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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 22, 1888)
VOL. XLX.-NO. 18.
COLTJMBUS, NEB. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1888.
WHOLE NO. 954.
Cash Capital - $100,000.
LEANDER GERHARD, Vn-JU
' GEO. W. 1IULST, Vice Pres't.
JULIUS A. REED.
It. II. HENRY.
J. E. TASKER, Caohier.
CellectleaM Promptly Made
ry lHterMt est Time epew-
C.H. SHELDON, Prea't.
V. A. MCALLISTER. Vico Pres
C. A. NEWMAN. CaHhier.
DANIEL SCIIRAM, Ass't Cash.
J. P. BECKER. JONAS WELCH,
.1. I . Hrxvci.,
GEO. W. GALLEY,
11. i H. OEHLUICH,
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4t COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
FACTS, NOT FANCIES.
SENATOR FRYE COMPARES PRO
TECTION AND FREE TRADE.
The Former Gives the Working Man Good
Wages, Good Food, Good Clothes, mad
Glvea HU Children Education The Lat
ter Means Starvation.
One party favors a protective tariff
chiefly for the best interests of men who
work for wages. What is a protective
tariff? Let me illustrate it so that it will
be within the comprehension of this
bright eyed boy I see sitting before me,
and in the illustration I shall be governed
by facts, not by fancies. Wherever I
give wages I shall give those abroad at
the highest, and those at home at the
lowest. Now if yon please consider for
awhile Woodstock to be the United States;
New Haven, England; and I take Eng
land because it is the best wage pay
ing country in the world outside this re
public. I propose to build a twelve set
woolerujaittaepa at Wooasiocay United
States, and its exact counterpart in New
Haven, England. I commence here In
Woodstock, United States. I pay men who
excavate for the foundation from $1 to
$1.40 a day, and the men who work in the
quarry and set the stone, from $ 1.50 to $2
a day; men who make the bricks, from
$1.50 to $2 a day; the painters, from $2
to $8 a day; the quarriers of slate, from
$1.50 to $2 a day; the masons who lay the
bricks, from $2 to $3 a day; and when
my mill is complete it has cost me $400,
000, 00 per cent, of the whole amount be
ing money paid for labor. I step across
into New Haven, for the time being Eng
land, and 1 proceed to erect the same
milL To the men who excavate I pay
from 45 to CO cents a day; to those who
quarry tho rock and lay the founda
tion from 60 to 80 cents a day; to the
brick makers from SO cents to 80 cents a
day. I go to Staffordshire and hire, it
may be, 100 women to make my bricks,
and pay them 84 cents a thousand; or, it
may be, I hire some little girls, barefooted
and bareheaded, from 10 to 14 years of
age, to carry the wet day In my brick
yard on their little bare heads, from 6 to
8 cents a day. I pay my masons at from
73 to 85 cents a day; my slaters $1 a day;
my painters from 60 cents to $1 a day;
and when my mill is completed, it .has
cost me $200,000. Why this mill $200,
000 and tho mill in Woodstock $400,000?
What makes this Immense difference in
cost? Remember that the mill is 90 per
Remember that the trees in our forests,
the clay in our banks, the stone and slate
in our quarries, the coal in our mines and
the iron in the earth, are as cheap as In
Europe. 'What, then, makes the mill
here cost twice as much as there? Clearly,
only that labor here is paid more than
twice as much as labor there.
I now build my machinery for the mill
in Woodstock, the United States. I pay
my machinists from $2.50 to $5 a day,
and it costs me $75,000. I step over into
New Haven, England, and I pay my best
machinist $2 a day, and my machinery
costs me $36,000. Remember that of the
machinery 90 per cent, at least is labor.
Now the mills are complete, and here
in Woodstock, the United States, I hire
my men and my women, my sorters, my
spinners, my weavers and my dressers.
1 pay my women from $6 to $8 a week,
my men from $10 to $20 a week. I get
out a case of cloth at a cost to me of Just
$100. I go over into New Haven, Eng
land, and hire my men and my women.
I pay my women from $1.90 to $8 a week,
my men from $4 to $7 a week. I get out
a like case of goods, and find its cost to
be just $80. Now if I can take that case
of cloth, costing $80, bring it here and
sell it in competition with tho case which
has cost here in Woodstock $100, don't
you see I can sell it for $90, $10 less than
tho cost of the caso here, and still make
a profit of $10? How long, then, will my
mill in Woodstock run against such com
petition as that? Now the Democratic
party says, under its doctrine of free
trade the right to buy in tho cheapest
markets and sell in the dearest make all
the goods yon please over there in New
Haven, England, send them freely here,
and sell them in competition with the
goods made in Woodstock. But, my
Democratic friend, will not the mill in
Woodstock be compelled to stop? "No."
