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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 12, 1885)
. THE JOTTBNAL.
TES F AJsTKslXli!
T9Saalnaa and proftaaioaal cards
of fiToliaes or leas, per aaamai, !
CTFor titao advertlMBMBta, applr
at tafa osic.
tngal adrertlMaeats at aUtnU
TsTFor traaaisnt advsrtlalag, ass
ratoaoa third pags.
ETA11 adTartlaastsnts payable
ISSUF ' VEBY WEDNESDAY,
m..k. ' jester. & co.
Proprietors and Publishers.
'OFFICE, Eleventh St., up 'fairs
in Journal Building.
Per year. .
VOL. XVI.-N0. 16.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 12, 1885.
WHOLE NO. 796.
CASH CAPITAL, - $75,000
Leaxu'er Gekrakd, Pres't.
Geo. W. IIulst, Vice Pres't.
Julius A. Heed.
It. II. Henry.
J. E. Taskeu, Cashier.
Baak of Wejpotilt. UIcorsi
Collection lromplly Made e
Pay latereMt oa Time Depos
COFFINS AND 3IETALLIC CASES
AND DEALER IN
Furniture, Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus. Tables, Safes. Lounges,
Ac. Picture Frames and
2T Repairing of all kinds of Upholstery
u-tr COLUMBUS. NEB.
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pumps Repaired on short notice'
jSTOne ilnnr we-t of Heintz Drug
Store, 11th Street, Columbus, Neh.
in time. Kidney diseases may be prevented
by purifying, renewing, and invigontini:
the blood with Ayer's Sarsnparilla. "When .
through debility, the action of the kidneys
is perverted, these organs rob the blood of
Its needed constituent, albumen, which i
passed off in the urine, while worn out
matter, which they should carry off from
the blood, is allowed to remain. By the
use of Ayer's Sarsaparilla, the kidney
are restored to proper action, and Albu
is prevented. Ayer' Sarsaparilla aKo
prevents inflammation of the kidneys, and
other disorders of thee organ. Mrs. Jas.
W.'Wehl, Forest Hill t., Jamaica Tlain.
Mas., write: "1 Iiae had a complica
tion of dieae. but my greatest trouble
nas been with my kidney. Four bottles
of Ayer's Sarsaparilla made me feel like
a new person; as well and strong as
ever." "W. M. McDonald, 46 Summer St..
Boston, Mass., had been troubled for years
with Kidney Complaint. By the ue of
Ayer's Sarsaparilla, he not only
the disease from assuming a fatal form,
but was restored to perfect health. John
McLellan, cor. Bridge and Third sts..
Lowell, Mass., writes: ''For several years
I suffered from Dyspepsia and Kidney
Complaint, the latter being so severe at
times that I could scarcely attend to my
work. My appetite was poor, and T was
much emaciated; but by using
my appetite and digestion improved, and
my health has been perfectly restored."
Sold by all Druggists.
Price 31; Six bottles, 85.
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Aver & Co., Lo ell,
Mass., U. S. A.
A WORD OF WAKXEVG.
FARMERS, stock raisers, and all other
interested parties wilt do well to
remember that the "Western Horse and
Cattle Insurance Co." of Omaha is the
only company doing business in this state
that insures Horses, Mules and Cattle
against Idas by theft, accidents, diseases,
or injury, (as also against loss by fir and
lightning). All representations by agents
of ether Companies to4be contrary not
witkatandin. P. "W. HEXRICn, Special Ajr't.
15-y Columbus, Xeb.
a Monro Sts..Caica.
BAMI1 CATALOGUE. I
1KB. ISO ncv, tcrr.ui
Iwttcsnu, Seta, Opa. Brit
Drb UaprS Sue. u4
S4rr Bui OattM. Ml
k. a laewta lounctias ui Ki
te Antfnt Biadh ut
THE CHARMS OF OFFICE.
Ei-Legislator Who Can find No HsppU
nr Out or Official Life.
President Lincoln once said that the
two things in this world which most
resemble each other in attractions and
in effects are whisky and office. No
truer comparison was ever made. A
man who know not the delights of of
line, like one who has never felt the in
fluence of liquor, finds no fault with
an obcure. soberexistence: but let him
on e taste the sweets ot official life,
and. like' the youth who for the first
time experiences the hilarious senaa
t on of the cup. he will regard h:s
fo iuer mode of living a insipid Ann
unbearable. This fact explains the
trange tenacity with which luen who
have been in the public service cling
to government employment, even when
thrir interest- are in other directions.
