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About Western news-Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1898-1900 | View Entire Issue (May 25, 1899)
CUBANS SHOW ANGER.
DON'T WANT TO SURRENDER
THEIR ARVIS. (
Trouble Over Their Disartuine Has
CuuHcd ome Anxiety in War Depart
ment I'"ic itins Against Brooke's
Troop" Deemed Not Impossible.
Special dispatches from Washington in
dicate that there are differences between
the Cubans and Americans of a nature so
tense that only the greatest tact and abil
ity , coupled with a compromising dispo
sition on both sides , will be able to solve
them without results of a grave nature.
This teems to be the opinion at the War
Department , although officials refuse to
discuss the situation publicly. There is
less criticism of Gen. Gomez than there
was. It is believed that the old general
Is still pro-American , but that the opposi
tion of the other Cuban generals has dis
Although the course of Gen. Brooke is
not approved in all its details by his su
periors , there is no disposition to criticise
him for demanding that the Cubans give
up their arms. This measure is approved
as a necessary one. and if all differences
of opinion are to be traceable to this order
It is quite likely that Brooke will be sus
tained by the home Government. But
the throat to disarm the former Cuban
soldiers by force , if necessary , is not ap-
proved , the policy being to placate rather
than irritate , and Gen. Brooke , more than
likefcr , will be advised to keep this policy
firmly in mind.
A conflict with the Cubans is not desir
ed , and will be avoided , if possible. It is
saiij that President McKinley has boon
Inlorr.u-d of the situation by Gon. Algor ,
and that the President himself will take
a hand in unraveling the knotted skeins.
The Cubans must be treated with great
paliruce. They lack stability of purpose
and other sterling characteristics. Recog
nition of this fact is deemed requisite in
handling- the questions that have arisen.
Washington advices say that the Goveru-
m-ni i prepared to establish its author
ity in Cuba at all hazards although anx-
lot tu avoid conflict. Such conflict , it is
generally conceded , would postpone indefi
nitely the independence of the island.
Secretary Algor cabled Gen. Brooke
asking him for a statement as to the re
ported troubles in Cuba. Of the charges
ngniim Gen. Brooke made by the Cu
bans , the Secretary said not one of these
had yet been made , and added : "People
who are put under a necessary restraint
are apt to complain of undue restraint. "
The Cubans say they are willing to give
up their -truis to Cuban officials , but under
no circumstances will they yield them to
the Americans. They point to the fact
that every move by the Americans tends
to Americanize the island. Americans are
favored for government positions ; Ameri
can signs go over the new offices , and the
American grip is tightening on everything.
Cubans fool that they are being brow
beaten and forced into the background.
They are ready to fight again for indepen
dent o if it is necessary. AVar , they say ,
is not desired , but unless an honorable
proposition is made promptly.it cannot be
AGLMNALDO IN HIDING.
"Filipino Leader Has Not Been Heard
From for Two Weeks.
Asuinililo ; is said to have fled into the
province of Nouvu Ecija. Nothing has
been homl of him for over two weeks. It
is believed by Gregorio Pilar , the insur
gent general , that the Filipino leader has
been de.Norted by the government. The
Spnmsh prisoners , about 5,000 in number ,
have been carried into a northern prov
ince , and are thought to be beyond Ameri
can assistance at present.
Five American prisoners wore carried
through San Miguel , but their names are
unknown. The natives have forced their
genera i to countermand the orders that all $
villages should be burned as they retreat
ed. ( Jens. Mat-Arthur and Lawton are
preparing for an extensive forward move
ment. All forces are being strengthened
in every possible manner.
CHINA CLASHESTWITH BRITAIN.
Jii sia Is Also ArouHinjj the Ire of
Great Britain's warships and soldiers $
are in fdH possession of Kow Loon , occu
pying a position just opposite the city. $
The present trouble is the result of a sud
den renewal of the native opposition to
British control of the coded territory. In
addition to the large military and naval
expedition now in the field , the volunteers
have been notified to bo in readiness for
uny emergency. Troops are patrolling the
European quarter of Kow Loon. It is re
ported tluit Chinese rebels from Tung-
Kuug invaded British territory , and that
two armed gangs robbed the city of Kow
Loon. Hong Kong itself is quiet. The
territory back of the hinterland is also
disturbed , and Chinese troops have been
The Russian demand for a new railway
concession connecting Pekin with Russia's
lires-ont railroad system in Manchuria is
still exciting the gravest anxiety. The
Germans and Japanese are particularly
uneasy on the subject of this unexpected B.
