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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 7, 1887)
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VOL. XVUX-NO. 33.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1887.
WHOLE NO. 917.
I.KAN DEH GERHARD, PreVl.
GEO. W. HULST. Vice PreVt.
JUKI UK A. REED.
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WESTERN COTTAGE ORGAN
IF WE KNEW?
Would it be lietter if we knew?
If we could lift the Tell which hides
The inner shrine where soul abides
Would life M-em nobler, or more true?
If we could trace each circle round.
And s. as angel sec. and know
A he from whom life's currents flow,
Would hearts be happier for truth found?
Should we find moreto lore, or less
Within the mirrored soul of each
Could wo discern the utmost reach
Of Lpirll's deejtest consciousness!
Eva Gorton Taylor in Chicago Herald.
LITTLE BOY BLUE.
The soft woolly sheep are knee deep in the mea
dou "l Lv c'umsy old cow's In the corn,
The li:tlo iambs bleat
As tit v int. for vour feet.
Boy Blue Boy Blue!
As t hey ait for your step in the morn.
The little bird u ing on a bough by the window
And chirps to her young- in the nest.
And iht butterfly's wings
Arc the. daintiest things,
Boy Dine Boy Blue:
For he's d rested liiniM'lf all in his best.
Trie little brown partridire, so brisk and so saucy.
Calls out to his ueighbor, "Bob White,"
And his poor little mate.
Who is sleeping too lale.
Boy Blue! Boy Blue'
Answers, 'Teas are not ripe no, not quite!"
Why, even the leaves in the sunlight are dancing
And loud is the woodpecker's tap;
He shakes his small head
At the wee oue in bed.
Boy Blue: Boy Blue!
At the lazy lioy taking his nap.
The roses arc waiting, the lilits are wailing.
So fresh from their bath in the dew ;
Then open your eyes
To the light of the skies.
Boy Blue! Boy Blue!
Tor the whole world is waiting for you.
Mary Kiddell Corley in Boston Transcript.
DESTROYING A RAILROAD.
The Kflectual and Expedition Method
Carried Out by Sherman's Army.
A knowledge of the art of building
railroads is certainly of more value to a
country than that of the best means of
destroying them; but at this particular
time the destruction seemed necessary,
and l lie time may again come when such
w,rk will be necessary. Lest the most
eUcctual and expeditious method of de
stroying railroad tracks .should become
one of the lost arts, I will here give a few
rules for the guidance of officers who may
in future be charged with this important
dut. It should 1m; remembered that
tltoe rules are the result of long experi
ence and close observation. A detail of
men to do the work should be made on
the evening before operations are to-com-mence.
The number to be detailed being,
of course, dependent upon the amount of
work to be done, I estimate that 1,000
men can easily destroy about five miles of
track per day, and do it thoroughly.
Before going out in the morning the
men should besupplied with agouti break
fast, for it lias been discovered that soldiers
are more ctlicieut at this work, as well as
on the lj;ittlelield, when their stomachs are
full than when they are empty. The ques
tion as to the food to be given the men for
breakfast is not important, but I suggest
roast turkeys, chickens, fresh eggs and
.coffee, for the reason that in an enemy's
country such a breakfast will cause no
unpleasantness between the commissary
and the soldier, inasmuch as the commis
sary will only be required to provide the
coffee. In fact it hntbceii discovered that
an army moving through u hostile but
fertile country, having au efficient corps of
foragers (vulgarly known in our army as
bummers), requires but few articles of
food, such as hardtack, coffee, salt, pepper
Your detail should be divided into three
sections of alout equal numbers. I will
suppose the detail to consist of ;,000 men.
The first thing to be done is to reverse the
relative positions of the ties and iron rails,
placing the ties up and the rails under
them. To do this, Section No. 1, consist
ing of 1,000 men, is distributed along oue
side of the track, one man at the end of
each tie. At a given signal each man
seizes a tie, lifts it gently till it assumes a
vertical position, and then at another sig
nal pushes it forward so that when it
falls the ties will be over the rails. Then
each man loosens his tie from the rail.
Tliis tloue, Section No. 1 moves forward to
another portion of the road, and Section
No. 2 advances and is distributed along
the portion of the road recently occupied
by Section No. 1. The duty of the second
section is to collect the tics, place them
in piles of about thirty ties each place
the rails on top of these piles, the center
of each rail being over the center of the
pile, and then set fire to the ties. Section
No. 2 then follows Xo. 1.
As soon as the rails are sufficiently
heated, Section No. takes the plac of
No. 2, and upon this devolves the most
important duty, viz., the effectual de
struction of the rail. This section should
be in command of an efficient officer, who
will see that the work is not slighted.
Unless closely watched, soldiers will con
tent themselves with bending the rails
around trees. This should never be per
mitted. A rail which is simply bent can
easily be restored to its original sli3pe.
No rail should be regarded as properly
treated till it has assumed the shape of n
doughnut, it must not only be bent, but
twisted. To do the twisting Poe's rail
road hooks arc necessary, for it has been
found that the soldiers will not seize the
hot iron bare handed. This, however, is
the only thing looking toward the de
struction of property which I ever knew a
man in Sherman's army to decline doing.
With Poe's hooks a double twist can be
given to a rail which precludes all hope of
restoring it to its former shape except by
recasting. Gen. H. W. Slocum in The
How a Gull Open Claws.
