Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 19, 1894)
The AVomrn Know Host.
Much comment lias been caused by
Hie official reports of the United Stales
and Canadian governments, in which
are presented the evidences of the su
perior strength, purity and wholesome
ncss of the Uoyal Making Powder.
It is true that the good housewife
looksupon commendations of the Royal
Uaking Powder from scientists and
oflicial sources such as these very much
like "the gilding of refined gold.' Her
practical experience long since taught
her in the most convincing way the
, great usefulness and superiority of the
loyal article. A higher proof than
this she does not want and cannot have.
Yet it is pleasant for her to realize
that the facts established by these
great competitive tests, these scientific
examinations made under direction of
the Government, exactly parallel those
she had before worked out in her own
common-sense practical way.
It does not appear that any baking
powder, when presented in competi
tion with the Uoyal. either at the Gov
ernment tests or before World's Fair
juries, has ever received favor or award
over the Uoyal or made an equal show
ing in purity, strength or wholesorae-
Almost every one eats the skin on apples
except when there is coni any.
American coal has possession of the Ha
Epicures, like poets and artists, are Lorn,
My Wife's Nerves
Arc weak ami she suffers terribly from ner
vousness, headache and loss of bleep. Such
is the testimony of many a man. The poor,
tired woman is suffering from impure and
impoverished Mood. Her food does not
digest. She is living on her nerves, because
her strength is gone. Her nerves and muscles
By the uce of Hood's Sarsaparilla, which
makes pure, rich Mood, creates an appetite,
and gives tone to all the organs of the body.
This is not what we say, it is what Hood's
Sarsaparilia does. "My wife began taking
Hood's Sarsaparilla about three months ago.
She has been in poor health for 13 years.
Hood's is doing her good. Her appetite is
better, flic looks better and there has been
improvement in every way." J.AV. RonnusoN.
m. J. , par ilia
e sure to get
Hood's PtllS aro the best after-dinner
Tills, assist digestion, prevent constipation.
Jt is the medicine above
all others for catarrh,
and is irorlh its iciiyht
in gold. I can use Ely's
Cream Jinlm with safety
and it docs all that is
claimed for it. !. W.
Zjpcrry, Hartford, Conn.
ELY'S CREAM BALM
OpocK ami oVEns tho Xaal r.T.sa?i!.AlIavsrain
anl Iiiilaimnatii'li, Heals tli." Sor s. Protrrts the
Alrinlirau. lnm Oilil. lit Mori's tin- SciWMit Tasto
ttulMnrll. Tin lialiu is ,uicl..y alisoibid andKXvce
ri'ilcf it once.
Al'artirloisantilieilintorrrli noMril nmlisagroc
tble. l'nce rj it .ts. at tlnuKists or bj mail.
H.Y Bitot HLIK. M Warn u Streit. New Yort.
WALTER BAKER & GO.
Tlie Largest Manufacturers of
PURE, HIGH GRADE
Si, COCOAS AND CHOCOLATES
C- Ca thi Continent, have received
from the Rreat
Industrial and Food
i .iln Europe and America.
I'nlilelhr nutchl'ff frM.no Alka-
Kliti or tt!ier Chrntiridsor Ur rc
Their ilflirinus IiliHAi-K
1I-U ill til 'l i'U .-
AST Oil U is on-oiuwiy
pure and eoluble, and ef s Irst tha i one c-r.f a cyi.
SOLD DY GROCERS EVERYWHERE.
WALTER BAKER & GO.lSoRCHESTER, MASS.
" COLCHESTER "
BEST in MARKET.
EKsr ix wkakixg
The oat er or tap sole ex
.,- a "-""' "'' " n'n, iujiiu
r-' i-'UllMII ill lilt- Jll'fl, jiro-
jfV'tectinjrtlu' lioot in tz-
.ii.'i!iir ami la olhir hard
!:; .... i-
AMI ltH'K iikal.i:i:
and don't I o put off
with inferior Roods.
COI.CIIEVTICEl lirUBKR CO.
Tin:Ari:i i .::;;.
Posit iv IvCnrotl with VoRfialilo I "lici
llaocuri'ii t:iMi-an.l ofciH-". Cuioiae- ;n
aounri'd iioiH'Ic-s tv U'M pliy-inrn l-roni tlitliiO
!vmitMin-li'i;i-car: in ton da at la-t ttr -lliiiI-
ill svuipt m rcmove.l. r-ond firfn"olH"oltte"tiiiio
alals t mlrai-ulotis cures. Ten ilisys" trcatmont
'n-"!! nmlL If von or.lor trial -onrt We lp taalps
opnv'jH.-taKP Dlt It II ClllTN' MiN-.Atlantn.tJn.
'umiirtor trial ivturn tlilt ailrortiM"nHiir tum
A few iii'i.illy ?'! tilings in flothins
and i'loakt. lOerthein. Your money back
if y u want it.
2ih wtnarktts. ro'or bl:ck. dark blue,
blown, drab; iTo .5 to .Ts, at 1.7." each.
Tiio-o are wot t!i :V to Sr.0.
Mi-vse- I.otitr loal.-. - 7o s to 12 years, in
u:ty eardiis-il and dt-e) led at oue-lialf
Ladies" Cloaks. -5 uii-hes lonjr, blaek, blue,
bronn and lanatl yand12 ."'. Tlie-e
ate elesasit I'aitiiciits and ate M,ld ewry
w lien at S!. 0 to rJ n
A full line of i ur Cap s. The leader a
beautiful I lack Coaly 1 in. '! inches long at
A strict Jy all v ool t he'-iot s?uit, and a
dark Giay a-sinn-ic Milt, that retailed
three days, :iro for I ;.') Now r, ,o
"Our I.etiMi r is a suit made as stylish
atid v:ell as anj tailor-made j:iraieiiic:in
le. They are cm: fiom the b. st materials
and M'il oo:y v.ner at from J-s-.M) toSI.'-SO.
Our price is now s5! J 'a.
