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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (June 26, 1889)
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COLUMBUS, NEB, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 26; 1889.
V 4'OMiXBUS. NEB.
V ; Cash Capital - $100,000.
Ifrr . - --.- -' . -
. LKAK DKS OKKKAKU. rVw i.
OHO. W. HULSf. Vies rWt.
. JUL1U8 A.HKKD.
K. H. HKNKV.
.. J. K. TAriKKK. Caahiar.
Cllectla erllj '
" Amtliorizod Capital of $500,000
Paid in Capital - 90,000
C. H. BHKLDON. Fr't.
U. P. M. OHLRICH. View Vrt.
C. A. NEWMAN. Caahior.
DANIEL 8HRAM, Am'I Cash.
aH. SboLlon. J.P.Becker,
Herman P. H.Oehlrich. C IBje"!'.
Jon. Welch. W. A. McAlU-trr,
J. Henry Wiinlninn, H. M. WInelow,
Frank Rorrr. Arnold F. H. Oohlrich.
9Baak of dpsR: intert allowed on tin
dtpoattm bay and teU exchanjw on United State
ad Europe, and lw; nnd aell aTailbleecuritiea.
Wa akall be pleaMd fo receite jour bosiaeM. We
. .. Xrirell-K !.
(BTTbMe'orsaa are firet-cla in erery par
tioalar. and ao Koaraniaed.
Bckty Mower, combined, Sttf
BiiidW, wire or twine.
Repaired saert metiee
, door wert of Heints' DrocStore, Uth
tSet. CotEalMW. Neb. l.aorswx
- 1IM t A1
H5. .! tha kava tkeam
KL.VV A RADICAL COTJC
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sob. snn r""
MifNtoaM it cola yy.yyy wr
raaf S oHI-tiube I7p
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SHOES OF ALL NATIONS.
LARGE COLLECTION AT THE MU
SEUM IN WASHINGTON.
Various form of footgear feara baaa
aVriaed bj ditmnmt paopfta vadar dif
feratf condftfaaai All tha akoaa aada
aTaoMtaiaciBooa&moB, and that ia
aaolcu Thafaaia ahoaa eoaalatlngof a
aola witkottf an ppar, bt aona that
ooaaiatof aaupparwathoatsaola. Mot
to .hsve m. aola on onaa ahoa baa baah
takan flgarafively to npnaavt aztzana
itstitatim. -So whan ona wanta'to
apaak of a peraoa who fa in iaBfaonplcMia
likely to aay: "He is waLUnf on Ua
The oldest form of a shoe or sandal
seem to hare been merely a flat sole
secured to the foot by thongs.
FIBST UHOM TO PROTECT THK FXET.
' This form can be seen represented ia
Soman and Greek aculptnre. The Egyp
tians had similar soles or sandals made
ordinarily of leather, but sometimes of
palm leaves or papyrus. In the Ninth
and Tenth centuries the common form
of shoe in Europe was the wooden shoe.
Even the nobles and princes wore clumsy
wooden shoes, such as now are found
among the peasants. The Fourteenth
century produced the grotesque long
pointed aboe. The points had been ex
tended by fashion so far thatin the days
of Richard II, they were eecuzed to the
knee by little chains. The church thun
dered against this absurd and useless
foykinn Rtift l1rk.ar wt1uMl Avail inr ft
...., " . -T- vTv"5JrT? V"VSJ
held sway for S00 years or more. In 113.
however, so much headway had ' been1
gained against the mode that a decree of
the English parliament was obtained to
oppose the decree of fashion.
An act was passed prohibiting shoe
makers from making points more than
two inches long for the unprivileged
classes. Henceforth the long point be-,
came a badge of the criminal class.But
a reaction came, the long point went out
of fashion, and people went to the op
posite extreme. The toes of shoes were
made of grotesque width. This absurdity
was carried so far that Queen Mary felt
called upon to issue a proclamation re
stricting the width of toes to six inches.
If tliere were any of her subjects who
had a natural spread of the toes greater
than six inches they had to go barefooted.
In the Sixteenth century boots were
generally worn in England and France
and the boots of the cavaliers were made
with enormously wide tops, that were
rolled or folded over. After the restora
tion the tops of the boots were orna
mented, at least by the fops of the day,
with lace. The atssple'fone of shoe,
which has 'held its own -among: Eure
peans and Americana to the present day,
made it appearance in the Seventeenth
century. This shoe has undergone sev
eral modifications. It was fastened with
a buckle before shoe laces and buttons
came into vogue.
