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COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1887.
WHOLE NO. 918.
VOL. XVIIL-NO. 34.
GKO. V. IIU1-ST. Vice I'n-i't.
JULIUS A. RKK1.
it. 11. HKNRY
J. K. TASKKR, Caihier;
Balk 1" lepoII, IMconi
Collection Promptly Made
all Pol mix.
Pay latere! Time Oepow
LOAN & TRUST COMPANY.
A. ANDERSON, Pn-'t.
O. W. SHELDON. Vic- IV.-s't.
O. T. ROKN. Tn-su.
ROBERT UHLIG. Sw.
t2rU'ill receive time deo-.itK, fnim $1.00
nml any amount upward, and will pay the cus
tomary rate of interest.
JSJ-WV particularly draw your attention to
our facilities for makinu heme on real etate, at
the loit-t Rite of interest.
Zlgri'Uy, School anil County HomK an J in
dividual wemitic an- lioiiplit. lfijune Ny
A. & M.TURNER
Or . W. KIBLER,
JjBTnem organ- are ur-4-olawt in cery par
ticular, and w guara!it-ed.
SCHIFFROTH & PLITH,
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pumps Repaired on short notice
trQue door we-t of Ht-intzV Dms Store, 11th
Hurt, Columbus. Neb. 17noN-tf
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
AND DEALER IN
Furniture. Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus, Tables, Safes. Lounges,
Sec Picture Frames and
2&-Jepairiuj of all kinds of Uphol
6-tf COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
CAVEATS. TRADE MABKSAXD C0PTR1GHTS
Obtained, nnd all other business in UjeTJ. S.
Patent Office attended to for MODERATE
Our office is opposite the U. S. Patent Office,
nd we can obtain Patents in less time than those
remote from WASHINGTON. , .
Send MODEL OR DRAWING. We advise a
to patentability free of charge: vaA make NO
CHARGE UNLESS WE OBTAIN PATENT.
We refer here to the Postmaster, the SupL of
Money Order Div..and to officials, of the U.S.
Patent Office. For circulars, advice, terms and
references to actual clients in yoar own State or
oounty, write to
WESTERN COTTAGE ORGAN
' m AAMtfr
umce, wasouigiou, v.
THE CITY OF NANTES.
A PEOPLE WHOSE COSTUMES ARE
OF ECCENTRIC DESCRIPTION.
A. Refuge from the Artificial Ufa at th
French Capital A Homelike Meal at a
Hotel Principal lluslness Street A
KoyulUt's Opinion of the City
Nantes lakes a certain character from
tlie sea, from the fishermen and from all
the queer types of humanity who. dwell
along the const of this department and of
Morbihan .well on up toward Brest. The
costumes of these people are of tho most
eccentric description, so much so that it is
said that nowhere else in France can there
be seen such a variety. Some are strik
ingly picturesque. There is the peasant
woman, for instance, whose business it is
to cultivate early potatoes iu the sand
near Noirmoutier and bring them to mar
ket. She wears a skirt comi ng just below
the knees, a small cap, some sort of apron,
checked cr otherwise, and has the
foot, ankle and calf entirely exposed, or
shoes or saliots neatly polished and stock
ings closely fitting and often of intricate
pattern. The shoes and hosiery are their
sKcial weakness, and it is not rare to see
among them a well made toot aim anKie.
The entire costume is commonly in sober
colors and neatly kept. On the contrary,
you see little girls with long skirts com
ing to the soles of the shoe, who look as if
they had just stepped from one of Van
As a specimen of the male costume of
Morbihan. we have the low crowned,
round topped hat of velvet, or of straw or
felt bound with velvet, very jaunty, or,
as the French would say, chic. The
jacket is something like the voluminous
exterior garment of our ancestors of the
Seventeenth century, but a jacket all the
same, and gay with rows of buttons so
thicklv set" that they overlap one an
other." The collar of the shirt is as broad
as a ship's mainsail. It is open in front
and rises stiflly up behind the head, serv
ing :is a background to a face that is the
picture of innocence and as quaint as the
It is a pleasant relief to get away from
the highly artificial life and the highly ar
tificial articles of food and drink at Paris
even to a stupid nnd not over cleanly place
like Xantes. The country offers its treas
ures more generously than the city. It is
pleasant to know that the wines, if they
are not Clos Vongeot, Pomard, Chateau
Lefite or Chateau Yquen, are at least all
they pretend to be; that you are near the
place where people produce their own but
ter and lay their own eggs; where they
even put the butter on the table and sell
their milk at four cents a quart from the
wagons in the street and at the corner
groceries. It is really with a homelike
feeling that you sit down to breakfast or
dinner in a hotel in a town in Anjou, or
at the hotel at Nantes on which I be
stowed my humble patronage. Tho still
ness that pervades the dining room is sol
emn. You hear two or thiee Hies buzzing
lieliind the lace curtains that drape the
windows. You look up to the ceiling not
painted by Michael Angelo, but by tome
imimmortalized local fresco painter, in
imitation of the sky. You don't remem
ber ever to have seen exactly such shades
of blue in the firmament before. But no
matter. The chandeliers arc attached to
the ceiling with blue ribbous painted flat
thereon, the ends drawn out .sideways and
held in the lieaks of doves, the specie!
