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About The McCook tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 1886-1936 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 30, 1891)
A. V. MOORI. 3VO. H , HART
MOOKE & HARF ,
ATTORNEYS : AT - : - LAW ,
MCCOOK. - NEDUA8KA.
3r"WHl practice Inthe Stale and Fed era
Courts and before the U. S. Land Office. Office
over Ffttnons Clothlnir Co. Store.
0. H. BOYLE ,
LAND - > ATTORNEY ,
Six years experience In Oov.
crnment Land CIIBOB.
Real Estate , Loans & Insurance.
t3f Omco over Dank of McCook.
J. BYRON JENNINGS ,
ATTORNEY - : - AT - : - LAW.
practice in the State and Dnltod
States couits and before the U.S. Land Offices.
I Careful attention given to collections. Office
over Hank of McCook.
HUGH W. COLE , LAWYER ,
McCOOIC , NEBBASKA.
C3y Wlll pructlco in all courts. Commercial
and corporation law a specialty. Money to
loan. Itootns i and 5 old First National bld'tr.
DR. A. P. WELLES ,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
McCOOK , NEBRASKA.
tSTSpeclal attention given to diseases of
women and children. The latest improved
methods of electricity used In all cases requir
ing such treatment. Oflieo over McMillen
drugstore. Residence , North Main street.
B. D. DAVIS. M. D. C. H. JONKS , M. D.
DAVIS & JONES ,
PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS ,
McCOOK , NEBRASKA.
S57 OKFiCE Hocus : 9 to 11. a. m. . 2 to 5 and
7 to 0. p. in. Rooms over First National bank.
THE COMMERCIAL HOTEL
Gno. E. JOHNSTON. PIIOP.
McCOOK , - NEBRASKA.
house has been completely reno
vated and refurnished throughout and is first-
class in eer.y respect. Rates reasonable.
LEND ME YOUR
I've Caught Your
And Who But
' 1 may be ab'e ' to do you good. My busi
ness is House Cleaning , Carpet Laying and
Day Laborer. Leaveoiders at THE TRIBUNE - .
UNE office. FKANK HUBER.
Fall - Goods.
[ "Announces the airival of his fall
stock , comprising the latest and most fash
ionable goods of the season. His prices are
lower than any tailor's in McCook. Don' *
fail to see his line.
If You Have
CONSUMPTION COUGH OR GOLD
BRONCHBTiS Throat Affection
SCROFULA Wasting of Plesh
Or any Disease where the Throat and lungs
are Inflamed , lack of Strength or Kent
Power , you can be relieved and Cured by
SCOT I'S '
PURE COD LIVER OIL
PALATABLE AS MILK.
Asltfor Scott'a Emulsion , and let no ex
planation or solicitation induce you to
accept a svbttltute.
Sold T > y all Druggists.
SCOTT & BOWNE , Chemists , N.Y.
HERE'S THE "SUCKER.
The one thing yoall always find in every cow-
' outfit uhen he the scrintr
boy's goes on round-np
is a " Fish Brand" Pommel Slicker. They make
the only perfect saddle coat , and come either blacker
or yellow. They protect the whole front of the
rider's body , being made to fit round the outside of
the saddle entire. When used as a walking coat ,
the extension pieces neatly overlap each other ,
making a regular overcoat with a double storm
proof front. When riding , the saddle is dry as a
bone , from pommel to cjatle , and the rider is en
tirely protected in every foot of his body. These
"Suckers , " being of extra width , make Cna
blankets for camp. Beware of worthless imitations ,
every garment stamped with " Fish Brand " Trada
Mirk. Don't accept any inferior coat when you
can have the ' Fish Brand Slicker" delivered wath-
oot extra cost Particulars and illustrated catalogue
A. J. TOWER , Beaten , Mass.
Itch on human and horses and all animals
cured in 30 minutes by Woolford's Sanitary
Lotion. This never falls. Sold by L. W. Mo-
Connell & Co. . Drugelste , McCook. 30-lyr.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria.
IRRIGATION IN NEBRASKA.
The way to the success of the irrigation
movement in Nebraska lies through the stat
ute book. There must be a revision of such
scanty laws as we have , and the addition of a
comprebnnalve scheme of legislation as brood
and deep as the problem with which it will
Thus far these articles have dealt with the
need , the benefits and the history of irrigation ,
and very much yet remains to be said of the
agricultural atid commercial aspects of it.
but It Is imperatively necessary at this point
to urge upon the friends of the movement and
the statesmen at Lincoln the need of legisla
tion that shall lay the groundwork for success
on a grand scale.
