Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 14, 1888)
v. -gt-f- SV
VOL. XLX-NO. 30.
CQLTJMBIJS, NEB. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1888.
Cash Capital - $100,000.
LEANDER GERRARD. PreVt."
GEO. W. HULST, Vice FnVt.
J U LI OS A.IIEED.
R. II. HENRY.
J. E. TASKER, Cashier.
k f lepltt
Cwllectlema araitly Made
Pay lartereat em Time
C II. SHELDON. PreVt.
W. A. MoALUSTER, Vice Pre.
C. A. NEWMAN. Cashier,
DANIEL 8CIIRAM, Wt Cash,
J.P.BECKER, . JOSSV'irir
CARL REINKE. II. V. HjOtHLRICH.
j. h. wurdeman. Jftvftfe?SfrH
GEO. W. GALLEY, ARNOLD OEHLRICII.
This Bank transacts a rerulr Banking Busi
ness, will allow interest on time deposits, make
collections, buy or soil exchange oa United
States and Enroie, and buy and sell available
Weahnll be pleased to receive your business.
We solicit yonr patronage. We giiarantee satis
faction in all business intrusted in our care.
WESTERN GOTTAGE ORGAN
Or . W. HIBLER,
tVThese organs are first-class in every par
ticular, and so guaranteed.
SCUFFROTH a PUTI,
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pups Repaired saert tiee
ajTOne door west of Heintx'e Drug Store. Uth
ixuampoa, nea nmau-
Health is Wealth !
Dm-E. CWawr's Nebve axd Beats TuiT
HOT, a guaranteed specific for Hystena, Djxa
aoss, Convultions, Fits, Nervous Neuralgia,
Seadacne, Nervous Prostration caused by the uae
of alcoho' or tobacco. Wakefulness, Mental De
wlnti. flnftmiTiir rf the Brain resulting m ln
oaaity and leading to misery, decay and death,
II Trim fM-1 1rr V Tj" " T
ia either sex. Involuntary Losses and Spenmat.
orraem mf" by over-exertion of the brainseli
abcaoor over indulgence. Each box contains
a aomth'a treatment. $1.00 a box, or axx boxes
for lx basm. mocoapemied with .5.00, we will
' iHfi ffnBMTttsM tATIL
i soney u we hwubwhuj. rrz
usarantee lssuea cmiy ny uojij
sole agents, Columbus, 3
C0TFIHS AND METALLIC CASES
JM" Repairing of all kinds of Uphol
iUnfGood. 4t COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
to awawawawavZ T3fsawawaaT
I sawH VSfta A ,;ij-N
gpaajsssssw i.-" i
A THRIFTC PEOPLE.
MILUONS OF MONEY LAID BY FQFt A
RAINY DAY. -
The -Savia; Jaaa' Dollar, and Bow Ha
Booses It la Boatoa Uaaka Watcaiag
Ute Crowd oa a Basr Day Deposits aaal
At the beginning of the year of grace
1888 there were, fifteen savings banks in
Boston, having in charge about $93,000,
000 belonging to nearly 835,000 depositors.
8inee the first of the year two more sav
ings banks nave been established in the
city, so that 'these figures are under
rather than over the facts at the present
moment. It may truly be said that in no
city-in the country, or, for that matter,
in the world, are savings banks' more
conservatively, honorably and safely con
ducted than in Boston. These local Banks
have, as a mle. had public confidence, and
their reputation leaves nothing to be de
sired. An officer in one of the savings
banks informs the writer that the major
portion of the depositors are women.
When asked why this is so he gave it as
his opinion that the women are not so
much given to making "investments" as
the men. They prefer to put their money
in a reputable institution where they
know it will be "safe," and where it will
draw a certain interest.
Post yourself in a convenient corner at
one of the leading savings banks on a
busy day and watch the crowd.- As an
opportunity to study humanity this could
hardly bo excelled. At the noon hour the
depositors come by dozens, some to leave
money and some to take it. Those who
leave the money seem to have the best of
it. if ono may judge by their faces. A
man always draws on his deposit with an
air of regret, or, at any rate, there are
few cases in which this will not hold
true. At the head of the line there is a
little old woman who is not at all at her
case. The line behind presses upon her,
and she does not relish being hurried,
slthongh it is evident that she will be
nothing loath to leave the place once she
has completed her transaction. She has
come, it appears, with an order from her
son, who has an account here and who is
at homo ill, and she wants $10. But the
order is not properly filled up. and the
teller tries to explain the error and inform
her with as much courtesy and pains as
time will permit,' that she must go home
and hare the mistake rectified before she
can have the money. This she does not
understand, and you can plainly see that
she entertains her "suspicions" of the
bank. "It's her Jim's money, an' she's a
right to it when he tells her to come and
get it." and she half threatens to "have
the law on the place" if the cashier will
not stand and deliver.
Time is being wasted, and the crowd
becomes impatient, and, finally, some one
in the line assures tho old lady that the
matter will be "all right" if she will
follow the advice of tho cashier. So off
she goes, mumbling. Then comes a man
of about SO or 35. looking quite prosper
ous, and holding a bank book in which a
number of bills are snugly reposing.
"You can't deposit any more money,
sir, your account is full." says the re
ceiver. "No more money! Why, what do you
mean by that? Thought banks would
take as much money as you'd give 'em."
"We arc not permitted to allow any one
to deposit more than $1,000, and your ac
count has already reached that amount, I
t'Must I draw it out then?"
"Oh, no; you can allow it to remain un
til, with interest, it accumulates to the
extent of $1,000. After that time, al
though you may let the money remain
here, it will draw no more interest."
"Queer business, that," exclaims the
prosperous man, who thereupon takes
This may seem "queer business" to the
person who knows nothing of savings
banks, yet it may bo explained by the
fact that savings banks were not intended
for well to do people, but for folk of hum
ble means. Of course, if you are fortu
nate enough to have $1,000 in one bank,
you can go to another bank and open an
account, but if the officials have any rea
son to suspect that you are a man of
means they may question you very close
ly, and, if they are not satisfied with your
replies, they are at liberty to reject your
financial offering altogether.
