Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930, April 14, 1910, Image 3

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The Important
, 'Problem i
t < confnraUng anyone in need of a laxa-
.t ' live is not a question of a single ac-
, 'tIon only , but of permanently bene-
, " . : ficial effects , which will follow proper
'I efforts to live in a healthful way , with
the assistance of Syrup of Figs and
Elixir of Senna , whenever it is re-
quired , as it cleanses the system
gently yet promptly , without irritation
i' ' and will therefore always have the
. , preference of all who wish the best of
. , .family laxatives. !
, The combination has the approval
'Of physicians because it is known to
: be truly beneficial , and because it has
. '
. , Uiven satisfaction , to the millions of
. 'well-informed families who have used
. It for many years past.
I To get its beneficial effects , always
'buy the genuine manufactured by the
, . : < ; alifor = : a. Fig Syrup Co. only.
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Whnt She Should Have Said.
t Two colored women were standing
! . .on a downtown corner yesterday after
moon : talking. *
uflssVllliams : have came home , "
1 ' said one.
The other laughed. "Ma goodness ! "
"She said. "Why dont | you leahn yoh
, .gra.mmah : ? "
I . "What did I say that wah grammah
Jess ? " asked the other.
" ' ' "
"You said 'have came.
The first speaker was provoked
" Well yo' . . . knows so much about gram-
, - nah . now tell me what should . I
.ca - saId , " she demanded.
"Yo' should a-said 'Miss Williams
HA3 came home , " replied the other.
Denver Post.
'When the kidneys are sick , the
" hole body is weakened. Aches , pains
and urinary ills
' . come , and danger of
diabetes and fatal
B rig h t' s disease.
' Doan's Kidney Pills
cure sick kidneys and
impart strength to
_ the whole system.
James Greenman ,
, ' 142 East Front street ,
, ) Ionia , Mich. , says : . "I
- 4 GJ had the worst case of
t f , I kidney and bladder trouble that thedoc-
ttors had ever seen. For three months
.1 was confined to my bed. I was In
i constant pain and voided blood. On
using Doan's Kidney Pills , I passed
iforty-nlne gravel stones. Since then
II have been well. "
' Remember the name-Doan's.
For sale at all dealers. 50 cents a
tor. Foster-Milburn ; Co. , Buffalo ,
N. Y. .
.C1Iarl ; Rendc's Literary Method.
' zReade's literary work was , Sir Rob
-ert Anderson remarks , a rare combi-
nation of genius and plodding. A brass
.scuttle which stood by the fireplace
.iield : the illustrated and other papers
- . which , reached him week by week.
{ - 'From these he culled anything that
\ \ took his fancy , and the cuttings were
-thrown into a companion scuttle , to be
afterward Inserted In scrapbooks and
-duly indexed. Materials for his novels
mnd plays were thus supplied or sug-
.gested. The accuracy of his descrip-
tions of events and places was phe
nomenal. - Blackwood's Magazine.
Whea Rubbers Become Jfecessary
And : your shoes pinch , shake into your
shoes Allen's Foot-Ease the antiseptic
-powder for the feet. Cures tired aching
: feet and takes the sting out of Corns and
Bunions. Always use it for Breaking in
: : Jew shoes and for dancing parties. Sold
.everywhere 25c. Sample mailed FREE.
'Address , Allen S. Olmsted Le Roy , N. Y.
The Was and the Waggrer.
"Fountain pens , " snapped the wife
whose tongue had found out the sec
ret : of perpetual motion , "remind me ,
Horace , of some husbands ! "
"Why ? " responded the meek little
Expensive , can't be depended on ,
won't work , and half the time they're
Broken ! " she snorted.
"That's pretty rough , Maria ! " bleat-
ed Horace. "I call it most unkind , in
: act. Really ! But you couldn't com
pare : a fountain pen with some worn-
< sn. "
"Of course not ! "
"No , Maria. You see , a fountain pen
-Will : dry up , and some wives won't.
And then he made a bee line for the
Kldlnc Away With the Bride.
In many of the border counties ol
"England the quaint old bridal customs
of hundreds of years ago are still in
-vogue. The parents carefully abstain
-from appearing at the marriage cere-
mony , clinging to the idea that the
.bridegroom still rides away on a foam-
ing steed with his bride 'behind him
as in the goodold days. The brides
: prefer the custom to the modern meth-
od of being given away at the altar
in the orthodox fashion.
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census When enumerator you see the , . fc t
, iier Comes
coming well get you ready may . as to t : f o' . e
answer the thirty-
two questions that ,
are going to be C IU ,
: : : Man
schedule tossed at ! is bUT a cou- n . JU LI . .
pIe of feet. long , and when it is filled
out it will present twenty-four pretty
solid inches of information. When the
schedule is filled out it will also pre-
sent a reasbnably detailed account of
the person who is being enumerated.
