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About The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19?? | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1909)
TIIK NORFOLK W HKK L-Y NICVfcJO \ URN A L FIUUAY JANUARY 1 1901) )
Strenuous Life of Superinten
dent Young ,
HOSPITAL IS RENOVATED ,
Many Changes Inside and Out
of Hospital ,
SUCCESSFUL ADMINISTRATION ,
, 'aklng the Institution When It was In
a Demoralized Condition , Dr. Young
has Made the Norfolk Hospital for
Insane a Model.
The management of the Noifolk
hospl.nl for the Insane under the
Huporliitendency of Dr. G. W. Youim
Is rapidly drawing to a close , for , al
though a successor to the doctor has
not yet been appointed as is tlio case
with so many of the other state posi
tions , yet Dr. Young realizes that tlio
now democratic governor will want his
place to reward ono of tlio faithful ,
and ho Is prepared to step down and
out as soon as his successor Is named.
Dr. Young has had charge of the
Norfolk hospital for the Insane since
October , 1900 , and that his adminis
tration has boon a success Is conceded
by everyone who his had knowledge
of the Institution , from Governor
The proposition that met Dr. Young
when he came to the hospital consist
ed of a number of now buildings that
had been occupied only a short time ,
surrounded by a mass of dobrls which
had not boon cleared away since the
lire that destroyed the old hospital
building In 1901 , and a disorganized
force of assistants. With this condi
tion confronting him , Dr. Young went
to work to straighten out the tangle
in which he found himself Involved.
In this ho has boon wonderfully suc
cessful , and now Instead of a mass of
old bricks and mortar surrounding
the buildings the grounds are artistic
ally laid out Into what promises to be
come a beautiful park some day , while
every officer and every employe Is
working In harmony with the adminis
tration toward the common good , and
pence prevails throughout the Institu
tion. And this Is the accomplishment
of a little over two years. Dr. Young
has proven himself a man of extra
ordinary ability and executive capacity.
\ Dr. Young lias made good.
Not only has the Norfolk hospital
made marked development during the
past two years along the lines of ma
terial Improvements to grounds , build-
lugs and facilities , and in harmonizing
the discordant conditions which pre
vailed when Dr.Young assumed charge
but the Norfolk hospital has
boon kept abreast of the times along
lines which are most essential ' .o
tlio welfare of the unfortunates sent
there for treatment. Insane people
are now recognized as sick persons
whose mental infirmities are due , or
closely related , to physicial iHllctioiis
and they are treated on the theory
that their reason can lie restored , or , if
not entirely restored , bettered.
The treatment of Insane people has
made tremendous advancement in late
years , and In the forefront of this ad
vanced Idea now stands tlio Norfolk
hospital. In the two years of Dr. Young's
administration , marked progress has
been made in the physicial and medi
cal handling of Insane patients. This
could only be accomplished with an
efficient medical staff , and equally ef
ficient corps of nurses and attendants ,
together with capable assistants In
the executive departments. All these
Dr. Young now has and no Institution
was ever bettor equipped to do the
work for which It was designed than
Is the Norfolk hospital today.
His medical assistants , Dr. G. W.
Dlshong and Dr. E. Kelley , with Miss
Sinclair , superintendent of nurses ,
have been hard working , loyal and
tensely Interested In the duties they
Imvo found to do.
Mont Robb has served the Institu
tion as steward during the greater
portion of the past two years , and to i
his careful management of the details i
of buying Dr. Young Is Indebted for
much assistance In carrying out the
work of the Institution efficiently and
economically. Lon Guetzmer , the accountant -
countant , has also been painstaking In
his scrutiny of expense Items.
Mrs. W. G. Baker , who has served
.as matron nearly a year , has proved
to be a most capable assistant at the
head of her department. Competent t
to the many duties imposed upon her ,
she has conducted her branch of the
work In harmony with the high stand
ard of efficiency that has prevailed
throughout the Institution.
Dr. H. Douglas Singer , who Is In
charge of the psychopathic department
at the Knnkakee. 111. , hospital , a line
of work which Is of great value In the
analysis of the mental condition of in
sani pationts. served a year at the In
stitution during Dr. Young's superin
An admirable feature of Dr Youngs
administration , in which he has had I
the co-operation of the governor and
the hoard of public lands and build
ings , Is to employ assistance regardless -
loss of politics or pulls. Competency
only was counted , and when he could
not Mud competent help In Nebraska
hi- wont out of the state for II. In
line with this policy was the selection
' "f " A. F. Bauer as chief engineer , who
was not a resident of Nebraska. Mr.