How can it run? There is but one way on
the face of the earth it can. and that is by
cutting down the wages of the men who
work on the excavations, in the quarries,
on the foundation, in the brickyard; of
the plasterers, tho "painters, the wood
workers, the slaters, the machinists, and
the men and women who work in the
mills, to the wages paid in New Haven,
England, and then the mill can run.
Says my friend who works in the mill:
"I cannot work, Mr. Frye, for any such
wages as those you have named." "Yes
fou can, for they do in Europe." "But
couldn't have meat every day, and the
comforts and luxuries for my family they
,now enjoy." "No, you couldn't; but you
could have meat as often as once or twice
a week. You could have soup every day,
thick coffee sweetened with molasses
and a dark colored wheaten bread. That
is free trade diet for workingmen."
"But, Mr. Frye. I couldn't send my
children to the schools." "No, with your
present pride you could not dress them
to your satisfaction to send them to
school; and, indeed, you would need
their services in the mill to help earn the
bread they eat and such clothing as they
wear." "But, Mr. Frye, I could not save
any money; could never bur a home for
my family." "No, you could not, .and the
workers there do not. Inspector Wheatly.
who devoted ten years to a study of the-
condition or the wortungmen ox Knglanfl,
in answer to a question, said: I do not
know of one skilled artisan who owns a
teeeof land or the house standing on
t." Senator Rye's Fourth of July
speech at Woodstock. Conn.
Of UOUKSETHEY ARE INTtHHSrtD.
An Kngilsh Journal Which Realises the
Importance of Cleveland's Election.
The American agents of British indus
tries have not been able yet to muzzle the
entire British press, though strict orders
were sent over weeks ago to the English
free trade newspapers to be silent on
American politics. A recent issue of The
London Sunday Times contains a long ed
itorial on American affairs, supplement
ing their correspondence from this side of
the water. It sees the effect of Cleve
land's policy as clearly as does its greater
namesake, "The Thunderer." The fol
lowing extract shows the drift of the ar
"The electioneering campaign in
America ought to be most interesting to
the English people for historical, politi
cal, philosophical and economic reasons.
The main question at issue is
English free trade against the Continental
system of protection. The republic is on
trial. Good, conservative government
under Cleveland is opposed by the rule or
ruin party of Blaine, whose friends nom
inated Harrison, and who would certainly
be secretary of state under a Harrison
administration. Thus the American peo
ple are directly involved in the contest
through their pockets, which will be af
fected by the tariff, -and their future,
which would be seriously influenced by
the restoration to power of such a fire
brand as Blaine, with-his home rule sym
paties and anti-Canadian policy. The
American election Is infinitely more la-
E irtant to Englishmen than their own
ternal politics lust at this junc
ture, and they should observe' every
vhase.of.the casassig3icl0selx.and iitWWw
stanaingiy. it U'trom tnis point cr vtow
that the copious dispatches to The Sun
day Times are cabled. The mntdc of the
American election will be.'p to decide
many important issues in Great Britain."
New York Dispatch to Philadelphia
nsrrnoa rrotecnonUt-at IV.
To give some notion of the cJhss of '52
at Miami, Gen. Wallace quotes the state
ment of Mr. Lewis W. Ross, of Council
Bluffs, la., who was one of Mr. Harrison's
fifteen classmates. Mr. Ross says:
"This class varied in worldly wealth
and available brains about as other classes
have done. David Swing, of Chicago,
took second honors, and Milton Savior,
now of New York city, took tho first hon
ors. Harrison, in class standing and
merit, ranked abovo tho average Ho
was respectable in languages and sciences,
and excelled in political economy add his
tory. Harrison had a good voice and a
pure diction. He talked easily nuJ lat
ently. The subject of his graduating
address was The Poor of England,' and
his treatment of it showed that ho had
sounded both tho depths and tho causes
of this poverty. lie was a protectionist
at the age of 19. He is a protectionist
still." Review of Wallace's Life of Har
rison. "Short Hair" Chicago "Peiacrwtt,
Chicago Democrats are divided into two
sections, one of which is known as the
"short hair" crowd, and is led by ex-Mayor
Carter Harrison. The "short hairs" have
not had a "smell" of patronage since
President Cleveland came into power.
President Cleveland's course with refer
ence' to Chicago appointments has been
constantly unfavorable to Carter Harrison
and his friends until recently. His ap
pointment of John A. King as postmaster
is tho first recognition they have had.