nnd the school of art bcius alike unfa
Into tho room steal furtively from time
to time representatives of the Nantals
bourgeoise solid, solemn, funereal who
tranquilly partake of the several courses
and then steal away as stealthily as they
entered. Perhaps there enters a whole
Breton family father, mother, sons,
daughters and bonne all of whom make
the sign of the cross before taking their
places. Their dress is quiet nud their
manners almost as reverential as if they
were in church. The repast is served by
the mature garcons one gray haired
whom you seem faintly to recollect as
having seen in the opera of ''The Hugue
nots." Their duty is performed decorously
and entirely in keeping with the sur
roundings. There is none of bewardage
po often seen at French tables. The
cuisine is rather remarkable for its pro
fusion than its fine quality, thus reversing
the Parisian rule. Some dishes are even
left on the table where persons can help
themselves. Nothing could be more
un-Paristan. The butter is of a char
acter to attract attention. There are
perhaps twenty persons at table (com
paratively few persons come to Nantes)
and there are four rolls of golden
butter distributed along the table,
each weighing at least a pound, and, like
everything else offered you, it is "a discre
tion." Then you drink,,if you are dis
posed, a wholebottle of white or red wine.
The hotel is, I believe, the best In Nantes,
and your breakfast and dinner cost you
together only live, Srancs a day, while a
good room costs only three francs more.
In coining from Cholet to Nantes I made
the acquaintance of a young lawyer ot
Poitiers, a royalist by birth and political
preference and a most charming and in
telligent traveling companion. He said to
me, "Nantes is a viile tie luxe." As I
have already remarked, this is not inti
mated to the stranger. There is nothing
in the houses or shops that would indicate
it. Then jis I met him in the evening he
conducted me through what he said was
the principal business street the only
business street in fact a thoroughfare
narrow and crooked like the rest, half a
mile in length and having on either side
commonplace shops, badly lighted and
with poor displays of goods in the win
dows. There were no carriages, but it
was filled with a crowd of promenaders
walking purposely to and fro and look
ing listlessly into the uninteresting
windows, as I have seen them in
the smaller towns of Italy or else
where in Europe. There was nowhere
else to go, theatres being closed and sum
mer amusements conspicuous by their
absence. The rich were at the watering
places; the poor were amusing themselves
in low drinking houses, such as are seen
in the pictures of Temers and Steen, of
types that are universal and have been for
There are, however, at Nantes things
that are solid, substantial and elegant ia
the way of art nnd architecture. The
cathedral and other churches are among
the finest in France, and there are statues
of kings and other celebrities in them, or
here and there in avenues and streets
about the city. There is a library of 100,
000 volumes, and the museum of paint
ings and statuary, the finest in France
outiide of Paris and Versailles. It is well
worth a visit. I went to the castle, which
is not so massive and interesting as that
at Angers, and better preserved, and from
the top of the dungeon tower the concierge
pointed out to mo that great place of the
famous Eoyades, oneot the most infamous
reminiscences of the revolution. Albert
Sutliffc in Sou Francisco Chronicle.
ON A KENTUCKY FARM.
Associations of Ante-Bellum Boyhood.
"Mammy," the Cook, "Uncle Tom."
The typical loy on a Kentucky farm
was tenderly associated from infancy with
the negroes of the household and the
fields. His old black 'mammy" became
almost his first mother mid was but
slowly crowded out of his conscience and
his heart by the growing image of the
true one. She had perhaps nursed him
at her bosom when he was not long
enough to stretch across it, sung over his
cradle at noon and at midnight, taken
nun out upon tne velvety grass beneath
the shade of the elm trees to watch his
first manly resolution of standing alone
in the world and walking the vast dis
tance of some inches. Often in boyish
years when fljing from the house with
a loud appeal from the incomprehensible
code of Anglo-Saxon punishment for
small misdemeanors he had run to those
black arms and cried himself to sleep in
the lap of African sympathy. As he
grew older, alas! his first love grew faith
less, and while "mammy" was good
enough in her way and sphere his wander
ing affections settled humbly at the feet
of another great functionary of the house
hold the cook in the kitchen. To him
her kevs were as the keys to the kingdom
of heaven, for his immortal soul was his
immortal appetite. When he stood by
the biscuit bench while she, pausing amid
the varied industries that went into the
preparation of an old time Kentucky
supper, made him marvelous geese of
dough, with farinaceous feathers und
genuine coffee grains for eyes, there was
to him no other artist iu the world who
possessed the secret of so commingling
the useful with the beautiful
The little half naked imps,-too, playing
in the dirt like glossy blackbirds taking a
bath of dust, were his sweetest because,
perhaps, forbidden conipanions. With
them he went clandestinely to the fatal
duck pond iu the stable lot, to learn the
art of swimming on a walnut rail. With
them he raced up and down the lane on
blooded alder stalk horses, afterward
leading the exhausted coursers into stables
of the same green bushes and haltering
them high with a cotton strintr. It was
one of these hatless children of original
Guinea that had crept up to him as he lay
asleep in the summer grass and told him
where the best hidden of all nests was to
be found in a far fence corner that of
the high tempered, scolding guinea hen.
To them he showed his first Barlow knife;
for them he blew his first home made
whistle. He is their petty tyrant today;
to-morrow ho will be their repentant
friend, dividing with them his marbles
and proposing a game of hop scotch.
Upon his dialect, his disposition, his
whole character, is laid the ineffaceable
impress of theirs, so that they pass into
the final reckoning up of his life here aud
iu the world to come.
But Uncle Tom the negro overseer of
the place the greatest of all the negroes
greater even than the cook, when one
is not hungry. How often has he strad
dled Uncle Tom's neck, or ridden behind
him afield on a barebacked horse to the
jingling music of the trace chains! It is
Uncle Tom who brings him his first young
squirrel to tame, the teeth of which are
soon to be planted in his right forefinger.