In the National museum in the depart
ment of ethnology are gathered together
specimens of foot wear from ajl over the
world. Shoes are studied not alone from
the economic standpoint. Ethnologist
sec in the development of shoes, the
growth of the heel, the sole and the up
per, tho process of evolution, just as
the naturalist sees it in the mechanical
fitness of the prehensile tail to the 'con
ditions of life of the monkey that has it.
Many drawers are filled with shoes, and
in one of the alcoves of the museum are
stored away another collection of shoes.
If there was a procession representing all
nations and even the subordinate divi
sions of all nations, the representatives
of the different countries and localities
could all find in this collection the proper
boots or shoes to wear.
rOOTOEAJt FROM ALL KATIONS.
Then, scattered through the museum,
are eJHgies armies of very little ones in
cases, representing the dress and the im
plements and ceremonies of different
people, and here and there large figures
startling in their lifelike character, and
on each of these the students of shoes
can find an interesting study. Wooder
shoes, or sabots, are worn now among
the peasants in many countries in Eu
rope. Their advantage is in their cheap
ness and durability. In France and Bel
gium are factories where they are made
of maple and ash. There are some in the
museum from Norway and Belgium, and
some used among the Scandinavian set
tiers in the northwestern states and ter
ritories that seam heavy and clumsy to
one accustomed to fine leather. Theahoe
is made all of one piece, hollowed out
They are fashioned in the. form of the
foot, and sometimes have a little carving
outside to represent buttons and the top
caps on leather shoes. The uppers are
about a quarter of an inch thick and the
soles twice as thick.
On one pair of wooden ahoes in the
museum, from Belgium, even a repre
sentation of the little knob supposed to
be made by the wearer a corn appears.
An attempt waa made to establish the
manufacture of wooden ahoes in this
country during the war, bat the indus
try never reached large proportions.
Some, however, are made now and sold
among the foreign born people of the
northwest or exported to. Europe. In the
tin district of Cornwall, Egypt made
wooden shoes or,pattena are used.
One of these in the museum is simply
a fiat piece of wood, with an iron ring
fsstfmnil -inJarnaath. . The ring.Js on
the ground, and raissa the flat shoe and
its wearer above the grouneVThe
Ther are aam some countrier for or
dinary wear, and many' are saade for
the special nee of persona employed in
bleachariet or damp places. Theimpsr
Tious wooden soles keep the feet dry!
Some shoes with handsomely adorned
uppers are provided with wooden soles.
Mrs. Harden blew the
osac4pnKSBsjpSt to nam been ssvpjatjrnav.
M . - . fi MA ..L J.6
woodsri soles are Terr common,
It waa a raw. cold
liked theam. He thought, as
now, that saothera biscuit
a tura; but he did not tell her so.
Cely, the daagkssr, who had been at
work in the dairy, cease ia just as the
others were flnishinc their saeaL She
nodded and they nodded to Mr. but no
one smiled or spoke. Her another had
pot away her breakfast to keep it warm,
and as she sat it before the giri she felt
as if she would Jike to stroke a
or Umber, as she need to do wl
was a baby; but sack
were "sentimental,'' and sentiment to a
Harden waa only another word forsilli-
Tom Harden was an industrious lad.
the fattest brought to market, and
his apples the soundest and most care
fully packedT He knew that such praise
would delight the boy. and wished that
he could hear it; but be could not bring
himself to repeat ft. "
When breakfast was over the men
started for a distant part of the farm, not
to return until night. Cely.asahepacked
her father's dinner, felt a wrench of pity
at her heart for the old man. He was
old and weak; he had worked for his
children so faithfully and long! If he
could but rest now! She would have
liked to put her anna around him and
tell him this.
Instead of doing so she carefully packed
the basket, saying: "There's the beef and
the bread and the pie and the bottle of
water. That's alL"
All; but the word of tenderness, the
loving touch which would have cheered
and sweetened the day's labor for the
Too many Hardens are to be found
upon our New England and middle state
farms, as well as' in our Tillages and
towns. They are often .the descendants
of men who fled from persecution and
wrested their living by hard labor from
a savage wilderness, and thus learned to
value only the rugged virtue of truth and
endurance and to despise the lesser chari
ties, the amenities' and courtesies of life.
The present generation has inherited
their grim, unpleasant virtues.
Never be afraid to brighten the life of
your friend or neighbor by praise or love,
provided the praise and love are true.
God has made nothing for use without
giving it an additional touch of grace
and beauty. The hardest rock, seen
through the microscope, has its exquisite
tints and lines. . -
Why should we strive to rob our lives
of that harmony and beauty which is the
expression of the love that comes from
him? Tooth's Companion.