With each succeeding census it has
been found necessary , in meeting the
growing demands of the .Country , to
obtain fuller and fuller information.
The present thirty-two questions offer
something of a contrast to the modest
six interrogations which were asked
at the first census taken under Presi-
Washington's direction in 1790.
The first blanks on the schedule
are for house and the number of the
family in order of the enumerator's
visit. Then comes the name of the
person enumerated and then his or her
relationship to the head of tha family.
Under the heading of "personal de-
scription" there are seven questions.
They deal with sex , color or race , age
at last birthday , whether single , mar-
ried , widowed or divorced , number of
years of present marriage , number of
children born in the family and num .
ber of children living. Then come the
questions relating to nativity. The
place of birth of the person enumer
ated , the place of birth of the father
and that of the mother of the person
are the next questions to be answered.
Then come the blanks for answers as
to citizenship. It will be necessary to
tell the year of immigration to the
United States and. whether the person
is naturalized or alien. Then the
enumerator will set down whether or
not the person can speak English. If
the person does not speak English it
will be necessary to write in the lan-
guage' which is spoken.
There are this year five questions as
to occupation. The first deals with the
trade or profession and 'the second
with the general nature of the indus
try business or establishment in
which the person works. : The reply to
the third question determines whether
or not the person is an employer , em
ploye or working on his or her own
account. The last two questions un
der the occupation heading are as to
whether or not the person , if an em-
ploye , is working on April 15 , and the
number of weeks he or she was out of
work during 1909v
Then follow three questions on edu-
cation. It will be set down whether
or not the person can read , whether ,
he or she can write and whether he :
or she attended school any time since-
Sept. 1 , 1909. Next comes the subdi-
vision as to the ownership of the home.
The enumerator will record whether
the home is owned or rented ; if it is
owned , whether It is free or mort
gaged , farm or house , and the number
of farm schedule. A new question to
be asked this year Is whether or not
the person is a survivor of the Union
or Confederate army or navy. The
last two questions of the 1910 schedule
I'ittsbnrs Capitalists to Build Mill
for Union AVorkmen.
Pittsburg capitalists are interested
in a large independent sheet and tin
plate plant to be erected at Glenova ,
' v. Va. , and which is to be run in op-
position to the United States Steel
Corporation. Glenova is.a suburb of
Wheeling , and the plant will give em-
ployment to thousands of men who
formerly were employed by the La
Belle plant at Bellaire , O. The latter
has not turned a wheel since June 30 ,
1909 , owing to a strike. j
United States Senator H. B. Scott of
West Virginia heads the movement , j
which will involve the expenditure of
$500,000 , and no secret is made of the
fact that itis a fight against the
United States Steel Corporation. Some
time ago Senator Clark , having the
interests of unemployed workmen at
heart , made an authorized proposition
to the steel corporation to buy the La
Belle Iron Works : , owned by the
United States Steel Corporation , but
which has been practically boarded up
by the corporation because of the
strike. There was no effort to conceal
this object which lay back of the offer
to start the mills as union and as in-
dependent mills. But the offer to pur-
chase was declined.
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Pnnjjent Bulbs Raising a New Crop
of Millionaires. : ;
The Texas Bermuda onion crop is
the largest in the history of the in-
dustry there. The profits are enor-
mous and comfortable fortunes have
been made off a few acres in a single
year. The net returns run from $250
to $70 an acre. The expense of grow-
ing the crop is large , however , aver-
aging from $150 to $200 per acre ,
where 'intense cultivation is practiced.
All the onions are raised by means of
Irrigation. The cost of water per sea
son is about $10 per acre. The supply
is obtained from the Rio Grande by
means of pumping. ' Around Laredo
the Mexican laborers have been lifted
out of poverty by the good wages : that
are paid and the constant work that
is given them upon the onion farms.
If present conditions and prices pre-
vail the near future should see a new
crop . . of millionaires. Onion kings may
be as plentiful in future as wheat
kings or cotton , kings y 1 ( .
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are as to whether the person is blind
and whether he or she is deaf and
Mucli Farm Data.
In the agricultural districts most ex-
tensive and detailed information will
also be gathered by the enumerators ,
there being fifty-nine subdivisions of
subjects of inquiry. The census of
agriculture will give farm acreage , I
farm values , farm expenses , number
and value of farm animals and a vast
mass of other information of the ut
most value to the national government \
and to individuals. . ,
Analysis of the array of the ques \
tions to be asked in cities and rural
districts shows that Uncle Sam is go.
ing to have a pretty full description
of each of the dwellers in his domain
by the time the census is completed.
