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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 12, 1911)
I. M. RICE - Editor * and Propr.
MarkZarr , Foreman.
A Weekly Newspaper published every Thursday -
day at Valentine , Nebras.
i - Subscription' - Sl.oO Per Year.
1 Local Notices , ocper line per issue
Entered at the Postofflce at Valentine , Neb. .
for transmission throuxh the mails ; as second
class matter. .
Thursday , January 12 , 1911.
We're giving you the state leg
islative and U. S. congressional
news. Watch 'em. ,
If a county votes wet should
everybody and eyer.v place have a'
saloon , or should we leb it stand
as it is.
Hide the .primary law Jn the
"Charter Oak. ' " Amend or add
to it , but save it for the people
"to have a hande in the governing
We want our senators' to work
and vote for'the TouVelle measure
which is soon to come before them
for consideration in the U. S. sen
ate. We can see no reason why
tKe government should give the
printing of government envelopes
-all to the Dayton , Ohio , concern
'which has been reaping a harvest
'for years where others sow and
cultivate. Let us have "equality
before the law" and equality in
competition instead of subsidies
'for ' one or two concerns.
Everybody knows the tariff is a
- tax now. Some want tariff for
* protection and others for revenue
only and yet others who think no
. i tariff at all would benefit the com
mon people. If the common ppo-
ple knew this as they should they
could not be blindfolded any long-
. -erby the protective association
which has sent out their literature
for years to educate th < > people in
a false light. They want the people
ple to send them alist of "first
voters" so tliey may send them
: .literaturetelling them why they
' ' 'should vote for La protective high
tariff system. Somebody pays
these bills and those benefited by
protection are reaping a sufficient
. reward to continue their campaign -
, paign of blinding the people to
" continue voting the old tariff doc
' * trines. Some say republican farm
ers wont.think but they are beginning -
, ginning to think over these ques
tions and they can see where they
-havebeen robbed in . the past by
high protective tariffs which they
had formerly believed necessary
because it was republican and Ab
raham Lincoln freed the slaves
and held the union together. Six
teen years ago a life long republi
can told us that he would vote a
; republican ticket as long as they
' $ ± were printed'and vhen they were
r no longer printed he would write
' the name republican at the head of
' ' his ballot and chuck it in. Such
* - " devotion r and party worship has
. long been responsible for the evils
'f. , FENCES ON PUBLIC LANDS.
'There is a class of violations of
the law , more or less technical in
character , wjjich no doubt should
be prevented , but which lack that
element of criminality which
makes a base mind and reveals
the presence of a spirit dangerous
to the welfare of society. To this
class belong a large percentage , if
not' all , those offenses which a
number of years ago were com
mitted by cattlemen who erected
. 'fences onthe public lands.
It was a violation of the law 10
- erectv ; fences of that kind , but io j
the earfy days of the range it was '
so common a thing ijiat nearly all ;
cattlemen did it. The men who built
the fences were good citizens , and j
. those wholsurvive are good citizens - '
zens to this day. Some of them
have done a great deal toward
building up and developing the :
country. Instead of being ene
mies ( jof society , they are its supporters -
' - porters an.d defenders. \ \ hen the
c&me to remove the fences ; '
' ' *
111:11 : iTiiLr'
* ' . * * . ; ' ; . - - ' . t-f
they complied , -taking down those
they had built and throwing the ;
. ange open again.
A short time ago , " however , a
great crusade was started against
she men who built these fences.
Prosecutions were instituted
against some of them , and in some
cases convictions were obtained.
Qnder these convictions some of
the best men/in the Western coun
try , are now suffering punishment
under jail , sentences. Not only
has the stain of a ' .criminal - conviction
viction been placed upon them ,
but they are niade to suffer as
"hough they belonged to the class
of offenders-of whose acts moral
turpitude may be predicted. Yet
they are not men who , were it not
for their incarceration , would re
peat the offense. Their removal
of the fences - shows their attitude
in regard to the technically illegal
character of their acts.
It should furthermore be ob
served that during the time the
fences in question were in exist
ence , little or no injury was done !
oilier men or- the public in gener
al. It is only- recently , in consequence
quence of the- settlement of the
range region by homesteaders ,
that material interests have been
hurt by obstructions of that kind.