They prefer a salary of two or three
thousand dollars a year, with a petty
otlice. to five times that amount inthe.
obscurity of private life. There are
now on Vile at the Post-office Depart
ment a number of application for
rneager-alaried Postnia-terships by ex
Congressmen, who can not ret co'itent
out of office, though the r business or
professions ie!d them large iu
come. Some of these papers are
couched in pitiful term, which would
nol ill become the pet tion of an exile
who earns for h s native soil. It would
be impossible to inllie a greater injury
on a r sing oung lawyer or merchant
than to send him to Congress and then
not keep him there for life. He can
never resume his occupation with uc
e s. The office instinct once implant
ed in his m ml, will crop out every time
an office is to be tilled and will render
liim incapable of -enot:s attention to
hi bu-inoss. He will probably become
in the end a chronic office-seeker, a
ward polit.ciau or even a member of
the Legislature. Constituencies should
jonder well the responsibility' they as
Mime when they select new repreenta
t vis in Congress. The" Iiould bear in
mind that they are transplanting ten
der plant- into a richer soil and that
when these nlants have taken root .n
the trop'cal climate of the capital tliey
cannot without damage ordestruetiou,
be removed to the less genial dime
whence the- came. Better leave them
in the r native earth or make their re
Dur ng the lat session of Congress1
there was considerable comment about
the number of ex-members who were
-ecu on the floor of the House. The-e
were for the Miost part those who were
knocked off their feet by the tidal wave
of ix: and who were etill quite dazed
by the suddenness of the thing. It was
pitiful to watch their features as they
wandered from seat to seat, receiving
condolence- and affecting a jollity tliey
were far from feeling. One would think
that revisiting the scenes of past glory
only add- pa n to mi-fortune, but these
e--tatesrncn seemed -to find a melan
choly happiness in viewing the lielu of
their wordv exploits and even contem
plating the chairs which they once oc
cupied. Several ex-Congressmen have
.-ettled permanently in Washington,
after vain attempts at re-election in
the'r district--, and are seemingly lia;py
to be near the gates of the official para-d.-e
which they are not permitted to
enter. Others spend the greater part
of the Congressional year at the cap. til.
drifting about the public building- in
.he hope that somcting may turn up,
all the while neglecting their private
bu- ness and perhaps running In o
deb'. A few of these quondam legis
lators are ever begging. clerks h J s on
th. Committees of Congress or places
m the departments anything in fact,
that savor of public office. Can
whisky show any sadder effects? Could
a temperance speaker demonstrate tiie
ev 1 result- of drinking in a more
-tnking way than by comparing them
w th the ba'ieful influence of office? Iu
what glow ng color could he paint the
.pn-tiiiy of a bright oung man. eld
ing at tir-t to the teniptat on of a local
office -a trusteeship, or perhap- the
Mavoraltv ot hs 1 ttle p.wn. then the
gradual descent down the ladder of
degradation from muuic pal office to
the Mate Legislature and from Leg -
lature to Congress -showing at each
stage the correspond ng e lei ts of in
temperance on a man"- career. Any
intelligent aud'ence would not fail to
rcg -ter a pledge mined ately. Wash
ington Cor. I'iiftidelpIiia Times.
LONDON FIRE DISTRICTS.
The Arntnseiaeiii in England's
rity for Kxliiisui-Iiliit: Ktr.
London is iLv ded for fire purj.o-es
into four district, each garrisoned
with ISO or 140 men a force strong
enoiigh to deal w.th the individual dis
tr ct tires. Thev are the A. compris
ing Westminster. Ken-iimton. Bays
water, and. writing roughly, the whole
of the West End: the 15, the center,
including the e".tv the C, the Kast
End. and the 1). the whoV of the
south side of the rier. in wheh the
headquarters, in the Southwark Bridge
Ko.nl. are situated. Over each of
these district th re L- a Superin
tendent connected with headquarters
by telegraph, and in n ost cac- bv
telephone, and himself connected with
all the station over wh.eh he has
-uper.ntendeuc. for th disc pline
and efficiency of wh eh he is di
rectly responsible to In- chief. Xo
station, witli one except on, is tele
graphically connected with another:
every order pa-ses from or through the
Super'ntendent. evn if sent b the
chief. The jme exception Is n favor of
the two nearest stations of two dis
trict . For instance, the sfcifon near
est in District A is connected with the
neare-t station in District B, and the
nearest in Di-trict D, but the connec
t'on is never made use of unles- ther
occurs a tire 6n -ome point between, :n
which case Both stat'ous communicate
and turn out. The connection is, of
course, also employed if tjjere be a
break down of communicat tn, such as
frequently occurs, between the office of
the Superintendent of the district
where the stat on is situated and
headquarters. Thia system ot
communication bv telegraph and tele
phone, now rapidly approaching com
pletion, is, as far at any rate as the
telephone is concerned, the growth- of
onlv the lat few vears. for it was in the
early parj of 1880 thai the Edison Com
pany gratuitously established tele
phonic communication between the B,
C, and J) districts and headquarters.
The omission of the A district (the
West End) was caused by the necessity
of laying underground wires, an ex
pense the company could hardly be ex
pected to' bear. The telephone now in
use is the Gowcr-BeJL.for the postal
authorities, from whom the brigade
rent t hear. 4eTJisfin BJttb' favor the
Edson, BSlwitfBflyfiaglhat those who
have' had. experience orjjioftfc describe
the .latter as the.' I'MnrComkiii
THE CREMATORIUM AT MILAN.
