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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 20, 1880)
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Proprietors and Publishers.
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lars. Le".tl advertisements at -r-itute
rates. "Edltorfa! local notiees' fifteen
cents a line each Insertion. "Local
notice ' five cent a line each inser
tion. dverMsm'nta e'ai!ied a "Spe
cial notices' rive rents a line first Inser
tion, thre cents a line each subsequent
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VOL. XI.-N0. 25.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1880.
WHOLE NO. 545.
v J W
. . PiNrk. IT. . senator, KeMrice.
ALVIN SLMKi.?..r. . senator, Omaha.
T. 4. Major. Kew, iVni. .
E. K. Vai.kvtixii. Itrit.. tt "t 1 .
AlHtKOh NaNCK, liOMTHOr. Lincoln.
.U. A Ws '. Secretary of State.
(F. W. I.i' 'lk. Aiti', Liwoln.
U. M.Krl.. l"r.--wrer, I ineolxi.
C ii niJwrth, auth'-i.'ht.i1.
S.(R Tfcftii-H. -tt. l'uMi- Ih-tuc
CII. '. Daw m. WhuL'M of ivitentiar
'W. W. Al''y t 1'i-Hoit Inspector.
CM. G-uiO. mi .
(l)r.J..l. Frisow I'h.VHioiHii.
(H.(l. Mmev-K,1H. Iiishhc AsUum.
8. 3tn-wrl!. 1 hi-f I notice.
i;mh-:- B. I.Hkr.t A eristic Jud-es.
Awh- !'. i
FomrrH jmuct.u. ihtkict.
((J. '- rt-. Jmif. Yik.
LM. St. Itwc. Uixlrif J Attorney, Wahno.
M.it. IIle, lt-i$iter.ttraiid Island.
Win. Any. i:.elver. Grand .-land.
ij.n. HirffiH. rwit .rHiiso.
JbUm Mr. rmv "lei...
.1. W. Kurt. Treaurr.
dtra:. SfIi'ia, Iniil.
(U. (L. RMJer. Sih-ypyw.
.! Waller. J
im Wit. i'.HHivriBMiJ-IonerA.
LM. MaIht. J
(Lr. A. H ih:k. (rner.
R.(L. JtMTU, Sijtl.iT Suhel-.
!. "Wake, CWtitHMe.
.1. J. Rekr, Mavor.
H..I. HhImhii. Clerk.
O. . NVwiHati.Trcisuror.
G. G. ItownitiH, l'Hi Jm!?e.
.1.0. l(Mtiitii, Kn-ineer.
11 HVrrf Ihn itirkly.
(. A. -ichrocder.
2d Mlirrf- Win. I.itmli.
M 'ar -r.. W. (Mother.
Open on Simla trm II a.m. to 12 m.
and train :3 t 0 m. Rusine--UOHrs
except "slilldnv a m. to -' 1'. M.
KnKtorn nitilU flc at 11 a. m.
U'l-'twn until clow at 4:I.r.M.
.Mail lvf i IimSh!o for M.iili-on anl
N'wtolk, Tm-iIi;. TlniridMy- ami
SntiirAir. T . M. Arrie" t I. M
Kwr Monro-. ReMoa. V:terille anil AI
tNiMt. dail e-epi mulavfi a. m. Ar
rive mhh t I, v
Fr I'cstviUe, Fsrrtil. )nklal- ami
NrwMtnR- f:rv-. Miila, Wtliie
ilsiv ami hrilH, a.'m. Airiw
Thm1u. Thursday ami aturtlajx.
at ; p. M.
lKr .hHl 'reek, Tetn ami St niton.
h J!H1V' ami I'rflax- at a. M
Arrif Ti"l.-, ami mImi1.hj, at
C V. .M.
For Alpxi. TatroH uml laiil t'ity,
Tnestlayv. Thrrf-'s and Saturdavh,
1 v.st Arriv" at 12M.
Fr?t. Athnv. rrairii- Hill anil M.
Kernartl. Frida-, U . M. Arrivi-s
iiHlMrdavs. X p.m.
8'. !. TIuii! Talde.
(BHhfrt,X.. loafat . tf:2S:i. m.
rn-enie'r, " A, " . lIKtla.in.
Frrftckt, " f. ' " 2:i;i.m.
Freight, "10, " " . 4:30 a. in.
