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About Custer County Republican. (Broken Bow, Neb.) 1882-1921 | View Entire Issue (June 30, 1904)
THE JUMEL MANSION .
Colonia.l House Whose Story is Interwoven with the
Grent. Interest Is manifested by all
; ! l rlotic societies In the Imrrender by
\he \ city of Now York to the Daughters
) C the American Rovolutlon of the
Desultory attempts Imvo been made
or many : rears to preserve to pasteI'l-
l IY this historic place , and at last the
, leed Is done. The beautiful homo of
the late Oen. Ferdinand Phinney Earle ,
. .vhlch W S recently purchased by the
. Ih" , Is soon to pass Into the taro of
Ihe general commltteo of the J1ugh-
lei'S of the American Revolution , to
.Nhom belongs the cre'dlt of having
Drought about Its acquisition. As
' 3oon as these ladles become Incorporated -
-rated , and thus enabled to hold prop-
m'ly , the transfer will bo made to
them. The mansion will be conducted
ns a free historical museum. .
This hOllse , historically .lmown as
the Morris 110use , was the mllltar '
l1cadqllarters \Vashlngton anll , hiE !
'Staff on Harlem Heights. Here he
first met O neral , then Captain , Alex-
mder Hamilton , whom ho loved as II. I
son. Hero Washington recolved the
llDannoultced visits of IUllIan chiefs ,
110t knoWing whether their Intent was
friendly " or warlike. From the oppo-
slto s"horo ho wept lIke a child when
' 110 aw the Hcsslans slaughter his
troops. From this house ho was
< lI'lven by Lord Howe , and ho novel'
returned to It until after he was presl-
-dent of the United States.
There is much of historical nation-
nl romanc conneotod with the Morris
. 11Ouao , later known as the .Jumel man-
Col. Roger Morris , the ancient military -
tary companion of Washington In thnt
fateful an awful Braddock campaign ,
' ullt this mansion , which he Intended
to bo the homo of his bride , Miss Mary
Phlllpse , whom \Vashlngton 113d also
loved and wished to wed , but was reo
Co1. Morris remalnel ] true to the
royalfBt cause , and after the brealung
out oc the war he took his family to
JJngland. His property was conl1s-
oeated by the colonial goernm nt , but
4f " - -
Here is Where
, . . .
; Planned jhe
- - - -
lous fervor. At DO time In all the
dark days of the revolution was his
spirit maI'o overcast thl\n when the
Morris house , on Harlem Heights , was
bis military headquarters.
Every school boy Imows that WashIngton -
Ington served his country without
compensation , that. he leept an account
Df his actual expenses , which the government -
ernment was to 1) ' ; but few know
that the Father of his Country was
onq of the richest , If not the richest ,
president wo have ever had. WashIngton -
Ington was a millionaire In his own
lime , which 1s equivalent to beIng a
mulUmlllloDalro at the present. day.
It is only necessary to thlnle of thla ;
and the comlorts his wenlth would
have given him In England , or even
In France , to realize the sacrll1co he'
mado. Add to this that all his tastes
led him to the lIfo of the arIstocrat ,
and you will get a still l\Cener percep-
tion. If Wnshlncton made no com. I
ment upon the fa t that one ol the
captains of his company , acting .In the
capacity of a barber , ahaved the soldiers -
diers In front of the house in which
he had his headquarters , it was because -
cause his mind was occupied by more
wolchty and Important matters rather
than that ho approved or such n
breach of military caste and dlecl-
When he wa1lted on the lawn he
had In his "mInd a plcturo of the half-
starved , 11 lf-nqleed so1l1ler8 all over
the country. For them he thought and
worked and prayed-tho democratIc
captain , strapping his razor , was n
trll1e. Wushlngton rode about the
place giving directions that the al'-
pro aches to his camp should bo fortified -
fied b ' redoubts , abatis 'and deep In-
During these rides he saw sarno
work that instantly attracted his at-
tention. Upon inquiry , ho was told
that they were constructed by Capt.