One-third of the legislative session is gone.
The remaining forty days are none too long
for the friends of irrigation to consider and
determine what they will ask and to press It
upon the legislature.
The writer has received many evidences , in
letters and newspapers , of the deep interest
already awakened. This interest is by no
means confined to the western part of the
state , nor to those who arc to be most directly
benefited by irrigation. Besides many en
couraging words from settlers in the arid re *
gious , letters have been received from indi
viduals and companies who are ready to in
vest large amounts of capital in these enter
prises if they can be shown to be stable and
profitable. It is to be hoped that ttiose who
have lollowcd the subject thus far will give
the same earnest attention and support to
this question of legislative requirements ,
which really lies at the loot of the whole mat
ter. I. THE FBESKNI NEBRASKA LAWS.
Until two years ago Nebraska had no laws
bearing on the subject of irrigation. Up to
that time it was regarded as a crime to inti
mate that any portion of this state needed to
resort to artificial means to supplement the
rainfall. Even then such an intimation was
thought to bo a reprehensible vice , and only
since the heavy hand of calamity has been
'aid ' upon a dozen or more of our western
counties 1ms the intimation been seen in the
light of a virtue.
The laws enacted in 1889 deal only with water
rights and the right-of-way for ditches. The
most that can be said of them is that they
represent a step In the right direction. Under
their provisions the water in natural streams
can be appropriated and conducted to lands
conveniently situated. On these points the
law is quite full and is intended to secure fair
treatment to all. It is defective in some re
spects , however , and as a whole inadequate
to the demands of the subject If a systematic
effort shall ever be made to develop the vast
region lying between the 100th meridian and
the Wiomiug boundary. Oneot the defects
of the law is the adoption of the square inch
as the unit of measurement instead of the
cubic foot , and another is the definition of the
rights of riparian proprietors.
Space need not , however , be given to a dis
cussion of the defects of our present laws ,
since they will doubtless be repealed , and
much more extensive and comprehensive
laws enacted in their stead , when Nebraska
decides to take hold of irrigation in earnest.
II A SYSTEM OF ADMINISTRATION.
If Nebraska is to begin now to follow in the
steps of Colorado , New Mexico , Utah , Cali
fornia and other states and territories , making
t e most of her natural water supply and
turning her arid acres into fertile gardens ,
farms and orchards , she must first provide a
system of administration. She must ascertain
how much water is available and how far it
can be made to go. When comprehensive
laws have been provided , she must have com
petent men to enforce them , as she does in
other departments of her government.
Fortunately.Colorado is our next door neigh
bor Colorado with her soil and climate of
similar.character , with prosperous Irrigation
enterprises in operation , and with progressive
and well-seasoned ideas which we may pat
The governorof Colorado recently appointed
Messrs. E. L. Wells , T. C. Henry and J. S.
Greene as a commission to make a complete
revision of the irrigation laws. Their report ,
which has just been presented , is probably
the best guide for Nebraska which could be
compiled even if we were to appoint a com
mission to study the subject independently.
Colorado already bad extensive laws , but
when the bill reported by the commissioners
has been enacted it will probably have the
best legal basis for its development In irriga
tion to be found in tbe statutes of any state.
About two-thirds of Colorado , or 65,000
square miles , is open to irrigation , the rest
being mountain land , while the field of opera
tion in Nebraska at first would probably be
about thirty-eight thousand square miles.
The first essential for successfully erannline
with the problem In this state would be the
appointment of a state engineer. Under his
direction , here , as in Colorado , the semi-arid
regions would have to be divided into water
districts or basins. In Colorado there are six
of these grand districts , and sixty-seven smal
ler districts. They are naturally divided by
the water-sheds , and no great scheme of irri
gation canbe .planned until they are scien
tifically determined. This matter will be am
plified a little.further on.
In Colorado the state engineer is appointed
by the governor and receives a salary of $4,000
a year. He may appoint one or more assist
ants , who receive $10 a day when actually em
ployed. In Colorado , also , they have super
intendents of Irrigation and water commis
sioners in each of the districts to see that the
laws are rigidly complied with. But there the
work is so much further advanced that a
much larger administrative force is required
than will be necessary in Nebraska for a long
time to come. It is probable that a good live
state engineer , [ who knew bis business and
was thoroughly imbued with enthusiasm for
his state , would be able to attend to this
branch of the subject in Nebraska with little
assistance. He must , however , be a man
thoroughly expert and thoroughly experienc
ed in this line of work , and the salarv nrovided
should be sufficient to command the highest
order of ability.
