The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, September 16, 1955, Image 1

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Vol. 29 No. 29 Friday, September 16, 1955 10c Per Copy
Time Magazine
Publishes Report Card
On Integration Order
New York — Only Missouri
made a grade of A in a special
TIME report card on the pro
gress of 17 Southern and border
states in complying with the Su
preme Court’s order to enforce
desegregation. Five states rated
a flat F for failure; eleven others
were given passing grades vary
ing from A Minus (West Vir
ginia) to D (Florida).
“Generally speaking,” TIME
says in its cover story out Sept.
19th on Thurgcod Marshal], coun
sel for the National Association
of Colored People, “segregation
is ending in areas where Negro
population is less than 10%
Where it ranges betweent 10%
and 25%, the fight may not be
too hard. Wh.r. it approaches or
exc-.eds 50%, t.ii end can hardly
be imagined.” Nevertheless, one
of the most important changes on
the U. S. scene this fall is the
“astounding progress of racial
The five state where there has
been little or no more at all to
integrate schools, or apt to be in
the foreseeable future, are: Ala
bama, Georgia, Louisiana, Missis
sippi and South Carolina. Rat
ings of other states:
Grade A: Missouri. State edu
cation authorities estimates that
5,000 ( 80%) of Missouri’s Negro
children are now studying along
side 550,000 whites; there has
been no friction.
Grade A Minus: West Virginia.
About 35 of the state’s 55 coun
ties will begin to integrate this
Grade B Plus: Kentucky, where
20 or 25 of 224 school districts
will integrate this fall; and Okla
homa, where at least 88 out of
1,802 districts will integrate,
along with all 18 state univer
sities and colleges.
Grade B Minus: Maryland,
where eight of 22 counties with
mixed populations plan to inte
grate this fall.
Grade C Plus: Texas—More
than 60 of the state’s 2,000 school
districts begin integration this
fall; Arkansas will integrate four
of the state’s 228 interracial
school districts, with specific dates
for others in 1957 and 1958.
Grade C: Delaware—14 out of
20 school boards in New Castle
County (Wilmington, where 13
schools will integrate this fall) in
tend to integrate; Tennessee,
which intends gradually to inte
grate all six of its state-supported
colleges. Oak Ridge is the only
integrated school system, but
Chattanooga recently voted for
Grade C Minus: North Carolina
—Despite threats to close schools,
some industrial cities (Charlotte,
Greensboro, Durham) have ap
pointed committees to study the
Grade D Plus: Virginia—State
officials fighting to prevent inte
gration; Norfolk (pop. 213,513)
proclaims that it intends to up
hold the Supreme Court decision,
but state law forbids it.
Grade D: Florida—State law
prohibits the mixing of races in
schools, but on three bases of
the U. S. Air Force, white and
(Continued on Page 4)
Willis Johnson
Buried Tuesday
Mr. Willis Johnson, age 64 years,
of 2412 Indiana Ave., expired Fri
day morning, September 9, 1955
at a local hospital.
He was an Omaha resident over
40 years.
He is survived by his devoted
wife, Lillian; son, Richard; niece,
Mrs. Eva Massey of Leavenworth,
Kansas and other relatives.
Funeral services were held Tues
day, September 13, 1955 at 2.00
P.M. from the Myers Brothers Fu
neral Chapel with Rev. Roy W.
Johnson officiating. Interment was
at Mt. Hope Cemetery.
Pallbearers Messrs William Gor
don, Claude Phillips, B. T. Swear
engen and Heywood Douglas.
Mrs. Hawkins
Enjoys Trip
To S. America
Mrs. A. L. Hawkins of 2420 V2
North 24th Street has returned
home after a thirty days trip vis
iting the West Indies, Central and
South America.
Dr. Hawkins, who accompanied
his wife as far as Chicago, didn’t
go on the trip as he chose to go to
California. Mrs. Hawkins had as
her traveling companions, a niece
Mrs. T. C. Patillo and Mrs. S. J.
Thompson, both of Chicago.
