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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 4, 1893)
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VOLUME XXIIl.-NUMBER 38.
COLUMBUg, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 4, 18&J,
WHOLE NUMBER 1,182.
C ,'; " . '
i -, ::-.
-THE OLD RELIABLE
Columbus - State - Bank !
(Oldest Bank in the State.)
fays Merest on Hie Deposits
Mates Loans on Real Estata
I&ateS BIGHT DRAFTS GH
Ckicace, New Yerk
IBLLf : STEAMSHIP : TICKETS.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
A&d Help its Customers -when, they Need Help,
OFFICERS A5D DIRECTORS t
tEANDEB GERHARD. Pree't.
B. H. HENEY, Vice PresT
JOHN 8TAUFFER. Cashier.
"M. BRUG GER, G. W. HTJLST.
Authorized Capital of 500,000
Paid in Capital - 90,00f
GL H. BXBLDON, Pres't.
Jff. P. H. OHLRIOH, Vice Ptm
C. A. NEWMAN, CashI,
DANIEL SCHRAM, As .
. H. Sheldon. J. P. Becker.
Herman P. H.Oelilrich, Carl Kionke.
Jonas WVle-h, W. A. McAllister,
J. Henry Wnrdeman, H. 31. Winslow,
fieorge W. Galley, 8. C. Grey,
Frank Rorer. Arnold F. H. Oeldrica,
Henry Leseka, Gerhard Loseka.
t7Bank of depoait; interest allowed on tlms
deposits; boy and Bell exchinge on United States
and Earope, and buy and sell available iucnritiea.
Wis shall bo pleased to receive yonr business. We
: yonr patronage. tSdecS7
OPLEX M Mills.
M all Kinds if Pumps.
FTJM8 REPAIRED ON SHORT
Eleventh Street, one door west of
Hapel & Co's.
We hare Jnst opened a new mill om M street,
opposite Schroeders' flooring mill and are pre.
pared to do ALL KINDS OF WOOD WORK,
Store Fronts, Counters,
Stairs, Stair Railing,
Balusters, Scroll Sawing,
BTEEL AND IRON ROOFING AND
sVAU orders pmaptly attended to. Call on
jallm Colnmbns, Nebraska.
Caveats and Trade Marks obtained, and all Pat
eat business conducted for MODERATE FEES.
OUR OFFICE IS OPPOSITE U. 8. PATENT
OFflCE. We haTe no sub-agencies, all business
direct, hence we ran transact patent business in
leas time and at LESS COST than those remote
Seed model, drawing, or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or sot, free of
charge. Oor fee not due till patent is secured.
. A book, "How to Obtain Patents," with refer
races to actual clients in yonr state, county or
town, seat free. Address
Opposite Patent Office, Washinston, D. U
The Journal for Job Work
Or ALL KINDS.
I NEBRASKA NEW&
The Juniata Kerala has a regular
correspondent from Janan.
James J. McBnde of Pawnee City
broke his leg whilo coaStinjj.
A Cass county farmer has slaugh.
tered nineteen wolves this winter. "
Firemen of Lincoln n resented the
mayor with a lino gold-beaded cane.
Miss Lulu Wilson of Nebraska City
was seriously injured while coasting.
One hundred and fifty men are cut
ting ice at Ashland for Swift & Co. of
South Omaha. -
A Lincoln Councilman presented each
member o.i tho police force of that city
with a. fat turkey.
Traveling grocery fakes have vic
timized, tno farmers of Adams county
out of a considerable sum.
The Gretna Reporter tells of a doc
tor of that place who took a tape worm
from a man seventeen feet long.
Bernard Monohan, who has lived
thirty-five years in Sarpy county, made
his first visit to Lincoln last WGek.
Dr. Taylor, tho Steeie C:ty gentle
man who attempted to carve his neigh
bor. Elmer Campbell, was fined $50.
Harry Hubbard was arrested at
Table Rock by Landlord Ferrall and
fined $5 and costs for beating a board
Printers on the Lincoln Journal and
Call stmck for an increase of wages.
At this writingttie demand has not been
H. C. Fieldman was caught in the
shafting of the Carter white lead wonts
fn Omaha and killed. His body was
Tho wife of a prominent Lincoln cit
izen was detected in tho act of shop
lifting and escorted to tne police station
in a patrol wagon.
Auditor-elect Kuj-eno Moore has iust
resigned nis position as court steno-i
granhor. a position which he has held
for eighteen years.
Kx-Sherilf A 1). Beemer of Cuming
county is a candidate for appointment
as warden of the penitentiary. His
friends say his chances are good.
The Mercer is Omaha's newest and
best hotel cor. Twelfth and Howard
streets. Hates $2 to $4.50 per day.
