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VOL. XIX -NO. 31.
COLUMBUS, NEB. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1888.
WHOLE NO. 967.
Cash Capital - $100,000.
LKANDER OEURAltD. iWt.
GEO. W. IIULST. Vice Pres't.
JULIUS A. HEED.
It. II. 1IENKY.
J. K. TASKEIt, Cashier.
Bask r OepMtlC DIocoamt
Collectl. Prrtljr Maxele
Fay iBteretit Time Depa-
C. II. SHELDON. Pres't.
V. A. MoALblSTEK. Vice Pres'.
C. A. NEWMAN. Cashier,
DANIEL SC1IRAM, Aiw't Tush.
J P. BECKER, JONAS WEI.CII, .
OAI!KEINKE. II. liHKJ"""1'
J II WUHDEMAN. H. M. WINBLOW,
GEO. Win ALLEY, ARNOLD OKIILltiril.
- - o
Thin Bank transact a regular Hanking Busi
ng, will allow interest on time deiKwitH, make
collections, Iwy or m1I exchange n United
Stntesiind Enr., niul luy nul sell available
We shall be pleased to jreceivo your business.
We solicit your patronage. We guarantee satis
faction in ull business intrusted in our care.
WESTERN COTTAGE OR&AN
A. & M.TURNER
Or 43. W. K1BLER,
UTTbeae organs are first-class in every par
ticalar, and bo guaranteed.
SCMFFMTN t fUTI,
Buokoyo Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Piaps Repaired sport motiee
tVOne door west of Heintz's Drug Store. 11th
treat, Colombos. Neb. linov-ti
Health is Wealth!
Da, E. C West's Nxbvk and Bbais Timt.
kxt, a guaranteed specific for Hysteria, Dizzi
ness, Convultions, " Fits, Nervous Neuralgia,.
Headache, Nervous Prostration caused by the use
of alcohol or tobacco. Wakefulness. Mental De
pression, Softening of the Brain resulting in in
sanity and leading to misery, decay and death.
Premature Old Age, Barrenness. Loss of power
in either sex. Involuntary Losses and Sperimat
orrhaea caused by over-exertion of the brain,self
abose or over indulgence. Each box contains
one month's treatment, f LOO a box, or six boxes
forfS.00.asat by mailprepaid onwceir ofnnce.
To care any ceeeTwith eJch order receivedby n
for six boxes, accompanied with $5.00, we will
swathe pareaaser oar written guarantee .to re
fund the mosey if the treatment does not effect
a care. 6araatea issued only -by Dowtr &
Becber. druggists, sole agents, Colombos, Neb.
COFFINS AND METALLIC CA8E8
'UBepairing of all kinds of Uphol-
fr-tf COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
WANT TO BE SAILORS.
INFORMATION FOR ' YOUNGSTEftf
WHO' LONG FOR THE 8EA.
Uaele Saaa Bard to Plsaas Paly Boys
WIio Are Physically. Perfect Gee Eater
HU Navy A Trial Trip to (fee
AVT DEPARTMENT. BUREAU OF EQUIP
ment and Recruiting. Washington. Jul JO,
1888. Boy wasted, between tae -ages of 14 and
13, for apprentices In the U. 8. Navy, to serve un
til they ara tl years of age. Pay at S9, $10 and
111 par month. Bad bays, or boys whose parents
r guardians "wish them to be disciplined" will
tot be received. The object of the naval training
system Is to train a body of first class men to man
the ships of the U. 8. Navy. Apply In letter or
In person oe board the U. 8. 8. Minnesota, foot of
West Twenty-seventh street. North river. New
The above is an advertisement which
meets one's eye in the newspapers almost
every day In fact. Uncle barn's appetite
for.aailors is Insatiate. Yet the owner of
this big farm is very particular as to who
shall "hand reef or steer orshipassal
vagee" on his men-of-war.
IlEQUIHEMEXTS OF A SAILOR.
Capt. G. C. Wiltse, of the Minnesota,
says that only one oat of seven applicants
'for the blue shirts and wide trousers is
accepted. Out of 1,217 boys of the pre
scribed ages who applied daring the year
ending June SO, 871 were rejected, 183
were accepted, bat got homesick and were
uever enlisted, and only 211 actually en
listed and became apprentices. The aver
age ago of these was 17 years. Besides
those who appear In this table of figures
there are scores of inquirers and lads who
are rejected by It. IL Marsh, the captain's
clerk, because of too apparent defects.
These defects are cross eyes, bow legs,
stiff fingers, voice impediments, inequal
ity of the length of legs, under height and
Uncle Sam will not have a boy without
the consent of his parents, or, if an orphan,
the consent of a guardian appointed by
the surrogate. Then the youngster must
enlist of his own free will, must be of
fair intellect, able to read and write; mast
bo between fourteen and eighteen years of
ac: must bo a good boy and not sent on
board to be disciplined; must have good
cvcj and ears; must not be troubled with
viiilcpsy or convulsions within five years
I ."nor to enlistment; most have good teeth,
.i ready tongno and no symptom of chronic
uisoitfeo of any kind.
Ilo must, according to his age. also
coino up to the standard of height, weight
p.iki chest measure shown in this table:
Ft. In. Lb, In.
t oyruu to flftcoea 4 0 TO 28
rft(-en to Birtven 4 11 80 ST7
Siztoea tofaeventcen 6 1 SO Si
fioveuteen toei-liti-ca 0 2 100 9
Tho candidal must be able to read dis
tinctly, with each eye singly, Snellen's
twenty foot test typo at a distance of
fifteen feet, uud, having satisfied tho ex
aminers, Drs. Wagner, Hcnnebcrgcr and
Kceucy. that he fulfills all these require
incuts, ho must go over the masthead to
tho maintruck, 200 feet towards heaven
abovo the deck, without flinching and
without dizziness. Tho medical examina
tiou is very simple. Tho candidate strips
to the cuticle, and his heart is sounded,
his lungs tried, his muscles and bones ex
amined, and if ho has never so slight a
defect his chance of remaining a landsman
ONE WHO O0CLDXT PASS.