Here comes a mother asking if she will
be permitted to deposit money in her
child's name, although the child is only
two or three months old. She finds that
she can do so, and she is delighted.
There ore a great many calls at the sav
ings banks for purposes of this sort. Pa
rents, also, frequently deposit small sums
on the anniversaries of their children's
birth, and they allow the money to re
main in tho bank and accumulate until
the children "come of age." Executors
often use these banks to deposit the
funds of an estate during the two years
the law allows them for settling up af
fairs. Religious and charitable organiza
tions are exempt from the $1,000 restric
tion. The averago rate of interest paid
by the Massachusetts barings banks last
year was 4.03 per cent.
Two lines of people come streaming into
the bank; one line going to the receiving
teller and the other lino to tho paying
teller. Men, women, ooys and girls make
up the crowd. Sometimes, especially on
Saturdays, a wholo family will troop into
the place while "dad" draws something
for tho-marketing, or for clothing the
young ones; or perhaps there is a family
celebration of somo kind on foot, and
thev all want a share of the snoiL Bovs
are generally very proud when they make
their first deposits. They already begin
to feel like capitalists, and they are gen
erally pretty faithful to their savings.
Clerks, bookkeepers, office boys, sales
girls, newsboys', bootblacks, young ex
quisites whose fathers have given them
some pocket mosey on condition that
they will put by a certain sum every
week, mechanics, masons, teamsters,
young maids and old ones, old men and
old women, all or the most of them bear
ing marks of their respective trades or
callings, and some of them tho tools of
their trades, come into the bank, and fall
inline. It is easy enough to distinguish
the habitues, so to speak, from the new
comers; the first go about their business
in a very matter of 'fact fashion, and the
others fidget, ask ail sorts of irrelevant
questions, and are often as nervous when
signing their names as if they were sign
ing their own death warrants. The poorer
and middling classes most generally pa
tronize the savings banks because the
sums they have on hand an not sufficient
to warrant them in taking the' trouble to
invest in real estate, or in other ways.
There are thousands of widows whose
names are on the bank books, seme of
them treasuring the remnants of insur
ance money, or littlo dividends, or govern
ment pensions, and others bringing their
weekly earnings. Bestod Herald. .
Above Tawiiai Gooes
Yet, with all the advantages of canned
goods, some people abstain from their use,
because they think they are unwholesome.
This idea has arisen from the fact, that
aong the hundreds of millions of tins
annually consumed, there is now and then
one imperfectly sealed, thus admitting
the sir and spoiling the contents. These
are easily detected, from the fact that they
generally nave "swelled" or puffed up
ends; and." after opening, by the vxerdse
of cosnssoasenseintheuseof the organs
of taste and saelL Koonetnmxsoreat-
or' meats, but some consumers seem to
think .that because a thing is put up in
tin. it must be good under all circum
stances, prepare it for the table and eat it
without the slightest discrimination. This
sometimes results in more or less severe
attacks of cholera morbus, which, in these
davs of sensational press dispatehes,are us
ually announced as "canned goods poison
ing." Before the in ventionof cannedgoods,
cholera morbus was as common as it is
now, bnt it was called cholera morbus,
and not "canned goods poisoning."
It is beginning to be understood by the
medical profession and the public that
this tpye of iliness is largely the result of
the decomposition of organic matter,
which, in its earlier stages, develops a
form of alkaloid poison, technically known
as ptomaines; but such cases are more
common with spoiled meat, fish. milk,
heese and icecream than from canned
goods, and it is safe to say that, consider
ing the enormous amount of canned goods
used, they are more wholesome than any
similar amount of. food not canned.
Francis B. Thurber in Medical Classics.
A Story of kVoBg-fellow.
A New York paper, in somo pleasant'
gossip about Mr. Longfellow, tells a story
of the way he treated the charges of
plagiarism against the Indian poem "Hia
watha," in following closely both tho
form and substance of "The Ealevala."
the national epic of Finland. When they
began to appear he showed & profound in
difference on tho subject; but before long
"his publisher thought host to call his at
tention to them, and suggested that a
replv from the poet be written. "Well,
I'll think about it." said Mr. Longfellow
and there the matter dropped. Tho press
continued to echo and re-echo the charge;
and the pubisher again called on the poet,
saying. "Really. Mr. Longfellow, I think
it is high time this charge was answered."
Again Longfellow said. "I'll see about
it." adding, quietly. "How is the book
selling?" "Oli. wonderfully well," said
the publisher. ."Better than my other
books?" "Oh, much better." and he named
Sfarrtly after this interview (Mr. Long
fcliow still keeping silence), The Tribune
came out with almost a page of broadside
oa the subject. The publisher was uow
really excited. He called on the poet again.
"It will not do," he said, very decidedly,
"to let this thing go on any longer."
"How does the book sell?" asked Longfel
low. "Amazingly the sale is already
equal to the combined sales of your other
books." Then." 6aid Longfellow, 'T
think we ought to be thankful to these
critics. Let them talk. Seems to me
they are giving us a largo amount of
gratuitous advertising. Better let them
alone." And let alone they were. Chi
Thoso tVho May live Jjobs
Better, perhaps, than any of tho single
temperaments would be a mixture of tho
sanguine and the bilious; and. indeed, all
the examples of special life storage which
I have met with have been of this heredi
Tho organism which 3 best constituted
for life storage L. therefore, capable of
being identified, and btands out, so to
speak, in its own colors. The color of the
iris, or curtain of the eyeball, always an
excellent test, is a light hazel: tho hair
is dark brown; the color of the skin is in
clined to be florid, and the lips and eye-'
lids are of good natural red never pale,
as in the pure nervous temperament, and
never of dark bluish tint, as in the lym
phatic or lymphatic bilious. In this
mixed temperament of the sanguino and
bilious, a preponderance of the sanguine
is, I believe, always an advantage.
