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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 13, 1880)
KATES OF AlVKKT2Si:3.
Ikt 2ic IwioJIm Gni lyr
UMinnnJ512.W I $20 1 125 $ijJ ?00 f 1W
Ji " I 3.00 I " 12 I 15 J 20 I 35 f HO
rTj (ToOf ; f2tft"j "20" "35
I iliirlHT I 7-W I l ' U I 15 2"
ffl" 1 "rW0r.7j"n:"l2; 15 2t
1 p ' 2.35 f 4 ! 5 ; $ 10
ItM8?ns n nrnfesslonal cards ten
If ISsl'KU EVKKY WEDNESDAY,
M. K. TURNER & CO.,
Proprietors and Publishers.
L lines or ls tmee. per annum, ten dol-
)r l.f.'al advertisements at statuto
eutes. "KHtril local notices" fifteen
ets a line each insertion. "Local
nt ice ' Mve cents a line each inser
tion. Advertiments classified a "Spe
cial mHlees" live eent a line first inser
tion, three eent a line each subsequent
'SSrOfficc. on 11th street., up Mains fin
Terms Per year, $2 Sir mouths, 1.
Three month -,50c. Single copies. 5c.
Y0L. XL-NO. 24.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1880.
WHOLE NO. 544.
0MW I Jlr III i'K
fcgF w j XJ V Xr VJ J WF
A. S. Paudock, T. S. Senator, ltcatrice.
ALVIN .SaUNukrs, I . S. Senator, Ouuiha.
T. ,1. Majors, hVp., Peru. .
K. K. Valkntink, Uep., We-t Point.
VLBiNUs Nance. Governor, Lincoln.
..l. .Vlevnmler, Secrouiry of state.
K V. LU-tUki', Auditor, Lincoln,
(i M lUrtletl, 1'rr i-urer, Liiu-olu.
C-.l."ll rtli. Attriie-(.-nerjil.
S It. Tliomp-n. Sunt. Publii' Iuni
H. '. Dawson, Warden oi Peniteittinrj .
W. W. Ab'jcy, I rimn Ih-pertor.
l)r. J. (. IMvls. Prison Physician.
H.P.MntheA-.on, Supt. Insane Asylum.
3. Mh-wi'1I, Chief Justice,
fJeore H. I.Bke.J A,00iat' Judge.
Aitiasa I'oWh. I
rot'RTir juiucul ihstkict.
U. W. Pst, .holer. York.
M. It. Keese, District Attorney, Wahoo
N, H. llHVic, U"jtlster,r,r:ind lslmd.
"VYiu. Anyan, Kf fiver, Orand Island.
J. C llirrins. mint Judac
John StawaVr. Count? Clork.
J. W. !:rl. Treasurer.
Kciij. Spielman. MiitIiI.
K. I.. K.tss-itcr, Surveyor.
John Wisp. V CoiintyCommissioner.
Or. A. Heint7, Coroner.
S. I.. Barrett. Supt. of Sohoul.
G.B. llnllev 1 .i.UiesofthePeHce.
Byron Millett, I
Chailei. Wake. Constahle.
J. P. I5.'k-r. Mayor.
II. J. IIudsftH. Clerk,
c. A. Newman, Trei-urer.
Geo. C IS.iwiuan. Polioc Judge.
.).;. Routsoii, Kimineer.
4- Ut HVrnf lolin Uioklv.
l. A. Sehroedcr.
S.f Ward a. W. (Mother.
;olHiiiiu. Poi Office.
pen on Sundays trm 11 a.m. to 12 m.
and from zVA to r. m. Business
hours except Snuda a m. to S p..m.
KdMcru mails cloe at 11 a. m.
Western mails close nt 4:15 p.m.
Mail leaves Colnmhus for Madison and
Norfolk. Tuesdays. Thursdays and
Saturdays, 7 a. m" rrives at 0 i". M.
For Monroe, Genoa. Waters ille ami Al
hlon, duilj except Sunday C a. M. Ar
rive, same. 6 1. si.
For Po.stville, Farral, Oakdale and
Newman's Grove, Momliivs, Wcdnes
ilnys aud hricbys t a.'m. Arrives
Tuesdays, Thursdays mid Saturdays,
at 0 p. si.
