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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 31, 1888)
W. A. Hampton.
The republican candidate for represent
ative, was bofn Jan. 19th, 1851, at Oak
field, in Perr county, Ohio. His father
moved onto a;farm with his family when
he was four Jears old, where he worked
during the suhimer and attended a dis
trict school dhrinj? the winters, until he
was sixteen yars old, after which time
he attended School at New Lexington,
Ohio, one wuker and during each.sum
mer until thespring of 1870, teaching a
district schorl? during the intervening
winters, after which time - ho went to"
Elsworth, Kansas, where he accepted a
position withf .James F. Ellison of San
Marcos, Tex fin extensive cattle dealer
of that state,as superintendent of his
cattle interests in Kansas, which Mr.
Ellison sold tb a Mr. Stevens of Penn
sylvania late n the fall of 1870, with
whom - Hampton accepted the same
trust and spent the winter of 187CV71
and the following summer in Kansas.
In the fall of 1B71 he resigned his place
with Stevens aad accepted a trust with
a Mr. Moore Of Texas, as superintend
ent to drive 1,000 head of cattle from
Elsworth, Kanjas, to Nebraska City, Ne
braska, and deliver to a man from
Glenwood, Iowa, which delivery was
made in Novoniber 1871, after which, he,
in charge of the men and horses used in
handling the battle, returned them to
Moore's ranch m Texas, and in the fol
lowing spring kgain accepted a trust
with Ellison to drive 1,500 head from
San Marcos, Texas, to Cheyenne, Wyom
ing, where he arrived in July 1872, Elli
son sold the catilo to jiarties who were
establishing a janch in Wyoming, in
whose employ he engaged and with
whom he remained until December 1873,
when he returned to Ohio and spent the
winter at his father's. In tho following
spring he commenced the study of medi
cine at New Lexington, Ohio, continu
ing in tho College of Physicians and
Surgeons, Keokuk, Iowa, from which in
stitution he graduated in February 1877,
and practiced medicine in Stark county,
111., until the spring of 1RC), when he
moved to Platte county, Nebraska. Be
ing dissatisfied with tho profession of
medicine, he. in 1881, commenced tho
study of law with Martin Shellenbargcr,
of Toulon, 111., and after moving to Ne
braska continued tho study of law in
his own oflico and was admitted to the
bar of Platto county in January, 1887,
since which time he quit tho practice of
medicine and h:i3 practiced law.
Mr. Hampton's life has leon one of con
stant effort to 1 tetter his condition. He
is animated by the true American spirit
of progress hold fast to that which is
good, and with stoady firm step, march
As a representative of Platte county
he would endeavor to know the will of
tho ieiplo and represent that will by
his vote and his inttueuco in tho legis
lature. He has tho respect and esteem of those
who know him, and will make Platte
county n good representative.
The Convention was held at Genoa
"Oct, 2d, and nominated, as understood
it would, without a dissenting vote, Mr.
Niels, Olson of Creston township, this
Mr. Olson was iHirn in the southern
pari of Denmark in the year 1S12. He
removed to America in lSfti, locating in
Illinois for a year: afterwards removed
to Milwaukee whore ho lived a few years.
In tho fall of 1871 he removed to his
present home in Creston township, this
county, where he has resided all these
long years and enjoyed tho respect and
confidence of his fellow-citizens, as an
honest, straight-forward, upright man
devoted to tho best interests of the pub
lic He is and has always been a farm
er, and is a man who cannot be swerved
from his line of duty, as he sees it. Be
sides, ho has tho ability to know the
right and tho wrong, and to see the
bearing of proposed measures.
On questions of railroad legislation,
no man in tho district would cast a
more satisfactory vote.
On the question of prohibition, which
agitates the public in several quarters of
the district, he stands firmly on the re
publican platform, tho Slocum law, a
measure which, Kissed by tho republican
legislature years ago, has approved itself
to "tho practical good sense of every
community, whore they have sought its
enforcement in accordance with the
sentiment of tho community on the
' Mr. Olson has been school director of
his district ever since its organization,
and has been a member of tho County
-Board of Supervisors since Platte coun
ty adopted township organization. As
Nance county is likewise working under
township organization, this feature of
Mr. Olson's equipment for the service of
tho district will commend him to very
favorable consideration, becauso the
'township law needs a good deal of
wholesome amendment, and needs it
bad. Mr. Olson has not been an idle
member of the Board by any means, and
knows, perhaps us well as any man in
tho district, wherein the township law
should be amended.
Every voter in the district, without
'respect to party ties, should think sev
" eral times before casting a vote against
Mr. Olson; republicans who know Mr.
Olson will be glad of the opportunity to
cast tlieir vote for a man o well inform
ed, and so staunch and true in tho line
James U. Kftilrr.
Tho republican candidate "for county
attorney, was born in Erie county, Pa.,
Jan. 18. 18-38, which makes Mr. lleeder
nearly thirty-one years of age, a very
good age for- him who is to have 'charge
of the prosecution of criminals and to
act as the law adviser for. county of-J
Like all young Americans, Beeder en
joyed the benefits of the mblic school
system, and made good use of his oppor
tunities to acquire an education.
After bis attendance .upon the public
schools, he was a student at .the State
Normal School at Edinboro, as well as
the Penn College at Allegheny.
He taught 6chool three terms in
Pennsylvania, studied law at Erie, Penn
and went south to Memphis, Term.,
where he lived two years practicing his
profession. His political convictions
were strengthened and deepened by his
rmdenoe in the south, so that he is no
rammer-day republican, bnt one who
knows the worth of patriotism and the
practical value of a government of the
people, by the people, for the people.
la 1862 Mr. Beeder removed to Coram-.
bus, Neb., and here he has been the last
six years in the practice of his profes
sion, now being the law partner of Hon.
John J. Sullivan, late county judge.
Mr. Beeder is recognized by his fellow-citizens
as a careful, pains-taking
attorney, very attentive to the interests
of his clients; a man who is found at all
times attending strictly to business. He
is a man .of decided convictions and
when called upon for a legal opinion
will give it so plainly that it will be un
derstood by all. "As an official he will
do his full duty.
