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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 21, 1889)
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VOL. XX.-NO. 18.
COLUMBUS, 1JEB., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 21, 1889.
WHOLE NO. 1,006.
Cash Capital - $100,000.
LE1SDE& OERKAKD. Pr-.r.
GEO. W. HULaT, Vice PreVt.
JULlOri A. REED.
K. H. BTENItr.
J. H. TASKER. Cashier.
CUetla i-fmptly li1e
Antkorized Capital of $rOO.OtM)
Paid in Capital - 90,000
C, H. SHELDON. PresT.
H. K.HL OHLRICH. Vic' Pre.
C. A- N EWMAN. Cashier,
DANIEL. SCHRAM. Ass't Cash.
C H. Sheldon. J- P. Becker.
Herman P. H.Oehlnch, Carl Ri-nke.
Jon. Welch. W. A. McAllister,
J . Hanrv Wonieman, H. 3L V malow.
4ieoree W. Galley, S. t'.Grey, .
Frank Borer, Arnold r. H. Ouhlnch.
ie-Bank of deposit; interest allowed on time
deposits; buy and sell exchange on United States
Mil Europe, " bay ami eell available eecuritiee.
BfeskaHk pleased to receive yoixrbosinesa. We
pmtxtmmtre- - .zjaeea.
A. & M.TURNER
r .- w. Miaica,
jsj Hi 1 arms first-class in every par
MMFFMTI t H1TI,
Buckeye Mower, cobbsMMw, Self
- Batata, wire or twine.
Fttwa leaairea sktrt nat.ee
dmr st or Heints Irn StorcUth
mt, Ccinmbaa. Neb. 17noTf
1 towart Ue itmiw at
of mUkiMimef Ufkai-
ABtt- y tarty. I yAMLurr TJLSE."ly
C ar jBuiautmiiT. Gre Exyre
4f- 1'Oiiliimrtii H,tact
BEFORE TEE CAMERA.
FAMOUS WOMEN WHO ARE PHO
TOGRAPHED IN LONDON.
One finds so our world
celebrities passing down SagSBt
a pleasant afternoon that ike keeps bob
bing from one to another aad often, loses
alL "There goes Lord TsanjaonT
"Quick! The Duke of Portland was in
that carriage. I wander if that was Miss
Dallas-York with hirnT There goes a
carriage with royal annsr "Oh, where?
I did not see any of then? and so on all
the time, While I was trying to posh to
the front a grand carriage drove up to
the sidewalk, then another and aaothen
a red carpet was laid down teTtfeeUoot;
there wasa flash of jewels; some bandies
of millinery quickly sprang oat. I
glanced to the coachmen and footmen;
they all bad big posies and satin ribbons
in their buttonholes. Then I knew the
real reason of the crowd. It was ''drawing-
room day" in Regent street. After
being presented at court the beauties
were coming to be photographed.
The London photographers iinillj re
ceive no other customers on that day.
3Icst of the royalists go to Vander
Weyde now. It is a singular fact that
Vander Weyde, with this old historic
Dutch name. Is really an American, who
came to London penniless after the war.
As the carriages rolled up the crowd in
creased. Several ladies in the street tried
to go up, but were repulsed by the grim
servant in livery at the door. When the
Duchess of Marlborough swept in the
excitement became tremendous and I
could stand it no longer, so I found my
self following yards and yards of black
brocatelle, tulle, lace, passementerie, jets
and feathers up the wide staircase to
the little Moorish waiting room.
The American Duchess of "Marlborough
is not pretty, but she has a fine presence,
and carries herself with grace and .dig
nity, and a little self ronsrinnfrnfes or
exalted looks, perhaps. She was dressed
in court mourning, with thff r"gpflwj
family jewels, which were once the lau
rels of a splendid home. I thonght her
dressed in the best taste of any of the
ladies in the gallery. Many portraits of
Lady Randolph Churchill hang about,
from the simple American girl in white
muslin when she first came over to the
more mature woman of the world in her
court dress, with the star of India blaz
ing on her bosom. The magnificent
Duchess of Leinster was there, with her
head lifted like a great stag on the alert.
Her pictures do not do her justice. She
must be seen in the flesh to appreciate
ber color as well as her form.
I heard one stoat lady of past 40 sap
"Oh, yOU wanghy Amtmrr, boj, why
don't you make me look like Adelaide
Detchon or Dorothy Daae? These are
two professional beauties that Vander
Weyde iias made famous. A good deal
is expected from him sometimes. Most
of his pictures are taken by electric light,
and by the use of colored glass which
aoftexu and subdues the lines of the face
and gives to the skin of each woman its
loveliest natural color, and makes some
plain women look beautiful
My hour lengthens to two or three,
then, when all the trains have departed,
I was taken to the studio, where the
work of the real artist is seen one might
almost say he is a photographer only in
play, an artist in earnest, for while he
often rushes down to pose some impor
tant person he gets back to his painting
as soon as he can, and sometimes works
nntfl after midnight, forgetting club and
We bad tea from some dainty cups of
egg shell porcelain, and I asked him how
he became interested in photography. It
was by an accident a terrible accident.
