The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, September 19, 1888, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

- -? .wr--- v .
V r -
.' .
.. . -."
- . . : - .
1 -
. . .
."--" -. -
, -.
Voi::sax;Ko. 22.
. . -.-
. .-
v -
- -.. .
- 1
- 'N. - - - " .
. . " -.
' ;.-.
& w .
-. -TV--- '-" " '?' : .--.-. ".
. -'.-: - - -- . .' ""-. -.
-.:.- . - : :'.;- - .
. v
- v -..-.
----.v. --"-: ; . .--
v" V-filUECl'oris-.-" -
-.-' v -: " -..- -..-'-. - ."
: - '- :. ;'. V- " -aULIUA.1tKEJfc .. '- ,v
" """ r ''.' " "-"' -"' "" -"- TAtJKKK,ri'iff.
. ---'. - ..-" -"-- --." ' :--:- " -:
,- . ;-... . -v. .- .. -- .. ."
- .. . ". . - . -. - - - -.
-..-.--: .-. : - ---.
r . . "" .
". -- . -
- - - -..-.
.- - J . . t'
--.-.-.-.---.- :
-ii.riBitu .-.
"v -; :y O0iDUMfl0wNEB. ;
." '. .-V.-:V-..-. .;-orncER8: ..".-: - . :
'y.-'s- fc.:H.HELDbN; Prosit. ." -:- .;.:
" ..- -J"-.. W.'JL MoAIXI8TEB.Vice'- ".-..
; .v. J "ic.A:NEWaiAN,CMhiJr.:
- - ..-"." -."'-r-V DANIE8CHKAM-As9'tGa8h.
.- .-. . ! . . :
.TiiU " ' - -- a jnsaDir jianKtmc'nai"
'i.i. .-'.- OT0NCKHOLDE.IJ8:;
afc01l33nF "AKNOLD.OEHLBfCH..
.V -T .oojDMAioB.lKiy l)r-.eil e.diane .on ; United
."-"" .'!.8utckwdCEaro,aniL luy And .eH availably
-.yrj.-v - -'0 :"
.. ". v "." WsalMdle'MeMtd to yoor Dombcm.
. .i;"-. ."fcUoiB"Ub4Mnciiatrnrt!itonrcai. .
- .- -i.-. -:
"s-L-r-. -. -
t .
I- .
: r o. w: KMJLEB.
'- - tM'Thmi oisans are firet-clattuin every par
.": . jjgr.MMlyoiWrBteed.
:.v" OKAuas in-r .
C. -H-
-? '- i
vf vaoto FUMPS. ...
Bdkililpwer, combined, Self
h; wi.reor.twine.
v t
.H ; -. .
of Heintx'tf Dra Store, llth
CoImbe. Neb. 17noTt4l
ttaHk is wealtk!
l.'CrWlfB"lJiayAKD Bbajw Tmas-
3BC or ojMxah "? -
, .llenroos aevnucw,
Him tfanaiHl hr tIA BflA
Far tobacco, .-WaMalnp, MV&Ul De-'
aTMBiacot uie wm ramuns u im
1 Vadiat to auaery, decay and death.
1 OM Ace. BarreoneM. lomot pT
i By owr-exerUonof the btainelf.
1 iaililwf EA box coataiaa
aa Uuafaat.- $IM ajbox, or ix boxea
r aMU vmvaad on receipt ocpnpe.
with $5.60. we will
aaaraatee .to re-
i dnaiiot effect
lTbr Dowtr&
.--- JHPBHBBjBlKiruiiiLMrHHH9
.V " --. a.BBBBh.SBBB.
JaBBBBBBBBBafaaamas,,,',,'''''''''''',M-''lt' aW
atsisBatBBBBBBa,--,''t'111'''"' X- aaBBaB)
rbT ailkind.of Uphol-
Itia ScfwbUoui Party tb n FiluaJ f
'Ilie'WotkUcn - Dfwncy't IWa
'rooiUfa of- Xow. . Price Mkd jOm
"! A WorKer for
Charles H. Litcbman, general secretary
oT the Knights 'of Labor, expresses, his
iews on the political contest in. progress
as follows, jn a letter "to. Senator Quay,
chairman of the Republican national com-
My connection with the labor.mdvement
ffir jthe past fourteen fears h jnade it
necessary for me to be a dose student of
causes of labor depression-. and of the
'needs at tbose'who toil. While as a bod
a hbor organization may refrain, from ac
tive partidpstion in poUtkay so much of
'what organized'labor- demand! must be
obtained through 'legislation that . the in
dividual mamber af tWiUTanraryaniaatioa
miit act politically as. in his. Judgment
will bes aid 4ie .aims and objects ex
pressed in the principles of the organlza-
'tion he .represents and whose, success he'
--desires.' .
. In the gigantic political struggle now
begun side issues-count-as nothing except
to aid or hinder, one of. the principal com-
.batants in the .political arena. However;
sincere may bo 'the advocates of the
.measure to 'secure which these separate
politiaal organizations are formed, and
' whatever strength in votes may be shown
at ihe polls, the fact remains that the can
didates f either the Republican or of the
Democratic .party will be the next presi-..
dent of 'the United States: "
mm-who has'tho-gopd of his country "and
the welfare of .her people at heart the'ne
cessity exists to choose to which of these'
two old. parjy organizations shall be given
"his .aid. either directly, or. indirectly, y
voice or vote." .
While it may be that neither party offers
'all Chat labor organisation desire. 1 be-
licvo that the Republican party, inadopt--ijag
and advocating. the-'Amerjcan system
of encouragement and protection to the
libor .and wages of our own land,.is nearer
the'-declarations and desires of onranised
labor than'its free trade' epponentsvtho
Democratic oarty.
' Tho .conflict is. between the American
svstem. "as represented by the Republican
party, which would foster jand encourage
thciabor of our 'own- people and retalh
for them the market and -wages of our
.own country, and. the British system, as
representeu by the utmxxXie party,
.which would break down .ihe.barriers of
trotection and throw open our home mar
et to the production of foreign factories
ana foreign' labor, inns matting ime our
owq tollers and reducing to a lower level
.the standard of American wages.
