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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 28, 1892)
J" . " a &
THE OLD RELIABLE
Columbus - State - Bank I
(Oldest Bank in the State.)
".Pays Merest on Time Deposits
-"-"- . Mates Loans on Real Estata
lSiiJS SIGHT DRAFTS GN
York ami all
BXLII : STEAMSHIP : TICKETS,
BUYS GOOD NOTES
"Aad JJdjw iU Costomera when they Need Helm
OFFICERS A!tt DIBECTOIS t
LEANDEB GEBRAKD. Pres't.
B. H. HENBY, Vice Pres't.
JOHN STAUFFEB, Cashier.
Aricliorizcd Capital of 8500,000
Pid in Capital - 90,00
C. H. BHKLDON. Pros't.
C. A. NEWMAN, Cashier,
DANIEL SCHRAM. Asft tisSa,
5. H.Eheldon, J. P. Becker,
"Herman P. H.Oohlrioh, Carl Itionke,
Jonas WfJch, W. A. McAllister,
J. Henrv Wnrdeman, H. M. Winslow,
fieorm W. Galley, 8. C. Grpy,
Frank Borer, Arnold F. IL Oehlrich,
Ocnry Loseke, Gerhard iseke.
tVBank of deposit; interest allowed on time
deposits; boy and sell exchange on United States
:and Earope, and buy and sell available securities.
We shall bo pleased to receive your business. We
CSttett your patronage. 28decS7
Will Wmi lis
lnd all Kinds of Pumps.
PUMPS BEPAIBED ON SHORT
Eleventh Street, one door west of
Hagel & Co's.
We hare Just opened a new mill on M street.
Dtweite Bchroeders nonrmi: mill ana are l
riredto do ALL KINDS OF WOOD WOi
8TEEL AND IRON ROOFING AND
tV-AUordecs prsapUyattseded to. Cmllei
Careate and Trade Marks obtained, and aU Pat
cat business conducted for MODERATE FEES.
ODB OFFICE IS OPPOSITE D. 8. PATJiST
OFFICE. We have bo eub-ajKendes, all business
direct, hence we can transact patent business in
lees time and at LESS COST than, those rexnoto
Bead model, drawing, or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or not, free of
charge. Oar fee not due till patent is secured
A book, "How to Obtain Patenta," with refer
ences to actual clients in your state, county ox
town, sent free. Address
nt OXoe. WaSikLftoB,D?U,
? COME TO-
The Journal for Job Work
will 'furnish a
Gospel meetings are going on all
over the state.
The city schools of
have an enrollment of 409.
The recent improvements at Cedt
Rapids for 1892 aggregate f 2000.
Thomas Gray's little girl at taimyi
fell down staire and broke her arm.
Death is announced of Wm. H.
Hunter, county judge of Dodge county.
A three weeks' protracted meeting
at Giooon resulted in many conver
sions. John A. Croighton has donated $75.
000 toward founding a medical college
Swift & Co., the South Omaha pack
ers, are enlarging their great ice house
The farmers in the vicinity of Ong
have organized an association to build
A lodge of the Ancient Order of
United Workmen has been organized
Hayes Centre is the only town in
Nebraska that hnsn't a lightning rod
within its limits.
Hog cholera is reported as raging
badly in the vicinity of liurr and south
into Johnson county.
Many Gage county teachers are pre
paring to attend ihe stato convention
at Lincoln on the 27th inst.
A piece of wire fence flew up and
struck a 5-year-old Cuming county
boy in the eye. destroying his sight.
The Dixon Index says the Short
Lino company has dismissed all sec
tion men except the foremen all along
The next convention of the Cass
County Christian Kndeavor society
will be held at Weeping Water,
William Moodv. abrakeman on the
Union Pacific, lost three -lingers of his
right hand while coupling cars at
Articles of incorporation have been
filed during the year in the office of the
oounty cierlc involving a capital oi
Omaha complains because Uncle
Sam does not clean the snow from the
sidewatk surrounding his postofiice
block in the metropolis.
C. II. Barnard of Table Rock drpve
a horse into an unused well and the
animal had to bo killed before it could
be drawn to the surface.
Lincoln like Omaha, is having a
great religious awaKenin?. Tno meet
ings in the capital city are under the
direction of Dr. Chapman.
A Nebraska City man has filed a
claim against the telephone people for
cutting down his shade trees to give
them a chance to set out trees.
December 31 Crete will vote on the
proposition of issuing? 30. 000 in bonds
to purchase the water works plant now
the property of a corporation.
The Mercer is Omaha's newest and
best hotel cor. Twelfth and Howard
streets. Hates $2 to $4.50 per day.
150 rooms and GO connected with bath.