He was a Seventh regiment boy. In
the war he was captured, and was in
Ltbby prison for more than two years.
He was always of an inventive genius,
nd could not be idle even amid the
horrors which surrounded him. While
thire he conceived some inventions which
made him a fortune when he came out.
Then he spent five years hi European
travel, and visited many then little ex
plored countries. A sudden change swept
away his fortune, lie was in London
and wondering what to do; chance took
hint into a photographer's. He was told
he could not be taken that day, it was
too foggy. Without thinking he said:
"Could not one be taken by artificial
light?" "There would be a fortune for
the man who could invent one," the
clerk replied. That night he went to
work. His first idea was to collect the
rays of the son in a gigantic irng
glaat; at great rrpenew he had one con
structed, hollow and filled with water.
The room for experiment was in a north
light; had it been under the son's rays
the monster glass could have melted a
man to a grease spot.
One day while he was seeking there
came a terrific explosion, the glass
burst, he was knocked down and deluged
with water, one of the fragments pierc
ing hk arm, pinned hmi to the floor and
severed an artery, while the blood sport
ed to the cpitirig The inmates of the
house, hearing the noise, rushed to the
room to find him arnwiess. He was
taken to bed and for months lay in a
rams fever. The room was locked.
aad when he was at last allowed to
walk he opened the door and fond the
Sooracanered witn fragments of glass
aad the blood stain on the ceiling the
thought of his days of wasted labor was
too BUBch. He fainted and bad a re-
he recovered he beard that a
discovery had been made the elec-
Hghc Thk was what he had been
lie aired a Boorpaotog-
so work for turn mgHai. and at
Jast ptiuiruQ the invention for wmen
all the court beauties thank hias when
drawmg room day is a fc
The pictures produced by it
lis 1 lii aft iaiT iijiiiih willnml
tag the littfs of the face, for they
aeed but hue rrtoacnmg. The great
advantage ia that the light is Bterable,
so that when a pose is caaght it can be
exBeriaMStted with from every point.
Umaaa Jor. rnilaawpina
-s wonderful what ;,
tteydogit apaowadays," said the aid
lady m the next seat ahead. "When I
was fast ssamed aa oxcart
ered goodawff far anybody to rids
but sow they her to
or folks is kicking.
-Ha get to be Sat as
"Ishet amy eras to it
awhOe, bat I had to g 'am sasm
to auka faa of ass far
rears ota. aosseor asfBtsev
every year, aad the extravagance in
draw goods, haailke rchii' fi, collars, and
sich is perfectly awfuL I should think
it would bast ap all the aaaa folks.
" And ererythag has get to running
to grammar," she west oa, ss she filled
her pipe and haated as ber satchel for a
match. "In my day nobody didn't keer
nuthmg about nouns aad verbs and
poverbs. but ererybody in this aige is
dead struck oa 'era. I cant tell oae o'
my gals to bring up taters fax dinner or
dxire the guslia's oat o the garden patch
but what she files up at ass about my
She found a match and lighted her
pipe, to the great amusement of the
other passengers, and she was puffing
away and taking lot of comfort when
the conductor came akmg.
"No smoking in this car. ma'am, he
"No smnkiag here."
"Do you mean to say its agin the rules
to smoke as I ride along and hanker fur
"I do. You will hare to stop at once."
"Humph! Well, that does put the
cap sheaf on the whole bigness, though
I've bin expecting it fur some time.
The last time I went to meeting they
objected to my smoking in one of the
back pews, and now I start on a journey
to my daughter Hauler's to be told to
shet off smoking afore I've drawn six
whiffs, because the railroad don't like it!
m stop, of course, bat when I git to
Banner's I'll just gin right ap and tell
'em I want to die. It's no use fur an ole
woman like me to expect to git any
more comfort in this flimflam aige, and
the sooner I kin git to heaven the bet
ter.'' New York Sun.
An aspect of our subject, however, be
fore matters reach their marrying stage,
is the effect of music upon the emotions,
especially love, or vice versa, and the
stimulus it gives to affairs of the heart
generally. I have seen it stated some
where that there are more marriages
among the class of people who dabble in
quavers and harmonies, and who come
under that very pliable term "musical,'
than any other. If this be true, it ought
to be possible to account for it. Why is
it? It is hard to see, especially at the
financial outlook, for the. average mu
sician is certainly not, so far as my ex
perience goes, such as to warrant wo
men seeking husbands in this walk of
life, and money, I believe, constitutes
an important factor in the matrimonial
question, whichever side be viewing it.