When the Knights of Labor and kin
dred organizations shall have obtained in.
foreign lands the same commanding posi
tion and influence enjoyed, in the United
States, .the inequality of wages will dis
appear, not by leveling our wages down
but by leveling their wages up. It is far
bettor . to level up than.tb level down, as
the larger the inborn) the jarger the power
Ao consume; - . .
- Whilo Ander free trade goods maybe
cheaper to tHe consumer in certain lines,
the labor made idle in those lines must
turn to other means' of employment and
thjjs by competition compel a lower rate
of wages to those already employed
.. Tho power of a workihgman to consume
depends upon what -he receives for his
labor. Unemployed, his power- to con
sume, except in charily or in theft, ceases.
I prefer that America should be a land of
-rorkers rather than a land of thieves' and
-paupers. .
What is true of tho individual is equally
jtrue of Tihe nation.
.' The . primary elements -of national
wealth and national prosperity are pro
duction, distribution and consumption.
Whatever affects' tho power of labor to
consume affects the entire interests of the
nation. Whatever lowers the wages of
labor affects its power to'consumeT. .An
''average -reduction" of 7 per cciit- On the
cost of goods imported will not"compen
saie American labor for the loss of 100
per cent, in wages in the lines 'affected,
ancTef. 10 to 50 per cent, in wages in the
lines.of employment by the substitution
of. the free, trade.for the protective sys
tem. 1 hold it to bo far wiser statesman
ship to build up and .retain our horns
market by a system -that protects Ameri
can labor than to command a market in
foreurn lands secured by the wholesale
degradation and pauperization of our own
peoplo. '
Every dollar's worth oj labor imported
is by so mnch a reduction of home Iabor
er's'wages. This axiom is not offset by
the declaration that there are more goods
in the imported dollar's worth. The po
sition of the protectionist is rather
strengthened by such a specious presenta
tion of the matter, heeause the question
Is then instantly forced upon every Intel- How can Amerlsan labor earn .
dollars none industry in wmen ne is ex
perienced is transferred to foreign lands?
The theory of protection advocated by
.the RepubUcan party lathe same as the
-underlying principle upon which all labor
organizations are founded. A friend-to
organized labor that believes in organiza
tion as a means to enhance and mJaftain
wages cannot consistent v- oppose a party
that applies to all labor the same principle
o'f protection from unfair competition
that 'the individual trade organisation
gives to the single trade. Trade organ
izations to aid in advancing wages in
their respective trades and the protec
tive system demanded? by the republi
can party trill secure for all the toilers'in
.the land a similar fostering care.
That this is clearly understood bvmott
of the thinking leaders of organized labor
is proved, by the declaration rejcentlymade.
in favor of the American system, and. a
homemarket by the presiding officers of
the onraaizaUon renresentinstne iron and.
kthe glass industries of the United-States.
lnere .iff no- better organization oi any
-one trade than tfie Amalgamated Associa
. tion of Iron and Steel Workers. There is
no trade more thoroughly. organized or
better disripjined than that of the Win
dow Glass. Workers, nor one in which
higher wages are paid. The warnings of
the officers representing those trades
against free1 trade are very significant and
ahould be heeded.
.A careful consideratiom of all these facta
convinces me that the. present is a grave
crisis hi the political affairs of our coun
trv. and that I have no right to remain
silent. My "position as general secretary
of ihe Knights "of Labor has given me an
Intimate knowledge of the various phases
of the !aljor question, and I do not hesi
tate .to say that the triumph of the
Democratic party, dominated by intoler
ance in the south and British free trad
sentiment in the north; would be the
most serious blow to organized labor it
could possibly receive.
I cannot remain, inactive in aticn aron-
ties. Therefore, to von and your
dates of the national RepuTaUcan oom
ardttee. as representatives of the Re
publican party,! offer my services ia any
position .or capacity when they may be
drasranlo or be thought most useful to
aid ia securing the success of Harrison
and Morton, the representatives In this
eampaiga of the American idea of protee
tiom to American labor.
." It
seea -wsyised. The river
btU eaUs lor $.0.000.
wnereiasv year Caere- was no approffla
tion. .There is an iiicreaee of B3.000.000
in the expeaditures provided for by the
fortifications bill, and there is also an. in
crease in the payments under the pension
and deficiency, bills. It is estimated now
that the surplus of the year will reach'
only $15,000,000. "The secretary of the
treasury "must buy about forty 'mill-'
'ions of government bonds during the ret
mainder Of the present fiscal year to make
the necessary purchases for the sinking
fund of $48,000,000. He is likely to soon
raise .his bids, and the chances are that
bis purchases will thereby -be increased.'
Honey is returning -to' the people mors
'rapidly than the majority of persons sup
pose. There is really less, -excuso than
e-ter for rash redactions in the tariff.
New York Financier. .
Shawms taa Dtsfereaee Betwcaa PHvato
BaaJt-Daaealta Hera aad la Easjlaud.
A good deal has been said about tho
amount of savings' in Jthe two countries,
the UaiUdStataa aad Kaaad. and the
effort Ja marts by the free traders to prove
that the worklngtnen of this .country do
not save very mueh more than the work-
ingmen of England. It is probable, that
very f ow people believe this, but so long
as tho assertion is made the proof might
as -well be printed, so that. the working
men of the country may see Just how
much their savings exceed those of Great
. In 1860 there were $58,178,000 of .de
posits in the savings banks of this state;
hi 1886 there were $469,628,000. an in
crease of 800 percent.' In the same pe
riod the average amount to the credit of
each depositor increased from $209 to
$380. The savings bank deposits of Great
Britain in I860 amounted to $190.-890.000;
.in 1886, to '$496,000,000, an increase of
about 118 per cent. In, the same period
the average amount credited to each
British depositor was $29, an increase of
$12 since 1860. It will be seen that in
1860 the deposits in this state were not
one-third of the deposits in Great Britain,
but in 1886 the deposits here had not only
increased by 800 per cent., but they were
more than $63,600,000 in excess of the
deposits in-the British savings banks.' In
Now York and Kings counties the deposits
increased from $49,000,000 to $294,000,.
