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||||| | THE^MAHA* GUIDE I
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY *
Vol. 30 No. 30_ Friday, September 28, 1956_10c Per Copy
A Modest Negro American
Achieves Greatness Abroad
U. N. Welfare Advisor is N, C. Native
The American public does not know that among the more than
1600 persons who were rescued from the Andrea Doria, in the July
25 collision with the Stockholm, was one of America’s great Negroes
T.he public does not know because Ernest C. Grigg, Jr. achieved
peaks of greatness since 1945 on the other side of the Atlantic
Mr. Grigg is the United Nations social Welfare Adviser for the
Middle East. He is responsible for providing advisory services to
the governments of Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordon, Lebanon, Eyria, Lib
ya, Suadi Arabia, Yemen, Iran, Turkey. His services include nation
wide surveys and studies to determine long ranged plans of each
government, assistance in preparing new legislation, organizing tech
nical schools, encouraging and arranging for selected personnel to
study abroad, helping to develop basic plans for raising the standards
of living for the total population, assisting in planning nation-wide
reconstruction and rehabilitation programs and related activities.
Before entering upon his present duties in 1952, Mr. Grigg was
Director of Field Operations of the International Refugee Organiza
tion. With headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, he was responsible
for directing the operations of all IRO offices throughout the world.
With a budget of over $40,000,000, the IRO provided food and shelter
for millions of refugees and resettled more than one million persons
in new' homes.
From 1945 to 1947 Mr. Grigg was connected with the United Na
tions Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. At the time of his
leaving the UNRRA to join the IRO, he was Chief of the Welfare
and Eligibility program for the American zone in Germany.
Serving as social welfare adviser to kings, prime ministers and
parliaments is a long way from a modest home in Wilmington, N. C.
where the high ranking welfare adviser was reared, the son of a city
mail carrier and highly respected citizen.
A thorough student, modest and considerate, Mr. Grigg’s life por
trays a role of steady achievement. A graduate of Williston High
School in Wilmington tfad Johnson C. University in Charlotte, N. C„
with the M.A. degree from New York University, Mr. Grigg’s career
began in 1934 with the welfare department of New York City. He
continued his studies at N.Y.U. In 1936-1937 he received a fellow
ship to study at the New York School of Social Work. He studied at
both institutions that year, fulfilling residential requirements for a
doctorate. When he left the department in 1940, he was adminisra
tive supervisor of a district office.
From 1940 to 1945, Mr. Grigg was Plan Reviewer for the Federal
Social Security Agency, Bureau of Public Assistance, in Washington,
D. C. In this position he reviewed plans and materials submitted by
five western states to determine whether they complied with federal
law and good social work practices. He resigned to go to Europe with
Mr. Grigg has worked or travelled in the following countries:
Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Belgium, France, Switzer
land, Spain, Italy, the British Isles, Greece, the countries of the Near
and Middle East, Aden, Ethiopia, Italian Smomaliland, India, Pakistan,
On the Andrea Doria also were Mrs. Grigg and Ernest III The
Griggs escaped the listing ship with their lives, losing all of their
possessions which went down with the ship. Mr. and Mrs. Grigg
were among the last to leave the sinking ship, becaue Mrs. Grigg
declined her prerogative of "women and children first" and chose to
remain with her husband. They were brought to New York on the
Navy transport Pvt. William II. Thomas.
Mr. Grigg will lecture at tne following institution on a Southern
tour October 2 - 12: Virginia State College, Petersburg, Va., October
2; St. Augustine's College, Raleigh, N. C., October 3; Johnson C.
Smith University, Charlotte, N. C., October 6 - 8; A & T. College,
Greensboro, N C., October 9; Livingston College, Salisbury, N. C.,
October 10’, Benedict College, Columbia, S. C., October 11; and Atlan
ta University, Atlanta, Ga., October 12.
Fillers for the Convenience of your composing room—
In the humane field of medical research the Eisenhower Admin
istration has attained a new high by making available $113 million
in 1955 as compared to $73 million in 1952.
