McCook weekly tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 188?-1886, August 21, 1884, Image 3

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A Grave Increase IB the JSpldtmle Dr.
Koch'a XUMitrchci.
A Marseilles dispatch says : There
wa * a grave incrcana of cholera during Sunday - ,
day night in all the stricken town * , and as
far aa heard from there has been a general
increase. Dr. tfoieano telegraphs : There
have been ten deaths hero since my midnight
dispatch was sent. There are rumors of
others In the immediate neighborhood. But
the suburbs of Marseilles have not been as
fearfully visited as the outskirts of Toulon.
News has come In thit at St. Henri , a vil
lage of 2,503 people some nine miles north
of .Marseilles , there ware six deaths from
holera. At Glgnac one patient died four
hours after the first symptoms , a rapidity
In arriving at the fatal end of the disease
which is unprecedented. An analysis of the
"water of the Ilhone , .near Aries , is said to
have shown microbes by the million. From
Algiers the news IB worse. A number of
additional villages on the frontier , in the
Department of Var , are said to be suffering
from cholera , among them Auriol and Do-
trousse. At Marseilles for the last seventy-
two hours there have been fifty deaths ,
many of them occurring among the returned
emigrants who have been forced to seek
their homes through hunger. Want of
food seems particularly to make people sus
ceptible to cholera germs in the air and
water , owing to the temporary disuse of
the organs. The relaxation of precautions
because of over-coufidence has also been a
fatal influence. It is believed now that the
epidemic will rage until the 1st of October.
It looks as if the plague bad a firm fooling
In Italy. Three deaths arc reported from
Vlgnarolli and Pancheria.
The renearchcs of Dr. Koch regarding the
cause and progress of cholera have excited
great interest in Poland , where epidemics
somewhat similar to that now existing in
Prance are of almost annual occurrence.
The newspapers of "Warsaw have devoted a
great deal of space to the discussion of
cholera , and cholera forms the leading topic
of conversation in the cafes and other places
of popular resort. One curious result of
this general agitation Is an offer by an edu
cated Pole In middle age and vigorous
health to allow himself to be inoculated
with the cholera microbes , so that the effect
of buch an inoculation in a human being in
.normal health may bo scientifically scrutin
< > rand Army Reunion.
iiRASKA , G. A. 11. , ASSISTANT AD- (
CITY , August 11,1884. J
General order No. 17 :
1. The sixth annual reunion of the De
partment of Nebraska , Grand Army of the
Republic , will be held at Fremont , Ne
braska. Tne department will go into camp
on Monday , September 1st , to- remain six
2. Comrade John M. Thayer , post No.
11 , Grand Island , has been selected by the
reunion committee to command the camp.
8. The department officers have used
every means in their power to procure tents
from the United States and fctato govern
ments and have failed in every attempt. It
is therefore ordered that all posts in this de
partment immediately on receipt of this or
der take the necessary steps to procure
tents for their own use at this and future
reunions. Commanders of posts will con > -
muuicate with Comrade N. G. Franklin ,
assistant quartermaster general at Lincoln ,
Nebraska , who has made arrangements with
tent manufacturers to supply tents at a
great i eduction.
The t nts will be sold as follows : 10x12
ft. , 8 oz. "buck ( pins and poles complete )
§ 9 ; 12x14 rt. , 3 oz. duck ( pins and poles
complete ) $11 , and each order must be ac
companied with check or money order for
the amount. None but cash orders will re
ceive attention. As the time is so sbort be
fore the opening of camp comrades will gee
the necessity of immediate action. No
blame must be attached to any officer of the
department If you are not provided with
shelter at Fremont. See general order U ,
June 18 , ISSi.
4. As soon as the railroad rates are as
certained they will be published in all the
daily papers of the state.
5. Tne council of administration.will as
semble at headquarter * tent on camp ground
at 2 o'clock p. m. , Tuesday , September 2 ,
to transact all business that may be pre
sented to them.
i 6. Ths department commander is pleased
to again announce that the martial bands of
thia Rtatc who met in Lincoln on December
24 , 25 , and 26 , 1883 , perfected an organiza
tion , to be known as the State Band Asso
ciation. All bands in the state are cordially
invited to Join this association. A copy of
constitution and by-laws can be procured
.bv applying to S. L. Hawley , secretary ,
Mariey , Nebraska. All musicians holding
certificates of membership in this associa
tion will be entitled to free transportation to
the annual reunions. These can also be ob
tained by applying to the secretary.