.000. about 600 per cent., while the indi
vidual deposit1 increased from $216 to
In Massachusetts the depositors in sav
ings banks' average two' to each family,
and in Great Britain nine to each family.
K,ow, will -some good freo trader tell us
how the worUngmen of protected America
can save more money than the British
workingmen, if the prices in England are
so much lower 'than here that the lower
wages there have more purchasing power?
New York Mail and Express.
TTaa CoUea Clab .eat Clevelaad
. The annual report of the British Cobden
club contains the following significant
eulogy of President Cleveland and his
"In the United States President Cleve
land's message carries with it the promiso
of such measures of tariff reform of may.
In the course of a few years, make some
thing like a revolution in international
trade. Not only would the direct results
of opening the markots-of such a country
bo enormous, but, if the United States,
hitherto' the great supporters of protec
tion, should become satisfied that protec
tion is a delusion, and that their own best
advantage is to be found in free trade,
such a change in jtheir opinion and practice
could not fail to influence the opinion and
. practice of the rest of the world." Cleve
land Leader.
Oeaw TBeaJasBia
Gen. Harrison has been in public life for
many years,. and we have not heard that
he has received a promotion that he has
'not 'earned. In the army he was successively-
lieutenant, captain, colonel and
brigadier general, because he was brave
ana efficient. He- Has beseme a legal
authority through hard study. He was a
leader ill the senate because he was recog
nized as one of the ablest men and most
logical and well informed men in the
upper house. He Is tbeTtepublican candi
date for the presidency because he has a
clean record of distinguished public ser
vicesmade within the party which honors
him.- And when ho is promoted to the
office of president', it will be because he
has earned the promotion; not because Mr.
Blaine has earned It. Tiina.
He Coal Give Mara to ITS
"Yes, sire.
'I see that a New York paper offers a
prize of $25 for the best original joke
sent in.
. "And does your weightiness intend to
"Well, r might. I have evolved sev
eral pretty good Jokes in my time,
1 '"That's true.tdrs. You might send
one of your justly celebrated declarations
of fidelity to civil service reform." Pitts
burg Clironlcle.
H Woaida't Waat to Fight ntaaMU. Tea
Dsnr "Yes, she." "They say my
fishery message is creating great excite
ment in Canada and England. 'and that
there is a war cloud on the norison.
"Yes, sire, it does look a little that way."
"Cant you issue some kind of a supple
ment, or second editionand say the mes
sage only referred to my bluensh'explolt
atFire islandr "I don't know." "And,
O.Dan, when you are down on Pennsyl
vania avenue, this afternoon, please keep
your eye out for a good, healthy and
cheap, substitute." St. Paul -Pioneer
Press. .
Watch Is attest WactkyT
"Who donated a quarter of a million
dollars for provisions and sent them to
starving Ireland
"Levi P. Morton.
"Who sent the munificent sum of '$20
to the earthquake solan is of Charles
"Grover Cleveland. Cincinnati Com
merdal Gazette.
Grover Cleveland cxawiahed on the
rebel flag bosiness; 1m enwaahed on civil
service reform; heaawiehedinregardto.
the second term; he crawfished ookhe Ca
nadian fishery cmestioa; he wants to craw
fish on the tariff ouestion. In fact, he is a
professional erawnsher, who was formerly
mayor of Buffalo.'but has no vote at the
.conu.elsctioa. Clevelaad Leader.
Is 8M "there.
The ICisvnie Couikr-Journal clraesa
eulogistic editorial on Thurtaan free
trade speech with:
And the oU rat laueaaaa, ea, loat aasyttwate,
O'arthe laad of the ftmaas tba hoawof ths
We prefer the old version, although ia
tins campaign the Democrats are ceiwmhj
consistent in substituting the red baa
danna for the- Star Ipangled Banner.
a In Michigan when he hadn't aejgam
ag with hbn. One of the startlag
-iirtfttrltirM which attrafttri the Ola
a sanaar hv
scribed: "Wo votai for WstaftV i
God fbrcive aa.- Mr. WMtiasT..hy the
fortheMlBslaU and few saltSt. Paal
President CloVelsnd tries to save the
'Democratic fox by drawing the fishery
question across its trail; but th trick
will not avalL Philadelphia Press.
.a "levlew of the reenllar Caaadlaa Palicy
I el the rreaeat Adj-U-datraUoa.
Tho president's desperate attempt to
retrieve the diplomatic reputation of his
administration renders a review of its
Canadian policy timely. When he en-,
tend upon office a transition stage in the
relation of the United States and the Do
minion was approaching. The fisheries
clauses of tho treaty of Washington had
proved an unsatisfactory and inequitable
arrangement so far as American interests
were concerned. An exorbitant price for
inshore fishing right shad been exacted by
the (Halifax arbitrators. The award of
$5,560,000 was paid under protest, and
when the period which it embraced had
passed there was no disposition on the
part of the United States to reopen nego
tiations for a renewal of the contract. Ex
perience had demonstrated that the Cana
dian Inshore fisheries were not worth as
much to American fishermen as the privi
lege of free entry to the New England
market was to the Dominion fishing fleet.
Accordingly, notice wss given to the
British government of the abrogation of
the fisheries articles. By act of congress
and President Arthur's proclamation
these articles wero to lapse on July 1,
1885. The American fishing fleet had
known for two years what would happen,
and were not ouly fully prepared for the
change, but very eager to have their home
-market protected against their Canadian
This was the situation when the presi
dent was inaugurated. Congress had ab
rogated the fisheries articles; President
Arthur had proclaimed the change of pol
icy, and American fishermen were de
lighted with the prospect of securing re
lief from tho burdens of on inequitable
treaty. What was the first diplomatic
act of the new administration in these cir
cumstances? Secretary Bayard having
been' approached by the astute British
minister affected alarm on account of the
reversion to the treaty of 1818 in the mid
dle of a fishing season. He gratefully ac--cepted
an offer from Canada for a tern
poraty extension of the inshore fishing
privileges, provided the president in his
first ,message would 'recommend a settle
ment of tho fisheries dispute by arbitra
tion,' The British minister was thus al
lowed in the first instance to dictate a
passage of the message relating to the
fisheries. The abrogated clauses were
continued in force for six months without
authority of congress. A policy in the
interest of American fishermen, which
had received tho approval of senate and
house, and had been officially proclaimed
by; President Arthur, was reversed before
the new administration had been in power
for three months.