S. G. Bihrens of Macon went to bed
in an Omaha hotel leaving tho gas
turned on but the flame extinguished.
He was found almost unconscious but
C. S. Raymond, the reliable Omaha
Jeweler, corner 15th and Douglas Sts.t
has the largest assortment Vatche9,
Diamonds. Fine Jewelry, Solid Silver,
Etc., in the West.
Daniel Wenrick. an aged farmer of
Platte county, was killed in an attempt
to prevent bis team from running
away. Tho wagon loaded with straw,
passed over his body.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Feale of Xorth
Platte became the happy grand pa
rents of three children in one week,
one born at Curtis, one at Southland
and one at North Platte.
Rev. G. K. Deal resigned the general
agency of York college a few days ago.
but the board of trustees almost forced
him to resume his duties and he is now
at work again for the institution.
Milbourn & McGinnis' grain eleva
tor at Benkelman caught fire last teetc
from defects ia the boiler room, but
by prompt action of a volunteer bucket
brigade the fire was speedily placed
A man from Missouri who claimed
to be a minister of the gospel was ar
rested in Lincoln the other day. but
out of consideration for his nosition
and his feelings his name was not
placed on the register.
Six Omaha Chinamen have thus far
taken out the required certificates of
residence. They are Sam Toon of Nor
folk, Leo Loon, Leo Ling Pun. Leo Ah
Ivuon. Ham Ah Tohm of Omaha, and
Leo Lee of Pierre, S. D.
Captain Kay and his band of Salva
tionists are doing great work at Hol
stein. They have not only inaugurated
a successful crusade against sin and
misery, but have raised considerable
money to assist in building a mission
The twenty-seventh annual meeting
of the Nebraska State Teachers asso
ciation will convene here December 27
and continue in session three days. A
large attendance is expected, as &
number of quite important subjects
will be discussed,
M. J. Delpb, a young man who be
came suddenly insane a few days ago
at Nebraska City, was taken to,tke
asylum at Lincoln. He was very'vlo
lent. and although heavily ironed,
fought deperately before he could be
placed on the tram.
An educational rally was held at
McCook Wednesday night in the Met h-
'odist church to discuss the feasibility
of locating a Methodist university at
this place. Chancellor Creighton and
tome others in authority were in at
tendance and made speeches.
The Nebraska soldiers' association
has elected the following oXcers for
the ensuing year: Dr. A. Bowerx
president; Louis Laflin, rice president;
( J. Q. Goss, secretary; T. J. Majors.
. treasurer; John Gillespie, color bearer.
' Next winter's meeting will be held at
Omaha. The place of holding the
summer meeting has not been fixed.
i John Daiton of Wabash was taken
before the insanity board of Cass
county ana aeclared a ht su eject for
the asylum. Daiton was an inmate
once before, but was discharged. Late
Iv he has been chasing the inhabitants
of the vill8ge of Wabash with a gun.
I The hanks of Fremont have entered
1 into a eoaitact to do no more advertis
ing in the weekly papers and limit the
patronage of the dailet to $1 per
A man living somewhere between
Chester and Hebron eame to Byron last
Monday evening with a half barrel 'ot
fish German carp bf his own raising.
He said that his ponds were over
stocked and he had to drain them and.
tein a portion of the .fish out in order
to rear the rest properly.
The fifteenth anniversary of the or
ganization of the Unitarian church at
Tecumseh has just past The parish
was organized December 27, 1877. by
Mrs. Soule. now of Glasgow. Scotland,
with a membership of about twenty
persons, Mrs. De Long Avas the first
pastor and served for about five years.
L Sibberson of Columbus has tilea a
statement in the county court that even
should the contest case between him
and William Irwin for a seat in the
house -of representatives be decided in
his favor he would not qualify. The
fight against Irwin was instituted by
other parties without the consent oi
Deputy Sheriff Carney arrested H.E.
BrooKS for stealing a horse from Tom
Fischer and bridle and blanket from
Joe Sprey at Covington. The property
is alleged to have been soid by Brooks
at Leeds, la. Brooks was arrested at
the recruiting station in jSioux City
while he was trying to enlist in the
United States army.
Printers of I-incoln have prepared a
new schedule of wages to go into effect
tho first of the year. The new scale
provides for an increase from SO to S3
cents for day composition, and from 85
to SS cents for nighta Wages of night
foremen are increased from $24 to $25
and day foremen from $18 to $19. The
increase is all around nearly 10 per
A warranty deed was recorded last
week transferring 5, 668 acres of land
in Scotts Bluff county from the receiv
er o the Union Cattle company to the
Gosaen Hole Irrigation company. The
consideration named was only $1.00,
but as the land is almost entirejy sub
ject to irrigation from the Mitchell and
Horse Creek canals, its value is fully
O. E. Hall, of the state grange, found
his long lost brother Albert in Kearney
iast week. The brothers had been
separated for twenty-four years and
lost track of each other, Albert Hall
is a brother-in-law of Mayor Brady
and has lived in Kearney about a year.
