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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 21, 1907)
Bishop Hooper and Dr. Taylor
burnt lit the stake.
35S7 Mary Queen of Scots beheaded.
1592 James Stuart , Earl of Moray , as
ITU.'J France ceded Canada to Great
1814 George \V. .Campbell of Tennessee
became Secretary of the United
! So2 Great fast on account of the
cholera in England.
JS-11 Sir fJpoi'KC Arthur , last lieutenant
/ governor of upper Canada , retired
3S4 ! ) Pope Pius IX. deposed as tem
poral sovereign. ,
JSHd Oude annexed to the British terri
tories in India.
3SJ.5 ( Ship Orpheus wrecked off New
Zealand coast ; 300 lives lost.
3801 Jacksonville , Florida , taken by the
3803 Gen. Lee made commander-in-
chief of the Confederate forces.
1S07 Nebraska admitted to statehood.
1872 Lord Mayo , governor general of
India , assassinated at Port Blair.
-387. > King Amedeus of Spain abdicated.
187.1 Edinburgh Theater Royal de
stroyed by fire.
1SSO "Lohengrin" first performed in
England Two hundred lives lost
in Llancrch colliery explosion in
Wales Duke of Orleans visited
Paris , arrested and imprisoned.
JS92 Hotel Royal , Ne\v York , burned.
with great loss of life John A.
McCall elected president of tlie New
York Life Insurance Company.
3803 United States Senate confirmed
the Russian extradition treaty
New York and Boston connected by
long-distance telephone Count do
Lesseps and others found guilty of
swindling in the Panama scandal
3S95 President Cleveland decided
boundary dispute between Argentine
and Brazil in favor of Brazil.
3897 Union of Greece and Crete pro
3S9S Roman Catholic cathedral at
' Savannah , Ga. . destroyed by fire
President Barrios of Guatemala as
3900 Gen. Roberts reached the Modder
3)01 ! ) Queen Wilhelmina of Holland
wedded Prince Henry of Mecklen-
35)02 Eight million dollar fire in Paterson -
son , N. J.
190i Main Japanese fleet engaged the
Russian ships and batteries at Port
Arthur. . . .Japan severed diplomatic
relations with Russia.
3005 Soisalon Soiuineau , procurator
general of Finland , assassinated
Machen and the Groffs convicted of
postal frauds iu Washington.
Congressman Butler Ames of Massa
chusetts is said to * e already in training
jis an aspirant for the seat of Senator
Lodge , whose term has still four years
In a recent statement W. J. Bryan de
nied that lie bad announced his candi
dacy for the Democratic nomination , but
< aid : that such a high honor was "some
thing that no American citizen should
Ernst Vollmer , a University of Cali
fornia student of the class of ' 07 , has
"been appointed American vice consul at
Tsingchao , China , the .sixth university
mail to be honored with an appointment
to a consulate position.
With the convening of the Indiana
Legislature , the Republican majority has
started i flood of bills directed against
the trusts and corporations. One makes
it a misdemeanor to belong to any trust '
or for railroads to carry the products of
trusts. Another gives the State railroad
commission the power to fix freight rate ?
nnd a third demands a 2-cent-a-mile fare
-on all railroads.
Rev. Dr. Henry A. Buchtel , chancelloi
. of the Denver university , was inaugural
oil as Governor of Colorado and for tht
first time in the history of the State the
.ceremony took place in a church. Trin
ity Methodist Episcopal church , which he
: iided largelj' in building while he was its
j-nstor. was chosen by him. The Gov
ernor concluded his address with prayer ,
in which many of the audience joined.
Speaker Cannon has announced him
self in favor of'a maximum and minimum
tariff. Ho believes in making the mini
mum tariff protective and to utilize the
maximum tariff as a "big stick' ' against
nations who discriminate against the
It is generally agreed that the ; rcr ; i
.significant idea in Secretary Taft's recent
declaration of his attitude towards thr
Republican nomination for President is
the implied purpose of not accepting a
place on the bench of the Supreme Court
until after the next Republican conven-
Nebraska Jl ! ' i
Revivin j County Option.