The qualities here enumerated, as repre
sented in an organism well fitted for the
storage of life, are absolutely of heredi
tary character. They spring from com
binations of parcnta.ee. and when the
combinations aro unalloyed by the intro
duction 'of any disturbing elements of
disease, the conditions for long storage
are fortunately combined. Dr. Benjamin
Tho Snafcea ofBengal.
The mortality from snake bites hi Ben
gal is much larger among women than
among men. They are usually bitten in
tho early morning, when they go out un
seen before daylight, either to fetch wood
from the faggot stack or for some other
domestic purpose. During the rainy sea
son, when nearly all tho rice fields areun
der water, the snakes take refuge in the
higher plats of land, on' which the vil
lages are built, and they hide themselves
in the little woodstacks and granaries in
the court yards of the houses; while not
infrequently they take up their abode in
the house itself, where they are allowed
to dwell with impunity, and sometimes fed
with milk, until, on some unlucky day.
the wife treads accidentally on the snake
in the dark, and it turns upon her and
bites her. From the bite of a full grown
cobra death ensues in a very few minutes,
and the natives have no such remedies at
hand as English science might use. but
they put a vain faith hi the fanciful
charms and incantations recommended by
their priests. Quarterly Review.
Stoutness is not only unhandsome and
inconvenient, but unsafe. It clogs the
orj-,s. gives the heart more work to do,
r:d tho system more to carry. Stout
peoplo are' pretty sure- to havo erysipelas
or kidney oisease or cancer, and are just
as likely to melt down in consumption as
lean people. Then overflesh is attended
by impairment of mental power, dullness
of sensation, and indifference to the feel
ings of others. The children of stout
young women are likely to have inferior
vitality and go off with marasmus. The
great cause of obesity? Inactive life. It
is not what you eat so much as what you
do with it 'that determines flesh.' Men
grow fat eating good lunches and club
dinners and sitting in offices the rest of
tho time, when they ought to work or
exercise strenuouslvf nil five hours a day.
Women the same. '-The only food I should
taboo, unless in peculiar cases, would be
fats, oatmeal and potatoes Shirley Dare's
When Gentlemea 'Wore Queues.
"Dear mel" said the barber, "surely
this country-is doomed to disgrace. and
shame. - What presidents we' might have,
sir! Just look at -Daggett, of Connecti
cut, and Stockton,, of New Jersey! What
queues they have got, sir as big as your
wrist, end powdered, every day. sir. like
real gentlemen as they are. Such men,
would confer dignity upon the chief
magistracy; but this little Jim Madison,
witn a queue no bigger than, a pipe stem!
Sir. it is enough to make a man forswear
his country!" S. O. Goodrich.
Didn't Appreciate tho Opportunity.
"What a chance for you," said a frisnd
to one of our bonanza princes, just com
pleting his new house. "What a chance
to buy some fine paintings. Blank, the
broker, has collapsed, and is selling his
collection," "You're very kind in ycur
intentions, I am sure." said the bonanza,
"but my wifo wouldn't cere to buy
second hand paintings." San Francisco
A Xovel Sic Board.
A mountain hotel popular amongartists
has a novel sign board that swings from
an boa wrought bracket at the side of
the inn. . Its design, painted by an artist,
represents a bear and fox skipping paw in
paw over the moonlit hill. Chicago
' Toere are thhtv
twnprlr of more
than 1.000 yar ia
the Innsciat mar
I the Bsrern,
i D1L TAMER'S IDEAS.
HE TALKS OF PREMATURE BURIAL
AND SUSPENDED ANIMATION. '
1ho Dead la TO Country Are -Barfed la
Criaataal Baate-Tho Sabtlo Principle of
life Too' Doctor Godvlaced That Maa
Eight years have gone since Dr. H. S.
Tanner performed his wonderful feat of
fastincr forty days and nhrhts in Clarendon
j hall, in Now York city. For sixteen days
j ho touched neither water nor food. After
, the sixteenth day he began to drink water,
and subsisted on this alone during the re
maining twenty-four days of his fast.
The public has not heard much of tho
plucky little doetor for the last few years,
but not long ago he turned up in Chicago,
bright and chipper, a splendid specimen
of a man in perfect health, and with a
rotundity of form indicative rathor.'of the
bon vivant than of a man who eats only
two meals a day in summer and only one
"Whero have you been, keeping your
self, doctor?" asked a reporter, after
friendly greetings had been exchanged. '
"I liar A -inst retnrriMl from Vnnr Miw..
f ico, where I have been for nearly four
years, pursuing certain Investigations of
a scientific nature. I am much interested
in the subject of suspended animation or
counterfeit death, lam convinced that a
far greater percentage - of people are
buried alive than even those who have
ever given the matter much thought
would be willing to believe. In no coun
try in the world are the dead buried with
such criminal haste, I may say, as in the
United States. I have been looking into
this subject more or les for the last
twenty-five years, and the evidence I have
accumulated is startling. . I tell you, it is.
murder, horrible murder, and it is high
time some agitation was started for the
purpose of securing needed legislation on -the
subject of the burial of the dead.
TEE MOVEMENT I3T EtTEOPE.
"The principle of life is so subtle," con
tinued tuo doctor, "that man with all bis
scieuco knows nothing about it; and the
only safeguard against the 'awful crimo
of burying alive those we love lies in the
precautions that are taken against com
mitting their bodies to the' tomb before
decomposition has set in. That is the.
only unmistakable sign that death has
finally taken place. The people of Hol
land were among the first to awaken to
the importance of this subject, and in
1764 a society was organized in Amster
dam for the purpose of looking into cases
where death seemed counterfeit rather
than real. In less than four years they
had resuscitated saved from entombment
alive no less than 150 persons. In 17C3
the authorities at Milan and Venice, and
thoso at Hamburg, followed the examplo
set by Holland, and a little later similar
societies were formed at London, Paris
and Glasgow. As a result of the work and
investigations of these societies, among
the members of which wero some of the
foremost scientists of tho times, it has
been proved that in a great number of
cases where every known test had been
applied and preparations made for the
burial the subjects had recovered. These
experiences led Professor Morine, of the
University of Rome, to offer a prize of.