Seeing his brother's initials in the paper
he hunted him up. The meeting was
an affecting one.
The town of Alvo. pn the Rock Is
land road in Cass county, was visited
by burglars last week. Four of the
five stores in the place were broken
into and enough merchandise to fill a
two-horse wagon was carried away.
On the same night the farm house of
A. Bomer, three miles east of Eaglo,
was visited and watchea money and
clothing taken. A sewing machine
agent who slept in the house lost all
his clothing except his hat.
Seward Crou6e of Kearney has re
cently received intelligence that he has
fallen heir to something over $1,000.
000. A cousin of his residing in Syr
acuse. N. Y., died aoout two weeits
ago. leaving an immense fortune, es
timated variously from $15, 000, 000 to
$20,000,000. It appears that the de
ceased, Daniel Edgar Crouse, had no
relatives nearer than cousins, and but
six of them survive him. and Mr.
Crouse of Kearney is one of them. He
is a well-to-do grain dealer.
The B. & M. has expended over
$100,000 at Seward in changing its
line, new buildings, etc during the
past summer and fall. It paid out
about $30,000 for right of way through
the city, built new lines for both the
Nebraska railway and the A. & N. A
fine new steel bridge was put in across
the Blue west of town for the Nebras
ka railway and a new woouen bridge
for the A. & N. A new passenger
depot, a large new freight house and
new water tank have been put in with
in two blocks of the public square.
Will Doneison and Tom Shaffer,
says the Shubert Gazette, were standing
by a table, examining revolvers, one of
which was loaded. Will took hold of
a loaded one that he supoosed was
empty. It was a self-cocker and was
discnarged, the ball passing through
the fleshy part of the leg of Shaffer,
about eight inches above the knee, on
the fron part of the leg. As it missed
the bone it passed through the limb
and struck the stove, from which it
"lanced and struck the stair door.
when it fell to the floor and was picked
F. C, Morrison, a brakeman on the
B. & M.. while uncoupling cars at
Crab Orchard caught bis foot in a frog
and before he coula release it be was
run down by a car and his leg terribly
mangled His foot was so badly
wedged in the frog that it could only
be released with the aid of apinchbar.
He was placed on the train and it was
hurried to Beatrice as fast as possible,
where an examination of his injuries
was made and amputation decided to
be necessary. At last accounts he was
resting as comfortably as could be ex
nected and it is thought he will sur
vive. Two very sad accidents occurred
near Harvard last week, both to boys,
one of whom was only seven, the other
fourteen years of age. Tho first was
the son of Mr. Wilson, living nine
miles northwest in Hamilton county.
who. while attempting to climb into
his father's wagon, as he was driving
from the house to the barn, lost his
hold and had his right leg caught be
tween the spokes and so badly crushed
that amputation was necessary. The
ether hoy was the son of George Galer,
living southwest of town, who had his
left hand caught in a well derrick and
the thumb was so mangled that he had
to have it amputated close to the
I A farmers1 institute was held in
I West Point last week. Prof: Stillson
of York, secretary of the Nebraska
Bee association, spoke on 'Bee Cul
ture, rroi. uussey oi vue Lincoln
university spoke on 'brasses and For
age Plants for Nebraska." C S. Bas
sett, secretary of the Dairymen's
association, exhibited some of the pro
cesses for testing butter and milk.
Prof. E. H. Stephens, d resident of the
State Horticultural - society, read two
instructive essays on Horticulture in
Nebraska." A large audience greeted
Prof Charles Ingersoll of the state uni
versity, who lectured upon "inaustry
( and Education. This institute proved
j instructive to everyone who attended.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER
It seems probable now that the Kick
apoo lands will be thrown open to set
tlement early next spring.
The report that Mr. Blaine has em
braced the Catholic faith is denied by
A Pinkerton watchman who was
'drunk; was aimost hung by a mob in
A train on the Newport News Ifne
was wrecked at Kddyville, Ky. The
conductor and mail agent were badly
The miners' and " merchants' ex
change of Creede. Col., has failed with
liabilities at $20, 000 and assets double
Senator Jones of Arkansas thinks
Senator Vest is. an egotistical idiot ang
does not hesitate to say so in very
In the senate Senator Washburn
mmA m hWi ftttht far th fiDti-OOtlOn
bill, but it went over until after the
It is said that Father Corrigan has
spurned propositions mado to him
looking to the dropping of the case
Mary McDonald of Columbus. O.,,
while lying on a sick bea, was brutally
sjtnnulted bv an unknown man while
the rest of the family were at dinner.