Manv a time he slips out of the house to
take his dinner or supper in the cabin
with Uncle Tom; and during long winter
evenings he loves to sit before those great
roaring cabin fireplaces that throw their
red and yellow light) over the half circle
of black faces and on the mysteries of
broom making, chair bottoming and the
cobbling of shoes. Like the child s
listens to "Uncle Remus," he too hears
songs and stories, and creeps back to the
house with a wondering look in his eyes
and a vague hush of spirit. James Lane
Allen in The Century.
Stories About the Man Milliner.
In spite of the rise of many dressmakers
.n Paris who have a certain hold on the
fashionable world for a space and who
threaten the supremacy of the chief cor
ner stone of fashion, M. Worth remains,
as he has for nearly twenty-five years, at
the head. Parisians are never tired of
tftllinir stories of his wealth, his luxury
aud his caprices. As to lus whims, he
could give a prima donna points. Not
long ago a customer went to him whom
he kept on her feet for two hours walking
up and down and posing before him,
while he draped all manner of fabrics
about her shoulders, pinned and unpinned,
experimented with numerous combina
tions, and finall flung everything down,
declared he was not in the mood for com
position and, telling her to "wait," went
out and banged the door. After
some three-quarters of an hour he
returned. Whether he had been
asleep or had had luncheon she
never knew, but he came back fresh
and buoyant and declared he had an idea
at last. Then he took lace and brocade
and velvet, experimented a bit, made her
walk up and down while his assistant
played the "Invitation to the Waltz' on
the piano, and finally dashed at her,
whirled everything about into a different
position and "said: "Madame, 1 have dis
covered you at last. You are the 'Invita
tion to the Waltz.' " She went home ex
hausted and raging, but she admits the
gown was, when it came home, "a d ream. "
If he does not know anything about a
woman he generally refuses to dress her
at all. He prefers to make only for dis
tinguished people, but even with these he
is perfectly arbitrary. One will say, "I
want une robe princesse with bouffants
Louis XV." He replies, dryly: "I receive
instructions fromnooue. Idressmadame.
I shall make a Louis XIII skirt, with Me
dici bodice and collar," and she takes that
or doesn't get anything. If she suggests
red, he is sure to make it blue; if she says
"velvet is most liecoming to me," he re
plies, "I shall make you a superb corsage
of satin." An actress went to him the
other day and asked for a pearl gray
costume. "For what do you take me:-"
he cried. "Oris perle is no longer worn; I
shall not make it of gray. ' ' When she in
sisted he simply showed her the door.
New York World.
A New York Clnb Swell.
He is a club man, and copies the exist
ence of the rich club swells of London.
He has a suite of apartments in an apart
ment house at $1,."HX) a year, furnished at
a cost of about $."5,000 not half as costly
in appointments as those of some other
swells who "go in for that sort of thing,
don't you know" He and "his man," as
the swells call a valet, occupy theso
rooms. This man gets about $30 a week,
and has simple, though sometimes trying
duties. It is his business to sit up for his
master at night to assist him, or to put
him to bed, according to the swell's con
dition. Whether the swell is blind drunk
or only just drunk, it is the duty of the
man to prepare a tepid bath, pull his
clothes off, put him in the tub and wash
him, and then rub him with coarse towels
until his skin glows.
In the morning the fellow must hang
about till his master stirs unless he has
had orders to awaken him at a certain
hour and then he must exercise him at
a certain hour. This also is a peculiar
operation. The man rubs the swell, slaps
him to spur the circulation of his blood,
pulls his limbs to limler his joints, and
then both put on boxing gloves and en
gage in a lively and earnest fight. The
wires of a magnetic battery have been put
in the warm bath that is awaiting use,
and the swell leaps into the tub and has
the electric current strengthened until his
skin tinges. He is then taken out, robed
in a pajama of Turkish towel cloth and
put on a lounge with the toweling under
him ready to be massaged, which is to say
kneaded, slapped and pulled and rubbed
until he says his head feels quite its
natural size again, and then he thinks he
can manage a little toast and coffee and
possibly a soft boiled egg or two. His man
shaves him while he waits for his break
fast. Julian Ralph's Letter.
SUe or Molecule of Sliver.
Applying certain measurements to a
scarcely visible film of silver, Herr Wie
ner arrives at the conclusion that no less
than 125,000,000 molecules of silver must
he laid in line to measure an inch.
A MENDING BUREAU.
TATTERED AND; TORN
UP FOR REPAIRS.
An Institution Started for the Poor
Alan's Benefit Peace anil Joy for a
Nickel Mutton Sewed on While You J
Yon will readily guess what a mending
bureau is. It is a place where the tat
tered and torn may lay up for repairs,
where the elusive button may 1ms fastened
in its socket so tight that it stays there
for the rest of his natural life, where he
that hath a torn lining to his over
coat may hae a new lining put in its
place or "the old one brought to a proper
frame of mind, where a rip iu the coat
sleeve may be doctored in genuinely scien
tific style, where the right sort of treat
ment is administered to all sorts aud con
ditions of dilapidated garments.
A reporter stood in front of a big jew
elry store, wondering if there really were
"great reductions iu watches and dia
monds," when- he encountered an ac
quaintance of erstwhile seedy but present
"I've just been to the mending bureau,"
said this worthy, "and I feel like a new
man. The lining of my coat had slipped
its moorings, and every time I put on the
coat I swore new and attractive oaths.
There was fringe on my trouser legs. My
cuffs were pinned on. My pants were
supported only by a shoe string nnd a
piece of clothes line. Suspender buttons
I had none. There were only two buttons
on my vest, and I kept it on with a bent
hairpin. If I had sneezed hard I should
have stood pant less and forlorn before a
gaping, jibing world.