"I had a very singular experience last
Sunday," said a tradesman, whose shop
n Oakland is adorned by the sign, "Orni
thological Rarities," but who, on a pinch,
would sell a dog or a rabbit. "I was
walking on the leach, not very far from
the Cliff house, and I had just noticed that
an usually large number of sea gulls were
flying over the sands, when a hard sub
stance struck me iolently upon the head
and staggered me. Luckily my hat was
very thick and I am blessed with a tolera
bly solid skull. So I soon recovered my
self, and I was looking about to ascertain
wliat had hit me. when I was greatly
startled by a weird and ghostly fluttering
of wings a foot above me. A great gray
gull had narrowly escaped alighting upon
my shoulders. He just succeeded in check
ing his impetuous descent as his feet al
most touched me. With a queer kind of
half frightened cry he was again into the
air. But what had brought him so close
to me? I soon found out. Lying on the
sand was the thing that had given me
that blow upon the head. It was a large
black mussel, and the sea gull had dropped
it from a dizzy height upou my unoffend
I liave studied the habits of these
birds pretty carefully, and I know very
well why he had done it. He was trying
to get at his dinuer, and as the shell of
the mussel was still unbroken, and I
wished to see him try again, I walked a
couple of hundred yards away and then
turned to watch his movements. See
ing that the coast was clear, he quickly
flew back to the place where the mussel
had fallen, seized it in his beak and, again
rising high" into the air, he let it drop.
He followed it closely as it fell, keeping
almost beside it during the greater part of
the descent, and only moderating bis
downward rush when ho was in dancer ol
uasmng imnselt upou the beach. The
mussel struck the sand, but the shell was
still unbroken, and, indeed, it was very
evident to me that the sott ground that
received it would never lay it open. Then
I flung the mussel to a distance, and the
gull, seeming to take this as a hint that
my head was not n chopping block, seized
his troublesome delicacy and flew away.
I saw him turn a little inland, rise once
more to a great height, dart swiftly down
and then" wing his way out to sea. I
found that many stones lay at the place
of his last descent; ho, doubtless, bis per
severance was at length rewarded, and he
had gone off to some lonely rock to dine."
San Francisco Examiner.
A Buried City.
That one of the greatest of all of the
cities built by the Buddhists in the east
should have lieeu forgotten and lost in
the depths of a trackless forest for 1,000
years is a fact that lays a powerful hold
on the imagination. Readers of Mr.
Ferguson and Sir Emerson Tennent have
heard something of the architectural wnu-
dera of Anuradhapurathe ancient "city
"of granite," in "the island of Ceylon, and
of the unparalleled immunity ot its struc
tures and rich monumental remains from
the ravages of the spoiler and the religious
Since they wrote great progress has
been made in the way of clearing the
jungle. Mr. Burrows, who has lately
visited the city, gives in Macmillau's
Magazine a remarkable account of the
progress made in local archaeological re
searches since this marvelous record of
the past was accidentally rediscovered.
The ruins at present disclosed are de
scribed as already extending for a dis
tance of at least four miles by two and a
half. The wonderful Cingalese palace,
supposed to have been built about the
commencement of the Christian era, of
which Mr. Burrows gives an elaborate
description, was discovered only last year.
So far the clearings and excavations are
stated to yield results which entirely
agree with the most authentic account
extant from au eye witness of ancient
Auuradhapura the Chinese traveler, Fa
Hian, who visited it in the early part of
the Fifth century. Chicago Times.
flasket Work of ttie Indians.
The annual report of the National mu
seum for 1884 contains several interesting
ethnological papers. Professor O. T. Ma
son gives ji sketch of the basketry of
North American aborigines, which is
amply illustrated with drawings of speci
mens and enlarged portions of the basket
work, in order to illustrate exactly the
manner of weaving. Mason discusses the
methods in use all along the coast of
western America from the Arctic ocean to
California, in the interior, and among the
tribes of the Atlantic coast, and distin
guishes three types of basketry, which he
calls the twined, the coiled and the woven
ones. The first is most frequently found
on the northwest coast. Coiled basket
work is almost exclusively used by the
northern Tinne and by the Apache, while
many tribes apply all methods of manu
facture. A great difficulty in determining
the area ot characteristic forms is encoun
tered through the deficiency ot the meth
ods of many collectors, and the frag
mentary state of collections; many speci
mens which are seemingly characteristic
of one triqe having in reality a far wider
distribution, while other characteristic
types are wanting in the collections.
A Unique and Famous Pearl.
Xo explanation ever has been, or ever
will le, forthcoming of the extraordinary
freak of nature in the formation of the
famous pearl known as the southern cross.
Originally discovered at Roeburn, in
western Australia, it consists of nine
pearls adhering together in the form of a
1 jitin cross, seven in the shaft and two in
the arms, one on each side of the shaft,
nearly opposite the second pearl from the
top. The iearls tire slightly compressed,
like peas in a pod, and no trace of any
artificial junction can be observed. It
has been suggested that a fragment of
sea weed may have got into the shell and
formed the frame of the construction.
The pearls are of fine quality, though
slightly misshapen at parts, and the value
of the gem is very high. Its character is
unique, and so filled the owner an Irish
man named Kelley with superstitious
awe that for a long time he was induced
to hide it away and keep his possession of
it a secret. Boston Transcript.
Telegraph Lines In China.