Tto night's midglory Earta, so calm, so stfli,
How soft and pure her bosom's rounds I swell
'Xeatth Seecy robes, mud placid radianc shed
From sorer orb, like watcher's lamp, oVrnead:
While starry regions dimly throng aad fill
Her airy chamber, whence mil sound is fled
Bare breath of rising prayer, or whir of wings
As angels viewless pass, or heavenward springs
Tho gnardiaa who bath wrought the Father's
Midnight and moonlight, silence, stars and God
SuhUmest height Diurnal Time hath trod.
Edward McCarthy in Woman.
A Faaeral to British Honduras.
It was in British -Honduras that I first
attended a velorlo, or the ceremony of
watching with a corpse. The family
home consisted of a single long and nar
row apartment, rounded at each end, with
earthen floor androof thatched with guava
leaves. From the cross poles hung a few
hammocks, and in the middle of the room,
upon a rude bier made of two boards up
held by casks, lay the dead woman, with
a wee Infant clasped in her arms. The
face of the mother, who could not have
been more than 14 years old. was calm
and peaceful, but that of the baby was
strangely distorted, as if terrified with its
brief look on life.' Fresh flowers were
scattered upon the scarlet blanket that
partially covered the. still figures; lighted
candles stood at tho head and foot, and
near by sat tho sisters and parents of the
dead woman, silent and sad. Inquiring
why the husband and father was not
among the mourners, I was carelessly in
formed, as though it was nothing to cause
remark, that la brobraerta (the poor dear
girl) had never been wedded; and as for
the father quien sabe? A great crowd
occupied the house of mourning, laughing
and jesting as though the occasion was
one of rejoicing rather than sorrow.
Many were playing cards. Outside, under
a pomegranato tree, refreshments were
spread, and music and uproar resounded
in startling incongruity with the dread
mystery of death. Cor. Philadelphia
Plant a Lombardy Poplar.
Professor Asa Gray observed that tho
reason which lies at the bottom of tho
general belief on tho continent of Europe
that lightning strikes the Lombardy pop
lar trees in preference to others is coming
to light. Green herbage and green wood
sappy wood aro excellent conductors
of electricity. A tree is shattered by
lightning only when the discharge reaches
tho naked trunk or naked branches, which
are poorer conductors. An old fashioned
Lombardy poplar, by its height, by its
complete covering of twigs and small
branches, and their foliage, down almost
to the ground, and by its sappy wood,
makes a capital lightning rod, and a cheap
one. Happily no one can patent it and
bring it round hi a wagon and insist upon
trying it. To make it surer tho tree
should stand in moist ground or near
water, for wet ground is a good conductor
and dry soil a poor one. It is recom
mended to plant a Lombardy poplar near
the house and another close to the barn.
If the ground is dry the nearer the well
the better, except for the nuisance of the
roots that will gat into it. Boston Budget.
Ahead of the Ring Thieves.
"I havo no doubt that the jewelers in
tnis city lose $10,000 or $15,000 a year
from ring thieves," said a John street
Jeweler a few days ago.-' "The ring thief
s usually well dressed and respectable In
his appearance. Ho calls for several
trays of rings, and while he is talking to
the clerk manages to steal a ring. It is
impossible to refuse to placo a tray of
rings before a customer, so I have hit
upon the followingscheme: Through each
rowof rings I run a steel rod; these rods
are attached to an iron frame, with
hinges at one end and a lock at the other.
When a customer wishes to look at the
rings I hand out this rack. When neces
sary, I can take off any ring by unlocking
the frame. This has proved a great
saving." NewYork Sun.
The First Commercial Advertisement.
An English antiquarian has been delv
ing among old newspaper files and has
discovered what he says Is the first com
mercial advertisement ever printed in a
newspaper. It appeared in The Mercurius
Politicus. of London, dated Sent. SO. 1658.
It runs as follows: "That Excellent and t
by all Physitians approved China Drink
called by all the Chlneans Teha, by other
Nations Tay alias Tee. is sold at the Sul
taness Head Cophee House, in Sweeting's
Bents, by the Koyal Exchange, London."
At the date of this advertisement tea had
been used in England about forty years,
but the price was extremely high, often
reaching 20 perpound. Chicago Herald.
A New Dress Material.
The invention of a new dress material
promises to give rise to a new industry
of no insignificant proportions. It is an
artificial silk, which is said to be an excel
lent imitation of the natural product and
is mado of a kind of collodion, to which
has been added perchloride of Iron and
tannic acid. The process of manufacture
is somewhat long and complicated, and it
remains to be seen whether the material
can.be produced cheap enough to compete
with the work, of the silkworm. Chicago
News. Oil few IbricaiiBc Purposes. ,
The Italian admiralty .have recently
caused to be carried out a number of ex
periments with a. view to testing the
comparative merits of castor oil and of
olive oil for lubricating purposes on board
ship. From the results obtained they
have given orders that henceforth' all ex
posed parts of machinery are to be lubri
cated exclusively with castor -oil, while
mineral oils ate to be used for cylinder
and similar lubrication. Scientific Ameri
can. A Kataral HflsPalre.
"Aunty,".said a little New Jersey boy
who was on a visit, "I thought you said
you didn't hawo any musqultoes in this
part of the country.'
"We don, dear."
"But I can hear them singing just aa
they do at home."
"No. Tommy; that is a saw. mill you
tear." Harper's Bazar.
Aa Original Y
A. little miss of this city, 3 or 4 yean
old, -was In one of our shoe -stores the
other day. and after she had been fitted
she was asked by the- salesman if she
wanted them put on. She replied: "I
dees I will wear 'em home in 'the box."
Burlington Free Press.
Philadelphia's Bald Beads.
A Philadelphia barber makes the state
ment that there -are fewer .bald heads
among the people of wealth end fashion
in Philadelphia than among the same
class of any other American dty. New
York Evening World.
to Be Aeenrate.
Slithers always likes to be strictly ac
curate. Upon a recent occasion he was
asked the age of his baby, and Imme
diately replied. "Six weeks ana thirteen
days, thank you.'' Harper's Bazar.