Most people, probably, will be prepared
to say that the opportunities for flirting
are greater, and perhaps the solution of
the problem may as well be found in this
as any other. However the matter be
solved, musical annals certainly furnish
a considerable roll of flirtations suf
ficient, indeed, to tempt many to think
that after all the class of whom I am
keeping the divorce law in existence.
There is no end to the tales. Even that
straight laced gentleman, Haydn, whose
pious habit of inscribing his scores with
bits of reverent Tathr, wuT go down to
posterity, and who, if this failed, would
always be held sacred for his oratorio,
"The Creation" even be fell in love
with Mile. Boselli, despite his wife and
his piety. He had her portrait painted,
and satisfied all her little whims and
fancies, which, like those of all prime
donne. were not, of course, inexpensive
ones. Good old, but inconstant, Haydn!
Ban Xa m Bight to Liberty?
The anarchists of today have poshed
the old dogma of natural liberty to the
extremest form of abstract deduction,
and they propose to make it a programme
of action. They therefore make of it a
principle of endless revolution. If, how
ever, the basis on which it once rested is
gone, it is impossible that we should hold
and use it any more. With oar present
knowledge of history, we know that no
men on earth ever have had liberty in
the sense of unrestrictedness of action.
Tlie very conception is elusive. It is im
possible to reduce it to such form that it
could be verified, for the mason that it is
non-human, non-earthly. It never could
exist on this earth aad among these men.
The notion of liberty and of the things
to which it pertains has changed from
age to age in modern history.
Never in the history of the world has
military service weighed on huge bodies
of men as it doss now on the men of the
European continent It ia doubtful if it
would ever nave been endured. Yet the
present victims of it do not appear to
consider it mconavtent with liberty.
Sumptuary laws about draw would rake
a riot in any iinteii state; a pro
hibitory law would have raised a riot
among people who did sot directly re
sist sumptuary laws. A errQ officer in
France, before the revohsfdon, who had
bought or inherited his oflsce, had a de
gree of dependence sad liberty in it
which the Niaeteeath oantary official
never dreams of. On the contrary, the
more this Nineteenth iiiilinj 1 InH and
political liberty it aw fun ltd, the aaore it
appears that aadarit an obbcbu has free
dom of opinion aad tarti naiiiliiii 11 of
action only at the acrU of his KvaEhood.
Professor W. G. Santaar in Popular
LMTtiairenoaas; bat ia aha followhax
Last year there wars SJSH,4M wooden
sleepers laid mad amir 190 JKQ iron ones.
Theaseof wood for sleepers sssbbi, there
fore, to he gradually iacressiag in Ger-
111 11 1.1 BdlheiainliiiiwJHl of jmnrfiaiTn
have always oapusLd the ass of
A few years ago thsGenaaa railway
COCUPafJUflB WCaTO OOaaVYaawQaBBal taasBBB) K0bb
BcOGpCXS WkXaa afKBSDOF wDV)B09BB CbbwSbL
objection to tasam at Algeria, where the
aaora prwslMhk New York Tsiagnau
complete aew eatat af bsbbbb bbiiu!
every two ssowths Ths aavasion of a
Bsrve's has a ahsat sixty says. Each
serve ceH has Us earn. aBBuBHv
TO GET A GOOD SLEEP.
A BOON FOR WHICH MANY WOULD
HAVE GIVEN ALL THEY HAD.
Blewed be the man who
sleep." exclaimed Baacho Pants, philo
suphicai squire of the redoubtable Son
(juixote. Aad no oae appreciates thk so
much as tha'asJortamato individual af
flicted with ineoasnia.
A remedy for sleeplessness should be
known by every one, since there ie noth
ing which wul so soon wear oat the en
tire system as being unable to sleep
soundly. "Sleep knits op the raveled
sleeve of care," said Macbeth,
-a pliiloaophy bora of
since his conscience made sleep a
to his eyelids, and he was verging on
madness We have all felt, at some time
or other, the truthfulness of Young's
thought that sleep, "tired nature's sweet
restorer," was like the rich, "his ready
visit pays where fortune smiles," while
lie "flies from woe and lights on lids un
sullied with a tear."
A SEKIOCS BUTTES.
Sleeplessness is dangerous. It will pre
vent the rebuilding of the body after
sickness and will waste away the most
robust if not checked. And, worse than
all. it is a prolific source of madness. To
become unable to sleep soundly or even
reasonably well is cause for. serious
alarm, it is also a source of great suf
fering. Any remedy, therefore, which
will induce sleep to kiss the eyelids
which have wooed the drowsy god in
vain will prove a boon to every one.
