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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1895)
A Widow's Thrllllnfif Perpetuation
ef thoMomory of Her HuBbond'a
Beath by Dollrlum Tcrmona.
In tho publiii cemetery of Alchlsou,
Kan., about a mile southwest; of tho
city limits, ia a monument with a his
tory. To old residents there who aro ac
quainted with tho circumstanced un
der which it was erected, some ten
years ago, it has become a familiar
object, but a stranger seldom looks
nt it without a shudder and an ox
clamation of hror. It is a dull rod
eranito shaft, broad at tho bnso nnd
tapering towards tho top, and stands
on a slope fiomo fifty feet back from
tho main road. Tho image of a snake,
about n3 largo as a man's arm, is
twined around it from tho base to tho
apex. On tho four sides of tho pedes
tal is engraven in large, plain letters
x ItU'llARD ILVIims,
Died IVhrunry 13, 1877, of
Aged 4J years.
Mrs. Richard Harris, widow of tho
deceased, ordered tho monument
inado aftor a desian of her own, and
placed it at her husband's crave
about two month's after ltis death.
Mrs. Harris h( ill lives in Atchison
with her son and daughter, tho form
er (V youth of ilftecn nnd tho latter a
handsomo girl of eighteen. Tho boy
has tho blonde features and vivacious
temperament of hid father,. while tho
girl inherits tho dark cbmplexion and
taciturn disposition of her mother.
Her mother, it is said, was novcr
beautiful, although, oven iiow,ib would
be hard to suggest an alteration in
her features which would mako them
more nearly perfect. There is some
thing about her countenance which
most people find repellant. Either tho
sombre history of hev life in Atchison
has left its ihipnnt on her features or
she assumes a cold and haughty air
because bIio prefers to bo let alone.
As it is, she has few intimate friends
and mingles very little with her neigh
bors. She first camo to Atchison from
Georgia in 1807 with her mother. Her
name was Loretta: Hullett, and she
was then in her nineteenth year. Her
mother started a private boarding
liouse, and tho girl, who was vory
skillful with her needle, made good
motley as a soamstress. After twelvo
months' residence in Atchison her
mother was taken ill witli a fever and
died, and tho girl was thrown on her
own resources. Slio opened a millinory
shop, but having no capital to carry
on tho busmoss was soon obliged to
give it up. Then si e secured employ
ment in several private families as a
seamstress for short perlods,and final
ly went to work nt tho houso of Dr.
Chalice. Tho doctor was wealthy.
His mother-in-law, Mrs. Harris was
a widow, and her son Dick
lived witli tho doctor and his wife.
Tho Harrises, too, wero possessed of
largo means. Both families bad re
cently coino to what was then almost
tho frontier from tho East. Thoy
wero vory aristocratic nnd moved in
tho best Bocioty, When Lioretta Hul
lett camo to Dr. Chalice's houso to
work as a seamstress Dick Harris was
a youug man nearly twenty-six years
of age. Ho was a tall, handsome
blonde, with light brown hair and
gray oyes. Ho had Bpent four years
at Harvard and graduated, but he
had devoted more attention to ath
letics and midnight suppers during
his college course than to his books,
and the consequence was that ho nev
er stood well in his class, and nar
rowly escaped being "plucked" when
linnl examination day came. .'In
Atchinson lie studied medicine in tho
oflice of his brother-in-law, Dr. Chalice.
Ho seemed to have a natural apti
tude for tho profession and a tact
bordering on intuition in tho treat
ment of diseases. Old residents relate
remarkable cures effected by him after
physicians of long experience had pro
nounced the cased practically hope
lees. But he exhibited the samo dis
like for medical works that ho had
shown for hie Greek and Latin text
books while at college, and employed
himself mostly in taking long horse
back rides into tho country
in tho daytime and carousing
about town with congenial spirits nt
night. Notwithstanding his notori
ous habits, however, his genial dis
position, his nntive wit, nnd tho
standing of his family, made him wel
come in tho best Bociety.
