have hard and impervious sub
soils should be plowed very deep be
fore trees are put upon them; and in
some cases, as for dwarf pears, it ma3'
pay well to use the subsoil plow.
Lands which hold surface water and
which remain cold and "sour," long
after rains, should always be thorough
ly tile drained before trees are set; al
though it should be said that such
lands are frequently unfit for orchards
because of poor drainage of air as well
as of water, and because the soil is
likely to be hard and cloddy. It is
undoubtedly true that tile draining
benefits all lands intended for or
chards, but in the majority of cases,
especially in rolling lands, it is a ques
tion whether the labor and expense is
worth the while. Yet many rolling
lands require drainage because they
have hard and tenacious subsoils which
are near the surface. The clay lands.
upon which pears and plums thrive,
give unusually good results if well
Pk.s ix tiik Fa i.i.. Fall pigs should
be given warm pens and clean nests
and at the same time they must take
exercise every day. It may even be
necessary to roust them out of their j
beds, especially if the weather is cold, i
in order to make them take exercise I
enough to keep healthy. A ni- lnvo i
a warm bed. and the more they lie in
it the less inclined they will be to i
leave it. and they will get so that they
will refuse to come out and eat. But
with a little care at the start to keep
vigorous this may readily be
ed. The nim in fiwwlinn- "c .
keep the pigs thrifty rather than fat.
maintaining a steady growth every
day, and in the winter more than ordi
nary care is necessary. If they can be
kept growing rapidly during thc winter
fall pigs can usually be made profit
able, but otherwise they will prove a
loss. At this season they are often so
stunted at weaning that they never
fully recover. Cor. St. Louis Republic.
Potatoes fi:om Aiikoad. Foreign
potatoes of the Scotch Magnum variety
arc in transit and expected to arrive in
New York this week. This will be the
first consignment this season for Great
Britain. The competition of foreign
grown potatoes has been considered in
former short-crop years, of course af
fecting chiefly the seaboard and large
interior markets. Total imports of
potatoes, largely from Canada, were
2,507,000 bushels during the first seven
months of this year, compared with
3,571,000 bushels for the corresponding
period one year ago. For thc fiscal
year ending June 30 the total imports
from all countries were 3,002.57S bush
els, compared with 4,317,000 bushels
the prcceeding year. Of the total
named Scotland furnished 1,782,350
bushels at an average value of 69c.
Fkkiuxo Whkatto Hor.s. Sept. 10,
1891, weighed eight thrifty shoats,
average 130 pounds, total 1,010 pounds.
Same day accurately weighed sixteen
bushels Fttltz wheat, test 01 pounds,
and began feeding three times per day.
soaking each feed six hours. Shoats
were kept in small lot. no other food
being allowed. Sept. 29 fed last of
wheat and Mr. .1. W. Puett weighed
hogs: total weight 1,225 pounds, again
of 195 pounds on the lot for the sixteen
bushels wheat fed: a gain of 23 '
pounds per head for two bushels of
wheat eaten. Counting hogs worth
five cents per pound shows a realiza
tion of 57 i3-Hi cents per bushel for
wheal. CJko. V Batmax, in Practical
half of the eighty and 100 acre farms
of eastern Kansas were seeded to grass
ailil the product, with all of the corn
fodder carefully saved ami converted
into dairy products, it would greatly
improve the financial condition of this I
class of farmers and greatly improve
the conditmn of their farms. We be- i
lieve the common farmer can profit
ably milk from six to twelve cows '
through the entire year. The reve-
nuc derived from this wouhl be quite i
an akdition to the income of the com
mon farmer. Joshua Wnceler
Mittox oi: Pork. At the Wisconsin '
experiment station they have b.'cn
testing the relative cost of mutton and
pork. Lambs and j ijs of about the j
same age were taken and the same
kind of food, as far as practical, was
used. Hie Iambs gained 109 pounds at
a cost of 52.01 and the pig 100 pounds
at a cost of S'!.03. In Chicago markets
the best hogs sell at a range of 55 to '
55.55 per cwt., and the lambs at from ,
55 to 55.75 per cwt. The lambs, as will
be seen, cost the least and sell at the
ScxsiiiXK for Pigs. Contrary topop
ular superstition, sunshine is as neces-
sary to the welfare of pigs as it is to
any of the domestic animals, antl it is j
important that not only their feeding j
ejuarters, but their sleeping quarters as I
well, should atlmit as much sunshine
IN all receipts for cooking
requiring a leavening agent
the ROYAL BAKING
POWDER, because it is an
absolutely pure cream of tartar
powder and of 33 per cent.