The causes of insomnia are legion, but
outride of general nervous debility and
clironic disorder of the nervous system,
whether caused from mental or nervous
diheaae, or from some injury to the
nerve centers, the causes of sleeplessness
may be put down as anything that
causes the blood to flow to the brain in
increased quantities. Strong physical
exercise, rapid hrreitliing-nrfWpthniTht
will, according to the best authorities,
conduce to bring about a state of sleep
lessness. And unless checked it will
grow until it becomes very serioust
It may be stated, as a fact overlooked
by many who find themselves unable to
sleep, that their insomnia arises from
carelebness on their part in failing to
observe certain easily ascertained rules
in regard to sleeping.
The body cannot sleep while the brain
is excited. Anything which will dimin
ish the flow of blood to the brain will
allay excitement. Very deep, slow and
quiet respiration will soothe the brain
to a great degree, and. at the same time,
serve the purpose of detracting the at
tention of the mind from the matters
which may disturb it.
Moderate heat, monotony of sound
and darkness tend to make one sleepy.
The only effect of darkness is to shut out
external objects and thus assist in quiet
ing tlie mind. The notion that sleep ob
tained in the daytime is not beneficial
has no reason to support it. Sleep is
sleep, and if one can sleep soundiv and
well in the day time it serves the same
purpose as sleep obtained at night. But
few people can do this on account of the
light and noise. Hence the old but er
roneous idea that only sleep at night
could thoroughly rest and recuperate the
body and mind after their labors. This
is abundantly proven in the case of in
fants and convalescents. Both sleep in
the day time equally as well as at night,
and both grow more while sleeping than
Cool, fresh air is the best to sleep in.
fiXtreme neat ana closeness of tne air
tend to prevent sleep, as does profuse
perspiration. The teeth should be well
cleaned and the mouth rinsed before
going to sleep. After all these necessary
rules have been observed, and still sleep
refuses to come at tho bidding of the
pleading eyelids, one may be sure they
are suffering from insomnia, and should
seek to induce sleep by any means. But
how to do this has been the question
with many, and physicians are called in
and soothing potions taken, all of which
will fail in nine cases out of ten. But
what, then, is to be done? This is what
thousands of sleepless persons have
asked, There are many sure and simple
The most celebrated remedy was that
of a Mr. Gardner, of England. It was
known to the entire reading world about
thirty years ago, bat having been out of
print in recent years only older people
remember it. Physicians who make a
Baffin Ity of nervoos diseases are familiar
with it, and recommend it in nearly all
esses where a patient suffers from in
somnia. Mr. Gardner was a man of wealth and
culture, and had accumulated a number
of remedies, such as for allaying thirst
where liquids could not be procured, for
temporarily appeasing the pangs of
hunger, and for improving the eyesight
by various ingeniously contrived glas;
He became a great sufferer from insom
nia, caused by an injury to his spine
from falling out of a chaise.
The sufferer who wishes to sleep
must lie on his right side, with lus head
placed comfortably on the pillow, hav
ing his neck straight, so that respira
tion will not be hindered in the least
The lips are then to be closed slightly
and a full inspiration rairon breathing
thrfflTgh the nostrils only if posaihlr
The full inspiration taken, the hmgsare
to be left to their own action. Attention
must now be fixed upon the respiratum.
The person must Imagine that he sees
the breath pass from his nostrils in a
continuous stream, like steam from an
exhaust pipe. The instant he brings his
auad to conceive that be thus sees his
breath, and grasps this idea apart from
all others, 1 nnm Ti mum as leaves his and
he falls asleep. If this method does not
stance succeed it is to be persevered in,
and, if properly carried oat, k believed
to be fnfaiKrtia it k fouaded on the
principle that monotony or the influence
ea the auad of a smde iaea irHTrci''
im the United Urates that
the nrat tkas it esasa andsrssyoe-
'Hare you got fire there?' Idoat
yoa,' L replied. Wa yen give
he said. 'I aaat thsak I
thM DiSteott Om a Pn itr I
Cow A Step! StillSj Bhinsil By
a Wta Btaa WW Was a SaSBMB, I
ana a '"rt vaster
hkhaad far say dear. Ifak
aeyed at what I thoaght hk
m trring to form my
and replied; 'I have not ths
ore of knowing you,sir,sad Idoat
to have you handle the agar I have
Bty mouth, anyway. He seemed
prked at my refusal , but said "";
"Since then I find every body doss it
here. Men acost an entire stranger, ass
hk weed to light their own, say thank
yoa. and pass on without the least in
clination to start a converaatioa or any
thing like that I have seen ths
boy borrow a light from, a aerchn
a negro do so from a swell, aad fs has
even come to be a point of i inserts for
the lender first to give a strong naff
on hk cigar to make k born brightly,.
and then knock the ashes off before pre
senting it. There k bo ressoaahis eb
jectioB to it. I suppose, ss the partaf ths
-ggarthat faput between the lips-k not
touched, but I never saw it at home that
I remember, probably because we look
upon cigars there as rather extravagant
luxury, any way,neaxly all smokers habit
ually using the pipe. It surprised me at
first in this city to see everybody wmd""g
cigars, from the millionaire down to the
car driver." New York Tribune.