For Shell Creek. Creston and Stanton,
on Mondays and Fridays Mt 0 a. si.
Arrives TiU'oilhjs and Saturday, at
(J r. si.
For Alexis, Patron and David City,
Tucodays, ThursriiVK ami Saturdays,
1 v. m "Arrives at 12 si.
For St. Anthnn, Prahie Hill and St.
liornard. Friday, 0 a. m. Arrives
II. I. Time TiiUle.
Emigrant, No. tf, ltx at . (1:35 a.m.
PasM-nK'T, 4, " " 11:0)1 a.m.
Frelrht,i " 8. " .. 2:15 p.m.
FroinhlJ "10, u " 4:30 a.m.
Fretehtl No. 5. lcHes at . 2:00 p.m.
Pasfeuff'r, " 3, " ' 4:27 p.m.
Freight, " 9, " " 6:00p.m.
Emigrant. "7. " ".. 1:80a.m.
Every day except Snturday the three
linei, leudiiV to l hlcao connect with
tJ P. trains at Omaha. On Saturdajs
there will he hut one train a daj, a
shown hv the follow iiur schedule:
A. AN. TIME TABLE.
Leaves Columhu. . 8:30 A.M.
Platte, . .. !:W "
David Citv, . . J.25 "
Garri-on," 9:W "
HIvsm's 10:02 "
Sta'plehurst 10:19 "
" Seward, 10:37 "
" Rubv. . 10:.'3
" Milford. 11:05
Pleasant Dale 11:22 "
" Kmerald 11:40 "
Arrives at Lincoln, .. PJ:(W St.
Leaves Lincoln at I T. SI. and arrives
In Columbus 4:45 p.m.
O.. X. & IJ. II. ROAD.
Hound north. Bound south.
Jackson 4:53 p.m.' Norfolk 0:30 a. si.
LstCreek5:30 Mu.ison 6:57
PL Centre 5:57 " Madieon .7:45 "
llumphrexC;51 ' illuiuphre:34
Madison 7:40 " PL Centre 9:2s
Mun-on :2S LostCreek 9:55 "
Norfolk bwi Jaeksou 10:30 "
The departure from Jackson will be
covcrned t the arrival there of the
u. P. express tiain.
tSTCards under this heading will be
inserted for $3 a year.
U. A. R. Baker Post No. 9, Department
of Nebraska, meets every second and
fourth Tue-day evenlnps In each
month in Knights of Honor Hall, Co-
John Hammond. P. C.
D. D. WadsWorth, Adj't.
H. P. Bower, Searg. laj.
-XJ- J. THOMPSON,
And General Collection Agent,
St. Edwards, Boone Co., Xeb.
IF YOU have any real estate for sale,
if you wish to buy either in or out
of the'eitv. if you wish to trade cit
property for lands, or lands for city
property, give us a call.
"WADSWORTn & J06SELYX.
NKLaON SIILLETT. BYRON MILLETT.
Justice of the Peace and
3f. JIH.LETT Sc SOf,
ATTORNEYS AT LA"W, Columbus,
Nebraska. N. B. They will give
olose attention to all business entrusted
to them. 248.
:T OUIS SCHREIBER,
BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Buggies, Wagons, etc., made to
order, and all work guaranteed.
GTSbop opposite the "Tatteriall,"
Olive Street. i&V
SCHOOL, BLANK AND OTHER
Musical Instruments and Music,
TOYS, NOTIONS, BASE BALLS AND BATS,
AKCHKKY AND CROQUET, &c, at
LUBKER & CRAMER'S,
Cornor 13th and Olive Sts., - COLUMBUS, NEB.
nOKKKI.lt'S A. WUl.I.lVA.".
Tp-stairs In (Huck Rulldin, 11th street,
Above the New bank.
f JUSTICE OF THE TEA CE AND
TT J. IIlJlSO.",
" KOTAItY PUBLIC.
12tli street. 2 doors west of llaniraond Home,
Columbus, Neb. -91-y
It. JI. I. TIHIIWTOJj.
BE SI DENT DENTIST.
Oiliee over corner of 11th and North-st.
All operations first-class :uid warranted.