A genuine Cib::nb':i:i Melton. Kercy or
Heaver letvo-.t in blue, black, brown or
i foril, tit.nle wi ban ey eto solid w tsar a
well as style, and retailed everywhere at
SI2.rO. Our price. s."
HhjV Cape Oxer-coats, aces I to 14. in
Cheviots and Cassiuit res. . it tI ""-
Hoys" Oeiooats. vi;,- 14 ;o 13 years, made
of Hrov a Melton at ?SI i'
vfflls STOVE REPAIRS
U nte at once f r
Omaha oe llcta.r 'Aorks, 12C9 Douglas St Omaha
Thr . 31. OCX-
SAl'l. 0.. Mfrs.
rd.tob crsof Brusbcs
ot ait Lind-. MHSLtai itcntiou iuid to onser
aoi'JL. 2C3 to 1C3j to iStUsi.. Uaiafca.
U?S2JTCf5 At .witt l:-ndlc crar SAFETY
yVSfS i r: I-AMi I ol.'Ki: fvtrvliouseant
itr''" " h e- llj v-Mhem. No money
r ca red f sai fsc y r for cc ;rerivn
siaua m'lci ,.tv o j-S I i? c? st,. Omaha
f J ft fVr SI EX and DOTS. If yo
I: I tS !' ,vant IO saTe ' rom to no tw on
la lit - ,, tr-Htt - nrrr now Fail
Catalogue, coiitrumn samples of exoth
NEBRASKA CLu'fHSNC CO.,
Cur lliii kuC Douglas Sis . Omaia.
ITTy -. n2f
DAIRY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
Bow Successful Farmers Operate This
Department of the Homestead Hints
as to the Care of Lite Stock and
Dressinie and Shipping Poultry.
In the first place, poultry should be
kept without food twenty-four hours;
full crops injure the appearance and are
liable to sour, and when this does oc
cur, correspondingly lower prices must
be accepted than obtainable for choice
stock. Never kill poultry by wringing
To Dress Chicken's Kill by bleed
ing1 in the mouth or opening the
veins of the neck; hang b3T the
feet until properly bled. Leave
head and feet on and do not remove
intestines nor crop. Scalded chickens
sell best to home trade, and dry picked
best to shippers, so that either manner
of dressing will do if properly exe
cuted. For scalding chickens the water
should be as near the boiling point as
possible, without boiling; pick the legs
dry before scalding; hold by the head
and legs and immerse and lift up and
down three times; if the head is im
mersed it turns the color of the comb
and gives the eyes :i shrunken appear
ance, which leads buyers to think the
fowl has btcn sick; the feather and
pin feathers should then be removed
immediately very cleanly, and without
breaking the skin; then 'plump"' by
dipping ten seconds in water nearly or
quite boiling hot, and then immediate
ly into cold water; hang in a cool
place until the animal heat i? entirely
out of tlse body. To dry pick chickens
properly, the work should he done
while the chickens are bleeding: do
not wait and let the bodies get cold.
Dry picking is much more easily done
while the bodies pre warm. I!e care
ful and do not bieak and tear the .-kin.
To Dkkss TritKKYS. Observe the
same instruction-, as given for prepar
ing chickens, but always dry pick.
Dressed turkeys, when dry picked, al
ways sell best and command better
prices than scalded lots, as the appear
ance is brighter and more attractive.
'Kndeavor to market all old and heavy
gobblers before .Ian. 1, as after the
holidays the demand is for small, fat
hen turkeys only, old Toms being sold
at a discount to canners.
Ducks axi) (iKKSK Should be scalded
in the same temperature of water as
for other kinds of poultry, but it re
quires more time for the water to pen
etrate and loosen the feathers. Some
parties advise, after scalding, to wrap
them in a blanket for the purpose of
steamirg, but they must not be left in
,this condition long enough to cook the
ileh. Do not undertake to dry pick
geese and ducks just before killing for
the purpose of saving the feathers, as
it causes the t kin to become very much
inUamed and is a, jreat injury to the
ale. Do not pick the feathers off the
head: leave the feathers on for two or
three incites on the neck. Do not
singe the bodies for the purpose of te
.moving any down or hair, as the heat
from the flame will give them an oily
and unsightly appearance. After they
are picked clean they should be held
in scalding water about ten seconds
for the purpose of plumping, and then
rinsed off in clean, cold water. Fat,
heavy stock is always preferred.
lSefore packing and shipping, poul
try should be thoroughly dry and cold,
but not frozen; the animal heat should
be entirely out of the body; pack in
boxes or barrels; boxes holding 100 to
200 lbs are preferable, and pack
snugly; straighten out the body and
legs, sc that they will not arrive very
much bent and twisted out of shape;
fill the packages as full as possible to
prevent moving about on the way; bar
rels answer better for chickens and
ducks than for turkeys or geese; when
convenient, avoid putting more than
one kind in a package, mark kind and
weight of each description on the
package and mark shipping directions
plainly on the cover.
Canadian Dairy Figures.
Some dairy statistics recently pub
lished ! the Canadian government
contain home interesting1 suggestions
to American butter makers. In a table
comparir,r the prices obtained for
'dairy an 1 creamery butter in the
wholesale market of Toronto, it is
'shown that between .tune, 18!i- and
May. ISn.'J. the average of the lowest
'prices paid for butter wan lo.o, and the
average of the highest prices lS.ii. while
the average of creamery butter for the
same period was 3.G. IJetween June,
1SI3. and May. 1894. the average of the
lowest prices for dairy butter was 1..4,
and the average of the highest prices
10.(5, while the average priee of cream
ery butter for the same ijeriodis given
as 23.7. It will be .seen from these
figures that creamery butter sells 8 to
10 cents higher than the poorest dairy,
and from 4 to ." cents higher than the
best dairy butter. It costs from 3l2 to
4 J4 cents a pound to get creamery but
ter manufactured. A dairyman will
then have more for his butter, after
paying for the making, by having it
manufactured at a creamerv. In other
words he will receive more for his cream
than he will for his butter, if made '
at home. This table of Toronto whole
sale prices sets forth anothr:mpii taut
jaet. While the average pr e-- for ,
i-rea.nery butter for the past year va '
.just the same as for the year previous,
Uhe average of the hhf,t ptiee f r
.dairy butter mis one cent higher, and
the avetage of the lowest prices : o
cents hijrher than during the -'i.- Ions '
year. This wsii 1 'h- a i;h .m aw rage
of one and one ! t'-f e- !, por potwid; '
therefore the qua!i' f our dairy but
ter during the year has greatly im- j
proved. The increase in value of our
,r0, COO. 000 pounds of dairy butter by
one and one half cents per pound i
means an increased return of $7.10.000.
