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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 15, 1888)
COLUMBUS, NEB. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 15, 1888.
WHOLE NO. 953.
VOL. XIX -NO. 17.
Cash Capital - $100,000.
LEANDEK 5EK11AK1. PreVt.
KO. V. 1IULST. Vice Pres'L
JULIUS A. KKK1).
It. II. 1IKNKY.
J. K. TASK Kit. Canhicr.
Baik of lpoHlt lUroal
CellectloBN Iroilly :lnlc o
, SHELDON, Prea't.
W. A. McALLlSTEK, Vice Pits'.
C. A. NKWMAN. Cashier.
DANIEL SCIIltAM, Ahh'I Ciudi.
HEOKKH. H. P. H. OEHLKICH,
JONAS WELCH. CAUL KE1NKK,
11. M. W1NSLOW.
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WHO PULLS THE STRING!
Sun Francisco Chronicle.
TENDENCY -TOWARDS PROTECTION.
Colonies Thoroughly Answer the
Tho tendency of tho times, outside of
tho Democratic party in America, is to
wnnl protection. Even tho colonial de
pendencies of Great Britain aro strongly
aglbiting' tho question of tho advisability
of protecting their home Industries, and
tho parliament of New Zealand has actu
ally adopted a stringent protective tariff.
Tho case of Now Zealand is highly sug
gestive. Tho freo traders mado a bilter
fight, but wero eventually worsted, after
a number of divisions In parliament. This
fight was between members of one com
mon country, and not between members of
rival governments. The idea of upbuild
ing tho manufactures of Birmingham and
Manchester to tho detriment of our own,
seems to have found an overlasting abid
ing place in tho breast of tho Democratic
party, notwithstanding tho fact that Eng
lishmen aro not our countrymen, aro
under no obligations whatever to assist
us in timo of war or invasion, and are act
uated solely by motives of personal aggran
dizement, not altogether unnatural on
their part. Tho only unnatural thing
about it is tho perslstencywith which the
Democrats advocato a doctrine, tho adop
tion of which by our government would
stop tho wheels of progress and bring
about an industrial depression from which
a century of timo would hardly bo suffi
cient to recover.
Tho fact that another British colony has
wen fit to adopt tho doctrino of protec
tion, whllo a portion of our countrymen
aro endeavoring to bring about a condi
tion under which tho work of our labor
ing men shall bo done abroad, is very In
structive. It was proved by tho New Zealand
premier to tho satisfaction of parliament
that protection mado it posslblo to manu
facture blankets and other articles ut a
less cost tlian they could bo imported,
whllo tho freo traders contended that the
prosperity of thou- country would bo pro
moted by raising wool, exporting it to
England, get it manufactured there and
bring it back In that shape. Insurance and
freight being paid both ways. Not only
is tho expense of transportation elimi
nated, but employment is furnished to
homo labor by making its blankets at
homo. To eum It up, thoy would export
a hido for six pence and buy back tho tall
for a crown.
Thcso freo trado theories aro a mass of
contradictions and absurdities, and their
advocacy In this .country by tho Demo
cratic party conclusively shows that thoir
knowledge of fiscal science Is very meager,
and tliat their genius docs not run In that
direction. Their stock In trado consists
of generalities that do not glitter ox
dazzle the minds of tho thinking portion
of our countrymen.
Heretofore tho principjo of tariff for
revenue only governed tho fiscal opera
tions of Now Zealand. Their total rove
nuo for the year ending March 31, 1887,
was 3,031.445, of -which tho custom
houso furnished only about ono-thlrd of
that amount. It has been -their earnest
endeavor to grow rich and populous, and
thoy held out flattering inducements to
emigrants. Largo debts wero accumu
lated in tho construction and equipment
of railroads, for tbo accommodation of in
comera, until in 1880, with a population
of only 578.482, it had piled up over $187,
91)2,75 of indebtedness. With not quit
double tho population of Buffalo It had
succeeded In Impoverishing Its peoplo by
clinging to tho suicidal policy of freo
trade and allowing unchecked competition
with its homo industries. Peoplo could
find no remunerative employment, and it
was a realization of the necessity of pro
tection that produced tho agitation and
adoption of its principles. Beforo. tho
only employment for her peoplo was
lalwringin tho open field; now a radical
chango will bo made by providing manu
Those colonies of Great Britain who rely
on protection for tho development of their
resources, do not receive tho denunciation
which British free traders cast upon this
No English colony has produced a Cleve
land working to eradicate native indus
tries, for tho benefit of the mother coun-
But n few years and New South Wales,
Queensland, Tasmania and Victoria will
follow Canada and New Zealand and have
a strong protectivo tariff. Franco, Russia
and Germany and other principal Euro
pean countries are fast becoming convinced
of tho absoluto necessity of protection.
President Cleveland in a thorough con
vert to tho system of international ex
changes promulgated by Adam Smith, and
advocated by the Cobden club, and al
though it moans a prostitution of our
industries, the Democratic press and
party applaud and diligently labor to ob
tain its adoption, but the patriotism of
the peoplo is a bar to tho attainment of
their expectations. Buffalo News.
A THOUGHTFUL ARTICLE.
What Is tbo Grand Issue in the ComlBg
There are three parties In tho contest,
each of which will put forward a special
idea, on the ground of which it will ask
for the suffrages of the people. The Dem
ocratic party will push free trado to the
front, while the Republican narty will
maenif v orotection. and tho third Dartv
will glorify prohibition. All these are
questions of living interest to the nation,
and deserve careful thought and treat
ment; but they aro all incidental, and not
ono of them is fundamental. On every
ono of them men may honestly agree to
differ without Imperiling tho life or even
tho well being of tho republic.