A record construction of nearly 1,200,000 single-family homes in
1935 surpassed all previous annual totals.
In 1955 the Eisenhower Administration made over $7 billion in
VA-insured home loans, nearly three times the $27 billion 1952 level.
Record-breaking non-farm mortgage activity by the Eisenhower
Administration in 1955 totaled $28 billion which is 50 per cent high
er than the $18 billion total of 1952.
Despite the difficult transition to a peacetime economy, our na
tional income and output are at record highs with individual income,
left after pa^fnent of taxes, at the highest it has ever been.
It is a fact that consumers of electricity served by REA utility
companies are now using more power at the lowest average cost in
The highest of praise for its economic soundness is being given
to the Eisenhower policy of channeling private savings into private
home investments to avoid opening the inflationary flood-gates of
With employment at the highest point in history and at the
highest wage rates ever, there is genuine truth in the statement that
"labor never had it so good.”
Under the present Administration in Washington social security
benefits were increased and extended to ten million more workers.
Opening announcement of the
Kellom Recreation Center has
been released by Director Josh
Gibson. (Center location • 24th and
Caldwell streets, south wing of
Registration will start Thursday,
October 4th, 4:00 to 6:00 p.m. and
from 7:00 to 8:30 p.m. The pro
gram will include gymnasium ac
Seniors boys --Mondays
Intermediate boys -Tuesdays
Jr. High boys.. Wednesdays
Women and girls practice
games .._. Thursdays
Men __- Fridays
Teams may call for practice
dates until November 1st. For
further information call Josh Gib
son. JA 1116.
The theme for the first week is,
"Come Out and Register.” The
workers at Kellom Center invite
jail TcenAgcrs and adults of the
neghborhood to visit the Center
during the first week and register
for the different activities. There
will be special classes in dancing,
sewing, ceramics and nature study.
Senior Citizens—Won’t you join
us? Here is your chance to make
new friends, learn new skills,1
work on hobbies, watch short mov
ies and enjoy refreshments. Just
meet us at Kellom School for the
first meeting of the fall season on
Friday, October 12th at 7:00 p.m
This Club is especially suited to
people fifty (SO) years old and
; Teen Age Clubs — "Cool Cats”,
j “Gayly-etts” and "Kellom Youth
; Council will consult this paper or
the Recreation office for new
The Ceramics Classes for adults
will be held on Tuesdays from 7:00
to 0:00 p m.
Please enter the Center at the
24th and Caldwell Street entrance.
If you have questions, call Mrs.
B. M. Jenkins at Kellom Center,
Make Plans to
Get Out Vote
Omaha Volunteers for Steven
son and Kefauver held a meeting
September 27th at the Paxton
Executive officers and a nomin
ating committee chosen at an
earlier meeting reported on plans
for getting out the vote and col
lecting funds for Stevenson and
Omaha officers arc Leonard
Boasberg, Executive Director; Mrs.
Huth Jackson, Secretary; Jerry
Gitnick, Treasurer; and Dr. Duane
Hill, Chairman of the Committee
to nominate task force chiefs for:
Enrollment, Voter Registration,
Publicity, and Telephoning.
The Omaha Stevenson Volunteer
group will work with State Chair
man Adam McMullen, state Vice
Chairman Grace Barmore, and
state Executive Director Robert
At its first organizational meet
ing, the Omaha Stevenson group
passed a resoultion to favor the
action position on Civil Rights
which Democratic and Republican
conventions both declined to fa
In a statement calling the Sep
tember 27th meeting Mr. Boas
bdrg emphasized that the Volun
teers for Stevenson and Kefauver
welcome as members, people from
either political party and that the
group is not a part of any state,
Congressional, or local campaign.
Announcement has been made
of the engagement of Miss Joyce
Elaine King and Jon Blythe Mc
Williams, All Big Seven end and a
senior at the University of Ne
braska last fall. The couple will
be married New Year’s Eve.