A Detcrlptloa of the Method or ludMrar
tion Enpluyrd There.
The crematorium stands at the far
end of the grounds, a building not
large or high, but with its crescent
shaped open atrium of white marble
sufficiently handsome and imposing.
On the frieze is this inscription: Tem
pio Crr-matorio per volonta del Albert
Keller ertttoe do nata alia cittadi Milano.
On the wall facing the entrance is a
haud-oiue medallion of Albert Keller,
who was duh cremated in the temple
of hi- own providing. Many portions
of the wall are marked off in small
tablets inscribed with the names of the
persons whose bodies have undergone
cremation, and whose ashes, in many
cases, repose in an urn or small vessel
in a niche behind the tablet. Ashes
they are not. properly speaking. I
was shown about a couple of bandfuls
of white bleached bone.iu bits not larger
than one's linger all that remained, as
I learned.- after th"e cremation of the
body of a man some ten stones in
weight. Other spaces have been ap
propriated by intending cremators, and
have the word "Assegnato"' inscribed
on them. Through a small door you
pass from the atrium into what I may
describe as the operating room, in the
middle of which stands the enclosed
furnace, looking like an enlarged
edition of the family laundry copper.
The lire is kindled at the back of the
furnace, and when at the proper mo
ment released by the uplifting of iron
shutters, comes roaring through two
large orifices, and quickly fills the
whole of the .-pace where lies its prey.
The body iV cadacero. as the attend
ant called it, seeming to take
great delight in repeating the
word dressed in a light linen
or woolen shroud or rather costume.
ii taken from the shell in which it has
been brought, and laid on a marble
slab, thence transferred to a large iron
tray, which is borne to the mouth of
the" furnace and laid on a frame,
which, by the actiou of a winch, is
wound into the interior with its burden.
The iron door is then clo-ed. the shut
ters, a- described above, are raised,
and the furnace, to u-e an American
expre ion. is literally in full blast. At
the'end of two hours the operation is
complete, and all that there remains of
what was once a man. full of "blood,
bones, marrow, passion, feeling," an
"Two handful of white dust -hut in an uru
of bras- "
The system at present in use is that
of Paola ('orini: it takes, as I have
said, two hours and the consumption of
three hundred kilogrammes of wood
and twenty-five kilogrammes of char
coal. The cost of everything, includ
ing the mural tablet, is ninety-four
franc-. A new method, known as the
Systenie Venini. under which the incin
erat on will be effected by gas. was
then immediatelr about to be tr'ed. I
-aw the furnace jiit completed, and is
no doubt now iu operation. L'nder
this sy-teni the whole affair will be
completed in fifty minutes.
In this place. which was perfectly
.-weet, clean and wholesome, without
the faintest trace of auything calcu
lated to offend the sense of sight or
smell, there are about eighteen or
twenty ca-es of cremation every month.
They are, the attendant told me, de
cidedly on the increase, and were the
cholera scare again to appear, he had
uo doubt, from what he bad heard.
that the practice would have large num
bers of adherents. Already bodies for
cremation are sent from distant part
of Italy, and ou the next dav one was
expected from Paris. And. indeed,
when I thought of all the horrors of
our ordinary bur.ing. I could not
wonder at the de-ire to be quit of
them, no matter at wha amount of
trouble or expense. J.onaon World.
Its Study anil I'umuit Healthjr and In
There is no doubt that in England.
as well as in France and Germanv. the
collecting of moths is a very general
recreation as compared with the United
States. That it is harmless Ls a nega
tive praise; that a pursuit of its objects
i healthful, and take the man who
works in the city out into the fresh
country air. is a po-itive recommenda
tion. But the labor is also instructive.
Things have not changed very much
since the days of Malpighi, and biology
is a respected and necessary study.
And throughout the world of animated
beings it may be safely said that the
growth and changes of life can no
where be so easily and pleasantly ob
served as in the rearing of butterflies
and moths from the eg. As to but
terflies, it may be asserted that they
are less interesting than their cousin's
the moths, who constitute the elder
branch of the great natural group of
scaly-winged insects, or LepidojAera,
to which both belong. The butterflies
are le.-s numerous in species, or kinds,
and more uniform in habit and appear
ance. These gaudy and papery-w inged
day-flies have their own attractions and
present their own scientific problems,
but in number, diversity, soft and deli
cate colors, and patterns and unex
pected modes of life, they can not hold
a candle, to speak both figuratively and
appositely, to the foolish but lovely
moths. 'Prof. A. R. Grute, in Popular
The Sandal-Wood of Japan.