This improvement in tiv quality of
our dairy butter is due, in a very large (
measure, to the work of the '"traveling 1
dairies.' says the Farmer" Advocate, t
They have developed a spirit of inquiry j
and a desire on the pari of farmers for
the most improved churns, butter
workers, butter prints and all the lat-
est appliances for successful hu;ter
making. They have shown the peo
ple in a practical maimer how to make J
good butter, and the best method to J
adopt to secure a uniform article; and, ,
more than these, they have given ob
ject lessons of the proper handling of '
butter so as to fit it for market, and in I
this regard have been so instrumental '
in cultivating a taste for neatness and
care in packing- butter and preparing
it for the consumer that they have well '
repaid for the expenditure, if nothing !
more were accomplished.
Ix one ton of corn stalks there are,
seventeen pounds nitrogen, eighteen
pounds potash and forty pounds phos
phoric acid, worth as a manure S4.7G
Marriage In Russia.
In Russia people may not marry a
fourth time, nor after they are eighty.
Growth of Cora.
At the Illinois experiment station ob
servations have been made, for several
years, of the relation of growth of corn
to weather conditions, and the amount
of growth at different times. As a re
sult of those obseravations the follow
ing conditions have been found to
exist: The higher temperature the bet
ter the corn growth, and according to
the observations made heat seemed to
be more beneficial than rain. The
most rapid growth in height was made
between 3 and G feet tall. It grew 2
feet per week for two weeks in succes
sion the last of June. 1S90. The ex
cessive rain of April, May and June,
1892, prevented the same growth of
corn as in the previous years during
these months, but about 3 inches in
height per day was made in the last
week in July, 1S92. The table shows
tha't in the first three years the corn
reached its maximum height eight
weeks after it was 1 foot high, but in
1892 it kept on increasing in height for
ten weeks from this time. No uniform
relation between growth of plant and
meteorological conditions can be ex
actly traced from these figures, which
cover a period of four years of observations."
Value of Cold Storage.
With the introduction of the tele
phone, electric appliances of all sorts
and the scores of improvements that
every year brings us, facilities for cold
storage will come in time, and no verv
long time at that, says New York
Ledger. It will be among the easy
possibilities to have a series of pipes so
arranged that air at a very low tem
perature will be supplied to households
in the same way as we now get water
and gas. When that day eomes,house
keeping will have lost at least one of
its terrors. The possibility of pur
chasing supplies in reasonable quantity
and feeling assured that they will not
spoil on account of the ice running out,
will be a comfort that every house
holder will appreciate. Half of the
cost of living in some families comes
from waste because of no facility for
keeping articles purchased. Stale
food is objected to on the score of
health as well as taste, and ought
never to be used under any circum
stances. The atmosphere of ail dense
ly populated districts is too full
of disease germs to make it safe
to cat anything that has long been
exposed to the air at the ordinary
temperature. While extreme cold may
not kill existing germs, it prevents
their accumulation. Given an article
'in fresh and healthy condition and it
tnay be kept for a very long time in
icold storage without the slightest
tdeterioration. Vegetables, fresh fruits
"and very many of the delicacies of life
meed only extreme cold to keep them
,in usual condition, provided the tem
'perature is steadily maintained, but
this must not vary to anjr appreciable
.extent. Metal, earthen or stone recep
tacles with suitable air chambers will
be arranged for every household, and
the supply will come, perhaps, by
meter or other easily arranged rates.
When the happy day dawns we may
have fruit juices, the most dclieate
dishes and the most practical produc
tions with very little cost above the
original amount paid for them. The
health of families will be improved,
and with it the tempers, and this will
be but one of the beneficent uses of
Fruit and Vegetables Profitable.
Prof. Wm. It. Lazenby, than whom
there is no more competent man to
make the statement, aflirms that he
never knew of a community where
fruit and vegetable growing was over
done. We believe this to be true, and
from a rather wide observation we be
lieve that this business is one that
creates a permanent demand when in
augurated in any district, no matter
how unpromising it may have appeared
to be, when begun. We know of com
'munities where the ones who first
started out in this line were looked
upon as visionaries who would never
make the business pay. but who are now
enjoying a competence, while others
are making money by following in
ttheir footsteps. The truth is that the
more of a certain line of goods or pro
ducts of any kind there Ls produced in
any communit the wider becomes its
reputation in this respect, and the more
buyers there are who are attracted to
it. Certain districts in Ohio, for in
stance, arc noted for their onion crops
in all the markets of the country, and
buyers from distant points regularly
visit those districts to purchase the
crops. Others are just as well known
for the production of strawberries, and
the demand reaches as far as Chicago
on the west and to distant points in
other directions. So with other crops
of this class. Grapes, berries, potatoes
or any other crop grown by horticult
urists, if grown in large quantities in
any section of the country, become ob
jects of competition among large buy
ers and good prices rule. If the mar
ket is not so wide as in case of small
growers there is always a permanent
demand at home up to certain limits,
and as soon as this is readied other
markets are opened. There is not the
least danger of horticulture being
overdone in this country for a long
Skcuke a Water Sitit.t. Through
out a very wide range of eountry,farm
crs have suffered seriously from
drouth during the past season.