Freet, Vo.ft. leavp at .. 2:00 p. m.
l'a-sPKe'r, " S, " . 4:27 p.m.
iPrpivWt, " J', " " :00p.m.
Kwlrat. "7. " " . 1:30 a.m.
Every dv evropt Saturday tbc three
(Hn leafliMt t 'kiee eonnecl with
V 1. truins at Omaha. On Sutiirdayw
llHirK will he hut e tiam a day, u
hsivn hy the following schedule:
A. A N.TI-Mi; TAHLE.
floavo I'4)MinbM S:S0 a. .m.
" lvid 'ity, .
Arrives hJ I.iiMtnln.
(Leave- Lincoln at 1 p. m. anil arric
Ci CoimH- 4:4. v. m.
O.. X. & IL H. KOAl.
Hmtnti More. Irnuml SMth.
.lwktt 45 r.M. Norfolk ;:.T0 a. M.
PI. 'entre fl:2
1Wi ilHriui' fr.itu .tai-k-nn will lie
povrmod ! the arriial there of the
C P. expre-i. ti iih.
j5"Carl under thi- heading will be
1ertod fr 5Ja ear.
(?. A. U. lUker P-l No. !. Depurtmeut
f Ntraku, moot everx second and
!wrth Ttday evenings in each
momh ia Kaierl.t- of Honor Hall, Co
iHmhM. Ioiin HAMMOND. P. r.
I. 1. VAl).-Wl)KTII. Adj'l.
II. P. Uihvki:, Searg. Maj.
"XT .1. THOMPSON,
X0 TA II Y P UH L1C
Ami Gencr.nl Collection Agent,
St. IHteardSs Boone Co. JVefc.
JF YOU have any real estate for ale.
if vihi wih to lu either in or out
the "city, if you ih to trade cit
propertj fr lamU. or lands for city
lroporty. give u- a vail.
" "WaPSWORTH & JoeSELYX.
XHtos MiLLirrr. bykox millett,
futict of the Peace and
1 TTOUSEYS AT LAW, Columbus,
A. Nebra-ka. N. B.-They will give
eloe attention to all bUMnc-s entrusted
to them. 24S.
T OUIS SCnREIBER,
BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER.
All kind of repairing done on short
notice. Huzcies, Wagons, etc.. made to
order, and ill work guaranteed.
riTSbop opposite the "TattenalJ,"
Olive Street. fc
SCHOOL, BLANK AND OTHER
Musical Instruments and Music,
TOYS, NOTIONS, BASE BALLS AND BATS,
AUCIIEKY AND CROQUET, &c, at
LUBKER & CRAMER'S,
Corner 13th and Olive Sts., - COLUMBUS, NEB.
pOIKXIil.II'. & SIIlJLIVAJf.
A TTORXEYS-A 7- LA Jlrf
I'p.-tairs inluck Building, 11th street,
Above the New bank.
JCSTICK OF THE PEACE AND
TT J. MIJ10.,
ltli Mrr-t, Joorn nwt of lUmmonil Hoase,
Columbus, Xeb. 491-y
15. 31. IKTHLKSTO.Ii,
It ESI DENT DENTIST.
oflice over corn-r of lltli and North-st.
A 11 operatioiiH tlrst-clann and warranted.
nDI4'A(;0 ItARRKK HIIOI
HENRY WOODS. Pkop'k.
t3TEver thing in fiit-class style.
Alio keep the best of eigars. altf.y
A TTORXE YS A T LA W.
oiliee up'Stairs in McAllister's build
inp. llth St.
U ESCOTT A: TA FEE,
DRESS AND MANTUA MAKERS.
IS Work done in the latest nnd neat
est -tvlei. Shop on 12th St., east of
ip ii. ici'.stTiii
llth St., nearly opp. Gluck's store,
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips,
Blunkets. Curry Combs, Brushes, etc.,
at the lowest possible prices. Repairs
promptly attended to.
If .1. SCIIUG, 31. IK,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
0jf;ccCorner of North and Eleventh
Sts.,up-stairs in Gluck's brick building.
Consultation in Gorman and English.
Dealer in REAL ESTATE,
AltD IXStTZAXCZ AIIUT.
CtEXOA. NANCK CO., ... XEB.
OLATTERY .fe PEARSALL
ARE l'KEPARKD, WITH
FUtST- CLASS APPA RA TUS,
To remove houses at reasonable
rates. Give them a call.