OFFICIATING GOOD ANGELS.
"While in this sorry plight I found this
morning a circular of the mending bureau.
It was sent to me by some special dispen
sation of a pitying providence. I went to
the mending bureau and stayed twenty
minutes. They did not repair me com
pletely, for I am a modest man, and the
officiating angels are all of the gentler sex,
but my coat lining is in a state of perfec
tion that fills me with admiration. My
cuffs are now properly attached to their
buttons. My vest displays a goodly array
of buttons iqwii its facade. I am going
home, where I shall go to bed and send a
boy down to the mending bureau with
those urticles of apparel, the mending of
which cannot well le done in my pres
ence," ani so haying the mended and
happy man vanished.
Tho reporter felt his external raiment
all over, but failed to find anything for
the mending bureau to experiment upon.
Finall he bethought him that there was
but oue button ou the back of his Prince
Albert cost. What do they have those
two buttons on the back of a coat for,
anyhow? The absence of one of the duo
of buttons had caused the reporter much
annoyance for several weeks. It detracted
from the symmetry of his figure, and
caused him to walk lop sided. Relief
was at hand. The reporter sought the
mending bureau. As yet it consists of a
cingle good sized room, light and airy,
and containing sewing machines, work
tables and chairs. Two or three middle
aged ladies and three or four young ladies
were seated about the room, busily plying
the needle. One was threading a needle,
and she performed that intricate opera
tion so quickly and neatly that it made,
the reporter envious as he recalled past
struggles of his own. A tall young lady
with au amused expression in her eloquent
dark eyes asked the blushing reporter
what he wished to have mended. He re
strained an inclination to say that his
heart had suffered a compound fracture,
and coyly explained that another button
on his coat tails was the essential to his
happiness. The young lady smiled and
asked the reporter to remove his coat.
Being an unmarried man, unused to
feminine society, he blushed like a red.
red rose; then, remembering with glad
ness that he had put on his pink striped
shirt iu the morniu-, he took courage,
took olf his coat and accepted a proffered
chair. The other ladies kept on sewing
and paid no attention to the customer.
THE CONVENIENT nCREAU.
There were two other customers in the
room, both minus coats. One was having
a button sewed on his shirt cuff, and the
other had his coat up for repairs. The
ladies sewed rapidly, and the three con
tracts were soon completed. The re
porter was assisted into his coat by the
tall, dark eyed young lady. This alone
was worth the price of admission, and
five cents was all that was charged for
the replacing of the button, tor which the
assurance was given that it would stay as
long as the coat were worn.
"We have no regular scale of
prices as yet," said the manageress of the
establishment, "as the mending bureau
has only been running a few days. It is
the first institution of the kind in the
west, though there is one in New York
that has made a good deal of money. We
thought that there was a demand for a
bureau where the mending of underwear
could be done with neatness and dispatch
Single gentlemen will appreciate the con
venience of a bureau where their clothes
arc looked after in a good, homelike way
Ladies who are overburdened with the
cares of housekeeping will also find tho
bureau convenient, and we expect to have
considerable trade from people who visit
the city and stop at the hotels. We in-
! tend to make arrangements whereby for
a small sum paid weekly or monthly we
will keep wardrobes in good repair. We
all do quick work and when we sew a
button on it stays there every time."
The reporter realized fully the truth of
these statements. There are careless
mortals who would quite as leave have
their garments in bad repair, but they are
in the minority. The great majority will
prefer to have their clothes kept in order,
and if they have no women folk of their
own to do that sort of thing, the bureau
will lxj a full fledged boon to them. The
darning of stockiugs will be a special ben
efit. The average man, who has no one
to do his mending, now wears a pair of
socks two or three times, nnd then throws
them away totil wrecks, rent asunder and
worn through by the disastrous processes
of laundries. Here at the bureau socks can
be darned at low rates, and money will
be saved the wearers thereby. Altogether,
the bureau is an institution thnt merits
encouragement. Chicago Herald.
Senator Farwell's Texas Land.
Senator Charles V. Farwell, of Illinois,
and his partners, his brother and Abner
Taylor, of Chicago, will make from $15,
000,000 to $20,000,000 in their Texas land
speculation. It is said that the state of
Texas has given to the Farwell company
3,000,000 acres of land in Texas. The
land today is worth $5 an acre, and the
state buildings did not cost more than
$1,000,000. The land is all fenced in.
Seventy-five thousand cattle are now on
it, and more are to follow. It comprises
enough territory for a principality. The
Farwell company have their headquarters
in London. English capitalists own about
one-quarter of the stock.
This great and successful venture was
brought to the Farwells by au impecuni
ous and visionary man, who obtained the
contracts which he sold to the Farwell
company. The story goes that the man
happened to be in Austin, and hearing
that the state was offering land to any
one who would put up state buildings he
calmly walked up and took the contract,
when he had barely enough money in his
pocket to pay his fare to Chicago. The
same men who gave away such a block
oi iana ratner thas rave the money neces
sary by taxation of course never dreamed
of questioning the contractor's financial
ability. He had some tronble in convinc
ing the Farwells of the value of the land,
owing to their distrust of the visionary
contractor's judgment, but investigation
showed the value, nnd the contract was
purchased for a few thousand dollars, and
a property was obtained which will net
its owners many millions. Baltimore
Depends on How Yon Do It.