A movement to revive the county
option bill , which was killed in the
senate last Friday , has come to light
and is being aided and abetted -by
some of the senators who voted
against the measure last Friday. The
plan is to have the house amend the
measure providing for election once
every four or five years instead of ev
ery two years and providing that the
county election shall govern the entire
county until the next election. As the
bill was drawn it allowed cities and
villages to vote no license even after
the county had gone wet. Senators
McKesson , Burns and Wilson , in in
terviews published Tuesday , declare
they would support a bill amended to
conform to these lines. From the
vote Friday lt would require two more
senators to give the amended bill a
majority , and it Is possible these could
Railway Commission Bill.
The senate Tuesday morning dis
played a disposition to push the rail
way commission bill through as rapid
ly as possible when it voted to take
the bill from the standing committee
on railroads , to which it had been re
ferred , and place it directly on gen
eral file. This will advance it more
rapidly than the regular course , as ordinarily -
dinarily it woull rave to be considered
by the railroad committee. The ac
tion waj ; taken ' qn motion of Chair
man Wilsey o'f the railroad commit
tee , who said his committee had al
ready considered the bill at the session
of the joint committee and was willing
it should go to the genoi-al file with
out t further delay in the committee
* * *
Exemption Bill is Challenged.
The senators who fought the bulk
sales bill on the floor of the senate
Monday are pointing to a bill provid
ing that 10 per cent of the salary of
a laboring man , mechanic or clerk
shall be subject to execution for debt ,
as evidence that the charge of a coali
tion between the wholesalers and the
retailers is true. The charge was made
by Senator King Monday in the debate
on the bill that the wholesalers and
retailers were working hand in hand ,
the former for the bulk sales bill and
the latter for the exemption bill. The
introduction of the exemption bill the
day following the passage of the bulk
sales bill is held by them to be evi
dence of the truth of King's state
* * *
Sunday Base Ball.
Local option os to Sunday base ball
was killed in the senate judiciary com
mittee Tuesday afternoon and in its
place a provision was offered in the
form of an amendment prohibiting the
"disturbing of the peace" by playing
base ball on Sunday.
* * *
Bills Passed liy the House.
The house passed the following bills
By Snyder of Harlan , joint resolu
tion to congress to remove tariff on
building materials , was killed.
In the committee of the whole , with
Lahners of Thayer in the chair , the
following bills were passed upon :
By the committee on game and fish
laws Providing a jail sentence or fine
for violation of the law compelling
hunters or fishers to show their li
cense ; indefinitely postponed.
By the committee on fish and game
Providing a jail sentence for unlaw
ful fishing ; indefinitely postponed.
By fish and game committee Pro
viding a closed season for deer , elk and
antelope ; recommended for passage.
By Fries of Howard , providing voters
ers shall be assessed $3 each and if
they vote the money is to be returned
to the voter , was too much for the
committee , and after discussing it far
an hour or more , no action was taken.
Fries , Dodge , Clarke , Harrison and
Quackenbush spoke for the bill and
Marsh , Best , Hamer , Green , Lee and
others against it , with Cone on the
fence. Most of the members took
themselves seriously , while some had
fun out of the discussion. The vote
to indefinitely postpone the bill was 44
to 44 and Chairman Lahners voted in
the negative. The vote to recommend
It for passage was 46 to 47 against.
The committee then decided to let it
go over until some other time.
Bills Passed t y Senate.
Under the head of standing commit
tee f reports the following bills were
acted on Tuesday :
By Root Authorizing cities of 5,000
, to 25,000 population to grant franchis
es to public service corporations and
to operate and control the same. In
By Aldrich by request A joint res-
elution memorializing congress to sub-
mit to the several states a woman suf-
frage amendment to the constitution.
Placed on general file.
By Wiltse Providing persons con
victed of assault , provoking an assaulter
or drunkenness may be confined at
hard labor in the county jail or else
where in the county. Placed on general -
By Thomas Providing a husband
who abandons his family shall not be
entitled to exemptions. Placed on
By Patrick Allows the supreme
court to admit to the bar without ex
amination graduates of other law
schools beside that of the state univer-
sity. Placed on general file.
By Sackett Providing for the com
pilation of general statutes for 1907.
Placed on general file.
By McKesson Providing owners of
buildings shall not be liable to sub
contractors or material men for a sum
greater than that agreed upon with
the contractor. Placed on general file.
By Sackett Repealing law requir
ing contracts for sale of land to be in
writing. Placed on general file.
Ey Goodrich by request Requir
ing the governor to fix the date of ex
ecution of persons sentenced to hang.