7. Owinc to the resignation of Comrade
John F. Diener , Comrade A. Alice , of
Post No. 7 , Omaha , is hereby appointed
department inspector. He will be obeyed
and respected accordingly.
8. Comrade William Powell , Post No ,
21 , Syracuse , is hereby appointed aide-de
camp'on the department btaff , and will be
obeyed and respected accordingly.
9. S. R. Curtiss , Post 89 , was errone
ously reported delinquent in general orders
No. 1G. they having bent in reports and dues
June 30 , 1834.
10. Comrade John A. Wood is comman
der of General Augur Post No. 192 , Ewing ,
Neb.By command of H. B. PALMER ,
Department Commander.
Assistant Adjutant General.
\Ttioinas \ Sexton and William Reedmond In-
tereietced ,
Thomas Sexton and William Eed-
pnond arrived at New York on Ithe 13th and
immediately left for Boston to attend the
'land league convention. Sexton stated that
ibis relations with Ptrcell and Davitt were
friendly and that there was no estrangement
between the two latter.
Sexton comes as Parnell's representative
, to the land league convention In Boston.
Sexton was seen oy a reporter to whom he
.said : "ily only purpose In this visit to
tAmerica Is to observe the formation and
'system of the league and discuss methods
> f or fostering harmony , alone successful to
Ithe carrying out of the league. I do not
'deem It wise , In a year like this , when the
.country Is absorbed in a presidential contest ,
tention soon alter. "
' Next year I stiall come again and address
citizens of your country on a subject of the
work we have in hand. " When asked if
he had any special view of the news from
the other side , Sexton said , -"No ; affairs
-remain about the same , land laws are badly
"administered. The government appointed
land commissioners who are In sympathy
with the landlord class , and they break the
iback of the Healy act. That the tenant
should be compelled to pay rent on his own
improvements is a shameful thing , and the
leagues' first effort is toward the abolishment -
, ment of that system. When we accomplish
that end the adjudication .of rente will be
taken up. No doubt that question requires
long consideration. "
Fatal Dueling.
A Chattanooga special says : A very sensa
tional tragedy occurred at Erfery Gap , on the
Cincinnati Southern Railway , fifty miles above
this city , last night. About ten days ago a
young man named Staples made numerous
Rlurrln ? remarks concerning Will H. Itoger-
son , a drummer from Cleveland , O. This soon
rcnchcd Itogotson's cars , and Stables being a
crlpplo llogeroon challenged him to tight a
duul. The challenge was accepted , and at 10
o'clock lust night they fought nt ton paces
with pistols and both were killed.
The Wall Street JJanJt in Jfew York Cloict
Its Doort.
The Wall Street bank in New York.
City has closed 1U doors , owing to the ir
regularities of the casller. It will remain
closed until all matters are investigated.
The president Is Thos. W. Evans , and the
cashier John P. Dickinson. Wuen the la t
annual statement was issued , in September ,
1883 , the figures were : Paid up capital ,
4500,000 ; surplus , $65,197 ; undivided
profits , $17,726. Kiernan'u agency re
port * : ' 'The vice-president states that the
clearances of the bank will go through the
clearing house to-day. The capital
stock , $200,000 , will probably be
swept away. The depositors will eventu
ally be paid in full and it is likely that 50
per cent will be paid them by the end of
this week. " The cashier's shortage is
stated to be $230,000 and the bank has
$50,000 of bad debts. C. F. Timpson and
C. T. Osborn , directors of the bank , made
a thorough examination and decided , In
justice to all parties , not to open the insti
tution at present. The result of their ex
amination is as follows : Deposits. $1,250-
000 ; call loans , $110,000 ; good business pa
per , $350,000 ; cash , $185,000. Cashier J.
P. Dickinson has been lending money too
freely on Insufficient margins , and it is esti
mated that the loss will be about $200,000.
The bank was a debtor at the clearing house
to the amount of $283,100 on the morning of
Its closing but this sum was adjusted.
XJw Report of the Department of Agricul
The department of ajfriculture"repbr8 that
the average condition of. the growing cotton
in the United States has advanced from 86
per cent' in July to a little above 87 per cent.