Jt would be the duty of the state engineer
to first determine the natural water districts
and tin extent and nature of the supply. Ho
would then supervise the construction of all
canals and ditches and see that the work was
done in compliance with the statutes as well
as the laws of engineering. This matter is of
tbe highest importance. Some very peculiar
ditches have been constructed in Nebraska by
men whose enthusiasm exceeded their knowl
edge of engineering , as well as by rascally
contractors. By this means a great deal of
money has been wasted and water ruthlessly
run off without regard to the needs of the
territory to bo covered , or the limits of the
Successful irrigation on a large scale is im
possible without the iservice of a competent
state engineer. To I attempt to go further
with the work without such assistance is like
mttlng out on a stormy sea without a com-
> ass. in. LET'S DAVE A DHAINGE MAP.
If every man who reeds thli article bad *
copy of Part II. of tbe report of the state en
gineer of Colorado for 1888 , with its carefully
drawn and handsomely illustrated diagrams ,
ho would say with me , "Let's have a drainage
Accompanying tbe report is a large colored
map , showing tbe six grand divisions or basins
formed by tbe natural watersheds , the princi
pal streams and their direction , and the gen
eral features of tbo country with which irriga
tion must deal. A similar map of the half of
Nebsaska lying west of tbo 100th meridian
would give our people and legislators their
first real view of the opportunities for irriga
tion In this state. Such a map , as has been
salJ , is In fact indispensable to the subject.
Besides the largo map mentioned , the Colorado
rado report contains a largo number of maps
and diagrams of various water districts , or
portions of districts. These furnish the best
testimony to tbe immense development al
ready secured in Colorado. They show not
only tbo small and large streams and local
water-sheds , but also the various canals and
ditches in operation. It is Inspiring to look
at them , and to see to what a degree of per
fection the administration of Colorado's irri
gation interests has been brought.
Another very valuable feature of the report
Is tbe graphical presentation of the daily
mean discharge , in cubic feet per second , of
the principal sti earns in the state from March
to November of the last four or five years.
When it is possible to write to Lincoln and
obtain a state report showing every water
basin , every watershed , and the capacity of
every stream in tbe semi-arid regions , we shall
have tbe means of making irrigation in Ne
braska a success.
The bill reported by the Colorado commis
sion , besides tbe features u'ready mentioned ,
makes provision for the following :
The appropriation , distribution and use o
The construction and maintenance of irri
gatiou works and storage reservoirs.
The condemnation of lauds for the site and
way of such works.
Regulating the appropriation of subterran
can waters and the management of artesian
Adjudicating rights and priorities of those
diverting or storing water for irrigation.
Defining the domestic uses of water.
Prescribing tbe duties and Jiabilites of the
carriers of water and the rights of consumers.
Fixing the maximum rate to be charged
Authorizing owners and patrons of ditches
to agree for the rotation of water among
Prohibiting unlawful interference or ma
licious injury to irrigation works.
Providing penalties lor the violation of the
laws and means for their enforcement.
IV. HOW CHANGES IN THE LAW CAN BE
How are the comprehensive laws essential
to Nebraska's Irrigation development to bo
obtained ? This is the live question that must
first bo solved before any of the benefits of
the movement can be realized.
If the present legislature does not enact the
necessary laws there can be no substantial
progress for the next two years. On the
other hand , if the present legislature gives
the state the benefits of the new laws of Col
orado , irrigation will be far advanced before
the next senate and house assemble at Lin
coln in 1893.
It is necessary for the friends of the move
ment to take steps at once to prepare and pre
sent a draft of such a bill as they will push
before the present legislature. Tbe report of
tbe Colorado commission should be tbe basis
of such a bill. S. W. Nebraska was well repre
sented at Wednesday's convention at McCook.
Another convention to get the sentiment of
tbe big western counties , might well be con
vened at Sidney within a fortnight. If these
two conventions will appoint committees to
consider the report of the Colorado commis
sion and draft a bill tor the presentation to
the legislature , there Is every reason to believe
that within the next sixty days Nebraska can
have upon her statute books the most pro
gressive legislation for tbe encouragement of
irrigation possessed by any American state.
And when that has been accomplished the
battle has been half won.