Miss King, also a former stu
dent at the University of Nebras
ka, is the daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. James W. Daniels.
Mr. McWilliams, son of Mr. and
Mrs. Earl McWilliams of Sidney,
Nebraska has been playing pro
fessional football in Canada, will
be graduated from the university
A Speakers’ Bureau has been
set up by^ht members of the
Charter Convention, Chairman A.
V. Sorensen announced today.
"We are being called upon to
make numerous appearances tie
fore Omaha civic clubs and organ
izations,” Mr. Sorensen stated.
"To handle the engagements in a
systematic way, we have establish
ed a Speakers’ Bureau.”
Requests for speakers to dubs
and organizations should be tele
phoned to the bureau, Jackson
P044. Written requests should bo
addressed to: “Charter Convcn
lion Speakers' Bureau, Room 340,
Electric Building, Omaha, Nebr.”
Convention delegates compris
ing the Speakers’ Bureau are:
Samuel V. Cooper; N. Phil Dodge;
Howard Drew; Mrs. Paul Gal
lagher; Mrs. Kenneth T. Graham;
H. Fred Jacobberger; Louis Ka
van; Harold B. LcMar; John R.
Maenner; Thomas J. O’Conner;
Thomas C. Quinlon; Wray M.
Scott; A. V. $orensen; and Harry
Wayne Anderson; the profes
sional consultant hired to assist
in writing the new charter, will
also be available for speaking
engagements, Sorensen said.
Mrs. Theodore Kolderie, Presi
dent of the YWCA Board of Dir
ectors, has announced the ap
pointment of Mrs; Archie W.
Templeton (Mary Lou) to the posi
tion of Health Bducation, Sport
and Recreation Director at the
Mrs. Templeton taught at the
University of Omaha from 1952
until April of this year. She ear
ned her B. A. Degree from Wash
ington University in St. Louis,
Missouri, and her M. A. Degree
from the University of low-,.
“Once a girl says ‘I Do,’ she
usually stops doin’ ”
Glenn Cunningham Republican cand date for Congfess for Nebraska's 2nd District)
Is shown, left, talking with Attorney General Herbert Brownell during a recent visit
to Washington. Cunningham asked for developments in Mr. Brownell's cam
paign ta rid the government of subvert'* :s < J n tney General informed him
of the great progress that has been mn * * security program since the
Eisenhower administration has been In
The world-famous Clyde Bros.
. Circus .billed as the greatest
| panoramic indoor spectacle now
| being performed, has been Look
I ed by the Sentoma Club of Oma
ha for a special limited cngago
J ment at the Civic Auditorium on
Monday awfl Tuesday, October 15
and 16. /
The star-studded, 214 - hour
show, featuring 24 acts and cir
cus orchestra, will be performed
at 4.00 p.m. and 8:15 p.m. daily.
Proceeds go to support Camp
Conota, YMCA Summer Camp
This year’s all new production
marks Clyde Bros. 18th annual
tour and offers a generous help
ing of all the traditional circus
Omaha Howard M. Lundgrcn
today was elected vice president
of the National Fraternal Con
gress at its annual convention in
Mr. Lundgren, who lives at
4408 Walnut Street, is president
of the Woodmen of the World
Life Insurance Society.
Also named to N.F.C. offices
were E. E. ‘‘Blue" Howell, 526
No. 72nd Avenue, Boys Activities
Director for the Society, and Ice
land A. Larson, 46625 Davenport
Street, Editoi of the Woodmen
magazine. Mr. Howell was elect
ed first vice president ef the
Youth Counselors Section and
Mr. Larson was re-elected to the
executive committee of the Press
The National Fraternal Con
gress is made up of more than
100 fraternal benefit societies
with a total membership of more
than 10 million Americans.