The fellow escaped.
Fifteen men who entered Oklahoma
territory before the president's proc
lamation was issued await trial for
perjury in the jail at Wichita. Kas.
An American sailor waliced 2o0 miles
through the ice and snow of Alaska to
bring help to a comrade.
James G. Blaine, jr., positively de
nies that any movement looking to the
reconciliation of himself and wife is
Washington Newnnd Noti
The military post authorized by the
act of congress approved May 12,
1882, to be established at, or near, the
city of Helena, in Lewis and Clarke
county, Mont, will be known and des
ignated as Fort Harrison in compli
ment to the president of the United
Representative Anthony of Texas,
introduced a bill in the house repeal
ing the act of June 17, 1890. granting
pensions to soldiers and sailors and to
widows, minor children and depend
ent parents of soldiers and sailors.
The bill also provides that all pensions
granted under the act shall be discon
tinued. The bouse committee on appropria
tions has vigorously slashed the- forti
fications appropriations bill and it will
be reported to the house early this
weeK by Mr. Breckenridgeof Kentucky,
chairman of the subcommittee. The
biil for the fiscal year carry an aggre
gate appropriation of about 85 per
cent less than the total amount for the
fiscal year. The total amount appro
priated for the new bill is $1,735,055,
while the account for the current year
aggregated $2,734,270 reduction of
Representative De Armond of Mis-
nmiri has introduced in the house a
resolution proviaing for the election
of the president and vice president by
the direct vote of the people, and a
distribution of the electoral vote in
proportion to the number of votes cast
for each candidate. A novel feature
of the resolution provides that if either
house certifies, that the result of the
election depends upon the vote of any
soecified state, and that it ought to be
judicially determined for whom the
votes should be counted, there shall
be convened in Washington, on the
fourth Wednesday in January, a court
of chief justicea consistingof the chief
justice of the supreme court and the
chief justice of the highest court in
each state, to hear and determine all
questions raised by either house. The
judgment of this court shall oe finaL
Carnegie's V.Ut to I'lttburj.
PrrrsBUKG, Dec 20. Several weeks
since the Pitts'burg Art society adopted
resolutions recommending the accept
ance of Mr. Carnegie's gift of a public
library to the city of Pittsburg.
In transmitting the resolution to Mr.
Carnegie the society deplored the
stand taken by the several labor or
rnniz9.tions against accenting Mr.
Carnegie's gift Today Mr. C. W.
Scotel received Mr. Carnegie's reply,
which says in part:
I am naturally much grieved at the
action of some of the industrial organ
izations to which the resolutions refer.
Whatever was of a personal character
I readily understand and passed over,
perhaps the more easily because I couid
not.quite see how I deserved it But
the ooposition expressed o the library,
music hall and art gallery was wholly
a different matter. It were indeed
pitiable if the wage earners for whom
these were chiefly intended should be
oermanently prejudiced against them
by any shortcoming of the donor, how
ever grevious. for sadly as be may fail
in his efforts to live worthily and do
his duty and no one. alas! knows as
well as himself how far he falls short
of his own ideals yet his gifts to
Pittsburg must ever remain stainless,
and working good continually, and
never evil I hope, therefore, that
your action may bring my fellow work
men (for I have a right to use this
title) to see that fair play requires
them to separate "the donor and his
many faults irom libraries and music
halls and art galleries, which have
none. Ji tney win oniy ao wis i wm
giadly risk their some day expunging
the votes of censure passed utfon me
KaHMi Populists Want m Senator
Vroru Pupal 1st Hanks.
TorEKA. Kas.. Dec. 20. There are
more thaa a score of populists here to
r discuss the senatorial situation and to
kiiL if possible, the growing boom of
Judge John Martin forsenator. Chair-
'.-....,. , T
manBrteoenthullofthe People's par -
tv, who is tne leading populist candi
date, refuses to be shelved in the
interest of a democrat and verily
believes he will be successful. In an
interview he said: Thete is not an
influential populist who favors a' dem- J
ocrat for senator. The successful man '
will be a populist who is true and
tried. The democrats will receive all
the federal appointments and the peo
ple's party will get nothing. They have
no claim whatever to the senatorship
and they will come far from getting it.
If a single fusion democrat refuses to
enter the caucus and agree to abide by
its decision, no democrat will receive
a vote in tne caucus ior united states
FABM AND HOUSEHOLD.
OMETHING ABOUT MANAGING
MeUltoa tkie e!edr Th'e Poor. Farsae
Bey Batter WUhoat WorklngC.