Bauer has greatly Improved the healIng -
Ing and lighting systems , and Is now
In charge of the heating and plumbing
of the new buildings , which Is bolug
done by the Institution , thereby sav
ing considerable money for the state.
The Original Hospital.
Pho stale legislature of 1885 estab
lished u hospital for the Insane at Nor
folk. The building , constructed In the
then prevailing style of having the
patients housed all under one roof ,
was completed In about ( wo years and
I ho lirst patients were received on
February 15. 1888. The site chosen
for the hospital Is on high ground a
mile east and a mile and a half north
of the city and commands a line view
of the city and surrounding country.
When ( he building was ready for oc
cupancy It was considered one of the
Mnost of Its kind In the country. Dur
ing the years Intervening until 1901 a
number of auxiliary buildings were
erected and It was considered a very
complete plant , when ouo morning
late In September of that year lire
was discovered In the main building
and this gradually ate Its way through
the whole structure , nothing being
saved of the main building except the
walls of what is known ns the west
wing , which was then just completed.
The lire was never at any time very
llerco , but Insufficient water supply
made futile the efforts of those who
fought. At that time a stand
pipe was being erected and a few
weeks later It was completed and
capable of furnishing an abundance of
water. The aiixllary buildings were
saved without Injury.
Rebuilt on Cottage System ,
The legislature of 1901 appropriated
$100,000 to rebuild the hospital. The
board of public lands and buildings
secured the opinions of experts and
after much planning decided to adopt
the cottage system In the rebuilt hos
pital. This system has boon adopted
in the construction of all modern hos
pitals for the Insane , as It is consid
ered much more efficient than the old
plan. Under that appropriation three
cottages and the administration build
ing were constructed , eacli cottage
having n capacity of fifty patients. The
hospital was opened for the reception
of patients in August of 1905 , more
than two years after the appropriation
had boon made to reconstruct the
hospital. Of the original cottages one
was for men and two for women.
At the next session of the legisla
ture $35,000 were appropriated to re
construct the west wing , the walls of
which had stood intact since the lire.
This was made into a cottage for men ,
giving two for men and two for wo
men , which Is the plant as it stands
today , although the west wing fur
nished more than a capacity for fifty.
An appropriation of $92,000 was
secured at the 1907 session providing
for the construction of two cottages
and a store houso. Ono of these build
ings , which are now under construc
tion , is to be a hospital building for
acute cases of women with a capacity
of 100 patients , twice the size of any
other , while the other cottage is for
convalescent men with a normal capa
city of fifty. When these buildings are
completed , which will be some tlmo
next summer , the capacity of the hos
pital will bo 382 , and even this will not
supply the demand made upon the
Institution. Even now the hospital is
treating a surplus of twenty-four
patients. In his biennial report Dr.
Young asks the legislature for an ap
propriation of $45,000 to build an ad
dition to the west wing in the form
of an L. This will make the build
ings on both sides of tlio grounds
pymetrlcal and will give an additional
capacity for seventy-five male patients ,
room thai will bo needed badly before
another bionnlum rolls around. A
number of other smaller appropriations
are asked for to complete unfinished
work on the grounds and buildings.
Patients Well Cared For.
It will be of Interest to the relatives
and friends of patients at the Norfolk
Hospital for tlio Insane to know that
they are comfortably housed ; comfor
tably clothed ; nourishing and whole
some food ; that they are kindly
treated ; that their physical condition
Is carefully guarded ; that their bodily
wants are not subordinated to
medical treatments , as was the cus
tom two decades ago.
Dr. Young , whose superlntendency
dates from October , 190G , was assistant
superintendent at the time the old hos
pital was destroyed by fire. After
wards he was pathologist and chief of
the medical staff at the Lincoln hos
pital. Before assuming the Norfolk
Biiperlntendoncy he took a special
course of study In the east , particular
ly regarding the recording of patients'
cases , a composlt of which ho has
Formerly the records of patients
were kept In a single large book.