One obstacle that has stood in the way
of planting that exotic, the telegraph pole,
in Chinese soil has been the widespread
belief among the peasantry that the
strange whispering wires they support
when strung along near graveyards exert
a baleful influence upon the long sleep of
their revered ancestors. As nearly every
hilltop in China is crowned by the toinbs
of lamented forefathers, it has been very
difficult to belect routes for telegraph
lines where the wires were not likely to
fall a prey to the popular prejudice against
them. It is noteworthy that the great
telegraph line which is to connect Pekiti
with Europe will take a short cut to the
Gobi desert, and will pass through less
tliau 300 miles of inhabited country in the
900 miles to Kiachta, where it will join
the Russian lines. New York Sun.
Ilntr Spiders Monlt.
When a spider is preparing to moult it
stops eating for several days and fastens
itself by a short line of web to one of the
main lines of its snare, which holds it
firmly while it proceeds to undress. The
skin cracks all around tiic thorax, and is
held only by the front edges. Next the ab
domen is uncovered. Now comes the strug
gle to free the legs. It works and kicks
vigorously and seems to have very hard
work, but continued perseverance for
about fifteen minutes brings it out of the
old dress, and it seems almost lifeless and
is limp and helpless for several minutes,
but gradually comes back to life and looks
brighter and prettier than before Swiss
Itegiilated ly the Government.
In many European countries govern
mental supervision regulates household
service. Servants in some places possess
conduct books, without which they can
not find situations. The mistresses note
the girls' behavior in this book, which is
countersigned by the police. Why could
not the system suggest an American plan
of regulation? A supervising board of do
mestic service, composed of the prominent
matrons of city or town, would be a use
ful department of municipal government.
Its duties would be the supervision of in
telligent offices, and the careful oversight
of the unprotected girls, as well as pre
vention of fraud against housekeepers,
and its good results can be predicted as
one answer to a difficult problem. Cas
sell's Family Magazine.
Old Time Sun Portrait.
It is interesting to remember that the
year 18559 was distinguished by the first
experiment in New York though which
Daguerre's novel process of making pict
ures became known to -the public. As
they required an exposure of twenty
minutes too long for taking portraits
he stated that living objects could not be
taken; they could not keep still long
enough. Professor Morse, of telegraph
fame, was one of the first to see that a
new field of art industry would be opened,
and made some interesting experiments.
Magazine of American Historv.
'Tain't fa'r to medjer de dep1 ob a snow
by de drift in de fence corner. J. A.
Life's good gifts come.
And, lo! unheeded under foot we tread
The bloom that for us sweetness might have
Before whose blessings we are blind and dumb.
Broad ldghways lead
Up from the fens of darkness and despair;
Yet our poor faltering feet must stumble there.
And groping 'mid the thorns our brows must
Our true friends reach
Strong hands to help us o'er the heights ot pain;
Yet to our alien tars their cries are vain
We own them not by glance or touch or speech.
Ah, me: when from our eyes
Some auift day rends the veil, yet all too late.
How shall we stand and mourn without tho gate.
Wringing frail hands in impolcut surprise!
- The Oien Court,
FRENCH SPECIALISTS' OBSERVATIONS
Tbo Mysterle, or Kight and Left Left
handed People Criminal.
Some French specialists have recently
been making olftservattons with review to'
elucidating some mysteries iu this matter
of right and left. One of them, in order
to determine whether it is true that men
are born with the right side more devel
oped than the left, has weighed, with
every precaution to render his experiments
accurate, the limbs of eleven infants of
less than 2 years of age in the dissecting
room of course. I le measured the bones
of the arms and limbs, but in neither in
stance did ho find much difference, though
the variations were sufficient to lead him
to tho conclusion that though right and
lert depend partially on heredity, it is
e'cn more directly attributable to educa
tion that is, to the fact that iu regard to
the two hands the child is never per
mitted, nor is the adult, for thnt matter,
to use them indiscriminately.
Another French specialist has examined
the teeth with results which he considers
more convincing. In-sixty-four subjects,
taken indiscriminately, he found that
forty-one had defects of various kinds on
the left side and only twenty-two defect-,
or anomalies on the right. This was ow
ing lo the general enfeebleinent of the Ijf i
at the expense of the opposite side, which
is more favored by exercise, aud possibly
by the freer circulation of the blood. T: .
left side of the jaw is weaker and less
health'. It was observed by the same
specialist that iu the case of left handed
persons th. defects were mostly on the
right. Let : handed persons are raro in all
countries, though the number might be
increased by education. Delaunay, a
French author, counts one for every f or ty
Iimbroso, an Italian writer, found among
071 workingmeu twenty-seven who were
left handed and a little more than 4 per
cent, who were ambidexterous. Among
100 Bersaglieri, that is, soldiers of the
mountain regiments, ho found 5 per cent,
ambidexters, and on another occasion
thirteen left handed and ono ambidexter
among 28 workmen.
Another observer found among the chil
dren of s; boarding school 12 per cent, left
handed aud S3 per cent, using both hands.