greater leavening strength than
other powders, will give the
best results. It will make the
food lighter, sweeter, of finer
flavor and more wholesome.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO..
Maine's Old I'eople.
Lewiston Journal: 'Tis hardly worth
mentioning, because none of these peo- x- -... ..
pie are very old for Maine, but it has shorlen
sY -fc il rltii sj-kj-Kis 1 a L7h.I I "
Emery of Biddcford, aged 88 years,
sawed a cord of hard wood, three cuts
to the stick, in four hours one day re
cently; an 80-year-old lady in Te'mple
walks to churoh every Sunday; Mrs.
Isaac Caswell of West Rockport, 9:i
years old, does all her own housework,
and does it well, too; Mrs. Eliza Ward
of Tro3 aged S3 years, spins nine skeins
of yarn each day; Mrs. Amy Addition
of Portland, aged 90 years, has just
finished a crazy quilt, doing the work
unassisted b spectacles; Mrs. Clarissa
Manwell of North Hartford, 7G years
old, lives all alone on a farm and does
all her work herself, and 79-year-old
Mrs. Cynthia E. Young of Turner, takes
, care two cows and thirty hens, has
made -"''' pounds of butter since May
-s, ana taken care of an invalid daugh-
ter, besides doing her housework and
uuiug tallica mis lull.
Catarrh Can Not Ite Cured
With LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as thev
can not reach tho seat of the disease. Ca
tarrh is a blood or constitutional disease,
and in order to cure it you must tako in
ternal remedies Hall's Catarrh Cure is
taken internally, nud acts directly on the
blood and mucous surfaces. Hall's Cntarrh
Cure is not a ounck medicine. It was nre-
scribed by one of the best physicians in this
country for years, and is a regular pre-
senption. It is composed of the best tonics Billiard Table, second-hand. For t.u
known, combined with tho best blood puri- cheap. Apply to or address, II. C. Aki v.
...., '"b ....i. luiucujuwiuiMu-
lutn. mo perieci comuination oi tne two
ingredients is what produces such wonder
ful results in curing Catarrh. Send for
F- J- CHENEY & CO., Props., Toledo, O.
i &1 b ,,r"8KfaJjt, price 73c.
Halls FamtIylillS, 2;
Three Suns and an Inverted Itniiiliotr.
The following is taken literally word toward tin's faorcd region 'I here is
for word from a rare copy of the I climate like it on tin- continent for a win
Brighton (England) Advertiser of June Jf "l;-.""'' u,f "M,nI '"'J'.'vi'" u th
.. ,v".,.- ... i - Liiion I in-ilic isvstem has tins season 1 ecu
' .' w A Jar?f Phemcno? ,1S .re' brought to a decree of , or.ctioi. which
ported from St. Malo. Recently during k.nvcs, not,iK to X e desired
the afternoon, between the hours of I i For further information a!l on your
and 5, three perfect suns were seen all nearest ticket agent or address
in a row above the western horizon. I F L I.O.MAN.
The sky was very clear at the time, and
! !!,e.re "as n, one wh. saw r,c unusnal
sight that believes it to have been a
mirage or other atmospheric illusion.