"Well, which are really the more injuri
ous, cigars or cigarettes?" asked a pretty
girl of a bellanneled member of the Bel
mont Tenuis club, at the club's court yes
"I'll show you," said he, and turning,
he called to a friend: "Ned, toss me a
cigar." Then he took out a fine cambric
linen handkerchief, and blew a whiff of
smoke through the cobweb texture. "Oh,
look how black it is," said the young lady
for whose sake the experiment was being
"Now look," said the club man. He
lighted the cigar and puffed till he got a
good -"volume of smoke, which he poured
through the meshes of the handkerchief
again. A scarcely perceptible stain was
left on its whiteness.
"Well, that proves it," said the fair in
vestigator. "My! just think of that hor
rid black stuff all settling in your lungs!"
"Wait one moment," said the experi
menter, and he relocated the experiment
with the opposite result.
"Well, how is that." was the aston
"Why, it is simplyduo to tho difference
iu the way you place your lips when you
impel the smoke through the linen. Hold
them tight and blow hard, and it leaves a
stain upon them, nnd barely force the
smoke through nnd you get almost no
trace." Philadelphia News.
The Guillotine at Paris.
The distance from the prison door to the
Guillotine is not more than twenty steps.
The executions take place at the dawn of
day, and as far as anything being seen by
the crowd they are practically private.
Only the journalists and a" few privileged
ones are admitted on the square. At 2
o'clock in the morning the cavalry and in
fantry of the Paris Municipal guard, 100
each, fifty cavalry gendarmes aud aiout
500 policemen appear. The soldiers push
back the mob so as to leave the entire
square clear. Shortly afterward the exe
cutioner arrives iu a large red wagon
which contains the guillotine. The in
strument is packed in a number of cases,
each piece being numbered. The aids put
it together, the work not lasting over half
an hour. When the knife is iu place the
headsman tries its edge on a small bundle
of straw to see that it slides easily and
cuts well. Just before the moment of
execution the gendarmes range themselves
iu horseshoe form around the guillotine
and two rows of policemen form a lino
from the prison door to the instrument.
It is through this line that the condemned
passes. Paris Cor. The Epoch.
Narrow Kscjipe from Angry Ilees.
A farmer who is an expert in the culture
of bees declares that they are the most in
teresting of creatures, and that their
"cuteness" is wonderful. Like all living
creatures, the bee has a natural enemy; in
this case it is the moth miller, which some
times drives the swarms to desperation
and frenzy. Then it that the wary keep
at a safe distance from the hives. This
particular liee owner once saw a peculiar
instance of the bees' hatred of black ob
jects. It became necessary in some way
to rearrange something belonging to the
hive, when, like a host of furies, the en
raged inmates flew out en masse and at
tacked the disturber of their peace. Quick
as thought the fanner's wife ran and
threw her white apron over the husband's
head, whereupon the bees did not alight
on him, but instead ut tacked two innocent
black hens who happened near by, and
btung them to death. Boston Post.
Em ploy men t for Prisoners.
Oakum picking is doomed even iu mill
tary prisons. Sir E. Du Cane's last re
port on the discipline and management of
these institutions is full of testimony for
the more excellent plan of employing
prisoners on less monotonous and more
productive work. There is a military
prison at Brixton, and here the governor
perceives a steady amelioration in the
conduct of his prisoners. He attributes
this improvement in a great degree to the
pursuit of industries which improve their
bodily and mental health. Loudon News.
A Curiously Made Button.
A curious button was made about a
century ago and worn by the English
dandies of the period. It consisted of
polished brass, and was ruled with lines
so fine as to be almost microscopic. The
roughness of the surface thus obtained
broke the reflection of the light falling on
it and gave it prismatic colo.-s. The
beauty of mother of pearl and its irides
cent brilliancy are believed to le pro
duced by three plates overlapping each
other unevenly, and thus they disperse
the light as they reflect it. The Argo
naut. English Newspaper Enterprise.
An evening newspaper in an English
town determined to beat its rivals on the
report of the great foot race between
Hutchins and Gent, had its account
written up beforehand and put in type,
with blanks left for the name of the win
ner and other essential details, to lie filled
in later. Instead of the race there was u
great riot on the grounds, but the paper
got the news too late and came out with
its report of the race, blanks and all.
New York Sun.
Time Spent with the Itarber.
One of the rushers of New York, who Is
a forced patron of the barlers, has com
puted the time he spends every year in a
barber's chair. He is shaved three times
a week, and says the average time spent
in the shop is twenty minutes. He feels
that this is a moderate estimate, but is
willing to let it pass. "That figures up
just one hour every week," he resumed,
"making fifty-two hours in a year, or two
and one-sixth days, spent by me every
year in being shaved. Say my 'shaving
life' is thirty years, I lose over two months
in a barber's chair. Too much, altogether
too much time." New York Sun.
"Pilgrim's Progress" In Japanese.
In "Pilgrim's Progress," as translated
into Japanese and illustrated by native
artists, Christian has a close shaven Mon
golian head, Vanity Fair is a feast of lan
terns with popular Japanese amusements,
the dungeon of Giant Despair is one of
Ihose large wooden cages in which eastern
criminals are confined, and the augels
waiting to receive the pilgrims on the fur
ther side of the bridgeless river are
dressed in Yokohama fashion. Chicago
Another Health Resort.
Las Parmas. on the northeast coast of
Grand Canary, long known as one of tho.
most beautiful and populous towns oi inc
Canaries, is now extolled for its advant
ages as a health resort, its invigorating
air being attributed to the special in
fluence of the trade wind in that locality.
New York Star.
A factory owner in Brooklyn claims to
have sold 6,000,000. pounds of licorice Ian
year to a tobacco firm.