A person born left handed cau be taught
to use his ritdit hand with considerable
skill, though he is always ready to resort
to the left when he is iu danger, because
it is the stronger. Left handed persons,
that is, those Ixirn so, are said by some
physiologists to be degenerated, and some
sort of mental inferiority or eccentricity
accompanies the defect, as is usually the
etise with persons afflicted with strabis
mus, harelip, prognathism or other physi
cal peculiarities in the nature of deformi
ty. U has been remarked that there is a
considerable per cent, of left handed
among the insane, and two Italian phy
sicians found among ninety insane pa
tients seventy-three whose sensibility
was greater on the left side than on
the right. The criminal instinct seems
stronger among left handed than among
right handed people. Dr. Marro, an
Italian, found in a given numlier of male
criminals nearly 14 per cent, left handed
and 22 per cent, among the female delin
quents thi't i to say, for the men three
times the proportion found among honest
people, and for female criminals four
times the proportion. No one need then
desire to lc born left handed, since this
class is handicapped with either physical
or mental disease, demoralizing if not
cerious. This need not prevent children
born right handed from being taught the
use of the left, that they may use cither,
according to necessity. That this can be
done is shown by the rapidity with which
persons who have lost the right hand or
arm acquire the adroit use of the other.
It may be said that as regards the use of
the right hand and the left man is the
subject of heredity without being abso
lutely its slave. Sau Francisco Chronicle.
V Dot lu the China Sea.
The little island of Pootoo, one of the
Chusan group, about 150 miles from
Shanghai aud forty from Niugpo, is a
beautiful little dot in the China sea, some
four miles square and wtcred to the priest
hood and worship of Buddha.
Perhaps the main object of the Chinese
pilgrim in visiting Pootoo is to hear what
the oracle has to say at this temple; for a
fortune told here is supposed to be de
lineated by the great Buddha himself.
Chinese pay handsomely for these mani
festations aud every white man doing the
island is supposed to have his fortune told.
The business costs about two or three
dollars, and is marked with considerable
ceremony and ingenious&ess.
The great golden idol of the temple
holds in his right hand a sort of cornuco
pia filled with numbered bamboo sticks.
On payment of the fee the officiating
priest makes obeisance to the deity and
waves incense before him, which is fol
lowed by some hidden machinery making
the hand rattle up the sticks and drop two
or three. These are reverently picked up
and the combination deciphered, written
out on fancy paper and handed to the cus
tomer. The writer has lefore him one of these
manifestations translated verbatim by a
Chinese office boy. Though -rather ob
scure, it is not altogether devoid of an el
ement of the encouraging and poetic. It
"The joss say you come the time au
tumn. I tell you I compare you as a
stork; then you get fair wind you fly up
to heaven: no, any bird can pass yon."
San Francisco Chronicle.
An Afghan Kxecutioii.
The Pioneer newspaper gives an ac
count of the execution of Tuimur Shah,
the ringleader of the recent Herat mutiny.
Taimur was taken to a public place, and
there, after his beard had been plucked
out, he was stoned to death by the chief
officers of the army, Parwana Khan, as
kowtal of the city, casting the first stone.
It is said that Taimur, who was a man of
exceptionally powerful build, did not die
at once, though stones were piled upon
him in a large heap. Two days later the
sentry on duty saw a movement among
the stones, and, stooping, he heard Tai
mur say: "Oh, creature of God, come kill
me, that I may be released from this tor
ment." This being reported to the ameer,
he ordered Taimur to be killed outright."
Old Versus New Champagnes.
Champagne is not stored iu the London
dock vaults, but on the upper floors of the
dock warehouses. Tho Russians, who
used to rival the United States in cham
pagne drinking, are fast giving up that
wine and betaking themselves to port.
There were not more, than 500,000 bottles
of champagne taken in Russia last year.
The English cannot understand the taste
of Americans for new cbamoairne. Th$
Impression appears to prevail in th
United States that champagne deterior
' ates after it is three or four years old, and
it is said this impression, for reasons of
their owu, has been fostered by the trade
in that country. Tho English and French
laugh at this. They do not touch cham
pagne until it is at least seven or eight
years old, ad a large dealer, who was
looking m some of his stock in the ware
house, said he had champagne of the vin
tage i'f 18(8, which was much sought
afte-. St. Iajui's Republican.
Design ot lielglan Coins.
co:tie of the small Belgian coins, which
a; ierhaps, the prettiest of all the
modern exumples, have a vigorous effect
given them, not by raising the effigy in
the center much alwve the general sur
face, but by surrounding it with a sunk
space, from which it stands out bold and
round, although protected from wear by
the rim which carries tho inscription.
With the English or American coins, in
which a profile head or other figure swims
about in an oceau of background, such a
"treatment would be impracticable; but
the Belgian designers fit their lion very
cleverly into his circular frame, without
either crowding or awkward vacancies.
A disposition of this sort would be the
very one which would occur to a trained
decorative artist, to whom the jumbles
that now pass muster for coinage designs
would be abominations; and a sculptor of
the first rank might then be called iu
with great advantage to complete the
modeling. The Epoch.
A Sneak Tiller Dodge.
A new dodge in the workingmau in dis
tress line. A keen eyed fellow, with a
most villainous expression, halted me at 3
iu the morning iu Madison square and de
manded, civilly enough, if I did not want to
buy his coat which garment he proceeded
to strip off when I stopped him. He was
a bookkeeper out of a job, he saitl. In
spite of his sinister and forbidding face I
was on the point of giving him the prici
of his lodgings when he gave a shout and
started at a dead run over grass and seats.
He had caught sight of an approaching
park policeman. The officer told me he
had halted a number of persons with the
same plea as he had made to me aud the
same offer aud had got money from .several.
"He's a sneak thief, just down from
Sing Sing," said tho officer. "Didn't you
notice how short his hair whs and how
yellow his complexion?"
Here are signs by which you may know
Sing Sing's pensioners, it seems. Alfred
Trumble in New York News.