150 rooms and CO connected with bath.
An escaped lunatic tried to force an
entrance into the dwelling of Nels
Dresby near Weston, but two shots
from Mrs. Dresoy disuaded him from
persisting and he will dio.
W. R. Fox. a farmer of Adams
county, has 14.000 bushels of corn
whicn he is wiihng to se:l to the first
man who will oiler $4,000 for it. Mr.
Fox stands up for Xeorasua.
Tom Avers of Lincoln had sixty
chickens, on some of wnicn ne pro
posed feasting during the holidays, but
a thief scooped the entire coop, and
the feast will not take place.
Barbara Dufek of Dodge county sues
for a divorce on the ground that her
huaband has treated her with extreme
cruelty and has threatened to taice her
life as well as the lives of a large brood
of helpless offspring.
Peter Blackbird, an Omaha Indian.
ho was sentenced at Penuer recently
for assault and battery, tried to com
irit suicide by shooting himself in tne
abdomen. His aim was poor and he
was not dangerously hurt.
Isaac Hill, son of a farmer living
three miles west of OaKland, and who
is subject to epileptic fits, after doin:
some trading lost his way and it is
feared that in one of his paroxysms he
may have frozen to death.
Two young men by the names of
Enoch Joslyn and John Tienry were
taKen to the insane hospital Thursday
by Sheriff Galltn of Cuming county.
The former was a butcher of Bancroft,
the latter a boy, of Wisner.
The meeting at the Church of Christ
at Arapahoe, conducted by Evangelist
S. A. Redges. still continues witn un
abated interest. The additions to the
church havo already amounted to
twenty-one, all heads of families but
Arley 'Hmkley, son of a prominent
farmer iiving four miles east of Ash
land, was severely cut while chopping
wood. Tne ax slipped and cut him on
tho wrist, severing the leaders of the
hand, and it is tnought he wiii be a
A man named Tom Wilson got a
team at a livery barn in. Wilber re
cently, leaving with the livery man
another team and waron. Wiison had
been sent by nis employer with $35 to
ge to Wilber with a load of bricics, but
tailed to return.
Burglars broke into the postoflice at
Tabic Rock, ana Taylor's store and
Cornel in'a jewelry store. From tne
latter place, it is supposed, they got in
goods about $150; from Taylors store
in goods about $100. and very Utile
from the postoflice.
The wife of Henry Hunzeker, er..
was found dead on the floor of her res
idence, seven miles southeast of Table
Hock, with a pool of blood beside her.
It is supposed that whiie up in the
nijint for sometning. she was taken
witn a fit of coughing, to which she
was subject, and ruotured a blood ves
The Fremont Tribune publishes a
list of permanent improvements made
in that city durinsr the year 1892. which
foots up tne gratifying sum of $515.
825, divided as foilows: Public im
provements. "f'Jo. 000; business build
ings. $33. 500; manufacturing. $223 000
and residences, churches, etc. $164 -
' Hon. Paui Schminke, one of the best
known men of 2Cebrasica, and who has
several times represented Otoe county
in the legislature and is at present
mayor of Nebrasua City, is very sick.
His aiiment is a complication of fatty
degeneration of the heart and Brisrht's
disease, the latter an outgrowth of the
At a masKed bail given at Hubbeil
recently a fieht by some drunken rufli
ana broke b..t benind tho scenery, in
which ten or twelve persons participa
ted. Knives were freely used. John
HilL Dick May and several others were
severely cut up and otherwise bruised
in the melee. The city marshal over
powered the ruffians and peace was re
stored. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Curran of
Osceola went to Oklahoma. Mrs. Cur
ran became homesick and returned.
Curran was mad and sued fora divorce
wmch the court granted. Then he re
turned and tne twain uecatne que Jlftih
again and all is well.
NEW YORK'S SENATOR
triLL TBERK BE A COTKST BE
TWEES ntLL ASD VLKTELAStf,
nr. Ilill'a Infttteiice Sncli that lie Can
JIake Iiliiiftcir Disassemble if lit,
Chose to Iio so ltcpiibl.can ens
tore ttlll ot Appoint a Meerlnct
Committee-A .Nebraska tilrl Jlrtr
dered In California and lief Bodj-Creraatcd-Arrtral
of the Airier) rah
ComntUaloMcrs in rtiba Latest Con
cerning the Vendition 'oOlr. lllaine.
The New York eunforlilp.
Washington; Dec. 30. The Star
ays: The open fight between the
Hill and Cleveland people over the
New York senatorship brines in close
review the interesting question of tvhat
the relations between Cleveland and
the New York aenators will be during
the next administration.