A large number of petrified trees have
recently lieen discovered on the line of the
Rideau canal in Canada.
ONLY 600 JOURNALS PUBLISHED
THE CZAR'S ENTIRE EMPIRE.
All the Noted Newspapers Conducted by
Independent Writers Have Been Abol
ished OMclal Statistics Why Kassia Is
Almost Nowspaperless Warnings.
A complete stagnation threatens the
Russian press. It is not because nowa
days there are no able writers in Russia.
The tronble is that the present minister of
the interior, Count D. Tolstoi, has suc
ceeded in abolishing all the noted journals
conducted by talented and independent
writers. The list of the periodical publi
cations that liave been suppressed during
the last six years is far more interesting
and valuable than all the papers now liv
ing. Now there is no originality about
Russian journals, no freshness and none
of that domestic stirring interest which
iu the days gone by used to so much at
tract attention iu all parts of the great
The suspended Golos (The Voice) has
left fully 50,000 subscribers without any
paper to their taste, for none of them dare
to defend the constitutional form of tho
government as The Golos did. In the
sixties, when the czar-liberator tried to
free the press from the iron grip of the
censor. Nicholas Tchernyshevsky started
The Contemporary Review, a monthly in
which he taught the Russian public for
the first time to conscientiously criticise
the government measures. It is impos
sible in this country even to imagine
what a whirlwind of public opinion he
raised as by magic. But even the liber
ator could not long stand such freedom of
discussion, and Tchernyshevsky was sen.
to Siberia for seven years and kept there
for fifteen. But the martyrology of the
Russian editors and writers is too long to
be given here.
The number of periodicals issued in
Russia amounts to a little over COO. As
the population of the czar's empire is
105,000,000, it is evident then that it takes
175,000 Russian subjects to support one
periodical, whereas in the United States
every 4,000 souls support some publica
tion. ncssiA's 400 PEUIODICALS.
Putting aside 200 periodicals published
in other tlinn the Russian language, the
' 400 Russian periodic; Is arc classified as
follows: Daily, 55; weekly, 85; monthly,
87; several times per week, 40; several
times per year, 138. Nearly one-half the
Russian periodicals are published iu tho
capital of the empire, St. Petersburg, nnd
one-third in seven of the largest towns,
leaving for the rest of the great empire less
than 100 periodicals. Iu the czar's country
there are many towns of 10,000, 20,000,
or even 40,000 inhabitants which have not
a periodical of any kind. The whole of
Siberia, with 4,000,000 of population, has
only two ncwfcpnicrs and bi-mouthly of a
According to the official statistics fur
nished by the post department last year
in Russia there passed through the mail
about 77,500,000 copies of Russian peri
odicals of all sorts, and 4,500,000 of for
eign periodicals were received in Russia.
Thus it appears that there is not for each
subject of the czar during a year even a
single copy of any periodical, Russian or
Why is the Russian press so insjgnifi
ennt as to its volume? Some say it is be
cause fully 80 per cent, of the Russians
are illiterate. But if the educated and
schooled Russians would read newspapers
as freely as Americans do, then iu Russia
there would be 5,000 periodicals instead of
GOO. There are other causes that make
the czar's country almost newsiiperlcss.
Iu the first place, there is no political life
at all, and the industrial life there is
in its embryotic state. Russians have
not so much news to exchange as the
people iu other countries have. In the
second place, the autocratic government
systematically and most strenuously op
poses the growth of the pre?s. Czars have
always been nware that writers, even
though in the clutches of censors and
under political supervision, are apt to
think for themselves, to argue and to
criticise. Thus they develop iu them
selves and in their readers tho qualities
most decidedly objectionable in imperial
subjects. Ever' job printer in Russia
must procure a police certificate of good
diameter and furnish bonds, nnd every
publisher, besides -these qualifications,
must maintain au imperial inspector at
his own establishment.
In Russia every editor of prominence
must pass a part of his life iu prison. If
we add to that the fatal ministerial warn
ings, prohibition of inserting advertise
ments, heavy fines and suspension, we
shall wonder not that there are so few
periodicals, but that among Russians
there arc men and women ready to enter
the career of journalist, which ranks iu
danger next to that of conspirator. Mos
A Tough Sort of Animal.
A brutal looking slungshot was fished
out by the sergeant. It was made of .a
clump of lead fastened on to an iron
scraper, such as is used on shipboard. A
handle of twisted copper wire gave a good
grip. The sharp iron edges of the scraper
projected ou each side of the lead, aud
added the advantages of a knife to its
other dangerous qualities. A more ter
rible example of fiendish ingenuity could
hardly lie devised.
"That was taken from a bucko sailor,"
said the sergeant.
"What sort of an animal is that" in
quired the reporter.
"Well, a mighty tough one. You don't
see many of them now. The steam ves
sels have driven them .out; but they used
to be very .plenty, in the Fourth ward
especially. They always dressed alike
summer and winter. They all wore heavy
woolen comforters arouud their necks, no
matter how warm it was. They were the
toughest human beings I ever saw in all
my experience. They would sleep on a
hard pavement with the thermometer lie
low zero and get up the next day n fresh
and chipper as though they had beeu re
clining on beds of down in a cozy, well
heated bed room.
"I rcmeml)er one of them who came
near killing a mate of mine in the Fourth.
The sailor was drunk and abusive. The
policeman tried to run him in, and in
about two seconds he was standing on his
head in the gutter and the fellow was
whaling him with his own club. For
tunately other officers came to his rescue.