Indeed, his reputation as a very
fast young man seems rather to have
commended him to most of tho young
ladies, and his conquests among tho
fair aio said to have been very numer
ous, His engagement to first ono and
nnd then another was freely talked of
as a settled fact on several occasions,
but whether or not these reports had
any foundation the weddings never
took place, and his heart seems to have
remained in his own keeping until he
fell a victim to tho charms ot hiss inter's
seamstress, Loretta Hullett.
Ono of Dick's few literary accom
plishments was an nbility to read
Spanish with considerable skill and
to speak it vith the fluency of a na
tive. When he was a youth of 17 and
full of love (or a wild life on the front
ier incident to that ago his father
sent him to a ranch which he owned
in Southern California and gave tho
establishment into his charge.
Although his management ot tho
concern was by no menus so success
ful in the way of financial results as
the elder Harris desired Dick, by con
stant association with tho men about
the pi ace, ul I of whom were Spaniards,
became almost ns proficient in their
laugunse as if he had never known
any other. Ho wns charmed with tho
smooth cadence of the tongue, and
when ho subsequently went to college
he devoted some time uml attention
to the ctudy of its grammatical con
struction. Upon his return to Atchi
son he discovered an old Spanish gun
smith named Znnthes, and used to
mako almost daily visits to the old
man's shop and upend hours in
talking to him. It was but a
short timo after tho dnrk-oyed Lo
retta had been employed at Dr. dial
ico's house until ho discovered that
she, too, could talk Spanish, nnd his
visits to the old gunsmith suddenly
ceased. As reticttit with him as she
was with every ono else in rogar,d to
her paat history, ho was left in ig
noranco as to how or whero she had
acquired It. Ho manifested no undue
curiosity on this point, hdwover, and
contented himself with tho inct that
Bho could speak it fluently.
At first ho conversed with her mere
ly as an amusement. Ho used to
spend an hour, sometimes more, In
tho sitting room where sho worked al
most every day beforo going back to
tho oflico after meals, or while waiting
for them when hccaniohomotoo early.
This conversation for tho most part
was mado up of ordinary small talk
about peoplo and events in the city
with which botli happened to be fa
miliar. Neither made cny attempt nt
concealment, because neither felt that
thero was anything to conceal. Dick's
mother and the Chalices frequently
found them chatting together, but
paid no attention to it, and in fact
wero rathor pleased that Dick seemed
to prefer this to somo other occupa
tions in which ho had been accustom
ted to find amusement nnd cutortain
mont. It was not long, hbwover, be
foro these conversations began to last
two, even throo hours.
Not infrequently Dick failed to go
down to tho oflico at nil in tho after
noon nnd spent tho timo talking to
"tho girl," ns sho was designated in
tho household, and watching her nim
bio fingers whilo sho sewed. Ho found
himself thinking of her a great deal,
although ho would hardly confess it
oven to himself. Tho oflico seemed to
?;row more of aboro than over, and
is counted tho hours from tho time ho
left tho sitting room until ho was back
again. His mother noticed this and
remarked to him that ho scorned to
liko to stay at homo much more than
he used to.
In tlio ovenincs ho nlavcd cards with
Loretta. Ho had learned to be quite
an expert at this whilo at college, and
prided himself on tho accomplishment.
But tho "littlo Spaniard," as ho play
fully named tho girl, won at least as
often as ho did, if indeed she did not
havo tho odds iii her favor. This, too,
won his admiration. Then ho thought
of hor nearly all tho timo when he was
awako and dronmed ot her when ho
was -.sleop. An unaccountable timid
ity seemed to come over him whenever
tho other members of tho family wero
in tho room with them. In short, ho
was in love with her and afraid that
ho might betray himself to his mother
or his sister. Ho knew tho views of
both well enough to understand that
thoir anger would be something dread
lul should they discover tho real stato
In tho fall of 1808, Into in Septem
ber or early in October, Loretta said
an aunt of hers in Georgia was vory
ill and sho should liko to go and seo
her. Shu left and returned about the
middle ot the November following.