Passing by a shop you see cords of
wood cut into small blocks about six
inches long. This you learn is nothing
short of shoe-timber. These cords of
wood will speedily be converted into
shoes of various sizes, 'at prices rang
ing ail the way from four to twenty
cents. One feels quite exalted in a
pair of twenty cent shoes. The wood
is called kiri, and is very light The
clogs are still further lightened by
hollowing out the center. So, in point
of fact, there is little truth in calling
the shoes heavy, although they appear
so to the inexperienced observer. It
must be admitted, though, that they
are unreasonably clumsy. Sometimes
the shoes worn by the ladies an
lacquered, and are fastened by a velvet
band passing from either side over th
lower part of the instep, and between
the first and second toes. With this
same kind of wood is made bureaus
provided with strong iron handles, and
the whole box is adjustable in hori
zontal sections, one piled above an
other. Owing to the lightness of the
wood thc-e boxes may be filled with
clothing and carried off on the
shoulders of the coolie in case of fires,
which so often vex the people of Tokio.
Abraham Lincoln's largest f ee aa a
lawyer was five thousand dollars in a
railroad case- Chicago Herald.
PITH AND POINT.
The divorce courts ought to bs
abolished. They encourage too many
men to be false to the Union.
-A fifty-dollar ring may not typify
the depth of the love that 'presents it,
but it may tell a tale of tcrriole strain
upon the pocket that pays for it Fall
If one have business across the
water, it is all right, or if he goes for
improvement to mind or body; but this
going abroad merely for the sake of
bragging about it is a broad farce.
Woman is herself a creature of in
tuition, as everybody will admit; but
that's no reason why she should sallv
out on the street with a thick drab veil
drawn over her face away down to
her chin, and then expect every male
being of her acquaintance she meet- to
recognize her half a block "away.
A well-dressed and pretty young
woman, who went about in New' York
saying that she wanted to get'married,
was promptly clapped into an insane
as lum. When a woman wants a hus
band and does not continually declare
she would not touch a horrid man witli
a ttm-foot pola, it i a sure sign of in
sanity. Philadelphia Call.
"I know," sa'd the agent, "that
the house isn't in very good condition,
and that the location isn't the best, but
ou'll have splendid neighbors here."
"Indeed." "Yes'm. Best neighbors
in the world: kind and generous. For
the first six months you'll be able to
borrow anything from them, from a
flat-iron to'tea and sugar. Why, the
last tenant here borrowed the cooking
stove of the people next door, and used
it so long that the folks went and
bought another for their own use. Ob,
it's the best neighborhood you could
get into." Boston Courier.
Mistress (to applicant for service)
"How nianv night out a week?"
Applicant "None, mum. Oi niver
sth r out." Mistress "Will you hav
many friends to see -ou?" Appl'cant
"Not wau, mum Ov have no friends?"
M stress "What wages will x'ou ex
pect?" Applicaut "Oi'll lave "that to
ve, mum." Mistress "What kind of
housework are vou willing for?" Ap
plicant "O'm wdlin to. wash an'airun
an' cook an' scrub an' clane windys an'
wa!t on table an' taike care av childc
nn' carry in ccal an' bu Id faires"
(Here a loud ringing was heard at th
loor and the keeper ot an asylum
rushed in and secured the lunatic.)
IN A SLEEPING CAR.
How the '.owbjy Conduct Hiimelf In One
of Theie Adjunct of Civilization.
"Where do I camp?" he inquired,
and was shown the lower berth next to
me. "That's my pigeon-hole, is it?
All right, old son, just watch my mo
tion while I file myself away."
At this juncture he was desired tc
turn over hi revolver to the porter,
which he declined to do in a very spit
Old Dad' (his revolver) and me al
ways sleep together, andwedon't warn
no divorce.' he explained.
The conductor remonstrated, but was
advi-ed not to trv to "bra'd this muleV
"Thw here's a slepin' car, ain't it?''
he at length inquired.
"Well. whv don't you let people
sleep then, whei they've paid and gone
into your ganio? If you're aiming to
keep people awake and want company.
jut dance into the next car: there -lot-
of folk there don't want to sleep,
connw, and they'll be glad to see
The conductor withdrew, and my
friend pulled off his boots and stretcheo
h'm-olt. w'tli many comments in an
undertone on the povertv of the surrounding-.
In about ten minutes this errafc per
son had his head out o the aisle
"Sav. ou bov!" to the porter
"Come a runnin'."
The porter drew near and was
handed a pillow about as big as a pin
"Take that gooseha'r thing aV2y.'
commanded tl.e cowboy.
"Don't you want a pillow, sah?"
aked the porter.
"That ain't no pillow, and I don't
want it nohow: I'm afraid it'll get in
After this, silence, and for a short
time I slept. I' roused up. however,
at an exclamation on the part of my
"Hold on there, my son, jist drap
"I was only jest gwine to black 'em,
"Jest gwine to pull them spurs, i
reckon. Now. don't monkey around
my camp, taking things no more. If
ou want anything, speak for it. If
you can't speak make sign, and if you
can't make signs shake a bush. You
After this, silence. The wheels and
rails again sang together, and the car
again kept approving time, and pres
ently I slept without interruption.
Rocky Mountain Sews.
Out.Door Life and Activities Important
Factor In It Couiervat on.