NOW IS THE TIME to secure a 1 1 re
like picture of yourself and chil
dren at the New Art Rooms, east llth
street, south side railroad track, Colum
bus, Nebraska, as Mrs. Josselyn will
lose the establishment thi j Fall. Those
having work to do should 411 soon.
T S. MURDOCH & SOX,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Have had an extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is. Good work and
fair prices. Call and givo us an oppor
tuuitv to estimate Tor vou. t3TShop at
the B"ig Windmill, Columbus, Nebr.
LAW, REAL ESTATE
W. S. GEEE.
MONEY TO LOAN in small lots on
rarm property, time one to three
vears. Farms with "some Improvements
bought and told. Office for the present
atthe Clothcr House, Columbus, Neb.
C O I. 15 31 B IT S
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAS, Proprietor.
jSTWholesale nd Retail Dealcrin For
eign Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Dub
lin Stont, Seoteh and English Ales.
tSTKentue&y Whiskiei a Sptcialty.
OYSTERS in their season, by the ease
can or dish.
llth Streot, South of Depot
S. J. MARMOT, Prop'r.
Nebraska Ave., South of Depot,
A new house, newly furnished. Good
accommodations. Board by dty or
week at reasonable rates.
BFSet a Flrst-Clas Table.
Meals, ... . Cents. Ledginga ... .ST) Cts
WHITNEY A BREWSTER
Light Pleasure and Business Wag
ons of ail Descriptions.
Wo are pleased to invite the attentlo
of the public to the fact that we have
jutit received a car load of Wagons anil
Buggies of all descriptions, and that we
are the nolu agents for the counties ol
Platte, Butler, Bonne, Madison, Merrick,
Polk and York, for the celebrated
CORTLAND WAGON COMP'Y,
of Cortland, New York, and that we are
offering these wagons cheaper thau any
other wagon built of same material,
stylo and tiuish cau be sold for in this
!3"rSend for Catalogue and Price-li9t.
484-tf Columbus, Neb.
EEL a A INSTITUTE.
7. Z. UI7CEILL, U. S.
Physicians ami Snrgeons.
3. S. VXSC22, U. S. ft J. C. CZHIS2, ii. S., cf Chl,
Consulting Physicians and Surgeons,
Forthe treatment of all classes of Sur
gery and deformities ; acute and
chronic diseases, diseases of the eye
and ear, etc., etc.,
ON ELEVENTH STREET,
Opposite Speice & North's land-office.
Has on hand a tine selected
REPAIRING A SPECIALTY.
STALL GOODS SOLD, ENGRAVED
FREE OF CHARGE..
Call and see. No trouble to show
Manufacturer and Dealer in
BOOTS AND SHOES!
1 romplt t auortnrnt of Ladlt-n' sad Chll
ilren't Ebos kfpl on hand.
All Work Warranted!!
Oar Jfotto Good stock, excellent
work and fair prices.
Especial Attention paid to Repairing
Cer. OIIt nad ISth 91.
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK HILLS.
MANUFACTURERS & WHOLE
BALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
Clocks anil Jewelry
L. M. BRIDG-ES
Em Jirt epesai & Frslt St::9.
Apples, Canned Fruits. Candy,
Nuts, Crackers, Cigars
S53TVill sell as cheap a the cheapen t.
Nebraoka Ave, opp. post-otlice.
Manufacturer and Dealer in
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
ALL. KINDS Of
fltnreon Olive St., near the old Pott-ojict
Columbus Nebraska. i 17-ly
HAZEN WIND MILL"
HARRIGAN & CRAINE
HAVK the agency tor this celebrated
wind mill, "and will also sell
pumps, and make repairs on pumps uml
mills. The Ilnzen is better governed
than any other, more durable, will run
longer, go in as little wind and in great
er than any other, aud tfiei the bet of
satisfaction. See the one at the Grand
Pacilic, aud call on us opposite the
TIKIS" RV LITERS.
Simp near Fonndrr, sonth of A. & .X. Ilfpot.
All kind of wood and iron work on
Wagons, Bungles. Farm Machinery, A-.
Keeps on hands the
TIMPKEX SPRIXG BUGGY,
and other eastern buggies.
Furst to Hradlev Plows.
Meat Market !
One door north of I'nst-otUcc,
NEBRASKA AVE., - Colnmhu.