Verily likely it will be thought faecessary to
fortify tne report of such committee with
petitions from the western half of the state
urging the enactment of tbe bill. If so , no
time is to bo lost in preparing and circulating
These considerations are of the utmost im
portance to the friends of irrigation and
should receive immediate thought and action.
If tbe arid lands could be irrigated with mere
talk they would doubtless bring forth abund
antly at the next harvest time. But unfortu
nately talk is only valuable to tbe purpose
when transformed into laws , into capital and
finally into the translucent water that makes
the desert smile. Therefore , let us get laws ,
money and water , and lay tbe foundation for
prosperity. WM. E. SMYTHE.
A Scrap of Paper Saves Her Life.
It was just an ordinary scrap of wrapping
paper , but it saved her life. She was in the
last stages of consumption , told by physicians
that she was incurable and could live only a
short time ; she weighed less than seventy
pounds. On a piece of wrapping paper she
read of Dr. King's New Discovery , and got a
sample bottle ; it helped her. she bought a
large bottle , it helped her more , bought
another and grew better fast , continued its
use and is now strong , healthy , rosy , plump ,
weighing 140 pounds. For fuller particulars
send stamp to W. H. Cole , druggist , Fort
Smith. Trial bottles of this wonderful discov
ery free at A. McMillan's drug store. 34
Pain Unnecessary in Childbirth ,
Pain is no longer necessary in childbirth.
Its causes , being understood , are easily over
come. Any woman may now become a moth
er without suffering any pain whatever , the
labor being made short , easy , and free from
danger. Morning sickness , swelled limbs , and
all other like evils can be readily controlled ,
and all female diseases speedily cured. Phy
sicians pronounce it a wonderful discovery.
Never known to fail. 20,000 ladies attest its
merits. Cut this out ; it may save your life.
Suffer not a day longer , but send us two 2-cent
stamps , and receive in sealed envelope full
particulars , testimonials , confidential letter ,
etc. Address. FRANK THOMAS & Co. . Baltl
more , Maryland.
Buck/en's Arnica Salve.
THE BEST SALVE in tbo world for cuts , bruis
es , sores , ulcers , salt rheum , fever sores , tet
ter , chapped hands , chilblains , corns , and all
skin eruptions , and positively cures piles , erne
no pay required. It is guaranteed to give per
fect satisfaction , or money refunded. Price
25 cents per box. For sale by A. McMillen.
A Word in Season.
The barking of a pack of bounds may be mu
sic , but the barking of the human family is
certainly discord. Stop that cough with Hum
phreys' Specific No. Seven.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. '
L. LOWMAN & SON.
"We want to make , room for our
SPRING STOCK and /
Sv * 'f
Will Sell Goods Regardless of Cost !
BOYS' KNEE PANTS , : : .SO
BOYS' SUITS FOR : : : 1.25
MEN'S SUITS FROM $4.OO UP
MEN'S OVERC'TS from 2.OO Up *
BOYS' OVERCOATS BOYS'
LADIES' JACKETS from l.SO Up
CLOTHING , BLANKETS , SHAWLS ,
CLOAKS AND NEWMARKETS
COME f AND f SEE * US.
" ' * --1
- 't- % z inBK. 2.
AUTHORIZED CAPITAL , CAPITAL AND SURPLUS ,
GEORGE HOCK NELL , President. B. M. FREES , Vice President. W. F. LAW SOU , Cashier.
A. CAMPBELL , Director. S. L. GREEN , Director.
BANK OF McCOOK
Paid Up Capital , $50,000.
General Banking Business
Interest paid on deposits by special agreement.
Money loaned on personal property , good signatures
or satisfactory collateral.
Drafts drawn on the principal cities of the United
States and Europe.
D.E. SHAW , President. H. 0. WAIT , Vice President.
P. A. WELLS , Cashier.
The Citizens Bank of McCook ,
Incorporated under State Laws.
Paid Up Capital , $5OOOO.
General Banking Business.
. - Collections made on all accessible points. Drafts drawn
directly on principal cities in Europe. Taxes paid
for non-residents. Money to loan on farming
_ lands , city and personal property.
: ! Tickets For Sale to and from Europe
; V. FJKAXKLIN , President. JOHN R. CLARK , Vice Pres.
: A. C. EBEIIT , Cashier. THOS. I. GLASSCOTT , Ass. Cash.
. CORRESPONDENTS :
3 The First National Bank , Lincoln Nebrska.
The Chemical National Bank , New York City.
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