But there is one question of supreme
and-fnndamental importance Involved in
this contest about which patriotic men
cannot differ, and on the right settlement
of which depends the life of republican
institutions. That question is one of a
free ballot and an honest count. If these
cannot be secured, it Is idlo to talk of a
constitutional, government. Let it not be
forgotten that this Is a government of the
people, and that the fundamental principle
on which it rests is the rule of the ma
jority. Just the moment the majority,
by a free ballot and an honest count, is
made impossible, that moment the foun
dation of the government Is gone, and
any attempt to exercise its functions is
practically revolution or usurpation.
Only a majority expressing its will
through honest ballots, honestly counted,
has any right to role in this country. A
majority secured in any other way, either
hv Tmttino- ifl yptgy jn mortal peril or by
suppressing niB oaiioi. ta tsunpie auarcnr
and rebellion. And the government ad
ministered by such a majority would be a
fraud, having no right of authority under
tho constitution, and no claim to tho re
spect and obedience of tho people.
And Is not this the style of government
nnder which tho American peoplo are liv
ing today? Can any intelligent and can
did man suppose that Grover Clovcland
was legally elected president of the
United States? A solid south means in
timidation and fraud. It is simply notori
ous that the Republican vote la Huppressed
throughout tho south wherever It would
endanger Democratic supremacy. Louis
iana has a majority of 80.000 colored peo
(ilo, every one of whom would voto tho
lepublican ticket as naturally t a dock
takes to the water, and yet in the recent
election the Democrats carried the stato
by more than 00,000 majority. Mississippi
has a majority of 170,000 colored people,
and still tho stato Is carried by over
whelming Democratic majorities. South
Carolina also has a colored majority of
some 220.000, but all the same the Demo
crats roll up their Immense majorities.
Now does it need to bo said that a fair
voto and an honest count would give all
thoso states to tho Repdbllcanfl, and that
If cither of them had been permitted to
cast Its voto fairly aud legally, tho pre
eut administration could not nave been
elected? The usurpation, therefore, is
complete, and tho question is. Low long
can tho government stand after Its foun
dation is gone, arid how long will the peo
ple consent to have their rights taken
from them by violence and fraud?
Is it not clear, then, that the supreme
Issue In the coming election is the rule of
tho majority tho fundamental law of
the republic? That law has beeuinsus
penso these four years, so that the very
existence of the government Is threatened
for lack of constitutional support. It is
all very well to talk of free trade or
tariff or prohibition as affecting good gov
ernment ono way or another, but It Is idle
to exalt an incident of good government
into tho importance of ft basal principle,
which involves tho life of tho government
In tho dark days of the war we forgot
incidentals and went for the main thing
the llfo of tho nation. For this wo laid
upon tho altar eight billions of trcasuro
and 800,000 6plendld lives. But now.
when tho constitution is equally violated
and usurpation and revolution aro lording
it over us, there are men who are shout
ing themselves hoarso over certain evils
incident to tho government, while they
aro exerting their direst might to destroy
tho party that saved an imperiled nation,
and that now stands battling for tho very
foundation of tho government as ex
pressed in a freo ballot and an honest
count. Theso men claim superior in
telligence and virtue, and yet seem de
termined to 6triko down the only arm
stretched out to rescue tho country from
thoso who aro putting in jeopardy its
peace and life. Tholssuoof today is tho
issue of twenty-five years ago; only shifted
from the battlefield to tho ballot box. It
Is still to bo determined whether the
Union, under tho constitution and accord
ing to the constitution, shall bo preserved
in Its Integrity , or whether it shall per
ish at the hands of lawless and usurping
Tho Republican party saved tho Union,
and its miartlon will not be ended until
tho votd thrown in Louisiana and Missis
sippi and South Carolina shall be as free
ana as honestly counted as It is In Massa
chiisftts. Matters of Dolicvcanbo dis
cussed and emphasized according to their
nature and relative importance, but when
wo come to a question which involves the
very life of tho republic there can bo but
ono opinion and one courso of action.
The Democratic party was tho party of
treason and rebellion, and is weighed
down by a history that ought to sink it
forever. It is now tho party of usurpa
tion, and has no more right, by an honest
vote and a fair count, to control t!:- gov
ernment of this country than it has to
control tho government of England.
Thi3 is tho party, howover, which cer
tain cultured, high toned gentlemen, like
President Eliot, of Harvard college, pro
poso to help to another usurpation. In
order that free trade, or some other hobby
may prevail, they would put tho republic
In mortal peril of its life. These are the
men from whom the youth of the country
are learning their lessons of patriotism,
of honor, and of civic duty as American
citizens. They started out under tne
banner of civil service reform; thoy have
ended under the banner of the cheat, tho
spoilsman and tho usurper.
If the republic Is to survive It will bo
by keeping its covenants and walking in
the order of its own constitution. Thoy
will servo it best who hold It to Its fun
damental law, and who will stand by the
party that will stand by the guarantees
of the constitution. Watertown (Mass.)
It Helps Both Way.
President Cleveland's plurality over Mr.
Blaine in Now Jersey in 188-1 was 4,412.
There are many more peoplo than that
employed in the potteries of Trenton
alone, and tho Democratic houso of repre
sentatives expresaly rejected a motion to
striko out the section of the Mills bill re
ducing pottery duties. The bill, as it
passed the house, reduced tho duty on
decorated china and porcelain from CO to
SO per cent, ad valorem; that on unorna
mented ware, from 53 to W per cent.; that
on brown earthenware and common stone
ware, from 25 to 20 per cent., and that oti
all other earthen, stone and crockery ware,
from 55 to 83 per cent.