The condition of corn average the same as
In the July report , and Is higher than in any
August since 1883. It has been exceeded
but three times in ten years in 1873,1873
and 1880 , when it was 09 per cent , in each
instance. There has been an Improvement
in Iowa , Missouri , Kansas , Nebraska , Geor
gia , Alabama , Kentucky , New Jersey and
the Pnelllc coobt. A slight decline In tiie
condition Is reported in Ohio , Indiana ,
Illinois and In some southern states.
Drought has prevailed in portions of the Ohio
valley and in Texas with considerable sever
ity , reducing the condition of corn 6 points.
The averages of the principal states are : New
York. UK ; Maryland , 94 ; Virginia , 95 ; North
Carolina , 'J7 ; South Carolina , 1)4 ) ; Georgia , 97 ;
Alabama , M ; Mississippi , 90 ; Louisiana , 78 ;
Texas , 83 ; Arkansas , 91 ; Tennesse , 99 ; Penn
sylvania , CO ; Kentucky , 91 ; Ohio , 81 ; Indiana ,
94 : Illinois , 92 ; Iowa , 103 ; Missouri , 102 ; Kan
sas , 101 ; Nebraska , 105. The report for wheat
includes only the spring wheat region. The
average is 9 , one point higher than in the ten
last good spring wlieat years , and higher than
in any year since 1877.
The average for the condition of oats is 94 ,
one point lower than in 1883. The crop has
been harvested in the lower latitudes and
promises a line yield in. the most northern
The condition of rye averages 97 , the same
OB last month.
Barley also maintains Its high condition ,
and buckwheat promises a full crop ; in area
about the same as last year.
Tobacco promises a large crop.
The prospect is favorable for another largo
crop of potatoes , but not so full in area as
last year , being three per cent , smaller. The
present indications point to a crop of about
ten per cent , less than that of 18s3 , with a
larger difference if future conditions should
be less favorable. .
Arrival of the Remains of tlteArctie Ex
plorers ,
The Greely expedition ships , "Bear , "
"Thetis" and "Alort , " arrived the 8th
oft Governor's Island. Secretary Lincoln ,
Generals Sheridan and Hancock and other
army and naval officers , with troops , re
ceived the bodies from the vessel , the forts
firing funeral salutes. The following is a
list of the dead and place of burial : Lieu
tenant James E. Lockwood , Annapolis ;
Lieutenant Fred F. Kisbingburv , Roches
ter , N. Y. ; Sergeant Israels , Kalamazoo ,
Mich. ; Sergeant David C. Ralston , How
ard , Knox county , Ohfi ; Sergeant
David Liun , Philadelphia ; Sergeant
William Cross. Washington ; Corporal
Joseph Ellison , Pottsville ; Private William
Whistler , Delhi , Ind. ; Private William A.
Ellis , Clyde , N. Y. After the bodies
were landed thev were escorted by the
troops to the hospital , where they will lie
in state under a guard of honor until re
moved bv friends. Rov. Dr. Goodwin ,
chaplain of Governor's Island , will read the
burial service over the dead and deliver a
sermon. The bodies of Henry and Schnei
der will be sent to Cypress Hill , the former
to the vault to await orders from Germany
and the latter for interment in the govern
ment plot. The other bodies have been
claimed by relatives.
About 4 o'clock this afternoon the bodies
of all except Henry and Schneider were re
placed in wooden cases and conveyed to the
barge office , from whence they will be taken
to the railroads which will bear them to
their finai resting places.
flow Two Young Ranchmen Settled Their
Bill Dougherty and Zach Gray ,
young ranchers residing at Sand Prairie ,
Texas , were the principals in a desperate
duel , fought a few das ago , in which both
men were wounded , Gray fatally. The
trouble grew out of a feud of long standing
and , as a means of adjustment , they agreed
to use their revolvers until one or both fell.
At the appointed time both were on hand ,
and , without parley , commenced action ,
eachusins : single action Colt's 45 calibre
pistols. After the first fire the men changed
positions and began at will , Dougherty re
ceiving one of Gray's three shots in the arm ,
while Gray , at Dougherty's fifth shot , fell
with a bullet in the lower part of his back.
This ended the battle , and the wounded
men were cared for by their friends , who ,
from a distance , had watched the bloody
Private Henry's Remains.
Coroner Bobinson , of Long Island City , has
written to Miss Dora Buck , at Lincoln , Neb. ,
the sister of Private Henry , asking if she de
sires to have his remains examined. If she
replies in the affirmative , the coroner will
have them examined by Drs. Burnett and
Hitchcock. Since the result of the examina
tion of Kisl'ngbury's remains , the citizens of
Long Island City are greatly excited , but the
coroner refuses to exhume Henry's body un
til authorized by his sister ;
The Greely Expedition ,
It is understood that the vessels of the
Greely relief expedition will be put out of
commission In a few days , and the officers and
crews detached and placed in waiting orders.