Minimum Army Transportation.
The throwing away of superfluous con
veniences began at- daybreak. The old
campaigner knows what to carry and
what to throw away. Each group of
messmates decided which hatchet, stew
pan or coffee pot should be taken. The
single wagon allowed to a battalion car
ried scarcely more than a gripsack and
blanket, and a bit of shelter tent about
the size of a large towel for each officer,
anil only such other material as was nec
essary for regimental business. Trans
portation was reduced to a minimum, and
fast marching was to be the order of the
day. Wagons to carry the necessary am
munition in the contingency of a battle,
and n few days' rations in case of absolute
need, composed the train of each army
corps, and with one wagon and one ambu
lance for each regiment made very re
spectable "impedimenta," averaging
alout 800 wagons to a corps. Capt. Dan
iel Oakey iu The Century.
A Clrrr. Out of Work.
It is the custom in the great brokers'
offices on Wall street for the clerks to
lunch at noon at the expense of the house
in the office, where a table is laid for them.
For a week past, every day. at a certain
office near the Stock Exchange, a well
dressed young fellow has walked into the
dining room with the clerks at lunch time,
eaten his fill and gone out. No one knew
him, but as he was seen lounging about
the office during the day he was supposed
to be employed upon some special business
by the chief. One day the chief himself
came in while the clerks were at their
feed, noticed the stranger and asked who
lie was. This led to the discovery that the
fellow was an idle stranger clerk out of
work, who had hit iion this expedient to
secure a good meal free of expense. His
cheek so delighted the broker that he put
him to work, and now he lunches at ease,
with a salary to draw besides. Alfred
Tjuinble iu New York News.
Drluks for the Voice.
Tea, coffee and cocoa are three admissi
ble drinks, but none in excess. For tho
voice cocoa is the most beneficial. It
should never be made too strong, and
those cocoas are the best that have been de
prived of their oil. A cup of thin cocoa,
just warm, is more to be recommended
between the exertions of singing than any
alcoholic beverage. Tea must not lie
taken too strong, nor when it lias drawn
too long, for tea then becomes acid and
has a bad influence upon the mucous
membraue that lines the throat.
There is always a dry sensation after
having taken a cup of tea that has been
allowed to draw too long. A vocalist bad
better do without sugar in tea and only
take milk with it. American Druggist.
.-. riietttre Without Footlights.
Brussels is to have a theatre without
footlights, in accordance with the plans of
M. Bees, the designer of the new Flemish
theatre there. He believes that the thick
stratum of heated air through which the
voices of the actors have to pass to reach
the audience obstructs and deadens the
sound. For the footlights he has substi
tuted a triple range of gas lights behind
the orchestra. The new system was test
ed, and pronounced a decided improve
ment on that now in use. Xew York
lion- Fine Flowers Are Grown. t
All the flue flowers seen at exhibitions
are obtained by the plants being "dis
budded," as the method is technically
known. The expert florists instruct ama
teurs who select special kinds from tho J
cut flower tables that they must not be
disappointed at finding them half the size '
when they flower, unless they pinch off all 1
the bud but one on each shoot just as
soon as the buds can be seen. Xew York
Mail and Express. i
Earthquake Proof Buildings. '
The government of Japan has invited
several scientific bodies to appoint a joint
committee to examine and report upon
the type of buildings best calculated to re
sist shocks of earthquake This is iu
view of the fact that whereas Japanese
houses were formerly constructed of wood,
masonry is now coming largely into use,
especially iu the construction of public
buildings. Chicago Times.
A Kemarkable Firearm.
An astonishing firearm has been intro
duced iu France. It is of French origin,
and is wonderful iu the results obtained. I
At 8,000 feet distance 98 per cent, of the
balls hit n number of baskets representing
n company of soldiers. Col. Lebel, the
inventor, stood within ten feet of a target
while one of his friends fired at it 6,000 ,
feet distant. Chicago Times.
A Peaceful FarlOu j
There has been discovered In a parish
on the Louisiana coast of the gulf a place i
in which- no disorder is ever heard of, in J
which there Is a court without a criminal :
on the docket and a jail used for the stor
age of cereals. Chicago Timet. '
Stalwart mowers, brown and lithe,
Orer summer meads abloom.
Wielding fast the whispering scythe.
Where Is all the old perfume?
Breathes it yet in teuder gloom.
Soft through hades' twilight air?
Where hath suinmertide her tomb?
Hush, the scythe says, where, ah where!
Comes the long blade gleaming cold
Where the garden ground is spread
Rays of pearl on crowns of gold.
Dainty daisies, white and red!
Dames that o'er them once would tread.
Damsels blithe and debonair.
Where is all your sweetness fled?
Hush, the scythe says, where, ah where!
Time! who tak'&t and giv'st again
All things bitter, some things sweet.
Must we follow, all in vain
Follow still those phantom feet?
Is there not some grass grown street.
Some old, yew-begirt parterre,
Whero our dreams and wo may meet?
Ilusn, the scythe says, where, ah where!
AN OLD INDIAN FIGHTER.
Hi rrifying Coolness With Which lie Gave
he Details or the Death of Bis Foes.