Alexander Hamilton. This young
man's talents In the mIlItary line had
been previously spoken oC to Washington -
ton by Gen. Greene. Hamilton was
scarcely In his twenties at that tlmo ,
1 > . r
- - , - ; .
The British soldiers were M r1bo
and an nttack might bo OXIectod at
almost any moment. On the mornlnc
of Sopt. 16,1716 , word was broucht to
'Vashlngton at hoadqunrters' that the
enemy wa.s ad\'anclng in throe largo
columns. There had been so many
false roporto of an attack before this
that Adjl. Oon , Reed gained permls.
sian from Washington to rldo forth
and ascertain for a certalntr what
the trouble Wa.1.
The firing continued brisk , and
Washington mounted his horse and
rode toward the outl > osts. Ho WM
met by Reed returning , ' who told
Washington the advmced post , which
had been situated on tha hili sl < lrtod
by the wooc1 , had been attaclI ! } by n
strong detachment of the enemy. Our
own troops-a conwany or continental
rangers-were commanded by Llout.
Col. KnowttoD , who had distinguished
himself at Dunltcr Hili. Oen. Leslie ,
the Drltlllh comman < ler , had under
him three companies of Hosslan rlOe :
men , ono of Royal Highlanders , and I
his forces 60 outnumbered the continental - I
nental boys that he had succeeded in
capturing the outposts.
Hoed WaS earnest In his appool to
Washington that relnfor.cements be
fought so nobly. Whllo he was sUll
sent to the continental boys who
spealclng , the British soldiers came
In sight nnd sounded tholr bugJos ,
after the manner of those calling In
to witness the death at a fox chase.
Both Washington tid Reed , were stung
to the quick by this taunting , dcrlBlvo
bugle call , and three companies wore
ordered out from Col. Weedon's Vir.
glnia regiment , commanded by Major
Leitch. A sharp contest took place ,
In which the Virginia boys vied with
ono another In bravery. Major Leitch
received three bullets In his sldo and
was carried oft the 1101d. He dledot
these wounds about two wee1 < s later ,
but not without the happlnesB of
knowing that he had Msisted at about
the I1rst victory of the Amerlcl1ns and
with the praises of his belo.'ed Wash ,
Ington to soothe his last moments.
0/01-- : ' M . . . . .
JClnEl. I'1AN50H1JCWf : 0" 6E/V.p//7.'E7/IfL.l/-/6OrH5r tIJ'L
, ' ,
: tfter peace was declared the crown
made good all Col. Morris' losses as a
, lo"ard : 1 for his loyalt " . Dy an ante-
nuptial ngreoment this property l1ad
hetn setlled upon Mrs. Morris. After
1101' death the claim of ner heil's wa\
\ huught by John Jacob Astor. 'fho
} lroOt of this 'transaction In real es-
tate Is said to have netted the old man
the snug sum of $500,000.
Subsequentl : " the mansion was
, ho.ught by Stephen Jumel , IL wealth '
. j } < 'rench wino merchant , whoso widow.
at the ago of sixty , marrIed Aaron
, , Burr , who was at that time a marlted
} 'and ruined old mlln of seventy-eight.
.I Ultimately the property reverted to a
lineal descendant of Col. Morris. the
} ate Gen. l"ordlnand Phinney Earle ,
_ whose widow lived In the Jumel mansion -
sion until It was acquired by the city.
' 1'ho ancients represented TJmp. as a
monster dot'ourlng his children. The
, march of tlmo and the wonderful Increase -
crease of rroperty values are devouring -
ing every landmarle of the struggle
that ma.do us a. . nation. Parcel after
parcel of thl old lroperty that once
belonged to Col. Morris cus been sold.
cut up Into city lots and built upon.
But the Jumel mansion , 111 the midst
of nearly thirty lots , and the sycamOl'e
trees that M. Jumel brought fl'Om
Franco and planted there-the < H1ly
trees of the } dnd In the country-havo
not been disturbed.