The writer knows one youngster who
tried for three success! vo springs to en
list on the Minnesota. He had never had
a day's sickness sinco birth, was a robust,
strong, hearty lad, but ho was rejected
each time because tho examiners detected
an incipient trouble with his throat, an
enlarged bronchial tube, or something of
that sort, not immediately troublesome,
but promising disease later iu life. Uncle
Sam demands physically perfect men.
Boys aro rejected by tho examiners for
curvature of the spiuo quito frequently;
for bod eyesight, enlarged veins, color
blindness, "deafness, and because they are
Many lads pass the physical examina
tion, but hesitate half way up the 'ropes
to the main truck, look down for an in
stant from their giddy height, and are
lost to Uncle Sam's navy. But having
successfully surmounted all obstacles,
the youngster enlists, bids farewell to
terra firma till he's a voter, and becomes
an entered apprentice. He will be sent
long with nineteen other boys in a day
or two to Newport, where he goes into
training on the New Hampshire for six
months at least. He will be taught the
common English branches sailmaking,
rowing, swimming, boxing, fencing and
sailing boat. When sufficiently ad
vanced ho will be transferred to a cruising
training ship, and after a time again he
will bo transferred to a general cruising
ship of the naval service.
The next step is to the place of seaman's
apprentice, second class, at $19 per month;
the first class, at 24. After this, for the
remainder of his training cruise and till he
is twenty-one, he is eligible to the rating
of a petty officer, such as quartermaster,
coxswain, captain o'top or sailmaker's
mate, with pay from 30 to $40 a month.
Apprentices, according to law, have the
preference in appointments to warrant
officers, as boatswains, gunners and sail
makers. It mast be borne in mind, how
ever, that the object -f the training sys
tem is not to educate officers for the navy,
but seaman, and as here are but 112 of
these officers onjy a few of the most de
serving can hope to reach these positions.
The apprentice will come out a sailor,
quite distinct from the military part of
the service. He cannot go to the Annapolis
school. He will get i or better food, how
ever, than a merchant sailor. Indeed,
Uncle Sam keeps his sailors like lords, and
the bill of fare for a week on shipboard
includes fresh beef, salt pork, ham, canned
goods, coffee, soft bread, ship biscuit,
beans, oatmeal, cornmeal, flour, sugar,
hominy and a dozen other palatable things,
and many a lad would fare far better on
one of Uncle Sam's men-of-war than he
.ever did at home or in the streets. New
York Evening World.
HARD ON THE MINISTER.
IOe Toer-Pay for Special Serri
Those old questions concerning paying
the minister for such special services as
confirmations, baptisms, weddings and
funeral services are again up for agitation
and discussion. People are to be found
who think not only that a minister ought
to work for almost nothing and find him
self, but that he ought to include all
these special services in the work he does
for his regular salary. It is hard, on the
ordinary minister. As to the few minis
ters who receive princely salaries, their
fees are large hi proportion. People who
expect special services of them generally
do tho fair thing as to eoapensation.
Such special services as ought to be per
formed in church when the congregation
Lb assembled are usually considered part
of a minister's regular duty. Should a
minister be called toa private house to bap
tise a baby there is an evident propriety
in making him a present of some kind in
return for his kindness and as a compen
sation for his trouble. It may beta cash,
or it may be some acceptable article for
table use or for household decoration.
People whogive books to -ministers gen
erally ratlin wistslrw of selecting some
hook which the Minister does -notjwant.
Sone (bod people who recently gave their
-paster copy of the Bible did net stop to
thiak that he already had In Ma. library
about fifteen copies in various styles" and
in'weQdingXees it may safely be said
that the man who gives none is a mean
fellow, hot worthy to have a good wife.
He who pays only a dollar or two is not
much better, unless his abject poverty is
the cause of thesmallneasof the fee. Why
a minister should be expected to attend
and conduct a funeral without charge is
hard to guess. It is quite as hard work,
both for mind and body, as -to preach a
sermon. .More attacks of clerical bron
chitis and pneumonia have been suffered
by going to funerals than from any other
cause. - The person who stands bare
headed on the cold ground' or damp boards
beside an open grave is apt to be reading
his own death warrant while he pro
nounces the words of the funeral service.
In a word, the minister ought to be as
squarely dealt-with as any other man of
any profession or calling who renders ser
vice of any kind.
The art and science of banding the
preacher his money would seem a very
simple thing. Yet there are many church
officials who lack understanding as to tho
most speedy and graceful method of doing
it. As to the regular pastor, it is to bo
supposed that the treasurer promptly
hands him a check on pay day. But it is
in regard to the minister who happens to
be the "supply" for a Sunday or two that
embarrassment sometimes exists. Some
times the treasurer happens to be absent,
especially in summer. His mind has been
so full of preparation for his own vacation
that ho has gono away without thinking
of leaving the necessary cash for the min
ister's fee. The minister feels bashful
about asking for it. With a blank look
on his face, and with possibly a heartfelt
vacancy in his collapsible pocketbook, he
sadly departs, hoping that someboc - will
think of the matter and send him tl price
of his day's labor. In a week or two it
comes by mail; perhaps with an apology;
perhaps as a matter of course.
There arc cases in which the treasurer
comes to the supplying minister after the
service, and just when somo of the chief
people of tho church ore shaking hands
with him and telling nun now greatly
thev were pleased with the sermon. With
a show of official importance, and with a
descending smile ou the preacher, the
treasurer hands over the fee iu sight of all
who are present. The idea conveyed by
this proceeding is, "I'm treasurer, you're
preacher; you've beeu preaching for
money. Here, take your pay and go."