The economic growth of the coun
try has brought about a condition
which makes a fence on the public
lands an obstruction to the coun
try's development. But there is
no disposition now to erect illegal
Under all these circumstances
it would seem that public inter-1
ets have been adequately served j
by the convictions , and that the
government should not take upon
itseif the character of an avenger. I
The men now suffering terms of
impisonment are not criminals at
heart. They are not bad men or
"undesirable citizens. " They are
not a menace to society or to public
welfare in any form. Instead" of .
holding men of this kind in jail , i
the administration would do'w'ell
to give thorn their liberty and al
low them to return to their families - |
lies and the nuin.v business mat
ters which require their attention.
Jan. 11 President
Taft decid.-'ti that Commander YS. .
Sims , the United Statts naval officer
who , at a recent dinner given in Lon
don by the mayor o that city , declared
that if Great Britain ever v/as serious
ly threatened , it could depend on
"every man , every dollar , every drop
of blood in- this country , " should be
"His c-Tenss lias been so conspicu
ous , " said the'president in his letter to
Secretary of the ICavy Meyer , direct-
Ing-the reprimand , "that the action ql
the department in reproving it should
be equally so. "
The president says' that whenever
an officer of the American navy "is
called on in a foreign country to speal ;
in public , so that what he says will |
necessarily be brought to the atten-j
tion of the people of otlier foreign ;
'countries , it , is 'his obvious duty to
avoid invidious Comparisons and to
limit his speech anil his expressions
of friendship lor the 'country whose
"guest he is to language that will not
indicate a lack friendship toward
other countries. " ,
Commander Sims cannot escape cen
sure , the president holds , "on the
ground that what he said was a mere j
expression of his personal opinion ; un j
dor the circumstances ho must speal ;
as an oHipjcl rspresontative and he t
should have fciicy/n that the words he' '
used would at once pajl for severe !
comment in other cduntries than Great"L
Britain nrid might involve this govern
uicnt in explanation and disclaimer , ' ' i
Initiative and Rerefendym Meas
ure Heads the List.
HEW.OFFICERS TAKE'THE OATH
Lincoln , Jan. 10. After a morning
session , in which nineteen bills were
introduced/ varying in subjects from
initiative .and referendum to a binding
twine .plant at the penitentiary , the
house ? adjourned to tomorrow morn
ing. Gallagher , the thirteenth mem
ber of the committee on committees.
is still absent and the committee
failed to report.
The first-important bill in the house
v/as the initiative and referendum , in
troduced by Hatfield of Lancaster. II
provides for initiating and that a ppp
ular vote on bills may be demanded
from the legislature in session by the
people. Ten per cent petitions will
be necessary for initiating a bill and.
5 per cent for demanding refer
endum , - . ' - . . .
Strong Legislature ,
Both houses of the legislature con
tain many strong men and it is expect
ed that the session will develop sorn
leaders1 of more than tordinary merit
and courage. Among those in- the
house who have fyad experience , .OL
Avhb' are looked " o to'iake a prominent
part in legislation are 'Gerdes of Rich
ardson , Johnson of Tecumseh , Quack-
cnbush of Nemaha , Nelson of Dodge ,
Speaker Ku'hl of Cedar , Mockett and
Hatfield of Lancaster , Taylor of Mer-
rick , Evans -of Adams , Sink of Hall
and the author of the law providing
for nine-foot bed sheets , Prince ol
Hall , Cronin of O'Neill , Bassett of'Buf- .
ialo and Taylor of Hitchcock.
In the senate much is expected ol
President Morehead of Richardson.
Judge Albert of Platte , an attorney
\vho drafted the bank guaranty act.
Ollis of Valley , Erown and Selleck , oi ,
Lancaster , Jansen of Gage , Tibbets1 ol
Adams , Cordeal of Red Willow : and
Hoagland of Lincoln
Bank Guaranty Act Valid.
One ot the sensations at the capital
last week was the decision of the su
preme court of the United States up ;
holding the validity of the bank guar
anty act passed by the last session ot
the legislature. The act was suspend
ed by an injunction issued by the cir
cuit court of the United States and
did not go into effect when the time
came for it to be enforced. Now that
it has been held valid it will be en
forced , but it may be sixty days before
this can be done , owing to-time neces
sary to obtain a mandate , from the
: or.rt an/1 the disposing of a motion
for a rehearing. Whether or not all
of the tax upon banks which was to
have been collected last year will now
be set .aside for a guaranty fund , ot
whether the tax will be gathered from
this time on at six months interval ? ,
PS provided in the Jaw , has. not . yet
heon decided by the state officers who
will have charge of the enforcement
in the future. The old law is still in
Governor Shallenberger , in view oi
the derision of the court , recommend-
eg no new banking legislation. If is
likely that little or no change will be
made by this legislature in the guar *
anty law , there- being a desire to have
it tried bafor.o. amendments are pro
posed. Some , however , hope to amend
it by taking off the emergency tax of !