Jnove upon the part of the Russians , and
it is said that there is a feeling among a
the prominent Chinese that the moment
has come to make every effort in the di
rection of securing British sympathy and
Sam Mattingly , Brush Grove , Ky. , kill
ed his wife while she was attempting to
SAN ISIDRO IS TAKEN.
Gea. .Lawton's Advance Led by Col.
Summers Captures the Town.
Gen. Lawton's advance guard , under
Col. Summers of the Oregon troops , took
San Isidro , an insurgent capital , Wed
nesday morning. Summers' command ,
consisting of the Twenty-second infantry
on the left , the Minnesota regiment in the
center and the Oregon and North Dakota
regiments on the right , preceded by scouts
and accompanied by Scott's battery of ar
tillery , advanced from Baluarte. The
troops first encountered the enemy two
miles from San Isidro , the rebels retiring
when our artillery opened fire. Just out
side the town a rebel force , estimated to
number 2,000 men , was intrenched. It
made a slight resistance , but left its po-
OUXBOAT LACUNA DE BAY.
sition when our troops turned its right
flank. The enemy's loss was fifteen men
killed and trventy wounded. On the
American side one soldier of the Oregon
regiment and one of the Minnesota regi
ment were slightly wounded. After cap
turing the town Col. Summers' troops
continued their advance , pursuing the re
treating rebels several miles.
The expedition under Maj. Kebbe of the
Third artllery : , consisting of the Seven
teenth infantry , a battalion of the Ninth
and one battery of the First artillery , left
Calumpit , marching up the Rio Grande
to Gen. Lawton's division at Arayal. A
flotilla of cascoes loaded with supplies also
proceeded up the river. Both forces were
convoyed by the "tinclad' ' army gunboats
under Captain Grant.
KRUGER FINDS A PLOT.
Seven Men Declared to Be Working :
Up a Revolution.
Seven men , nearly all of whom are for
mer British officers , were arrested at Jo
hannesburg on the charge of high treason
against the Transvaal republic. Further
warrants have been issued , many prominent -
nent men being involved in the alleged
conspiracy. According to the authorities ,
incriminating documents were found on
the prisoners , showing that they are en
rolling men to cause a rebellion. Two
thousand men are said to have been enlist
ed. It is asserted that the officers arrest
ed were also preparing to organize a corps
in Natal , the British colony between the
Orange Free State and the Indian ocean ,
to assist the projected movement at Jo
An estimate of what the news costs a
big newspaper and how it travels may be
derived from the telegraphic tolls charged
for transmission. The expense of tele
graphing war news from Manila is at the
rate of $2.35 a word. From Manila to
New York the cable route is : Manila to
Hong Kong , thence to Saigon in Anam ,
Singapore , the Straits of Settlements and
Penang , on the Malay peninsula , to Mad
ras. India ; thence by Eastern Telegraph
cable to Aden in Arabia , to Port Said and
Alexandria in Egypt ; Malta , Gibraltar ,
Lisbon and Plymouth , England ; from
Plymouth by Commercial cable to Wat-
erville. Ireland , and Canso , Nova Scotia ,
to New York.
News comes that during the last winter
the submergence of Sable Island by the
ocean has proceeded rapidly. Sable Isl
and , which lies eighty-five miles east of
Nova Scotia and in the track of ocean
steamers , is the most notorious spot in the
world for shipwrecks. In the last ninety
years more than 150 ships have been
wrecked on its treacherous shoals , and
two lighthouses placed on the island by
the Canadian Government have been
washed away by the ocean. During all
these years it has been gradually sinking
tinder the water , until now the island is
not much more than one-third as large as
it was at the beginning of the century.
During the month of April there was a
remarkable falling off in the exports of
agricultural products , provisions , includ
ing cattle and hogs , showing a reduction
of $1,507,933 and.breadstuffs $12,297,517
as compared with the same month last
year. Cotton exports dropped $6,327,454 ,
thus making a total shrinkage for the
month in products from field and farm of
$24,952,425. The exports of breadstuffs
for April were smaller than for any month
since July , 1897.
The payment of a dividend of one-fifth
of 1 per cent to the creditors of the Iron
Hall winds up a failure which involved
03,000 members scattered through more
than twenty States. When a receiver was
appointed it was found that the liabilities
of the order were $5,100,000. Altogether
$2,000,000 has been collected and paid to
creditors , leaving a permanent deficit of
For the maintenance of the life-saving
service the people of this country pay
about $1,500,000 a year. Of 3,987 lives
imperiled in coast shipwrecks last year ,
only 23 were lost : of the $7,168,390 worth
of property imperiled , the life-saving ser
vice rescued $0,420,530 worth.