KKKI' ALL KIMV1 OT
Fresh and Salt Meats,
Etc., In their season.
Y3T V,ant paid Car Ilitlr?, Lard
WILL. T. RICKLY
gom Qehlrich i m.
(Successors to HENRY & BRO.)
All customers of the old firm are cor
dially invited to continue their pat
ronage, the same as heretofore; to
gether with as many nw custo
mers as wish to" purchase
For the Least Money.
ANDERSON & ROEN,
ZZTDepositt received, and interest paid
on time deposits.
XZTPrompt attention given to collec
tions and proceeds remitted on day of
T3T Passage tickets to or from European
points by best lines at lowest rates.
tSTDrails on principal points in Eu
rope. REFERENCES AND CORRESPONDENTS:
First National Bauk, Decorah, Iowa.
Allan A Co., Chicago.
Omaha National Bank, Omaha.
First National Bank. Chicago.
hTountze Bros., N. Y.
Purchasers will do well to remember
that they will find the largest stock
and the best and cheapest place
in the city to purchase
DRUGS 9 MEDICINES,
Paints, Oils and Glass,
A.nd everything belonging to the drug
"trade at the store of
Machine Oils and Faints
Bold cheaper than elsewhere. Call and
sec my stock of
VrMoriptions filled with accuracy
and dispatch. Call and get prices.
This is the cock that crew at New Or
leans, And nwoko the mob to bloorly seenos,
And ch-ered on th' flcmirted'ueinU
In Louisiana and Tcxaj.
Hi- pu:s in human fli-ib. pierced deep:
He caused both mother and child to
While blood ran ocean deep
In Louisiana and Texas.
Their cries before the throne let stand
To defeat this cock and stay the hand
That led the accursed and "lawless band
In Louisiana aud Tevas.
uy. noble boys in blue.
Would you like a rooster stew?
Give us a 1'lymouth Kock or a Cochin
For I want no Hancock in mine,
Who smashed the bottles and drank the
In Louisiana and Texas.
Come, line bird of frizz and feather.
You had ! tter get your tr.ips together.
For wo will crop your wings,
And our spurs wv'II trim,
And give our whole support to ".Mm."
And send on back so gaunt and slim
In Louisiana and Texas.
For well we know your wretched game.
B which vou won our southern fame,
And led your troops to worse than shame
And set the demons all atlame
In Louisiana and Texas.
S. I. it.
COB.. IE. S. I.UUUSOLIm
(Continued from last week's Joukn'AI..)
Then tlioy sail, "Money measures
value as a half-busliol measures corn,
or as a yard-stick measures cloth."
That is not so. If it had been so
TI1K GKKKMIACKKItS WOULD IIAVK
because if "money measures value as
a half-bushel or as a yardstick," of
course ii makes no diflerenco wheth
er a halt-bushel or a yard-stick is
made of Kohl, silver, or paper; but
the statement is not true. Money
does not ''measure values as a half
bushol or as a yardstick," and why?
The half-bushel does not measure
value; the yard-stick does not meas
ure value. The yard-stick measures
length, not value; it measures lace
worth $200 a yard precisely as it
done rent-tape, and you know it. A
half-bushel does not measure value;
it measures quantity ; and the half
bushel would measure gold, and
diamonds, and pearls precisely a it
does oats and corn. Applause.
There is another trouble about it.
The jeaon it does not make any
difference whether a yard-stick, or
half-bushel, or gold, or silver, or
paper, is that you do not buy the
half-bushel nor the yard-stick. The
man who owned the liulf'-busliel at
the commencement of the trade
keeps it alter the trade is over. The
gentleman in possession of the yard
stick after the purchase is done. If
It were so with money, then it would
not make any difference. Laughter.
Now, then, my friends, if there is a
solitary Grecnbacker here, now in
the Democratic party, that once be
longed to the Republican party, I
ask him to come onl. Cries of
"Hear," "Hoar." I ask him to
admit that we are to-day a prosper
ous Nation. I ask him to admit that
to-day we have got money enough.