A few days after sho had gone Dick
said ho wanted to pay a visit to ono
of his collego chums in Ohio, cot tho
necessary funds irom his mother and
leic. lio returned about tho 1st ot
Decomber. About two weeks after
his arrival his sister camo into tho
sitting room one day and found Lor
etta sitting on his lap. Sho deninnd
cd n.i explanation. Dick got very red
in tho faco, and stammered oiit'somo
thing about "my wife."
"This is my husband," said Loretta
calmly, putting her arm around his
"Your husband?" said Miss Chalico
contemptuously. "When wero you
"Whon I went to seo my aunt," re
plied Loretta, with a touch of irony
in her voice.
When Dick's mother was informed
of the marriago sho was complotely
prostrated. Bub her love for him,
deep as it was, temporarily gave way
to her indignation at tho thought
that, as sho expressed it, ho had
thrown himself aw'ay on a gypsy waif,
nnd she ngrced with her daughter that
they should bo ordered from tho house
nt once. Tho Doctor was hardly less
shocked than his wife and mother-in-law
at Dick's escapade, hut looked at
the matter philosophically and tried
to persuade Mrs. Harris and his wife
to accept tho situation nnd make the
best of it. To recognizo the erstwhile
seamstress as a member of his family
was humiliating, but he argued that
the publicity which would bo given to
the affair by turning them out would
be far worse.
But as Dick said he would go, in
any event, and his mother and sister
weio obdurato, tho young couple left
the elegant residence ot the Chalices
and went to live in a modest little
cottage on Cherry street. For a year
and a half after his marriage Dlclc
quit his fast companions and fast
habits and devoted himself faithfully
to the practice of his profession. Mr.
Chalice found an oflice for him, paid
the rent until Dick got money enough
ahead to pay it himself, gave him the
freo uso of his library, nnd helped him
in various other ways. When his first
child was born Dick appeared perfect
ly happy, and seemed to havo no
thought or ambition outside of his
wife, his littlo daughter aud his home.
Gradually, however, ho began to
fall into his evil ways again. Atchi
son Bociety had from the'first accept
ed tne verdict oi ms mottier ana sis
ter, and the aristocratic circles in
which he had once moved now knew
him no more. He was always very
fond of society, nnd this treatment
preyed on him. Although he probab
ly never directly referred to the mat
ter in his wife's presence, as it is said
he always seemed to stand in awe ot
her, Bhe understood that she was the
cause of it, and an estrangement grew
up between them which soon develop
ed into indifference on his part and
hate on hers. Dick's mother, after
the first anery impulse, felt the same
deep affection lor nim. and ho used to
spend whole days with her at tho
Chalice house. Sometimes ho brought
his two children with him, but never
The nioro Dick drank tho moro his
practice fell away, nnd the moro busi
ness ho lost tho more ho drank. Dr.
Chalico used to expostulate with him
bub to little purpose.
Ho was soon a complcto wreck.
His wifo would nob allow him to
come homo nnd supported herself aud
tho two children by sewing. Dr.
Chalico furnished him with food and
clothing, nnd finally, when ho wns
taken sick brought him to his houso,
whero ho died ono bitter winter night,
shrieking that tho dovils were
carrying him away and that
his wife was setting thorn on.
Mrs. Chalice and her mother agreed
that what property Dick bad loft
should be given to his widow and chil
dren. Tho widow, however, said eho
would only accept enough to got a
monument for him sho could take
caro of horsclf and tho children.
When sho bought and set up the
shaft with thu snake and tho inscrip
tion on it all Atchison was shocked,
and Dick' J mother and tho Chalices
wero wild with shamo and indignation.
Her friends tried to persuade" her to
remove it, but sho refused to listen to
them. There were talk of legal pro
ceedings to have it taken away, as be
ing a libel on tho dead, but thoy wero
never instituted, and it stands there
still. For a long timo other people
were careful to bury their dead so far
away that its horriblo shadow could
not fall upon their graves, and for
many years thoro was a vacant space
for sovcrnl yards around it, but grad
ually this feeling woro away. Now
thero aro graves in most of the ad
jacent lot8,and overgreens nnd willows
,bido from sight tho last resting placo
of poor Dick Harris and his grim
An Example to Royalty.