I suppose a soldier iu battle but rarely
knows that ho has actually shot a man,
but one of these old Indian fighters sits
down after dinner, over a pipe, and re
lutes to you with quite horrifying coolness
every detail of the death which his rifle
and his sure eyes dealt to an Indian; and
when this one, stroking meauwhile the
head of a little Ixy, who was standing at
his knees, described to mo how ho lay on
-he grass and took aim at a tall chief, who
was, in the moonlight, trying to steal a
boat from a party of gold seekers, aud
how, at the crack of his rifle, the Indian
fell his whole length in the boat and never
stirred again, I confess I was dumb with
amazement. The tragedy had not even
the dignity of an event in a man's life.
He shot Indians as he ate his dinner,
plainly as a mere matter of course: nor
was he a brute, but a kindly, honest, good
fellow, not in the least bloodthirsty.
One of these very Indian fighters is
now sitting before me. I have been ac
quainted with him for years, and I know
him to be a good, kind hearted man, and
the idol of the little curl) heads who
cluster at his knees. He does not look ut
all as I imagined a murderer would look;
ne is dignified as well as good hearted in
fact, there is uothiug different iu his ap
pearance aud manner from those of any
other well meaning citizen. And yet he
has just been telling me, with n slight,
satisfied smile playing over his lips as he
spoke, how he once hanged an Indian and
again how he cut the throat of another.
I am not at nil afraid of him, though I
must acknowledge that he makes me
shudder; but us we think over the matter
I wonder all the same uud yet in the
south, uud all over the sea, I have looked
upon some strange, sad scenes, in which
blood was not wanting. Am I disgusted
when he tells me how n-z once cut a steak
with his bowie knife out of an old Indian?
Yes but there he stands before me, aud
I must say that he does not at all look
like a butcher. A. O. Toss in in Overland
Cliauncey M. Depew at Honjburg.
"Where were you besides in London?"
"Principally in Homburg. Everything
is arranged in Homburg to make you
stay. On your arrival the landlord looks
at you sympatheticaily and says: 'It's
well you came when you did. You had
better see the doctor immediately.'
"Everybody says the same thing to you
the man that stands behind your chair
and the man that brushes your coat.
Pictty soon you begin to believe yourself
that it is well you have come, and wonder
what's the matter with you. Then, after
a little struggle with your old, healthy
self, you give In aud go to the doctor. I
did it, and I haven't been sick for ten
years. The doctor says you had better
stay at least three weeks and take the
waters. It is singular how unanimous
every one is in advising you to stay.
"Well, you take the waters, and you
must take them just as you arc told,
whether you like it or not. You really
don't like it at all, but you hardly dare
think so to yourself. At 6 o'clock you
get up, go down to the spring, and drink
one glass. Then you Walk u quarter of a
mile and come back aud drink another
glass. Then walk half a mile and drink
another. Then walk a mile and drink a
final glass, and you are done with that
part of the day's toil.
"They won't allow you to commute
drink half a dozen glasses at once and
walk a couple of miles
"After the water servitude you take a
pine bath. That's a curious custom. It
consists of pouring a pint of condensed
essence of pine sap into a tub of water
and in wallowing around iu it. The water
is as black as ink. Yon only feel happy
when you have taken another bath after
ward and washed it off." New York
In a Japanese Theatre.
There are two tiers of boxes, the lower
of which is provided with wilding paper
doors, forming small rooms like bathing
machines. The pit is divided by low
cross bars into squares, reminding ono of
the cattle pens of old Smithfield, each
capable ot holding four persons comfort
ably. A Japanese family bent upou en
joyment engages a compartment for the
day in a position suited to the purse in
the middle of the house if well to do,
nearer to the stage or to the back accord
ing to the scarcity of coin and, having
deposited clogs in the yestiaire, take up a
position with cushions, kettle, tea things,
smoking tray, and never move till mid
night, except to pay visits to friends. A
Japanese theatrical petformance com
mences generally at early dawn and InMs
a dozen hours.
The stage occupies the end of the build
ing from wall to wall. Oddly, the actors
do not make their appearance from the
side or back (there are no wings), but strut
along n narrow platform over the heads of
the pit by means of just such a boarded
footway as is used by European conjurers.
Faithful to the canon of no illusion, the
performers stand ready dressed iu an open
place off the entrance lobby, where all
who come in may see them; when they
bear their cue they push through a knot
of loiterers and march to the stage along
the platform, acting as they go. Indeed,
important portions of a scene which de
mands a rapid exit ore frequently gone
through upon this narrow footway and
not on the stage at all; and the effect is
apt to be unintentionally comic, when n
small Tarquin is seen staggering along
under a full blown Lucrcce, while the
stationary chorus from their distant cor
ner are entreating him to respect hue vir
tue. Murray's Magazine.
Smoking; Under Water.
"Do yon know how that trick of smok
ing under water is done?" asked a show
man the other day. '-You'll see it tried
in the swimming tanks. It looks strange,
I admit, to see a man go under water
with a lighted cigar in his mouth, smoke
calmly at the bottom, and come to the
surface with the cigar burning as nicely
as if he were smoking in his easy chair.
It is a trick, but it requires practice. I
used to be quite proficient at It. Just as
I threw myself backward to go down, I
would flip the cigar end for end with my
tongue and upper lip and get the lighted
nd In my mouth, closing my lips water
tight around it. , A little slippery elm
juice gargled before going in prevents
any accidental burning of the mouth.
Going slowly down backward, I would
lie at full length on the bottom of. the
tank and blow smoke through the cut end
of the cigar. Just as 1 reached the sur
face aguin another flip reversed the cigar,
and there I was smoking calmly. The re
versing is done so quickly that nobody no
tices it." Philadelphia Call.