I want him to admit lliut an amount
of money does not make prosperity
but prosperity makes the money. I
want him to admit that when the
country is prosperous then every
man trusts his neighbor, but if you
buy a pound of sugar on credit then
you inllatc the currency. If you
give your noto for a horse then you
inflate the currency ; if you give a
mortgage or a deed of trust, you
inflate the currency ; and every fol
low that says, "Charge it," inflates
the currency. Laughter, and a
voice, "That's so."J So that in times
of prosperity that is to say, that in
times of general confidence
WE HAVE ALL THE MONEY
we want. Suppose you should go
to a man that owned a ferry-boat,
and there had been no rain for six
months, and the river was entirely
dry, and the ferry-boat was upon
the sand, with seams gaapiug open
like your average Democrat hearing
a speech that he does not understand
I might say in that connection a
speech about the Constitution laugh
ter and applause, and suppose you
should ask that man, "Ho'w is busi
ness?" and he should say, "Dull";
and suppose you tell him, "Now
what you want is more boats."
Laughter. He would be apt to
answer. "I can get along with this
one if I -had a little more water."
Great laughter. I want every
man to think, and get that heresy
out of bis head, that a Government
cau make money ; and I will ask
each one this question, and I have
never seen any man who could an
swer if, now, honor bright, if the
Government cau make money why
should it collect taxes? Just think
about that.. A voice "Who does
mako the money ?" Sir, Nature
I makes all the gold and all the silver,
and tin) Nation coins the gold and
coins the silver so that each man
I who sees it may know what it is
I worth. Applause.
I 'in.... : ...k r ...,,i i ..i i...
I UiU 19 W liUk 1 UIJIICI 31(11111 UJ
money, and all paper that takes the
place of tnotiey Is simply a promise
to pay that money. A voice, "That
is all' You caunot make money
by resoiviug laughter ; you cannot
make money by law any more than
you can make oats and com by a
resolution in a political meeting.
Laughter. Lord, Lord, I wish
you could. Great laujrhtor. I
wish this Government could make
money. What a rich Nation wo
would he. Laughter. If the Gov
ernment cau make money why does
it collect taxes? Why should the
sun borrow a candle? Laughter
and applause. Here is a poor man
working upou his farm the whole
year, through rain and shiue, and
storm, day and night, aud at the end
of the year people come to him and
want $125 taxes. If the Govern
ment can make a $1,000 bill hi a
second why should it follow up that
poor man ? Voice "that's so." I
wish the Government could make
money, and that 1 could get my share
now. Great laughter. I regret
that the Aladdin palace made by the
Greenback patty consisted only of
glorified mist. Laughter.
I AM aOHKY
that its dome was only a raiubowof
hope. I wish it had been a reality.
I wish the Government could make
money out of paper so that the lux
uries of the world would be at
American feet. I wish we could
make money so that we could put
every poor uif.ii in a palace. I wish
we could make money so that our
lite should be a continual aud per
petual feast. But the trouble is we
can't ; that is the trouble. Suppose
a man had bought a farm for $10,000,
and given his note for it, aud he had
bought a carriago and span of hor
ses, and sent John to college, and
bought Mary a piano, and gave his
notes; and at the end of the year,
when the interest became due, he
gave his note, and the next year the
holders camo and said, "You must
settle," and he said to them, "I never
had a better time in my life than
while I have been giving these notes ;
we have had more to eat than we
ever had before; the house has been
filled with music and dancing; I
have ridden in a carriage; I have
good clothes; now, why not let this
thing go on? Laughter. I am
willing to renew my notes until
Gabriel's trumpet stops the busi
ness." Great laughter. Upon my
word, I am sorry that that can't be
done laughter, but it can't. We
have got to work ; we have got to
dig in the ground to raise oats and
corn. So far as I am concerned I
had rather trust the miserly crevices
of honest rocks for tne money of this
world than to leave it to any Con
gress ever assembled on earth. Ap
plause. The gold won't cheat you ;
it is its own redeemer. Applause.
The si lver won't fool you ; there it is,
and when you have got it yon know
how much you are worth. Ap
plause. We are a commercial
Nation, and hope' the time will come
when tho American flag will float in
every part of the world ; aud when
that time comes we want money that
will go the world around. Probably
it will be paper, but behind every
dollar of that paper I want a dollar
in silver or gold. Applause.
I WANT AMERICA' MONEY
to be so good that when you take It
out of your pocket, no matter if it is
in Central Africa, no matter if it is
in one of the furthermost isles of the
Pacific Sea, that when a barbarian
sees it its rustle will sound to him
like the clink ot gold. Applause.
I want money that we can be proud
of the world over, and so do you. I
don't want the honesty of this coun
try to be represented by an irre
deemable rag, and you don't if you
will think about it a Httlo while.