Tho president earned out Secretary
Bayard's compact with the British.minis
tef, but the senate rejected by a decisive
vote his recommendation for arbitration.
The season of 1886 opened with the treaty
of 1818 in operation, and the first series
of outrages on American commerce oc
carredon the Dominion seaboard. Con
gress passed a retaliation measure with
out division on party lines. The president
inado no attempt to enforce this legisla
tion during that season, nor in the fol
lowing year, although as many as 400.
American vessels were boarded, seized,
harassed and subjected to expense or an
noyance on the Dominion seaboard. Ho
met congress with a complaint that the
retaliatory powers were inadequate, and
the declaration that diplomacy was the
I only remedy. The senate promptly en
larged thoso powers in Itxu, JJemocrats
sjnd Republicans voting as one man.
Then was witnessed a strange spectacle.
The administration exerted all its influ
ence for months to prevent the passage
of any retaliation measure. The Belmont
and Manning projects were brought for
ward apparently for the express purpose
ef blocking' legislation altogether on this
Subject. This maneuver was defeated by
the' passage of the senate bill in the houso
largely by Republican votes.
The administration having been twice
armed with authority from congress
evaded its responsibility, neglected to en
jforco the retaliation acts and pursued its
diplomatic adventures. After hundreds
and denied their commercial rights it
uucuuu ncsacia uau wcu m-u-kxx..
made a humiliating treaty of surrender
without securing reparation for wrongs
suffered by American citizens or for in
sults offered to the American flag. At
If the same time it had loaded Canadian cor-
porations with gratuities worth millions
tff Jfl11M 4l lt"n T1 ttiAl . nfum
American commerce and railways. This
is the administration that suddenly
bounces upon the scene like a circus
clown in the stripes and spangles of
the American flag, shrieking that it will
retaliato-and fight hard if congress will
only furnish it with a larger pair of box
ing gloves. New York Tribune.
ladaatrial Rata aad Starvation
. of Honest Labor.
Mr. Cleveland in his message advocate-
a reduction of tariff, which tehds'towar i
free trade Mr. Mills -in his tariff reforu:
bill advocates tho samea needless auI
wicked assault upon the industries of
The question for-your consideration is.
which party will you support ihe coming
election the protection party or the free
trade party.
What to free trade?
It means that the ports of all countries
are open to each other, so that one coun
try can trade with another without ex
pense, duty or tax.
.Which means: 1. That the American
workman must eonipefcagainat the cheap
labor of Europe. Reduction of wages
in every branch of trade. S. Reduction
I of the earning power of every dollar of
eapnat now invested in 'America, either
la aannfaetnring, fm--ag or any other
pursuit. V
Ree .trade is all very well so far as
ateropean countries an concerned, where
It costs the same price for labor. For in
stance, a laboring nan in England, Ire
land, Germany, Scotland, Spain, Italy or
China, earns on an average of 40 cents
per day; inAaieriea the average Is $1-20
par day. Now, if the laborer of this
eonatry Is willing to work for the same
WW M.thwprkmeuof EjUOaaVt
r BJBF W MMt U t
X. NafcsasaaaBBaMaaaassssasa-BS
BaBBBBBBBBarBBBBa If aaaaaaaaaKXBaaast arBaaaF4BBaVsBSr
lll'Hl9-VllBBBBa BBBBBBBarsk Wlfl&mlP
(v smMBJBBBaBTss-'-
vote lor cicrmana ana ires trace, 'every
thing in this world finds jts level in time.
The workmen of this country cannot
receive $1.20 per day against the work
men of Europe. 40 cents per day, on a
free trade basis. No industry would or
could thrive.
Suppose a man can make two pairs ef
shoes a Say. It costs' $1.20 to make them
in this country and only 40 cents to make
them -In Europe. Take off the protection
tariff and every manufacturer and mer
chant in America will have his shoes
made on the other side, bring them over
here and sell .them until our people are
too poor to buy.
Freo trade means destruction to ail our
industries. It means that the clerk, the
Bechanie and laboring man and their
families will be ground down to starva
tion wages, as is the case with the poor
people of Europe. It. means that the
children of tbe.laboring man will be de
prived of the benefits of our public
schools and our free institutions, for in
stead of going to school they wilr be com
pelled to work at the loom.-in the shop or
(a the field, to ears, food and' scanty
clothing.' "
Many of you within the sound of my
voice remember tho condition of the poor
people who worked in the paper-mills at
Factory village and at Rock City Falls
near. by,beforo ihe war. There was no
tariff for Protection then, there was a
slight tariff for- revenue, but not enough
to afford protection for the poor laborers.
I remember when I was a boy I would
sometimes visit thoso paper mills and no
ticed frequently families consisting jof
father, mother, sons and daughters work
ing from morning until night, and then
with their combined earnings could
afford meat only once a week and poor
food the balance.
Their, little homes wero poorly fur
nished, no carpet on the floor, tables with
out covers, no china; instead tin plates,
lead spoons, and pewter mugs were used.
On Sunday they did not attend church,
for they wero too poorly dressed, and all
this misery was caused under the system
which Mr. Cleveland and Mr. Mills are
advocating today.
After the war, when the tariff was
raised so that paper could not be import
ed from -England and Wales any cheaper
than It could be manufactured here,
the condition of these poor people im
proved rapidly, and in a few-years the
children attended school with good shoes
and nest clothes, and their little homes
were transformed from abodes of misery
to thoso of comfort and luxury. And
this improvement among the poor people
of the whole section continues, and this
under the protective tariff system.
.Do you -want to change this system? Do
you want to bring destruction and ruin
on our industries? Do you want to see
a reign of terror in our country? If you
do. then vote for Cleveland and free
trade. rCries of "No!" and applause. J
A speech delivered by C C. Shane, of
New York, in Galwsy, N. Y.. his natite
AXew York Capitalist TaltoWhy He Is
a Five Trader.