HiXCAUO BA1CIIKK SHOP!
HENRY AVOODS, PuofR.
t3TKvervthinr in fit-class style.
Also keep the best of clears. 516-y
A TTORXEYS A T LA W,
Ortice upstairs in McAllister's build
ins. Uth s-
vy emcott ac taffk.
DIIESS AND MANTUA MAKEBS.
X3 Work done in the latent aiyl neat
est ntvles. Shop on 12th St., east of
p jr. sciil'G, .ii. i.,
(Mce-Corner of North and Eleventh
St.s..uptairb in GluckMbiick building.
Consultation in German and English.
Dealer in REAL EST A TK,
GKNOA. NANCK CO., - NKB.
O LATTEKY .t PEARSALL
AKE ritKPARKD, WITH
To remove houes at reasonable
rates. (ie them a call.
PICTURES! PICTURES I
NOW IS THE TI.M E to secure a life
like picture of yourself and chil
dren at the New Art Kooms, east 11th
ntrcet. south side railroad track, Coluin
biiK, Nebraska, as ilrs. Josselyn will
close the establishment this Fall. Those
having work to do should call Boon.
QEOEQE N. DEERY,
House i Sign Painting,
tSTAll work warranted. Shop on
OMe htrect, one door south of EMlott'a
new Pump-house. aprltiy
T S. MURDOCK & SOX,
' Carpenters and Contractors.
Have had an extended experience, and
will guarantee isatit-faulion in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is, Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunity to estimate for you. j3TShop at
the Big Windmill, Oolumbus, Nebr.
LAW, REAL ESTATE
MONEY TO LOAN in small lots on
farm property, time one to three
vcars. Farm with'some improvements
bought and sold. Office for the present
at the Clother House, Columbus, Neb.
.Manufacturer and Dealer in
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
ALL KINDS OF
Store on Olive St.. near the old Post-office
Columbus Nebraska. 447-ly
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor.
ESTWholesale ind Retail Dealer in For
eign Wines. Liquors and Cigars, Dub
lin Stont, Scotch and English Ales, i
tBTKentucky UTiiskies a Specialty.
OYSTERS in their season, by the case
cau or dish.
11th. Strest, SoHtk at Dejrat
ni era I i
WHITNEY & BREWSTER
Light Pleasure and Business Wag
ons of all Descriptions.
We are pleased to invite the attention
of the public to the fact that we have
just received a car load of Wagons and
Buggies of all descriptionsaud that we
at? the. iPJf 3ehls Tor the counties ol
Platte, Butler, Booue, Madison, Merrick,
Polk and York, for the celebrated
CORTLAND WAGON COMP'Y,
of Cortland, New York, and that we are
oflcring these wagons cheaper than anj
other wagon built of same material,
style and finish can be sold for in this
J3T"Send for Catalogue and Price-list.
phi i.. :ai.,
484-tf Columbus, Neb.
mm i surgical inmi
?. Z. UITCHELL, U. S.
S. S. UESCXS, U. S. t :. C. BXHIBZ, K. ., 3f Onih.
Consulting Physicians and Surgeons.
For the treatment of all classes of Bar
gery and deformities; acute and
chronic diseases, diseases of the eye
and ear, etc., etc.,
ON ELEVENTH STREET,
Opposite Spcice & North's land-oflico.
lias on hand a fine selected
Wales, ducts ana Jewelry.
REPAIRING A SPECIALTY.
J3TALL GOODS SOLD, ENGRAVED
" FRKK OF OHARGE.J3
Call and see. No trouble to show
Manufacturer and Dealer in
BOOTS AND SHOES!
A roaplett aMortatrnt of Ladlw' tad Call
dren'iSbOM Irpt on hand.
All Work Warranted!!
Oar 3fotto Good stock, excellent
work and fair prices.
Especial Attention paid to Repairing
Cor. Ollre lSth St.
HAZEN WIND MILL!