CoL George R. Davis says that King is a
wealthy wholesale druggist, and in his
opinion the appointment indicates that
President Cleveland wishes to placate all
elements of his party in Illinois, with the
view of trying to carry the state. New
If the tariff on wool 36 per cent. Is
"robbery," as the Democrats claim, what
is tho tariff on sugar which is 83 per
If the tariff on wool Is robbery, what is
the tariff on rice, which is 100 per cent.?
If the object of the Mills bill is to re
duce the revenue by reducing the tariff,
why not reduce the tariff on sugar, which
produces $58,000,000, instead of removing
altogether the tariff on wool, which pro
duces only $5,000,000 revenue?
If the object of reducing the tariff is to
lighten the farmer's burdens why not re
duce it on sugar, which the farmer has to
buy, instead or removing it from wool,
which he raises to sell? Philadelphia
An Apt Comparison.
Troy, N. Y., is a great linen manufact
uring town. It has some of tho largest
factories in the United States, and bears
the same relation to this country as Lon
donderry does to Great Britain and Ire
land The Troy Times has recently been
making an inquiry Into the wages paid in
the two cities. Here is the comparison it
Deny (Ireland). Troy.
Stilted cutters. S160&8 flftQSO
Girls in stitching room v G0Q8 10QU
Girls in launddes 800Q5 19&20
The workmen In the factories at Troy
are practically unanimous for the main
tenace of the tariff. Many of them know
from personal experience the difference
between the two cities in the matter of
Free Trad and the Slav Basinets.
"The removal of so many firms from
large centers to country shops is telling
on us in Lynn," said Luther S. Johnson,
a large shoe manufacturer of Lynn,
Mass., to a Boston Advertiser reporter.
"Talk about free trade, why those coun
try shops are more than a match for us,
and if foreign competition were also added,
I don't know what we should do. Many
shops that have moved away get labor al
most 50 per cent, cheaper than we do.
They are selling shoes for sixty-five cents
that it costs us nearly seventy cents to
make. That five cents a pair is a bifl
Tho North Carolina Democrat) Quarrel.
The violent quarrel which has orison
between the freo trade and protectionist
wings of the Democracy in North Caro
lina should encourage the Republicans to
renewed efforts lu that state. North
Carolina is Republican at heart; tho tar
iff sentiment is strong and deon, and an
earnest, aggressive contest could hardly
fail to securo tho electoral voto of the
stato for the Republican ticket. Phila
Starvation for the fYoffangmcu.
Nathaniel McKay, the well known ship
builder and contractor, has gene to Eu
rope ou a business trip, during which ho
intends to investigate the condition of
labor abroad as compared with its condi
tion here. Just before ho sailed he said:
"1 shall publish the result of my investi
gations so that workingmen may see what
their destiny will be under freo trade
John T. Dunn, of Union county, ex
speaker of the New Jersey assembly, has
loft the Democracy, and says it is a toss
up whether or not he will stump the
state for Harrison. Other Irish-Americans
of Elirabethport will follow his ex
ample. New York Press.
anej An ter Hnrrlaoa.
The Messrs. Lauts and Albert Stover,
large soap manufacturers of Oswego, for
merly for Cleveland, are out for Harrison
and against the Mills bilL Their business
employs a thousand workmen. New York
There is one thing wnien a gooa many
people would like to know, and that b
whether "Mr. Morey," the eminent forger
in the campaign of 1880, is coee more on
the pay roll of the wtiiiT Democratic
r the Engineers,
Engineers on the Great Northern rail
way, England, are given at least nine
hours' rest between one day's labor and
another, as a precaution against accidents.
Griggs What on earth is the matter
with the lady over there? Has she the St
Briggs Oh, no; she's Just trying to put
on a pair of new gloves. Judge.
Adam was not as good as he might liava
been, but he never reeled off lies by the
yard about the pranks of his schooldays,
A doctor's report would properly coma
under the head of the news of the weak,
Mr. Cleveland Beams to be taxing ma
wonted pains with that letter of accept
ance. And he'd better. Hartford Cour-
awtntanla mPar&as had on good
result: It has devetafed a fashianior
walking among women.
Never allude to a dressmaker as Miss
Sew-and-aew. Binghamton Republican,
GROVER TAKES A HEADER.
San Francisco Chronicle.