The cigarette is a miserable apology
fora niaal.T plnasiirr Nothing. shall
ever induce us to believe that a man who
really 'likes tobacco for tobacco's sake
prefers cigarettes. And the proof of this
is that the more, precious the cigarette is
the less pure, invariably, is the tobacco.
We do not want to enter into the endless
controversies as to what the ''loading'
really is, or into the other endless fight
about "cigarette smoker's throat" But
if any one' with some faculty of taste and
smell' will 'enter (the only way of judg
ing) a room where some few whiffs of
any fashionable brand of cigarette have
been smoked, himself fasting from to
bacco, he will perceive at once that the
flavor, and odor are of tobacco pln
something.' Never mind what the some
thingis"; it U there. It is not the' smell
or the taste'of the very best Turkish to
bacco (such as -makers would have us
believe is used)' smoked in a clean pipe
by itself. Itis not the smell of any other
kunjof tobacco-mingled, with it The
perfume and'flavor of, eay,the best gold
en leaf ampkeoVin at pipe, or the best
Havana cigars, or the best tobacco, and
cigars unadulterated of 'any other kind
and country, are different enough, but
they differ 'like the flavor of different
wines all distinct, but all vinous. The
flavor and odor of the cigarette, at least
the popular manufactured' Turkish or
Egyptiancigarette(weknbw, of course,
that vastquan tities of ordinary Ameri
can tobacco are smoked' as cigarettes),
are, in great part, not those of tobacco
at all, out of something quite distinct
from,' and added to, tobacco; and we
behove that all honest persons gifted
with discrimination jwill add that it is
a deleterious something a enmething
provocative of "bead and "throat' and
stimulative of a. great desire o drink
As the streH car rolled Into West End,
the other day, u elderly Jady remarked:
"Daughter. Joel Chandler Harris lives
over that way.
"DoMheTnuLT said the younger lady..
"P6you.lknow where Joel Chandler
Hsrris'UvesT inquired the mother of
one of .the passengers.
The. gentleman addressed blushed a
"TJm what does'he dor he asked.
"Oh, he .writs, jtbiags.for the paper, I
believe," was tbe answer, "but I don't
know. Daughter, what does' Mr. Har
"I don't knowrraa -sure,' replied the
young' lady.-. "I simply heard somebody
aay that he lived out this way." ,
Tbmthegenlaeman asked the driver
if 1 could pointout Mr. Harris' house,
and the .aTTerjturned' red' and stared at
theTonestioner and stammered out an
Mr. JoslCkaadler Harris lost no time in
MttiBweutaJautBSaJBg nil steps home"
wanL. .It.gveit.a man a funny feeling
to .half questions asked about him in
pubtto by streamers. Atlanta Constitu
tsrt in playing a
while about it,"
are others of the
fr recent TThiMtfmr
in Scotland.' a" nadve of the country waa
latsiitlj js itrTiinj: the stow descent of the
Dasxme.nhe excleisaei, "how long
Harden had bean
whose thoaght and ambition werebonnd
edbythefarai. His father, the day be-
aiasitT derlare that 'Tears salTaf
Both hvlies looked
ger and at each other, and
- Tei; eawtrand hpTrhy-T ouaacr s Jr a
dad, I eould come eYnra eiaev than
IhalamasiWr Tnuth'snmriiliTi"" '
VALUE OF OLD MASTERS.
FIGURES OF INTEREST TO THOSE
WHO LOVE FINE PICTURES.
18 to S)ISaV
The value of pictures has been very
considerably disturbed by the revelations
recently made. It has thrown suspicion
upon tbe method of sale by auction,
which has heretofore been so popular,
and suggests die possibility that more
than one of the great picture sales of re
cent years have been in a measure
"cooked' affairs, in which prices have
been made to rise to a height by no
means in accord with the actual state of
Iu triMi. i
same taste for "old masters" as have the
people of other countries. Once they
reverenced them on account of their age
and gave high prices for their pictures, t
Bu they were innocent then, and when i
they awoke to the fact that most of the ,
old masters which tuey owned were bo
gus, they made haste to rid themselves
of the same.
8ince then Americans have bad little
to do with this class of pictures. Now,
however, they are beginning again to
BIO AND UTTLK OEMS.