1,500 francs for the best essay on appar
ent death; and the Marquis d'Ouche left
20,000 francs to be used in discovering the
best means that could ba applied in de
tecting the counterfeit of death. And so
in all countries statistics collated on this
subject are startling, as revealing the
danger of premature burial."
"Now don't you think," asked the
doctor, "that this is a subject that peo
ple should discuss, should be waked up
"What remedy have you to offer,
"Simply this: I hold and it certainlv
1 cannot be successfully contradicted that
tno setting in or decomposition is the
only certain sign of death. In the ab
senco of this Durial should be delayed
weeks and months, if necessary, for so
long as there is no decay life may hang by
a feeble thread, and, by that subtleness
of which I have already spoken, the re
covery be spontaneous.
THE DOCTOR WIU, IHBERXATE.
"Another discovery that I havo made,"
said the doctor, "is that hibernating ani
mals do not use their lungs during the
period of hibernation. For several years
1 have been studying the habits of this
class of animals, and, do you know, I
am about convinced that man can hiber
nate" Here the reporter must havo looked the
incredulity he felt, for the doctor hastened
to explain: "Take the bear for example;
its organs of respiration are the same as
man's, and it hibernates for months with
out food or drink. I have also been
studying the philosophy of the adepts
who used to be able to go into the death
trance at will. Their preparation for this
was long fasting, and tho trance condi
tion following was, in my opinion, a sea
son of hibernation. I am studying now
with a view of making somo experiments
in this line, and tho time may come when
I will permit myself to be sealed up in an
air tight coffin and laid away until such
timo as I siiali designate for it to be
"Bnt, doctor, you will not expect to
come out of a test like that alive, will
"Yes, indeed," was the earnest reply.
"I have twico been near the portals of
the tomb in my studies of this subject cf
life principle and of suspended animation,
and I firmly believe I can go still nearer
that I can to all outward appearances be
dead, and, remaining that way for a
length of time, can still come back a liv
ing witness of the truth -of my theories
Speaking of his fast, he said: "The
fact is, with most peoplo the body rules
the mind, while the reverse should'be the
case the mind should control the body.
'Appetite, and it may to a depraved one,
clamors for this or that desired article,
and people rush off to gratify it. When
I began my forty days' fasting I said to
my "stomach: 'Here, old fellow, I havo a
job for you. I want you to take a good
long rest, and I want no grumbling about
it.' That settled it. At 10 o'clock of the
last day of my fast, when I had only two
houra to go, a little child that was in tho
room wnere l was tnrust a ripe peach un
der my nose. If Adam was tempted as I
was then I do not wonder that he fell. I
had so' little longer to go without eating
that I relaxed my will power, and truly
my greatest sufferings wero during tho
last two -hours of my fast." Chicago
Sapersttttoa of BooeaUtor.
"It's very curious," remarked a specu
lator, the other day, "what a strong in
Suence little things exert over some men.
Now, there is Charlie , of the board
of trade, one of the sharpest traders on
the floor; a man who sells by the hundred
thousand, and boys in the same extrava
gant quantity. I know for a fact that for
years past he has made it a rule to sell
short on wheat every spring, and sell big,
too. But he never changes from the bear
to the boll side until he sees a certain
lilac bush out on the west side burst into
bloom.' The very first day he sees a flower
cmt on that particular bush he goes onto
the floor and sells light aad left, and
keeps it up. This he has done so regu
Isriy for some years pas that it is acorn
inn Hiiiiii on Jphange at these times
that 'Charlie's like hash to ia bloom.'
What is. norecnrioM. too. is that ha
iCCnt maae a mistarca ter years past, it's
been a perfect mascot for him. No, I
won't tell you where the bush, is', -but he
passes by.it. every day on his way down
town, and I tell you he watches it closely,
too. Lots of the boys have tried to find
out where it is located, but there are hun
dreds of lilac bushesalong the street, and
he isn't fool enough to give it away.
"And I know of another queer case;
tob," continued tho speculator. "My
typewriter, a woman of about 40 years of
.age, has some particular thing that she
watches on her way down town in the
morning, end, as a curious matter of fact,
that woman will walk into the office, sit
down at her desk, write out a prediction
of the course of-the 'day's markets, and
then put it away. It comes true, too
that's the curious part of it. She will
not tell how she does it, but for weeks
past she named the market's erratic course
accurately. . Do I ever trade on her pre
diction?. Well, not often. You know I
don't believe in thoso things. .But it's
mighty curious, to say the least, isn't it?"
Grit aa Well as Flack.
It is desirable that we should hare grit
as well as pluck a power to endure, re
sist, take the blows and still persist and
press forward. Pluck is the quality of
E itching in; grit' is tho quality of not
acking out. Now, we do not expect
every ono to have both grit and pluck;
but every ono ought to havo one or the
other; and so tho community, or the so
ciety, or,-as we have a habit of saying,
the commonwealth, shall havo both, I
am inclined to think that, personally, I
am decidedly lackiug in pluck. I am a
natural coward. 1 have the pluck simply
to own up my plucklessness. When
you set before me a new enterprise, I am
always afraid to embark in it. But ouco
in. I have grit. I can stick to -a job of
work; and when I fight I always. intend to
win. Em I wish I wero also plucky. Do
wo not gcucrallv admire what we havo
not, and rather depreciate what wo have?