Drouths have become of such fre
quent recurrence that where it can be
done with any reasonable outlay,
there is no farm improvement which
will pay a better return than a good
water supply a suppl- sufficient for
at least the irrigation of part of the
A FRKNCII COW OF THE ORDINARY TYPE. FROM FARMERS' REVIEW.
i T - - rz
Keeping; Sweet Potatoes.
Prof. W. F. Massey of the North
Carolina experiment station, gives the
following method of keeping sweet
potatoes. It was written for the cli
mate and facilities of that state. In
Ohio and neighboring states some other
material, straw or leaves, would have
to be substituted for "pine straw," and
the earth covering would need to be
deeper. Prof. Massey says:
The following method I have found
to keep sweet potatoes in perfect order
until June. Procure a good supply of
pine straw from the woods in a dry
time and keep it under cover ready for
use. Dig the potatoes as soon as the
frost cuts the vines. If not convenient
to dig at once, cut the frosted vines off
at once or they will harbor fungus
growth that will damage the potatoes.
Dig on a warm, sunny day lay the
potatoes along the row as dug, and do
not allow them to be bruised
by throwing into piles. Handle
at all times as gently as eggs. Allow
them to lie in the sun during the day,
and in the evening haul to a conveni
ent place. Place good layer a foot
thick of pine straw on the ground, and
on this pile the potatoes in steep heaps,
not over twenty-five bushels in a pile.
Cover the piles thickly all over with
the dry straw now build a rough
board shed over the piles, and let them
remain until the weather grows colder,
or until thej have gone through a
sweat and dried off. Then cover the
heaps with earth six or eight incites
thick and beat smooth. The import
ant points are the sweating under the
previous eover of the pine straw before
covering with earth, very careful hand
ling, and the board cover over head.
Dry earth keeps out more cold than wet
earth. If for family use.put in smaller
piles and take up an entire heap at
once for use, keeping them in a dry,
warm place while using.
.Mummy" Wheat Will Not Grow.
It has been published repeatedly as a
fact that wheat taken from deposits
made with Egyptian mummies will
grow when planted, though it be 3,000
or more years old. There is no truth
in. these stories. How they originated
is told by a recent Egyptian traveler.
Every visitor to Egypt is called on to
purchase what the seller impudently
declares to be mummy wheat, but
which is really wheat of the present or
last season's crop. Sometimes a man
is found credulous enough to buy some
of this so called mummy wheat, and,
of course, it grows when planted.
Some of them have even shown grains
of Indian corn as the grain they have
found in Egyptian tombs, though this
is an exclusively American cereal, not
known in the old world until after Co
lumbus discovered America. This very
year Lord Sheffield, of England,
brought home some wheat that he
found in a newly opened tomb. It was
duly planted, but not a single grain
germinated, though placed under the
most favorable conditions for growing.
Vitality- of Sheds. Fifteen years
ago Prof. W. J. Deal buried twenty
lots of fifty seeds each of twenty-one
species, mostly weeds, the seeds being
mixed with damp sand and placed in
eight ounco bottles. After the end of
five years, and again at the end of ten
years these seeds were tested, and now
at the end of fifteen years an addi
tional test has been made, which shows
thai many of the seeds still retain
their vitality. They were sowed this
spring, and are still coming up. The
seeds of some weeds belonging to the
mustard family, like shepherd's purse
and pepper grass, all retain their
germinative power, while those of May
weed (anthenis cotula), evening prim
rose, purslane, narrow dock and mul
lein are still very much alive. In
another paper on the "Vitality of
Clover Seed,"' Ur. Ueal stated "that
some twelve years ago he selected from
a second crop of red clover the seeds of
fifty good heads from five plants, which
were placed in a glass bottle and ex
posed to the light. On the first of
June of this year fifty seeds of each lot
were tested, and a month later a sec
ond lot were tested, which showed
that an average of 30 per cent germi
nated. As a practical matter, farmers
may. therefore, rest assured that if
their elovereetl is well cured and kept
free from insects and vermin, there is
little danger but that it will germinate
for at least five years.
Heady Cash Auvavs. Eggs are
cash in market at all seasons, and the
returns from the hens come in daily.
With a choice llcck of hens the home
market the farmer's table is the
most important, for the hens enable
him to have a fresh stpply during all
seasons. We know of a poultryman
living in the suburbs of a large city
who claims that his hens not only pro
vide him with an abundance of eggs,
with occasional poultry, but enable
him to purchase all the milk and veg
etables required for his family of five
persons, yet he goes to his work at
of clock in the morning1 and is not home
in the evening until 7, his little boy
attending to feeding the Hock and col
lecting the eggs before and after
school hours, the cleaning of the poul
try house being done on Saturdays for
a small consideration. The neighbors
come to his house to buy his fresh
eg5i P"yin? cash for all they receive.
There is no waiting for crops to grow
or sending oft' to the city markets, but
every day the hens give cash returns
and pay well. Mirror and Farmer.
It isn't too early to single out the
roaster that is to grace the table the
The cranberry crop is only one-half
of the average and prices an likely to
Many of the finest woods in exist
ence are yet unknown, or only slightly
known, to the manufacturers of wood
in the civilized world. The woods of
Central and South America are, per-J
haps, the most remarkable as well as
the least known. In the yet untouched!
forests of this continent are many
woods far finer than any of those now
in use. These woods range from pure
white to jet black in color, and many
of them are most beautifully marked
and veined. Some of them are so hard'
that they turn the edges of axes, chis
els and other tools, while the band saw
cuts them only slowly. In the Colum
bian exposition there were many dis
plays of little known woods, and the
finest of them were those from Argen
tine Republic, Brazil and other South
American countries. Some of these
southern woods yielded to the teeth
of the band saw, not the ordinary saw
dust, but fine powder, fine as the
finest Hour, so hard were the
woods. Some of them burnt but
slowly. Others possess qualities that
keep them free front insects. Some of
them seemed to be practically inde
structible by air and water. All along
the eastern slopes of the Andes, up to
the snow line on those great eleva
tions, throughout all the great river
valleys, and in some of the wide areas
of level country in South America, are
great forests of tine woods that are es
pecially lit for tlse finest cabinet and
furniture work, and also for shipbuild
ing, carpentry and other industrial arts
in which wood is the "raw material.''