A New York capitalist gives some
interesting reasons for being a free
trader. They are. highly important to
workingmen, as well as interesting, and
we give them below:
"1 believe in free trade; it is the only
thing that will kill trades unions and
Knights of Labor associations. It will
stop all strikes In this country, and end
short boors and poor work, because in a
competition with England the price of
labor In this country windfall so low that
the workingman must work all the time
to get enough money to support his fam
ily, and he must also work ten hours a
day. There will not be any strikes, for if
there are, goods will be shipped here im
mediately from England and the market
supplied, so that our country will not bo
dependent upon our own workingmen and
they can-make nothing by striking."
That man is a free trader and gives an
honest reason for being one His view of
the case is entirely logical The tariff is
rarely a question or wages. Cleveland
Deasocratte Ways and
Tho most recent offender against tho
civil service law is the chairman of the
Democratic state central committee of
North Carolina, who has sent to.each per
son from that state holding position under
the government at Washington a. circular
soliciting contributions to the campaign
fund. This is in direct violation of the
law, but it is not likely to receive any at
tention from the civil service commission,
at least not at present, that body being
exclusively engaged at this time in its
customary task of doing nothing and
keeping quiet about it Furthermore, as
the present commission owes its official
life to the man who is to be benefited by
the money which the North Carolina as
sessor is gathering, tho harshest punish
ment he will receive will probably boa
few warning remarks against the folly of
being found out Philadelphia Press.
Why Do They Eaalgrafc-f
No better evidence of the prosperity of
two nations can be afforded than in their
tables of emigration and immigration.
When you are told that England Is pros
perous, point to the fact that she is an
nually parting with over a quarter of a
million of her best workers, most of whom
come to the United States. There is a
national commission in England which
has for years been studying tho problem
of how to get rid ofpeople, because free
trade is rapidly driving out of employ
ment a once prosperous class of her work
ingmen. On the other hand, the United
States is annually receiving nearly a half
million immigrants, and has received
since tho opening of the decade over four
millions. Put these facts together, and
ask yourself which country Is doing best.
San Francisco Chronicle.
The Iriahira Failed to Do It, However.
Here is "what Cleveland's flapdoodle
message means. It is pointedly set forth
in the following circular sent out to hun
dreds of prominent Democrats by the
chairman of the Democratic state com
mittee of Ohio:
Coltjxbus; O., Aug. 24, 1888.
Have prominent Irishmen send congra
tulatory telegrams to President Cleveland
on bis message on the fishery treaty and
get up demonstration if possible.
J.B. To-txsejd.
So far as heard from the Irishmen have
failed to respond; The' chaff was too
transparent to fool men who have left the
Demoeratie party for good cause. Bur
lington Republican.
It Broaght C Very She:. Too.
'It is now pretty easy to understand
how Grover. came to write that somersault
message. Bis party was in a very disa
greeable hole. Grover presented what
looked like.a way out. and they all made
a rush for it with the shout that "it wag
good politics. Like all .of Mr. Cleve
landVplans, however, it suddenly brought
up against a blind wall Cleveland
Syrup of Figs
Is Nature's own true laxative. It is the
most easily taken, and the most effective
remedy known to Cleanse the System
when Bilious or Costive; to dispel Head
aches, Colds and Fevers; to cure Habit
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Piles, etc
Manufactured only by the California'Fig"
Syrup Company, San Francisco, Cal. For
aaleoolybyDowtyl-Bdcher. 27-y
Craft's .Wag.
O aad is Bay fate! what a mess I
Of theocracy's hops with say agkt far frse
rve got to doaoaMtaatg; aad that right away,
Or vast ia my caarata, I cast aria the day.
ApToapactsoawfalayaodctoaasaaaa, -Let
the pn-f stars Mat, look swat-dy. good Baal
To.dod?ettl-nBMatfemeIwiafc- '
Let's table the tariff aad talk about-ath!
C-aona (la which aH the mB-nb-csof thaDe-a-
Yes. that is oar whb
O. that taow wish.
To table the tariff
That gives ate a terrible lit of ti blast.
The bows that my party Is loetair te'erlp.
ltupiaia aatae cheek or dearOartaad's
My free trade coavicUoaa will coat aw the race;
So to dodge tho great ataae-aou faw-atlwiah
Let's table the Uriff aad talk abmit aabT
Chorus; .
Tbtaala the tariff
Aad tast about ask! .
O sad is say fatal loud tbe-Xugmuaps ail storm
They charge (and Tbe' Tribune has rawvad,rat
That tbe cause of Reform I have basely betrayed;
Bat I fear not tho Mugwumps, tbe fosa that I
fear .
Are tho maaa-a who cry: "No" free trade tbaV
So to dodge tho great Issue most t ervest I wish
Lets table the tariff and talkabout-fisal
Yoa, that is oar whb,
O, that is our. with,
To table tbe tariff
Aad talk about flah!
Dead la my fata! O pray grant meBiywiah.
To tbe rear with tree trade. Ieta talk about tan;
Lota talk about flah, let's talk of tba odd.
The salt. the'natriUous, tbe most esteemed cod!
Don't speak of tree trade for tbe rest of the fight
While of fiab'wo bold forth by day aad by night.
To dodge tbe great Issue Boost ferveat I wish
Let's table tbe tariff aad talk about-Bth." "
that hi oar wish,
Tb table tbe tariff
And talk about Osh!
New York.Tribaa.
AreTCaniac Again.
The bogles are caUlasjagala,
The'alrwith the draai beat Is stirred;
On mowntaln.lB -alley, orplata.
Theyaaswer from raonatafai aad phUa.
They answer from lake to the sea:
"We coma at the soia-noes agala,
Te follow tbe flag of tbe free.
.Otve as a Maa f or chief,
A man tb occea to suit;
No soldier by substitute;
No silken ahd acent-d.rag.
No banner without a name
Ours be the -tarry old Flag
Scorched in tho battles fierce flame
In city. In forest. In field.
The sound of their coming la heard;
Like toe raindrops the summer clouds yield,
Like tho leave by tbe eummer wind stirred.
They como in the morning's gray calm,
They como when the solemn stars ahiae.