Tho most graceful way of settling with
a "supply" is for the treasurer or somo
other gentleman connected with the
church to shake hands with the minister
in a quiet and unostentatious way, and
while doing so to leave in the minister' i
palm tho exact sum, either in gold or in
notes of the largest denomination the
sum will allow. . A bank check is quite as
acceptable and as proper. The pructico
of handing the minister a lot of ragged
currency and some small chauge Is rude
and boorish. Yet the preacher for tho
day would rather receive small change or
ragged bills thou bo indefinitely "hung
up" for his fee by the treasurer or com
mitteemen, who politely say as he de
parts: "You will hear from us. blr."
Xew York Press.
What Might Happen to India.
There is a secrecy among Orientals
which is rarely equaled among Europeans.
They live so entirely apart and their
maimers and customs are so totally oppo
site to those of the white masters of India
that apolitical movement may be on foot
and havo permeated the masses beforo we
are thoroughly aware of its importance.
Thus any outbreak would be sudden and
unexpected. Although life and property
tinder British rule is eafeguarded beyond
all precedent in Oriental history, the race
animosity exists, and we are simply
obeyed because India is not strong enough
to resist. The dark skinned masses will
never love their white conquerors. This
is a fact which should be ever present to
tho eyes of our administrators. We rulo
because we are supposed to possess tho
power to enforce obedience; we are
obeyed Localise of the disintegrating force
of caste prejudices, which prevent con
certed action among the Indian races.
Were the 250,000,000 unanimous, their
united action would turn us out. And
still wo .sleep unsuspiciously upon tho
slope of the volcano without anxiety or
Upon a dark midnight twenty roofs
might suddenly burst into fiamo at widely
spread intervals in the cantonments of Jub
bulpur. A score of natives with bottles
of petroleum to throw upon tho thatch
might simultaneously ignite tho principal
bungalows of the station, and a general
attack might be made during the confu
sion. The "alarm" would sound in bar'
racks, and officers would be compelled to
hurry to their posts, without a place of
refuge for their wives and children. The
railway station would he attacked and the
rolling stock carried off at tho moment of
the outbreak; the cantonments would be
invested by the rebels, without protection
of any kind for the defenders, and with
out the possibility of retreat. This is not
only a possibility, but a very obvious con
tingency, and yet we live in a fool's para
dise without care or thought of the mor
row; All military stations throughout
India should not only be fortified, but the
railway stations should be under the im
mediate protection of the fort to insure
the safety of the rolling stock and ccess
to the Hue. I have heard officers dis
tinction admit this necessity, but they
have offered objection to such s movement
at present, "lest the natives should be
rendered suspicious bva sudden defensive '
action upon our part."' Sir Samuel Baker
in Fortnightly Qeview.
ice IVater la Brazil.
"The use of iee water in this' country is
universal," said an old doctor, "but in
Brazil it is but little used. It was
thought that s factory for producing arti
ficial ice would be very profitable there,
where the temperature is very high. An
English syndicate constructed the neces
sary works, but found that tho natives
would not touch ice water. Then, to
tempt their palates by creating an appe
tite for it by constant use, the company
placed free tanks of ice water upon the
street corners of the cities. It was a
novel plan, and the fruits of the invest
ment are being borne. The use of ice
water is increasing, but It is not yet a
universal beverage." Chicago Herald.
Sewsethlas; Xew to leather.
Persons on the outlook for odd things
Lfithewayof foot gear have something
new in leather in what is called by the
trade Kordofan. This is really horse hide,
a small part of the skin from the rump of
each animal being available for the shoes.
It is said to be pleasant to wear, and to
last forever or thereabouts. The supply
comes from the wild horses of South
America and from the zebra and qtioggia
of Asia. The. demand is not yet so ex
tensive as to threaten the extermination
of those species. New York Son.
Boys Dressed like- Girl,
A little Philadelphia miss, who has
been traveling in northern Europe during
the summer with her mother, was much
amused at the way that prevails in Hol
land of dressing boys and girls under 8
years of age exactly alike in full dark
skirts and bright bodices. The only way
to tell them apart is that the girls wear
plain caps, while the boys' caps are col
ored. Both wear the hair snort, with
bangs, so that the face offers no hint as
to the sex of the child. Philadelphia
Another assail hoy of three, who is de
edUy irreverent, oa. praying ".God bless
mpa? evftieoV '"awl ssake htae a good boy;
IfyoacamX just warn hh up?' Baby-hood.
METHODS BY WHICH .THE OLD COM
MODORE MADE MIS FORTUNE.
Cornelias TamderMU's OrlglBallty
Power of Financial CeemMaatloi
.cessfal Railroad PajectaMac Social
Qualities Physical Appearance.
Another great estate is 'the Vanderbilt
estate. It was founded by Cornelius Van
derbilt, as its fellow was by John Jacob
.Astor, born thirty -one years, and died
twenty-nine years earlier, at the same
age. ; anderbut, who Was an American
for several generations, had first seen the
light on Staten Island, and inherited
.various traits from his Dutch stock. He
had more financial capacity it amounted
to genius than Astor; had far greater
originality, boldness and power of com
bination; but it was exclusively of a
monetary sort. He divided mankind into
two abjasea. those- whp could and those
who coula not make money, and the latter
he condemned as blank fools.- Probably
no man of this century ever bent himself
more entirely to the pursuit of wealth,
from the time lie bought a periagua, at
10, after his father's death, to carry farm
products to the New York market, until
his final illness at 8-'.
NOT AN EDUCATED MAS.
He was illiterate throughout life, having
a violent prejudice against education,
which he believed to interfere with prac
tical success, and talked a peculiar Eng
lish, defiant of syntax and orthoepy.
Letters he almost" never wrote corres
pondence was as severe a task for him as
for Sam Weller but ho invariably wanted
everybody else to put any business pro
posal on paper. Ho never, so far as
known, expressed tho slightest regret for
his lack of education, and, presumably,
never felt any. being in this an exception
to his race. But as a compensation fully
sufficient for him fie was phenomenally
astute at a trade, big or little, and had a
marvelous instinct for commercial profit.