A recent official publication estimates
the average annual decrease of the Indians
at nearly 2,000. Their present total num
ber. In the United States, exclusive -of
Alaska, is about 245.000.
- The stern of a departing ferryboat is
more polite than that of other boats. It
always returns a taw. Syracuse Chris
A broken eye glass may wall be calttda
rof ul spectacle.
THE EXCITEMENT CAUSED B THE
ADVENT OF A FOREIGNER.
I called them good humored, but
stranger would not think so, u he
them for the fast time. On the contrary,
the state of things seems to be bordering
on a riot. The amount of energy that
lies latent in a Chinaman, waiting to be
developed and manifested by a discussion
of 'cash, is simply incalculable. As we
coolly regard this throng of half dressed,
yellow colored people, we see. chance ac-
quaimmsces wnu bsts nut aniiis uuo
another for half an hour, screiTnlng their
loudest, with distorted countenances and
violent gesticulations, apparently threat
ening immediate death to those who differ
from them. It seems Incredible that the
subject Is of no more importance than
whether a sack of potatoes or basket of
fish shall be half a farthing more or less.
Imagine our coming suddenly into such
a crowd hi a short serge jacket and big
sun hat. under which is a pale face and
beard. If the place is one .where f orehzn-
ers are occasionally seen, they' will look
up. say "Hwan-kui" (foreign ghost), and
i after a few moments resume their em
ployment as though we were not there.
If, however, foreigners are almost un-
! known In those parts, we know perfectly
well -that we shall have no peace except
such as we can secure by means of a little
maneuvering. Sometimes the landlord,
appears pleased to .receive us, but now
and then he seems to think we take up
too much room, with the crowd who stand
round to look at us. It is very entertain
ing to observe how excited such a crowd
often becomes by the advent of a for
eigner, and how rapidly the news spreads
to -neighboring houses' that a "foreign
ghost" has arrived. Mine host stands
and threatens terrible things, which he
has not the smallest intention of carrying
into execution. For half an hour he will
1 shout and gesticulate, entreating the un
tutored herd to remember the proprieties
and not crowd in so much upon the for
A FOBEIQNEB AT BIS MEAT
The point of greatest interest is always
reached when the traveler begins bis meaL
He has carried with him all ho wants with
the exception of rice, potatoes, hot water
and one or two other things; The laying
out of plates, knives and forks is a great
mystery. Much questioning goes on as
to the way of using them. They beg to
know tho reason why we prefer to employ
a man to carry all our apparatus. for din
ner, instead of using their bowls and
chop sticks. Tho spoon and fork, appar
ently made of solid silver, greatly aston-
I ishes them, and the traveler is ready
enough to own that they aro not silver at
alL' When wo lift our food to our mouth,
many hands move In a similar way, as
they say quietly to one another, "Look!
He is doing like this!"- Standing so
closely around our small table that we
! feel inconvenienced, we entreat them to
give us breathing room whilo we dine, and
afterward we will talk to them. Many
voices break forth with pleasure at our
speaking to them. "The foreigner
speaks our words," says one; "Yes, let
him eat," says another; "Stand back, you
man without propriety," says a third,
' whose zeal for good manners is evidently
due only to his desire to secure a front
At such a time one is almost always
questioned in the same way. The most
trivial and ridiculous questions are asked.
The inquiries they make of a foreigner are
such .as they commonly make among
themselves. How far is it to your an
cestral home? Are your venerable parents
living? How many sons have your Was
your linen made in China or in England?
How do you get it so white? How are
marriages arranged among the foreign
children? What is your income?"
A little mild banter is much appreciated
by the crowd, but brings out a more rapid
fusillade of questions. In tho country
I places about Amoy I have been asked very
zrequentiy, "wnere is the country where
the people have one leg? one arm? one
eye? and where there are onlywomen?
Have you seen these lands?' What the
origin of these notions is It Is hard to say.
Perhaps some Chinese Baron Munchausen !
or Dean Swift wrote a burlesone book of '
travels, which has in the course of time
been accepted as authentic by a peoplo
who have for so many centuries stayed at
IJOTS OX THE GREAT COAD3.
In China every traveler carries his bed-
with him; hi tho daytime it helps to
the cart, or is laid, by way of sad-
o, upon tho ass. The traveler may
count himself fortunate if .he can find in
some Mutual Prosperity or Heavenly
Union hostel a tolerable room in which to
On the great roads, and the recog-
nlzed stages, tho inns are pretty sure to
be decent, but elsewhere they are often
In those of the better sort there is gen
erally an eating house or tea shop on on
side of the large door leading into the
yard. The shop faces -the street, and is
connected with the cook-house and pri
vate rooms of the -landlord. - At this end,
too, are the rooms occupied by the carters
and others. Passing through the great
door, the visitor finds himself in a large
unpaved yard with buildings all round it.
On one aide are, perhaps, six or eight
guest rooms, little boxes about twelve
feet square, with paper in place of glass
for windows, doors which do not fit, and
through tho openings of which wind and
dust find their way.
A very rickety old chair and an equally
decrepit table are the only furniture, the
bed being simply a brick or mud plat
form filling nearly half the 'little room
and raised about two feet from, the floor.
Underneath it is a flue, into which, in
cold weather, dry grass or other fuel is
E ashed and fired, the heat and smoke pass- i
lg in a zigzag line just under the sur
face of the couch, and finally escaping up '
a vent in the wall.' Other nreplaco there i
is none; and li, as often happens, the
none: ana u. as oiien nannens. ine
chimney should be .foul the warmed bed :
is but a poor compensation for smarting
eyes and partial, suffocation. But thcro
are other rooms sometimes 'at the top of
the yard, and it is always an object to se
cure them, as they are a triflo larger and
cleaner and probably in better repair.
The charges are moderate, from 100 to
200 cash per night about 25 cents with
extras for food and gratuities to servants.
Boston fvvwi TfriiteiiTi
of tho Elephaat. -.