I cdmirc pluck, and don't know whether
I admire grit or not. I have a little friend
who is A littlo over four feet tall, and he
has a little head and little features, but
he bristles up at a touch, or a word, or an
imagination. If ho fancies a slight in a
moment ho snarls, and jumps, and shows
ho isn't afraid of all creation. So he is
not. He is brimful of pluck. But hd
lacks grit. He pitches in and then sneaks
out. Of two generals you will ba suro to
find ono good at an assault, the other
good at a siege. Sometimes ono is most
useful, sometimes tho other. M. Mau
rice. M. D.j ia Globe-Democrat.
The Pension Commissioner's Troubles.
Ono woman in the best faith addresses
the commissioner and asks that ho seo
that the school house in her neighborhood
be established in the center of the dis
trict. Another informs him that her
husband has long been absent. She has
wandered over the faco of the country in
search of him,, and .she would now like to
have him take up the search. Many such
cases occur. Letters containing souvenirs
dear to the senders, but utterly valueless
to any ono else, are received; letters of
advice detailing whole pension schemes to
bq substituted for the present system of
laws; letters of extravagant commenda
tion, of . censure, of anger, of contempt,
of wrath, of unmitigable hostility; letters
of insane.writers threatening vilenessand
violence; letters excited by the granting
.of pensions and asking bemsens upon the
heads of all concerned; letters of bitterest
reproach for pensions denied, calling down
the wrath of God and men upon those
who have been trying to do their simple
duty all these and multitudes of others,
fantastic, sober, rational and wild, pour
by the hundreds and thousands into the
mail of the bureau; and from the charity
and patience which forbears to respond,
and the sense of duty which compels tho
neglect of idle inquiries, arise . many of
the complaints and denunciations of the
office for its alleged neglect. Pension
The Wells of AndaluUa.
In Andalusia the norias or Moorish
wells are sure to catch your eye. They are
worth examining by the curious in such
matters; the construction is very simple, '
but they do effective work. A broad
wheel is turned round by an old mule,
who is past other work, and attached to
this wheel are earthen jars; as it revolves
the empty jars pass into tho water and
come up full, then as they turn over they
empty their contents into a reservoir,
whence a trough or aqueduct of somo
simple kind provides for household use,
conveys tho rest of the water into tho
fruit or vegetable garden and irrigates it
by means of channels dug in rows in tho
earth. For drinking purposes tho water
is generally car. ;ht from the jars, for tho
Spaniards, though they like their fish
"high" and their oil and bacon rancid, aro
very particular about tho quality of their
water, and are willing to buy it from the
carriers who often fetch it from long dis
tances if that near at hand has an ovil
reputation. Cor. San Francisco Chronicle.
The insolence and inefficiency of men
servants in England have long been so
vividly realized by. all heads of houss
holds. that any step which shsll be an
advanco in the direction of gettinjf rid of
them ought to be" hailed with rapture by
all chatelaines and housekeepers. Many
ladies havo given them up altogether, and
content themselves with female servants,
selecting a peculiarly stalwart specimen
of the genus omazon to fulfil the duties
of butler. She is, moreover, in many
cases, dressed in a livery coat and waist
coat, which look very smart, although
perhaps rather suggestive of tho stage,
(juite recently,- at an afternoon party
given in London, the guests were entirely
served by a bevy of female servants, all'
dressed alike in black gowns, white waist
coats, and white caps trimmed with black
ribbons. Tho effect was. on tho wholo,
very pleasing, and tho waiting was much
cere efficiently and neatly dono than if it
bud been intrusted to a cohort of waiters.
Tho Arjronaut. '
Fads of the SeaAore.
One of tho queer fads of the seashore is
a sidewalk luncheon. All along the walks
are booths where Vienna sausages are
cooked and handed to you -on a clam shell
a sausage on one shell and a baked po
tato on the other. You are supposed to
sit on the sand and eat them without salt
and lick your chops for more. Silly?
Well, this is the place for silly things.
Another fad is crabbing. A party num
bering from six to a dozen go out in the
marsh channels and bait for crabs with a
piece of beef tied to a line. . The crab is.
just idiot enough to hang on until lifted
into the boat. -
And yet another is the moonlight fad
promenading the beach to listen to the
sighing of the clams.- Yes, clams sigh.
That's one of their duties on a moonlight
night. Some folks can't hear it, but a
pair of lovers, with his arm around her
waist and walking at a slow gait, can
catch every sigh that a clam sighs. Cor.
Detroit Free Press.
sot a saeeea.
Women have tried to run a restaurant
in New York for women time out of mind,
but usually made a failure. Customers
declaro stinginess, absurd rules and gen--cral
mismanagement as the reasons. De
troit Free Press
Glass In Old Tlaac.
Glass was in use among the RnTrjsTH E
the time of Tiberius, and the ruins of
Pompeii show that it was in nu fnw win.
j ow during the First century of tho
viumuui Wfc-BOSIOU .DUOgVfc-
THE BASKET MAKERS.
ISIT.JO A COLONY OF PRIMITIVE
AND UNREFINED FOLK.
Bobmo Welch Are Old, ' Taaaolo Dews
aad I7atldy Aaatrs View off aalatorior.
Table Ktiquette-r-The Basket Maker, at
Work SZetaod of THaaafactaro.
Dantown is eighty-five miles from New
i York, and is reached by the New .York,
New 'Haven and Hartford railroad, via
Stamford and New Canaan. A colony -'of
basket makers there inhebit a district be-'
ginning about four miles north of New
. Canaan, running in length about' eight
' miles, and in width about three miles.
- In this bailiwick is included another set
tlement called Jumptown, but the whole
district is known as Dantown. . The set
tlement derives its name from the first
settlers, whose name was Dan. and ninety
nine hundredths of the people who live
there now are also Dans.