World champion, millionaire
playboy, and Hollywood alcoholic
are some of the phases in the life
of Henry Armstrong. Today the
world-famous Negro fighter is
enjoying a "come-back” as a min
ister in California
In his autobiography, "Gloves,
Glory and God” (Fleming II. He
vcll Company, Westwood, N. J.;
October 1, $2.95), Armstrong re-1
counts a dramatic story - child of
a sharecropper, raised in tougli
St. Louis slums, living in hobo
jungles (where he had to defend
Willard S. Townsend, president
of the United Transport Service
Employees union and a vice pres
ident of the AFL-CIO has “whole
heartedly" endorsed Adlai E.
Stevenson for president.
In a letter to George Meany,
president of the AFL-CIO Town
send said that President Eisen
hower is floundering in inactur.
and invasion on the desegregation
issue at a time when bold aggres
sive leadership would aid com
pliance with the law. “Steven
son," Townsend said, “can give
the country the needed leadership
in both foreign and domestic pel
The AFL-CIO vice president
told President Meany that he on
dorsed the action of the AFL-CIO
General Executive Board in urg
ing the election of Adlai Steven
son and Estes Kefauver. Town
send’s endorsement of the former
Governor of Illinois for president
added one more to the mounting
list of national leaders who are
supporting the Democratic pro
gram and the Democratic nom
himself against racial persecu
tion), then the tough struggle to
the top and the quick descent
Armstrong, one of the all-time
greats (the only man in ring his
tory to hold three world cham
pions - featherweight, lightweight
and welterweight - at the same
time) reveals the seamy side of
fighting and its effects on fight
ers, their associates and hangers
Today Armstrong is especially
interested in aiding underprivil
eged boys. He organized the Hen
ry Armstrong Youth Foundation,
vhieh maintains a building in
£ast Los Angeles, a Youth Town
in Desert Wells, Arizona, and a
California Boy’s Ranch in San
Fernando Valley, California.
Barney Ross is vice president
of the Foundation.
The advisory board includes:
fighters Babe Arizmendi, Jack
Dempsey, Ray Robinson, Mickey
Walker, Jimmie McLarnin, Fidel
La Barba; baseball’s Chuck Drcs
Special Notice To
This will be the last time to
sharpen your eyes up for the
I birds. There will be Trophy
Shooting together with prize shoot
ing. Where? at the North Side
Rod and Gun Club Grounds, time
11 A M. to 5 P.M.. For Who? The
whole family. For What? a real
good time and lots of fun for all.
Refreshments and chicken din
ner. Donation $1.00.
Mr. Wm. Meonolay, President,
M. Wyatt, Reporter.
Nearly 200 lflMM sound films,
available on free loan to clubs,
church groups, employee audien
ces, schools and other organiza
tions, are listed in a new POCK
ET GUIDE TO FREE FILMS. The
booklet is available free from
MODERN SOUND PICTURES,
i INC. SPONSORED FILM DEPT.
1410 HOWARD STREET, OMAIL\
The 193 films described in the
booklet range from a documen
tary on present day Alaska to a
cartoon on stock investing, from
driving sagety to rocket experi
ments, from steelmaking to T,ose
growing. The film average 23
minutes in length and many of
them are in full color.
me turns are made avauame
on free loan by business and in
dustry as a public information
service. The Modern Talking
Picture Service library in Omaha
is part of a nationwide service
distributing the films.
Free copies of the catalogue and
information a b o ut scheduling
films can be obtained by writing
I to Modern or by calling in person.
. The film library is right acros,*
| the street from the old city audi
torium, two blocks East of 16th
and Howard Streets. The tele
phone number is Atlantic 8476.
Audiences need only a 16MM
Sound projector to show the film
at their own convenience. Groups
that do not own a projector car
usually borrow one from a local
[ school, club or rent one if neces
Mrs. Charlesetta Bryan, 39 years,
2636 Binney Street, expired unex
pectedly Sunday morning, Septem
ber 23rd at a local hospital. Mrs.
Bryan had been a resident of O
maha seventeen years and was a
member of St. Phillip’s Episcopal
Her hobby was photographic re
touching. More recently she had
enrolled in nursing class at St.