The origin of the great proboscidian
race in general, and of the mammoth and
elephant group in particular, like the
early history 'of Jeames de. la Pluche. is
"wrop in obscurity." 'All we can say
about them with any confidence Is that
they form a 'comparatively late order of
mammals, whose earliest recognizable
representative in geological time is the
monstrous deinotherium, an aquatic ani
mal with a long trunk and with two im
mense curved tusks, 'projecting 'down
ward paradoxically from his lower instead
of his- upper 'jaw. The deinotherium
makes his. first appearance upon this or
any other stage in the miocene period;
but as he couldn't, of course, have ap
peared there (like Aphrodite and. Topsy)
without any parents, and as he was then
already a fairly specialized and highly
developed animal, we must take it for
granted that his earlier ancestry, though
ancient and respectable in its own time, -had
long passed away, leaving not a
wrack behind, so far as yet known, in the
matter of tangible geological vouchers.
These unknown ancestors, in all proba
bility, gave birth during their earlier and
more plastic stage for species, like indi
viduaLvare most readily molded in their
green youth to three main family
branches. The senior branch produced
the deinotherium, avast brute, who, find--ing
the world too full to hold him, about
the close of the tertiary period, demised
suddenly without issue, leaving the honors
.of the family in subsequent ages to the
junior members. The second branch pro
duced the mastodons huge creatures of
elephantie outline and majestic tread.
of them with tusks both In the
upper and lower jaws, though the under
pairwere always tne
WatcUag tk' Fate IMat la a falsi a
His Mal " aUsaains erf taw all i
Eye Itjslaasai.rs ttels aa Eastac
eluding ootn our modern Indian ana Am
can species, as well as the mammoth him
self, and many other extinct congeners.
All the elephants proper have but one
solitary pair of tusks, and that pair is
quite correctly located in the-upper jaw
instead of the under one. Thus is evolu
tion 'justified of all her children. The
true elephants made their first appear
ance, so far as known, in the Puocene
period, that' is to say, the epoch immedi
ately preceding the Great Ice age in Eu
rope and America. They blossomed out
at once, with all the usual impetuosity of
youth, into an alarming number of dis
tinct species. Cornhill Magazine.
The Chair Bearers at CUaa.
One of the most amusing adventures J
ever had with chair bearers was the'fol
lowing: I hired two men to carry me in
a "mountain chair" to a district dty about
eighteen miles off. Our route lay over
some very rough granite hills to a tiny
viueurc, wuen; & wait w meet, wue vans
tian brethren for an hour or two. Beach
ing, this place .about 10 -o'clock in the
morning, my friends, who wished to do
me honor, extended their .'favors to my
hired men, and unfortunately brought out
the sanshoo, a strong liquor generally re
served for feasts and special occasions..
Of this I was quite unaware when I left
the village. We had not gone far "before
one of tho men showed signs of a collapse.
Two or three times he fell on his knees,
but always declared there was nothing
the matter with him. Another, mile, and
both had succumbed. We were now upon
a ridge of hills, and .before us was -a wide,
sandy plain, stretching along for several
miles, with nothing to break the -line of
Pausing here until one of. the men had
partially recovered, I made him take the
chair upon his back and follow me; and
the other I stuck up against a rock to fend
for himself. My companion's endeavor to
carry that chair properly would- have
made the most sober temperance lecturer
lose his gravity. By the time we reached
an eating house on the farther aide, of the
Slain we saw No. 2 on the far horizon,
oing his utmost to make up for lost
time, and an hour sufficed to bring him
up moderately sober. When we arrived
at the city I paid them their stipulated
fare, contenting myself with adding a
little teetotal discourse; but they amazed
mo by asking for more. "Whati" I said,
"you dare to ask-an extra fee after com
pelling me to walk for miles and delaying
me for several hours'" "But think, sir,
one of them said, with a broad grin,
"think what a trouble we have had to get
you along!" Cor. Boston Bnlletln.
An Artist's Adventure.
The following adventure is toldby Mul
ready, the artist: One bright moonlight
night, in my student days, I was walking
in a street on the outskirts of London,
little better than a country lane, when a
man came out of the shadow thrown by a
large tree, and producing a pistol, ad
dressed mo in the usual robber fashion
"Your watch and money, please!"
"I am a poor artist,'r said L "See,
these are'my drawings. I have no watch;
I have never been able to buy one."
"Your money, then, and be quick!"
All this time I was watching the fel
low's face; it was very white, and I think
lie was more frightened than I was. I
gave him all tho silver I had about me;
he said "Good night" civilly enough, and
started off towards London.
I made the best of my way home, and
before I went to bed I drew the man's
face very carefully. The next morning I
went to Bow street with my drawing,
hoping it might be recognized by the offi
cers there, but no! Tho face, they said,
was new to them.
"If you will leave the likeness here,
sir," said the chief detective, "we may,
perhaps, come across the person it repre
sents." That very soon happened; a
fortnight had scarcely passed before I
was called on to identify the man who
had robbed me. He had been arrested
ior murder and was easily convicted.
Protection fives aad Poisoning.
Much of the ill effects of the white lead
manufacture may be avoided by due care
on tho part of the men. The chief precau
tions aro strict attention to personal
cleanliness so that none of the dust of the
white lead may remain on the akin. No
food of drink should ever be partaken of
or - bo allowed to remain in any of the
fork rooms, and "sulphuric add lemon-
ado" tuat 13, sweetened water With a
few drops of pure sulphuric add to the
glass, enough to communicate a pleasant
tartness without setting the teeth on
edge should be used as the ordinary
drink. It is not pleasant having to ad
mit that in some cases where white lead
manufacturers have provided protective
appliances, such as not baths, a room
where such of the men as live at a dis
tance may take their meals away from the
poisonous substance all such precau
tions are neglected, if not positively re
fused. London .Scientific Notts.
lAp Dogs auu Footmen.
There Is another thing about life
London that struck me as sensible. At
the shop doors there are seats on one side
for .the footmen, and opposite a bench
with steel chains. A carriage drives up.
and a lady alights with her dog. The
footman closes the carriage door and tbe
vehicle drives off to make room for an
other. Then the footman takes her lady
ship's canine pet and chains it to tho
bench, while he seats himself on the
other. I have seen as many as five pretty
little dogs fastened In this way. and so
accustomed are they to the method there
is no quarreling. I have an idea they ex
change gossip as London servants do. and
it would be Interesting to know, what
these dogs think of high life hi London.