The Press of April 8 showed the differ
ence In wages between Trenton and Staf
fordshire potters. A man who made 85
shillings a week in Staffordshire, or $9.70,
can make $ 18 per week in Trenton. Fe
molo helpers who made from tl-75 to
(8.50 in Staffordshire make 4.C0 to $7.50
in Trenton. In other words, Trenton
wages are more than double the wages
paid by English potterka. Inconsequence
of theso low English wages it is easily
seen that English potteries give tho Amer
ican product a fight for the home market
now, and that If pottery duties axe low
ered wages must come oown or tho manu
facturers go out of 'buslnesa-
Whcn it is remembered that china costs
tho consumer less than half what It cost
in 1853, beforo the Morrill tariff had made
a city of potteries spring up at Trenton,
while it still pays the producers over twice
as well as they are paid abroad, it seems
plain enough to satisfy any intelligent
workingman that protection protects labor
both, ways, both as a consumer and as a
producer. What are the New Jersey
workingmen going to do about it? New
A Sccttoaal BUL
The following littlo table well exposes
the sectional character of tho Democratic
Louisiana sugar C8 per cent, duty
Southern rice laaj per cent, duty
Northern lumber .No duty
Northern wool No duty
Northern salt. ........................... .No duty
Northern beans and peas No duty
Northern vegetables No duty
Northern flax (not dressed), No duty
Northern brick .No duty
Northern tin plate , .No duty
Northern limo No duty
They Wast "Boodle."
Calvin S. Biice, tho chairman of the
national Democratic campaign com
mittee, has attained tho thirty-fourth
degree In statesmanship in the Bourbon
scale. He is one of tho biggest and most
arrogant of the railroad monopolists, and
Ids barrel, which holds $ 20,0&n 000, is
filled up to tho brim. St. Lonls Globe-Democrat.
TARIFF AND EDUCATION.
Free Trade Would Destroy the Tree Basis
of Oar Govern ipwt.
Is not the discussion of the tariff con
ducted upon a basis much below what the
best interests of those most concerned
Tho main argument Is. that under the
effect ivo operation of a protective tariff
manufacturers and working capitalists
aro ablo to pay larger wages to their op
eratives and laborers than under a tariff
for revenue only, or any system approach
ing free trade. That this proposition is
truo and tho argument sound can be con
clusively shown. But tho argument
which stops with telling tho workingman
tliat under a protective tariff ho Is In re
ceipt of higher wages; that ho can eat
more meat, better bread and butter and
more of it, and wear better clothes' than
his brother workman In England and on
tho Continent; which does not bring tho
discussion up to a higher piano than mere
physical needs and advantages, is fraught
with error and is worthy only of the poli
tician, who once a year can trust his hand
in tho strong hand of the laboring man
and ask him for his vote.
Tho error lies in this: The argument
leaves the impression and tends to make
the laboring masses of our citizenship
feel that they aro tho wards of the na
tion, and that tho nation and its law
making powers aro bound to protect them
in all that pertains to their physical wel
fare. Instead of the true view that they
are the strength and backbone of the na
tion, that thoy are freo men, each an in
dividual member of a commonwealth of
freemen, and as such Ixmnd to hold fast
and sacredly guard thobe privileges which
shall onablo them to exerclso intelligently
and preserve unimpaired to their children
their liberties and rights as freemen.
Granting, what it 13 presumed no one
will deny, that love of country and tho
perpetuation of her democratic institu
tions are things most dear and desirablo
to every patriotic American, regardless of
party affiliations, wo como to the ques
tion, How is this end to be secured?
None are so blind as not to see that upon
tho education of tho laboring masses of
her citizens must depend the safety and
Integrity of tho nation and her institu
tions. Henry Ward Beecher gave terso utter
ance to the truth In the expression. 'We
must educate or we must perish." Tliat
great philosopher in Prance, and ox
pounder of the philosophy of law, Mon
tesquieu, saw the need but could not
reach tho goal of his desires. His words
are: "Tho laws of education are tho first
that we receive, and prepare us to bo citi
zens. Thoy aro different In each form of
government, and in each have a different
object; In the republics they havo for
their object virtue. This vlrtuo
may be defined, tho love of law and of
country. All depends, thon, In a repub
lic, upon the establishment of this love;
and it Is to inspire it that education
ought to receive tho highest attention."
Montesquieu's Spirit of Laws, Book IV,
The fanner, tho agricultural laborer
and tho wago worker In tho cities and
manufacturing establishments mako up
an enormous majority of tho voters of tho
nation, Theso men by ballot choso their
representatives and agents: not to tell
them what laws they need, not to Instruct
them in tho art of government, but to
embody hi proper form, and as their agents
provide- for the execution of such laws as
tho voters, as principals, think necessary
for the promotion of then best Interests.
Nor do they this unwisely or without in
telligent exerclso of thoir rights and
powers- By tho policy of their govern
ment, in the exercise of their sovereign
powers they have provided for themselves,
and placed within tho reach of every indi
vidual schools, and other means of educa
tion, In manner and extent unknown to
any other people. They havo availed
themselves of these means their Intelli
gence has provided until they havo at
tained a degree of intellectual advanco
meut and development nncqualcd In any
country, by reason of which thoy aro'able
to copo with, and think and act Intelli
gently upon questions of polloy
and of government, upon which
citizens of the same class In
other countries have no tlmo or
Inclination or ability to think. Their
children growing up under such Influ
ences, surrounded by and listening dally
to tbo conversation of tho fathers, or
reading daily of the printed discussions
on theso gravo subjects, educated in tho
principles of self government, imbued
with truo notions of tho liberty and Indo-
pendenco which Is theirs under tho insti
tutions and government of tho state of
which they form a part, early learn to
lovo those institutions, and early become
familiar with tho principles and opera
tions of that government.