The redemption of women's health, I
am more and more convinced, depends
on their taking to outdoor life and ac
tivife-. Heading high class memoirs
which are In every one's hands nowa
days, ot the Carlyles. the Sterl ngs and
F.D. Maurice, one is disgusted to hear
the cont nual story of weak health, and
women who, brought face to face w.th
the realit.es of l:fe, immediately droop,
langu sh and are a long time dying
If they have a house to keep and a
share of the actual work, like Mr-.
Carlyle, at Craigenputtoek and Chel
sea, they sicken mysteriously, and the r
life ia a time of wrestling with house
hold affairs, alternating with refuge on
the sofa, or months in the doctor's
hands, in that wretched, unimprovable
state which justified the sigh of a much
tired husband who "wished h s w fe
would get better, orsomething!" Have
I not, through the ignorance of our dav
and generation, wasted life enough in
attacks of the familar house!. old
demon, nervous prostrat.on which
oul van she on turn ng the pat ent
out of doors Twice and again, friends
have looked pityingly on me as god
as gone, but taken out of doors tea
hours a day. as good for nothiug else,
sun and w.nd wrought the r spell ot
heaLng, and health came again.
Henceforth no more indoor life than
must be for me. and 1 would urge other
women to fashion their lives so as u
spend them mora in the open air. i
rMh a 4rfaty
Paid Ii Capital,
Sirplas aad Profits,
OFFICKRS AND PI RECTORS.
A. ANDERSON, Pres't.
SAM'LC. SMITH. Vice Pres't.
J. Y. EARLY,
r. A. MCALLISTER,
Foreign and Inland Exchange, Passage
Ticket., anu Seal Estate Loans.
D.T. Mabtyk, M. D. F. J. Schug, M. D.
Dm. MAETYN & SCHUG, '
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surgeons. Union Facilic, O., X.
& B. H. and B. M. R. R's.
Consultations iu German and English.
Telephones at office and residences.
larOllice over First National Bank.
. EVAIVg, 91. D.,
PIIYSICIAX A2W SURGEON.
jgyOfliee and rooms. Gluck building,
11th street. Telephone communication.
F. F. RTCA " ER, .11. 1
Chronic Diseases aad Diseases of
Children a Specialty.
MTOfllce on Olive street, three doors
north of rlrst National isanK.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upstairs Ernst building 11th street.
.1. GAULOV, Collection Atfy.
SPECIALTY MADE OF BAD PAPER.
Office with J. G. Higgins. " 34-:hn
2th Street, i door went of Hamaond House,
Columbus, Neb. -Wl-y
J ii. REEDER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office ou Olive St., Columbus, Nebraska
mO.EY TO LOAN.
Five years' time, on improved faria
witlf at least one-fourth the acreage under
cultivation, in sums representing one
third the fair value of the homestead.
Correspondence solicited. Addres-,
50- Columbus, Ncbr.
V. A. MACKEN,
Foreign and Domestic Liquors and
llth street, Columbus, Neb. ,10-y
11 rcALLlSTER BRON.,
1 TTORNF. YS A T LA W,
Office up.stairs in McAllister's build
ing, llth St. V. A. McAllister, Xotarv
NOTARY PUBLIC AND CONVEYANCER.
Keeps a full line of stationery and school
supplies, aud all kinds of legal forms.
Iusure.- against tire, lightning, cyclone
and tornadoes. Office in Powell' Block,
Platte Centei. 10-x
J. M. MACFARLANP, B. It. COWPERY,
LAW AND COLLECTION 0FFKE
Columbus, : : : Nebraska.
J. JT. .11 A UGH AN.
Justice, County Surveyor, Notary.
Land and Collection Agent.
Parties desiring surveviiu: done can
notify me by mail at Platte Centre, Xeb.
llth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars, "Whips,
Blankets. Curry Combs, Brushes, trunks,
valises, buggy tops, cushions, carriage
trimmings, &c, at the lowest possible
prices. Repairs pn mptly attended to.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates supplied for either
frame" or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, near
St. Paul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne
braska. 52 Gxno.
T H. LAWKENl'E,
DEPUTY CO. SURVEYOR.
Will do general surveying in Platte
and adjoining counties. Office with S. C.
JS. MURDOUK & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Havehau an extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto Is, Good work and
fairpriees. Call and give us an oppor
tunity to estimate for you. jSTSbop on
13th Stone door west of Friedbof A
Co's. store. Columbus. Nebr. 483-v
O. C. SPT A TJSTOISr
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Roofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
Shop on Olive Street. 2 doors
north of Brodfeuhrer's Jewelry Store.
LAND AND INSURANCE A GENT,
His lands comprise some fine tracts
in the Shell Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion ot PIstte county. Taxes
paid for non-residents. Satisfaction
guaranteed. 20 y
J. E. NORTH & CO:,
Eork Spine Coal,
Carboi (Wyoiiiir) Coal .
..$7.00 prr tea
.. 6.00 "
... 5.00 "
Blacksmith Coal of best quality al
ways on hand at low
North Side Eleventh St.,
SAML. C. SMITH, Ag't.