By Thomas Giving the county at
torney power to subpoena and exam
ine witnesses in Investigations of sus
pected violations of law. Placed or > ]
general file. i
By Saunders Making tax liens on
.personal property a prior obligation to
* other liens. Placed on general file. ' j
1 By Ashton Curative , relating to
( law with reference to correction of
omission in will of heirs or children of
heirs. Placed on general file.
By Saunders Providing confirma
tion of sales shall not be set aside be
cause of gross Injustice. Placed on
The houses Wednesday afternoon
indorsed Gov. Sheldon's recommenda
tion for the taxation of mortgages on
real estate after a. hard fight , by rec
ommending for passage in the com
mittee of the whole of H. R. 75 , by
Davis of Cass.
Tax on NonVoters. .
Fries of Howard , a member of the
minority party , scored nicely Wednes
day in getting recommended for pass
age his bill. H. R. 125 , providing a
tax of $3 to be levied against persons
entitled to vote who do not avail
themselves of the opportunity. The
bill was amended to exempt from the
law those who are kept away from the
polls by unavoidable circumstances ,
though a statement to this effect must
be filed with the country treasurer or
the tax will be levied.
* * *
Routine Proceedings of Senate.
The senate spent most of the Wed
nesday morning session in committee
of the whole considering bills. Action
was taken on the following :
By Sibley To allow cities of from
$1,000 to 5,000 to vote water works
bonds by a majority vote instead of
two-thirds vote. Indefinitely post
poned. ] ,
Prohibiting the selling of any kind
of fish and game protected by law and
the possession of game except in open
season or five" days thereafter. Rec
ommended to pass.
By Randall Changing the interest
on unpaid school land contracts from
C to 5 per cent. Recommended to
By Wilsey of Frontier To enable
cemetefy associations to acquire land
by condemnation proceedings. Indefinitely
By Wiltse To rcsulate the driving
of traction engines over the public
roads. Recommended for passage.
The committee on judiciary reported
favorably on a bill introduced by Aid-
rich relating to county attorneys , af
ter substituting practically a new
bill for it.
Under the head of bills on third
reading , the senate passed S. F. 101 ,
by Patrick , requiring licensing boards
to revoke licenses of saloonkeepers
who violate the law relating to the
selling of liquors. Thomas of Doug
las cast the only vote against the bill.
At the afternoon session Wednesday
the senate passed H. R. 89 , the bill
prohibiting the sale at any time of
game and fish protected by the game
laws. There was no opposition to the
The senate then went into committee
of the whole and acted on the follow
ing bills :
By Thomas To allow street rail
way companies to b'uy and sell intertir-
ban securities and to operate , purchase
and lease interurban lines ; for pass-
age.By Clarke Abolishing capital pun
ishment ; indefinitely postponed.
Clarke's bill caused a heated dis
cussion over the question of capital
punishment , Clarke , Randall , Burns
and Sackett speaking for the bill , and
King , Epperson , Aldrich and Patrick
against it. The vote was overwhelm
ing in favor of idefinitely postponing
* * *
House Puts in a Busy Session.
The house Wednesday voted on the
following bills on final passage :
By McMulIen of Gage. Establishing
a bacteriological laboratory under the
direction of the state board of health
to be maintained at the state univer
sity ; killed.
By Henry Providing a way for
women suffrage ; killed. ,
The speaker appointed the follow
ing committee to investigate the feas
ibility of a binding twine plant at the
state penitentiary : Quackenbush , Jen-
ni 5nn , Ellor and Stolz.
In committee of the whole the f -
lowing bills were passed on.
Fy Davis , of Cass Taxing mort
gages ; recommended for passage.
Py Fries of Howard Levying spe
cial voting tax of $3 ; recommended
By Eller of Washington Defining :
embezzlement of funds of fraternal
companies and prescribing punish
ment ; recommended for passage.
By Leeder , of Douglas Two platoons
teens for Omaha fire department ;
recommended for passage.
By Eller of Washington Providing
for redumption of real estate sold un
der tax sale ; recommended for pass
age.By Brown of Sherman Two-col
umn ballot ; recommended for passage.
Py McMulIen of Gage Open meet
ings of board of regents ; recommend
ed for passage.
Py E. P. Brown of Lancaster Tax
payer may appeal from excessive levy
v ithout having appeared before the
board : recommended for passage.
Fy Baker of York Real estate tax
es become a lien on the property Nov.
I ; recommended for passage.