The supply ship Alert will probably bo re
turned to tbo English government , as the ob-
lect for which she was donated has been ac
Dr. Brown-Sequard believes that the
conversion of venous blood into arte
rial , accompanied by alteration of color
and plentiful .admixture of oxygen ,
which takes place in shock , is due to a
nervous inhibition of the circulation of
* ases and their passage from tissue to
assne. Possibly the habit of blushing
at every slight surprise , common to
many people , may find its explanation
in the same fact
The U. S , Consul at Marseille *
Uf Regarding the ZHteate.
Frank H. Mason , United States con
sul at Marseilles , in a dispatch to the
senate department relative to the
cholera at that place and Toulon ,
ays : It appears that notwlth
standing all the progren In medical science
and the very perfect arrangement * for col
lectlng and treating stricken victims of the
scourge , more than two-thirds of those at
Uckcd have died even during the first
fortnight of the epidemic , when all the san
itary conditions were most favorable. The
almost Immediate transmission of the dis
ease from Toulon to Marseilles and the
enormous death rate of 70 per cent in the
earliest stages of the epidemic , seem to
prove that sanitary science and medical
skill have made but little substantial pro
gress in dealing with Asiatic cholera.
A second feature of the present epidemic
is the rigor and deadllness of its attack as
compared with that of the last graat cholera
uummer 18C5. The rapidity and virulence
of this development are attributed in some
measure to the intense damp and stifling
heat which prevailed during most of the
days since the 30th of June. There are
physicians of judgmentand experience who
maintain that dedication is the only effec
tive destroyer of the cholera microbe on a
large scale , and that dry , hot weather ,
while it may be unfavorable for those
already attacked , is most effective in stay
ing the spread of thecontagion. . Fugitives
from here have died at Aix , Grenable and
other towns in southern France , but the
epidemic has not thus far been kindled
there , nor have any persons been attacked
exc * pt such as brought the contagion from
this city or Toulon.
In view of the enormous emigration which
has occurred since the outbreak , three
weeks ago estimated by good authority at
one hundred thousand persons from Mar
seilles and fifty thousand from Toulon and
the distribution of this vast contingent
throughout France , Italy , Switzerland
and the Netherlands , it is note
worthy and encouraging that no au
thenticated case of cholert has occurred
aiuonK this army of fugitives at any point
north of Grenable , although a great num
ber of Italian working people left the two
htricken cities for northern Italy during the
early days of the epidemic , it has not , ap
parently , been carried with them , or if it
has. it Is not vet developed.
Nothing In all the dispute concerning the
origin and cure of the disease has added any
effectiveness to the' means hitherto known
for treating choleric patients , and the pro
portion of deaths to the cases appears to In
crease rather than diminish . A momentary
gleam of hope was diffused by the announce
ment that patients had been rescued from
the collapse stage of the malady at the hos
pital in Toulon by the inhalation of oxygen ,
but this encouragement has been clouded
by the discovery that the effect of this pow
crful stimulant was but temporary , and the
patients thus treated finally died in the same
ratio as those treated by other methods.
Hoit'tlit Railroad Cc.tfcrcnrf , Recently Held
in Chiwgo , Terminated ,
Omaha Herald , DU. .
Messis. Clark , Kimball , Shelby and
Stebbens of the Union Pacific , Mr. Hughes
of the Denver & Rio Grande , Mr. Mitchell
of the Chicago , Milwaukee & St. Paul , and
Mr. Holdredge of the B. & M. , returned
from Chicago on yesterday. The result of
the great conference will be interesting.
The chief obstacles to a harmonious conclu
sion was first th'e great number of roads
interested , thirty-five , and second , the
withdrawal by the Northwestern of its
Sioux City & Pacific business from the
Western Trunk Line Association , and de
mand for a share of the Union Pacific's
cattle traffic at Council Bluffs. If this and
the similar demand from the Burlington ,
are complied with , there will be no trouble
regarding the maintainance of rates , but if
they are ignored , there will probably be a
loud bid at cut rate * for the business. The
chief objections to a division come from the
Milwaukee & St. Paul and Rock Island , but
it is not unlikely rtat these roads will with
draw them rather than have a fight.