The central seemed more brilliant than
his two luminous attendants, and be-
, tween the three there seemed to be a
I communication in thehape of waves '
i of liirlit comiioscd of all the nrismatic
i colors. At ahout thc same time a rain-'
j bow m:ide its aPPeance at a short .lis-;
tance above the central sun, upside
down that is to say, the two ends
pointed toward the zenith and the
bow's neck toward the horion. " '
' Hope Springs Eternal
i In the human breast. Despite repeated di
i appointments, the divine spark rekindles
aMcreach. Though there tnav not be a siher
I lining to every cloud, the lapon which nl
J -.cure the sky oft waft aside and disclose thc
full splendor of thc noonday sun. Thus i
hope justified. Invalids who .seek the aid
from Hostetter's Stomach Bitters in the hope
of something better than a mere modification
of the evils from which they suffer, will find
that it justities their expectation. Chills and
feer. rheumatism, dyspepsia. licr and kid
ney trouble, nertousness and debility are
thoroughly, not partly, remedied by thc Ilit
tvrs. Loss of flesh, appetite and sleep ar"
counteracted by this helpful tonic as h- no
other medicinal acent. and to the old, infirm
and comnlcsient it affords speedily appre
ciable benefit A wincIassful three times a
A Moral I'ower.
Queen Victoria is said to have become
somewhat fractious, and age is telling
on her at last. Irritable as the queen
may be under thc pangs of rheumatism
which now afflict her, no one desires to
see her place filled b3 an other. Mie
has kept the balance of moral power in
her share of Europe as no crowned
head has done before her or will be
likclv to do after her. Boston Herald.
The Modern Mother
Has found that her little ones are im-
proved more by the pleasant laxative. '
Syrup of Figs, when in need of the i
laxative effect of a gentle remedy than
bj any other, and that it is more ac
ceptable to them. Children enjoy it,
and it benefits them. Thc true remedy.
Syrup of Figs, is manufactured by thc
California Fig Syrup Co. only.
Winter Tourist Ticket Via the Wabash '
Are now on sale to all the winter reorts of
the South, good returning until Juno 1st.
''X. Ai-so Hai:vkst K.vi kmov Tickets to
nil points south on excursion dates. In ad
dition to above. Railroad and Steamship
tickets to all j oints in the I'xiteo Statks
and Ecnoi'E, at lowest rates. For rates,
tickets, excursion dates and full informa
tion or a copy of tho Homo Seekers Guide,
e-ail nt Wabash Ollice, 1502 Fnruam street,
G. N O.ATTOX,
N. P. Agt, Omaha. Neb.
ft Ha j
OF PAINS RHEUMATIC, NEURALGIC, LUMBAGIC AND SCIATIC.
Babies and Chi
thrive on Scott's Emulsion when nil the rest of their food
seems to go to waste. Thin Babies and "Weak Children grow f
strong, plump and healthy by taking it. W
Scott's Emulsion I
overcomes inherited weakness and all the tendencies toward
Emaciation or Consumption. Thin, weak babies and growing $
children and all persons suffering from Loss of Flesh, "Weak 0
Lungs, Chronic Coughs, and "Wasting Diseases will receive 4)
untold benefits from this great nourishment. The formula
for making Scott's Emulsion has been endorsed by tho med
ical world for twenty years. No Becret about it.
StnJ for tamphUt on Sfott's Emulsion. FREE.
Scott A. Bowno, N. Y. All Druggists. 50 cents and S f.
106 WALL ST.. NEW-YORK. ck
I A quart of wheat contains nioro nutri
'mentthnn a bushel of ciiciiuiW'rs.
ion of the iipj etito is very
In the public schools of France 21.2
cent of tho pupi.s are shortsighted.
l'onltry In I'rolltalil.-.
If interested in poultry send le in tntus
for our lsi'5 catalogue of Int abators and
Brooders, with useful hints. Bos .Moines
Incubator Co , 102 K. Locust. Do Moines
No one hns ns much money as eoj!e im
agine lleKemam'aCainphnrlrevritti :ivcrln.
TheoriRinaianiii.iiu KMiujne. Cur-.ch.,pii u u..i,
Some linturnMsts say tho whale was once
n land animal and took to tho water lor
, ba-- .
, Pi-o's Cure w the medicine to break ui
, children's Coughs nud Co'N. -Mrs. M.U.