Mrs. Bryan is survived by her
husband, Mr. J. Russell Bryan,
daughter, Shirley; two sons Rich
ard and Michael, of Omaha; moth
ther, Mrs. Dora Worthington; two
brothers, Mr. Eugene and Mr. Elm
er Worthington; aunt, Mrs. Ethel
Worthington, of Chicago, Illinois
and other relatives.
Funeral services were held ten
o’clock Wednesday morning from
St. Phillip’s Episcopal Church with
Father S. N. Jacobs officiating.
Honorary bearers were members
of St. Joseph Hospital Nursing
Class and members of the Kappa
Alphi Psi Fraternity. Active bear
ers, Burns H. Scott, Robert Blan
chard, Leonard Harrold, LeRoy
Wright, William A. Davis, Charles
Interment was at Forest Lawn
Cemetery with arrangements by
Thomas Funeral Home.
Columbus Wilson, 97 years, 1114
South 14th Street, passed away,
Saturday, September 22nd at a
Mr. Wilson had been a resident
of Omaha fifty years and was
a brick layer by trade.
There are no known survivors.
The body is at Thomas Funeral
sen, 7y Cobb. Ralph Kiner, Pea
nuts Lowrey, Casey Stengel, Hank
f.auer, Duke Snyder, Hollywood’s
,’oe E. Brown, Phil Harris, Wal
lace Ford, Eddie Foy, Jr., and
The Foundation, naturally, aids
people of all colors and creeds.
The wise man knows when he
has enough before he has had it.
Southern Negroes Victims
Of An Economic Squeeze
Life Magazine Survey Shows
Joan Flournoy, 17 months, 2810
Decatur Street, expired Monday
morning, September 24th at a lo
Little Joan is survived by her
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Octavia
Flournoy: one sister, Miss Emma
Nell; three brothers, Octavia, Jr.,
William O., James K. Flournoy, of
Omaha; grandparents, Mrs. Cor
nelius Williams, Columbus, Ga.,
Mrs. Martha Flournoy, Ozark, Ala.
Funeral services have been set
for ten o’clock Thursday morning
from Thomas Funeral Home with
the Rev. J. C. Wade officiating
and burial at Mt. Hope Cemetery.
WASHINGTON — Adlai Steven
son Is ducking the segregation
issue. The Democratic platform
has sidetracked the issue. Mr.
Stevenson has followed the party
There was a wonderful oppor
tunity to back up the United
States Supreme Court’s desegre
gation ruling when Mr. Stevenson
was in Virginia. He ignored it
Mr. Stevenson found it ex
pedient to call off his proposed
tour of New York’s Harlem area.
He thus dodged the issue again.
The fact remains that there
! has been more progress toward
wiping out “second class citizen
ship” in the last three and a half
years of Republican Administra
tion than there was in two de
cades of Democrat politics or any
period of our history.
The Democrats talk; the Re
publicans act. This is the pattern
of national politics today—cheap
talk versus concrete achievement.
Urge Study of
Omaha’s two university presi
j dents Friday issued a plea for
clubs and organizations to “study
the Charter before they endorse
or denounce it.”
Dr. Milo Bail and the Very Rev.
Carl M. Reinert are co-chairmen
of the Citizens’ Information Com
mittee on Home Rule Charter.
Dr. Bail is president of Omaha
University, and Father Reinert is
j president of Creighton Univer
“Some clubs are already favor
j ing or denouncing the new Char
ter," Dr. Bail commented. “We
feel it is too early to make these
kinds of commitments,” he added.
Tie two university presidents
suggested that clubs and organi
zations invite speakers from the
Charter Convention Speakers'
Bureau. "After they have heard
the story and receive the educa
tional information, the groups
should study the contents of the
Charter before they take a stand
Requests for speakers should
be telephoned into the Speakers’
Bureau on extension Jackson
8044. Written requests should be
addressed to the Bureau’s head
quarters in Room 340, Electric
Bruce Finch, infant son of Mr.
and Mrs. Elliott Finch, 3502 North
28th Avenue expired Sunday, Sep
tember 23rd at a local hospital.