A number of plans for settling the com ?
plications between the various western roads
were proposed at the meeting of the com
mittee , none of which found general sup
port. One proposition was to form a gen
eral pool on all traffic between Chicago and
St. Louis through the Pacific roads. This
plan was highly satisfactory to the roads in
the Western Trunk line Association , as it
would have given them an opportunity to
carry out the tripartite compact , but it was
strongly opposed by the other roads , who
thought it was a wild scheme that could
never be carried out. Another proposition
was to organize the present pools west
of the Missouri' river and form another
pool east of the river , but this was not
considered feasible until the status of the
Northwestern in the Western Trunk Line
Association was fully determined and some
definite action taken as to what is to be done
regarding its demand for a recognition of its
Sioux City & Pacific line as one of the com
petitors with the roads west of the Missouri
river. The great obstacles to be overcome
before peace can be restored will be the re
fusal of the Burlington and Santa Fe roads
to recognize the tripartite combination and
the determination of the Rock Island to
have the contract enforced for the time
specified ( six yean ) , and also the action of
ID.P Northwestern in regard to its Sioux City
& Pacific.
Rounding Up the Horse Thieves.
Helena ( Montana ) dispatch : Meagre
particulars have' been received of another
slaughter of horse thieves in the Muscle
Shell region , one hundred and fifty miles
northeast of Helena by cowboys. While in
pursuit of stolen horses a log house was
discovered in the timber on the mountain
side. It was secretly watched a day or
two , during which time several small par
ties of men came and went , some by day
and others by night , having In their posses
sion horses evidently stolen. It becoming
evident that it was ahorse thief rendezvous ,
the cowboys congregated , and at night
crawled up close to the house and at
tacked fourteen horse thieves , who were
about the premises at the tune. Nine were
killed and five escaped. The cabin was set
on fire and burned. No particulars have
yet been received of the fight of Granville
Stuart's cowboys with a band of thieves at
the mouth of the Muscle Shell , though the
fight must have occurred several days ago.
The locality is over two hundred miles from
Helena , with no telegraph communication.
Never was there a period in the history of
this or any other territory when so much
horse thieving was going on. The citizens
are determined to effectually stop it. Fully
5fty thieves were banged or shot In the
month of July.
The Zabor Convention.
The New York labor convention recently in
session at Utica , adopted resolutions that the
executive committee be directed to use every
lonorable means in their power to have direct
representatives nominated and elected to the
eglslature , and that it was the sense of the
convention in localities where such action
be taken it should receive practical aid from
organized labor throughout the state. Also
hat "we demand of the legislature of the
state the passage of a law changing the Castle
lOrdcn labor bureau from a labor bureau to
furnish cheap pauper labor to employers into
a labor bureau for the benefit -workmen
and citizens of the state of New York and the
skilled labor of the Untied S.i'les , and we lo
recommend ibopa spronjn law to jtic i > 8o
the hope * money ins o' t 'l I P'U'vnlu io fc'O
per head , no us 1081.00 i'lioJii ( ) . ! : o"jmi ices to
tliM cou ill y , t 'o nKV'cv so u' ed by < it's tux
to bo used us a lU'd o \ * n cto nod iiocoOl
of all IiBoi1' . f " * .s. " A it-ol i oa wns at'o'itcO
dcmaad'tiTi 'O'vssn-co. . a 'aw jiraj'bliltnf
Uivjoarwc i lycoo * actoo.iierr.'se , foriao
pucJP O of P . - i.'c'ese < icd by i je iovcrn-
mcnkorthosui e to o : i-oui employe's who
cmnloy other llioi tioloti men. A circular
untagooibtlotoGoio-jO'-Clovelaoti H'-jned by
mony work'ngm ' - ) . bad Keen iwoduced. anil
a number Oi ailcmpis maiio to oiler resolu-
tiocsdeiiounc'pir tne c'nuilar as uoautuor-
Ized. Thocj-cu'iir , nnd all resolutions ro'a.- '
Ing to It , were ru'cd ' out of order , as not prop
erly before the convention.
A Movement that Will Compel the U. P. to
DlscloKe Its Position.