Sheep SbearlBsmnd Heated
J held Helps.
The Maaaaesaeat of Past ares.
This is a matter that is giving con
siderable concern to many farmers, for
in the present state of the markets
and of values, they are apt to over
stock the pastures and more than half
destroy them in an effort to keep down
expenses and save the grain crop.'
This kind oi work is of the penny wise
order and must eventuate in serious, if
not permanent loss to those who
practice it The Manchester, N. H.
Union, has a few suggcaiiye remarks
od the Subject Which, we pfesgnl'oei
fd: . ... ,...,
Now slop and think the matte'r all
over. Those steers that you have
turned into fall feed, that is, the mow
ing fields, are growing faster than
they have before this season, and the
cows are doing better in proportion to
other conditions. Just think where
you would have been if they could
have had such feed nil summer! Can
you afford to supply such feed or can
you afford to do withdufe it? Watch
the cattle feed where they carl get a
mouthful ill every bite and then go
intd the pasture where they have been
all sdmmer and calculate as nearly as
you can how many motions they must
make and how much ground they
must cover to fill their stomachs so
they will be ready to lie down and
chew their cuds. About half of this
difference is on you and coming
out of your pocket Pasture
grass need not be more than
two inches high if it is fine and
thick for stock to do well and if it is
kept down to about that length it is
better than field grass wuich grows
tall enough to shade itself. But in our
fifty-acre pastures on plains or hillsides
there are not more than five acres on
an average that would produce Such
feed if they were not overstocked, and
as our pastures are too often stocked
according to the acres they contain
rather than the feed they produce the
green spots are gnawed close to the
, ground, and cattle work hard all day
and come up lank at nignt xnere
should be some change in the system
and each man must decide for himself
how he will change it Every man
who conducts what is called mixed
farming needs all the manure he can
make on his fields, and as he needs to
spend the most of his labor there as
well, the pastures are left to take
There are several systems of rotation
which may be adopted to advantage
under proper conditions. Where any
considerable part of the pasture land
can be plowed, plowing and re-seeding
with a light manuring will make a
great change for a few years, and one
field may be pastured while another is
being sultivated. Another plan of ro
tation is to make the pasture into
three parts and keep sheep in one of
them two years and let the cattle have
the others one or two weeks alternate
ly, depending on how fast the grass
grows. Then take the sheep pasture
for cattle and give the sheep one of
the others. The object of this is to
feed the pastures more closely with
sheep than could be done with profit
by cattle. Sheep want a greater va
riety of food and when grass fails will
eat other plants and kill out many
weeds that cattle would not touch.
For pasturing in this way six or
seven sheep may take the place of a
common cow, and more may be counted
on if there are more weeds and bushes
than grass. Horses are more particu
lar what they eat than cattle or sheep
and a pasture where colts have run
until the golden rod and blackberry
vines have almost taken possession,
can be cleaned out and brought into
clean grass in two years by stocking it
heavily with sheep.
Much may be done with pigs when
there are cows enough kept to feed a
godd herd of swine and it is not desira
ble nor convenient to keep sheep.
Pigs will work in wet places and dig
out every plant that has a succulent
root Their work will be more thor
ough and rapid than that of sheep, but
if they are fed with slop3 from the
dairy it is not so convenient to have
them in distant pastures.
The Poor Farmer Boy.
You may talk of the hardships and
torments of the army mule, but they
are trivial compared with those en
dured by the farmer boy. I have been
reminded of this by the disposition of
the hands about the threshing machine.
As you know, the hardest hottest po
sitions are upon the straw stack; and
if there are any boys about the machine
and there always are you may safe
ly bet your bottom dollar they are on
the straw stack. Yet the farmer won
ders why the straw is stacked so poor
ly, and gets mad about it. The boys
lack the strength to handle the straw;
give them the easy places and put the
men on the stack. I have said that
boys can always be found upon the
straw stack. I will make one excep
tion; if the wind blows the dirt out
from the cylinder, the boy is put to
In harvest the boy is expected to
keep out of the way of the reaper, do
his work well (if a bundle Ls found
open, it is always blamed on the boy)
fetch the water, go after the monkey
wrench, and hunt up the oil-can, and
he can sfop the pigs, fetch hay for the
horses, and pump water for the cattle,
while the men are cracking jokes in
the shade after dinner.