The following bills were introduced :
Fy committee on corporations To
prevent corporations from watering
By Cone of Saunders Permitting
the parole of dipsomaniac patients.
By Cone of Saunders Making it a
criminal offense to sell , give or furnish
intoxicating liquors or narcotic drugs
to any person under sentence as a dip
somaniac rvr as an excessive user of
narcotic drugs and to provide penal
ties < or * he violation of said act.
Py iSTefC of Franklin by request
Making juvenile court law apply to all
children under 16. whether inmates of
institutions or not.
By committee on judiciary The
uniform divorce law , indorsed by the
national congress on divorce.
Fy Armstrong of Nemaha To re
peal maximum freight rates law.
Fy Eller of Washington To license
itinerant vendors of drugs , medicines ,
Hy Kitlcn of Gage Salariesof
county officers. *
By Blystono of Lancaster Soldiers *
relief coin mission shall receive ex
penses in addition to salary.
"By Doran of Garfield To repeal-
present certification law and reinstate
old law repealed two years .ago.
By * Davis of Cass To regulate stallion - ,
ion service and the registration o'fj
THE COLLISION OK LONG ISLAND SOUND.
' ' s w iM.'w " ' j' ' , yiShTr " r -
SV > - * _ $ & * - .
PLAN OF THAW DEFENSE.
Contend that Defendant "Was Tem
Harry K. Thaw is fighting against
the plea of insanity his attorneys are
trying to establish with the aid of such
carefully prepared expert testimony.
Thaw fears that District Attorney
Jerome is planning to send him to the
madhouse in the event of his acquittal ,
and this fact makes him fear the plea
his . lawyers have set up. They are at
tempting to prove that he was insane
at the time of the murder of Stanford
White , June 25 , 1900 , but that he has
been constantly improving since then ,
and is now entirely sane. Thaw fears
that his attorneys are putting too much
emphasis on this feature of the case
and believes that a strpnger attempt
should be made to impress the jury
with 1he self-defense plea , and to win
its sympathy by unspoken appeals to
the unwritten lav/ .
The trial was brought to a sudden
halt Thursday by the death of Mrs.
Joseph B. Bolton , wife of juror No. 11.
Mrs. Bolton had been suffering from
double pneumonia , and its fatal ter
mination caused alarm among those
directly interested in the Thaw case.
The testimony of Dr. Evans in the
Thaw case revealed the nature of the
defense. The doctor , who is not an im
provised expert , but the head of a large
Insane asylum and a physician of many
rears' experience in mental diseases ,
testified that on the occasion of his
first three visits to Thaw in jail , Thaw
was undoubtedly insane. lie was suf
fering the after effects of a "mental ex
plosion. " During the period covering
the later visits of the physician Thaw
showed a steady improvement , so that
It would appear that at present he is
nearly , if not quite , sane. In other
words , he defendant was not responsi
ble for his deed at the time it was com
mitted , and , therefore , should not be
punished. On the other hand , he is not
aow insane , and , therefore , should not
be committed to an asylum.
The rest of the testimony since the
Brst day has been an attempt to cor
roborate the opinion of the expert that
riiaw was insane and to show the ex
istence of a condition of affairs acute
mough , to drive to temporary insanity
a man who had a predisposition to it.
When insanity is due to the effect of
ione pressure on the brain an operation
npon the skull often causes the recov-
2ry of the patient. In this case it is
alleged that the irritant was not a
piece of bone but the man White. With
the removal of White , in this case not
by the hand of a surgeon but by the
patient himself , it is assumed that
rhaw's brain ceased to be irritated and
returned to its normal condition.
Unless something spectacular has
been reserved "the nature of the de-
tense is now clear.r
MAP SHOWING SCENE OF THE DISASTER.
CAPTAIN WENT FIRST.
Blaster of Ill-Faletl Steamer Lnrcli-
mont Accused of Cowardice.
A new element was injected into the
horror attending the loss of the steam
er Larchmont in Block Island sound
through a collision with the schooner
Harry Knowleton , when Captain Mc-
Vey of the steamer admitted that his
lifeboat was one of the first , if not the
first , to leave the sinking ship.