A Chicago dispatch says that the
NoiLhwestern having requested of its east
ern connections as well as the Union Pacific
and Its western connections that It will not
permit any of its business consigned to the
Western Trunk-Line association or Califor
nia Fast-Freight line to be diveited over
any other lines than Its own , will compel
the Union Pacific to disclose its position at
once in the tripanite complications. The
eastern connections of the Notthwestein
will of course comply with the request of
the latter , but what the Union Pacific will
do has not yet transpired. If it complies
with the re quest of the No.ihwestern and
refuses to divert the latter's bus'ness as re
quested by ihe Western Trunk-Line
association , it would be conclusive
proof that it is not in harmony
with the Rock Island and Milwau
kee and St. Paul , and will not aid them in
carrying out the original trlpauite agree
ment. 1C it takes this position , then the
Rock Island , and MihvauKee aim St. Paul
will have no other alterative than to sue it
for breach of contract. If it does not com
ply with the Northwestern's request and
decides to take sides with its original allies
the Rock-Island and the Milwaukee and
St. Paul then the Northwestern will have
to take legal action against it in order to
find out whether it can lawfully d.verl
freight irom one road to anothe. or dis
criminate in favor of one road a aiust au-
othei. In cither event the Union Pacific
will have a hard road to travel. Ic is the
general opinion that the Union Pacific would
p. cfer to get out of the tripartite combina
tion altogether , and is anxious to form an
offensive and defensive tieaty with the
Burlington on all business west of the Mis
souri river. It is stated that all arrange
ments for such a treaty have been per
fected , but cannot be carried out so long as
tne tripattite complications are unsettled.
The Union Pacific and Burl'ngtou are the
more anxious to join hands on account of
the position latel" taken by the Chicago &
Northwestern. But little doubt is expitssed
that this road really means to at once extend
its Sioux City and Pacific road through
Wyoming to a connection with the Cential
Pacific and probably through to the Pacific
coast. As the Northwestern is controlled by
Vanderbilt , there can be no doubt as to its
ability to car./out such project. With such
a line the Norihwestein would prove a
most formidable competitor against all
the other Pacific roads. There are some ,
however , who do not believa that the
Northwestern seriously contemplates the
building of such a line , though they con
sider it probable that the extension may be
made through Wyoming , but not f urllier.
In either event , howevertheNoithwestein
wodld be able to ereatiy injure the Union
Pacific and the Burlington , and it is tnere-
fore necessary that these roads should Join
hands in an olfensive aud defensive treaty to
be prepared to meet the competition of the
Nounwestern when it gets in the field.
BAiiLejr No.2 72 to 53
KVE No. 3 42 © V > y.
vJOKX No. 2 37 © 3S
OATS No. 2 SO © KH
BUTTEH Creamery. IS to 20
BUTTEK Choice da--y. 14 © 35
GRAPHS Per basket 1 50 @ 2 00
ECGL Fvesh 1"1A& UJ
CHICKENS Per doz , live 250 @ 275
CmcK-JNS Dressed , pcrlb 12 © 13
APPLES Baivcis 3 00 © 3 50
POTATOES Per bushel i'l © O
To ATOrs : Per box 85 © 90
SEEDS Timothy 1 3 © 2 ( )
SEEDS Blue Grass 225 @ 250
HAY Bailed , per ton 900 © 11 tJ
WHEAT Per bushel 78 79
COKJf Per bushel 51 @ 52
OATS Per bushel 2ii © 5
POHK 18 50 © 19 ( )
LARD 750 © 7 52 } . <
HOGS Pckff and shipp'g 575 © 630
CATTLE Exports 650 © 7U
SUEEP Medium to good 3U © 425
WHEAT Per bushel 82 © S2J |
CORN Per bushel 47Ji@ 48
OATS Per bushel 2C © 2'/4 !
CATTLE Exports G 30 © 6 65
SHEEP Medium 3 25 @ 350
HOGS Packers 580 © 6 ? J
Origin , ol "Whig" and "Loco-
Foco. "
Croffat's Letter.
Gen. James Watson Webb told me
.how the name "whig" came to be ap
plied to the great party that had its
birth about 1830. He had been a , warm
partisan of Jackson and resigned his
commission in 1827 , came to New York
and started the New York Courier in
the interest of that chieftain. He had
some of the equipments of a successful
editor ; great positiveness , a clear head ,
a good memory , but he was not a schol
ar or an elegant writer , and he never
became either.