If caution and modest deference to
the opinions or others arc Caults In
the character of a military man WashIngton -
Ington possessed these faults to n
marked degree , and It Is perhaps due
to those sarno faults maI'o than to
any other cause that our strugle ! In
i the war for Independence ended in
1 . giving us national birth. A bold dash
- for freedom 'Would have ended in
4 prison or worse for all the leaders , but
" the patient pollc of worr'ing the
enemy to death won.
\ There 'W s little of the frivolous In
r WashlnJton's , nature. From early bo-
hood be 'Was orderly , methodical , 110
appreciated the lralse of people perhaps -
haps as much as any man that ever
lived , but the weakness that 1l1l rks
the "poser" was I(61)t In careful rein
by his scrupulous bonesty and relli ; '
\Vashlngton made him a member
of his military family , learned to love
him as a .son , and this love and conl1.
dence lasted through life.
One of the rooms all the west side
of the Jumel man lon Is to this day
covered with an antique wall paper ,
which , It Is claimed , General Wash.
Ington and his staff hung , Washington
himself mixing the paste. On the
wall of this same room , when Gen.
Earle's famil ' occupied the house ,
hung thirteen large ears of ordinal' ) '
l1eld corn , no doubt from some nearby -
by farm. Tradlt'lon says that Wash.
Ington hung up this ( .orn to t , 'plfy
the thirteen original states. Whether
or not Washington placed them there ,
It 18 certain that they have been on
that sarno wall for more than hundred -
dred years , and 1ll'C to this day nearl ) '
perfect , anI ) ' 1\ few of the grains hav.
Ing fallen off.
Gen. F..arlo once gathered up those
fallen grains of corn and planted them ,
but not ono grain sprouted Into life.
The general tnld ; that ho did not know
whether this fact Indicated that the
uf germs of the corn were dead or
that his lmowledgo of farming was de-
Coullclls of war were held In I'Jls
house by Washington Rlld his starr.
In Its rooms he gave a welcome to
Gen. Lee-upon whom at the tlmo
the hopes of the nation were IJlaced
on account of his successes In the
'Washington loved the place and he
hoped that If the onom ' attacked him
there an American victory would reo
A sU1'lrlse } not altogether welcome
w s given to Washington one day
when his orderly announced that some
Indian chiefs waited without , having
sent In a request for a talk with the
"great father. " The oxperlonco of
Wash'ngton's ' early life had taught
him that the Indian Is an exceedingly
unrellablo comrnodlt . . A these
braves wore soUlnvlted guests , there
was a moro than strolll suspicion that
thc ' might mean treacher ) ' . However ,
thl red men hud their talk In peace ,
toole their departure , and DO harm
came of It ,
This encounter , though unimportant
In Itself , WIlS the mealls of cheerinG
the disheartened troops. But Fort
\Vashlngton was a verltablo Naboth'e
vineyard to Lord Howe. He closed
In on It 11.3 much as possible. Wash ,
Ington was of the 0111nlon that the
AnCrlcans could not hold the fort
ngnlnst such numhers of well fed , well
clothed , dlschJl1ned soldiers ; but as
Greene differed with him In opinion ,
and Gr ene was In actual command-
Washington having gone over to tbe
Jm'sey shore-he deferred to Greene ,
l..ol'd Howo's forces were encamped
on Fordham Helg\lts \ , from wllch ! placG
he sent to Gen. Greene a summons to
surrender. The demand was accom.
panled with a threat of the extreme
mcasures to which the Drlhsh officer
would resort If ho were obliged to
take the fort by assault.
All Aillerlcnn Is , and always was ,
the poorest man on earth to s"-nl1ow ,
a threat , and c.cn. 1\Iagnaw , who had
received the summons. returned th
reply : "Assure His Excellency that ,
a. tuated by the most glorious r.aU8C
that rt\nnklnd ever fought In , I am de.
termlned to defend thla fort to thc
very last extrenllty. "
Lord Howe had planned four slmul ,
taneous attacls. The tort fell intu
his hands , with 110sI ! to our cause ot
upvard of two thousand men 1lllod
and wounded , From that tlmo until
e\'acuatlon day Fort Washington . wnE
hold by the Hrlthh.