. We drove over to Dantown to see if
they were really the uncouth people they
were credited with being. The roads are
narrow and full of locks: hi fact., the
whole country is nothing bnt rocks and
an almost unpenetrable jungle. The
homes of tho basket makers are old.
tumble down, ramshackle affairs, un
pointed, built of oak shingles, ono-lialf
of them fallen off. and the balance in a
stato of irretrievable decay, fences falling
down, gates with no hinges, the whole
settlement looking as if a cyclone bad
struck it' away back in revolutionary
war times, and not a 6troko of repairs
been put to it since.
YUtW OF AN INTnniOR.
For furniture of these houses there is
nothing but the plainest straight backed
chairs, with basket woven seats, some of
them handed down from great-grandfather's
time, and somo of late domestic
manufacture, but all presenting tho same
style and discomfort. The old fashioned
fireplaces aro built of wood and plastered
insido and out. The Dantowners are not
high livers. They eat because it sustains
life. They do not sit long at table, and
they dispense with all of the convention
alities of. table etiquette. The writer sat
down to dine, or, as tho host expressed it.
"to take pot luck," and was told to "pitch
in and help yerself." which he did. The
bill of fare was pork and beans, potatoes,
bread and molasses, and applo sauce, the
young girl of the family remarking: "Say,
maar. ef it's dark t 'night I'll git nuther
bag o' them there apples." Whereupon
maar replied: "Dry up yer yawp."
Tho people live frugally, because they
aro compelled. A basket maker must
work eaxly and late' to make $5 a week,
and as there are generally a dozen "young
'uus" about the house this does not go
far, though tho "young "uns" were all in
k emi-state of nudity.
Yet these people are as content with
their lot as a North Carolina clay eater.
There is always a market for their baskets,
and they menage .to squeeze along on the
commonest food so that they can indulge
in tobacco and get tho little brown jug
filled. Tho latter is of more absolute
necessity to the majority of tho Dantown
ers thau the sack of Hoar or the fiitch of
bacon. Years ago they were famous for
their store of Medford rum. but it is never
. seen now. In its place is rye whisky, and
not the best, either, and now that New
Canaan is a prohibition town, they are
sometimes put to desperate straits for tho
wherewithal to wet their whistles.
TUG BASKET MASCH AT WORK.
There arc no organized workshops, and
the business of setting up baskets is car
ried on in the kitchen, dining room and
parlor, which is generally all in one room.
They are very particular about their tim
ber. They use hickory, whito and black
ash and black oak. They use the first cut
of tho log and no other. The bark is
peeled off, and tho log, which is ncvor
over tea inches through, is split into sec
tions, making it easier to handle. They
take a section and pound it over a log or
rock until it slivers. It is then segregated
by peeling the slivers off, which are used
for what is called "filling" for the baskets.
The "standards" aro peeled much thicker,
. And have the appearance of a flour barrel
hoop. They aro tied in bundles, and. if
not used when green, are soaked in water
- over night, which makes them pliablo and
easy to weave. If they do not. cut this
wood themselves they are compelled to
pay $10 a cord for it; but it is said that a
great many cut their own wood and aro
not particular whose land they cut it
from. Times havo changed with tho bas
ket makers, and competition has cheap
ened their product from $15 a dozen
twenty years ago to $9.50 a dozen now.
And then wood was only $6 a cord.
The mode of .basket making is simple.
First the thick 6ticks are cut to the re
quired length and laid on the grouncL
looking like a gigantic starfish. At the
point of contact they are fastened, and
then comes the work of weaving the light
or 6ide strips in and out. One strip is
woven in several times around the basket
before it gives ont, when another one is
- lapped on. As the weaving continues the
standards aro raised and bent or "shaped"
until it has reached the required height.
Then two thicker strips, fiat on one side,
rounded with a draw shave en the other,
are clapped on. Tho standards, which
project above this band, are twisted
- around it and securely fastened. .The
-handles aro nut on before tho band is.
These are made of a thick strip trimmed
down smooth, with a notch cut in' them,
which abuts against tho band. Then the
basket is turned upside down, and an
other star shaped set of strips is pushed
up through the woof of tho basket. This
is done so that the basket can sit on its
, own bottom. A basket maker has to
hustle to make two dozen baskets in a
I week. They, make all kinds the com,
the market and the oyster basket, but the
I latter takes-precedence over the two for-
1 trior oa ttiA (fontanel tdnnrr thn uinnil ic.
never filled- Dantown (N. Y.) Cor. New
DRESS REFORM FOR MAN.
Tho Staple Stylo at
We can -dres3 her in four pieces, to
wit: shirt, pants, shoes and hat. On
state occasions, socks. In town you aro
commonly obliged to put on eleven pieces,
to wit': 'socks, shoes, drawers, pants,
shirt, undershirt; cravat, collar, '.vest,
coat and hat. A vast amount of timo
and force is used up by myriads of civil
ized beings in putting on these eleven
pieces., in hot weather. Avast amount
of strength is used up by simply wearing
them. Starch is misery on a sultry day.
Your linen shirt is a straight jacket; your
lightly buttoned vest and four button
cutaway are 'two more' straight jackets
over that. You put on four thicknesses
of cloth to conform to the demands of.
Broadway, when nature calls out but for
one, and a thin and very loose one at
that. When you have anything to do, or
you get to your office, you shuck your
coat and sit "in your shirt sleeves, or put
on a thin one.
You are unconsciously a slave to this
idiocy of custom. To heighten this idiocy,
you put on the most clothing and the
tightest fits and the most starch in the
city, where it is hottest. Whem you go
to the country, where it is a little cooler
and there Is more air to breathe and
purer air to breathe, and consequently
more strength to be got out of such au
to help you endure your load of tight fit
ting cloth, you put on less clothing and
looser clothing. This is inconsistent- You
should wear your cumbersome starch and
tight fitting vestmwnts where yon have
tha moat atranath to wear them.
rour test ts a useless lncumorance. . it
is only the rudiment of the old fashioned .