HARRIGAK ft CRAINE
Havk the agency for this celebrated
wind null, 'and will also sell
pumps, and make repairs on pumps and
mills. The Hasea is better governed
than any other, more durable, will run
longer, go in as little wind and in great
er than any otherj and ghe the best of
satisfaction. See the one at the Grand
Pacific, and call on us opposite the
FARM FOR SALE
1M acres of good land, 80
acres under cultivation, a
good house one and a half
story high, a good stock range, plenty ot
water, and good hay land. Two miles
east of Columbus. Inquire at the
Ploacer Bakery. 7t-6m
coi.. k. cj. izc;eksol.i
Rockkokd, III., Sept. 28. The
Republicans of Rockford, or rather
of "Winnebago and the adjoining
counties, gathered to the number of
about 6,000 on the Fair-Grounds to
listen to a speech by Col. R. G. In
gersoll. In addition to a general
outpour of the citizens of this place,
there were large delegations from
Belvidere, Elgiu, Aurora, Rochelle,
Pecatonica, Freeport, Sycamore,
Dixon, Jauesville, aud Reloit. Col.
R. G. Iuger8oll arrived at 2 o'clock,
and was escorted to the depot by
the Committee of Arrangements.
After some songs by the Illinois
Campaign Glee Club, of Chicago
Col. Itigersoll was intioduced by R.
G. Crawford, the pio-iding officer,
and talked for two and a quarter
hours, making a brilliant speech,
which was perpetually interrupted
by the laughter and applause of his
MR. INGERSOI.L SPOKE AS FOLLOWS :
Ladies and Gentlemen : In the
first place I wish to admit that Dem
ocrats and Republicans have an
equal interest in this country ; that
it belongs to us all, aud that they are
as deeply interested in the preserva
tion of this form of government as
we cau bo. I admit, too, that most
of them are honest in their convic
tions, and I do not wish to addtes
my8"e!HoftPemocrat who is not
honestly one. There is nG IlCSd of
wasting reasons upon a man who is
didhonestfnot the slightest. Cheers.
Neither do I believe that it is pos
sible to make a vote in any civilized
country by misrepresenting the
facts. Neither do I believe it is
possible to influence a solitary man
who has got any sense by slander or
vituperation. That time has gone
by, and I do not intend to say to-day
one word that every Democrat pres
ent will not be willing to say is true ;
aud whatever he may say with his
mouth inside of him he will know
that it is true. Applause. I do
not intend to-day to express a soli
tary sentiment that every Democrat
will not give three cheers for in his
heart. "Hear!" Hear!" We are
all, I 6ay, equally interested, Dem
ocrats, and Republicans, and Green
backers alike. We all want a good
Government. If we do not, we
should have none. Wo all want to
live in a land where the law is
supreme. We desiro to live beneath
a flag that will protect every citizen
beneath its fold. We desire to be
citizens of a Government so great
aud so grand that it will command
the respect of the civilized world.
Most of us are convinced that our
Government is the best upon this
earth. It is the only Government
where manhood, and manhood alone
i made not simply a condition of
citizenship, but where manhood, and
manhood alone, permits its possessor
to have bis equal share in control of
the Government. Cheers. It Is
the only Government in the world
where poverty is upon an exact
equality with wealth, so far as con
trolling the destinies of the Repub
lic is concerned. It is the only
Nation where the man clothed in a
rag stands upon equality with the
one wearing purple. It is the only
country in the world where, politi
cally, the hut is upon an equality
with the palace. Cheers.
KOR THAT CKASON
every poor man should stand by
that Government, and every poor
man who does not is a traitor to the
best interest of hN children ; every
poor man wno docs not is willing
his children should bear the badge
of political inferioiity ; and the only
way to make this Government a
complete and perfect success is for
the poorest man to think as mnch of
his manhood as the millionaire does
of his wealth. Applause. A man
does not vote in this country simply
because he Ib rich; he does not vote
in this country simply because he
has an education ; he does not vote
simply because he has talent or
genius ; we say that be votes because
he is a man, and that he has his
manhood (q support; and we admit
in this country that nothing can be
more valuable to any human being
than his manhood loud applause,
and for that reason we put poverty
on an equality with wealth. We
say in this country manhood is worth
more than gold. We ay in thi6
country that without liberty the
Nation is not worth preserving.