It was fourteen years later that Gen ,
Wnshlngton next passed the portala
of the Morris house. Ho was theD
president of the United Slates , and h
made a note of this visit In hl8 dlar ) ' ,
Ulilier the dnte of July 10 , 1790 , ID
the 1mrty that qccompanled Washlnl : '
ton were the vlce.presldent , John Ad ,
ams , and his wife ; Mlaa Smith , thE
secrotarles of state , treasury and war ,
and the wh'es of tbo two fatter ; alsc
all the gentlemen \Vashlngton' ,
family , Mrs. l.car and the two cbll' '
This party vlsltod the places of th
sUl'roundlng coulltr ' where \Vashlng ,
tOll. . had wall.ed and rlddon on hh
horse when ho was 60 wolghted dowc
with the respOnsibilities at war ,
rHE ISSUES FOR 1904.
: tOOSEVEL T'S NOMINATION CER.
TAIN TO DE UNANIMOUS.
epubllcan. Will stand P.t , Whll.
Democrat. will Strike for Tariff
Revision Without Regard to the
Need. .f American Labor and In-
The , doJ SI\\cs \ are , chosen for the
e ubllcan national convention , More
than two.thlrds of these dolegatoR 111'0
Instructed tor the nomlnntlon of Thea- !
dare Roosevelt , and It Is known that' '
majorIty of the remalnlnl : third 11.1'0
outspokenly In favor of hili nomina-
tion. It I\l1pear8 to bo settled thl\t the
.lomlnatlon will be unanimous and
that no other name will be presented
before the convention. The sentiment
regard In , ; the nomination for Vice-
President is divided bet"cen Repre.
' ) ontatl\'e R , R. Hltt of Illinois and
Senator Falrbanlts or Indiana , with
'the Indications that one or thft ether
, f these gentlemen will be selected ,
The Democrats al' ( ) not malting
much headway In their etrortn to "get
tOGether" for a campaign In which
ther bellevo that , with n united front ,
they would have some chanto of suc-
coss. All Indlcntwns point to the
nomination at Judge Parlccr of Now
York , but there Is n detvrmlned minority -
nority oPPoBlng him , and under the
Denwcro.tlc convQntlon requirement
: It a two.thlrds majority to otrcct a
nomination , it Is by no means yet
rtnln that the ollposltlon may not
De able te defeat the Now York cantU-
date. There Is blttor opposition to
Jud o Barker , nnd it Is expected that
.he Bryan element , which w.1Il be rep-
: csJnted In large numbers on the noor
) [ the onventlon , ilid will bo led by
: hQ Nebraskan In a powerful speech
- - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
I . THE IRO N HEEL.
' ; " ; ; ,
. . '
' : . <
. " .
- - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
to the convention. wfll do every thing
possible to prnvent. the nomination
going to Judge Parltcr. There wfll be
enough unlnstructod delerates In the
convention to make this result posRI.
ble , provided they'crm be united to
, With the near approach of the conventions -
ventions and th6 question of the nomInations -
' less settled -
Inations becomlpg mal'O or
tled , attention Is now dlrocted to the
subject of the platform declarations
for this , year's great campaign. As
usual , there Is plenty of evidence of
attempts at temporlzlnc by those who
have no settled convictions on the
& ; rQat Issues' of the day , and who are
ready always to sacrlnce lrlnclples In
the hope of catering to the uneasy
element that Is always very noisy In
the beginning of Q. campaign. Evidences -
dences of this 11.1'0 . found In both par'
ties. 8turdy advocates of the doctrlno
of protection are confront9d by an ele. :
ment In the party that Is rel\dy to
malto concessions to "rovlslonlsts" and ! .
to "reciprocity" advocate . The Democrats -
ocrats arc troubled by the noisy clamors -
mors of the old-time silver shout rs ,
who cannot bo convinced that the
money question Is settled and that
free silver Is as dead all Dryanlsm.
A determined e1'1'0rt fs helng made by
the really courageous leaders of' ' the
Democratic party to line up the party
In favor of an assault aU along the
I line upon the principles of protection.