Adam B ndcau in N. Y. Mnl! and Express.
No sovereign of the Old World over
formally invites tho most important
persons of his State "to meet" tho rep
resentatives ot foreign powers. Tho
compliment is absolutely unprece
dented abroad. A European monarch
considers tho diplomatic e'relo u part
of his court; ho lays down laws for its
precedence and placo among his own
subjects and somtimes among its own
members; ho bids tho corps to all
groat ceremonies, ns a mattor of
courSo; b.t he gives no fetes or onter
tninmonts in its honor, either at his
palace or elsewhere That courtesy is
left for individuals of lessor conse
quent to offer if they chooso. But
tho American President issues invita
tions to tho Supremo Court of tho
United States and to both houses of
Congress, aud summons all tho officers
of tho army and navy at tho Capital
"to meet" the foreign plenipotentia
ries, an elaborate international com
pliment such as kings havo no ver paid.
Tho grace of the act and tho dignity of
the potentate who performs it aro en
hanced by tho fact that tho President
is his own oxnmplar nnd sets a pat
tern of politeness.thnt royalty might
bo clad to follow.
This is not tho only instanc3 in
which republican urbanity transcends
the etiquette of courts. It has long
been customary for the President to
ask the chiefs of all legations to adip
lomatic dinner at the Executive Man
sion. Tho compliment is annual, and
was pnid by President Cloveland as it
has been paid by each of hia predeces
sors for half a century. But tho emi
nent men of the United States at tho
English court have often spent years
in England nnd never sab with her
Majesty, who nevertheless announces
her dinner party in tho court circular
for every day in the year. Duringtho
twelve years that I passed officially
in England no American Minister din
ed with theQueen except Mr. Pierre
pont, and that was during the first
visit of Gen. Grant. Reverdy John
eon, Gen. Schonck, Mr. Motley, Mr.
Welsh, all camo and went and never
visited Windsor, except to present
their credentials or their recall. Mr.
Lowell may havo been invited after I
left tho country, but this typical Amer
ican courtier received no royal sum
mons to dinner whilo I was in Eng
land. Mr. and Mrs. Piorrcpont were asked
to call at Balmoral when they Imp
osed to bo in tho Highlands, for Mra
Pierrepont had pleased both the
Queen and tho Princess of Wales. She
even had a special audience for pres
entation, a circumstnnco almost with
out precedent for an envoy's wile; but
on all theso occasions both sho and
tho Minister lunched with tho royal
household, not with tho head of the
War and Taxation.
Popular Sclonco Monthly tor January.
Tho factors that have been concern
ed in effecting theso economic changes
nnd accompanying disturbances are
not, however, simple, but somewhat
numerous nnd complex. They, never
theless, admit, it is believed, of clear
recognition and statement. In the
first place, the results of tho Franco
German war tho radical changes in
the character and construction ot
war armaments since that period,
nnd the continual augmentation of
permanent military forces, have en
tailed upon all tho states of Europe
since 1873 continually increasing ex-
Senditures and indebtedness; and in
irect taxation, by means of duties
on imports, to meet these increasing
financial burdens, has been found to
be most in accord with the maxim at
tributed to Colbert, that the per
fection of taxation consists in so
plucking tho goose i.e., the people
as to procure the greatest amount of
feathers with tho least possible
amount ot squawking.
Col. Lamont has returned to Achllle
Olivieri. a wealthy manufacturer ot
Venice, an exquisitely jeweled casket,
made expressly for Mrs. Cleveland
and presented to her with the man
ufacturer's compliments. Accompa
nying the casket is a courteous letter
thanking Sig. Olivieri for his kindness,
but declining to accept the gift on the
ground that Mrs. Cleveland accepts
no presents except from personal
LITTLE KATE AND I.