Marshall P. Wilder In New York Her
ald. Help for Harvard Stadents.
A new help to student Work is for a pro
fessor to gather out of the whole library
such books (no matter how many) as.
ho wishes his classes especially to study
These are put in an alcove under his
name, his. pupils having access to them
ail day and taao them over night, return'
s:m-j o. .. .
. it imjwa m f-VOPfa"In ,& thlrtv.five.
a. ." ii j A . . .
teachers thus reserved 3,830 books, hi
1886 fifty-six touchers reserved' 5,840.
All books lent out numbered in 1880
41.986; In 1886. 60.105. This rate of in
crease greatly outruns that of the number
of students. It speaks of an Increasing
industry and productiveness. And tho
best thing about the intellectual life here
Is that it is hopeful and not timid it
looks forward. American Majranff
A Jfew Portable Cooker.
It is stated that the French govern
ment has ordered 20,000 of the new port
able cooker for camp purposes. A few
days ago It was shown hi London to a
gastronomic and scientific party of people.
To prove the powers of the invention, tbe
inventor, Mr. Wanzer, served up a dinner
of three courses, which basted itself,' for
thirty persons, tho entire cost of heating
and cooking being less than two pence, and
the arrangement goes by clockwork. The
inventor claims' to have discovered a
potent heat in steam, and this is the basis
of tho invention. Once a Week. '
More Datable Ink Needed.
President Bayles, of the. New York
board of health, lately 'called attention to
the subject of . tho use of more durable
Ink, and enforced his words by saying
that it was of importance to people all
over tbe land.' He says that -verv mnnv
I of the records of births, deaths and mar
riages received at the oflico of the .board
are written in aniline Inks, and that the
paper upon which theie fugitive fluids
are used becomes hi ten years perfectly
blank, the ink having entirely evaporated.
A Sister's ZUcat.
She George, dear, I don't quite like the
war you go on with Ethel White. And
she fa as familiar as a sister would be
He Yes; darling, that relationship was
established hut June at Saratoga. New
First Citizen Your wife beems to have
aged greatly of late. What Is tbe matter?
Second Citizen She got that way wait
ing for change in one of our big trimming
stores. Pittsburg Bulletin.
THE CONFEDERATE PRESS.
HOW SOUTHERN PAPERS WERE
PRINTED IN WAR TIMES.
terlsls Dtralt at
aad Sheet Maale Seng;
aad Pampleta New Novels.
Side by aide with1 the reports of battles
and the records of peace commissions,
congresses and legislatures, the blurred
columns, of the 'Confederate press . were
wont to teem with domestic recipes for
cheap dishes, directions for raising and
utilizing various Vegetable' products, in
structions for making much of little in
matters pertainlnjr to everV phase 'of'
household 'life. Hard by a list of dead
and wounded would stand a recipe for
tanning dogskins' for gloves; while the
paragraphs just Succeeding the closing
column of the description of a naval en
gagement off Hampton roads were' direc
tions for the use of boneset aa a substi
tute for quinine, j
The journals of that day were printed
usually upon the poorest paper, made of
straw and cotton rags, and so brittle that
the slightest touji mutilated It. The
ink. like the paper, was of the cheapest
and commonest, and left Its Impression,
not only on the face of the sheet, but on
the hands no less jhan on the mind of the
reader. Few fons of new type found
their way into the Confederacy during
the war. and at the end of four years the
facilities for printing had come to a low
ebb. It was no I uncommon thing for
publishers to issue half sheets in lieu of a
complete paper, with scarcely an apology
to subscribers for the curtailment of their
literary and news rations. It was gen
erally understood that this happened only
through stern necessity, and not from
any disposition on tho part of the news-
Sper men to give less than an equivalent
r the subscription price.
Sometimes the journal which on yester
day appeared in jail the glory of a six
column page was today cut down to a
four column half sheet, or publication
was suspended lylth the announcement
tliat the stock of niaterials had been ex
hausted, and that as soon as the office
could bo replenished publication would be
resumed. Eagerly as the rough sheets
were looked for and closely as they were
read, a diminution of matter in them, or
"a failure to appear, caused only' passing
comment or dissatisfaction. Men's minds
were so filled with the thousand things
that each day brought forth about them,
there were so many rumors in tho air, and
news flew so rapidly even without news
paper aid, as to cause them not too greatly
to miss that which today has come to be
one of the veriest necessities of American
life a daily journal full of all the doings
of all the world.
Sometimes even the coarse straw paper
failed the publishing fraternity when an
edition was absolutely imperative, yet in
such emergency tho inventivo talent never
deserted tnem. It was considered a won
derful journalistic feat on the part of Its
publishers for The Vickburg Citizen, dur
ing the siege of that city, to make its ap
pearance, when all other resources had
failed, upon wall paper.
Publishers of books and sheetmusic oc
cupied a scarcely less helpless condition
than tho newspaper people. - Their sole
grounds of superiority consisted in the
fact that the demands upon them were
not so urgent. The girl .who sang to her
soldier lover the popular songs of that
time. "Lorena," iWhen This Cruel War
is Over," "The Standard Bearer." or
"Harp of the South," which were all duly
advertised "at the retail price of $1 per
sheet; the trade supplied, however, at half
off, with an additional discount where 100
of one piece are ordered,"dld not experience
that Immediate and insistent need of the
song and its music which men and wo
men alike felt for the newspaper that
would tell them where the last battle had
been fonght, which army had been vic
torious, who had been promoted and who
had fallen. Tho fateful column might
contain evil or good report of some dear
one, and its coming was full of interest
and apprehension, let the sheet music,
printed like the newspapers, in the rough
est style, upon the 'commonest paper,
with now and then. a caricatured litho
graphic likeness of some Confederate gen
ral on the title page, continued to be
old and sung, even though its price ran
from $1 to $2 per sheet.
