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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 21, 1907)
ar 73 ;
1 "J *
" " ' *
'W Tir * &
I. M. RICE Editor and
MARK ZAKR Foreman.
Entered at the postoflice at Valentine , Cherry count } ' , Nebr. . as Second
Class Matter. *
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THURSDAY , FEBRUARY 21 , 1907.
SENATE PASSES 2-CENT
Everybody heave for a 2-cent
ilat rate for passenger traffic.
Then , don't stop at that. "We
want a reduction in freight rates.
Go back to the old populist maxi
mum freight rate bill and enact it
into a law again and make it
stronger this time so that it will
"Later Tuesday the state
ssnate , becoming tired of the
lenghty deliberations of the house
of representatives , took up the
2-cent flat rate bill and hurriedly
passed it by unanimous vote , two
senators being absent , but all oth
ers present voted for the 2-cent
ilat rate and made the bill just the
same as the one now on the stat'ute
books the maximum
relating to 3-cent
mum rate bill , excepting changing
the 3 cents to 2 cents a mile.
The house committee of the
whole agreed upon the flat 2-cent
rate without amendment and the
bill has probably passed the house
by this time and the bill will go to
the governor for his signature and
immediately become a law.
There's been considerable op
position to this bill in the house by
members who claimed they wanted
to make the bill better and to
stand the test of the courts as to
Speaker Nettleton has always
been to the front with his words
of caution and explanation of why
they wanted the amendment for
revision by the railway commis
sion and upon numerous occasions
has deemed it his duty to instruct
the members and has been very
sarcastic against those who con
tended most earnestly and efficient
ly for the flat 2-cent rate. He has
even gone beyond his duty as
speaker to block the way of the
2-cent flat rate bill.
The people who have watched
the developments of legislation on
railroad rates and measures will
notice that the same persons who
appear concerned as to the flat
2-cent rate will be found attempt
ing to block any bill at all for
freight regulations or effectual
lower rates in the interest of the
people who have sent them in con
fidence to enact laws that we have
Now , we want effectual lower
freight rates. They are much too
high , and especially the discrimi
nation in regard to coal rates
should be gone into thoroughly.
We , at Valentine , are paying
§ 18 per ton for hard coal and § 8.50
to § 0.00 per ton for Illinois or
Ohio coal. It has been impossible
to get Glen Rock , Sheridan or
Rock Springs coal with any regu
larity and apparently we are re
quired to pay higher prices for it
than it is sold for in Omaha , Lin
coln or Fremont , or in many cities
where the haul is longer than here.
This is unjust discrimination
against us. In addition to this we
have not been able to get the west
ern coal for several months. We
want just rates on coal and want
our legislature to IOOK into this
discrimination in favor of eastern
The house passed the Fries voting
ing bill , requiring every voter to
vote or pay a penalty of $3 to the
state. This will be assessed as an
additional tax against those who
have no reasonable excuse for not
voting at the general election. We
hope this bill becomes a law.
The house is discussing the anti-
pass bill and some members have
shown that they are aware of a
"railroad physician" and a "rail-
road attorney" in each county or
big town who ride on passes for
their services as railroad pluggers
01 lobbyists in their line or pro
fession. "These , " said a member
of the house the other day , "are
the most dangerous of all. " If
the abolition of the pass is to bene
fit the people , most assuredly the
' "most dangerous class" should be
deprived of their passes and bo
compelled to pay their fare and
receive cash for their services
when they are needed.
By all means honorable' let us
have the anti-pass in theory and
in fact and correct freight rates.
Good chairs save clothing es
pecially to those who sit much.
The old fashioned chairs bottom
ed with hickory bark were easy
chairs in their day and are treas
ured now as relics of ancient times
but there is no doubt that they
outlasted many a pair of jeans
pants. Rocking chairs are more
comfortable now than when we
were younger. A board laid
across a box or the box itself was
easy in the early days after a hard
day's work planting corn with a
Missouri corn planter or following
a plow or harrow.
Fruit aiid shade trees of all kinds ,
and small fruit , shrubs and flowers.
Send m your orders or see me at
the cellar in Valentine. Trees will
be ready for delivery about middle
of April. 5 JOHN FERSTL.
finGRANT BOYER ,
CARPENTER & BUILDER.