"Hill's influence in the senate is
very much greater than is generally
believed, though it may not be strong
enough for a contention with the ad
ministration. In a measure, Hill has
taken tho place of Gorman in the sen
ate. All the friends that Gorman lost
in Chicago Hill gained, and this gives
him sufficient power in the senate to
make himself quite disagreeable to the
administration if he desires to do so.
Notwithstanding the bitterness of feel
ing whicn is provoked by the New
York senatorial fight, it may be
depended upon that Mr. Hill will
Dot appear antagonistic in the
senate. He will support the admin
istration in most matters. Where
trouble is lookea for by those who are
6Kimming over the surface, is with
relation to the confirmations. In this
particular, his friends say. be will fol
low no policy of general opposition,
but will approve everything and every
person passing his test of democracy.
It is believed that the only thing he
has in view is to stand on guard to
prevent tho preferment of mugwumps.
He hates a mugwump and tho first
mugwump who is nominated for any
important office will be fought tooth
and nail by Hill. Ho will have the
secret assistance of a good many men
who would not dare to make an open
Bourke Cockran left Washington
this morning for New York. It is gen
erally believed that ho is going to en
ter for the senatorship fight against
Murphy. Some of the Cleveland peo
ple have for some days been trying to
induce Mr. Coctcran to permit the use
of his name, and it is believed that it
had been arranged for him to enter
the fight before Mr. Cleveland came
out in tho interview opposing Mr.
Washington, Dec 30. The repub
lican senate caucus will not appoint a
new "steering committee." The
present committee, composed of Sena
tors Hoar. McMillan. Chandler. Teller
and Mitchell, will be continued in
force and wiil conduct all the business
that would come within the province
of a steering committee.
"The committee is not assuming any
dictatorial powers." said Mr. Mitchell
this morning. "On the contrary, we
are acting simply as an advisory
board. We are gathering all tho in
formation we can and watching both
sides of the case, so that when the
contests reach tho senate, as they will,
perhap. wo will be in possession of
facts and understand their merits bet
ter than we wouid otherwise. So far
as the republican members of the sen
ate are concerned, it is their intention
to see that the legal choice of the
states is-the man elected to tho senate.
regardless of what his politics may be.
ad I'sleufa .Nchranka Cirl.
San FitANcisro, Cal., Dec. 30.
This morning it was discovered that
the railroad station at Brighton, five
miles southeast of here on the Sacra
mento & Placerville road was in
flames. The building was burned to
the ground. A search was made for
Miss Ay res, the telegraph operator,
and her remains were found in the
corner of the ruins, where her bed
room had been. The body was un
recognizable. The skull was found in
pieces near the body, and a pistol was
picked up only a few fet away. A
long, heavy iron poker, used in the
depot waiting room, was discovered
close to the remains. Miss Ayres was
reputed to have considerable money,
but always said she did not fear to
live there alone, as she was armed and
ready to take her own part. The the
ory of the officers is that sho was
aroused by some one asking her to
send a telegraphic message. She prob
ably started to answer the summons,
taking her pistol with her. and she
was then assaulte'd. She evidently
fired one shot, as the cartridges in the
pistol indicate, and then her assailant
pursued her into her room with the
poker and beat her brains out. This
was early last night and it is thought
the murderer returned before daylight
to burn the house and destroy the ev.
idence of bis crime. The deceased
was-thirty-five years of age and had a
mother residing near Stanton, Neb.
American Commissioners In Cuba.
Hanana, Dec. 30. Shortly after
landing here yesterday the commis
sion appointed by the United States
congress to examine the Cuban quar
antine and other subjects of a similar
character visited the governor general.
They were promised government as
sistance in their investigations.
Mr. Ramon O. William?, the Amer
ican consul general here, has peti
tioned the governor general to appoint
a committee of physicians to confer
with the committee with regard to the
chief contagious diseases that prevail
here. The governor general appoint
ed such a committee today, and it is
expected that the first conference will
be held tomorrow.
Latest From nr. Blaine.
Washington. Dec. 30. "As com
pared with previous mornings, the one
just passed was the best Mr. Blaine
has had since he has been ill. To
night he is as well as he was last
night." The foregoing statement was
made by Dr. Johnson at 8:30 last
night just after he had returned from
a visit to Mr. Blaine.
Afu .u.. wm jftw. . awuu J
President Harrison L'pset serretar)
Fcftier's Financial flans.
New York, Dec 31. The Time
etatea that Secretary Foster's trip to
this city was not on private btisinesl
as was given out officially, bui was for,
thepUrpdscof consulting Wall street
maghateson the proposition to relieve
tho money market and dheck ihe ex." -
bort bf frol'd bv having the government
issue from $5,000,000 to $100,000,000
of bonds. The Wall street men were
in favor of the scheme, but the specu
lative contingent were in high feather.