Applause. Now, I appeal to-day
to every poor man ; I appeal to-day
to every laboring man, and I ask
him, Is there another country on
this globe where yon can have your
equal rights with others? Cries of
"No." Now, then, in every conn
try, no matter how good it is, and
no matter bow bad it is. in every
country there is something that
ought to be destroyed. Now recol
lect that every voter is in bis own
right a king; every voter in this
country bat in hie hands the sceptre
of authority ; and every voter, poor
aud rich, wears the purple of author
ity alike. Recollect it ; and the man
that will sell his vote is the man that
abdicates the American throm. The
man that sells his vote Blripp himself
of the imperial purple, throws away
the sceptre, and admits that he is
less than a man. Loud applause,
and cries of "That's so!" More
than that, the man that will sell his
vote for prejudice or for hatred, the
man that will be lied out of hia vote,
that will be slandered outof his vote,
that will be fooled outof his ?oto.
13 NOT WORTHY
to be nn American citizen. Now lot
us understand ourselves. Let us
endeavor to do what i3 right ; let us
say this country is good, we will
make it better ; let us say if our chil
dren do not live in a Republic it
shall uot be our fault.
Two great parties are asking for
the control of this country, and it is
your business and mine, lint, to in
quire into the history of these par
ties. We want to know their char
acter; and, recollect, you cannot
make character in a day ; you cannot
make a reputation by passing a res
olution. If you could, you could
reform every Penitentiary in fifteen
minutes in the United States of
America. Laughter and applause.
The question is, Whit have those
parties been doing? not, What do
they say now? That may help to
make them a character twenty years
hence; but what have they been
doing for the last tvC-lHy4'wn,3. ""d
let us be honest, honor bright?
Laughter and applause.
In 1800 the Democratic party had
power. There was a Democratic
President of the United Siates.
Every Cabinet officer was a Demo
crat; every Federal officer was a
Democrat, every one, because that
party would never allow anybodj
but a Democrat to be in office, no
matter how small. Laughter and
applause. In 1800 and 1801 a few
of the Southern States said: "We
will no louger remain in this Union."
What did the Democratic party do?
James Buchanan, with Judge Black
for his legal adviser, solemnly de
cided that the Federal Government
could not even protect its own prop
erty. That was the decision of the
highest officer in that Administra
tion. In other words, that Demo
cratic Administration said
TUB UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ARE
tho great Federal Government is
dead forever, the experiment of our
fathers has failed, the blood of the
Revolution was shed in vain, and
here in 1861, on the jaggered rocks
of secession, the Ship of State must
go down forever. This is what that
party said then ; does anybody wish
that that party had remained in
power? Does anybody to-day wish
that we at that time had allowed the
flag of our fathers to have been torn
forever from heaven? Cries of
"No." A war commenced. The
Republican party said : "Tho Union
must aud shall be maintained."
Hundreds and thousands of Demo
crats also said the same thing. I
honor them for it, and I never,while
I live, will say a word against any
man who fought for our Hag in the
sky, never. Applause. I admit
to-day, and I cheerfully admit, that
hundreds of thousands of Democrats
were a thousand times belter than
the party to which they belonged.
Applause and laughter. I admit
that the salt of the party left it.
Applause. I admit the stood, brave
young men -men with blood in
their veins said, "Jrmes Buchanan
is a traitor." Good Democrats said,
"The flag must be preserved, aud we
will help preserve it." Applause.
And I am willing to admit to-day
that, had it not been for these Dem
ocrats, the probability is we never
could have put down the Rebellion.
Applause. I want to be honest
about this thing. What, though, did
the Democratic party do after the
decent men had left it? Laughter.
When these men who believed in
the preservation of the Union had
enlisted, when they had gone down
to the fields of death and glory, what
did the Democrats they had left at
home do in 18G4? This Democratic
party left at home, just before the
dawn of universal victory, met in
National Convention and announced
that war for the restoration of the
Union was a failure; that is what
they did. What did they do in In
diana? They assasiuated Federal
officers, they shot down Union men,
they entered into conspiracies for
the purpose of releasing Rebel sol
diers; they were supplied with
money from Canada. I know it,
and the evidence is to-day among
the Rebel Archives at Washington
that leaders of the Southern Con
federacy furnished money to the
Democrats of Illinois and Indiana to
hold public meetings for -the pur
INFLUENCING PUBLIC OPINION
against the Republicau party. That
is what they did ; remember it ; do
not forget it. Laughter.J When
the war was over -what did the
Democrats do? Now I will try and
tell the exact truth. Laughter.