In 1864 a hot headed French inventor
offered to contract for churches and ca
thedrals, including a peal of bells, to be
constructed entirely of paper. From
chimes to cannons was but one step, and
the Gallic inventor announced hk readi
ness to supply a train of artillery of any
given caliber, made of the same ma
terial. Building paper is enjoying a per
fect boom just now, and k proving a fine
material in the hands of architecta and
builders for several uses, inside and out.
Tlie advantages, briefly stated, are: Con
tinuity of surface, or its adaptability for
making into rolls of almost any width
and length and flexibility; or by glning
several layers together it may be made
stiff, and will stop the passage of air be
cause of the absence of joints; unlike
wood, it has no grain, and will not split;
it k unaffected by change of tempera
ture, and thus has an advantage over
sheet metal for roofing materials; though
in its natural condition it k affected by
moisture, it can be rendered waterproof
by saturating with asphalt or by various
other methods; being a non-resonant
body, it k well fitted to prevent the pas
sage of sound; it k a non-conductor of
heat, and can also be made of incom
bustible material, like asbestos, or ren
dered resistant to fire by rmmifal treat
ment. Paper Makers' Circular.
One of tlie most interesting achieve
ments in modern engineering k the elec
tric mountain railway recently opened
to the public at Burgenstock, near Lu
cerne. The rails describe one grand
curve formed upon an angle of 112 de
gree; and the system k such that the
'journey k made as steadily and smoothly
as upon any of the straight furnicular
lines. The Burgenstock k almost per
pendicular from the shore of Lake Lu
cerne to the Burgenstock k 1,330 feet,
and it is 2,860 feet above the level of the
sea. The total length of the line k 93S
metres, and it commences with a gradi
ent cf 32 per cent., which k increased to
48 per cent, after the first 400 metres,
tlus being maintained for the rest of the
journey. A single pair of rails k used
throughout, and the motive power (elec
tricity) k generated by two dynamoe,
each of twenty-five horse power, which
are it orked by a water wheel of nominal
ly 123 horse power erected upon the
river Aar at its mouth at Buochs, three
miles away, the electric current being
conducted by means of insulated copper
wires. The loss in transmission k esti
mated at 25 per cent. New York Tele
gram. A Wdl CU7.
Only one city in the world has ever
undertaken by legal supervision to put
every house under positive and absolute
sanitary control, and that city k Buenos
Ayres. The purpose k within, three
years to have thk accomplished. By no
other means can a city be rendered safe
for residence, and in no other way can
the law that city residence rapidly de
generates the population be reversed.
The matter of sanitation cannot in any
phase of it be left to individuals; it must
be a public provision, rigidly enforced.
Now that two-ninths of all our people
live in cities, the subject k one that can
not be deferred. St. Look Globe-Democrat.
An antiquarian searching in the Con
necticut State library has discovered
several books of a very ancient date.
There k a black fetter Latin dictionary
printed in 1477, soon after the discovery
of printing with movable types r"
fifteen years before Columbus sailed for
America. There k a Vniwthn book
of 1301 and a notable one on logic, a
queer old book which belonged to smni
Parris, the Salem minister, in whose
house the witch phenomena broke oat
and who himself led the persecution. It
bears hk signature. The book was
printed in 1K2 at Leyden. New York
Speaking of the pioneers in electrical
application who have reaped golden har
vests, Progressive Age says Professor A.
G. Bell was at one time walking about
Washington anxious to sell telephone
stock for ten cents on the dollar. Before
that he was teaching a deaf and dumb
school in Boston. The telephone brought
him fame and riches, and he has now an
income of hundreds of dollars a day and
a fortune of 98,000,000. a F. Brash k
said to have been working at $15 per
week before he struck the electric light,
which made him a millionaire.
Ths term "mi uti'K applied to
had its origin m an -rtn&nt
by which the bridegroom on ths
day after the wedding gave hk bride a
nsorninggxft morganabe. In the sass
of a nobleman wedded to a wife of low
estate thk morning gift tuastitatLd ths
wife's portion, or endowment, sad fross
thai gift such marriages took the
morgana tin The German law.
ingthk tradition, allows the members ef
the reigning Kn"f and ain aabie
familifrto contract marriages ia all re
spect legal aad valid, except that it givai
to bbs partner of lower birth aad to the
of the privileged
FACTS ABOUT CIGARS.