They desire to make tbe emphatic de.
mand that protection shall go and
that tariff shall be revised by the
I Democratic party without reference to
protection to the Industries of the
, United Statos.
Cleveland'o Bond Sale.
Ex-President Cle\0IaOlI'9 attemlJt to
I eXllaln his bond Issues In the Saturday -
day Eyenlng Post neither throws any
new knowleilgo on the transactions
, nor puts them in any better light be.
fore intelligent people. Mr. Cleveland
says that the repeal of the act of 1890
, did not give any rellet , and yet wo ,
are told by free traders that the cause
of the panic of 1893 was the Sherman
Silver-Purchase law of 1890. Protectionists -
tionists have always known that the
repeal of that law by no means met
, the situation , nor could prevent " , e
distress that came upon 0111' peoille
immedlatoly nfter the election of
Mr. OIenland , and with 111m a Demo.
, cratlc Senate and lIou8e In 1892. The
l ex.Presldent lIays most truly , how-
eyer. that "a factor in the situation ,
most perplexing and dangeroul , was
I the distrust. which was ber.ntclln
, fmormous , re ardlng the wfsdom P.ftt'l '
atablUty of our Bcheme of nnance , "
and ho mllht have added , In anticipation -
pation of the coming change In our
Free traders cannot explain awar
our calamities of 1893 and tho'follow -
ID years by ifrnorlng tbo fact thPot th"
people , . " soon as the electlol.l of 18 : ) : !
was over. b an to anticipate the fre
trade mMsuro wblch was bound to I
come. It Wall well Imown thr.t the
hOUll8 wou1d , pass as ( Ita tc ! a meas.
ure aB ball over been enactcd , ami
there Is a polI lbl1lty that If It hal
een nown to .what. extent the bill
" "oulll bo ch"ngcd In the Senate the
IJRnio 'l\'ould not have heon qulto BO
sovere. Uncortalnty nn 8uspenso are
always prod"ilvo ; : at grooteI' tear than
the actunl re Ult , however severe tb1\t
result may ho. The manufacturers
nt } merp.huntl1 of thlll countr ' slmlJly
hall to prelaro for the worst , with the
rC8utl that It was necessary to curtail -
tail Irodllctlon , which In turn created
Idleno8s anll , a lack of l1urchaslng
} Jower , which Is so essontlnl to the
wollat'e of every a rlcultural and man.
ufacturlng 'community In the lanl.
Mr , Cleveland only begs the qUfR-
tlon when ho throws Ul0 clahn tor the
panic of 1893 and the IH + ; asters whlcb
followell upon otr monetary sYHtam
and the laws ot our pro\'lous admln.
Istratlons. The historian docs not
care 80 much for the way In which
the $262,000,000 worth of bonds were
sold as the reasons for the necessity
ot their bolng 1.1011I , and these ron onR
are to-day pretty well understood by
all and tBcknowledged by the cam1I1
and falr.mlndGIi buslnes men of the
country. When a man of ox-President
Cleveland's oxperlonco and Imowlellgc
und(1rtaltes to explain the necosslty
for aolllng the $262,000,000 worth of
bonds which were lIold during his ad.
ministration , without nlludlnc to the
tarlft question he shows himself to
be olthor dl8hon08t or exceedingly tlls-
A Word About Our Railroads.
Mr. .Novlllo Prlostly of the Drltlslt
Indian Railway department , In his re. I
cent report wheroln , he dlsc\t sell our
American 'railroads ' , says the avm'ago
daily par of the unsklllod worltman
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
here In tbe United States Is nearly
equal to the average monthly pay of
the Indian laborer , while our freight
rat.es are much lower hero than In
any country In the world , India not
excented. And on top of all this our
free trarlers toll us that aliI' American
ral1road8 have to pay $28 n ton for
steel ralls , while the steel trust sells
to India tor $16. It would look as II
the railroad magnates were between
tvo-yes , three-l1res : high prl es for
rallR , hl&hest wages on earth Rnd lowest -
est freight rates. And yet the year 1903
was the best In the history of Amorl.