Every man who advocated secession
was a Democrat ; every man who
drew a secession ordinance wa a
Democrat-; every man who swore
that this great aud splendid Govern
ment was but a "Confederacj bound
together by ropes of sand," by chains
of mist, was a Democrat laughter;
every man who wished to tear the
old Hag out of the sky was a Demo
crat ; every one who wished to pre
serve the institution of slavery, so
that babes could be sold from their
mother's breasts; every one who
wished to make a slave by robbing
the cradle ; every one who wUhod
to breed bloodhounds to purue
lugitive slaves ; 'every one who be
lieved that a lash upon a naked back
was legal-tender for labor perform
ed laughter and applause ; every
one was a Democrat. Every one
who wished to create a firo in the
rear; all who wanted to release
Rebel prisoners in the North, that
they might burn down the homes ot
soldiers then in the front ; every one
who wanted to scatter disease and
pestilence in Northern cities; every
one who wished to inflict our homes
with yellow-fever; every one who
wished to cl lire to the great cities
of Ihe North, knowing that the ser
vants of flame would destroy women
and babes; every one who tried to
fire Ihe boats upon our rivers; every
one was a Democrat laughter and
applause- '"id " know it. Laugh
ter. Every tn?.U who starved oui
soldiers, evcrv man wJiO "bot a
I Union soldier was i Democr3l?f
every wound that a Union soldier
has is a souv.enir of the Democratic
piirty; and you know it Apphue
and laughter. Every one who ted
our men taken prisoners with
A CRUST THAT THE WORMS HAD EA'I
was a Democrat; every man who
shot down our men when they hap
pened to step an inch beyond the
dead line, every one was a Demo
crat ; and when some poor, emacia
ted Union patriot, driven to insanity
by famine, saw at home in hi- inno
cent dreams the face of hi- mother,
and she s'Ctncd to beckon him to
come to her, and he, following that
dream, stcpp d one inch beyond the
dead ne, tho wretch who put a
bullet through his throbbing, losing
heart was a Democrat. Applause.
We should never forget these things.
A voice, "That's so." Every m-in
who wept over the corpse of slav
ery ; every man who was sorry when
the chains fell from four millions
of people; every man who regretted
to see the shackles drop from men,
and women, and children, every one
was a Democrat. In the House ot
Representatives, aud in the Senate,
the resolution was submitted to
amend the Constitution so that ev
ery mm treading the soil of the
Republic should be forever free, and
every man every man who voted
against it was a Democrat. Ever'
man v, ho swore that greenbacks
would never be worth any more
than withered leaves, every man
who slandered our credit, and
prophesied defeat, was a Democrat.
Now recollect it. Liughter. Do
not forget it. Renewed laughter.
And if there is any young man here
who is this fall to cit his first vote,
I beg of him, I besrech him, not to
joiu that party whose hiftlnry for
the last twenty years has been a dis
grace to this country. Cheers.
Now, on the other hand, what has
the Republican party been doing ail
this time? Aided and assisted by
good Democrats, aided and asUted
by honest men, aided and assisted
by the spirit of patriotism in thi
country, what has the Republican
party been doing? In the firsl
place, our party preserved this Gov
ernment. ''Yes, sir." Had it not
been for the Republican party the
United States of America would not
still enrich aud glorify the map ol
the world. "You are right."
HAD IT NOT BEEN FOR THE REPUBLI
the old banner of Stars and Stripes
would now be floating in'Heaven.
Cheers. The Republican party i-'
sued the money; the Republican
party swore it was good, and the
Republican party issued the bond
made necessary by the Democracy,
and the Republicans not only said
"We will whip you," but "We will
pay the costs ourselves." Liugh
ter. It cost at least six thousand
millions of dollars, a pile of gold in
the presence of which even extrava
gance would stand amazed. Six
thousand millions of dollars aud
400,0001ives! What for! Is it pos
sible we did all that to put the very
party in power that it cost six thou
sand millions of dollars and 400,000
lives to prevent their destroying
thisGoyernraent? Cheers. Think
of it! Remember it. Let me ask
any Democrat, looked at in the light
of history ot twenty years, which of
these parties has the better reputa
tion? Laughter Which has thu
hotter reputation for patriotism?