These great forests are now an un
known quantity in the commercial
world, but they will come rapidly into
the knowledge of men and into indus
trial use when once the railroad has
reached them, i'efore main year., it
is safe to predict, the South American
and Central American republics will be
threaded by railroads, and then thoe
wonderful woods will be drawn upon
to supply the demand for new and fine
woods in all the civilized countries.
Check the Weeds. We never liked
the practice of letting the weeds grow
until their seeds were ripened, which
is often defended by the plea that they
can then be gathered together and
burned. A great many weed seeds are
shelled in cutting or pulling tho weed
and getting it to the heap. Then un
less some dry wood is used to make an
extremely hot fire, it is by no means
certain that all the weetl seeds will be
destroyed. The heat of fire bursts the
seed pods, and they fall to the earth. If
the lire burns slowly without much
heat, the carbonic acid gas which is
thus developed does not rise and be
dissipated into the air. but remains at
the bottom to burn. The weed seeds
are thus protected, "and will often
spring up. especially around the edges
of the fire where a heap of weeds was
burned the previous year. lis.
A Tested Cow. The exhibitions ox
the IJabcock tester at many of the ag
ricultural fairs has been a useful ad
vertisement for it. and an excellent
object lesson for the dairymen, who
should use it to test their milk at home,
that they may learn which cows give
the best milk. However, we should
not care to buy or condemn a cow
because of the ie.su It of a test made
under the condition of an animal in a
strange place and surrounded by thou
sands of strangers. We do not know
enough about it yet to know whether
there would be an excitement that
would increase or decrease the fat in
the milk from its normal condition.
And the results would be apt to vary
much with different animals. An old
stager that had been taken to a dozen
or more fairs might not notice it at all.
while a younger, nervous heifer, never
away from home before, might be
greatly excited by her strange sur
Colokixo Oi.eo. Oleo is a villainous
brand simply because it is only sold as
butter. If every state would pass a
law making it a criminal offense in the
manufacture to color it. the stuff
would die of its own accord. It tastes
like white lard, and it naturally look,
like white lard, and it is a sin and a
shame that it should be allowed to
masquerade as yellow baiter. The
south is the neculiar victim of this
fraud, and yet there is hardly a state
below the line that has the usual oleo
law.-, against its fraudulent sale.
Hence, we say. encourage dairy organi
zation. Elgin Dairy Ueeocd,
AuTinciAL Leather. --A new material
is proposed as a substitute for leather.
It is called "Hexus libra" and is derived
from llax. suitably prepared and oiled.
It has the tame appearance as leather,
is particularly supple and takes a, pol
ish equally well with the best kinds of
calf. The material is taid to possess
great tenacity, while affording great
extse and comfort to the foot when
made into shoes. Flexus libra, being
of vegetable origin, is calculated also
to facilitate free ventilation and there
by to obviate the discomfort arising
from what is called "drawing"' the
Any Fool Can't F.i:m. The farmer
in whatever branch of agriculture he
may be engaged, who neglects to study
carefully the commercial aspects of his
occupation, will fall far short of real
izing the best profit that is possible
from it. He must watch the markets,
know when and where and how to sell,
where to buy. the value of cash pur
chases, and all the detail that goes to
the making of a successful market.
All of which goes to disprove the"
saying that "any fool can farm."
Fraud in SSO Gold Coins.
Boston Journal: A new system of
fraud has made its appearance upon
the larger denominations of our gold
coins. New and nnworn pieces are se
lected, that they may circulate with
less suspicion, and the circumffence
and weight slightly reduced, to the ex
tent, say, of 75 cents to a dollar, oy
turning down the milling on the edge
and remilling it. In the absence of
scales this fraud can only be detected
by comparison with a piece that one is
sure has not been tampered with. Sev
eral of such coins have been stopped at
the Boston sub-treasury. They were
"hieily S20 gold pieces.
Hardiness of the Crape Myrtle.
Philadelphia is about as far north as
the crape myrtle grows hardy. Though
killed to the ground, it will push up
and flower like a herbaceous plant.
Possiblv it would give an attraction to
gardens in this herbacious way, much
farther north than Philadelphia. Sev
eral correspondents write that it is not
always killed down even so far north
as Philadelphia. One at Chestnut Hill,
a part of Philadelphia, instances a spec
imen five to six feet high, which must
have passed several winters unharmed.
State of Ohio. Citt of Toledo, )
Lucas Count v. f""
Fuaxk J. Cheney makes oath that ho is
tho senior partner of the firm of F. J. Che
ney & Co., doing business in the City of
Toledo, County and State aforesaid, and
that said firm will pnv tho sum of ONE
HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and every
ease of Cataukh that can not bo cured by
the uso of Hall's Cat.i:i:ii Cuke.
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before mc and subscribed in my
presence this Cth dnj' of December, A. D.
- A. W. GLEASON,
SEAL Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and
acts directly on tho blood mid mucous sur
faces of thesvstetn. Send for testimonials,
free. " F. J. CHENEY & CO.,
C3fSold bv Druggists, ".To.
Hall's Family Tills, .
How to Itea.il.
We cannot too strongly impress every
daughter with the fact that habits of
reading are wonderfully powerful.
Early learn to read only good books,
and read them critically and thought
fully. The purpose for which we read
a book must not be mere pleasure. We
must aim to obtain and retain the
author's thought and meaning. Few
good books do not have some particular
question upon which they dwell strong
ly. A few well directed questions from
father, mother or brother will help to
bring this to light, and in audition will
enforce the fact that an opinion of one's
own is of more value than a dozen that
were begged, borrowed or stoldn from
some eminent man or woman. Many
people regret that they were not early
taught to consider the author's name a
portion of the title of his book and are
continually remarking, "Oh, I can't re
member who wrote that book." Mil
The Host Magazine and the Cheapest.