The president's co-operation had been
counted on as sure, but this confidence
was suddenly discovered to be delu
According to Wall street reports
SecretaFy Foster, before ho suddenly
left town to go west is credited with
having received this dispatch from
1 want no new bonds issued under
my administration. Take no steps.
Do nothing. B. HumisoN.
The Times says that Mr. Foster met
the Wall street men at a club house
on Fifth avenue and had a prolonged
conference. Some of the most nota
ble men in the street are 6aid to have
been present ana an agreement was
formed on the financial policy of the
government. The action of President
Harrison upset their plans entirely and
there is now no prospect of an issue of
nrtrtsis fat etnn tnA ctilnfTAnAU in f no
bonds to stoo the
stringency in the
Ciiriency That Mill eVer Be Pre
sented lor Redemption.
Washington, Dec. 31. In all that
has been recently written about the
depleted condition ot the United States
treasury, little or no account has been
taken of the fact that with each pass
ing year the treasury is a large gainer
by the complete destruction by casu
alty of its outstanding obligations.
How much this amounts to, the best
statisticians of the treasury depart
ment have no means of ascertaining.
Since 1792, when the government be
gan to issue paper money, $5,819,
619. 108 have been issued of all kinds
and denominations up to July 1. 1892.
Within the same period $4,S52.451,
G29 have been redeemed, leaving out
standing on July 1, 1S92, as a liability
against the government $967,177,479.
Ihe basis for the redemption of this
vast sum is gold and silver. All this
money is kept in the vaults awaiting
the presentation of paper for redemp
tion. But much of this paper will
never bo presented.
United States Treasurers estimated
tho aggregate loss on all the issue up
to January, 1888, would not be less
than $8,700,000. This estimate did
not include the fractional currency
50 cent 25 cent 10 cent and 5 cent
Secretary Sherman construed the
act of June 21. 1S79, as stating that
$8,375,931 fractional currency issued
under various acts had been destroyed.
United States Treasurer Nebecker.
however, carries the full amount on
his books and in his report this year
states that more than $15,000. 000 of
this fractional currency is outstanding,
though it has practically gone out of
circulation and but little moro than
$4. 000 was presented for redemption
The aggregate of United States cur
rency, fractional and otherwise, esti
mated to have been destroyed, as not
iiicely to be presented for redemption,
annroximates by theso figures more
A late estimate prepared in the
treasury department places the sum as
high as $20,000,000. This money can
only be taken out of tho liabilities of
the government by congressional en
actment This will probably be at
temoted in the near future.
Kxicnslon rciass fled Civil Service.
Washington. Dec. 31. A gentle
man who has talked with the presi
dent on the subject says the people
who are expecting a large increase in
the classified civil service before the
administration changes will be very
sadiy disappointed. He said that the
president is strongly inclined to extend
the civil service rules in connection
with the postoflice department but
that he has practically abandoned tho
purpose of any general extension, such
as tne inclusion of the employes of the
government printing office, or thecus.
Ail employes now outside the pro
tecting lines of the civil service regu
lations are using every endeavor to
have themselves entrenched against
democratic interference, but so far
Tnere is a snag in the way of the
extension of the civil service classifi
cation to the government printing
office, in the form of opposition by the
TvDograDhical union. The objection
to the extension of the service is raised
that if appointments are made upon
any form of examination which does
not recognize membership of the union
as a necessary qualification, it wiil re
suit in what the union would call
rats" getting into the government
employ. The government is hardiy
prepared to declare that none but
union men shall be qualified for em
ployment and the union will certainly
object to any employment within that
ciass of persons not belonging to the
i yomlns Contest.
Cheyenne; Wyo., Dec 31 In the
Wyoming supreme court an opinion
was banded down in the contested
election cases adverse to the demo
crats upon the question raised by the
attorneys for the state canvassing
board upon the regularity of the nom
inations of Chapman and Bennett, the
petitioners. It was held that before
relief could be granted through a writ
of mandamus, the petitioners must
show that they bad been regulariy
nominated and the statutes upon the
subject complied with by the officers
of the nominating conventions. Leave
to reply was given the petitioners and
a reply will will be made at a later
session of the court.
Minister Lincoln Sails for England.
New Yobk, Dec. 30. The Hon. Rob
ert T. Lincoln, United States Minister
to England, returned to his post yes
terday by the While S:ar steamship
those supposed to know, that
Mr. Blaine is a very sick man,
not in immediate danger.