Gen. Harrison's model speeches are ad
mired by all who hear and read them, and
the Indiana man is gaining friends by
thousands. Those- who know him best
love him best. There is a most striking
contrast between him and Mr. Cleveland,
who In 1884 ran behind his party ticket
and was beaten in his own county, in his
own city and in his own ward, because he
was longest and best known in his own
county, city and ward.
Tho editor of Tho Buffalo News, among
the first New York Democrats to bring
Mr. Cleveland out of obscurity, says there
is little hope of his re-election. He asserts
that the Democratic confidence heard early
in the campaign is no longer heard; that
the betting of two to one has ceased and
the bets are now on odds the other way.
The United States manufactures nearly
four-fifths as much cloth and clothing as
England, one-fourth more than Germany
and a third more than Franco, and its
people use nearly all of it. The pauper
labor of England produces more than
twice as much as its wealthy and poor
alike can afford to buy.
Democratic organs, Including those
with the mugwump barrel attachment,
are busily denying that the Mills bill
means free trade, while to say that it
means protection is the same as saying
that black is white. English supporters
of the Cleveland administration are more
frank in construing the meaning of the
English newspapers are still favoring
the Democratic plan of reducing the sur
plus by sending a large part of it across
the water to British manufacturers.
There are nearly 40,000 members of Re
publican League clubs in Indiana, and the
number is rapidly increasing. Meanwhile
the Democrats are waiting for some one
to open the bungholo and start the bar
The rate of wages in the iron industry
in England has fallen 21 per cent, during
the last twenty-two years. During the
same time wages in the United States
have risen in some branchesover 50 per
THE MILL8 BILL.
It la Oao Long Discrepancy Some of Its
The Mills bill is one long discrepancy,
first, because it does not make its reduc
tions evenly, so that all would share the
retrenchment of protection alike; second,
because in making reductions haphazard,
it nearly always hits hardest the finished
product. Here are some examples, the
Imports and duties being for 1887:
Take two agricultural products sugar
and wooL Sugar, whose price has been
advanced by a trust, and which pays $58,
016. 68R, every penny out of the consumer's
pocket, is reduced a fifth, so that the price
to you, which moves by cents and not
fractions, will not be cheapened. Wool,
which pays $5,899,816 on one-fourth of
our consumptioa, and whose duty lowers
price by stimulating product, so that the
consumer does not pay all the tax, la de
prived of all protection and made free
Needles are made free, iron ore is left
under old duty.
Tin plate Is made free, the sheet iron
out of which tin plate must be made and
all that lies behind is left with a duty of
35 to 70 per cent.
Wood screws, made in a Democratic
district in Connecticut, unchanged; cut
tacks and sprigs, made in New Jersey and
elsewhere, reduced in duty one-half.
Cotton ties, free; the hoop iron of which
cotton ties are made, 35 per cent.
Structural iron, which requires special
machinery and special skill to roll it, six
tenths of a cent a pound; Iron and steel
beams which do not, seven-tenths of a
cent per pound.
Steel flat, advanced by longitudinal
ribs, ready to make fencing, four-tenths
of a cent a pound, say 30 percent.; the
same flat at on earlier stage, 45 per cent.
Burlaps, under sixty Inches in width,
free; over sixty Inches, 25 por cent. both
made in the United States one deprived,
the other given protection.
Jute bags for grain, free; jute bags for
potatoes, three-eighths of a cent per
Raisins, grown in California, cut down
one-third; peanuts, grown In southern
states, cut down one-fourth; oranges,
grown in Florida, close state, untouched,
Freestone, granite and sandstone, un
dressed, northern building stone, free;
marble, undressed, Tennessee product,
forty cents per cubic foot.
China, clay and kaolin, dug in Virginia
and other southern states, $3 per ton; the
china made out of it in New Jersey, plain,
reduced from 55 to 40 per cent. ; decorated,
60 to 50 per cent.
Pig iron, made, we aro glad to say, in
twelve southern Btates, reduced from
$6.72 per ton; to $6; steel pens, made in
Camden, N. J., and elsewhere, reduced
from twelve cents per gross to 35 per
cent., equal to two cents per gross.
Lastly, the worst discrepancy about
the Mills bill is that while it pretends to
reduce the revenue from duties, it will
increase the revenue by stimulating im
ports. New York Press.
DEMOCRACY AND THE TRUSTS.
The Three If est Gigantic Monopolies In
Frist ence Are In Its Control.
From this time forth no Democrat need
open liis lips to say a word against trusts.