Whan a boy is sent out to plow, her
is eiven a plow that -a man will not
, se. and the oldest, meanest team on
"icpiace. mere sa uu.v no un
bay has it; if an axe has been broken
, J nd thick itisgiven to the
boy; if there is an old, rusty shovel, it
belongs to the boy. The boy is set to
mowing weeds in fence corners, with
the high-corn, to keep off the breeze,
but not the August sun; and if that
were not enough he is always given a
worn-out scythe. If it is broken and
loose on the snath, that is all the bet
ter. The" bay is expected to pitch as
much hay as any body, with astraigfat
tined, inflexible-handled fork, and
scolded if he doesn't. That boy is
sent out to cut fodder with a knife
that would do to split rails, were it
not so dull, and set to grubbing with
a 'mattock that would hi treasured by,
Wheat there ia aothing else for him
to doi he burns brush in summer, and
sorts potatoes ia winter under a shed.
He is expected to tdrn the grindstone,
catch the ehickens, run Uhe pigs out
bl the cdrn, wedtHd gartlen and go
to the store ("but don't stay a fnuin.te'
Jimmy") for exercise. If there is a
picnic lie is given the ugliest horse on
the place (a nittlc, if possible) to ride,
15c to spend and told it is Hoped he
won't expect another holiday for four
months; and he is continually remind
ed that he has had a holiday till the
four months are passed. If he hap-,
pens to break anything, a hubbub is
made as if he had knocked out the un
derpinning of the universe.
This is not exaggeration. I appeal
to your honest, candid self If . this is
not about the average lot of -the far-
No wonder the ooyygm&H
no tfrere a man a marl that K&nsawht
leave the farni. Oh; niqtbara rtpfcktfe$ ajMasyi
"..hers that vrouder aWayVibpys liate- !50 ' "'V"
the farm, too often ire yda, $s JJetsy
Trotwodd said, blind! blind! blind!
Cor. Ariierican Grange Bulletin."
Butter Without Workiax
In these days of progress in the
dairy room, much working of the
batter has come to be viewed as not
only unnecessary, but an absolute in
jury to the grain, and its finer quali
ties. The Indiana Farmer says: Many
advanced dairy people are of the
opinion that the butter worker" will in
the dear time become a feature of the
past, and its use altogether dispensed
with as it is well kndwn thit too
much working will spoil batter id its
finest form, destroying its solidity and
producing a salvy and unpalatable
condition. A correspondent in the
Ohio Farmer describes Kis plan" of
packing butter successfully without
working it at all. After thorough wash
ing in the churn, and the salt incorpo
rated, through the butter, with a
fork or butter paddle it is trans
ferred directly to the packages
in small Quantities, pressing- it
firmly down: tip the package
over to drain, as the Water accumu
lates on top of the batter, while pack
ing. Fill the crock or firkiris nlord
than even full, theri with a silk thread
cut the butter off td a level with the
edge of the package: This will leave
the granules exposed on the sdrface"
and the purchaser can see at a glance
that the package contains granular
butter instead of a salvy, worked-to-'death
compound of buttermilk rancid
cream, with a very little butter fat in
it If sure that the butter is such that
you can warrant it to be strictly gilt
edge, say so on a label fastened on the
package with your name and address.
This warrant is a wonderful stimulant
to urge one to do his best. The maker
stands out in fnll light, with nothing
to shield him from the consumer of his
batter. The consumer knows who
made the butter, and if as warranted,
more orders are sure to follow.
Two-Year01d Hens for Breeders.
There is no donbt that two-year-old
hens are preferable ta yearling pul
lets for breeding purposes, as the eggs
of the hens are larger. The chicks
coming from two-year-old hens' eggs
are likely to be stronger and more apt
to live. But hens two or three years
old will not lay so great a number of
eggs as will pullets in the first twelve
months they commence .to lay. If,
however, one has a choice lot of well
developed pullets and mated with a
vigorous two-year-old cock, do not
fear to set the cgs from them, but
do not use the earliest litters, as they
are not likely to give you as strong
chicks as the later ones.
The best laying hens, all things con
sidered, arc those one-year-old fowls
that are hatched the previous season
in March' or April consequently the
best plan for all fowl breeders is to
raise chickens every season to be the
layers of the next year and to kill the
old stock regularly every fall before
moulting or as soon as they cease to
Among our foremost breeders the
mating of vigorous twelve months'
old pullets to a good cock in his full
second year has given as good chicks
on the average as the mating of two-year-old
hens to a young cock. One
thing that may be depended on as a
rale, the most reliable breeding birds
that can be mated together as to the
age are those of one sex or the other
that are a year the oldest It is only
through repeated experiments that
the breeder can be able to select the
best pointed and finest specimens of
mating, and when this is accomplished
the most satisfactory results will fol
low. Connecticut Farmer.