Wo didn't wait for an income to
marry on, littlo Kate nnd I. Wo had
no rich relations to leave ns legacies
or to send pearl nccklnccs, diamond or
nnmcnls, or thousand dollar bonds
for wedding presents. I wns Bimply a
brakcntati on tho Eastern Michigan
railway, a long and lonely stretch of
rails over desolate marshes, Btcep
mountnin grndos, and solitary sweeps
of prniric land; sho was tho bright-eyed
waitress in ono of tho restaurants
nlong tho lino. But when I fell from
tho platform when tho great, accident
happened, you lieard of the great ac
cident, I suppose, when there wns such
a shocking loss of life it was Kate's
caro and nothing else that brought mo
back into tho world I had so nearly
quitted for good and nil!
"I would havo dono it for anybody,
Mark!" paid sho, when I tried to thank
"Would you?" said I. "But it isn't
everybody that would havo dono it
for me, Kntc!"
So I asked her to marry me, nnd sho
said yes. And I took a littlo cottngo
on tho edgo of tho Swampscott woods,
and furnished it ns well as I could,
with a red carpet, cheesecloth curtains
at tho windows, a" real Connecticut
clock, nnd a set of walnut chairs that
I mado myself, witli seats of rushes,
woven in by old Billy, the Indian, who
carried his baskets nnd mats around
tho country, and Mrs. Perkins, tho
parson's wife, madeusaweddingcake,
nnd so wo were married. Pretty soon
I found out that Kate was pining a
"What is it, sweetheart?" said I.
"Remember, it was a contract between
us that wo wero to liavo no secrets
from each other! Areyou notperfectly
"Oh, yes, yes!" oried Kate, hiding
her faco on my shoulder. "But it's
my mother, Mark. She's getting old,
nnd if I could only go East to see her,
just once beforo tho Lord takes her
It was then I felt tho sting of my
poverty most. If I had only been a
rich man to havo handed her out a
check, and said: "Go at once!" I
think I could have been quite happy.
"Never mind, sweetheart," said I
stroking down her hair. "We'll lny
up a fewdollarsfrommonthtomonth,
nnd you shall go out and seo her be
foro she dies!"
And with that littlo Kato was forced
to bo content. But there was a hun
gry homesick look upon her face which
went to my heart to see.
"If I wa3 rich!" I keptsaying to my
self. "Oh, if I was only rich!"
One stormy autumn night wo were
belated on the road, for tho wind was
terrible, shaking tho century old pines
and oaks, as if they were nothing more
than tall swamp grasses, and driving
through tho ravines with a shriek nnd
a howl liko a wholo pack of hungry
wolves. And tho heavy rains had
raised Bho streams bo that wo .wero
compelled to go carefully and blowly
over tho bridges and keep a long look
ahead for fear of accidents.
I was standing at my post, in front
of tho second pnssenger car, stamping
my feet on tho platform to keep them
warm, and hoping littlo Kate would
not bo perturbed at my long absence,
when tho news ngent camo chuckling
"Wo'ro to stop at Stumpvillo sta
tion," snid lie.
"Nonsense," said I, "I know better.
This train never stops short of Wnu
kensha city, least of aU.when wo aro
running to mako up for lost time, as
we aro to-night.
"Oh, but this is nn exceptional oc
casion," said Johnny Mills (which was
the news agent's name.) "Wo'ro go
ing to put nn old woman off. She has
lost her ticket, she says. Moro likely
she never hnd one. Goes on as though
Bhe had her pocket picked."
"It's most a pity, isn't it, to put one
off to-night?" said I. "Least of all at
siieh a lonely place ns Stumpvillo sta
tion, whero there aro only two houses
and a blacksmith shop."
"Yes, I know," said Mills, adjusting
tho newspapers' that ho carried in a
rubber caso under his arm. "But tho
superintendent of tho roadhas got out
a new set of instructions, and he's
that particular that Jones wouldn't
daro overlook acaselikothis. There's
been so many confidence games play
ed on the road lately."
"Which is tho one?" said I, turning
tolook at the end window of the car
which was at the rear.