They snout neath tbe fab southera pahs.
They chant ncah tbe dark northern plae:
"Give us a Maa for chief.
Give us tbe starry old Flag;
No Knight of the Handkerchief,
Noauken and scented rag.
Scorched ia the battle's fierce flame,
Torn by the wild ocean gale.
Blown by tbe trumpet of Fame
That Is the banner we hail!
The atan of that banner shine bright
From the masthead aad hilltop aad spire;
Our camp fires Mass through tbe night.
The mountains are flaming with Ore,
like the storm burst tbe cry of that bast,
like thunder that far distant roar; .
Tbe sound from tbe mountain top tossed
Soils down to the surf beaten shore:
"Give us a Man for chief,
A man tbe occasion to Eoit;
No Knight of tbe Handkerchief,
No soldier by substitute;
No subaUtate for dnef.
But a soldier to dare and to da
No perfumed handkerchief.
No flaa; but the Bed. White aad Etae.
-C O. Baker la New York Tribase.
The rresfdeat's Keralae; Hi
Til twist the British boa's taO.
Ill make tbe Canucks fear me;
We've got to fish and they cut belt
By Jingo, boys, yoa hear aae!
TO pile the earth with English dead.
If you will all stand Bear me.
And capture every Irish vote
By jingo, bo- yoa hew -a
m crush the senate at a blow,'
: And those who always jeer me;
r U make It break its party's Beck
By Jingo, boys, yoa hear met
had not thought to can a I
' That would be as uua,
Bet providence protects Us owe,
By Jingo, hoys, yoa hear met
Now let na all rejoice aad atag.
And enor rate iiasa literate;
If I come back yoa take the earth
By jingo, bojm, you hear me!
Bismarck a Proteetlea.
On tho 14th of May. 1882, Bismarck in
a speech before the German reichstag
eaid: "The success of the United States
in material development Is tbe most il
lustrious of modern time. The American
nation has not only successfully borne
and suppressed the most gigantic and ex
pensive war of all history, but immedi
ately afterward disbanded its army, found
employment for all its soldiers and ma
rines, paid off most of its debt, gave labor
and homes to all tbe unemployed of
Europe as fast as they could arrive within
its territory, and still by a system of tax
ation so indirect as not to be perceived,
much less 'felt. Because it is my deliber
ato judgment that the prosperity of
America is mainly due to its' system of
protective laws. I urge that Germany
has now reached that point where it la
necessary to imitate the tariff system Of
the United States.
- Anything for Jto-electlea.
The presidential proclamation as to the
fisheries was prepared some time ago,
and the administration organs were all
ready to start their steam whistles. The
fisheries treaty was one -of tho Incapable
Bayard's fumbling performances, ana was
rejected ss a cowardly surrender of
American rights. Its -rejection opened
the way for the monkey message from
Cleveland, who would regard any' war
possible an advantage if it resulted in his
re-election. The, Democratic party is ea
pablo of anything before or after the elec
tion that in their judgment would help
in tho continuation or extension of their
power. But they cro already bellowing
that they did not mean anything hardly
bv the noise Cleveland made. Cincitiueti
Commercial Gazette.
senator Xergai's Tight Ceraer.
President Cleveland has placed bis sup
porters in many close anil inconvenient
corners by bis sudden change of base on
the fishery question, but no one has -a
closer corner to escape from than Senator
Morgan, who last year signed an opfadon
that Artkle-29 of the treaty of Washing
ton was still in force, and. row. since he
has heard from the president, is forced to
recant his settled aad declared opinion,
not on an issue of -peaky and politics, but
onaIegBlintenretMeaof a statute and
treaty. rauaaeipnie
Of Csiss It Weavt.
It looks very maehss if President
Cleveland's fish aussege was an effort to
divert attention front the tariff iss-aa.
. 9 sftv
The New York MaO aiid Express, after
the following table, showing how much
prices aave fallen since low. and tbe per
cent, of decrease.
" Cost, Cost, Decrease
Ooods. KM.. ..18eT.-per.ceBt.
Cottoa foods..,
Woolea goods.
.... log'
..'.. 1.0ia .
S.33 .
&00 '
. " JKLt
-. i&3
. '.-
. tr.o
. --.a.o
Boou aad shoes .'H-iD'
SUkaad rubber 61 .
Pijgiroa .. S.41.
hoa products .K'
hXMU -, iiu
Ut tJ.Mf ,
Tiaaadtia plates..:. 118 ,
Lead aad copper.-.... US
Uaaeed oil, turpea
ti-waadpaiaU 1-05..'
8cep. heaap aad fav '
"Drags Bad rbs-nirsla t&?
:. -jui
The Mills Bill's ated-wUea.
"The falsity of the claim of theadve-:
eases eft he Mills bill that that BMaaare---educes
the tariff not more .than 7 per
cent, is shown by The Tariff 'League Bul
letin. In a detailed parallel column com
parison of rates. .In the whole loug list
of articles there are only 5 on which tbe
cut is less than 10 per cent.; on 90 arti
cles it Is 100 per cent.. L e.. these articles
are placed on the free list; and on 31 more
the cut ranges from fiO.per cent.- upward.
The pretense 'that the Mills, bill-makes
only trivial reductions, on the average, is
apart of the glaring hypocrisy of the
present Doniocratic campaign. Boston
Work Cor Ha the Glaat Killer.
Early risers In Washington who turn
their ears toward Red Top can distinctly
hear Mr. Cleveland caroling his-morning-hymn.
They can even distinguish these
words of the refrain as they coll and re
echo with ominous emphaais:
I smell tbe blood of aa EnglUbman.
Be he lire, or be.hedead,
TO grind his bones to make me bread
If I catch him flatting in my fish pond.
Indianapolis. Journal.
Ma-w--aoaey Thaa "lateUeet.
The efforts of "Csl'Bricesnd "BUI''
Barnum to raiso'an enormous Democratic
rampalgn fund don't look much like an
appeal to the intelligence of the country.
They smack more of an attempt at cor
ruption on a huge' scalo. Cleveland
He la Haraaleas White He's Asleep. .