Do not feed breeding sheep to highly
nutritious food, as it is highly injuri
ous. Value of the lambs largely depends
upon keeping the ewes in a good thrif
2fl--j?s 2Ss 1
mixed husbandry, and any attempt to
separate will generally prove disas
trous. The tendency to improve the mutton
will also improve the form and hardi
ness of the animals to the same ex
Hot water is an excellent remedy for
Never use strong or rancid butter in
A correspondent asks what to do for
a fresh bunion. Try painting it with
iodine and wearing a loose shoe.
Headache, toothache, backache or
most any joint ache will be relieved by
heating the feet thoroughly with the
For a disagreeable breath, put a few
drops of tincture of myrrh in a tum
blerful of water and thoroughly rinse
the mouth with it.
Many a man, and perhaps more
women, would have been saved from
insanity if they had -resolutely ob-
, tained sufficient sleep. -
A white cashmere or chudda may be
nicely and easily cleaned at home by
using soap-bark, which may be ob
tained at any druggist's.
In washing black-wool goods before j
making them over use five cents worth "
oi soap-oar k w a pautui ui naicr. jcw
it stand until cold. Iron on the svrong
Housekeepers should caution their
maids against the use of kerosene in
laundering shirts, 'xne ouisiuceiy to
remainjn the garment,lending a dhv-
agreeable odor not enjoyed by the
SIZE of the or
Think of an tae
trouble aad dis
tarbaBOS that it
thing MMT IO
take, ana amawr
1st lie wars, i!
It did you more
Mnii TWa i the oaw with Dr. Pierce's
fSrH i Pahai They're the smallest in
W tbs mSd in actios, bat the most
fouowBature's methods, and ttjT &
that tests. ConatipatioB, IndigeatiOBt, ljous
Attacks, Bicic ana Jtuteos n0"?
deranssments of the liver, stomach and boweli
are prosaptly relieved and permanently cured.
" If we cant core your Catarrh, no matter
how bad your ease or of how Iom fifndloj,
well pay you $600 ia cash." That is hat
& eromiMd by the proprietors of Dr.aEasre
arrSltanedy. DoeWt tt prove, boUjr
;V words oooiaLUHn:uai 3.'"v
Calaaa AdveHtelalt Devle-Te Baala-
vard Law BBstalaealti U-
raad Malt Cars.
St. tbOfsj Dec. 15. The merchants
who have large holiday stocks of goods
to sell, pay handsomely for the ideas
their advertising agents give them.
The streets are crowded with people
ready to bny, and yet bewildered by
the allhring shows in the big windows
of every shop, and the tradesman who
holds the throng for a few minutes in
front of his plsee is sure to make
money by it This wee"fc onj merchant
got an idea that set his competitors at
their wits' tod to compete with him.
He had an enorinttas show window, ia
full view of the street, filled -with his
most attractive and expensive toys,
mechanical and otherwise, and put two
little boys in it All day long the
youngsters played with the figures,
winding them up and letting theul ran
out; shot at targets with guns and
bows and lay down and looked at
gorgeous picture-books. The street in
front was blockaded with people, and
inside the clerks were kept busy selling
the things with which the lads wero
playing. The idea has spread over the
town, and boys who like to play with
toys can easily get places in every one
of the shops no w.
Postmaster Harlow could have
ehosen ho better time than this, when
the mails are crowded with Christmas
presents, and the carriers worn out
with overwork, for the extension of
the street railway postal service he es
tablished some time ago.
St Louis is the only city in the coun
try that has such a thing, and the
Postmaster has no models to help
him. He started the system on a line
of electric cars, running twenty miles
east and west, and found that it saved
a score of carriers and several hours
in citv deliveries. He has now decided
to improve the system by adding a
cross-town line to it, so that the peo
ple living in the north and south will
get their mails quickly as well as
thns in the west and east The other
electric lines will be added to the sys
tem as fast as the government can be
induced to make the necessary appro
priations. The courts have just sustained the
boulevard law of the city, and the
effect is already seen in a great in
crease of the number of permits taken
out by builders for costly dwellings on
the broad avenues whieh'the law was
designed to protect from the intrusion
of business. No shop or structure in
intended for any commercial purpose
whatever can be built on the boule
vards. They are reserved entirely for
residences, churches and club-houses.
The tracks of the street railways
which have the right to run along the
boulevards pass along tho center, and
on each side, guarded from the tracks
bv a curb, is a driveway and a side
walk. Most of the boulevards have
besides; a double row of trees planted
along the middle. Vehicles and loot
passengers are protected additionally,
by the elevation of the car-tracks, the
whole railway roadbed being raised
about two feet from the level of the
Mexican flint knives were made fo harp
that they cou d be used for trimming huir.