Other survivors include, grand
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Willie
Finch, Mrs. Mary Ann Davison of
Munroeville, Alabama. Thomas
MOTHER OF MRS. N. TOWLES
PASSED IN OAKLAND, CALIF.
Mr. and Mrs. Nat Towles and
Mr Nat Williams, 2026 N. 24 St.,
just returned from Oakland, Cali
fornia, where they attended the
funeral of Mrs. Towles Mother,
Mrs. Lillie (Sharp) Holiday, form;
erly of Omaha. Mrs. Holiday was
a member of St. John's Church.
Poor Land, Competition fro*
Southern Whites, Drive Negroe*
North Where Jobs More Plentiful.
But Still Low-Level
NEW YORK. September 19—
The U. S. Negro is caught in an
economic trap which has domin
ated his life and had major ef
fect on national population pat
terns for half a century. The
Southern Negro’s fifty-year strug
gle to get out from under the
deadly cycle of poor land, compe
tition from poor whites,and poe
eiiuca, on is told in the current.
(September 24) issue of LIFE Mag
The article points out that since
1900 there have been two major
Negro migrations—large number*,
have moved entirely out of the:
South and large numbers have
moved, within the South, from
farm to city. The reasons for the
moves have been primarily eco*
“The social unpleasantnesses o£
segregation have no doubt influx
enced many to leave the South,
but the majority have moved in
search of better livelihood."
Pressure of Poor Farmland
Rural Negroes have always
lived on bad farmland in the
South, from which it has become
increasingly difficult to make m
living. In 1954 the median caste
income of Negro farm families
in the South was $742, whereas
that of White farm families was
$1516. But when the Negro*
leaves his poor farmland and:
moves to a Southern city he en
coun ters massive competition
from rural Whites who have also
moved off the land in search of
“Employers will not hire »
Negro for any job if there is at
White man available for the
same,” LIFE says. "Even if dis
crimination in employment based
solely on color were set aside, the
Negro could not compete with the
White. Functional illiterates (the
term for adults with less than,
fifth-grade education) are three
times more common among young
Southern Negroes than among
young Southern Whites. More
over, such schooling as the Negro
does receive generally is far in
ferior to that received by Whites.*
Difficult in North Too
Failing to find a satisfactory
job in a Southern city, the Negro
moves North. There he finds it
easier to get a job, but the job
is still usually on the common
labor level. Northern employers
do not have the South’s great pool
of underemployed White farm
labor to draw upon, and in the
past 15 years have had great need
for the unskilled and semi-skilled
labor the Negro can supply.
“But the proportion of Neg-oes
who reach the top of the ladder
in the North is scarcely higher
than that in the South. In com
parison to the total of 8.5%
Negroes who rise to become ‘man
agers, officials, proprietors, crafts
men and foremen' in the South,
the figure in the North is 10%,"'
the LIFE article says.
One Tenth of u. a.
The Negro population has con
stituted one tenth of the overall
U. S. population since 1900. In
1900, however, 85% of all IL &
Negroes lived in the South, and
of these, three fourths lived i»
rural areas. Today, only 63% of
all U. S. Negroes live in the South;
and, of these, only half live ilk
In 1900 Negroes exceeded
of the population in six Soutfltara
states. Now they exceed 40/% sa
only one state—Mississippi
The ratio of Negroes to Whites
has decreased in all Southern
states, and is increasing today on
ly in certain Northern states, such
as New York and Illinois, which;
receive heavy migration from«CHfc
South. Of the six million Negroes
who live in the North today, 2.8L
million were born in the South.
Also known by her many frieuda;
as the owner of the “Miami Den"*
Mrs. Lillie Sharp passed away
the first of September. Funeral
was held at First Methodist Church
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