"waist coat." That was a coat. It
reached to the hips 140 years ago. People -
then wore in substance two coats a bock
I coat and a front coat, now, the waistcoat.
The waistcoat has been gradually grow
ing shorter. In a sack suit it is of no
'earthly use save to increase, your
t load in hot weather and ' make
j you hotter. It' is simply another
short coat, which ' you wear because
?rour . tailor says you must."" It's
ike wearing' one hat inside tho other.
You cant even wear it out. You know
you wear out out seven pairs of pants" tp
one waistcoat. You know that uow your
closet is full of vests left over from worn
out suits that you don't know what to do
with. You can't make them over into
pantaloons. You can't set them for eel
traps. Alone, they won't answer for
scarecrows. So millions of yards of cloth
are wasted yearly in the making of -vests.
Pull down your vest. Pull it off and
leave it off.
It Is a great luxury to ariso in the
morning and dress by threo or four mo
tlons in as many pieces, to stick your feet
into a pair of slippers and bo shodwith
ont the tedkrasness of lacing up or but
toning up your city 'boots-. And four
pieces can be made as becoming and grace
fuleye, and more so than eleven pieces,
and four garments can bo changed
oftener and cleansed oftencr. I- be
lieve that dress should bo neat, be
coming and as gracetul. as possible for
every station or calling; and because a
man lives where there is no public or
public opinion to look after him, is- no
reason why he should livo in rags or go
with uncombed hair. But the trouble is.
and you "may seo il proven every day in
the city in tliousanus and thousands of
cases, people haven't timo nor means to
wear their eleven pieces properly, and for
that reason dingy linen is far more com
mon than that of snowy whiteness, and
a clean collar and cuffs are not proof that
they aro tucked to a clean shirt, and tho
necktio in two cases out of tlireo is a baso
and of ten unclean subterfuge and imita
tion of something intended for on orna
ment, slung on, stuck on. fired on any
way, only becauso custom says it must be
j put on. and put on only to bo endured.
Uress reform for woman only? Man needs
it quito as much as she does. Prentice
Mulford in New York Star.
Career cf tho Salmon
When tho salmon is hatched ho is
known as a "fry," then ho becomes a
"parr," or "samlet." or "pink," or
"brandling." The next change makes
him a "smolt;" then Lu ; transferred to
a "grilse," and finally devcrop into a
salmon. When leaving salt water ho is
called a "white" salmon, and when going
back after spawning a "black" ono or a
"kalt." The baby Ealmon is hatched
from 80 to 100 days after tho eggs are
laid in furrows in gravelly beds near the
bead waters of clear, cold rivers. When
In the "fry" stage he is about ono inch
long, with goggle eyes. When threo
months old he becomes well shaped, with
carmine spots on tho sides. Iio is then
so hungry and greedy he will jump at
unything. Many mistake them at this
ago for trout, and it is common for mar
kets to offer them for sale as brook trout.
Only about one-half the hatch returns to
the sea. the rest remaining ia fresh
water. This has been decided to be be
cause some develop more rapidly than
others, the late ones going to salt water
ia the second season. Tho arrangement
can be accepted as a wise provision of
nature against extermination by whole
sale destruction. GIoboDemocrat.
Bice In a Bill Country.
Tho province of Fah-Iueii. China, is
almost an unbroken stretch of hills and
mountains, a charming country to lovers
of wild scenery, but tedious to travel in,
for tho only carriages aro sedan chairs.
Except near tho seaboard, the streams are
swift and rocky, rendering their ascent
by boat very slow. One might think that
in such a count jvrice could not bo staple,
yet en every hill and mountain where
there is a spring and soil enough to work,
there aro terraces ' for rice. They pene
trate into every nook and corner, so that
a map of the rice courses of Fuh-Kien
would be a map of its water courses. The
people who inhabit the valleys present
great varieties of character and speech.
If you cros3 a divido which separates two
main branches of the river, you may find
peoplo living within a few hours' walk of
each other who can scarcely converse to
gether; in fact, every villago has its own
local brogue. Rev. J. E. Walker in
Bo Saved Three Cents.
A man, his wife and three children
walked up to one of tho drop-a-ponny-in-the-slot-and-ascertain-yourrcorrect-weight
machines in ono of the North river ferry
houses. After examining it ho told his
threo children to step on the platform of
tho scale, which they did. He then
dropped a cent into tiicslct and tho hand
moved oronnd to 03. IIo then told the
largest child to step off. and as scon as he
did the hand moved back to 113, thus by
subtracting 113 from 03 he ascertained
tho weight of tho child. In this manner
ho also ascertained tho respectivo .eights.
of tho other two children. His wifo and
himself got on the scales and were
weighed in a like manner. He saved
three cents. New York Letter.
liund reopio in Knssia.
An elaborate investigation has shown
that.tho number of blind people in Russia
is very unequally divided among tho dif
ferent races, thexo being onlv b blind in
each 10.000 Poles. 10 in each'lO.CCO Rii,
sians. and as many as 63 in each 1C.C-G3
Votyoks. No less than one-eighth of tht
cases of blindness arc due to small yox.
and only one-half to direct eye dishes.
It is Absurd
For people to expect a cure for Indij:e-(-tion,
unless they refrain from eating
what is unwholesome ; but if anything
will sharpen the appetite and give tor.o
to the digestive organs, it is Ayer's Sar
saparUla. Thousands all over the land
testify to the merits of tins medicine.
Mrs. Sarah Burroughs, of 24S Eighth
street. South Boston, writes : "My hus
band has taken 'Ayer's Sarcaparilla, for
Dyspepsia and torpid liver, and has
been greatly benefited."
A Confirmed Dyspeptic.
"C. Canterbury, of 141 Franklin .t..
Boston,. Mass., writes, that, suffering
for years from Indigestion, he was at
last induced to try Ayer's Sarsaparilla
and, by its use, was entirely cured.