OUR 8T. LOUIS LETTER.
i Office Balldlar InsproTanaents A Haa-
dred Miles of Electric Road t Be
Mollt Selling Franchiser
St. Louis, Mo. Dec 24. Every nev?
office buildim? that rises with its tan
' and twelve stories in St Louis has aa
improvement on the one built thf
month befdre, that shows what invent
tUm ls doing fot ihe convenience of the
business man. Rapid and intelligent
elevator serried Is the" one thing needed
' in these big" e'difices. At p'reserit, id
most ot tuem tms ,s very irregular.
xou may ring the bell, wanting to go
down, and along comes an elevator
I going up. xou have to wait till It
comes back. The newest idea is a
! double bell on each floor, one of them
narked, "up" and the other "down."
Yon ring the bell that shows what yon
want, and the elevator going your way
domes to your floor und stops. Tho
elevators that run continuously up and
down without bells are being aban
doned, as there is too much waste of
power with them.
If the Assembly- passes the street
railway bills now before it, over a hun
dred miles of electric roads will be
added before next fall to those now
ruubing in the city. There are men hi
the city who, taking advantage of thii
intention of the railway builders to
extend their lines into every nook and
corner of the city, nre making fortunes
by keeping their eyes open and invest
ing small sums of money judiciously.
There are some of these men at every
J lica?ion for
meeting ot tne Assembly. When an
a new franchise is
maae, tney take a note of the route.
The next day they drive along the pro
jected line looking for vacant lots.
Then they see the owner and offer to
pay his taxes in exchange for a year's
option. In most cases he is glad to
get the offer and closes with it at once.
The other man pays the taxes and
watches the railroad bill. Ten to one
he closes the option before the year ia
out, and makes a thousand per cent
on the investment, as the property
jumps up at the approach of the new
road. A business of this kind could
not be carried on at all in a city grow
ing less rapidly than St Louis is.
There are thousands of people all
over the United Slates who have pleas
ant memories of visits to the great
woodland resort of St. Louis, Forssi
Park. They have walked through it
by the footpalhs, or driven along its
beautiful drives, and have marveled at
its scenery, its zoological collection
and its botanical garden. All these
tourists will doubtless be interested in
knowing that in a year or less there
will be a belt line of electric railway
running around the park and connect
ing with the city lines so that visitors
may see the park from every side and
return to their hotels without leaving
their seats. At certain points on tho
line it will be possible to leave the
cars and, by a walk of a few hundred
yards, reach tho lakes with their boats
and-music, the tennis courts and the
haunt of the wheelmen at the summit
of a lung-testing hill. The franchise
for this road is to be sold at auction,
and as it is certain to be largely pat
ronized thb price wiil be a big one.
Fuel on Larsr Ocean Mcamers.
Ocean steamers consume much mora
fuel than tho average person is aware
of. Take for instance the vessels of
the Orient line, which make regular
trips between Australia and Great
Britain. The fastest steamer of that
line is the Austral, which makes the
voyage from London to Sidney in thirty-five
days. During tho 'trip out"
she never uses less than 3. 650 tons of
coal, and on the return voyage often
voyage often as much as 4, 000 tons.
She has three coaling stations, and
bunkers that will hold 2,700 tons with
out overcrowding. English-American
"liners" like the Oregon consume 330
tons of coal per day for every day be
tween Liverpool and New York. The
Sterling Castle went to China for a
load of tea. She brought back a cargo
of 2. 200 tons of that staple of Chinese
commodity, but consumed 5, GOO tons
of coal in making tho round trip from
LiverpooL Immense stocks of coal
are constantly Kept on band at St Yin
cent Maderia. Port Said, Singapore
and other oriental coaling stations,
there being as much as 200,000 tons
in store at the last named place.
A Venomons Bird.
But one species of venomous bird is
known to the student of ornithological
oddities the Rpir N'Doob. or "Bird of
Death," a feathered paradox of New
Guinea. It is not large or formidable
looking creature, as ono would natur
ally expect being scarcely as large as
a common pigeon, but longer and of a
moro slender built. It is of a gray,
glossy color, without any special mark
ings except the tail, which ends with a
blood end tip. The bird is compara
tively helpless, being able to fly but a
few feet and can be caught without
difficulty; however, it is unnecessary
to say that its poisonous bite causes
the native Papuans to let it severely
alone. Persons bitten by the creature
are seized with maddening pains, which
apiuly extend to every part of tho
body. Loss of sight convulsions and
lockjaw are the other symptoms which
follow in rapid succession. The na
tives say that there is not a case on
record of the survival of the bite, there
being no antidote, death ensuing with
in the short space of two hours.
The One to Vt a tell.