Which has the better reputation for
truth and veracity?
What hasthe Democratic party done
the last twenty jears that has beei
a success? Gov. Morton once saitl :
"The Democtatic party: it is like a
man riding on the cars backwards,
he never accs an thing until he Iwir
passed it." Laughter. What ba
the Democratic party advocated in
the twenty years that has been a
success? Now and then they haw
advocated a good .thing, but that
has only been when they adopted
some Republican idea. Applause.
I admit that tlie Republican part
has done some wrong things. 1
admit the great, splendid Republi
can party, endeavoring to do right,
Iihs now aud then, by iniMake, duiie
wrong, ami 1 admit that the reai
Democratic partv, endeavoring to
do wrong, has now aud thou blun
dered into tiie right.
"Willi it ok tiik.se parties
aic the people of thi- splendid coun
try of Northern Illinois willing to
risk the Government with? Well,
of course, it i owing to what you
waut. It is owing to what you
want to preserve; it is owing to
what you wish to destroy. Some
people tell me we. want a change.
What for? "Well, we waut a
change." Liughter. What for?
There never was a tune in the his
tory of thie country that it was a,
prof-pcrou.- as it is to-day. Do jon
want a change? "No, '-No.'" This
is not oni ihe bet country in the
oi Id, but we have good hou-c.u e
have V, p'oie to eat, have got bel
ter clothes ana wc ,mve "ot m,,,e
scn-e on the average tniul"uu-y-jber
people on this globe. Laughtei.
When I i-ay "country,"' 1 mean the
Northern, Western, and Extern
States; that h what I mean. There
is no country wherein education in
thought so much of as in the United
Stales. There i- no country where
one man will help auolner a quick
ly. There i- no country in which
there is as much generosity on the
iverage n in the United States.
Sow w have got to preserve -ome-thing.
We do not wish to chmge
for the sake of a chaugf. Tnore
never should be a change until a
better party than the Republic?
a-ks ') take the sceptre of authori
ty. When the Democracy, in Mick
cloth and a-ikes, will admit tiiat the
Imve been wrong for twenty wirs:
when tho Democratic party will suy.
beating the meantime upon its hol
low breast, "I have sinned, and wish
an opportunity to show that I have
repented," it will be time enough to
trust them then.
Now the next question arise
which section ot thi country had
you rather trust? The South or :hr
North? "The north every lime."
Of course. What is the Democratic
party to -day without the Solin
South? The Solid South is the
Democratic party. The Democrats
of tho North are tools of the Solid
South. Cheers. There are some
things in this country that we wish
to preserve. Of course, when h man
hap got nothing he need not be verj
particular about making his will
and if he does make his will he neei
not make 4uy tus about who shal.
be administrators. We think tha-
wk have oot omktiiig.
We think that there are thing to be
preserved in the American Repub
lic. Now what must wc preserve?
What do you waut preserved ? Firt
of all, you helicvo that in a Republic
there should be ib-olutc freedom of
opinion; you believi that in a Re
public there should be absolute free
speech ; you believe that every indi
vidual tongue has the right to th
general ear; j-ou believe that thi
Government should rest upon the
intelligence, upon the patriotism,
and upon the morality of the people,
and you believe that every citizen ol
this Republic has a right to tell the
rest ot the citizens of this Republic'
what he believes. Of what use is it
to allow the attorney for the defend
ant to argue before the jury, if, upon
the jury bringing a verdict of "Not
guilty," the defendant is to be hang
ed by the mob? We belt v, then,
in fiec speech; we bel.ivu free
speech to be the gem ol the human
brain. Speech is the wing of tho't,
aud if you will not allow tree speech
you are not acivilizod'pcopie." Ap
plause In what part ot this coun
try has the fiacred right of free
speech been preserved : in the South
or the' North? Cries of "In the
the North."J If you want free
speech preserved in this country the
North must do it. Crie "That is.
right." We must do if, and we
must not put in power the people
who do not believe in that sacred
right. The South never favored
free speech, never. Why? They
had there an institution called slav
orv. It they allowed free speech
thev knew that slavery could not
endure, aud tho consequence wan
they closed the lips of reason. In
other words, for every chain they
put upon the limbs of slaves they
put a corresponding manacle upon
the brain ot the white man. Loud
applause Iu order to enslave oth
ers they enslaved themselves, and
they linallv came face to face with
one of the great principles of nature.