The danger then is not from within,
but from without. Tho first great danger
arises from the Importation of foreign
elements which refuse to assimilate with
the nativo strength of our na(4on; which
Ignore our habits of thought and system
of advancement and development, and by
their Influence tear down the fabric of
our government by scorning and chilling
tho love for Us Independence and Its In
stitutions. Guards against this, danger
have been to somo extent erected, and
But another danger lies in the whole
sale and untrammeled importation of the
products of tho poorly paid, poorly fed,
poorly clothed and more poorly educated
labor of foreign countries. When the
wage workers and laborers of this nation
shall, through free trade measures, bo
forced to compete with tho low, starva
tion wages of tho old countries of Europe,
with tho -decline of wages to that low
level, the educational facilities which are
tho boast and pride of our nation will dis
appear, for they by whoso strength and
intelligence they were maintained are no
longer ablo to avail themselves of them;
tho intellectual development in which is
its hope of safety must cease to movo on,
because tho energy and active intelligence
to which It owed its onward movement
are things of the past: tho Independent
manhood which was its bulwark of defense
will bo no longer known, because the
teaching by which it was imbued with the
principles of liberty and equality aro
crowded out by tbo pressure of tho com
petition of the starving millions of Asia
When in this land the timo and strength
of the whole family aro required to
earn the wages which under more patriotic
and beneficent Institutions and laws the
father alono had earned, the -fathers, cut
off by lack of means from sources of
information, will no longer turn their
minds to theso gravo questions; tho chil
dren will no morobe Instructed by the
conversation of the fathers, and then
will appear weakness where now 13
strength, and disintegration and destruc
tion must and will soon follow.
I havo endeavored, briefly, to point out
tho true basis of the discussion, and tho
dangers which so seriously threaten.
Bellefontalno, O. T. S. Bbown.
A POLITICAL BILL.
FalM Preteaaca of the Mills Bin Ex
"The Mills bill ought to be beaten be
cause it does not secure the necessary re
duction of tho surplus. It is a condition
which confronts Us. not a theorv." Thlii
is, as the quotation from the president'
message wouia imply, the language oz
Democrat. It is spoken by a Democrat
Who haa rnaijitnd ilm rallno iMndnnriAa In
his party, and is not in accord with it on
it nreaenii jxiucT. dulwao is. neveruie-
Ies su'ppbmugX'leveiana ana Tnurman
this year. And. like most criticisms
of a party from within, it Is truthful,
though unpalatable. The Pioneer Press
showed, a few days ago, that tho
Mllla. bill is strictly a party and not a
revenue measure. Ik will not reduce the
surplus to the1 necessary extent. It may
not reduce It at alL Reductions of duty
aro always followed by some increase of
importations, and It is among the articles
placed on the freo list, which would havo
insured reduction, that tho Democratic
caucus has made havoc. It will not secure
tariff reduction nor tariff reform. The
moving purposo of thoso who framed It
is now demonstrable from a list of tho
most Important changes that havo been
mado in tho bill since it canio from tho
hands of tho committee.
Tho following is a list of tho leading
articles which were on tho free list when
Mr. Mills made his report to tho house,
and upon which tariff rates havo sinco
been restored by agreement of tho Demo
cratic caucus: Flax, glue, gelatine, lain
glass, licorice juice, bone black, linseed,
lime, marble, kaolin, unmanufactured
earths, essential oils, plums and prunes,
hatters' fur, paintings and statuary,
paper pulp and plaster of parts. Tno
roveuuo derived from these articles dur
ing the last fiscal year was (2,801,053.
Nearly all ot them como under tbo classi
fication of "raw materials," which tho
party asserts, as a principle should bo
left untaxed. And in almost every
case it is posslblo to trace directly tbo
political influences that led to a
restoration of tho duty. It was on mo
tion of Mr. Wilson, of Minnesota, that
linseed was 6truck off the freo list. No
body knows better than Mr. Wilson how
slender aro tho chances of his return to
congress. If tho duty on a commodity
prod need extensively In Ids district were
repealed by tho congress of which ho Is a
member, he need not oven havo mado a
campaign. Mr. iawler, ot Chicago, was
at the bottom of restoring tho duty on
gluo. out of similar deferenco to his con
stituents. And item after Item of tho
changes quoted, changes which at onco
destroy 10 per cent, of the reduction which
Mr. Mills declared that ho intended to
mako by additions to tho freo list, wcro
mado for immediate party effect In given
localities. It Is not a newly awakened
concern for threatened Americans Inter
ests, but a concern for the Democratic
party In tho November elections, that Is
tho formative principle of tho Mills bill.
It Is evident, from this exposure, that
congressmen and peoplo out of congress
Bhould ceaso to refer to this bill as a
measure of surplus reduction, or an ef
fort, however crude, to roform tho tariff.
It has no moro relation to theso objects
than has tho raising of a Democratic cam
paign fund. As far as tariff reform Is
concerned, Tho Now York Sun has good
reason for its jubilant cry that "tho great
Mills bill and tho two eloquent Breckin
ridges, and with them tho chief tariff
smasher of them all, Grover Cleveland
himself, are all tho timo carried surely
and irresistibly toward tho solid ground
so long occupied by the man tho peoplo
love and conCdo In, tho patriotic, high
minded, truo Democrat and reformlug
statesman, Sam Randall." Tho Demo
cratic party is entitled to get out of tho
Mills bill what aid and comfort it can.