These records were neither complete
Information nor convenient to handle.
Dr. Young devised a card index sys-
tern with separate detailed Informa-
tlon on Individual cases. This was a
great Improvement over the old style ,
In that It gave a complete history of
patlonts and their condition before
and after their entrance to the hospl.-
tal. The advantage of the detailed
system , loose loafed , Is that It Is type
written and compact.
It would gratify the relatives and
friends of the patients In the Nor
folk hospital to see how kindly and
tenderly these unfcji lumites are cared
foi : how closely their condition is
watehe.1 their plisical needs are
looked after , how IVIMI amusements
and employments are provided for
One of the modern methods In ( he
treatment of Intmiio persons Is to give
thorn employment. It is a diversion
to them to have something to do ;
something In the working line that
will divert their minds.
Male anil female i > .itlents al the
Norfolk hospital uru encouraged to
work , but It' Is not compulsory. If
they desire to work they are given It ,
If they don't , the don't have to. Hut
only responsible patients , who will
neither do themselves or others
harm , are employed In Institution
work. In this class comes those who
work In the kitchen , In the laundry ,
In the farming , gardening , milking
and landscaping departments. Dur
ing the summer patients did some
work on the two new buildings under
construction , and In the digging of
trenches for the tunnels leading there
It should be explained that all
the Hoveral Norfolk hospital buildings
have tunnel connections with each
other and the kitchen , laundry and
power house. In these tunnels are
placed the electric lighting wires ,
water and steam heating pipes.
Beyond the beneficial effects of
work on the patients , money Is saved
to the state , although the employment
of patients is considered as a sec
ondary matter to the welfare and
comfort of the patient , 1'atlents are
given light employment In all the
various departments of the Institution
with very beneficial off eel upon their
mental and physlcial well being.
Training School tor Nurses.
The reorganization of the nursing
staff at the Norfolk hospital Is con
sidered one of the most beneficial
achievements of Dr. Young's admin
istration. The three essentials in his
system are : Patients shall be pro
vided with proper and attentive nurs
ing ; every patient who enters the
Institution is treated as an individual ,
not as one of a collective mass ;
special visits aiul special observations
of individual cases , of which
a complete record is kept.
The object of this movement
was to replace the old attendant force
by a body of trained nurses and
trained attendants , who would bo able
to give the patients under their
charge the skilled care that their con
dition requires. It does away with the
so-called "tramp attendant. " who
moves from one state hospital to an
other , rendering satisfactory service
In no Instance and remaining but a
few months in each place. The whole
nursing and attendant force was
placed in charge of Miss Sinclair , sup
erintendent of nurses , a most efficient
and capable lady for the place , who
ranks as an administrative ollicer and
is responsible only to the superintend
ent. A training school was establish
ed , which is alllliated with the Omaha
Methodist hospital , the Clarkson hos
pital of Omaha and the Mercy hospi
tal of Council Bluffs. The training
school has a course of two years , six
months of. which are spent in one of
the afllliated hospitals. Pupils are
taken from the northeast part.of the
state and only those admitted who
have worked in no other institution ,
who possess the proper requirements
of character and education. The re
sult has been gratifying in an In
creased efficiency in the thoughtful
and considerate care of patients.
Saved Nice Sum.
One of the new buildings on the
Norfolk hospital grounds Is a small
store house. The lowest bid on
plumbing and heating work for this
building was $1,200. Dr. Young se
cured permission from the board of
public lands and buildings to alow the
institution engineering force to do the
plumbing , and it was done at a cost
of $000. He estimates that the em
ployment of the same forces will save
an adltional $5,000 in the installation
of the two largo buildings now under
construction. The lowest heating and
plumbing bid on these was $11,000. It
Is figured that the hospital mechani
cal force can do this work for $0,000.
Improved Hospital Treatment.
The largest of the two now build
ings In course of construction is as
handsome In design as It is excellent
In arrangement. It Is Romanesque in
architecture , fire proof throughout and
three stories high. The exterior Is of
Floronn , Kansas , stone. Us cost will
exceed the appropriation. Designed
to treat acute cases of female In
sanity , it will be provided with an
operating room connected with sterili
zing and anaesthetic rooms , a patho
logical labatory , an autopsy room , a
hydrotherapy room for treatment of
patients by water , such as sprays ,
douches , Turkish , electric and con
tlnuous baths , dormatorles and diet
kitchen. This Is the east building.