Beforo 20, he removed to this city, and
three years later was worth $10,000,
which was harder, he said, to get than
any subsequent sum. At that time he
built the first steamboat to run between
New York and New Brunswick, and re
ceived $1,000 a year as captain. He con
tinued on the line until he made its
revenue $40,000 a year; his wife mean
while keeping an inn ho had married at
10 at the New Jersey terminus, and
turning it to good account.
For fifty-four years he followed the
water, owning steamboats on the Dela
ware, the Hudson and Long Island sound,
and steamships on the Atlantic und Pa
cific, steadily overcoming opposition and
swelling his fortune. At 70, with prop
erty estimated at $40,000,000, tho commo
dore, as he was called, directed his' atten
tion to, and concentrated his interest in,
railways, having been for many years a
heavy stockholder in the New York and
New Haven road. At so advanced uu age
such a change was hazardous to say the
least; but he was brilliantly successful in
it, showing tho energy ami force of youth
in all his pious and combinations. Ho
scarcely ever miscalculated, but iu at
tempting to gain command of the Erie
road, when Fisk and Gould controlled it.
he found that they were supplying, with
out any thought of responsibility, all tho
shares that ho or others were willing to
pay for. Soon tiring of-pitting his money
agarnst their printing press, he confessed
his mistake, which ho ascribed to his ad
visers, to whom he had yielded, he said,
against his better judgment.
I11S r-CRPOSE ATTAINED.
When ho saw his days closing he had
a long illness ho had the supreme satis
faction of having amassed not far from
$100,000,000, and ho cared for nothing
else. His one pusposo iu existence he had
splendidly attained. Although averse by
constitution to giving away money it
could do no permanent good, in his
opinion he presented the steamship Van
derbilt, which cost $800,000, to the gov
ernment at the outbreak of the civil war,
and endowed, through the influence of his
second wife, tho Vanderbilt university,
at Nashville, with $700,000. He also
made, toward- the last, various bequests,
some of which indicated that he was not
impervious to artful gallantry. Ho often
helped men that he happened to like, and
it may bo said, to his credit, that he was
always as good as his word. Totally
without pretense or presumption, he was
generally accessible, having so much ex
ecutive power that he was seldom pressed
Fine looking, especially in his old age,
nu handsome face, erect carriage, and
elastic step were likely to draw attention,
even ill crowded Broadway. He might
have been a prince in disguise, if princes
were what they are imagined to be. He
certainly did not appear, physically, like
the hard headed, unconditional, unlettered
business man he was. His two recrea
tions were driving and whist. He loved
good horses, had plenty of them, and was
the despot of tho road. In whist, he
played the rigor of the game, and. could
not bear to be beaten, which he seldom
was. At Saratoga, where he usually
spent the summer, he was disappointed
if he did not win enough to 'meet his
hotel bilL When his memory began to
fail he ceased to play; serious as was the
deprivation, he was unwilling to lose the
rank he had so long occupied. Ho did not
bother himself about theology; but if he
had believed the Biblical announcement
of the difficulty attendant upon a rich,
man's entering heaven, he would have
had a very poor opinion of heaven. Paul
R. Cleveland in The Cosmopolitan.
WeOiactoa's.Lack ef Magnetism. .
I would instance Cesar, Hannibal, Marl
borough,- Napoleon and Gen. Lee as mea
who possessed what I regard as the high
est development of military genius men
who combined with the strategic grasp of
Von Moltke and the calm wisdom and
just reasoning power of Wellington, all
the power of Marshal Bugeaud and of
Souwaroff to inflame the imagination of
their soldiers and impart to them some of
the fiery spirit of reckless daring which
burned within their own breasts. The
personal magnetism which such great
men possess so largely, and can without
effort impart to others, was, I think, want
ing in our "Iron Duke." The marvelous
magnetic power .of the great generous
leader (Napoleon) over his men was cer
tainly undervalued by Wellington. He
seems in his mind to have divided his
army into gentlemen and common men,
placing a great unbridged gulf between
the two classes. With one or two ex
ceptions, he apparently had the very poor
est opinion of the military capacity of his
generals of division, while he believed
with all his cold heart in the dash, coui
age, endurance, loyalty and patriotism of
his regimental officers, the sons of Eng-'
lish squires and younger sons of what
was then called our aristocracy.
He seldom, if ever, spoke in appre
ciative terms of those brave soldiers who
carried him in triumph from Lisbon to
Toulouse, and if he had any affection for
them he never showed it. He believed
that when restrained by the most rigor-'
ously enforced discipline, and led by Eng
lish gentlemen, they were, under him, in
vincible. But he never hesitated to de
scribe them as a collection of ruffians, the
blackguards of every British parish, the
scum of every English town. In fact, he
was a thorough aristocrat at heart, with
all the best sentiments, but still with all
the prejudices of that class. There was
no genial sympathy between him and bis
Kldie;'.they.refieeted. lun, and during
M in virm iitmjv fr t most "pu-
bounded confidence m UU muiTay genius,
but beyond his own immediate military
JKusehold,.with whom he lived on terms
sf intimacy, no one loved him. It is for
this reason that I think he will never be
Jessed in tho same rank of military
rtness of real military gectas with
five great leaders of njA I havo
named above. Lord Wolseley in Fort
The Apetbeosts of Rata.