Roar Admiral Watson , who succeeds
Dewey in the Philippines , was a lieuten
ant on Farragut's flagship at the battle of
Mobile bay , and assisted in lashing the
admiral to the rigging of the Hartford be
fore In- went to do or die.
M. F. Hastings writes from Weather-
ford , Ok. , that he has plowed up on the
bottoms of the Gimmaron river an old
armv musket , with the inscription , "L.
. Howard , Co. A , 64th 111. U. V. I. " He
would like to hear from some one who has
claim to the old weapon.
It is believed that the largest audience
ever gathered to witness a sporting event
was present at the windup of the football
season in London , England. An accu
rate count showed that 80,000 people were '
Viola Horlocker , the handsome young
stenographer of Hastings , Neb. , who is
accused of attempting to poison the wire
of her employer , has
been bound over to
the District Court
in the sum of $5-
000. The prosecu
tion claims it has a
clear case. It is un
derstood that it will
be argued that the
girl was infatuated
Kalb County , 111.
His father , C. II.
Hopkins , was a
well-to-do farmer ,
having come from
Ireland in the
early ' 20s. The son
began life as a
farm hand. When
17 he went to col- %
lege. He became / }
a lawyer , then got t/
elected to Congress - '
gross , and the
with her employer
and sought to re
move his wife. Miss Horlocker's friends
repel with indignation the allegation that
she is guilty , or contend that if she be
guilty she was insane. This interesting
young woman , until her arrest , was one
of the social leaders of Hastings. Her at
torneys sought to have the preliminary
hearing at her home , alleging that she was
too t ill to appear. Judge Bowen said that
if ! she was not produced within the hour
he would send the sheriff after the young
woman and put her in jail. A carriage
was at once sent and the defendant was
The arrest at Johannesburg of seven
English otlicers indicates that the Boers
have decided not to give the Uitlandors a
cnance to organize an
other Jameson raid.
The plans for that ill-
fated expedition were
laid in the early au
tumn of 1895. Rifles ,
Maxim guns and field
pieces were gathered
and a military camp
established. Dr. Jame
son fully believed that
. . . . .
with his men thou
sands would rally to his aid. He set out
on Doc. 29. 1S95 , with 500 men. On Jan.
2 the invading party were met by the
Boers , who , after thirty-six hours of fight
ing , forced them to surrender. Jameson
and his band were arrested. They were
received as heroes in London , and. after
a trial , wore sentenced to a few months'
imprisonment without hard labor.
Congressman A. J. Hopkins of Illinois ,
who is a candidate for Speaker of the next
Congress , was born near Cortland , De
lanky , red-headed
young lawyer from HOPKINS.
Aurora has become one of the most polish'
od and attractive figures in the House.
When Chairman Dingley of the Ways and
Means Committee dkul the Illinois delega
tion presented Hopkins' name for the
place , but by right of seniority it went to
Captain Wilde and Gon. Miller , the
navy and army men who have disputed as
to which belongs the honor of capturing
Admiral Kautx is the commander of the
American naval forces in Samoa. His
loiters to his near relatives in this coun
try severely criticis
ing the German con
sul general embar
rassed the Navy De
partment. Kautz is
one of the oldest offi
cers in the service.
His record during the
war with the South is
exceptionally b r i 1 -
liant. He negotiated
the first exchange of
by President Lincoln
nml Iii i nhinpt. find
ADMIRAL KAUTZ. it was he who hauled
lown the Confederate flag from the city
iall of New Orleans. He was made a.
ommodore in 1897 and an admiral since
he outbreak of the war with Spain.
Frederick W. Schneider , late of the
[ ' 'irst South Dakota infantry , has return-
Mi to Milwaukee. He says : "It is well
known to every sol-
tlier in the Philip
pines that the insur
gents , when they
i-atch an American ,
inoculate him with
the virus of leprosy ,
[ t is known definitely ;
that a member of the
First California regi
ment and another one \
who was attached to MI : . SCHNEIDER.
mother regiment wore taken prisoners
mtside the walls of Manila , and while
hey were in captivity leprosy seeds were
lumped auto them. The inoculated men
vero turned loose and allowed to rejoin
inr forces. "
Particulars of the fighting in Samoa
how that in the recent battle between the
riendly natives and the rebels , the latter
est 100 killed and wounded ; also , that
Srtsign Monaghan of the Philadelphia was
leheaded before he was dead. [
Frances L. Adair , 20 , Boston , Mass. ,
onfessed to forged checks to the amount
if $200. He earned $3.50 a week and
laid $6 board.