TOLD BY X TOBACCONIST WHO
'HAS STUDIED THE SUBJECT.
and smokers," said a La Salle street to
bacconist, "but there are some things
that haven't been told yet. For ia
stance, do you know that 'dry smoking
k on the increase? A dry smoke k mak
ing away with the cigar without lighting
it crsawnaag, chewing, crushiag away
on it with the teeth until the last particle
of juice k extracted."
"What k the origin of thk.habk?
asked ths reporter, ss he sealed away at
a fragrant Havana the cigar, dealer had
pansed over to him.
"In nearly every case it begins with
heart scare. Yon see, ia some f brass of
dyspepsia the distends with
wind and presses a trifle against the
heart. The smoker turns pale as he re
flects that the red corpuscles of the blood
have become triangulated, as hk scien
tific doctor told him they would, and
now he must give up smoking if he
would live. Bat giving up smoking k.
with most tobacco users, far easier said
man done. Then comes the compromise.
The frightened smoker holds the cigar in
hk mouth but does not light it. Every
nerve in hk body k a-quiver, and noth
ing but the extract of tobacco will allay
that nervousness. The teeth press down
upon the unlighted torch, the nicotinous
fluid starts. Thk k a dry smoke. The
man soon learns to like it. and the habit
grows upon him just as the real fire
smoke habit liad done. But lie k no bet
ter off. He get3 fully as much tobacco
into lus system by that practice as by the
other in many cases more."
"Can a man get away with many ci
gars in that way?"
"I should say so. I have a customer
a well known attorney who buys
daily a box of twenty-five imported Ha
vana cigars, for which he pays me $4.50,
or eighteen cents apiece. He k wealthy
and can afford the expense. He dry
smokes these cigars pretty thoroughly,
too. I have another customer a real
estate broker, and one of the most com
panionable and sociable of fellows whe
'ays thirty-five straight ten-cent domes
tic cigars every morning, and he smokes
every one of them himself Should he
give one to a mend he buvs another to
take it3 place. He k systematic ia. all
things, and he will smoke no more and
no less than the number mentioned."
The reporter subsequently saw this
broker, who confirmeil the statement,
and denied that hk nerves or hk health
were in any wise affected by the large
number of cigars he smoked.
"Men's whims and caprices are shown
as decidedly in the matter cf cigars as
En anythag in the world, A physician.
and a popular one, too, smokes just
seven cigars a day, no more and no leas,
and they are of a special brand. He has
smoked them for thirteen years. Dur
ing all thk time, he assures me, he hac
never smoked one more or one leas than
seven a day. Physicians are called out
so irregularly that one would least ex
pect to find method in their ranks; yet
he has a regular hour for smoking, and
will let nothing interfere with it. He
pays twenty-five cents apiece for hk
"L there such acute taste as that in
cigars? Is it possible for a man to be
educated up to a particular brand, sc
that he can enjoy no other?"
"Imagination plays a big part in that
particular. A certain brand which has
had a big run will suddenly grow un
popular. Smokers will declare the
quality has depreciated, but such knot
tne case. Any honest manufacturer will
seek above all things to rnamtnin the
quality. If s imagination. I demon
strated that once to my entire satisfac
tion. I had an excellent brand, which
for convenience 111 call the 'EscuriaL'
but it palled on my customers taste.
Knowing it to be a splendid cigar, the
qest quality of goods I carried, I got the
manufacturer to change the name to
well, let me call it The Amber,' and at
once those who had rejected it under an
other name took to it handsomely. That
was a year ago, and I hare no more
popular cigar in my entire stock."
"Has the color of the wrapper any
thing to do with the strength of cigars?"
"It has very little. Yoa wiH observe
how small a part of the weight it k. It
k the filler, the great inside balk, which
determines the quality of a cigar's
strength, and not the binder or the
wrapper, neither of which constitutes a
twentieth part of the volume of goods
"Concerning flavored Havana cigars?'
"There it k again. How often have I
heard self styled connoaaenrsm import
ed cigars invite attention to the delight
ful perfume m a certain brand and allege
that therein k the virtue of ths cigar,
"Let me tell you there k not a manu
facturer in Havana whoever did or ever
will export a scented cigar. They dc
place stems in a hogshead and fill itwith
water, and use the water whan it be
comes impregnated with the strength of
the stems for the sprinkling of the tobac
co when they work it. But thk k done
to give slightly added strength to the
goods, not to prfnm ft. There k no
essence or extract on the face of the
earth that can compare in excellence,
from the smokers standpoint, with the
natural bouquet of choice tobacco grown
in Cuba. Let me get back to the wrap
per business to say this:
"Don't yoa know that ths Sumatra
wrapper k being ased more and more
by domestic manrrfactarers, not to impart
any distinctive flavor, or to give strength
or to take it away from the cigar, bat ia
ordertoaddtoits comeliness, the leaf bs
ing very smooth and pretty? If the wrap
per affectod the strength of the agar to
any extent, or interfered in any ifpsjxi
with its flavor, manufacturers would not,
as they do here daily in America, pat a
Sumatra wrapper around a filler of im
ported Havana tobacco which k of far
better quality and of more ggfrjhjy
strength." Chicago Herald-
The soath of the fatars k not to ha tan
south of the aaat. Agricaltar is no
to he ths
than it was, bat lastl to
that will give new iisetas aad vigor to
k aad make the aouthlaad ham with re-
life aadiiiisu. In thk
written about daws
ilaiial i n iwl'' ' ""
ia factory and shop.