In the present increase of cheap tnaa.ines j
it is well to remember that those which retail
at ten cents are sold at but a few cents above
the cost of the paper anil printing. Judged by
mere bulk they contain hanlly half the amount ,
of reailitig matter that is founil in the larger
magazines, and however interesting they mav
be the features that haemaile the American
magazines, and especially "The Ccnturv." .
famous throughout the world, arc not possible '
in these lower priced perodical". Among these
features are great historical and biographical
works such as the War l'apers. upon which
there was expended for text and illustration '
bome-a)),0Wi: the "Life of Lincoln."' for the
right to publish which in "The Onturv Maga
7ine" the authors were piid r.VUHiO: the "Auto
biography ot Joseph Jefferson, etc. Paper i
and printing are only two of nunv items of cost
which go into such a magaine as "The
In a line with its other great enterprises The
Century Co. is now beginning what is pro
"THE BEST LIFE OI" NAPOLEON VET '
It is by Professor William M Sloane. and is
not a mere series of reproductions of prints and
pictures, but a historical work of the first im
portance. Professor Sloane has been engaged
upon it lor ears much cf thetime having been
spent bv him in Prance, where he h id access
to the national archives: and all the recently
discovered memoirs and reminiscences have
been at his disposal. To illustrate this great
history The Century Co. have made special
arrangements with nia'.y modern artists tor the
exclusive reproduction of masterpieces of
modern art relating to Napoleon and i'l addi
tion, there will be original drawings made
directly for the magazine bv a great number of
French and American artists.
This is only one of many features for the
coming year. In addition, such a magazine as
"The Century" finds it po-sible in its paper,
printing and general typographical excellence
to preserve the best traditions of the art of
book-making, and each number of the maga
zine, selling for thiity-llve cents, contains in
well-printed and convenient form an amount of ,
literary and art material which could not be
secured in ordinary book form for less than live
dollars. The high standard of ' The Centurv '
in all its depsrtments will be mote than mnn
t'lincd during the coming year. Can you afford
to be without such an educational inlluence m
The Language of Flower.
A lady received a box of llowers with
a name inclosed she had known in her ,
younger days. Hie at first could not
quite understand their meaning. he ,
studied them all carefully, thought out
their meaning and put them m ihe fol
lowing order, when she could read
their language clearly .loy. blue peri
winkle, rosemary, arbor vita1, fritil
l.iry: "My dear friend. Early friend
ship's remembrances ate unchanged.
Will you permit me to call?"' The lady
returned her card with a simple spray
of wisteria, which was interpreted
"Welcome."' Florists often have in
quiries for llowers with sentiment. The
language of the ross. lilly of the valley.
carnation, violet, pausv. jonquil and
: 11.. T.i um I
iiiircsssus iii u cmji iin v eiiusuii. i ncu
Dutch hyacinths "their bells do ring a
looking for spring"' they are much in
demand. If you add a spray of fine
fern, it adds sincerity to your senti
ments A Christmas Woman's Magazine.
The sparkle of bright music, in a new
ballad by Sir Arthur Sullivan, entitled
"Hid Me at Least Good-Dye,'" adds
much to the pages of the Christmas
Ladies' Home Journal, in which the full
piano score and words are given. Frank
Stockton opens one of his cleverest
tales with an equally clever title "As
One Woman to Another;"' Eugene Field
is particularly happy in a striking bit
of character verse, to which a whole
page of illustrations is well given. As
a whole it is a clever number. The sub
scription price of the Ladies Home
Journal is one dollar per year. Pub
lished by the Curtis Publishing com
pany, of Philadelphia.
A Famous Show of ISeauty.
The show of distinguished beauty,
transfixed by famous artists, which is
now taking place at the Academy of
Fine Arts in New York, has been an
ticipated by the Cosmopolitan Maga
zine in its November issue, in an arti
cle by m. A. Coffin, with illustrations
of some of the more beautiful faces.
The "Great Passions of History" series
has for this month's subject the roman
tic career of Agnes Sorel. who influ
enced the destinies of France muter
l harles VII. "The Art Sehools of
America," "The Great liritish North
west Territory." "The Chiefs of the
American Press," ami the "Public
Library Movement." are amongst thi
Cosmopolitan's table of contents. Sur
vivors of the war and their children
will find intense interest in "'1 lie Story
of a Thousand," a pleasant narative be
gun in this number by Albion W. Tour
gee, who tells in a graphic way, of a
regiment which snw tierce service of
its organization, its marches, its snorts,
and its death-roll.
Love is a game at which 1 otn plavers al
The raw silk from Kansas cocoons is sniii
to Lc tho Lest in the world.
ksssR jsii) Jcr'
gfeMV i-f ; v-wti
Highest of all in leavening
Economy requires that in every receipt calling
for baking powder the Royal shall be used. It
will go further and make the food lighter, sweeter
of finer flavor, more digestible and wholesome.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., 106 WALL ST., NEW YORK.
Hon- to I la tig a Gate.
Big a large-sized hole for the post
three or four feet deep. Place the tip
end of the post in the hole with the
end well charred to prevent rotting-,
The butt will be above the ground.
Hefore placing the post in the hole
make the portion to be above ground
of even size or diameter. The portion
to be in the ground should be flattened
or cut square to prevent turning1 when
placed permanently in position. Use
the plumb line when setting to obtain
the correct position. The post should
lean back from the catch post an inch
and incline IS in from the side the
gate opens on. This will cause the
gate to shut itself when half open or
stay open when opened for a team.
Fill around the post with recks and
earth well beaten in. lie careful not
to get the post out of its position, then
hang the gate, and you will be surpris
ed to see how nicely it will work. Set
ting and fastening the post is the prin
cinal thine W. A. Sharp, Greenbrier
Co., W. Va.
A Uross Act of Cruelty.