This statement was made in reply to
charges by Fred Hiergsell , an 18-year-
old lad of Brooklyn , one of the sur
vivors , that the passengers were left to
shift for themselves ; that the ship's
crew crowded the boats without at
tempting to provide for the passengers ,
and that Captain McVey was Uie first
to desert the ship. The statement of
young Hiergsell caused a sensation , in
view of the fact that ten of the nine
teen survivors were employes on the
ship , or , in other words , that while ap
proximately 20 per cent of the vessel's
crew was saved , only S per cent of the
Captain McYey explained that while
his boat may have been the first in the
water it was because he had a good
crew and that he remained by his ship
until she went down. At least 157 per
sons were known to be on the steamer ,
and there is every indication that the
HABBY THAW GREETS HIS MOTHER.
number was nearer 200. Until the hull
of the Larchmont is blown up it will
not be known how many of the passen
gers and crew perished below decks.
Telegraphic Brevities ,
A newspaper fight which has been wag
ed between the Daily Herald and Daily
Courier at Bristol , Tenn. , was ended
with the purchase of the Courier by the
A dinner was given in honor of Daniel
II. Burnham of Chicago by the Civic
League of St. Louis. Mr. Burnham made
a brief speech on art and designing for a
The six-story brick building owned by
the Troy Waste Manufacturing Company
at Troy , N. Y. , was destroyed by fire. The
less is about $150.000. The building stood
in the collar district.
Fire destroyed the six-story building
on East Gay street , Columbus , Ohio , oc
cupied "by the Peebles Merchandise Com
pany , an installment house , entailing a
loss estimated at $100,000.
RAISE FREIGHT RATES.
Roads AH Over Country Preparing1 to
Railroads of the entire country are
preparing to make general increases in
freight rates which will bring them
several hundred millions added reve
nue annually. In Chicago conferences
have been held between the highest
traffic men of both Eastern and West
ern roads , with a view to eliminating
hundreds of rates which are known as
"commodity rates" and to compel ship
pers to submit to the classification
rates , which are substantially higher.
The preliminary work is being done
by committees representing both sec
tions of the country , and the exact
magnitude of the increases and of the
general move for more revenue will not
be known until these committees make
their report , which may not come be
The excuse put forward for a gen
eral increase in rates is the alleged
alarm felt in Wall street and among
the stockholders and directors of all
railroads over the increasing difficulty
in obtaining money with which to
make needed improvements , built ex
tensions and provide equipment and
facilities for carrying the trailic of th-j
country. It was stated that mpre than.
$1,800,000.000 had been appropriated
by the railroads for these purposes , but
that it was impossible to float the se
curities in any of the money markets
of the world.
Accordingly the railway presidents
and the men who control the transpor
tation facilities have come to the con
clusion that the osly way to raise the
necessary money is to join the proces
sion and increase the price of what
they have to sell , which is transporta
SAVE PUBLIC DOMAIN.
President in IHes.sase Ulalces Pie *
for Western Fuel.
President Roosevelt Wednesday sent
to Congress a long message calling at
tention to the "urgent need of legisla
tion affecting the different phases of
the public land situation in the United
States. " The President advocates the
conservation of coal and other fuel re
sources on lands still belonging to the
government , saying that henceforth the
nation should retain its title to its fuel
resources ; urges government control of
the Western public land pastures , with ,
a system of small grazing fees , etc. , and
asks for an appropriation of $500,000 ,
immediately available , in addition to
present estimates , to be used in detect
ing and preventing land frauds. He
contends for a system of government
leasing of mineral lands and for treat
ing these fuel lands as public utilities.
President Roosevelt points out that it
would have been better if some eastern
coal lands had been left under govern
ment control , and suggests provision in
the West "against recurrence of the
conditions we deplore in the East. "
Citing 2-300 cases of public land entries
in four districts mentioned , the Presi
dent says non-compliance with the law
was found in more than half of them ,
and deliberate fraud in many cases.
The President first refers to his pre
vious messages to Congress on the sub
ject , and again calls attention to the
importance of legislation which would
provide for title to and development of
the surface land distinct from the right
to underlying mineral fuels under a
leasing system on conditions which
would inure to the benefit of the publio
Cleveland ? .1OOO Job.
The executive committee of life insur
ance presidents , at a meeting in New
York. , chose ex-President Cleveland as
chairman with a salary of $23,000 a year-
He will also act as chief counsel for the
association , which represents some thirty
life insurance companies , having a greater
volume or assets than any like number
of institutions in the world similarly as *
The Paris Pasteur institute is made $5-
000,000 richer by a bequest of Daniel
Osiris , the philanthropist.
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