Mrs. Joseph Aubin, of nigh street,
Holyoke, Mass., suffered for over a yar
from Dyspepsia, so that she could not
eat substantial food, became very weak,
and was nnable to care for her family.
Neither the medicines prescribed by
physicians, nor -any of the remedies
advertised for. the cure of Dyspepsia,
helped her, until she commenced the
use of Ayer's Sarsaparilla. "Three
bottles ef this medicine," ahe writes,
Dr.' J." C Aytr Co., Lowell, Mass,
' Mattl; six touts, . WartaiaKl.
Authorizatl Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
And the kjrgst Paid la Caafc Capital or
any twak ia taia part of tee I
tyDepoeita rscelTfd aad
iatanot paid oa
EVTDrafta oa the prise ipal cities ia this
try and Europe booght aad sold.
WCollectioM aad all other
prompt aad' oarers! atteatfoa.
A. ANDERSON. Pno't.
J. H. GALLEY, Vice Pleat.
. ANDERSON, P. ANDERSON.
JACOB GREISEN. HENRY RAGATi
JOHN J. SULLIVAN, W. A- M CAUJ8TKR.
T . KasLIAN,- .
Office oTsr Colombo Btate Bank, Columbus.
Attorney and Caunsellar at Law..
Office on Nebraska At,, Columbus, Neb. All
leital business promptly, accurately and careful
ly attended to. ISaug-r
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office oTcr First National Bank, Columbus.
T ai. MACFAatLArVat.
ATTORSHY t A0r.4JJl PUBLIC.
ty" Office oTer First National Bank. Colum
Z&Vajtie desirinic surveying done caa-ad-llrew
me at Columbus. Neb., or call at my offioe
in Lonrt Houw-. Smaybft
T J. IMAIIKK,
CO. SUP'T PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
I will be ia my office in the Court House, tho
tliiitl Saturday of each month for the examina
tion of npplu-Rnta for teachers' certificates, and
Tor Ute transaction of other school business
DRAY uiul EXPRESSMEN.
Light and heavy haulinr. Goods handled with
we .Headquarters nt J. V. Becker Co.'s office.
Telephone. 33 and 21. 3lmar87y
FAUKLE & BRADSHAW.
(Succeuors to uii6 f Bushel!),
BRICK MAKERS !
, CrT-Contractore and builders will find our
bnck first-claw and ollered at reasonable rate.
He are also prepared to do all kinds of brick
M. K. TURNER 4b CO.,
Proprietors and Publishers of tho
CCMH.838 :07Sat tsd At SI3. tlHILT J571HU,
Both, post-paid to any address, for 12.00 a rear
strictly in adTance. FaMiltJocbsal, fLOO a
w. a. McAllister. - "w. m. Cornelius.
JcAl.l.lM TEat A COB.1KLIIJS
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Office up stairs over Ernst 4 Schwarz's store oa
Eleventh street. 16mmy88
DK. J. CHAM. W 1 1. 1.1,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON,
EYE DISEASES A SPECIALTY.
Eleventh Street. Office So. : Residence No.7.
JOHN G. HIGGINS. C. J. GARLOW.
Specialty mado of Collections by C. J. Garlow
R. C. BOYD,
- XANcrACTCBza or
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Booflnr aid Gattar
iig a Specialty.
SSr-Shop .on 12th street, Kraoee Bro.'s old
stand on Thirteenth street. 2tf
nrrn3EA .wonders exist m
ILLUthousanda of forms, but are sur
Llr JK1 bJ tho roarTels of invention
w Those who are in need of profitable
work that can be done while living at home
should at once end their address to Hallett A
Lo.. Portland. Maine, and receive free, full in
formation how either sex, of all ages, can earn
from 15 to ta, per day and. upwards wherever
they live. You are started free. Capital not re-
flilirPfl. Knmft Kara m 4 a awa rj. r .
a u,u ,k. Au-ssrf:" Kdsr
Wa will ruiT lha aKak. w.i ..
r . - ...c .coit iUt mjy case or
liver complaint, dyspepsia, sick headache, indi
Kestion. constipation or costiveness we cannot
cure wjth West's eaetable Liver Pills, when the
directions are strictly complied with. They are
purely vegetable, and never fail to give atisfac
Im? " J1?. box? containing 30 sugar coated
pills. 25c.. For sale.by all druggists. Beware of
counterfeits and immitatfons. The genuine
manufaoturcd only by JOHN C. WEST & CO..
662 W.Madison St, Chicago, 111. deef'STy
the world durinv tha
last half century.
m bvb -m .iiii icasi among ice
"wiutni n micuuie progress is a metnoo and
system of work that can be performed all over
the.country without separating the workers from
in-., uuiu. io uuww; any one can ao tne
work; either sex. young or old: no special ability
required. Capital not needed; yoo are started
free. Cut this oat and return to oa and we will
send you free, something of great value and im.
portance to -00, that will start yoo. in business,
which w;Jl bring you in more money right away,
than anything else in the world. Grand ofiK
free. Address Tree & Co.. Augusts. Me. dec28
IfWSPAKR book of 100 page.
r- rTf " " a a. a ne oesi 0001c lor aa
lHHtMssasaajfeaaaASttvi'rttser to 000-
mmmmmM mmmrnmMMm ..f . ,. ..
lenced or otherwise.
It contiitr.s lists or newspapers and estimates
oftheco-st of advertising. Theadvertlsorwho
wants to spend one dollar. Units hi lttne in
formation bo requires; while for him who will
Invest one hundred thousand dollar la ad
vertising, a scheme ia indicated which will
meet his every requirement, or eg Wworf
retpondenee. 14! editions have feeea laned.
Sent; post-paid, to any address far W oeat.
Write W nzo. P. KQvrXUt oa,
NEWSPAPER ADVEKXBEfG BOftCAU.'
OftWansasat.grlaQagHoasaaq.). Xw York,
Powered by Open ONI