It took six of them to get the fellow in,
and they tore every stitch of clothing from
his body before they reached the police sta
tion. Every one of them bore some mark
of the affray. That fellow's muscles
were as hard as iron."
"Why did they call them bucko sailors?"
inquired the reporter.
"I don't know. It wa3 some slang term.
They belonged on the Liverpool packets."
New York Sun.
Robert Garrett and His Tailor.
Dress is with Mr. Garrett a considera
tion of the highest importance. In this
direction he steers with skillful discrimi
nation between the gaudy aud the somlter.
lis t.-iste is fastidious, and his every gar
.ci:t must be iu the latest fashion and
:t with the greatest precision to the lines
fhis ligure. His clothing is connected
.vith supreme regard for the smallest de
nils, and his wardrobe is extensive. As
i matter of fact, he has nearly 100 differ--:it
suits of clothes. They are all new
aud can be jumped into in a jiffy, no mat
ter how great the ezigeBcks of the occa
sion. They raags from ta claw hammez
coat to tno rusiiau snouting jaccet, anC
tho pantaloons nre u veritable symphony
iu wearing apparel. Mr. Garrett's tailor
iias his shop in New York. This person
age keeps the railroad president constantly
in receipt of samples of the latest styles of
goods. So soon as he finds anything to
please his fancy he wires his tailor a few
days before a contemplated trip to New
York to make him a suit of that sample.
When he reaches New York the suit is
made and waiting for him at his hotel.
He nearly always has his feet incased in
lainty patent leathers.
Mr. Garrett's collection of hats, canes
and umbrellas is practically numberless.
Visitors, upon entering his house, have
frequently beeu appalled by tho immense
uumber of hats scattered through the
halls. They fall into the natural error of
supposing that he is entertaining a vast
delegation of his friends at dinner. Mr.
Garrett always carries a cane when walk
ing, nnd hardly ever neglects to adorn the
lapel of his coat with a bou ton mere.
His favorite costume on the street is a
dapper tight fittiug light check suit and a
Derby hat. Baltimore Cor. Globe-Democrat.
Iceland Stanford on Crape Culture.
"What do you think, governor, aIout
the grape culture of California, and the
making of wine as concerns commerce
"Unquestionably the grape is our great
est production. For a long time we
thought it impossible in California to
make good wine. Among those who had
tried the experment it seemed impossible
for some lime to get tho necessary degree
of flavor and dryness. After I became
governor of the state, and the vineyard
interest extended, I was frequently pre
sented with bottles and baskets of wine
raised in different parts. They were so
inferior thnt I finally stopped opening
them. Among others there was an old
Frenchman who had applied his experience
in France to vineyard work here. I le gave
me some wine, which I did not open at
all, and it lay in the cellar certainly ten
years, and perhaps fifteen. There were
sonio people out here who wanted to test
the oldest wines we had some English
and foreign people and. therefore,
our old French friend's wine was
dragged out, and when it was
tasted there were exclamations of
surprise and pleasure, whereupon I called
for the bottle and found thnt it was
old monsieur's wine, which I had almost
forgotten. The fact was that this wine
had evaporated and improved by time,
and that is one of the causes of the pres
ent quality Of our wines. We keep them
and let them mature. The Americans
knew nothing at all alraut wine making
in the first place, and even now in the
cast many of thorn think that wine is a
product to be drank as soon as it is
made." "Gath" in Cincinnati Enquirer.
A llostoii uoys lops.
One top is named Stonewall Jackson,
because of an unconquerable tendency to
"ride ahead" of the rest. This name
shows that "Barlani Freitchie" has stuck
in the memory of at least one small boy.
Another long legged top, which has a de
cided preference for n stationary attitude
in spinning, and wears an aspect of pa
tient, smiling dignity, is named Gen.
Grant, because, its ownei said, it sug
gested to him Gen. Grant "sitting in his
window and smiling down on the children
going by to church" obviously an inci
dent of the general's last illness which
had impressed the small boy's imagina
tion. There is a certain battered old top,
seamed with lashings and perforated with
hostile peg holes, which nevertheless lies
very close tots owner's heart, and which
proudly bears the designation, always
quoted at its full length, of "Daniel Web
ster, the old war horse." One top has
the name of Pegasus, a title which the
"Listener" fondly fancied showed a clas
sical tendency on the part of Tommy's
tastes until, upon iuquiry, he found that
it was borrowed from the name of a
highly approved locomotive on the Boton
and Lowell railroad. Boston Transcript
Pronunciation of "Yes."
There is probably no word in the English
language which is more ruthlessly cor
rupted in the pronunciation than this
monosyllable. A party of young people
were saying goodhj ou the corner of a.
street in Boston.
"May I walk with you" asked a yonng
man of a charmingly pretty and fresh girl.
"Shall we cross the Common?"
"Ayah!" was the nonchalant reply. At
least this is as nearly as the pen can do
justice to the souud. It is to be presumed
that the pretty youug lady meant "yes,"
for she aud her companion immediately
Bet off in the direction indicated, but no
foreigner would have guessed that the
correctly written affirmative and her cor
ruption of it were one nnd the same.
There are many versions of this one
little word, from the "Yup" of the street
boy to the inarticulate grunt of the boor,
yet, after all, the combination of three
letters is not difficult to pronounce
A South African Ostrich Turui.
The proprietor is growing olriih fcatli
ere to adorn Euroiiean and American 1h:i
nets, and employs Hottentots and Bosch
jesmen to assist him. The oitri-h farm
visited that Sunday was said to be the
largest in Africa, its owner possessing
over 1,000 pairs of good- breeding birds
Its value must have been very great, as a
bank officer informed me that the cost of
a pair of birds was never lest, than $250.
and they charge for an egg the size of an
average pineapple $25. South African
Better than Doctors' Stuff.