How easily can the names of the great
teachers of youth be counted upon the
fingers of one hand! Of the great teach
ers of the common' schools we have almost
no traditions. Pestaloczi and'Eroebel
-made it possible for mediocrity to reach a
cniius mind; but without well learned
guiding lines the average instructor
makes the school room a chaos where
ignorance becomes its own law and shuts
In some such manner tho pleader for
system might argue. But the great diffi
culty is that we havo not yet learned the
relative meaning of ignoranco and knowl
edge. We do not teach tho right things
and we do not get tho best results. Wo
use examinations as gaging lines, but our
percentages do not show true values. We
get bits of information and . progressive
series of bits, but wo havo 'flooded the
child's mind, not' developed it. Our
school room work too often runs along
tho line of more suppression suppression
of teacher, suppression of pupil, suppres
sion of individuality; the apothoesis of
V hnilil tin P-lahnmtA ,iliivil nratnmQ
in our great cities, bind all the schools
together in a series of grades, apportion
tht- hours for all work indeed, the very
minutes seta thousand machluo moved I
teachers in the schools, and then pour in
an overcrowded throng of children and
begin to examine them. Tho children are
of all sorts and nationalities: some well
fed. well cared for, und well loved; some
almost barbaric, with generations of ig
noranco and poverty and indifference to
education behind them. But our educa
tion of all lies chiefly in our examinations,
in which the teachers aro examined with
them, for upon the results depend tho
teachers' fortunes. This is one of our
proud methods of buildiug up the state.
Of instruction, of character forming, of
mental growth, thero is scarcely a
thought. Often it seems but a great and
complex system for wasting tho formative
years of childhood. The Century.
The Reverse Side of War.
A boat load of soldiers had gone to
place, in tho Danube, torpedo obstruc
tions, for tho benefit, or the reverse, of
the Turkish ironclads, end when they re
turned, onoof their number was lifted
from the boat, dead.
"He was a fine fellow," said some one
in tho throng. As soon as the drooping
head of the dead man became visible,
bound with a blood stained white handker
chief, it seemed exactly as though somo
thin!j had stung mo; foramomentl real
ized tho frightful reverse side of war.
I beheld a strong, healthy man struck
down by a bullet, his palo face framed in
a black beard, his powerful hands hang
ing. I beheld standing around him his
comrades,' as strong aud healthy as he had
been. I glanced, at their gloomy, swarthy
faces. I heard the sighs, tho remarks of
tho crowd which had assembled; in a
word, I beheld those details of war which
it is difficult to reproduce with the pen.
- Wonderful fact! I afterwards took fart
in several great battles; I saw hundreds
of the slain, -but this first man killed
whom I had beheld in tho midst of peace
ful surroundings, without cannon shots
and volleys of musketry, produced upon
mo a crushing impression. In an instant,
all those joyous dreams and the charms
which I had fancied I should perceive in
war, took their flight, and before mv eyes
thero flitted the head of Gorshkofif, bound
up in that white handkerchief, and with
its pallid, deathly face. "At Homo and
To Tow Wheat to Karope.
- A man in Dnluth has an invention
which he thinks will cheapen by a half
the cost of transporting grain and lumber
from the northwest to Europe. In hi3
idea there are suggestions of the Lcary
raft, a canal boat, and a torpedo boat.
His plan is to make cigar shaped cylin
ders of steel, which are to bo loaded iu
Duluth with grain, sealed up, taken in
tow through the lakes to Buffalo, through
the Erie canal to Albany, down the Hud
son, and over to Liverpool, without once
Ono of these shells is now on the stocks
at Duluth, and it will be sent to Liverpool
as soon as it is tested and tho necessary
contracts for towing are made. It is likely,
though, that more than one shell will be
built before an experimental trip across
the ocean is made, as it would not be a
complete expwimeut nor would it pay to
take over only one shell. Tho shells are
made as large as the locks of the Erie ca
nal will permit. That is the limit to the
sizo of any vessel bound from Duluth to
Now York. New York Sun.
Woman's Fancies Concerning Jewelry.
A long time -ago, that day when tho
world moved at the nod of Cleopatra, the
Egyptian women saved all their gold to
buy emeralds for their daughters, because
the possession of them not only insured
freedom from all physical ills, but made
in their hearts an ever spring well of
hope, forcing them to bo cheerful, happy
women. Sometimes the emerald was en
graved with cabalistic characters, oftener
its smooth surface was untouched; what
could not be accomplished by the precious
gem itself certainly could not by the aid
of a mysterious symbol. Then the Sici
lian women bought coral for their babies,
believing that it not only brought to
them good health, bat counteracted the
effect of the evil eye and kept away the
wicked spirits. It seemed for a while as if
the same interest was going to be taken
in coral now that was then, for beautiful
pink coral framed in diamonds was not
only shown in tho largo jewelry shops,
bat was worn by some very smart women.
However, the fancy seems to have died
oat; coral is no- longer either displayed in
the window or on tho woman. Unfor
tunately both of these health giving orna
ments, the emerald and tho coral, are
easily imitated, which destroys their
value in the eves of tho gem collect
ing woman. "Beh" iu Philadelphia
Points la Butter. Making.
At a recent meeting of the Ithaca Dairy
institute Professor Uooerts stated that in
his experience the Holstein's milk tested
18.4 and the Jersey's 12 pounds of milk
to one pound of butter. A fact generally
conceded at this meeting was that cream
should be kept cool and sweet .until there
is enough for a churning, and then all
soured or ripened alike by putting in a
warm room and stirring from bottom to
top once an hour. Experts present claimed j
that by this means one-tenth more butter
will be made than by a promiscuous mix
ing of tho cream in all stages of ripening.
Tho fastest armed cruiser in the world
is said to be the German Grief, with 2.000
tons displacement and 5,400 Indicated
horse power. She makes twenty-three
knots per hour.
Renan said recently that "Franco will
perish in a literary sense because of her
young writers. It is impossible to writ
Well before the age of 40.
The Hondnrian goverwnent has ordered
a scientific survey to be made of the ruins
THE TRAVELERS LUCK.
SUPERSTITIONS CONCERNING THOSE
WHO START ON A JOURNEY.