But to assume that tho bill Is anything
moro than a campaign document, so ar
ranged as to give needed assistance to tho
party in doubtful districts, whllo pretend
ing to benefit tho whole country by re
ducing rovenuo, is attempted deception
too weak to deceive. St. Paul Pioneer
Ilonest Civil Servlco tieiormera.
The decision of Mr. Foulko, of Indiana
polis, and of Mr. Bonaparte, of Baltimore,
to voto and work for tho election of Gen.
Harrison to the presidency Indicates
doubtless tbo position nearly all tho sin
cere civil service reformers will take in
this campaign. Both theso gentlemen
havo been conspicuous for their efforts to
bring about a reform of tho spoils system
In politics. Four years ago they honestly
belioved that tho causo they had so much
at heart woidd bo best promoted by tho
election of Mr. Cleveland, and thoy gave
htm tuoir support ana voteii ana men
waited patiently aud confidently for tho
fulfillment of tho hopes they had based on
his plentiful promises of retorin.
It Is hardly necessary to repeat tho
weary and disgraceful story of Mr. Cleve
land's courso !h respect to tho offices In
Maryland and Indiana which first discour
aged and then compelled Mr. Foulko aud
Mr. Bonaparte and their associates to
abandon all hopo of reform at the hands
of tho president. It was not n bad ap
pointment hero and thcro, which should
havo been rectified as soon as attention
was called to It, that convinced theso re
formers that thoy had been deceived In
Mr. Cleveland, but a stubborn persistenco
on his part in selecting bad meu for office
and a contemptuous refusal to heed proofs
and remonstrances. Three years and a
half of civil service reform of this kind
was enough for theso gentlemen, and thoy
havo accordingly decided to drop Mr.
Cleveland and support a candidato and a
party that glvo promise of genuino ro
form. The courso those gentlemen havo de
cided to take this year will convinco peo
plo that they wero sincero in 183L Both
of them, wo believe, aro revenue reform
era, but they look upon tho spoils system
as tho moro pressing question of tho two
and aro not willing that their influence in
promoting it shall be lessened bv tho
charge of insincerity which could bo
brought against them if they abandoned
It now and clung to Mr. Cleveland, be
cause ho favored their revenuo principles.
Tho contrast between tho attitude of
Messrs. Foulko and Bonaparto and thoso
men who 6ecedcd with them from tho Ro-
Eubllcan party In 1884, but who still ad
erototho Democracy, Is apparent to
every one. The devotion of tho first two
gentlemen and thoso who will stand with
them to civil service reform will not bo
doubted, but the others have Irretrievably
ruined their influence as reformers and
justified the charge that their action four
years ago was simply a cioaK to cover
thou hostility to tho policy of protection.
A Monopolistic Lot.
Tho one and only mission of Tho Now
York Sun appears to bo that of making
tho present administration and tho Demo
cratic leaders extromely weary. Its latest
Macchlavellian effort consists in printing
a list of tho names comprising the Demo
cratic national committee, and Bupplo
mentbjg tho sacia with tho proof tliat
about 90 per cent, of them aro high and
mighty railway officials. It Is understood
tliat In the Immediate vicinity of tho
Whito Houso Mr. Dana is invariably al
luded to as "that bull In the china shop."
St. Paul rioueer Press.
Ho Wouldn't Tell Iter.
Wife (anxiously) I would like to know,
Rolert, what pleasure you find in smok
ltolicrt I won't tell you, deary, lor
you would want to learn' to smoke your
self. See? Texas Sittings.
Syrup ut ftp
Is Xaturo's own true laxative. It is tho
most easily taken, and tho most effective
remedy known to Cleanse the System
when Bilious or Costive; to dispel Head
aches, Colds nnd Fovcrs; lo cure Habit
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Piles, etc
Manufactured only by tho California Fig
Syrup Company, Sun Francisco, Cnl. For
sale only by Dowty & Beeher.
A HUrin Saac 184
Sungot the Ohio convention held at Columbus.
Feb. 22. 1640. J
Wo have had a hard time oa account of tho road.
But we looked not behind, fer we knew our causo
The object of our Journey was plain to discover
Tis to rovr Mat Von Bureo up Salt River.
Chlng, ring a chlng. O chlng. ring a chins
When this grand delegation all arrive at the con
vention, Thcu we'll learn moro fully Gen. Harrison's In
tention. We'll comjwoo such a body that tho Locos will
For they well know we como for to witness their
O chlng, etc
Tho brig Gen. narrison is just on before
With a band of northern Whigs, ten thousand or
ncprcsenting when this nation was as fair as any
Till littlo Slat Van Buren. thonuurician took the
O chlng, etc.
And broadside and broadside Into him wo send
Until tm strikes lite colon to the hero of North
And yields up command to tho peoplo again,
Aud then success to commerce and fair prices
for our grain.
O chinjt, etc.
The vans of Mount Vernon thought the Whigs
would give o'er
On account of the' rains on the roads; but O.
For we yield not tho spirit which is roused all
Till the great hydra monster h driven from our
O chlng. eto.
Tho Locofoco party at Mount Vernon down did
they failed to steal tho brig ami shouvd
their cloven foot.
When tho Whig bugle Boutjcl and In triumph uo
For a moro honest party at Columbus to hall!