Following are some extreme and some
average prices of the pictures of men ...
whose names are mentioned: j
Jan Van Eyck An adoration of the
magi in the Northwick sale in 1858
fetched $3,160. Van Eyck's works are j
scarce and much sought after. The pict- j
ure mentioned must have been an excel- !
lent example, for another picture of die i
same subject was sold in Cologne in 1863 '
lor a utue more man aow. uniy me
best of his pictures have sold for more
than $300 or $300.
Guercino His finest works in the Lou
vre ere valued at $4,000. $5,000 and
$6,000, the "Martyr of St Peter at Mo
dena" being considered worth $0,000.
Nearly every gallery in Europe has
some specimen of Ids work. During the
last century the highest price obtained
at auction has been $3,400. Small heads
and less significant works have sold as
low as $10. A few single figure paintings
have been sold at from $50 to $350.
Hans Holbein His works are abund
antly represented in foreign galleries.
Though one of the greatest German
painters his pictures have never brought
large prices at public sale. A portrait of
a lady was sold in 1850 for about $3,000;
other portraits in recent years have
rarely exceeded $300.
Guido Reni His "Rape of Helen" in
the Louvre has been assessed at $8,000.
His works are in all the European gal
leries. They have seldom sold for more
than $3,000. A "St John" was sold in
185aor3,400. .. ' ..
David Teniers More of his pictures
than those of any other painter have
been sold publicly. He Is extensively
copied and imitated, but of a list of about
850 different' sales of his pictures the
highest price ever brought for any one
was $5,000 paid in the Van Sassengen
sale, in 1853, for a painting called "The
MTOTLLO AND RUBE5S.
Murillo The greatest of the Spanish
school in point of value. There are nine
of his pictures in the Louvre. The most
celebrated of these is' the "Immaculate'
Conception." for which the French gov
ernment paid $135,000. This Is far in
excess of all die others, which are rated
as worth everywhere from $1,000 to $13,
000, at which figure' tbe "Holy Family"
has been appraised. Hie pictures figure
in all the principal museums of Europe,,
and have often sold at auction at very
high prices. There were no less than
fourteen of his 'pictures in the famous
Soult collection, to. which the Louvre's
"Immaculate Conception" belonged. The
"Flight'Into Egypt" brought $10,000; the
"Jesus and St John as Children," $18,
000; the "St Peter Bound," $30,000; the
"Miracle of San Diego." $17,000; a
"Brigand Stopping a Monk," $5,000.
The rest of the pictures of the collection
sold for from $1,000 to $5,000. The price
brought by the "Immaculate Concep
tion" was the largest ever paid for a
picture at the time. It fa doubtful wheth
er it would now realize an equal sum,
as Murillo's work has not increased in
estimation, while new standards of -tastes
have taken possession of picture buyers.
A large painting of the very same subject
in the Eardley collection was put up at
auction in 1860, but was withdrawn in de
fault of a bid of $45,000. Since the Soult
sale many of his works have been publicly
sold. The Empress Eugenie gave the
largest price brought by any of his other
pfctorea. She paid $$000 for a "Sleep of
tbe Infant Jesus' at the Patureau sale in
1857. Many of his works were sold in
the Aguado collection in 1843. They
ranged from $18 to $5,600, at which sum
one .of hie Annunciations was disposed
of. One of his pictures figured in the
Aspinwall sale here a few years ago, but
was without a buyer. It was subse
quently taken to London, where; after
long'negbtiations, it was sold, presuma
bly at no( very great price.
Rubens, being the prince of painters,
his pictures have naturally commanded
very great prices. The fact that he
worked much through his assistants has,
however, made-a great 'difference in
their value. His works' in the Louvre
are estimated at $20,000, .$30,000 and
$40,000, eomeof thelsxhous seriesln the
life of Mary of Medids being valued at
$60,000. Hie single portraita are worth
about $3,000 to $5,000. The famous
"Chapeau de Faille," one of the moat
beautiful portraita ever painted, was sold
ml823 for about $15,000. Few of hie
beet works have eold during the present
century. The highest price brought at
public sale at any time waa for an in
terior with portrait of the family of Bal
thazar, which' brought $36,000 at the
Eardley sale in 1810, Some of bis por
traits have, awvcrllieless, aold for no
more than $100. New York Commercial
As Hank Cusker, the famous bronco
breaker, and James McNaney, cowboys
in the employ of the N-N outfit, were
driving a bunch of nones from die head
of Big Dry to the round up they ehcoun-
ferea lour gnzziy Dears. Tney deter-
to make Um interesting for the
as .possible and Instantly gave
jntfe tneir. lariats only.
saw as rope tnrowers in a
They did their re
ly and wish
catching his bear around
the sMc and the other surprised his by
roping a hind leg. Then the fun com
Miwfini. in one going In one direction
and a$e other in the opposite, with the
horses plunging and ssurtiag and "trying
to get away, but they were hitched to too
heavy loads and soon became tractable
againV Oasker haTing 4auaghthis bear
by the neck, soon had his bearship in a
strangling condition, and with his usual
courage proceeded to tie turn as be would
have' done with a steer or bronco, and
heentnaUy succeeded in his intended
purpose. In the nfoentimo McXaney was
doing his best to interest his chargeand
no doubt did so.