"Good leek" at the Parties; Pespls
It Is Lacky to BCeetA Xegro SaperaU
Uoa A Chinese STetlen The Basap
There is an old superstition which says,
"You must never watch a traveler out of
sight." and still another, "You maun
bid him godspeed thrico and good luck
once, and no turn your back to the bow of
the boat while speaking the words." Only
a few weeks ago. while making one of a
throng of people who were bidding adieu
to friends bound across the Atlantic, I
noticed that the words "good luck" were
oftener used in one form or another than
any other expression of farewell; it was:
"Good lack go with you." "Good luck to
you." "Luck to you, "Good-by and good
luck"; and one old Irish grandmother,
after devoutlv crossing herself, called out
to her daughter, "The blessed Virgin
bring you and good luck back to me,"
while 1 among tho rest found myself say
ing, "A lucky trip to you. captain," as
that monarch of aft. ho surveyed stepped
on board his kingdom, a big ocean steamer,
although I am afraid I was tempted to
say it not so much in my belief of the
good it would bring him as in a fore
knowledge that he was not only honestlv
superstitious, but firmly believed in such
a wish bringing the tafe. quick voyage he
hoped for, and I am glad to say that in
this case the omen proved good.
With some sailing masters, however.
such an expression would foretell any
thing, but good luck, aud in fact many
people dislike to havo luck given them in
this way. believing that it is ill luck to
speak of luck at all; and there are others
who, whether they believe in it or not,
-like to have pleasant things prophesied, to
then:, or, in other words, "they are not
superstitious, but they do like to have
tho signs on the right side."
STAKTIXO OX A JOCKXEY.
There are plenty of wise men and women
who will on no account turn back after
starting on a journey; if compelled to,
they must sit down or change somo gar
ment before going out again; others who
think it the luckiest thing in the world
to have left something that they really
need, for then they say, "We aro sure to
go back," especially a pair of slippers or
an undergarment. Scotch people are very
superstitious about the first person they
meet in tho morning on going out for tho
day or starting on a journey. If it is a
woman, and she is well dressed and pleas
ant looking, then it is good; a beautiful
child is rare good luck, especially if you
ran get the little one to notice you; a
business man with a quick, bribk walk,
or a workman with bus tools and filled
lunch p:iil,.is also lucky to meet; while
the postman, policeman, doctor and priest
nrc nil forerunners of anxiety, and you
"need bo unco canny and unco wary," for
there's inuckle depends on your prudence
A universal negro superstition and I
havo found it existing among the Israel
ites of New York city is to ask a question
of any stranger who strikes their fancy,
and if answered satisfactorily, they be
lieve they have taken that person's luck.
I once asked an old colored aunty who
had been eying me for some time, and
who I saw was about to make somo in
quiry, why she wanted my luck. Sho
looked at me a moment, and seeing I was
iu earnest, said, "Well, honey, f don't
want all your luck, but you's young and
kin get more, and I's gwiuo to see my
daughter, who am expecting a little baby
girl, and I wants her to look just liku
you." The compliment was appreciated,
and so when she left tha cars I carefully
dropped a silver dollar where she would
see it. Picking it up and holding it out
for me to see. she exclaimed, "1 knowet.
you'd bring mo luck."
A German superstition, aud one said to
alter your luck if it does not please you,
is to change or remove boine article of
clothing, such as the right cuff to the
left arm, or your earrings or finger rings,
or take off your hat, being careful to put
it ou straight.
A CniSESE NOTION.
The Chinese believe that when starting
on a journey it is great good luck to have
an Insect or reptile go out before you, or,
better still, to cross your path "coming
from the left side.
If you aro not thinking of taking a
journey and find a key, you may expect
very shortly to have to pack your trunk.
To start on a journey with tho new moon
is by far the luckiest thing one can do.
A white mark on the nail of the little
finger of either hand Is c&id ta foretell a
journey, the old saying, "A gift, a friend,
a foe, a lover to come, and a journey to
go," being firmly believed in by more
than one wise woman. Cut your nails on
Saturday if you wish to travel, for to cut
them on Monday is to cut them for health,
on Tuesday for wealth; on Wednesday for
a letter, on Thursday for better, on Friday
for woe, on Saturday a journey to go.
It is considered very lucky by some to
meet a humpbacked person when starting
on a journey, and if you would havo rare
good lack be sure to touch his hump.
When starting on a journey remember
to put your right stocking on first and '
your right foot out of tho house first, and
do not look back at the house, after the
front door is closed. Harper's Bazar.
AsBasemeat for Eagllsh Schoolboys.
I believe that Uppingham makes fuller
provision than any other existing school
to meet the necessity for diverse employ
ment or healthy amusement outside of
study hours. Until within a few years
the great schools mostly contented them
selves with providing facilities for cricket
and foot ball. For these ample provision
is made at Uppingham in several large
playing fields, and the cricketers of the
school particularly havo won for them
selves a record so distinguished as to
prove conclusively that exclusive atten
tion to this game is not essential to great
success. But Mr. Turing was perhaps the
first head master who fully realized and
acted upon the fact that many a boy has
not the stamina for these games t
strength and skill, nor can he, by any
amount of forced exercise, bo led to take
pleasure in them. The gymnasium,
opened in 18o9 under the care of a compe
tent' gymnastic master, was the Erst pos
sessed" by any public school in England
For many years the school has had in op
eration a carpentry, where any boy, by
tho payment of a small fee. can secure
regular and competent instruction in the
working of wood and the use of carpen
ters' tools. In 1882 this field of useful
manual occupation was enlarged by the
construction of a forge and metal work
shop, where skilled Instruction is similarly
given, aud a boy can go far towards mak
ing himself a competent mechanical en
gineer. In the same category may be Included
the school gardens. These gardens,
opened in 1871, cover some acres, and are
laid out and planted with much taste.