Ike Armantrout , Hillsboro , Ohio , charg-
'd with murdering his brother by pushing :
lira into the creek , has.been released.
ECENT events of national interest -
est have awakened great public
attention to the Mormons of
Utah and the polygamous faith. The
fight made against Congressman Rob
erts , the known possessor of three
wives , has led to investigations that
are likely to develop some sensational
disclosures in the very near future ,
and authenticated details already
made public indicate that the practice
of plural marriage is still in vogue.
Since the decree of-1890 this is consid
ered bigamy , pure and simple. The
wholesale promiscuous taking of
wives , therefore , has been broken up ,
but many secret ways have been de
vised for evading the Federal prohib
itory statute. The cupidity of lead
ers has operated to make easy the ac
complishment of plural wife-getting ,
and Mormoiiism is dying a hard death.
The essence of the Mormon dogmas
is contained in ' '
an avowed 'spiritual
revelation" given to Joseph Smith , '
leader of the Latter Da- Saints , in
1843. The official Mormon ritual on
the patriarchal order of marriage de
clares that a man may espouse a wom
an , and if she consents espouse an
other , and so on indefinitely. Since
1890 this doctrine has been advocated
under difficulties. The Government
jas prosecuted all illegal marriage par
ticipants. However , a common way of
having the civil rite performed is to
elope to Mexico or Canada , or to sail
out into the neutral waters of the high
LEADERS AMONG .MORMO.VS.
= ? eas , where the marriage is performed.
Then the couple will return to their
Mormon homes , and in their temple of
worship will be "sealed" in wedlock
according to ritualistic customs of the
church. It is in evidence that within
he past year a number of the most
H'ominent Mormons in Utah have vio-
ated the Federal statute , and have
taken unto themselves additional
vives. This seems to show that ap-
oarent submission to the law when first
? nacted was only a temporary public
2essation in the traffic of wives , and
the Government is making an active
nove to compel Utah to maintain her
Statehood on constitutional lines.
In Chicago and other large cities , and
u many rural communities , unusual
activity of the Mormon missionaries
las been noticed during the past year.
\s a result of this work there has
ecently been a decided influx of cou-
-erts into the sequestered valleys of
Jtah , Wyoming and New Mexico , the
icadquarters of orthodox Mormonism.
t is a heterogeneous mixture of huinan-
ty that the missionaries send back to
he "fold , " and a noticeable fact about
he whole thing is that women predom-
nate among the converts. Many re-
) orts from sections where Mormon
nissionaries have been at work show
hat the Latter Day Saints' emissaries
mve been driven out of the communi-
tj- , but in other instances they have
gathered in converts , innocent and ig
norant , beguiled by fatuous promises
and deluded by specious representa
tions regarding the religious aspect of
One hotbed of primitive Mormonism
is still in existence. Ine the southern
part of Utah the polygamous practices
of the Latter Day Saints-are still car
ried out. Here Mormons can take a
new wife every month , if so minded ,
TEMRLE ST < jeorGc-UTV\HfcJ LOGAH. CACH&CO. UTAM-JM
* "w AT " " =
PROGRESS OF MORMON CHURCH IN TEMPLE BUILDING.
and nobody molests them. The settle
ments are very seldom visited , except
by Mormons. The nearest railroad
point is 200 miles distant , and no stage
line traverses the 100 miles of territory
over which the orthodox settlements
are scattered. The only regular con
nection this community has with the
outer world is an old Indian who brings
the few letters that are written and
takes them out. It is without exception
the most heaven-forsaken country the
eye of man ever rested upon. In some
sections the alkali element prevails to
such an extent as to clean the ground
of the scantiest vegetation. Wide ,
smooth plains stretch out before the
eye , white in the distance like snow
banks. In other places the alkali is so
strong that the earth when wet rises
like bread under yeast.
St. George is the mecca of this dis
trict , where the seal of the Mormon
church is kept. Here , too , is a temple.
Elders preside , who keep strangers at
a distance and compel hard-working
wives to uncomplainingly accept their
wretched fate. These elders usurp the
functions of law and order , and their
word is final. Church matters govern
everything. Stock raising and alfalfa
farming are the industries pursued.