The west building under construction
is for male patients. It will cost $2
Cleanliness is characteristic In
everything at the Norfolk hospital.
The rooms are clean and well venti
lated , the beds are clean , the food Is
clean , the patients are clean from
frequent bathing and the clothing they
wear Is clean. The living rooms , bed
rooms and halls , are scrupulously
ocean. There Is an absence of that
peculiar odor coming from the pa
tients , due to the excellent ventilation
In the buildings , which Is so notlcablo
In old style asylums. Another factor
besides ventilation contributes to this
the cottage system compared to the
largo building under one roof. There
Is less crowding and more separation
of patlonts In the cottage system than
tu the other.
Daily Routine ,
The dally routine In the life of pa-
plonts at the Norfolk hospital may beef
of Interest to the public.
At 5:30 : in the morning the patients i
and attendants are awakened by the
night nurses The latter are on watch
in wards all night.
Breakfast Is at G 30 a. m. It re -
quires an hour for the attendants to
gel patients Urotisou , some ot wiiom
huvo to be handled like children.
At 7:30 : the male patients who do
farm work and milking , leave the
buildings. Those who remain help in
housework , bed making , swooping and
dusting , which Is completed by 9 to
0:30 : a. m. Both male and female pa
tients engage In this house work.
Dinner Is at 11:30 : a. m. , supper at
5:30 : and bed time at S p. m.
When not otherwise engaged pa-
Hants are encouraged ( o employ them
selves In useful work , men In such
things as basket weaving , women In
embroidery and rug making.
Accompanied by attendants , the pa
tients go walking during fair weather.
In summer they sit outside mornings
and afternoons , but always with at
tendants In charge.
There Is dancing for patients every
Friday evening In autumn , winter and
On Sunday afternoons there are
chapel services , conducted by Norfolk
The practice of allowing patlonts at
the Norfolk hospital as much freedom
of action as Is conslstant with safety ,
Is a modified form of the non-re
If cheerful surroundings , a varied ,
wholesome and nourishing dietary and
kindly treatment , in conjunction with
careful medical attention , can accom
plish restoration of reason , then It
can bo accomplished at the Norfolk
hospital , whose object Is more the
betterment and cure of Insifno pa
tients than mere confinement.
Recently a young woman from the
northern part of the state was re
ceived. She was suffering from acute
insanity confusion and maniacal ex
citement. She was put lu bed on her
arrival , where she was examined by
one of the medical staff. Ho found
that her mental condition depended
on her physical condition , and pre
scribed treatment along the latter
Hue. Measures were at once taken to
improve the woman's strength and
nourishment. She had not slept for
weeks , except by use of opiates , the
prolonged use of which are poisonous
to the system. These were withdrawn
and sleep was produced by natural
means hydrotherapy which Includ
ed a system of baths and cool packs ,
This Irfialmonl Is restful to disordered
nerves. Equal attention was given to
the woman's diet. She was fed from
twelve to fifteen eggs dally , also milk
and other forms of easily absorbed
food. The woman Is now rapidly re
gaining her strength and recovering
her normal mind.
These cures 01 patients , or the bet
terments of their condition , could not
be accomplished if Dr. Young did not
have the co-operation of an efficient
medical staff and an efficient corps of
nurses and attendants.
There are thirty nurses and attend
ants , of whom eighteen arc women.
Some of the male patients are In
charge of women.
Picturesque surroundings have a
beneficial effect on patients. The
grounds at the Norfolk hospital will
be much beautified when the present
scheme of landscaping Is completed.
Driveways will bo extended and the
grounds parked on plans made by
Prof. Corbot of the Department of
Agriculture , Washington. A thousand
trees will bo planted next spring and
two thousand flowering shrubs sot out.
Driveways will be excavated to the
depth of twelve and fourteen inches
to two foot. The first course will be
brick debris from the old burned
building. On this clay will be tamped.
The top dressing will be of cinders.
All this landscaping will be done by
patients and without cost to the state.
In time the driveways will bo cement
curbed , the bulk of which work will
bo done by the patients.