All kinds of wood work done to order. Stock tanks made in all sizes
Valentine , Nebrask a
Special Session of Sixtieth Cc Ti
gress filay 8e Called.
THE GERMAN COMPLICATIONS.
Ultra Protectionism Has Produced Re
taliation by Other Countries Con
gress Can Reduce High Trust Prices
if Public Opinion So Demands.
The extraordinary proposition of the
German government , which , it is sni'j.
will he contained in the report of the
tariff commission , which has nearly
concluded its investigations and agree
ments with the ( lerman tariff experts-
at JJerlin that the export price of prod
ucts from that country shall be fixed
by its government , will hardly be rati
fied by congress. This ultimatum to off
set our high tariff rates as a compen
sation to Germany for acceding to us
her minimum rates of duty for our
products is unlocked for and unparalleled
leled , for it virtually nullities section
32 , which amends sections 7 and 11 of
the act of 1800 , which provides the
manner of determining the true value
of goods in the exporting country at
the time of export. There has been
constant friction between German ex
porters and our customs officials on
the question of value , and it is claim
ed that many invoices of German goods
are purposely undervalued so as to es
cape part of the ad valorem rates of
duty. Hundreds of such cases occur
every month , and the board of appraisers -
ers is constantly increasing the valu
ation of goods , which thus increases
the duty paid.
Such increase in valuation is what
the German government wants to
avoid by having this country agree to
receive her products at the special val
uation the German government under
takes to provide. Such an agreement
cannot be made without conirressional
action modifying the sections of the
present tariff act above referred to.
It will be impossible for the present
congress to amend the law before it
I adjourns on March . for the whole
question of tariff revision would nat
urally arise. It is possible under a
special rule to force such a bill through
the house of representatives virtually
I without debate , for doubtless the subservient -
' servient Republican majority would
I agree to it. yet it will be impossible for
such a measure to p-i s the senate ,
where there is no such gag mlo. !
As the p.e eut jirrangementvtl \ \
Germany to admit our products at the
minimum tariff rates expires on July 1
and it cannot be expected that an ex
tension of time will be granted , especially -
, cially as congress has made no move
: toward tariff revision , it would seem I
probable that the president will feel
constrained to call an extra session of
congress immediately upon the expira
tion of the term of the present congress
on March 4.
As all the trusts and other interests
protected by the tariff will , in tlu
event of a special session , be repre
sented before congress by attorneys
and lobbyists , it is advisable for any
one who feels the pinch of high trust
prices to inform their representatives
and senators that they will expect re
lief by a reasonable reduction of the
rates of duty on trust products. Even
( hose representatives and senators re
puted to bo controlled by the trusts
and corporations are not entirely ob
livious to public opinion if it is freely
oxptv ed. The solid Doirocratic mem-
! ipvl : ip of both houses of congress can
be relied upon to stand for a bill that
will make a reasonable reduction in
1-irifF rates. As the Sixtieth congress
has a Republican majority of fifty-
four , it will require only twenty-eight
Republican members to net with the
Democrats to pass a bill that will pro
duce real reform of the present rates
that allow fhe industrial corporations
to plunder the people by present high
prices. What is to be feared is a bogus
reform bill which will patch up our
differences with Germany and Canada ,
but still leave the trusts protected so
that there will be no relief to the people
ple from the present high cost of liv
ing , j
Enforce the Law. '
The governors of all the states whose
legislatures are in session have recom
mended legislation to control the rail
roads and curb the trusts , and it will
be interesting to notice how far these
necessary reforms Avill be legally provided - j
vided for. l > ut recommending laws to
control corporations and even enact
ing such is useless unless the laws are
enforced. That is what brings results.
The Valentine law of Ohio has been on
the statute books ten year5 ? , but until
last year it has virtually been a dead
letter , when an attorney general was
elected who was possessed with the
old fashioned idea that laws are made
to be enforced.
In Cold Storage.
No one has heard Vice President
Fairbanks' opinion of the Brownsville
matter or any other disagreeable issue
in the Republican ranks. But he no
doubt has hia ideas in cold storage for
future use , when it is politically safe
for a candidate to say anything.