on ? per cent a year upon banks and to !
extend the time for payment of loss'es
en a bank fails. The law now practically - "
tically requires the immediate pay-
niant of depositors. An effort may
also be made to amend the law by
permitting the entire banking board
to appoint bank examiners and officers
and employees of the board. The
guaranty law provides that the gov
ernor alone shall make all such appointments - 1
Thursday afternoon the inaugural
ceremonies were held before the joint
session and the new state officers were -
sworn in and took possession of their
offices. In the evening a' public recep
tion was held at the state house : Gov
ernor Shallenberger , the. retiring gov
ernor , and Governor Chester H. Aid-
rlbfe trt PaviS 'Ciijf the fodbtafcfe gt > Vj j
crnor. delivered messages torthe jo'nl
session in the afternoon , one givinc
thp result of .his experience in office
together with recommendations , anc
the other expressing his desires I0. '
Both houses adjourned Thursday
until Tuesday forenoon.
The present open primary election
law comes in for severe condemns
tion. The governor scys of it that
"it is open for the political pirate tc
clandestinely vote for a candidate
whom he has no intention of support
ing at the general election , while at
the same time the honest voter ic
bound , by the provisions of the law
and hi& own sense or honor. " The
, governor marshals a number of argu
' ments against the primary system ,
hut concludes with a recommendation
for an amendment of the present law
so as to provide registration tha
would prevent invasion of one party's
primaries by members cf other par
ties. He thinks that the convention
system has merits beyond these of the
primary , but he doesn't believe th <
people will consent to give it up be
cause it hasn't yet been worked out
The governor recommends as
amendment to the constitution givfns
the power of direct legislation to th1
people. He" thinks that the amend
should discourage the submis
of questions that stculd rcon
I properly be left to legislative actior
and thus prevent a deluge of measures
at each election. He recommend ?
that it prov'de that no law shall be
enacted that does not receive a ma
jority of the votes cast at the elec
tion , and that a vote in the party' cir
cle-shall never he counted for a lau
even though a part of the party plat
form. He recommends that tl : ?
amendment to be adopted shall re
quire a petition of more than 10 po'
cent of the electorate , cf a state t-
initiate legislation and not less than f
per cent to invoke the referendum.
The governor thinks th ? present
state house is artistic and convenient ,
and that all the room needed can be
secured by erecting a building on the
ground opposite the state hojsa ncv ;
owned by it , to house the supreme
court , the state library , the attorney
general and the historical society
To build this he would levy 1 mill
? .nd with the remainder of the money
rebuild the east wing of the capitol.
redecorate the legislative chambers
and by a judicious use.of the cash on
hand make the present building suffi
cient for ail needs for years to come.
The governor recommends among
other things :
That better salaries be paid * the
state officers ; $5,000 a ycar for the at
torney general and treasurer , and in
creased salaries for all other state
officers. The governor ought to be. paid
as much-as a United States senator.
The orcntion of a non-partisan hoard
of control oi all state 'institutions. To
prevent , .this , board from .making pull
ind not 'merit a potent factor , civil
service examinations and a waiting
list shorM be inaugurated.
The gradual removal "of the state
university to the state farm
campus , and consolidation of
all educational work there.
This nn the grounds of economy oi
operating expenses and to obviate the
tremendous cost of increasing the
bounds of the present campus.
The re-.oc uiraent ! ; of the lav/ provid
ing for non-partisan election of judges
and school superintendents , omitting
the sections that were declared bad
by the-court. *
The election of six supreme court
judges by congressional districts and
of the qhief justice -at large. This to
prevent the court being made up of
one party only.
A four-year term .for governor and
ail state officers/ with right to held
office limited to one term. This v/ould
prevent use- -position to re-elect
Teat enough money be appropriated
to finish the work of making a physi
cal valuation of the railroads- the
state. He recommends making the
sprne valuation ot express , telegraph
and telephone companies.