Bi.r.vr. St-ragm. Wash . Mnnh s. in
i A decapfatc,. ,naiu kept ,n n moUt ,(!n e.
I wilj in a 'texr uteks Krow n new head.
llanaon'rt Music C mu 'nlvr." .,
i Warrantisl lunin-or inon i-(umicd. AW juui
irursitl for it. lTif im-nt ,
Nothing surprises n man mure than tontL.
tho fool nt night and feel well the next day.
It the Itahy is Cutting Truth.
insure ' uethitoM ami well tri-d muMr. jtn..
. .- ,, t
The best it man can do is so poor that htf
v ashamed of hiuisel:
jU s j'tli at., umnlin, iU.
It is easy to invent a scheme, but it isdif
ficult to ninko it work
Itetter Every 1 rar.
Time was when the "glorious climate ot
California" did not attract tourists But
vear after enr the tide of travel i-cts in
1 stronger ami stronger e cry tail nntl winter
Ccneral Bass, and I u-ker Agent.
. iniianu. iu.
Those who sav thev are not loncei'eii
show a vein of com eit in sa ing s
po vflr xri cr
To Become a Mother?
thru permit u- to
s tn.it ur rtcrie s
tion i- lmkid.
" Mather's Friend."
TaA t illl !- ! a-
ml C I?
'i ttimidLHrni uasy
5V'tiby pu p.iruig the
w-"r ssti m for patturi-
tion. thus assisting Natur .mil shottetiittir
' " Labor." The painful otdi .tl of childbirth
is robbed of its t'trois ami the dangers
thereof greatly lessened to both mother and
child, 'file period of tontuu-niitit is alc
greatly shortened, the mother strengthened
and built up, and an abundant secretion of
nourishment forth, iliild promoted.
Send lo cents for a large Book (KS pages),
I giving all particulars Address, Wo:tt.i'S
Disi'K.nsakv Mi nit. i.
Main St , BulT.iio N
Associa riox. j3
! PAINLESS CHILDBIRTH.
I Mrs. 1-RKi) Mi-NT of t.hiintU X V,
says " I read about Dr. I'icrcc's Fa
vorite Prescription being gotxl for a no-
i man with child, so I
' got two bottles I.t-t
September, and lit
cembcr lUh I had a
twcHc pound baby
girl. When I wa
confined zcas not
stfk in anv way I
, did not suffer anv
pain, and when tii
chiltl wa.-. born I walk
fil into ntiotht r room
, anil went to bed I $TO
keen vottr Extract of "wi
' Smart- Weed on hand
j all the time-. It v. .is
very com we.iimr
laud our room wa-. lR-" "' "r
very cold hut I did not t.ik niv Id. and
i never had any after p.Tii or any otln r pant.
1 It was all elite to God and Dr Pierce's Fa
vorite Prescription and Compound lixtiac
of Smart-We eel. Tins is the eighth liviry
child and the largest of them all I sm
fcreei ecr tiling tli.it tit sh eor.ld suffer with
the other babe-s I alw.ij , h.nl a doctor
and then he could not lit i; m- try much,
but this tittle my motii'-r ind my husband
were alone with tii' Mv baby was only
seven days old when I got ui and tliessed
antl left my loom and stayed t.p all day "
SrKVUI.itioiiMicfiJu . an'tl'si. snil fir I'rrw.
twctiis and full nfurmiMun PKEK. Incrit.e jour
income, Inwstnierit il.iril. diirs'
Morton. Ward A Co.. 'Z&. i Wall St.. Xew York.
rtdiM3lOr U:.sl,init.n. !.
'Successfully Prosecutes Clnims.
LatelTinctpalKxcn j. -r I" S Puiwun llurcau.
H3jrr-iiuU.it war, Iju.i., idjiatiuclitmin, attj xiucc
W ' . 1m:tl:i ."E S!2
- j.cia .fcuaticriii;; .iii.arlij:iit,iitA i.ilij
.Mention tlii-t l'aix-r.
TO MAKE YOU
. mr nj I , .x
s- 1 i i 1S.
. .. y
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