Here a boy may have allotted to him a
small plot of ground for the cultivation
of plants and flowers. In connection with
the gardens is an aviary, where the lad
with a taste for natural history has an
opportunity to observe the life and habits
of a considerable collection of birds. A
pretty stone building looking out upon
the gardens serves as a school sanitarium,
and if beautiful surroundings conduce to
health, Uppingham patients ought to re
cover rapidly. The want of any stream
of considerable size near at hand led to
the coBstructlgsv ajw years ago. of larm
swimming oaiua, wucre tue uoys can per
fect themselves in an " art which, while it
does so much to protect life, is also, of
great sanitary value. George R. Parkin
in The Century.
Tea of a Special Piekteg.
The daily life of the' tea importer and
his representatives would appear well cal
culated to give them "old maidish" char
acteristics, as they are obliged, to spend
the greater part of their time in sipping
tea; but. on tho contrary, they ara au ex
ceedingly lively and active lot of peopfo.
When the wind is southerly they know a
poor flush from a Young Hyson. Thero
are several of the leading experts in the
Chicago tea houses who endear them
selves to a large circle of friends e'very
year by sending with the regular orders
of their houses a number of personal
orders for a fow small packages of a spe
At tho tea plantations th'eso personal
orders are carefully filled with tho choic
est leaf and shipped hero with the bulk
orders. As vbey usually pack tht, tea in
five pound boxes the salesman ordering it
can allow his chosen friends to have it in
convenient packages, and he disposes of
it at the importation price sometimes
less. It is the nearest approach to thf.
fabled nectar of the gods imaginable, aud
the drinker can almost feel a pigtail
growing ont of tho back of his head as ho
sips it It is too fine an article to bo sold
to tho trade, as it must bo retailed at
$1.59 per pound to seenro tbe retailer's
usual profit, but the privileged few who
get it at the cost price bless tho frieudly
tea man for his favors. Chicago Herald.
Baw Material of Mae.
"Tho human boy," says Tho London
Evening News, "is a potentially important
member of society, in that ho is the raw
material of man; hut only a prejudiced
taste can put him on a par with tho
flowers of tho field as a thing of beauty
and a joy forever." Here wo havo the
cjigltsu article pictured.
But the wild, unkempt American speci
menwe mean the composite product is
a studv of more than passing interest.
What he lacks in fine qualities is niado up
by his robustious, full orbed love of mis
chief. In him you havo the miniature of
a vivacious, restless, resourceful man
hood, always esger and ready to vent his
superfluous spirits, sometimes at his own
cost, but chiefly to tho disadvantage of
others. But there is tho making of a man
in him every time under our free and un
fettered institutions, and that benefit in
heres in American life as contrasted with
the crowded condition in which these less
favored sons are born who live and die on
British soil, 7ith scarcely a hope, in the
vast majority of cases, of rising abovo the
deal level of their early career. Boston
Phrenology with Modifications.
Dr. Clevenger, while assailing phre
nology in its technical forms, has taken
strong grounds in Tho American Natural
1st iu favor of a modified ccrebrology. He
does not like bumpology, but believes that
the differences in heads mean something,
and a very definite something pertaining
to character; precisely as facial unliko
nesses do. "We now know that there
aro centers in the brain of man for the
speech faculty, above the temple; and
that thence backward and upward to tho
upper back part of the head are arm and
leg centers; that auditory mental impres
sions are registered in the brain above tho
upper ear tip; and a center for visual
function is located iu the occipital end of
tho cerebrum." So after all our science
steadily leads us back, or perhaps for
ward, to a rational chastening of the
brain functional centers, a verifiable
Ehrenology. Charlatans do not so much
idicate the falseness of a theory as its
The Country Cook's Originality.
The various well known qualities of the
average cook in this country are some
times equaled by her originality. Tho
other day, there being English guests at
dinner, the cook was told to ornament the
pudding with some fresh strawberries.
When the dish was served, it presented a
delicious appearance of jelly and whipped
cream decorated with the bright red fruit;
but as soon as the hostess took out a
spoonful of tho mass, a look of horror
came upon her countenance. In the
saucer were fragrant strawberries, but
attached to each was a wooden toothpick.
The culinary artist had found that to -present
the desired effect, the berries needed
some support and had hit upon tho ingen
ious plan of wooded stems. In spito of
the protest of the hostess, the English
guests havo written home that tho queer
Americans servo toothpicks in their pud
dings. Good Housekeeping.
The Seller of Perraaaes.
The subject of peculiar guests around a
hotel is a never ending one for new feat
ures. Now. there is a drummer for an
eastern house, manufacturing-a full line
of perfumes, who comes to this city oc
casionally. He is a veritable walking
advertisement for his employers. He
dresses in the latest style, is of a striking
appearance in his general make up, has
his handkerchiefs perfectly saturated with
different perfumes, and with a small rub
ber ball he throws a fiuo spray of perfume
on his shirt bosom and clothing, thus at
tracting attention to his btisinesa bv
furnishing a combination of delicious
smells, from the spicy isles of eastern
seas down to tho real, common, every day
musk that is so popular with the colored
people. James O'Conncll in Globe-Dem
Egyptian Tax Receipts.
The tax collectors' receipts of the ancient
Egyptians wero inscribed on pieces of
f broken crockery. Some of them, from
the Untish museum collection, have been
translated, and bhow tho tax in Egypt un
der the early Ctesars. Arkansaw Trav
Want of Sleep
Is semliiiK thousands aiiuti.-i'.U to the
insane asylum ; and the doctors say this
trouble is alarmingly on the im-p-iiie.
The usual remedies, while t'n may
give temporary re!if, are likely to do
more harm than goinl. What is nei.-!i-d
is an Alterative ami ItIooiI-piinii-r.
Ayer's Sarsaparlllu is iui-ouiparably
tbe best. It corrects tlio.se disturbances
in the circulation which cause sleepless
ness, gives increased vitality, and re
stores the nervous system to a healthful
Rev. T. G. A. Cote, agent of the Mas.
Home Missionary Society, writes that"
his stomach was out of order, his sleep
very often disturbed, and some im
purity of the blood manifest ; but that
a perfect cure was obtained by tbe u-e
of Ayer's Sarsaparilla.