On Sunday, August 7 Mrs. Haw
kins and Mrs. Patillo left Chicago
by air for their first stop in Miami,
Florida, where they resided at the
Lord Calvert Hotel.
About the above, Mrs. Hawkins
said, “I was favorably impressed
with the accommodations.”
On To Cuba
From Miami, the travelors planed
on to Cuba, Jamiaca, Haiti, Puerto
Rico, Trinidad, Venezuela, Panama,
Guatemala, and Mexico.
After viewing the people at
I work and play, the architecture
and other interesting sites in the
above countries, Mrs. Hawkins re
iterated that the United States is
still the best place in which to
j live.”
In some places there were mark
ed evidence of poverty stricken
people. But on the other hand,
the beautiful works of architecture
pointed out the pride they have
used to embellish their cathedrals,
shrines and gardens.
See Panama Canal
While in Panama they saw a
ship enter and depart from the
Miraflores Locks and termed the
procedure as being “very interest
Some of the cities visited on
the itenerary included: Kingston,
Jamaica, Port-au-Prince, Maiti, San
Juan, Puerto Rico, Port of Spain,
Trinidad, Caracas, Venezuela, Pan
ama City, Guatelmala City, Mexico
City, Toluca, Mexico and Xochimi
ico, Mexico.
At the latter are the world fam
ous floating gardens where the
visitors were poled through the
AKA Leave Hawaii
Smiling happily as they pause
before boarding plane for the
United States are A. Cathryn John
son, Atlanta, Ga., and Evelyn Rob
erts, St. Louis, two national of
ficers of the Alpha Kappa Alpha
I sorority, who were among fifty
j one sorors who visited Hawaii
recently. Almost smothered with
leis, the pair promised to return
to the island. (ANP)
Nation's Top Golfers Recognized
Charles Sifford, right, Washing
ton, D. C,. pro is complimented
by PRman Moss H. Kendrix fol
lowing his third annual victory
in the Unitel Golfers Association
: >;*aafrttS^>aaa& WBHfflK 3SKH?
tournament played at Rackman
golf course in Detroit. Standing,
left and right, are Joe Roach, St.
Louis, and Thelma Cowan, Los
Angeles, who repeated as men’s
and women’s amateur champions.
Kneeling, left to right, are 16
yeai'-old Gordon Chavis, Junior
boys’ champion, Baltimore, sen
ior men’s champion, John David
son, Los Angeles, and Shirley i
Turner, thirteen, of Detroit, who
Kftftggg ■lllll 111
serted, upper left, is Detroit’s
won the junior girls’ division. In-1
Franklin T. Lett, Sr., UGA;
presilent. Happy winners hold j
championship trophies contribut
ed by The Coca-Cola Company,
Rosemary Clooney
To Be On CBS
Next Sunday
Singing star Rosemary Clooney,
Lionel Hampton and his Quartet
and the popular young vocalist Pe
ter Hanley will demonstrate what’s
new in music on CBS Radio’s “The
Woolworth Hour” Sunday, Septem
ber 18.
Miss Clooney, just returned from
a triumphant British tour which
included engagements at London’s
Palladium and in Glasgow and on
the BBC, will sing two of her fa
vorite songs, “Sailor Boys” her
latest Columbia Record hit, and
“Tenderly”, which she remembers
“tenderly” as one of her first hits.
Lionel Hampton and his Quartet
will demonstrate his right to the
title “King of the Vibraharp and
Master of the Drums”.
Peter Hanley will give “live”
performances of some of his rec
ord hits, including “I Talked to
the Trees.”
Percy Faith will salute the open
ing of fall, with chorus and orches
tra performing “It’s a Good Day.”
His next number, “Tropical Meren
gue,” is the music for the new
dance craze,which has come here
from the Dominican Republic. Kurt
Weill’s “September Song” and
Duke Ellington’s “Soltiude” will be
performed as songs which have be
come part of the American music
al tradition. Closing the program
will be Mr. Faith’s own “Nervous
Gavotte,” dedicated to musicians
who leave the bandstand and try
to dance.