cnn railroading , and'less roads of leM
number of miles lUId with lesH amount
of stocks and bonds were Bold under
foreclosure than any previous year
How caD this result be obtslned ? Sim.
ply because of the magnltudo of our
Internal commerce , made possible by
the great purchasing power of our
well employed , highly paid wage carn.
ers , added to the well rewarded III. . '
bars of our agriculture. Destroy our
homo marltel and railroads would
have to very materially reduce waKes ,
ralso fr lght and passol1 er rates. ergo
go out of business ,
An Amazing WJ.Y.
Imports of "raw material a" contlDltf
to Increase , although the enemies 0 :
the Dingley law said that with Buch [
tarltr we could not get them. Ant
the best of it Is that these materh l
are worked up Into finished products
mainly to be exported In that term
See the I1gures tor annual exports a
manufactures , now close to the $600 ,
000,000 mnrl < , which Is not far troD
the total of Imported raw materials
'l'hat Dlniley tarIff has an am zlnl
way of confounding all the predlctlonl
and upseUing the calculations of th _
tree traders.-Ohlo Valley Manufac
A Flop. .
Some of tIlO free tradeI'll are no"
claiming that the tnrlft cuta own tht
l'fOol1tll of 'manufacture. Thlu la 111
Interesting nap. Heretofore protectiOl
has been denounced as a "partnCt
ship" between the overnment anI
manufactureI'II wherohy the lat
terll' llrofits wore swelled. The frel
traders ahould find out where they ar. .
al.-Rochester Democrat and Chron
Parker a Free Trader.
iom of the Parker boomers hllV' '
discovered that the Judge " , rolt ! par
ot lhe New York State Democrat !
plAtform In 1885. That platform It :
dQrsed Mlo Cleveland admlnlatratlor :
t en .n offica over a year , and Ita tal
If ! refol'm policy. This dlRcovery I
'Wt like ! ) ' to help the JUdgfl or hI
boom amo E ; tho/jo who recall wha
halveMd 'When the Democratic plcr
of tariff reform 'Wa. ! IJut lute orr"ct.-
Troy TlmCf , ; . .
The Horse' . WalkIng Galt. ,
How fast the 110rso "Walks reg\l.lateQ
to some extent his value. The slow
wallclng horse Is n t1resomo anlml\l
to labor with if ono bas an amblt10Q
to do It. gool1 day's work. On the
farm the rate at , vhlcb n borso can
walk Is seldom conshlered at broMlng
Ume , yet wo must expect that 810w
wallclng hor'les wfll produce slow
walkln horscs , nnd Ulat fst wal1c1ng
horsell will prol1uco fast wallclng
borsoR , 'l'hls is n prlnclplo that It
will pny to l\eep sl 1tt of wben the
mares and sl.\1IIons nrc bolnc mated.
Bomo of our best farmers claim tuat It
Is ) argely matter of , training , and
that the slow hOl'ses can bo tralnod
to increase their speel } of wallc1ng.
This may bo so , but It Is moro 1I1ealy
that the halilt or slow or fast walking.
Is a matter of InherItance. Howovor.
It will ho n good 'thing ' tor the men
that teach hor908 to worle to take the
habit of slow wnllclng In hand It the ,
colt has formed it and try to break it
by teaching the anhnal to walk fast.
One horseman lIays tbat It n colt Is
allowed to walk slowly when ho la
bolng' tralnel1 to worlt bo will bold
to the habit all the rest or his
lICe. A colt that is naturl1111 slow
may be taught to walle fast , so this
man says , and once the habit ill t
formed It will l' maln with him when I
ho Is actually engaged in worle , though
he may drop back to 111s old habit
when be is out of harness. Slowness
af walldng Is n great dofeot in the
otherwl o valuable horse. If there la
another horse wltb him that horse
also must. walk slowly to adnpt bim-
self to the first 110rao. while the man
that drives them must also lese his
thno , In the course of n year this
amollnts to A. very largo Item. and
when it Is l1gv\'ol1 In < 1ollars and cents
's ' not a. factor to be < 1eslll ed. It Is
desirable to have on the farm only
fast walldng horses , and such animals
, nalto all farm worle easier where
horses 11.1'0 . emplo 'od. When we con-
IJlder that some horses waUe fitty vel'
cent faster tban do others , we can
rcadlly' understand that the additional
worle done by a fast walking team or
horscs over a alow wallelng ; team
JIllght eaolly be the dUeronco boo
lwedn profit and los9 on the opera.