Aflsrinaking sure of his victim Cusker -had
f groat curiosity to know how Mc
Natssjr was getting along' with his pro- '
tegeand immediately started vto hunt
mwneco.krf ia.nadmg kn.
tanoBur;and that, his aerricca- were wet
eoase,aa the bear being caught oy the
hind leg. had full control of' his lung
power aid was making day hideous br
his enraged cries. Cusker then under
took to do the tying act with this one,
ami becoming very bold after the experi
ence with the other one he proceeded at
his victim without fear and got a couple
of good rouadera from the bear to pay
for his impatience. However, they were
not very severe strokes, 'and after dodg- !
ing around' awhile they succeeded in
getting a rope around his neck and then
made short work of him. The only '
knife they had was a very small pen
knife, but they were bound to have the
pelts, and after working hard for a
couple of Itours succeeded in securing
their skins. When they had dispatched
the two beasts they became quite blood
tliirsty and wanted to do some more kill
ing, but the other two bears had made a
hasty retreat into the Bad Lands and
couli not be found, so they proceeded on
to the ranch. Glendive (M. T.) Inde
pendent A BoTdlaf Heaae Secret.
A certain lady who keeps a rather ,
fashionable boarding house in this city j
is troubled with ten boarders no less '
than ten who possess enormous appe- '
tites. Everybody that knows a board-
ing house can realize that ten boarders
with large appetites are very hard upon
the profit of the concern. She tried, like ,
a thorough business woman, all sorts of i
methods to check these ungodly appetites, '
but to no avail. I
One day she happened to tell her family
doctor dt these ten hungry men and how '
they worried her, and he said immedi
ately: "Why, I can give you an easy remedy
for that" ;
She told him that she would be very '
much obliged to him for any help that
ho could give her on the subject, and
moreover said that it would be worth a
great deal of money to her. !
"Well," said he, "next week bake a
lot of Jemon pies and see that those ten
boarders get their share of pie."
"Is that all your prescription, doctor?" ,
said the lady. j
"Yes ma'am," he replied, "and you
will find it is quite enough." '
So the next week she baked a number ,
of lemon pies, and she saw to it that the '
ten boarders were helped twice to pie on !
the first day. After that she noticed grad- J
ually that their appetites fell away, and
at the end of that week there was an i
unmistakable diminution in the bill for I
provisions required for that boarding
The lemon pie diet was continued -until
the' boarding house became as profita
ble as it had previously been unprofitable,
it is not within my power to say exactly
how the lemon pie acts on the average
boarder, but it is certainly a fact that 'in
this case tbe lemon pies produced what
no other system of dieting could accom
plish. This recipe may be of use to some
of tbe downtrodden boarding house mis
tresses. Pittsburg Dispatch.
Coffee is more generally consumed in
Brazil than in any otber part of the
world. The coffee fields of, Brazil cover
3,000,000 acres, with 800,000,000 trees,
each tree averaging about one pound per
annum. The industry there employs
800,000 hands. The consumption of
coffeeinBrazil averages yearly 14 pounds
per inhabitant; in Belgium and Holland,
11 pounds; in the United States, 7
pounds; in Germany,' 5 pounds,; and in
Great Britain very little more than ' half
a pound. Britons drink: five times "as
much tea as coffee, while Americans
drink eight times as' much coffee as tea.
Down to 1680 the only source of coffee
supply was Arabia, but tbe berry is now
cultivated throughout most, regions .of
the tropical. world. Java and Ceylon are
the principal centers of production after
Brazil, and the total output of the world
has been estimated to amount to not less
than 1,000,000,000 pounds. New York
Waa Tx H
"I try to be a man of my word," be
said, as he entered a Cadillac eating
house yesterday, "but I can't always do ;
as I promise.
"What did you want?" asked the pro
prietor. "You gave me a square meal on tick
two months ago.. The bill was'forty-fiye
cents. I promised to pay in six weeks,
bat I am a little late."
"I don't remember the circumstance."