He and his party are hopelessly committed
In support of this peculiar form of mo
nopoly. The vote in the house on the
sugar amendment to the Mills bill fixes
the last link in the chain of damning evi
dence. These are the three great monop
olies, the managers of which control
prices at their will: The Standard oil
trust, the sugar trust and the whisky
The first of these is the most gigantic
monopoly In the world. It crushes all
opposition and fixes the price of a uni
versally used commodity with the utmost
nicety. No man may buy a gallon of
kerosene or other coal oil products at a
price less than that which the Standard
041 trust has made for him. The Standard
Oil trust ramifies into every branch of the
government, into every department of
commerce Its representative in Mr.
Cleveland's cabinet is Mr. Whitney, sec
retary of the navy. Its representative in
the senate is Mr. Payne, senator from
Oslo. Its representatives in the house
are J. H. Othwaite. of Columbus, O., and
W. L. Scott, of Erie, Pa. All these gen
tlemen are Democrats
Tne largest consumer or tin piate m tne
United States is the Standard oil trust.
That concern demands that tin plate,
used for its packages, shall be placed on
the free list. The obedient servants of
the Standard oil trust have reduced tho
tariff ou tin plate in tho Mills bill so that
the duty is to be placed at its lowest pos
sible notch. The demand for the reduc
tion of tho duty on tin plate comes from
tio other source than that of the great
many armed polypus the Standard oil
trust. Newark Advertiser.
The Campaign of 188S.
Either the Tennessee Republicans are
unusually active or else The Louisville
Courier-Journal war.ts to frighten the
Democrats of that state, for it claims to
have private Information that tho Repub
licans are planning to carry Tennessee by
a still hunt. The weak points of the
Democrats, it says, are divisions and dif
ferences hi their own rauks and the hos
tility of the manufacturers.
Tno Democrats in Massachusetts ars
robably tho worst rattled political organ
ration in any state. They have held no
ratification meeting as yet, and no date
Ljias bdestfixed for one. They expected to
persuauo congressman tiusseii to run zor
governor, but he positively refuses. Gen.
Butler predicts a Republican majority of
at least 80,000. Evidently the Mugwumps
aro spending no money this year in Massa
chusetts. The California Democrats were informed
that if they would nioko au effort to carry
that state they could have a "sack" of
money from tile east. So they havo be
gun to work the Chinese question by per
suading tho Chinese residents to get up
meetings and express their satisfaction
over the nomination of Harrison.
A Republican campaign in Vermont
nover showed as much activity and enthu
siasm as the present one does, and it will
not need any unusual expenditure of
money to bring the majority next month
abovo the figures for some years past.
Tho effort of the Democratic Springfield
Republican to discount the effect in ad
vance will hardly succeed.
A Question of Bread and nutter.
Of what avail is a cheaper suit of clothes
or a cheaper blanket if you have not the
money to buy either one or the other? We
are fighting now for the existence of our
mills and factories. Fighting to keep
them open. Fighting to keep nearly a
million men and women employed right
hero in these three states. Fighting
to keep them from swooping down, im
pelled by hunger and tho desire for em
ployment, upon the absolutely protected
occupations and reducing wages In their
eagerness for bread. It is a question of
bread and butter, not of politics. New
A Change of Banners.
The Democrats aro already very tired
of tho red bandanna as an emblem. They
are making desperate efforts to change tho
subject from dirty handkerchiefs to Chi
nese flags. As Mr. Cleveland Is now, un
der the facts brought out by their own
too hasty investigations, recognized as a
friend of Chinese immigration, the Chi
nese flag will suit admirably as a Demo
cratic banner. Virginia (Nov.) Enter
prise. tittle Faith In "Experts."
I confess that I attach no sort of Im
portance to the question whether the signa
tures are declared to bo genuine by experts,
because I myself could so closely imitate Mr.
Paraell's signature that no expert would bo
able to Vfclngnih between bis name written
by himself and written by me. In proof of
this, I make tho following sporting offer to
The Times, to experts, or to any one else
who will take up the challenge. I will sub
mit twenty sheets of paper signed C. S. Par
nell, and I will make a bet that it will be Im
possible to say which are genuine signatures
and which are not. Any ono who takes
this bet shall have full opportunity to study
the twenty sheets, and may call to his aid all
the experts in the world, N. IS. 'I am a man
of business, and, as I am ready to stake the
money, I shall expect any one taking up this
challenge to do the same. Henry Labouchere
In Loudon Truth.
An Administration Trick.