The program is produced by Bru
no Zirato Jr. and written by Char
|les S. Monroe.
beautiful islands covered with
| flowers by native Aztec Indians.
“We had a grand trip although
most of the time it was real hot,”
said Mrs. Hawkins speaking for
herself, Mrs. Patillo and Mrs.
Thompson, both Chicago school
! teachers.
No Bull Fight
The one thing they missed was
a bullfight. Rain prevented them
from seing the Matador polish off
the bull in the traditional manner.
Wherever they visited, Mrs.
Hawkins said she was greatly im
pressed with the craftsmanship of
the natives. In some cases she
was able to get photographs of the
interesting people at work and of
their accomplishments.
On September 5, Labor Day, Mrs.
Hawkins, Mrs. Patillo and Mrs.
Thompson climbed into an air
plane for the return to Chicago
after having enjoyed a thirty day
sojourn “South of the Border.”
Mrs. Hawkins summed up her
feeling about the trip with, “It’s
a worthwhile trip and I’m sure
that everyone who could possibly
make such a trip would equally
enjoy it.”
Previously, although Dr. Haw
kins was along, the Hawkins’ visit
ed Europe in 1953 and Hawaii in
No Comprise On Basic Rights
Roy Wilkins Tells League
Howard E. Smith !
Mr. Howard E. Smith, 70 years,
2208 North 27th Avenue, passed
away Saturday, September 10th
at a local hospital. Mr. Smith
was a Stationary Engineer and
had been a resident of Omaha
forty years. His wife, Mrs. Ruby
Smith preceded him in death
having past away last October.
He is survived by nieces, Mrs.
Agnes Blackburn, Mrs. Hester
Carpenter, Mrs. Naomis Kimsey,
Mrs. Ilene Green, of Omaha Mrs.
Odessa Perry, Chicago, Illinois;
two nephews, Mr. Louis Smith,
Kansas City, Mo.; Mr. Walter H.
Carter, Omaha.
funeral services were held
Tuesday morning, September 13th
from Thomas Mortuary with the
Rev. J. H. Reynolds officiating.
Pall bearers were Mr. Dennis
Bowen, G. G. Green, Gus Hunter,
Darner Parks, Bud Carter, John
S. Pipes. Interment was at Mount
Hope Cemtery.
Has Named
Theodore Roosevelt Post No.
30 American Legion rearranged
its official staff workers into im
portant groups, and committees,
thereby insuring a more efficient
and effective force to the drive
planned by the Post with a com
plete reorganization of the old
set up, the Post is now making
wonderful progress. The Ladies
Auxiliary is cooperating with a
fine spirit.
me Fost continues to march
onward and upward. The Legion
regrets the indisposed condition
of Commander J. L. Taylor, who
is now confined to his bed at
his home, 2407 Lake St. At last
report Commander Taylor is do
ing very well after a very much
needed rest. News of the passing
of the wife of Comrade Rufus
Long was received with regrets
as the entire Legion organization
join in extending sympathy to
the bereaved Comrade Long and
Our sick in V. A. Hospital are
Willie Bell, Ralph Underwood,
Dr. W. W. Peebles, Gerald Mc
Kinley and others not reported.
Do your *duty, be sure to pay
them a cheerful visit. Now we
must keep our spirit high and the
comradeship and fine fellowship
that is our vowed duty and in do
ing this we will surely keep our
oath to God, our fellowman and
our country.
J. L. Taylor, Commander
H. L. Embrey, Jr., Adjutant
N. H. Comans, Pub. Officer
Milwaukee — There can be no
“compromise on basic, declared
citizenship rights,” Roy Wilkins,
executive secretary of the Nation
al Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People, told dele
gates attending the forty-fifth an
nual conference of the National
Urban League in an address here
last week.