"Perhaps not, as you are a big hearted
man, but I do and here's your money."
The proprietor pulled in a $2 Canadian
bin .and flung out tbe change, rather dis
gusted with tbe man's' honesty. Ton
minstes later, however, this disgust had
changed to admiration. In making
change he took a closer look at the bill,
and on tbe back be found the stamp:
"Suspended 1884." Detroit Free Press.
Central Asia, and more particularly
central western Asia, has undergone a
revolutkm during the pes quarter of a
century. Railroads are being- built and
tslegrspn lines connect, all important
towns. Roads arebeing Wradsrnferd
and European, rttthirnifT and customs' are
adopted. Edncation. especially, is fester
ed where it was unknown; and there are
tenfawiesthescnools there were, besides
coOeges established by foreigners. Re
ligious freedom Is quite general in tbe
place of bitter fsnarirism; and all classes
are waking up' to new intellectual and
moral life. The lower rtssses look up.
Asia, at the present rate of progress.
fc""" - 'saw- . a
wui Deregeneratea aunng we iwennexn
,to co-opeiate write .Europe and
soesefre acts simultaneous
OPERA GLASS MACHINES.
GOING ALL RIGHT AND MAKING LOTS
OF FUN AND MONEY.
Caac ta drat
Many humorous incidents have at
tended the introduction of the new fan
gkd opera glass machinery at the thea
tre. The theatre ushers say that the
machines are 'more fun than a circus
when the wheels that opsrate'the spring
that unlocks the box kftsiaaaaari.
But the fun is en joyed by the spectators,
and not by tbe ushers. The theatre goer
whose dime gets stuck In die slot gener
ally makes about tidrteen and a half
tinM sdore'fuss over the prospective loss
of the dime than'a. man whoa favorfe
com te 'stepped on" by the lacieasHsratf
man who persists in going out to see an
other man between the acts. Recently at
the Casino a man in a dress suit; with
bank notes in his waistcoat pocket, made
a commotion that disturbed the whole
parquet assemblage for fully twenty
minutes because the usher told him he
couldn't get -his money back " until the
next morning at the box office.. Two
ushers had' to scurry around and hunt up
the president of the company that rune
tbe boxes to soothe the wrath of the
would be patron by handing him back
tho quarter lie had dropped into the slot
tliat was out of order. It costs a quar
ter instead of a dime, by the way, to get
a glass at the Casino. Outbreaks of this
this sort are getting less frequent,
though, and intending explosions of
wrath are headed off by the timely ar
rival of the usher, who. as soon as he
finds tliat a bus won't work, tries another
that will without extra expense to the
theatre goer. There's plenty of fun,
though, when thp box selects a cantank
erous theatergoer as a victim for ;ts
rank? wrinkles. This happens one night
a week, anyhow, and sometimes oftener.
GKOWISQ tS POPULARITY.
The boxes are growing in popularity
despite these drawbacks. That is proved
by the increased number used and by the
general introduction of the mechanisms
in the city theatres. The dimo slot boxes
are now in use in eight theatres, and
contracts have been made for their in
troduction into many out of town thea
tres. On an average 135 boxes are put
into a theatre of tho size of the Fifth
Avenue. Of these between fifty and
seventy-five ore usod nightly. That this
is sufficient to return a satisfactory profit
is shown by the fact that in the first
month of the experiment with the dime
slot mechanisms the company paid a
dividend of 1 per cent to Mrs. Langtry
and other stockholders. It lias been
found that the idea tickles the children,
and mothers and nurses dropmoney into
the slots just for.the sake of seeing the
little ones open their eye3 in delight
when -the Md pops up and reveals tbe
opera glass snugly fitted in the box.
Every night after the play an agent of
the company goes around from box to
box and collects the coins. In the first
weeks' of the experiment the tour was
made unexpectedly interesting by the
amount of unique bric-a-brac that was
gathered up from the slots instead of the
looked for silver coin. Lead dimes, little
souvenir medals of brass and lead, and
bent pins were found in the slots. Hair
pins, too, were collected in bunches at
every tour. In fact, the hairpin seems
to be the favorite implement used by the
conscienceless theatre goers who put-up
schemer to beat the slot But it is a
waste of 'hairpins and also of centennial
medals and lead coins to try and palm
them off on the machine for the genuine
dime or quarter of commerce. The machines-are
made to bend and break all
such nondescript counterfeits. And no
things but silver goes through success
fully. The only effect of trying to beat
the machine is to throw it out of order,
and about ten of the machines are in the
hospital for repairs each week.