The doctors may all talk, and they may
blow nnd say they can cure this and cure
that, but when it comes to telling any
thing about a man's stomach they're not
there. I have come to the conclusion that
the less medicine a man puts into his
stomach the better for himself. Since I
have quit taking medicine I have been all
right. If I had kept on putting an apoth
ecary shop under my vest I might now be
out where the birds are singing nnd the
leaves are rustling. The best medicine
for a man is a good, healthy meal. That's
what I am taking now. It beats pilb,
and it knocks teaspoon and tablespoon fuls
of nauseating stuff hfgherthan Gildsroy's
Napoleon on Eng!i!i Soi-ty.
The English apiear to prefer the bottli
to the society of their ladies. This is illus
trated by dismissing the ladies from the
table and remaining for bourn to drink
and intoxicate themselves. If I were in
England I should certainly leave the table
with the ladies. Were I an English
woman I should feel very discontented at
being turned out by the men to wait two
or three hours while they are drinking.
On Mount Katahdin's Summit.
A cone of burnished tin, twenty inches
in height and twelve in diameter, has been
placet! on the summit of Mount Katahdin
by the Bangor (Me.) Appalachian club, in
order to note the distance from which the
peak cau bo seen. Chicago New?.
- Syrup of FiH
Is Nature's own true laxative. It is the
most easily taken, and the most effective
remedy known to Cleanse the System
when Bilious or Costivo; to dispel Head
aches, Colds and Fevers; to cure Habit
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Files, etc
Manufactured only by the California Fig'
Syrup Company, San Francisco, CaL For
ale only by Dowty k Btahar. 27-y
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
And the largest Pali la Cask Capital of
any bank in this part ot the State.
t3FDcposits received and intertwt paid oa
8T"D rafts on the prine ipal cities ia this coun
try and Knrope bought and sold.
"Collections and all other busiaess gtvsa
prompt and careful attention.
A. AN DEI WON, Pres't.
HERMAN P. H.OEHLHICH.
W. A. McALUSTKft,
JOHN W. EARLY.
J. P. BECKER.
Drs. If ARTY ft SCHUO,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surraons, Union Pacific. O.. N. A
H. II. and B. A M. R. R's.
Consultation in German and English. Tele
phones at oHico and rvxiilencee.
E7Offico on OHto trett, next to Hrodfuea
rer's Jewolry Store.
AniLTO.H MEADE, m. IK
rilYlHICTAX AXD SURGEOX,
Platte Center. Nebraska.
ATTORNEY cr NOTARY PUBLIC
Offico np-tnirs in Henry's building, corner of
Olive nnd 11th Htreets. aniclO-lfty
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upstairs Ernttt building. 11th street.
OlIULIVAIV 4c KEEDEK,
ATTORNEYS AT LslW,
p I. evaivs, m. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEOX.
Offic and rooms. Olack building, 11th
street. Telephone communication. 4-y
ATTORNEY fr NOTARY PUBLIC.
SOffice over First National Bank. Colum
"Parties desiring mirveying done can ad
ilnva meat Columbus, Nth., or call at my offic
in Court House. Smaytf-y
JJOTIt'E TO TEACHERS.
W. H. Tedrow, Co Supt.
I will bo at my otKcein the Court House the
third Saturday of each month for the examina
tion of teachers. 89.tf
ylt. J. CHAM. WILLI,
,?Onice 11th Street. Consultations in En
glish, trench Bad German. 22marW
DRAY and EXPRESSMEN.
Light and heavy hauling. Goods handled
with care. Headquarters at J. P. Becker 4 Co.'s
office. Telephone. 33 and 31. 80mar87y
C. J. GARLOW.
HIGGLHS & GARLOW,
Specialty matlo of Collections by C. J. Garlow.
F. F. RUftlVEH, M. D.,
Ckreaio Diseases and Diseases af
Ckildrem a Specialtr.
Eg""OrKc on Olive street, three doors north of
First National Bank. '.My
llth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Sells Hnrness, Saddle. Collars, Whips. Blankets.
Curry Comb. Kruuhes, trunks, valie, buggy
iop, cuKiiions. carnage trimmings, Ac, at the
lowest iMMMtible prices. Repairs promptly
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Soofine and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
t3?"Shop on Olive street,
Brodfuehrer'e Jewelry Store.
WOM CUSSES a
pared to furnish
all classes, with employment at home, the whole
of the time, or for their spare moments. Bus!.
ness new, light and profitable. Persons of either
sex easily earn from SO cents to $9.00 per evening
and a proiortional sum by devoting all their
time to the business. Boys and girls earn nearly
as much as men. That all who see this may send
their address, and test the basins, we make
this offer. To such as are not well satisfied we
will send one dollar to pay for the trouble of
writing. Full particulars and outfit free. Ad
dress, Gzobok STrasoM & Co., Portland, Maine.
iluitlan W W
IIC suit, be he experl
iSSenced or otherwise.
It contains lists of newspapers and estimates
of the cost of adverttsin jr.The advertise r who
wants to spend one dollar, finds ia it the In
formation be requires, while forhim who will
Invest one hundred thousand dollars in ad
vertising, a scheme is indicated which will
neet his every requirement, or w btwad
149 editions have been Issued.
Sent, post-paid, to any address for 10 cents.
Write to GEO. P. KQWELL CO..
KEWSPAPER ADVERTISING BCKBATJ.
qsaorn w.Priailiig nn q.), KewTork.