War songs and war music were the or
der of the day, and the soldiers hi tho
camps and the small boys in ragged jack
ets shouted with an equal zest:
The despot's heel is on thy shore!
Farewell fcrerer to the star spangled banner!
from diminutive paper covered books of
martial ballads. The little song books
cost anywhero from two and a half to
five Confederate- dollars, and their con
tents, with a few notable exceptions,
Were as mediocre as the paper on which
they were printed. Tho sentiment was
there, nevertheless, and this was cared
for by the singers more than the music or
the lyrical or literary excellence of the
The missionary and religious publish
ing houses never ceased their praise
worthy labor of printing tracts and
pamphlets for distribution among the sol
diers, but publications of a more ambi
tious or secular standard were very few.
Now and then some adventurous firm in
Richmond or Charleston or New Orleans
would issue a badly printed edition of. a
new novel, reproduced from a copy smug
gled In "through the lines" or brought by
tho blockade runners from Nassau. Still,
even "John Halifax, Gentleman." and "Les
Miserables," which first appeared in the
south In this way and this dress, lost
much of their attractiveness in their Con
federate garb of Inferior ink, bad t
and worse paper. A. C. Gordon in
FbMaa; for Husbands.
Recently there was ' a gathering of
young married couples in Louisville, and
the conversation turned on tho manner in
which tho wives had secured their hus
bands. One had paved the way to the
altar by making a face at tho fated one
because sho thought he had stared at her
impudently. He admired her mettle, and
sought an Introduction. Another made
the acquaintance of 'the man who is now
her husband by accidentally sousing him
with a pan of dishwater, which she tossed
out of tbe kitchen window into an alley
just in time to catch him as he was pass
ing. The one that was, howover, voted
to be the most novel was the experience
of a young man connected with the mu
nicipal government. The Utter was in
tho. habit of passing, on his way home,
the' residence of the young lady who is
now his better half, and one evening, out
of a spirit of mischief, she "accidentally
on purpose" turned the hose on him. - He
faced about, blushed violently, and stam
mered a "thank you" in response to her
roguish smile, and from that moment he
knew ho was fated. Chicago Herald.
International Matrimonial Aconey.
A German-local paper give3 away an in
teresting' business. It says: "Very In
teresting female figures are to be noticed
at the Eonigsberg railroad depot e eon-.
slderable number of young, pretty maids
coming from Russia and bound to Amer
ica, there to get married. No fallacious
illusions caused them to leave their na
tive country. They had beenregularly
engaged by.a commercial concern that it
in the international matrimonial busi
ness, and for some time has been supply
ing marriageable women to the fanners
of western American regions -where the
population is thin and there is great' de
mand forintelligent, able bodied house
wives willing-to share in a farmer's life.
Some shrewd business men having be
come aware of this need; and considering
Russia the best field' wherefrom to get
tho best crop to suit American farmers,
have established a company as above
stated for the recruiting of female imaU
grants." Foreign Latter.
Herbert Baally. Miss Edith, I am very
sorry I kissed you. I didn't think what I
was doing. It is a sort ot temporary ia
sanity in our family.
IBss Edith .(pitying!)-!! you
feel any mors snf h rtacw
had better come right hen
iiifizsatty.is kavnrn, sjbjk wa
Want of Sleep
la sending theasaads annually to the
-iaaane asylum ; and the doctors say this
trouble is alarmingly oa the increase.
Tbe usual remedies, while they may
give temporary relief, are likely to do
more harm than good. What is needed
is an Alterative and Blood-puriiier.
Ayer's SsWMpaxilla is incomparably
the best. It corrects those disturbances
in the circulation which cause sleepless
' ness, gives increased vitality, and re
stores the nervosa system to a healthful
Rev. T. G. A. Cote, agent of the Mass.
Home Missionary Society, writes that
his stomach was out of order, his sleep
very, often disturbed, aad some iin-'
purity of the blood manifest ;' bnt that
a perfect cure was obtained by 'the use
of Ayer's Sarsaparilla.
Frederick W. Pratt, 424 Washington
street,-Boston, writes: "My daughter
was prostrated with nervous debility.
Ayer's Sarsaparilla restored her to
William F. Bowker, Erie, Pa., was
cured of nervousness and sleeplessness
by taking Ayer's Sarsaparilla for about
two months, during which time his
weight increased over twenty pounds.
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
Hold by all PruggUU. Price $1 ; six bottles, Sa.
certain tMgas or Civtii
The governor of the Gold coast made a
visiting tour among the native' chiefs-in
his district to learn their desires of the
government. The kins; of Pram Pram
wanted to revive an old custom.' of which
apart required the exhumation of the
dead; the people of Quetta wanted the
tax on spirits reduced. from a shilling to
sixpence; Addah wanted a reduction of
the rum tax, a road to the' beach, a school,
a bell to mark' the time, and a free ferry
across the Valta river and increased sala
lies to the chiefs; tbe kings of Odumassle
and Akropong each begged for a pair of
handcuffs and a lamp: There are signs of
civilization on the Gold coast. New York
The B. k ERR have' arranged to
run several Harvest excursions from the
east to Nebraska points, including Co
lumbus. Any persons desirous of advis
ing friends in the east of these excur
sions can have them advised from our
Omaha office by addressing J. Francis,
Genl Passenger Agt., or by advising C.
E. Barrell, Agt., Columbus, Neb.
Who hastens a glutton chokes him.
At this season of the year people can
not be too careful about keeping their
bowels regular. 'Bilious and malarial
diseases are often brought on by allow
ing the bowels to become torpid. An
occasional dose of St. Patrick's Pills is
all that would be required, and might
prevent serious sickness. For sale by
Dowty & Becher.
He that loves the tree, loves the branch
English Spavin Liniment removes all
hard, soft or calloused lumps and blem
ishes from horses; blood spavin, curbs,
splints, sweeney, ring-bone, stifles,
sprains, all swolen throats, coughs, etc.
Save 850 by use of one bottle. Warranted.