WHT THETABS NOT RED.
It was early discovered by dishonest
theatre' goers' that' the lids of the boxes'
cannot be locked, except by a special
key, after tbe opera glasses have been
used.' A number of the glasses were
stolen .in 'the first week, but the pilfer
ing f the boxes' has' since ceased. De
tectives keep a watch on tbe boxes at
each theatre. They caught a well dressed
theatre goer walking off with a gUra one
night recently at the Fifth Avenue thea
tre, and' he was arraigned in court, and
only; escaped prosecution for the larceny
because imprisonment meant the ruin of
his little' family. On several occasions
theatre goers "havs pocketed the glasses
in a fit of ahsentmindedness and re
turned them afterward.
"Why don't you paint the glasses red,
so that they can be' told right off?" a
theatre goer asked Stockholder Joe Rey
nolds the other night
"Oh, that would burst the whole enter
prise at one fell swoop," he said. "You
can never get a theatre goer to hire any
thing, that bears on its face the unmis
takable evidence that it U hired. It
shocks the public's prido too much. As
Iong: as the glasses look like private
glasses die thing goes. Not otherwise."
The directors of the dime slot machines
are considering the advisability of rais
ing the ante 'on a glass to the Casino
limit of twenty-five cents a peep. Some
of the stockholders object
"It won't work," they say, "unless
you put a lot of women in tights on tbe
stage to look at Then you may hope
to collar the quarters of tbe dizzy dudes
and the flamboyant bald headed men."
This argument is reported to have
brought a delay in the proposed increase.
A new form of case has just been de
signed. It is made of fine plate glass in
the form .of a tiny show case with a
bowed front Tbe front is made to slide
upward, like die cover of an office desk.
If you drop a coin into the slot you can
see it slide down and watch it work tbe
machinery that opens tbe sliding cover.
New York Sun.
The lower animals go not unarmed.
The sword of the sword fish, the sting of
the. wasp, the venom of the snake, the
ink bag of the cuttle fish, tbe power of
the electric eel, and hundreds of other
devices, equip tbe lower orders with
weapons offensive and defensive. The
way in which a hedgehog kiDs a serpent
is described in die following incident:
Tbe hedgehog cautiously approached
the sleeping reptile and seized the end of
its tall between his teeth and gave a sharp
bite. Then hequickly rolled himself into
a compact, spiny ball, and awaited' de-
within his spines, retained 1 kla ef
tbe tafl and allowed tusssaV to
dragged back and forth during the sti
gle. Meantime the serpent's jaws
becoming lacerated and
constant assault upon Its i
Exhausted and bleeding from to
wounds, the snake finally ceased
forts. This was what tfehedgsiwglaid
waited for. He unrolled himself, diets
boweled the unlucky ssardceaawliwoceeded;
to eat hie breakfast, apparently none the"
worse for tbe encounter which had cost
his antagonist so dearly.
The hedgehog might have said: "I
didn't kill the snake; but if it was so.
foolish as to kill itself on say spansar
why it must take the consequences, and
m take a breakfast" Youth's Com
panion. "I had an experience on the ftJaafrVi
' vam limited cxprefravenngfreaifJa-:
cago last Sunday," s-utl a prominent
merchant recently, "which struck me as
being very peculiar. 1 ordered a bottle
of claret with my dinner hile we were
going througH Pennsylvania, and -waa
astonished when the waiter refused to
take the order.
" We don't serve liquors on Stmom'y.
sir,' he said.
"His sanctimonious tone and expres
sion bumbled me, and I felt seriously re
buffed. I was still meditating over this
when tbe train crossed the border into
New Jersey. Suddenly the door opened
and the waiter returned, but what a
change in expression! A larger and
healthy smile illumined his face, and he
carried a tray covered with bottles of
beer and glasses.
" 'How is this?" I asked him as be re
turned. I thought you didn't serve
" 'Oh. we're in Jersey now.' was the
"From that tinio on there was co
dearth of strong drink. New York
A DaeJ with tbmmu
A novel kind of duel with a tragic ter
mination has ju&t taken place outside
Paris-between two rivals in the affec
tions of tho buxom barmaid of a wine
tavern. The rivals were brothers, and
they resolved to drink copious libations
of fiery and undiluted rum until one or
both should be overpowered. The alco
holic article sold as "pure Jamaica" in
Parisian taverns is bad enough when
well watered, but when taken neat and
in large quantities it i3 worse than the
poisonous absinthe with which too many
Frencluncn ply themselves. The broth
ers began their "rum duel" before the
eyes of their damsel, who supplied them
with tho deleterious concoction as they
called for it At last one of diem fen
down by the side of the counter and was
carried home carefully and restored.