The straits to which the Democrats
have been driven by the exposure of their
unpatriotic attitude on the tariff question
are well Illustrated by the campaign docu
ment issued (at the public expense) by
Land Commissioner otocKslager and de
scribed in the Washington despatches to
Tho Tribune. The report claims that tho
administration has added over two million
acres of land to the public domain, and n
sample "restoration1' is that of 32,400
acres of Northern Pacific lands, which had
been located on the wrong side of a sur
veyor's line. This land was "restored"
to tho government by giving the Northern
Pacific railroad 22,400 acres on the oppo
site side of the line in question in its
stead. This is the sort of thimblerigging
that the Democratic administration is in
dulging in to catch votes. Now York
Tapping the Democratic Bar!.
A secret circular from the Democratic
headquarters in North Carolina, which lias
somehow gained publicity, contains a
piteous call for campaign funds, and in
the event that they are not forthcoming
prophesies defeat for Cleveland. With
states hitherto Democratic becoming more
doubtful every day, the party certainly
has need of all the aid it can get from
Jay Gould, the Standard Oil Interests,
Nickel-plate Briee, monopolist Scott, and
the rest. At the rate the barl is being
tapped now, it must be a big one to hold
out. Indianapolis Journal.
The Canadians Becognlxe It.
That Mr. Cleveland's efforts to bring
about free trade and the consequent ben
efits to Great Britain are appreciated by
the Canadians, la shown by the following
clipping from The Toronto World: "Fol
lowing President Cleveland's last message
the Mills bill, approved by the Democratie
majority in the nouse, would be an im
portant step toward free trade, while it Is
equally certain that the bill now being
framed by Republican senators will
strongly affirm both the principles and
practices of protection.'
Gen. Harrison's Speeches.
The Democratic papers are saying In
general terms that Gen. Harrison Is mak
ing entirely too many speeches for a
presidential candidate, and that they are
of poor quality. The fact is if they
thought so they would say nothing about
it. Cindnnat! Commercial Gazette.
The Democrats want to call It "Pro
gressive Free Trade. Is creeping paraly
sis any better than the nor sudden kind!
o stepmone a-oannie wrenoas is.
Well paid labor has become one of the
corner stones of the Republican party,
and therefore its representatives in con
gress pertinaciously resist the Mills bill.
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DEMOCRATIC CAMPAIGN LIES.
of the hiiftiHil Attempts Already
Had to lajmra Hantaan.
It is finite evident that tho managers of
the Pet aocratic campaign have Issued or
ders t make a simultaneous attack along
the whole line, to stop, if possible, the
wholesale stampede ox workingmen from
then party into the ranks of the one
devoted to protection to American Indus
try. On no other hypothesis can the
present outbreak of lies against Gen.
Harrison be accounted for. The Journal
proposes to catalogue a, few of the baldest
and most notorious lies that have come
to its notice, with the liars who utter
them or are made responsible for them,
wherever they can be identified:
Lie No. 1. That at a meeting In this
city in 1877 Gen. Harrison sala to the
railroad strikers that he would have every
train run, or "wade in blood to his finger
tips." This lie, in this special form, is
credited to "Uncle" Ben Zahm, of Rood
Lie No. 2. That at a meeting in this
city in 1877 Gen. Harrison sola to the
railroad strikers: "Were I governor I
would force yon back, or you "would be
shot down like dogs." This lie. sub
stantially in this form, has been repeated
a number of tunes, but as quoted here is
attributed to one E. F. Gould, of this city,
and Is printed as coming from him in The
New York Herald
Lie No. 8. That Gen. Harrison said to
the railroad strikers: "Your wages afford
you a living. Workingmen do not need
fie, cake or sugar. All these are luxuries
hat you seldom enjoy. A dollar a day
and two meals, consisting of good breaa,
butter and sow belly, is enough for any
workingman." This lie is also credited
to E. F. Gould, and is printed as coming
from bun in The New York Herald.
Lie No. 4. A letter to The Journal says
that on a train of the Pittsburg. Fort
Wayne and Chicago railroad the conduc
tor handed the writer the following,
written on yellow manifold paper, on type
writer, accredited to The Milwaukee Dafly
"GOOD PBOTBCTfONlBT DOCTBHrB.
" 'Better for the workingmen that they
be willing to content themselves to work
for ten cents per day rather than incur
the risk of being thrown out of employ
ment by then masters, because of their
efforts, by means of organization, to se
cure increase of wages. A dune will buy
two loaves of bread, and water can be
had for asking. Even this poor fare is
better when eaten in Independence than
that doled out by the hand of charity.