Cal Brice at tho "phone: "Halloo, La
montr Halloo.'' "What's tho presi
dent doing nowT "He's asleep." "All
right. If ho wakes during the night,
ring me up. He -can't do us any harm
while he's asleep." St. Paul Pioneer
Two Ways ef Oettlag Votes.
Levi P. Morton's contribution of a ship
load of provisions for the relief of suffer
ers in Ireland ought to win as a-any votes
as Cleveland's contribution of $10,000 to
the Democratic --BptifT- fund. Indian
apolis JournaL
If the president Is not careful the name
of Grover Cleveland will go thundering,
down the ages as that of- the American
Mot a Very Pretty Sfaowtag.
One more case of the "deadly parallel:'
TbaUtheCrbariestoBl Toaldtbe"bordoorof
Tart houses ttaff-rers, nco holders' secure my
fSS. Ire-elesUon, f 10.000.
New York Tribune
Mo Oae Has Filled Bis TUce.
It is becoming very evident as the cam
paign progresses, that Mr. Cleveland is
not under the watchful eye of Daniel:
Manning this year. Cleveland Leader.
Perhaps He CeavHlre a SabsUtate.
There Is only one thing that prevents'
Mr.,, Cleveland from going to war with
Canada Immediately. It Is his fear of
those pesky guns. Philadelphia Press.
Opea'aa; the noo-u.
The Democrats wanted a clianre tb
"open the books" kept by tho Republican.
party at. Washington. Tho hooks wero
opened and found to be correct to a cent.
When tho Democratic books arc opened
next March it will -be found that a large
part of tho expenses of tho present cam
paign were drawn out of "tho United
States treasury through tho agency of
enormous and unlawful loans to Wall
street banks, which were induced
thereby to make liberal contributions
to the Democratic committee. Cleve
land Leader.
tax Kallway Coaspanlrs.
The Boston-Transcript wants to know
why railway companies do not hang up in.
several prominent places in stations a
plainly printed list of fares- to different.
places. This would save a great deal of
time, as many passengers could have the
exact amount of money ready. In fact,
in large stations like those in this city, a
asoney changing office in addition to the
ticket office might be established; so-that
people could provide themselves with the
exact change if they did net have it
New York Tribune.
.Fopalatloa of Aa-tralla.
The Increase of population in Australia
JMt year was' only 3$ per cent., which is
by no means as large as England would
like to- see it. Tho total population is
3.546.735. Chicago Herald.
There is nothing that will so promptly
cut short 4 congestion of- the lungs, sore
throat or rheumatism, as hot water when
applied promptly and thoroughly.
Want of Sleep
Is sending thousands annually to the
insane asylum ; au the (looto-.- n'.iy this
trouble is alarmingly on tli: in:n-as;.
The usual remedies, whilo tjisy may
give temporary relief, are likely to lo
more harm than good. AVllat js needed
is" an Alterative and ISIoiHl.piiriilfr
Ayer's Sarsaparilla is iiicoiuparuMy
the .best. It correct., those ilistiirbniires '
in the circulation which sleeple.N-
ness, gives incrcase-L -vitality., ami re
stores the nervoiis system to" a healthful
Rev. T. G. A. Cote, agent of- tlie'Ma-. .
' Home .MisAiohary. Society, writes tha..
his stomach, was out of order, his. sleep
very often disturbed, and some im
purity of the .blood manifest; but that
.a perfect cure was obtained 'by tlie use
of Ayer's Sarsaparilla.
Frederick W. Pratt, 421 Washingtdn
street, Bostonwrites: " My tlauj-iiter .
was prostrated with nervous de'bility.
Ayer's' Sarsaparilla . restored her. to
health." '.
William K. Bowker, "Erie," Pa.', 'was
cured of nervousness- and -sleeplessness,
by taking Ayer's Sarsaparilla for alftnt
two months, during which tune life
weight iucreased over twenty pounds. ' .
Ayer's Sarsaparilla,
Dr. J. C. Ayer it Co., Lowell, Mass.
"feMbyaUD-Bssla-. Fries 1 ; six bottlesfa.
! j f f
i. . . - - ....-."
AirtkQrizttJ C-sfHal of $250,000
ASmfiiiFwritf - $20,000,
AmFUM- -afoot jpaie4. la Cosh Caawaai f
an- banVinihis part of tbe State.' .
rrl)epoaits nfeeiT-d aad' uktr-4 -faae oji!
time depofiiU.- " - ' ' '.'; ' '.'
. ' -.--'
EaV-D-afU oa'the prih ipel cities 'i this
try aad Eiiropeboaatt-ad sold. '.'..;.-''
trCoU-eUoBa aad all. othsr
p-oraptand-lnu-ffBl att-atioa. '
-.. sTocKHo'io-taa. . ' .-".."
--,. - - - .. " -" ' " ".'"."
A. ANDERSON,.?!-. . -..-
'-.. J.H-.'()ALLK'-tVY'crWt.-. ' "-V.
' ' 6:T.mBN. Cathie-:
('.ANDERSON, - . -P. ANDKB80N,
- " .;... AtMstftt.
KICHAltD CUNNINGHAM.' - -' ..-.-.
- - - - : . "- : .
Attorney and Cewnellwi-at JLil '-.
Office on- Nebraska Ave.. ColutsbuaNeb. All
luteal" business prouptly.accurateir Bad c-efol- -ly
attended to. .-". ' . -- .- 13aaay:-
OULLlTAr-f ,,
-'. ..." ' ' :-.:',
Ofltce over. First Naiional.
Nebraska. --
Baaik; Col-Abas.
I.-- - -.rAUf. .
JIM. NAtPABLia -rA '.-
attorhey. d xqtarx VBU(f.Ty .
tS"t)ffice - over
bus, NtlrVudui.
First National p-aavCblaat-.''.
? - ::
COUNTY SURVEYOR.. " -. .-.'.
t3"I--fit.dMiirinic snrreyinc done-caa'ad-dress
me nt (.dumlmH, Ncb.,or call -aroftkw .
in (ourt House. SajfiytS-y
1 will bp in tny oflice in tin. ('"art Hoase. the -Ihirrl
Saturday of each month for the exnuio
tiouof niilu-tnlM for tna-iifrs ctrtificates, and"'
lor the trnnaaction of cither hchool business. ' -.