O chlng, etc.
lie has taught to wean attention from tbo 'gen
Kiat It's bad policy when our oountry'ts not
Bo Medary wan instructed to spread tho reason
They never had settled tho northwestern bound
O chlng, etc
Tho spirit of our nation is now ull on fire.
But they can pay their way without stealing
We ore coming from the south aud from fur dis
For to rally 'neatu the banner of our Harrison
O chlng, etc
When arriving shouts came from the wliolo re
It rolled o'er our land, then rose up to heaven;
But from a distant silent house there came a
aouud of boouiiug.
And we soon tarued with joy 'twas tho tin pan
O chlng, etc
Now we join happy thousands at the end of our
At our proud capital all la free as milk and
Now we point up aloft where our nation's Usui
And this shall bo tho requiem for the van whllo
O chlng, etc
Dug up by Chicago Tribune.
MANY QUESTIONS ANSWERED.
The Restf Meaning of "Free Trade" Ilero
Certain questions regarding tho tariff
havo been received which may advantage
ously bo answered together. Ono in
quirer begins at tho beginning, and asks
what is freo trado? His letter shows that
ho needs tho information. No intelligent
man uses tho phrase, in tariff discussions,
as if it meant abolition of all duties on
Imports. England is now tho only free
trudo country of tho world, and yet tho
average rate of duty collected by Great
Britain on all dutiable imports is 09.5 per
cent. In 1880 tho valuo of theso Imports
was '28.033.308. and the amount of
duties collected. 20,139.582. Nearly the
whole duty was lovicd on tea, tobacco
and wines, which that country does not
produce at all. and on spirits, which it
taxes whether produced at homo or iiu
Free trado means tho levying of duties
for revenno only, in such a manner as to
help homo industries as littlo as posslblo.
Tho freo trado theory is that homo in
dustry cannot bo helped through tho
levying of duties on imports without tax
Ing tho many for tho benefit of tho fow.
Freo trade, therefore, imposes duties as
far as possibio upon articles which aro
not products of homo industry, and omits
or abolishes or reduces duties of a pro
tcctivo cliaracter as far as tho necessities
of rovenuo will permit.
This simple explanation makes it clear
that ho who asks aliout tho "avenigo rato
of duties upon imports," as If that deter
mined tho character of tho tariff, is sadly
in need of education. Tho tariff which
Henry Clay advocated was protectivo, bo
rauso it discriminated In favor of homo
Industry; that is. It preferred duties
which would eucourugo production at
homo to duties which would encourago no
ruction at home. Tho turiff which
Mills advocates discriminates against
home industry; it prefers duties which do
not encourago protection at home, and
cuts down or abolishes in preference
duties which do encourago protection at
"Why Insist that Democrats favor free
trado?" Because it is truo; liecnuso thev
boast that it is true; becanso their action
in congress would bo simply idiotic if it
were not gnided by freo trade beliefs and
principles. When British journals say
that President Cleveland uses tho precise
arguments which British free traders have
been using for fifty years thoy tell tho
exact truth. British journals and British
gentlemen do not conceal their profound
contempt for American politicians who
want freo trade but liuvo not the mau
hood to eay so.
But "how will abolition of the tariff on
wool reduce wages In woolen manufac
ture?" asks a reader. That Is a question
Sromptcd bv the freo trado theory that
titles which protect do not affect wages.
Every protectionist understands (t) tliat
S reduction of American wool must largely
imlnish If foreign wool is admitted free;
(2) that many looms which aro adapted to
nso American wool only must therefore
cease running In tliat case; (3) that do
pendouce upon foreign sources of supply
must close many other mills, unless ths
rate of wages here falls to something liko
tho German level; (4) that the rcductl in
in duties on woolen goods from 70 to -10
per cent., with undervaluations of all
woolens, specific duties being abolished,
would closo other mills ry tho thousand;
and (3) that when part of tho labor In
any great Industry is unemployed a do
pression of wages in that industry is the
"In what way was tho country less
prosperous under the rovenuo or free
trudo tariff of 1860 than it is uowV" Tho
wages of labor aro now at least 85 per
cent, higher than they wero In 1800, and
ccry dollar received will buy moro
necessaries and comforts of life moro of
all tho products of Industry taken in pro
portions as they are actually consumea
than $1.20 would have bought In 1800.
Now York Tribune
Democrats Aahamed of Their War Record
Tho policy of tho Democratic party is
to put tho history of the war aside, and
treat tho wholo subject as ono which has
no practical relation to our present politi
cal condition and interests. If it could
have Its way In the matter it would ob
literate all the glories of that memorable
contest, and -nullify all tho advantages
that wcro obtained oy tno moors ana
sacrifices of tho loyal people of tho
country. Tho attitude which it occu
pied as a party throughout tho Strug
gle was such that It cannot now claim
any sharo In tho credit of tho victor';
and its disposition, therefore, is to triv
ialize tho significance of tho conflict in
every possibio way. Under such circum-
'stances, the Republicans aro in duty
bound to reiterate tho facts and to insist
that the war shall not bo forgotten, nor
Us truo meaning bo misrepresented.
That is tho expluuatlou and the justifica
tion of Gen. Harrison's constant references
to tho services of tho Union soldiers. Ho
feels no hostility toward tho southern
peoplo, and has no desire to taunt or hu
miliate them; but ho cannot afford by
keeping silent to admit that tho Demo
cratic view of tho war is reasonable or
proper. Ho would be false both to his
party and to himself if ho should on any
account omit to declare that tho Union
causo was wholly right and just, and to
demand that tho results of tho Confedcr
ato surrender shall bo faithfully respected
and maintained. Iris candidacy implies
an abiding recollect ion of thoso bloody and
sorrowful years when tho existence of
tho government was at stake; and as a
sound and consistent patriot, ho improves
his opportunities to repeat tho splendid
story of Union conrago, fortitude audsuc-ccss.-St-
Gen. llarrl.soii tin the Wur.