. "These words were uttered by Benja
min Harrison, the Republican nominee for
the presidency, while making a speech at
Attica, Ind., during his gubernatorial
campaign against Blue Jeans Williams in
The conductor who handed this slip to
The Journal correspondent says It was
"being busily circulated by a Mr. Reed,
lost car accountant of the Pennsylvania
Lie No. 5. Mr. E. F. Gould, of this city,
in his New York Herald Interview, repeats
tius lio about the Attica speech in sub
stantially the same words.'
Lie No. 6. The Golden (Colo.) Transcript
quotes a letter, which it says was written
by Mr. Condon, of Bloomington, His., to a
countryman and personal friend in this
city, in which he says:
"Ben Harrison stated here eight years
ago, in Durly hall, in this city, that it was
a well known fact that the Irish race fur
nished most of the occupants of the peni
tentiaries, and that the only thing he
knew to be good in us was to shovel dirt
and grade railroads."
Lie No. 7 et aL These refer, generally,
to Gen. Harrison's relations to the soldiers
under his command; that ho was harsh
and cruel; stringing men up by the
thumbs for light offenses; neglected the
sick and dying of his command, etc., etc.,
and that out of 145 members of his com
mand In this city 93 declare that they will
vote for Cleveland.
As to each and all of the others, The
Journal desires to mako a job lot of them,
and of any others of similar import or
purport, and to say that such of them, and
all of them, in essence, in spirit, in form
and substance, in word, phrase and sen
tence, in every possible aspect, are pure,
unmitigated, baseless, venomous false
hoods, and the men and the papers mak
ing themselves responsible for them, in
any way, are common liars ana slanderers.
SLAVERY AND FREE TRADE.
A High Protective Tariff Necessary to tht.
Prosperity of the Country.
From the year 1824 to 1832 the country
was in s prosperous condition. Why?
Because there was a high protective tariff,
and Henry Clay said it was the most pros
garous period of the administration. But
lay, at the dictation of the southern
leaders, submitted in 1833 a bill known
as the "compromise tariff." which, as
soon as it became a law, was felt all over
the country, business of all kinds became
depressed, and in 1837 a great panic broke
out and continued until 1840. Previous
to 1840 the working people began to com
bine and the' nominated the grandfather
of the Republicans' present candidate
applause, and by their united efforts
V,a WM iutHt wu vlptrtrttna Tn lfi.12
a new tariffbul was enacted, and it was J
surprising to see how soon the free soup
houses were closed and the men who had
been seen lounging on the Btreetswere
nowhere visible, mills were opened and
everything denoted prosperity.
I came to America a free trader of good
old Welsh extraction, but I soon began to
investigate the platform of the two par
ties and I found that the Democratic party
were the advocates of Blavcry and also the
advocates of free trade. They were the
people who tried to break up the Union,
while the Republican party was just the
reverse. I began to study, and found that
the south were free traders and slave
holders and against the interests of this
country, and particularly of the laboring
men of the north.
I am a protectionist because I believe in
an American standard of labor on Ameri
:an wages. Whenever the Democratic
papers quote prices they always quote
English prices. I don't know what for,
tinless "it's English, you know."
A man told me once he was converted a
free trader in a theater one evening, be
cause a man near him -had a suit on which
he had purchased from a fashionable tailor
and paid $55, while the suit be had on
only cost him $25. which he purchased in
London. But here note the difference
in the prices paid for the labor. In Lon
don the tailor received four shillings for
the making of the suit, while in this
country the tailor received $2.50 and the
cutter $4. Do you expect to get a suit
of clothes for the same money when the
wages are three tunes as much as in Eng
land? The puddlers in Philadelphia get
$4 per ton and in England $1.62. John
Jarrett to Philadelphia Workingmen.
ENGLAND'S GREAT INTEREST.
Extracts from British Jwntla Showing
Their Sympathy with Cleveland.
It is useless for Democratic organs to
belittle the strong preference expressed
by the British press for the success of the
Democratio ticket, or to endeavor to blind
the people as to its significance. Ameri
cans thoroughly realize one thing and
they will be governed by the consid
eration when they go to the polls in No
vember. England doss not desire the
election of Grover Cleveland through any
love of us or for the benefit of our indus
tries. 8he has always sought to secure
a monoDoly of the marketa.of. the .world
ana u sne oenevea tnst tne uemocratle
policy would be to our advantage Instead
of to her own. she would not be found en
couraging it. Some of the British papers
have oeen frank enough to admit what
would be the result of the success of
that policy and how they are interested:
"In the cosiest botweea Mr. Harrison
and Mr. Cleveland." says The London
People, "it la not to Mr. Harrison that
this country should wish success. For
the question at issue Is. broadly speaking,
s question of free trade against protec
tion." "British sympathies." says the Edin
burgh Scotsman, "cannot fail to bo on the
side of President Cleveland. The Repub
licans have chosen to ally themselves with
the enemies of this country."