Lit-bt rtnd heavy luuijinir.
care, lleadiiiiarters lit J.'
Telephone, 33 rind SI.
(inods haBdled.with '
liecker 4 C6,s oBice,
'3UB-rS7y -
fif. K. TIJaUfEsVat CO
l-roprietors-jidPnbli-Ji-rsofthe-- v
C0IflKB"3 ittlSAL lad tta BtX. TAMOT mUAL,,
Tioth. pout-paid to nny nddtVK. forfcOO a year
strictly m-ndvonce. hxtL. JvVUNau Sl.U) ri
yesic ' " . - - - .
. -.-.' - --
.("olumljos.jieb.- --.-.''- . '
Office np stftirs over Ernht .VifchwiriVstoro o'a
Eleventh ktreef.....--- --- -.'--, ltftamjtjs
-PieL-MAifc-'iif'it.r.'p'-:-- -"
-" '. . ibfitKJK'r -Ir-tJ'. -. -s- .'
..:" ; TiliJhlu--"5M- : "r".""v
. .EYgblsEMES It StECfLTY'..
lw ?r"'-. -. ,1' -""'- 'lviephoBe:' ."-:- '.
Erc-e.nthHtrej.K-. QffiwNjC:lJesenNt.87.
,' -. ' -'.-". . -"'Cbaartir: '.
JOHN O. .H(iGlNS.: ; ' .t-.J.OAHLOW.J
. ' moras qAjUow,
Specialty rorule of Collections by C J. Gailoir;
Tin aid Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, loofimr nd Gtrttar. -
injr a Specialty .
t-SImp on 13th
l on I3th 'stret4. Hrnnm
Bro.;m old-'
.v.s2tf -'.-
stand on 'fltirtrrth -tn-t.
CaVeatnaad Trndo Marks obtained'and altTat- "' -.-.",'
ent baineM conduct ei -for-MODEKATlS FEES.' -" -- -
oyii ; office is opi-oHiTE u. s. pate5 -: ' '-
OrrlCfc. WehaTeno"ub-iencje-.aIl'buHine-' - ---"' :
direct, hence" wo ran trnn-ct itht business ia- ' rJ '?'
lens time and at .LESS COST than those-reinoti. V -.'".- '--"
from tutt imrton. ,--, - " 7-", " .;.--.'.-'?
Send rnodel. drawing-,' or photo,' with dwrrir '.:.; v'.
tion. "Ae ailvisH.if patentAbln .or"n6t"f ree'.of "' "-' ."'
chance. m Our few not du till patent is Wur-d. ..-,-: - -"; .
A book. "How to Obtain-Pat'ebt't.with refer;. ;.-"--:-:
ences to actual clients in your. state,. bounty-Or-" ": v ------
town, sent frew. Addrestt ' - - -"-.-".,:'-" -V-""
Opposite Patant'Omce. WaMnomi&i: .
.WONdETU . ifiiai -
loasaiMls. of -.forms.--Lot sre'-r '
rwutedby tlie-ma-relsof-invention. '- .-, '
Thfhm.whu arein nml f TrSil.-
woric. tiiat can be .while Inrjnj-'at horns-' ..'.
should at once send .their Hal"ett.' "
Co:, Portland. Maine, and receive free.' full -III: -"".".
formation how either sex, of , all aid. cast earn , '-'
:Jtmi.5 b,".f-5'Jr.,-Vmd.apaid-toi-iver- -"' - .,
.theyllvf. Ttotf, - Capital not rx '
fin i red. Some have, made over fSO ib-a-siaa.e "."-'-day
at this work; All succeed. " :. f-fdecSHy.'". '
, -tm:9jMptiy:
We will pay the above' riivrard tup. any" ease of- . -lifer
complaint, dyspepsia. Kick. headache; indi- . "
Kestion, constipation -or cpstiveness we cannot" ' -
cure with.WersV-Uble-Liver Pills', when the '. .
directions are strictr-r-n'mnliMl with- 'Tlw C
Iu rely veKf table. -and nfver fail toaxTe-satishc- ' - " - '
tirin. IvirKelxzes coatainlng-p. so-ar coated -".".-"
,..... "v... rr ur.u)un uiu-npsm. - jjeware oi
counterfeits - and iininjtctions.. The--- svnuina
manufactured only by JOHN C'. WEST A CO'
(-ft: W.-Madison St., Chi'cajfo. HI.' decI'SIy
has TevoIutioBid. . .-
the woridduri uk the- -,'':"
last half -enldry... " ."--Not
least unimur thit' - '"'
sonfiets of inventive D-ocnm-h -is a-.'mothfirf nH .
system of .work tlia'can be performed all overt-'-'- -,-""
the country vtitbout Feparatin- the' workers- from '' -their
homes.- Pay liberal; any 'one can do -the. "' .
work;j4ther sex. youns or oldi no special ability- V
required. Capital pot .needed; yon -e. started - ." .
free. Cut this out and return to. as and. we wHU - '
eend you freeMmethina- of- sreat value and iaa--'
portance to you, that-will jttart joa in bo-ise-;
which will bricK you-in more money riabtawar,--''
lhau anything-else. ;in the world.' OfanttfrntHL.' - .
free. Addi-essTrueACo'Augusta.'IIe; ' dec3B - - "'
The best book for aa .
advertiser to coaK
sult, be .aevexperi- .
enoed or otherwise.
t newspapers and eatuaaiee.-.
of the cost of udvertisin-.flicadverti9erwho '.
wonts to spend ono dollar. nls ia it the te"
formation he require, while for him whowll",--fnvest
one hundred thouaand dollarekaad J
"verttain-; a scheme is ladicated which will .-
aaeethia even reoulre-aent. or cans is 1
rtspemtknee. U editions hive bees laaaedV.
Seat, poet-paid, to any address tor leeeata.-'
. Write to EO.' P. BOWaXI, ' CO.
uasernesif Prlatlaglloaspat.- Sew Tedu -
- '-
1- -.-.'"
". '
' -...'