One of the great grievances of his life
was that Jackson , his hero , became "an
apostate" that is , threw the federal-
its overboard , and , from being an ad
vocate of the United States bank , be
came its eremy. Webb rallied the
leaders of a new ant'-Jackson party to
gether , and gave them the name of
"whig , " by which for twenty-five
years the great party was thereafter
His paper , the Courier and Enquirer ,
was also responsible for the enemy's
pseudonym. A democratic meeting in
old Tammany hall in 1830 broke up in
a row , as has occasionally been the case
since that time. One party blew all
the candles out ; and the other party
having provided themselves with that
astonishing new-fangled contrivance
known as a match , relighted them and
reassembled their scattered partisans.
This match coup de main astonished
everybody and caused great amuse
ment , for matches had then recently
been invented and were not yet in gen
eral use. They were generally called
[ oco-focos ( probably Italian "loco-
iuoco' ' wild fire ) and in the morning
account given of the tumult the Cour
ier and Enquirer reporter called the
party who relighted the candles "loco-
: ocos. " This became the nickname of
the party. _ _ _
It is said that the rate of the filtra
tion of the water supplied by the vari-
3us water companies to London does
aot in any case exceed 540 gallons per
square yard of filter bed in twenty-four
iiours. i
How the Hand-Car Got 'Its Namo.
CJlcnzo HeraU' .
Our train stopped nt a wry station-
by the siu'o of the track stood a hnnd-
ca- , with the name -'The Bad" paint
ed on It. The section boss nod his men
werp there waiting Tor the passenger to
get out o" f'eir way.
"How did you come to name yoiu
car that ? " was asked of the boss , who
puffed at his black clay pipe and re
plied :
"That was the result of a incident ,
your honor. 'Twas a good many year
ago , when I was a ; ieeu 'tin on the
section. One eveningl was in ahm < .jr
to get irorn t'ae 342d mile post , where
we had workeil that day , into town.
Ye see , I had a guiul tnini days the
same what's now down there in tlic
cajin atimdin' to the kids. IthaV > penei
the track inspector was heliiu' ol mo
align a bad curve , an' so wliiu No. i
come alon he siaals her and ils
aboard , it being a baturday nirht and
him aiiMous to git home over cmnday ,
ye know.
An idea struck me all of a , sudden ,
and so I said. "Get out the rope , byes ,
and hit' * h her on behint. " The boys
did it , . too , and soon we was whizzing
toward town. 'The 'taties won't be
cold this night , said one of llio boys ,
gleefully. 'That beats workin' of our
passage all to pieces , ' At iir&t we en
joyed it , but piirty fcoou we got to o-oin'
faster and faster , when it wasn't so
funny. The handles o/ the machine
went"up and down like mad ; we hail
to let go our hold , an' if one of 'em had
struck a man of xis it 'ml have killed
him dead. We had to liang all about
the edges of the car , an' it bobbin' up
an' down an' jtiuipiu' around like a
rubber ball.
I had just whipped out my knife to
cut the rope with , when , begob , a won-
de 'fi > l 'hing liok place. That handcar -
car just raised herself off the rails , and
.sailed out behind like a Hag. Up in
the air like a streamer , three lut if an
inch rvoni the track an' it's the sol
emn truth I'mtellin' ye we Hew along
like a birrud. The handles stopped
workin' , 'cause the wheels didn't
touch notliin' but air , and the danger
of bein' brained ws over. We was a
runin' a mile a minute then , an' for
x'X mile we sailed ia the air like a
biiloon. When we slacked up we
were so lucky as to hcv the wheels of
our hand-car come square down on
the rails. Thin I cut the rope , glad ,
you kin bet , to reach the end of my
iirst and last journey in the air. Thet's
how my car corned to be named "The
Bird. "
Something About the Smallest of
the Central American Republics.
Dr. Zaldivar , president of the little
republic of San Salvador , is making a
brief sojourn in the United States on
his way home from Europe. In an
interview with a New York Mail and
Express reporter he says of the countrj
he represents :
Salvador is not appreciated by ant
known to the people of the Unitct
States , I think , as well as her merits
deserve. It is because of this belief that
I am now here ; combining with mj
pursuit of health the business of doing
something toward extending the indus
trial relations of Salvador with the
United States.