100 Ksward S10O.
The readers of this paper will be pleased to
learn that there is at least one dreaded disease
that Ecience has been able to cure in all Its
stages, and that Is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh
Cure Is the "only positive cure now known to
the medical fraternity. Catarrh beisg a con
stitutional disease, requires a constitutional
treatment nail's Catarrh Cure is taken In
ternally, acting directly upon the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system, thereby
destroying the foundation of the disease, and
giving the patient strength by building up
the constitution and assisting nature In doin
Its work. The proprietors have eo much faith
in Its curative powers that they offer One
Hundred Dollars for any case that it fall to
cure. Send for list of testimonials,
ty Address F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O
In India there is a species of crow that
laughs just like a human being.
A CHILD ENJOYS
1 aasaras kt
in need nf a laxative, ana 1Z tne lamer
t- mnthpr n onstive or bilious, the
most gratifying results foUowits use;
eo that it is the best family remedy
known and every family should have a
In London the experiment Ij being: tried
of a robed choir of yonnj g rls.
IT aVll I yon to write to O. H. JEFFRIES
II BILL rJII for a si crimen of the XASB.
cHcstrrs mutual life issukasce compasvs
jew policy. C h and paid op T-ines enaoi-ea on
srery policy at the end or Use second year. DMdemU
annually, uoom nv buhoiok. vrmu, v
Tbe Eevptian ls taxed SO cents on
palm tree that grows in his garden.
A LITE MAS WASTED
to represent us In every town In Nebraska,
Westers lows, South Dakota and Northern
Kansas. We carry the Largest Stocks, and
greatest variety of goods west of Chicago.
We make the lowest prices and make a spe
cialty of Alliance and other Farmers' trade.
We carry complete lines of all kinds of
merchandise, including musical instruments.
Liberal inducements offered to a live man
la each town. Hatdbx Bros.,
Dbt Goods asd Caskets,
Hammond's CALUMET Lard, Hams and
Bacon. AU first-class grocers and msrket
men handle this brand. Made from prims
Nebraska hogs. Try it. Tne 6. H. Ham
voxd Co., South Omaba, Neb.
Voluntary ixpresslons are often deceit
ful; involuntary ones never.
Hal ha for Winter l-se.
In planting: bulbs for winter use, be
sure to pot them in a rich, mellow
u0l to -ater wen at time of planting.
out not after that uutil they begin to I
grow, and to put the pots away in
j ion,e cool, dark place for roots to form
before the plants are subjected to the
feflueaCv Of. light aai heal
V,! a 1
WVoJ Jm 1
WHOLE NUMBER 1,181.
First National Bank
A. ANDERSON. Pres't.
J. H. GALLEY, Tie Prest
C. E. S&BLT. last Casaiaa
O. ANDERSON. P. AUDUBON.
JACOB QBK18KN. . HENM KAQATZ
JAMES O. REfiDEIt.
eat ef Ceaditiea at the Ctoe ef
BasUess Sept. Sw, 1S93.
Kcal Estate.Furniture and Fix
U. S. Bond
Uu Irom V. S. Treasurer. "
Duf irom othr bauk. ....... S.M -
Cah onhand.. - 2s-a
Capital Stock paid ia.
Und Ivided pronta
D.yoslts ... ..
3. 80S. 62
baa Btata Bask, Colaajbea,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
A. MCALLISTER. W. M. CORNELIUS.
CALI.I9TKK COatlf JSI-1U
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Cor. Eleventh & North 8ts.. COLTJMBUS, NIB.
rerCollectioas a specialty. !Voa t sjava c-
faTattenUoa given to the settlement ot estates
la the coantr court by executor, administrators
and guardians. Will pnwtic in all t court,
of this state and of Honth Dakota, Refers, bf
permission, to the First Natuaal Baak.
E. T. ALLEN, K. D.,
Secretary Nebraska State Board
K Raxes Blocs.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware!
Job-Work, Xooflnr asi Gatter
iif a Specialty.
Shop oa Nebraska Avenns, two doors aorta
noraixroa of tbs
Blerentli St. Tonsorlal Parlor.
The Finest in Tht City.
tasrThs only shop on the South Side.
L. C. VOSS, M. D.t
Offics over post office. Specialist ia chronta
disease Cartful attention givsa to gsaeral
A STRAY LEAF!
All kiitf f Reiairiig tvie
Sfcert Netiee. Biggies, Wag-
tu, etc.. Bade fe rier,
ai4 all werk Giar-
AIm sell the world-faaoas Walter A
Wood Mowers, leapers, CoBbin-
sd MaehinM, HarTetters,
and ielf-binders the
Shop on Olive Street, Columbus, Neb.,
four doors south ot Borowiak's.
Coffins : and : Metallic : Cases !
jf Repairing of aU kinds of Uphol
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