General Real Estate Dealer.
JSTI have a large number of improve d
Farms for sale cheap. Also unimproved
farmiug and grazing lands, from ft to $ l."i
iSTSpecial attention paid to making
final proof on Homestead and Timber
23TAll having lands to sell will find it
to cheir :idautage to leave them in my
hands for sale. Money to loan on farms.
F. II. Marty, Clerk, speak German,
ftl-tf Columbus, Nebraska.
All kinds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Baggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
aud all work Guar
anteed. Also sell the world-famous Walter A.
Wood Mowers, Beapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and 8elf-binders the
fiTShop opposite the "Tattersall." on
Olive St.. COLUMBUS. 2B-m
B. A. FOWLEIt,
1555 ?!! St., - CKAEA. SSB.
PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS FURNISHED
for all kinds of Public Buildings and
Private Dwelling.". Architect of Willard
Block, Child's Hospital, Residence of
Hon. J. M. Thurston, Residence of Hon.
lohn I. Redick, Omaha; Residence of
Hon. G. V. E. Dor-ev, Masonic Hall.
Fremont, Neb; Residence of C C. Crow
ell, Esq., First National Bank, Blair,
Neb; ReMdetiee of lho. Bryant, First
National Bank, Schuyler, Neb., and ma
uy others. 43-mO
in presents given away.
Send us 5 cents postage,
i Ww anu oy mail vou win get
free a package of good of large value,
that will start you in work that will at
once bring you'in money faster than any
thing else in America' All about the
?200,000 in presents with each box.
Agents wanted everywhere, of eithe.r
sex, of all ages, for all the time, or spare
time only, to work for us at their own
homes. " Fortunes for all workers ab
solutely assured. Don't delay. H. Hal
lftt Jt'Co., Tortland, Maine."
pAMPBELL St. MX.CrLAIH,
- Rasrs and Iron !
The highest market price paid (or rags
and iron. Store in the Bubach building,
Olive st-, Columbus, Neb. - 15-tf
But a Grand Success.
RP. BRIGHAM'S AUTOMATIC WA-
ter Trough for stock. He refers to
every man who has it in use. Call on or
leave orders at George Yale's, opposite
Oehlrich's grocery. ti-Gm
AT"QTr7Tj1 Send six cents for
r K, . rli postage.and receive
A XVXLiU. free a costly box of
goods which will help you to more money
right away than anything else in this
world. All, of either sex, succeed from
first hour. The broad road to fortune
opens before the worker.-., absolutely
sure. At once address, Tkue &. Col,
J. E. Moncrlef, Co. Supt.,
Will be in his office at the Court House
on the third Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
for the trsnsactton of soy other business
pertaining to schools. 567-y
TTAMII.TO.1 MEADE, 91. .,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Platte Center, Nebraska. 9-v I
BlacKsmilD and Waaon Maker
PRESENCE OF MIND.
actvrUtlc or th Coats RlcMa.
No Costa Rican lady or gentleman is
ever embarrassed. They always know
how to do and say the proper thing,
and while the'r .courtesy and good
manners are said to be only siin deep,
they are the most charming of com
panions, the most generous of hosts,
and the mon polite of gentlemen. No
laborer ever pases a lady in the street
without lifting his hat. and he always,
touches that always dirty and gener"
ally dilapidated portion of his apparel
when a gentleman passes him. If a
lady approaches a group of racu dig-
ring a cellar, repa r.ng the street, or
what not. even though ome of them
may be half naked, they always saluto
her respectfully, and in the rural ais
trict no oue ever meets you w.thout
raying "Slav God prosper the object of
your journey." or "May heaven' smile
upon our errand.' or something ia
Spanish like that- -Tim same ma wilt'
swindle you out of your e e teeth if he
gct :i chance, and it vou ak him liow
far it " to the next place he will un
doubtedly tell vou a fal-ehood. He
do.su' t care a copper whether you ever
reach the end of our journev. ind ha-,
no more regard for your welfare than
the t!ei in ?he irras. but he ro:.ogn cs
a beautiful custom and ay. "dod'he
good to jou," as if btf meant
it for a blc-sing. And 'this
politeness jiernie.ites all elates
and ca-tes. If yotj enter a store with a
ladv every man there will salute you
aud remove his hat out of rcapect to
her. On the street- the people will
stand aside to let you pas, and it is
nee ssary to do o, for the Md)w:ilksre
ofte"i less than two feet wale. If you
go "nto a hotel ollice. a barber .hop,
restaurant or any other public place
everybody present will salute you with
UuenoVDeos." or .-ome other friendly
welcome. While there i not a particle
of sincerity about all this, wh le tin
object and end of life in the Spani.h
mode of ethics is to get along w th j
little work and as much windling as
pos-iibie. they are certainly to be
praised for cheating you iu the rao-t
pol te and agreeable manner po-!bIe.