The coal contract for this season
called for 2,000 tons of slack at $1.10
The central heating plant has a
capacity of 300 horse power. One of
the boilers will bo replaced next year
with ono of 250 hor.so-powor capacity.
For the present engine of 50 horse
power capacity , a Corliss engine of
75 horse power will be substituted
The water supply at the Norfolk
hospital Is obtained from a bored well
118 feet deep to gravel.
An appropriation will be asked of
the coming legislature for an icing
The hospital dairy herd numbers
twenty-five cows , all free from tuber
culosis , as a recent test by a govern
ment inspector showed.
A Wholesome Diet.
Efforts are being maao at the Nor
folk hospital to give patients a whole
some and varied diet. In the summer
time an abundance of vegetables are
grown on the Instltuaion grounds , also
potatoes , onions and other vegatables
for the winter supply. In no other
state Institution do patients get jellies
and homo grown preserves.
A valuable suborlnate officer at the
Norfolk hospital Is Mrs. Joseph Wiles ,
the chef In charge of the patients' and
employes' kitchen , who has been with
the institution ten years. Careful and
economical , she has supervised ' the
canning of 0,000 gallons of fruits and
vegetables for patients , besides a liberal -
oral amount for the officers' table
this season , In adltlon to preparing
food for 1050 meals every day In the
A detailed list of the fruits and
vegetables canned and preserved un
der Mrs. Wiles' supervision In 1UOS
will bo of Interest to housewives. U
Apple snuco and butter canned , 75
quarts ; beets canned , 02 gallons ;
, beets , pickled , 25 gallons : cherries , ,
canned , 152 quarts ; currants , canned ,
< > S quarts ; cat BUI ) , ( > > 7 gallons ; cold 1
same , 17 gallons ; chill saucu 55 gal-
Ions , cucumber pickles. 25 gallons ;
I chow chow , 30 gallons ; corn ,
Halted , iuiu gallons ; dill piclUes ,
70 gallons ; Dutch pickles , 30
gallons ; Jelly In glasses , 713
glasses ; Jelly In Jars , 23 gallons ;
Mangoo peppers , 50 gallons ; mluce
meat , 70 gallons ; plccalllla , 150 gallons
lens ; peaches canned , -II quarts ;
peach preserves , 10 quarts ; 'pears ' ,
spiced , M quarts ; peaches , spiced , ID
quarts ; quince preserves , 1C quarts ;
sour krout. 850 gallons ; tomato preserves
serves , 180 gallons ; tomatoes canned ,
41)3 ) gallons ; tomato mustard pickles ,
llli gallons ; tomato sour pickles , -15
gallons ; tomato sweet pickles , 75 gallons
lens ; string beans , salted , -150 gallons
Benjamin Gilbert and Pearl Lines of
Anbubon , la. , wore married Chlrst-
mas eve nt the homo of Mr. and Mrs.
F. M. Dherlngton , who was a cousin
of the bride. They will return to
Big Bridge Contract.
Nlohrarn , Neb. Dec. 20. Special to
The News : The contract for the re
building of 'the government bridge
over the Nlobrara river at this place
has been given to C. II. .Jones of Nlo
brara. The pilings are arriving and
the work on the bridge will be started
about January 1. It is expected that
the bridge will bo Mulshed In ninety
New York , Dec. 20. The commis
sion appointed by Governor Hughes
to investigate the financial operations
of various exchanges , today an
nounced that it would begin Inquiry
Into the produce and cotton ex
change. An Initial meeting will be
POLICEMEN ARE KILLED.
Two Men Killed Near Moscow by
Moscow , Dee. 20. A number of po
licemen , Including Baron Cotte , chief
of the secret political police , and Col.
Murakl , were killed today at a revolu
tionist villa near here , Troops ( ire on
DEMAND AN AGREEMENT.
I Trial Judge Not Disposed to Release
Jury In Hargis Case.
Irvine , Ky. , Dec. 20. After twice
reporting that they were unable to
agree upon a verdict , the jury In the
case of Beach Ilnrgls , charged with
murdering Ills father , returned Into
court. The trial judge sent them
back again demanding that they
reach an agreement.
President to Decide Later.
Washington , Dec. 20. President
Roosevelt this afternoon through Sec
retary Loeb , made a reply to the ap
peals of labor organizations In behalf
of Gompors , Mitchell and Morrison.