The Intelligence of Itirds.
Dr. Charles C. Ablott says that in ex
perimenting ou the intelligence of birds
when he girdled branches on which birds
had built their nests, causing the foliage
to shrivel, exposing their nests, although
they had laid their eggs they would aban
don them; but if the nests already con
tinued young birds, notwithstanding the
exposure, they would remaiu until the
young were able to fly. He placed a nttm
lcr of pieces of woolen yarn red, yellow,
purple, green and gray in color near a
tree in which a couple of Baltimore ori
oles were building a nest. The pieces of
yarn were nil exactly alike except in color.
There was an equal number of each color,
and the red ami yellow were purposely
placed on the top. The birds chose only
the gray pieces, putting in a few purple
and blue ones when the nest was nearly
finished. Xot a red, yellow or green
strand was uted. Chicago Xews.
Aluminum Dental Plate.
The early use of aluminum was not
satisfactory, as the metal was impure,
owing to the presence of iron, nud it soon
succumbed to the fluids of the mouth.
This was more generally true of cast
plates, which were not only more difficult
to make, but were not as good. The
metal is not very easy to cast, as it does
not flow freely like ether metals, and
the contraction is considerable, causing
cracked blocks. When made from rolled
plate and pure metal, aluminum for upper
cases has proved very satisfactory in my
hands, ami not leing very expensive is a
recommendation, as it is a metal, and is
thus better than rubber and less in cost
than gold. It is very light and strong,
perfectly tasteless and odorless, and as
healthy to the gums as gold or platina.
The teeth are best attached with rubber.
George H. Swift in West. Dent. Journal.
Carbonic Acid Gas as im 1'xtiiiguUlirr.
The fiery, untamed .soda water tank,
which has chiefly distinguished itself since
tho advent of hot weather this yearby
bursting and killing or maimim; its at
tendants, has made a new departure, and
uow appears iu the role of a most efficient
extinguisher of fire. Some days ago at
Ioui.svilIe, Ky., a boy carried a lighted
candle into the cellar of a drug store, and
in some unexplained way set lire to a ves
sel full of varnish, which blazed up
through a grating in front of the building
as high as the second floor. Before, how'
ever, the flames could gain headway in the
building, the heat had melted the lead
pipe connected with the newly charged
soda fountain, and the flames were in
stantly extinguished. Fire and Water.
The Sword Dlinm.
A skillful armorer forged the sword
Dham which came into the possession of
the celebrated Bedouin ioet-hero Antar.
That famous blade was made from a
thunderbolt that had slain oue of the
chief's camels, and when tho smith deliv
ered it, with natural pride, to his patron,
he observed: "This sword is sharp, oh
chief of the tribe of (ihaylib sharp in
deed; but where is the smiter for this
sword?" Quoth the chieftain: "As for
the smiter I am he," and Instantly
struck off the smith's head, so that there
should never be another sword Dham!
Notes and Queries.
Shortening it Statue.
The funeral of Napoleon, when the
body was brought back from St. Helena,
furnishes a theme for one of the longest
articles in Hugo's "Clioaes Yues," in
which nre noted a few curious facts,
among them that the statue of Marshal
Ney furnished for the occasion was a foot
toe tall, so the chiefs of the Beax Arts
department "sawed out of the statue a
slice of the stomach twelve inches wide
and stuck the two pieces together again
as well ns they were able." The Ar
Tho Uttlo Screech Oul.
Perhaps the statement may be of in
terest thnt the little screech owl is getting
much more common in the vicinity of
cities in which the English sparrow lias
become numerous, and thnt the imiwrted
birds will find in this owl as bold an
enemy as the sparrow hawk is to them in
Europe, and even more dangerous, since
its attacks nre made toward dusk, at a
time when the sparrow has retired for the
night, aud Is not so wide awake for ways
aud means to es-cupe. Boston Budget.
Kuiu, Increasing Population.
According to Gen. Strelbitski, Russia,
by the normal increase of her population,
will !n 1937 have :i population of
1(30,000,000. As at present she has only
seventeen persons to the square mile, she
can carry tho whole of this increase and
then only have twenty-seven to t'io mile.
Germany has now 60, Great Britain 119,
and Belgium 01. The birth rate of Rus
sia is a far more formidable factor in inter
national politics than all the maneuvering!?
of her geuerals in central Asia. Boston
A Perfect .Mortar.
A new building material culled stone
brick, harder than the hardest clay brick,
is made from simple mortar, but a scien
tifically made and iwrfcct mortar; in fact,
a hydraulic cement, and the grinding to
gether of lime and sand in a dry state
including, also, some alumina, which is
usually present in sand and the subse
quent heating by steam, give the mixture
the properties of the burned hydraulic ce
ments at present in Use. Public Opinion.
The Klevntor Not Dangerou.
"It is safer lo tide than to climb." sjiJd
one of the leading builders of eievatois in
New York the other day. "We earry
over oOO.COO passengers on our elevators
in this city every day, and joti cau judge
for yourself what per cent, of them are
killed as compared with the number that
are hurt falling down stairs." Chicago
Peculiarities of Pronunciation.
An observing Englishman v. Lo has been
traveling in New England says that a
genuine Massachusetts man can always
bo detected by the marked way in which
he makes two syllables of the word tun
nel. He might hR. o ."d.lcd thct you can
oftendctectr.n Eugli ;.n:anbythemarkcl
way in which he makes out- ?-. liable o1..
of that word. New York Tribune.