Salvador is one of the most rich am
fertile countries in the world. We have
no very poor people such as you have
here. Everybody has enough for the
necessaries of life , and to-day if a for
eigner comes among us lie is welcome
and soon rises to the distinction of a
freeholder. Our principal products
are indigo and balsam of Peru. Bui
we raise immense herds of cattle ; ant
our gold and silver mines are among
the first of the world. Our railroat
facilities are good and are being rap
idly improved ; in short , there is no rea
son that Salvador should not deserved
ly take her place among the republics
of the world. I have been absent from
my country about four months , during
which time I visited England , France
and Spain. Though my travels have
been purely social in character was
officially received with all honors by
the French and Spanish governments.
With King Alfonso and Queen Victoria
I was accorded several personal inter
views. I shall remain in the United
States about ten days during which
time I shall call upon the principal
state and government officials and visit
such places as I may think my work
and the interests of my country de
mand. I entered upon my second term
of office in February last. In Salvador ,
the president is elected for four years ,
but can succeed himself as often as the
people so will it. We have two greal
parties there , the Conservatives and the
liberals. Before I came on the field
Don Fabio Moran and Gen. Lopez , both
of them Salvadoreans , were candidates
for the piesidency , but I was the hon
ored choice of the people.
Nathaniel Hawthorne's Wife.
Boston Letter to New Orleans Ttmes-Dciaocrat.
The venerable Miss Elizabeth Peabody -
body , now in her eighty-third year , is
a sister of Mrs. Horace Mann "and of
Mrs. Hawthorne. "Was Mrs. Haw
thorne at all like Mrs. Mann or Miss
Peabody ? " I asked Mrs. Whipple to
day. Miss Peabody and Mrs. Mann
are very unlike , and each strong in in
dividuality. Mrs. Whipple told me in
reply that Mrs. Hawthorne was pre
eminently the artist in her nature , and
she gave me a little picture of her
when the Hawthorne's lived at Lenox
that will always stay with me. The
Whipples were visiting the Haw-
thornes , who lived in the daintiest lit
tle cottage. For tea that night Mrs.
Hawthorne picked the currants and
made the bread , and Mrs. Hawthorne
set the table so that Mrs. Whipple and
her husband could face the range of
hills , and they sat down just at the
hour of sunset. A perfect flood of
golden radiance mingled with the
dusky , purple shadows of defile'and
glen , and Mrs. Hawthorne said : "I
wish I had a Japanese house that I
might throw the whole side open to
this enchanting picture. "
In India cats are sometimes attack
ed by cholera , according to a French
authority , and may communicate the
disease to man.
Ranch on Red Willow , Thornburp , Hayes
County , Neb. Cattle branded "J. M. " on
left slue. Young ctttle branded same u
above , also "J. " on left law. Under-ilope
right ear. Horses branded "E" on left
Stock brand circle on left shoulder ; also
dewlap and a crop nnd under half crop on.
left ear , and a crop and under bit in the
right. Ranc'i on tbo Republican. Post-
office , Max , Dundy county , Xebraoka.
0"born , Neb. Range : Red Willow creek ,
in Houthweht corner of Frontier county , cat
tle branded " 0 L O' ' on ripht side. Also ,
an over crop on right ear and under crop on
left. Horses branded " 8" on riu'bt shoulder.
Indianola , Xeb. Range : Republican Val-
ey , east of Dry Creek , and near head of
Spring Creek , in Chase county ,
vice President and Superintendent.
Ranch 2 mllpg north of McCook. Stock
branded on left hip , and a few double cross
es on loft M ] p.r.r > ERCANBRACK.
P. O. Address , Carrico , Hayes county ,
Nebraska. Range , Red Willow , above Car
rico. Stock branded as above. Also run the
la'zv m brand.
Ranch4 miles southwest of McCook , on the
Driftwood. Stock branded "AJ" onth
) eft hip. P. O. address , McCook , Neb.
1 McCook , Neb. , Ranch 4 miles southeast ,
on Republican river. Stock branded with
a bar and lazy S on left hip
jtanch , Spring Canyon on the Frenchman
River , In Chase county , Xeb. Stock branded
as above ; also " 717" on left side ; 1 > V > on
risht hip and "L. " on right shoulder-
"L."on left shoulder and 4 < X. " on left
Jaw. Half under-crop left ear , and gquare-
crop right ear.
Ranch on Red Willow Creek , half mile
? 006' Cattlebrandedoa
aide ana hip
SALfc-jjnproved Deeded .Farm
HajLand. Timber and water. Two
turn hpuies , with other
Convenient to No. 1 school priTileJeVT Slf-
gtted Ion Republican river/near m uti Tof
Bed Willow creek. Call on J. F. Black ,
" ' orddreishjm