The census Is to be taken through }
70,000 enumerators , inspectors and su cl (
pervisors , the whole work being done
under the general direction of E. Dana ]
Durand , director of the census bureau - '
at Washington. The difficulties of tak
ing the first census were many and
W j
perplexing. The area of the United
States was 827,000 square miles , but Sa :
the settled area was only 239,000 =
square miles , or about 29 per cent of
the whole. The population in 1790 OJ
was found to be 3,929,000 and the cost
of taking the census was $44,000. The
seventh census , taken In 1850 , marked
the beginning of really scientific cen
sus taking in the United States , and in
consequence the census of that year
is known as the first "modern" cen Fii
sus. In 1880 the census taking was
removed from the province of the mar-
shals and by the law providing for
that census there was created a new
body of census officers , known as su-
Dletus : } Willaman Held for KillingAd
Wife's Parents in Canton , Ohio. i
Cletus Willaman , a young farmer
3f Orville , Ohio , confessed to the Chi
cago police that he killed his father-
in-law and his wife's stepmother , Mr. I
and : Mrs. Warren Koons , of Canton , Sta
Ohio. Willacnan at first insisted that rar
he did not know why he committed out t
the crimes and talked
maunderingly wr : :
about being influenced by evil spirits. Ad :
Later , however , the police say he con- of
fessed. Ad :
Willaman is a farmer , whose home val
is near Massillon , Ohio. . The murders ed ,
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' Y'1.LLAMANJ J to
were committed at night and ama
man took a train for Chicago , where a i
he was arrested. In a suitcase carwa
ried by " Willaman the police found a the
revolver , which three bullets had na <
been fired. The young farmer said he ga,1
was on the way to Glasgow , Mont. , j
where he intended t6 raise sheep. Hech
ste :
had stopped at the home of his fatherogJ
in-law in Canton overnight. The dou- atr
ble murder was committed before Id
morning. lIiz : :
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Woman and Her Alleged Affinity , , Who Have Been on Trial at
atseka , IILr as- Being Connected with the Killing of Banker J. B.
yler of Crescent City.
fteen of the Largest Vessels of
the Navy to Make Voyage
1 Next Fall.
miral [ Seaton Schroeder to Com-
nand Formidable Force on Trip
to Foreign "Waters.
3lans for the cruise of the United
ites Atlantic i fleet to the Mediter-
lean next fall soon will be mapped
: by Rear Admiral Richard Wain-
ight , aid for naval operations ; Rear
miral Reginald F. Nicholson , chief
the bureau of navigation , and Rear
miral William P. Potter , aid for na-
personnel. The fleet , it is expect-
will leave Hampton Roads next
ve.mber. Only battle ships , it is re-
ted , will make the cruise , and the
n is to divide tne fleet into four
iadrons after it reaches Eastern
ters , each squadron to visit Medit-
anean , ports separately. According
present plans , the ships to make
cruise will be the Connecticut ,
nsas , Louisiana and Vermont , com-
sing the first division ; the Minne-
a , Idaho , Mississippi and New
mpshire , second division ; the Geor-
, Nebraska , New Jersey and Rhode
and , third division , and the Virgin-
Wisconsin and Missouri , fourth rli-
ion. Rear Admiral Seaton Schroe-
. , commander-in-chief of the Atlantic
jt , will command the cruise and fly
pennant from the Connecticut .
' buiIding-t1e
ree battle ships 'now building -
laware [ , Michigan and North Dakota
f completed in ti.nie for the cruise ,
ay make up a fifth squadron or re-
ice the oldest of the other battle
Half for the State
At a banquet at Los Angeles An-
jw Carnegie said that a man who
s with millions of dollars should for-
t half of his fortune to the State.
said that" combinations were bound
exist and that we must have regu-
ion or the consumer would not have
chance. [ He predicted that before
inj1 : year every workman would be
pa'rtner in the business in which he
.s employed. He did not believe in
income tax , as it would "make a
tion of liars. " Speaking of stock
mbling , he said : "The day Is com-
; when men who operate on the ex-
ange as parasites upon values In-
ad of creating them will not be rec-
nized as men of affairs. I have very
ong ideas about these gamblers , and
o not consider they should be recos-
tzed. "
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International Printing Pressmen and
Assistants' Union has a membership of
about 2oQOO. : :
Over $12,000,000 worth of working-
men's shirts and overalls are produced
annually in our prisons.
On May 2 , at Philadelphia , Chartered
Society of Amalgamated Lace Opera-
tives will convene.
A local union of the Cloth Hat and
Cap Makers' Union of North America
has been formed in Brooklyn , N. Y.
San Francisco ( Cal. ) Garment Work-
ers' Union is giving a practicaj dem-
onstration of its work in the show
window of a large store to help the
union label and create a demand for
goods bearing the same.