Why shoulil vvebe cruel to ourselves? It is
a piece of senseless inhumanity, for instance,
for any one of us to inflict upon his bowels
and stomach the convulsive. fripinK. violent
action of a drastic cathartic. Many people
enamored of pills, powders and potions are
continually doln this. They are only "keep
ing up the OKony." perpetuating the disturln
tnce, by this foolish course. Who don't they
take ilostctter's Stomach Bitters and uet
thoroughly and promptly set rijtnt' This
supreme laxative never pripes, never pro
luces violent effects of any sort. Yet It is
very effective and brings about permanent
results. For liver complaint, dyspepsia, ner
vousness, lack of vitality, rheumatic and kid
ncv complaints, it is eminently serviceable,
in old u:;euml to accelerate convalescence it
is strongly to be commended. Use it for
Newspapers Left In Cars.
New York Sun: "What o you do
with all the newspapers you collect?"
asked a passenger of an elevated rail
road conductor as he left the train at
the city hall station, and following the
example of half a dozfen other passen
gers, handed a morning- paper to the
conductor and saw him add it to a
bunch already bulging- in his pocket.
"Oh. give 'em to the engineers, fire
men, ticket choppers, yardmen, track
repairers and others along the line,"'
was the reply. "They look to us regu
larly for their favorite paper, and we
always have more than enough of all
sorts to go round."'
"Kody Rested. Mlnil at Eac."
That is vvlmt it is when traveling oil the
fast trains of the Chicago, Milwaukee &
St. Paul Hailvvny; besides there is no
chance to "kick," for the accommodations
nre up to date, the trains keep moving
right along and get thero on time. These
lines thoroughly cover the territory be
tween Chicngo. La Crosse, St. Paul, Minne
apolis, Aberdeen, Mitchell. Sioux Falls,
Sioux City, Yankton. Council Blutfs, Onin
hn, and Northern Michigan. All the prin
cipal cities and town in that territory are
readied by the "St. Paul" Hues, con
necting at St. Paul. Council PdufFs and
Oninha with all lines for points in the far
west. Wiite to Geo. If HealYbrd. General
Passenger and Ticl.o1: Agent. Chicago, III.,
for one of their new map time tables and a
brochure giving a description of the new
Compartment Sleeping Cars. Tickets
furnished by any coupon ticket agent in
the United States "nnd Canada. The finest
dining ears in the world are run on the
f olid vestibttled, electric lighted nnd steam
n tted trains of the Chicago, M Ivvaukee &
&t. Paul Railway.
The Old Men of Today.
This is supposed to be the era of
young men, but the truth is there were
never more famous old men on deck
than we have today.
Mr. Gladstone is ." and M. .1 tiles Si
mon is So. Doth are physically strong
and active, and they are now doing
some of their best work.
Donaldo, when past w0 and utterly
blind, stormed Constantinople. Titian
was painting- his finest picture when he
tiied in his 10)th year. Sir Isaac New
ton was president of the Uoyal Society
at the age of .3, and Landor finished
his "Imaginary Conservations" at the
age of $.. Itrougham was a strong de
bater at SO. and Lyndhurst when over
! ). spoke in the house of lords. Frank
lin was governor of Pennsylvania at
the age of :. and we now nave Morrill
in the senate at SI, and Oliver Wendell
Holmes, who tiied recently at the a-e
of s.v was as brilliant as ever. Atlan
The lsiek that won't 1 end will sonio dav
have to break.
Life is not worth living unV-s you live it
for soniel txlv else.
Brings comfort and improvement and
tends to jversonal enjoyment when
rightly ued. The many, who live bet
ter than others and enjoy life more, with
loss exnendituro. bv more promptly
I adapting the world's best products to
the needs of physical being, will attest
! tlie value to health of the pure liquid
l laxative principles embraced in the
remedy, Syrup of Figs.
I its excellence is due to its presenting
in the form most acceptable and pleas
ant to the taste, the refreshing and truly
, beneficial properties of a jverfect lax-
ative; effectually cleansing the system,
i dispelling colds, headaches and levers
I and permanently curing constipation.
, It has given satisfaction to millions and
, met with the approval of the medical
I profession, because it acts on the Kid
j neys, Liver and Ilowels without weak
ening them and it is perfectly free from
! every objectionable substance.
Syrup of Fitrs is for sale by all drc
i gits in 50c and Si bottles, but it is man
ufactured by the Uaiiiornia r ig byrup
Co. only, whose name is printed on every
package, also the name, Syrup of Figs,
and being well informed, you will not
accept any substitute if offered.
" 0s fc-S
5iaWfSgnBK it.. -sV
strength. Latest U.S. Got. Food Report.
Tl-e Brightest I.iulit.
The great searchlight made -
General Electric company, and u:, -,
was exhibited at Chicago, afteruan! ,v
the Winter exposition, San 1 run.- s .
has found a final home ami nstmr
place at Mount Lowe. California 1 "s
estimated that the rays of ttus vv.nii.r
ful light can be seen at a ttistan. e f
200 miles when the air is i-lear - l'u ,i
Coe-'a Couch HaKun
Is the oldest and bst. It will 'Ti-ti. u;. , i
er than anj thing eLse. It Is alwa s tv if
The Christmas Number of Harper .
Magazine comes in a cover tirmttn n
colors from a special ihizn. nn i s
unusually strong in artistic featif. s
More than one hundred pa tures. sti t
by well-known names, illustratt is
stories, poems, and general arti.lt-
Only a trial of Pio's ( nrt fr ( inwu; i r,
is needed to convince tnt that it ! t i
remedv for Coughs, Asthma and Ilrnuihiti
The man who sj eaks the truth in i
will always talk to some )uqse
If the Many is Cutting Teeth.
Be sure and ue that oM ainl well tniil reimMr, ;
WI3LO':SootiuJ SvRir fur Children Teethii ,r
Sulphate of ntrophine is the onl ktv .
antidote for toad stool j.oison.
11 llinwn'H .Music tot it salve."
Warranto! tomreor u..in n find.,.. Ash -ur
druggist font. I'n-- llo-iits.
In everyone l.ut a Lov it i.a -i.D'1'
thoughtfulness to scratch the head
Winter TourNt Tickets Via the Unbi-.li
Are now ou sn'e to nil the winter resort '
the South, good returnm until June -1C.