Sold by C. B. Stillman, druggist, Co
He that talks much of his happiness,
The Passenger Department of the
Union Pacific, "The Overland Route,"
has issued a neat little pamphlet, pocket
size, entitled "National Platform Book,"
containing the democratic, republican
and prohibition platforms, together with
the addresses of acceptance of Grover
Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison and Clin
ton B. Fisk; also tabulated tables show
ing the plurality vote, the electoral vote
and an analysis of the vote as cast for
Cleveland and Blaine in 1884. This
book is just what is needed at this time
and should be in the hands of every
voter. It plainly sets forth what each
party has to offer and every reader can
draw his own comparisons. Sent to any
address on application. Address, J. S.
Tebbets, Genl Passenger Agt, Union
Pacific By, Omaha, Neb.
He that gives all before he dies, pre
pares to suffer.
Aa Absolute Care.
The ORIGINAL ABEETLNE OINT
MENT is only put up in large two-ounce
tin boxen, and is an absolute cure for
old sores, burns, wounds, chapped hands
and all kinds of skin eruptions. Will
positively cure all kinds of piles. Aak for
the ORIGINAL ABITINE OINTMENT
Sold by Dowty & Becher at 25 cents per
box by mail 90 cents. mar7y
He that endures is not overcome.
Cholera Morbus is one of the most
painful .and dangerous diseases, many
deaths result from it each year, usually
because it is not properly treated. The
most severe cases may be cured, by us
ing Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and
Diarrhoea Remedy. It never fails. Sold
by Dowty & Becher.
He that gains well and 'spends well,
needs no account book.
and society, impose many privations up
on the female sex, in the way of dress.
Kret in onefreak, and then another, and
from the fact, that many of them are un
healthy in the extreme, it is small won
der that many women succumb, and
that "female weaknesses" are the too
frequent result. Dr. Pierce's Favorite
Prescription is the only positive cure
for these complaints in existence, and
thousands of women can bear witness to
its efficacy. "Favorite Prescription" is
a legitimate medicine, carefully com
pounded by an experienced and skillful
physician, and adapted to woman's del
icate organization. It is the only medi
cine for' women, sold by druggists, under
a positive guarantee, from the manufac
turers, that it will give satisfaction in
every case, or money will be- refunded.
This guarantee has been printed on the
bottle ' wrapper, and- faithfully earned
out for many years.
Dr. Pierce's Pellets, or Anti-bilious
Granules, Laxative or Cathartic accord
ing to sire of dose. Purely vegetable.
Goods are theirs that, enjoy them. -He
that sends a fool expects one.
pi pui Y?gs,h
nlllllL I SoraTant that will .not tab
them from their hones aad fantujss. The
proitsate Jane aad saw for every indnntrions
nenoa. away have aade aad ara now mstriar
wuliaartowork. BlIaM ssi.(iaaaoroM;cani
talaot needed: we start yea. SrsrythiaaT new.
". - liflrtsa aaaMasawXawaea waawaa wntansbnsn naaa alW
aA anVaBwaasaU aamamUKs naawBaTStma ralwaV aTnanananwera feasant SO
TW avJSsBasaaei aaMaewajaj atawavW we dF. awawaaante) aaaiawa
it assaUjss any one. Write tow at one for
fall nafttealan, waieh vtasU free.
Htiasoa Co.. fertlaad, He.
This is the Top of the Genuine
Pearl Top Lamp Chimney.
Allothers, similar are imitation.
This exact Label
is oaeach Pearl
A dealer may say
nnd think he has
others as good.
BUT HH HAS NOT.
Insist upon tbe Exact Label and Top.
F33 SUE EVEEYttKEK!. NADE CHLT BY
m. A. MACBETH & CO., Fii&srgfc, Pi.
Contains also full and complete Ii of both
tbesmtMantlard beams. l!!sM. with numerous ttiperbpor
traits. Among the authors will te found the aameicf Sena
toriFnre. Chandler. HaIey. Inalls. Jofca D. Lonrjwpubt
ejEOT.oMiM., McKinley of O.'.io. ,ltrs on tbcTarlST.
HeaiyCabocLo!ze.aadantiintrof other; of alike prom
"P"- '"'J' atuktntic CamfMgn J!m. imjri44
tht-P.at.Ktf.Crm. lon'rlinlucel to rt anv other. Dii
taaceBohinderanceaswepar all frrigbt (barges. Send SU
cents in ic. sumps for outfit and 1 the first in the Said or
'"fA' full particulars and Special Terms enr ftm. t n
WINTER t CO., Wk. Sprlncfleld, Mass.
6000 Book Agents wanted to sell
TSTJK UFS AND PUBLIC SSUVICSS Or
Vail and complete from bU boyhood to hi. amuhutlon In SU
tenia, srlia peraoul mablKMieM, ttxiJ.nt. and mtJotn
rtorcMhr Dlnttmud with uhI portraha aad wd rjrrln.
TW Was nfcw anatelra a ntwra Vurmlt aad a f?tl and cvarptea
UROrXBS. CLEVELAND, toctthw wlia a complete
Mefraaay or ALLEN O. THUBAfl. 4 aw la u ens
Aye. voai aa waecaa o f j wuw. m -
itaoruea uvea, out uie i nm w. ""
, e " par all iraatporiauoacaarna. cm
a aad be ike Snt la tbe SrM, aadtaoe reap
Write for rail tmnin'am and Special Terms
am fne la alL AUnm. WINTER CO. rata
Thoroughly cleanse tho blood, which is the
fountain of health, by using- Dr. Pierce's GoM
en Medical Discovery. anf good dJaesUon. a
lair skin, buoyant spirits, and bodily bealta
aad vigor will be established.
Golden Medical Discovery cures all humors,
from the common pimple, blotch, or eruption,
to the worst Scrofula, or blood-poison. JmV
pecially baa it procn its efficacy in curing
Salt-rheum or Tetter. Eczema, &Tatpelaa.
Fever-sores, Hlp-Jolnt Dtaeaee. Scrofulous
Sores and Swelling. Enlarged Glands. Goi
tre or Thick Neck, aad Eating Sores or
Ulcers. . .