The other went out into the frosty ait
full of liquor, caught a chill and died,
thus leaving the field free to hie rival.-
"TIm Besiaaias T Ik Cad.
"It is the beginning of the end" Is at
tributed to Talleyrand as having been so
truthfully predicted by him of tho situa
tion of the Hundred Days. But the first
time Talleyrand heard it was when he
was complimented on it by 31. Do VI
trolles, and then he saw no reason for
disavowing the paternity. Private indi
viduals not infrequently obtain life and
credit for their happy- ideas by ascribing
them to some renowned spirit of the
fime, and this seems especially to have
happened to Talleyrand, who did not,
and often could not. disown the author
ship. This happened in the case of the
saying: "Speech was given to man to
disguise his thought." which M. Harel
really invented, but according. to his
custom started in the world under Tal
leyrand's name in tbe "Nain Jaime," and
which then' never afterward he could
succeed in reclaiming. But Voltaire waa
the first to express the idea. The Gen
A Shrewd Ottor.
One day as I was standing on tbeshore
of Cranberry bog pond I saw a huge flock
of ducks near the middle of the pond and
toon after discovered three otters in
front of me. but not near enough to shoot
While watching tho maneuvers of the
otters they started down the' pond in a
straight line for the ducks. Tho old
leader struck out lively, leavin? his mates
far behind, and as he neared the ducks he
dived and presently I saw one of tlie
ducks disappear beneath the surface after
a considerable struggle, the remainder of
the flock rising and flying away ingreat
commotion. The otter had gone under
the flock' and selected a certain duck and
pulled him under. A few minutes later
the otter made his appearance near the
south shore of the pond with tbe duck in
his mouth. Forest and Stream.
lBt.piWBT.iat In Farm Teals.
We hear very little about the advance
of improvement in agricultural imple
ments and farm machinery, but tliat
branch of the industrial pursuits of the
country is keeping abreast of the times,
nevertheless. The plow of twenty-five
years ago is now a curiosity, and these
who sold and used it cannot realize how
it was made to scrc the purposes for
which it was manufactured. And the
plow of a decade tdnce, whue perhaps
not so crude, bar been abar loned for a
better implement. And ao it is all
through the list of agricu.'mnl imple
ments and farm machinery, and in an
other quarter of a century it is possible
that the fanner will walk no more in the
cultivation of his farm. St. Louis Glohe
Democrat a saaa with Tmrtrtx
Mr. C. R King, of this city, is a natu
ral genius. When a boy of nine or ten
he completed a miniature sawmill, an
exact' counterpart of the mill owned by
bis uncle, for whom he worked. This
was placed under the mill, where it was
run by a water wheeL Long; red pota
toawerecrtfoto"plairinrvand"bonrds," the machinery running with the preci
sson of the larger machines. As be grew
older his genius developed until be could
torn his hand at anything. He worked
at many trades and was tbe master of
each after a short apprenticeship. Mr.
King is now 60 years of age, aAvd fa mak
ing a list of tbe various tnte he has fol
lowed he Anon tbe total to be forty-six.
journal tells of i
in London, in which a
t . -gg. '.' .? f'Jfav
, tW-lfcpoafca rrlfar aad
SriraftaaB e aislpslMM totals t
J. H. GALLKY. Vir rWt ,.-.-,
O.ANDTaeJOKa k 4
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ATTORNEYS AT LAW-
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JTTORyEY df KOTAKY PUBLIC
flnr Vivm. ao.1 -- -.. .
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7?Ctasab''. -. veaM at i
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J. cat A? Est.'
CO. SVP'T PUBLIC SCHOOLb
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tioa of appliesats lor t waU52aad
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fXAUBLK A BnAItHHAW.
Wean, aldo prepared iu do all kituat of brMal
work. . mzTT
M. M. TUaUrJC CO. '
Proprircora aad Pubiubtra of ta
CC15VS03 JOSBSali Mi a XXI. rAUr MaTA,'
Both, port -paid tu tax addru. for saaa - M2v
tricU, iu advaace. na S JocwSi! tXSt a
W. A. MCALLISTER. W. M. (X)ajfBUtW'.
JcALI.MTKat A C'Bf.4lCCfM
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Office ap Main ow Era A - 'nii'i law mi
Etaraath trat. 3
JOHN O. niOGIMn. " C. J. OARLOW.
opwaiijr aaw or oUwtloaasy V. J.
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