Also Harvest Exitksion Iuke - t.
a'l points south on excursion dates Jn a-.
dition to nlove. Railroad nnd Steatnsin.
tickets to all j oiuts in tho Unite-. Si t
and Eruorn. at lowest rates. Fr rnfe .
tickets, excursion dates and full in '" i
tion or a copy of the Home Seeer-1.
call at Wabash Office, l.VfcJ Farnaxn . .
G. N Ci t v
N. W. P. Agt. Omaha . ..
You can tell by the flavor of the t
where tho bees have been.
Billiard Table, tecond-haiul rir 'i
cheap. Apply to or address, H. C Ami
ill S. lth St . Omaha.
Nine troubles out of ten will run i
you look them squarely in the fate
THE BUSINESS MANS LUNCH.
Hard Work and Indigestion ?o
Hand in Hand.
Concentrated thought, continued f l -the
stomach of :iecesary blood ii.i this '
also true of hard physical I.tbo-
When a five Iiore povvt r etiu'!- ft ."
to do ten horse-power work -.-' n :.
going to break. Very jtt. n r!r.- i '!
worked man coining from tin ti ! . .
oftice will "bolt" hi ! .i in .i
tites whiclt will taki h'.tirs tli. -t fi u
too, many foods ,:ro- lln.ut as im nil m th
stotuach "as a keg ot" nails would 1 11 t
fire tinder a boiur. The ill tw d :...! u'i
refuses to lo its work witi:ut thf yi
stimulus which it gets fioin tli- ji
ncrvts. The nerves areweik uit '
to break." because tie v d ut n t
nourishment tiiev retinue ftoui tit- l'.
finally the ill-used brain is tuirb.ll
awake whtsi t Ii- ovtrvvorkid mitt .it
tempts to find rest in bit!
The application of common .eiise n '
treatment of the stomach and the v '
system brings to the busy man the full
jovineut of life and he.dlhy digistiu ". I
he" takes l)r Pierce's 1'Icasant PelUN t.
relieve a bilious toniach or aftir a t
hearty meal, and Yr Pierce's t.oK
Medical Discovirv to purifv. enrich .r.-l
vitalise the blood." The " Pillcts" art tin-sugar-coated
pills made of highly coin ' i
trated vegetable ingredients whiilt n!i.
the stomach of all offending matters t
and thoroughly. They need oul b. t .
for a short time to cure the biliou-iv
constipation and stothfiiiucss. or ton
the liver; then the "Medical Disco
should be taken in teaspoouful lo-. s t
crease the blood and enrich it. It 'r.
peculiar effect upon the lining menibi
of the stomach and bowels, toning ej
strengthening (hem for all ttni-
whole system ft els the effect of ih r
blood coursing through the bol r .
nerves are vitalized and strengthen.
deadened, or put to sleep, as thf
celery compounds and nerve niittur. -
but refreshed and fed on the fix d t
need for health. If you sutfer front .
gestion. dyspepsia, nervousness, an.'
of the ills which come from iinpitr M
and tlisordered stomach, you can
ymtru-lf with Dr. Pierce's Golden M- 'u '
Discovery which can be obtained at t
drug store in the country.
a' I'elrat. b tt-t-Hamlet
t!i en u
Cear fui.l i
niri.)tB Valiomit ami St l'anl expouni"
Ilcion. saileri-l with Kl'I LKI'SV. iron a
ferinir. write to ' an.le will erul you our i .
tfliin..- how to lecnie-i Mcr. LION 'Klt K
Ti).Mt: TO Ktii'.-tH City. Mo.
TREES of GOLD "JSIFS?
Purbank'sSO Million "new creations." STAHK
Trees PREPAID evtrtwhere. SAFE ARRIVAL paar
Millions of the let trees7f)years'cxpenenee. i
crow: tliev "lUe tonaer anil bear belter." s .
MurUtJK STARK, !!.:, Louisiana, Mo., Rockport.lII.
1 Shonl.l rf?a! the iim.hr inn: I ' ' '
j ra--enjvr l?;iatim '.t ! tfci . i- -tt -"
I r.a.!, tntltlisi
"Southern iiuni'-tokcn fiaMe !r
It antaln OTf "ft rr T 'tttk" f '
fannor now luraUtt in t! .ttli ii i r r
i HnI a!pMf Infor'nat. u K-. I '
tfctr unfit r-inetl at ilan i e ter. I i
.i k Mi ir
( A-Mf.tnt (rne'al Pa- ii't
Sliis-uLitioasun sfiuly han.tli. I. Srnl '
( t us an. I rull inform iti.ia ?r.t r. In- r
Intiim. Invsirr,.'iits plas!. .l.'rs
Morton, Ward A. Co.. a A 4 Walls,:., s,evr i-r-.
i Exnitilnatio-i ami w v j.m t. isi o-.t
InTpniKiD. Srn.l fiir"lii-iors i.i.i.l- - !
fl LTUf K'-. FRSiT TRACTS
1 II I L!I ual iiiilcrfiirlrii;.'!."-'
each, ah Kail-. 1 1 a r
:i Itl.MV 1. .. vj". ,..i.-r . t
lloinrr. ,Wti f i'dii . ii'
BICKpOKD. IVn-ion A Patent Att'r. ' -Washington.
Worms in Horses.
Tne on!v sure cure for p n vt r
known is Meki'tee s slo (. ho -r.. t N
fails to tlestrov worm :t: h." '
i nogs or cats, an excellent icnv i' "
i?mil sixtv cents in 1'nitctl s'J'o
will scntl by mail, tilt tr-ss nu-.
ist anil piy nun tlftv tin's ! n
for S1.50 express raid. '. l''-1 ',
Mention name of paper
CUrttS Htrf Alt tli tAilS. ;
Cough Sjrup. Ti.-t- " L &
tt - 5 . Omaiia "
Ed Intlrae. s.H t? ir,c-iJ- j,, f.-3
Aloutluu tltU l'.tpor.
Powered by Open ONI