man with a bright braia, trained
aad skilled fingers to take part in
help on thk grand work of
k better opeortuaJtr
asld for the young man of
aad patfcace. better stospecfei for pro
moting and the acqaisirion of wealth
than any of the overcrowded profassioas
offer, where so few reach the top. so
many straggle oa the way aad meet
with disappointments at every torn.
The professions of law and medicine,
which stein to hare a fascination for
our educated young awn. are bow and
have been for years overcrowded, and
yet every year adds to the number of
those who enter them. The field for
service does nut expand in proportion to
the increased number of these who aessr
a limited business among so many that
only a few of recognized sujeriority and
reputation are reasonably paid for thetr
tuiM and knowledge. We say thk with
out any disposition to disparage either ot
theae respectable and bouorable profes
sions. But the field of manufacturing indus
tries k wide and inviting, becoming
wider and more inviting every year, and
there k no danger of its being over
crowded. There k the opening for our
bright and ambitious young men who
wish to strike out ror themselves and
hew their way to fortune and fame.
Franklin (N. C.) Times.
Th Ckr Pw4lt.
Some twenty years back we had a
poodle white, with one black ear. Af
ter tlie manner of hk nice, he was never
quite happy unless he carried something
in hk mouth. He was intelligent and
teachable to the last degree. The great
defect in hL character wo the impossi
bility of distinguishing meum from tu
um. Anything he could get hold of he
seemed to think, according to hk dogged
ethics, to be fairly lus awn. On one oc
casion he entered the room of one of the
maid servants and stole her loaf of bread,
carefully shutting the door after him
with hk feet, the latter part being a feat
I had taught him.
The woman Irish was scared and
thoaght that the dog was the devil in
carnate. The necessity of discipline ou
the one hand and of occupation on the
other induced me one day to enter a
saddler's shop, situated in a straight
street about Iialf a mile from our house,
and buy a whip. Shortly after my re
turn home he admitted some act of petty
larceny, so I gave him a beating with
tlie whip be had carried home. Going
for a walk next day, the dog. as usual,
accompanied me. and was intrusted with
the whip to carry. Directly we got out
side the door he started off at hk best
pace straight down the street, paying nc
attention whatever to mv repeated calls.
He entered the saddler's shop and de
posited the whip on the floor. When I
arrived the saddler showed me tlie whip
lying exactly where the dog had depos
ited it. The Spectator. fc
Auburn Haired Girl.
All young women pohsosnod of red "
can remember that in the days of their
childhood their hirsute adornment was a
source of mocking merriment to theii
friends, and the term "sorrel top" or
"strawberry blonde" was one of con
tempt. They wondered, perhaps, why
it was that they were always called "red
headed," when their playmates were de
scribed as being black, brown or golden
haired. But the "red headed" girls don't
mind now that it k every young wo
man's ambition to be auburn haired, and
she hopes by the use of hair dyes tc
attain the shade which belonged to the
wicked Lucretia. If she gets exact
ly the right siiade she does not see
why a single thread of her hah
might not be preserved by the United
States government and exhibited as k
the one so proudly shown in Florence as
having belonged to the wicked Lucretia.
It k odd how many famous women have
had thk Titian red hair. Catherine ot
Russia gloried in it, and Anne of Austria
had brown hair just on the verge of
being red. Ninon deLEnclos was equally
proud of her warm colored tresses, and
Mary Stuart seemed a daughter of the
sun. Jane Hading and Mrs. Potter both
have warm auburn hair, but it does not
reach the real tinge, which k that which
crowned, in all her glory, the head of
the Empress Eugenie, she who has known
the extreme of happiness and of sadness.
There k a little Italian fruit seller in
Worth street, who seems to have solved
the problem of what to do with hanana
peel He lias hk stand in front of a big
dry goods store and k required to keep
the neighborhood clean All fruit skins
are carefully gathered up, but hk great
achievement k the discovery that th
average truck horse k a .receptacle for
Truck horses are numerous in thk lo
cality, and whenever one comes to an
chor tlie Italian s little daughter feed
him on the accumulated peelings. The
Iktle girl enjoys it, the Italian smiles at
his own wisdom, and tlie horse accept.-
A News reporter recently made it a
point to feed the skim to horses by the
wayside, and they all liked them. There
k, consequently, no longer any justifica
tion for the throwing of them on the
streets as traps for the unwary. New
Trees nearly always develop best in
other words, make most wood in the
fall an joyment of light; bat their capa
city of developing under shade varies
greatly. The yew will thrive in the
shade, while a few years over-
kflk the larch; the beech will
grow with considerable energy under
partial shade, where the oak would only
jast keep alive and tlie birch would die.