tlons with Willch they were connected
on the farm' , It Is suggested tlmt
when the colt Is being hrollOll to worle
ho have a ratlo'n rich In protoln , lIIea
oats , so that he may 'havo sufllclont
stamina and latent forc to maleo It
"asy for him to allobt i:1. : vl orous calt
In his worl < . '
About Baby Bcet.
In malting bahy beef It Is necessary
that the calves to ho used for that
purpose contain a good tIcal of 1m.
} ) roved blood. It Is not. easy to malee
n , profitable bunch of baby beeves
tram every Itlnd of calvos. 'rho hlgller
the grade of calf used the better 'will
bo tbe resu ts both In foedlng and In
marketing. This is point that is
neglected by thousands of men that ,
try to malto money shipping cattle to
markot. After aU that bas been said ,
It . Is surprising that mOll will still try
to .mallo hlgh.prlced baby heof out at
the poorest stacIe tliey can obtain.
Oood broedlng is the best foundation
for good feeding. After the questioner
or breeding Is settled comes the quos-
tfon of tlmo of age of the calves. It
is evIdent that the man that. ' is trying
to prepare a bunch at auch animals
for marltot wlU need to have his nnl-
mals of a out the sarno ago at time
of marketing , If tholr ages vary
greatly he wlll find It difficult to feed
them with an economy ot time and labor -
bor , and when 110 com s to marlcot
thorn they are Hlmly to bo so uneven
that the prIce will bo consIderably re-
duced. What Is 0101'0 lIkely in such .
, a case Is tbat the animals wIll. part.
of them , iltay at bome and part. go to .
markot. 'l'hls will mean that the marketed -
koted ones will cost. 0101'0 tor transportation -
portation than they should und that
the others will ltavo to bo mnrkoted
later I1t conslderablo advance In coat
for shipping , Where they 11.1'0 or nearly -
ly the sarno ago they will grow up tote
to the m\rkotable ngo having a. nearly
uniform appearan e.
A Variety of Feed.
Whether the animals to bo fed are
) cattle , horses ox : aheop , a varIety of
foods will glvo better results than willi
a steady ration of one or two thlngs. _
Wo have seen horses fed corn and \
timothy hay year in and ) 'el1r out , In
: ' working tlmo and resting tlmo , nnd
Imow that this Is the practice on
many f our American farms. 1\Iany
n farmer hus retIuced his system or _
grain feeding to 80 many cars of corn
lIeI' horse per day. Not only Is sucb . . I
a ration out at balance , but it must
become very monotonous to tbo ani.
' . mals that have to taleo it or nothing.
Wo may not bo able to explain why n
variety of feeds is better for anlmal \
than 11. restricted ration , but tb.ore is . ,
every Indication that such 18 the fuct. '
Wo aroequ\lIY unable to tell why ono . .
or two Idnds of feed fed to a human '
being become objectionable to hIm '
atter a time. Doubtless Ulero is sarno
great law underlying the taste prof-
eronco. Careful feeders bellevo they < ,
can SilO fa > ; better resul.ts trom feedIng - " ,
variety ot feeds than I
Ing a one , and
this snme Idea is strngthoned ! by the
experlenco of our conege men In their i
clentific oxperlments relating to tJIP
feedlnt ; ot animals. 'rbe quality ot j
being uppetizlng Is ono quality 1n
toads 'that wo 11avo not 1et fixed the .
value of , but it Is one tbat It Is worth
catoting to , even 1C 'vc CaImot filluro
out , Itu procesucs. i
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