Hotel Proprietor You bad better
watch that Boston fellow. He didn't
bring much baggage with him and he
is likely to escape.
Clerk He is not the one to watch.
I have my eye on the girl he gave the
diamond ring to the other night He
wouldn't go without that ring. Judge.
Are You t.olus
East or south during the winter, if to Thb,
Wabash desires to call your attention as
the tour.st lou'.e to Florida and all the
w.nter resorts of the soutn.
Uoumi trip tickets will be placed on sale
about Nov. let pro 1 returning until Jane
JMEQC1CKB3TROCTE SOUTH AND SOUTHKA3T.
(15 hours to ' t Louis.
37 ' Hot Si rings.
39 " " Ne Orleans.
38K ' " Atlanta.
132 " " Jacksonville.
With corresponding fast time to all points
east and son h. The only lice running Be
cllnins Chair Cars to St. l.cul, Decatur,
Panvilie, l.ulayettc, I.oansport, Ft.
Wavn-, Toledo and Detroit. Pullman
l.ullttt S eeping Cats on all trains. For
tickets or further information in reeard to
routes cult at the AValasb llic, 1502 Far
nam St, or wr te G. N. Ci attox,
Northwestern Pais Agent Omaha, Neb.
P. T. Bamum's grandson has sued
the executors of the estate for an accounting.
FARM AftD HOUSEHOLD.
THE VARIOUS USEFUL QUALI
TIES OF TREES.
Climate, Food and lleauty of Landscape
Selling Honey Seed Meat
i'oultry Picking and
V.nrioiis Uses dt Trees':
A writer sp'caking about trie' lirtpof
lancc o'f trees refers to their losal and
national effect upon climate, their
fruit and nut producing capacity" fer
food, their many qualities which fur
nish ornamentation and beauty to the
people and the landscape surroundings
and their utility for fuel and the com
mercial value of the wood. The selec
tion of tho varieties la also of consider
able importance. For fuel any of
theni have soirie value and tot quick
growth those of the ledst valde" rrtust
often be chosen to meet the imtriediate
needs of the great plains, while the
more useful may be started to meet
the subsequent demands. A mong the
first named may be mentioned the cotton-wood.
Willow and box-elder, which
grow in any cliidate. A list of the last
and more'importailt niay iriclude the1
black walnut American white ash,
elm, basswood, hard and soft maple,
etc. Fruit trees of course, should
always be among the first to plant.
I a referenrc to shade another writer
says: Much has bea said and writ
ten on this subject; even some of our
mostcloqnent writers have expressed
their ideas as to what native tree pos
sesses the highest qualities, as a shade
tree on the lawn or front yard. Some
have named the silver poplar, tho
white elm, and even that coarse-leaved
tree, the sycamore, as being admirably
adapted for shade. The silver poplar
is the worst tree to sprout from its
roots that lever knew. Its ramified
roots will extend for rods awaj from
the stem and send up a sprout at every
nodule. It is really a nuisance and
should never be planted close to dwell
ings. The white elm is of too large a
growth to embellish a beautiful "par
terre." The sycamore docs not make
a thick, dense head; the leaves arc
coarse and large and drop too soon in
the fall, and make too much litter.
If I were to recommend a tree that has
all the essential qualities of a good
shade tree I would invariably name
the soft maple. It make3 a
dense canopy; it lias a fine
symmetrical contour, and has at
all times a stately gracefulness. From
early spring to late autumn it retains
its density of foliage, and for beauti
ful and varied brilliant tints and
shades of color of the ripening leaves
in autumn, no tree, can equal it It is
a cleanly tree, don't sprout, and
is not usually subject to insert dep
redators. It is one of our most hardy
trees, standing the most frigid weather
and the most torrid atmosphere of our
climate. It is easily transplanted,
aud with good treatment is sure to
grow. Another quality is its sturdy
' growth that the storms do not affect.
' If I were to choose another tree for
its qualities and beauty it would be
the sweet gum. This is a singularly
beautiful tree and like the maple it
has its brilliant foliage in the fall. It
has a bright cleanly summer verdure
that cannot be excelled by any other
deciduous tree of the forest. It makes
a conical dense head, and is well
adapted as a tree for lawns
avenues Journal of Agriculture.
The question of marketing the
honey is too often the most disagree
able feature of tho business. Many
bee-keepers have studied the side of
the question which concerns the mak
ing of the honey, but they have neg
lected to study the markets. To get
good prices for honey it is essential
that the fashions in honey packing
should be studied. The honey needs
to be put in small cases, and in attract
ive form. Inferior honey packed in
neat boxes will sell better than the
superior grades packed in large,
clumsy packages. The consumers are
tending more and more toward the
small-packed arrangement for honey,
and the large, old-fashioned boxes are
now nearly obsolete. The honey must
be gathered as soon as the season
closes, and be shipped at once to the
market The early stock always com
mands the best prices, for later the
glut will begin, and prices will drop
When the white honey season is
over, take the nectar from the hive
and place it in a room where the tem
perature is kept to about 93 degrees.