Now, I beg every Greenbacker
that was ever in the Republican
party to come back applause and
vote where he belongs. You are in
bad company. Laughter. Come
back. Applause. Now, what else
do you want ? We want free speech ;
don't forget it. We want an honest
ballot; remember it. We want to
collect a reveune to support our
Government, aud we want honest
money, honest money. What else
do we want? We want a govern
ment wherein the law is supreme.
We want States that will pay their
debts. Applause. Whom can you
trust? The South or North? A
voice, "The North, all the time," and
applause.J Had you rather have a
bond of Alabama or Illiuou? A
voice, "That's it !" Will you take
the promise of Arkansas or of Mas
sachusetts? Think about it. Will
you invest in the securities of Ten
nessee or of Pennsylvania? Think
about it. Laughter. Who an
you going to trust? AH this debt
has got to be paid ; every acre of out
land is mortgaged ; the honor of the
American name is mortgaged ; we
have mortgaged honor, and iudustn
and children. Who will you trust?
The financial honor of the United
States ; thiuk about it. Who can wc
trust? We believe iu a government
of law ; we believe in civilization.
Which section of this country be
lieves in law ? Which section oi
this country believes iu protecting
tho innocont and iu the punishment
of the guilty? What part of this
Nation should control? That part
that believes in education ; that part
that regards the school-house as a
temple ; that part that believes iu
justice; that believns a Court Hoiho,
where justice is done between umti
and man, is ono of the holy places on
this earth ; that believes iu
ARGUMENT, IN KEASON, IN MOBAL
and that believes in liberty ? Or
will you allow a section of this
county to coutrol that does not be
lieve iu a government ot law ? That
is the question for you to answer.
For one, I say to-day that 1 stand
with the great, splendid, patriotic,
euormous North, and 1 expect to as
long a I live. Applause. But
they say to mo, "You are preachiug
the doctrine of hatred." It is uot
true. 1 believe iu passing the same
laws for the South that we do for
the North. Tho law that is good
for tho North is good for the South,
no matter how hot it is. f Laughter. J
A law that is good tor the North is
good forthe South; climate has no
influence upou justice. Laughter.
The mercury cannot rise high
enough to make wrong right. I
climate affected law we ought to
have two sets of laws in this country,
one for the summer and one for the
winter. Laughter. I would give
to them the same laws we have ; I
would improve their rivers ; I would
build up their commerce; I would
improve their harbors; 1 would
treat them in every respect precisely
as though every man voted the Re
publican ticket. Then, if that is
hatred, that is the doctrine I preach.
I know they are as ihey have to be;
I know they are as their institutions
made them. Every Southern man
and every Northern man is a result
of an infinite number of forces be
hind. They are what they are
because they have to be, and there is
only one lever capable of raising
them, und that is intelligence. Aud
I propose to help keep them out of
power until they have the intelli
gence. Luughter aud applause. 1
do not hate them. They probably
did, under the circumstances, as well
as we would have done under the
same circumstances. But as long as
they are wrong I do not wish to see
them in power. That is al! the
hatred I have.
Now there is one other thing, and
nothing can by any possibility, in
this country, be more important.
The great difference to-day between
the Democratic and Republican
party is, that the Democratic party
believes this is a simple confedera
tion. The Democratic party be
lieves in what we call State sover
eignty, aud the Republican party
proclaims this country to be
A NATION, ONE AND INDIVISIBLE.