Ge- Harrison does well to refer fro
quently in his speeches to tho war in
which ho boro such a gulluut and honor
able part. Tho timo has not yet como to
ignoro tho fact that said war was fought
upon certain well defined issues, and re
sulted in tho vindication of certain most
Important and enduring principles. It is
his duty as tho standard bearer of tho
party which suppressed the rebellion and
abolished tho uionstrouu evil of slavery to
keep tho country reminded that ho and
thoso who fought with him on tho sido of
the Union aro proud of tiiat service, anil
firmly resolved that tho fruits of their
great victory shall bo preserved In good
faith and without compromise or apology
llo and his party believes that tho work
performed by tho Federal armies lias
never been surpassed in lofty dovotion to
tho best interests of the country and of
mankind; and that fact is ono which ho
has a perfect right to urgo as a reason
why tho control of tho government should
bo restored to Republican hands Grunt
ing that tho south fought bravely and
sincerely, it still remains truo that flui
was in tho wrong and that tho decision
was unqualifiedly against her. It is
proper to resent the mischievous idea that
the attempt to destroy tho government
was a mere indiscretion; una Gun. liar
rison's reeord as a soldier aiithori.es him
to sjeak plainly in that connection.
t. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Tlioy DropieI the Nickel.
For a long while tho Republican party
har had standing at tho jioils 11 .slot 111a
chine bearing this invitation to the Demo
: Prop a Free Trade Jlcsssgo In tho Slot and;
It will bo noted that Mr. Cleveland has
finally mado up his mind to try it just
once. Tliat will bo enough. Philadelphia
It will amount to that.
By formal resolution it has been di
rected that tho following sign bo hung
upon tho door of every mill aud factory
in tho United States:
It Is hereby declared that thta estab
lishment lias boen paying wages that
arc too bbli ncd diiideml-i ttiutaro
too large. It i-i ordered that all i.jera
tfoua r.tutll cease until tho owners and
employes content to work for less
Tne Democratic I'aetv.
Tub Codiikn C'u'u,
lVr Roaut Q. Miuit.
Philadelphia 1'ress. Attorney.
Cleveland Has No Tr mpcranco Nonsense
Wo know from tho best sources that
President Cleveland remuins true to his
habits of life, which arc entirely solid and
freo from any inclination toward temper
cuco nonsense. We know especially that
very recently in a social circle with friends
from Buffalo ho has taken spirituous
drinks, not privately or sneakingly. but
publicly and In tho evident consciousness
that ho" was doing something lawful and
harmless. In regard to tho assertion that
the president has sworn off, wo simply
repeat our averment that this is untrue.
Thus tho false assertion of Tho
Chicago Mall respecting Mr. and Mrs.
Cleveland was calculated to mako an un
favorable impression upon voters who aru
prepared in tho present campaign to sup
port tho Dresident. Buffalo (N. Y.) Demo
Tho Republicans havo the best of it so
far as regards political changes. There is
evidently a drift of protection Democrats
into their ranks. And tho Republican
party Is moro united than its opponents.
uey aro not troubled with taclionol
in any of tho close states. Tho
York Democrats, for instance, aro
experiencing great trouble; with Governor
Hill. Uo means to bo renominated for
governor, although his rcnomination
would undoubtedly hurt President Cleve
land considerably, becanso ho would bo
willing to sacriflco tho head of tho ticl.fit
to advonco his own personal prospects.
TV! Miiht Capture tlio House.
A Republican senate. Republican by a
very narrow majority, stands ulor.o bo
tween tho industrial and business masses
of tho jicoplo and a sweeping financial
panic. Is this fact fulfy realized?
It is Absurd
For people to expect a euro for Indiges
tion, unless they refrain from eating
what is miwholt-voino ; but if anything
will sharpen the appetite and giv timo
to tho digest ivo organs, it is Ayer's S;ir
saparilla. Thousands all over the land
testify to tho merits of this medicine.
JIh. Surah Burroughs, of 2IS Eighth
utreet, South Boston, writes : " My hus
band has taken Ayer's Sarsaparilla, for
Dyspepsia and torpid liver, and has
Ikjoh greatly benefited."
A Confirmed Dyspeptic.
C. Canterbury, of 141 Franklin t.,
Boston, Mass., writes, that, suiTering
for years from Indigestion, ho was at
last induced to try Ayor's Sarsaparilla
and, by its nso, was entirely ewred.
Mrs. Joseph Aubiii, of High street,
ITulyoke, Mass., suffered for over a year
from Dyspepsia, so that sha could not
cat substantial food, became very weak,
and was tinablo to caro for her family.
Neither tho medicines prescrilied by
physicians, nor any of tho remedies
advertised for tho euro of Dyspepsia,
hcl'ed her, until she commenced tho
use of Ayer's Sarsaparilla. "Three
lwttles of this medicine," ho writes,
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
Price $1; lx bottles, i5. Worth 15 a bottlo.
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
Aud tho lni-Krht Paid in Caak Capital of
any bank in thin jmrt of the State.
fJ5r"l)epotitB received and interest paid on
Cg Draft on tho princ ipal cilien in thin conn
try and Euroio bought and hoUL
CXColIectiontt and all other bnainetw given'
prompt nnd enreful attention.