Whan planted in mokt places, all spe
cial are leas sensitive to the withdrawal
of Tight. In the open, maples, elms.
and others grow well aad
good shade trees; in a dense for
est they thin oat aad have but scanty
foliage. Conifers, such as spruces sad
firs, which preserve the foliage of years,
have aarhaps the greatest capacity of
growing under shade and preserving
their foliage m. spite of the withdrawal
of Mght.--OBoan Week.
FsagJe How m it tnas circuses
sp to their ad vertkements?
Faagle Because they are not
feaa way. New Ycrfc Sua.
dbs. skilled oserativas
First Nifini. Ink
Ia a ana of Xafcnafea. at tk daw of baai
ffiiariPini In taV3t7 St
ciBigrftow.MaBt iiii Bint ustat
OJimc Woes, bemdm a in i" (JUX8 S
Doe treat apprawara
lis Ens atar
e. Fnaitare sad I
aati Um paid.
Ctwcka asd other tmix iti
Bills of other Bank
Bedemption. faadwiih U.St
r (a par n af afein lliiiaj)
Capital atoekr paid m f SM
wrpiaar B ... ...v.-srrrrr-
Undivided proattt , .. .
3atioeal Bank Bote iiiirfia.iin
Iwiivitiaal iImmwi'i. inhi i rr tsv - iLl !? ai
Note aad bills w ilirvmaXed .. 111. SS as
Total . ,
A. A.NDEBSO.V. Ptaa't.
G-AXDEBSOX. P. ASDOmOtL
JACOB GKKISCX. HraKYKA&AlZ.
JOH3 J. SULLITAX.
T .H. alUA.1,
ueice orer Cofombea Staxa Bask. C
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
OiEce oTer Fiat Xatiosal aaaa
' ' " 1 ia i fast planar ilaaassl
tlrwwH raeac Columboat. Nix, or call at
fanTPai tnii -" - - 1
u v.w l atMaaasta
CO. SUP'T PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
,u- TS i?: y oS " CoBrt Hoaaa. tfca
nurd Satnrrtar of each month for the examina
tion of applicant. fr tearhen earesratea aad
for Uw transaction nf mW 4J -
Light and heavy hauliair. Goods handled with
ran?. Headquarter at J. P. IWker A iVi oafe.
Telephone. and . :2aajSBtf
brick: jvlakers r
, -Contractors ami builders will sad oer
brick tint-das anal oSVrrd at iaii ladiln rates.
We are also prepared to do all kiada of brick
M at. TUaUrOt at CO..
Proprietor and Publishers of the
Both, post-paid to any address, for tUM a rear
strictly in advance. Pum,T Jocbjiu, JLUU a
W A. MCALLISTER.
ATTORXEVS AT JL4r.-
Otficenp stairs over Ernst 4 Seh ware's store oa
fcl-VMlth stivec WailByaa
JOHN G. HJGGLNS.
C. J.GARLOW. -
HI66DIS At 6A1L0W,
Specialty made of Collections by C.J. Gariow.
XL C BOYD,
Tin aid Skeet-Im Wire!
img a Spnmlty.
B-Shop oa Uth street,
stand on Thirteenth street.
ra.s R. K.v.ir.
CfRtractirs . BiiMtrs,
Etizuaen furnished on brick stoaogwork
and plastering, fr-... Special attention given, to
tettinir boner, mantles, etc Staining "H
tuck poiatimcoldornew brick work to reprv
wnx pressed brick, a specialty. Correspondence
eoueifed. References given.
iimayly KNAPP BKOCL.
A STRAY LEAF!
TIE CMJpwbbWS sWIMbbL
THE AJERU AX MAGAZINE,
V Ogr Both frr a rVttr. at Hjm.
The Jocbxax. ia acknowledged to
sews aad family paper m Plaxte i
Ajnencao. jsaaiBia. v laeoaij
ly Tnaira-in devoted estirely to
tore. Ajaeneaa Thoaat aae
the only decided emoaeaf of
turns. Iciaasiroralas aay at tfca-
zxne. fanuaeias ia a year orcr UM
choicest nteratare, written by tha
thaa. a year's sulsaiiiilai to
It will be especially brtTliaaf
Tha price of JocasAi. a SZJm, i
im 111 DS1S
l '"ir - C .
2-? -k- t e? '"' -
ser - "-c-i". -j