Wearing High Heeled SIioi-k.
Dr. Jessup, cf the British Medical as
sociation, says that the wearing of !rh
heeled shoes so alters the center cf gravity
as to cause a retnra to tho habit of "t.ul
less apes who walk oa their toes." Chi
A novelty in cane handles Is of smoked
Ivory in the form of a serpent, the mouth
of which springs open to the pressure ol
the finger and shoots out fiery fangs.
Syrup cf Fips
Is Nature's own true laxative. It is tho
most easily takeu, and the most effective
remedy known to Cleanse the System
when Bilious or Costive: to dispel Head
aches, Colds and Fevers; to cure Habit
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Piles, etc.
Manufactured only by tho California Fig
Syrup Company, San Francisco, Cal. For
ale only by DoiKy & Beoher. 27-y
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
And the largest Paid la Cask Capital of
any bank in this part of the State.
iyipoeit9 received and interest paid oa
3y Drafts on the princ ipal cities in this coun
try and Europe bought and sold.
Collections and all other business gifse
prompt and careful attention.---
A. ANDERSON. Fn-s't.
HERMAN P. ILOEHLRICH,
J. P. FIECKER. HERMAN OEHLRICH,
ti.SCHCTTE, W. A. MCALLISTER,
jonas welch, john w. early,
I). T. Maiityn, M. D. F. J. Schco. M. D.
Drs. XABTYH & SCHUG,
(J. S. Examining Surgeons,
Locnl Surgeons, Union Pacific, O., N. A
1$. II. and 15. A M. R. R'u.
Conmiltntion in Oerinan and English. Tele
phone nt office ami resilience.
JX'-OHioe on ()Iit. street, next to Rrodfueh
rers Jewelry Store.
TTA.1I1I. 1 0 NKADE, M. lfc,
J'llYSIClAX ASD SUKGEOX,
Platte Center. Nebraska. -y
AfTORXEV tt XOTARY PUBLIC.
OHice lip-stain in Henry'w hnilih'nK. corner of
Oliieaiul 1 1 tii streets. nugHMfiy
n . cokx ;. bjj.
LAM' AXD COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upstairs Ernst building, nth street.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Otlico oyer First National Rank. Columbus.
el)lskIU ym '
1. EVANM, St. .,
PIIYSICIAX AXP SURGEOX.
.. 0l1 i"1'1 rw,lns. Rhick bnilding, 11th
street, lelepliono communication. 4-y
T M. .YIACTAKLAID,
ATTORXEV ,t XOTARY PUBLIC.
. T.01a!co, over First National Bank, Colum
2r"Pnrties desiring surveying done can ad
ilress me at Columbus. Neb., or call at my offio
in tourt House. 5mayW-y
JOTICE TO TKACnERg.
W. H. Tedrow, Co Supt.
1 will he at my office in the Court House the
third Saturday of each month'for tho examina
tion of teachers. 39uti
TVR. J. CHAM. W1I.LV,
.Office. 11th Street. Consultations In En
glish, .trench and German. HmarS7
DRAY and EXPRESSMEN.
Light and heavy hauling. Goods handled
with carp Headquarters at J. P. Becker 4 Co.'s
oHice. Telephone, 33 ami 31. 30mar87y
JOHN G. HIGGINS.
P. .t r:ittnw
HIGGLES & OABL0W,
Specialty made of Collections by C. J. Garlow.
Chronic Diseases and Diseases of
ChildreH a Specialtr.
., JS01h'co on 01i e street, three tloors north of
rir-t National Hank. ;j.iy
llth St., opposite Lin del I Hotel.
Sell Ihirnusx. K.-uIilles. Collars. Whips. Blankets,
1 urry Combs, Hniilies, trunks, valices, buggy
tops, cushions, carriage, trimmings, Ac, at the
lowest possible pricis. Kepnirs promptly at
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Roofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
JX""Shop on Olive street, U doors north of
I'rotlfut-hrer's Jtvrclry Store. 22-tf
pared to furnish
all classes with employment at home, the whole
of the time, or for their spare moments. Bnsi
nr m new, light and profitable. Persons of either
sex easily earn from CO cents to $o.G0 per evening
and a proportional sum by devotisg all their
time to tho business. Boys and girls earn nearly
as much as men. That all who see this may send
their nddresB, and test the bnsinww, we make
this offer. To each as are not well satisfied wo
will send one dollar to pay for the trouble of
writing. Full particulars and outfit free. Ad
dress, Ueoboe brissox & Co., Portland, Maine.
A tiooTr of lOOnftie.
. Tho best book tor an
advertiser to con-
an! w Yin tTTtmrl
I oneeil nr t itlierwiSS.
It coiitutiishsisoi newspapers and estimates
oi me cost oi an veriising. iao'ivrinv-ruv.
wants to spend one dollar. Duels In itthe In
formation he requires, while forhim who will
invest ono hundred thousand dollars la ad
vertising; a scheme Is indicated which will
meet his every requirement, or con bemaa
to doto by flight changes etuily arrived at 6 eor
responttenee. IU editions have been Issued.
Sent, post-paid, to any ad.lrese for 10 cents.
Writo to GEO. P. RQWE1X CO.
NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING BCBKAU.
tiaSoruoeSCPriuUiigHoueeSq.). Hew York.
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