. - \
A Starter For 1907.
The window glass trust has boosted
the price of its products 5 per cent
just as a starter for the new year.
The Republican tariff of 40 to over 100
per cent on window glass allows the
trust to plunder the people by forcing
' Robbing the Many. '
The Republican policy of giving a-
subsidy to shipowners is but carrying
out the tariff policy of robbing the
many for the benefit of the few.
Looks With Gloomy Eye on Fuiyri
Caught In His Ovn ftci.
What does this pos Ir/-ni \ "
Ihr.t seems to prevail \\itb . - > > , , j
the frenzied financiers ? Here v'c h.ivu
John D. Rockefeller telling us that
"many business men in this country
have suffered a loss amounting to
millions of dollars through shrinkage
in the value of their shareholdings dur
ing the twelve months just past. " He
accounts for it by the unwarranted at
tacks that have been made upon cor
porate interests and thinks the man
with the dinner pail will be the iixxt
Mr. Stuyvesant Fish , whom Mr. Ilar-
riman deposed as president of the Illi
nois Central railroad , warns the public
that there arc many indications of a
great industrial crisis. lie also de
clares that the Wall street Stock Ex
change has become ' 'the plaything of a
'few managers of cliques and pool > . "
These opinions from two different ele
ments of our financial magnates do not
agree with the general impression that
the railroads , the industrial trust and
other corporations are most prosperous
and therefore should be contented. It
is evident that Mr. Rockefeller fears
the future and would try and arouse
the public mind to similar fears. But
his evidence that many business men
have suffered loss through shrinkage in
the value of stocks is very unconvinc
ing , for the dividends on stocks have
been very generally increased , so that
the owners should be now better off
than they were before. .Standard Oil
stock has paid 40 per cent on its par
value , and , although the price of the
shares has declined from $70G to ? , 05 ,
yet that can make no difference to Mr.
Rockefeller unless he is trying to un
load Standard Oil shares on the public.
All his enormous railroad holdings are
in similar condition. The stock may
be quoted at a lower price , but net
earnings have increased , and in many
instances the dividends have been
largely increased. The real value
therefore of stocks has not decreased ,
but the frenzied financiers have lost
control of the market for them and
cannot induce the public to give $7 for
what is only worth So.
It can hardly be possible that the
good John P. is one of the managers
of the wicked cliques and pools that
Mr. Fish tells us are playing with the
Stock Exchange and has become in
volved in a web of his own creation ,
perhaps spun with delicate care to
catch some other clique manager or at
all events to catch the public. If John
D. has boon caught in his own net no
wonder ho has turned pessimist and
looks with a iiloo'm eye on the future.
HANKS AND KARRIMAN.
I he Investigators Investigated Some
Things the Senate Wants to Know.
There i.s , according to the United
States senate , some mystery about the
Hanks and llarriman investigations of
the books and reports of the interstate
commerce commission which the sen
ate would like to be informed upon , so
the following resolution introduced by
Senator Culbcrson was adopted :
Whereas , According : to press accounts ,
Charles S. Hanks in a recent address de
livered before the Boston chamber of
commerce Paid , amongr other things :
"Since last June I have been at work in
"Washington at the interstate commerce
commission , and I have spent several
thousand do'lnrs of the prood inrney o !
the United States in clnal sor\crs ! tc
shov. ' that the freight an ) issenT'r rates
of this corntry c.in be n . irecl 10 pr cenl
without affecting the dividends on the
stock of any railroad or the wajjos of Jin >
employee. Jn connection with this v.'orl ;
certain other facts have come to my at
tention uhich may interest you. ' *
Therefore be it resolved. That the interstate -
state commerce commission be and is
First. To inform the senate whethei
paid Charles S. TIanks is employed in anj
capacity in connection with said com
mission und , if so. in what capacity , b >
whom employed u-.J from what appro
priation he is paid.
Second. To send to the enate a full
statement of the facts found bv said
Hanks which show or t nd to show thai
the freight and passcnser rates can be
reduced as stated by him , in said address.