The president calls attention to the
fact that the case Is still before the
courts and that It would be Improper
for the president to interfere at this
Final disposition will bo made when
Roosevelt considers whether the term
of imprisonment is excessive or im
TOAST TO COLONEL HAYES.
Oldest Mason in Nebraska , Resident
of Norfolk , Honored.
As they have for years on Christ
mas day , so this Christmas the
Knights Templar of Fremont drank a
toast to the health of Colonel S. W.
Hayes of Norfolk , founder of the Fre
mont lodge and now holding the dis
tinction of being the oldest Mason In
Nebraska. Colonel Hayes received
many good wishes from friends every
Neligli , Neb. , Dec. 28. Special to
The News : The social holiday enter
tainments closed in this 9lty as far
as the plays in the Auditorium arc
concerned , Satiir iy evening "ivhen
the Chase-Lister company concluded
their engagement by presenting "The
Runaway Match. " The play was of
a comical nature from start to finish ,
and held the largo audience In an up
roar until the drop of the curtain In
the last act. Managers Jenkins and
Papne state the company's receipts
were , during their short stay here ,
over $4-15. They left yesterday morn
ing for Tekamali.
The next attraction In the Audi
torium will bo on Saturday evening ,
January 2 , when Ell and Jane will
hold the boards here.
West Point , Neb. , Dec. 28. Special
to The News : J. E. Vance , a popular
West Point landlord served a unique
free lunch to his patrons on the day
before Christmas. Ho Imported from
Missouri a number of opossums which
were baked with sweet potatoes In
the old southern style and served
without stint to all comers , many of
whom ate of this rare dish for the
Madison Tax Roll $231,282.
The railroad companies pay about
seven per cent of the taxes paid In
Madison county. Of the railroads the
Northwestern and the Union Pacific
are the biggest taxpayers , the North
western heading the list. The taxes
charged up against the railroads on this
year's tax roll Is as follows : North
western , $8.157.88 ; Union Pacific. $0.-
5S5.C5 ; M. & O. , $985.59 ; M. & O. and
Union PaciMc ( jointly ) , $387.10.
The Norfolk 19iS ( tax roll , which Is
now being collected , having been cor-
tlflod to the county treasurer last
month , foots up to $231,282.09. ThatV
' what it takes to run the cnuntj aear
or rather would taUi' if all the moin-\ .
oiilli ctidns. . -.pi-i.i | , \ ih , . < -oinii >
Hut th > ' cmin'j ' p.ihS' f limn' v mi lu Hit
state And tin- $ _ ' ' ) ! . " 00 includes tin
( village , district , school and eliy taxes
collected lu the oinlro couniy.
The money now being collected on
taxes goes Into the following funds :
state taxes , $30,101.57 ; county taxes
( consolidated funds ) , $57.701.30 ; road
lax. $11.115.01 ; school districts. $71.-
I09.8S ; school bonds , $5.190.89 ; poll
tax , $0.522.50 ; city and village taxes
$32.130.31 ; special , sidewalks , etc. , $1.-
S55.iH ) ; Norfolk sewer bond taxes , $0-
II will be noticed that more money
Is spent on schools lu the county than
for any other purpose.
The figures on which to base the
1908 tax collection were made up In
the county clerk's office and turned
over to the county treasurer this year
sixteen days before required by law.
Santa Claus Is Rround-Faced.
Charlie Groesbeck sat , comfortable ,
In a warm , cheery home Chlrstnitis eve ,
Charlie , junior , was breaking holes In
tne atmosphere with delighted
screams over a big toy automobile
that had just rolled Into his stocking.
Charle , senior , smoked a choice , black
Havana and , blowing rings , read The
Santa Clans visited the homo of
Mrs. Sheldon , a widow , at 40i > South
Second street this Chirstmas. It was
the Ilrst time Saint Nick had been at
tlio Sheldon home In a good many
years. Mrs. Sheldon and her three
children aged 1 , 8 and 10 had al
most forgotten how the Jolly fellow
But now they know. He's of medium
height , plump all the way up and
down , round faced , good looking ; he's
a bundle of nerves , keyed nu to the
acting point every minute. And he
does things quickly. He's smooth-
shaven and wears modern business
Charlie Groesbeck couldn't sleep
after he'd read The News Chirstmas'
eve. Not that he didn't have things
in tlio house upon which to enjoy a
genuinely merry Christmas. Ho did.