"Don't you see? Tho old party at
tho back ot tho two fat women in tho
red shawls. She's haranguing Jones
"I see," said I. It was a little old
woman in a black silk poke bonnet, a
respectable cloth cloak, bordered with
ancient fur, and a long, green veil, who
was earnestly talking and gesticulating
with the conductor. But ho shook his
head and puBsed on, and sho sank
back in a helpless littlo heap behind the
green veil, and I could see her take a
small handkerchief from a smull basket
and put it piteously to her eyes.
"It's too bad,' said I. "Jones
might remember that ho onco had if
he hasn't now a mother of his own."
"And loso his placo on the road,"
said Mills. "No, no, old fellow.nll that
Borb of thing does very well to talk
about, but it don't work in real life."
So ho went into tho next car, and
tho Bignal to slack up camo presently.
I turned to Mr. Jones, tho conductor,
who just then stepped out on theplat
form. "Is it for that old lady?" said I. Ho
answered, "Yea." Snid I, "how far
did Bho want to go?" "To Swamp
scott," said ho.
"You needn't stop, Mr. Jonos," said
I, "I'll pay her fare."
"Youl" he echoed.
"Yes, I," aaid I. "I'll take her to
my own houso until sho con telegraph
to her friends or something. My wifo
will bo. good to her, I know, for the
eake of her own old mother out east!"
"Just as youplcnso,"said Mr. Jones.
"But when you've been on tho road
nslongnslhnvc, you'll find that this
Bort of thing doesn't answer."
"I hopo I slinll never bo on the road
too long to forget my Christian chari
ty," 1 answered, a little nettled. And
1 took out my worn pocket-book and
handed over tho money.
We did not stop nt'Stumpvillo sta
tion nfter all, but put on moro steam
and ran as fast as it Mas safo to drivo
our engine and when, a little past
midnight, we renched Swampscott,
whcn-ive wcrcduo nt 7;nO,Picrre Reno,
tho Frenchman, camo on board to re
lievo me. and I helped my old lady off
tho train, lint basket, travelling bog
"Am I to bo put off after all?" said
she, with a Beared look around her.
"Cheer Up. ma'am," said I, "You aro
all right. Now, then look out for the
fctcp! Hero wo are."
Where am I?" said tho old lady.
"At Swampscott, ma'am," said I.
"And you nro tho kind man who
paid my faro?" said sho. "But my
daughter nnd her husband will repay
you when "
"All right, ma'am;" said I. "And
now, if you'll just tnke my arm, we'll
be homo in a qunrter of an hour."
"But," said she, "why can't I go di
rectly to my destination?"
"It's middling late, ma'am," snid I,
"and houses don't stand shoulder to
shoulder in Swnmt&eott. My nearest
neighbor is a mile and n-half away.
But never fonr, ma'am, I've a wife that
will bo glad to bid you welcome for tho
Bnko of her own mother."
She murmured afew words of thnnks,
but she was old and weary, and the
path was rough and uneven, in tho
very teeth of keen November blast
and walking wasn't an easy task.
Presently, wo came to tho little cot
tngo on tho edgo of the Swampscott
woods, where tho light glowed warmly
through tho Turkey red curtains.
"Oh, Mark, dearest, how lato you
are?" cried Kate, making haste to
open the door. "Come in, quick, out
of tho wind. Supper is all ready, and
but who is that with you?"
In a hurried whisper I told her all.
"Did I do right, Kate?" said I.
"Right of course you did," said she.
"Ask her to como in at once. And I'll
put another cup and saucer on tho
Tenderly I assisted tho chilled and
weary old lady across tho threshold.
"Here's my wife,' said I. "And
hero's a cup of smoking hot coffee nnd
some of Katie's own biscuits nnd
chicken pie! You'll be all right when
the cold is out of your joints a bit!"
"You aro very, very welcome," said
Kato brightly, as sho advanced to un
tie our visitor's veil and loosen tho
folds of her cloak. But, all of a sud
den, I heard a cry, "Mother, oh,
"Hold on, Kate!" said I, with tho
coffee-pot Btill in my hnnd, ns I had
been lifting it from tho firo. "This is
"But it is, Mark!" cried out Kato
breathlessly. "It's mother; my own
mother! Oh, help mo, dearest, quickly;
she has fainted away!"