Mau cannot en-dive auother without
trampling upon hi own manhood ;
no man can be unjust to auothor
without robbing himself. Ap
plause. J I believe, thcu, in ireo
speech. I want the lips of thought
to be forever freo aud tor that rea
son i am with the north,
because tne north will protect that
"acred right. That is one thing I
waut, and I go with the people that
tire going furthest my way w hen I
want anything. Laughter aud ap
plause. J I belong to uo party ; I
"imply act with the party that come
nearest my views. 1 am the prop
el ty ot nobody. Applause. Ho
human being has got a mortgage
upon my brain. Cries of " Well
done !" "Good !" aud loud applause.
I will say my say iu spite of priuui
palities and powers as long as I
live cheor-, and a voice, "We will
stand by you !"J ; aud I will say
what I think. We not only wish to
preserve tree speech, but we wish
ao to preserve the product of Iroe
speech. After you have thought,
if ter everybody has said his say, aud
thereupon ihe people of the United
Stale-deposit tneir will iu the ballot-box,
wu want to feel absolutely
curtain that every vote that goes iu
tliton i honest; we want to feel
certain that uvery vote that comes
out Iroui there and i counted is a
gul vol?. That is what we waut.
Of vi.l-t-J,se '" 'fee speech it Fraud
i to hold in i!'""' hauti the oa
iot box of this Nat'oin ? Tnero is iu
tlii country one Kui'? tnro "
under our fl ig one Empl'.ror "B
C.-ir, one supreme power, and 'mt
is the legally-expreased will of a
niHJorily of our people. Applause.
That is Ihe King, and any man who
will poi-ou the source ot authority,
any man who will put an illegal
vote iu a bailut-box, any mau who
uiil count an illegal vote alter it is
put iu, any niun who will throw out
a legal vote after it is put iu, is a
traitor io the great principle upou
wlucn this Government is fouuded
applause, and the time ought to
come whuu we would hold in su
preme detestation, execration, aud
contempt any man who would put
in the ballot-box an illegal vote.
Every Amoricnu citizcii should keep
his hands pure; every American
citiAMi should say, "I am willing to
abide by the decision of the majori
ty," and when we say that then we
will have a Republic that will en
dure lor countless years. We have
got to do something iu this country.
We arc upon the edge, to-day, of
Mr-xicanizution ; wo are upon the
eJge of chaos. The people are
BEGINNING TO LOSE CONFIDENCE
iu elections; the people are begin
ning to .say, "Fraud controls, rascal
ity elects" and the momeut that
suspicion is well lodged in the
minds of the people then they will
have no respect tor the lawi made
by men who are elected by fraud.
They will have no respect for the
decision ot Judges wheu they be
lieve the Judges were elected by
fraud; aud then conies the dissolu
tion ot our form of government ;
aud then comes the destruction of
human iiborty for a hundred years.
Every Republican should make up
his mind to be a perpetual sentinel
of the ballot-box; every Republicau
should make up his mind that, bo far
as was iu fiis power, an illegal vote
should never again be cast in this
country. We fell into it; it took a
long time, but we got there. In the
first place, in the cities, no man wai
allowed to voto who came from a
foreign country until he had been
here five years. They began allow
ing them to rote when they had
been here tour, and if the Demo
cratic party did, probably the Whig
party would have done it if the for
eigners would have voted the Whig
ticket uughter, but they wouldn't.
Renewed laughter. After awhile
they allowed them to vote iu three
years, in two yearn, and it was -not
long until they met them at Castle
Garden aud inarched from the ship
directly to the polls. Laughter.
All ov.t our country we have had a
contest with regard to the removal
of county-seats when all the people
at one side of the county were for
removal, and all the pcoplo on the
other side against r8tnoval, and the
! North side would hear that the
South ride was going to cheat, and
the South would hear that tho North
side was going to cheat, and, as a
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