It will ripen in snch a place as well as
in the hive, ancl there will bz less loss.
Honey left in the hive to ripen often
gets stained and darkened by the bees,
who begin to prepare for winter when
fall comes. The sections should be
made as clean as possible, and packed
in neat crates. If each section is made
clean, and stamped with the owner's
name, it is sure to command a good
Some markets for honey are much
higher than others, and it is well to
studj the different ones before ship
ping it The nearer home that one
can sell the honey, other things
being equal, the better it is. It injures
the best honey to ship it far. It gets
travel stained and darkened. If there
is no good market for it at the stores,
attempt to retail it to customers that
can be reached by wagon. It will
generally pay better than to send it to
some distant city where probably half
of it will be ruined. The five cents a
pound which commission merchants
demand for selling the honey, and the
cost of transportation will reduce the
profits very considerably, and if good
prices are not obtained there will be
Producers should know the value of
their product. Uepause honey was
high or low last season does not make
it so the present one. The prices
quoted in the papers must be the cri
terion. Grocers will often name the
lowest quotable price as to its value,
but the producer should have a mind
as well as the grocer. Place a value
upon the article, and if a ridiculously
low price is offered refuse it. and seek
other markets. It is in this way that
grocers advance their prices. They
must have the article, and if they can
not get it at their price sthey will se
cure it at an advance. American Cul
tivator. Duujfer In "-eo.l "ileal.
As cottim sei-il me tl is gradually
coining into use as a valuable adjunct
to the ration for" dairy cows, and as
the scarcity and consequent high price
tf corn the present season may tempt
some' farmers to add this meal to the
pig ration, it srms advisable to call
attention to bulletin ?1 of tho Texas
In this bulletin Director G. D. Cur
tis reports the results of a long scries
of experiments in feeding cotton seed
io pigs, from which he comes to the
conclusion that there U no profit
whatever in feeding cotton seed in
ady" forirt to pigs, whether the seed bo
boiled, roaslds! trr ground. The ground
seed seems to havd produced the
worst results, causing the death vrith
in six to eight weeks of a large propor
tion of the riigVJ to which it was fed,
and especially of tho medium and
small-sized shoats. The boiled seed
was less injurious, but roasted eed
was almost as fatal as the meal.
These pigs were fed alongside of
similar pigs which had corn instead of
cotton seed, and the corn-fed pigs re
rhairJeii iit perfect health. The symp
toms produced by tho cotton seed are
described as follows
The first sign of sickness, appearing
in from 6 to 8 week after cotton s-scd
meal is added to the ration, is a mop
ing dullness of the animal with los of
appetite aud tendency to lie apart
lYitliirJ thd course of 12 to 3(5 hours,
often within the shorter time, the
animal becomes restless; stagsfering in
his gait; breathing labored and spiff
modic, bare skin showing reddish in
flammation; sight defcet-iv, and both
the nervous and the inuscrtldf systems
feeble and abnormal in action. The
fatal cases all show "thumps" spas
modic breathing; and in many instances
the animal will turn in one direction
only following a fence, or building
wall, so closely as to strike his nose
against projections in a vain endeavor
to push outward in that one direction
which he tries to take. If no fence or
building intercept him he may travel
In a circle large or small according to
the mildness or actttoness of the mal
ady in his particular case. When ex
hausted by his efforts the animal drops
down suddenly sometimes flat upon
his belly, sometimes dropping on his
haunches with his fore legs well apart
to keep from falling over almost al
ways with the evidence of more or
less acute internal pain. At death a
quantity of bloody foam exudes from
mouth and nostrils.
Profitable Pumpkin Crops.
It used to be the practice to grow
pumpkins only as a catch crop plant
ing seeds in the hills with corn or po
tatoes, and then, as one farmer used
to say, "hoping the pumpkins would
not amount to anything." It was the
almost universal experience that two
good crops, one of corn and the other
pumpkins, never occupied the same
field. Usually, if the corn crop was
latge, the only pumpkins worth any
thing would be on the outer edges of
the lot where they could run out and
get sunshine. Acting on this plain
hint many farmers now grow pumpkins
as a crop by themselves. They find
ready sale in cities at as good prices
as most farm products bring. The
crop is easily grown, and if the land is
rich enough the yield is enormous,
more than of any other vegetable con
taining equal amount of nutritive food
for man. About every third year the
price of pumpkins is high, and then
the pumpkin grower reaps his profit.