A Span sli highwayman does not swear
at you and command ou to g.ve him
your money or your life: he makes a
profound bow. places his hand upon h s
heart, assures you that he i dcvoutlv
gratetij that ou are looking -o well
and regrets that he is compelled Im
pressing necessities to request that you
will loan him whatever valuables Von
have upon your perou. Then thank
ing you for your promptness and
courtesy in sparing him the pa'nful
duty of shoot:ng you through the head,
he w.ll mount his horse and ride otl
with a prayer that the Almighty will
protect you from the perils of your
journey. Boston Herald.
A Fainoiu Drue Which IOne of th Moit
llighlr FrUc.l or the Production ol
A Parliamentary paper contains the
account of a journey made by the t'on-sul-dcneral
of Great Brita'n in Corea.
Some interesting information is given
with regard to the prcduct on of the
famous drug ginseng, so pri.ed a a
tonic by the Chinese. It i- grown from
a seed which is sown in March. The
-eetllings are planted out in beds raised
a foot above the level of the surround
ing sod. bordered with upright slates,
an I covered iu from sun and rain by
.sheds of reeds, well closed .n exeent
toward the north side, where they are
lett to open. In the titt or second
year the ginsug plant is only two or
three inches h'gh. and has only two
leaves. It is transplanted frequently
duriug this per od. In the fourth year
the stem i about si- inches hijjh. w'th
four horizontal leaves stand nir out
from it at r slit angles ami in the I'fih
yi.r a strong, healthv plant h.is
"reached maturity, though it is
more usual not .o take
it up unt'l .t ha.s reached the -; xth sea
son )rd nary g nseng is prepared by
s mpU drying the root in the sun or
over u charcoal tire. To make red or
clarified ginseng, the root is placed in
wicker baskets. Inch are put in a large
eartiienw are vessel with a c!oelv iit
tng cover and pierced at the bottom
with hole. It is t!i n placed over
boilmg water, and steamed for about
(lin-eng was fur eer.tures regardel
as a ven elix r of life all over thuKast:
and espec all in China and .Japan.
Its propert c-j were supposed to be mi-raculou-.
but they were irenerally sup
posed to be confined to the Corean gin
seng Hut its epormoiis price put it
out of the reaeh of the poorer classes.
The wild jjinseng of Corea has fre ue.it
1 fetehed tvv.n times it- we ght in
silver in China. The export from l orea
is a strict monopoLy. wh eh alo ds a
cons d Table revenue, and is said to be
the King's personal perquis'tc. Death
is the punishment for --niuirgLnir it out
of the countrv. The total export is
onh abo.it :7,W00 pound-avoirdupois.
SrtKnii h' American.
A REMARKABLE DECISION.
Tlir "St-vtWity ot Physicians Krru uc
Abreast at the .Modern 3IethoI of Prac
tice. A physician wa? recently brought to
ta-k Uy a ( 'eriuan tribunal for neglect
ing to keep "himself informed as to
modern methods of pract ce. A ser
vant who received a wound in the chest
iu April last diejl from septicemia
under the care of jlii doctor, who de
p a u;r antiseptic dress.ngs. treated h:s
patient accord ng to ane'ent usages.
The Court held that 'every medical
pr.ictitio.-er slioild keep ii niieif in
formed on the accompl shed progrc-9
o e cine, ami have a:i o .-t knowl
edge o- mod. rn y;iDi ot reatment.
If thee had beenempIovi.d the pa-
en", s 1 fe m ght have been saved,
hence t-? Hab luy for nerence."
The Court of Appeal sustained the
judgment. Some effort should bu made
iu this counir. to force phys c an to
pass examinat ons every few years a
to ee whether they havekeptinforuied
as to the more recent medical invest.
gat.ons. incliid ng surgery- No pro
vis on is made in th's country to pro
tect the sick from be ng treated by in
competent or ill-informed doctors! A
would-be physician in Kurope must
undergo a rigid examination before he
is allow d to practice, but diplomas in
the United Mates are no guarantee of
knowledge or skill in the treatment of
diea-s. and then thousands of our
older physicians in the rural d stricls
are unacquainted, with the advanced
methods in modern medicine and sur
gery due to discoveries "made witai'a
the last quarter of a ceatuxy. Demtor'
ti'3 Monthly. j
OF GENERAL. INTEREST.
i-Qcsar Brothers ara a New York
Iroa tubiag from tie United Stats
is used ia ths Baku oil regions to con
vey oil from th bills to the shore of
the Caspian Sea.
General Aizpuru. the rebel leader
at Panama, is a mulatto, wbo a few
years ago was a waiter ia a New Or
leans billiard saloon. .V. O. Tt'w.
A colored man in Georgia wbo
was busted off a railroad track waated
twenty million dollars damages, but
settled for sixteen dollars and a pass
good for thirty days.
A Montana paper -thinks the in
crease of California lions and wolves
in that country is due to the increase
of cattle and sheep, upon which taese
animals mainly subsist.