Goldea Medical Discovery .euros wrjawsnp
tion (which is Scrofula of the Lungs), by tta
wonderful blood -purifying, iavQrorating.
and nutritive properties, if taken in tfaw.
Tor Weak Lungs. Spitting of Bipod. Short
ness of BreathTCntarrh in the Head. Bron
chitis. Severe Coughs. Asthma, and kudred
affections, it is a sovereign remedy. It
promptly cures the severest Coughs.
For Torpid Liver. Bil.ouanejfcor fIJver
ComplainC' Dyspepsia, and toW
an unequaled remedy. Sold by druggists.
Price SLOO, or six bottles for SlOft.
Taaasaaaaassaaa sraaasaasrsch,sraaeaa fraaas I
Sescli sail rtTTT nn'"" . " taessms1sat
1 ansa" liar asati las aa-i tmi ti - "T --'
smiiiaslllai wastry. Taia. the meet sruu Jarful oSW aver
taewaJs Basse aa arose Sans ear samples stay be placed airmen
smaia.jian Wsean.nlloTsrametVa. Write at oaee.anS
smtamars nflms rtiaaT Xasdertt srtll be bardlraay trouble
fcereatossw Sj.aiansssSss!kammraaaaaycsHatar Sanaa
S euss reanrs ami to aaoasaaUaasetory. a postal card ear
Try the Cure
Ely's Cream Balm
CSeeuises the IVasal Passages. Al
lays TnHYnmtinn- Hcalstfco SOTOS.
Bastores tho Senses of Tasto, Small
Law flUtfteaa--'HB- Q, M
t" YvnwavaVSHIInVanKa "
lasaaalBBaaaaaal A tecsttaaa-i IIBbIwBi
Baaaaaaaaajakaeaar. Warrantee, swaey
K-TwWKbLT&itMt aaS maralSreal
favaBBaaaaK9'mV'B srorte am eaaaa ef
waaaaaaaaaaaaaar' taeaca laeainyc ecemrec
a.BBsaaaaaaaaaaaaaars BrSaanB. Stow as Ilia mil lilt
S nfaStpSjaaaan' weaaarmar srasraateawpar.
r -mmjAajmnam- ,!. each uealttp, to keep ks
anafaaawaaaaaaasr yjnmia waoeeJlajiumplrli -j"'
sraacase anna as eassneaxi eons ana awrmsenaiirm
aaaS inejr asarasa aa ones, joo eaa aaearn aTSeBOK one el Mm
kasnaslieesM snseaas la tee erortd and oar terra Saeef
TSmwZVaUUAWMM. We par eUeasssav .. eta.
ilsisafiselgTT""'L"" ,"", ..-..
Coluiliiis Liter Co.
FAMILY : JOUKNAL.
A Weekly Newspaper issied every
32 Cftliaus f reaiii-g Batter, cm-
sistiigef Nebraska State News
I tews, Selected Stsries aid
VHriEipIe copiee sent free to any aaMresn.
SI a ytar, to Iwhranct.
Itf. K. Turner Sc Co.,
Platte Co., Nebr.
All kiauis f Repairing dtae
Shsrt Netiee. Baggies, Wag-
is, ete., atade U trder,
aad all werk tiaar-
ill tk verli-fiaanMi Walts- A.
Weed Mtwsn, jtoptn, Csstsia
d afaekimw, MaTTsttsn,
"Shop opposite the "Tattersall," oa
Olive SU COLUMBUS. Zi-m
.09 t m m. mn St. kmmsms city. m.
Vim only eiaHst la tta Ofjr mho it a Btgular
Gradual in aTewrtsr Omt iOnttut' Practiet,
12 yfars to CUssge.
.aSv AnthnrtZPd bT the state to treat
aWmt- ? Cbronlc.Xervoaaaad "Special Dla
M5 eases." Seminal Weakness nigftf
ToniHr. Nervous uemiitv. rowooea
( iUoed.Ulcera nndSwelllDgu rf every
kind. Urinary Diseases, aad la fact.
all troubles or diaeaaea In either
male or female. Coram a-uarantee!
or money refunded. Charges low. Thousands ot
cases curea. j&xpenence la important. ai medi
cines, are guaranteed to be pure and efficacious,
being compounded In my perfectly appointed
laboratory, and are ram ished ready for use. So
running to drug stores to nave uncertain pre
scriptions filled. No mercery or injurious medi
cines used. XodetanttoafroBibtulDeat. Patients
at a distance treated by letter and express, medi
cines sent everywhere free from gaze or break
age. Mate yoar case and send for terms. Con
sultation free and confidential, personally or by
A M page TIslAmf Vev Beth Sexes, sent
Illustrated arVWaa sealed in plain envelop
for 6c." In stamps. Every male, from the ace of
15 to 44, sbuuld read this book.
TK GraTlwaSi assaWKJMt
A POSITIVE CTRR be rhkchatish.
e&e nraareaee taia treatment nam la
care or fcrlp. (.rreteet aiasererr la annals
f medicine. Oaeoeeestsea relief ; slew
abets rtmore. frvrrand pain In joints;
Cure computed In S la I dais. 8en4 tare
rant of ease with stamp Sir Circulars.
Call, or mdirtm
Or.HENOERSON,rM W.tSt fe.KaasMi
FAUHU-: .V 1MAOSKAW.
Succrwors tit fiiille t lltmhrll).
BRICK MAKERS !
fVf"'ntrnct(r and bnililors will nnd onr
brick firt-cInxM .-mil offered t raminuhle rater..
YVaro al.HO r.-iar(-t to ! all kinriit of brick
I Seic? for Ocohr.J Ptvt3f-9.g-
iABLEjl NE f(lLD.jCQ,QMIULXAy
. O nee., a
OOWTTTsT eft TOEXJOJEa. -
Trade sapplied by tne II. T. Cioaa Oaro Co.,
LKeb. jmartB-iy;. .
i'ni tasJ- -TUTc t- ccatpto coiGHfl
- -TOST -0 aw t"T(HmI,MS T-l , BV yS Vt
Mm- aT BLSeat F at aSaWaw- -saaaae- aw
-. ... j
ESSSm. JK 'ST
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