In the intervening years the surplus
pumpkins are worth all they cost the
grower as feed for cows, or boiled and
mixed with wheat bran and corn, as
feed for hogs. American Cultivator
There is no idle season in poultry
Do away with all of the unprofitable
Spanish and leghorns arc the best
The eggs from fifty hens will pay for
Milk and wheat make a good feed
for young chickens.
Money can often be made by feeding
cheap wheat to poultry.
When you begin to fatten, push the
fowls as fast as possible.
When the hens stop laj'ing, give
them a start by changing feed.
Select the pullets that look like your
best hens did at their age.
In selecting a number, try to have
them as uniform as possible.
Leg weakness is often met with
among the larger and heavier breeds
especially if closely confined. Less
When the shape is correct do not
fear to select the largest and heaviest
A scant cup of butter will often
make a lighter cake than a full cup.
A good way to clean stovepipes is to
rub them well with linseed oil while
they are warm.
Neatly worked darns ami patches
have been discovered in the clothes
used in swathing some of the Egyptian
Cork that has been boiled may be
pressed more tightly into a bottle
than when it is cold.
Milk is better for being kept over
night in small tins than if a larger
quantity is kept over in one vessel.
A turkey when well cooked should
be evenly browned all over. Cranberry
sauce or currant jelly is the proper ac
companiment It is better to keep baked pastry in
a cupboard rather than in a refrigera
tor, as it would be apt to get damp and
heavy in the latter place.
If handkerchiefs embroidered in col
ors arc soaked in a pail of water con
taining a spoonful of turpentine, fu
ture washings will not affect them.
To keep jellies from molding cover
i them over with pulverised sugar to
the depth of a quarter of an inch.
They will keep for years if this is
To keep a high silk hat in fine con
dition use a pad made of velvet or
worsted plush, instead of a' brush for
brushing it, smoothing it over with a
soft silk handkerchief frequently. If
any rough spots appear in the nap ap
ply a llatiron, not too hot, and smooth
them over, then use the pad and silk
China may be mended so strong that
it will never break again in the same
place. Make a thick solution of gum
arable and water, and stir in some
plaster of paris until the paste is very
thick; apply it with a brush to the
fcdgesof the broken china aud set them
carwfully together tie a string around
them and set away for three days.
First National Bank
A. ANDERSON. Tres't.
J. H. GALLEY, Vice Tres't
C. . EARLY. Asst Cashis
fl. ANDERSON. I. ANDERSON.
JACOD ORE1SEN. HENRI RAQATZ .
JAMES O. REEDKK.
Statement of Condition at the Close of
Business Sept. SO, lSi2.
Itenl Etate,F"umlture and Klx
I n rt
Due from U. S. Trvi-,uivr. S ptjxOU
Dui tram other binks fw.fia 1.1
Cash on hand -"N 23.K 8T.023.18
Capital Stock raid in.
Undivided prodts ....
1 1 .'(0 l.
Office over Colnmbns State Bank, Colnmbns,
A ALKHKT KI.EDKK,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
OBice orcr First National Bank. Colnmbtis,
W. A. MCALLISTER. TV. M. CORNELIUS.
A rcAl.lMS 1 FR COMAEl'llJS
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
ATTORN EY-AT-L AW,
Cor. EleTcnth k North 8i.. COLU11BUS, NEB.
W Collections especially. Prompt and care
ful attention girrn to tho feutt lenient of estates
in the county court by ezecntors, administrator
nnd KuardiiniK. Will practice in all the courts
of this state Hud of South Dakota. Refers, by
pvruriaaiun, to tlio First National Bank.
E. T. ALLEN. M. D.,
Eye - and - Ear - Surgeon,
Secretary Nebraska State Board
S09 Raxok Blocx. OMAHA. NEB
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware!
Job-Work, Roofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
Shop on Nebraska Avenue, two doors north
l. E. SEAEL,
pnormrron or thk
The Finest in The City.
The only shop on the South Side. Colum
bus. Nebraska. 2SOct-y
L. C. VOSS, M. D.,
Office over post oilice. Specialist in chronto
diseurcs. Careful attention given to general
A STRAY LEAF I
All kinds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Buggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
aud all work Guar
anteed. Also sell the world-famous Walter A
Wood Mowers. Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-hinders the
Shop on Olive Street, C!nmbus, Neb.,
four doors south of Dorowiak's.
U2std:tc:rta.k: isr !
Collins : mid : 3Ul;illic : t'asps !
X3f Repairing of nit bunt of Uphvl
tf COLUMBUS. NKKMA.'-K
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