But she was all right again, present
ly, sitting by tho firo with her feet on
ono of tho warm cushions, which Kato
had knit witli wooden needles, and
drinking hot coffee. It was all true.
Tho unfortunato passenger whoso
pocket had been picked on tho train,
and to whoso rescue I hnd come, was
no other than my Kate's own mother,
who hnd determined to risk tho perils
of a journey to tho far West to see her
child once again.
And she has been with us over since,
tho dearest old mother-in-law that
ever a man had, tho comfort of our
household, and the guardian angel of
littlo Kato and the bnby, when I am
away on my long trips.
And littlo Kato declares now that
sho is "perfectly happy!" God bless
her may she never bo otherwise.
How Gun Barrels are Made.
St. Nicholas. Tho beautiful waved
lines and curious flower liko figures that
appear upon tho surfaco of tho barrels
are really tho lines of welding, showing
that two diflerent kinds of molals, iron
k and steel , nro intimately blended in mak
king tho finest and strongest barrols. Tho
process of thus wciling nnd blending
steel and iron is a vpry interesting ono.
Flat bars, or ribbons, of steel and iron
nro alternatively arranged togother and
then twistod into a cablo.
Sevaral of tho cables aro then welded
togother, and shaped into along flat bar
which is noxt spirally coiled around a
hollow cylinder, called n mandrel; nfter
which tho edges of theso spiral bars are
hcatod and firmly welded. Tho spiral
coil is now put upon what is called a
welding mandrel, is again heated and
carefully hammered into tho shape
of a gun-barrel. Next comes tho
cold hammoring, by whicli the pores
are securely closed. Tho last or finish
ing operation is to turn tho barrel on a
latho to exactly its shape and size. By
all the twistings and weldings and ham
merings, tho metals are so blended that
the mass has somewhat tho consistency
and toughness of woven steel and iron.
A barrel thus mado is very hard to
burst. But the finishing of the insido of
tho barrel h an operation requiring vory
great euro and skill. What is called a
eylindor-bored barrel ia where tho bora
or hole through tho barrel is mudo of
uniform sizo from end to end. A choko
boro is one that is a littlo smaller at
the muzzle end than it is at the breach
end. Thero aro various ways of "chok
ing" gun-barrels, but tho object of all
methods is to mako the gun throw its
shot closo together with oven nnd regu
lar distribution and with great force,
Thero are several kinds of metallic
combinations that nun-makers use, tho
principal of which aro called Damascus,
.Dernaru uuu iuimn.uii.-ii one.
Damascus barrels aro generally
eidoxed the best.
Miss Rose Elizabeth Cleveland calls
for the abolition of the 'ladies' win
dow" in post offices. She says it ia
an agency of demoralization, because
it enables young ladles to carry on
correspondence that would not bo tol
erated by their families if the letters
were delivered at their homes.
Eradicating a Habit.
From Youth's Companion.
A man can, if ho will, eradicate a
deep-rooted habit. For years tho
Rev. Dr. Storrs, of Brooklyn, read his
sermons. Ho would havo continued
a "reader" had not new circum
stances ordered him, if ho wished to
hold his audience, to preach nob only
without a manuscript, but without
Ho uprooted tho invetcrnlo habit,
and his eloquent discourses nro now
delivered without oven a scrap of
paper appearing on tho pulpit-cushion.
Though carefully prepared, they,
are unwritten. Tho change required
a remarkable mental feat.
Until he visited London, General
Grant was known as tho shy man,
from whom no ovation had over ex
torted more than two or three words.
When a Washington crowd congratu
lated him on hia nomination to tho
presidency, ho told them he wns "en
tirely unaccustomed to public speak
ing, and without tho desire to culti
vate the power."
But at tho great dinner-party in the
Guildhall, which welcomed him to Lon
don, tho shy.silent man put appropri
ate thoughts into such felicitous lan
guage as to win tho approval of schol
ars aud orators.