Challenging a remark by a
southern newspaper editor that
Negroes should operate on the
basis of a “policy of compromise,”
the NAACP leader declared that
“no group of self-respecting citi
zens can subscribe to any pro
gram or support any organiza
tion that embodies the philosophy
or employs the techniques of com
promise on basic, declared citi
zenship rights.” There may be
occasions, he said, for “give and
take on method” and “under cer
tain circumstances, and in a
limited degree, on timing; but
there cannot, there must not be,
any compromise on the rights
If there is to be interracial co
operation towards integration,
Mr. Wilkins asserted, “the whites
will have to bring to the confer
ence table and the subsequent
team-work a forthright and hon
est recognition of the Negro as a
citizen, with all the rights per
taining to that status. This, un
fortunately, all too few of them
have done in the past.”
“There are areas of the school
question which reasonable men
on both sides can discuss and
there are situations which can be
resolved to the satisfaction of all
concerned provided the principle
of non-segregation is accepted
and movement toward the ob
jective is begun,” the NAACP
spokesman said. “But when gov
ernors and attorneys general and
a variety of citizens committees
open their discussions with ‘nev
er, never’ language, the door to
cooperative action is slammed
Negroes, too, have obligations
in any program of interracial co
operation, Mr. Wilkins pointed
out. “Equality carries with it re
sponsibility,” he said. As the
whole society becomes our so
ciety we must meet its challenges,
help to shape and maintain its
standards, and bear our share of
its burdens. It is a fact that dis
crimination is with us in many
areas and will not be blotted out
tomorrow; but in combatting it
wre shall have to stop crying
‘wolf’ when there is no wolf,
when the trouble is in our train
ing, our behavior, our personal
ities, or all three.”
Among the families in which
stock is owned, one-third have an
income of less than $5,000 per
year. Three-quarters are in the
$10,000-or-less bracket. There
are more than one million stock
owners with incomes under $4000.
Doby Pacing
The Indians
Cleveland, 0. (CNS) If the Indi
ans make it to the heap of the A
merican League contenders, it can
be due greatly to the resurgence
of one Larry Doby. Larry is just j
about the hottest thing around—]
winning ball games personally in j
the ninth and tenth inning—like
the two run homer against the Bal
timore Orioles in the tenth. This
last feat was Larry’s seventh hom
er in seven games.
Corinth To
Have Revival
The Corinth Baptist Church
will have an old fashioned revival
beginning Sept. 26, and running
through to October 7.
The Reverend -Coleman W.
Kerry will conduct the revival.
The Rev. Mr. Kerry is well
known through out the nation,
and is an outstanding leader in
the National Baptist Convention.
Dr. Coleman, W. Kerry is the
Corresponding Sect, of the Ed
ucational Board of the National
Bapt. Convention, before being
elected to that post he pastored
some of the leading churches of
the National Baptist Convention.
He is a great evangelist, an ex
cellent speaker with a soul-stir
ring message. If you have ever
heard Dr. Kerry you will want
to hear him again, and if you
have not heard him, you should
cvail yourself with the opportun
ity of hearing him. You will be
proud you did.
Pioneer At
St. Benedicts
Is Buried
Mrs. Mamie Long, age 76 years,
of 2638 Binney St. expired Satur
day morning, September 10, 1955
at her home.
She was an Omaha resident 47
years and was one of the pioneer
members of St. Benedict Catholic
She is survived by her devoted
husband, Rufus C. Long of Omaha;
niece, Jane Owens of Cleveland,
Funeral services were held Wed-!
nesday, September 14, 1955 at
9:00 A.M. from St. Benedict Catho
lic Church with Father John J.
Killoren, S. J. officiating assisted
by Father C. L. Kerr, S. J. Inter
| ment was in the family plot at Cal
vary Cemetery.
Rosary services were held Tues
day evening, September 13th at
7:30 P.M. from the" Myers Brothers
Funeral Chapel.
Pallbearers Messrs M. Smith, E.
Stewart, S. Castle, G. Bryant, M.
jHale, N. Rhodes and C. Daniels.
Justice Department Called
To Probe Rein Of Terror
To Negroes In Mississippi
W.C.T.U. In
Annual Meet
Sept. 18 - 21
State Women’s Christian Temp
erance Union will hold their an
nual meeting at the North Side
Christian Church, 22nd and Loth
rop, September 18th through the
Sunday afternoon at five o’clock
registration, get acquainted, tea
and pictures. The combined choirs
of the Zion and Pilgrim Baptist
churches and the St. John A.M.E.
church will sing.