That's where the rub came in. And
he couldn't sleep.
Thirty-eight dollars In cash and
groceries enough to last her and her
small family of little ones almost a
nontli were dropped into the stocking
> f Widow Sheldon early Chirstmas
nornlng. She hadn't expected it. That
was the best of it. There was
enough to pay the two months' back
cut $10 and then some. And the
andlord's agent promised to
taper the house , on top of It all.
What's more the house is going to be
janked up so that the cold north
winds won't whistle through any more
nt night. And ' when things get
cleaned up and the holes boarded up ,
Mrs. Sheldon hopes that she won't
nave to sit up nights any more to
light off the rats that are said to have
made sleep a risky thing for her
"Hero's ti dollar. "
"Here's a half dollar. "
"I'll send her n sack of potatoes. "
"You now have $27.75 ? ? I'll make It
Every saloon man gave $ t. Rail-
oad boys down at the Junction tossed
ant silver coins In the generous way
their big hearts have of doing. Every-
iody was glad to do It. In two hours
Charlie Groesbeck , on Christmas
nornlng , had raised the whole lund.
Then ho and the chief of police went
lown to 400 South Second street.
D. Baum had told The News of a
woman In need she and three little
children. The Item was a portion of
the Christmas eve News.
Tlio cash has been deposited in n
imnk for the poor woman and will bo
Irawn out for her as she needs it.
Mrs. Sheldon will be glad to have
worlc , it is said.
"There are others in need , " said
jroosbock. "There's n family at the
corner of Eighth and Norfolk avoinio ,
and an old woman east of the river ,
seventy-two years old , trying to make
i living by peddling.
House ! County Superintendent.
Principal Houscl of the Battle Creek
schools will succeed F. S. Perdue as
county superintendent of Madison
county on January 7 , Ilousel having
been elected Saturday afternoon at
the special meeting of the county
board at Madison.
The successful candidate received
the votes of Commissioners Malone
and Sunderman , Democrats. Com
missioner Taft , Republican , voted for
F. II. Price , principal at Tllden this
year and at ' Meadow Grove last year.
In addition' his qualifications Mr.
Taft urged Price's longer term of
residence In the county. I ast year
Price was elected by the school boards
at Tllden , Meadow Grove and New
man Grove , accepting the Tllden
proposition on salary considerations.
Mr. Housol has been at Battle
Creek during the present term.
MADISON COURT STORIES.
Judge Welch and Burt Mapes Break
Even Billy Powers Has a Story.
Madison Star-Mall : An amusing
incident happened In the district
court upon Its convening Tuesday af
ternoon , Judge Welch read the as
signment of cases. All the cases set
for trial had either been settled by
the parties , or wore passed , there was
: : o work for the jury. The Jury was
then called Into the rouit room , and
the Judge said : "Gentlemen of the
jury , the attorneys In the cases set
for trial watched your work last week
tiiul Imvo concluded to settle their
cases rather than trust them 10 von. "
The jll < lgo then thnilUed ( In in fur theii
iiieii'lance ' and dismissed them
v\ lien iipmitlnine ) Burl Mupes KIIK-
, i sled to the court that the aiiornt'jH
were afraid of the court , as the court L
had done all the worU ( Fie week be-
fore. The court submitted but ono
case to the Jury. Attorneys Haider-
son and Mi'Duffeo were present ami
both looked Is If they agreed with
Later during the short recess thu
fellows got to tolling stories Billy
Powers , thu Jolly court reporter , tolil
ouo that happened shortly after ho
began reporting. According to Mr.
Powers' version there was a Gorman
sheriff In ouo of tlio counties , and hu
was told by the Judge to adjourn
court sine die. The Gorman shorllt
immediately arose lu court , cried lu
a loud voice , "All you peoples hoar |
ye ! Die court Is adjourned with a
shlnoy oye. "
HOW TO KILL LIONS.
Selous Will be Seeking Big Game In
Africa Along With Roosevelt.