There is thp difference. The South
believe this la a mere confederacy,
and they are honest ; they were will
ing to fight for it; they are willing
to fight for it now ; they are willing
to commit frauds for it ; they arc
willing to use the shotgun to uphold
it; they are willing to use tissue
ballots to substantiate it; and thoy
believe it. Now the question with
us is whether we will put a party In
power knowing, as we do know,
that the principle part of that party
absolutely believe in the doctrine of
State-sovereignty. They believe in
the sacreduess of a State line. In
old times, in the year of grace 18G0,
if a man wished the army of the
United States to pursue a fngitive
slave, then the army could cross a
State line. "Whenever it has been
necessary to deprive some human
being of a right, then wc had aright
to cross State lines; but whenever
we wished to strike the shackles of
slavery from a human being we had
no right to cross a State line. In
other words, when you want to do
a mean thing you can step over .the
line, but if your object is a good one
you shall not do it. This doctrine
of State-sovereignty is the meanest
doctrine that was ever lodged in the
American mind. It is political
poison, and if this country is des
troyed that doctrine will have done
as much toward it as any other one
thing. I believe the" Union one ab
solutely. The Democrat toils me i
that when I am away from home the
Government will protect me; but
when I am home, when I am sitting
around the family firesido of the
Nation, thru the Government cannot
protect mo; that I must leave if I
want protection. Ltughter.J Now
I denounce that doctrine. For in
stance, we ar at war with another
country, and the American Nation
conies to nip aud says: "AVe want
you." I'stiy: "I won't go." They
draft me, put some names iu a wheel
and a man turns it and another man
pulls out a ptper, and my name is
on it, and he says : "Come." So I
go laughter, and I light for the
flag. When the war is over I go
back to my State. Now let
13 ADMIT THAT THE WAR
had been unpopular, aud that when
I got to the State the peoplo of that
State wished lo trample upon my
rights and I cried out to my Gov
ernment: "Cotiu and defend me;
you made me defend you." What
ought tho Government to do? I
only owe that Government alle
giance that owes me my protection.
Protection is the other nide of tho
bargain ; that is what it muat be.
And if a Government ought to pro
tect even the man that it drafts what
ought it to do for the volunteer a
voice, "That's it!" the man who
holds his wife for a moment in a
tremulous embrace, and kisses hi?
childreu, wctM their checks with his
tears, shoulders his mu.-kot, goes to
the field, and says, "Here I ant to
uphold my flag?" Applause.) A
nation that will not protect uch a
propector is a disgrace to mankind,
and it flag a dirty rag that contam
inates the air iu which it waves.
Applause. I believe iu a Govern
ment with an arm long enough to
reach the collar of any niscnl beneath
Its flag. Laughlf-r I want it
with an arm long enough and a
sword sharp Hinugh to trike down
tyranny wherever it may raise its
snaky head. I want a nation that
can hear the fain tern cries of It
humblest citizen. (A voice "That's
it !" and applause.) I want a Nation
that will protect a frceduian stand
ing in tiie sun by his iitllo cabiu,
just as quick a it would protect
Vanderbilt iu a palace of marble and
gold. (xVpplause.) I belicvo In a
Government that can cross a Stato
line on an errand of mercy. I be
lieve in a Government that can cross
a State line when it wishes to do
I DO NOT BEMEVE
that the sword turns to airat aSlalo
line. I want a government that will
protect me. I am bete to-day, do
I stand here because the flag of Il
linois is above me? I want no flag
of Illinois, and if I were to see it I
should not know it. I am here to
day under the folds of the flag of
my country, for which more good,
blessed blood has been shed than for
any other flag that waves in this
world. I have as much right to
speak here as if I had been born
right here. Liughter. That Is the
country in which I believe; that is
the Natiou that commands my re
spect, that protects all. This doc
trine of State-sovereignty has to be
done away with ; we have got to
stamp it out. Let me tell you its
history: The first time it ever ap
peared was when they wished to
keep the slave trade alive until 1808.
The first resort to this doctrine was
for the protection of piracy and
murder, and the next time thoy ap
pealed to it was to keep tho inter
slave trade alive, so that a man in
Virginia could sell the very woman
that nursed him in the rice-fields of
the South. It was done so they
could raire mankind as a crop.
Laughter. It was a crop they
could thresh the year around, f Re
newed laughter. The next tim
tbey appealed to the doctrino was
in favor of the Fugitive Slave law,
so that every white man in the
North was to become a hound to
bay upon the track of the fugitive
slave. Under that law the North
agreed to catch women and give
them back to the bloodhound of the
South. Under that infamy men and
women were held and were kid
napped under the shadows of the
dome of the National Capitol. If
the Democratic party had remained
in power it would be so now.
(Cheers.) The South said: "Bo
friends with us; all we want of you
is to have you catch our slave.; be
friends with us, all we want of you
is to be in partnership iu tho busi
ness of slavery, aud we are to take
all the money and you arc to have
the dinirace and dishonor for your
share." The dividend didu't suit
The next time they appealed to
the doctrine of State rights was that
TIIEY MIGHT EXTEND THE AREA OT
it was that they might desecrate the
fair fields of Kansa. The next time
they appealed to this infamous doc-
( Continued on fourth page.
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