J. II. (i ALLEY, Vico Prea't.
IJI.I.IVAN & KKEDKR,
ATTOHXEYS AT Z.11I',
Ollico out Firiit National Hunk, Columbia,
T M. MACFAKLANn,
.trrt:.vf;r ,r- xotam' vuhuc.
tSTOllico over First National Ituuk, C'olum
JSM'nrtiett deairiiiK mirvejiiiK done can nd
dit.tt meal himlu. Neb., or call at my otiico
in Court Hour.. TiinaiMt-y
J J. iKAMEK,
CO. SUI"T 1'UIiUC SCHOOLS.
I will bo in iiiyoHiri. in the Court IIoiibc. tho
third .Saturday of .aeli mouth fr tho eiamini
t H in of appliiitiilH f.ir tiiU'liTHciTtitieuliti, aud
rur tlietranntioii .r other chool buaineeM.
1UA Yuud KXI'JCKSSMEX.
LiKht and hiy haulms, (foods handled with
eiire. Ilitiiliiuarters at J. V. l-ekertCo.'rt orhVe.
Ii'lfpiionv. :a nnd 31. XUumrSiy
jyk K. TURNER fc CO.,
Proprietor and 1'iililixIit-rH or the
CCLVUBtrS JC3E1TAL isi ti8 WSB. TiMlLZ J03SHAL,
lloth, poet-paid touny ndilrvHM. for Jit) a jenr,
Mrietly in advance. F.Oiii.y Joints tu 41.0H a
V. A. Jl.-ALLISTKi:. W. 31. COHNKLIU'.
yr ii.i.is n-ic a: coKii:i.ii;i
ATTUKXKVS AT LAW.
l.leviuth street. WmmjctS
DK. .1. 4IIAM. UII.I.V,
I'll YSICIAX and SI UiUKON,
F.YE IUSK.ISKS A SPECIALTY.
,., iiiro: T!iiIioii:
LIeelith Htrvet. Otlic No. M: ltesidfiicvNo.K7.
HIGOINS & GAELOW,
Siwciulty made or Collections by C. J. (iarlow.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Roofing; and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
f Shop on 13th street, Kniun; Uro.'n old
utand on Thirteenth Mtn-et. 'Silt
Cuvi-utHniid Trade Mark obtained, ami all Pat
ent hu.-inis conducted tor MODKICATK I'KKH
OUC OFl'ICK IS OITOS1TK U.S. PATKNT
(H't It'K. V have no tmli-iun-ncieH. all huiueH
direct, henco wo can transact patent buxinenn in
less t mio iiinl nt LKSSCOST than thimo remoto
Si'iid model, drawing, or photo, with lecrip
tinu. Wo nil vim if patentable or not, rreo of
rliarsie. Our Oit not due till intent it weunil.
A liok. "How to Obtain PatelitM." with refer
eneesto actual clients in jour tilate. county or
town, tuail free. Aildrorri
. C. A. SNOW & CO.
Oppobito Patent Oltice. Washington. 1). C.
niPISEA WONDERS cxit in
IILLUIhoiisiiiMlij ot foriuri. hut are. ftir
r I'a-,''1 by the inurvelr. .r intention.
tatai Thooo who lire in need or prohtull
work that can U done while living at hi mm
hltouhl at unco rend their aililnt-n to Midlt-tt &.
Co., Portland, Maine, and leecivi) fre full in
formation how either Kex, of nil hk.-w, can eum
from $5 to !T at day and upuunlH wherever
they live. Yim nroMurtcd freo. Capital not re.
ouin-d. Some have made over $."j0 in n xinKlo
day at thin work. AH nuccctd. hTdec-2sy
$500 Reward !
We will pay tin above reward for any case of
liver complaint, dHi-pin, hick headache, indi
KChtioii, conhtiwitii.u or coxtiveucH we cnniiot
euro with West a Veuital.Ie Liver Pilln, when the
directions an- Mriclly cixupli.il with. They aro
purely vegetable, hhiI never fail to Kive hat isf ac
tion. Ijire loxfr containing 30 nnsir coated
pill. ':. for Kile l.y all iIi-u'ipIm. IScuarcof
counterfeits and immitatious. The genuine
manufactured only by JOHN C. WEST A CO.,
WK W. MiwHm.ii St.. Chiojitfo. III. dec7S7y
the world durinK the
Iaft h;df century.
Not lcabl amonir the
wonilerH ot inventive pro;ret m . inetlio.1 anil
Bjtitem of work tliat can ! informed all over
theroimtry without M-arutinK the worker from
their Iimm-i. Pay liberal; any one can do the
work; either w, yoiiin; or old: no xpccial ability
roiniriil. Capital not needed; jou an ntarteil
free. Cut thin ont and return tons tuid we will
wild you free, Komuthiiu: of great value and im
portance to you, that will oturt jon in buainetui.
which will bring you in more money right away,
tiian anything elce in the world, firttwl outfit
free. Address True A Co.. AugUKta, Me. decSS
book oflflO page.
The best book for an
It contains li-t.s of newsnaners mid estimate
of the coat of advertising:. The advertiser who.
wants to ?:entl one dollar, fimls hi it the ln-
formation I.e. requires, while lorhiiu who will
invest one hundred thousand dollars in ad
vertising, ii scheme ia indicated which will
meet his every requirement, or can be made,
to iloso by sliijh't chtwneatasUy urrieetlat by n
rtspoiuleuee. lit) editions havo been issued..
Sent, post-paid, to any address for 10 cents.
Write U KO. 1 KQWKLL A CO..
NEWSPAPER ADVEItTLSIXU BUKKAU.
imsoruiwSt.i'rlatluK House Sj.), New VorJfc.
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