Frederick W. Pratt, 424 Washington
street, Boston, writes: " My daughter
was prostrated with nervous debility.
Ayer's Sarsaparilla restored her to
William F. Bowker, Erie, Pa., was
cured of nervousness and sleeplessness
by taking Ayer's Sarsaparilla for about
two months, during which time his
weight increased over twenty pounds.
Or. J. C. Ayer ic Co., Lowell, Mass.
old by all Drugg UU. Prite fl ; six bottiss, tit
Airthor!ztd.Capltal of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
Aad the larsest PaJsl la Cask CtefMal
any oaaa ia tau part oc tae I
IVDeposits received aad interest pakt
IV Draft oa the priac ipal cities ia thtacoa
try and Earopeboaamt aad sold.
WColleetioaa aad all other
prompt aad eanral attsetioa.
A. ANDERSON. Pree't.
J. H. GALLEY, Vice Pree't.
G. ANDERSON, P. ANDERSON.
JACOB GKEI8EN. HENRY RAOAfi
JOHN J. SULLIVAN. W. A. Mc.uXuTO.
. DEUTCHER ADVOKAT,
Office over Columbus State Bank, Colambus,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
Office on Nebraska Aw., Columbus, Neb. All
legal business promptly, accurately aad careful
ly attended to. ISaac-y
; UE.E.11TAIV 4 HEKKat
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office OTsr First National Bank. Columbus,
T HI. MACPAataVANatt.
ATTORXEY t XOTARY PUBLIC.
raOffiee over First National Uank,.Colaai
, Er7""Parties desirinic- mirveyfnic done can ad
dnsju me at Columbiw, Neb., or Call at ray Ottct
n ( ourt llonne. Smaisd-r
T Ji. CKAZtlKat,
CO. SUP'T PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
I will lie in my office in the Court House, the
third Saturday of each month for !( examina
tion of apphennts fur teacliero certificates, and
for the tnuiMactiou of other Hchool busiaese.
DRAY and EXPRESSMEN.
Light anil heavy hauling.. Hoods handled with
care. Headquarters at J. P. Becker ACo.'aoBlce.
Telephone, 33 and 31. SOmarWy
FAUHLK 4 HKAD3HAW,
(Succtuor$ to FaubU T Btuhtll),
BRICK M.AKERS !
"Contractors and builders will find our
brick hre(-clat and efforts I at reasonable rates.
We are also preimrud to do all kinds of brick
), K. TURNER & CO.,
Proprietors and Publishers of the
C0L7M1V5 JOTttfAL ul tts 8U. miLT JCtJlXH,
Both, poet-paid to any address, for $2.00 a year,
strictly in advance. Family Joubmai, aXOO a
W. A. MCALLISTER. W. M. CORNELIUS.
JljcALLIOTEM Jc COK HELIUM
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Office up stairs over Ernst & Sch warm's store oa
Eleventh street. 16mn?8g
DM. J. CHAM. W laM,Y,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON,
EYE DISEASES A SPECIALTY.
Eleventh Street. Office No. : Residence No.87.
JOHN 6. HIOOINH.
C. J. OARLOW.
mGGHS ft GAJtLOW,
Specialty made of Collections by C. J. ftarlow.
R. C. BOYD,
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware!
Job-Work, Eoefiar aid Gutter
ing a Specialty.
l-Shoo on 13th street, Kraose Bro.'s old
stand on Thirteenth street. Xttf
a a aw amsrea
PONDERS exist in
1 1 K- MthntlMAnf !m nff fnrmn
I BbF BT S: frnAMfl iiv t hl Tnnrvola nf anvAn,;...
tom, but are xur-
1 Thoe who are in need of profitable
work that-can be done while living at home
should at once send their address to Hallett A
Co., Portland, Maine, and receive free, full in
formation how either sex, of all aires, ran earn
from A5 to &' per day and upwards wherever
they live. Yoo are started frre. Capital not re
quired. Homo have made over $00 in a single
day at this work. All succeed. 87dec2iy
We will pay the above reward for any case of
liver complaint, dyspepsia, sick headache, indi
(restion. constipation or cootiveness wo cannot
cure with West Vegetable Liver Pills, when the
directions are strictly complied with. They are
purely vegetable, and never fail to give satisfac
tion. Large boxett containing 30 sugar coated
pills. 23c. For sale by all druggists. Beware of
counterfeits and immitations. The genuine
manufactured only by JOHN C. WEST A CO.,
K W.Madison St., Chicago, 111. dec7'87y
I has revolutionized
the world during the
last half century.
Not least amozur the
wondera of inventive progress Fs a method and
svstem of work that can be performed all over
the country without separating the workers from
their homes. Pay liberal; any one can do the
work; either sex. young or old: no special ability
required. Capital not needed; yoo are started
free. Cut thia out and return to oa aad we will
send yoo freeMmething of great value and im
portance 10 ijou, mat win start yoa ia business.
which will bring yoo in more money right away.
man anyming eise in toe world, ura
free. Address True A Co., Augusta, Me.
A book of 10O pages.
Tbe best book for aa
advertiser to eon-'
81 HCmlt he exper
ienced or otherwise.
Itcoiitaliis list- of newspapers andestlmatee
ofthcco.itofadverti8liiK.Tbe ad vertiserwho
witnta to sncnil one dollar, finds la It the In
formation fie requires, whtle for hitn who will
invest one hundred thousand dollars la ad
vertising, a scheme Is Indicated wblca will
meet his every requnment,erometsa
to datob slight chanatteatili wraxsTat sycer
rttpondenet. 14 editions have beam Jessed.
Sent, post-paid, to any address for Weeats.
Write tc- GEO. P. ROvTEHV Cft
NEW8PAPER ADVERTISING afJREATJ.
USBBraoeaxgrtaf lag Howes ..), Sew tor.