It is in the temple of this law-defy
ing community that real Mormonism is
still rampant. When a woman convert
is accepted she is taken to the temple ,
washed in a tub repeatedly , arrayed in
white linen and a veil of muslin , and
given a new name , which she must
never breathe except to her husband ,
in the endowment house. She goes
through ceremonies like degrees in a
lodge. A pantomime of fire and the
devil is enacted , and a startling and
impressive oath never to reveal the se
crets of the order is administered.
At Salt Lake City , the old center of
Mormonism , the wives have not been
abandoned , but they have been scat
tered. Formerly a. number of low
dwelling houses , grouped together ,
.ROBERTS AND HIS WIVKS.
would hold the different wives of some
Mormon bishop , each in separate apart
ments. At every addition in matri
mony a new house was built. When
the Government began earnest war on
polygamy these structures were aban
doned. But the wives were not. They
were distributed here and there about
the city. Each husband has bis favor
ite wife , but secretly provides for the
maintenance of all tlie others as well.
It is authoritatively proven that the
big Mormon colonies in Mexico and
Canada are being used to foster polyg
amy. At Salt Lake City the Mecca of
Mormonism , one can learn of dozens
of instances where leading Mormons
during the past year have gone on
journeys to these points , accompanied
by young women , and have returned to
live apparently in the relation of hus
band and wife. New cases of this kind
are being constantly solemnized under
the secret forms of the Mormon church
in one of the four temples in Utah
where "sealing" is done. The recent
death of President Abraham Cannon
revealed the fact that he had taken a
fourth wife even after Statehood Avas
accomplished. Persons less notable
have also been accused of violation of
the law. In most instances , however ,
no complaints have been made , no de
mands for explanation , and no ecclesi
astical trials. The men continue to
hold their high positions in the churcK.
and to preach. Every effort is made to
shield the bigamists from the searching
eyes of Gentiles outside of the fold.
The Mormon officials unite in strenu
ously denying that there are any polygamous -
amous new marriages , but they pay no
attention to the secret ways of contin
uing the practice.
The most ardent supporters of polyg
amy seem to be the Mormon women
wives of leaders , whose voices in coun
cil receive considerable weight. No-
woman of the days of Brigham Young
could have preached a more emphatic
sermon in favor of polygamy than that
of Congressman Roberts' third wife
during a recent address before a meet
ing of the Young Women's Improve
ment Association. She told her audi
ence that she was grieved to see so
many young women of marriageable
nge living single lives , and declared
that the laws of the land would not
prevent her from taking the man she
loved , and they should feel likewise.
She said that for each of them there
MAP SHOWING SPREAD OP MORMONISM.
was an affinity , and if the affinity had
sixteen wives she said it should make
no difference when he was found.
Except in the isolated Southern
Utah settlements , cases generally of
new polygamy involve women of the
highest character. They enter IP to
such relations under the belief that
they are obeying their religion. Young
women in the Mormon church know
that only a marriage in one of the tem
ples is recognized as being divinely
binding , as promised by their leaders.
Marriage is comparatively easy , too , in
Utah in a general way , although it is
now compulsory to obtain a license
from the county clerk. Ten years ago
no license was required , and church
officials alone performed marriage cere
monies and granted divorces. The au
thority to perform marriages is not
confined to the high priesthood now.
At least one-half of the male adult
members of the Mormon church have
authority- perform the ceremony.
With two sharp , clear aspects of the
Mormon question the law and the pub
lic have to deal to-day the strict ob
servance of the law in Utah , the pre
vention of missionary work among the
other States. This latter affair is one
that is attracting general comment.
All through the West Mormons are es
tablishing missions , recruiting con
verts. They make religion the prom
inent feature of their doctrine , and ,
being "something new , " many are at
tracted , and join. "No matter how-
earnest and sincere many of these mis
sionaries may appear plural marriages
will always be condemned by true ad
vocates of law and order.
Silkworm in Europe.
The silk worm was first introduced
into Europe by two monks engaged as
missionaries in China , who obtained a
quantity of silkworms' eggs , which
they concealed in a hollow cane , and.
conveyed in safety to Constantinople in
Power ol" Cold Water.
Cold water is the greatest stimulant
known to the medical profession
sessing more lasting power than the
strongest brandy. It has been known
ti ; bring the ulse up to 100 from 76 in
i few minutes' time.
-V ram has just changed hands in.
A..otralia at 1,000 guineas.
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