"The Republican cause, says the Man
chester Examiner, "will not commend
itself to English Liberals. They cannot
but regret that a great party should make
tho exploded doctrine of protection a
leading plank in its platform."
"The central issue of the contest." savs
Tho London Globe, "lies between the
maintenance of the present fiscal system
intact and its modification in the direction
of freo trade. And on that broad question
Mr. Cleveland's candidature naturally
and necessarily carries English sympa
thy." "Tho electoral conflict now in progress,"
says The London News, "is a conflict be
tween free trade and protection and noth
"Tho only time England can use an
Irishman." says The London Times, "is
when he emigrates to America and votes
for freo trade."
In tho face of such expressions as these
from representative British journals, isn't
It time for Amerlcans'to consider whether
thby can afford to support a candidate and
a policy so highly favored by onr commer
cial rivals and enemies? Buffalo News.
Gould and tho Democratic Canvass.
The Democratic managers have begun
to deny the story about the close relations
existing between Jay Gould and the clique
in charge of the free trade canvass, but
sside from the fact that it was at first os
tentatiously given out at their headquar
ters, there is ample evidence that Mr.
Gould sees In Cleveland's re-election his
main chance for the perpetuation of his
telegraph monopoly. Besides this, Mr.
Gould is heavily interested In legislative
schemes now pending In Washington,
and which, having started with the
powers now in control, must be carried
through by them. A change of adminis
tration would, therefore, seriously inter
fere with the success of his plans. The
Democratie committee was at first elated
by the visit paid them by Dr. Norvin
Green, -as well as with the $10,000 check
that has followed it, but they are begin
ning to realize now that there is too much
monopoly and railroad patronage coming
to them, and fear that it will have a bad
effect on the working classes, already
mado less than lukewarm by the tariff
agitation. For this reason they have
started in to disown the Gould crowd in
public, though they are secretly hanking
on some large sized checks from them in
the near future. New York Letter.
He Ought to Wear Bristles.
The Boston Globe, which has been can
vassing New England to find a manufact
urer who is not opposed to the Mills bill.
Is delighted with the opinions of a Mr.
Dempsey, who, it is alleged, owns a
bleachery in Lewiston, Me., and expresses
himself as follows. But let us
see what this gentleman wants. He is
partially satisfied with the Mills bill bo
cause it gives him freo raw materials
without touching the tax on goods bo as to
effect them; but even this is not enough,
for ho insists that the duty on fine
woolens, linens and cottons should be
largely increased so as to enable our
manufacturers to compete with foreign
ers, who now get "the cream of the
trade." That man should not wear wool,
cotton or linen; bristles would becomo
him better. He's a hog, as is any other
man who asks comrrcss to protect his
business by laying a heavy duty on his
goods, and at the same tlmo havo other
people at the mercy of the foreigners by
abolishing all duties on what they pro
duce. Concord (N. H.) Mirrorand Ameri
can. Verily, It Is Enough.
The estimato that English mannfse
turers havo subscribed nearly 2.000.000
or $10,000,000 to tho Democratic cam
paign fund means that at any rate they
aro deeply Interested in forcing open tho
doors of tho American market. Where
there Is so much smoke there is a good
deal of fire. Nobody knows just what the
amount of their subscriptions is. but It is
enough for true incorruptible Americans
to know that tho are subscribing. New
Why Ben Butler Opposes Free Wool.
Gen. Bntler gives his reason for oppos
ing freo wool as follows: "I oppose free
wool now. because if we admit it to the
free list wo can't keep our granger friends
next year from taking off tho tariff on tho
manufactured goods. Our tariff system
has been carefully adjusted by long effort
and the greatest care. We can't afford
to pull any of tho props from under it."
And Still They Come.
Republicanism Is rampant In tho city of
Troy. Five Democratic ex -mayors of that
city have announced their intention to
support Harrison and Morton. Look out
for a Republican tidal wave in November.
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle.
Foroa of Imagination.
Bertie's Mother What is that man calling
on the street f
Bertie Why, dont you know, mammal
He says, ''RJght-this-way-httle-boy-for-ber
Bertie gets tha cent. Detroit Freo Press.
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A. ANDERSON. Pres't.
J. H. GALLKY, Vice Pres't.
O. ANDERSON, P. ANDERSON.
JACOB UREISEN. HENRY RAOATZ.
JOHN J. SULLIVAN. W. A. McAIJJBTEB.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
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