London , Dec. 28. Selous , the lion
killer , explained yesterday that whllo
ho collet-led the other equipment for
Roosevelt's hunting expedition and will
go with him to Moinhiissa , where they
will arrive April 22 , they will not shoot
together In East Africa and Uganda.
"President Roosevelt's party , " said
Mr. Selous , at his homo al Worploti-
don , "will go one way. William Mo-
Mllluu will join mo In striking out an
other. There Is no doubt , however ,
that wo may come Into touch moro
than once with the president's parly.
"Nearly 150 native bearers will
parry the president's equipment. They
will travel for a week or ton days ,
making for some point whore gumu
may bo found. There they will halt
for a week or even a month at a time.
In East Africa they should find plenty
of giraffes , antelope , buffalo and lloim.
"In hunting lions you go out on
horseback early In the morning on
the high plateau in hope of catching .1
lion who has delayed too long feeding
and cannot get back to cover. When
you overtake the beast ho generally
comes to a halt and catches you growl-
Ing. Al the first moment you slip off
your horse and shoot him. SomotlmoH
the lion will charge at yon. If ho does
you gallop out of the way and await
another opportunity. If ho charges
while you are off your horse and you
fall to hit him as he comes at you , It
may not bo a delightful experience. "
New Plow Invention.
West Point , Neb. , Doc. 28. Special
to The News : Fred Mahler , a farmer
of Cumlng county lias perfected and
patented an Improved plow , possessing
many points of excellence not found ]
in tlie ordinary plow. A working
model Is now on exhibition on the
streets of West Point and the merltK
of the Invention are being investigated
by local capitalists witli a view of
manufacturing the plows In this city.
The main point claimed In favor of
the new plow Is its lightness ot
draft , an 18 In. plow of this model
having a much lighter draft than an
ordinary 10 inch plow. The absence
of a heel and no land sldo also In
creases its lightness. The invention
is pronounced by local skilled me-
cnanlcs to bo highly morltorlus and
"Going somewhere" to answer a.
want ad is often a "Little Journey to
Kuhl Compromise Candidate.
Randolph , Nob. , Dec. 28. Represent
ative Kuhl of this county has been
suggested as a "compromise" candi
date for speaker of the House at tins
coming session of the legislature ,
which convenes on January 4.
It is the surmise of Kuhl's friendH
hat his selection would put an end
o the factional fight that is now on ,
ic not being Identified with either sldo.
Woman Jumps Into the Well.
Anoka , Neb. , Dec. 28. Special to
The News : A sad case of domestic
roubles nearly turneii into suicide.
.Mrs. Geo. Llmborts. daughter of Fred
erick Ott , living a half mile west of
Anoka , jumped Into a well to destroy
herself , but the well being but five or
six feet deep and containing only
wo feet of water , she climbed out and
tried to boat her brains out witli a
2x1 piece of wood. Her father found
lier In time to prevent serious Injury.
Mrs. Llmbert came here to visit her
parents last summer , tolling them
that herself and husband had parted ,
their homo being In Canada , where
they went eight years ago to engage
in saloon and hotel business. Mrs.
Limbert's trouble began several
years ago when she became con
vinced she was suffering from cancer
of the stomach. She still worried over
this the past years and now , combined
with the domestic troubles , she
gradually become from the form of
meloncholly to a raving maniac. She
will probably be taken before tho.
board of insanity at Butte In a few
days , as the attending physician. Dr.
H. W. Parchen , has but little hopes
of her recovery at home , and Norfolk
will probably become her future homo.
CUMING DEMOCRATS SORE.
Think Dr. Wells Ought to Have Had
West Point , Neb. , Dec. 28. Special
to The News : The appointment by
Governor Shallenberger of Dr. H. L.
Wells of West Point ns assistant
physician at the Norfolk hospital for
the Insane has been the subject of
considerable comment In Democnnc
circles of Cumlng county. The ma
jority of the Democrats BPOHI to think
that this county has been somewhat
Hllfihted in the division of the poUiir.il
pie , ( specially In view of the fuel ili.it
the county is strongly Demoriatir ,
the normal majority on that HeK.-t
showing no Klsnn of dooroano , ami in
vli w of the further fart that thi-
aMiii.v and standing of Dr.Mls us
a ph.vsioian His townsmen would
have been lie-tier pleased to have
een him appointed as superintendent
of the Institution.
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