A New York State woman pointed
an old pistol at a tramp and it biased
away and killed a thirty-tive dollar
calf. She ought to have pointed it at
Ifca-caM. Det fit Free Press. - -
One of the largest steel manufac
turers in Pittsburgh. Pa., expressed
the opinion the other day that a year
hence not a solitary kee of iroa sails
will be made this side of the Mississippi
The Schuylkill Arssnal. at Phila
delphia, manufactures eight million
rounds of ammunitiou and lifteon mill
ion rifle balls each year. Three millions
arc used for target practice by the rank
and file of the army.
We have before us the card of a
firm who advertise themselves as manu
facturers of steam-refined tripe, pigs
feet and fertilizers. He'avens! and we
bad thought all along that these things
grew naturally. Boston Transcjript.
Philadelphia Post-office clerks were
surprised the other day to see a new
style of postal card, in the shape of a
dirty linen shirt cuff, come flying
through the letter bole. One side bore
a one-cent stamp and an address, and
on the other side was a strange mes
sage neatly written. Philadelphia
Scientific experiments show that
walking or running depends very much
upon the size and shape of the shoe,
and that strength and endurance as
well as gracefulness in this exercise can
not be gained without a sensible aad
well-fitting style. Low heels increase
the speed iu walking and make the
step longer, and soles longer tba'n the
foot, if they are not too long, make
walking easier. Chicago Times.
An important decision has beeu
made by the Supreme Court of Ken
tucky, holding that a contract made
by telephone is valid, and may be sus
tained iu court. I a the case at bat. an
operator talked over the wire for one
of the principals, and reported the
conversation in the presence of two
witnesses, whose testimony was ad
mitted by the Court ou the ground that
the operator acted the part of an inter
preter. Louiscille Coiirier-.onrnal.
A cord of seasoned wood weighs,
say, four thousand pounds. Th's cord
of wood, placed in a charring recepta
cle and subjected to a proper temperat
ure for., say five days, entirely disap
pears. In its place we have oue
thousand pounds of charcoal, two
thousand pounds of pymligneous acid
aud one thousand pounds of uncon
deused gaes. The aggregate weight
of these products U equal exactly to
the original weight of the wood. Bos
For originality the sign of a New
York Fifth avenue shoemaker takes the
lead. Over a well-painted foot is the
word "Anato and underneath is the
word. "Miguel." Expecting to see a
full-blooded, dark-eyed and eurU
headed Italian or Spaniard in the pro
prietor, a customer will go iu and a-k
for Mr. Miguel. Imagine his counte
nance when he is told that the pro
prietor of the place is an Irishman,
and that "Anato Miguel" i merely his
way of spelling anatomical.
The reason beef selU high is that
the population of the country in
creases faster than the meat supply.
Cattle are decreasing year by year in
proportion to the population, and wdl
continue so to do. The decrease iu
the United States for the last year in
all the States east of tfie Mississ'ppi.
north and south, and including Mis
souri. Arkans-. Louisiana and Texas
most of the Union- was nearly "it,
00O head. Beef making is not likely
soon to be overdone. Wusungton
At a town in Gloucestershire the
relatives as below recently surrounded
one dinner-table: Oue great-grandfather,
two grandfathers, one grand
mother, three fathers, two mothers,
four children, three grandchildren,
one ijreat-gaudchild. three sisters, one
brother, two husbands, two wives, one
mother-in-law. one father-in-law. two
brothers-in-law. three s:sters-in-Iaw.
one son-in-law, two daughters-in-law.
two uncles, three aunts, one nephew,
two- nieces, and two cousins. The
whole party consisted of ieven persons
onlv. Boston Herald.
NOT A BOOK AGENT.
A ranmf Incident How st liUtlng-uUhed
Gentleman W MUaaJeratuod.
There is a General of local fame who
went through a very unhappy quarter
of an hour a week or so ago. lie has
just returned frqm the East. There he
made the acquaintance of a oung
gentleman who is engaged to be mar
ried to a very charming Oakland girl.
The trnth. that always is the acces
sory of separaticjn of lovers, burned in
the young man's breast, anil he took
the opportunity, when the General was
leaving, to load him down with mes
sages of love and a book for his
fiancee. The gallant warrior under
took the commiss'on with all willing
ness, and when he had rested from his
trip he started oft" one Sunday morn
ing for Oakland with the book under
his arm. He slight out the address
given him. for the young jrirl was a
stranger to him. and as he approached
he saw a lady seated on he steps of an
Oakland villa. He opened the gate
and walked iu with an imposing mar
tial air. The lady eyed him with an
"You are Mrs. Jenkinson?"
"I have a book "
"I don't want any books."
"Is there a Miss Jenkinson?"
"Ls she at home?"
"I have, here a book "
'"Miss Jenkinson doesn't want any
"Hang it alL madam! I'm not a
book agent. Your daughter's sweet
heart in New York asked me to deliver
this book to her with his love. I don't
care a darn whether she wants it or
not. Hers it is. Good-day,
Sa Frandico Cbrvnick.
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