Hanks and llarriman appear to bo
proteges of President Roosevelt and
were employed by him to investigate
and report on their scheme for 10 per
cent reduction on railroad rates. But
somehow the theories of Ilanlu and
llarriman paled in the limelight , and
they failed to make jrood and \vcre
finally "let out" by the commission
from acquiring any more of the money
of the taxpayers.
What an inquisitive and economical
body the United States senate is be
coming under the proddin-r of Demo
cratic senators , and when the commis
sion reports in answer to the above
resolution there may bo another Ile-
publiean scandal une.irthetl.
The German pottery trust , which the
board of United States general ap
praisers declares is divided int' > firoe
groups , has been doing the s-xme aa
our trusts by selling cheaper for ex
port than to their own people. The
board of appraisers has therefore rais
ed the price 10 per cent of a large
number of imports of German pottery ,
wlm-h of coure increases the duty on
such products. This arbitrary increase
In the value of German exports is
what the German government is com
plaining of. and the new maximum
tariff rates of that country are in
tended to be used in retaliation. If
this programme of retaliation is car
ried out by both countries to its log
ical end , it will pretty effectually clo e
the ports of each country to the trade
of the other. This instance of the ef
fect of protectionism on trade should
open the eyes of the people of both
countries to the fact that they are
made to suffer for the selfish ends of
politicians in league with trusts nnd
combines to plunder them.
is the only
High Grade Powder
offered to the
consumer at a
It should not be
confused with ,
the cheap , low
on the one hand ,
nor the high priced
trust powders on
S& SEAS'VT JT.fi
SS A DOLLAR MADE !
Furniture and Hardware , Household Neces
sities in the best Enamel Ware , Rustless Tin ,
Copper and Nickle Plated Cooking Vessels.
Everything- furnish the home. My goods
were bought before the raise. Come and
get them at the old prices which are equal
to a big discount : To see is to believe.
Come and be convinced.
Hardware , Furniture and Coal.
In all ages of the World and in all Countries men
have indulged in ' 'social drinks and have used
Whiskey for medical purposes. " They have always
possessed themselves of some popular beverage
apart from water and those of the breakfast and
tea table. Whether it is Judicious that Mankind
should continue to indulge in such things , or
whether it would be wise to abstain from all en
joyments of that character , it is not our province
to decide. We leave that question to the Moral
We desire the PUBLIC TO KNOW that we
are neither BLENDERS , COMPOUNDERS
NOR RECTIFIERS ; also that we use the utmost
care to purchase our goods from the most reliable
houses in America , and just as we get them , they
pa < = s into the hands of our customers NO
SPURIOUS IMITATIONS or IMPURE LIQ-
OURS OFFERED FOR SALE. WE HAVE
THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT IN TOWN
PABST AND KRUG BEERS
Monthly Meteorological Summary , ' .fi'
STATION : Valentine , Nebr. MONTH
: January , 190T
'zero-PC" partly cloudy.
JOHN J. MCLEAN , Observer Weather Bureau
H\ virtue of n orrtt-r of sa'e issued by
cl rk of the oistncr rnurt of Cheny ounty , Ne
braska , .January n , under a riecrpe of tax
lien for > clo-uie , wherein .John Sholte < is ulain-
t iff. and Luizt Kehbein. impended with t e
SKJi of section S. t wnship 33ti , range 32w
Cherry county. Nebraska. del * mlant.
I \ \ ill sell at th front door of ihe court hou > e in
Valentine , f'li rry < unty .Nebraska , that t einjr
Hie imildinu wherein thy la-t term o * said comt
was IHd , on ti e 23r i day of Kelinury. 1907. at
10 o'clock a.m. . tj satisty judgment of $90.50
and interest at 7 per cent from date of j.i hrmeiit.
Nitvemue 12. 19CO. anrt costs taxed at 37.95 and
c" > sts. at pui lie auction , to fluhi >
bidder , for cash , the fo lowing described prop
erty. to-wit : TheSK& ' > r seuion 8. township
33n . ranpe 3-2w. Chenry r innty. Nebraska.
Dated this 21th day of January. 1907
Sheriff of Cherry County.
Walcott & Morrissey , Atty's for Pltf , 52
LET US FIGURE M YOUR
BISHOP & YOUNG ,
Cody , Neb.
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