The creation of the office of public
weighmaster and sccle inspector to in
sure correct weights to the people , and ,
the extension to ether industries of
the right now guaranteed elevator men
to secure necessary facilities to "do
That the attorney , general be direct
ed to at once proceed to forfeit the
charters-of all corporations that have
refused to pay state corporation tax.
That the Sackett lavbe amended
so that the governor may hear charges
ngalnt delinquent pubiic officers and
suspend them. The present system Is
objected to as too slow and cumber-
'sorae. If this were done the iav/s
new on the statute books , especially
fchosfi relating t& the sale of liquors , .
cquld be enforced.
Views cf Governor Aldrich.
Peppery and plain is the language
used by Governor Aldrich in his in
augural. He tells the pxecplethat , un
mindful of the lesson of the election ,
the breweries and liquor lobby
have financed a combination to
defeat county option and direct legis
lation. He promises that if the legis
lature will help he will make Lincoln
too hot for their personal health.
In. hi& message the governor urges
the passage of direct legislation and
county option ; the restoration of the
Closed primary ; strengthening , of the
pnti-treat faw ; giving cities the power
to make their own charters ; ratifica
tion of the income tax amendment ; faVoring -
Voring t.ho use of Voting machines ;
overhauling of the registration law to
prevent certificate frauds ; liberal ap
propriations. He wants the legisla-
turn to eschew party politics , .pass
' . - . , - % * , *
and find we are overstocked on some
lines. To close out we will- sell
mm MANURE SPREADERS
That cost us $110.OQ for $75.0O
We believe that there will be an advance
in the price of Lumber and advise our cus
tomers to build while it is cheap. A com
plete line of Posts , Barb Wire and Staples
that we are selling exceptionally cheap.
You 'will save money and be assured of
getting the best quality by purchasing of
us. An examination of our Lumber will
convince you that we carry the largest
stock of-the best grade and atlowestprices.
1 L CO.
'SlIH--- 3 ! ! ff s /r > r a i * ! >
I Have Just Received a Car of Apples |
in boxes containing Ben Davis , Jonathans
and Winesaps. Stop in ancLget some
while they are cheap.
. a bushel box
Charley Gassan , Valentine , Neb. i >
* DRY GOODS AND GROCERIES v
m L LL
m Soft Drinks
STETTER - PROP.
i sg ?
Greed Meals . .00 Per Day
Valentine , Nebr.
Warm Beds Clean Eooms
D. A. WHIPPLE , Propr.
Valentine Headquarters at the Chicago House
Rosebud " " Rosebud Hotel
Leave Yalentine at 8 o'clock every morning- * . . '
Sundays excepted. . ' * * ' "
Arrive at Eosebud at 2 o'clock p. m.
Leave Rosebud at 8 o'clock every morning , , . " * ' ' '
Sundays excepted. . "V" ' . . * ,
Arrive at Yalentine at 2 o'clock p. m. 7"
Dinner at Britt at 11 o'clock a. m. ' " - ' " ' .
Special attention to passengers , baggage and
express or packages. i '
Leave orders at headquarters or at the Red' :
Front store. - <
D. A. Whipple.
Ssward Man Shoots Wife and Self.
Seward , Neb. , Jan. 11. rV/ord was
received in Seward from San Diego ,
Ca ! . , that Fred Bick , a former Seward
boy , shot his wife , killing her , and |
then took his own life with the same ]
weapon. Bick grew to manhood in
Seward and was well known here. He
married a Seward girl , Miss Lillie
Pendell. They moved to California
several years ago , and at the time o !
the tragedy Mr. Bick was operating a
laundry in San Diego.
Reciting Scares Him Speechless.
Lincoln , Jan. 11. Elmer Dill , a stu
dent in .the university. _ , inted when
called upon to recite in j _ : story class
la Professor Caldwell. The professor
rushed to his assistance and reached
him in time trbe almost howled over
by his fall and was helped by a foot-
tall player , who sprang to the rescue.
Dill recovered in a few minutes and
ic- none the worsa for the incident. It
has not developed whether he knew
his lesson or not
JOHN F. PORATH
I Tubular Wells and
Call me up by phone
C. A. RUBY
Office front room , second story ,
over T ; C. Hornby's store , ilain
Valentine , Nebraska
When you have a cold get aboide ? oi
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy < . Itwil ]
BOOH fix you np all right and will ward
off any tendency toward"pneumonia. .
This .remedy contains no opinm or other
narcotic and may b& given as confidently
to a baby as to anmdult. Sold by Chap
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