The directors of the Toronto ( Cana-
da ) Labor Temple Company , have de-
cided that the only tenants that may
rent rooms in their building for the fu-
ture will be those affiliated with inter-
national organizations.
In Missouri in 1908 there was an in-
crease in the average pay an hour over
1907 , the average being 36.45 cents , as
compared with 36.29 cents for the oth-
er year. There was also a decrease
in the average daily working time over
the year before from 9.01 hours a day
I to 8.95.
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By virtue of an order issued by Seo
tetary of Agriculture Wilson bona
fide squatters on unsurveyed lands
rrhich have been included within na-
Honal forest reserves since the tim .
of actual occupancy by the squatter
tvill receive a much more liberal treat
ment ] from the government with re
gard to their land rights. Under the
homestead law it is impossible for any
one to secure legal title to uhsurveyed
I public land , but occupancy pending
Eurvey is recognized as giving a prior
claim to the land after survey , under
what Is known as : "squatters' rights. "
A squatter 'who had , in good faith
taken possession of a piece of forest
land before the national forest system
was created , is not dispossessed of his
claim bv the forest service , and if ha
lives upon it and cultivates it until
the land has been surveyed , he is able
! o get his homestead just as if he had
settled on any part of the unreserved
public domain.
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President Taft has called the atten
tion of Congress to the slowness of
promotion in the navy , which results
in a high average of age among those
who reach the rank which entitles
them to fleet command. He submitted
figures to show that in the navies of
the principal nations of the world the
average age of rear admirals is fifty
years for Japan , fifty-one for Germany ,
fifty-three for Great Britain , fifty-five
for Austria , fifty-six for Italy , fifty-
nine for France , and sixty and one-half
for the United States. It is desirable
that naval officers attain commanding
rank at an age when their bodily as
well as their mental vigor is unim-
paired. The American plan of arbi
trary retirement at sixty-two makes
I this difficult , but the President hopes
that some way may be found to lessen
the difficulty.
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More land in Montana and Wyoming
was designated for settlement under
the enlarged homestead act by Secre-
tary Ballinger. In Wyoming 363,880
acres which -were not susceptible of
successful Irrigation at a reasonable
cost from any known water supply
were placed under the terms of that
act , making 13,582,040 acres in the
state which been so designated. In
Montana 155,040 additional acres will
be disposed of as enlarged homesteads ,
bringing ' the total up to 28,466,370
acres. In aid of proposed legislation
affecting the disposal of water-power
sites on the public domain , Secretary
Ballinger . has ' withdrawn ' temporarily
from all forms of disposal 22.406
acres in Washington , California , Colo
rado and Idaho.
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The ordnance department of the
army has decided to adopt a new arm
-the Benet-Mercie automatic rifle
also known as the Hotchkiss portable.
Brig. Gen. William Crozier reports
that 100 of the guns will be imported
and arrangements made eventually to
manufacture the arm here. It is said
to be the simplest machine gun made ,
and to have an "almost perfect"
mechanism. It may be fired in sin-
gle shots , as a semiautomatic or as a
full-fledged automatic. In general ap- ,
pearance it resembles an ordinary rI-
fle. In action one man does the firing ,
while the other loads. At Monterey ,
where it was tested , 7,500 shots were
5red ! without a hitch.
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Ninety-two years ago Congress
adopted the , American flag as we know
it , from a design by Capt. Samuel C.
Reed. Then there were twenty stars
and thirteen stripes. To-day the stars
number forty-six. In less than a cen
tury the United States of America has
become the richest nation of the world ,
advancing with a rapidity unequaled
in history. What prophet so bold as
to look back upon the glorious record
of achievement under the Stars and'
Stripes in the hundred years just past
and attempt to foretell the destinies
of this giant nation during the hun-
dred to come ?
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No estimate of the value of the es-
tate of Justice David J. Brewer , of the
United States Supreme Court , is given
in his will. His home in Washington ,
with most of his personal property , is
bequeathed to his widow. His cottaga
at Thompson's Point , with its contents ,
and also $30,000 life insurance , are left
to his three daughters. Each of his
grandchildren is to select some ket.J- ! :
ake from his personal property.
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President Taft is not as strenuous
in his sports and exercises as his pred-
ecessor , but he is getting to be quite
an adept < with the gloves and it will
probably be news to many that there
is hardly a day he is in Washington
that he does not have a round of box-
ing , wrestling and such like violent ex-
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. Er-President : Roosevelt and all other '
ex-Presidents of the United States or
their widows will be granted the
franking privilege during their life-
time under the terms of a bill passed
by the House by a vote of 120 to 76.
The measure .met some opposition oa
the Democratic side. Mr. Sisson of
Mississippi offered an amendment ex-
iluding from the franking privilege all
political correspondence. It was voted .
town , 44 to 86.