The speaker for the evening will
be the Rev. John Norman, Ne
braska Temperance Secretary who
will talk on the New Challenge
for the W.C.T.U.
Also there will be special musi
cal numbers. Mrs. Fred Tooze of
Portland, Oregon, National Record
ing Secretary will be the guest of
the convention. Also regular busi
ness reports, speaking memorial
services, white ribbon recruits dur
ing the session Monday evening.
Monday will be the banquet fea
turing Pep songs, special music and
the President’s annual address.
Mrs. Nettie Ring, State Presi
dent, Mrs. Elza Matz, Correspond
ing Secretary.
NAACP Attys.
Study Angles
On Slain Boy
New York,— Thurgood Mar
shall, head of the NAACP legal
department, has assigned lawyers
on his staff to gather all the
facts in the brutal slaying of
14-year-old Emmett Louis Till
in Mississippi and to explore
ever# possible angle for legal
“We cannot afford to leave
any stone unturned in our effort
to secure justice in this case,”
Mr. Marshall said. “But, equally
important is our responsibility
to do everything humanly pos
sible to prevents repetition of
this gruesome crime.”
Meanwhile the NAACP con
tinued its effort to arouse public
sentiment against the forces in
Mississippi which encouraged the
development of a climate of opin
ion in which such a brutal in
senate murder could be perpetra
Washington — The reign of
terror against Negro citizens in
Mississippi is under investigation
by the Department of Justice for
a determination of “what action
can be taken on the basis of the
evidence and the law,” Assistant
Attorney General Warren Olney
III has assured an NAACP dele
gation headAl by Roy Wilkins,
executive secretary.
In a conference with Mr. Olney
and other officials of the Depart
ment on September 7, NAACP
spokesmen urged the federal gov
ernment “to delay no longer in
calling a halt to the jungle fur]
unloosed in Mississippi.”
Accompanying Mr. Wilkins at
the conference were Thurgood
Marshall, special counsel; Clar
ence Mitchell, director of the As
sociation’s Washington bureau;
Mrs. Ruby Hurley, southeast re
gional secretary; :nd Mcdger
Evers, Mississippi state NAACP
secretary. The group submitted
an eight-point memorandum sum
marizing the principal events in
the reign of terror which has pre
vailed in Mississippi.
Killings Cited
“The wanton killing of the 14
year-old lad, Emmett Louis Till,
on August 29, is the logical and
inevitable culmination of a reign
of terror which has been ger.eiat
ed in the State of Mississippi
throughout the year,” the NAA
CP statement said.
It cited also the murders of
Rev. George W. Lee on May 7
and Lamar Smith on August 13
because they refused to give up
their right to vote. Previously,
the NAACP had submitted affi
davits of 19 Negro citizen'’ who
Iliad been turned back from the
| polls during che August pri
! “All the matters submitted on
the denial of the vote in Missis
sippi, the instances of intimida
tion, and the murders of two
men, said to be connected with
voting, are under investigation,”
Mr. Olney told the delegation.
The Department will determine
what action can be taken on the
basis of the evidence and the law
when the investigation is com
Mr. uiney srarea mar rne mur
der of Emmett Till had been
looked into by the Department
and the conclusion had been
reached that it was not a federal
case, but one within the jurisdic
tion of the state of Mississippi
Negroes Look to U. S.
Mr. Wilkins said the colored
citizens of Mississippi and the
[rest of the nation were looking
(Continued on Page 3)
Princess Recovers From Polio
Little Princess Dorothy has rea
son for the broad smile which
lights up her face for two nice
things have happened to her re
cently. The five-year-old princess
walked out of Great Ormond St.
hospital in London, after having
been stricken with polio last
March. About the same time she
received news that her father, the
Kabaka (king) of Buganda, is to
be allowed to return home from
exile of about two years. With
her as she leaves the hospital for
her father’s home in London was
her grandmother, Mrs. Kumla Kis
v V\i *