During his tour around the woild,
his public acknowledgment of tjio
honors paid to him wero terse, epi
grammatic, witty and wise. His inti
mate friends wero astonished nt the
transformation, and ono of them, Gen.
Bndeau, alter hearing tho general's
speech in London, recalled a s:ene in
General Grant was travelling by
railroad, and whenever tho train
stopped,a crowd of people surround
ed it, anxious to see and hear, as a
woman nut it, "tho man that lets tho
women do all tho talking.
During ono of these halts, the gener
al's youngest son, Jesse, then a boy of
seven years,came out on tho platform.
"A speech! a speech!" shouted tho
crowd; bub tho father remained si
lent. "Papa, why don't you speak to
theni!" asked tho boy. Then, as his
father remained mute, Jessie cried
out, "I can make a speech, if papa-
"A speech from Jesse!" ahoutedtho
crowd. Thero wa3 a hush, as tho lit
tle fellow began reciting:
"The hoy stood on the burning deck."
One hot day, when General Grant
and his family wore out in the lawn
before their house, Jesse mounted a.
haystack, saying, "I'll show you how
papa makes a speech."
All ot them laughed as Jesse made a.
bow, which his father never did, and
"Ladies and Gentleman, I am very
glad to see you. I thank you very
Grant blushed, and the others
laughed; ho did not relish the imita
tion; it was too close.
Bismarck's Narrow Escape.
According to private correspondence
from Berlin, Prince Bismarck lias
been considerably troubled of late by
tho effect of the bullet wound ho
received bo many years ago from
the revolver of a would-be assassin.
Many people have forgotten even the
circumstance that tho great German
Chancellor was so murderously
attacked by the youth Blind, but as a
matter of fact five shots wero dis
charged at him, and it was simply
owing to the sturdy way in which he
grasped his assailant's arm that only
one of them took effect. This bullet
glanced off ono of tho Chancellor's
lower ribs, and a bony excrescence
whicli developed in consequence still
marks tho place. As it turned out,
too, Bismarck's risk was by no means
at an end when he grappled with ami
seized his nssailant. A military
guard hurried up hearing the
Chancellor's shouts, nnd tho impulse
of tho foremost of these Btalwart
Prussian grenadiers on seeing a com
paratively feeble stripling being held
and seemingly maltreated by a pon
der ous man with a bald head for
Bismarck's hat had fallen oil was to
club his nfie and bring it down on the
hitter's baro pate. Luckily for Ger
many, however, theChancellor warded
hiB impending fate by shouting out
Hold on, I am Bismarck!" on which
as the latter himself tells the story,
the soldier dropped his wenpon in a
much greater fright than that of his
Living from Hand to Mouths
Trom the Cleveland Leader.
One startling fact brought out by
tho great miners' strike in tho Schuyl
kill valley is the strictly hand-to-mouth
system of fuel distribution in
great centres of population. 'The
stock ol coal 0H hand in cities near
tho mines is Utterly inadequate to
supply the jieeds of manufactories
and other largo consumers for more
than a few -weeks in advance. 01
course, at points more remote, es
pecially such aa receive Iheir coal
mainly by routes like tho gieat lakes,
which aro closed a large part of the
year, the accumulation of fuel is quite
extensive at certain seasons in par
ticular. Taking the country as a whole,
however, in view of the ease with
which stocks of coal may be carried
without loss or injury, the margin
protecting consumers lrom the con
sequences of a stoppage of work in
the mines is very small.' A total ces
sation of mining in all parts of the
United States would very speedily be
followed by terrible distress and busi
ness stagnation. In fact, the world,
even yet, conies far nearer living from
hand to mouth, in the necessaries
such ns food and fuel, than we are apt
to thiiik. Eternal industry ia the
price of protection from cold and
According to "The Musical Couri
er," the number of pianos manufac
tured in this country in 1887 has
been .52,000, requiring 4,57(1,000
keys, aH many hummers, 200,000
casters, over 12,000,000 tuningtpins,
and some 1,500,000 brass nsraffes.
vj-M- -ui - -.
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